OF THE REVOLT AGAINST THE VEIL

TO THE REVOLT AGAINST THE IRANIAN REGIME

Ten days after the death of Mahsa Amini, arrested by the police for a badly worn veil, it is now Hadis Najafi, killed by six bullets by the police, who has become the symbol of the Iranian revolt while demonstrators continue to defy power which represses brutally. We see, with her back to the camera, a young woman who ties her blond hair in a bun and readjusts her glasses.

She left her veil and her fear behind her, to take to the streets to join the protest movement that has inflamed Iran since the death of Mahsa Amini. This amateur video that has gone viral on social networks has quickly become a symbol of all these women who take off their veils and cut their hair to protest against the dress code imposed by the Islamic Republic.

A symbol of courage

Above all, it illustrates the last moments of the life of Hadis Najafi, barely 20 years old, who was killed by six bullets in the head, neck and chest by the security forces in the small town of Karaj, in west of Tehran. “Hadis Najafi did not remain silent in the face of tyranny. She was killed for protesting against the brutal death of Mahsa Amini”, announced on September 25, 2022 on Twitter the American journalist and activist of Iranian origin Masih Alinejad, who spoke with the sister of the victim. The announcement of the death of the young woman moved beyond the borders of Iran.

“Young Iranian women are the real catalyst for this mobilization. The fact that they are the leaders of this movement is quite unprecedented in Iran,” said journalist Sara Saidi, correspondent in Iran from 2016 to 2019.

"A strong movement that scares the regime"

However, the ultra-conservative President Ebrahim Raïssi called on the police on Saturday to "react firmly". Faced with the scale of the mobilization, the head of the Iranian judiciary, Gholamhossein Mohseni Ejei, threatened on Sunday to show “no leniency” vis-à-vis the demonstrators.

In ten days, fifty-four people were killed according to Iran Human Rights and hundreds arrested.

For Farid Wahid, director of the Observatory of North Africa and the Middle East of the Jean-Jaurès Foundation, these protests are the result of years of "economic, political and social frustration". “It is a strong, symbolic movement, which scares the regime. The Iranian authorities have received a very hard blow, taboos are broken, Iranians are done with the systematic linking of politics and religion. The situation is so catastrophic that these young people are ready to die to change things. Mahsa Amini's death was the spark that caused the explosion,” he adds.

The revolutionary song Bella ciao

The current movement goes far beyond the single issue of the veil. At the forefront of this revolt, of course, are Iranian women. As a sign of protest, some young Iranian women, their faces completely uncovered, take the risk of posting videos on social networks in which they revisit the Italian revolutionary anthem Bella ciao in Persian. A symbol shared virally all over the world.

But unlike other mobilizations where women acted in isolation, this is a collective movement. The very young women have succeeded in bringing together the older women but also the men in the streets.

Iran specialist Farid Wahid attests to this: “It's a feminist movement, but it's supported by many men, who are there for their sisters, their wives. Everyone is in the street, whether it is the bourgeois or poor neighborhoods, the city, the countryside. The country is moving, everywhere! »

To show their opposition to religious laws, some demonstrators have decided to attack the symbols of the Islamic Republic established in 1979. By unbolting statues or tearing down portraits of the political figures who established these laws throughout the country. is over 40 years old.

The Iranian government's only response has chosen force and cut off the internet to almost all of its 80 million inhabitants. This had already been the case, at the end of 2019, during demonstrations catalyzed by the increase in the price of fuel.

According to Reuters, the crackdown had killed 1,500...




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

THIRTY-ONE DEAD IN PROTESTS IN IRAN AGAINST THE MOLLAHS' REGIME

The death of Mahsa Amini at the hands of the morality police sparked a new wave of protest in the Islamic Republic. Faced with the authorities who deny any violence or negligence, rallies are multiplying in Iran, in particular to protest against the obligation to wear the veil. "The Iranian people have taken to the streets to fight for their fundamental rights and their human dignity [...] and the government is responding to these peaceful demonstrations with bullets", denounced the director of the NGO, Mahmood Amiry Moghaddam, in a press release, publishing a report after six days of demonstrations.

The NGO says it has confirmed that demonstrations have taken place in more than 30 cities and other urban localities in Iran, and is alarmed by "massive arrests" of demonstrators and civil society activists.

The demonstrations broke out immediately after the announcement on September 16 of the death of Mahsa Amini, 22 and from Kurdistan (north-west), who fell into a coma after being arrested in Tehran on September 13 for "wearing inappropriate clothes and detained by the morality police.

The first demonstrations took place in the province of Kurdistan where she was from. These protest rallies have now spread across the country.

Iran Human Rights said its death toll included 11 people killed on Wednesday evening alone in the city of Amol, in the northern province of Mazandaran which borders the Caspian Sea, and six people killed in Babol in the same province. .

The large city of Tabriz (northeast) experienced its first death in these demonstrations, according to the NGO. On Thursday, the Kurdish human rights organization "Hengaw" reported that 15 people had been killed in Kurdistan province and other Kurdish-populated northern regions of Iran, including eight people killed in the evening. of Wednesday. For its part, state television announced Thursday a toll of 17 people - including protesters and police - who died in these demonstrations.

Women's leadership

Unlike past revolts, women took the lead by taking to the streets before being joined by men in a context of economic and social difficulties linked to the decline in purchasing power. The protest turned into a large-scale agitation against a hated power.

Slogans hostile to the regime are chanted everywhere, even setting fire to the photo of the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

"For the first time, women have taken the lead in a social movement that is not cultural when historically they have fought their battles more through the arts such as literature, cinema, theater and painting as well as via journalism and medicine, confides the sociologist Farhad Khosrokhavar, specialist in Iran and author of the book The new jihad in the West (Robert Laffont, 2018). The cultural feminist movement has thus also transformed into a social movement ".

Iranians, exhausted by years of sanctions and by the pandemic, are now rising up against the very symbols of the Islamic Republic regime, which are in particular the question of wearing the veil and the instruments of repression and control reactivated since the accession to power of President Ebrahim Raïsi, in August 2021.

“The underground challenge to the Islamist order is now coming to light,” says Iranologist Clément Therme, associate researcher at the International Institute for Iranian Studies (Rasanah).

The authorities are faced with a dilemma, either they renounce the identity of the regime, or they fall into systematic repression against a popular ground swell which calls for a profound socio-cultural transformation of the country. “, poorsuit he in The opinion.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

WITH PARTIAL MOBILIZATION

VLADIMIR PUTIN HARNESSES THE TONE AGAINST NATO

Eight months after its launch, the “special military operation” in Ukraine has come to an end. Without however pronouncing the word "war", Vladimir Putin took a new step, this Wednesday, September 21, 2022, by decreeing the mobilization of citizens for the Ukrainian front, saying he was ready to use "all the means" of his vast arsenal against the West. "It's not a bluff," insisted Vladimir Putin, meaning that he was ready to use atomic weapons.

Mobilization of reservists and nuclear threat

“The oukaze is signed, the process begins today,” the president announced in a rare televised address to his people.

The announced partial military mobilization concerns 300,000 reservists, primarily citizens with military experience, aged 65 for the oldest. The students and conscripts of the contingent will not be affected by a mobilization at the front, the Russian authorities have promised for the moment. According to the head of the Defense Committee in Parliament, Andrei Kartapolov, the main concerns are reservist soldiers and non-commissioned officers under the age of 35 as well as junior reserve officers under the age of 45.

Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu argued that the front line “is more than 1,000 kilometers long. Obviously, we must strengthen this line and the rear, we must control these territories, ”he said.

Towards annexation referendums

Moreover, just yesterday the separatist authorities of four regions of Ukraine announced the holding of "annexation referendums" from Friday 23 to Tuesday 27 September. The next day, in his televised address, Vladimir Putin also gave his support to these initiatives, defending the “right to self-determination” of the inhabitants of the provinces of Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporijia.

The organization of these referendums accelerated with the Ukrainian counter-offensive. "It's a way of sanctuarizing these territories," explains Jean de Gliniasty, former French ambassador to Russia, director of research at the Institute of International and Strategic Relations (Iris). “Russia announces for the outside that it will defend these territories as its own. ". With the consequence that “any ground threat to these territories will be considered an existential threat by Moscow. “, according to Jean de Gliniasty. Once these referendums have been approved, Russia could therefore consider that the war is now taking place on its soil. "And when we talk about an existential threat, it's the atomic weapon that is at stake," continues Jean de Gliniasty. Vladimir Putin has indeed threatened to

Even if the legitimacy of these votes is widely disputed by part of the international community, these annexations could however have an outcome similar to that of Crimea, annexed by Russia in 2014 after a referendum not recognized by the international community.

Against a Western unipolar world ?

Russia with this war also wants to act on a change in the game of international relations by saying it is ready to use "all the means" of its vast arsenal against the West. Indeed for the countries belonging to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), it is a question of counterbalancing Western hegemony in international relations. So China and Russia have come together in recent years in what they have called a "no-holds-barred" relationship aimed at counterbalancing US global dominance. Last week, Vladimir Putin andhis Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping met in Uzbekistan, at a regional summit, and rallied Asian leaders behind a new “international order” defying Western influence.

“Attempts to create a unipolar world have recently taken an absolutely ugly form and are totally unacceptable. We very much appreciate the balanced position of our Chinese friends regarding the Ukrainian crisis,” Vladimir Putin said during his one-on-one with Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the Samarkand summit. "China is willing to work with Russia to shoulder its great power responsibility, play a leading role and inject stability and positive energy into a chaotic world," the Chinese leader replied. who took up the idea of ​​an alternative to the current world order.

China calls for ceasefire through dialogue

Still, after this Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit last weekend, the Chinese and Indian leaders nevertheless expressed to Putin their frustration at the logistical, financial and economic disorders caused by the sanctions. international against Moscow.

And this Wednesday, September 21, after Russian President Vladimir Putin's speech announcing a partial military mobilization, China calls for a "ceasefire through dialogue" in the conflict in Ukraine "We call on the parties concerned to establish a ceasefire through dialogue and consultation and find a solution that resolves the legitimate security concerns of all parties as soon as possible," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said. , during a press conference.

"The sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries must be respected, the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter must be followed, the legitimate security concerns of all countries must be taken into account, and all efforts conducive to peaceful resolution of crises should be supported,” Wang Wenbin added. "China calls on all parties concerned to properly resolve their differences through dialogue and consultation, and stands ready to work with the international community to continue to play a constructive role in de-escalating the situation," he said.


The United States, for its part, "takes seriously" Vladimir Putin's threat to use nuclear weapons in the war in Ukraine, a White House spokesman said on Wednesday.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

IRANNIAN WOMEN TAKE OFF VEILS AFTER MAHSA AMINI DEATH ARRESTED BY THE MORES POLICE

The death of a young woman has inflamed Iran for several days. Mahsa Amini, arrested by vice squad on September 13, died three days later after falling into a coma. She had been arrested in Tehran for "wearing inappropriate clothing" by the vice police, a unit responsible for enforcing the Islamic Republic of Iran's strict dress code for women. Clearly because she was wearing a headscarf deemed not to comply with Islamic law in force in Iran. Activists called his death "suspicious" while Tehran police said there was "no physical contact" between officers and the victim.

The death in troubled circumstances of this 22-year-old Iranian Kurd has sparked since this weekend a wave of indignation and spontaneous demonstrations in many cities of the country, including the capital Tehran.

Women take off their hijab

On Twitter, the videos showing the demonstrations in the country testify to the anger of the population, in particular on the side of the women. Some remove their hijab while shouting “Death to the Islamic Republic” A particularly symbolic gesture removing the hijab is a punishable crime in Iran.

Human rights organization Hengaw reported on Twitter that two people were killed in Saqez, Mahsa Amini's hometown, after security forces opened fire on the crowd. In the same city, demonstrators went so far as to take down an Islamic Republic flag and burn it.

Monday evening, in the Hejab street (“Muslim veil” in Persian) in the center of Tehran, “several hundred people chanted slogans against the authorities, some of them took off their hijab”, announced the Fars agency. .A short video broadcast by this agency shows a crowd of several dozen people, including women who have removed their veils, shouting "death to the Islamic Republic". “The police arrested several people and dispersed the crowd using truncheons and tear gas,” Fars said. A similar gathering took place in Mashhad, the country's first holy city located in the northeast, Tasnim news agency reported.

On social media, many Iranian women have filmed themselves cutting their hair or burning their veils in protest.

According to sociologist Mahnaz Shirali, “this death created a public outcry, a national outrage from Iranians all over the country. It is the whole of Iranian society, both men and women, who are united in protesting against so much injustice”. Many women in particular identify with the fate of Mahsa Amini: “All Iranian women have memories of skirmishes, and lots of bad memories with the morality police who are everywhere and who systematically repress women”.

President Ebrahim Raisi has called for an investigation. But little chance that it really succeeds. The defense of women's rights is theoretically devolved to Ensieh Khazali, vice-president of the Islamic republic, director of women's affairs, a largely honorary position. Appointed by President Ebrahim Raïssi in September 2021, she is known for her ultra-conservative positions, in particular on the marriage of minors, in complete coherence with the government in place.

Many filmmakers, artists, sports, political and religious figures have expressed their anger on social networks. Abroad, the head of European diplomacy Josep Borrell on Monday condemned the "unacceptable" death of this young woman and called on the authorities to punish those responsible.


Iranian Masha Amini has become a symbol of the country's repression against women.



Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

THE LAST VOYAGE OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II

Queen Elizabeth II began her last journey yesterday: her coffin, leaving the Balmoral estate in Scotland where she died, joined Edinburgh during a procession greeted by tens of thousands of people.

Reflecting the emotion that has gripped the United Kingdom since the death of the longest reigning monarch in her history, a compact crowd welcomed the body in the Scottish capital, which passed through the gates of the Palace of Holyroodhouse, the Scottish royal residence in Edinburgh shortly before 4.30pm after slowly covering 300 kilometers in six hours.

The coffin spent the night in the throne room before a religious ceremony on Monday, which King Charles III will attend, one kilometer from Holyroodhouse, in Saint-Gilles Cathedral, where the remains will be transferred. And tomorrow, she will join London, before the national funeral on September 19.

The oak coffin, which left the Balmoral estate shortly after 10 a.m. to applause, was draped in the Scottish Royal Standard on which was laid a wreath of white heather, dahlias and sweet peas, sourced from the castle gardens where the queen breathed her last on Thursday. In the procession, Princess Anne, daughter of the late sovereign, who had taken her place with her husband Tim Laurence in a limousine following the royal hearse.

Tens of thousands of people had gathered along the route, some in mourning, others crushing a tear or bowing their heads as the convoy passed, to salute one last time the one who had reigned 70 years and 7 months , a familiar and reassuring presence, but always mysterious, having crossed, imperturbable, times and crises.

Scottish independence First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has paid tribute to "an extraordinary woman".

The Queen's funeral will take place next Monday at Westminster Abbey in London, the center of royal weddings, coronations and burials for almost a millennium.

It was there that the one who was still only the young Princess Elizabeth had married in November 1947, at the age of 21, Philip Mountbatten. It was also there that she was crowned on June 2, 1953 at the age of 27, 16 months after becoming queen on the death of her father King George VI on February 6, 1952.

Dignitaries from around the world are expected, including US President Joe Biden, French President Emmanuel Macron and Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, as well as many royalty.

Hundreds of thousands of people should also pay their last respects to him at the Palace of Westminster, where his coffin will rest from September 14 to 19, before being transferred to the Abbey for the funeral which will begin at noon, Paris time. In the UK, the day has been declared a public holiday.

In a week, the British capital will host the first state funeral since that of Winston Churchill in 1965.




Kate White for DayNewsWorld

CHARLES III PROCLAIMS KING

The son and heir of Queen Elizabeth II, King Charles III, is the new British monarch. The transition was officially marked by the king's proclamation at a meeting of the Accession Council on Saturday. The ceremony took place at St. James's Palace, the official seat of the monarchy, located a short walk from Buckingham Palace.,

This special meeting of the Privy Council was televised, a historic first, under the chairmanship of Penny Mordaunt, Lord President of the Council.

Dating back to 1708, the Privy Council is a body created to advise the monarch, although today it fulfills a largely ceremonial function. The Telegraph reports that while historically all members of the Privy Council were called to the meeting, the number has increased so much (more than 700 people) that only 200 are now invited, giving priority to current ministers, former Prime Ministers , senior judges, Commonwealth officials and the Archbishops of Canterbury and York

Former British government leaders John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown, David Cameron, Theresa May and Boris Johnson were present. The late Queen's private secretary is also a member, as are her grandson (now heir apparent), Prince William - the new Prince of Wales - and Queen Consort Camilla, who was appointed Privy Councilor in 2016.

"In carrying out this heavy task which has been entrusted to me, and for which I now devote the rest of my life, I pray for the direction and help of Almighty God", declared the sovereign.

"I am deeply aware of this heritage and the grave duties and responsibilities incumbent on me," added the new monarch, promising to follow the "inspiring" example of "life and self-sacrifice" left by his late mother.

“Loyalty, respect and love”

The British Parliament will now swear allegiance to him. The succession ritual also provides for the public reading of the proclamation in the capitals of the other three constituent nations of the UK, besides England - Edinburgh in Scotland, Belfast in Northern Ireland and Cardiff in Wales.

During his first address on Friday, Charles III promised to devote his life to the service of his people and to serve the British nation with "loyalty, respect and love".

The new monarch is the king of the United Kingdom and fourteen other countries including Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. Long life the King.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

ELISABETH II A MODERNIZING QUEEN

WHO BROUGHT THE BRITISH MONARCHY INTO THE 21ST CENTURY

W hen British historian Sir Ben Pimlott embarked on his biography of Elizabeth II in 1996, some of his colleagues were surprised that he considered the queen worthy of such research. However, the judgment of Pimlott proved to be judicious so much the monarch marked her time.

The political role of the monarchy has particularly fascinated the artistic world.

In 2006, the film The Queen, by Stephen Frears, was devoted to the dilemma she faced after the death of Princess Diana; in 2013, Peter Morgan's play The Audience showed his weekly meetings with his prime ministers.

Mike Bartlett's play King Charles III (2014), which imagines the difficulties his heir would experience when succeeding him, and the drama series The Crown, broadcast from 2016 on Netflix, gave her a globally positive and friendly.

The queen of the people

Elizabeth's reign has its origins in the abdication crisis of 1936, the defining event of the 20th century for the British monarchy.

The unexpected abdication of Edward VIII propelled his timid and stuttering younger brother Albert to the throne as George VI. Soon after, he would become the nation's leading figure in World War II.

The war was a fundamental formative experience for her eldest daughter, Princess Elizabeth, 14, as German bombs began to rain down on London in August 1940.

In the last months of the conflict, she worked as a car mechanic in the ATS (Auxiliary Territorial Service - the women's military service), which means that she could legitimately claim to have participated in what has been called "People's War".

From then on, she naturally appeared closer to her fellow citizens than all her predecessors on the throne.

In 1947, when Elizabeth married Philip Mountbatten – who then became Duke of Edinburgh – her marriage brightened the life of a nation still plagued by post-war austerity and rationing.

A few years later, on February 6, 1952, on the death of her father, the woman who would henceforth be named Elizabeth II inherited a monarchy whose political power had continued to decline since the 18th century, but whose role in the the public life of the nation seems, on the contrary, to have gained in importance. In the 20th century, monarchs are expected to carry out their ceremonial duties with due gravity while knowing how to share and appreciate the tastes and interests of ordinary people.

The Queen's coronation ceremony in 1953 reconciled these two roles. The ceremonial tradition is tied to the Saxon origins of the monarchy, while its televised transmission brings it into the living room of ordinary people with the latest technology. Ironically, it is because it must now be visible to all that royal ceremonial becomes much more choreographed and more formal than it had ever been before.

Later, in 1969, the Queen revolutionized the general public's perception of the monarchy when, at the instigation of Lord Mountbatten and his son-in-law, television producer Lord Brabourne, she agreed to take part in the BBC documentary Royal Family. . It's a remarkably intimate portrait of her domestic life, showing her eating breakfast, having a barbecue in Balmoral and popping into the local shops.

The same year, the investiture of her son Charles as Prince of Wales, another televised royal event, was followed in 1970 by the Queen's decision, during a visit to Australia and New Zealand, to break with protocol. and to mingle directly with the crowd that came to see her. These "crowd baths" quickly become a must for any royal trip

The high point of Elizabeth II's popularity came during the 1977 Silver Jubilee celebrations, which saw the country decked out in red, white and blue in street parties similar to VE Day in 1945. In 1981, the wedding at Saint Paul's Cathedral of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer would also be an extremely popular event.

The Time of Troubles

The following decades proved to be much more trying. In the early 1990s, controversy over the Queen's income tax exemption forced the Crown to change its financial arrangements so that the Royal Family could meet their tax obligations like everyone else. At the same time, gossip and scandals broke out around the young members of the royal family. Three of Elizabeth II's children will divorce: Princess Anne in 1992, Prince Andrew in 1996 and, even more serious, Crown Prince Charles, also in 1996. The Queen describes the year 1992 as the peak of the scandals, of "annus horribilis".

The revelations about the humiliations Princess Diana had endured in her marriage to Charles reveal to the public a much tougher and less sympathetic side of the royal family, whose image is further degraded when the Queen, uncharacteristically, misjudges the mood of her subjects after Diana's accidental death in 1997. After the tragic death of her very popular ex-daughter-in-law, she is indeed content to follow protocol, staying at Balmoral and babysitting her grandchildren with from her.

This attitude seems cold and insensitive to an audience hungry for displays of emotions that would have been unthinkable in the Queen's younger years. "Where is our Queen ?" “, asks the Sun, while the Daily Express tells him:” Show us that you care about us! insisting that she break with protocol and lower the Union Jack flying above Buckingham Palace. Not since the abdication of 1936 had the popularity of the monarchy fallen so low.

Briefly taken aback by this sudden shift in British public opinion, the Queen quickly regained the initiative, addressing the nation on television and nodding at Diana's funeral procession during a cleverly televised ceremony designed and choreographed.

Its return to favor in the eyes of the majority of the population is manifested in 2002 by the colossal – and unexpected – success of its golden jubilee, inaugurated by the extraordinary spectacle of Brian May, the guitarist of Queen, performing a guitar solo on the roof of Buckingham Palace. Ten years later, when London hosted the Olympics, the Queen was confident enough to agree to appear in a memorable tongue-in-cheek cameo at the opening ceremony, where she appeared to parachute into the stadium from a helicopter with James Bond.

The political domain

While Queen Elizabeth has always sought to keep the crown above party politics, she has nonetheless been fully engaged throughout her life in world affairs. A firm believer in the Commonwealth, despite the fact that her own prime ministers had long since lost faith in that organization, she mediated in disputes between its member states and provided support and advice to Commonwealth leaders – including those who strongly opposed the British government.

His prime ministers have often praised his wisdom and political knowledge, the result of his years of experience and his diligent daily reading of the country's newspapers. Harold Wilson said attending the traditional weekly audience with the Queen unprepared gave him the same feeling as being questioned at school without having done his homework. It is also well known that the queen, for her part, found relations with Margaret Thatcher difficult.

The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh have sometimes even opposed the political use of which they could be the object. For example, in 1978, they made no secret of their displeasure when then Foreign Minister David Owen forced them to receive Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife at Buckingham Palace. The Queen also often played a very constructive role in London's foreign policy, giving a more ceremonial and public aspect in support of ministers' work.

She has also established good relationships with several US Presidents, including Ronald Reagan and Barack Obama, and her successful 2011 visit to the Republic of Ireland, during which she surprised her hosts by addressing them in Gaelic. , remains a model of the positive impact that a state visit can have.

She was even able to put aside her personal feelings about the 1979 assassination of Lord Mountbatten (her husband's maternal uncle) and warmly welcome former IRA commander Martin McGuinness when he took office as Deputy Prime Minister of Northern Ireland in 2007.

In reality, she expressed her own political opinions only exceptionally, and always very briefly. Thus, during a visit to the London Stock Exchange after the financial crash of 2008, she asked dryly why no one had seen the crisis coming.

In 2014, his carefully worded appeal to Scots to think carefully about their vote in the independence referendum was widely – and rightly – interpreted as a pro-union intervention. And as the 2021 COP26 conference in Glasgow approached, to which she had to give up participation for medical reasons, she expressed the irritation she felt at the insufficient political action in the face of the emergency of the climate change.

The last years

In recent years, when she turned 95 on April 21, 2021, she had finally started to slow down, delegating more of her official duties to other members of the royal family, including the annual laying of her crown at the Cenotaph on Remembrance Sunday. In May 2022, she delegates to Prince Charles her most important ceremonial duty, the reading of the Speech from the Throne at the official opening of Parliament.

However, it will have retained its ability to cope with crises until the end. In 2020, as the Covid pandemic raged, the Queen, unlike her Prime Minister, sent the nation – from Windsor, where she is confined – a calm and unifying message. His brief address combines solidarity with his people with the assurance that, in a phrase borrowed from Vera Lynn's famous World War II song, “We will meet again” – we will meet again.

This last decade has also brought him its share of sadness. His grandson, Prince Harry, and his wife, Meghan Markle, renounced their royal duties, which deeply hurt the ruling family – a wound that was aggravated when, in an interview with American journalist Oprah Winfrey which went around the world, the Sussexes accused the royal family of treating them with cruelty, disdain and even racism.

Shortly after the shock caused by the interview, Elizabeth lost her husband of 73 years, Prince Philip, who died on April 9, 2021, a few months before his 100th birthday. During her funeral, organized in a small committee due to the requirements imposed by the health crisis, the queen appeared as an unusually lonely, small, masked figure, seated away from the other people present. In the following months, the profound impact of this loss became all too evident, with his health gradually declining.

The pain caused by the Sussexes' estrangement was greatly aggravated by the disgrace, soon after, of Prince Andrew, his second son and, according to some, his favorite son, whose name is now closely associated with that of American pedophile Jeffrey Epstein . The world has seen a prominent member of the royal family charged in a US court with sex with minors; furthermore, Andrew made his case worse by giving a disastrous interview to the BBC.

The Queen reacted to the scandal with remarkable determination: she stripped her son of all his royal and military titles, including the very prestigious “HRH” (His Royal Highness), effectively reducing him to the status of a private citizen. In her eyes, no one, not even those closest to her, should by their behavior undermine all that she had accomplished during her reign to protect and preserve the monarchy.

The success of her platinum jubilee, in 2022, shows how much she has retained the affection of her people; a particularly well-received highlight was a charming cameo showing her having tea with Paddington Bear, a character from children's stories.

A widespread idea in the country states that the queen appeared regularly in the dreams of the British; but his most regular contact with his subjects was his annual Christmas message, broadcast on television and radio. This address not only reflected his work and commitments over the previous year; she also reaffirmed, with more frankness and clarity than most of her ministers, her deeply rooted Christian faith.

As head of the Church of England, she was a spiritual leader herself and never forgot it.

Over the years, the Christmas message has adapted to new technologies, but its style and content have remained unchanged, reflecting the monarchy as it had shaped it.

Under Elizabeth II, the British monarchy survived by changing its outward appearance without altering its public role. Republican critics of the monarchy had long since given up on demanding its immediate abolition and accepted that the Queen's personal popularity would make their goal unachievable in her lifetime.

Elizabeth II, whose 70-year reign was the longest in the history of the British monarchy, leaves to her successor a kind of monarchical republic in which the proportions of the ingredients that make it up - the mystical, the ceremonial, the populism and openness – have been constantly modified so that it remains essentially the same. Political leaders and commentators around the world have long recognized that the Queen has carried out her often difficult and delicate constitutional role with grace… and with remarkable political skill.

Her wisdom and unfailing sense of duty earned her esteem with a blend of respect, esteem and affection that transcended nations, classes and generations.

She was immensely proud of the UK and her people, but ultimately she belonged to the world, and the world will mourn her passing. 




Simon Freeman and Sean Lang for DayNewsWorld

HEAT WEATHER IN CHINA A SERIOUS THREAT

FOR ITS FOOD SECURITY

China is experiencing a historic heat wave, and we have to go back to 1961 to find traces of a drought of this magnitude. From the foothills of the Himalayas to the skyscrapers of Shanghai, half of China is suffocating this summer.

The rivers are dry, including the Yangtze, the third largest river in the world, which crosses China over more than 6,000 kilometers and feeds the vast plains of the center, the country's grain basket. In areas along the Yangtze, rainfall fell 45 percent in July from normal levels, China's water ministry said.

A disaster for agriculture. “The rapid spread of the drought, exacerbated by high temperatures and heat damage, poses a serious threat to autumn agricultural production,” the Ministry of Agriculture confirmed on Wednesday. “The risks to grains are significant, as the six regions involved account for 48% of rice production. Already 20% of autumn harvests have been lost.

The autumn harvests are already compromised, especially in the vast central plains, China's breadbasket, where water needs are very high.

According to Liao Yaoming, an expert at the national meteorological center, “agricultural production is seriously affected. In the Yangtze River region, rice and cotton crops are affected. In the southwest, corn and soybeans are affected. Without an irrigation system, these crops will be permanently lost. »

Faced with the emergency, the government released a special envelope of one and a half billion euros to support farmers. Especially since this heat stroke is in addition to the health restrictions linked to Covid-19 which already delayed seeding last spring. To refresh the atmosphere and water the crops, Beijing is also trying to launch a catalyst in the sky: in the clouds, this technique causes light rain.

Poor harvests therefore risk increasing the country's imports at a time when the grain supply is already being undermined by the war in Ukraine.

A situation that worries the Chinese, whose country has already been hit by episodes of deadly famines in its history.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

JAPANESE POWER MAINTAINS LINKS

WITH THE MOON SECT

Exactly one month after the large victory in the senatorial elections of the right-wing coalition in power and in particular the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD), Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida announced on Wednesday a major reshuffle of his cabinet: fourteen of the nineteen ministers were replaced, including Shinzo Abe's little brother, Nobuo Kishi, minister of defence.

Cause of this vast upheaval?

The revelations of the man who killed former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on July 8. Tetsuya Yamagami said he wanted to avenge his mother, robbed by the Federation of Families for World Peace and Unification (FFPMU).

However, the FFPMU has been the name of the Moon sect since 2015. The murderer accused Shinzo Abe of his links with the sect.

The death of the former chief executive has sparked a new spotlight on the abuses of this powerful organization and the extent of its links with the political sphere.

Founded in 1952 in South Korea by the Reverend Sun Myung Moon, this sectarian religious group quickly got involved in politics by adopting an anti-communist line and established itself in Japan from 1959.

Shinzo Abe's grandfather, Nobusuke Kishi, then Prime Minister, was concerned about the rise of communism in Japan in the 1960s and it was from this time that the ties that Shinzo Abe did not hide during his lifetime date from. not.

On Wednesday, Tomohiro Tanaka, leader of the FFPMU, recognized privileged "links" with Japanese politicians and "bridges" with the PLD.

A link that has been maintained despite the victims of the sectarian system. Huge donations, door-to-door recruitment from the most vulnerable: since 1994, dozens of civil and criminal cases have been brought before the courts throughout the archipelago.

Former members also denounce forced participation in the emblematic collective marriages, associated with the image of the sect.

This is so well established in Japanese political spheres that, the day after the vast ministerial reshuffle decided by Fumio Kishida, yesterday, the Japanese media pointed to at least five members of the new cabinet as having links with Moon.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

ONE YEAR AFTER THE TALIBAN COME TO POWER THE RIGHTS OF AFGAHNESE WOMEN ARE VIOLATED

A year ago, the Taliban took over. In the aftermath of the conquest of Kabul, their spokesman, Zabihullah Mujahid, declared that there would be "many differences" in their way of governing, compared to their reign at the end of the 1990s.

A promise that has not been kept. "We are witnessing a collapse of the notion of respect for human rights for the entire population and in particular for ethnic minorities and women", reports the president of Amnesty International France, Jean-Claude Samouiller. In a report published at the end of July, the NGO sounded the alarm: the regime is now particularly repressive, especially vis-à-vis women. “The concept of moral corruption, which is a crime in Taliban law, is used to punish women. Its very vague definition makes it possible to arrest almost everyone: for a woman who circulates without 'mahram' or who has her headscarf badly put on, it is prison”, notes Jean-Claude Samouiller.

“The primary targets of the Taliban were women” also notes Myriam Benraad, professor of international relations at Schiller International University, author of Terrorism, the pangs of vengeance (2021) .

Since the establishment of their government, prohibitions have indeed multiplied against women, taking away more and more rights from them: they have been excluded from civil service posts, colleges and high schools, prohibited from traveling without being accompanied by ' a man...etc. Recently, the wearing of the full veil in public has been made compulsory for them. In accordance with the ultra-rigorous interpretation of Sharia (Islamic law), made by the Taliban, a decree dated May 7 enacted this new dress code for women. The text, written by the Ministry for the Promotion of Virtue, which replaced the Ministry for the Status of Women in September 2021, specifies that women should wear a full veil, "because it is traditional and respectful".

It's that women are a way for the Taliban to gain more control, as they are often the bridge between private life and community. By cutting them off from community life, they exercise greater control over families: they further isolate homes and generalize denunciation. To further isolate women, the Taliban have thus dismantled the system of protection against domestic violence.

"We are witnessing the progressive exclusion of women and girls from the public sphere and their institutionalized and systematic oppression" , declared in early July Michelle Bachelet, High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Forced marriages, torture and threats

In a report on violence against women by the Taliban, the NGO Amnesty International also writes that "the number of child marriages, early marriages and forced marriages in Afghanistan is on the rise under the Taliban regime" in particular because of "the economic and humanitarian crisis" but also "the lack of educational and professional opportunities for women and young girls", not to mention the pressure exerted by the Taliban.

The scarcity of humanitarian aid and the extremely precarious situations in which families have found themselves have also led to an increase in behavior that particularly harms women, especially in certain poor regions: sexual slavery, prostitution or even the sale of children, for families in great distress.

Today many women activists are hiding in Afghanistan, having gone into hiding because they are threatened with death by the regime.

NGOs are calling for intervention by the international community "such as targeted sanctions or travel bans" targeting the Taliban, writes Amnesty International, for example.

"If the international community fails to act, it will abandon the women and girls of Afghanistan, and undermine rights everywhere else," concludes the secretary general of the NGO.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

THE REASONS FOR A NEW OUTBREAK OF VIOLENCE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND GAZA

The Palestinian enclave of Gaza is experiencing the worst outbreak of violence since May 2021 at the start of August 2022.

Since the end of March, the Israeli security forces have indeed been carrying out almost daily operations in the West Bank following a series of attacks perpetrated by Palestinians and Israeli Arabs in Israel and the West Bank in which 19 people, mostly civilians, lost their lives. During the same period, at least 55 Palestinians were killed, mostly in the occupied West Bank. Among the victims are suspected militants and civilians, including Palestinian-American Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh, who was covering an Israeli operation in Jenin.

" A preemptive attack "

It was the arrest of an Islamic Jihad leader Bassem al-Saadi in the West Bank earlier this week that led to this new confrontation between the Israeli army and Gaza. Fearing reprisals, the Israeli authorities said they were launching a preventive operation in Gaza, a micro-territory governed by the Islamist movement Hamas and where Islamic Jihad is well established. The Israeli army therefore began to strike the enclave of 2.3 million people under blockade on Friday August 5, 2022 in a " preemptive attack " against Islamic Jihad, she said.

"A counter-terrorism operation ", according to Israel

For Yaïr Lapid, it is a "precise counter-terrorism operation against an immediate threat", that of Islamic Jihad, "an auxiliary of Iran" wanting "to kill innocent Israelis".

In 2019, the death of an Islamic Jihad commander in an Israeli operation had already given rise to several days of deadly exchanges of fire. Hamas, which has fought Israel in four wars since seizing power in 2007, kept its distance.

Israeli forces also arrested in the West Bank, territory occupied since 1967 by the Jewish state, 19 members of the group considered terrorist by Israel, the United States and the European Union.

Escalation of violence

After the first raids, Islamic Jihad accused the Jewish state of having " started a war ".

The operation carried out by the Israeli security forces against the Islamic Jihad group led to reprisals, with rocket fire targeting Jerusalem.

Since the start of the outbreak of violence between the two enemies, 41 people, including 15 children, have died in the Gaza Strip, according to the Palestinian authorities. “ 41 Palestinians were martyred, including 15 children and four women, and 311 were injured ” in the Gaza Strip during Israeli military operations, the local Palestinian health ministry said in a statement. Hamas, the Palestinian movement in power in the enclave, said that among these victims, four children were killed in the new strikes.

The Israeli army assured Saturday, August 6 to have “ neutralized ” the “ military ” leaders of the Islamic Jihad group, during operations. Oded Basiok, the chief of operations of the Hebrew State army, sent a statement to AFP in which he said that " the senior leadership of the military wing of Islamic Jihad in Gaza has been neutralized ”.

Truce

Israel on Sunday accepted a truce proposed by Egypt in the Gaza Strip, said a source within the Egyptian security services, adding that Cairo was now awaiting the Palestinian response.

"Egypt has been working for 48 hours" to obtain a truce " between the two parties ", said this official on condition of anonymity.

The Palestinian armed group for its part confirmed that the negotiations were continuing. “Discussions are underway at the highest level for a return to calm, the resistance will only end when an end is put to the aggression and crimes of the (Israeli) occupation,” said a source within it . .

This new confrontation, which began on Friday August 5, 2022, is the worst between the Jewish state and armed organizations in Gaza since the May 2021 war which, in eleven days, left 260 dead on the Palestinian side, including combatants, and 14 dead in Israel, including a soldier, according to local authorities.

Hamas, which has fought Israel in four wars since seizing power in 2007, has kept its distance for now.

For Jamal al-Fadi, professor of political science at Al-Azhar University in Gaza, Hamas does not want " to be dragged into an all-out war " and " as it does not get involved ", this new outbreak of violence is expected to end " in the days to come ".




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

USA IN TAIWAN IGNITE CHINA'S FURY

Tension is at its height between China and the United States. To the chagrin of Beijing, Speaker of the US House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi landed on the self-governing island of Taiwan yesterday mid-evening (local time). The proof of Washington's "unconditional support" in Taipei, immediately affirmed the highest elected American official to visit the island, since the visit of his predecessor Newt Gingrich, in 1997.

It is a snub for Beijing, which had repeatedly alerted the American authorities to this "extremely dangerous" and "provocative" attitude. China considers Taiwan, de facto autonomous since 1949, as a historic province that it wishes to reconquer by any means. The communist regime does not support foreign initiatives that risk giving Taipei international legitimacy.

The presence of Nancy Pelosi in Taipei is therefore experienced as a humiliation by Beijing, which has multiplied warnings and threats without this deterring the President of the United States House of Representatives. This feeling is reinforced by the way she is treated by the Taiwanese authorities. By meeting her at the presidential palace rather than at the American Institute in Taiwan, the de facto American embassy in Taipei, or at the Parliament, President Tsai Ing-wen adds to this visit a dose of diplomatic provocation that will leave its mark on both between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait and between Washington and Beijing.

Maneuvers on an unprecedented scale

Nancy Pelosi's visit did not fail to trigger the immediate fury of Beijing In reaction, the country of President Xi Jinping first sent several fighter planes to fly over the Taiwan Strait and threatened: "Who plays with the fire will succumb to it”, while announcing future “targeted military actions”. Twenty other military planes then entered the Taiwanese air defense zone two hours later.

China also started this Thursday, August 4, 2022 the most important military maneuvers in its history around Taiwan, a muscular response to the visit of the head of the American deputies Nancy Pelosi on the island. It has started its military exercises in six sea areas around Taiwan. “Exercises are starting” and will continue until Sunday noon, Chinese state television CCTV said in a social media post. "During this period, the vessels and aircraft concerned must not enter the waters and airspace concerned". According to the Global Times newspaper, which quotes military analysts, the exercises are on an "unprecedented" scale because missiles will fly over Taiwan for the first time.

"If the Taiwanese forces voluntarily come into contact with (the Chinese army) and accidentally fire a shot, (the Chinese army) will respond vigorously and it will be up to the Taiwanese side to bear all the consequences" , said an unnamed military source within the Chinese military.

"Blockade of the Island"

Authorities on the island have denounced the program, saying it threatens East Asian security. "Some of China's maneuver areas encroach on...Taiwan's territorial waters," said Sun Li-fang, spokesman for the Taiwanese Ministry of Defense, criticizing "an irrational act aimed at defying the order international ".

The ministry said the Taiwanese military fired a flare overnight from Wednesday to Thursday to scare away a drone that was flying over Kinmen Island, which is just 10 km from the city of Xiamen in mainland China.

For Beijing, these exercises - as well as others, more limited, started in recent days - are "a necessary and legitimate measure" after Pelosi's visit. “It is the United States that is the provocateurs, and China that is the victim. China is in self-defense,” Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying told reporters.

The drills aim to simulate a "blockade" of the island and include "assaulting targets at sea, striking targets on the ground and controlling airspace", the official Xinhua news agency said.

Military exercises described as “extremely threatening” by neighboring Japan

Chinese ballistic missiles are said to have fallen in Japan's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) for the first time, Japanese Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi said on Thursday. diplomatic," Kishi said, calling the incident a "serious issue that affects our national security and that of our citizens."

Some islands in Okinawa Prefecture, in the far south of Japan, are only a few dozen kilometers from Taiwan, and the minister said this was the first time that Chinese ballistic missiles had entered Japan's EEZ, which extends up to 200 nautical miles (370 kilometers) from its coasts.

What is the posture of the United States ?

Washington practices a so-called “strategic ambiguity” diplomacy, consisting of recognizing only one Chinese government, that of Beijing, while continuing to provide decisive support to Taipei. Thanks to a law of 1979, the same year that relations with mainland China were established, Washington, which opposes a resumption of Taiwan by force, has pledged to help Taipei to face any aggression.

Given the already strong tensions between the first two powers of the planet, the Americans will find it difficult to minimize this short trip of the third American personality on Taiwanese soil. Nancy Pelosi is well aware of this. Before leaving Taipei late Wednesday afternoon for South Korea, she said: "Make no mistake: America remains steadfast in its commitment to the people of Taiwan - now and for decades to come. come ".

China has just responded by increasing its military pressure, an area in which the country has made great progress in recent years.

Hence an increased risk of slippage that could lead to a conflict, a takeover of certain Taiwanese territories such as the Pratas Islands or an outright invasion like Russia in Ukraine...




Mia Kennedy for DayNewsWorld

AFGHANISTAN AL QAIDA LEADER AYMAN

AL-ZAWAHIRI WAS KILLED BY AN AMERICAN DRONE

Joe Biden confirmed on Monday the death of the 71-year-old Egyptian, considered the mastermind of 9/11. He had taken control of the terrorist organization after the death of Osama bin Laden.

The operation took place over the weekend in Kabul. US President Joe Biden confirmed Monday, August 1 the information that had leaked a few hours earlier in the US media: the leader of Al-Qaeda, Ayman Al-Zawahiri, was killed over the weekend during a of a drone strike in Kabul.

“On Saturday, on my orders, the United States carried out an airstrike on Kabul, Aghanistan, which killed the emir of Al-Qaeda, Ayman Al-Zawahiri,” he said during a meeting. short speech from the White House. “Justice has been served and this terrorist leader is no more,” added Joe Biden.

Meticulous preparations

This liquidation punctuates a meticulous investigation. 

The CIA, which presumed Zawahiri was ill and holed up on the borders of Afghanistan and Pakistan, learned in April that he was living with his family in the heart of Kabul, in an opulent villa near many embassies.

 She patiently observed his habit of taking the air in the early morning, always on the same balcony of his villa, a model of which had been presented to Biden on July 1.

The US president gave the go-ahead to the execution plan on July 25, convinced by intelligence that Zawahiri was still quietly issuing his directives, even though the international jihad's parent house had been weakened since Ben's death. Laden, then dissent (and competition) from the Islamic State group from 2014. ""No matter how long it takes, no matter where you hide, if you are a threat to our people, the United States will will find and eliminate you,” Biden warned.

The drone attack was carried out in the Afghan capital without any American military presence on the ground, said an American official, proof of the United States' ability to "identify and locate even the most wanted terrorists in the world and to take steps to eliminate them. Ayman al-Zawahiri had been spotted "repeatedly and for long periods of time on the balcony where he was finally hit" by the strike in the Afghan capital, he added.

The brain of September 11, 2001

This 71-year-old Egyptian was considered the mastermind of the attacks of September 11, 2001, which killed nearly 3,000 people. Zawahiri had taken control of the terrorist organization after the death of Osama bin Laden, killed himself during a ground operation led by Washington in Pakistan. Inheriting in 2011 from a weakened organization, he had multiplied the "franchises" and the allegiances of circumstances, from the Arabian Peninsula to the Maghreb, from Somalia to Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq.

In his televised intervention held from a balcony of the White House in Washington, Joe Biden also underlined the major role played by the terrorist leader within Al-Qaida since the attacks:

“Zawahiri was constantly with Bin Laden all this time after 9/11. From his hiding place, he coordinated Al-Qaida worldwide. His death is a serious setback for Al-Qaeda and will deteriorate the group's ability to operate. »

With his death, there is every reason to think that al-Qaeda has been decapitated for good: it is the generation of the founders of the jihadist international that is dying out. No new emir will have this legitimacy.

The terrorist organization had already lost its number 2, Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah, killed in August 2020 in the streets of Tehran by Israeli agents during a secret mission sponsored by Washington, information revealed at the time by the New York Times. The United States had also announced in mid-July that it had killed the leader of the Islamic State (IS) group in Syria, Maher Al-Agal, during a drone strike, an operation which had "considerably weakened the capacity of the 'ISIS to prepare, finance and conduct its operations in the region,' according to a US military spokesman.

Mourn

The disappearance of Ayman Al-Zawahiri will help the many victims and relatives of victims of September 11 to mourn, according to the American president:

"Ground Zero in New York will always be there to remind us of the promise we made to the fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, friends, colleagues of those who perished on September 11, 2001. Listen to me, we will always be here to protect our citizens. We will never give up. I hope that this decisive action will allow [them] to turn the page. »

The Taliban caught in the act of duplicity

Zawahiri's death also makes the Doha (Qatar) agreement, concluded in 2020 between the Trump administration and the Taliban, appear to be a fool's bargain. In exchange for the departure of the Americans, the Afghan Islamists had indeed undertaken not to harbor any more terrorists, as they had done with al-Qaeda until 2001. The agreement was "grossly violated", noted , yesterday, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken.

Proof of the duplicity – or division – of the Taliban, the leader of al-Qaeda was, according to senior American officials, hosted by an aide-de-camp of Sirajuddin Haqqani, Minister of the Interior and leader of the most powerful and the most radical, the one which, for a year, reigns over the Afghan capital.

One year after the chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan

The death of the leader of Al-Qaeda comes almost a year after the pitiful withdrawal of American forces from Afghanistan from the Kabul airport surrounded by the Taliban, in August 2021, which had allowed the latter to regain control of the country twenty years later. The images of Afghan civilians abandoned on the tarmac and of the bloody attack in front of the enclosure, had precipitated the fall of Biden in the polls.

This success is timely for the American president, three months before the midterm elections. It demonstrates the ability of the United States to strike, a year after the pitiful withdrawal of its soldiers

“I made a promise, we will continue to carry out counterintelligence actions in Afghanistan. My administration will continue to attack the interests of Al-Qaida. We never stop, we never give up, we won't let go. “, concluded the president in his speech.




Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

XI XIPING WARNS JOE BIDEN NOT TO

" PLAYING WITH FIRE " ON TAIWAN

Nancy Pelosi is on her way this August 31, 2022 for a tour of Asia. Chinese President Xi Jinping on Thursday, during a two-hour talk with his American counterpart, warned not to "play with fire" about Taiwan, according to Chinese state media. end up getting burned,” warned the Chinese president, while Beijing has been threatening “consequences” for several days if the head of the American deputies Nancy Pelosi carries out her plan to visit Taiwan.

“I hope the US side fully understands this,” added Xi, quoted by the Xinhua News Agency.

According to this state agency, “the two presidents felt that their telephone conversation had been sincere and thorough”.

The White House said the phone call, the fifth virtual summit between the two officials since Mr. Biden became president a year and a half ago, began at 8:33 a.m. and lasted more than two hours.

Beijing and Washington were already at odds over trade. The two world powers now oppose each other because of Taiwan. China considers the island, with a population of 24 million, to be one of its historic provinces that it has yet to reunite with the rest of the country.

Opposed to any initiative that would give the Taiwanese authorities international legitimacy, Beijing is against any official contact between Taiwan and other states, and therefore against the potential visit of Nancy Pelosi.

White House National Security Council spokesman John Kirby said before the call that "tensions around China's aggressive and coercive behavior in the Indo-Pacific would be on the agenda." – a term used in particular by the United States to designate the changing reality of alliances in the Asia-Pacific region.

Although US officials visit Taiwan frequently, Beijing considers a trip by Ms Pelosi, one of the highest figures in the US state, to be a major provocation.

Washington will have to "assume all the consequences" of this potential visit, which Ms. Pelosi has not yet confirmed, Beijing warned on Wednesday.

The tensions surrounding this trip are only part of the problem. US officials fear that President Xi is mulling the use of force to impose control on Taiwan.

Joe Biden's contradictory statements on Taiwan - he said in May the US would defend the island, before the White House insisted the policy of 'strategic ambiguity' had not changed – did not help.

According to the White House, Mr Biden's main objective was to establish "safeguards" for the two superpowers, in order to avoid open conflict despite their differences and their geopolitical rivalry.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

BURMA FIRST EXECUTIONS OF POLITICAL OPPONENTS BY THE MILITARY JUNTA

Burma 's junta has executed four prisoners, including a former lawmaker from the party of former civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi, state media reported on Monday, as the death penalty no longer had any effect. been practiced for more than thirty years.

Since the military coup of February 1 , 2021, Burma has sentenced dozens of opponents of the junta to the death penalty. Phyo Zeya Thaw, a former lawmaker from Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy party, was arrested in November and sentenced to death in January for violating the anti-terrorism law.

A 41-year-old singer, he was co-founder of the first Burmese hip-hop group, Acid, then imprisoned from 2008 to 2011 for leading a graffiti campaign against the junta. He had been elected deputy of the National League for Democracy in 2012, during the first partial elections which were open to him, then again in 2016.

The other two prisoners executed are two men accused of killing a woman they suspected of being a junta informant. The ruling army continues a bloody repression against its opponents, with more than two thousand civilians killed and more than fifteen thousand people arrested since the coup, according to a local NGO.

"An act of the greatest cruelty"

The four executions announced Monday constitute an “act of the greatest cruelty”, reacted Elaine Pearson, the director for Asia of the NGO Human Rights Watch.

“These executions […] are yet another example of Burma's atrocious human rights record. […] The military will continue to trample on people's lives until they are held accountable,” said Erwin van der Borght, Amnesty International's Asia-Pacific director.

The National League for Democracy said it was "devastated" on Monday after the execution of the four prisoners. “In addition to countless atrocities against the Burmese people, the military junta has brazenly committed another outrageous crime (…) ignoring the demands of the international community and those who seek justice,” the party wrote in a statement.

These executions risk increasing the international isolation of the Burmese military, who seized power by force on February 1, 2021 under the pretext of alleged fraud in the previous year's elections, won overwhelmingly by the National League for Democracy. (NDL).

These perverse acts must mark a turning point for the international community. (…) The status quo of international inaction must be firmly rejected,” reacted Tom Andrews, United Nations special rapporteur on human rights in Burma, in a statement on Twitter.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

CLASHES BETWEEN GANGS

BETWEEN 8 AND 12 JULY MAKE

AT LEAST 234 DEAD OR INJURED IN HAITI

At least 234 people were killed or injured between July 8 and July 12, 2022, victims of gang violence raging in Cité Soleil, the most disadvantaged commune in the agglomeration of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti, the UN announced on Saturday.

"Most of the victims are not directly related to the gangs but were targeted by gang members and we have also received new information on sexual violence," writes the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, which recorded 934 murders, 684 injuries and 680 kidnappings over the period from January to the end of June 2022.

Bursts of gunfire in the slums

Since Friday, bursts of automatic weapons have been crackling all day long in Cité Soleil, the most disadvantaged and densely populated municipality in the metropolitan area: two factions of gangs clash there without the police, in lack of men and equipment, does not intervene.

Along the corridors of slums that have formed there over the past four decades, thousands of families have no choice but to hide in their homes, without being able to get water and food. Some residents are victims of stray bullets even inside their modest homes, made of simple sheet metal, but ambulances are not allowed to circulate freely in the area to help the injured.

Impunity

“We are deeply concerned about the worsening violence in Port-au-Prince and the increase in human rights violations being committed against the local population by heavily armed gangs,” writes Jeremy Laurence, spokesperson for Haut- police station.

For more than two years, gangs have multiplied villainous kidnappings in the city, sequestering people of all socio-economic origins and all nationalities. Enjoying widespread impunity, the criminal gangs have amplified their actions over the weeks: at least 155 kidnappings were committed in June against 118 in May, reported the Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights, in its latest report released on Wednesday.

“We urge the authorities to uphold all human rights and put them at the heart of their actions in this crisis. The fight against impunity and sexual violence, as well as the strengthening of human rights and the monitoring of their application must remain a priority. “, explains Jeremy Laurence.

UN calls for 'immediate' end to violence

The UN Security Council on Friday unanimously adopted a resolution by the United States and Mexico calling on member states of the organization to ban the transfer of small arms to these gangs.

China, which had unsuccessfully called for an embargo on small arms for gangs in Haiti, said that "this resolution was a warning" for them.

Individual sanctions could be taken within 90 days under the resolution against their leaders, Chinese Ambassador to the UN Zhang Jun said after the vote.

The text “could have been better”, he added, considering however that it was “a good step in the right direction”.

The Security Council also extended the mandate of the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti (BINUH), "which will strengthen the collective international response to the human rights crisis unfolding in the country, as well as facilitate the delivery humanitarian aid," underlines the High Commissioner.

These deadly clashes between gangs affect all activities throughout the capital because it is in Cité Soleil that the oil terminal that supplies Port-au-Prince and all of northern Haiti is located.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

STATE OF EMERGENCY IN SKRI LANKA AFTER LEAK

FROM PRESIDENT GOTABAYA RAJAPAKSA TO THE MALDIVES

Sri Lanka, in the grip of a serious economic and political crisis, declared a state of emergency on Wednesday July 13, a few hours after the flight of its president, Gotabaya Rajapaksa, announced the office of the prime minister, Dinouk Colombage. .

The police announced an indefinite curfew in the Western Province, that of the capital Colombo, to contain the demonstrations. Thousands of people gathered outside the prime minister's office, and security forces fired tear gas to prevent them from invading the building.

President's flight to the Maldives

President Rajapaksa, booed by a strong popular movement, landed early Wednesday in the Maldives after leaving his country aboard a military plane. The 73-year-old leader, who vowed to step down and unsuccessfully attempted to leave Sri Lanka on Tuesday, took off from Colombo International Airport with his wife and a bodyguard in an Antonov-32, reported immigration officials.

According to Sri Lankan airport sources, the aircraft was held for over an hour on the airport tarmac awaiting clearance to land in the Maldives.

On Tuesday, Mr Rajapaksa had been turned away from Colombo airport by immigration officials and some of his advisers had considered for him and his relatives to escape on board a patrol vessel, according to a senior source. the field of defence.

A navy vessel was used to transfer the head of state from the presidential palace besieged by protesters to the port of Trincomalee in the northeast of the country on Saturday. Then, Mr. Rajapaksa joined Colombo International Airport by helicopter on Monday.

Suitcase filled with 17.85 million rupees

Having not yet resigned, which he promised to do on Wednesday for a "peaceful transition of power", Mr. Rajapaksa still enjoys presidential immunity.

In this leak, the Sri Lankan president left behind a suitcase full of documents and 17.85 million rupees (49,000 euros) in cash, now under seal.

If the head of state resigns as he promised, the prime minister, Ranil Wickremesinghe, will automatically be appointed as interim president until the election by Parliament of an MP who will exercise power until the end. of the current mandate, i.e. November 2024.

Mr. Rajapaksa is accused of mismanaging the economy, leading to the country's inability, starved of foreign currency, to finance the most essential imports for a population of 22 million. Colombo defaulted on its $51 billion foreign debt in April and is in talks with the International Monetary Fund for a possible bailout.

"State of food emergency" since August 2021

The South Asian island of 22 million is facing its worst economic crisis since its independence in 1948 from the United Kingdom, suffering shortages of food, fuel and medicine, long blackouts of daily electricity and record inflation. Sri Lanka has also almost exhausted its gasoline reserves. The government has ordered the closure of non-essential offices and schools to reduce travel and save fuel

Since the summer of 2021, Sri Lanka has suffered shortages of milk powder, kerosene and cooking gas. This Asian country has problems with the supply and distribution of food. Galloping inflation (55% in the month of June alone) makes the few things that can still be found inaccessible for a large part of the population. For some economists, the situation is much worse. Steve Hanke, of Johns Hopkins University, puts the figure at 128%, which would place the country in second place for the worst performance in terms of price index just behind Zimbabwe (365 %) ..President Gotabaya Rajapaksa had placed the country in a “state of food emergency” on August 31, 2021. The United Nations (UN) has warned that the country is in danger of a serious humanitarian crisis, with more than three-quarters of the population having already had to cut back on their diets.

"We are heading into a time of dangerous uncertainty," said Tamil MP Dharmalingam Sithadthan.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

FORMER JAPANESE PRIME MINISTER SHINZO ABE MURDERED FOR HIS LINKS WITH THE MOON SECT

As the investigation continues into the assassination of Shinzo Abe, the funeral of the former Japanese prime minister was held in privacy on Tuesday July 12 at the Zojo-ji Buddhist temple in the heart of Tokyo.

Shinzo Abe's funeral

A funeral wake, open to the public, had attracted hundreds of people the day before wishing to pay their last respects to the former head of government killed in Nara as he delivered a speech as part of the campaign for the senatoriales of the July 10. They could place white carnations on an altar adorned with his portrait, smiling, in a white shirt without a tie. Mr. Kishida, a representative of Emperor Naruhito, figures from the Japanese political and economic world and foreign diplomats went there. US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, currently on a trip to Asia, also attended the wake on Monday, and Taiwan's Vice President William Lai - the highest Taiwanese figure to come to Japan since the severance of official relations , in 1972 made a discreet visit to Tokyo for the occasion. Back from Bali where he took part in the G20 meeting, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken then stopped in Tokyo to pay tribute to "a man with a vision" who "did more than many to strengthen the relationship between the United States and Japan.

At the scene, a photograph showing Shinzo Abe smiling in a shirt without a tie was displayed, while a video showed Akie Abe singing and her husband accompanying her on the piano, people present told the Jiji agency.

posthumous decoration

According to local media, Shinzo Abe will posthumously receive the Grand Collar of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum, the most prestigious decoration in the Archipelago. He had been attacked with a firearm on Friday while taking part in an electoral rally in Nara (western Japan) for the senatorial elections on Sunday, where the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD, nationalist right) to which he belonged unsurprisingly picked up a comfortable victory.

Suspect identified as ex-Japanese Navy.

In parallel, tributes, the investigation continues about the suspect arrested at the scene of the attack. His suspected killer, arrested at the scene of the attack, has been identified by police as 41-year-old Tetsuya Yamagami, a former member of the Japanese Navy's Maritime Self-Defense Force.

According to police sources cited by local media, he watched videos on YouTube showing how to make a homemade firearm like the one used in the attack.

Revenge against the Moon sect

Meanwhile, the police continue to question Tetsuya Yamagami, the author of the shots. The 41-year-old former sailor blamed Mr. Abe for his links with "an organization" that the authorities refused to name, just like the mainstream media, until the weeklies and online publications, less timorous, revealed that It was the Holy Spirit Association for World Unification, also known as the Moon Sect. "I targeted Mr. Abe because of his closeness to the Unification Church," said Tetsuya Yamagami, who denied killing him for political reasons. Japanese media quickly claimed that it was a religious organization to which Ms. Yamagami's mother would have made large donations, putting their family in great financial difficulty. The Unification Church,

Mr. Yamagami's mother belongs to the Unification Church to which she made large donations that led to his personal bankruptcy on August 21, 2002. According to Mr. Yamagami, his hatred of Mr. Abe is due that this commitment – ​​confirmed by the sect – led to the break-up of his family. The Unification Church was established in 1954 by South Korean Reverend Moon Sun-myung (1920-2012). With nearly three million members worldwide, it was renamed in 2005 the Federation of Families for World Peace and Unification.

Links between politics and religion

The assassination of Shinzo Abe raises the question of sects and their more or less controlled influence in the country, relaunching the controversy over the links between politics and religion in the land of the Rising Sun. Religions, traditional (such as the local Shinto cult), settled (such as the Soka Gakkai) and "new" (such as the Unification Church or Seicho no ie) indeed play a discreet but crucial role in Japanese political life. . Their ability to mobilize loyal supporters in electoral strength and in donations make them valuable allies of parties, especially in the majority, and especially in cities with an anomic population, where there are few opportunities to socialize. Isn't the PLD's ally in the majority, the Buddhist Komeito party, historically an offshoot of the Soka Gakkai sect, to the millions of faithful? "Many of the PLD's hierarchs are linked to religious organizations, of which they are the proxies in the political world", explains Axel Klein, political scientist at the University of Duisburg and Essen and specialist in the relations between religion and politics in Japan.

Thus the very nationalist Mr. Abe was supported by a myriad of political or religious structures, such as the very conservative Nippon Kaigi or the new Seicho-No-Ie religion, created in 1930 and of which one of the heirs, Tetsuo Ito, was close to the former prime minister.

“The Unification Church also maintains ties with several Japanese political figures, including Mr. Abe and his family. Federation for Victory Against Communism, which served as a bridge between the Unification Church and the Japanese political world", recalled the Lite-ra news site in September 2021. This federation was founded in 1968 by Reverend Moon, in close cooperation with the South Korean secret service.

During the election of the upper house in 2013 – Shinzo Abe was then prime minister – the Unification Church notably explicitly supported the candidacy of Norio Kitamura, an intimate of the head of government. In September 2021, Shinzo Abe – along with former US President Donald Trump – gave a speech at an event organized by the UPF, to “thank” the organization for its contribution to conflict resolution and to the reunification of the Korean Peninsula.

Having failed to exact his revenge on the leaders of the Unification Church, Mr. Yamagami therefore targeted the former prime minister.
“I looked every day on the Internet for the candidate program for the upper house election, and when I saw that Abe was coming to Nara, I thought I had a chance.
"" (from the daily newspaper Le Monde
).



Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

UNPRECEDENTED POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC CRISIS

 IN SKRI-LANKA

Sri Lanka is in the grip of an unprecedented crisis since its independence in 1948. A protest movement against the economic crisis has been raging for months in the island of 22 million inhabitants. Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa fled his official residence this Saturday, July 9, 2022 a few minutes before several hundred demonstrators entered the presidential palace, a former colonial building, symbol of power, in front of which hundreds of thousands of people. "The president has been escorted to safety," a defense source said. For now, "he is still the president, he is protected by a military unit", added this source, according to which the soldiers guarding the official residence fired in the air to dissuade the demonstrators from approaching until that Gotabaya Rajapaksa be evacuated.

An unprecedented political crisis.

Gotabaya Rajapaksa, however, agreed on Saturday to resign next week. "To ensure a peaceful transition, the president said he would step down on July 13," parliament speaker Mahinda Abeywardana said on television.

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, meanwhile, urgently called a government crisis meeting involving the leaders of the other political parties, indicating that he was ready to step down to pave the way for a government of national unity. "To ensure the safety of all Sri Lankans, (the Prime Minister) is in favor of this recommendation by the leaders of the opposition parties," his office said in a statement.

Two relatives of the president announced their resignation, the head of the press service Sudewa Hettiarachchi and the media minister Bandula Gunawardana, who also resigned as head of the presidential party. In the evening, demonstrators besieged the Prime Minister's residence and set it on fire.

Parliament legally has one month to choose his successor. But the Speaker of Parliament has promised a decision by the end of the week. A promise that may be difficult to keep because, for the moment, no one among the parliamentarians seems able to obtain sufficient support.

"We are heading into a time of dangerous uncertainty," said Tamil MP Dharmalingam Sithadthan.

"State of food emergency" since August 2021

The South Asian island of 22 million is facing its worst economic crisis since its independence in 1948 from the United Kingdom, suffering shortages of food, fuel and medicine, long blackouts of daily electricity and record inflation.

Since the summer of 2021, Sri Lanka has suffered shortages of milk powder, kerosene and cooking gas. This Asian country has problems with the supply and distribution of food. Galloping inflation (55% in the month of June alone) makes the few things that can still be found inaccessible for a large part of the population. For some economists, the situation is much worse. Steve Hanke, of Johns Hopkins University, puts the figure at 128%, which would place the country in second place for the worst performance in terms of price index just behind Zimbabwe (365%). President Gotabaya Rajapaksa had placed , on August 31, 2021, the country in a "state of food emergency"

The United Nations (UN) has warned that the country is at risk of a serious humanitarian crisis, with more than three-quarters of the population having already had to cut back on their diets.

The reasons for this unprecedented economic crisis

The tourism sector, vital to the island's economy, suffered the backlash of the April 2019 jihadist attacks against churches and hotels (279 dead, including 45 foreigners), then of the coronavirus pandemic.

The Covid-19 pandemic has hit Sri Lanka's economic activity hard which contracted by 3.6% in 2020 and hit its foreign currency reserves. The authorities have imposed a broad ban on imports in an attempt to save foreign currency. In addition, remittances from the diaspora, vital for the economy, have collapsed during the pandemic.

Added to this are poor policy decisions that have compounded the problems, economists say. The largest tax cuts in the island's history, granted by Gotabaya upon his accession to the presidency in 2019, also emptied the coffers, and Sri Lanka found itself without sufficient foreign exchange to import what it needs. needs, be it food, medicine or fuel. Additionally, the ban on pesticide and fertilizer imports in 2021 – driven by a drive to switch to organic farming – has had a devastating effect on agriculture in particular, with the rice harvest plummeting by 33 % during the first three months of the year.

Finally, restrictions imposed by Russia on Ukrainian grain exports may have contributed to the unrest in Sri Lanka.

The current crisis threatens to wipe out hopes for a revival in the tourism sector.

Despite aid from India and other countries, in April 2022 the country defaulted on its $51 billion foreign debt payment, and sought a bailout from the International Monetary Fund.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

MURDER OF SHINZO ABE

FORMER JAPANESE PRIME MINISTER

It 's a stupor in Japan. This Friday, July 8, 2022, a man shot former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, then at an election rally. The politician was taken to hospital but succumbed to his injuries.

Shinzo Abe, 67, was giving a speech late Friday morning at an election rally held at a crossroads near a train station in Nara (western Japan) ahead of Sunday's senatorial elections in the country.

He had come to support Kei Sato, a local candidate from his political party, the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD, nationalist right), in power in Japan.

At around 11:30 a.m. Japanese time (0230 GMT), a man approached Shinzo Abe from behind, according to Japanese television footage filming his speech.

The man apparently fired twice, terrifying onlookers who ducked for cover.

Shinzo Abe collapsed and traces of blood were visible in particular on his white shirt. The alleged shooter was quickly tackled to the ground and arrested by the police.

How did the ex-prime minister die?

Shinzo Abe was rushed to a hospital in Nara Prefecture, Kashihara, where he arrived at 12:20 p.m. (0320 GMT) in a state of "cardio-respiratory arrest", a conference told press release Hidetada Fukushima, professor of emergency medicine at the establishment.

He had been hit by two bullets in the neck, and despite efforts to revive him, his death was confirmed at 5:03 p.m. (08:03 GMT), the doctor said.

According to the Japanese public television channel NHK, Shinzo Abe was able to briefly say a few words to the people around him after the attack, before losing consciousness.

The shooter, a 41-year-old Japanese

According to police sources cited by Japanese media, the arrested suspect is a 41-year-old Japanese man named Tetsuya Yamagami.

This Nara resident served for three years in the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force, the Japanese Navy, until 2005, according to local media quoting the Ministry of Defense.

He would have made his own firearm, whereas the restrictions against these weapons in Japan are extremely strong and where it is very difficult to obtain a port of weapons.

According to NHK, he told investigators after his arrest that he was "frustrated" with Shinzo Abe and that he shot him with the intention of killing him. The police searched his home on Friday, where potentially explosive products were found, according to the public television channel.

Emotional reactions around the world

The attack on Shinzo Abe shocked the whole of Japan and caused a wave of emotion abroad as well.

Visibly very affected, Fumio Kishida, whose political mentor Shinzo Abe had been, denounced a "barbaric act" and "absolutely unforgivable". The Japanese political class unanimously condemned the attack and the parties suspended their electoral campaign before the elections scheduled for Sunday.

Fumio Kishida declared that the electoral preparations would continue because “we absolutely must defend free and fair elections, which are the foundation of democracy”.

Politicians from around the world, from the United States to the European Union to China, have expressed their shock and sadness.

A pragmatic nationalist

Both nationalist and pragmatic, Shinzo Abe broke the record for longevity as Japanese Prime Minister. He came to power for the first time in 2006, becoming at 52 the youngest head of government in his country since the post-war period, but this first term only lasted a year.

He made an impression during his second, much longer term in power (2012-2020) with his bold economic policy dubbed “Abenomics”, combining massive fiscal stimulus with an ultra-accommodative monetary policy, a strategy that continues to this day. today in Japan, despite uneven results due to a lack of sufficient structural reforms.

Shinzo Abe was also distinguished by his intense diplomatic activity, notably strengthening the Japanese-American alliance – he was close to US President Donald Trump (2017-2021), with whom he shared a passion for golf.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

NATO SUMMIT IN MADRID OR A TURNING POINT FOR THE ATLANTIC ALLIANCE ?

The Heads of State and Government of the member countries of the Atlantic Alliance have gathered in Madrid, for a summit which is being held from June 28 to 30, 2022 in the Spanish capital, fully concerned by the Russian threat and the war in Ukraine. .

Beyond Ukraine, Wednesday was an opportunity for NATO to adopt its new "strategic concept", the first revision of its roadmap since 2010, which for the first time mentioned the challenges posed by China.

Joining Sweden and Finland

The Madrid summit marks a major turning point on the Western side: the European countries most exposed to possible blows from Russia have obtained from NATO the necessary assurances to prevent or counter them:

it is the accession process of Finland and Sweden, and the notable reinforcement of the NATO system from Romania to Estonia, with a substantial presence of France. The accession process for Finland and Sweden, which decided to join NATO in reaction to the offensive launched by Russia in Ukraine on February 24, 2022, thus breaking with a long tradition of neutrality, has indeed been launched.

This membership was until now blocked by Turkey, a member of NATO since 1952, which accused in particular Stockholm and Helsinki of harboring militants of the Kurdish organization PKK, which Ankara considers "terrorist". But after long negotiations on the sidelines of the summit, Turkey gave its agreement on Tuesday evening to the entry into NATO of these two Nordic countries, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan having estimated that he had obtained their "full cooperation" in his fight against the PKK.

"NATO's open door policy" has resulted in "a historic success", welcomed Jens Stoltenberg. “Welcoming Finland and Sweden to the alliance will make them more secure, NATO stronger and the Euro-Atlantic area more secure,” he insisted. Future Swedish and Finnish members bring to the Alliance 28,500 active troops, 2,300 armour, 1,000 artillery pieces, 220 tanks, 175 ships and 158 aircraft.

A reaction force "well above" 300,000 men

NATO leaders decided at the Madrid summit to transform their reaction force and increase "well above" 300,000 troops to the high level of readiness to face the Russian threat, the secretary announced on Monday. General of the Alliance.

"By doing this, we are providing a credible deterrent whose objective is not to provoke a conflict, but to prevent Russia or any other potential adversary from attacking an allied country," he insisted.

"I am convinced that President Putin understands the consequences of an attack on a NATO country," he added. The state of preparation of these forces has been raised to avoid unpleasant surprises, with 300,000 soldiers concerned instead of 40,000 previously.

Reinforcement of battle groups in the east

“We will strengthen our battlegroups in the eastern part of the Alliance, up to brigade level,” he said.

Eight battlegroups were created. They are based in Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia and Bulgaria.

Some will be reinforced "up to brigade level" - tactical units of 3,000 to 5,000 men, said Jens Stoltenberg.

Germany, the leader of the Battle Group based in Lithuania, has announced its intention to raise its capability to the level of a brigade, but the bulk of the troops will remain stationed in the country. Units are "pre-designated" in other member countries of the Alliance to intervene in countries where battle groups are based and where heavy weapons have been pre-positioned, explained the Secretary General of NATO.

USA to the rescue

Joe Biden, for his part, announced a new reinforcement of US forces in Spain, Poland, Romania, the Baltic States, the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. Two missile frigates in Spain to reinforce the four already there; two squadrons of F-35 fighters in the UK to replace F-15s redeployed to Poland; a combat brigade in Romania; a permanent Corps Headquarters in Poland; more artillery, air force, air defense and special forces in the three Baltic countries; anti-aircraft defenses in Italy and Germany…

Strengthening aid to Ukraine

Ukraine, which is entering its 127th day of war, this Thursday, June 30, 2022, was at the heart of discussions at the NATO summit in Madrid on Wednesday. The opportunity for member countries to reaffirm their support for Ukraine against the "cruelty" of Russia. Vladimir Putin, for his part, denounced the “imperialist ambitions” of the Atlantic Alliance.

The British government took advantage of the day on Wednesday to announce additional military aid of more than one billion euros to Ukraine.

NATO member countries also said they had agreed on a new aid plan involving the "delivery of non-lethal military equipment", as well as a strengthening of Ukrainian defenses against cyber-attacks. .

A new strategic concept

NATO also adopted on Wednesday a new strategic concept identifying Russia as "the most significant and direct threat" to transatlantic peace, and China as a "challenge" to "interests", "values" and to their "safety".

For Moscow a "new iron curtain" in reference to the Cold War

Vladimir Putin for his part denounced a "hegemony" on the part of NATO, during a press conference in Ashkhabad, the Turkmen capital.

Regarding the accession of the two Nordic countries, he said that he did not see any "problem" there, provided however that there is no deployment of military contingents and military infrastructure. In which case, he warned, “we will be forced to respond in a symmetrical way and create the same threats for the territories from which the threats for us emanate. »

For Moscow, a new "iron curtain" fell in Europe at a time when Ukraine, backed by renewed support from the alliance, took back from the Russians a symbolic and strategic island for the control of maritime routes.

"The Iron Curtain, in fact, is already coming down," Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said at a press conference in Minsk, using the term that made history. of Europe during the Cold War, and only fell with the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. "This iron curtain is erected today by Westerners themselves", added his Belarusian counterpart Vladimir Makeï, whose country is an ally of Moscow in its confrontation with the West.

Moscow and Minsk reacted to the summit on Wednesday and Thursday of the Atlantic Alliance which reaffirmed its massive support for Ukraine. Its new strategic roadmap now designates Russia as "the most significant and direct threat to the security of the allies", and denounces attempts by Moscow and Beijing to unite their efforts to "destabilize the international order".

A jump from NATO ?

“The war in Ukraine has caused NATO to jump up, but has it come out of its brain death for all that ? We can debate it. Above all, this war proves that the time for a NATO carrying universal values ​​- its credo barely masked since the end of the Cold War - is over.

The Alliance will, perhaps, extend to some new members, and then? By refusing the peaceful settlement of the conflict and betting on bipolarity as the only way out of the crisis, the members of NATO are only weakening themselves a little more. In a way, Emmanuel Macron's words of 2019 are even more topical today, and we can only regret that. », according to Barthélemy Courmont, teacher-researcher at the Catholic University of Lille and research director at IRIS

And if NATO is serving powerfully right now, what about the American side, with the possibility of a return of Trump and the likelihood of a grab of American attention and resources in the face of the great Chinese rival ?




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

TAIWAN THE TONE IS RISING BETWEEN BEIJING

 AND WASHINGTON

During a summit bringing together the United States and China in Singapore yesterday, the Chinese Minister of Defense affirmed that his country would fight “until the end” against the independence of Taiwan, while calling on Washington to “stop denigrating and containing China”. This statement by the Chinese Minister of Defense sounds like a response to that, the day before, of the American Minister of Defense, Lloyd Austin, who had denounced the “provocative and destabilizing” military activity of Beijing near Taiwan. This verbal contest between the two superpowers comes in a context of strong diplomatic tensions over the autonomous and democratic island, which Beijing considers to be an integral part of its territory.

It is that tensions between Beijing and Taiwan have increased in recent weeks, against a backdrop of war in Ukraine.

The war waged by Russia to subjugate or dismember Ukraine has in fact fueled concerns about an imminent use of force by the People's Republic of China against Taiwan in order to achieve the "Chinese dream of reunification national". A concern all the greater since, three weeks before the invasion of Ukraine, Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping had published a declaration of total solidarity during the visit of the Russian president to Beijing.

The thorny issue of Taiwan

China considers this democratic and self-governing island of 24 million to be one of its historical provinces, even if it does not control it, and has increased pressure against Taipei in recent years, for example through campaigns incursions into the Taiwan Air Defense Zone. These actions have increased tensions with the United States, while they are already high on many other levels (China Sea, nuclear in particular).

"Those who pursue Taiwan independence with the aim of dividing China will certainly not achieve their ends," said Wei Fenghe, adding that "no one should ever underestimate the determination and ability of the Chinese armed forces. to safeguard its territorial integrity". According to the spokesperson for the Chinese Ministry of Defense, said Friday during a meeting with Mr. Austin on the sidelines of this forum: "If anyone dared to separate Taiwan from China, the army China would not hesitate for a moment to start a war, whatever the cost. »

A geostrategic challenge for China

The autonomy of Taiwan under US protection is indeed, in the eyes of the Chinese authorities, the anchor point of a barrier closing the seas of China along the “first chain of islands”. The textbook on the military geography of the Taiwan Strait published in 2013 by the Beijing Defense Academy contains a very explicit presentation of the geostrategic stake constituted by the possession of Taiwan: control of the island is vital to guard against a blockade, at the same time as it would threaten the communications of Japan; and it would provide the People's Army Navy with free access to the Pacific Ocean and a decisive means of exerting pressure on the states of the region, report researchers William Murray and Ian Easton.

The political argument

As real as the strategic and geopolitical stakes in question are, an additional dimension would intervene according to Pierre-Yves Hénin, professor emeritus in economics, University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, in the Chinese motivation to put an end to the status of Taiwan.

This authoritarian regime sees a threat in the democracies located on its doorstep, showing the Chinese that they can live perfectly well other than in dictatorship. “Academics Kelly Brown and Kalley Wu Tzu-Hui point out that Taiwan now presents an alternative model of modernity and democracy in the Chinese world;

this is, according to them, the main reason why Beijing has a problem with Taiwan – “Trouble with Taiwan”, an expression chosen as the title of their book published in 2019,” he continues.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

LIFTING OF THE STRICT CONTAINMENT OF SHANGAI

The 2nd longest confinement in China, that of Shanghai, was finally lifted this Wednesday, June 1, 2022. For two whole months, 25 million exasperated inhabitants lived cloistered at home with very severe anti-covid restrictions. Several measures had already been relaxed in recent days thanks to a sharp drop in the number of positive cases. But the population could not usually go out, at best, for a few hours a day, and provided they were in a neighborhood without any cases.

Wednesday morning, therefore, Shanghainese returned to work, while some stores reopened. The metro and public transport were working again. “This is the moment we have been waiting for for a long time”, welcomed the mayor of Shanghai on social networks.

Authorities have warned, however, that the return to normal is not for now.

Restrictions still in place

Shopping centers, convenience stores, pharmacies and beauty salons can only operate at 75% of their capacity. Sports halls and cinemas will remain closed and the reopening of schools will be done on a case-by-case basis.

The shutdown of China's largest city was a crushing blow for Shanghainese.

Despite a dizzying increase in positive cases in March, the municipality initially dismissed the idea of ​​confinement, citing the importance of Shanghai for the economy.

But the authorities reversed their decision in early April to hastily confine the entire metropolis. Some residents were already there long before this date. Many have been exasperated by the problems with the supply of fresh produce and access to non-Covid medical care.

A confinement that has weakened the economy, penalized production, limited consumption and seriously disrupted supply chains.


Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

LIFE PRISON SENTENCE OF RUSSIAN SOLDIER TRIED FOR WAR CRIME

The verdict in the first war crimes trial fell on Monday, May 23, 2022 in Kiev. A 21-year-old Russian soldier who admitted killing a 62-year-old civilian who was pushing his bicycle while on the phone at the start of the Russian offensive has been found guilty by a court in the capital.

The boyish-faced, shaven-headed soldier, dressed in a gray and blue sweater, listened to the verdict, alone in a glass box. "The murder was committed with direct intent," the judge said. “Chichimarine violated the laws and customs of war,” he continued.

During the trial last week, Vadim Chichimarine admitted to having shot the sexagenarian but said he was "sincerely sorry" and had "asked forgiveness" from the victim's widow, justifying his act by the "orders" received at that time. the.

Arguments swept away by the prosecution who had demanded life imprisonment. "He was carrying out a criminal order and was well aware of it," said one of the prosecutors.

The soldier will appeal his sentence, according to his lawyer.

According to the Ukrainian prosecutor's office, the country has opened more than 12,000 war crimes investigations since the start of the conflict.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

A MEMBER OF THE MARCOS FAMILY RETURNS

IN POWER HERE'S WHAT IT MEANS FOR

DEMOCRACY IN THE PHILIPPINES

Under Duterte 's rule since 2016, the president has earned a reputation for using disinformation on social media - particularly via Facebook - to cultivate support for his brutal "war on drugs". At the same time, he frequently attacked the work of journalists and critics of his regime.

Duterte made a deliberate attempt to undermine the free press. In December 2020, after months of systematic targeting by President Duterte, the Philippine Congress voted to shut down ABS-CBN – the country's largest broadcast network.

The Philippines remains one of the most dangerous places for journalists. As recently as December 2021, journalist Jesus Malabanan was shot dead by gunmen in his own home. Malabanan, a well-respected journalist who worked on Reuters' coverage of the Philippines' drug war, was the 22nd journalist murdered under Duterte's regime.

The weakening and intimidation of journalism and independent media have paved the way for the growth of disinformation.

Bongbong Marcos' presidential run has been widely criticized for media manipulation. And misinformation has been at the heart of shifting public opinion toward the family.

In 2019, Rappler, the independent news site founded by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Maria Ressa, conducted a three-part investigation that revealed the extent to which Marcos deployed digital propaganda to propel himself into favor. of the public through the use of disinformation disseminated on other social networks. platforms, and through various fan pages and other viral content. The early Marcos regime was recast in misleading propaganda that portrayed the era as a time of progress while denying its human rights abuses.

And in 2020, Cambridge Analytica whistleblower Barbara Kaiser alleged that Marcos contacted the company – known for its collection of Facebook user data for political campaigns – in a bid to further bolster the picture of his family. The Marcos campaign denies this link.

Never again ?

Bongbong Marcos' election comes nearly 50 years after his father declared martial law on September 23, 1972.

This original era of Marcos – with its extrajudicial executions and rampant corruption – was subjected to revisionism, with many Filipinos seeing the Marcos years as a time of stability and growth while ignoring abuses. The $10 billion looted by the Marcos - which once made headlines - is less talked about. Imelda Marcos, herself a notorious kleptocrat, has turned into an object of fascination.

Protesters gather holding signs saying 'Never Again Martial Law'.

Meanwhile, the voices of martial law era survivors and activists who oppose authoritarian rule have become less effective in the face of President Duterte's popularity. Their message of "never again" failed to disrupt the Marcos family's return to power.

In 2018, on the 35th anniversary of Ninoy Aquino's assassination, Imee Marcos - Bongbong's sister - said that "Generation Y has evolved [from the story of Ferdinand Marcos], and I think the people my age should also move forward".

From Adrian De Leon, published in TheConversation Assistant Professor of American Studies and Ethnicity, USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences University of Southern California

His brother's electoral victory seems to have given reason to Imee Marcos.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

G7 LEADERS AGREE

ON A GRADUAL EMBARGO ON RUSSIAN OIL

The leaders of the G7 countries meeting by videoconference on Sunday at the initiative of US President Joe Biden announced that they had agreed to ban or phase out their imports of Russian oil.

In a joint statement, the G7 leaders also pledge to ban or prevent the provision of key services on which the Russian economy depends, as well as to continue to take action against "systemic" Russian banks connected to the financial system. global.

They also call on Moscow to lift the blockade of exports of grain production from Ukraine, which threatens the world with a serious food crisis, and promise to continue to target Russian financial elites who support President Vladimir Putin.

The United States, which already imposes an oil embargo on Russia, while the European Union continues to discuss its own, unveiled at the same time a new series of sanctions targeting the bank Gazprombank, the public media and the industry of Russian arms or the export of nuclear material to Moscow.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

THE WHEAT CRISIS COULD CAUSE

A FOOD CRISIS

In New York, before the UN Security Council, the secretary general of the organization, the Portuguese Antonio Guterres, had from the start of the war in Ukraine uttered a big "rant", predicting "a hurricane famines and a collapse of the global food system. The President of Ukraine urged as recently as Monday, May 10, 2022 the international community to take action to end the blockade of its wheat exports. Odessa, the main port on the Black Sea, no longer experiences regular movements of the merchant fleet.

The blockade is total from the Sea of ​​Azov to the port of Odessa, which normally represents 60% of the country's port activity. The port of Constanta, in Romania, has become a rare maritime outlet for Ukrainian wheat. Trains loaded with cereals also reach Lithuanian or Polish ports. Brussels must present, this Thursday, an action plan to facilitate agricultural exports and bilateral trade of Ukraine with the European Union, in particular at the logistics level.

Because the slightest geopolitical incident fuels speculation. Due to the war in Ukraine, the price of a tonne of wheat, which will be harvested this summer in the northern hemisphere, is trading at around €400 (compared to €200 in May 2021). Never seen.

Ukraine the granary

The war in Ukraine has set the planet's breadbasket on fire and bloodshed. “Faced with Western sanctions after the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Putin decided to invest massively to move towards food independence, particularly in cereal crops, says Sébastien Abis, researcher at Iris and director of the Club Demeter. As for Ukraine, the turning point was taken at the end of the 1990s, with export volumes of agricultural products having multiplied by six in twenty years”. As a result, a third of the common wheat (used in particular for making bread) exported on the planet comes from these two countries, which are also essential on the corn, barley, sunflower and rapeseed markets.The Black Sea countries (Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan) export 40% of the world's wheat. Nearly fifty countries depend on Russia and Ukraine for more than 30% of their imported wheat.

Drop in global production

But since the start of the war, the situation has changed. According to FranceAgriMer, whose “cereals” commission met this Wednesday, May 11 in Paris, “world wheat production (2022-2023) could fall for the first time in four years”. The spring drought threatens wheat yields in European countries such as Romania, Italy or part of France. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, the drought has also affected the winter wheat harvest in the United States. Since the start of the war, Moscow has taken over from kyiv, particularly in Egypt (+580% in March).

But if the war lasts until the end of the year, Russian and Ukrainian exports could fall by 60%, according to American experts. The Ukrainian Minister of Agriculture estimates that local agricultural production will be at least halved this year. Spring sowing (rapeseed, maize, and sunflower) and harvests are likely to be hampered given the number of men who have gone to the front to defend their country. Inadequate harvests would keep prices high, pushing importing countries off the market. Wheat is a staple food for 35% of the world's population, recalls the FAO, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Risk of food shortage

The Russian invasion sent shockwaves through the emerging world: prices soared to levels they hadn't reached in decades and imports of raw materials are struggling, causing shortages ( especially in the most disadvantaged countries that were already struggling to recover from the pandemic). In parts of Kenya, the price of bread has increased by 40%. In Indonesia, the government has capped those for oil. Yemen depends on Ukraine and Russia for more than 40% of its wheat imports.

In Turkey, the explosion in the price of sunflower oil has prompted customers to rush to stores to stock up on as much as possible. In Iraq, protests have brought together citizens unhappy with rising food prices who have dubbed their movement the “starvation revolution”.

About fifty countries, mainly underprivileged, buy at least 30% of their wheat from Russia and Ukraine. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), between them they provide a third of world grain exports and 52% of the sunflower oil market. "If the conflict continues, the repercussions will likely be greater than the coronavirus crisis," said Indermit Gill, World Bank vice president in charge of economic policy. »

"The Hunger Revolution"

The Middle East and North Africa are particularly dependent on Russian and Ukrainian wheat imports. Egypt, the world's largest importer, buys nearly 70% of its consumption from these two countries. Same for Lebanon. For Turkey, it is more than 80%. In 2011, soaring bread prices played a role in triggering the Arab Spring. The Egyptian government has said the Ukraine crisis will cost it about $1 billion in bread subsidies and it is looking for new suppliers. He also introduced unsubsidized bread price controls to curb soaring tariffs; A surge in prices which increases the risk of a popular uprising in Egypt, years of austerity having already greatly eroded the purchasing power of the population.

In 2008, skyrocketing food prices sparked riots in 48 countries. The war in Ukraine now poses a food risk in Africa and the Middle East, wheat being a staple food for 35% of the world's population, recalls the FAO.


Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COVID-19 LA REVOLTE DES HABITANTS DE SHANGAI FACE AU CONFINEMENT STRICT

Alors que le reste du monde apprend à vivre avec le Covid-19, la Chine continue de prendre des mesures exceptionnelles contre la pandémie. À Shanghai, toute une partie de la mégalopole a été placée en confinement strict: 25 millions de personnes ne peuvent plus sortir de leur domicile.

Sur une vidéo diffusée sur Twitter, les résidents d'un quartier de Shanghai crient leur détresse et leur mécontentement. 

Les cris et les sifflets résonnent au milieu des barres d'immeubles d'un quartier de Shanghai. Les habitants sont sortis aux fenêtres de leurs appartements pour dénoncer le confinement très strict qui leur est imposé par les autorités. La tension monte, notamment à cause du manque de nourriture.

Une scène inédite en Chine, où ce genre de contestation est extrêmement rare. La censure sur les réseaux sociaux chinois empêche généralement ce type d’expression. Mais le confinement très strict, imposé en raison de la flambée épidémique, ne passe plus.

Car depuis fin mars, la plupart des habitants de la mégalopole ne peuvent plus sortir de chez eux. Le confinement a causé d'importantes pénuries alimentaires, et plusieurs résidents n'ont pas hésité à se rebeller, demandant à être ravitaillés. Dans un quartier de la ville, des scènes de pillage ont été filmées.

Tout cas positif ou cas contact devant être isolé, plusieurs milliers de personnes ont ainsi été placées, de gré ou de force, dans des centres spécialisés.

Allégement du dispositif ce lundi

Face au mécontentement croissant de la population, les autorités de la plus grande ville de Chine ont annoncé qu'elles autoriseraient progressivement les habitants des zones comptant le moins de contaminations à se déplacer en dehors de leur quartier.

Les responsables de Shanghai détermineront trois catégories de quartiers en fonction du taux d'incidence. Des mesures « différenciées de prévention et de contrôle » refléteront la situation « réelle » sur le terrain, a déclaré un responsable municipal.

Les habitants des zones « sous contrôle strict » et des « zones contrôlées » resteront confinés chez eux. Les habitants des quartiers où aucun cas n'a été enregistré au cours des deux dernières semaines seront autorisés à sortir de chez eux.

Mais la bataille contre le virus n'est pas terminée: ce lundi, 27.509 nouveaux cas de Covid-19 ont été signalés dans le pays, dont l'immense majorité à Shanghai.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES TALIBANS REFERMENT LES ECOLES DES FILLES

A PEINE REOUVERTES


Quelques heures seulement après avoir annoncé la réouverture des collèges et lycées pour les filles, les Taliban ont finalement prié le même jour les élèves de rentrer chez elles.

Vêtues d’abayas noires ou colorées – un large vêtement couvrant tout le corps – ou de longs manteaux, avec un foulard souvent blanc enveloppant leur tête, le bas du visage caché par un masque sanitaire, les adolescentes franchissaient ce mercredi 23 mars 2O23 la grande porte bleue du lycée. Des écoles dans d’autres provinces avaient aussi ouvert dans la matinée, comme dans le Panchir (nord-est), à Kunduz (nord) ou Herat (sud-ouest), avant de refermer leurs portes.

Les Taliban sont en effet revenus sur leur décision. Les filles qui avaient repris mercredi 23 mars le chemin du lycée à Kaboul, la capitale de l'Afghanistan, après la décision des Taliban de rouvrir l'école secondaire aux filles dans le pays, plus de sept mois après l'arrivée au pouvoir des islamistes, ont dû rebrousser chemin. Les Taliban ont ordonné dans la même journée la fermeture des collèges et lycées pour les filles en Afghanistan, quelques heures seulement après leur réouverture, a confirmé un responsable taliban.

Inamullah Samangani, porte-parole des Taliban, a confirmé les informations selon lesquelles les filles avaient été priées de retourner chez elles.

Ces dernières, qui se réjouissaient de leur retour à l'école pour la première fois depuis la prise de pouvoir en août dernier des fondamentalistes islamistes, ont fermé leurs livres, emballé leurs affaires et quitté en larmes la classe.

Le droit à l'éducation au cœur des négociations

La communauté internationale a fait du droit à l'éducation pour tous une pierre d'achoppement dans les négociations sur l'aide et la reconnaissance du régime des islamistes fondamentalistes. Plusieurs pays et des organisations ont proposé de rémunérer les enseignants .

Les dirigeants ne sont pas sur la même longueur d'onde.

Le ministère de l'Éducation avait pourtant annoncé la reprise des cours mercredi pour les filles dans plusieurs provinces, sauf celles de Kandahar, ville du sud et berceau des Taliban, qui devait rouvrir le mois prochain. « Nous ne rouvrons pas les écoles pour faire plaisir à la communauté internationale, ni pour gagner la reconnaissance du monde », avait assuré le porte-parole du ministère, Aziz Ahmad Rayan. « Nous le faisons dans le cadre de notre responsabilité de fournir une éducation et des structures éducatives à nos élèves », a-t-il ajouté.

Les Taliban avaient insisté sur le fait qu'ils voulaient prendre le temps afin de s'assurer que les filles âgées de 12 à 19 ans seraient bien séparées des garçons et que les établissements fonctionneraient selon les principes islamiques.




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

 

GUERRE EN UKRAINE OU LA CHINE

 A L'HEURE DES CHOIX ?

C’est le nouveau spectre brandi par les États-Unis : un axe militaire Russie-Chine pour en finir au plus vite avec l’Ukraine.

Selon le New York Times du 13 mars. le quotidien américain, qui cite des responsables anonymes, la Russie a demandé à Pékin de lui fournir des équipements militaires et une aide économique pour l'aider à surmonter les sanctions internationales. Une accusation balayée par le géant asiatique. « Ces derniers temps, les Etats-Unis propagent constamment des fausses nouvelles à l'encontre de la Chine », a répondu devant la presse un porte-parole de la diplomatie chinoise.

Un renfort militaire venu de Chine aurait de quoi inquiéter les alliés de Kiev.

Pékin et Moscou ont en effet, au fil des ans, renforcé leur coopération militaire au point qu’une « alliance » entre les deux pays avait été évoquée à l’automne 2021, après des exercices militaires communs dans le nord de la Chine.

Des allégations américaines surprenantes

Mais au-delà des démentis chinois, les allégations américaines ont « de quoi surprendre », affirme Zeno Leoni, spécialiste des relations internationales de la Chine au King's College de Londres, sur France 24. D’abord, parce que le type de soutien que la Chine pourrait fournir à la Russie interroge.

En outre, c’est la Russie qui livre traditionnellement des armes et fournit du savoir-faire militaire à la Chine, « et non pas l’inverse », rappelle Zeno Leoni. Moscou a même considérablement augmenté ses ventes d’armes à Pékin ces dernières années.Mais cela ne veut pas dire que la Chine n’aurait absolument rien à fournir à Moscou pour l’aider.

D’abord, « la Russie commence à manquer de missiles de croisière et de munitions pour ses chasseurs », affirme Gustav Gressel, spécialiste des questions militaires russes au Conseil européen des relations internationales, contacté par France 24. Deux domaines dans lesquels la Chine pourrait, en théorie, renflouer la machine de guerre russe.

Une position officielle de neutralité ?

La Chine, alliée historique de la Russie, maintient une position officielle de neutralité dans le conflit armé qui oppose la Russie à l'Ukraine. Pékin assure respecter la souveraineté de tous les Etats et la Charte des Nations unies, mais elle a repris mot pour mot le discours de Vladimir Poutine en parlant « d'opération militaire spéciale », en refusant d'utiliser le terme d'invasion et en se gardant d'attribuer toute responsabilité du conflit à l'un ou l'autre des belligérants et en reconnaissant également les « préoccupations de sécurité légitimes » de la Russie.

« Une nouvelle ère dans les relations internationales »

Juste avant le début de la guerre en Ukraine, la Chine avait soutenu l’idée d’un « partenariat sans limites » dans un document signé avec la Russie, perçu comme un signal indiquant qu’un front anti-Occident était en train de se former autour de ces deux puissances..

Ce manifeste signé entre Pékin et Moscou appelait à « une nouvelle ère dans les relations internationales » mettant fin à la domination occidentale sur l'ordre international. Leur intérêt géostratégiques ont des similitudes.

La Chine soutiendrait donc implicitement la Russie dans cette guerre avant tout pour des raisons politiques à savoir leur opposition viscérale aux démocraties libérales occidentales. Il s'agit d'une opposition aux Etats-Unis, à l'Otan et, pour ce qui concerne particulièrement la Chine, une opposition au nouveau partenariat de l'Aukus (Australie, Royaume-Uni, Etats-Unis) , comme le rappelle Marc Julienne, responsable des activités Chine au Centre Asie de l'Institut français des relations internationales (Ifri). De plus Pékin observe attentivement ce qui se passe en Ukraine, en pensant à Taïwan ayant des velléités très explicites sur une « unification », selon ses termes.

Certes la Chine apporte son aide financière à la Russie depuis le début du conflit. Par des canaux de financements en yuans depuis que l'économie russe est exclue du système Swift, mais aussi en augmentant les importations de pétrole et de gaz, ou encore celles de produits agricoles, comme le blé.

La position ambiguë de la Chine

Mais « la Chine n'est pas partie prenante à la crise (ukrainienne) et veut encore moins être affectée par les sanctions», a encore déclaré Wang Yi, lors d'un entretien téléphonique avec son homologue espagnol José Manuel Albares. Selon lui, le géant asiatique «s'oppose toujours au recours à des sanctions pour résoudre des problèmes, surtout des sanctions unilatérales sans fondement en droit international». «La Chine a le droit de sauvegarder ses droits et ses intérêts légitimes», a-t-il estimé.

Si la Chine soutenait trop ouvertement la Russie, elle pourrait elle-même être visée par des sanctions ayant de fortes répercussions sur son économie.

Dans l'immédiat : en octobre 2022 lors du 20e congrès du Parti communiste chinois le président Xi Jinping devrait être reconduit pour un troisième mandat. Il lui faut donc absolument préserver l'économie, pour la pérennité du président au pouvoir c'est pourquoi la Chine, dans un monde interconnecté, ne prendra pas le risque de fragiliser sa propre économie déjà affaibli par la Covid-19, estime Marc Julienne.

A plus long terme, la Chine a tout de même des visées de partenariat et de développement avec la Russie avec les projets militaires, l'approvisionnement énergétique et les terres arables notamment...

Le régime de Pékin se retrouve dans une position délicate, tiraillé entre la fidélité à son partenaire russe et sa volonté de ne pas trop détériorer ses relations avec les Occidentaux. Mais nul doute qu' un axe sino-russe se dessine dans le nouvel ordre international à naître...




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

EN ARABIE SAOUDITE 81 EXECUTIONS PAR DECAPITATION EN UN SEUL JOUR

Soixante-treize Saoudiens, sept Yéménites et un Syrien avaient été «reconnus coupables d'avoir commis de multiples crimes odieux» dans le pays, a rapporté l'agence de presse officielle SPA. Parmi eux, des hommes liés à l'organisation jihadiste Daesh, au réseau al-Qaida, aux rebelles Houthis du Yémen et à «d'autres organisations terroristes», a précisé l'agence.

Les 81 personnes avaient été condamnées à mort par l'Arabie saoudite, pour avoir «attaqué des lieux de culte, des bâtiments gouvernementaux et des installations vitales pour l'économie du pays», et pour des «crimes d'enlèvement, de torture, de viol et de contrebande d'armes», toujours selon SPA. «Ces crimes ont fait un grand nombre de morts parmi les civils et les forces de l'ordre», a-t-elle ajouté sans autres précisions.

Lutte contre le terrorisme

Pendant plusieurs années après 2014, le royaume a été visé par une série d'attaques meurtrières perpétrées par Daesh. Il est par ailleurs la cible d'attaques des Houthis depuis le Yémen voisin en guerre. D’après SPA, «le royaume continuera d'adopter une position (...) inébranlable contre le terrorisme et les idéologies extrémistes qui menacent la stabilité du monde entier».

Cette exécution de masse a fait réagir de nombreuses ONG, parmi lesquelles l’ONG britannique Reprieve, qui estime que «le monde doit déjà savoir que quand Mohammed Ben Salmane promet des réformes, l'effusion de sang suit». Ajoutant : «le prince héritier vient tout juste de dire la semaine dernière à des journalistes qu'il voulait moderniser le système judiciaire pénal, seulement pour ordonner la plus importante exécution en masse de l'histoire du pays.»

Le plus haut taux d'exécution au monde

Monarchie absolue, l'Arabie saoudite est dotée depuis 1992 d'une Loi fondamentale assimilée à une Constitution, reposant sur la charia, la loi islamique. L'homicide, le viol, les attaques à main armée, la sorcellerie, l'adultère, la sodomie, l'homosexualité et l'apostasie y sont passibles de la peine capitale.

En 2021, le royaume avait procédé à 69 exécutions. Et depuis le début 2022 et avant les exécutions de samedi, 11 personnes avaient été exécutées, selon un décompte basé sur des déclarations officielles.

L'Arabie saoudite, qui a l'un des taux d'exécutions les plus élevés au monde, a généralement recours à la décapitation pour mettre à exécution les peines capitales. Le royaume fait partie des 54 pays appliquant encore la peine de mort.




Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA CHINE RECONFINE

Confrontée à sa pire flambée épidémique depuis deux ans, la Chine a dû se résoudre vendredi 11 mars 2022 à confiner la grande ville de Changchun, dans le nord-est du pays.

Dans cette ville de neuf millions d'habitants, seule une personne par foyer est désormais autorisée à sortir, une fois tous les deux jours, pour assurer le ravitaillement, a fait savoir la mairie qui se prépare à dépister toute la population.

Ce confinement est le plus important annoncé en Chine depuis celui de la métropole de Xi'an (nord) et de ses 13 millions d'habitants à la fin de l'année dernière.

s. Si bien que le gouvernement chinois a décidé vendredi de confiner les neuf millions d’habitants de la ville de dans le nord-est du pays. Il s’agit du plus important confinement annoncé en Chine depuis celui de la métropole de Xi’an (Nord) et de ses 13 millions d’habitants à la fin de l’année dernière et pour un mois.

La mairie a ordonné la fermeture des écoles et des commerces ainsi que des transports publics. Il est défendu de quitter la ville, qui a enregistré plusieurs centaines de cas au cours des derniers jours.

La souche Omicron est à l’origine de flambées localisées qui concernaient vendredi 1.369 personnes exactement au cours des dernières 24 heures, selon les chiffres du ministère de la Santé.

Un chiffre qui reste faible par comparaison avec le reste du monde, mais qui n’en est pas moins le plus élevé pour la Chine depuis la première phase de l’épidémie, début 2020.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA DISPARITION DE LA TENNIS WOMAN PENG SHUAI

OU

 UN ENORME MALENTENDU ?

Dans une interview livrée à L'Équipe, Peng Shuai revient sur l'emballement médiatique autour de sa supposée disparition et ses propos sont des plus surprenants pour la presse occidentale.

Pour rappel, la tenniswoman chinoise avait disparu des radars, il y a quelques semaines, après avoir accusé un haut placé de viol. Une situation qui avait inquiété le monde entier, qui demandait des comptes au gouvernement chinois.

Ce dimanche 6 février, elle se livrait dans une interview accordée au journal L'Équipe, en marge des Jeux Olympiques de Pékin. Étonnamment, elle affirme ne jamais avoir disparu, évoquant « un énorme malentendu. Je n'ai jamais disparu, tout le monde a pu me voir », faisant référence aux quelques clips vidéo publiés par les autorités chinoises au bout de deux semaines, face à l'insistance du reste du monde.

Autre affirmation surprenante : « Agression sexuelle ?

Je n'ai jamais dit que quiconque m'avait fait subir une quelconque agression sexuelle » a poursuivi Peng Shuai.

Elle conclut en expliquant penser que « le sport ne doit pas être politisé car, lorsque c'est le cas, cela revient la plupart du temps à tourner le dos à l'esprit olympique et cela va à l'encontre de la volonté du monde du sport et des sportifs. »

Un retournement de situation dans l'affaire Peng Shuai qui en laisse plus d'un pantois...De l' Esprit Olympique en Empire du Milieu...




Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

JO D'HIVER DE PEKIN OU LA VITRINE DE LA PUISSANCE CHINOISE ET DU RAPPROCHEMENT SINO-RUSSE

C’est officiellement parti pour les XXIVes Jeux olympiques d’hiver ! Le président chinois, Xi Jinping, a donné le coup d’envoi lors de la cérémonie officielle, vendredi 4 février. Pékin est ainsi entrée dans l’histoire en devenant la première ville à accueillir les Jeux d’été (en 2008) et d’hiver.

« La Chine fera de son mieux pour offrir au monde des Jeux olympiques d’hiver simples, sûrs et splendides. », a ainsi déclaré le président chinois, Xi Jinping jeudi 3 février, la veille de la cérémonie d’ouverture, dans un court message vidéo adressé au Comité international olympique.

L'allumage de la flamme olympique

Malgré le boycott diplomatique de plusieurs pays, dont les Etats-Unis, une vingtaine de dirigeants, notamment le secrétaire général de l’ONU, Antonio Guterres, et le président russe, Vladimir Poutine, ont assisté au spectacle mis en scène par le réalisateur chinois Zhang Yimou.

Le « Nid d’oiseau », rempli au tiers, a vu les 91 délégations défiler. La flamme olympique s’embrase, et avec elle le nid d’oiseau, le stade national chinois. Pékin est officiellement la première ville à accueillir les Jeux d’hiver après ceux d’été, en 2008.. Sur la glace, des patineurs jouent avec la lumière, et 91 pays défilent dans le froid glacial de Pékin, à moins 6 degrés.

Après un peu plus de deux heures, la cérémonie s’est terminée lorsque la vasque en forme de flocon géant s’est embrasée dans le ciel de Pékin. Ce sont deux jeunes sportifs chinois qualifiés pour ces Jeux,Zhao Jiawen et Dinigeer Yilamujiang, née il y a vingt ans dans la région autonome ouïgoure du Xinjiang, qui ont été les derniers porteurs de la flamme.

Une façon de marquer ces olympiades de son empreinte.

Pékin 2022 ne sera pas un remake de Pékin 2008 .

La Chine ne veut plus seulement montrer au monde qu’elle est un grand pays moderne. Elle doit « se faire aimer », avait reconnu le président chinois au printemps 2021. D’où la mise en valeur, cette année, durant la cérémonie, non seulement de la technologie chinoise – avec quelques effets spéciaux spectaculaires –, mais aussi du peuple chinois, et surtout des enfants.

Le petit peuple et les enfants : deux catégories de la population chères à un président qui a fait de la « prospérité commune » et du renouveau démographique deux de ses priorités. Avec 3 000 figurants contre 14 000 en 2008, la Chine a voulu une cérémonie sobre, célébrant sa jeunesse pour un public relativement restreint et trié sur le volet. – pour raison sanitaire.

Dans les tribunes se trouvaient uniquement des invités, dont le président russe Vladimir Poutine.

Boycott diplomatique

Plusieurs pays occidentaux, États-Unis en tête, ont en effet décidé de snober les JO de Pékin pour dénoncer les violations des droits de l'Homme en Chine, notamment dans sa région du Xinjiang (nord-ouest) où vit la minorité musulmane ouïghoure.

En vertu d'un « boycott diplomatique », les Américains et quelques-uns de leurs alliés n'ont envoyé aucun responsable à Pékin pour assister à la cérémonie d'ouverture. Leurs athlètes en revanche participeront bien aux compétitions. C’est le cas des représentants officiels des États-Unis, du Royaume-Uni et de l’Australie.

Ces pays ont des relations extrêmement tendues avec la Chine depuis plusieurs mois. La ministre chargée des Sports française, Roxana Maracineanu, ne sera pas présente lors de la cérémonie d’ouverture, mais fera le déplacement plus tard pour soutenir les athlètes français.Sans revendiquer un boycott, beaucoup de pays ont invoqué la pandémie pour ne pas envoyer de chef d'État à Pékin.

Faute de têtes d'affiche occidentales, le pouvoir chinois se rattrape avec une liste de dirigeants amis, dont certains en délicatesse avec Washington ou les droits de l'Homme.Le président égyptien Abdel Fattah al-Sissi et le prince héritier saoudien Mohammed ben Salmane font partie de la vingtaine de dirigeants présents. Le président du Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokaïev, est également attendu, dans la foulée d'émeutes sanglantes réprimées avec l'aide de Moscou et l'approbation de la Chine.

Dans une tribune publiée jeudi par l'agence Chine Nouvelle, Vladimir Poutine en personne a dénoncé sans les nommer les États-Unis et leur « tentative de mélanger sport et politique au profit de leurs intérêts égoïstes ».

Mais Xi Jinping, le président chinois, n'en a pas moins invité son « ami » russe Vladimir Poutine pour un rare tête-à-tête diplomatique en période d'épidémie à Pékin utilisant ainsi à son tour la scène olympique pour montrer son rapprochement avec la Russie de Poutine.

Tribune politique et rapprochement sino-russe

À quelques heures de l'ouverture des JO d'hiver, organisés à Pékin, le président chinois Xi Jinping a ainsi accueilli vendredi 4 février 2022 son « ami » russe Vladimir Poutine, au centre de l'attention mondiale du fait des craintes d'invasion du voisin ukrainien,. « En ce qui concerne nos relations bilatérales, elles ont progressé dans un esprit d'amitié, de partenariat stratégique. Elles ont acquis un caractère vraiment sans précédent », a déclaré Poutine au début de sa rencontre avec son homologue chinois.

« Influence négative » des Etats-Unis

À l'occasion de cette rencontre officielle, la Chine et la Russie ont publié une déclaration commune pour dénoncer l'influence américaine et le rôle des alliances militaires occidentales, l'Otan et Aukus, en Europe comme en Asie, les jugeant déstabilisatrices.

Dans cette déclaration russo-chinoise « sur l'entrée des relations internationales dans une nouvelle ère », les deux pays, aux relations toujours plus tendues avec Washington, y dénoncent le rôle déstabilisateur des États-Unis pour la « stabilité et une paix équitable » dans le monde.

En particulier, ils se disent « opposés à tout élargissement futur de l'Otan », faisant écho à l'exigence première de Moscou pour parvenir à une désescalade des tensions russo-occidentales en Ukraine.Ils appellent « l'Alliance atlantique nord à renoncer à ses approches idéologisées datant de la guerre froide », une ligne défendue bec et ongles par la Russie.

La Russie et la Chine se rangent derrière le concept de « l'indivisibilité de la sécurité », sur lequel le Kremlin se fonde pour réclamer un départ de l'Otan de son voisinage, arguant que la sécurité des uns ne peut se faire aux dépens de celle d'autres, en dépit du droit de chaque État, et donc de l'Ukraine, à choisir ses alliances.

Moscou et Pékin dénoncent en outre « l'influence négative pour la paix et la stabilité dans la région de la stratégie indo-pacifique des États-Unis », les deux capitales se disant aussi « préoccupées » par la création en 2021 de l'alliance militaire des États-Unis avec le Royaume-Uni et l'Australie (Aukus) et estimant que cette union, notamment autour de la fabrication de sous-marins nucléaires, « touche à des questions de stabilité stratégique ».

Les Jeux olympiques d’hiver portent bel et bien les symptômes du moment : une cérémonie boycottée par de nombreux pays, Xi Jinping qui accueille Vladimir Poutine.

A cela ajoutons une pandémie, née sur le sol chinois, dont on ne connaît toujours pas l’origine, et qui force les athlètes à vivre au cœur d’une stricte bulle sanitaire.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LANCEMENT DE SON PLUS PUISSANT MISSILE

DEPUIS 2017 PAR LA COREE DU NORD

C’est une photo publiée par l’agence de presse nord-coréenne KCNA. Elle montre la Terre depuis l’espace et a, selon elle, été prise par une caméra installée sur la tête du missile. La Corée du Nord a confirmé lundi 31 janvier avoir lancé la veille son plus puissant missile depuis 2017, selon les médias d'État, couronnant un mois de tests en série, ce qui fait craindre une reprise des essais nucléaires et de missiles intercontinentaux.

La Corée du Nord n'a jamais testé autant de missiles en un mois qu'avec les sept essais menés en janvier. La dernière série importante de tirs remonte à 2019, après l'échec des négociations entre son leader Kim Jong-un et Donald Trump.

«Un tir d'évaluation du missile balistique sol-sol à portée intermédiaire et longue Hwasong-12 a été effectué dimanche», qui «a confirmé la précision, la sûreté et l'efficacité» de l'engin, en cours de production, a annoncé lundi l'agence d'État nord-coréenne KCNA

Avant cet essai, la Corée du Nord avait déjà effectué depuis le début de l’année six tests de missiles, alors que le numéro un du pays, Kim Jong-un, a appelé lors de ses vœux du Nouvel An à un renforcement des capacités militaires du pays, citant le contexte sécuritaire sur fond d’impasse diplomatique avec les Etats-Unis sur la dénucléarisation de la péninsule de Corée.

La dernière série importante de tirs remonte à 2019, après l’échec des négociations entre le leader nord-coréen, Kim Jong-un, et le président des Etats-Unis de l’époque, Donald Trump (2017-2021).

L’agence de presse nord-coréenne affirme lundi que le test a été effectué en utilisant le « système de lancement à l’angle le plus élevé » par souci de sécurité pour les pays voisins, et que la tête du missile contenait un appareil photo.

L’état-major interarmées sud-coréen avait annoncé, dimanche, avoir détecté à l’aube « un missile balistique à portée intermédiaire tiré à un angle élevé ». Un tir à angle élevé signifie que le missile n’atteint pas sa portée maximale. Pour la Corée du Sud, le Nord suit « une voie similaire » à celle de 2017, quand les tensions étaient à leur comble dans la péninsule coréenne..

La rupture imminente du moratoire

Pyongyang « est proche de rompre le moratoire » auto-imposé sur les essais nucléaires et de missiles balistiques intercontinentaux, a jugé dimanche le président sud-coréen, Moon Jae-in.

Le missile a été tiré depuis la province septentrionale de Jagang, d’où la Corée du Nord a lancé ces derniers mois ce qu’elle a présenté comme des missiles hypersoniques. Il a atteint une altitude maximale de 2 000 kilomètres et a parcouru environ 800 km en trente minutes avant de tomber en mer du Japon, a précisé l’état-major sud-coréen. Pyongyang avait déjà testé un missile Hwasong-12 en 2017, qui avait parcouru 787 km et atteint une altitude maximale de 2 111 km.

A l’époque, les analystes avaient calculé que ce projectile avait la capacité de parcourir 4 500 km, et donc d’atteindre l’île de Guam, un territoire américain dans l’océan Pacifique. En 2017, le lancement d’un Hwasong-12 avait été rapidement suivi du tir d’un Hwasong-15, qui peut atteindre l’Amérique du Nord, selon l’Institut coréen pour l’unification nationale. Le dernier test « signale la possibilité d’un lancement de missiles balistiques intercontinentaux et la rupture imminente du moratoire en utilisant la carte du lancement d’un Hwasong-12 », explique-t-il dans une note.

Avec de nouveaux tirs, «la Corée du Nord envoie le message qu'elle ne renoncera pas à son droit aux missiles»

Moderniser l'arsenal nord-coréen

Depuis l'investiture du président Joe Biden en janvier 2021, Pyongyang a rejeté les différentes propositions de dialogue faites par Washington. Et Kim Jong-un a réaffirmé en décembre que sa priorité était de moderniser l'arsenal du pays.

Les Etats-Unis ont proposé dimanche à la Corée du Nord des négociations directes, sans conditions préalables, sur ses programmes nucléaire et balistique, après ce tir. « Nous sommes persuadés qu’il est totalement opportun et totalement correct de commencer à avoir de sérieuses discussions », a déclaré à la presse un haut responsable de l’administration de Joe Biden.

Ces essais nord-coréens surviennent dans une période délicate pour la région : la Chine, seule alliée majeure du régime nord-coréen, accueille les Jeux olympiques d’hiver en février et la Corée du Sud tient une élection présidentielle en mars.

Pyongyang se prépare à célébrer le 80e anniversaire de la naissance du père de Kim, le défunt Kim Jong-il, en février, puis le 110e anniversaire de son grand-père, Kim Il-sung, le dirigeant fondateur du pays, en avril.

Pyongyang étant en proie à des difficultés économiques avec, selon des rapports, une flambée des prix des denrées alimentaires, les dirigeants pourraient être en quête de bénéfices rapides, estime Lim Eul-chul, professeur d’études nord-coréennes à l’université Kyungnam de Séoul.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld

CONDEMNATION OF AUNG SAN SUU KYI TO TWO YEARS IN PRISON BY JUNTE BURMANE

A Burmese court finally sentenced, on Monday, December 6, the former head of the civilian government, Aung San Suu Kyi, to two years in prison for inciting public unrest and violation of health rules linked to Covid-19 instead of the four years of previously announced prison, said a junta spokesman.

76-year-old Aung San Suu Kyi has been detained since generals overthrew her government in the early hours of February 1, ending a brief democratic hiatus in Burma.

The junta has regularly piled up the charges against it, including violation of the law on official secrets, corruption and electoral fraud.

Journalists are prohibited from attending special court proceedings in the military-built capital, and Aung San Suu Kyi's lawyers were recently banned from speaking to the media.

The Burmese junta seeks to "suffocate freedoms"

The Burmese junta seeks to "suffocate freedoms" by imprisoning the former Nobel Peace Prize winner, Amnesty International said in a statement.

"The heavy sentences imposed on Aung San Suu Kyi on the basis of these bogus accusations are the latest example of the military's determination to eliminate all opposition and stifle freedoms in Burma," said Ming Yu Hah, director. Amnesty International Deputy Regional Campaigner. “The court's far-fetched and corrupt ruling is part of a devastating pattern of arbitrary sanctions that has seen more than 1,300 people killed and thousands more arrested since the February military coup. "

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet also deplored "a rigged trial with a secret procedure before a court controlled by the military is nothing other than politically motivated". She believes that it is not only the negation of the freedom of the Nobel Peace Prize but that this condemnation "also closes a door to political dialogue".

The generals justified their putsch by ensuring that they discovered more than 11 million irregularities during the November 2020 elections, won overwhelmingly by the National League for Democracy (LND), the party of Aung San Suu Kyi. At the time, international observers qualified the ballot as “generally free and fair”.

International pressure on the junta to quickly restore democracy has not turned the generals off course, and bloody clashes with anti-coup protesters continue across the country.



Alison Braxton for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS A NEW COLD WAR ?

NATO MIXED WITH TENSIONS BETWEEN

 RUSSIA AND UKRAINE

For several weeks, the situation has been extremely tense on the Russian-Ukrainian border. The United States evoked, Wednesday, December 1, "evidence" attesting that Russia is considering "important aggressive acts against Ukraine" and promised to make it pay "a high price" if it takes action. According to US Foreign Minister Antony Blinken, Russia's "plans" include "efforts to destabilize Ukraine from within as well as large-scale military operations." Update on the situation.

At first, Kiev and its Western allies expressed their concern over a massive deployment of Russian troops on the Ukrainian border, seeing preparations for a possible invasion. Russia, which denies any bellicose intention, accused Ukraine in return, Wednesday, December 1, of massing troops in the east of the country.

The situation in this region has been very tense since the annexation in 2014 by Russia of the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea. For more than seven years, Ukraine has been in conflict with pro-Russian separatists in the eastern part of its territory. This conflict has already claimed more than 13,000 lives.

Russia raises its voice and condemns the West

It is in this context that the spokeswoman of the Russian diplomacy, Maria Zakharova, affirmed Wednesday December 1st that "the Ukrainian army reinforces its military capacities, by bringing in heavy equipment and personnel" in the east of the country. country. According to her, 125,000 soldiers are in this area located near the Russian borders and where parts of the territory are under the control of pro-Russian separatists. Ms. Zakharova also accused Kiev of sabotaging the peace process started in 2015 with the separatists by planning military exercises in the presence of foreign troops for next year. The head of Russian diplomacy, Sergei Lavrov, blasted Wednesday the "destructive policy" of NATO countries, which "seek to draw Ukraine into their orbit and turn it into an anti-Russian country".Also accusing the West of wanting "to dictate how the Russian armed forces should behave on their own territory", he warned that Moscow "will continue to respond to any unfriendly approach".

NATO to the rescue

Ukraine on Wednesday asked NATO countries meeting in Riga (Latvia) for a "deterrent package" against Russia. "We are confident that by combining our efforts, by acting in a coordinated manner, we will be able to dissuade President Putin and encourage him not to choose the worst-case scenario that a military operation would represent", declared the head of the Ukrainian diplomacy. , Dmytro Kuleba, upon his arrival at this meeting. He also spoke of possible economic sanctions and reinforced military support in Kiev.

“We remain committed to providing political and practical support to Georgia and Ukraine,” reaffirmed NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. The day before, Mr. Stoltenberg and the head of American diplomacy, Antony Blinken, had warned Moscow against any “aggression” against Kiev, which would have “serious consequences.” “We made it clear to the Kremlin that we would retaliate, in particular through a series of high impact economic measures that we have refrained from using in the past, ”reaffirmed Mr. Blinken of the NATO meeting on Wednesday.

Volodymyr Zelensky called Wednesday, in an address to the Ukrainian Parliament, for "direct negotiations" with Russia to "stop the war" in the east of his country.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

COVID SHOULD YOU BE AFRAID OF

THE NEW OMICRON VARIANT ?

The sudden appearance of the new variant B.1.1.529 originating in South Africa shows that we are still far from being rid of the health crisis. The German Minister of Health who struck the spirits with his shock formula - "vaccinated, cured or dead" before the end of winter - had he not warned that the Christmas holidays would not be very peaceful.

The discovery of the variant known as B.1.1.529, called Omicron, first in Botswana and then in South Africa, is still very recent but its profile seems worrying. Potentially even more contagious than the already very virulent Delta, Omicron could bypass the immune barriers of current vaccines. The Omicron variant is therefore considered “of concern” by the World Health Organization (WHO). However, the latter estimates that it will take "a few weeks" to understand its level of transmissibility and virulence. The efficacy of vaccines against this mutant form of the virus is also still under investigation.

Soon, most countries suspended flights from southern Africa. The UK was the first to announce it on Thursday evening. France did the same on Friday, banning "for a minimum period of forty-eight hours" arrivals from South Africa, Lesotho, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Namibia and Eswatini (new name of Swaziland). The European Commission has proposed to the entire European Union (EU) to do the same.

On Friday, Belgium was the first European country to announce the presence of a case of the new variant on its territory, in a person "who came from abroad, (...) who was not vaccinated", according to the minister. of Belgian health. In France we will know very quickly whether the high vaccination coverage (87% of the eligible population) will prevent the meteoric progress from turning into a tragedy. With an unknown factor over which we have no control: if the South African variant already spotted in Belgium makes existing vaccines ineffective, production will have to be adapted very quickly.

Hence the interest of the messenger Arn technology from BioNtech and Moderna in being able to provide a new vaccine more suitable for Omicron in a few weeks.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

GENERAL EMIRATI AL-RAISI ACCUSES

OF TORTURE ELECTED PRESIDENT OF INTERPOL

His candidacy has been raising controversy for several weeks. And yet the Emirati General Ahmed Naser Al-Raisi, accused of torture, was elected president of Interpol on Thursday, November 25, announced the international criminal police organization. It obtained a two-thirds majority (68.9%) in the third round of the vote of the member states.

The president of Interpol, appointed for four years, fulfills his functions part-time, on a voluntary basis, and retains his functions in his country of origin. The function of president is essentially honorary - the effective director of the organization being its secretary general, Jürgen Stock -, but human rights organizations and European elected officials are concerned about the arrival of Mr. Al-Raisi. Inspector General of the Emirati Interior Ministry, Mr. Al-Raisi is the target of several complaints for "torture" in France, where Interpol sits, and in Turkey, host country of the general assembly which has been held in Istanbul since Tuesday.

A fear for the Interpol mission

The office of president is essentially honorary - the real boss of the organization being its Secretary General -, but human rights organizations and European elected officials were opposed to the election of General Al-Raisi. They believe that it could undermine Interpol's mission.

However, the candidacy of the Emirati general, whose country has become in recent years the second largest contributor to the Interpol budget, had aroused the indignation of human rights organizations and European elected officials. "We are deeply convinced that the election of General Al-Raisi would damage Interpol's mission and reputation and seriously affect the organization's ability to effectively carry out its mission," wrote in mid-November, to the President of the European Commission Ursula Von der Leyen, three MEPs including Marie Arena, President of the European Parliament's Human Rights Sub-Committee.

In October 2020, nineteen NGOs, including Human Rights Watch (HRW), were already worried about the possible choice of the Emirati general, "member of a security apparatus which systematically targets the peaceful opposition".

At the same time, several complaints for "torture" against Mr. Al-Raisi, who joined the ranks of the police force in his country in 1980 and worked within it for several decades, have been filed in recent months in France, where it sits. organization, and in Turkey, host country of the General Assembly.

The NGO Gulf Center for Human Rights (GCHR) accuses in one of these complaints the Emirati general of "acts of torture and barbarism" against the opponent Ahmed Mansoor, detained since 2017 in a cell of 4 m2 "without mattress neither protection against the cold ”, nor“ access to a doctor, hygiene, water and sanitary facilities ”.

These procedures have so far not been successful.

"A signal to authoritarian regimes"

The election of General Al-Raisi will send "a signal to other authoritarian regimes", in particular that using Interpol to prosecute opponents abroad "is not a problem", explained before the election Edward Lemon, teacher at Texas A&M University and specialist in authoritarian regimes

A British report published in March concluded that the United Arab Emirates hijacked the system of red notices (international wanted notices) to put pressure on opponents.

Other countries are accused of doing the same.

In a thinly veiled reference to Mr. Al-Raisi, Czech Sarka Havrankova (the only other candidate for the presidency of Interpol) recalled Thursday morning on Twitter that the organization's statutes imply "to oppose arrests and arbitrary detentions and to condemn torture ”.

Once in office, General Al-Raisi will be "likely to work with like-minded governments [to his] to thwart reforms towards greater transparency of Interpol," said Edward Lemon.

The United Arab Emirates donated 50 million euros to Interpol in 2017 - an amount almost equivalent to the assessed contributions of the 195 member countries of the organization, which stood at 60 million euros in 2020.

This controversial election could also weigh on the maintenance of the headquarters of Interpol in Lyon: this week, two regional elected representatives of weight were concerned in a letter addressed to the French Minister of the Interior, Gérard Darmanin.

"An application marred by complaints would pose a real risk and could delegitimize the institution and its reception in our democracy", they warned.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

THE WORRYING DISAPPEARANCE OF THE PLAYER

CHINESE TENNIS PENG SHUAI

Concern over the disappearance of tennis player Peng Shuai is growing, prompting players, States and the United Nations to react. Professional tenniswoman Peng Shuai has not shown any signs of life since the beginning of November. The Chinese player accused a former top leader of the country, former Chinese Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli, in early November of coercing her into having sex.

Since then, the 35-year-old former world number 1 doubles player has made no public appearance. On Friday, three photos of her were relayed by a journalist affiliated with the Chinese government, who said that the 35-year-old sportswoman had just posted them on WeChat [Chinese equivalent of Whatsapp], without these photos being authenticated.

The shattering accusations were the first targeting senior Chinese Communist Party officials since the start of #metoo, a global movement against violence against women.

The rape charge

On November 2, a message posted briefly on the player's official Weibo account (equivalent to Twitter in China) publicly revealed an extramarital affair with former Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli. From 2013 to 2018, he was one of the seven most powerful politicians in China, accusing Zhang Gaoli of raping Peng Shuai, before making him his mistress. Now in his seventies, the latter did not react to these statements. So far, it has not been possible to determine whether the post was personally posted by Peng Shuai.

Chinese internet censorship

Peng Shuai's post accusing Zhang Gaoli disappeared only half an hour after it was posted, but screenshots were taken to be quickly censored on the Chinese Internet. The accusation brought by Peng Shuai was however posted on Twitter - blocked in China -, which allowed him to know a world echo.

The concern of the world community

On Twitter, the hashtag #WhereIsPengShuai has grown. The biggest tennis players in the world have used it to express their concern about him. Former world number 1 Naomi Osaka said she was "shocked by the situation". “Honestly, it's shocking that she disappeared,” Novak Djokovic also told reporters. American Serena Williams said she was "upset and shocked".

“It needs to be investigated and we must not be silent,” she wrote on Twitter. "I hope that she will be found soon, because we are not talking about a tennis match or a competition here, but we are talking about human life", for his part declared the German Alexander Zverev. .

Friday, several countries, including the United States and France, said they were "concerned" about the fate of the Chinese player. The United Nations (UN) asked for proof that she was doing well.

The WTA, which manages the women's professional tennis circuit, called for "a thorough, fair and transparent investigation into the accusations of sexual violence made by Peng Shuai". Earlier this week, WTA boss Steve Simon said he had "confirmation from several sources including the Chinese federation that she was safe and not under physical threat."

The handling of this affair by China

In addition to internet censorship, Chinese state television CGTN on November 17 published a screenshot of an email attributed to Peng Shuai that it allegedly sent to the WTA leadership. The channel in English intended for the foreign public reveals its supposed contents: the accusations "are false" and Peng Shuai affirms that it "rests". " Everything is fine. Thanks again for hearing from me, ”the email concludes. The content of the message and its authenticity puzzled Mr. Simon.

Four photographs of the tennis champion were published Friday by Shen Shiwei's Twitter account, labeled "media affiliated with the Chinese state" by the social network. One photo notably shows the smiling player with a cat in her arms at what appears to be her home. The Twitter account in question says, in English, that these photos were posted privately by the player to wish a "good weekend" to her contacts.

Hu Xijin, influential editor-in-chief of the Chinese daily Global Times, says he has confirmation that these photos are "indeed current photos" of Peng Shuai. "In recent days, she has stayed at home in complete freedom and did not want to be disturbed," he said in English on Twitter, specifying that the player "will soon appear in public".

Critique of the Chinese elite

This is not the first time that people in China have disappeared for criticizing the Chinese regime. Whether we think of the billionaire of online commerce, the founder of Alibaba Jack Ma, or the artist Ai Wei Wei. For the Chinese regime, anything that can be interpreted as being instrumentalized abroad in order to weaken the legitimacy of the party or weaken the Chinese central power is perceived extremely negatively. But in the Peng Shuai case it is not only the accusation of sexual assault, it is indeed the target of the accusation which is extremely embarrassing from the point of view of Beijing, according to Antoine Bondaz, French researcher. to the Foundation for Strategic Research and China Specialist.

Is indeed implicated Zhang Gaoli, "not only the Vice Premier of the People's Republic, but also one of the members of the Select Committee of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party (seven leaders in total), ie the elite of the elite. However, since 2012, Xi Jinping has highlighted the virtuous, perfectly moral and irreproachable character of the elite within the party ”.

"If the Peng Shuai affair is politicized, we will have no more news" according to French researcher Antoine Bondaz..




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING COMFORT

HIS POWER FOR A THIRD MANDATE

An official of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) on Friday called Chinese President Xi Jinping a "helmsman" and "leader of the people", two names so far reserved for Mao Zedong which reinforce the political weight of a president almost assured of a third term in 2022.

"As long as we keep Comrade Xi Jinping at its heart (...), the giant Chinese regeneration vessel will have a helmsman and will be able to brave all storms," ​​Jiang Jinquan, director of the CPC Political Research Bureau.

As expected, the 348 members (197 incumbents and 151 substitutes) of the sixth plenum of the CPC Central Committee approved, Thursday, November 11, a resolution "on the major successes and the historical record of the hundred years of the party's struggle" which, in the facts, allows Xi Jinping to remain in power, at the end of the 20th party congress, convened for the "second half of 2022".

"The central committee has launched a vibrant appeal to the whole party, the whole army and all the multi-ethnic Chinese people to unite more closely with the central committee of the party gathered around Comrade Xi Jinping", explains the A fourteen-page statement that reports on the resolution of the four-day closed-door plenary meeting of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, which ended Thursday.

This historic resolution, only the third since the party's founding in 1921, strengthens the current president's base by placing him at the height of the founder of the Chinese regime, Mao Zedong, who also consolidated his authority with a historic resolution in 1945, just like Deng Xiaoping in 1981.

Party Secretary General, President of the Republic and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, Xi Jinping amended the Constitution in 2018, which limited to two the number of terms of President of the Republic that a single official could exercise. A limit established in 1982 by Deng Xiaoping to avoid any Maoist drift. Xi Jinping therefore has a clear path to remain in power and open a new page in his name.

He could thus be reappointed to the presidency for a third five-year term at the 20th CPC Congress, scheduled for 2022.



Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS CHINESE CALLS TO DO

FOOD RESERVES

No new health restrictions in sight ?

Risks of food shortage ?

The Chinese government called on Monday, November 1, the population to build up food reserves.

If the government has not made a statement on this subject, since Monday, a notice posted on the website of the Ministry of Commerce invites "households to store a certain amount of basic necessities in order to meet daily needs and in cases of emergency ”.

The ministry also calls on various local authorities to facilitate agricultural production and supply flows, monitor meat and vegetable reserves and maintain price stability.

It could be that China, which is currently trying to fight an epidemic resurgence, is trying not to find itself in the same situation as in the first wave. Indeed, in early 2020, at the height of the Covid-19 epidemic, supply chains had been disrupted by the quarantine of several parts of China and the blocking of many highways.

A hundred days before the Olympic Games

With the approach of the Winter Olympics in Beijing next February, the government fears a new epidemic outbreak and has taken radical measures in recent weeks following the appearance of sporadic outbreaks of Covid-19 in the north of country. At least 6 million people have been confined, especially in the large city of Lanzhou, 1,700 km west of Beijing. However, the number of cases observed remains very low compared to the reports recorded in the rest of the world. Only 71 new cases of contamination were announced Tuesday for the last 24 hours, after 92 cases on Monday, the heaviest national count since mid-September.

World's leading importer of food products

The country was also hit last summer by floods which disrupted agricultural production and pushed up prices. Climate change is likely to increase the frequency of this type of natural disaster.

China is already the world's largest importer of food products, a situation that makes it vulnerable to diplomatic tensions, such as those underway with its major suppliers such as the United States, Canada and Australia.

However, the reasons for this call from the authorities have not been specified.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

COVID-19 CHINA CONFINED LANZHOU

A CITY OF FOUR MILLION INHABITANTS

One hundred days before the Beijing Winter Olympics, China continues to apply restrictions throughout the country. On Tuesday, authorities imposed lockdown on Lanzhou, a city of four million people.

All residential areas in this capital of Gansu province will be subject to "closed management" with strict movement control, the municipality announced.

Any exit outside the home will now be possible only for "essential purchases", an imperative linked to the epidemic, or "emergency medical treatment," said a statement from the authorities. The day before, several restrictions had been imposed on Beijing or Wuhan.

China nationally reported 29 new cases of Covid-19 of local origin on Tuesday.

The majority are linked to the movements of a group of contaminated tourists.

While the figures may seem paltry compared to those recorded daily in other parts of the world, they are pushing the authorities to redouble their vigilance as China prepares to host the Winter Olympics from February 4, 2022.

A recent outbreak in Inner Mongolia , in the north of the country, has been responsible for more than 100 cases since last week.

The Chinese authorities, which practice a policy of "zero tolerance" towards the virus, reacted swiftly, imposing restrictions and organizing mass screening campaigns in the affected regions.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

BY SENDING TEN AMBASSADORS

ERDOGAN WANTS TO FEDERATE AROUND

OF ISLAMO-NATIONALISM AGAINST THE WEST

The Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is not his stunt. On the move, Saturday, October 23, in Eskisehir, in the north-west of the country, he ordered to return "as quickly as possible" ten ambassadors stationed in Ankara, including those of France, Germany and the United States. , who appealed for the release of opponent Osman Kavala. Seven of the targeted countries are NATO allies, six are members of the European Union, three are Ankara's main partners.

"I ordered our Minister of Foreign Affairs to settle as quickly as possible the declaration of these 10 ambassadors as personae non gratae", said the head of state during a trip to central Turkey, without specifying the date on which diplomats must leave. These ambassadors "must know and understand Turkey," said Recep Tayyip Erdogan, accusing them of "indecency"

A rare measure in international relations, declaring diplomats "personae non gratae" opens the way for their expulsion or recall by their own country.

"From morning to night they (the diplomats) repeat: Kavala, Kavala ... But the one you are talking about, Kavala, is Soros' agent in Turkey," said the president during a public meeting, making a news times reference to the American billionaire of Hungarian origin George Soros to whom he regularly compares the opponent.

This new affront comes after the ten ambassadors targeted, all stationed in Ankara, launched a joint call for the release of Osman Kavala, the Turkish patron who has been imprisoned for four years without ever having been sentenced. In a statement released Monday, October 18, Canada, France, Finland, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United States called for a "just settlement and fast of the case ”. This appeal followed a decision of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). In 2019, the ECHR had in fact considered that the detention of the businessman was not based on any evidence and was of a political nature. She had demanded his immediate release, a decision ignored by Turkey.

An opponent detained without trial since the end of 2017

Businessman, founder of several publishing houses, philanthropist, Osman Kavala is 64 years old a major figure in Turkish civil society. In 2013, he was one of the actors in the protest movement in Gezi Park, which targeted Erdogan's government, then prime minister. Defender of the Armenian and Kurdish cause, he also campaigned for the “no” in the constitutional referendum of April 2017 on the reinforcement of the powers of the president.

Accused of having sought to "overthrow the government" at the time of the attempted coup in 2016, he has been imprisoned without trial since October 2017. He will remain so at least until November 26, decided at the beginning of October a Istanbul court, despite European threats of sanctions against Ankara.

For the Turkish power, Osman Kavala is the symbol of the rich man who has close relations with international organizations, with the EU, who supports oppressed minorities and who can set civil society in motion. In the Islamo-nationalist discourse of power, which divides the world and society between “us” and “the enemies”, Osman Kavala has become in a way the prototype of the “internal enemy”.

A calculation of domestic policy in the face of economic disaster

By playing the card of foreign interference with the request for release by the Kavala ambassadors, President Erdogan is trying to unite his electorate around the "nationalist fiber". “Erdogan wants to hit hard. Today, he is in a rather complicated domestic political situation, explained Didier Billion, specialist in Turkey at Iris, on franceinfo. The polls all indicate voting intentions of around 30%. (...) This defection of its traditional electorate is explained by a very degraded economic situation. "

Indeed, the presidential announcement comes as investors worry about the fall of the Turkish lira after the unexpected decision taken Thursday by the central bank of Turkey, under pressure from Recep Tayyip Erdogan, to lower by 200 basis points its main policy rate. The Turkish lira has lost half of its value against the dollar since 2018.

And Kemal Kilicdaroglu, leader of the Republican People's Party (CHP), the main opposition formation, was not mistaken, accusing the head of state of "rapidly leading the country to the precipice" . " The reason for these initiatives is not to defend national interests but to create artificial causes for the ruin of the economy, ”he wrote on Twitter.

To Yavuz Agiralioglu, one of the leaders of the Good Party (IYI), another opposition formation, added for his part: “We have already seen this film. Get back without delay to our real agenda and to the fundamental problem in this country, the economic crisis. "

Erdogan's popularity plummeted

For Emre Peker of London-based Eurasia Group, the threat of expulsion of ambassadors at a time when the Turkish economy faces "enormous challenges is ill-advised at best and a foolish bet to turn around popularity at worst. Erdogan's free fall ”. "Erdogan needs to give an impression of power for reasons of internal politics", he added, stressing that an expulsion of an ambassador generally entailed equivalent reprisals on the part of the target country. And too bad if all the targeted countries are part of the OECD, like Turkey, or if seven of them are part of NATO, of which Turkey is a key player. “This promises increasingly difficult relations with Washington and the EU. "

But the date of this sidelining of the ambassadors has not yet been recorded even if the Turkish head of state has indicated that he wanted it to intervene "as soon as possible". And for some observers, the Turkish president would be used to threats that were not followed up. In 2018, had he not announced that Turkey would boycott American electronic products during a quarrel with Washington and last year, called on his fellow citizens to boycott French products to denounce the “anti-Islam” policy, according to him, Emmanuel Macron?

In both cases, trade was not disrupted.




 Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS A WAR BETWEEN CHINA

AND THE UNITED STATES AROUND TAIWAN ?

The number of fighter incursions into Taiwan-controlled airspace continues to grow as threats against it by the spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China continue to grow. more scathingly:

“The one-China principle is the political foundation of Sino-US relations. China will take all necessary measures to resolutely crush any attempt at Taiwan's independence. China has the firm resolve and the will to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity, ”a spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry recalled.

This is why, questioned Thursday October 21, 2021 on the possibility of an American military intervention to defend Taiwan Joe Biden answered “Yes, we have a commitment in this direction. ". A statement that contradicts the United States' long-held policy of "strategic ambiguity", with Washington helping Taiwan build and strengthen its defenses without explicitly promising to come to its aid should an attack take place.

China in turn called on Friday, October 22, Joe Biden to be “cautious” refusing any “compromise” on his sovereignty. "On issues related to its fundamental interests, such as its sovereignty and territorial integrity, China will not leave any room for compromise," Wang Wenbin, a spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry, told reporters.

Taiwan's status in question

The island of 23 million inhabitants, located 180 km offshore in the east of China was first Chinese then deeply marked by a Japanese occupation of half a century from 1895 to 1945. Since 1949, the island is a unitary republic with a semi-presidential regime with its own government. But China shows great determination in its desire to be powerful and its desire to reclaim Taiwan by force or peacefully.

No later than October 9, 2021, on the occasion of the 110th anniversary of the Chinese Revolution, Chinese President Xi Jinping also delivers a speech in which he promises “reunification” with Taiwan by “peaceful” means. the reunification of the homeland by peaceful means is in the general interest of the Chinese nation, including the compatriots of Taiwan (...) The reunification of our country can be achieved and will be ”, details Xi Jinping. To which the President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen - Beijing's pet peeve - immediately replies on the same day that she will not give in to China: "No one can force Taiwan to follow the path that China has mapped out for." we (...) It should absolutely not be imagined that the Taiwanese peoplewill give in to pressure ”. Tsai Ing-wen indeed defends the maintenance of Taiwan's status but has never officially requested the island's independence from China.

Its bellicose acts on the part of the Middle Empire have repercussions not only in Asia but also between China and the United States, which provide military support to Taiwan in accordance with the Taiwan Relations Act which came into force on April 10, 1979.

The Indo-Pacific a key region of the 21st century

Indeed, it is a struggle for influence between the two great powers that is being played out around Taiwan in the Indo-Pacific region, a key region of the 21st century.

Also, to contain the Chinese colossus, the Americans deploy in the Indo-Pacific a network of local partners and allies in the region. The latter are those who share democratic principles (like Taiwan), but above all who use weapons that are interoperable with those of the United States, allowing them to share optimized combat logistics.

American weapons therefore, the only ones that can be produced in large numbers. Thus Japan, South Korea, Great Britain, Australia have or will soon receive the same technologically advanced weapon systems as the Aegis, the Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft and the fifth generation F-35 fighter. . The recent creation of the AUKUS also makes it possible to define a central nucleus made up of countries of the Anglosphere around which others will be able to aggregate, such as India, Japan and possibly South Korea.

However, the nationalist China of Xi Jinping knows not to be able to face the American giant when it has deployed its forces, which is why it is advancing its pawns to retake Taiwan....



Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

HAITI THE DELIGHTS OF MISSIONARIES

DEMAND 17 MILLION DOLLARS

In Haiti, the "400 mawozo" gang, which kidnapped 17 North American citizens on Saturday, October 16, is demanding a ransom of $ 17 million, according to security sources.

Liszt Quitel, Haitian Minister of Justice confirmed the involvement of this armed gang and told the Washington Post that the kidnappers usually demanded large sums, revised downwards during negotiations, specifying that his team was not taking part to these.

Perpetrated when foreign nationals had just visited an orphanage located between the Haitian capital and the border with the Dominican Republic, this group abduction bears the signature of the gang called "400 mawozo". The armed gang has been controlling this part of Haitian territory for months without the security forces managing to remedy it.

The gangs, which have controlled the poorest neighborhoods of the Haitian capital for years, have extended their power over Port-au-Prince and its surroundings in recent years, where they are increasing the number of villainous kidnappings.

The inhabitants of the Haitian capital also expressed on Monday their anger at the gang crime they have suffered for months by massively observing the call for a general strike that had been launched to denounce the growing insecurity of the country. .

Political crisis

For years, a deep political crisis has paralyzed the economic development of Haiti. The assassination on July 7 of President Jovenel Moïse by an armed commando in his private residence plunged this poor country even further into uncertainty.

"Nature abhors a vacuum so gangs take advantage of it to strengthen themselves", says Gédéon Jean, director of the Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights, based in Port-au-Prince, explaining the proliferation of gangs by "l 'absence of the state'.

Haiti classified "red zone" by the United States

Haiti is classified as a country in the red zone by the United States which advises its nationals not to go there, in particular because of the numerous kidnappings of which "the victims regularly include American citizens".

More than 600 cases of kidnappings were recorded in the first three quarters of 2021 against 231 in the same period in 2020, according to the Center for Analysis and Research in Human Rights.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AFGHANISTAN LES TALIBANS RENOUENT

AVEC LA PENDAISON PUBLIQUE

Le groupe islamiste radical a renoué avec les méthodes qu’il pratiquait lors de son premier passage au pouvoir : samedi 25 septembre 2021 les talibans ont pendu à des grues les corps de quatre hommes coupables d’un rapt après les avoir tués lors d’une fusillade dans la ville de Herat, dans l’ouest du pays. Ziaulhaq Jalali, le chef de la police de district nommé par les talibans à Herat, a déclaré que des membres des talibans avaient sauvé un père et son fils qui avaient été enlevés par quatre ravisseurs après un échange de coups de feu. Le gouverneur adjoint de la province de Herat, Mawlawi Shir Ahmad Muhajir, a déclaré de son côté que les corps avaient été exposés samedi sur plusieurs places de la ville le jour même de leur mort afin de donner une « leçon », faisant savoir que les enlèvements ne seraient pas tolérés.


Retour de la Charia

«Le but de cette action est d’alerter tous les criminels qu’ils ne sont pas en sécurité», a surenchéri à un commandant taliban. Le mollah Nooruddin Turabi, l’un des fondateurs du mouvement, a d'ailleurs déclaré en début de semaine que le groupe avait décidé que les exécutions et les amputations seraient à nouveau à l’ordre du jour comme punitions pour les crimes de droit commun.« Personne ne nous dira ce que doivent être nos lois », a déclaré le mollah Turabi à l’agence l’Associated Press. « Nous suivrons l’islam et nous ferons nos lois sur le Coran ».

« Les talibans ont tenté de persuader le monde qu'ils allaient respecter les droits de l'homme, mais les informations du terrain montrent une toute autre réalité. » C'est ce que souligne le rapport réalisé par Amnesty International, la Fédération internationale pour les droits de l'homme (FIDH) et l'Organisation mondiale contre la torture (OMCT) dans un rapport publié ce mardi 21 septembre, listant une série d'exactions et d'abus survenus depuis mi-août.

La Haute Commissaire de l’ONU aux droits de l’homme Michelle Bachelet a réclamé que le Conseil - en session jusqu’au 8 octobre - lance un mécanisme de surveillance des violations des droits humains en Afghanistan.




Abby Shelcore   pour DayNewsWorld

KOREA ARMS RACE

BETWEEN PYONGYANG AND SEOUL WITH

BALLISTIC MISSILE SHOTS ON THE SAME DAY

There is a strange atmosphere in Korea. While North Korea fired new missiles on Wednesday, a real threat to South Korea and Japan, South Korea carried out a few hours later with success. ballistic missile fire from a submarine. The missile was fired from the recently commissioned submarine Ahn Chang-ho and traveled the intended distance before reaching its target, said the Blue House, seat of the South Korean presidency. South Korea thus becomes the seventh country in the world to have this cutting-edge technology, a major strategic advance for Seoul, which now has a head start in terms of military capacity over its northern neighbor. President Moon Jae-in oversaw this trial.

Possession of an SLBM is "very significant in terms of deterring threats from multiple directions," Blue House said. "This should play a major role in self-reliant national defense and the establishment of peace in the Korean Peninsula in the future," she added. South Korea has strengthened its military capabilities to counter the threat posed by the nuclear-weaponized North, which has been firing more in recent weeks.

For its part, Pyongyang has long sought to develop the technology to launch a ballistic missile from a submarine. In January, during a military parade in Pyongyang, North Korea paraded four of these missiles, "the most powerful weapon in the world" according to the official North Korean agency KCNA.

Several United Nations Security Council resolutions prohibit North Korea from continuing its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs. But, although hit by multiple international sanctions, this country has rapidly developed its military capabilities in recent years under the leadership of Kim Jong Un. North Korea has carried out several nuclear tests and successfully tested ballistic missiles capable of reach the United States.

Wednesday's fire from both North and South came as Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi is in Seoul for talks with his South Korean counterpart. Speaking before the announcement of the shootings, the minister said he hoped that all countries would contribute "to peace and stability on the Korean peninsula", according to the South Korean news agency Yonhap, urging them "all to work together to renew the dialogue ”.

For analysts, these shots are a signal intended for China, the North's main diplomatic ally and trade partner.




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

AL-QAIDA LEADER AL-ZAWAHIRI REAPSES IN A VIDEO RELEASED ON SEPTEMBER 11, 2021 ANNIVERSARY DATE OF THE ATTACKS

For the 20th anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States, the al-Qaeda terrorist group released a video of its leader Ayman al-Zawahiri on September 11, without the date of these images. cannot be authenticated, explains the Site intelligence group, an American NGO that monitors jihadist digital propaganda.

Ayman al-Zawahiri, who was Osama Bin Laden's personal doctor for the co-founder of al-Qaida, succeeded in 2011 at the head of the jihadist organization after the latter's elimination by the American special forces. The Egyptian Ayman al-Zawahiri, born in 1951, has however been the subject for several months of insistent rumors about a possible natural death, following an illness.

In this video published under the title “Jerusalem will never be Judaized”, a formula he had already used in 2018 after the transfer of the American embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, decided by Donald Trump. that "it is vital for us to target America". Mentioning briefly the attacks of September 11, he evokes the American withdrawal from Afghanistan: "And let us not forget that nineteen mujahideen, the warriors of Islam, stabbed America in the heart ... A wound like the America had never known it before and today it is leaving Afghanistan, broken, defeated, after twenty years of war. "

The date this footage was shot has not yet been identified. At the end of 2020, rumors reported the death of Osama Bin Laden's successor. However, the jihadist leader evokes an attack in Syria in January 2021 therefore after the rumors of his death but makes no reference to the recent takeover of the Taliban in Afghanistan, who entered Kabul on August 15, 2021. He does mention the military withdrawal. American, but this has actually been recorded since the agreement reached in Doha in Qatar between the Taliban and the Americans in February 2020.

Still, from one press release to another, the jihadists keep emphasizing that the victory of the Afghan fundamentalists validates their theses and Al-Qaida hopes to profit from it.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AFGHANISTAN LE GOUVERNEMENT DES TALIBANS

 CONSACRE LES CONSERVATEURS

Quelques heures après que le mouvement islamiste a repris la vallée du Panchir, les talibans ont annoncé, mardi, la composition d’un gouvernement qui n’a rien d’inclusif, contrairement à leurs engagements. En effet, tous les membres de ce gouvernement qui sera dirigé par Mohammad Hassan Akhund, un ancien proche collaborateur du fondateur du mouvement, le mollah Omar, mort en 2013, sont des talibans. L' équipe dirigeante est uniquement composée d’hommes. En outre, presque tous appartiennent à l’ethnie pachtoune.

Des ministres qui figurent sur des listes de sanction de l’ONU

Plusieurs des nouveaux ministres, dont certains étaient déjà très influents lors du précédent régime taliban, figurent sur des listes de sanction de l’Organisation des Nations unies (ONU). Quatre sont passés par la prison américaine de Guantanamo. Le premier ministre, M. Akhund, est connu pour avoir approuvé la destruction, en 2001, des bouddhas géants de Bamiyan, dans le centre du pays, selon Bill Roggio, rédacteur en chef du Long War Journal. Abdul Ghani Baradar, cofondateur du mouvement, devient vice-premier ministre et le mollah Mohammad Yaqoub, fils du mollah Omar, ministre de la défense. Le portefeuille de l’intérieur revient à Sirajuddin Haqqani, dirigeant du réseau du même nom, qualifié de terroriste par Washington et historiquement proche d’Al-Qaida.

En annonçant ce gouvernement, le porte-parole taliban, Zabihullah Mujahid, a affirmé qu’il n’était « pas complet » et que le mouvement essaierait d’inclure par la suite « des gens venant d’autres régions du pays » . Le gouvernement , consacre les conservateurs ceux même qui avait imposé un régime islamiste brutal de 1996 à 2001.

Un gouvernement jugé ni « inclusif » ni « représentatif »

Les Etats-Unis ont relevé l’absence de femmes et se sont dits « préoccupés » par « les affiliations et les antécédents de certains de ces individus », même s’ils jugeront « sur les actes ».

Mercredi, l’Union européenne (UE) a critiqué le gouvernement, le jugeant ni « inclusif » ni « représentatif » de la diversité ethnique et religieuse du pays. C’était « l’une des cinq conditions posées » pour que puissent s’établir des relations entre le bloc européen et le nouveau pouvoir afghan, a rappelé un porte-parole de l’UE.

Pramila Patten, responsable d’ONU Femmes, l’agence créée pour promouvoir la parité et l’autonomisation des femmes, a ainsi estimé que leur absence de ce gouvernement « faisait douter du récent engagement à protéger et à respecter les droits » des Afghanes.

Respect de la charia

Lors de leur premier passage au pouvoir, les islamistes avaient bafoué les droits des femmes, qui étaient quasi exclues de l’espace public. Nombre d’Afghanes et la communauté internationale craignent qu’il en soit de même.

Depuis leur prise du pouvoir, les talibans n’ont cessé d’affirmer qu’ils avaient changé. Mais leurs promesses peinent à convaincre. Le retour du ministère pour la promotion de la vertu et la répression du vice, qui faisait régner la terreur dans les années 1990, devrait ainsi susciter bien des inquiétudes dans la population.« Tous les Afghans, sans distinction ni exception, auront le droit de vivre dans la dignité et la paix dans leur propre pays », a affirmé, mardi, le chef suprême des talibans, Haibatullah Akhundzada, resté silencieux jusque-là, sans toutefois jamais mentionner le mot « femmes ».

Il a invité le nouveau gouvernement à « faire respecter la charia » et à tout faire pour « éradiquer la pauvreté et le chômage ».




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CHINE LES HOMMES JUGES EFFEMINES

 BANNIS DE LA TELEVISION

Difficile de s'affranchir de la tutelle moralisatrice du Parti communiste chinois (PCC) dans l'empire du Milieu : désormais les hommes jugés «efféminés» sont bannis de la télévision chinoise, suspectés qu'ils sont de « corrompre la jeunesse » en promouvant le consumérisme et la déviation.

L’apparence des hommes à la télévision avait déjà fait l’objet de désapprobations en 2019. Certaines célébrités avaient par exemple vu leurs boucles d’oreilles, leurs tatouages ou encore leurs queues de cheval floutés à l'écran. Selon le PCC, le look féminin de ces hommes médiatisés serait également une cause de la baisse du taux de natalité. Il n’inciterait pas les jeunes hommes chinois à devenir «plus masculins».

Pour ce faire les émissions de divertissement, influencée en partie par la culture pop sud-coréenne deviennent interdites . Des critères de sélection des acteurs seront à privilégier, comme la bonne conduite politique et morale. Certains formats d'émissions et des concours de talents ont également été arrêté, l'Administration nationale de la radio et de la télévision ayant décidé que les chaînes de télévision et les plateformes en ligne «ne diffuseraient plus de programmes qui développent l'idolâtrie ou des émissions de variétés et de téléréalité».

Promouvoir la culture traditionnelle chinoise

Pour expliquer sa décision, l’administration chinoise de la télévision et de la radio a indiqué dans un communiqué, qu'elle souhaitait «promouvoir vigoureusement l’excellence de la culture traditionnelle chinoise (…) et la culture socialiste avancée.» Le régulateur de l’audiovisuel chinois a par ailleurs imposé une redéfinition plus correcte des critères de beauté des célébrités.

Il s'agirait de recentrer la jeunesse sur la vision du Parti communiste...




Larry Ricky pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ALORS QUE LES COMBATS DANS LE PANCHIR CONTINUENT, L'ANNONCE DU GOUVERNEMENT TALIBAN EST ENCORE DIFFERE

Les talibans ont à nouveau différé samedi 4 septembre l’annonce de leur gouvernement, dont la composition pourrait donner le ton des années à venir en Afghanistan, où le nouveau régime reste confronté à une poche de résistance armée dans la vallée du Panchir .

La situation dans le Panchir, l’un des derniers foyers d’opposition armée au nouveau régime, pourrait expliquer le retard pris pour présenter le nouvel exécutif, initialement pressenti pour être dévoilé vendredi.

Bastion antitaliban de longue date, cette vallée, enclavée et difficile d’accès située à environ 80 kilomètres au nord de la capitale, est le théâtre depuis lundi et le départ des dernières troupes américaines du pays de combats entre les forces talibanes et le Front national de résistance (FNR).

« La résistance continue »

Réfugié dans la vallée du Panchir, l’ancien vice-président Amrullah Saleh a évoqué une « situation très difficile » dans un message vidéo diffusé vendredi soir, tout en assurant que la « résistance continu[ait] et continue[rait] ».

Selon Ahmad Massoud, qui mène la résistance dans la vallée, les talibans auraient proposé d’attribuer deux sièges au FNR dans le gouvernement qu’ils veulent créer.

Et ce « alors que nous demandions un meilleur avenir pour l’Afghanistan. Nous n’avons même pas considéré » leur offre, a ajouté mercredi le fils du commandant Ahmed Shah Massoud assassiné en 2001 par Al-Qaïda, estimant que les talibans avaient « choisi le chemin de la guerre ».

Vers un gouvernement « inclusif » ?

Depuis leur retour au pouvoir à l’issue d’une offensive militaire éclair qui a pris de court le gouvernement en place et la communauté internationale, les talibans se sont efforcés de montrer un visage modéré et ont multiplié les gestes d’ouverture.

Ils ont notamment promis un gouvernement « inclusif » et ont noué des contacts ces dernières semaines avec des personnalités afghanes qui leur sont opposées, comme l’ex-président Hamid Karzaï, ou l’ancien vice-président Abdullah Abdullah,

Mais rien n’a filtré à ce stade sur leurs véritables intentions ni sur la place qu’ils entendent accorder à des représentants de l’opposition ou aux minorités. Plusieurs pays ont répété vendredi que le nouveau régime serait jugé sur ses actes. Le président russe Vladimir Poutine a espéré que les talibans de comporteront de manière « civilisée » et Pékin les a appelés à « rompre » définitivement avec les groupes terroristes.

Le secrétaire d’Etat américain Antony Blinken, qui sera de lundi à mercredi au Qatar, a de son côté espéré que le gouvernement mis en place par les talibans serait « réellement inclusif », avec « des non-talibans qui seraient « représentatifs des différentes communautés et des différents intérêts en Afghanistan. »

La composition de leur exécutif fera donc figure de test sur leur réelle volonté de changement.

Cependant selon les analystes , le gouvernement, dont on évoque qu’il comprendrait 25 ministres, devrait être composé principalement de talibans. Les analystes misent depuis des semaines sur un triumvirat composé du mollah Abdul Ghani Baradar, l’un des fondateurs du mouvement, de Mohammad Yaqoob (le fils du mollah Omar, l’autre fondateur), ainsi que de Sher Mohammad Abbas Stanikzai, un autre membre originel de l’organisation, qui assurera le poste de chef de la diplomatie. Sur le modèle iranien, ce gouvernement pourrait être placé sous l’autorité d’un guide spirituel, Haibatullah Akhundzada, mollah, lui aussi. Et les talibans ont laissé entendre qu’il pourrait n’y avoir aucune femme ministre, leur présence relevant plutôt des échelons inférieurs. Une perspective contre laquelle se sont élevées plusieurs militantes qui ont manifesté jeudi à Hérat puis vendredi à Kaboul.

Ahmad Nader Nadery, membre de la délégation afghane qui négocie avec les islamistes, interrogé par un journaliste du Point, déplore le blocage des pourparlers depuis la chute de Kaboul et fait le triste constat que « les discussions avec les talibans n’ont plus de sens ».

.«S’ils mettent du temps à rendre public leur gouvernement, cela ne veut pas du tout dire qu’ils négociaient avec qui que ce soit, note Kate Clark, codirectrice à l’Afghanistan Analysts Network . C’est simplement parce qu’ils veulent être sûrs auparavant qu’ils tiennent bien le pays et qu’aucune émeute ne viendra troubler la fête.»




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ATTAQUE TERRORISTE DANS UN SUPERMARCHE

 EN NOUVELLE-ZELANDE

Un homme a été abattu après avoir blessé six personnes avec un couteau lors d'une attaque « terroriste » dans un supermarché d'Auckland, en Nouvelle-Zélande. 

L'assaillant abattu était placé sous étroite surveillance en raison de ses convictions extrémistes, « inspirées du groupe État islamique ».

Un homme proche du groupe jihadiste État islamique a poignardé vendredi six personnes dans un supermarché d'Auckland, en Nouvelle-Zélande, avant d'être tué par la police, qui l'avait placé sous surveillance, a annoncé la Première ministre Jacinda Ardern lors d'une conférence de presse peu après l'attaque.

Sous surveillance depuis 2016

L'homme, un Sri-Lankais arrivé en Nouvelle-Zélande en 2011 et qui figurait sur une liste antiterroriste des personnes à surveiller, est entré dans un centre commercial de la banlieue d'Auckland, s'est emparé d'un couteau sur un présentoir et a commencé à poignarder des passants, a relaté Jacinda Ardern.

Selon la Première ministre, six personnes ont été blessées, dont trois grièvement, avant que des policiers qui le surveillaient n'ouvrent le feu, dans la minute qui a suivi le début de l'attaque.

« Idéologie violente et inspirée du groupe jihadiste État islamique »

« Ce qui s'est passé aujourd'hui est ignoble, détestable », a déclaré Jacinda Ardern, ajoutant que cet acte n'était représentatif d'aucune religion ni d'aucune communauté : « Cela a été mené par un individu, pas par une foi, pas par une culture, pas par une ethnie, mais un individu mué par une idéologie qui n'est soutenue ici par personne ».

Interrogée sur les motivations de l'agresseur, la Première ministre a expliqué : « c'est une idéologie violente et inspirée du groupe État islamique », a t-elle ajouté, assurant ne pas pouvoir tout dire publiquement sur cet homme qui était surveillé depuis 2016 après une décision de justice.

Les autorités estiment que l'homme a agi seul et que la population ne court plus de risque, a assuré le commissaire de police Andrew Coster.

La Nouvelle-Zélande a connu sa pire attaque terroriste en mars 2019 à Christchurch, lorsqu'un suprémaciste blanc a ouvert le feu dans deux mosquées, tuant 51 personnes et en blessant 40 autres.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES TALIBANS NOUVEAUX MAITRES

DE L'AFGHANISTAN

APRES LE DEPART DES SOLDATS AMERICAINS

Les talibans, nouveaux maîtres de l’Afghanistan, ont marché triomphalement, mardi 31 août, dans l’aéroport de Kaboul après le départ des derniers soldats américains, accompagnés de leurs hommes brandissant leur drapeau blanc sur lequel est inscrit en noir le début de la chahada, la profession de foi de l’islam et l’un des cinq piliers de la religion. .

Un jour historique

« Félicitations à l’Afghanistan (…). Cette victoire est la nôtre à tous », a déclaré dans la matinée le principal porte-parole taliban, Zabihullah Mujahid, à l’aéroport de la capitale. Dans la matinée du mardi 31 août, les talibans sont venus planter leur drapeau à l'aéroport de Kaboul.

« Nous avons un message à l'adresse de tout envahisseur éventuel : quiconque se tourne vers l'Afghanistan avec de mauvaises intentions sera confronté à ce que les États-Unis ont connu aujourd'hui », a déclaré Zabihullah Mujahid, le porte-parole des talibans.

Les Américains étaient entrés en Afghanistan en 2001, à la tête d’une coalition internationale, pour chasser du pouvoir les talibans en raison de leur refus de livrer le chef d’Al-Qaïda, Oussama ben Laden, après les attentats du 11 septembre 2001 aux États-Unis. « C’est une grande leçon pour d’autres envahisseurs et pour notre future génération », et « c’est aussi une leçon pour le monde », a-t-il estimé. « C’est un jour historique, c’est un moment historique et nous en sommes fiers. »

Assurer la sécurité de l’aéroport

Pendant les quinze jours qui ont suivi la prise de la capitale par les talibans, le 15 août, les environs immédiats de l’aéroport international ont été occupés par une foule nombreuse tentant de monter désespérément dans les vols d’évacuation de la communauté internationale, orchestrés par les Etats-Unis. Mais bien plus d’Afghans sont restés bloqués à l’extérieur de cette zone par une série de barrages talibans. Mardi, tous ces postes de contrôle, sauf un, ont été démantelés sur la route menant à l’aéroport. Désormais assurer la sécurité de l’aéroport Hamid-Karzaï après le retrait définitif des troupes américaines est une question-clé. Les talibans ont répété à de multiples reprises qu’ils n’accepteraient pas d’aide militaire internationale.

Des blindés mis hors d’usage par l’armée américaine

Assurer la sécurité de l’aéroport Hamid-Karzaï est une question-clé. Les talibans ont répété à de multiples reprises qu’ils n’accepteraient pas d’aide militaire internationale.

A l’intérieur de l’enceinte, des dizaines d’avions et d’hélicoptères, donnés à l’armée régulière afghane par Washington, gisent, vides, après avoir été détruits par les troupes américaines avant leur départ. Quelque 73 aéronefs ont été « démilitarisés », c’est-à-dire mis hors d’usage, selon le chef du commandement central de l’armée américaine, le général Kenneth McKenzie. « [Ces appareils] ne pourront être utilisés par personne », a-t-il expliqué. Les fenêtres de leurs cockpits ont notamment été brisées et leurs pneus crevés.

Quelque 70 véhicules blindés MRAP et 27 véhicules légers Humvee ont également été mis hors d’usage par l’armée américaine au terme du pont aérien mis en place pendant deux semaines, et qui a permis d’évacuer 123 000 personnes. Washington aidera tous les Américains – il en reste entre 100 et 200 dans le pays – qui veulent quitter l’Afghanistan, a assuré le secrétaire d’Etat américain, Antony Blinken. Les Etats-Unis ont aussi détruit leur système de défense antimissile C-RAM, qui a arrêté, lundi, des tirs de roquettes de la branche locale de l’organisation Etat islamique, l’Etat islamique au Khorassan (EI-K). « C’est une procédure complexe et longue de démonter ces systèmes, a souligné le général McKenzie, alors, on les démilitarise pour qu’ils ne soient plus jamais utilisés. »

2 300 milliards de dollars en vingt ans

Joe Biden doit s’adresser mardi à ses concitoyens, nombreux à se demander à quoi auront servi ces deux décennies d’engagement en Afghanistan. Le président américain a maintes fois justifié le retrait par son refus de faire perdurer plus longtemps cette guerre, la plus longue qu’ait connue l’Amérique.

Au total, les Etats-Unis déplorent 2 350 morts et un coût financier évalué à 2 300 milliards de dollars par la Brown University.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE LANCEMENT DE ROQUETTES

CONTRE L'AEROPORT DE KABOUL

REVENDIQUE PAR L'EI EN AFGHANISTAN

Les États-Unis ont mené plusieurs frappes au cours du week-end contre des cibles de l’EI. Dimanche, ils ont détruit un de ses véhicules chargé d’explosifs qui menaçait l’aéroport. Au lendemain de ces frappes, des roquettes ont été tirées, lundi matin, vers l’aéroport de Kaboul, a confirmé la Maison Blanche. Cette attaque survient à la veille du départ prévu de l’armée américaine en Afghanistan qui procède à ses dernières évacuations dans un climat extrêmement tendu.

Selon les médias afghans, ces roquettes auraient été tirées depuis un véhicule. L’agence de presse Pajhwok a évoqué plusieurs roquettes ayant frappé différents quartiers de la capitale afghane.Un responsable taliban sur les lieux a déclaré que cinq roquettes avaient été tirées et qu’elles avaient été arrêtées par le système de défense antimissiles de l’aéroport. Un autre drone américain a ensuite, selon lui, visé une voiture qui avait servi à lancer les roquettes, à près de 2 kilomètres de l’aéroport.

L’EI-K a revendiqué, dans l’après-midi, cette nouvelle attaque.

« Les soldats du califat ont ciblé l’aéroport international de Kaboul, avec six roquettes », a déclaré le groupe dans un communiqué. L’État islamique au Khorasan (EI-K) a déjà revendiqué l’attentat meurtrier de jeudi aux abords de l’aéroport de la capitale afghane qui a fait une centaine de morts, dont 13 militaires américains et deux Britanniques.

Des frappes qui agacent les talibans.

Les attaques contre l'aéroport de Kaboul tant des Etas-Unis que celles de l' EI sont dénoncées par les talibans. Les frappes américaines sont mal vues par les talibans.« Ils n’ont pas la permission de mener de telles opérations [..]. Notre indépendance doit être respectée » ​, a averti Zabihullah Mujahid.

Les attaques commises par l’État islamique en Afghanistan devraient cesser avec le départ des troupes américaines du pays, faute de quoi le nouveau gouvernement réprimera ce groupe, a assuré un porte-parole des talibans.« Nous espérons que les Afghans qui sont sous l’influence de l’EI […] abandonneront leurs opérations en voyant la mise en place d’un gouvernement islamique en l’absence de puissances étrangères », a déclaré le principal porte-parole des talibans, Zabihullah Mujahid,

« S’ils créent une situation de guerre et continuent leurs opérations, le gouvernement islamique […] s’occupera d’eux », a prévenu Zabihullah Mujahid dont le mouvement a promis la paix à son arrivée au pouvoir, deux décennies après en avoir été chassé.

Branche locale de l’EI, l’EI-K a mené une série d’attaques sanglantes ces dernières années en Afghanistan et au Pakistan, n’hésitant pas à massacrer des civils dans des mosquées, des écoles et des hôpitaux.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE DOUBLE ATTENTAT DE KABOUL RAPPELLE

 LA RIVALITE ENTRE LES TALIBANS

ET LE GROUPE  L'ETAT ISLAMIQUE

Des dizaines d’Afghans et treize militaires américains ont été tués dans la double explosion survenue, jeudi 26 aout 2021 dans l'après-midi, près de l’aéroport international de Kaboul, où se pressent des milliers de personnes tentant de fuir le nouveau régime des talibans. Les explosions ont eu lieu près de la porte Abbey, qui constitue l’un des trois points d’accès à l’aéroport, et à proximité de l’hôtel Baron. Ce dernier était notamment utilisé par les Occidentaux pour préparer leurs évacuations.

Le décompte exact des victimes demeure difficile vendredi à la mi-journée. Le Pentagone a confirmé le décès de 13 soldats américains et une trentaine de blessés parmi ses troupes. Le correspondant du Wall Street Journal fait état d’au moins 60 morts et de plus de 150 blessés parmi la population présente sur les lieux au moment de l’attentat.

Revendiquée par la branche locale du groupe Etat islamique, l’Etat islamique au Khorasan (EI-K), l’attaque fait craindre que l’Afghanistan ne redevienne, sous le régime taliban, un refuge pour le réseau djihadiste et d’autres organisations terroristes.

La branche locale du groupe Etat islamique s’est créée, après 2014, autour de certains anciens talibans pakistanais et des Afghans, déçus par la politique, jugée trop modérée, des talibans, alors en négociations avec les Etats-Unis. Des Afghans ont ainsi rapidement rejoint l’EI, qui a officiellement reconnu, au début de 2015, la création de la province du Khorasan. L’EI-K a établi, dès 2015, sa tête de pont dans le district montagneux d’Achin, dans la province afghane de Nangarhar, la seule où il parviendra finalement à s’implanter durablement, avec celle, voisine, de Kunar. Partout ailleurs, le groupe s’est heurté aux talibans. Toutefois, il a réussi à former des cellules dormantes dans le pays, notamment à Kaboul, et au Pakistan, selon les Nations unies. Les dernières évaluations des effectifs de la branche locale varient d’un minimum de 500 à quelques milliers de combattants, selon un rapport du Conseil de sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations-Unies.

Le groupe État islamique, ennemi juré des talibans

L’objectif ultime des talibans se résumerait à faire de l’Afghanistan un émirat islamique dont la base serait l’application des principes religieux de l’islam radical et les traditions tribales pachtounes. Le groupe terroriste État islamique (EI), lui, est bien plus radical que les talibans A l’inverse des talibans, l’EI-K répond en effet à l’appel du groupe Etat islamique pour un djihad international. Il a revendiqué certaines des attaques les plus meurtrières commises au cours des dernières années en Afghanistan et au Pakistan. Notamment des attentats suicides dans des mosquées, des hôpitaux et d’autres lieux publics. Le groupe a en particulier ciblé des musulmans qu’il considère comme hérétiques, principalement des chiites de la minorité hazara. En août 2019, il a ainsi revendiqué un attentat contre des chiites lors d’un mariage à Kaboul, où 91 personnes ont été tuées. L’organisation profite actuellement du chaos dans le pays pour préparer des attentats. Cela lui permet d’étendre son influence, d’obtenir davantage de soutien de la part d’autres groupes terroristes pour maintenir la rivalité avec les talibans, et de conserver son statut de deuxième groupe extrémiste le plus important en Afghanistan.

En février 2020, les talibans s’engagent à Doha à chasser toute organisation terroriste.

Dans l’accord conclu en février 2020 avec les Etats-Unis sur le retrait des forces étrangères, les talibans ont promis de ne pas laisser le pays servir de base pour l’organisation d’attaques contre les Américains et leurs alliés. Le groupe Etat islamique s’était montré très critique à l’égard de cet accord de retrait, accusant les talibans d’avoir renié la cause djihadiste.

C'est pourquoi le groupe Etat islamique pourrait profiter de l’effondrement de l’Etat afghan. « Malgré les pertes essuyées en 2020 au niveau du territoire, du financement, de la direction et des effectifs, l’EIIL-K continue de faire peser une menace sur le pays et la région. Il aspire à avoir voix au chapitre et à reconstituer ses rangs, cherchant à recruter et à former de nouveaux partisans au sein des talibans qui seraient réfractaires au processus de paix », rappelait, en juin 2021, un rapport des Nations Unies.

« La double explosion revendiquée par l’Etat islamique d’Iraq et du Levant-Khorassan (EIIL-K) est l’illustration que la situation est loin d’être figée en Afghanistan et que les talibans sont loin d’en être les maîtres absolus », avance le journaliste Claude Leblanc dans l'Opinion




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

FACE A UNE MENACE TERRORISTE IMMINENTE

 LES OCCIDENTAUX ENJOINTS  DE QUITTER

L'AEROPORT DE KABOUL EN AFGHANISTAN

Le secrétaire d’Etat britannique chargé des forces armées, James Heappey, a indiqué ce jeudi matin que la menace terroriste qui a poussé Londres à déconseiller dans la nuit à ses ressortissants de rejoindre l’aéroport de Kaboul était «très sérieuse» et «imminente». «Les informations recueillies au cours de la semaine sont de plus en plus sérieuses : elles font état d’une menace imminente et grave pour la vie, a indiqué James Heappey sur Times Radio. Il s’agit d’une menace très sérieuse, très imminente.»

Les Etats-Unis, l’Australie et le Royaume-Uni ont enjoint leurs ressortissants à s’éloigner au plus vite de l’aéroport de Kaboul en raison de menaces «terroristes», alors que des milliers de personnes s’y massent toujours dans l’espoir de fuir le pays tombé aux mains des talibans. Ils ont émis simultanément des mises en garde très précises et presque identiques dans la nuit de mercredi à jeudi.

Les personnes «se trouvant actuellement aux entrées Abbey, Est et Nord devraient partir immédiatement», a indiqué le département d’Etat américain, invoquant des «menaces sécuritaires». La diplomatie australienne a pour sa part mis en garde contre une «menace très élevée d’attentat terroriste» tandis que Londres a émis une alerte similaire, ajoutant : «Si vous vous trouvez dans la zone de l’aéroport, quittez-la pour un endroit sûr et attendez d’autres instructions. Si vous êtes à même de quitter l’Afghanistan en sécurité par d’autres moyens, faites-le immédiatement.»

Face à la menace, les Pays-Bas ont annoncé qu’ils allaient interrompre leurs vols d’évacuation depuis Kaboul ce jeudi, les forces américaines leur ayant demandé de quitter l’aéroport de la capitale afghane avant qu’elles n’opèrent leur retrait prévu. «Les Pays-Bas ont été informés aujourd’hui par les Etats-Unis qu’ils devaient partir et vont probablement organiser les derniers vols plus tard dans la journée», ont annoncé les ministres néerlandais des Affaires étrangères et de la Défense dans une lettre au Parlement.

«Engagements en public et en privé» des talibans

Ces avertissements interviennent alors que le chef de la diplomatie américaine, Antony Blinken, avait assuré peu auparavant que les talibans s’étaient engagés à laisser partir les Américains et les Afghans à risque se trouvant encore dans le pays après la date butoir du 31 août : «Les talibans ont pris des engagements en public et en privé pour fournir et permettre un passage sûr aux Américains, aux autres étrangers et aux Afghans à risque, dans le futur, après le 31 août.» Il n’a toutefois pas spécifié comment leur départ s’organiserait, alors que les forces américaines doivent quitter le pays d’ici la fin du mois – une deadline confirmée mardi par le président des Etats-Unis, Joe Biden.

L’Allemagne a également affirmé mercredi avoir reçu l’assurance des talibans que des Afghans pourraient quitter leur pays à bord de vols commerciaux après le retrait définitif des troupes américaines le 31 août. Le chef adjoint du bureau politique des talibans au Qatar, Sher Abbas Stanekzai, «m’a assuré que les Afghans possédant des documents valides continueront à avoir la possibilité de voyager sur des vols commerciaux après le 31 août», a affirmé sur Twitter le diplomate allemand qui négocie avec les talibans, Markus Potzel, à l’issue d’une rencontre au Qatar.

Le Premier ministre français, Jean Castex, a pour sa part fait savoir que l’opération française d’évacuation s’achèvera totalement vendredi soir, et non pas ce jeudi, comme laissé entendre ces derniers jours.

«Risque grave et croissant d’attaque»

La Belgique a de son côté annoncé que les évacuations de ses ressortissants et des Afghans qu’elle protégeait avaient cessé mercredi soir, et la France a prévenu que son pont aérien cesserait dès jeudi soir si la date du 31 août était maintenue. La Turquie a quant à elle annoncé le retrait de ses soldats, qui gardaient l’aéroport de Kaboul au côté des militaires américains, abandonnant ainsi sa proposition de continuer à assurer la sécurité de l’aéroport de Kaboul après le retrait des forces américaines.

Lors d’un sommet virtuel mardi avec les autres dirigeants du G7, Joe Biden avait écarté l’idée de prolonger la présence militaire américaine à Kaboul, évoquant déjà un «risque grave et croissant d’attaque» de l’Etat islamique (EI) à l’aéroport en Afghanistan. « Chaque jour d'opérations apporte un risque supplémentaire pour nos troupes », a affirmé le président américain dans une allocution télévisée. La branche locale de l'EI , « un ennemi juré des talibans », a-t-il rappelé, « cherche à viser l'aéroport et attaquer les forces américaines et alliées ainsi que les civils innocents ».

Le groupe État islamique, ennemi juré des talibans

L’objectif ultime des talibans se résumerait à faire de l’Afghanistan un émirat islamique dont la base serait l’application des principes religieux de l’islam radical et les traditions tribales pachtounes. Le groupe terroriste État islamique (EI), lui, serait bien plus radical que les talibans, d'où la crainte de son expansion. Il s’est répandu dans le pays à partir de 2015 et a créé sa propre « filiale » afghane la même année, l’ISKP (État islamique-province du Khorasan). De nombreux combats meurtriers se sont, depuis, produits entre les talibans et l’EI sur le sol afghan.

En février 2020, les talibans s’engagent à Doha à chasser toute organisation terroriste.

Cependant, cette menace terroriste venant de l'EI viseraient non pas les Afghans mais plutôt les intérêts étrangers occidentaux dans la zone complètement désorganisée qu'est actuellement Kaboul .




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES ANNONCES DES TALIBANS

 CONCERNANT LES FEMMES AFGHANES

Depuis la chute de Kaboul, dimanche 15 août 2021, l’Afghanistan est de nouveau aux mains des talibans, vingt ans après qu’ils ont été chassés du pouvoir. Les insurgés cherchent à rassurer, en multipliant les gestes d’apaisement à l’égard de la population et surtout des femmes.

Manifestation de quelques femmes

D'ailleurs plusieurs femmes afghanes ont manifesté mardi dans les rues de Kaboul, devant des talibans, deux jours après leur prise du pouvoir, pour défendre leurs droits

Les images ont été largement relayées sur les réseaux sociaux. Elles montrent quatre femmes afghanes qui manifestent, brandissant des affichettes, devant des talibans en armes. C'est le correspondant d'Al Jazeera en Afghanistan qui a filmé cette manifestation à Kaboul, mardi, soit deux jours après la prise de pouvoir des talibans dans la capitale du pays. Selon Le Parisien, ces femmes se seraient brièvement rassemblées devant l'entrée de la zone verte - le quartier international et diplomatique - pour demander le droit de revenir y travailler comme cuisinières ou femmes de ménage. Des talibans auraient dans un premier temps tenté de les disperser sans succès. Des civils les auraient ensuite convaincues de partir.

Les femmes « nécessaires pour la société »

Pour l'instant, les talibans tentent de rassurer. Un porte-parole a ainsi assuré lors d'une conférence de presse qui s'est tenue mardi que les femmes ne seraient pas obligées de porter la burqa. Le port de la burqa, un voile intégral, ne sera pas obligatoire pour les femmes car « il existe différents types de voile », a annoncé ce mardi 17 août un porte-parole des talibans qui ont pris le pouvoir en Afghanistan. « La burqa n’est pas le seul hijab [voile] qui peut être porté, il existe différents types de hijab qui ne se limitent pas à la burqa », a déclaré Suhail Shaheen, porte-parole du bureau politique du groupe à Doha, à la chaîne britannique Sky News.Suhail Shaheen n’a pas précisé quels sont les autres types de hijab qui seraient jugés acceptables par les talibans.

Scolarisées du primaire à l’université

Avec le retour au pouvoir des talibans, qui ont appliqué une version ultra-rigoriste de la loi islamique, de nombreux pays et organisations de défense des droits humains se sont dits préoccupés du sort des filles et femmes en Afghanistan.Le porte-parole a également déclaré que les femmes étaient « nécessaires pour la société », « on a besoin d'elles pour la médecine, l'éducation, la police, la justice ». Des images montrant des fillettes allant à l'école ont également été diffusées.

« Elles peuvent recevoir une éducation du primaire à l’université. Nous avons annoncé cette politique lors de conférences internationales, à la conférence de Moscou et ici à la conférence de Doha [sur l’Afghanistan] », a expliqué Suhail Shaheen. Des milliers d’écoles dans les zones contrôlées par les talibans sont toujours ouvertes, a-t-il précisé.

Des inquiétudes tout de même

Si les talibans ont déclaré que les droits des femmes seraient respectés, qu'elles seraient autorisés à travailler et étudier - dans le respect de la loi islamique - les inquiétudes demeurent. Lorsque les talibans dirigeaient l'Afghanistan entre 1996 et 2001, les écoles de filles étaient fermées, les femmes ne pouvaient ni voyager ni travailler et étaient obligées de porter en public une burqa - un voile intégral qui recouvre le corps et le visage avec une grille en tissu au niveau des yeux. Les femmes ne pouvaient quitter leur domicile qu'accompagnées d'un « mahram », un chaperon masculin de leur famille.

Et  les flagellations et les exécutions, y compris les lapidations pour adultère, étaient pratiquées sur les places des villes et dans les stades.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AFGHANISTAN OPERATIONS

 D'EVACUATION DANS LE CHAOS

Le chaos continue à l'aéroport de Kaboul, où des milliers d'Afghans tentent de fuir l'arrivée des talibans. Les Taliban ont encerclé la capitale de l’Afghanistan, dimanche, après plusieurs semaines d’offensive dans le reste du pays. Face à l’arrivée du groupe islamiste, de nombreux habitants paniqués ont essayé de fuir, alors que les ambassades étrangères évacuent leur personnel.

Le chaos à l'aéroport de Kaboul

Des vidéos et des photos partagées sur les réseaux sociaux montrent le chaos qui régnait à Kaboul lorsque les Taliban sont arrivés aux portes de la ville le 15 août 2021. Des habitants se sont précipités pour retirer de l'argent et prendre la route dans l’espoir de quitter le pays, désormais presque entièrement contrôlé par les Taliban.Les combattants taliban ont dans un premier temps reçu l’ordre d’attendre à l’extérieur de la ville en attendant les négociations avec le gouvernement pour une transition « pacifique » du pouvoir, ainsi que de laisser passer les personnes qui souhaitaient partir.

Parallèlement, des milliers d'Afghans, n'ayant jamais travaillé pour les étrangers et n'ayant aucune chance d'obtenir un visa à ce titre se sont rués vers l'aéroport dans un climat de chaos total.

Ainsi une incroyable image de l'intérieur d'un avion de transport américain qui a décollé dimanche soir de Kaboul montre 640 Afghans à son bord. Le site américain Defense One (article en anglais), qui a publié cette image très partagée cette nuit, raconte que l'avion n'est théoriquement pas capable de transporter autant de personne, mais que l'équipage a choisi de décoller quand même. Un responsable du ministère américain de la Défense assure même que d'autres appareils ont décollé avec davantage de civils à bord, vers une base au Qatar.

Lundi après-midi, le chaos était tel à l'aéroport de Kaboul, dont les pistes étaient envahies de candidats au départ, que les vols civils et militaires ont dû être suspendus.

Les évacuations de diplomates

L'évacuation de diplomates, d'autres étrangers et d'Afghans ayant travaillé avec les Occidentaux s'organisait dès lundi dans l'urgence et dans des conditions très difficiles à Kaboul, tombée aux mains des talibans.

Les Américains ont envoyé 6.000 militaires pour évacuer quelque 30.000 personnes, à savoir leurs diplomates ainsi que des civils afghans ayant coopéré avec les États-Unis.De Madrid à La Haye, en passant par Paris, Bucarest, Londres... : partout, les chancelleries s'activent pour dépêcher des moyens aériens. Les exceptions russe et chinoise -

Les membres du personnel de l'ambassade des Etats-Unis et de nombreuses autres ambassades ont été regroupés à l'aéroport de la capitale afghane, sécurisé par les soldats américains, pour être évacués. Certains ont déjà tous pu quitter l'Afghanistan, à l'instar de l'ensemble du personnel de l'ambassade de Norvège, a déclaré lundi l'armée norvégienne.

A l'exception de la Russie et de la Chine

Pour sa part, la Russie ne prévoyait pas d'évacuer son ambassade.

La Russie fait partie des pays ayant reçu des garanties de la part des talibans quant à la sécurité de leurs ambassades, a expliqué Zamir Kaboulov, l'émissaire du Kremlin pour l'Afghanistan.

Quant à La Chine, qui a rapatrié début juillet 210 de ses ressortissants d'Afghanistan, elle a appelé les nouvelles autorités à assurer la sécurité de ceux restés sur place.

L'ambassade de Chine à Kaboul « continue de fonctionner normalement », a précisé lundi une porte-parole de la diplomatie chinoise, Hua Chunying.

Evacuation française.

Un premier avion français a quitté Kaboul pour une base militaire française à Abou Dhabi (Emirats arabes unis) dans la nuit, a annoncé la ministre des Armées, Florence Parly sur RTL. Elle n'a pas précisé qui était à son bord, ni combien de passagers il a transporté. Le ministère des Armées a précisé que 45 personnes exfiltrées de la capitale par la France étaient attendues à Roissy dès cet après-midi. Interrogée sur le sort des Afghans employés par l'armée française , Florence Parly a exprimé le souhait de les évacuer, mais a affirmé que leur localisation n'est pas toujours connue et que « la vraie difficulté est d'obtenir que ces personnes puissent passer » les barrages tenus par les talibans, pour atteindre l'aéroport.

Emmanuel Macron a dans sa prise de parole lundi a promis de « mettre en sécurité nos compatriotes ».

Il a aussi déclaré que la France protégerait les Afghans l'ayant aidée et « celles et ceux qui sont les plus menacés », mais a appelé à anticiper des « flux migratoires irréguliers importants ».




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PRES DE 1 300 MORTS ET 5700 BLESSES

 DANS UN SEISME EN HAITI

Des équipes de sauveteurs cherchent encore des survivants lundi 16 aout 2021 en Haïti au surlendemain d'un séisme de magnitude 7,2 qui a ravivé les terribles souvenirs du grand tremblement de terre de 2010. Le séisme s'est produit samedi à 08H29 (12h29 GMT) à 12 km de la ville de Saint-Louis-du-Sud, située à quelque 160 km de la capitale haïtienne Port-au-Prince, selon les données de l'Institut américain de géophysique (USGS).

Le bilan, toujours provisoire, faisant état d’au moins 1 297 morts et 5 700 blessés, pour environ 30 000 maisons endommagées ou détruites.

Trois départements du sud-ouest d’Haïti – ceux du Sud, de Grand’Anse et de Nippes – ont payé le plus lourd tribut à cette catastrophe.Tous trois forment l’extrémité occidentale de la péninsule de Tiburon, étroite bande de terre tout en longueur qui s’étire sur 200 kilomètres, à l’ouest de Port-au-Prince.

La situation est tout aussi critique dans de nombreuses localités de la région de Tiburon. A une cinquantaine de kilomètres à l’ouest, la ville des Cayes, chef-lieu du département du Sud, est l’une des plus touchées.

De nombreux bâtiments se sont effondrés lors de la puissante secousse qui a piégé des centaines d'habitants sous des dalles de béton.

Les habitants se sont mobilisés pour secourir des victimes blessées dans l'effondrement des édifices. « Les premières interventions, menées tant par les sauveteurs professionnels que par des membres de la population ont permis d'extraire de nombreuses personnes des décombres », ont souligné les services de la protection civile.Les efforts des secours pourraient se voir entravés à l'approche de la tempête tropicale Grace, avec un risque de pluie torrentielles et d'inondations rapides, selon le service national météorologique des Etats-Unis.

Le chef du gouvernement, Ariel Henry, qui a survolé en hélicoptère les zones les plus affectées samedi, a annoncé que l'état d'urgence avait été déclaré pour un mois sur les quatre départements affectés par la catastrophe.

Menace des gangs

Du personnel et des médicaments ont été acheminés par le ministère de la Santé vers la péninsule sud-ouest mais la logistique d'urgence est mise en péril par l'insécurité qui mine Haïti depuis des mois.

Sur un peu plus de deux kilomètres, l'unique route reliant la capitale à la moitié sud du pays traverse le quartier pauvre de Martissant sous contrôle des gangs armés depuis début juin, empêchant la libre circulation.

Aide internationale

Le président américain Joe Biden a offert samedi l'assistante « immédiate » des Etats-Unis. Il a chargé la directrice de l'agence américaine d'aide internationale (USAID), Samantha Powers, de coordonner cet effort.

De son côté le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, Antonio Guterres a assuré « suivre les dernier développements de la tragédie en Haïti ». « Les Nations Unies travaillent pour soutenir les besoins d'urgence », a-t-il tweeté.

Les 253 médecins cubains présents dans le pays pour coopérer dans la lutte contre la pandémie de Covid-19 adaptaient un hôpital de Port-au-Prince pour recevoir des blessés.

La République Dominicaine, voisine de Haïti sur la même île, a annoncé l'envoi de 10.000 rations d'urgence et des équipements médicaux.

La joueuse de tennis japonaise Naomi Osaka, dont le père est Haïtien, va offrir la totalité des gains qu'elle percevra lors d'un prochain tournoi aux victimes du séisme. « Cette dévastation fait vraiment du mal », a-t-elle écrit sur twitter.

Le pays le plus pauvre des Amériques garde encore en mémoire le séisme du 12 janvier 2010 qui avait ravagé la capitale et plusieurs villes de province.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES TALIBANS AUX PORTES DE KABOUL,

LE PRESIDENT ASHRAF GHANI A QUITTE LE PAYS

Les talibans sont sur le point de reprendre le pouvoir en Afghanistan, après être arrivés aux portes de Kaboul tandis que le président Ashraf Ghani a quitté le pays.

Le président afghan réclame le maintien l'ordre public à Kaboul. Ashraf Ghani a demandé aux forces de sécurité de garantir la « sécurité de tous les citoyens » en maintenant l'ordre public à Kaboul. « C'est notre responsabilité et nous le ferons de la meilleure manière possible. Quiconque pense à créer le chaos ou à piller sera traité avec force », a déclaré le chef de l'Etat dans un message vidéo envoyé à la presse.

Le ministre de l'Intérieur promet « un transfert pacifique du pouvoir ». Abdul Sattar Mirzakwal a annoncé qu'un « transfert pacifique du pouvoir vers un gouvernement de transition » allait avoir lieu dans le pays. Le ministre a également tenté de rassurer la population : « Les Afghans ne doivent pas s'inquiéter (...) Il n'y aura pas d'attaque sur la ville [de Kaboul] ».

Les talibans avaient aussi pris, dimanche, le contrôle du dernier poste-frontière encore aux mains du gouvernement afghan : celui de Torkham, à la frontière avec le Pakistan, a déclaré dimanche le ministre de l’intérieur pakistanais, Sheikh Rashid Ahmed. Cela signifie que les insurgés ont désormais la maîtrise de l’ensemble des frontières afghanes, faisant de l’aéroport de Kaboul la dernière porte de sortie du pays.

Déroute totale pour l’armée

Une poignée de villes mineures sont encore sous le contrôle du gouvernement, mais, dispersées et coupées de la capitale, n’ont plus une grande valeur stratégique. La déroute est totale pour le gouvernement du président, Ashraf Ghani, et pour les forces de sécurité afghanes, pourtant financées pendant vingt ans par les Etats-Unis.

Face à l’avancée fulgurante des talibans, des dizaines de soldats afghans se sont réfugiés en, Ouzbékistan voisin, ont annoncé dimanche les autorités de Tachkent dans un communiqué. En juillet, un millier de soldats afghans avaient déjà traversé la frontière vers le Tadjikistan après des combats avec les talibans. Les troupes ouzbèkes à la frontière entre les deux pays ont arrêté 84 soldats afghans et des discussions ont été engagées avec les autorités afghanes pour organiser leur retour dans leur pays, a fait savoir le ministère des affaires étrangères ouzbek.

Evacuation des ambassades

Face à l’effondrement de l’armée afghane, le président américain, Joe Biden, a porté à 5 000 soldats le déploiement militaire à l’aéroport de Kaboul pour évacuer les diplomates américains et les civils afghans ayant coopéré avec les Etats-Unis et qui craignent pour leur vie. Le Pentagone évalue à 30 000 le nombre de personnes à évacuer.

Comme la veille, les hélicoptères américains continuaient dimanche leurs rotations incessantes entre l’aéroport et l’ambassade américaine, un gigantesque complexe situé dans la « zone verte », ultrafortifiée, au centre de la capitale. Le président des Etats-Unis a menacé les talibans d’une réponse « rapide et forte » en cas d’attaque qui mettrait en danger des ressortissants américains lors de l’opération d’évacuation.

Mais il a aussi défendu sa décision de mettre fin à vingt ans de guerre, la plus longue qu’ait connue l’Amérique, lancée dans la foulée des attentats du 11 septembre 2001. « Une année ou cinq années de plus de présence militaire américaine n’aurait fait aucune différence, quand l’armée afghane ne peut ou ne veut pas défendre son propre pays », a-t-il affirmé. L’ambassade américaine a ordonné à son personnel de détruire les documents sensibles et symboles américains qui pourraient être utilisés par les talibans « à des fins de propagande ».

Londres a parallèlement annoncé le redéploiement de 600 militaires pour aider les ressortissants britanniques à partir, et fait savoir dimanche que le parlement serait convoqué en urgence pour discuter de la situation en Afghanistan. Plusieurs pays occidentaux vont réduire au strict minimum leur présence, voire fermer provisoirement leur ambassade.

Le ministère des affaires étrangères français a annoncé dimanche des renforts militaires seraient déployés aux Emirats arabes unis (EAU) pour faciliter l’évacuation de ses ressortissants, après avoir déplacé son ambassade à l’aéroport de Kaboul.

De son côté, la Russie ne prévoit pas d’évacuer son ambassade à Kaboul, a fait savoir dimanche un responsable du ministère des affaires étrangères russe à l’agence de presse Interfax. Moscou dit également œuvrer pour la tenue d’une réunion urgente du Conseil de sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations unies.

Les talibans, qui veillent à afficher une image plus modérée que lorsqu’ils dirigeaient le pays, entre 1996 et 2001, ont maintes fois promis que s’ils revenaient au pouvoir, ils respecteraient les droits humains, en particulier ceux des femmes, en accord avec les « valeurs islamiques ».

Mais, dans les zones nouvellement conquises, ils ont déjà été accusés de nombreuses exactions : meurtres de civils, décapitations, enlèvements d’adolescentes pour les marier de force, notamment.



Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

NINE REGIONAL CAPITALS

AT THE HANDS OF THE TALIBANS

In Afghanistan, "hundreds" of members of the security forces, who had withdrawn near the airport of Kunduz (north), after the fall this weekend of the city, surrendered on Wednesday August 11 to the Taliban. , said Amruddin Wali, a provincial councilor.

"Most of the soldiers who were stationed at the airport surrender," confirmed a soldier there, who requested anonymity. “The Taliban surrounded us, they fired shells at us. There was no way to reply, ”he said.

The Taliban launched an offensive in May, with the start of the final withdrawal of US and foreign troops, which is to be completed by August 31. They seized from vast rural territories without meeting much resistance. Their progress has accelerated in recent days with the capture of several urban centers.

The Taliban are today at the head of nine of the 34 provincial capitals of Afghanistan, including seven located in the north of the country, a region that had always resisted them ...

Between Friday and Monday, they took control of Zaranj, Sheberghan, then the large northeastern city, Kunduz, but also Taloqan and Sar-e-Pul. And on the night of Tuesday to Wednesday, it was the city of Faizabad which fell. The Taliban thus took control in less than three months of almost all the districts of the North and the West.

“Only central Afghanistan remains under state control. The rest of the country, of Pashtun population in the East and the South, where the Taliban originate from, is already almost theirs. », Concludes on France info Georges Lefeuvre associate researcher at the Institute of International and Strategic Relations (Iris), specialist in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani arrived in Mazar-e Charif, a large city in the north of the country targeted by the Taliban, on Wednesday to try to coordinate the response to the insurgents. After arriving in Mazar-e Charif during the night at the head of a large contingent of armed men, Marshal Dostom, a powerful leader of the Uzbek ethnic group, issued a warning to the Taliban.

They “never learn from the past. They have come to the north several times and have always been trapped there, ”he told the local press.

Washington annoyed by the weakness of the Kabul army

The loss of Mazar-e Charif would be catastrophic for the government, which would no longer have any control over the entire northern half of the country. It would also allow the Taliban to shift their efforts to other regions and perhaps even to the capital, Kabul.

"I do not regret my decision" to leave Afghanistan, assured the President of the United States, Joe Biden on Tuesday. Afghans "must have the will to fight" and "must fight for themselves, for their nation," he also said. Washington is less and less hiding its annoyance at the weakness of Kabul's army, which the Americans have been training, financing and equipping for years.

An international meeting with representatives from Qatar, the United States, China, the United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, the United Nations and the European Union took place in Doha on Tuesday.

The American envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, was to urge the Taliban "to cease their military offensive and to negotiate a political agreement."

The peace process between the Afghan government and the Taliban opened in September in Qatar, as part of the agreement reached in February 2020 between the insurgents and Washington providing for the total departure of foreign troops from Afghanistan. But the discussions are today at a standstill.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

COVID KILLED IN THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN

 IN HOSPITALIZED

Wherever the delta variant of the virus responsible for Covid-19 is rife, hospital data suggests a surge in the number of children hospitalized.

In the United States, data from two states among the least vaccinated and most affected by the delta variant is worrying: in Florida and Louisiana, a considerable number of children are ending up in hospital for Covid-19.

In New Orleans (Louisiana), in just two weeks, no less than 20 children contracted a severe form of Covid-19.

Since the start of the pandemic, 4.1 million children have tested positive for Covid-19 in the United States, or 14.3% of contaminations. A percentage that is around 20% at the end of July.

In the United Kingdom too, the number of children hospitalized for Covid soared at the same time as the delta variant, in June and July. British hospitals received more than 300 children a week at the end of July - a level hitherto unheard of.

In France too, in the most heavily affected regions, the number of hospitalized children has reached record levels.

This is the case in Occitania, where for four weeks there have been more children hospitalized than at any time since the start of the pandemic.

A more contagious or more dangerous virus ?

Therefore, is this sharp increase in cases in children a consequence of a virus that is more dangerous for them, or simply of a virus that is circulating more ?

For now, scientists do not know how to explain it, but the observations are final. Doctors speculate that the hypertransmissibility of this variant, combined with a poorly or insufficiently vaccinated population, is part of the explanation.

All the more so since the youngest children are not yet eligible for vaccination.

The World Health Organization (WHO) does not imagine that the delta variant is more virulent in the youngest:

“I'll be very clear: we're not seeing the Delta variant specifically target children. The incidence rate is increasing in all age groups ”

Maria Van Kerkhove, director of the Covid-19 technical team for the WHO

One thing is certain, however, that the fact that they are not vaccinated "pushes" the virus to infect children rather than adults, to whom a growing proportion of the population is immune.

This is why the American Pediatric Association is now calling for vaccination for 5-11 year olds.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

COVID RETICENCES TO A MORATORIUM ON THE THIRD DOSE REQUESTED BY WHO

The head of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, called on Wednesday August 4, 2021 for a moratorium on the administration of these booster vaccines, in order to leave these doses available to countries that have not been able to immunize only a tiny fraction of their population.

This is to serve a holistic approach not of new injections in rich countries until the first ones have been distributed in poor countries. "We urgently need to turn things around: from a majority of vaccines going to rich countries to a the majority going to poor countries, ”he said during a press briefing in Geneva.

So far, of the roughly 4 billion doses injected around the world, 80% have gone to middle-income and higher-income countries ... which represent less than 50% of the world's population. The UN Secretary General had pledged to achieve a minimum immunization coverage of 10% in every country in the world in September, and the count is not there.

Only 1.5% of the population in low-income countries is vaccinated, the ratio being close to zero in large parts of the world. Concretely, the WHO calls on rich countries, such as vaccine producers, to turn to the Covax international redistribution system, still largely under-resourced, to restore the balance.

The Israeli government has not commented directly on the WHO request, but continued to administer third doses of the anti-Covid vaccine on Thursday, mainly from Pfizer / BioNtech laboratories. Under the watchful eye of the cameras, President Isaac Herzog, opposition leader Benjamin Netanyahu and Prime Minister Nafatli Bennett's mother received this third dose.

This booster shot aims to strengthen the immune system in the face of the spread of the Delta variant, which is more contagious than others. “Those aged 60 and over and who have not yet received a third dose are six times more likely to be seriously ill or even to die, ”Bennett said.

"I ask that in the next two to three weeks, by the time you get vaccinated and wait five days after your third dose, to take care of yourself," he added. Germany has already announced a campaign for a "third dose". In France, the executive should arbitrate next week on the issue of vaccination of the most fragile in September.

The United States, for its part, immediately declared its opposition to such a moratorium, denouncing moreover "a false alternative", even if the United States has not yet formally planned a recall campaign.

White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said, "We think we can do both, we don't need to choose" between booster doses for Americans who have already been vaccinated, and underprivileged countries. 'we must support .....




Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

COVID IN THE WORLD

A LARGE NUMBER OF COUNTRIES RENEW

WITH HEALTH RESTRICTIONS

The Delta variant of the coronavirus will have had, in a few weeks, the reason of summer recklessness and many countries are resuming, in the middle of summer, with restrictive measures.

The Covid-19 pandemic has killed more than 4.2 million people worldwide since the end of 2019, according to a report drawn up by Agence France-Presse on Friday, July 30 from official figures provided by the authorities of each country. But the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that these could be two to three times higher if the excess mortality directly and indirectly linked to the disease were taken into account.

More than 4 billion doses of the Covid-19 vaccine have been administered across the world. However, vaccination remains highly unequal: high-income countries have thus inoculated an average of 97 doses per 100 inhabitants, against only 1.6 doses in poor countries.

Delta variant spreads in China

China is facing an epidemic rebound, which threatens its policy of zero cases of Covid-19. The resurgence of contamination, still very limited, affected five provinces and the city of Beijing on Friday. These cases have their epicenter in the city of Nanjing (east). The epidemic outbreak which appeared at Nanjing airport (east) at the end of July, has now spread to more than twenty cities and more than ten provinces. Millions of people underwent a Covid-19 screening test on Sunday, August 1 in several major cities in China in an attempt to curb an increase in coronavirus cases. China reported on Sunday 75 new contaminations, including 53 local transmissions.

Hundreds of thousands of people are now confined in Jiangsu province, of which Nanjing is the capital, while the city has subjected its 9.2 million inhabitants to two screenings. The tourist town of Zhangjiajie in Hunan province, where a handful of positive people attended a theatrical performance, confined its 1.5 million residents and closed all tourist attractions on Friday, according to an official statement. Famous for its impressive rock formations, the city is where part of the blockbuster Avatar was filmed.

In France, Reunion Island and Martinique re-defined

Reunion and Martinique, French overseas departments, are preparing to reconfine in the face of the meteoric rise in Covid-19 cases, a situation described as "dramatic" by Prime Minister Jean Castex.

In Guadeloupe, guitarist Jacob Desvarieux, founding member of the zouk Kassav 'group, died Friday from Covid-19, while the increase in contaminations due to the Delta variant has been concentrated in recent weeks in metropolitan France, mainly in tourist areas - Atlantic coast and Mediterranean coast - the government also considers the epidemic situation "worrying" in the East and among young people.

Japan extends state of emergency

The Japanese government decided on Friday to extend the state of emergency in Tokyo and Okinawa until August 31 and to extend it to four other departments, three neighbors of the capital, Chiba, Saitama, Kanagawa, and Osaka ( in the West). "The infection is spreading at a speed never seen before," especially in the greater Tokyo area, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said. “If the increase in the number of infected people does not stop, hospitals may be overwhelmed. "

The Japanese capital recorded 3,300 additional cases on Friday, while the number of daily cases nationwide exceeded 10,000 for the first time. Vaccination in Japan has started more slowly than in other industrialized countries, and only 27.6% of the national population is fully vaccinated, according to the latest government figures.

The organizers of the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo reported on Friday 27 new cases in people linked to the event, including three athletes; this is the highest daily figure to date. The IOC disputes any link between the holding of the Olympics and the resurgence of the pandemic in Japan.

In the United States, Joe Biden takes action to speed up vaccination

US President Joe Biden, who promised a "summer of freedom", had to take a series of measures on Thursday to restart vaccination. "We are not completely out of the woods," the US president said in a speech to the White House, as the country faces an outbreak of contaminations due to the rapid spread of the Delta variant and the vaccination campaign s 'is slowed down after a rapid start.

From now on, federal employees (4 million people, including 2 million civilians) will either have to be vaccinated or comply with a series of constraints. Unvaccinated people will be required to wear the mask even in areas where Covid-19 circulation is low, and to undergo regular tests, once or twice a week. Without going as far as the outright vaccination obligation, this is a change of course for the Biden administration , which until now refused to associate any idea of ​​constraint with vaccination. "I know people talk about freedom" but "with freedom comes responsibility", commented the Democratic president.

In the army, he asks to think about "how and when" to add the vaccine against the Covid-19 to the list of compulsory vaccines for the troops. Among the incentives, Joe Biden is calling on local authorities to pay $ 100 to any new person getting vaccinated, drawing from emergency funds released to deal with the pandemic.

Israel launches booster vaccination campaign

Israel on Friday launched a booster vaccination campaign aimed at people aged 60 and over. "We are starting the recall campaign," Israeli President Isaac Herzog, who received a third dose on the outskirts of Tel Aviv, said on Friday. "Israel is a pioneer, moving forward with [this] third dose of vaccine," said Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, who accompanied the president to the hospital.

According to Pfizer, “New studies show that a third dose has neutralizing effects against the Delta variant [which are] more than five times higher in young people and more than eleven times higher in older people. But, for now, the US drug regulatory authority, whose recommendations Israel generally follows, has not given the go-ahead for a third dose for the elderly.

About 55% of Israel's population has been fully vaccinated thanks to a massive campaign launched at the end of December, mostly with vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech. In early June, authorities extended vaccination to young people aged 12 to 16, and from August 1, children aged 5 to 11 at risk of serious complications from Covid-19 will be able to be vaccinated. If the epidemic remains under control, Israel however reinstated the health pass on Thursday, in the face of an increase in contamination.

In Australia Sydney confined until the end of August, Brisbane for a few days

About 300 soldiers will be deployed in the streets of Sydney in the coming days to ensure compliance with containment in Australia's largest city, in the grip of an epidemic, authorities said on Friday. Their mission will consist mainly of door-to-door operations to verify that citizens comply with containment measures.

The agglomeration of five million inhabitants is in its fifth week of confinement. This measure is expected to last until the end of August. Residents are only supposed to be able to leave their homes to play sports, to go to work if their job is deemed essential, for medical reasons or to do their shopping. But the parks and waterfront promenade have been packed with locals for weeks.

Strict three-day containment is due to go into effect on Saturday afternoon in Brisbane, Australia's third-largest city, and parts of Queensland state, authorities said, trying to contain a surge in the Covid-epidemic. 19 due to the Delta variant. The only way to beat the Delta strain is to act fast, to be fast and to be strong,” said Steven Miles, Deputy Prime Minister of the State of Queensland, of which Brisbane is the capital.

Thirteen million people re-confined in the Philippines

The Philippines is preparing to re-contain 13 million people in the capital Manila region as early as next week, the government said on Friday, which is trying to contain a surge in cases linked to the Delta variant.

Restaurants and collective gatherings are hit with an immediate ban, while a two-week lockdown will begin on August 6, presidential spokesman Harry Roque said on official television.

The Philippines has recorded more than 1.5 million cases of Covid-19 contamination - making it the second most affected country in Southeast Asia - including nearly 28,000 deaths since the start of the pandemic .

Delta variant: WHO and US documents sound the alarm

The Delta variant of Covid-19 is as contagious as chickenpox, probably has more serious effects than its predecessors and infected people seem to transmit it as much whether they are vaccinated or not , according to US official documents circulating internally within the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), the leading health agency in the United States.

For the World Health Organization, the Delta, at the origin of a new wave of contamination in many countries, is a warning which should encourage action to be taken quickly before the appearance of more dangerous mutations.



Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

US WITHDRAWAL FROM AFGHANISTAN

TOWARDS A SPECTACULAR RETURN OF THE TALIBAN

Taliban attacks have increased sharply in Afghanistan since the signing of the peace accord between the insurgents and Washington in February 2020, which led to the departure of US forces, according to an official US report released on Thursday.

Sharp increase in attacks

The security situation has deteriorated sharply in Afghanistan.

The “attacks initiated by the enemy”, attributed mainly to the Taliban, in fact increased from 9,651 at the end of 2019 to 13,242 at the end of 2020, indicates the Office of the Special Inspector General for the Reconstruction of Afghanistan (Sigar, which depends on Congress), based on data from the NATO mission in Afghanistan.

This is the first time since December 2019 that the latter has published detailed figures of these attacks. Between March 1 and May 31, the date of the latest data collected by the NATO mission in Afghanistan, Resolute Support, before the withdrawal of most of the coalition forces, 1,383 attacks were recorded, including 3,268 were fatal, according to the Sigar's office.

At the request of the government in Kabul, the Inspector General does not publish the number of casualties of the Afghan army, which numbers some 300,000 men and women. Violence against civilians reached record levels in April and May, according to the NATO mission, with 705 civilians killed and 1,330 injured - almost as many as the previous three months combined.

Resolute Support attributes 93% of civilian casualties in recent months to anti-government forces (40% to the Taliban, 38% to unidentified insurgents, 14% to the Islamic State group and less than 1% to the Haqqani network, close to the Taliban).

A spectacular return of the Taliban

The report also notes that the Taliban have taken control of a significant number of districts in the rural areas, although they do not control the major cities.

"What is most worrying is the speed and ease with which the Taliban have apparently taken control of districts in the north of the country, a former stronghold of opposition to the Taliban," John Sopko observes. The Taliban are bringing down one district after another. To date, they control more than half of the territory. As of August 31, no more foreign troops will be present in the country.

Driven from power at the start of the American offensive, the Taliban, these fundamentalists who protected Osama bin Laden, are therefore making a spectacular comeback in many districts of the country as the foreign forces leave the territory. Their progress since the United States completed its military withdrawal on July 3, stuns experts.

Towards a resumption of power by the Taliban ?

The recent lightning advance of the Taliban thus raises fears that they will seize power again, 20 years after being driven out at the end of 2001 by an international coalition led by the United States, after their refusal to hand over the leader of Al-Qaeda Osama bin Laden in the wake of the 9/11 attacks.

"The overall trend is clearly unfavorable to the Afghan government, which could face an existential crisis if it does not reverse it," said Inspector General John Sopko in the report. The hypothesis of a government of national unity in Kabul, made up of the current regime and the Taliban, seems less and less feasible.

Warnings against the Taliban

Afghanistan now appears to be on the brink of chaos and the fear of civil war breaking out is growing day by day. Faced with the routed security forces, the population took up arms in several provinces, supporting the Afghan army and police in their fight against the Taliban, sometimes even fighting alone against the expansion of religious fundamentalists.

Sunday in Kabul, the head of US operations in Afghanistan, General Kenneth McKenzie, warned that the United States would continue its airstrikes against the Taliban, if the latter continued their offensive..




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

RECORD IN CHINA

WITH 76 NEW COVID PATIENTS

This is a record since January. China reported 76 new Covid patients on Monday, most of these cases having been recorded in a province bordering Shanghai, the most populous Chinese city. The first country to face the coronavirus at the end of 2019, the Asian giant has almost eradicated the disease on its soil since the spring of 2020 and life has since largely returned to normal.

A success obtained thanks in particular to massive screenings, strict confinements or the compulsory placement in quarantine of all people coming from abroad.

39 of the 76 new patients announced by the Chinese Ministry of Health were identified in Jiangsu, a province located north of Shanghai, in eastern China. Thousands of residents of Nanjing, the provincial capital, are currently in containment after the recent discovery of an epidemic focus at its airport.

And since Sunday, the 9.2 million people living in this metropolis must undergo a second screening test to identify patients who may take longer than usual to show symptoms.

China follows a zero tolerance policy towards the virus and is rushing to stem new outbreaks, at a time when the more contagious Delta variant is raging in neighboring India and Burma.

A small Chinese town on the border of Burma is thus using facial recognition cameras to monitor the movements of its inhabitants and to eradicate a small focus of Covid-19.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

RETURN OF THE WIFE OF THE MURDERED PRESIDENT IN HAITI FOR THE FUNERAL

Martine Moïse , wife of assassinated President Jovenel Moïse, joined Haiti on Saturday to prepare for her husband's funeral scheduled for July 24. The first lady was injured in the attack which was fatal to her husband.

The wife of Haitian president assassinated last week, Martine Moïse, injured in the attack that killed her husband, Jovenel Moïse, returned to Port-au-Prince on Saturday July 17 after being treated in Miami, United States , announced the Haitian Secretary of State for Communication.

"The 1st lady @martinejmoise has just arrived in Haiti as part of the preparations for the national funeral" of her husband, scheduled for July 23, tweeted Frantz Exantus.

Arm in a sling, bulletproof vest over her black clothes, Martine Moïse, 47, was greeted by the interim Prime Minister, Claude Joseph. The latter promised to do justice to her husband, whose death aggravated the chaos in this country of the Antilles plagued by violence and misery.

Gray areas in the investigation

Ten days after the tragedy, the investigation has advanced but many gray areas remain. The Haitian police arrested around twenty people, including several former Colombian soldiers accused of having been part of the commando that came to kill Jovenel Moïse.

The apparent ease with which the assailants managed to kill him raised suspicions, four officials of the president's security team were also jailed and 24 officers subject to precautionary measures.

The director general of the Haitian national police, Léon Charles, assured Friday he was working with international investigators, in particular agents of the American federal police, to identify those behind the assassination.

Haitian police have already arrested a 63-year-old Haitian doctor long established in Florida, Christian Emmanuel Sanon, whom they suspect to be one of the masterminds of the crime. Colombian police, who are also investigating, have said that A former Haitian official of the Ministry of Justice, Joseph Felix Badio, had ordered the Colombian mercenaries to assassinate the president.

The Haitian authorities have launched a wanted notice against him, as well as against former Senator John Joel Joseph, both being described as "dangerous and armed" individuals"




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

CHINA LAUNCHES THE BIGGEST MARKET

FROM CARBON TO THE WORLD

China is embarking on penalizing polluters. The country launched Friday, July 16, the largest carbon market in the world to help reduce polluting emissions from the Asian giant, the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases.

The country is also the one that invests the most in new energies and Beijing has promised to achieve carbon neutrality in 2060.

Trading began at 9:30 a.m. local time (01:30 GMT) on the Shanghai Energy and Environment Exchange, the official China New News Agency said in a brief statement.

Transparency

This carbon market allows, for the first time, provincial authorities to set quotas for thermal power plants and allows companies to buy rights to pollute from others with a lower carbon footprint.

Concretely, the authorities issue a certificate for each tonne of carbon dioxide (or other greenhouse gas) that a company is authorized to emit. In the event of non-compliance, the latter must pay fines.

In the interests of transparency, companies will have to make their pollution data public and have them verified by third parties.

This carbon market currently only concerns the electricity sector, whose power plants in China still operate largely on coal, one of the most harmful energies for the environment. And for some analysts, fines for non-compliance are not enough of a deterrent.

The price of carbon is expected to be very low under the Chinese system - around $ 6 a tonne - compared to around $ 36 in the European Union and $ 17 in California last year.

Permit to pollute

Another point: the polluting permits are distributed free of charge instead of being auctioned. As a result, there is less incentive for companies to reduce their emissions quickly.

President Xi Jinping drew applause at the end of 2020 by announcing that his country would start reducing its polluting emissions before 2030 and intends to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060 - that is, to absorb as much as to issue some.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

COVID TOTAL RECONFINATION OF SYDNEY IN

AUSTRALIA DUE TO THE DELTA VARIANT

Total containment for the people of Sydney. The streets of Sydney and its suburbs were nearly empty on Saturday, June 26, at the start of a two-week lockdown aimed at containing the spread of the highly contagious Delta variant of SARS-CoV-2 in Australia's largest city. decided, Saturday, June 26, to put the city of Sydney under a bell, to face an outbreak of new cases of Covid-19 which worries all over the world even if several European countries continue to ease their restriction measures.

The confinement, which had already been in force since midnight Friday in four districts of the city, begins to apply Saturday from 6 p.m. (8 a.m. GMT) to the whole of the metropolis, announced the Prime Minister of the New South Wales State Gladys Berejiklian.e 6 p.m. (8 a.m. GMT) metropolitan-wide, New South Wales State Premier Gladys Berejiklian announced.

More than 80 people have tested positive this week, all linked to a driver who drove airline crews from Sydney Airport to quarantine hotels.

"The Delta variant is proving to be a particularly formidable enemy," State Health Minister Brad Hazzard told reporters. "Whatever defensive measures are taken, the virus seems to know how to counterattack," he added.

Delta an “Indian” variant classified as “worrying”

Delta is an “Indian” variant classified as “special concern” by the WHO (while Kappa, its close cousin, is only qualified as “of interest”). This category includes variants likely to worsen the epidemiological situation, which turn out to be more virulent, or which modify the clinical picture of the infection by the new coronavirus, or which reduce the effect of public health measures, including vaccination. . In a note released on June 23, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) writes that Delta could be associated with a greater risk of hospitalization, i.e. severe form of Covid-19 . Study published by the journal Cell on June 16 suggests that Delta is stronger than certains antibodies. Clearly, having already contracted Covid-19 would not always constitute a guarantee against reinfection by this variant.

Concerns focus mainly on the contagiousness of Delta. In its note of June 23, the ECDC specifies that, at this stage of knowledge, it turns out to be 40% to 60% more contagious than the so-called “British” variant, which played a major role in the third wave of the epidemic. in France. Delta should therefore represent 90% of new cases of Covid-19 in the European Union, by the end of August. "It is very likely that the Delta variant circulates widely during the summer, especially among young people who are not targeted for vaccination," warned Andrea Ammon, the director of the European disease agency. vaccine therefore seems necessary to fight against the Delta variant, this will probably not be sufficient. In fact, the more contagious a virus,the higher the level of vaccination necessary to achieve group immunity (the threshold beyond which it can no longer circulate), explained Samuel Alizon to Agence France-Presse.

However, with regard to the Delta variant, scientists agree that it would take more than 80% of the vaccinated population, especially since it partly escapes the immunity developed by people who have already contracted the vaccine. Covid-19.

Present in at least 85 countries

The discovery of these new cases came as a shock to Australia's largest metropolis with more than five million inhabitants, where life had almost returned to normal. When you have a variant as contagious as the Delta virus, a three-day lockdown doesn't work, ”said Gladys Berejiklian, defending the decision to impose a two-week lockdown. "The transmissibility is at least double of the previous variants, so we must prepare for a potentially high number of cases in the days to come," she added.

The variant is now present in at least 85 countries, according to the WHO, in varying proportions. In India, it quickly prevailed over its two cousins, while in the United Kingdom it took a few weeks for it to take precedence over the local variant. In the United States, it went from around 10% of positive samples sequenced on June 5, to 35% last week. A comparable proportion is observed in Israel.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda, it is responsible for around 77% and 97% of diagnosed cases, respectively, and in France, it accounts for more than 74% of positive tests carried out from June 14 to 20 in the Landes, according to the Regional Health Agency (ARS) Nouvelle-Aquitaine, against 12.1% in the Pyrénées-Orientales and Gironde, and 9.5% nationally.




Garett Skyport  for DayNewsWorld

THE ULTRA CONSERVATIVE RAISSI

NEW PRESIDENT IN IRAN

The ultra conservative Ebrahim Raïssi won the Iranian presidential election in the first round with 62% of the vote, according to official partial results published late Saturday morning. Out of 28.6 million ballots counted, Ebrahim Raïssi obtained "more than 17,800,000" votes, declared Jamal Orf, president of the National Electoral Commission at a press conference in Tehran.

The "Iranian nation" demonstrated during the presidential election that it had defeated "once again" the "mercenary media propaganda of the enemy," Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei said on Saturday the day after the ballot. Before the election, Ali Khamenei had repeatedly urged his compatriots to defeat a campaign of calls for a boycott of the ballot relayed by the opposition in exile.

In his speech of June 6, 2021, delivered on the occasion of the 22nd anniversary of the death of the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran Ruhollah Khomeini, the current Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei thus considered that abstention from the presidential elections which to be held on June 18 and 25 is a "great sin", equivalent to the sin of murder in Islam. In his second fatwa, he even banned blank votes. Ayatollah Ahmad Alam al-Hoda, a Grand Ayatollah close to Ali Khamenei, also claimed that anyone who abstains from the vote is not a Muslim.

Head of the Judicial Authority, Ebrahim Raïssi, 60, appeared to be a favorite, for lack of real competition after the disqualification of his main opponents. The electoral campaign was bland, against a background of general fed up with the crisis, in a country rich in hydrocarbons but subject to American sanctions. Presenting himself as the champion of the fight against corruption and the defender of the popular classes with purchasing power undermined by inflation, Ebrahim Raïssi is the only one of the four candidates to have truly campaigned.

A hated clergyman

He is widely hated because he was one of the major players in the early purge of the Islamic Republic [in the summer of 1988, the regime executed hundreds of political opponents]. This 60-year-old ultraconservative has been the head of the judicial authority since 2019. He had already obtained 38% of the votes in the 2017 presidential election. He is a member of the clergy, present since the beginning of the Islamic revolution, very powerful .

For the opposition in exile and human rights defenders, Ebrahim Raïssi is the embodiment of repression and his name associated with the mass executions of left-wing detainees in 1988, a tragedy in which the person concerned denies any participation. He is on the blacklist of Iranian officials sanctioned by Washington for "complicity in serious human rights violations". Faced with calls for a boycott launched by the opposition in exile, and by some dissidents in Iran, Supreme Guide Ali Khamenei has stepped up calls to participate en masse in the ballot. Without calling for abstention, former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a populist who had seen his candidacy invalidated in May, denounced an election organized "against the interests of the country" and announced hisdecision, in a personal capacity, not to participate in “this sin”.

Election promises

The strong man of the regime, however, promised, during a debate organized on public television on Saturday 5 June, "an incessant fight against poverty and corruption". Like all the other candidates, he is in favor of continuing negotiations with the Western powers on the nuclear issue, a position shared by the Supreme Guide. But it is above all the economy that is at the heart of the presidential election. Iran has suffered greatly from the new sanctions imposed by the United States following the country's withdrawal from nuclear agreements in 2018. Iranian GDP fell by 6% in 2018, and by 6.8% in 2019. before stabilizing, according to the International Monetary Fund.

Limited prerogatives

The president however has limited prerogatives in Iran, where most of the power is in the hands of the Supreme Leader. Hassan Rouhani's record is marred by the failure of his policy of openness after the withdrawal of the United States, in 2018, from the Iranian nuclear agreement concluded with the great powers. This withdrawal and the reinstatement of punitive American sanctions that followed plunged the country into a violent recession, notably depriving the government of its oil export revenues. In December and January 2017-2018 and in November 2019, two waves of protests were violently repressed.

On the question of the necessary recovery of the economy, the solution lies in the lifting of American sanctions, currently the subject of negotiations to save the Vienna Agreement by reintegrating the United States.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

KIM JONG-UN RECOGNIZES

A " TENDER FOOD SITUATION "

The North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has acknowledged that the country faced a "tight food situation," said Wednesday the official media. The North, whose economy is weighed down by multiple international sanctions imposed in response to its banned military programs, has long been plagued by severe food shortages.

Last year, the coronavirus pandemic as well as typhoons and floods ended a serious blow to its economy.

At a plenary meeting of the Central Committee of the ruling Workers' Party, Kim said the economic situation has improved, with industrial production increasing by 2% over the previous year, reported the official North Korean agency KCNA on Wednesday.

The leader, however, admitted to having encountered a "series of difficulties" due to many "challenges" to be overcome.

"The food situation is now tense as the agricultural sector has not been able to meet its cereal production target due to damage caused by typhoons last year," Kim said.

During the summer of 2020, thousands of homes and farmland were destroyed by typhoons which were accompanied by flooding.

Kim called for action to minimize the consequences of these natural disasters, saying ensuring "good harvests" was a "top priority".

During this meeting, the "enduring situation" of the coronavirus pandemic was raised, according to KCNA.

The North was one of the first countries to impose strict health restrictions, including the decision, very early on, to close its borders and in particular with its Chinese neighbor to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

The regime maintains that the epidemic did not arrive on its soil, which many experts doubt.

Trade with Beijing, the regime's first economic and diplomatic support, has been reduced to heartache.

But this isolation came at a high economic cost, so much so that Kim acknowledged in April the difficulties his country was facing. He thus called on his lieutenants to “lead a new“ forced march ”, even harder, in order to help the population face the difficulties, if only a little”.

The “Forced March” is the expression used in the North to designate the famine of the 1990s which left hundreds of thousands of people dead, following the reduction in aid from Moscow after the Soviet collapse.

It is "very likely" that the pandemic has "worsened" the humanitarian situation in the North, where 10.6 million people are in need, recently estimated the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (Ocha).



Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

THE NEW ISRAELIAN PRIME MINISTER

NAFTALI BENNETT

MARKS THE END OF THE NETANYAHU ERA

A page turns to Israel with the end of the Netanyahu era. Naftali Bennett became Prime Minister of Israel. After twelve years at the head of the Israeli government, Benjamin Netanyahu was removed from power in a vote in Parliament on Sunday, June 13, 2021.

A majority hanging by a thread.

Of the 119 MPs present (120 in Parliament) voted 60 in favor of the new coalition, ranging from the right to the left, through the support of a party arabe.Une wobbly alliance of eight parties of the left , center, right and radical right with the participation of Raam, an Islamist movement.

Fifty-nine MPs, mostly from Benjamin Netanyahu's Likud party, the far-right and ultra-Orthodox parties, opposed it. Their unity is cemented by the desire to get rid of Benjamin Netanyahu who becomes the leader of the opposition.

N. Bennett, figure of the Israeli far right

this Sunday evening became the new Prime Minister of his country. A consecration for this atypical character who, at only 49 years old, already seems to have several lives.

Son of American immigrants, this native of Haifa began his career in the prestigious military unit "Sayeret Matkal".

He will remain six years in uniform. After the army, law degree in hand, he took a first 180 degree turn and embarked on new technologies. With some success: with his cybersecurity company Cyotta, he became a figure of the "start-up nation" "in Israel before selling his company for 145 million dollars in 2005. The following year, he decided to move back to zero and made the leap into politics.

He joins Likud, the party for which his family has always voted and where he becomes the right-hand man of a certain Benjamin Netanyahu. Very close, the two men quickly distance themselves

Naftali Bennett, the leader of the Yamina party, will lead the government for the first two years before giving way to centrist Yair Lapid for an equivalent period, under a rotation agreement. After the last legislative elections in March, the opposition gradually united against Benjamin Netanyahu and - an extremely rare event in Israeli history - rallied the Arab Israeli formation Raam, led by the Islamist Mansour Abbas.

Ex-Minister of Education of "Bibi", the nickname of the deposed prime minister, Naftali Bennett is considered a modernist cleric. This former businessman in the high-tech is prime minister while Yamina does not, following of a defection, that six deputies to the Parliament but that the right and the religious of which he is one of the standard bearers occupy more than half of the bays. He embodies after four legislative elections in two years, without real winners or losers, the “Everything Except Bibi.

End of the Netanyahu era

Almost immediately acknowledging his defeat just before the vote of confidence, Benjamin Netanyahu, the most lasting prime minister in Israel's history, assured Parliament that he would remain in politics, leading the opposition, in order to "bring down" the new government, and that it would "return soon" to power. He may also have to face, in addition to his trial, a wave of protest within his party, the Likud, elected officials already seeking to turn the Netanyahu page internally.

The priorities of the new government

Before him, the leader of the radical right Naftali Bennett presented the members and the priorities of the future government which is to take office on Sunday evening. The government will work for "the whole" of the Israeli population including the Arab minority, but also the ultra-Orthodox Jews who have no elected members in this coalition, Naftali Bennett said in a speech constantly interrupted by supporters of Benjamin Netanyahu. “Citizens of Israel! This is a critical political moment and I call on everyone to show restraint, ”said Naftali Bennett, who should in principle succeed Benjamin Netanyahu.

On foreign policy, he kept the same tone as the outgoing Prime Minister on the nuclear issue of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Israel's sworn enemy. The new coalition "will not let Iran acquire nuclear weapons," warned Neftali Bennett.

"The agreement, however, sets aside sensitive issues such as the colonization of the West Bank or the creation of a Palestinian state, but they could resurface in the event of tensions in East Jerusalem, violence in the West Bank or war with Hamas. societal issues such as the place of religion or that of LGBTQ, the relationship between politics and justice, between conservative and reformed Jews, require great differences. "

"The subjects of friction should not be missing as the team is heterogeneous!", Concludes a French colleague from Le Figaro.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

ISAAC HERZOG ELECTED PRESIDENT OF ISRAEL

Isaac Herzog has in the past campaigned for the resolution of the conflict with the Palestinians,

On June 2, 2021, he becomes the eleventh president of the Hebrew state and replaces Reuven Rivlin, whose seven-year term ends on July 9, 2021, in this largely honorary function.

Labor worker Isaac Herzog, 60, was elected president of the State of Israel by MPs.

He garnered the support of 87 Knesset MPs, 26 having preferred the other candidate, Miriam Peretz, a former teacher.

Mr. Herzog, nicknamed "Bouji", spent several years in the United States, depending on the positions held by his father, before serving as an officer in military intelligence, then studying law at the University of Tel Aviv. Aviv.

He was first elected to parliament in 2003 and then served as secretary of Ehoud Barak's Labor government, before holding several ministerial portfolios between 2005 and 2011.

He took over as head of a Labor Party in crisis in November 2013.

For the resolution of the conflict with the Palestinians

Barely ten days after taking office, in 2013, he met Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in Ramallah, in the occupied West Bank.

During the 2015 campaign, he promised to relaunch the peace process, interrupted in April 2014, and even said he was ready to “evacuate” Israeli settlements if necessary.

During his most recent assignment, he was the head of the Jewish Agency, a para-governmental organization that deals in particular with Jewish immigration and relations with the diaspora.

He left this post, which he had held since 2018, to run for president.

The new president of the State of Israel, born in 1960, he is the heir to one of the greatest Israeli families.

He follows in the footsteps of his father, Chaïm Herzog, head of state from 1983 to 1993.

"Herzog carries on his shoulders the heavy weight of his family heritage", wrote in 2015 the daily Haaretz, speaking of an Israeli version of the Kennedys.

His father, of Irish origin, was chief of intelligence in the army, before becoming ambassador to the United Nations, then the sixth president of Israel.

His uncle, Abba Eban, is a renowned diplomat in the country.

He served in Washington and at the United Nations, then assumed the costume of head of Israeli diplomacy, a post he held during the Six Day War in 1967.

As for his grandfather, Isaac Halevi Herzog, he was the first Ashkenazi rabbi of the State of Israel.

While Isaac Herzog was defeated by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the 2015 legislative elections, Isaac Herzog took the presidency while his former rival could be overthrown by a motley coalition. Married to a lawyer and father of three, he lives in Tel Aviv, his hometown.




Simon Freeman for DayNewsWorld

MUCORMYCOSIS, THIS "BLACK MUSHROOM",

THAT KILLS COVID VICTIMS IN INDIA

Authorities nationwide have reported thousands of cases of mucormycosis, commonly known as 'black fungus,' which specialists link to diabetes and the depressed immune system of coronavirus victims.
The Covid-19 has already caused the deaths of more than 100,000 people last month across the country.

Authorities were unable to determine the number of deaths from mucormycosis since the start of the second wave of coronavirus, however, six weeks ago.

Creation of specialized centers

The head of government of the capital, Arvind Kejriwal, announced the creation of specialized centers within three hospitals in Delhi to prevent the spread of the fungus, promising to ensure that the sick receive the appropriate treatment.

The press reported that more than 200 mucormycosis patients are being treated in New Delhi hospitals and dozens are waiting for bed.

The states of Rajasthan and Telegana have said they have faced a black fungus epidemic, and that of Maharashtra alone has reported more than 2,000 cases.

Some doctors claim that this black yeast infection particularly affects Covid-19 convalescents who have been treated with steroids.

The opportunistic infection kills more than 50% of those affected within a few days.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

COVID-19 PRESENCE OF THE INDIAN VARIANT

AT LEAST IN 17 COUNTRIES

The Indian variant of the coronavirus, which has plunged India into a major health crisis, has been detected in "at least 17 countries", including several European nations, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

The B.1.617 variant, more commonly known as the Indian variant because of its first occurrence in India, has been detected in more than 1,200 genome sequences in "at least 17 countries", the World Health Organization (WHO ) overnight from Tuesday to Wednesday.

Most of the samples "come from India, the United Kingdom, the United States and Singapore," "said the WHO in its weekly report on the Covid-19 pandemic. In recent days, the variant has also been reported in several European countries (Belgium, Switzerland, Greece, Italy). "B.1.617 has a higher growth rate than the other variants in circulation in India, which suggests greater contagiousness", also assures WHO, even if it left it in the category of “variants of interest” and not of “variants of concern”.

All over the world, the “Indian” variant still raises questions. According to the WHO, it is not yet known whether "the reports of high mortality are due to the increased severity of the variant, to the straining of the capacities of the health system due to the rapid increase in the rate of death. number of cases, or both ”.

India overwhelmed by the B.1.617 variant

India, the fourth most bereaved country (behind the United States, Brazil and Mexico), has now passed 200,000 deaths. She again experienced an impressive new total of infections (350,000) for one day on Tuesday.

The crematoriums know no truce, their chimneys crack and the metal frames of the ovens melt under the intensity of the heat. Wood is also starting to run out in some establishments, and families are asked to bring their own fuel. Many crematoriums and cemeteries say the official death toll from the virus falls short of reality, given the reality. influx of bodies that they see parading.

The world is closed to the "Indian" variant

The first shipment of British medical aid, including 100 ventilators and 95 oxygen concentrators, landed in Delhi on Tuesday. France, Canada, the United States and even Germany have announced that they will also provide assistance to India.

Air cuts with India are increasing. Australia decided on Tuesday to suspend flights from India until May 15, while Canada, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and New Zealand have already suspended or restricted their flights.

Belgium has announced the closure of its borders to India but also to Brazil and South Africa, where two other variants are rife. Iceland for its part has banned entry to travelers from sixteen countries considered to be "high risk" areas, such as France.

The presence of the Indian variant worries in Europe at a time when the Old Continent is breathing a little better after long months of restrictions.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

COVID-19 THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO THE RESCUE OF INDIA

Saturated hospitals, lack of oxygen, open-air crematoriums: India and its capital New Delhi are overwhelmed by the coronavirus epidemic. Made harder by the variant.

Every day, the toll falls like a hammer blow. Sunday April 25 was no exception. While a large number of testing centers were closed, India set a new record of infections: 352,991 new cases of Covid-19 and 2,812 deaths were recorded in twenty-four hours. Unheard of globally, the giant of 1.3 billion people is failing to stem the epidemic outbreak. In an India hit by an epidemic tsunami, thousands of sick people are victims of a lack of hospital beds, oxygen and life-saving medicines. 16.9 million people have been infected there since the start of the pandemic, and more than 192,000 have died.

Faced with this "storm", according to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, local authorities have extended the confinement in force in the capital New Delhi by one week.

Demand for oxygen

The progression of the epidemic is such, the health system is so strangled, that we now know that the country will not be able to cope alone.

The international community has taken the measure of the drama that is playing out in the subcontinent. The United States was the first to pledge aid on Sunday, followed by Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and Russia. Even Pakistan, the enemy brother, offered to provide ventilators and affirmed its solidarity with the Indian people.

The controversy over the issue of vaccines and the embargo

The issue of vaccines had been controversial for several weeks. The largest manufacturer in the world, the Serum Institute of India, based in Pune, India, warned in mid-April of its restricted access to certain components from the United States and necessary for manufacturing. The head of the institute had launched a public appeal to the US president to lift the embargoes on exports of raw materials.

The White House will "immediately" send components for vaccine production as well as medical equipment, drugs, rapid diagnostic tests, respirators and protective equipment. "Just as India sent aid to the United States when our hospitals were strained at the start of the pandemic, we are determined to help India in these difficult times," said Sunday. Joe Biden on Twitter. And the United States will "rapidly deploy additional support to the people of India and to the heroes of the Indian health system," said US Secretary of State Antony Blinken. The Americans will also dispatch experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

European countries have pledged emergency equipment and respirators. "To the Indian people, I want to express my sympathy for the terrible suffering that the Covid-19 is inflicting again on the population," said German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Yesterday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel also announced that her government was preparing to provide emergency assistance. “Vital medical equipment, including hundreds of oxygen concentrators and respirators, is now on its way from the UK to India,” UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said.France will provide "significant support in oxygen capacity" to India which is facing an outbreak of coronavirus cases, by sending "respirators from next week by plane", announced the Elysee yesterday.

The European Union has pledged to provide "assistance" to India, through its European Civil Protection Mechanism

Several days delay

The measures taken by Narendra Modi's government to try to ensure the supply of oxygen to the country's hospitals will take several days to take effect. Indian trains and special flights from abroad, notably from Singapore and Saudi Arabia, are on the way, loaded with equipment. In the meantime, healthcare establishments continue to send heartbreaking SOSs to warn here and there that they only have three, two, sometimes an hour of oxygen left for their patients in intensive care.

The world closes to the Indian variant

At the same time, several countries are closing their doors to India. Neighboring Bangladesh will suspend land crossings for two weeks. The United States is advising against travel there, while Canada suspended flights from India and Pakistan for 30 days on Friday.

The detection of the “Indian” variant in Belgium, Switzerland and yesterday in Greece is worrying in Europe.



Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS DOUBLE MUTANT VARIANT OUTBREAK IN INDIA CONCERNING THE WORLD

The India brunt hit by a second wave of Covid-19. In the space of 24 hours, 200,000 contaminations were identified in the country, a record.

This outbreak could be due to the "Indian variant", called "double mutant". It would be both more contagious and more resistant to antibodies.

Second most affected country in the world

India is the second country to be the most affected by the virus with 13.9 million infections.

This outbreak of cases could be due to this famous variant, called "double mutant" (B.1.617). According to data from the Indian National Institute of Virology (NIV), 61% of samples taken between January and March in the region from Bombay contained traces of this variant which has two mutations of Covid-19. At the end of January, it represented only 15 to 20% of withdrawals. It is spreading in Maharashtra, Delhi and Punjab, places that are experiencing an upsurge in the virus.

More contagious, more resistant

"This variant contains two specific mutations, called E484Q and L452R", described in The Wire Gautam I. Menon, professor at Ashoka University in Sonipat and at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences in Chennai. The Indian variant is also called a "double mutant" (or "recombinant") because it has the properties of two strains of the virus. The L452R mutation, detected in California, and the E484Q mutation, close to the South African and Brazilian variant. The first makes the virus more contagious, the second makes it more resistant to antibodies and potentially to vaccines.

These mutations are not rare and could cause an "immune escape and increased infectivity", explained the Indian Ministry of Health at the end of March. This variant would be less detectable via PCR tests and that scans would be necessary. On the symptom side, the nosebleed is emphasized. Regarding its lethality, little information is currently available. In addition to the "double mutant", several new strains of the virus are spreading in the territory, in particular the Kent variant. The "disaster scenario" that Gautam I. Menon exposed a few days ago, that is to say "the combination of extensive re-infections with one or more new strains spreading more rapidly", seems to be slowly emerging.

Worry in the world

This variant was detected for the first time on December 7. Cases have been reported in the United Kingdom, Singapore, Australia and the United States. For the moment, France is spared. In India, the situation worries the authorities who fear the consequences of political and religious gatherings, in particular the recent Hindu pilgrimage of the Kumbh Mela, during which nearly 650,000 faithful bathed in the Ganges on April 14.

The vaccination campaign would also experience difficulties in terms of stocks but also of confidence. Nearly 108 million doses have been administered since mid-January and the goal is to reach 300 million people by the end of July. In the face of this shortage, exports from India, the world's largest vaccine manufacturer, will decline.

The country has also authorized the Russian serum, Sputnik V.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

BIRMANIE MANIFESTATIONS CONTRE LE COUP D'ETAT SANCTIONNE PAR L 'UE

Lundi, l'Union européenne a condamné les violences meurtrières perpétrées en Birmanie par le chef de la junte au pouvoir après le coup d'Etat militaire ainsi que dix autres responsables.

Depuis le 1er février, plus de 2.600 personnes ont été arrêtées et 250 tuées. Un niveau de violence « absolument inacceptable » selon le chef de la diplomatie allemande.

L'Union européenne a sanctionné lundi le chef de la junte au pouvoir en Birmanie et dix autres responsables pour la répression meurtrière des opposants au coup d'Etat militaire, qui continuent à manifester dans tout le pays.

Depuis le coup d'Etat du 1er février qui a renversé la dirigeante civile Aung San Suu, plus de 2.600 personnes ont été arrêtées et quelque 250 tuées, selon l'Association d'assistance aux prisonniers politiques (AAPP).

Le bilan des victimes pourrait être plus lourd, souligne cette organisation locale de défense des droits de l'homme.

Un niveau de violence « absolument inacceptable »

Les ministres des Affaires étrangères de l'Union européenne ont approuvé des sanctions contre le chef de la junte, le général Min Aung Hlaing, ainsi que neuf des plus hauts gradés des forces armées et le président de la Commission électorale. Ils se voient interdire de se rendre dans l'UE ou d'y transiter et imposer un gel de leurs avoirs ou de leurs ressources dans l'Union.

Les violences atteignent un niveau « absolument inacceptable », a estimé le chef de la diplomatie allemande Heiko Maas. Il s'agit des premières sanctions depuis le putsch décidées par l'UE, qui avait déjà sanctionné en 2019 quatorze militaires et policiers pour les persécutions contre la minorité musulmane des Rohingyas.

Les manifestants demandent à l'ONU d'intervenir

Les opposants au coup d'Etat ont décidé de manifester de jour mais aussi de nuit, nouveau défi à la répression. A Mandalay, capitale culturelle et deuxième ville du pays, des manifestants dont des enseignants ont comme la veille défilé en nombre avant l'aube lundi, avec pour certains des pancartes appelant l'ONU à intervenir.uit personnes ont été tuées dimanche et une cinquantaine blessées dans cette ville, a indiqué à l'AFP une source médicale. Des tirs d'armes automatiques ont pu être entendus dans un quartier jusque vers 23h.

Pour s'élever contre la brutalité de la répression, un groupe de médecins de Mandalay a organisé une « manifestation de pancartes » alignées dans la rue comme autant de manifestants virtuels, a rapporté le media indépendant Voice of Myanmar. Des moines ont tenu une manifestation similaire. A Rangoun, capitale économique et principale ville du pays, des manifestations se sont également déroulées tôt lundi dans certains quartiers. Des automobilistes klaxonnaient en signe de soutien.

A Hlaing, banlieue de Rangoun, des habitants ont lancé de centaines de ballons rouges munis d'affiches réclamant une intervention de l'ONU, selon des médias locaux. La situation reste très tendue à Rangoun où deux des cinq millions d'habitants sont soumis à la loi martiale.

Des condamnations internationales

Les condamnations internationales s'enchaînent, laissant jusqu'à présent les généraux de marbre. Avant les sanctions décidées par l'UE, les Etats-Unis et la Grande-Bretagne avaient pris des mesures punitives.

Les voisins de la Birmanie élèvent aussi la voix au sein de l'Asean (Association des nations de l'Asie du Sud-Est), à laquelle appartient la Birmanie et qui n'interfère habituellement pas dans les affaires d'un Etat membre. L'Indonésie et la Malaisie ont appelé à une réunion d'urgence des dix pays de l'Asean pour discuter de la crise birmane. Le ministre des Affaires étrangères de Singapour, Vivian Balakrishnan, entame lundi à Brunei, qui préside cette année l'Asean, une tournée qui le conduira aussi en Malaisie et en Indonésie.

Le groupe français d'électricité EDF a annoncé dimanche la suspension d'un projet de barrage hydroélectrique en Birmanie, un investissement de 1,51 milliard de dollars dans l'Etat Shan, à la suite du coup d'Etat.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS L'ASTRAZENECA EFFICACE A 79% ET SANS RISQUE DE THROMBOSE

Le vaccin contre la COVID-19 développé par AstraZeneca et l’université d’Oxford s’est montré efficace à 79 % dans la prévention des symptômes de la maladie dans le cadre d’un important essai mené aux États-Unis, au Chili et au Pérou, a déclaré ce lundi le laboratoire anglo-suédois, ce qui ouvre la voie à une demande d’homologation aux États-Unis.

Les résultats de l’essai clinique de phase III mené sur plus de 32.000 volontaires montrent que le vaccin présente une efficacité à 100 % contre les formes graves ou sévères de la maladie conduisant à une hospitalisation et qu’il est sûr, a ajouté AstraZeneca.

Les injections du vaccin AstraZeneca ont été récemment suspendues pendant plusieurs jours dans plusieurs pays européens à la suite de cas suspects d’effets secondaires graves, dont des caillots sanguins.

L’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) et l’Agence européenne des médicaments (EMA) ont cependant maintenu leur confiance dans ce vaccin, estimant que les avantages l’emportaient largement sur les risques qu’il implique.

« Aucune augmentation du risque de thrombose »

AstraZeneca a indiqué qu’un comité de sécurité indépendant, le DSMB, s’était penché spécifiquement, avec l’aide d’un neurologue indépendant, sur les caillots sanguins et la thrombose veineuse cérébrale (TVC) dans l’ensemble des données de l’essai américain.

À l’issue de cet examen spécifique, « le DSMB n’a constaté aucune augmentation du risque de thrombose ou d’événements caractérisés par une thrombose parmi les 21.583 participants ayant reçu au moins une dose du vaccin », indique AstraZeneca.

« La recherche spécifique de thrombose veineuse cérébrale (TVC) n’a trouvé aucun événement dans cet essai », ajoute le laboratoire.

« Ces résultats sont d’excellentes nouvelles car ils montrent l’efficacité remarquable du vaccin dans une nouvelle population et sont cohérents avec les résultats des essais menés par Oxford », a déclaré Andrew Pollard, qui dirige l’Oxford Vaccine Group.

L’essai a évalué l’administration de deux doses à quatre semaines d’intervalle. L’efficacité du vaccin était cohérente quelle que soit l’ethnie et l’âge des candidats, selon AstraZeneca, qui note une efficacité de 80 % chez les participants âgés de 65 ans et plus, qui représentaient environ 20 % des candidats.

AstraZeneca et son partenaire vont à présent préparer les données en vue d’une demande d’homologation de leur vaccin auprès de la Food and Drug Administration (FDA), l’autorité sanitaire américaine, a déclaré à la BBC Sarah Gilbert, professeur à l’Université d’Oxford.

Cette préparation nécessitera quelques semaines, a-t-elle précisé.




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA PUBLICATION DU RAPPORT EXPLOSIF

SUR LE MEURTRE DU JOURNALISTE KHASHOGGI PRELUDE A UN TOURNANT DE LA POLITIQUE AMERICAINE ENVERS L'ARABIE SAOUDITE ?

Les services de renseignement américains ont publié vendredi 26 février 2021 un court rapport déclassifié dans lequel ils accusent le puissant prince héritier d’Arabie saoudite, Mohammed Ben Salman, d’avoir « validé » l’assassinat du journaliste saoudien Jamal Khashoggi en 2018.

Le rapport potentiellement explosif de la CIA

« Nous sommes parvenus à la conclusion que le prince héritier d’Arabie saoudite, Mohammed Ben Salman, a validé une opération à Istanbul, en Turquie, pour capturer ou tuer le journaliste saoudien Istanbul, en Turquie, Jamal Khashoggi », écrit la direction du renseignement américain dans ce document de quatre pages, déclassifié à la demande du président des Etats-Unis, Joe Biden, alors que son prédécesseur Donald Trump l’avait gardé secret.

« Le prince héritier considérait Khashoggi comme une menace pour le royaume et plus largement soutenait le recours à des mesures violentes si nécessaire pour le faire taire », ajoute-t-elle.

Critique du pouvoir saoudien après en avoir été proche, Jamal Khashoggi, résident aux Etats-Unis et chroniqueur du quotidien américain Washington Post, avait été assassiné le 2 octobre 2018 dans le consulat de son pays à Istanbul par un commando d’agents venus d’Arabie saoudite. Son corps, démembré sur place, n’a jamais été retrouvé.

La Maison Blanche a annoncé que des « mesures » seraient dévoilées dans la foulée, sans plus de précisions. « Il s’agit d’un crime, comme je l’ai déjà dit, qui a choqué les consciences. Nous serons en mesure, bientôt, de parler de mesures pour que les responsables rendent des comptes. ».


Un tournant de la politique américaine ?

L’ex-président républicain n’avait jamais voulu blâmer publiquement Mohammed ben Salmane, pour préserver l’alliance avec Ryad, pilier de sa stratégie anti-Iran, premier exportateur mondial de pétrole brut et gros acheteur d’armes américaines. Le gouvernement de Joe Biden a fait savoir que le rapport du renseignement américain potentiellement explosif sur Jamal Khashoggi, serait bientôt dévoilé .

S'agit-il avec le nouveau président d'un tournant de la politique américaine vis-à-vis de l'Arabie Saoudite ? Le président Biden n' avait-il pas jugé avant son élection en novembre que le royaume du Golfe devait être traité comme un Etat « paria » pour cette affaire ?

Certes le gouvernement américain a d’ores et déjà prévenu que Joe Biden entendait « recalibrer » sa relation avec Riyad. Dorénavant le président démocrate ne s'adressera plus qu’au roi Salman et non au prince héritier, interlocuteur privilégié de Donald Trump. Il a aussi mis fin au soutien américain à la coalition militaire, dirigée par les Saoudiens, qui intervient dans la guerre au Yémen, et il tente également de renouer le dialogue avec l’Iran, grand ennemi régional de l’Arabie saoudite.

Mais si jeudi Joe Biden ,dans son premier appel téléphonique au roi Salman, a mis l’accent sur « les droits humains universels » et « l’Etat de droit », il a aussi adressé un satisfecit au monarque pour la récente libération de «  plusieurs militants américano-saoudiens et de Mme Loujain al-Hathloul », une militante féministe. Et il a évoqué « l’engagement des Etats-Unis à aider l’Arabie saoudite à défendre son territoire face aux attaques de groupes pro-Iran », selon la présidence américaine.Les Etats-Unis ont d'ailleurs bombardé, jeudi 25 février, des infrastructures utilisées par des milices pro-iraniennes dans le nord-est syrien, faisant au moins 17 victimes parmi les combattants pro-Iran. Il s'agit de la première opération militaire de l'administration de Joe Biden. Il s'est également, selon l’agence de presse officielle saoudienne, engagé à ce que Téhéran ne soit « jamais autorisé à posséder l’arme nucléaire ».


Joe Biden n' a pas manqué de rappeler le « partenariat de longue date » et « historique » entre les deux pays alliés, a déclaré la Maison Blanche dans un communiqué. « Le président a dit au roi Salmane qu’il œuvrerait pour rendre les relations bilatérales aussi fortes et transparentes que possible », a ajouté la Maison Blanche.

Alors qu’elle laisse planer la menace de nouvelles mesures punitives suite à l'affaire Khashoggi , l’administration Biden n’a pas pour l’instant confirmé qu’elle était prête à aller jusqu’à sanctionner le princehéritier MBS.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE NOUVEL AN CHINOIS

La Chine et une grande partie de l'Asie fêtent le Nouvel An .

Ce vendredi 12 février 2021 marque le Nouvel an lunaire et l’entrée dans l’année du bœuf de métal ou du buffle.

L’animal, dans le zodiac chinois, symbolise l’énergie retrouvée et le retour au travail.

À Pékin, beaucoup espèrent que cela permettra d’oublier l’année du rat et la pandémie de Covid-19.

Chasser la pandémie, oublier l’année horrible qui vient de s’écouler :

beaucoup le répètent.

Mais en raison des restrictions sanitaires, beaucoup de Chinois renoncent aux retrouvailles familiales et aux vacances de printemps.

Selon l’agence Bloomberg, 85 % des employés du Sud resteront travailler dans l’atelier du monde.

Si l’année du bœuf, est l’année tremplin avant de sortir de la crise sanitaire, elle est aussi l’année de l’effort, du travail retrouvé.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
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300 MILLIONS DE DOLLARS DE CRYPTMONNAIES DEROBES PAR LA COREE DU NORD

La Corée du Nord a dérobé au cours des derniers mois plus de 300 millions de dollars de cryptomonnaies via des attaques informatiques, selon un rapport confidentiel de l’ONU. Cet argent est destiné à financer ses programmes nucléaires et balistiques interdits.Le document, rédigé par un groupe d’experts chargé de contrôler l’application des sanctions prises contre Pyongyang, estime qu’«au total le vol de biens virtuels commis par le pays entre 2019 et novembre 2020 s’élève à environ 316,4 millions de dollars», d’après un Etat membre des Nations unies.

Des institutions financières et des bourses ont été piratées afin de financer le développement des programmes nucléaire et balistique nord-coréens, selon ce rapport . Une large majorité des recettes provenait de deux détournements commis à la fin 2020.

La Corée du Nord a déployé des milliers de pirates informatiques aguerris qui visent des entreprises et des institutions en Corée du Sud et ailleurs dans le monde. Leur objectif est également de trouver des sources de revenus face aux multiples sanctions auxquelles le pays est soumis en raison de ses programmes d’armement.

Négociations au point mort

Les négociations entre Pyongyang et Washington sont au point mort depuis l’échec du sommet de Hanoï en 2019. Une des raisons de cette impasse a été l’absence de consensus sur les concessions que le Nord devrait faire en change d’une levée des sanctions internationales pesant sur elle.

Le dirigeant nord-coréen Kim Jong-un a depuis montré, notamment lors de parades militaires en octobre et janvier, de nouveaux modèles de missiles et fait part de sa volonté de renforcer l’arsenal nucléaire du pays.

Les capacités en matière de piratage de Pyongyang avaient été mises en lumière en 2014, lorsque le Nord avait été accusé d’avoir attaqué Sony Pictures Entertainment pour se venger du film «The Interview», une satire tournant en dérision Kim Jong-un.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COVID-19 LES RESULTATS TOUBLANTS

 DE L'ENQUETE DE L'OMS A WUHAN

Chargée d’enquêter dans la ville chinoise de Wuhan sur l’origine de la pandémie qui a fait plus de 2,3 millions de morts dans le monde depuis plus d'un an, l’équipe internationale d’experts chinois et de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) envoyée sur place durant quatre semaines, a rendu ses conclusions lors d'une conférence de presse mardi 9 février. On fait le point.

Une équipe d'experts de l'OMS, dépêchée à Wuhan, en Chine, considérée comme le berceau de l'épidémie de coronavirus dans le monde, a enquêté pendant deux semaines sur le terrain. Au préalable, ils ont observé une quarantaine de deux semaines dans un hôtel de Wuhan à leur arrivée dans la ville avant de mener leurs investigations aux côtés d'experts chinois.

Ils ont livré, ce mardi 9 février, leurs premières conclusions.

Tout d'abord , souvent évoquée dans la presse, l’hypothèse de la fuite du coronavirus d’un laboratoire de Wuhan a été balayée comme étant « hautement improbable », selon le chef de la délégation de l’OMS à Wuhan. Cette ville abrite en effet un important institut de virologie impliqué dans les recherches sur la pandémie.

Si les experts ne sont pas parvenu encore à identifier l'origine de la pandémie, ils privilégient cependant la transmission du virus par un animal. .Premier constat dressé par les experts, seul un virus hautement adaptable peut être capable de provoquer une pandémie mondiale . « Cela implique qu’il s’est d’abord familiarisé au contact humain en circulant probablement parmi les animaux », a expliqué le professeur Liang Wannian, le chef du panel d'experts Covid-19 à la Commission nationale de santé chinoise.

À ce stade, les études ne permettent pas pour l’instant de confirmer quel animal pourrait avoir transmis le virus à l’homme.que ce soit le pangolin, la chauve-souris incriminée pour le Sras et le Mers-CoV, ou encore le vison... Pour l’instant, l’animal à l’origine du coronavirus « n’a pas encore été identifié ».

En outre les expert sont arrivés à la conclusion que le virus pourrait avoir circulé dans d’autres régions avant que les premiers cas n’aient été détectés à Wuhan. Il n’y a pas « assez de preuves […] pour déterminer si le Sars-CoV-2 s’est propagé à Wuhan avant décembre 2019 ».

Tout comme il apparaît que la transmission à l’homme n'a pas eu lieu uniquement sur le marché de Huanan, mais également en même temps sur d’autres marchés de la ville, et dans des lieux autres que les marchés. Le virus s’est donc propagé en même temps ailleurs dans la ville, concluent encore les experts. La Chine avait d'ailleurs avancé l' hypothèse d’une arrivée du virus dans la ville via des aliments congelés et avait affirmé à plusieurs reprises avoir découvert des traces du coronavirus dans de la nourriture importée.

Peter Ben Embarek, chef de l’équipe d’experts de l’OMS, a déclaré qu’une transmission du coronavirus par la chaîne du froid était aussi une possibilité et méritait de plus amples investigations.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

IN BURMA'S EVENTS

AGAINST THE COUP D'ETATE AND MARTIAL LAW

After the military coup of February 1 in Burma which allowed the army to regain power without striking a blow, the Burmese generals seem today in a position of strength.

On Monday, the army chief promised the holding of new legislative elections after the creation of a new electoral commission, and the handing over of power to the winner of the poll. The junta will form a "genuine and disciplined democracy," added Min Aung Hlaing.

He assured that the army did not intend to govern the country as during the many periods of military dictatorship that Burma has known since its independence in 1948.

Accused by the West of having turned a blind eye to the tragedy of the Muslim minority of the Rohingyas, their main political opponent Aung San Suu Kyi - placed under house arrest - lacks tangible means to resist them despite the 83% of votes obtained by his side.

However, everywhere in Burma, civil and peaceful resistance has been at work since the coup. In the economic metropolis Rangoon, but also in other large cities and even in Naypyidaw, the administrative capital, thousands of Burmese chose to demonstrate for the third day in a row in order to protest against the coup. A call for a general strike was launched by the protesters. And this despite the arrests and the cuts of the Internet

The pressure is mounting and the authorities have let it be known via the state-controlled MRTV channel that "action must be taken (...) against offenses which disturb, prevent and destroy state stability and public security" . This is the first warning issued by the authorities since the protests began on Saturday

In Mandalay, Burma's second city, martial law has been declared in several neighborhoods, local authorities said. Demonstrations and gatherings of more than five people are now banned, and a curfew is in place from 8 p.m. to 4 a.m. (local time), the statement said.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

ISRAEL THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT COMPETENT IN THE PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES

The International Criminal Court declared itself competent on Friday for the events in the occupied Palestinian territories. Which could pave the way for a war crimes investigation.

The ICC, located in The Hague (Netherlands), explained in a statement that it "decided by a majority that the territorial jurisdiction of the Court for the situation in Palestine extended to the territories occupied by Israel since 1967".

Fatou Bensouda, the prosecutor of this international tribunal created in 2002 to try the most terrible crimes committed on the planet, had asked her for a legal opinion on this point. And this after having announced in December 2019 wanting to open a full investigation into possible “war crimes” - without naming their perpetrators - in the territories occupied by Israel.

The ICC is taking over from a five-year preliminary investigation following the 2014 war in the Gaza Strip. This former Gambian lawyer, who is due to step down in June, has pushed for the Court to take over a five-year preliminary investigation into the actions carried out during the Israeli operation "Protective Edge" in the summer of 2014 According to the UN, 1,163 Palestinians, including 795 civilians and 230 children, were killed there. At the time, Israel had engaged its troops in Operation Protective Edge to thwart the activities of Hamas, the Islamo-nationalist movement, which controls this small overcrowded territory.

But according to the prosecutor, "the Israeli defense forces intentionally launched disproportionate attacks" on several occasions during the summer of 2014. She also criticized the head of the Israeli government for having declared himself in favor of the annexation of territories in the West Bank. thus violating international law. She believes that investigations should be carried out on the crackdown by the IDF of the Palestinian demonstrations known as the "return march" of March 2018 in Gaza which resulted in more than 200 deaths and thousands of wounded.

However, it does not clear Hamas through customs. There is "a reasonable basis for believing that members of Hamas and Palestinian armed groups committed the war crimes during Operation Protective Edge, including intentionally directing attacks against civilians and civilian property, using of people protected as shields and torture ”.

The Court added that with its decision, it "did not rule on a border dispute under international law or prejudge the question of any future borders" but had "the sole objective of defining its territorial jurisdiction".

Netanyahu stands up against decision, US worried

Following this decision, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Friday called the International Criminal Court a "political body". "Today the tribunal has once again proved that it is a political body and not a judicial institution", commented the head of the Israeli government, considering that, by its decision, the ICC was undermining the "right of democracies to be defend against terrorism ”.

Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammed Shtayyeh hailed him a “victory for justice.” The Palestinian Authority, which is not a state recognized by the international community, joined the ICC in 2015 when Israel refuses to do so. .

The United States, for its part, said it was "seriously concerned about attempts by the ICC to exercise jurisdiction over the Israeli military". "We have always been of the opinion that the jurisdiction of the Court should be reserved for countries which consent to it or which are referred by the Security Council of the United Nations", specifies the State Department. "We will continue to oppose those who seek to unfairly target Israel," tweeted spokesperson Ned Price.

Israel had already strongly condemned the ICC when its prosecutor called for a full investigation. The United States, which is not a party to the statutes of the international body either, had a similar reaction.

Donald Trump's government even took sanctions against Fatou Bensouda in September, who in turn asked Joe Biden to lift them.



Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COUP D 'ETAT EN BIRMANIE ET INCULPATIONS

 DU PRESIDENT ET D'AUNG SAN SUU KYI

Après seulement dix ans de fonctionnement démocratique, l’armée birmane a repris le pouvoir lors d’un coup d’État, lundi 1er février. Aung San Suu Kyi, qui dirigeait le gouvernement, et le président birman ont été arrêtés. .Aung San Suu Kyi a été arrêtée sur ordre de l’état-major de l’armée birmane, la Tatmadaw, lundi 1er février, alors que le nouveau Parlement, issu des législatives de novembre 2020, devait se réunir pour la première fois. Le président birman, Win Myint, et plusieurs hauts représentants du parti au pouvoir ont aussi été interpellés lors d’une opération menée à l’aube dans la capitale Naypyidaw.

Etat d’urgence proclamée par l'armée pour une période d’un an.

Aung San Suu Kyi a été inculpée ce mercredi 3 février 2021 « pour avoir enfreint une loi sur les importations/exportations ». Un tribunal « a ordonné sa détention provisoire » jusqu’au 15 février, selon Kyi Toe, porte-parole de la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (LND). L’ancien président Win Myint est, quant à lui, poursuivi pour avoir violé une loi sur la gestion des catastrophes naturelles, d’après Kyi Toe. Des raids ont été menés dans différents locaux du mouvement et des documents saisis, selon le parti.

De son côté, l’armée qui a pris le pouvoir avec le général Min Aung Hlaing a sa tête, conteste les résultats des élections législatives de novembre, remportées massivement par la LND, et promet de nouvelles élections une fois que l’état d’urgence d’un an sera levé.

Des appels à la désobéissance civile

La LND a appelé sur Facebook à la « libération » immédiate d’Aung San Suu Kyi et de ses autres responsables. Un porte-parole du parti a précisé qu’aucun contact direct n’avait été noué avec Aung San Suu Kyi, même si des voisins l’ont aperçue se promenant dans le jardin de sa résidence officielle entourée de murs.

Pressentant les événements, cette dernière, qui serait pour le moment assignée à résidence dans la capitale Naypyidaw, a exhorté la population à « ne pas accepter » le coup d’État dans une lettre écrite par anticipation.

Après ce putsch condamné par de nombreuses capitales étrangères, les premiers signe résistance émergent. Des médecins et des professionnels de santé, portant des rubans rouges (la couleur de la LND), refusent de travailler, sauf en cas d’urgence médicale. « Nous obéirons uniquement au gouvernement élu démocratiquement », a déclaré Aung San Min, responsable d’un hôpital de 100 lits dans la région de Magway (centre).

Des membres du personnel médical de l’hôpital général de Rangoun se sont réunis devant l’établissement, faisant le salut à trois doigts, un geste de résistance déjà adopté par les militants pro-démocratie à Hong Kong ou en Thaïlande.

Un groupe, « le mouvement de désobéissance civile », a aussi été lancé sur Facebook et comptait mercredi quelque 160 000 abonnés. « Honte à l’armée », « les militaires sont des voleurs », pouvait-on lire. Mardi soir, dans le quartier commerçant de Rangoun, la capitale économique, des habitants ont klaxonné, tapé sur des casseroles, certains scandant : « Vive Mère Suu ! » (Suu Kyi).

Mais la peur des représailles reste vive dans le pays qui a vécu, depuis son indépendance en 1948, sous le joug de la dictature militaire pendant presque 50 ans.

Pression de la communauté internationale

Le secrétaire général des Nations unies, Antonio Guterres, a promis mercredi de mobiliser suffisamment la communauté internationale pour qu’elle fasse pression sur l’armée birmane. « Nous ferons tout notre possible pour mobiliser tous les acteurs majeurs et la communauté internationale afin de mettre suffisamment de pression sur la Birmanie pour nous assurer que ce putsch échoue », a déclaré Antonio Guterres dans un entretien diffusé par le Washington Post.

« Cela est absolument inacceptable après des élections - qui se sont déroulées normalement, je crois - et après une large période de transition » démocratique, a-t-il ajouté.

Un projet de communiqué soumis pour discussion par la Grande-Bretagne aux 15 membres du Conseil de sécurité de l'Onu condamne le coup d’État et appelle l’armée birmane à respecter la règle de droit et les droits humains et à libérer immédiatement les personnes qu’elle a emprisonnées.

D’après des diplomates, il est probable que la formulation du communiqué sera adoucie afin de s’assurer du soutien de la Chine et de la Russie, qui protègent traditionnellement la Birmanie devant le Conseil de sécurité, alors qu’un consensus est nécessaire pour la publication de communiqués de ce type.

Antonio Guterres a déclaré qu’Aung San Suu Kyi pouvait, tout au plus, être accusée d’avoir été « trop proche de l’armée birmane, d’avoir trop protégé l’armée, notamment par rapport à ce qui s’est passé avec l’offensive dramatique de l’armée contre les Rohingya ».

Facebook perturbé

Facebook a indiqué jeudi 4 février que l’accès à ses services était « interrompu pour certaines personnes » et a appelé les autorités à rétablir les connexions. Le réseau social est le principal moyen de communication en Birmanie, que ça soit pour les familles mais aussi pour les ministères qui l’utilisent pour la publication de leurs communiqués.

NetBlocks, une organisation non gouvernementale qui surveille les coupures d’internet dans le monde, a déclaré que des fournisseurs en Birmanie bloquaient ou restreignaient l’accès à Facebook, Instagram et WhatsApp. « Les services de Facebook sont actuellement restreints par de nombreux fournisseurs internet en Birmanie, les opérateurs se conformant avec un ordre apparent de blocage », a écrit NetBlocks sur Twitter.

Selon l’ONG, c’est le fournisseur d’accès internet MPT, propriété de l’État, qui a pris les mesures de blocage les plus étendues.




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS DES FAMILLES DE VICTIMES BAILLONNEES PAR LES AUTORITES CHINOISES FACE AUX ENQUETEURS DE L'OMS ?

Les dix enquêteurs internationaux de l’OMS sont sortis de leur quarantaine en Chine pour entamer leurs investigations sur le terrain sur l’origine de la pandémie de Covid-19. Ils étaient arrivés le 14 janvier à Wuhan, où les autorités chinoises leur ont imposé une quarantaine.

Mission sensible des enquêteurs de l’OMS en Chine

Cette visite est ultrasensible pour le régime chinois, soucieux d’écarter toute responsabilité dans l’épidémie qui a fait plus de 2,1 millions de morts dans le monde alors qu’elle est pratiquement éradiquée en Chine. Pékin s’efforce en effet de convaincre que l’épidémie n’est pas apparue sur son sol et aurait pu être importée .

La désignation des dix experts-enquêteurs avait déjà été au centre d’intenses tractations entre Pékin et l’OMS. La Chine avait déjà obtenu de coopter les scientifiques en question et de restreindre leur marge de manœuvre. En particulier, les termes de l’accord conclu entre la Chine et l’organisation onusienne stipulent que leur enquête

«s’appuiera (…) sur les informations existantes et viendra compléter, plutôt que dupliquer, les efforts en cours ou existants ». Les enquêteurs de l’OMS devront donc se fonder, au moins en partie, sur des travaux déjà conduits sous l’égide de Pékin, sans être habilités à reproduire eux-mêmes certaines analyses. Cependant, des membres de la mission cités dans la presse scientifique ont déclaré que toutes les hypothèses seraient étudiées.

Pots-de-vin ou intimidation des familles de victimes

Mais des proches de victimes accusent le régime communiste de tenter de les dissuader d’approcher les experts internationaux. Ces familles se sont rassemblées l’an dernier pour réclamer des sanctions pour les responsables locaux qui ont minimisé l’épidémie il y a un an, allant jusqu’à réprimander les tout premiers lanceurs d’alerte. Plusieurs d’entre elles ont même tenté de saisir la justice mais affirment que leurs plaintes ont été d’emblée jugées irrecevables.

Depuis l’arrivée des experts de l’OMS, la pression des autorités s’est accrue, affirment-elles. Alors que près d’une centaine de parents de victimes échangeaient sur la messagerie WeChat, très populaire en Chine, leur groupe de discussion a été brutalement bloqué il y a une dizaine de jours, rapporte Zhang Hai, l’un des animateurs du mouvement.« Quand l'OMS est arrivée à Wuhan, (le groupe) a été démantelé de force. Résultat, nous avons perdu le contact avec de nombreux membres », déplore-t-il. Comme d'autres réseaux sociaux en Chine, WeChat, géré par le géant de l'internet Tencent, bloque régulièrement les contenus jugés sensibles par le pouvoir. « Cela montre que [les autorités] sont très nerveuses. Elles redoutent que ces familles entrent en contact avec les experts de l’OMS. »

L'épidémie a officiellement tué 3.900 personnes à Wuhan, soit la grande majorité des morts enregistrés en Chine (4.636 décès). Le pays est parvenu à enrayer largement la pandémie dès le printemps, même si des cas limités ont éclaté ces dernières semaines dans certaines régions. Avec moins de 90.000 malades selon les chiffres officiels, la Chine reste très loin des bilans enregistrés dans le reste du monde, avec désormais plus de 100 millions de personnes contaminées.

Beaucoup de proches de victimes disent douter de ces chiffres officiels, affirmant que nombre d’entre elles ont succombé avant de pouvoir être formellement identifiées comme malades du coronavirus. Une retraitée, qui pense que sa fille a été tuée par le virus en janvier 2020, a raconté avoir été convoquée la semaine dernière par les autorités qui lui ont intimé l’ordre de ne « pas parler aux médias ni de se laisser manipuler ». « Après ça, elles sont venues chez moi hier, m’ont chanté la même chanson et donné 5.000 yuans (640 euros) au titre de condoléances », a-t-elle témoigné.

Zhang Hai appelle les experts de l’OMS à avoir « le courage » de rencontrer les familles, disant redouter que ces derniers se laissent embobiner par les autorités ou soient bloqués dans leur enquête. Selon lui, le témoignage des familles sur l’explosion du virus à Wuhan pourrait utilement éclairer les enquêteurs internationaux, au moment où Pékin cherche à évacuer toute responsabilité.

Une enquête internationale « claire et poussée » exigée par Washington

Mercredi, les Etats-Unis ont exigé une enquête internationale « claire et poussée ». « Il est impératif que nous allions au fond des choses dans l’apparition de la pandémie en Chine », a ainsi affirmé la porte-parole de la Maison Blanche, Jen Psaki. Washington va « évaluer la crédibilité du rapport d’enquête une fois terminé » et puiser dans « les informations rassemblées et analysées par le renseignement » américain sur le sujet, a prévenu Mme Psaki.

Pékin a mal pris cet avertissement, la diplomatie chinoise rejetant, jeudi, des « a priori négatifs » et des «ingérences politiques» risquant de mettre en danger « la recherche de résultats scientifiques sérieux».




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS CONCERNING STUDY

ON THE SOUTH AFRICAN VARIANT

According to a published preliminary study published in the South African variant of the coronavirus poses a "significant risk" of reinfection.

Scientists are also concerned about its impact on the effectiveness of vaccines.

This variant called 501Y.V2, detected in South Africa last December, contains the E484K mutation.

Some laboratory tests have already shown that it can decrease the recognition of the virus by antibodies, and therefore its neutralization.

This variant "is largely resistant to neutralizing antibodies caused in response to infection by previously circulating strains", explain the researchers while their study has not yet been evaluated by other scientists.

According to them, "most individuals infected with previous strains of Sars-Cov-2 will have a minimal or non-detectable neutralizing response against 501Y.V2"

Two other preliminary studies conclude, for their part, that the antibodies of coronavirus patients are rather effective against the English variant.

These data remain fragile for the moment and require further confirmation.



Larry Rick for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DISPARITION D 'HOMMES D'AFFAIRES CHINOIS

DONT JACK MA , FONDATEUR D'ALIBABA

Dans le monde des affaires en Chine, plusieurs millionnaires subissent actuellement les foudres du pouvoir communiste qui serre la vis au secteur de la finance devenue au yeux du président Xi Jinping trop puissant. Ainsi Lai Xiaomin, ancien patron du conglomérat financier China Huarong , a été condamné à mort, mardi 5 janvier 2021 , pour « corruption et bigamie », a annoncé la justice chinoise.

Il a notamment été reconnu coupable de corruption, pour avoir obtenu 215 millions d'euros de pots-de-vin et tenté d'en obtenir 13 millions supplémentaires et condamné à mort. Lai Xiaomin, ancien patron du conglomérat financier China Huarong, avait auparavant travaillé à la Banque centrale et pour le gendarme des banques.

Depuis l'arrivée au pouvoir de Xi Jinping, un seul haut responsable chinois a été condamné à mort, en 2016 pour une affaire de meurtre.

D'autres ont aussi été condamnés à la peine capitale, mais avec sursis. Le jugement survient au moment où le pouvoir communiste serre la vis au secteur de la finance.

Le fondateur d'Alibaba , Jack Ma est, quant à lui, invisible depuis deux mois et son clash fracassant avec les autorités chinoises.Interrogations et spéculations se multiplient autour du récent destin du milliardaire chinois, qui n'a pas été vu en public depuis plus de deux mois, comme le rapporte Yahoo Finance dimanche 3 janvier 2021.

Son absence, en novembre, de l'épisode final d'«Africa's Business Heroes», un show de télé-réalité dont il est le créateur et dans lequel il était juge, n'est pas passée inaperçue. Il y a été remplacé au pied levé par un cadre d'Alibaba et, selon le NY Mag, sa photo a été retirée du site officiel du programme.en novembre dans un spectacle télévisé qu'il a fondé. Un autre cadre d'Alibaba l'a remplacé, et le site web de l'émission a retiré sa photo, rapporte The Telegraph.

Il y a un peu moins de deux mois, Pékin avait annulé à la dernière minute, à la stupeur générale, l’introduction en Bourse l’introduction en bourse d’Ant Group, filiale d’Alibaba. La décision avait été prise quelques jours après que Jack Ma, a critiqué l’action des régulateurs financiers lors d'une conférence à Shanghai fin octobre, les qualifiant de « club de vieux » mal adapté pour superviser l'innovation technologique chinoise. C'en était trop, beaucoup trop pour Xi Jinping. Le président chinois décidait dans la foulée de taper du poing sur la table, intervenant lui-même pour mettre fin à l'IPO d'Ant Group et, plus largement, entamer la reprise en main d'un secteur chinois de la tech devenu trop puissant. De plus Jack Ma a été convoqué par les autorités et il n’a pas été revu en public.

En quelques jours, l'empire de Jack Ma commençait à se déliter. Le pouvoir central chinois soumettait Alibaba à une enquête sur d'éventuelles pratiques anticoncurrentielles puis exigeait d'Ant Group la révision profonde d'un business model un peu trop libre à son goût.

Depuis plusieurs mois d'ailleurs on reproche à cet homme d'affaire, longtemps populaire, sa cupidité, son arrogance, l’exploitation de ses salariés. Longtemps appelé « Daddy Ma » Ma a été récemment déclassé au rang de « fils », voire de « petit-fils ».« Un milliardaire populaire comme Jack Ma sera certainement pendu au sommet du lampadaire » scande un message populaire sur les réseaux sociaux chinois, repris par le New York Times, en allusion à la célèbre exclamation « à la lanterne » lors des pendaisons sous la Révolution française.Sur les réseaux sociaux chinois, l’homme d’affaires se fait traiter de « capitaliste malfaisant » ou encore de « fantôme suceur de sang » .

L' absence et la campagne de dénigrement de Jack Ma rappelle celle d'autres hommes d'affaires chinois qui ont disparu après s'être battus avec les régulateurs. Ainsi Xiao Jianhua, un gestionnaire d'actifs, a été enlevé dans un hôtel de Hong Kong en janvier 2017, rapporte Reuters. Il a disparu en garde à vue, et le pays a ensuite saisi des parties de sa société, Tomorrow Group, rapportait le New York Times en juillet. Les régulateurs ont accusé Xiao Jianhua et d'autres magnats d'éloigner les investisseurs potentiels des marchés boursiers chinois, explique le Guardian. Le pouvoir central semble vouloir reprendre les choses en main en affaiblissant les conglomérats suffisamment puissants pour concurrencer le régime et surtout déstabiliser l'économie. Et la réussite financière n'autorise pas toutes les libertés.En mars 2020, le magnat de l'immobilier Ren Zhiqiang disparaissait lui aussi des radars, après avoir critiqué la gestion de la crise du coronavirus par le Parti communiste chinois et décrit Xi Jinping comme un «clown mis à nu mais désirant toujours être empereur».

Il n'est réapparu qu'en septembre, devant un tribunal: accusé de divers faits de corruption, il a écopé d'une peine de dix-huit ans de prison.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

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CORONAVIRUS : QUEL VACCIN POUR QUEL PAYS ?

Les campagnes de vaccination contre le Covid-19 ont débuté dans une cinquantaine de pays dans l’espoir d’enrayer enfin la pandémie un an à peine après la première alerte lancée par les autorités chinoises auprès de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé. Dans la course aux vaccins quatre fabricants sont particulièrement en avance : l'américain Pfizer/BioNTech, Moderna, l’alliance britannique AstraZeneca-Université d’Oxford et l’institut d’Etat russe Gamaleya.

Pfizer-BioNTech

L’alliance américano-allemande Pfizer-BioNTech est de loin la plus en avance dans le monde. Le Royaume-Uni a été le premier pays à autoriser le vaccin à l’ARN messager- molécule qui dicte à nos cellules ce qu’il faut fabriquer pour lutter contre le coronavirus- et a débuté sa campagne de vaccination dès le 8 décembre 2020. Le Canada et les Etats-Unis ont ensuite suivi le mouvement le 14 décembre. La Suisse, la Serbie, Mexique, le Costa Rica, le Chili, Dubaï, le Bahreïn, Israël, le Qatar, le Koweït, Oman ont aussi opté pour ce vaccin dans un premier temps. La France l’a approuvé le 24 décembre. Tous les pays n'optent pas pour les mêmes procédures à propos de la vaccination contre le Covid-19 : alors que les autorités britanniques ont récemment changé leur stratégie vaccinale pour injecter une seule dose du vaccin Pfizer/BioNTech et ainsi protéger plus de monde, la France choisit de faire injecter deux doses, pour plus d'efficacité. Cela permet une efficacité à 95% du vaccin, contre 70% si une seule dose est reçue, selon les laboratoires. Les doses ont la particularité de devoir être conservées à -70°C, ce qui rend la logistique délicate et onéreuse.

L’UE a donné son feu vert à la toute fin 2020, comme la Norvège et l’Islande. Une nouvelle unité de fabrication va d’ailleurs entrer en production plus tôt que prévu en Europe, à Marburg (Allemagne), pour fournir 250 millions de doses supplémentaires durant le premier semestre 2021. La Jordanie, Singapour et l’Argentine ont également approuvé le vaccin Pfizer-BioNTech.

Moderna

L’américain Moderna avait été l’un des premiers laboratoires à annoncer une efficacité de 94,1% pour son vaccin. Les Etats-Unis et le Canada ont été les deux premiers pays à l’avoir autorisé. L’UE pourrait enfin donner son feu vert mercredi. Tout comme Pfizer, il utilise La jeune société de biotechnologie américaine dirigée par le Français Stéphane Bancel a vu sa valeur boursière s’envoler grâce à la mise au point de son vaccin de pointe contre le Covid-19.

AstraZeneca-Oxford

Le vaccin de l’alliance britannique AstraZeneca-Université d’Oxford est efficace en moyenne à 70%. Le Royaume-Uni a été le premier pays à approuver ce vaccin le 30 décembre et l’injectera à sa population dès lundi 4 janvier 2021. L’Inde, deuxième pays le plus peuplé au monde, l’a approuvé pour une utilisation d’urgence au premier jour de 2021.

L’Union européenne par contre tarde à donner son autorisation, l’Agence européenne des médicaments (EMA) ayant demandé à l’entreprise «des informations scientifiques supplémentaires sur les questions liées à la qualité, à la sécurité et à l’efficacité du vaccin», explique-t-elle dans un communiqué. L’agence se dit bien «consciente» que le MHRA, le régulateur britannique, a approuvé le vaccin «dans le cadre d’une utilisation d’urgence, qui est distincte d’une autorisation de mise sur le marché» dans l’UE, plus exigeante.

Spoutnik V

La Russie a commencé à vacciner sa population le 5 décembre avec le Spoutnik V, mis au point par son Centre national d’épidémiologie Gamaleya. Il s’administre par voie intramusculaire en une seule dose et son taux d’efficacité serait de 91,4%. Le pays s’est d’abord concentré sur la vaccination des travailleurs à risques et les professions jugées «prioritaires». C’est désormais au tour des plus de 60 ans. Ce vaccin a dernièrement été approuvé au Belarus et en Argentine, qui ont débuté leur campagne de vaccination. L’Algérie prévoit de leur emboîter le pas en janvier. Cependant, le vaccin est encore dans sa troisième et dernière phase d’essais cliniques.

Les vaccins chinois

La Chine, berceau de la pandémie, a approuvé «sous conditions» le 31 décembre la mise sur le marché d’un premier vaccin anti-Covid, développé par Sinopharm avec l’Institut des produits biologiques de Pékin. Il est efficace à plus de 79% selon le groupe pharmaceutique.

Dès cet été, alors qu’aucun vaccin n’était encore formellement autorisé , le pays a commencé les vaccinations. Près de 5 millions de personnes à risque se sont déjà vu administrer différentes doses. Les Emirats arabes unis utilisent également depuis le 14 décembre ce vaccin.

Un autre vaccin chinois, CoronaVac, du laboratoire chinois Sinovac Biotech, attend son homologation. Plusieurs pays dont l’Ukraine l'ont commandé.




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld


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VACCINATION ANTI- COVID:

LA FRANCE EST-ELLE A LA TRAINE ?

En France la campagne de vaccination anti-Covid lancée dimanche 27 décembre 2020 avance bien plus lentement que dans d'autres pays.Pour cette première semaine, elle ne doit se déployer que dans 23 établissements accueillant des personnes âgées. Ce choix de stratégie est complètement assumé par le gouvernement qui rappelle que la vaccination est basée sur le consentement, notamment en raison du scepticisme des Français face au vaccin.Une étude BVA publiée dans le JDD montre en effet que seuls 44% des Français ont l’intention de se faire vacciner, l’une des proportions les plus basses parmi 32 pays étudiés.

Un sondage Ipsos Global Advisor publié mardi octroie même à la France la place de « championne du monde » des pays réfractaires, devant la Russie et l’Afrique du Sud.« Notre démarrage est beaucoup plus lent mais notre approche est en phase avec la réalité des doutes des Français », explique le ministère, « la santé publique, ce n'est pas que du médical, c'est aussi du sociétal », ajoute-t-on. L'objectif hexagonal est cependant de vacciner 15 millions de Français d'ici l'été 2021 .

Le généticien Axel Kahn regrette pour sa part que le gouvernement n’adopte pas une stratégie plus offensive pour persuader les Français de la nécessité de se faire vacciner contre le Covid-19. La stratégie prudente du gouvernement « n’est pas adaptée à une situation qui est très périlleuse », souligne le président de la Ligue nationale contre le cancer.

Les autres pays

Certains pays ont adoptéune campagne de vaccination à marche forcée. Selon le site Our World in Data qui compile les données mondiales relatives à la vaccination, on compte déjà 4,68 millions de vaccinés contre le Covid-19 dans le monde.

Parmi ceux-ci, 2,13 millions (d'après des chiffres datés de lundi) vivent aux Etats-Unis, qui ont commencé leur campagne de vaccination depuis le 14 décembre.

Selon les derniers chiffres communiqués par Pékin, remontant déjà au 19 décembre, la Chine a vacciné quant à elle un million de personnes. La particularité chinoise est d'avoir vacciné à titre expérimental tandis que ses vaccins, élaborés par les groupes Sinopharm et Sinovac n'étaient qu'en phase 3 des essais cliniques. Ceux-ci touchent cependant à leur fin: Sinopharm a annoncé ce mercredi que sa solution était efficace à 79%.

Au Royaume-Uni, où l'épidémie frappe durement (encore 53.000 nouveaux cas environ entre lundi et mardi), modulée dans une nouvelle variante du virus, on avait déjà vacciné 800.000 personnes au moment du réveillon de Noël. La saison de la vaccination s'y était ouverte le 8 décembre. De plus, l'Agence britannique du médicament a autorisé, ce mercredi 30 décembre 2020, la mise sur le marché d'un second vaccin: celui élaboré par les équipes de l'université d'Oxford pour le compte du groupe AstraZeneca.

En Israël aussi, l'heure est à la vaccination de masse et ce, depuis le 19 décembre dernier. 491.600 personnes avaient subi la piqûre au 28 décembre, dans ce pays qui entre dans une nouvelle phase de confinement national (la troisième) .À Tel Aviv, les autorités comptent avoir immunisé un quart des 11 millions d’habitants fin février, à raison de 15 000 vaccinations par jour.

On observe ensuite un décrochage: le Canada s'en tient à 58.818 vaccinés deux semaines après le début de la campagne, et le Bahreïn, qui vaccine depuis le 17 décembre, à 56.041. En Russie, 52.000 habitants étaient vaccinés au 22 décembre.

Le pays a entamé la distribution de son vaccin Sputnik V dès le 5 décembre. L'Allemagne a elle aussi commencé à vacciner ses patients dimanche, comme la France et comme le reste de l'Union européenne.  On y recensait déjà 41.962 vaccinés lundi.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
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DE L'ADULATION A LA DISCRACE DU FONDATEUR D'ALIBABA JACK MA OU COMMENT LA CHINE REPREND EN MAIN SES GEANTS DU NUMERIQUE

Fondateur d’Alibaba, Jack Ma a longtemps incarné la réussite d’une Chine ouverte sur le monde et à la pointe de la technologie et suscité l'adulation. Homme d’affaires, acteur, chanteur, artiste , Jack Ma s’est même hissé au rang de célébrité.

Il a ainsi joué le rôle d’un maître de kung-fu invaincu dans un court métrage aux côtés de grandes stars du cinéma chinois. Il s’est également essayé à la musique en chantant avec Faye Wong, une figure emblématique de la pop chinoise.

Par ailleurs, Jack Ma a participé à la création d’une œuvre d’art avec l’artiste mondialement connu Zeng Fanzhi. Leur tableau a été vendu par Sotheby’s pour 5,4 millions de dollars.

Mais depuis plusieurs mois on lui reproche sa cupidité, son arrogance, l’exploitation de ses salariés Longtemps appelé « Daddy Ma » Ma a été récemment déclassé au rang de « fils », voire de « petit-fils ».

Sur les réseaux sociaux chinois, l’homme d’affaires se fait traiter de « capitaliste malfaisant » ou encore de « fantôme suceur de sang » .

« Un milliardaire populaire comme Jack Ma sera certainement pendu au sommet du lampadaire » scande un message populaire sur les réseaux sociaux chinois, repris par le New York Times, en allusion à la célèbre exclamation « à la lanterne » lors des pendaisons sous la Révolution française.

Il y a un peu moins de deux mois, Pékin avait annulé à la dernière minute, à la stupeur générale, l’introduction en Bourse l’introduction en bourse d’Ant Group, filiale d’Alibaba. La décision avait été prise quelques jours après que Jack Ma, a critiqué l’action des régulateurs financiers. Cette entrée en Bourse s’annonçait comme un record avec une levée de 37 milliards de dollars (30 milliards d’euros).Ce fiasco aurait coûté à Jack Ma son titre de première fortune de Chine, malgré un matelas tout de même évalué à 58 milliards de dollars. De plus Jack Ma a été convoqué par les autorités et il n’a pas été revu en public.

Le spécialiste du paiement en ligne Ant a de plus reçu dimanche 27 décembre 2020 l’ordre de mettre sur pied un plan pour satisfaire à une longue liste d’exigences réglementaires et stopper certaines activité illégales, a indiqué Pan Gongsheng, vice-gouverneur de la Banque populaire de Chine. Le reproche fait à Ant Group est son activité de prêts en ligne alors que la dette chinoise dépasse les 300% du PIB et celle des ménages atteint les 60% du PIB.« Compte tenu de ce qui s’est passé, Ant devra éventuellement être contrôlée, voire détenue en majorité par l’État », prévient Zhiwu Chen, économiste à l’école de commerce de l’Université de Hong Kong.

Le 24 décembre 2020, c’est l’entreprise phare du groupe, Alibaba, qui a été visée par une enquête antitrust. Par ailleurs, le service de paiement Alipay figure également dans le viseur du gouvernement chinois.

Le Parti communiste chinois , lors d’une réunion sur l’orientation de la politique économique du pays, a en effet émis comme ligne directrice le renforcement des règles antitrust pour empêcher « l’expansion désordonnée des capitaux ».

C'est que pour le président chinois, comme c’est le cas aux États-Unis, la puissance de ces entreprises incarne une menace pour le gouvernement. Pour cause, Ant Group et son rival Tencent contrôlent davantage de données personnelles que les géants américains, comme Google ou Facebook. Leur taille et leur influence sont aujourd’hui perçues par le Parti communiste comme une menace.

Au-delà du cas personnel de Jack Ma, le pouvoir central semble vouloir reprendre les choses en main en affaiblissant les conglomérats suffisamment puissants pour concurrencer le régime et surtout déstabiliser l'économie.




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

IL FAUT « NOUS PREPARER A PIRE » QUE LE COVID-19, PREVIENT L'OMS

Lundi, l’Organisation mondiale de la santé a tiré la « sonnette d’alarme », prévenant que des virus pires que celui qui nous touche actuellement sont susceptibles de se répandre à l’échelle planétaire dans l’avenir.

L’Organisation mondiale de la santé a prévenu lundi que malgré la sévérité de la pandémie de Covid-19, qui a tué plus de 1,7 million de personnes et en a infecté des dizaines de millions d’autres en un an, il était urgent de se préparer « à pire ».

« C’est une sonnette d’alarme », a prévenu Michael Ryan, le responsable de l’OMS en charge des situations d’urgence lors de la dernière conférence de presse de l’année de l’organisation, qui est en première ligne dans le combat contre la pire pandémie depuis 100 ans.

« Cette pandémie a été très sévère. Elle s’est répandue à travers le monde très rapidement et elle a touché chaque recoin de la planète, mais ce n’est pas nécessairement la pire », a mis en garde le médecin, qui dans sa carrière a eu à affronter sur le terrain des agents pathogènes parmi les plus mortels.Tout en reconnaissant que le virus « se transmet très facilement et tue des gens (…) son taux de mortalité est relativement bas par rapport à d’autres maladies émergentes », il nous faut « nous préparer à l’avenir à quelque chose qui sera peut-être encore pire », a martelé le docteur Ryan.

Son collègue et conseiller auprès de l’OMS, Bruce Aylward, a enfoncé le clou, en estimant que malgré les exploits scientifiques réalisés dans la lutte contre le Covid-19, y compris la création de vaccins efficaces en un temps record, le monde était loin d’être préparé à combattre des futures pandémies

« Nous sommes dans la deuxième et troisième vague de ce virus et nous ne sommes toujours pas prêts et capables de les gérer », a-t-il lancé lors de la conférence de presse.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

REVENDICATION DE BOKO HARAM POUR L'ENLEVEMENT DE 330 LYCEENS AU NIGERIA

Abubakar Shekau, leader du groupe djihadiste de Boko Haram, a revendiqué l’enlèvement de centaines de lycéens dans le nord-ouest du Nigeria dans un message vocal de propagande, diffusé ce mardi 15 décembre.

Les faits remontent au week-end dernier.

Plus d’une centaine d’hommes armés à moto ont attaqué dans la nuit de vendredi à samedi un lycée situé dans la ville de Kankara dans l’État de Katsina, dans le nord-ouest du Nigéria.

Des centaines d’adolescents ont fui dans la brousse pour s’y cacher. Au moins 333 adolescents sont toujours portés disparus depuis l’attaque, survenue à des centaines de kilomètres du territoire de Boko Haram, qui opère habituellement dans le nord-est du pays, autour du lac Tchad.

C’est pourtant Boko Haram qui a revendiqué l’enlèvement des lycéens, par la voix de son leader.

« Je suis Abubakar Shekau et nos frères sont derrière l’enlèvement à Katsina », annonce, dans un message vocal de propagande, le chef de file, qui avait déjà été responsable de l’enlèvement de 276 lycéennes à Chibok en 2014, déclenchant une vague d’indignation mondiale.

Le président ordonne le renforcement de la sécurité dans toutes les écoles

Ce kidnapping avait été initialement attribué à des groupes armés, appelés « bandits » qui terrorisent les populations dans cette région instable ou les enlèvements contre rançons sont devenus monnaie courante. Cette revendication par Boko Haram marque un tournant extrêmement important dans la propagation de l’influence des groupes djihadistes dans le nord-ouest du Nigeria.

Le président Muhammadu Buhari a condamné l’attaque et ordonné le renforcement de la sécurité dans toutes les écoles. Dans l’État de Katsina, les établissements scolaires ont fermé. L’armée a affirmé, lundi, avoir localisé « le repaire des bandits », ajoutant qu’une opération militaire était en cours.

La situation sécuritaire s’est largement détériorée dans le nord du Nigeria depuis l’élection de Muhammadu Buhari en 2015, qui avait pourtant fait de la lutte contre Boko Haram la priorité de son mandat.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

L'AGRESSIVITE GUERRIERE D'ERDOGAN

 EN AZERBAIDJAN CONTRE L'ARMENIE

Dans le conflit entre l'Arménie et l'Azerbaïdjan , Erdogan souhaite « continuer la lutte ».

Le président turc, qui était en visite à Bakou en Azerbaïdjan afin de « célébrer » la victoire du pays dans le Nagorny Karabakh, s’est montré offensif. Si le conflit dans le Nagorny Karabakh a été remporté par l’Azerbaïdjan, allié turc, la situation de la République autoproclamée n’en est pas pour autant réglée. D’importants territoires militaires ont été cédés, mais surtout, le statut de la République est en suspend malgré le cessez-le-feu négocié.

En visite à Bakou, la capitale azérie, le président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan est venu apporter son soutien à son allié en l'enjoignant de continuer la « lutte ». « Le fait que l’Azerbaïdjan a sauvé ses terres de l’occupation ne signifie pas que la lutte est terminée. La lutte dans les sphères politiques et militaires va se poursuivre désormais sur de nombreux autres fronts », a martelé Erdogan lors d’une parade militaire.

Erdogan a aussi appelé les dirigeants arméniens à « revenir à la maison » tout en tenant un discours belliqueux et d’assurer que l’Azerbaïdjan continuera ses reconquêtes qui seront « le début d’une nouvelle ère ».

Selon le président turc, l’Arménie s’est livrée à des « crimes de guerre au Nagorny Karabakh » et se serait adonnée à des « massacres, destruction et armes » sous l’influence des « impérialistes occidentaux ».

Le président turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, s’est également entretenu avec son homologue azerbaïdjanais, Ilham Aliev, au sujet du rôle que la Turquie compte jouer dans la région. Ankara entend bien participer aux opérations de maintien de la paix.

Le rôle de la Turquie en Azerbaidjan

L’accord de cessez-le-feu signé le 9 novembre par les dirigeants azerbaïdjanais, arménien sous l’égide de la Russie ne dit en effet rien du rôle de la Turquie dans la nouvelle configuration régionale..

L’accord laisse entier le problème du statut du Haut-Karabakh, conquis par les indépendantistes arméniens lors d’une guerre au début des années 1990, reconquis en partie par l’Azerbaïdjan lors de la guerre éclair – quarante-quatre jours – menée à l’automne avec l’aide de l’armée turque. «

Soucieux de ménager sa relation avec son homologue turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Vladimir Poutine a donné son feu vert à la création d’un centre de coordination russo-turc chargé de veiller au maintien de la paix depuis le territoire azerbaïdjanais. Théoriquement, c’est là que les soldats turcs seront déployés.

Moscou, Ankara et Bakou ont un intérêt en commun : écarter le groupe de Minsk, coprésidé notamment par la France et les Etats-Unis, qui était chargé depuis vingt-huit ans de résoudre le conflit.

La Turquie renforce son poids géopolitique dans la région et permet à l’Azerbaïdjan d’obtenir des succès qui n’auraient pas été possibles sans son aide. Pour rappel, l’Arménie avait vaincu les forces de Bakou en 1994.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DUBAI UNE ECONOMIE FLORISSANTE

Devancés par la Malaisie et l'Arabie saoudite, les Émirats arabes unis occupent le troisième rang mondial des pays où l'économie islamique est la plus développée selon la dernière étude annuelle « The State of the Global Islamic Economy ». Ce pan de l'économie implique que les pratiques des entreprises et des systèmes de financement et d'investissement qui en font partie soient conformes aux textes sacrés et aux préceptes de l'Islam.

Dans la zone économique du Dubai International Financial Centre, hub pour les affaires dans la région, deux formes d'économie cohabitent : sa version conventionnelle et sa déclinaison islamique qui comporte trois domaines-clés : la finance, les produits halal et les activités liées à l'art, au tourisme et à la mode.

À l'échelle mondiale, l'économie islamique inclut la finance où 2400 milliards d'euros ont été investis l'an dernier, mais aussi d'autres secteurs dans lesquels 1,9 milliards de musulmans ont dépensé en 2019, un peu plus de 1700 milliards d'euros, l'alimentation halal, la mode pudique et enfin, les médias et divertissements étant les types de produits qui génèrent le plus de recettes.

Créé en 2013, le Centre de développement de l'économie islamique de Dubaï (Dubai Islamic Economy Development Centre - DIEDC) a pour ambition de faire de l'émirat, la capitale régionale de cette forme d'économie.

De nouveaux comportements d'achat

À Dubaï, une population musulmane relativement jeune et de plus en plus nombreuse affirme sa sensibilité islamique dans ses comportements d'achat de nourriture , services bancaires et financiers, vêtements, cosmétiques, voyages et soins. La mode pudique est de plus en plus populaire dans la région et au-delà. Selon un rapport de TechSci Research de 2018, le marché de l'alimentation et des boissons halal aux Émirats devrait dépasser 4,63 milliards d'euros en 2022. Une population musulmane plus nombreuse, une hausse des revenus par personne et un e-commerce en plein essor figurent parmi les facteurs qui font croître la demande.

Quant aux perspectives économiques pour l'an prochain, la dernière étude "The State of the Global Islamic Economy" a mesuré l'impact de la pandémie sur le PIB et l'emploi dans différentes catégories de pays à travers le monde. La tendance générale est à la reprise et à un retour à des niveaux équivalents, voire supérieurs à ceux d'avant la crise.

« Aujourd'hui, Dubaï est à la première place mondiale en termes de valeur totale des obligations islamiques cotées sur le marché," précise Abdulla Mohammed Al Awar, PDG du DIEDC. "On constate que des sukuk sont émis pour financer de nombreuses initiatives qui contribueront à la reprise », dit-il.

Malgré la tourmente de la pandémie, Dubaï réaffirme sa volonté d'accélérer le développement de l'ensemble des secteurs de l'économie islamique.




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ETRANGE SOMMET DU G20 VIRTUEL

Le but du sommet du G20 est loin d’être anodin. Celui-ci est destiné à « favoriser la coopération internationale et de trouver des solutions qui protègent la vie et les moyens de subsistance des gens ».

On a eu des promesses sur l’accès aux vaccins, un président américain au golf, des organisateurs saoudiens interpellés sur l’affaire Khashoggi…

La «solidarité» pour l’accès aux vaccins mais manque de chiffres

La pandémie de nouveau coronavirus a fait près de 1,4 million de morts sur la planète. Et le sujet des vaccins a dominé les débats du G20, sur fond d’inquiétudes sur leur accès pour les pays les plus pauvres.

«Nous ne reculerons devant aucun effort pour assurer l’accès abordable et équitable» aux futurs vaccins, ont promis les membres du G20 dans leur déclaration finale dimanche.

Tout en reconnaissant la vaccination comme étant un « bien public mondial », les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement ne font mention d'aucun chiffres.

Le