There are no translations available.

AFGHANISTAN LES TALIBANS RENOUENT

AVEC LA PENDAISON PUBLIQUE

Le groupe islamiste radical a renoué avec les méthodes qu’il pratiquait lors de son premier passage au pouvoir : samedi 25 septembre 2021 les talibans ont pendu à des grues les corps de quatre hommes coupables d’un rapt après les avoir tués lors d’une fusillade dans la ville de Herat, dans l’ouest du pays. Ziaulhaq Jalali, le chef de la police de district nommé par les talibans à Herat, a déclaré que des membres des talibans avaient sauvé un père et son fils qui avaient été enlevés par quatre ravisseurs après un échange de coups de feu. Le gouverneur adjoint de la province de Herat, Mawlawi Shir Ahmad Muhajir, a déclaré de son côté que les corps avaient été exposés samedi sur plusieurs places de la ville le jour même de leur mort afin de donner une « leçon », faisant savoir que les enlèvements ne seraient pas tolérés.


Retour de la Charia

«Le but de cette action est d’alerter tous les criminels qu’ils ne sont pas en sécurité», a surenchéri à un commandant taliban. Le mollah Nooruddin Turabi, l’un des fondateurs du mouvement, a d'ailleurs déclaré en début de semaine que le groupe avait décidé que les exécutions et les amputations seraient à nouveau à l’ordre du jour comme punitions pour les crimes de droit commun.« Personne ne nous dira ce que doivent être nos lois », a déclaré le mollah Turabi à l’agence l’Associated Press. « Nous suivrons l’islam et nous ferons nos lois sur le Coran ».

« Les talibans ont tenté de persuader le monde qu'ils allaient respecter les droits de l'homme, mais les informations du terrain montrent une toute autre réalité. » C'est ce que souligne le rapport réalisé par Amnesty International, la Fédération internationale pour les droits de l'homme (FIDH) et l'Organisation mondiale contre la torture (OMCT) dans un rapport publié ce mardi 21 septembre, listant une série d'exactions et d'abus survenus depuis mi-août.

La Haute Commissaire de l’ONU aux droits de l’homme Michelle Bachelet a réclamé que le Conseil - en session jusqu’au 8 octobre - lance un mécanisme de surveillance des violations des droits humains en Afghanistan.




Abby Shelcore   pour DayNewsWorld


KOREA ARMS RACE

BETWEEN PYONGYANG AND SEOUL WITH

BALLISTIC MISSILE SHOTS ON THE SAME DAY

There is a strange atmosphere in Korea. While North Korea fired new missiles on Wednesday, a real threat to South Korea and Japan, South Korea carried out a few hours later with success. ballistic missile fire from a submarine. The missile was fired from the recently commissioned submarine Ahn Chang-ho and traveled the intended distance before reaching its target, said the Blue House, seat of the South Korean presidency. South Korea thus becomes the seventh country in the world to have this cutting-edge technology, a major strategic advance for Seoul, which now has a head start in terms of military capacity over its northern neighbor. President Moon Jae-in oversaw this trial.

Possession of an SLBM is "very significant in terms of deterring threats from multiple directions," Blue House said. "This should play a major role in self-reliant national defense and the establishment of peace in the Korean Peninsula in the future," she added. South Korea has strengthened its military capabilities to counter the threat posed by the nuclear-weaponized North, which has been firing more in recent weeks.

For its part, Pyongyang has long sought to develop the technology to launch a ballistic missile from a submarine. In January, during a military parade in Pyongyang, North Korea paraded four of these missiles, "the most powerful weapon in the world" according to the official North Korean agency KCNA.

Several United Nations Security Council resolutions prohibit North Korea from continuing its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs. But, although hit by multiple international sanctions, this country has rapidly developed its military capabilities in recent years under the leadership of Kim Jong Un. North Korea has carried out several nuclear tests and successfully tested ballistic missiles capable of reach the United States.

Wednesday's fire from both North and South came as Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi is in Seoul for talks with his South Korean counterpart. Speaking before the announcement of the shootings, the minister said he hoped that all countries would contribute "to peace and stability on the Korean peninsula", according to the South Korean news agency Yonhap, urging them "all to work together to renew the dialogue ”.

For analysts, these shots are a signal intended for China, the North's main diplomatic ally and trade partner.




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

AL-QAIDA LEADER AL-ZAWAHIRI REAPSES IN A VIDEO RELEASED ON SEPTEMBER 11, 2021 ANNIVERSARY DATE OF THE ATTACKS

For the 20th anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States, the al-Qaeda terrorist group released a video of its leader Ayman al-Zawahiri on September 11, without the date of these images. cannot be authenticated, explains the Site intelligence group, an American NGO that monitors jihadist digital propaganda.

Ayman al-Zawahiri, who was Osama Bin Laden's personal doctor for the co-founder of al-Qaida, succeeded in 2011 at the head of the jihadist organization after the latter's elimination by the American special forces. The Egyptian Ayman al-Zawahiri, born in 1951, has however been the subject for several months of insistent rumors about a possible natural death, following an illness.

In this video published under the title “Jerusalem will never be Judaized”, a formula he had already used in 2018 after the transfer of the American embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, decided by Donald Trump. that "it is vital for us to target America". Mentioning briefly the attacks of September 11, he evokes the American withdrawal from Afghanistan: "And let us not forget that nineteen mujahideen, the warriors of Islam, stabbed America in the heart ... A wound like the America had never known it before and today it is leaving Afghanistan, broken, defeated, after twenty years of war. "

The date this footage was shot has not yet been identified. At the end of 2020, rumors reported the death of Osama Bin Laden's successor. However, the jihadist leader evokes an attack in Syria in January 2021 therefore after the rumors of his death but makes no reference to the recent takeover of the Taliban in Afghanistan, who entered Kabul on August 15, 2021. He does mention the military withdrawal. American, but this has actually been recorded since the agreement reached in Doha in Qatar between the Taliban and the Americans in February 2020.

Still, from one press release to another, the jihadists keep emphasizing that the victory of the Afghan fundamentalists validates their theses and Al-Qaida hopes to profit from it.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AFGHANISTAN LE GOUVERNEMENT DES TALIBANS

 CONSACRE LES CONSERVATEURS

Quelques heures après que le mouvement islamiste a repris la vallée du Panchir, les talibans ont annoncé, mardi, la composition d’un gouvernement qui n’a rien d’inclusif, contrairement à leurs engagements. En effet, tous les membres de ce gouvernement qui sera dirigé par Mohammad Hassan Akhund, un ancien proche collaborateur du fondateur du mouvement, le mollah Omar, mort en 2013, sont des talibans. L' équipe dirigeante est uniquement composée d’hommes. En outre, presque tous appartiennent à l’ethnie pachtoune.

Des ministres qui figurent sur des listes de sanction de l’ONU

Plusieurs des nouveaux ministres, dont certains étaient déjà très influents lors du précédent régime taliban, figurent sur des listes de sanction de l’Organisation des Nations unies (ONU). Quatre sont passés par la prison américaine de Guantanamo. Le premier ministre, M. Akhund, est connu pour avoir approuvé la destruction, en 2001, des bouddhas géants de Bamiyan, dans le centre du pays, selon Bill Roggio, rédacteur en chef du Long War Journal. Abdul Ghani Baradar, cofondateur du mouvement, devient vice-premier ministre et le mollah Mohammad Yaqoub, fils du mollah Omar, ministre de la défense. Le portefeuille de l’intérieur revient à Sirajuddin Haqqani, dirigeant du réseau du même nom, qualifié de terroriste par Washington et historiquement proche d’Al-Qaida.

En annonçant ce gouvernement, le porte-parole taliban, Zabihullah Mujahid, a affirmé qu’il n’était « pas complet » et que le mouvement essaierait d’inclure par la suite « des gens venant d’autres régions du pays » . Le gouvernement , consacre les conservateurs ceux même qui avait imposé un régime islamiste brutal de 1996 à 2001.

Un gouvernement jugé ni « inclusif » ni « représentatif »

Les Etats-Unis ont relevé l’absence de femmes et se sont dits « préoccupés » par « les affiliations et les antécédents de certains de ces individus », même s’ils jugeront « sur les actes ».

Mercredi, l’Union européenne (UE) a critiqué le gouvernement, le jugeant ni « inclusif » ni « représentatif » de la diversité ethnique et religieuse du pays. C’était « l’une des cinq conditions posées » pour que puissent s’établir des relations entre le bloc européen et le nouveau pouvoir afghan, a rappelé un porte-parole de l’UE.

Pramila Patten, responsable d’ONU Femmes, l’agence créée pour promouvoir la parité et l’autonomisation des femmes, a ainsi estimé que leur absence de ce gouvernement « faisait douter du récent engagement à protéger et à respecter les droits » des Afghanes.

Respect de la charia

Lors de leur premier passage au pouvoir, les islamistes avaient bafoué les droits des femmes, qui étaient quasi exclues de l’espace public. Nombre d’Afghanes et la communauté internationale craignent qu’il en soit de même.

Depuis leur prise du pouvoir, les talibans n’ont cessé d’affirmer qu’ils avaient changé. Mais leurs promesses peinent à convaincre. Le retour du ministère pour la promotion de la vertu et la répression du vice, qui faisait régner la terreur dans les années 1990, devrait ainsi susciter bien des inquiétudes dans la population.« Tous les Afghans, sans distinction ni exception, auront le droit de vivre dans la dignité et la paix dans leur propre pays », a affirmé, mardi, le chef suprême des talibans, Haibatullah Akhundzada, resté silencieux jusque-là, sans toutefois jamais mentionner le mot « femmes ».

Il a invité le nouveau gouvernement à « faire respecter la charia » et à tout faire pour « éradiquer la pauvreté et le chômage ».




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CHINE LES HOMMES JUGES EFFEMINES

 BANNIS DE LA TELEVISION

Difficile de s'affranchir de la tutelle moralisatrice du Parti communiste chinois (PCC) dans l'empire du Milieu : désormais les hommes jugés «efféminés» sont bannis de la télévision chinoise, suspectés qu'ils sont de « corrompre la jeunesse » en promouvant le consumérisme et la déviation.

L’apparence des hommes à la télévision avait déjà fait l’objet de désapprobations en 2019. Certaines célébrités avaient par exemple vu leurs boucles d’oreilles, leurs tatouages ou encore leurs queues de cheval floutés à l'écran. Selon le PCC, le look féminin de ces hommes médiatisés serait également une cause de la baisse du taux de natalité. Il n’inciterait pas les jeunes hommes chinois à devenir «plus masculins».

Pour ce faire les émissions de divertissement, influencée en partie par la culture pop sud-coréenne deviennent interdites . Des critères de sélection des acteurs seront à privilégier, comme la bonne conduite politique et morale. Certains formats d'émissions et des concours de talents ont également été arrêté, l'Administration nationale de la radio et de la télévision ayant décidé que les chaînes de télévision et les plateformes en ligne «ne diffuseraient plus de programmes qui développent l'idolâtrie ou des émissions de variétés et de téléréalité».

Promouvoir la culture traditionnelle chinoise

Pour expliquer sa décision, l’administration chinoise de la télévision et de la radio a indiqué dans un communiqué, qu'elle souhaitait «promouvoir vigoureusement l’excellence de la culture traditionnelle chinoise (…) et la culture socialiste avancée.» Le régulateur de l’audiovisuel chinois a par ailleurs imposé une redéfinition plus correcte des critères de beauté des célébrités.

Il s'agirait de recentrer la jeunesse sur la vision du Parti communiste...




Larry Ricky pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ALORS QUE LES COMBATS DANS LE PANCHIR CONTINUENT, L'ANNONCE DU GOUVERNEMENT TALIBAN EST ENCORE DIFFERE

Les talibans ont à nouveau différé samedi 4 septembre l’annonce de leur gouvernement, dont la composition pourrait donner le ton des années à venir en Afghanistan, où le nouveau régime reste confronté à une poche de résistance armée dans la vallée du Panchir .

La situation dans le Panchir, l’un des derniers foyers d’opposition armée au nouveau régime, pourrait expliquer le retard pris pour présenter le nouvel exécutif, initialement pressenti pour être dévoilé vendredi.

Bastion antitaliban de longue date, cette vallée, enclavée et difficile d’accès située à environ 80 kilomètres au nord de la capitale, est le théâtre depuis lundi et le départ des dernières troupes américaines du pays de combats entre les forces talibanes et le Front national de résistance (FNR).

« La résistance continue »

Réfugié dans la vallée du Panchir, l’ancien vice-président Amrullah Saleh a évoqué une « situation très difficile » dans un message vidéo diffusé vendredi soir, tout en assurant que la « résistance continu[ait] et continue[rait] ».

Selon Ahmad Massoud, qui mène la résistance dans la vallée, les talibans auraient proposé d’attribuer deux sièges au FNR dans le gouvernement qu’ils veulent créer.

Et ce « alors que nous demandions un meilleur avenir pour l’Afghanistan. Nous n’avons même pas considéré » leur offre, a ajouté mercredi le fils du commandant Ahmed Shah Massoud assassiné en 2001 par Al-Qaïda, estimant que les talibans avaient « choisi le chemin de la guerre ».

Vers un gouvernement « inclusif » ?

Depuis leur retour au pouvoir à l’issue d’une offensive militaire éclair qui a pris de court le gouvernement en place et la communauté internationale, les talibans se sont efforcés de montrer un visage modéré et ont multiplié les gestes d’ouverture.

Ils ont notamment promis un gouvernement « inclusif » et ont noué des contacts ces dernières semaines avec des personnalités afghanes qui leur sont opposées, comme l’ex-président Hamid Karzaï, ou l’ancien vice-président Abdullah Abdullah,

Mais rien n’a filtré à ce stade sur leurs véritables intentions ni sur la place qu’ils entendent accorder à des représentants de l’opposition ou aux minorités. Plusieurs pays ont répété vendredi que le nouveau régime serait jugé sur ses actes. Le président russe Vladimir Poutine a espéré que les talibans de comporteront de manière « civilisée » et Pékin les a appelés à « rompre » définitivement avec les groupes terroristes.

Le secrétaire d’Etat américain Antony Blinken, qui sera de lundi à mercredi au Qatar, a de son côté espéré que le gouvernement mis en place par les talibans serait « réellement inclusif », avec « des non-talibans qui seraient « représentatifs des différentes communautés et des différents intérêts en Afghanistan. »

La composition de leur exécutif fera donc figure de test sur leur réelle volonté de changement.

Cependant selon les analystes , le gouvernement, dont on évoque qu’il comprendrait 25 ministres, devrait être composé principalement de talibans. Les analystes misent depuis des semaines sur un triumvirat composé du mollah Abdul Ghani Baradar, l’un des fondateurs du mouvement, de Mohammad Yaqoob (le fils du mollah Omar, l’autre fondateur), ainsi que de Sher Mohammad Abbas Stanikzai, un autre membre originel de l’organisation, qui assurera le poste de chef de la diplomatie. Sur le modèle iranien, ce gouvernement pourrait être placé sous l’autorité d’un guide spirituel, Haibatullah Akhundzada, mollah, lui aussi. Et les talibans ont laissé entendre qu’il pourrait n’y avoir aucune femme ministre, leur présence relevant plutôt des échelons inférieurs. Une perspective contre laquelle se sont élevées plusieurs militantes qui ont manifesté jeudi à Hérat puis vendredi à Kaboul.

Ahmad Nader Nadery, membre de la délégation afghane qui négocie avec les islamistes, interrogé par un journaliste du Point, déplore le blocage des pourparlers depuis la chute de Kaboul et fait le triste constat que « les discussions avec les talibans n’ont plus de sens ».

.«S’ils mettent du temps à rendre public leur gouvernement, cela ne veut pas du tout dire qu’ils négociaient avec qui que ce soit, note Kate Clark, codirectrice à l’Afghanistan Analysts Network . C’est simplement parce qu’ils veulent être sûrs auparavant qu’ils tiennent bien le pays et qu’aucune émeute ne viendra troubler la fête.»




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ATTAQUE TERRORISTE DANS UN SUPERMARCHE

 EN NOUVELLE-ZELANDE

Un homme a été abattu après avoir blessé six personnes avec un couteau lors d'une attaque « terroriste » dans un supermarché d'Auckland, en Nouvelle-Zélande. 

L'assaillant abattu était placé sous étroite surveillance en raison de ses convictions extrémistes, « inspirées du groupe État islamique ».

Un homme proche du groupe jihadiste État islamique a poignardé vendredi six personnes dans un supermarché d'Auckland, en Nouvelle-Zélande, avant d'être tué par la police, qui l'avait placé sous surveillance, a annoncé la Première ministre Jacinda Ardern lors d'une conférence de presse peu après l'attaque.

Sous surveillance depuis 2016

L'homme, un Sri-Lankais arrivé en Nouvelle-Zélande en 2011 et qui figurait sur une liste antiterroriste des personnes à surveiller, est entré dans un centre commercial de la banlieue d'Auckland, s'est emparé d'un couteau sur un présentoir et a commencé à poignarder des passants, a relaté Jacinda Ardern.

Selon la Première ministre, six personnes ont été blessées, dont trois grièvement, avant que des policiers qui le surveillaient n'ouvrent le feu, dans la minute qui a suivi le début de l'attaque.

« Idéologie violente et inspirée du groupe jihadiste État islamique »

« Ce qui s'est passé aujourd'hui est ignoble, détestable », a déclaré Jacinda Ardern, ajoutant que cet acte n'était représentatif d'aucune religion ni d'aucune communauté : « Cela a été mené par un individu, pas par une foi, pas par une culture, pas par une ethnie, mais un individu mué par une idéologie qui n'est soutenue ici par personne ».

Interrogée sur les motivations de l'agresseur, la Première ministre a expliqué : « c'est une idéologie violente et inspirée du groupe État islamique », a t-elle ajouté, assurant ne pas pouvoir tout dire publiquement sur cet homme qui était surveillé depuis 2016 après une décision de justice.

Les autorités estiment que l'homme a agi seul et que la population ne court plus de risque, a assuré le commissaire de police Andrew Coster.

La Nouvelle-Zélande a connu sa pire attaque terroriste en mars 2019 à Christchurch, lorsqu'un suprémaciste blanc a ouvert le feu dans deux mosquées, tuant 51 personnes et en blessant 40 autres.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES TALIBANS NOUVEAUX MAITRES

DE L'AFGHANISTAN

APRES LE DEPART DES SOLDATS AMERICAINS

Les talibans, nouveaux maîtres de l’Afghanistan, ont marché triomphalement, mardi 31 août, dans l’aéroport de Kaboul après le départ des derniers soldats américains, accompagnés de leurs hommes brandissant leur drapeau blanc sur lequel est inscrit en noir le début de la chahada, la profession de foi de l’islam et l’un des cinq piliers de la religion. .

Un jour historique

« Félicitations à l’Afghanistan (…). Cette victoire est la nôtre à tous », a déclaré dans la matinée le principal porte-parole taliban, Zabihullah Mujahid, à l’aéroport de la capitale. Dans la matinée du mardi 31 août, les talibans sont venus planter leur drapeau à l'aéroport de Kaboul.

« Nous avons un message à l'adresse de tout envahisseur éventuel : quiconque se tourne vers l'Afghanistan avec de mauvaises intentions sera confronté à ce que les États-Unis ont connu aujourd'hui », a déclaré Zabihullah Mujahid, le porte-parole des talibans.

Les Américains étaient entrés en Afghanistan en 2001, à la tête d’une coalition internationale, pour chasser du pouvoir les talibans en raison de leur refus de livrer le chef d’Al-Qaïda, Oussama ben Laden, après les attentats du 11 septembre 2001 aux États-Unis. « C’est une grande leçon pour d’autres envahisseurs et pour notre future génération », et « c’est aussi une leçon pour le monde », a-t-il estimé. « C’est un jour historique, c’est un moment historique et nous en sommes fiers. »

Assurer la sécurité de l’aéroport

Pendant les quinze jours qui ont suivi la prise de la capitale par les talibans, le 15 août, les environs immédiats de l’aéroport international ont été occupés par une foule nombreuse tentant de monter désespérément dans les vols d’évacuation de la communauté internationale, orchestrés par les Etats-Unis. Mais bien plus d’Afghans sont restés bloqués à l’extérieur de cette zone par une série de barrages talibans. Mardi, tous ces postes de contrôle, sauf un, ont été démantelés sur la route menant à l’aéroport. Désormais assurer la sécurité de l’aéroport Hamid-Karzaï après le retrait définitif des troupes américaines est une question-clé. Les talibans ont répété à de multiples reprises qu’ils n’accepteraient pas d’aide militaire internationale.

Des blindés mis hors d’usage par l’armée américaine

Assurer la sécurité de l’aéroport Hamid-Karzaï est une question-clé. Les talibans ont répété à de multiples reprises qu’ils n’accepteraient pas d’aide militaire internationale.

A l’intérieur de l’enceinte, des dizaines d’avions et d’hélicoptères, donnés à l’armée régulière afghane par Washington, gisent, vides, après avoir été détruits par les troupes américaines avant leur départ. Quelque 73 aéronefs ont été « démilitarisés », c’est-à-dire mis hors d’usage, selon le chef du commandement central de l’armée américaine, le général Kenneth McKenzie. « [Ces appareils] ne pourront être utilisés par personne », a-t-il expliqué. Les fenêtres de leurs cockpits ont notamment été brisées et leurs pneus crevés.

Quelque 70 véhicules blindés MRAP et 27 véhicules légers Humvee ont également été mis hors d’usage par l’armée américaine au terme du pont aérien mis en place pendant deux semaines, et qui a permis d’évacuer 123 000 personnes. Washington aidera tous les Américains – il en reste entre 100 et 200 dans le pays – qui veulent quitter l’Afghanistan, a assuré le secrétaire d’Etat américain, Antony Blinken. Les Etats-Unis ont aussi détruit leur système de défense antimissile C-RAM, qui a arrêté, lundi, des tirs de roquettes de la branche locale de l’organisation Etat islamique, l’Etat islamique au Khorassan (EI-K). « C’est une procédure complexe et longue de démonter ces systèmes, a souligné le général McKenzie, alors, on les démilitarise pour qu’ils ne soient plus jamais utilisés. »

2 300 milliards de dollars en vingt ans

Joe Biden doit s’adresser mardi à ses concitoyens, nombreux à se demander à quoi auront servi ces deux décennies d’engagement en Afghanistan. Le président américain a maintes fois justifié le retrait par son refus de faire perdurer plus longtemps cette guerre, la plus longue qu’ait connue l’Amérique.

Au total, les Etats-Unis déplorent 2 350 morts et un coût financier évalué à 2 300 milliards de dollars par la Brown University.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE LANCEMENT DE ROQUETTES

CONTRE L'AEROPORT DE KABOUL

REVENDIQUE PAR L'EI EN AFGHANISTAN

Les États-Unis ont mené plusieurs frappes au cours du week-end contre des cibles de l’EI. Dimanche, ils ont détruit un de ses véhicules chargé d’explosifs qui menaçait l’aéroport. Au lendemain de ces frappes, des roquettes ont été tirées, lundi matin, vers l’aéroport de Kaboul, a confirmé la Maison Blanche. Cette attaque survient à la veille du départ prévu de l’armée américaine en Afghanistan qui procède à ses dernières évacuations dans un climat extrêmement tendu.

Selon les médias afghans, ces roquettes auraient été tirées depuis un véhicule. L’agence de presse Pajhwok a évoqué plusieurs roquettes ayant frappé différents quartiers de la capitale afghane.Un responsable taliban sur les lieux a déclaré que cinq roquettes avaient été tirées et qu’elles avaient été arrêtées par le système de défense antimissiles de l’aéroport. Un autre drone américain a ensuite, selon lui, visé une voiture qui avait servi à lancer les roquettes, à près de 2 kilomètres de l’aéroport.

L’EI-K a revendiqué, dans l’après-midi, cette nouvelle attaque.

« Les soldats du califat ont ciblé l’aéroport international de Kaboul, avec six roquettes », a déclaré le groupe dans un communiqué. L’État islamique au Khorasan (EI-K) a déjà revendiqué l’attentat meurtrier de jeudi aux abords de l’aéroport de la capitale afghane qui a fait une centaine de morts, dont 13 militaires américains et deux Britanniques.

Des frappes qui agacent les talibans.

Les attaques contre l'aéroport de Kaboul tant des Etas-Unis que celles de l' EI sont dénoncées par les talibans. Les frappes américaines sont mal vues par les talibans.« Ils n’ont pas la permission de mener de telles opérations [..]. Notre indépendance doit être respectée » ​, a averti Zabihullah Mujahid.

Les attaques commises par l’État islamique en Afghanistan devraient cesser avec le départ des troupes américaines du pays, faute de quoi le nouveau gouvernement réprimera ce groupe, a assuré un porte-parole des talibans.« Nous espérons que les Afghans qui sont sous l’influence de l’EI […] abandonneront leurs opérations en voyant la mise en place d’un gouvernement islamique en l’absence de puissances étrangères », a déclaré le principal porte-parole des talibans, Zabihullah Mujahid,

« S’ils créent une situation de guerre et continuent leurs opérations, le gouvernement islamique […] s’occupera d’eux », a prévenu Zabihullah Mujahid dont le mouvement a promis la paix à son arrivée au pouvoir, deux décennies après en avoir été chassé.

Branche locale de l’EI, l’EI-K a mené une série d’attaques sanglantes ces dernières années en Afghanistan et au Pakistan, n’hésitant pas à massacrer des civils dans des mosquées, des écoles et des hôpitaux.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE DOUBLE ATTENTAT DE KABOUL RAPPELLE

 LA RIVALITE ENTRE LES TALIBANS

ET LE GROUPE  L'ETAT ISLAMIQUE

Des dizaines d’Afghans et treize militaires américains ont été tués dans la double explosion survenue, jeudi 26 aout 2021 dans l'après-midi, près de l’aéroport international de Kaboul, où se pressent des milliers de personnes tentant de fuir le nouveau régime des talibans. Les explosions ont eu lieu près de la porte Abbey, qui constitue l’un des trois points d’accès à l’aéroport, et à proximité de l’hôtel Baron. Ce dernier était notamment utilisé par les Occidentaux pour préparer leurs évacuations.

Le décompte exact des victimes demeure difficile vendredi à la mi-journée. Le Pentagone a confirmé le décès de 13 soldats américains et une trentaine de blessés parmi ses troupes. Le correspondant du Wall Street Journal fait état d’au moins 60 morts et de plus de 150 blessés parmi la population présente sur les lieux au moment de l’attentat.

Revendiquée par la branche locale du groupe Etat islamique, l’Etat islamique au Khorasan (EI-K), l’attaque fait craindre que l’Afghanistan ne redevienne, sous le régime taliban, un refuge pour le réseau djihadiste et d’autres organisations terroristes.

La branche locale du groupe Etat islamique s’est créée, après 2014, autour de certains anciens talibans pakistanais et des Afghans, déçus par la politique, jugée trop modérée, des talibans, alors en négociations avec les Etats-Unis. Des Afghans ont ainsi rapidement rejoint l’EI, qui a officiellement reconnu, au début de 2015, la création de la province du Khorasan. L’EI-K a établi, dès 2015, sa tête de pont dans le district montagneux d’Achin, dans la province afghane de Nangarhar, la seule où il parviendra finalement à s’implanter durablement, avec celle, voisine, de Kunar. Partout ailleurs, le groupe s’est heurté aux talibans. Toutefois, il a réussi à former des cellules dormantes dans le pays, notamment à Kaboul, et au Pakistan, selon les Nations unies. Les dernières évaluations des effectifs de la branche locale varient d’un minimum de 500 à quelques milliers de combattants, selon un rapport du Conseil de sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations-Unies.

Le groupe État islamique, ennemi juré des talibans

L’objectif ultime des talibans se résumerait à faire de l’Afghanistan un émirat islamique dont la base serait l’application des principes religieux de l’islam radical et les traditions tribales pachtounes. Le groupe terroriste État islamique (EI), lui, est bien plus radical que les talibans A l’inverse des talibans, l’EI-K répond en effet à l’appel du groupe Etat islamique pour un djihad international. Il a revendiqué certaines des attaques les plus meurtrières commises au cours des dernières années en Afghanistan et au Pakistan. Notamment des attentats suicides dans des mosquées, des hôpitaux et d’autres lieux publics. Le groupe a en particulier ciblé des musulmans qu’il considère comme hérétiques, principalement des chiites de la minorité hazara. En août 2019, il a ainsi revendiqué un attentat contre des chiites lors d’un mariage à Kaboul, où 91 personnes ont été tuées. L’organisation profite actuellement du chaos dans le pays pour préparer des attentats. Cela lui permet d’étendre son influence, d’obtenir davantage de soutien de la part d’autres groupes terroristes pour maintenir la rivalité avec les talibans, et de conserver son statut de deuxième groupe extrémiste le plus important en Afghanistan.

En février 2020, les talibans s’engagent à Doha à chasser toute organisation terroriste.

Dans l’accord conclu en février 2020 avec les Etats-Unis sur le retrait des forces étrangères, les talibans ont promis de ne pas laisser le pays servir de base pour l’organisation d’attaques contre les Américains et leurs alliés. Le groupe Etat islamique s’était montré très critique à l’égard de cet accord de retrait, accusant les talibans d’avoir renié la cause djihadiste.

C'est pourquoi le groupe Etat islamique pourrait profiter de l’effondrement de l’Etat afghan. « Malgré les pertes essuyées en 2020 au niveau du territoire, du financement, de la direction et des effectifs, l’EIIL-K continue de faire peser une menace sur le pays et la région. Il aspire à avoir voix au chapitre et à reconstituer ses rangs, cherchant à recruter et à former de nouveaux partisans au sein des talibans qui seraient réfractaires au processus de paix », rappelait, en juin 2021, un rapport des Nations Unies.

« La double explosion revendiquée par l’Etat islamique d’Iraq et du Levant-Khorassan (EIIL-K) est l’illustration que la situation est loin d’être figée en Afghanistan et que les talibans sont loin d’en être les maîtres absolus », avance le journaliste Claude Leblanc dans l'Opinion




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

FACE A UNE MENACE TERRORISTE IMMINENTE

 LES OCCIDENTAUX ENJOINTS  DE QUITTER

L'AEROPORT DE KABOUL EN AFGHANISTAN

Le secrétaire d’Etat britannique chargé des forces armées, James Heappey, a indiqué ce jeudi matin que la menace terroriste qui a poussé Londres à déconseiller dans la nuit à ses ressortissants de rejoindre l’aéroport de Kaboul était «très sérieuse» et «imminente». «Les informations recueillies au cours de la semaine sont de plus en plus sérieuses : elles font état d’une menace imminente et grave pour la vie, a indiqué James Heappey sur Times Radio. Il s’agit d’une menace très sérieuse, très imminente.»

Les Etats-Unis, l’Australie et le Royaume-Uni ont enjoint leurs ressortissants à s’éloigner au plus vite de l’aéroport de Kaboul en raison de menaces «terroristes», alors que des milliers de personnes s’y massent toujours dans l’espoir de fuir le pays tombé aux mains des talibans. Ils ont émis simultanément des mises en garde très précises et presque identiques dans la nuit de mercredi à jeudi.

Les personnes «se trouvant actuellement aux entrées Abbey, Est et Nord devraient partir immédiatement», a indiqué le département d’Etat américain, invoquant des «menaces sécuritaires». La diplomatie australienne a pour sa part mis en garde contre une «menace très élevée d’attentat terroriste» tandis que Londres a émis une alerte similaire, ajoutant : «Si vous vous trouvez dans la zone de l’aéroport, quittez-la pour un endroit sûr et attendez d’autres instructions. Si vous êtes à même de quitter l’Afghanistan en sécurité par d’autres moyens, faites-le immédiatement.»

Face à la menace, les Pays-Bas ont annoncé qu’ils allaient interrompre leurs vols d’évacuation depuis Kaboul ce jeudi, les forces américaines leur ayant demandé de quitter l’aéroport de la capitale afghane avant qu’elles n’opèrent leur retrait prévu. «Les Pays-Bas ont été informés aujourd’hui par les Etats-Unis qu’ils devaient partir et vont probablement organiser les derniers vols plus tard dans la journée», ont annoncé les ministres néerlandais des Affaires étrangères et de la Défense dans une lettre au Parlement.

«Engagements en public et en privé» des talibans

Ces avertissements interviennent alors que le chef de la diplomatie américaine, Antony Blinken, avait assuré peu auparavant que les talibans s’étaient engagés à laisser partir les Américains et les Afghans à risque se trouvant encore dans le pays après la date butoir du 31 août : «Les talibans ont pris des engagements en public et en privé pour fournir et permettre un passage sûr aux Américains, aux autres étrangers et aux Afghans à risque, dans le futur, après le 31 août.» Il n’a toutefois pas spécifié comment leur départ s’organiserait, alors que les forces américaines doivent quitter le pays d’ici la fin du mois – une deadline confirmée mardi par le président des Etats-Unis, Joe Biden.

L’Allemagne a également affirmé mercredi avoir reçu l’assurance des talibans que des Afghans pourraient quitter leur pays à bord de vols commerciaux après le retrait définitif des troupes américaines le 31 août. Le chef adjoint du bureau politique des talibans au Qatar, Sher Abbas Stanekzai, «m’a assuré que les Afghans possédant des documents valides continueront à avoir la possibilité de voyager sur des vols commerciaux après le 31 août», a affirmé sur Twitter le diplomate allemand qui négocie avec les talibans, Markus Potzel, à l’issue d’une rencontre au Qatar.

Le Premier ministre français, Jean Castex, a pour sa part fait savoir que l’opération française d’évacuation s’achèvera totalement vendredi soir, et non pas ce jeudi, comme laissé entendre ces derniers jours.

«Risque grave et croissant d’attaque»

La Belgique a de son côté annoncé que les évacuations de ses ressortissants et des Afghans qu’elle protégeait avaient cessé mercredi soir, et la France a prévenu que son pont aérien cesserait dès jeudi soir si la date du 31 août était maintenue. La Turquie a quant à elle annoncé le retrait de ses soldats, qui gardaient l’aéroport de Kaboul au côté des militaires américains, abandonnant ainsi sa proposition de continuer à assurer la sécurité de l’aéroport de Kaboul après le retrait des forces américaines.

Lors d’un sommet virtuel mardi avec les autres dirigeants du G7, Joe Biden avait écarté l’idée de prolonger la présence militaire américaine à Kaboul, évoquant déjà un «risque grave et croissant d’attaque» de l’Etat islamique (EI) à l’aéroport en Afghanistan. « Chaque jour d'opérations apporte un risque supplémentaire pour nos troupes », a affirmé le président américain dans une allocution télévisée. La branche locale de l'EI , « un ennemi juré des talibans », a-t-il rappelé, « cherche à viser l'aéroport et attaquer les forces américaines et alliées ainsi que les civils innocents ».

Le groupe État islamique, ennemi juré des talibans

L’objectif ultime des talibans se résumerait à faire de l’Afghanistan un émirat islamique dont la base serait l’application des principes religieux de l’islam radical et les traditions tribales pachtounes. Le groupe terroriste État islamique (EI), lui, serait bien plus radical que les talibans, d'où la crainte de son expansion. Il s’est répandu dans le pays à partir de 2015 et a créé sa propre « filiale » afghane la même année, l’ISKP (État islamique-province du Khorasan). De nombreux combats meurtriers se sont, depuis, produits entre les talibans et l’EI sur le sol afghan.

En février 2020, les talibans s’engagent à Doha à chasser toute organisation terroriste.

Cependant, cette menace terroriste venant de l'EI viseraient non pas les Afghans mais plutôt les intérêts étrangers occidentaux dans la zone complètement désorganisée qu'est actuellement Kaboul .




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES ANNONCES DES TALIBANS

 CONCERNANT LES FEMMES AFGHANES

Depuis la chute de Kaboul, dimanche 15 août 2021, l’Afghanistan est de nouveau aux mains des talibans, vingt ans après qu’ils ont été chassés du pouvoir. Les insurgés cherchent à rassurer, en multipliant les gestes d’apaisement à l’égard de la population et surtout des femmes.

Manifestation de quelques femmes

D'ailleurs plusieurs femmes afghanes ont manifesté mardi dans les rues de Kaboul, devant des talibans, deux jours après leur prise du pouvoir, pour défendre leurs droits

Les images ont été largement relayées sur les réseaux sociaux. Elles montrent quatre femmes afghanes qui manifestent, brandissant des affichettes, devant des talibans en armes. C'est le correspondant d'Al Jazeera en Afghanistan qui a filmé cette manifestation à Kaboul, mardi, soit deux jours après la prise de pouvoir des talibans dans la capitale du pays. Selon Le Parisien, ces femmes se seraient brièvement rassemblées devant l'entrée de la zone verte - le quartier international et diplomatique - pour demander le droit de revenir y travailler comme cuisinières ou femmes de ménage. Des talibans auraient dans un premier temps tenté de les disperser sans succès. Des civils les auraient ensuite convaincues de partir.

Les femmes « nécessaires pour la société »

Pour l'instant, les talibans tentent de rassurer. Un porte-parole a ainsi assuré lors d'une conférence de presse qui s'est tenue mardi que les femmes ne seraient pas obligées de porter la burqa. Le port de la burqa, un voile intégral, ne sera pas obligatoire pour les femmes car « il existe différents types de voile », a annoncé ce mardi 17 août un porte-parole des talibans qui ont pris le pouvoir en Afghanistan. « La burqa n’est pas le seul hijab [voile] qui peut être porté, il existe différents types de hijab qui ne se limitent pas à la burqa », a déclaré Suhail Shaheen, porte-parole du bureau politique du groupe à Doha, à la chaîne britannique Sky News.Suhail Shaheen n’a pas précisé quels sont les autres types de hijab qui seraient jugés acceptables par les talibans.

Scolarisées du primaire à l’université

Avec le retour au pouvoir des talibans, qui ont appliqué une version ultra-rigoriste de la loi islamique, de nombreux pays et organisations de défense des droits humains se sont dits préoccupés du sort des filles et femmes en Afghanistan.Le porte-parole a également déclaré que les femmes étaient « nécessaires pour la société », « on a besoin d'elles pour la médecine, l'éducation, la police, la justice ». Des images montrant des fillettes allant à l'école ont également été diffusées.

« Elles peuvent recevoir une éducation du primaire à l’université. Nous avons annoncé cette politique lors de conférences internationales, à la conférence de Moscou et ici à la conférence de Doha [sur l’Afghanistan] », a expliqué Suhail Shaheen. Des milliers d’écoles dans les zones contrôlées par les talibans sont toujours ouvertes, a-t-il précisé.

Des inquiétudes tout de même

Si les talibans ont déclaré que les droits des femmes seraient respectés, qu'elles seraient autorisés à travailler et étudier - dans le respect de la loi islamique - les inquiétudes demeurent. Lorsque les talibans dirigeaient l'Afghanistan entre 1996 et 2001, les écoles de filles étaient fermées, les femmes ne pouvaient ni voyager ni travailler et étaient obligées de porter en public une burqa - un voile intégral qui recouvre le corps et le visage avec une grille en tissu au niveau des yeux. Les femmes ne pouvaient quitter leur domicile qu'accompagnées d'un « mahram », un chaperon masculin de leur famille.

Et  les flagellations et les exécutions, y compris les lapidations pour adultère, étaient pratiquées sur les places des villes et dans les stades.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AFGHANISTAN OPERATIONS

 D'EVACUATION DANS LE CHAOS

Le chaos continue à l'aéroport de Kaboul, où des milliers d'Afghans tentent de fuir l'arrivée des talibans. Les Taliban ont encerclé la capitale de l’Afghanistan, dimanche, après plusieurs semaines d’offensive dans le reste du pays. Face à l’arrivée du groupe islamiste, de nombreux habitants paniqués ont essayé de fuir, alors que les ambassades étrangères évacuent leur personnel.

Le chaos à l'aéroport de Kaboul

Des vidéos et des photos partagées sur les réseaux sociaux montrent le chaos qui régnait à Kaboul lorsque les Taliban sont arrivés aux portes de la ville le 15 août 2021. Des habitants se sont précipités pour retirer de l'argent et prendre la route dans l’espoir de quitter le pays, désormais presque entièrement contrôlé par les Taliban.Les combattants taliban ont dans un premier temps reçu l’ordre d’attendre à l’extérieur de la ville en attendant les négociations avec le gouvernement pour une transition « pacifique » du pouvoir, ainsi que de laisser passer les personnes qui souhaitaient partir.

Parallèlement, des milliers d'Afghans, n'ayant jamais travaillé pour les étrangers et n'ayant aucune chance d'obtenir un visa à ce titre se sont rués vers l'aéroport dans un climat de chaos total.

Ainsi une incroyable image de l'intérieur d'un avion de transport américain qui a décollé dimanche soir de Kaboul montre 640 Afghans à son bord. Le site américain Defense One (article en anglais), qui a publié cette image très partagée cette nuit, raconte que l'avion n'est théoriquement pas capable de transporter autant de personne, mais que l'équipage a choisi de décoller quand même. Un responsable du ministère américain de la Défense assure même que d'autres appareils ont décollé avec davantage de civils à bord, vers une base au Qatar.

Lundi après-midi, le chaos était tel à l'aéroport de Kaboul, dont les pistes étaient envahies de candidats au départ, que les vols civils et militaires ont dû être suspendus.

Les évacuations de diplomates

L'évacuation de diplomates, d'autres étrangers et d'Afghans ayant travaillé avec les Occidentaux s'organisait dès lundi dans l'urgence et dans des conditions très difficiles à Kaboul, tombée aux mains des talibans.

Les Américains ont envoyé 6.000 militaires pour évacuer quelque 30.000 personnes, à savoir leurs diplomates ainsi que des civils afghans ayant coopéré avec les États-Unis.De Madrid à La Haye, en passant par Paris, Bucarest, Londres... : partout, les chancelleries s'activent pour dépêcher des moyens aériens. Les exceptions russe et chinoise -

Les membres du personnel de l'ambassade des Etats-Unis et de nombreuses autres ambassades ont été regroupés à l'aéroport de la capitale afghane, sécurisé par les soldats américains, pour être évacués. Certains ont déjà tous pu quitter l'Afghanistan, à l'instar de l'ensemble du personnel de l'ambassade de Norvège, a déclaré lundi l'armée norvégienne.

A l'exception de la Russie et de la Chine

Pour sa part, la Russie ne prévoyait pas d'évacuer son ambassade.

La Russie fait partie des pays ayant reçu des garanties de la part des talibans quant à la sécurité de leurs ambassades, a expliqué Zamir Kaboulov, l'émissaire du Kremlin pour l'Afghanistan.

Quant à La Chine, qui a rapatrié début juillet 210 de ses ressortissants d'Afghanistan, elle a appelé les nouvelles autorités à assurer la sécurité de ceux restés sur place.

L'ambassade de Chine à Kaboul « continue de fonctionner normalement », a précisé lundi une porte-parole de la diplomatie chinoise, Hua Chunying.

Evacuation française.

Un premier avion français a quitté Kaboul pour une base militaire française à Abou Dhabi (Emirats arabes unis) dans la nuit, a annoncé la ministre des Armées, Florence Parly sur RTL. Elle n'a pas précisé qui était à son bord, ni combien de passagers il a transporté. Le ministère des Armées a précisé que 45 personnes exfiltrées de la capitale par la France étaient attendues à Roissy dès cet après-midi. Interrogée sur le sort des Afghans employés par l'armée française , Florence Parly a exprimé le souhait de les évacuer, mais a affirmé que leur localisation n'est pas toujours connue et que « la vraie difficulté est d'obtenir que ces personnes puissent passer » les barrages tenus par les talibans, pour atteindre l'aéroport.

Emmanuel Macron a dans sa prise de parole lundi a promis de « mettre en sécurité nos compatriotes ».

Il a aussi déclaré que la France protégerait les Afghans l'ayant aidée et « celles et ceux qui sont les plus menacés », mais a appelé à anticiper des « flux migratoires irréguliers importants ».




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PRES DE 1 300 MORTS ET 5700 BLESSES

 DANS UN SEISME EN HAITI

Des équipes de sauveteurs cherchent encore des survivants lundi 16 aout 2021 en Haïti au surlendemain d'un séisme de magnitude 7,2 qui a ravivé les terribles souvenirs du grand tremblement de terre de 2010. Le séisme s'est produit samedi à 08H29 (12h29 GMT) à 12 km de la ville de Saint-Louis-du-Sud, située à quelque 160 km de la capitale haïtienne Port-au-Prince, selon les données de l'Institut américain de géophysique (USGS).

Le bilan, toujours provisoire, faisant état d’au moins 1 297 morts et 5 700 blessés, pour environ 30 000 maisons endommagées ou détruites.

Trois départements du sud-ouest d’Haïti – ceux du Sud, de Grand’Anse et de Nippes – ont payé le plus lourd tribut à cette catastrophe.Tous trois forment l’extrémité occidentale de la péninsule de Tiburon, étroite bande de terre tout en longueur qui s’étire sur 200 kilomètres, à l’ouest de Port-au-Prince.

La situation est tout aussi critique dans de nombreuses localités de la région de Tiburon. A une cinquantaine de kilomètres à l’ouest, la ville des Cayes, chef-lieu du département du Sud, est l’une des plus touchées.

De nombreux bâtiments se sont effondrés lors de la puissante secousse qui a piégé des centaines d'habitants sous des dalles de béton.

Les habitants se sont mobilisés pour secourir des victimes blessées dans l'effondrement des édifices. « Les premières interventions, menées tant par les sauveteurs professionnels que par des membres de la population ont permis d'extraire de nombreuses personnes des décombres », ont souligné les services de la protection civile.Les efforts des secours pourraient se voir entravés à l'approche de la tempête tropicale Grace, avec un risque de pluie torrentielles et d'inondations rapides, selon le service national météorologique des Etats-Unis.

Le chef du gouvernement, Ariel Henry, qui a survolé en hélicoptère les zones les plus affectées samedi, a annoncé que l'état d'urgence avait été déclaré pour un mois sur les quatre départements affectés par la catastrophe.

Menace des gangs

Du personnel et des médicaments ont été acheminés par le ministère de la Santé vers la péninsule sud-ouest mais la logistique d'urgence est mise en péril par l'insécurité qui mine Haïti depuis des mois.

Sur un peu plus de deux kilomètres, l'unique route reliant la capitale à la moitié sud du pays traverse le quartier pauvre de Martissant sous contrôle des gangs armés depuis début juin, empêchant la libre circulation.

Aide internationale

Le président américain Joe Biden a offert samedi l'assistante « immédiate » des Etats-Unis. Il a chargé la directrice de l'agence américaine d'aide internationale (USAID), Samantha Powers, de coordonner cet effort.

De son côté le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, Antonio Guterres a assuré « suivre les dernier développements de la tragédie en Haïti ». « Les Nations Unies travaillent pour soutenir les besoins d'urgence », a-t-il tweeté.

Les 253 médecins cubains présents dans le pays pour coopérer dans la lutte contre la pandémie de Covid-19 adaptaient un hôpital de Port-au-Prince pour recevoir des blessés.

La République Dominicaine, voisine de Haïti sur la même île, a annoncé l'envoi de 10.000 rations d'urgence et des équipements médicaux.

La joueuse de tennis japonaise Naomi Osaka, dont le père est Haïtien, va offrir la totalité des gains qu'elle percevra lors d'un prochain tournoi aux victimes du séisme. « Cette dévastation fait vraiment du mal », a-t-elle écrit sur twitter.

Le pays le plus pauvre des Amériques garde encore en mémoire le séisme du 12 janvier 2010 qui avait ravagé la capitale et plusieurs villes de province.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LES TALIBANS AUX PORTES DE KABOUL,

LE PRESIDENT ASHRAF GHANI A QUITTE LE PAYS

Les talibans sont sur le point de reprendre le pouvoir en Afghanistan, après être arrivés aux portes de Kaboul tandis que le président Ashraf Ghani a quitté le pays.

Le président afghan réclame le maintien l'ordre public à Kaboul. Ashraf Ghani a demandé aux forces de sécurité de garantir la « sécurité de tous les citoyens » en maintenant l'ordre public à Kaboul. « C'est notre responsabilité et nous le ferons de la meilleure manière possible. Quiconque pense à créer le chaos ou à piller sera traité avec force », a déclaré le chef de l'Etat dans un message vidéo envoyé à la presse.

Le ministre de l'Intérieur promet « un transfert pacifique du pouvoir ». Abdul Sattar Mirzakwal a annoncé qu'un « transfert pacifique du pouvoir vers un gouvernement de transition » allait avoir lieu dans le pays. Le ministre a également tenté de rassurer la population : « Les Afghans ne doivent pas s'inquiéter (...) Il n'y aura pas d'attaque sur la ville [de Kaboul] ».

Les talibans avaient aussi pris, dimanche, le contrôle du dernier poste-frontière encore aux mains du gouvernement afghan : celui de Torkham, à la frontière avec le Pakistan, a déclaré dimanche le ministre de l’intérieur pakistanais, Sheikh Rashid Ahmed. Cela signifie que les insurgés ont désormais la maîtrise de l’ensemble des frontières afghanes, faisant de l’aéroport de Kaboul la dernière porte de sortie du pays.

Déroute totale pour l’armée

Une poignée de villes mineures sont encore sous le contrôle du gouvernement, mais, dispersées et coupées de la capitale, n’ont plus une grande valeur stratégique. La déroute est totale pour le gouvernement du président, Ashraf Ghani, et pour les forces de sécurité afghanes, pourtant financées pendant vingt ans par les Etats-Unis.

Face à l’avancée fulgurante des talibans, des dizaines de soldats afghans se sont réfugiés en, Ouzbékistan voisin, ont annoncé dimanche les autorités de Tachkent dans un communiqué. En juillet, un millier de soldats afghans avaient déjà traversé la frontière vers le Tadjikistan après des combats avec les talibans. Les troupes ouzbèkes à la frontière entre les deux pays ont arrêté 84 soldats afghans et des discussions ont été engagées avec les autorités afghanes pour organiser leur retour dans leur pays, a fait savoir le ministère des affaires étrangères ouzbek.

Evacuation des ambassades

Face à l’effondrement de l’armée afghane, le président américain, Joe Biden, a porté à 5 000 soldats le déploiement militaire à l’aéroport de Kaboul pour évacuer les diplomates américains et les civils afghans ayant coopéré avec les Etats-Unis et qui craignent pour leur vie. Le Pentagone évalue à 30 000 le nombre de personnes à évacuer.

Comme la veille, les hélicoptères américains continuaient dimanche leurs rotations incessantes entre l’aéroport et l’ambassade américaine, un gigantesque complexe situé dans la « zone verte », ultrafortifiée, au centre de la capitale. Le président des Etats-Unis a menacé les talibans d’une réponse « rapide et forte » en cas d’attaque qui mettrait en danger des ressortissants américains lors de l’opération d’évacuation.

Mais il a aussi défendu sa décision de mettre fin à vingt ans de guerre, la plus longue qu’ait connue l’Amérique, lancée dans la foulée des attentats du 11 septembre 2001. « Une année ou cinq années de plus de présence militaire américaine n’aurait fait aucune différence, quand l’armée afghane ne peut ou ne veut pas défendre son propre pays », a-t-il affirmé. L’ambassade américaine a ordonné à son personnel de détruire les documents sensibles et symboles américains qui pourraient être utilisés par les talibans « à des fins de propagande ».

Londres a parallèlement annoncé le redéploiement de 600 militaires pour aider les ressortissants britanniques à partir, et fait savoir dimanche que le parlement serait convoqué en urgence pour discuter de la situation en Afghanistan. Plusieurs pays occidentaux vont réduire au strict minimum leur présence, voire fermer provisoirement leur ambassade.

Le ministère des affaires étrangères français a annoncé dimanche des renforts militaires seraient déployés aux Emirats arabes unis (EAU) pour faciliter l’évacuation de ses ressortissants, après avoir déplacé son ambassade à l’aéroport de Kaboul.

De son côté, la Russie ne prévoit pas d’évacuer son ambassade à Kaboul, a fait savoir dimanche un responsable du ministère des affaires étrangères russe à l’agence de presse Interfax. Moscou dit également œuvrer pour la tenue d’une réunion urgente du Conseil de sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations unies.

Les talibans, qui veillent à afficher une image plus modérée que lorsqu’ils dirigeaient le pays, entre 1996 et 2001, ont maintes fois promis que s’ils revenaient au pouvoir, ils respecteraient les droits humains, en particulier ceux des femmes, en accord avec les « valeurs islamiques ».

Mais, dans les zones nouvellement conquises, ils ont déjà été accusés de nombreuses exactions : meurtres de civils, décapitations, enlèvements d’adolescentes pour les marier de force, notamment.



Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

NINE REGIONAL CAPITALS

AT THE HANDS OF THE TALIBANS

In Afghanistan, "hundreds" of members of the security forces, who had withdrawn near the airport of Kunduz (north), after the fall this weekend of the city, surrendered on Wednesday August 11 to the Taliban. , said Amruddin Wali, a provincial councilor.

"Most of the soldiers who were stationed at the airport surrender," confirmed a soldier there, who requested anonymity. “The Taliban surrounded us, they fired shells at us. There was no way to reply, ”he said.

The Taliban launched an offensive in May, with the start of the final withdrawal of US and foreign troops, which is to be completed by August 31. They seized from vast rural territories without meeting much resistance. Their progress has accelerated in recent days with the capture of several urban centers.

The Taliban are today at the head of nine of the 34 provincial capitals of Afghanistan, including seven located in the north of the country, a region that had always resisted them ...

Between Friday and Monday, they took control of Zaranj, Sheberghan, then the large northeastern city, Kunduz, but also Taloqan and Sar-e-Pul. And on the night of Tuesday to Wednesday, it was the city of Faizabad which fell. The Taliban thus took control in less than three months of almost all the districts of the North and the West.

“Only central Afghanistan remains under state control. The rest of the country, of Pashtun population in the East and the South, where the Taliban originate from, is already almost theirs. », Concludes on France info Georges Lefeuvre associate researcher at the Institute of International and Strategic Relations (Iris), specialist in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani arrived in Mazar-e Charif, a large city in the north of the country targeted by the Taliban, on Wednesday to try to coordinate the response to the insurgents. After arriving in Mazar-e Charif during the night at the head of a large contingent of armed men, Marshal Dostom, a powerful leader of the Uzbek ethnic group, issued a warning to the Taliban.

They “never learn from the past. They have come to the north several times and have always been trapped there, ”he told the local press.

Washington annoyed by the weakness of the Kabul army

The loss of Mazar-e Charif would be catastrophic for the government, which would no longer have any control over the entire northern half of the country. It would also allow the Taliban to shift their efforts to other regions and perhaps even to the capital, Kabul.

"I do not regret my decision" to leave Afghanistan, assured the President of the United States, Joe Biden on Tuesday. Afghans "must have the will to fight" and "must fight for themselves, for their nation," he also said. Washington is less and less hiding its annoyance at the weakness of Kabul's army, which the Americans have been training, financing and equipping for years.

An international meeting with representatives from Qatar, the United States, China, the United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, the United Nations and the European Union took place in Doha on Tuesday.

The American envoy, Zalmay Khalilzad, was to urge the Taliban "to cease their military offensive and to negotiate a political agreement."

The peace process between the Afghan government and the Taliban opened in September in Qatar, as part of the agreement reached in February 2020 between the insurgents and Washington providing for the total departure of foreign troops from Afghanistan. But the discussions are today at a standstill.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

COVID KILLED IN THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN

 IN HOSPITALIZED

Wherever the delta variant of the virus responsible for Covid-19 is rife, hospital data suggests a surge in the number of children hospitalized.

In the United States, data from two states among the least vaccinated and most affected by the delta variant is worrying: in Florida and Louisiana, a considerable number of children are ending up in hospital for Covid-19.

In New Orleans (Louisiana), in just two weeks, no less than 20 children contracted a severe form of Covid-19.

Since the start of the pandemic, 4.1 million children have tested positive for Covid-19 in the United States, or 14.3% of contaminations. A percentage that is around 20% at the end of July.

In the United Kingdom too, the number of children hospitalized for Covid soared at the same time as the delta variant, in June and July. British hospitals received more than 300 children a week at the end of July - a level hitherto unheard of.

In France too, in the most heavily affected regions, the number of hospitalized children has reached record levels.

This is the case in Occitania, where for four weeks there have been more children hospitalized than at any time since the start of the pandemic.

A more contagious or more dangerous virus ?

Therefore, is this sharp increase in cases in children a consequence of a virus that is more dangerous for them, or simply of a virus that is circulating more ?

For now, scientists do not know how to explain it, but the observations are final. Doctors speculate that the hypertransmissibility of this variant, combined with a poorly or insufficiently vaccinated population, is part of the explanation.

All the more so since the youngest children are not yet eligible for vaccination.

The World Health Organization (WHO) does not imagine that the delta variant is more virulent in the youngest:

“I'll be very clear: we're not seeing the Delta variant specifically target children. The incidence rate is increasing in all age groups ”

Maria Van Kerkhove, director of the Covid-19 technical team for the WHO

One thing is certain, however, that the fact that they are not vaccinated "pushes" the virus to infect children rather than adults, to whom a growing proportion of the population is immune.

This is why the American Pediatric Association is now calling for vaccination for 5-11 year olds.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

COVID RETICENCES TO A MORATORIUM ON THE THIRD DOSE REQUESTED BY WHO

The head of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, called on Wednesday August 4, 2021 for a moratorium on the administration of these booster vaccines, in order to leave these doses available to countries that have not been able to immunize only a tiny fraction of their population.

This is to serve a holistic approach not of new injections in rich countries until the first ones have been distributed in poor countries. "We urgently need to turn things around: from a majority of vaccines going to rich countries to a the majority going to poor countries, ”he said during a press briefing in Geneva.

So far, of the roughly 4 billion doses injected around the world, 80% have gone to middle-income and higher-income countries ... which represent less than 50% of the world's population. The UN Secretary General had pledged to achieve a minimum immunization coverage of 10% in every country in the world in September, and the count is not there.

Only 1.5% of the population in low-income countries is vaccinated, the ratio being close to zero in large parts of the world. Concretely, the WHO calls on rich countries, such as vaccine producers, to turn to the Covax international redistribution system, still largely under-resourced, to restore the balance.

The Israeli government has not commented directly on the WHO request, but continued to administer third doses of the anti-Covid vaccine on Thursday, mainly from Pfizer / BioNtech laboratories. Under the watchful eye of the cameras, President Isaac Herzog, opposition leader Benjamin Netanyahu and Prime Minister Nafatli Bennett's mother received this third dose.

This booster shot aims to strengthen the immune system in the face of the spread of the Delta variant, which is more contagious than others. “Those aged 60 and over and who have not yet received a third dose are six times more likely to be seriously ill or even to die, ”Bennett said.

"I ask that in the next two to three weeks, by the time you get vaccinated and wait five days after your third dose, to take care of yourself," he added. Germany has already announced a campaign for a "third dose". In France, the executive should arbitrate next week on the issue of vaccination of the most fragile in September.

The United States, for its part, immediately declared its opposition to such a moratorium, denouncing moreover "a false alternative", even if the United States has not yet formally planned a recall campaign.

White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said, "We think we can do both, we don't need to choose" between booster doses for Americans who have already been vaccinated, and underprivileged countries. 'we must support .....




Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

COVID IN THE WORLD

A LARGE NUMBER OF COUNTRIES RENEW

WITH HEALTH RESTRICTIONS

The Delta variant of the coronavirus will have had, in a few weeks, the reason of summer recklessness and many countries are resuming, in the middle of summer, with restrictive measures.

The Covid-19 pandemic has killed more than 4.2 million people worldwide since the end of 2019, according to a report drawn up by Agence France-Presse on Friday, July 30 from official figures provided by the authorities of each country. But the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that these could be two to three times higher if the excess mortality directly and indirectly linked to the disease were taken into account.

More than 4 billion doses of the Covid-19 vaccine have been administered across the world. However, vaccination remains highly unequal: high-income countries have thus inoculated an average of 97 doses per 100 inhabitants, against only 1.6 doses in poor countries.

Delta variant spreads in China

China is facing an epidemic rebound, which threatens its policy of zero cases of Covid-19. The resurgence of contamination, still very limited, affected five provinces and the city of Beijing on Friday. These cases have their epicenter in the city of Nanjing (east). The epidemic outbreak which appeared at Nanjing airport (east) at the end of July, has now spread to more than twenty cities and more than ten provinces. Millions of people underwent a Covid-19 screening test on Sunday, August 1 in several major cities in China in an attempt to curb an increase in coronavirus cases. China reported on Sunday 75 new contaminations, including 53 local transmissions.

Hundreds of thousands of people are now confined in Jiangsu province, of which Nanjing is the capital, while the city has subjected its 9.2 million inhabitants to two screenings. The tourist town of Zhangjiajie in Hunan province, where a handful of positive people attended a theatrical performance, confined its 1.5 million residents and closed all tourist attractions on Friday, according to an official statement. Famous for its impressive rock formations, the city is where part of the blockbuster Avatar was filmed.

In France, Reunion Island and Martinique re-defined

Reunion and Martinique, French overseas departments, are preparing to reconfine in the face of the meteoric rise in Covid-19 cases, a situation described as "dramatic" by Prime Minister Jean Castex.

In Guadeloupe, guitarist Jacob Desvarieux, founding member of the zouk Kassav 'group, died Friday from Covid-19, while the increase in contaminations due to the Delta variant has been concentrated in recent weeks in metropolitan France, mainly in tourist areas - Atlantic coast and Mediterranean coast - the government also considers the epidemic situation "worrying" in the East and among young people.

Japan extends state of emergency

The Japanese government decided on Friday to extend the state of emergency in Tokyo and Okinawa until August 31 and to extend it to four other departments, three neighbors of the capital, Chiba, Saitama, Kanagawa, and Osaka ( in the West). "The infection is spreading at a speed never seen before," especially in the greater Tokyo area, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said. “If the increase in the number of infected people does not stop, hospitals may be overwhelmed. "

The Japanese capital recorded 3,300 additional cases on Friday, while the number of daily cases nationwide exceeded 10,000 for the first time. Vaccination in Japan has started more slowly than in other industrialized countries, and only 27.6% of the national population is fully vaccinated, according to the latest government figures.

The organizers of the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo reported on Friday 27 new cases in people linked to the event, including three athletes; this is the highest daily figure to date. The IOC disputes any link between the holding of the Olympics and the resurgence of the pandemic in Japan.

In the United States, Joe Biden takes action to speed up vaccination

US President Joe Biden, who promised a "summer of freedom", had to take a series of measures on Thursday to restart vaccination. "We are not completely out of the woods," the US president said in a speech to the White House, as the country faces an outbreak of contaminations due to the rapid spread of the Delta variant and the vaccination campaign s 'is slowed down after a rapid start.

From now on, federal employees (4 million people, including 2 million civilians) will either have to be vaccinated or comply with a series of constraints. Unvaccinated people will be required to wear the mask even in areas where Covid-19 circulation is low, and to undergo regular tests, once or twice a week. Without going as far as the outright vaccination obligation, this is a change of course for the Biden administration , which until now refused to associate any idea of ​​constraint with vaccination. "I know people talk about freedom" but "with freedom comes responsibility", commented the Democratic president.

In the army, he asks to think about "how and when" to add the vaccine against the Covid-19 to the list of compulsory vaccines for the troops. Among the incentives, Joe Biden is calling on local authorities to pay $ 100 to any new person getting vaccinated, drawing from emergency funds released to deal with the pandemic.

Israel launches booster vaccination campaign

Israel on Friday launched a booster vaccination campaign aimed at people aged 60 and over. "We are starting the recall campaign," Israeli President Isaac Herzog, who received a third dose on the outskirts of Tel Aviv, said on Friday. "Israel is a pioneer, moving forward with [this] third dose of vaccine," said Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, who accompanied the president to the hospital.

According to Pfizer, “New studies show that a third dose has neutralizing effects against the Delta variant [which are] more than five times higher in young people and more than eleven times higher in older people. But, for now, the US drug regulatory authority, whose recommendations Israel generally follows, has not given the go-ahead for a third dose for the elderly.

About 55% of Israel's population has been fully vaccinated thanks to a massive campaign launched at the end of December, mostly with vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech. In early June, authorities extended vaccination to young people aged 12 to 16, and from August 1, children aged 5 to 11 at risk of serious complications from Covid-19 will be able to be vaccinated. If the epidemic remains under control, Israel however reinstated the health pass on Thursday, in the face of an increase in contamination.

In Australia Sydney confined until the end of August, Brisbane for a few days

About 300 soldiers will be deployed in the streets of Sydney in the coming days to ensure compliance with containment in Australia's largest city, in the grip of an epidemic, authorities said on Friday. Their mission will consist mainly of door-to-door operations to verify that citizens comply with containment measures.

The agglomeration of five million inhabitants is in its fifth week of confinement. This measure is expected to last until the end of August. Residents are only supposed to be able to leave their homes to play sports, to go to work if their job is deemed essential, for medical reasons or to do their shopping. But the parks and waterfront promenade have been packed with locals for weeks.

Strict three-day containment is due to go into effect on Saturday afternoon in Brisbane, Australia's third-largest city, and parts of Queensland state, authorities said, trying to contain a surge in the Covid-epidemic. 19 due to the Delta variant. The only way to beat the Delta strain is to act fast, to be fast and to be strong,” said Steven Miles, Deputy Prime Minister of the State of Queensland, of which Brisbane is the capital.

Thirteen million people re-confined in the Philippines

The Philippines is preparing to re-contain 13 million people in the capital Manila region as early as next week, the government said on Friday, which is trying to contain a surge in cases linked to the Delta variant.

Restaurants and collective gatherings are hit with an immediate ban, while a two-week lockdown will begin on August 6, presidential spokesman Harry Roque said on official television.

The Philippines has recorded more than 1.5 million cases of Covid-19 contamination - making it the second most affected country in Southeast Asia - including nearly 28,000 deaths since the start of the pandemic .

Delta variant: WHO and US documents sound the alarm

The Delta variant of Covid-19 is as contagious as chickenpox, probably has more serious effects than its predecessors and infected people seem to transmit it as much whether they are vaccinated or not , according to US official documents circulating internally within the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC), the leading health agency in the United States.

For the World Health Organization, the Delta, at the origin of a new wave of contamination in many countries, is a warning which should encourage action to be taken quickly before the appearance of more dangerous mutations.



Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

US WITHDRAWAL FROM AFGHANISTAN

TOWARDS A SPECTACULAR RETURN OF THE TALIBAN

Taliban attacks have increased sharply in Afghanistan since the signing of the peace accord between the insurgents and Washington in February 2020, which led to the departure of US forces, according to an official US report released on Thursday.

Sharp increase in attacks

The security situation has deteriorated sharply in Afghanistan.

The “attacks initiated by the enemy”, attributed mainly to the Taliban, in fact increased from 9,651 at the end of 2019 to 13,242 at the end of 2020, indicates the Office of the Special Inspector General for the Reconstruction of Afghanistan (Sigar, which depends on Congress), based on data from the NATO mission in Afghanistan.

This is the first time since December 2019 that the latter has published detailed figures of these attacks. Between March 1 and May 31, the date of the latest data collected by the NATO mission in Afghanistan, Resolute Support, before the withdrawal of most of the coalition forces, 1,383 attacks were recorded, including 3,268 were fatal, according to the Sigar's office.

At the request of the government in Kabul, the Inspector General does not publish the number of casualties of the Afghan army, which numbers some 300,000 men and women. Violence against civilians reached record levels in April and May, according to the NATO mission, with 705 civilians killed and 1,330 injured - almost as many as the previous three months combined.

Resolute Support attributes 93% of civilian casualties in recent months to anti-government forces (40% to the Taliban, 38% to unidentified insurgents, 14% to the Islamic State group and less than 1% to the Haqqani network, close to the Taliban).

A spectacular return of the Taliban

The report also notes that the Taliban have taken control of a significant number of districts in the rural areas, although they do not control the major cities.

"What is most worrying is the speed and ease with which the Taliban have apparently taken control of districts in the north of the country, a former stronghold of opposition to the Taliban," John Sopko observes. The Taliban are bringing down one district after another. To date, they control more than half of the territory. As of August 31, no more foreign troops will be present in the country.

Driven from power at the start of the American offensive, the Taliban, these fundamentalists who protected Osama bin Laden, are therefore making a spectacular comeback in many districts of the country as the foreign forces leave the territory. Their progress since the United States completed its military withdrawal on July 3, stuns experts.

Towards a resumption of power by the Taliban ?

The recent lightning advance of the Taliban thus raises fears that they will seize power again, 20 years after being driven out at the end of 2001 by an international coalition led by the United States, after their refusal to hand over the leader of Al-Qaeda Osama bin Laden in the wake of the 9/11 attacks.

"The overall trend is clearly unfavorable to the Afghan government, which could face an existential crisis if it does not reverse it," said Inspector General John Sopko in the report. The hypothesis of a government of national unity in Kabul, made up of the current regime and the Taliban, seems less and less feasible.

Warnings against the Taliban

Afghanistan now appears to be on the brink of chaos and the fear of civil war breaking out is growing day by day. Faced with the routed security forces, the population took up arms in several provinces, supporting the Afghan army and police in their fight against the Taliban, sometimes even fighting alone against the expansion of religious fundamentalists.

Sunday in Kabul, the head of US operations in Afghanistan, General Kenneth McKenzie, warned that the United States would continue its airstrikes against the Taliban, if the latter continued their offensive..




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

RECORD IN CHINA

WITH 76 NEW COVID PATIENTS

This is a record since January. China reported 76 new Covid patients on Monday, most of these cases having been recorded in a province bordering Shanghai, the most populous Chinese city. The first country to face the coronavirus at the end of 2019, the Asian giant has almost eradicated the disease on its soil since the spring of 2020 and life has since largely returned to normal.

A success obtained thanks in particular to massive screenings, strict confinements or the compulsory placement in quarantine of all people coming from abroad.

39 of the 76 new patients announced by the Chinese Ministry of Health were identified in Jiangsu, a province located north of Shanghai, in eastern China. Thousands of residents of Nanjing, the provincial capital, are currently in containment after the recent discovery of an epidemic focus at its airport.

And since Sunday, the 9.2 million people living in this metropolis must undergo a second screening test to identify patients who may take longer than usual to show symptoms.

China follows a zero tolerance policy towards the virus and is rushing to stem new outbreaks, at a time when the more contagious Delta variant is raging in neighboring India and Burma.

A small Chinese town on the border of Burma is thus using facial recognition cameras to monitor the movements of its inhabitants and to eradicate a small focus of Covid-19.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

RETURN OF THE WIFE OF THE MURDERED PRESIDENT IN HAITI FOR THE FUNERAL

Martine Moïse , wife of assassinated President Jovenel Moïse, joined Haiti on Saturday to prepare for her husband's funeral scheduled for July 24. The first lady was injured in the attack which was fatal to her husband.

The wife of Haitian president assassinated last week, Martine Moïse, injured in the attack that killed her husband, Jovenel Moïse, returned to Port-au-Prince on Saturday July 17 after being treated in Miami, United States , announced the Haitian Secretary of State for Communication.

"The 1st lady @martinejmoise has just arrived in Haiti as part of the preparations for the national funeral" of her husband, scheduled for July 23, tweeted Frantz Exantus.

Arm in a sling, bulletproof vest over her black clothes, Martine Moïse, 47, was greeted by the interim Prime Minister, Claude Joseph. The latter promised to do justice to her husband, whose death aggravated the chaos in this country of the Antilles plagued by violence and misery.

Gray areas in the investigation

Ten days after the tragedy, the investigation has advanced but many gray areas remain. The Haitian police arrested around twenty people, including several former Colombian soldiers accused of having been part of the commando that came to kill Jovenel Moïse.

The apparent ease with which the assailants managed to kill him raised suspicions, four officials of the president's security team were also jailed and 24 officers subject to precautionary measures.

The director general of the Haitian national police, Léon Charles, assured Friday he was working with international investigators, in particular agents of the American federal police, to identify those behind the assassination.

Haitian police have already arrested a 63-year-old Haitian doctor long established in Florida, Christian Emmanuel Sanon, whom they suspect to be one of the masterminds of the crime. Colombian police, who are also investigating, have said that A former Haitian official of the Ministry of Justice, Joseph Felix Badio, had ordered the Colombian mercenaries to assassinate the president.

The Haitian authorities have launched a wanted notice against him, as well as against former Senator John Joel Joseph, both being described as "dangerous and armed" individuals"




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

CHINA LAUNCHES THE BIGGEST MARKET

FROM CARBON TO THE WORLD

China is embarking on penalizing polluters. The country launched Friday, July 16, the largest carbon market in the world to help reduce polluting emissions from the Asian giant, the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases.

The country is also the one that invests the most in new energies and Beijing has promised to achieve carbon neutrality in 2060.

Trading began at 9:30 a.m. local time (01:30 GMT) on the Shanghai Energy and Environment Exchange, the official China New News Agency said in a brief statement.

Transparency

This carbon market allows, for the first time, provincial authorities to set quotas for thermal power plants and allows companies to buy rights to pollute from others with a lower carbon footprint.

Concretely, the authorities issue a certificate for each tonne of carbon dioxide (or other greenhouse gas) that a company is authorized to emit. In the event of non-compliance, the latter must pay fines.

In the interests of transparency, companies will have to make their pollution data public and have them verified by third parties.

This carbon market currently only concerns the electricity sector, whose power plants in China still operate largely on coal, one of the most harmful energies for the environment. And for some analysts, fines for non-compliance are not enough of a deterrent.

The price of carbon is expected to be very low under the Chinese system - around $ 6 a tonne - compared to around $ 36 in the European Union and $ 17 in California last year.

Permit to pollute

Another point: the polluting permits are distributed free of charge instead of being auctioned. As a result, there is less incentive for companies to reduce their emissions quickly.

President Xi Jinping drew applause at the end of 2020 by announcing that his country would start reducing its polluting emissions before 2030 and intends to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060 - that is, to absorb as much as to issue some.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

COVID TOTAL RECONFINATION OF SYDNEY IN

AUSTRALIA DUE TO THE DELTA VARIANT

Total containment for the people of Sydney. The streets of Sydney and its suburbs were nearly empty on Saturday, June 26, at the start of a two-week lockdown aimed at containing the spread of the highly contagious Delta variant of SARS-CoV-2 in Australia's largest city. decided, Saturday, June 26, to put the city of Sydney under a bell, to face an outbreak of new cases of Covid-19 which worries all over the world even if several European countries continue to ease their restriction measures.

The confinement, which had already been in force since midnight Friday in four districts of the city, begins to apply Saturday from 6 p.m. (8 a.m. GMT) to the whole of the metropolis, announced the Prime Minister of the New South Wales State Gladys Berejiklian.e 6 p.m. (8 a.m. GMT) metropolitan-wide, New South Wales State Premier Gladys Berejiklian announced.

More than 80 people have tested positive this week, all linked to a driver who drove airline crews from Sydney Airport to quarantine hotels.

"The Delta variant is proving to be a particularly formidable enemy," State Health Minister Brad Hazzard told reporters. "Whatever defensive measures are taken, the virus seems to know how to counterattack," he added.

Delta an “Indian” variant classified as “worrying”

Delta is an “Indian” variant classified as “special concern” by the WHO (while Kappa, its close cousin, is only qualified as “of interest”). This category includes variants likely to worsen the epidemiological situation, which turn out to be more virulent, or which modify the clinical picture of the infection by the new coronavirus, or which reduce the effect of public health measures, including vaccination. . In a note released on June 23, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) writes that Delta could be associated with a greater risk of hospitalization, i.e. severe form of Covid-19 . Study published by the journal Cell on June 16 suggests that Delta is stronger than certains antibodies. Clearly, having already contracted Covid-19 would not always constitute a guarantee against reinfection by this variant.

Concerns focus mainly on the contagiousness of Delta. In its note of June 23, the ECDC specifies that, at this stage of knowledge, it turns out to be 40% to 60% more contagious than the so-called “British” variant, which played a major role in the third wave of the epidemic. in France. Delta should therefore represent 90% of new cases of Covid-19 in the European Union, by the end of August. "It is very likely that the Delta variant circulates widely during the summer, especially among young people who are not targeted for vaccination," warned Andrea Ammon, the director of the European disease agency. vaccine therefore seems necessary to fight against the Delta variant, this will probably not be sufficient. In fact, the more contagious a virus,the higher the level of vaccination necessary to achieve group immunity (the threshold beyond which it can no longer circulate), explained Samuel Alizon to Agence France-Presse.

However, with regard to the Delta variant, scientists agree that it would take more than 80% of the vaccinated population, especially since it partly escapes the immunity developed by people who have already contracted the vaccine. Covid-19.

Present in at least 85 countries

The discovery of these new cases came as a shock to Australia's largest metropolis with more than five million inhabitants, where life had almost returned to normal. When you have a variant as contagious as the Delta virus, a three-day lockdown doesn't work, ”said Gladys Berejiklian, defending the decision to impose a two-week lockdown. "The transmissibility is at least double of the previous variants, so we must prepare for a potentially high number of cases in the days to come," she added.

The variant is now present in at least 85 countries, according to the WHO, in varying proportions. In India, it quickly prevailed over its two cousins, while in the United Kingdom it took a few weeks for it to take precedence over the local variant. In the United States, it went from around 10% of positive samples sequenced on June 5, to 35% last week. A comparable proportion is observed in Israel.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda, it is responsible for around 77% and 97% of diagnosed cases, respectively, and in France, it accounts for more than 74% of positive tests carried out from June 14 to 20 in the Landes, according to the Regional Health Agency (ARS) Nouvelle-Aquitaine, against 12.1% in the Pyrénées-Orientales and Gironde, and 9.5% nationally.




Garett Skyport  for DayNewsWorld

THE ULTRA CONSERVATIVE RAISSI

NEW PRESIDENT IN IRAN

The ultra conservative Ebrahim Raïssi won the Iranian presidential election in the first round with 62% of the vote, according to official partial results published late Saturday morning. Out of 28.6 million ballots counted, Ebrahim Raïssi obtained "more than 17,800,000" votes, declared Jamal Orf, president of the National Electoral Commission at a press conference in Tehran.

The "Iranian nation" demonstrated during the presidential election that it had defeated "once again" the "mercenary media propaganda of the enemy," Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei said on Saturday the day after the ballot. Before the election, Ali Khamenei had repeatedly urged his compatriots to defeat a campaign of calls for a boycott of the ballot relayed by the opposition in exile.

In his speech of June 6, 2021, delivered on the occasion of the 22nd anniversary of the death of the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran Ruhollah Khomeini, the current Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei thus considered that abstention from the presidential elections which to be held on June 18 and 25 is a "great sin", equivalent to the sin of murder in Islam. In his second fatwa, he even banned blank votes. Ayatollah Ahmad Alam al-Hoda, a Grand Ayatollah close to Ali Khamenei, also claimed that anyone who abstains from the vote is not a Muslim.

Head of the Judicial Authority, Ebrahim Raïssi, 60, appeared to be a favorite, for lack of real competition after the disqualification of his main opponents. The electoral campaign was bland, against a background of general fed up with the crisis, in a country rich in hydrocarbons but subject to American sanctions. Presenting himself as the champion of the fight against corruption and the defender of the popular classes with purchasing power undermined by inflation, Ebrahim Raïssi is the only one of the four candidates to have truly campaigned.

A hated clergyman

He is widely hated because he was one of the major players in the early purge of the Islamic Republic [in the summer of 1988, the regime executed hundreds of political opponents]. This 60-year-old ultraconservative has been the head of the judicial authority since 2019. He had already obtained 38% of the votes in the 2017 presidential election. He is a member of the clergy, present since the beginning of the Islamic revolution, very powerful .

For the opposition in exile and human rights defenders, Ebrahim Raïssi is the embodiment of repression and his name associated with the mass executions of left-wing detainees in 1988, a tragedy in which the person concerned denies any participation. He is on the blacklist of Iranian officials sanctioned by Washington for "complicity in serious human rights violations". Faced with calls for a boycott launched by the opposition in exile, and by some dissidents in Iran, Supreme Guide Ali Khamenei has stepped up calls to participate en masse in the ballot. Without calling for abstention, former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a populist who had seen his candidacy invalidated in May, denounced an election organized "against the interests of the country" and announced hisdecision, in a personal capacity, not to participate in “this sin”.

Election promises

The strong man of the regime, however, promised, during a debate organized on public television on Saturday 5 June, "an incessant fight against poverty and corruption". Like all the other candidates, he is in favor of continuing negotiations with the Western powers on the nuclear issue, a position shared by the Supreme Guide. But it is above all the economy that is at the heart of the presidential election. Iran has suffered greatly from the new sanctions imposed by the United States following the country's withdrawal from nuclear agreements in 2018. Iranian GDP fell by 6% in 2018, and by 6.8% in 2019. before stabilizing, according to the International Monetary Fund.

Limited prerogatives

The president however has limited prerogatives in Iran, where most of the power is in the hands of the Supreme Leader. Hassan Rouhani's record is marred by the failure of his policy of openness after the withdrawal of the United States, in 2018, from the Iranian nuclear agreement concluded with the great powers. This withdrawal and the reinstatement of punitive American sanctions that followed plunged the country into a violent recession, notably depriving the government of its oil export revenues. In December and January 2017-2018 and in November 2019, two waves of protests were violently repressed.

On the question of the necessary recovery of the economy, the solution lies in the lifting of American sanctions, currently the subject of negotiations to save the Vienna Agreement by reintegrating the United States.




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

KIM JONG-UN RECOGNIZES

A " TENDER FOOD SITUATION "

The North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has acknowledged that the country faced a "tight food situation," said Wednesday the official media. The North, whose economy is weighed down by multiple international sanctions imposed in response to its banned military programs, has long been plagued by severe food shortages.

Last year, the coronavirus pandemic as well as typhoons and floods ended a serious blow to its economy.

At a plenary meeting of the Central Committee of the ruling Workers' Party, Kim said the economic situation has improved, with industrial production increasing by 2% over the previous year, reported the official North Korean agency KCNA on Wednesday.

The leader, however, admitted to having encountered a "series of difficulties" due to many "challenges" to be overcome.

"The food situation is now tense as the agricultural sector has not been able to meet its cereal production target due to damage caused by typhoons last year," Kim said.

During the summer of 2020, thousands of homes and farmland were destroyed by typhoons which were accompanied by flooding.

Kim called for action to minimize the consequences of these natural disasters, saying ensuring "good harvests" was a "top priority".

During this meeting, the "enduring situation" of the coronavirus pandemic was raised, according to KCNA.

The North was one of the first countries to impose strict health restrictions, including the decision, very early on, to close its borders and in particular with its Chinese neighbor to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

The regime maintains that the epidemic did not arrive on its soil, which many experts doubt.

Trade with Beijing, the regime's first economic and diplomatic support, has been reduced to heartache.

But this isolation came at a high economic cost, so much so that Kim acknowledged in April the difficulties his country was facing. He thus called on his lieutenants to “lead a new“ forced march ”, even harder, in order to help the population face the difficulties, if only a little”.

The “Forced March” is the expression used in the North to designate the famine of the 1990s which left hundreds of thousands of people dead, following the reduction in aid from Moscow after the Soviet collapse.

It is "very likely" that the pandemic has "worsened" the humanitarian situation in the North, where 10.6 million people are in need, recently estimated the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (Ocha).



Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

THE NEW ISRAELIAN PRIME MINISTER

NAFTALI BENNETT

MARKS THE END OF THE NETANYAHU ERA

A page turns to Israel with the end of the Netanyahu era. Naftali Bennett became Prime Minister of Israel. After twelve years at the head of the Israeli government, Benjamin Netanyahu was removed from power in a vote in Parliament on Sunday, June 13, 2021.

A majority hanging by a thread.

Of the 119 MPs present (120 in Parliament) voted 60 in favor of the new coalition, ranging from the right to the left, through the support of a party arabe.Une wobbly alliance of eight parties of the left , center, right and radical right with the participation of Raam, an Islamist movement.

Fifty-nine MPs, mostly from Benjamin Netanyahu's Likud party, the far-right and ultra-Orthodox parties, opposed it. Their unity is cemented by the desire to get rid of Benjamin Netanyahu who becomes the leader of the opposition.

N. Bennett, figure of the Israeli far right

this Sunday evening became the new Prime Minister of his country. A consecration for this atypical character who, at only 49 years old, already seems to have several lives.

Son of American immigrants, this native of Haifa began his career in the prestigious military unit "Sayeret Matkal".

He will remain six years in uniform. After the army, law degree in hand, he took a first 180 degree turn and embarked on new technologies. With some success: with his cybersecurity company Cyotta, he became a figure of the "start-up nation" "in Israel before selling his company for 145 million dollars in 2005. The following year, he decided to move back to zero and made the leap into politics.

He joins Likud, the party for which his family has always voted and where he becomes the right-hand man of a certain Benjamin Netanyahu. Very close, the two men quickly distance themselves

Naftali Bennett, the leader of the Yamina party, will lead the government for the first two years before giving way to centrist Yair Lapid for an equivalent period, under a rotation agreement. After the last legislative elections in March, the opposition gradually united against Benjamin Netanyahu and - an extremely rare event in Israeli history - rallied the Arab Israeli formation Raam, led by the Islamist Mansour Abbas.

Ex-Minister of Education of "Bibi", the nickname of the deposed prime minister, Naftali Bennett is considered a modernist cleric. This former businessman in the high-tech is prime minister while Yamina does not, following of a defection, that six deputies to the Parliament but that the right and the religious of which he is one of the standard bearers occupy more than half of the bays. He embodies after four legislative elections in two years, without real winners or losers, the “Everything Except Bibi.

End of the Netanyahu era

Almost immediately acknowledging his defeat just before the vote of confidence, Benjamin Netanyahu, the most lasting prime minister in Israel's history, assured Parliament that he would remain in politics, leading the opposition, in order to "bring down" the new government, and that it would "return soon" to power. He may also have to face, in addition to his trial, a wave of protest within his party, the Likud, elected officials already seeking to turn the Netanyahu page internally.

The priorities of the new government

Before him, the leader of the radical right Naftali Bennett presented the members and the priorities of the future government which is to take office on Sunday evening. The government will work for "the whole" of the Israeli population including the Arab minority, but also the ultra-Orthodox Jews who have no elected members in this coalition, Naftali Bennett said in a speech constantly interrupted by supporters of Benjamin Netanyahu. “Citizens of Israel! This is a critical political moment and I call on everyone to show restraint, ”said Naftali Bennett, who should in principle succeed Benjamin Netanyahu.

On foreign policy, he kept the same tone as the outgoing Prime Minister on the nuclear issue of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Israel's sworn enemy. The new coalition "will not let Iran acquire nuclear weapons," warned Neftali Bennett.

"The agreement, however, sets aside sensitive issues such as the colonization of the West Bank or the creation of a Palestinian state, but they could resurface in the event of tensions in East Jerusalem, violence in the West Bank or war with Hamas. societal issues such as the place of religion or that of LGBTQ, the relationship between politics and justice, between conservative and reformed Jews, require great differences. "

"The subjects of friction should not be missing as the team is heterogeneous!", Concludes a French colleague from Le Figaro.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

ISAAC HERZOG ELECTED PRESIDENT OF ISRAEL

Isaac Herzog has in the past campaigned for the resolution of the conflict with the Palestinians,

On June 2, 2021, he becomes the eleventh president of the Hebrew state and replaces Reuven Rivlin, whose seven-year term ends on July 9, 2021, in this largely honorary function.

Labor worker Isaac Herzog, 60, was elected president of the State of Israel by MPs.

He garnered the support of 87 Knesset MPs, 26 having preferred the other candidate, Miriam Peretz, a former teacher.

Mr. Herzog, nicknamed "Bouji", spent several years in the United States, depending on the positions held by his father, before serving as an officer in military intelligence, then studying law at the University of Tel Aviv. Aviv.

He was first elected to parliament in 2003 and then served as secretary of Ehoud Barak's Labor government, before holding several ministerial portfolios between 2005 and 2011.

He took over as head of a Labor Party in crisis in November 2013.

For the resolution of the conflict with the Palestinians

Barely ten days after taking office, in 2013, he met Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in Ramallah, in the occupied West Bank.

During the 2015 campaign, he promised to relaunch the peace process, interrupted in April 2014, and even said he was ready to “evacuate” Israeli settlements if necessary.

During his most recent assignment, he was the head of the Jewish Agency, a para-governmental organization that deals in particular with Jewish immigration and relations with the diaspora.

He left this post, which he had held since 2018, to run for president.

The new president of the State of Israel, born in 1960, he is the heir to one of the greatest Israeli families.

He follows in the footsteps of his father, Chaïm Herzog, head of state from 1983 to 1993.

"Herzog carries on his shoulders the heavy weight of his family heritage", wrote in 2015 the daily Haaretz, speaking of an Israeli version of the Kennedys.

His father, of Irish origin, was chief of intelligence in the army, before becoming ambassador to the United Nations, then the sixth president of Israel.

His uncle, Abba Eban, is a renowned diplomat in the country.

He served in Washington and at the United Nations, then assumed the costume of head of Israeli diplomacy, a post he held during the Six Day War in 1967.

As for his grandfather, Isaac Halevi Herzog, he was the first Ashkenazi rabbi of the State of Israel.

While Isaac Herzog was defeated by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the 2015 legislative elections, Isaac Herzog took the presidency while his former rival could be overthrown by a motley coalition. Married to a lawyer and father of three, he lives in Tel Aviv, his hometown.




Simon Freeman for DayNewsWorld

MUCORMYCOSIS, THIS "BLACK MUSHROOM",

THAT KILLS COVID VICTIMS IN INDIA

Authorities nationwide have reported thousands of cases of mucormycosis, commonly known as 'black fungus,' which specialists link to diabetes and the depressed immune system of coronavirus victims.
The Covid-19 has already caused the deaths of more than 100,000 people last month across the country.

Authorities were unable to determine the number of deaths from mucormycosis since the start of the second wave of coronavirus, however, six weeks ago.

Creation of specialized centers

The head of government of the capital, Arvind Kejriwal, announced the creation of specialized centers within three hospitals in Delhi to prevent the spread of the fungus, promising to ensure that the sick receive the appropriate treatment.

The press reported that more than 200 mucormycosis patients are being treated in New Delhi hospitals and dozens are waiting for bed.

The states of Rajasthan and Telegana have said they have faced a black fungus epidemic, and that of Maharashtra alone has reported more than 2,000 cases.

Some doctors claim that this black yeast infection particularly affects Covid-19 convalescents who have been treated with steroids.

The opportunistic infection kills more than 50% of those affected within a few days.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

COVID-19 PRESENCE OF THE INDIAN VARIANT

AT LEAST IN 17 COUNTRIES

The Indian variant of the coronavirus, which has plunged India into a major health crisis, has been detected in "at least 17 countries", including several European nations, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

The B.1.617 variant, more commonly known as the Indian variant because of its first occurrence in India, has been detected in more than 1,200 genome sequences in "at least 17 countries", the World Health Organization (WHO ) overnight from Tuesday to Wednesday.

Most of the samples "come from India, the United Kingdom, the United States and Singapore," "said the WHO in its weekly report on the Covid-19 pandemic. In recent days, the variant has also been reported in several European countries (Belgium, Switzerland, Greece, Italy). "B.1.617 has a higher growth rate than the other variants in circulation in India, which suggests greater contagiousness", also assures WHO, even if it left it in the category of “variants of interest” and not of “variants of concern”.

All over the world, the “Indian” variant still raises questions. According to the WHO, it is not yet known whether "the reports of high mortality are due to the increased severity of the variant, to the straining of the capacities of the health system due to the rapid increase in the rate of death. number of cases, or both ”.

India overwhelmed by the B.1.617 variant

India, the fourth most bereaved country (behind the United States, Brazil and Mexico), has now passed 200,000 deaths. She again experienced an impressive new total of infections (350,000) for one day on Tuesday.

The crematoriums know no truce, their chimneys crack and the metal frames of the ovens melt under the intensity of the heat. Wood is also starting to run out in some establishments, and families are asked to bring their own fuel. Many crematoriums and cemeteries say the official death toll from the virus falls short of reality, given the reality. influx of bodies that they see parading.

The world is closed to the "Indian" variant

The first shipment of British medical aid, including 100 ventilators and 95 oxygen concentrators, landed in Delhi on Tuesday. France, Canada, the United States and even Germany have announced that they will also provide assistance to India.

Air cuts with India are increasing. Australia decided on Tuesday to suspend flights from India until May 15, while Canada, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and New Zealand have already suspended or restricted their flights.

Belgium has announced the closure of its borders to India but also to Brazil and South Africa, where two other variants are rife. Iceland for its part has banned entry to travelers from sixteen countries considered to be "high risk" areas, such as France.

The presence of the Indian variant worries in Europe at a time when the Old Continent is breathing a little better after long months of restrictions.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

COVID-19 THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO THE RESCUE OF INDIA

Saturated hospitals, lack of oxygen, open-air crematoriums: India and its capital New Delhi are overwhelmed by the coronavirus epidemic. Made harder by the variant.

Every day, the toll falls like a hammer blow. Sunday April 25 was no exception. While a large number of testing centers were closed, India set a new record of infections: 352,991 new cases of Covid-19 and 2,812 deaths were recorded in twenty-four hours. Unheard of globally, the giant of 1.3 billion people is failing to stem the epidemic outbreak. In an India hit by an epidemic tsunami, thousands of sick people are victims of a lack of hospital beds, oxygen and life-saving medicines. 16.9 million people have been infected there since the start of the pandemic, and more than 192,000 have died.

Faced with this "storm", according to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, local authorities have extended the confinement in force in the capital New Delhi by one week.

Demand for oxygen

The progression of the epidemic is such, the health system is so strangled, that we now know that the country will not be able to cope alone.

The international community has taken the measure of the drama that is playing out in the subcontinent. The United States was the first to pledge aid on Sunday, followed by Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and Russia. Even Pakistan, the enemy brother, offered to provide ventilators and affirmed its solidarity with the Indian people.

The controversy over the issue of vaccines and the embargo

The issue of vaccines had been controversial for several weeks. The largest manufacturer in the world, the Serum Institute of India, based in Pune, India, warned in mid-April of its restricted access to certain components from the United States and necessary for manufacturing. The head of the institute had launched a public appeal to the US president to lift the embargoes on exports of raw materials.

The White House will "immediately" send components for vaccine production as well as medical equipment, drugs, rapid diagnostic tests, respirators and protective equipment. "Just as India sent aid to the United States when our hospitals were strained at the start of the pandemic, we are determined to help India in these difficult times," said Sunday. Joe Biden on Twitter. And the United States will "rapidly deploy additional support to the people of India and to the heroes of the Indian health system," said US Secretary of State Antony Blinken. The Americans will also dispatch experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

European countries have pledged emergency equipment and respirators. "To the Indian people, I want to express my sympathy for the terrible suffering that the Covid-19 is inflicting again on the population," said German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Yesterday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel also announced that her government was preparing to provide emergency assistance. “Vital medical equipment, including hundreds of oxygen concentrators and respirators, is now on its way from the UK to India,” UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said.France will provide "significant support in oxygen capacity" to India which is facing an outbreak of coronavirus cases, by sending "respirators from next week by plane", announced the Elysee yesterday.

The European Union has pledged to provide "assistance" to India, through its European Civil Protection Mechanism

Several days delay

The measures taken by Narendra Modi's government to try to ensure the supply of oxygen to the country's hospitals will take several days to take effect. Indian trains and special flights from abroad, notably from Singapore and Saudi Arabia, are on the way, loaded with equipment. In the meantime, healthcare establishments continue to send heartbreaking SOSs to warn here and there that they only have three, two, sometimes an hour of oxygen left for their patients in intensive care.

The world closes to the Indian variant

At the same time, several countries are closing their doors to India. Neighboring Bangladesh will suspend land crossings for two weeks. The United States is advising against travel there, while Canada suspended flights from India and Pakistan for 30 days on Friday.

The detection of the “Indian” variant in Belgium, Switzerland and yesterday in Greece is worrying in Europe.



Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS DOUBLE MUTANT VARIANT OUTBREAK IN INDIA CONCERNING THE WORLD

The India brunt hit by a second wave of Covid-19. In the space of 24 hours, 200,000 contaminations were identified in the country, a record.

This outbreak could be due to the "Indian variant", called "double mutant". It would be both more contagious and more resistant to antibodies.

Second most affected country in the world

India is the second country to be the most affected by the virus with 13.9 million infections.

This outbreak of cases could be due to this famous variant, called "double mutant" (B.1.617). According to data from the Indian National Institute of Virology (NIV), 61% of samples taken between January and March in the region from Bombay contained traces of this variant which has two mutations of Covid-19. At the end of January, it represented only 15 to 20% of withdrawals. It is spreading in Maharashtra, Delhi and Punjab, places that are experiencing an upsurge in the virus.

More contagious, more resistant

"This variant contains two specific mutations, called E484Q and L452R", described in The Wire Gautam I. Menon, professor at Ashoka University in Sonipat and at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences in Chennai. The Indian variant is also called a "double mutant" (or "recombinant") because it has the properties of two strains of the virus. The L452R mutation, detected in California, and the E484Q mutation, close to the South African and Brazilian variant. The first makes the virus more contagious, the second makes it more resistant to antibodies and potentially to vaccines.

These mutations are not rare and could cause an "immune escape and increased infectivity", explained the Indian Ministry of Health at the end of March. This variant would be less detectable via PCR tests and that scans would be necessary. On the symptom side, the nosebleed is emphasized. Regarding its lethality, little information is currently available. In addition to the "double mutant", several new strains of the virus are spreading in the territory, in particular the Kent variant. The "disaster scenario" that Gautam I. Menon exposed a few days ago, that is to say "the combination of extensive re-infections with one or more new strains spreading more rapidly", seems to be slowly emerging.

Worry in the world

This variant was detected for the first time on December 7. Cases have been reported in the United Kingdom, Singapore, Australia and the United States. For the moment, France is spared. In India, the situation worries the authorities who fear the consequences of political and religious gatherings, in particular the recent Hindu pilgrimage of the Kumbh Mela, during which nearly 650,000 faithful bathed in the Ganges on April 14.

The vaccination campaign would also experience difficulties in terms of stocks but also of confidence. Nearly 108 million doses have been administered since mid-January and the goal is to reach 300 million people by the end of July. In the face of this shortage, exports from India, the world's largest vaccine manufacturer, will decline.

The country has also authorized the Russian serum, Sputnik V.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

BIRMANIE MANIFESTATIONS CONTRE LE COUP D'ETAT SANCTIONNE PAR L 'UE

Lundi, l'Union européenne a condamné les violences meurtrières perpétrées en Birmanie par le chef de la junte au pouvoir après le coup d'Etat militaire ainsi que dix autres responsables.

Depuis le 1er février, plus de 2.600 personnes ont été arrêtées et 250 tuées. Un niveau de violence « absolument inacceptable » selon le chef de la diplomatie allemande.

L'Union européenne a sanctionné lundi le chef de la junte au pouvoir en Birmanie et dix autres responsables pour la répression meurtrière des opposants au coup d'Etat militaire, qui continuent à manifester dans tout le pays.

Depuis le coup d'Etat du 1er février qui a renversé la dirigeante civile Aung San Suu, plus de 2.600 personnes ont été arrêtées et quelque 250 tuées, selon l'Association d'assistance aux prisonniers politiques (AAPP).

Le bilan des victimes pourrait être plus lourd, souligne cette organisation locale de défense des droits de l'homme.

Un niveau de violence « absolument inacceptable »

Les ministres des Affaires étrangères de l'Union européenne ont approuvé des sanctions contre le chef de la junte, le général Min Aung Hlaing, ainsi que neuf des plus hauts gradés des forces armées et le président de la Commission électorale. Ils se voient interdire de se rendre dans l'UE ou d'y transiter et imposer un gel de leurs avoirs ou de leurs ressources dans l'Union.

Les violences atteignent un niveau « absolument inacceptable », a estimé le chef de la diplomatie allemande Heiko Maas. Il s'agit des premières sanctions depuis le putsch décidées par l'UE, qui avait déjà sanctionné en 2019 quatorze militaires et policiers pour les persécutions contre la minorité musulmane des Rohingyas.

Les manifestants demandent à l'ONU d'intervenir

Les opposants au coup d'Etat ont décidé de manifester de jour mais aussi de nuit, nouveau défi à la répression. A Mandalay, capitale culturelle et deuxième ville du pays, des manifestants dont des enseignants ont comme la veille défilé en nombre avant l'aube lundi, avec pour certains des pancartes appelant l'ONU à intervenir.uit personnes ont été tuées dimanche et une cinquantaine blessées dans cette ville, a indiqué à l'AFP une source médicale. Des tirs d'armes automatiques ont pu être entendus dans un quartier jusque vers 23h.

Pour s'élever contre la brutalité de la répression, un groupe de médecins de Mandalay a organisé une « manifestation de pancartes » alignées dans la rue comme autant de manifestants virtuels, a rapporté le media indépendant Voice of Myanmar. Des moines ont tenu une manifestation similaire. A Rangoun, capitale économique et principale ville du pays, des manifestations se sont également déroulées tôt lundi dans certains quartiers. Des automobilistes klaxonnaient en signe de soutien.

A Hlaing, banlieue de Rangoun, des habitants ont lancé de centaines de ballons rouges munis d'affiches réclamant une intervention de l'ONU, selon des médias locaux. La situation reste très tendue à Rangoun où deux des cinq millions d'habitants sont soumis à la loi martiale.

Des condamnations internationales

Les condamnations internationales s'enchaînent, laissant jusqu'à présent les généraux de marbre. Avant les sanctions décidées par l'UE, les Etats-Unis et la Grande-Bretagne avaient pris des mesures punitives.

Les voisins de la Birmanie élèvent aussi la voix au sein de l'Asean (Association des nations de l'Asie du Sud-Est), à laquelle appartient la Birmanie et qui n'interfère habituellement pas dans les affaires d'un Etat membre. L'Indonésie et la Malaisie ont appelé à une réunion d'urgence des dix pays de l'Asean pour discuter de la crise birmane. Le ministre des Affaires étrangères de Singapour, Vivian Balakrishnan, entame lundi à Brunei, qui préside cette année l'Asean, une tournée qui le conduira aussi en Malaisie et en Indonésie.

Le groupe français d'électricité EDF a annoncé dimanche la suspension d'un projet de barrage hydroélectrique en Birmanie, un investissement de 1,51 milliard de dollars dans l'Etat Shan, à la suite du coup d'Etat.




Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS L'ASTRAZENECA EFFICACE A 79% ET SANS RISQUE DE THROMBOSE

Le vaccin contre la COVID-19 développé par AstraZeneca et l’université d’Oxford s’est montré efficace à 79 % dans la prévention des symptômes de la maladie dans le cadre d’un important essai mené aux États-Unis, au Chili et au Pérou, a déclaré ce lundi le laboratoire anglo-suédois, ce qui ouvre la voie à une demande d’homologation aux États-Unis.

Les résultats de l’essai clinique de phase III mené sur plus de 32.000 volontaires montrent que le vaccin présente une efficacité à 100 % contre les formes graves ou sévères de la maladie conduisant à une hospitalisation et qu’il est sûr, a ajouté AstraZeneca.

Les injections du vaccin AstraZeneca ont été récemment suspendues pendant plusieurs jours dans plusieurs pays européens à la suite de cas suspects d’effets secondaires graves, dont des caillots sanguins.

L’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) et l’Agence européenne des médicaments (EMA) ont cependant maintenu leur confiance dans ce vaccin, estimant que les avantages l’emportaient largement sur les risques qu’il implique.

« Aucune augmentation du risque de thrombose »

AstraZeneca a indiqué qu’un comité de sécurité indépendant, le DSMB, s’était penché spécifiquement, avec l’aide d’un neurologue indépendant, sur les caillots sanguins et la thrombose veineuse cérébrale (TVC) dans l’ensemble des données de l’essai américain.

À l’issue de cet examen spécifique, « le DSMB n’a constaté aucune augmentation du risque de thrombose ou d’événements caractérisés par une thrombose parmi les 21.583 participants ayant reçu au moins une dose du vaccin », indique AstraZeneca.

« La recherche spécifique de thrombose veineuse cérébrale (TVC) n’a trouvé aucun événement dans cet essai », ajoute le laboratoire.

« Ces résultats sont d’excellentes nouvelles car ils montrent l’efficacité remarquable du vaccin dans une nouvelle population et sont cohérents avec les résultats des essais menés par Oxford », a déclaré Andrew Pollard, qui dirige l’Oxford Vaccine Group.

L’essai a évalué l’administration de deux doses à quatre semaines d’intervalle. L’efficacité du vaccin était cohérente quelle que soit l’ethnie et l’âge des candidats, selon AstraZeneca, qui note une efficacité de 80 % chez les participants âgés de 65 ans et plus, qui représentaient environ 20 % des candidats.

AstraZeneca et son partenaire vont à présent préparer les données en vue d’une demande d’homologation de leur vaccin auprès de la Food and Drug Administration (FDA), l’autorité sanitaire américaine, a déclaré à la BBC Sarah Gilbert, professeur à l’Université d’Oxford.

Cette préparation nécessitera quelques semaines, a-t-elle précisé.




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA PUBLICATION DU RAPPORT EXPLOSIF

SUR LE MEURTRE DU JOURNALISTE KHASHOGGI PRELUDE A UN TOURNANT DE LA POLITIQUE AMERICAINE ENVERS L'ARABIE SAOUDITE ?

Les services de renseignement américains ont publié vendredi 26 février 2021 un court rapport déclassifié dans lequel ils accusent le puissant prince héritier d’Arabie saoudite, Mohammed Ben Salman, d’avoir « validé » l’assassinat du journaliste saoudien Jamal Khashoggi en 2018.

Le rapport potentiellement explosif de la CIA

« Nous sommes parvenus à la conclusion que le prince héritier d’Arabie saoudite, Mohammed Ben Salman, a validé une opération à Istanbul, en Turquie, pour capturer ou tuer le journaliste saoudien Istanbul, en Turquie, Jamal Khashoggi », écrit la direction du renseignement américain dans ce document de quatre pages, déclassifié à la demande du président des Etats-Unis, Joe Biden, alors que son prédécesseur Donald Trump l’avait gardé secret.

« Le prince héritier considérait Khashoggi comme une menace pour le royaume et plus largement soutenait le recours à des mesures violentes si nécessaire pour le faire taire », ajoute-t-elle.

Critique du pouvoir saoudien après en avoir été proche, Jamal Khashoggi, résident aux Etats-Unis et chroniqueur du quotidien américain Washington Post, avait été assassiné le 2 octobre 2018 dans le consulat de son pays à Istanbul par un commando d’agents venus d’Arabie saoudite. Son corps, démembré sur place, n’a jamais été retrouvé.

La Maison Blanche a annoncé que des « mesures » seraient dévoilées dans la foulée, sans plus de précisions. « Il s’agit d’un crime, comme je l’ai déjà dit, qui a choqué les consciences. Nous serons en mesure, bientôt, de parler de mesures pour que les responsables rendent des comptes. ».


Un tournant de la politique américaine ?

L’ex-président républicain n’avait jamais voulu blâmer publiquement Mohammed ben Salmane, pour préserver l’alliance avec Ryad, pilier de sa stratégie anti-Iran, premier exportateur mondial de pétrole brut et gros acheteur d’armes américaines. Le gouvernement de Joe Biden a fait savoir que le rapport du renseignement américain potentiellement explosif sur Jamal Khashoggi, serait bientôt dévoilé .

S'agit-il avec le nouveau président d'un tournant de la politique américaine vis-à-vis de l'Arabie Saoudite ? Le président Biden n' avait-il pas jugé avant son élection en novembre que le royaume du Golfe devait être traité comme un Etat « paria » pour cette affaire ?

Certes le gouvernement américain a d’ores et déjà prévenu que Joe Biden entendait « recalibrer » sa relation avec Riyad. Dorénavant le président démocrate ne s'adressera plus qu’au roi Salman et non au prince héritier, interlocuteur privilégié de Donald Trump. Il a aussi mis fin au soutien américain à la coalition militaire, dirigée par les Saoudiens, qui intervient dans la guerre au Yémen, et il tente également de renouer le dialogue avec l’Iran, grand ennemi régional de l’Arabie saoudite.

Mais si jeudi Joe Biden ,dans son premier appel téléphonique au roi Salman, a mis l’accent sur « les droits humains universels » et « l’Etat de droit », il a aussi adressé un satisfecit au monarque pour la récente libération de «  plusieurs militants américano-saoudiens et de Mme Loujain al-Hathloul », une militante féministe. Et il a évoqué « l’engagement des Etats-Unis à aider l’Arabie saoudite à défendre son territoire face aux attaques de groupes pro-Iran », selon la présidence américaine.Les Etats-Unis ont d'ailleurs bombardé, jeudi 25 février, des infrastructures utilisées par des milices pro-iraniennes dans le nord-est syrien, faisant au moins 17 victimes parmi les combattants pro-Iran. Il s'agit de la première opération militaire de l'administration de Joe Biden. Il s'est également, selon l’agence de presse officielle saoudienne, engagé à ce que Téhéran ne soit « jamais autorisé à posséder l’arme nucléaire ».


Joe Biden n' a pas manqué de rappeler le « partenariat de longue date » et « historique » entre les deux pays alliés, a déclaré la Maison Blanche dans un communiqué. « Le président a dit au roi Salmane qu’il œuvrerait pour rendre les relations bilatérales aussi fortes et transparentes que possible », a ajouté la Maison Blanche.

Alors qu’elle laisse planer la menace de nouvelles mesures punitives suite à l'affaire Khashoggi , l’administration Biden n’a pas pour l’instant confirmé qu’elle était prête à aller jusqu’à sanctionner le princehéritier MBS.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE NOUVEL AN CHINOIS

La Chine et une grande partie de l'Asie fêtent le Nouvel An .

Ce vendredi 12 février 2021 marque le Nouvel an lunaire et l’entrée dans l’année du bœuf de métal ou du buffle.

L’animal, dans le zodiac chinois, symbolise l’énergie retrouvée et le retour au travail.

À Pékin, beaucoup espèrent que cela permettra d’oublier l’année du rat et la pandémie de Covid-19.

Chasser la pandémie, oublier l’année horrible qui vient de s’écouler :

beaucoup le répètent.

Mais en raison des restrictions sanitaires, beaucoup de Chinois renoncent aux retrouvailles familiales et aux vacances de printemps.

Selon l’agence Bloomberg, 85 % des employés du Sud resteront travailler dans l’atelier du monde.

Si l’année du bœuf, est l’année tremplin avant de sortir de la crise sanitaire, elle est aussi l’année de l’effort, du travail retrouvé.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

300 MILLIONS DE DOLLARS DE CRYPTMONNAIES DEROBES PAR LA COREE DU NORD

La Corée du Nord a dérobé au cours des derniers mois plus de 300 millions de dollars de cryptomonnaies via des attaques informatiques, selon un rapport confidentiel de l’ONU. Cet argent est destiné à financer ses programmes nucléaires et balistiques interdits.Le document, rédigé par un groupe d’experts chargé de contrôler l’application des sanctions prises contre Pyongyang, estime qu’«au total le vol de biens virtuels commis par le pays entre 2019 et novembre 2020 s’élève à environ 316,4 millions de dollars», d’après un Etat membre des Nations unies.

Des institutions financières et des bourses ont été piratées afin de financer le développement des programmes nucléaire et balistique nord-coréens, selon ce rapport . Une large majorité des recettes provenait de deux détournements commis à la fin 2020.

La Corée du Nord a déployé des milliers de pirates informatiques aguerris qui visent des entreprises et des institutions en Corée du Sud et ailleurs dans le monde. Leur objectif est également de trouver des sources de revenus face aux multiples sanctions auxquelles le pays est soumis en raison de ses programmes d’armement.

Négociations au point mort

Les négociations entre Pyongyang et Washington sont au point mort depuis l’échec du sommet de Hanoï en 2019. Une des raisons de cette impasse a été l’absence de consensus sur les concessions que le Nord devrait faire en change d’une levée des sanctions internationales pesant sur elle.

Le dirigeant nord-coréen Kim Jong-un a depuis montré, notamment lors de parades militaires en octobre et janvier, de nouveaux modèles de missiles et fait part de sa volonté de renforcer l’arsenal nucléaire du pays.

Les capacités en matière de piratage de Pyongyang avaient été mises en lumière en 2014, lorsque le Nord avait été accusé d’avoir attaqué Sony Pictures Entertainment pour se venger du film «The Interview», une satire tournant en dérision Kim Jong-un.




Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COVID-19 LES RESULTATS TOUBLANTS

 DE L'ENQUETE DE L'OMS A WUHAN

Chargée d’enquêter dans la ville chinoise de Wuhan sur l’origine de la pandémie qui a fait plus de 2,3 millions de morts dans le monde depuis plus d'un an, l’équipe internationale d’experts chinois et de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) envoyée sur place durant quatre semaines, a rendu ses conclusions lors d'une conférence de presse mardi 9 février. On fait le point.

Une équipe d'experts de l'OMS, dépêchée à Wuhan, en Chine, considérée comme le berceau de l'épidémie de coronavirus dans le monde, a enquêté pendant deux semaines sur le terrain. Au préalable, ils ont observé une quarantaine de deux semaines dans un hôtel de Wuhan à leur arrivée dans la ville avant de mener leurs investigations aux côtés d'experts chinois.

Ils ont livré, ce mardi 9 février, leurs premières conclusions.

Tout d'abord , souvent évoquée dans la presse, l’hypothèse de la fuite du coronavirus d’un laboratoire de Wuhan a été balayée comme étant « hautement improbable », selon le chef de la délégation de l’OMS à Wuhan. Cette ville abrite en effet un important institut de virologie impliqué dans les recherches sur la pandémie.

Si les experts ne sont pas parvenu encore à identifier l'origine de la pandémie, ils privilégient cependant la transmission du virus par un animal. .Premier constat dressé par les experts, seul un virus hautement adaptable peut être capable de provoquer une pandémie mondiale . « Cela implique qu’il s’est d’abord familiarisé au contact humain en circulant probablement parmi les animaux », a expliqué le professeur Liang Wannian, le chef du panel d'experts Covid-19 à la Commission nationale de santé chinoise.

À ce stade, les études ne permettent pas pour l’instant de confirmer quel animal pourrait avoir transmis le virus à l’homme.que ce soit le pangolin, la chauve-souris incriminée pour le Sras et le Mers-CoV, ou encore le vison... Pour l’instant, l’animal à l’origine du coronavirus « n’a pas encore été identifié ».

En outre les expert sont arrivés à la conclusion que le virus pourrait avoir circulé dans d’autres régions avant que les premiers cas n’aient été détectés à Wuhan. Il n’y a pas « assez de preuves […] pour déterminer si le Sars-CoV-2 s’est propagé à Wuhan avant décembre 2019 ».

Tout comme il apparaît que la transmission à l’homme n'a pas eu lieu uniquement sur le marché de Huanan, mais également en même temps sur d’autres marchés de la ville, et dans des lieux autres que les marchés. Le virus s’est donc propagé en même temps ailleurs dans la ville, concluent encore les experts. La Chine avait d'ailleurs avancé l' hypothèse d’une arrivée du virus dans la ville via des aliments congelés et avait affirmé à plusieurs reprises avoir découvert des traces du coronavirus dans de la nourriture importée.

Peter Ben Embarek, chef de l’équipe d’experts de l’OMS, a déclaré qu’une transmission du coronavirus par la chaîne du froid était aussi une possibilité et méritait de plus amples investigations.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

IN BURMA'S EVENTS

AGAINST THE COUP D'ETATE AND MARTIAL LAW

After the military coup of February 1 in Burma which allowed the army to regain power without striking a blow, the Burmese generals seem today in a position of strength.

On Monday, the army chief promised the holding of new legislative elections after the creation of a new electoral commission, and the handing over of power to the winner of the poll. The junta will form a "genuine and disciplined democracy," added Min Aung Hlaing.

He assured that the army did not intend to govern the country as during the many periods of military dictatorship that Burma has known since its independence in 1948.

Accused by the West of having turned a blind eye to the tragedy of the Muslim minority of the Rohingyas, their main political opponent Aung San Suu Kyi - placed under house arrest - lacks tangible means to resist them despite the 83% of votes obtained by his side.

However, everywhere in Burma, civil and peaceful resistance has been at work since the coup. In the economic metropolis Rangoon, but also in other large cities and even in Naypyidaw, the administrative capital, thousands of Burmese chose to demonstrate for the third day in a row in order to protest against the coup. A call for a general strike was launched by the protesters. And this despite the arrests and the cuts of the Internet

The pressure is mounting and the authorities have let it be known via the state-controlled MRTV channel that "action must be taken (...) against offenses which disturb, prevent and destroy state stability and public security" . This is the first warning issued by the authorities since the protests began on Saturday

In Mandalay, Burma's second city, martial law has been declared in several neighborhoods, local authorities said. Demonstrations and gatherings of more than five people are now banned, and a curfew is in place from 8 p.m. to 4 a.m. (local time), the statement said.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

ISRAEL THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT COMPETENT IN THE PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES

The International Criminal Court declared itself competent on Friday for the events in the occupied Palestinian territories. Which could pave the way for a war crimes investigation.

The ICC, located in The Hague (Netherlands), explained in a statement that it "decided by a majority that the territorial jurisdiction of the Court for the situation in Palestine extended to the territories occupied by Israel since 1967".

Fatou Bensouda, the prosecutor of this international tribunal created in 2002 to try the most terrible crimes committed on the planet, had asked her for a legal opinion on this point. And this after having announced in December 2019 wanting to open a full investigation into possible “war crimes” - without naming their perpetrators - in the territories occupied by Israel.

The ICC is taking over from a five-year preliminary investigation following the 2014 war in the Gaza Strip. This former Gambian lawyer, who is due to step down in June, has pushed for the Court to take over a five-year preliminary investigation into the actions carried out during the Israeli operation "Protective Edge" in the summer of 2014 According to the UN, 1,163 Palestinians, including 795 civilians and 230 children, were killed there. At the time, Israel had engaged its troops in Operation Protective Edge to thwart the activities of Hamas, the Islamo-nationalist movement, which controls this small overcrowded territory.

But according to the prosecutor, "the Israeli defense forces intentionally launched disproportionate attacks" on several occasions during the summer of 2014. She also criticized the head of the Israeli government for having declared himself in favor of the annexation of territories in the West Bank. thus violating international law. She believes that investigations should be carried out on the crackdown by the IDF of the Palestinian demonstrations known as the "return march" of March 2018 in Gaza which resulted in more than 200 deaths and thousands of wounded.

However, it does not clear Hamas through customs. There is "a reasonable basis for believing that members of Hamas and Palestinian armed groups committed the war crimes during Operation Protective Edge, including intentionally directing attacks against civilians and civilian property, using of people protected as shields and torture ”.

The Court added that with its decision, it "did not rule on a border dispute under international law or prejudge the question of any future borders" but had "the sole objective of defining its territorial jurisdiction".

Netanyahu stands up against decision, US worried

Following this decision, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Friday called the International Criminal Court a "political body". "Today the tribunal has once again proved that it is a political body and not a judicial institution", commented the head of the Israeli government, considering that, by its decision, the ICC was undermining the "right of democracies to be defend against terrorism ”.

Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammed Shtayyeh hailed him a “victory for justice.” The Palestinian Authority, which is not a state recognized by the international community, joined the ICC in 2015 when Israel refuses to do so. .

The United States, for its part, said it was "seriously concerned about attempts by the ICC to exercise jurisdiction over the Israeli military". "We have always been of the opinion that the jurisdiction of the Court should be reserved for countries which consent to it or which are referred by the Security Council of the United Nations", specifies the State Department. "We will continue to oppose those who seek to unfairly target Israel," tweeted spokesperson Ned Price.

Israel had already strongly condemned the ICC when its prosecutor called for a full investigation. The United States, which is not a party to the statutes of the international body either, had a similar reaction.

Donald Trump's government even took sanctions against Fatou Bensouda in September, who in turn asked Joe Biden to lift them.



Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COUP D 'ETAT EN BIRMANIE ET INCULPATIONS

 DU PRESIDENT ET D'AUNG SAN SUU KYI

Après seulement dix ans de fonctionnement démocratique, l’armée birmane a repris le pouvoir lors d’un coup d’État, lundi 1er février. Aung San Suu Kyi, qui dirigeait le gouvernement, et le président birman ont été arrêtés. .Aung San Suu Kyi a été arrêtée sur ordre de l’état-major de l’armée birmane, la Tatmadaw, lundi 1er février, alors que le nouveau Parlement, issu des législatives de novembre 2020, devait se réunir pour la première fois. Le président birman, Win Myint, et plusieurs hauts représentants du parti au pouvoir ont aussi été interpellés lors d’une opération menée à l’aube dans la capitale Naypyidaw.

Etat d’urgence proclamée par l'armée pour une période d’un an.

Aung San Suu Kyi a été inculpée ce mercredi 3 février 2021 « pour avoir enfreint une loi sur les importations/exportations ». Un tribunal « a ordonné sa détention provisoire » jusqu’au 15 février, selon Kyi Toe, porte-parole de la Ligue nationale pour la démocratie (LND). L’ancien président Win Myint est, quant à lui, poursuivi pour avoir violé une loi sur la gestion des catastrophes naturelles, d’après Kyi Toe. Des raids ont été menés dans différents locaux du mouvement et des documents saisis, selon le parti.

De son côté, l’armée qui a pris le pouvoir avec le général Min Aung Hlaing a sa tête, conteste les résultats des élections législatives de novembre, remportées massivement par la LND, et promet de nouvelles élections une fois que l’état d’urgence d’un an sera levé.

Des appels à la désobéissance civile

La LND a appelé sur Facebook à la « libération » immédiate d’Aung San Suu Kyi et de ses autres responsables. Un porte-parole du parti a précisé qu’aucun contact direct n’avait été noué avec Aung San Suu Kyi, même si des voisins l’ont aperçue se promenant dans le jardin de sa résidence officielle entourée de murs.

Pressentant les événements, cette dernière, qui serait pour le moment assignée à résidence dans la capitale Naypyidaw, a exhorté la population à « ne pas accepter » le coup d’État dans une lettre écrite par anticipation.

Après ce putsch condamné par de nombreuses capitales étrangères, les premiers signe résistance émergent. Des médecins et des professionnels de santé, portant des rubans rouges (la couleur de la LND), refusent de travailler, sauf en cas d’urgence médicale. « Nous obéirons uniquement au gouvernement élu démocratiquement », a déclaré Aung San Min, responsable d’un hôpital de 100 lits dans la région de Magway (centre).

Des membres du personnel médical de l’hôpital général de Rangoun se sont réunis devant l’établissement, faisant le salut à trois doigts, un geste de résistance déjà adopté par les militants pro-démocratie à Hong Kong ou en Thaïlande.

Un groupe, « le mouvement de désobéissance civile », a aussi été lancé sur Facebook et comptait mercredi quelque 160 000 abonnés. « Honte à l’armée », « les militaires sont des voleurs », pouvait-on lire. Mardi soir, dans le quartier commerçant de Rangoun, la capitale économique, des habitants ont klaxonné, tapé sur des casseroles, certains scandant : « Vive Mère Suu ! » (Suu Kyi).

Mais la peur des représailles reste vive dans le pays qui a vécu, depuis son indépendance en 1948, sous le joug de la dictature militaire pendant presque 50 ans.

Pression de la communauté internationale

Le secrétaire général des Nations unies, Antonio Guterres, a promis mercredi de mobiliser suffisamment la communauté internationale pour qu’elle fasse pression sur l’armée birmane. « Nous ferons tout notre possible pour mobiliser tous les acteurs majeurs et la communauté internationale afin de mettre suffisamment de pression sur la Birmanie pour nous assurer que ce putsch échoue », a déclaré Antonio Guterres dans un entretien diffusé par le Washington Post.

« Cela est absolument inacceptable après des élections - qui se sont déroulées normalement, je crois - et après une large période de transition » démocratique, a-t-il ajouté.

Un projet de communiqué soumis pour discussion par la Grande-Bretagne aux 15 membres du Conseil de sécurité de l'Onu condamne le coup d’État et appelle l’armée birmane à respecter la règle de droit et les droits humains et à libérer immédiatement les personnes qu’elle a emprisonnées.

D’après des diplomates, il est probable que la formulation du communiqué sera adoucie afin de s’assurer du soutien de la Chine et de la Russie, qui protègent traditionnellement la Birmanie devant le Conseil de sécurité, alors qu’un consensus est nécessaire pour la publication de communiqués de ce type.

Antonio Guterres a déclaré qu’Aung San Suu Kyi pouvait, tout au plus, être accusée d’avoir été « trop proche de l’armée birmane, d’avoir trop protégé l’armée, notamment par rapport à ce qui s’est passé avec l’offensive dramatique de l’armée contre les Rohingya ».

Facebook perturbé

Facebook a indiqué jeudi 4 février que l’accès à ses services était « interrompu pour certaines personnes » et a appelé les autorités à rétablir les connexions. Le réseau social est le principal moyen de communication en Birmanie, que ça soit pour les familles mais aussi pour les ministères qui l’utilisent pour la publication de leurs communiqués.

NetBlocks, une organisation non gouvernementale qui surveille les coupures d’internet dans le monde, a déclaré que des fournisseurs en Birmanie bloquaient ou restreignaient l’accès à Facebook, Instagram et WhatsApp. « Les services de Facebook sont actuellement restreints par de nombreux fournisseurs internet en Birmanie, les opérateurs se conformant avec un ordre apparent de blocage », a écrit NetBlocks sur Twitter.

Selon l’ONG, c’est le fournisseur d’accès internet MPT, propriété de l’État, qui a pris les mesures de blocage les plus étendues.




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS DES FAMILLES DE VICTIMES BAILLONNEES PAR LES AUTORITES CHINOISES FACE AUX ENQUETEURS DE L'OMS ?

Les dix enquêteurs internationaux de l’OMS sont sortis de leur quarantaine en Chine pour entamer leurs investigations sur le terrain sur l’origine de la pandémie de Covid-19. Ils étaient arrivés le 14 janvier à Wuhan, où les autorités chinoises leur ont imposé une quarantaine.

Mission sensible des enquêteurs de l’OMS en Chine

Cette visite est ultrasensible pour le régime chinois, soucieux d’écarter toute responsabilité dans l’épidémie qui a fait plus de 2,1 millions de morts dans le monde alors qu’elle est pratiquement éradiquée en Chine. Pékin s’efforce en effet de convaincre que l’épidémie n’est pas apparue sur son sol et aurait pu être importée .

La désignation des dix experts-enquêteurs avait déjà été au centre d’intenses tractations entre Pékin et l’OMS. La Chine avait déjà obtenu de coopter les scientifiques en question et de restreindre leur marge de manœuvre. En particulier, les termes de l’accord conclu entre la Chine et l’organisation onusienne stipulent que leur enquête

«s’appuiera (…) sur les informations existantes et viendra compléter, plutôt que dupliquer, les efforts en cours ou existants ». Les enquêteurs de l’OMS devront donc se fonder, au moins en partie, sur des travaux déjà conduits sous l’égide de Pékin, sans être habilités à reproduire eux-mêmes certaines analyses. Cependant, des membres de la mission cités dans la presse scientifique ont déclaré que toutes les hypothèses seraient étudiées.

Pots-de-vin ou intimidation des familles de victimes

Mais des proches de victimes accusent le régime communiste de tenter de les dissuader d’approcher les experts internationaux. Ces familles se sont rassemblées l’an dernier pour réclamer des sanctions pour les responsables locaux qui ont minimisé l’épidémie il y a un an, allant jusqu’à réprimander les tout premiers lanceurs d’alerte. Plusieurs d’entre elles ont même tenté de saisir la justice mais affirment que leurs plaintes ont été d’emblée jugées irrecevables.

Depuis l’arrivée des experts de l’OMS, la pression des autorités s’est accrue, affirment-elles. Alors que près d’une centaine de parents de victimes échangeaient sur la messagerie WeChat, très populaire en Chine, leur groupe de discussion a été brutalement bloqué il y a une dizaine de jours, rapporte Zhang Hai, l’un des animateurs du mouvement.« Quand l'OMS est arrivée à Wuhan, (le groupe) a été démantelé de force. Résultat, nous avons perdu le contact avec de nombreux membres », déplore-t-il. Comme d'autres réseaux sociaux en Chine, WeChat, géré par le géant de l'internet Tencent, bloque régulièrement les contenus jugés sensibles par le pouvoir. « Cela montre que [les autorités] sont très nerveuses. Elles redoutent que ces familles entrent en contact avec les experts de l’OMS. »

L'épidémie a officiellement tué 3.900 personnes à Wuhan, soit la grande majorité des morts enregistrés en Chine (4.636 décès). Le pays est parvenu à enrayer largement la pandémie dès le printemps, même si des cas limités ont éclaté ces dernières semaines dans certaines régions. Avec moins de 90.000 malades selon les chiffres officiels, la Chine reste très loin des bilans enregistrés dans le reste du monde, avec désormais plus de 100 millions de personnes contaminées.

Beaucoup de proches de victimes disent douter de ces chiffres officiels, affirmant que nombre d’entre elles ont succombé avant de pouvoir être formellement identifiées comme malades du coronavirus. Une retraitée, qui pense que sa fille a été tuée par le virus en janvier 2020, a raconté avoir été convoquée la semaine dernière par les autorités qui lui ont intimé l’ordre de ne « pas parler aux médias ni de se laisser manipuler ». « Après ça, elles sont venues chez moi hier, m’ont chanté la même chanson et donné 5.000 yuans (640 euros) au titre de condoléances », a-t-elle témoigné.

Zhang Hai appelle les experts de l’OMS à avoir « le courage » de rencontrer les familles, disant redouter que ces derniers se laissent embobiner par les autorités ou soient bloqués dans leur enquête. Selon lui, le témoignage des familles sur l’explosion du virus à Wuhan pourrait utilement éclairer les enquêteurs internationaux, au moment où Pékin cherche à évacuer toute responsabilité.

Une enquête internationale « claire et poussée » exigée par Washington

Mercredi, les Etats-Unis ont exigé une enquête internationale « claire et poussée ». « Il est impératif que nous allions au fond des choses dans l’apparition de la pandémie en Chine », a ainsi affirmé la porte-parole de la Maison Blanche, Jen Psaki. Washington va « évaluer la crédibilité du rapport d’enquête une fois terminé » et puiser dans « les informations rassemblées et analysées par le renseignement » américain sur le sujet, a prévenu Mme Psaki.

Pékin a mal pris cet avertissement, la diplomatie chinoise rejetant, jeudi, des « a priori négatifs » et des «ingérences politiques» risquant de mettre en danger « la recherche de résultats scientifiques sérieux».




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS CONCERNING STUDY

ON THE SOUTH AFRICAN VARIANT

According to a published preliminary study published in the South African variant of the coronavirus poses a "significant risk" of reinfection.

Scientists are also concerned about its impact on the effectiveness of vaccines.

This variant called 501Y.V2, detected in South Africa last December, contains the E484K mutation.

Some laboratory tests have already shown that it can decrease the recognition of the virus by antibodies, and therefore its neutralization.

This variant "is largely resistant to neutralizing antibodies caused in response to infection by previously circulating strains", explain the researchers while their study has not yet been evaluated by other scientists.

According to them, "most individuals infected with previous strains of Sars-Cov-2 will have a minimal or non-detectable neutralizing response against 501Y.V2"

Two other preliminary studies conclude, for their part, that the antibodies of coronavirus patients are rather effective against the English variant.

These data remain fragile for the moment and require further confirmation.



Larry Rick for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DISPARITION D 'HOMMES D'AFFAIRES CHINOIS

DONT JACK MA , FONDATEUR D'ALIBABA

Dans le monde des affaires en Chine, plusieurs millionnaires subissent actuellement les foudres du pouvoir communiste qui serre la vis au secteur de la finance devenue au yeux du président Xi Jinping trop puissant. Ainsi Lai Xiaomin, ancien patron du conglomérat financier China Huarong , a été condamné à mort, mardi 5 janvier 2021 , pour « corruption et bigamie », a annoncé la justice chinoise.

Il a notamment été reconnu coupable de corruption, pour avoir obtenu 215 millions d'euros de pots-de-vin et tenté d'en obtenir 13 millions supplémentaires et condamné à mort. Lai Xiaomin, ancien patron du conglomérat financier China Huarong, avait auparavant travaillé à la Banque centrale et pour le gendarme des banques.

Depuis l'arrivée au pouvoir de Xi Jinping, un seul haut responsable chinois a été condamné à mort, en 2016 pour une affaire de meurtre.

D'autres ont aussi été condamnés à la peine capitale, mais avec sursis. Le jugement survient au moment où le pouvoir communiste serre la vis au secteur de la finance.

Le fondateur d'Alibaba , Jack Ma est, quant à lui, invisible depuis deux mois et son clash fracassant avec les autorités chinoises.Interrogations et spéculations se multiplient autour du récent destin du milliardaire chinois, qui n'a pas été vu en public depuis plus de deux mois, comme le rapporte Yahoo Finance dimanche 3 janvier 2021.

Son absence, en novembre, de l'épisode final d'«Africa's Business Heroes», un show de télé-réalité dont il est le créateur et dans lequel il était juge, n'est pas passée inaperçue. Il y a été remplacé au pied levé par un cadre d'Alibaba et, selon le NY Mag, sa photo a été retirée du site officiel du programme.en novembre dans un spectacle télévisé qu'il a fondé. Un autre cadre d'Alibaba l'a remplacé, et le site web de l'émission a retiré sa photo, rapporte The Telegraph.

Il y a un peu moins de deux mois, Pékin avait annulé à la dernière minute, à la stupeur générale, l’introduction en Bourse l’introduction en bourse d’Ant Group, filiale d’Alibaba. La décision avait été prise quelques jours après que Jack Ma, a critiqué l’action des régulateurs financiers lors d'une conférence à Shanghai fin octobre, les qualifiant de « club de vieux » mal adapté pour superviser l'innovation technologique chinoise. C'en était trop, beaucoup trop pour Xi Jinping. Le président chinois décidait dans la foulée de taper du poing sur la table, intervenant lui-même pour mettre fin à l'IPO d'Ant Group et, plus largement, entamer la reprise en main d'un secteur chinois de la tech devenu trop puissant. De plus Jack Ma a été convoqué par les autorités et il n’a pas été revu en public.

En quelques jours, l'empire de Jack Ma commençait à se déliter. Le pouvoir central chinois soumettait Alibaba à une enquête sur d'éventuelles pratiques anticoncurrentielles puis exigeait d'Ant Group la révision profonde d'un business model un peu trop libre à son goût.

Depuis plusieurs mois d'ailleurs on reproche à cet homme d'affaire, longtemps populaire, sa cupidité, son arrogance, l’exploitation de ses salariés. Longtemps appelé « Daddy Ma » Ma a été récemment déclassé au rang de « fils », voire de « petit-fils ».« Un milliardaire populaire comme Jack Ma sera certainement pendu au sommet du lampadaire » scande un message populaire sur les réseaux sociaux chinois, repris par le New York Times, en allusion à la célèbre exclamation « à la lanterne » lors des pendaisons sous la Révolution française.Sur les réseaux sociaux chinois, l’homme d’affaires se fait traiter de « capitaliste malfaisant » ou encore de « fantôme suceur de sang » .

L' absence et la campagne de dénigrement de Jack Ma rappelle celle d'autres hommes d'affaires chinois qui ont disparu après s'être battus avec les régulateurs. Ainsi Xiao Jianhua, un gestionnaire d'actifs, a été enlevé dans un hôtel de Hong Kong en janvier 2017, rapporte Reuters. Il a disparu en garde à vue, et le pays a ensuite saisi des parties de sa société, Tomorrow Group, rapportait le New York Times en juillet. Les régulateurs ont accusé Xiao Jianhua et d'autres magnats d'éloigner les investisseurs potentiels des marchés boursiers chinois, explique le Guardian. Le pouvoir central semble vouloir reprendre les choses en main en affaiblissant les conglomérats suffisamment puissants pour concurrencer le régime et surtout déstabiliser l'économie. Et la réussite financière n'autorise pas toutes les libertés.En mars 2020, le magnat de l'immobilier Ren Zhiqiang disparaissait lui aussi des radars, après avoir critiqué la gestion de la crise du coronavirus par le Parti communiste chinois et décrit Xi Jinping comme un «clown mis à nu mais désirant toujours être empereur».

Il n'est réapparu qu'en septembre, devant un tribunal: accusé de divers faits de corruption, il a écopé d'une peine de dix-huit ans de prison.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld

There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS : QUEL VACCIN POUR QUEL PAYS ?

Les campagnes de vaccination contre le Covid-19 ont débuté dans une cinquantaine de pays dans l’espoir d’enrayer enfin la pandémie un an à peine après la première alerte lancée par les autorités chinoises auprès de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé. Dans la course aux vaccins quatre fabricants sont particulièrement en avance : l'américain Pfizer/BioNTech, Moderna, l’alliance britannique AstraZeneca-Université d’Oxford et l’institut d’Etat russe Gamaleya.

Pfizer-BioNTech

L’alliance américano-allemande Pfizer-BioNTech est de loin la plus en avance dans le monde. Le Royaume-Uni a été le premier pays à autoriser le vaccin à l’ARN messager- molécule qui dicte à nos cellules ce qu’il faut fabriquer pour lutter contre le coronavirus- et a débuté sa campagne de vaccination dès le 8 décembre 2020. Le Canada et les Etats-Unis ont ensuite suivi le mouvement le 14 décembre. La Suisse, la Serbie, Mexique, le Costa Rica, le Chili, Dubaï, le Bahreïn, Israël, le Qatar, le Koweït, Oman ont aussi opté pour ce vaccin dans un premier temps. La France l’a approuvé le 24 décembre. Tous les pays n'optent pas pour les mêmes procédures à propos de la vaccination contre le Covid-19 : alors que les autorités britanniques ont récemment changé leur stratégie vaccinale pour injecter une seule dose du vaccin Pfizer/BioNTech et ainsi protéger plus de monde, la France choisit de faire injecter deux doses, pour plus d'efficacité. Cela permet une efficacité à 95% du vaccin, contre 70% si une seule dose est reçue, selon les laboratoires. Les doses ont la particularité de devoir être conservées à -70°C, ce qui rend la logistique délicate et onéreuse.

L’UE a donné son feu vert à la toute fin 2020, comme la Norvège et l’Islande. Une nouvelle unité de fabrication va d’ailleurs entrer en production plus tôt que prévu en Europe, à Marburg (Allemagne), pour fournir 250 millions de doses supplémentaires durant le premier semestre 2021. La Jordanie, Singapour et l’Argentine ont également approuvé le vaccin Pfizer-BioNTech.

Moderna

L’américain Moderna avait été l’un des premiers laboratoires à annoncer une efficacité de 94,1% pour son vaccin. Les Etats-Unis et le Canada ont été les deux premiers pays à l’avoir autorisé. L’UE pourrait enfin donner son feu vert mercredi. Tout comme Pfizer, il utilise La jeune société de biotechnologie américaine dirigée par le Français Stéphane Bancel a vu sa valeur boursière s’envoler grâce à la mise au point de son vaccin de pointe contre le Covid-19.

AstraZeneca-Oxford

Le vaccin de l’alliance britannique AstraZeneca-Université d’Oxford est efficace en moyenne à 70%. Le Royaume-Uni a été le premier pays à approuver ce vaccin le 30 décembre et l’injectera à sa population dès lundi 4 janvier 2021. L’Inde, deuxième pays le plus peuplé au monde, l’a approuvé pour une utilisation d’urgence au premier jour de 2021.

L’Union européenne par contre tarde à donner son autorisation, l’Agence européenne des médicaments (EMA) ayant demandé à l’entreprise «des informations scientifiques supplémentaires sur les questions liées à la qualité, à la sécurité et à l’efficacité du vaccin», explique-t-elle dans un communiqué. L’agence se dit bien «consciente» que le MHRA, le régulateur britannique, a approuvé le vaccin «dans le cadre d’une utilisation d’urgence, qui est distincte d’une autorisation de mise sur le marché» dans l’UE, plus exigeante.

Spoutnik V

La Russie a commencé à vacciner sa population le 5 décembre avec le Spoutnik V, mis au point par son Centre national d’épidémiologie Gamaleya. Il s’administre par voie intramusculaire en une seule dose et son taux d’efficacité serait de 91,4%. Le pays s’est d’abord concentré sur la vaccination des travailleurs à risques et les professions jugées «prioritaires». C’est désormais au tour des plus de 60 ans. Ce vaccin a dernièrement été approuvé au Belarus et en Argentine, qui ont débuté leur campagne de vaccination. L’Algérie prévoit de leur emboîter le pas en janvier. Cependant, le vaccin est encore dans sa troisième et dernière phase d’essais cliniques.

Les vaccins chinois

La Chine, berceau de la pandémie, a approuvé «sous conditions» le 31 décembre la mise sur le marché d’un premier vaccin anti-Covid, développé par Sinopharm avec l’Institut des produits biologiques de Pékin. Il est efficace à plus de 79% selon le groupe pharmaceutique.

Dès cet été, alors qu’aucun vaccin n’était encore formellement autorisé , le pays a commencé les vaccinations. Près de 5 millions de personnes à risque se sont déjà vu administrer différentes doses. Les Emirats arabes unis utilisent également depuis le 14 décembre ce vaccin.

Un autre vaccin chinois, CoronaVac, du laboratoire chinois Sinovac Biotech, attend son homologation. Plusieurs pays dont l’Ukraine l'ont commandé.




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld


There are no translations available.

VACCINATION ANTI- COVID:

LA FRANCE EST-ELLE A LA TRAINE ?

En France la campagne de vaccination anti-Covid lancée dimanche 27 décembre 2020 avance bien plus lentement que dans d'autres pays.Pour cette première semaine, elle ne doit se déployer que dans 23 établissements accueillant des personnes âgées. Ce choix de stratégie est complètement assumé par le gouvernement qui rappelle que la vaccination est basée sur le consentement, notamment en raison du scepticisme des Français face au vaccin.Une étude BVA publiée dans le JDD montre en effet que seuls 44% des Français ont l’intention de se faire vacciner, l’une des proportions les plus basses parmi 32 pays étudiés.

Un sondage Ipsos Global Advisor publié mardi octroie même à la France la place de « championne du monde » des pays réfractaires, devant la Russie et l’Afrique du Sud.« Notre démarrage est beaucoup plus lent mais notre approche est en phase avec la réalité des doutes des Français », explique le ministère, « la santé publique, ce n'est pas que du médical, c'est aussi du sociétal », ajoute-t-on. L'objectif hexagonal est cependant de vacciner 15 millions de Français d'ici l'été 2021 .

Le généticien Axel Kahn regrette pour sa part que le gouvernement n’adopte pas une stratégie plus offensive pour persuader les Français de la nécessité de se faire vacciner contre le Covid-19. La stratégie prudente du gouvernement « n’est pas adaptée à une situation qui est très périlleuse », souligne le président de la Ligue nationale contre le cancer.

Les autres pays

Certains pays ont adoptéune campagne de vaccination à marche forcée. Selon le site Our World in Data qui compile les données mondiales relatives à la vaccination, on compte déjà 4,68 millions de vaccinés contre le Covid-19 dans le monde.

Parmi ceux-ci, 2,13 millions (d'après des chiffres datés de lundi) vivent aux Etats-Unis, qui ont commencé leur campagne de vaccination depuis le 14 décembre.

Selon les derniers chiffres communiqués par Pékin, remontant déjà au 19 décembre, la Chine a vacciné quant à elle un million de personnes. La particularité chinoise est d'avoir vacciné à titre expérimental tandis que ses vaccins, élaborés par les groupes Sinopharm et Sinovac n'étaient qu'en phase 3 des essais cliniques. Ceux-ci touchent cependant à leur fin: Sinopharm a annoncé ce mercredi que sa solution était efficace à 79%.

Au Royaume-Uni, où l'épidémie frappe durement (encore 53.000 nouveaux cas environ entre lundi et mardi), modulée dans une nouvelle variante du virus, on avait déjà vacciné 800.000 personnes au moment du réveillon de Noël. La saison de la vaccination s'y était ouverte le 8 décembre. De plus, l'Agence britannique du médicament a autorisé, ce mercredi 30 décembre 2020, la mise sur le marché d'un second vaccin: celui élaboré par les équipes de l'université d'Oxford pour le compte du groupe AstraZeneca.

En Israël aussi, l'heure est à la vaccination de masse et ce, depuis le 19 décembre dernier. 491.600 personnes avaient subi la piqûre au 28 décembre, dans ce pays qui entre dans une nouvelle phase de confinement national (la troisième) .À Tel Aviv, les autorités comptent avoir immunisé un quart des 11 millions d’habitants fin février, à raison de 15 000 vaccinations par jour.

On observe ensuite un décrochage: le Canada s'en tient à 58.818 vaccinés deux semaines après le début de la campagne, et le Bahreïn, qui vaccine depuis le 17 décembre, à 56.041. En Russie, 52.000 habitants étaient vaccinés au 22 décembre.

Le pays a entamé la distribution de son vaccin Sputnik V dès le 5 décembre. L'Allemagne a elle aussi commencé à vacciner ses patients dimanche, comme la France et comme le reste de l'Union européenne.  On y recensait déjà 41.962 vaccinés lundi.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DE L'ADULATION A LA DISCRACE DU FONDATEUR D'ALIBABA JACK MA OU COMMENT LA CHINE REPREND EN MAIN SES GEANTS DU NUMERIQUE

Fondateur d’Alibaba, Jack Ma a longtemps incarné la réussite d’une Chine ouverte sur le monde et à la pointe de la technologie et suscité l'adulation. Homme d’affaires, acteur, chanteur, artiste , Jack Ma s’est même hissé au rang de célébrité.

Il a ainsi joué le rôle d’un maître de kung-fu invaincu dans un court métrage aux côtés de grandes stars du cinéma chinois. Il s’est également essayé à la musique en chantant avec Faye Wong, une figure emblématique de la pop chinoise.

Par ailleurs, Jack Ma a participé à la création d’une œuvre d’art avec l’artiste mondialement connu Zeng Fanzhi. Leur tableau a été vendu par Sotheby’s pour 5,4 millions de dollars.

Mais depuis plusieurs mois on lui reproche sa cupidité, son arrogance, l’exploitation de ses salariés Longtemps appelé « Daddy Ma » Ma a été récemment déclassé au rang de « fils », voire de « petit-fils ».

Sur les réseaux sociaux chinois, l’homme d’affaires se fait traiter de « capitaliste malfaisant » ou encore de « fantôme suceur de sang » .

« Un milliardaire populaire comme Jack Ma sera certainement pendu au sommet du lampadaire » scande un message populaire sur les réseaux sociaux chinois, repris par le New York Times, en allusion à la célèbre exclamation « à la lanterne » lors des pendaisons sous la Révolution française.

Il y a un peu moins de deux mois, Pékin avait annulé à la dernière minute, à la stupeur générale, l’introduction en Bourse l’introduction en bourse d’Ant Group, filiale d’Alibaba. La décision avait été prise quelques jours après que Jack Ma, a critiqué l’action des régulateurs financiers. Cette entrée en Bourse s’annonçait comme un record avec une levée de 37 milliards de dollars (30 milliards d’euros).Ce fiasco aurait coûté à Jack Ma son titre de première fortune de Chine, malgré un matelas tout de même évalué à 58 milliards de dollars. De plus Jack Ma a été convoqué par les autorités et il n’a pas été revu en public.

Le spécialiste du paiement en ligne Ant a de plus reçu dimanche 27 décembre 2020 l’ordre de mettre sur pied un plan pour satisfaire à une longue liste d’exigences réglementaires et stopper certaines activité illégales, a indiqué Pan Gongsheng, vice-gouverneur de la Banque populaire de Chine. Le reproche fait à Ant Group est son activité de prêts en ligne alors que la dette chinoise dépasse les 300% du PIB et celle des ménages atteint les 60% du PIB.« Compte tenu de ce qui s’est passé, Ant devra éventuellement être contrôlée, voire détenue en majorité par l’État », prévient Zhiwu Chen, économiste à l’école de commerce de l’Université de Hong Kong.

Le 24 décembre 2020, c’est l’entreprise phare du groupe, Alibaba, qui a été visée par une enquête antitrust. Par ailleurs, le service de paiement Alipay figure également dans le viseur du gouvernement chinois.

Le Parti communiste chinois , lors d’une réunion sur l’orientation de la politique économique du pays, a en effet émis comme ligne directrice le renforcement des règles antitrust pour empêcher « l’expansion désordonnée des capitaux ».

C'est que pour le président chinois, comme c’est le cas aux États-Unis, la puissance de ces entreprises incarne une menace pour le gouvernement. Pour cause, Ant Group et son rival Tencent contrôlent davantage de données personnelles que les géants américains, comme Google ou Facebook. Leur taille et leur influence sont aujourd’hui perçues par le Parti communiste comme une menace.

Au-delà du cas personnel de Jack Ma, le pouvoir central semble vouloir reprendre les choses en main en affaiblissant les conglomérats suffisamment puissants pour concurrencer le régime et surtout déstabiliser l'économie.




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

IL FAUT « NOUS PREPARER A PIRE » QUE LE COVID-19, PREVIENT L'OMS

Lundi, l’Organisation mondiale de la santé a tiré la « sonnette d’alarme », prévenant que des virus pires que celui qui nous touche actuellement sont susceptibles de se répandre à l’échelle planétaire dans l’avenir.

L’Organisation mondiale de la santé a prévenu lundi que malgré la sévérité de la pandémie de Covid-19, qui a tué plus de 1,7 million de personnes et en a infecté des dizaines de millions d’autres en un an, il était urgent de se préparer « à pire ».

« C’est une sonnette d’alarme », a prévenu Michael Ryan, le responsable de l’OMS en charge des situations d’urgence lors de la dernière conférence de presse de l’année de l’organisation, qui est en première ligne dans le combat contre la pire pandémie depuis 100 ans.

« Cette pandémie a été très sévère. Elle s’est répandue à travers le monde très rapidement et elle a touché chaque recoin de la planète, mais ce n’est pas nécessairement la pire », a mis en garde le médecin, qui dans sa carrière a eu à affronter sur le terrain des agents pathogènes parmi les plus mortels.Tout en reconnaissant que le virus « se transmet très facilement et tue des gens (…) son taux de mortalité est relativement bas par rapport à d’autres maladies émergentes », il nous faut « nous préparer à l’avenir à quelque chose qui sera peut-être encore pire », a martelé le docteur Ryan.

Son collègue et conseiller auprès de l’OMS, Bruce Aylward, a enfoncé le clou, en estimant que malgré les exploits scientifiques réalisés dans la lutte contre le Covid-19, y compris la création de vaccins efficaces en un temps record, le monde était loin d’être préparé à combattre des futures pandémies

« Nous sommes dans la deuxième et troisième vague de ce virus et nous ne sommes toujours pas prêts et capables de les gérer », a-t-il lancé lors de la conférence de presse.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

REVENDICATION DE BOKO HARAM POUR L'ENLEVEMENT DE 330 LYCEENS AU NIGERIA

Abubakar Shekau, leader du groupe djihadiste de Boko Haram, a revendiqué l’enlèvement de centaines de lycéens dans le nord-ouest du Nigeria dans un message vocal de propagande, diffusé ce mardi 15 décembre.

Les faits remontent au week-end dernier.

Plus d’une centaine d’hommes armés à moto ont attaqué dans la nuit de vendredi à samedi un lycée situé dans la ville de Kankara dans l’État de Katsina, dans le nord-ouest du Nigéria.

Des centaines d’adolescents ont fui dans la brousse pour s’y cacher. Au moins 333 adolescents sont toujours portés disparus depuis l’attaque, survenue à des centaines de kilomètres du territoire de Boko Haram, qui opère habituellement dans le nord-est du pays, autour du lac Tchad.

C’est pourtant Boko Haram qui a revendiqué l’enlèvement des lycéens, par la voix de son leader.

« Je suis Abubakar Shekau et nos frères sont derrière l’enlèvement à Katsina », annonce, dans un message vocal de propagande, le chef de file, qui avait déjà été responsable de l’enlèvement de 276 lycéennes à Chibok en 2014, déclenchant une vague d’indignation mondiale.

Le président ordonne le renforcement de la sécurité dans toutes les écoles

Ce kidnapping avait été initialement attribué à des groupes armés, appelés « bandits » qui terrorisent les populations dans cette région instable ou les enlèvements contre rançons sont devenus monnaie courante. Cette revendication par Boko Haram marque un tournant extrêmement important dans la propagation de l’influence des groupes djihadistes dans le nord-ouest du Nigeria.

Le président Muhammadu Buhari a condamné l’attaque et ordonné le renforcement de la sécurité dans toutes les écoles. Dans l’État de Katsina, les établissements scolaires ont fermé. L’armée a affirmé, lundi, avoir localisé « le repaire des bandits », ajoutant qu’une opération militaire était en cours.

La situation sécuritaire s’est largement détériorée dans le nord du Nigeria depuis l’élection de Muhammadu Buhari en 2015, qui avait pourtant fait de la lutte contre Boko Haram la priorité de son mandat.




Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

L'AGRESSIVITE GUERRIERE D'ERDOGAN

 EN AZERBAIDJAN CONTRE L'ARMENIE

Dans le conflit entre l'Arménie et l'Azerbaïdjan , Erdogan souhaite « continuer la lutte ».

Le président turc, qui était en visite à Bakou en Azerbaïdjan afin de « célébrer » la victoire du pays dans le Nagorny Karabakh, s’est montré offensif. Si le conflit dans le Nagorny Karabakh a été remporté par l’Azerbaïdjan, allié turc, la situation de la République autoproclamée n’en est pas pour autant réglée. D’importants territoires militaires ont été cédés, mais surtout, le statut de la République est en suspend malgré le cessez-le-feu négocié.

En visite à Bakou, la capitale azérie, le président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan est venu apporter son soutien à son allié en l'enjoignant de continuer la « lutte ». « Le fait que l’Azerbaïdjan a sauvé ses terres de l’occupation ne signifie pas que la lutte est terminée. La lutte dans les sphères politiques et militaires va se poursuivre désormais sur de nombreux autres fronts », a martelé Erdogan lors d’une parade militaire.

Erdogan a aussi appelé les dirigeants arméniens à « revenir à la maison » tout en tenant un discours belliqueux et d’assurer que l’Azerbaïdjan continuera ses reconquêtes qui seront « le début d’une nouvelle ère ».

Selon le président turc, l’Arménie s’est livrée à des « crimes de guerre au Nagorny Karabakh » et se serait adonnée à des « massacres, destruction et armes » sous l’influence des « impérialistes occidentaux ».

Le président turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, s’est également entretenu avec son homologue azerbaïdjanais, Ilham Aliev, au sujet du rôle que la Turquie compte jouer dans la région. Ankara entend bien participer aux opérations de maintien de la paix.

Le rôle de la Turquie en Azerbaidjan

L’accord de cessez-le-feu signé le 9 novembre par les dirigeants azerbaïdjanais, arménien sous l’égide de la Russie ne dit en effet rien du rôle de la Turquie dans la nouvelle configuration régionale..

L’accord laisse entier le problème du statut du Haut-Karabakh, conquis par les indépendantistes arméniens lors d’une guerre au début des années 1990, reconquis en partie par l’Azerbaïdjan lors de la guerre éclair – quarante-quatre jours – menée à l’automne avec l’aide de l’armée turque. «

Soucieux de ménager sa relation avec son homologue turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Vladimir Poutine a donné son feu vert à la création d’un centre de coordination russo-turc chargé de veiller au maintien de la paix depuis le territoire azerbaïdjanais. Théoriquement, c’est là que les soldats turcs seront déployés.

Moscou, Ankara et Bakou ont un intérêt en commun : écarter le groupe de Minsk, coprésidé notamment par la France et les Etats-Unis, qui était chargé depuis vingt-huit ans de résoudre le conflit.

La Turquie renforce son poids géopolitique dans la région et permet à l’Azerbaïdjan d’obtenir des succès qui n’auraient pas été possibles sans son aide. Pour rappel, l’Arménie avait vaincu les forces de Bakou en 1994.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DUBAI UNE ECONOMIE FLORISSANTE

Devancés par la Malaisie et l'Arabie saoudite, les Émirats arabes unis occupent le troisième rang mondial des pays où l'économie islamique est la plus développée selon la dernière étude annuelle « The State of the Global Islamic Economy ». Ce pan de l'économie implique que les pratiques des entreprises et des systèmes de financement et d'investissement qui en font partie soient conformes aux textes sacrés et aux préceptes de l'Islam.

Dans la zone économique du Dubai International Financial Centre, hub pour les affaires dans la région, deux formes d'économie cohabitent : sa version conventionnelle et sa déclinaison islamique qui comporte trois domaines-clés : la finance, les produits halal et les activités liées à l'art, au tourisme et à la mode.

À l'échelle mondiale, l'économie islamique inclut la finance où 2400 milliards d'euros ont été investis l'an dernier, mais aussi d'autres secteurs dans lesquels 1,9 milliards de musulmans ont dépensé en 2019, un peu plus de 1700 milliards d'euros, l'alimentation halal, la mode pudique et enfin, les médias et divertissements étant les types de produits qui génèrent le plus de recettes.

Créé en 2013, le Centre de développement de l'économie islamique de Dubaï (Dubai Islamic Economy Development Centre - DIEDC) a pour ambition de faire de l'émirat, la capitale régionale de cette forme d'économie.

De nouveaux comportements d'achat

À Dubaï, une population musulmane relativement jeune et de plus en plus nombreuse affirme sa sensibilité islamique dans ses comportements d'achat de nourriture , services bancaires et financiers, vêtements, cosmétiques, voyages et soins. La mode pudique est de plus en plus populaire dans la région et au-delà. Selon un rapport de TechSci Research de 2018, le marché de l'alimentation et des boissons halal aux Émirats devrait dépasser 4,63 milliards d'euros en 2022. Une population musulmane plus nombreuse, une hausse des revenus par personne et un e-commerce en plein essor figurent parmi les facteurs qui font croître la demande.

Quant aux perspectives économiques pour l'an prochain, la dernière étude "The State of the Global Islamic Economy" a mesuré l'impact de la pandémie sur le PIB et l'emploi dans différentes catégories de pays à travers le monde. La tendance générale est à la reprise et à un retour à des niveaux équivalents, voire supérieurs à ceux d'avant la crise.

« Aujourd'hui, Dubaï est à la première place mondiale en termes de valeur totale des obligations islamiques cotées sur le marché," précise Abdulla Mohammed Al Awar, PDG du DIEDC. "On constate que des sukuk sont émis pour financer de nombreuses initiatives qui contribueront à la reprise », dit-il.

Malgré la tourmente de la pandémie, Dubaï réaffirme sa volonté d'accélérer le développement de l'ensemble des secteurs de l'économie islamique.




Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

ETRANGE SOMMET DU G20 VIRTUEL

Le but du sommet du G20 est loin d’être anodin. Celui-ci est destiné à « favoriser la coopération internationale et de trouver des solutions qui protègent la vie et les moyens de subsistance des gens ».

On a eu des promesses sur l’accès aux vaccins, un président américain au golf, des organisateurs saoudiens interpellés sur l’affaire Khashoggi…

La «solidarité» pour l’accès aux vaccins mais manque de chiffres

La pandémie de nouveau coronavirus a fait près de 1,4 million de morts sur la planète. Et le sujet des vaccins a dominé les débats du G20, sur fond d’inquiétudes sur leur accès pour les pays les plus pauvres.

«Nous ne reculerons devant aucun effort pour assurer l’accès abordable et équitable» aux futurs vaccins, ont promis les membres du G20 dans leur déclaration finale dimanche.

Tout en reconnaissant la vaccination comme étant un « bien public mondial », les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement ne font mention d'aucun chiffres.

Les Nations Unies estiment le besoin de financement à 28 milliards de dollars (23,6 milliards d’euros), dont 4,2 milliards en urgence. «Nous n’arrêterons le Covid-19 que grâce à la solidarité», a rappelé le directeur général de l’OMS Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

Les leaders du G20 promettent

de « combler les besoins de financement encore existants », au moment où eux-mêmes mettent déjà sur les rails des campagnes de vaccination à grande échelle mais ils ont également endossé le cadre, établi par leurs ministres des finances une semaine plus tôt , régissant les restructurations ou annulation à venir des dettes de tous les pays en développement et les pays les moins avancés .

Trump snobe le G20 pour le golf

Dans une brève allocution samedi, peu après l’ouverture des débats, le président américain Donald Trump a salué son propre bilan, et notamment son action pour «lancer des traitements révolutionnaires et développer des vaccins en un temps record» contre le Covid-19.

Puis il s’est éclipsé avant la réunion des dirigeants mondiaux, consacrée à la réponse à apporter à la crise du Covid-19. Le président sortant a préféré aller jouer au golf sur les terrains de golf de Sterling, en Virginie.

En effet, à l’heure où devait débuter la première réunion, comprenant les interventions de la France, de l’Allemagne ou de la Corée du Sud, Donald Trump était photographié, veste rouge et casquette blanche, sur le parcours du « Trump National Golf Club ». Son nom n’apparaissait d’ailleurs pas sur la liste des orateurs de la réunion.

Donald Trump avait bousculé les précédentes éditions du G20 par sa contestation virulente du principe même du multilatéralisme.

Selon un participant, Donald Trump, qui conteste sa défaite à l’élection présidentielle, aurait pourtant déclaré: «Je me réjouis de travailler avec vous à l’avenir et pour une longue période».

.Khashoggi

L’ombre de l’assassinat du journaliste saoudien Jamal Khashoggi a encore plané sur l’événement, dont Ryad espérait faire une fastueuse vitrine de sa modernisation et de ses réformes économiques.

Lors d’une conférence de presse, le ministre de l’Investissement Khalid al-Falih a été interrogé pour savoir si le retentissement de ce crime avait causé un préjudice économique au royaume. Dans un pays peu habitué à ce que les journalistes posent des questions dérangeantes, le modérateur a voulu éluder.

Mais le ministre a tenu à répondre. » Les investisseurs ne sont pas des journalistes, ils sont à la recherche de pays où ils peuvent avoir confiance dans un gouvernement qui soit efficace et qui prenne des décisions économiques appropriées», a-t-il déclaré en haussant les épaules.

Le «monde entier regarde»… en visio

Pandémie oblige, l’image qui restera de ce G20 sera celle d’un écran sur lequel sont apparues les miniatures des grands leaders mondiaux autour du roi saoudien Salmane, âgé et affaibli, aux côtés du prince héritier Mohammed ben Salmane.

Un format virtuel devenu familier en ces temps de distanciation physique généralisée et toujours accompagné de quelques ajustements techniques. Le dirigeant saoudien est apparu en direct plus tôt que prévu, et la liaison a été rapidement interrompue après que l’assistant a murmuré des avertissements au monarque.

Le président chinois Xi Jinping a lui été aperçu en grande discussion avec un assistant brandissant une télécommande vers la caméra, tandis qu’Angel Gurria, de l’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE), a rangé son smartphone après avoir compris qu’il était à l’image.

De quoi enlever beaucoup de son lustre à ce grand rendez-vous international, d’habitude moins attendu pour son programme officiel, généralement convenu, que pour les réunions bilatérales et brefs apartés parallèles entre les grands dirigeants.




Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

THE COVID-19 VACCINE RACE

A week after Pfizer, the Moderna laboratory announced a vaccine "94.5% effective".

The vaccine race is on, and laboratories are competing for big announcements. Moderna's turn to make headlines with a vaccine deemed very effective , which is administered in two injections.

A week after the announcement of the Pfizer and BioNtech laboratories, we learn this Monday, November 16 that a new vaccine, "effective at 94.5%", has been developed by the American biotechnology company Moderna.

What to dethrone the 90% announced last Monday by the American-German alliance. This means that the risk of getting sick from Covid-19 was reduced by 94.5% between the placebo group and the vaccinated group.

This result was obtained during phase 3 trials, the last stage of clinical trials before marketing. This study, which aims to measure the efficacy and safety of the vaccine, was carried out on more than 30,000 participants in the United States, 42% of whom belong to populations at risk (people aged over 65 or with a risk factor).

Half of the 30,000 volunteers received two doses of vaccine (the second dose was administered 28 days after the first), the other doses of placebo, without either side knowing which arm. Of experience they belonged.

In the press release published on Monday at 1 p.m., the company explains that 95 volunteers contracted Covid-19 at least two weeks after the injection of the second dose:

90 are in the group that received the placebo, 5 in the vaccinated group. All of the severe cases (11 people) were observed in the control group.

"This is one of the most important aspects of the trial: it shows that our vaccine allows, most of the time, not to be sick at all, and that the few vaccinated people who will still get sick will not have serious illness ”, underlines Stéphane Bancel, CEO of Moderna,

Moderna is not the only laboratory to have announced a higher efficacy rate than that of Pfizer.

On November 11, Russia was already claiming 92% efficiency with its Sputnik V, and seemed determined to overtake the Americans in the race to fight against Covid.



Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

AGREEMENT SIGNED FOR UPPER KARABAGH
UNDER RUSSIAN INFLUENCE

The 2020 war in Nagorno-Karabakh is a war between the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh, supported by Armenia, and Azerbaijan, supported by Turkey, for control of Nagorno-Karabakh.

Azerbaijan, a Turkish-speaking country with a Shiite majority, calls for the return to its control of Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountainous province populated mainly by Armenians, Christians, whose secession in 1991 was not recognized by the international community.

This Armenian province attached to Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence after the fall of the USSR in 1991 and is now at the center of a regional conflict.

Deadly fighting took place between the forces of Nagorno-Karabakh, supported by Armenia, and the troops of Azerbaijan, in the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, populated by 150,000 inhabitants, mostly Armenians.

Knowing that the Muslims of Azerbaijan and the Christians of Armenia do not get along, Stalin, the leader of the USSR until 1953, himself Caucasian, had created an Azeri enclave in Armenia. And an Armenian enclave in Azerbaijan. It is this enclave, Nagorny Karabakh, an area of ​​4,400 square kilometers, that the two countries have been fighting for for 30 years.

Rising tensions and deadly fights

After several months of rising tensions punctuated by skirmishes along the border, fighting broke out on September 27, 2020, causing general mobilization and the establishment of martial law in these countries.

For more than 30 days, the forces of the separatist enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, politically, militarily and economically supported by Armenia, and those of Azerbaijan have clashed in the deadliest battles since 2016. The official record stands at over 100 deaths. But the two camps each claim to have killed hundreds of enemy soldiers

Ceasefires not respected

On October 10, 2020, a Russian mediation allows the two parties to agree on a ceasefire and a resumption of negotiations. However, hostilities resumed soon after.

On October 18, 2020, thanks to mediation from the Minsk group, a second attempt to establish the ceasefire was launched, without success. A third humanitarian ceasefire, negotiated by the United States, starting on October 26, 2020, and also without success.

On November 9, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pachinian signed an agreement to end hostilities which entered into force on November 10, described as "capitulation" by Azeri President Ilham Aliev.

An agreement signed on November 9, 2020

According to the agreement, Azerbaijan keeps the reconquered territories including Shusha and seven districts. The Armenians retain the Lachin corridor and must establish a corridor in Armenia between Azerbaijan and Nakhichevan. The agreement also provides for the deployment of Russian peacekeeping forces in the region and the establishment of a Russian-Turkish observation center in the region.

All mediation efforts for nearly thirty years have failed to resolve this conflict and Nagorno-Karabakh is regularly rocked by outbreaks of violence.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

SLIGHT RELAXATION OF THE LEGAL CODE

BASED ON THE CHARIA

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) on Saturday announced a major overhaul of the Islamic laws that govern the country, to grant more freedoms to its citizens

These changes related to individual freedoms reflect the evolution to which the Gulf state aspires, which has sought to present itself as a westernized destination dotted with skyscrapers for tourists and various businesses despite its Islamic legal code.

Among the changes is the removal of penalties for the consumption, sale and possession of alcohol for people aged 21 and over.

Until now, to buy or have alcohol in their homes, people wishing to drink had to obtain a license from the government, which was particularly difficult for Muslims. From now on, consumption becomes free.

The "cohabitation of unmarried couples" is no longer a crime, whether it is between foreigners or Emiratis. The suicide attempt, prohibited by Islamic law, would also be decriminalized, according to local media .

Finally, the government has declared that it will abolish laws prohibiting “honor killings”. The penalty for an “honor killing” will now be the same as for any other type of assault.

Other behaviors prohibited by law, such as acts of homosexuality, cross-dressing and public displays of affection, are not affected by these changes.

Foreigners - who are nine times more numerous than Emirati citizens - will now be able to avoid Islamic Sharia courts on issues such as marriage, divorce and inheritance.

This increase in individual freedoms is aimed at strengthening the economic and social status of the country and "consolidating the principles of tolerance of the United Arab Emirates", the state-run WAM news agency said, as Dubai prepares to host the exhibition Universal, which is expected to attract 25 million visitors to the country next year.




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

STOP THE PERMANENT FIRE IN LIBYA

FACING CONQUERING TURKEY

The belligerents in Libya have reached a "permanent ceasefire" agreement with immediate effect as part of their UN-mediated talks in Geneva, the UN announced on Friday, which hails a "turning point for peace. ".

She said she was confident in the conclusion of a cease-fire. Stephanie Williams, UN mediator for Libya, managed to secure a peace deal on Friday 23 October after five days of talks in Geneva. The parties to the conflict, the government of national understanding (GNA), recognized by the international community, and the eastern authorities allied with Marshal Khalifa Haftar, signed a “national and permanent” ceasefire.

Broadcast live on the Internet, the signing of the agreement, organized in the hall of the United Nations Palace in Geneva, lasted about ten minutes, and was followed by a round of applause. “The Libyan parties have reached a permanent ceasefire agreement throughout Libya. This achievement represents an important turning point towards peace and stability in Libya, ”said the UN Support Mission in Libya (Manul).

Political chaos since 2011

Since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi's regime in 2011, Libya has been plunged into political chaos where two authorities are vying for power: the Government of National Accord (GAN), installed in Tripoli and recognized by the UN, and a embodied by Marshal Khalifa Haftar, who reigns over the East and part of the South.

In April 2019, Marshal Haftar launched an offensive against the capital but after fourteen months of deadly fighting, his troops, despite the support of Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Russia, suffered a stinging defeat. to pro-GAN forces, aided militarily by Turkey. The fighting has left hundreds of people dead and tens of thousands of people fleeing. Since then, the Libyan rivals have found the path of dialogue and several meetings have taken place since September. For the population, exhausted by the fighting and divisions, this permanent ceasefire is a beacon of hope.

The question of oil revenues

As of Wednesday, the belligerents had agreed, in Switzerland, to reopen the main land routes and internal air links. For the population, exhausted by the fighting and divisions, it is a glimmer of hope that will allow families to be able to reunite after months of forced separation. After an offensive launched between April 2019 and June 2020 by the pro-Haftar to seize, in vain, Tripoli, the main land routes have been cut between the cities of the East and the West and internal air links interrupted.

The two sides also agreed to increase oil production, asking, according to Stephanie Williams, their commanders "to work with the representative of the National Oil Corporation (NOC, the public company) to propose a restructuring of the guards of the facilities. oil ".

Traditionally under the authority of the Ministry of Defense, these guards have become members of armed groups of changing allegiances.

Since the lifting in September of the blockade imposed by the pro-Haftar on these sites, oil production in Libya, which has the most abundant reserves in Africa, has resumed and is clearly on the rise. Khalifa Haftar had agreed to lift the blockade on condition of obtaining an equitable sharing of the revenues. The lockdown since January has caused more than $ 9.8 billion (€ 8.2 billion) in lost revenue, according to the NOC.

"Long and difficult road"

In recent weeks, inter-Libyan negotiations have accelerated with a view to defining, in Geneva, the conditions for a lasting ceasefire.

“The road has been long and difficult at times. Your patriotism has enabled you to move forward and to reach a ceasefire agreement, ”pointed out the UN envoy to Libya.

"I hope that this agreement will help end the suffering of the Libyan people and we hope that it will allow displaced people and refugees, inside and outside the country, to return to their homes and to live. in peace and security, ”she said.

If the European Union welcomes “very good news”, Turkey, a key player in this dossier; is more skeptical. "Today's ceasefire agreement was not reached at the highest level but at a lower level," Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan told reporters in Istanbul.

"For me, (this agreement) seems to lack credibility," continued "Sultan" Erdogan. A bad omen statement.



Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

ALERT ON THE NEW GIANT MISSILE OF

KIM JONG UN IN NORTH KOREA

North Korea caused a stir last weekend ... and raised concerns across the Pacific.

Indeed during a spectacular military parade, leader Kim Jong Un paid the greatest attention to the giant intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) unveiled by North Korea. The latter constitutes an explicit threat addressed to the anti-missile defense system of the United States but also an implicit challenge for Donald Trump, according to experts.

Placed on a tractor-erector-launcher that paraded on Kim Il Sung Square - named after the founder of the regime - in Pyongygang, it was the climax of this unprecedented night parade.

Experts unanimously pointed out that it is the largest mobile liquid-combustion missile in the world, most likely designed to carry a multi-warhead missile (MIRV). For Jeffrey Lewis of the Middlebury Institute, this is "clearly aimed at testing the American missile defense system in Alaska".

". If the ICBM has three or four warheads, he explained, the United States will have to spend around $ 1 billion (€ 740 million) to have 12 to 16 interceptor missiles for each missile ”

The length of this missile is estimated at 24 meters and its diameter at 2.5 meters, which, according to specialist Markus Schiller, can carry 100 tons of fuel.

But small downside: this ICBM is however so big and so heavy that it is practically unusable, underlined the expert and certain specialists of North Korea regularly point out that the machines exposed by Pyongyang during the parades can be models and that there is no evidence that they work until they have been tested.

Shortly before being inaugurated president of the United States in 2017, Donald Trump had tweeted that North Korea "would not succeed" in developing a weapon capable of reaching American territory. "The first year of his mandate, which saw the North launch an ICBM that could achieve this goal, was marked by a series of swears of insults between Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim ahead of a historic diplomatic rapprochement. Negotiations over denuclearization of North Korea are at stake. stalled since the failure of the Hanoi summit in 2019.

This ICBM is proof that the North has continued to develop its military arsenal throughout the diplomatic process, experts say, giving Pyongyang more leverage to demand a return to the negotiating table.

"Like it or not, North Korea is a nuclear power and is probably the third nuclear power capable of striking American cities, third after Russia and China," said Andrei Lankov of the Korea Risk Group.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS A WHOLE CHINESE METROPOLIS TESTED AFTER 6 CASES OF COVID-19

Fears of a resurgence of the epidemic hover in China after the discovery of six cases of Covid-19 in Qingdao.

In its battle against the resurgence of the coronavirus epidemic, China is not letting anything go. No less than 9 million people are subjected to PCR tests as of Monday, October 12 in Qindgao on the east coast of the country. The screening campaign follows the discovery of three asymptomatic cases this weekend. And this Monday morning, the health authorities report 12 new cases also linked to a hospital in the city.

The country where the new coronavirus appeared at the end of 2019, had assured to have for several months contained the epidemic on its soil thanks to strict controls, the wearing of the generalized mask, the containment measures and the tracing applications. commercial. "

The few new patients identified each day were almost all Chinese who returned from abroad and placed in quarantine upon their arrival. But the cases discovered in Qingdao are of local origin The first cases of contamination were discovered during a pre-hospitalization check-up for other pathologies in a hospital specializing in lung diseases in the port city where positive travelers are treated. Covid-19 from abroad. The authorities have therefore decided to resort to a massive screening of all the inhabitants of the metropolis of 9 million souls. The city had not relaxed its vigilance, however: masks and QR code health are required in transport, restaurants and centers.

Millions of people tested in 5 days

Tents, tables, scotch ribbons to delimit the queues. White overalls in town ... the show no longer surprises social networks. With each new outbreak in China, health authorities massively test populations.

143,000 people have already been screened to try to identify contact cases as well as the source of contamination which remains unknown to this day. The town hall announced a massive screening campaign in five districts of Qingdao "within three days" and the entire city "within five days".

The city of the famous “Tsingtao” beer

A brewing and seaside town, Qingdao is known around the world for its famous “Tsingtao” beer (old transcription of its name). The brewery was established there under German colonial rule (1898-1914), and every year in summer, many tourists flock to Qingdao for the Oktoberfest, the most important event of its kind in China.

In a country generally free of Covid-19, beer lovers had gathered there in August, dropping their masks to clink glasses.



Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

COMBATS MEURTRIERS

 ENTRE L'ARMENIE ET L'AZERBAIDJAN

 DANS LE HAUT-KARABAKH

LAzerbaïdjan, pays turcophone à majorité chiite, réclame le retour sous son contrôle du Haut-Karabakh, province montagneuse peuplée majoritairement d’Arméniens, chrétiens, dont la sécession, en 1991, n’a pas été reconnue par la communauté internationale.

Après des semaines de rhétorique guerrière, l’Azerbaïdjan a annoncé avoir lancé dimanche une « contre-offensive » majeure en réponse à une « agression » arménienne, usant de son artillerie, de blindés et de bombardements aériens sur la province qui lui échappe depuis la chute de l’URSS et une guerre qui a fait 30 000 morts.

Cette province arménienne rattachée à l’Azerbaïdjan a proclamé son indépendance à la chute de l’URSS, en 1991.

Elle est désormais au centre d’un conflit régional.Pour le troisième jour consécutif, des combats meurtriers ont eu lieu, lundi 28 septembre 2020, entre les forces du Haut-Karabakh, soutenues par l’Arménie, et les troupes d’Azerbaïdjan, dans la région séparatiste du Haut-Karabakh, peuplée de 150 000 habitants, majoritairement arméniens.

L’Arménie et l’Azerbaïdjan, deux anciennes républiques soviétiques qui s’opposent depuis des décennies au sujet de cette zone de 4 400 kilomètres carrés , se disputent cette enclave du Haut-Karabakh.

Sachant que les musulmans d’Azerbaïdjan et les chrétiens d’Arménie ne s 'entendent pas, Staline, le dirigeant de l’URSS jusqu’en 1953, lui-même caucasien, avait créé une enclave azérie en Arménie. Et une enclave arménienne en Azerbaïdjan.C’est cette enclave, le Nagorny Karabakh, que les deux pays se disputent depuis 30 ans.

Donald Trump a déclaré qu’il regardait la situation de très près. L’escalade des combats au Haut-Karabakh est « très préoccupante », et toute ingérence est « inacceptable », a déclaré le porte-parole du chef de la diplomatie européenne, Josep Borrell.

Puissances régionales en concurrence

Un conflit majeur impliquant l’Arménie et l’Azerbaïdjan pourrait entraîner l’intervention des puissances en concurrence dans la région du Caucase : la Russie et la Turquie.

M. Borrell a dit avoir pris connaissance des accusations sur l’implication de « milices syriennes » proches de la Turquie et « d’autres forces » au Haut-Karabakh, prenant soin d’ajouter : « Nous n’avons pas vu des faits pouvant justifier ou soutenir ces allégations. »

Le Kremlin, qui se positionne en arbitre dans la région, livre des armes aux deux pays et, depuis près de trente ans, est jusqu’ici parvenu à éviter une guerre ouverte;

La Turquie a annoncé qu’elle soutiendrait l’Azerbaïdjan, son allié traditionnel. L’ambassadeur d’Arménie en Russie, cité lundi par les agences de presse russes, a accusé la Turquie d’avoir déplacé environ 4 000 combattants du nord de la Syrie vers l’Azerbaïdjan pour prendre part aux affrontements dans le Haut-Karabakh. L’Azerbaïdjan a démenti cette affirmation.

Plusieurs dirigeants étrangers ont appelé à un cessez-le-feu immédiat, et le Conseil de sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations unies (ONU) se réunit en urgence mardi soir, pour tenter d’éviter une guerre ouverte entre Erevan et Bakou qui risquerait de déstabiliser la région et d’y entraîner les puissances régionales, la Turquie et la Russie.

Une centaine de morts

Depuis dimanche, les forces de l’enclave séparatiste du Haut-Karabakh, soutenue politiquement, militairement et économiquement par l’Arménie, et celles de l’Azerbaïdjan s’affrontent dans les combats les plus meurtriers depuis 2016. Le bilan officiel s’établit mardi à 98 morts, dont quatorze civils : dix en Azerbaïdjan et quatre côté arménien. Mais les deux camps affirment chacun avoir tué des centaines de militaires ennemis.

Loi martiale

La Russie, la France et les Etats-Unis – les trois médiateurs du conflit au sein du Groupe de Minsk – ont appelé sans succès à un cessez-le-feu et à des négociations. Mardi, la chancelière allemande, Angela Merkel, a fait savoir qu’un « cessez-le-feu immédiat et un retour à la table des négociations lors de deux entretiens téléphoniques séparés avec les dirigeants d’Azerbaïdjan et d’Arménie.

Tous les efforts de médiation depuis près de trente ans ont échoué à régler ce conflit et le Haut-Karabakh est régulièrement secoué par des flambées de violence.

Les deux Etats ont décrété la loi martiale dimanche et l’Arménie a décrété la mobilisation générale. L’Azerbaïdjan impose un couvre-feu dans une partie du pays, notamment sa capitale.




Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld

A DIPLOMATIC VICTORY OF DONALD TRUMP

AGREEMENTS BETWEEN ISRAEL AND

 TWO GULF COUNTRIES

It is the signing event, this week in Washington, by the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and by the heads of diplomacy of Bahrain and the Arab Emirates (UAE) under the auspices of the United States of the "Agreements of Abraham" as the baptized Donald Trump who deserves to be highlighted.

The two countries announced on August 13 a normalization of their relations, until then unofficial. The Emirates thus became the first Gulf country to change the status of their relationship with Israel, and the third in the Arab world, after Egypt in 1979 and Jordan in 1994. But unlike these two countries, the Emirates did not have never fought a war against Israel. These agreements therefore organize the recognition of Israel by the two Gulf countries in exchange for a suspension by Israel of its project to annex territories in the West Bank.

Trade in the key

Israeli analysts for their part evoke relations with the key to trade. Since the announcement of the agreement, sponsored by the United States, Israel and the Emirates have increased telephone exchanges between ministers and Abu Dhabi this weekend repealed a 48-year-old law on the boycott of Israel. This start of normalization shows a desire to increase trade relations in several areas such as research and the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic. Israel could benefit from a country rich in hydrocarbons while the United Arab Emirates could invest in Israel in the areas of security, tourism and high technology. There is even talk of negotiating visa procedures. For the UAE,whose exchanges are already fruitful with Saudi Arabia and Iraq, it is also a question of strengthening its influence in the region.

Geopolitical consequences for the Middle East and for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process

According to Israel, this could pave the way for warming with other countries and new agreements, potentially with Oman and Bahrain. These two countries have also welcomed agreement, which also testifies to a desire to thwart the influence of Iran and Turkey in the Middle East.

As part of a tour of the Middle East last week, US Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo visited Sudan, Bahrain and Oman, in an attempt to convince other states in the region to follow suit. Emirati example.

Benjamin Netanyahu had meanwhile already spoken in recent months with leaders of Sudan, Chad and Oman.

These new Israeli-Arab geopolitical relations therefore lead to broad recognition of Israel, and Benyamin Netanyahu did not fail to congratulate Donald Trump.

But what impact for the Middle East?

The normalization agreement concluded between Israel and the United Arab Emirates was also immediately condemned by Iran, which sees it as a stab in the back of the Palestinians, and by the Palestinians themselves. .

“We say to the Bahraini regime and the Emirates that this normalization is a total betrayal of the Palestinian cause and the hopes of the Arab nation,” said Ahmad al-Medalal, an Islamic Jihad official. ”“ There will be no no peace, security or stability for anyone in the region without the end of the occupation and respect for the full rights of the Palestinian people, ”said Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, in power in the occupied West Bank, a territory separated from Gaza. Islamic Jihad, the second armed group in the Gaza Strip after Hamas, said in a statement released shortly after the rocket fire that these "unjust" agreements would "push" the "resistance forces to" continue jihad ”.

The Israeli-Palestinian peace process

Until then, peace with the Palestinians was seen as the prerequisite for any normalization of relations between Israel and the rest of the Arab and Muslim world.

But the Jewish state has managed to gradually reverse the equation born from the common position of the Arab League of 2020 to convince Arab countries to normalize their relations with Israel, without waiting for a lasting peace with the Palestinians.

The role of the United States

The agreement would also serve the American plan (Jared Kushner) to block the idea of ​​a two-state solution in Israel, against the backdrop of the idea of ​​forming a common front against the common enemy: the Shiite Iran. In Washington, US President Donald Trump did not fail to evoke "a new Middle East" and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu estimated that the agreements could "end the Israeli-Arab conflict" .

“Failing to come to an agreement with its neighbors, the Hebrew state has chosen for ten years to pursue a secret policy of rapprochement with Arab countries aimed at the expansionism of the Iranian Shiites. “The agreements signed between the Hebrew state and two countries in the Persian Gulf, the United Arab Emirates (EUA) and Bahrain, are for the Israelis who enter once again in confinement the hope of a paradigm shift.

The opening of the vast Saudi airspace and perhaps tomorrow the establishment of diplomatic relations with the main regional Sunni power could lift the country out of its island status. (…) It is the beginning of normalization, the end of isolation. “, Analyzes Thierry Oberlé in Le Figaro.

To be continued....



Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS UNE RENTREE DES CLASSES MASQUEE DANS LE MONDE ENTIER

Des millions d'enfants ont repris le chemin de l'école, masque sur le visage et consignes de précaution au programme pour éviter que les établissements scolaires ne deviennent des foyers de propagation du virus.

En Europe, les petits Français, Belges, Russes et Ukrainiens ont retrouvé les salles de classe mardi, après leurs camarades allemands, nord-irlandais ou écossais. La rentrée scolaire a été en revanche repoussée d'une semaine au 14 septembre en Grèce, tous les citadins n'étant « pas encore rentrés de vacances », a annoncé la ministre de l'Éducation grecque, Niki Kerameus.

Dans les écoles françaises, le port du masque est obligatoire pour les enseignants et les élèves à partir de 11 ans. En Grèce il sera exigé dès la maternelle.En Espagne, où la rentrée s'échelonnera entre le 4 et le 15 septembre selon les régions, c'est dès six ans que les enfants devront porter le masque à l'école, et à tout moment.

En Belgique la Première ministre Sophie Wilmès a jugé « fondamental » que les enfants puissent reprendre une vie scolaire « aussi normale que possible », justifiant le maintien de la rentrée ce 1er septembre.

Une opinion partagée par le gouvernement britannique, pour qui les bénéfices d'un retour à l'école -cette semaine en Angleterre et au Pays de Galles- sont plus importants que les risques potentiels.

Dans certains pays, les enfants sortiront par rotations en récréation, pour éviter des cours bondées.

En Russie, cette rentrée a été marquée par l'annonce le même jour du franchissement du pallier du million de contaminations au plan national.

Sur le front économique, après l'Inde lundi, le Brésil a dévoilé mardi une chute historique de son PIB au 2e trimestre, une dégringolade endurée par presque toutes les grandes économies mondiales à la suite de la pandémie de Covid-19. Seule la Chine échappe à la récession.

Le PIB brésilien « est à présent au même niveau que celui de fin 2009, au cœur de la crise financière internationale », a expliqué l'Institut de statistiques IBGE.

La seule éclaircie dans la grisaille est venue de la deuxième puissance économique mondiale: la Chine a évité la récession en endiguant l'épidémie. Le PIB y a rebondi de 11,5 % au deuxième trimestre, après une chute de 10 % au premier.

L'Allemagne s'attend pour sa part à une récession moins mauvaise qu'attendue en 2020, a estimé mardi son ministre de l'Economie Peter Altmaier.

« Nous sommes face à une évolution en V », une reprise rapide succédant à une profonde chute, a-t-il ajouté, brandissant devant les caméras un graphique montrant la courbe de la croissance.

A Hong Kong, où une campagne de dépistage massif a débuté mardi, plus d'un demi-million de personnes se sont déjà inscrites pour bénéficier d'un examen gratuit.

« Ca aidera Hong Kong à émerger sain et sauf de la pandémie et permettra la reprise des activités quotidiennes », a assuré la cheffe de l'exécutif hongkongais pro-Pékin Carrie Lam.

Mais le concours de médecins et de laboratoires de Chine continentale a alimenté rumeurs et inquiétudes relatives à la surveillance étroite des citoyens par Pékin.

Le Portugal a lui lancé mardi son application de traçage du Covid-19 permettant de prévenir les personnes ayant croisé récemment quelqu'un qui a été testé positif au Covid-19.

Au niveau mondial, la pandémie affiche un bilan officiel de plus de 25,5 millions de cas, un chiffre certainement sous-estimé, notamment dans des pays comme l'Inde, qui enregistre désormais le plus de nouveaux cas par jour. Au moins 851.321 personnes ont perdu la vie.

Les Etats-Unis, où la réponse sanitaire reste fragmentée et inégale d'un Etat à un autre, ont de leur côté dépassé les six millions de cas.

Le bilan américain, de plus de 183.602 morts, est appelé à dépasser les 200.000 morts au cours du mois de septembre, selon les modèles épidémiques, même si la Maison Blanche cherche à limiter le nombre de tests pour minimiser l'épidémie.

Côté recherche, des scientifiques canadiens se penchent sur un aliment, le fruit du palmier açaï, dans leur quête pour un traitement contre les symptômes les plus sévères, car il réduit les inflammations.

En Autriche, le gouvernement a indiqué que les premiers vaccins contre le coronavirus pourraient être administrés au début de l'année prochaine et concerneraient prioritairement les personnels de santé.

Mauvaise nouvelle en revanche pour le laboratoire français Sanofi, qui a annoncé mardi que l'essai clinique international de phase 3 qui testait l'efficacité de son médicament Kevzara dans le traitement des formes sévères de Covid-19 n'avait pas donné de résultats concluants.

En attendant le vaccin et face aux restrictions de mouvement prises par certains Etats membres, la Commission européenne prône une meilleure coordination.

Elle a mis en garde mardi le gouvernement hongrois, qui a refermé les frontières du pays en raison de la pandémie, contre toute discrimination basée sur la nationalité, et a rappelé l'importance de « l'intégrité de l'espace Schengen »".

Du côté de l'Amérique du Sud, le Pérou est désormais le pays détenant le triste record mondial de mortalité due au coronavirus, avec 87 décès pour 100.000 habitants.

« On manque d'hôpitaux, de centres de santé, de médicaments, de laboratoires. Beaucoup de gens meurent chez eux par crainte de venir à l'hôpital ou parce qu'il n'y a pas de lits ou de respirateurs", se désole le président de la Fédération des médecins péruviens, Godofredo Talavera.

Au Brésil, qui reste le deuxième pays le plus frappé derrière les Etats-Unis, avec près de 121.000 morts, un célèbre chef indigène, le cacique Raoni Metuktire, infecté, est hospitalisé.




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS DE NOUVELLES RESTRICTIONS MONDIALES

La pandémie provoquée par le nouveau coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) a fait plus de 800 000 morts dans le monde depuis la fin de décembre 2019. Près de 23,5 millions de cas d’infection ont été officiellement diagnostiqués dans 196 pays et territoires.Coronavirus : les mesures de restriction se multiplient dans le monde

Les restrictions se multiplient partout dans le monde.

Face à un rebond du nombre de cas, les restrictions se multiplient sur tous les continents. Séoul a étendu dimanche à l’ensemble du territoire sud-coréen les mesures déjà en vigueur dans la région de la capitale, fermant plages, restaurants, bars karaoké et musées, ainsi qu’en suspendant les rencontres sportives à huis clos. A partir de lundi, le masque est obligatoire dans les lieux fermés et les quartiers très fréquentés de Séoul.

Depuis dimanche, les quelque 2 millions d’habitants d’Asuncion, la capitale du Paraguay, et de ses banlieues ne peuvent plus se déplacer librement que de 5 heures à 20 heures dans le cadre d’une « quarantaine sociale » prévue pour durer jusqu’au 6 septembre.

Le rétablissement de certaines mesures ne va pas sans heurts ni crispations. De stricts contrôles sanitaires instaurés au cours du week-end par Vienne à la frontière slovène ont ainsi provoqué d’immenses encombrements et suscité la colère de la police slovène et l’inquiétude de la Croatie.

Plus tragique, l’arrivée de la police venue faire respecter le couvre-feu sanitaire en vigueur à Lima, la capitale du Pérou, a entraîné une bousculade dans une discothèque, qui s’est soldée par la mort de treize personnes ce week-end, dont onze étaient infectées par le coronavirus.

L’autorisation élargie du traitement au plasma.

Donald Trump a annoncé, dimanche, l’autorisation en urgence de la transfusion du plasma sanguin de personnes guéries du Covid-19 à des patients hospitalisés. La transfusion de ce plasma – qui contient des anticorps – vise à permettre aux malades d’éliminer plus vite le virus et de limiter les dégâts sur l’organisme.

Le président américain a qualifié l’annonce de « percée historique » pour le traitement du Covid-19, de nature à « sauver un nombre considérable de vies ». Mais l’agence américaine du médicament (FDA) autorisait déjà la transfusion de plasma de personnes remises du Covid-19 sous certaines conditions, dans le cadre d’essais cliniques ou pour des malades en situation désespérée. Dimanche, la FDA a rappelé qu’il n’existait pas, pour l’heure, de preuve formelle que l’utilisation de plasma était efficace.

Le traitement au plasma a déjà été autorisé en France, en Autriche, en Suisse, à Cuba ou en Chine. Une société polonaise de biotechnologie, Biomed Lublin, a annoncé, la semaine du 17 août, le lancement de la première phase de production d’un médicament contre le Covid-19 à base de plasma de mineurs guéris.

Rebond en Italie et en France

Touchée de plein fouet en mars par l’épidémie, l’Italie est confrontée depuis plusieurs jours à une nette reprise de la circulation du virus favorisée par les déplacements et les activités estivales des vacanciers. Selon le dernier bilan publié dimanche, 1 210 nouveaux cas ont été recensés dans le pays en l’espace de vingt-quatre heures. Un tiers des cas enregistrés dans la région de Rome sont liés à des séjours en Sardaigne.

En dépit de cette brusque hausse de la courbe de contagion, le ministre de la santé italien, Roberto Speranza, s’est voulu rassurant dimanche, jugeant que la situation était sous contrôle et en excluant un reconfinement général de son pays. Au niveau local toutefois, l’inquiétude grandit. Le président de Campanie (autour de Naples) a ainsi suggéré de limiter de nouveau les déplacements entre régions d’ici à la rentrée.

En France le département des Bouches- du- Rhône est placé sous surveillance prêt à un reconfinement si nécessaire. Selon les derniers indicateurs cités lundi par la préfecture de PACA, le taux d’incidence du virus est de 145 pour 100 000 à Marseille et de 110 pour 100 000 dans le département des Bouches-du-Rhône, contre seulement 33 pour 100 000 de moyenne nationale.

Si la situation l’impose, le reconfinement ciblé fait partie des scénarios envisagés au plus haut sommet de l’Etat.

La semaine dernière, Emmanuel Macron indiquait lui-même dans un entretien à Paris Match que toutes les possibilités étaient à l’étude. « On ne s’interdit rien », affirmait le chef de l’Etat.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE POINT SUR LE CORONAVIRUS ET LA  SITUATION DEGRADEE EN FRANCE

Alors que le port du masque contre le coronavirus devient obligatoire dans les entreprises en France, le pays voit son nombre de cas progresser. Il est de 2.238 en 24 heures portant le total des cas à 16.129 sur la semaine, selon les chiffres publiés mardi par la direction générale de la santé (DGS). Les hôpitaux français ont admis 185 nouveaux patients atteints de Covid-19 au cours des dernières 24 heures contre 234 lundi. Au total, 4.823 personnes sont hospitalisées pour une infection au Covid-19.

28 patients ont par ailleurs été admis dans des services de réanimation, contre 34 lundi. Au total, 380 personnes se trouvent en réanimation pour une infection au coronavirus .

30.451 personnes sont décédées en France depuis le début de l'épidémie (soit 22 décès depuis lundi), dont 19.940 au sein des établissements hospitaliers et 10.511 en établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux - un chiffre qui vient d'être actualisé et le sera à nouveau dans une semaine. Le pourcentage de tests positifs continue à augmenter, à 3% contre 2,9% lundi et 29 nouveaux foyers de cas groupés (clusters) ont été détectés, a aussi indiqué la DGS, qui recommande toujours activement le port du masque et les respect des autres gestes barrières comme le lavage des mains et la distanciation physique dès qu’elle est possible.

Le « vaccin prometteur » de l'Australie

L'Australie s'est assurée d'obtenir un vaccin «prometteur» grâce à un accord passé avec le groupe pharmaceutique suédo-britannique AstraZeneca qui est en plein développement de produit. L'Australie fabriquera le vaccin et l'injectera gratuitement à sa population, assure son Premier ministre.

L'Iran prévoit de son côté d'acheter le premier vaccin mis au point par la Russie contre le coronavirus, sous réserve de l'approbation de l'OMS. Et un vaccin chinois sera bientôt testé au Pakistan et en Arabie Saoudite pour sa troisième phase d'essais cliniques (sur un grand échantillon d'humains). Développé par le laboratoire chinois CanSinoBio et l'Institut chinois de biotechnologie de Pékin, il a déjà été testé en Chine, en Russie, au Chili et en Argentine.

Le point dans le monde

La pandémie du nouveau coronavirus a fait au moins 774.832 morts dans le monde depuis que le bureau de l'OMS en Chine a fait état de l'apparition de la maladie fin décembre, selon un bilan établi par l'AFP à partir de sources officielles mardi. Plus de 21.936.820 cas d'infection ont été officiellement diagnostiqués dans 196 pays et territoires.

Les États-Unis sont le pays le plus touché tant en nombre de morts que de cas, avec 171.679 décès pour 5.480.487 cas recensés.

Viennent ensuite le Brésil avec 109.888 morts, le Mexique (57.023), l'Inde (51.797) et le Royaume-Uni (41.369).




Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld


There are no translations available.

LES MOINS DE CINQUANTE ANS

 PROPAGENT LE CORONAVIRUS

Le coronavirus en Asie-Pacifique se propage actuellement par des personnes de moins de cinquante ans qui parfois ne savent pas qu’elles sont contaminées, a indiqué l’OMS mardi, mettant en garde contre une «nouvelle phase» de l’épidémie.

Les personnes asymptomatiques ou n’ayant que de légers symptômes du Covid-19 risquent d’infecter des personnes âgées ou vulnérables, a indiqué Takeshi Kasai, le directeur de la région du Pacifique occidental de l’OMS lors d’un point de presse virtuel.

«L’épidémie est en train de changer. Les personnes d’une vingtaine, trentaine et quarantaine d’années sont de plus en plus à l’origine de la menace», a-t-il dit. «Beaucoup ne savent pas qu’elles sont infectées, n’ayant que de légers symptômes, voire aucun». «Nous n’observons pas une simple résurgence. J’y vois un signal que nous sommes entrés dans une nouvelle phase de la pandémie en Asie-Pacifique», a poursuivi M. Kasai.

Deux tiers des infections au Japon concernent des personnes âgées de moins de quarante ans, selon les données de l’OMS sur la phase actuelle de contagion. C’est également plus de la moitié des cas aux Philippines eten Australie.

«Nous devons redoubler d’efforts pour empêcher le virus d’atteindre les populations vulnérables», avertit M. Kasai.

Des pays où l’épidémie était maîtrisée comme la Nouvelle-Zélande, le Vietnam et la Corée du Sud ont détecté de nouveaux clusters, ce qui a forcé les gouvernements à imposer à nouveau des mesures de confinement et de distanciation sociale dans les villes.

Le recours à des mesures ciblées dans la région est jugé encourageant car il a permis de réduire l’impact économique et social des mesures de confinement et est plus acceptable à long terme, selon M. Kasai.

La menace perdurera toutefois «tant que le virus circulera et que nous ne sommes pas immunisés contre lui» a-t-il averti.




Abby Shelcore pour DayNewsWorld

WHAT TO THINK OF THE FIRST RUSSIAN VACCINE

AGAINST COVID-19

VLadimir Putin announced Tuesday, August 11, 2020 the development of the "first vaccine" against the coronavirus, of which more than a billion doses have already been ordered by 20 countries.

Has Russia found something to protect us from Covid-19 ?

Vladimir Putin announced on August 11 from his official residence with these words:

"This morning, for the first time in the world, a vaccine against the new coronavirus was recorded".

"I know it is quite effective, that it gives lasting immunity!"

The president said, even specifying that one of his own daughters had "participated" in the vaccine trials.

Vladimir Putin hailed the "specialists" behind "this very important first step" for his country and "for the whole world", adding that the vaccine had "passed all the necessary tests", reports the press agency Russian private Interfax *. According to the Kremlin, the population will have access to this vaccine from "January 1, 2021".

For its part, the World Health Organization (WHO) reacted cautiously to the announcement made after less than two months of clinical trials.

Indeed clinical trials, carried out in a very short time and on less than a hundred people, make specialists skeptical.

WHO spokesperson Tarik Jasarevic recalled that "The prequalification of any vaccine goes through rigorous procedures" to ensure its safety and effectiveness.

Officially named "Gam-Covid-Vac" and renamed "Sputnik V" in reference to the first artificial satellite launched by the Soviet Union in 1957, with a "V" for "vaccine", this project carried by Russia was developed by the national center for epidemiology and microbiology Gamaleya, located in Moscow, reports the state register of pharmaceuticals.

According to the Russian Ministry of Health and information gathered by the American health authorities, the components of this vaccine administered intramuscularly are derived from adenoviruses, normally responsible for gastroenteritis or even mild respiratory infections. A process used by other injection projects against Covid-19, such as that of the University of Oxford.

Thanks to two successive injections, the immunity of the vaccinated people would last "up to two years", supports the Russian Ministry of Health.

Thanks to the registration of the vaccine in the State Register of Russian Medicines, Moscow wishes to start its industrial production in September to start a massive vaccination campaign the following month.

For now, Russia intends to vaccinate as quickly as possible health professionals, teachers and other groups deemed at risk, as well as "tens of thousands of volunteers."

Faced with these prospects, "Spountik V" also arouses envy abroad.

Twenty countries (located in Latin America, the Middle East and Asia) have already ordered more than a billion doses of vaccines.

The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) is also planning to establish a humanitarian assistance program to ensure vaccine access to developing countries.

However, this accelerated marketing plan is causing concern among observers.

Anne Goffard, a virologist at the Lille University Hospital, speaks by saying:

"I am appalled by this kind of announcement!"

"The development of this vaccine is taking place outside of scientific debate. I have not seen an article presenting the vaccine strategy adopted or the results of clinical trials carried out."

"At what stage of the evaluation of the vaccine ?".

Faced with the very low number of people mobilized for these tests, doubt hangs over the credibility of the Russian project. In its list of the 28 candidate vaccines submitted for clinical trials, the WHO only places the Gamaleya center project in phase 1, while six research programs have already reached the third phase of trials.

Christian Lindmeier, another spokesperson for the WHO, recalled August 4, 2020, the need to go through "all the stages" of testing to ensure that a vaccine works.

Svetlana Zavidova, Executive Director of the Association of Clinical Trial Organizations (Acto) wonders:

"Why do all organizations follow the rules except Russian organizations ?"

Seriously have little doubts about the effectiveness of the vaccine, it would be more catastrophic than anything to make people believe that the vaccine works, if it does not or if it is dangerous.

Some may no longer want to be vaccinated, when we need it !!




Pamela Newton for DayNewsWorld

SINABUNG SUMATRA VOLCANO ALERT

Eruption since Monday, August 10, 2020, the Indonesian volcano Sinabung, located on the island of Sumatra, has created a huge cloud of ash that he planned to 5,000 meters.

So far no injuries or deaths have been reported but authorities have warned of possible lava flows and increased activity at the crater which continues to rumble.

Its activity has intensified over the past few days with two small eruptions over the weekend.

Armen Putera local manager of the Indonesian Vulcanology Center issued the following alert:

"It's an alert and avoid the red zones located near Sinabung"

The authorities, however, maintained the state of alert at the crater at its second highest level. No one lives in the immediate vicinity of the volcano to which access is prohibited.

A thick layer of ash, however, covered small communities established near the volcano during the eruption since Monday.

Rencana Sitepu, the chief of Namanteran village, specifies that some crops had been destroyed by the fallout from the volcano.

The coronavirus pandemic has made the job of disaster management officials difficult, with frightened and panicked residents breaking social distancing rules.

The previous eruptions of the Sinabung volcano which had awakened in 2010 after 400 years of sleep.

After a period of calm, another eruption occurred in 2013 and since then he has been very active. Sixteen people died in 2014 and seven in 2016.

In 2018, more than 400 people were killed when a tsunami triggered by a volcanic eruption suddenly swept across the southern coasts of Sumatra and the western end of Java.

Let us hope that the current situation which does not deplore for the moment any victim remains .....!!!




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LE CARGO A L'ORIGINE DE L'EXPLOSION A BEYROUTH QUALIFIE DE BOMBE FLOTTANTE

Le Rhosus - c'est son nom - a fait escale dans la capitale libanaise en septembre 2013 . Ce cargo a quitté le port de Batumi, en Géorgie en 2013 en direction de Biera, au Mozambique. Il n'est jamais arrivé à bon port, et aurait fini dans les profondeurs du port de Beyrouth. C'est sa cargaison qui a, en toute vraisemblance, explosé mardi , faisant au moins 145 morts et 5.000 blessés et dévastant une partie de la capitale libanaise. Dans ses cales, 2750 tonnes de nitrate d'ammonium. Un sel blanc, inodore, utilisé comme base de nombreux engrais mais aussi, parfois, d'explosifs.

D'après le « New York Times », le bateau est vieux - entre 30 et 40 ans -, en mauvais état, des brèches laissent entrer de l'eau, et une mutinerie éclate au début du voyage à propos de salaires impayés.

L'équipage bloqué onze mois

Le Rhosus ne devait pas faire escale à Beyrouth. Mais le capitaine du bateau Boris Prokochev raconte aujourd'hui à plusieurs médias qu'Igor Gretchouchkine l'a appelé pour lui demander d'y récupérer du matériel de chantier à livrer en Jordanie. Il manquerait d'argent pour payer le passage du canal de Suez. Le capitaine avait de toute façon refusé de transporter ce matériel. Mal arrimé il a endommagé les portes des soutes et aurait pu mettre en danger le bateau, racontent le maître d'équipage et le capitaine à Reuters.

Le Rhosus n'a finalement jamais quitté le port de Beyrouth : il s'est vu interdire de reprendre la mer après une inspection. Il a ensuite été abandonné par son propriétaire, un citoyen russe vivant à Chypre. Igor Grechushkin a déclaré la banqueroute de ce bateau, rapportent plusieurs médias russes. Son équipage serait resté plusieurs mois à bord avant que la cargaison de nitrate d'ammonium ne soit finalement déchargée. Les tonnes de produit ont ensuite été stockées dans les entrepôts du port de Beyrouth.

Le nitrate d'ammonium se trouvait «dans le hangar 12 du port», consacré aux marchandises saisies, précise même Badri Daher, directeur des Douanes du Liban, auprès de L'Orient-Le Jour , avant d'expliquer : il y avait «un entrepôt de feux d’artifice» juste à côté. Les conditions exactes de l'explosion ne sont pas connues, mais elle aurait pu être déclenchée par des travaux de rénovation en cours dans le port.

Pourquoi une cargaison aussi dangereuse est-elle restée six longues années stockées sans précaution dans le port de la capitale libanaise ?

Les autorités du port, les services des douanes et des services de sécurité se rejettent aujourd'hui la responsabilité.

Alertes des douanes

La justice aurait été alertée à plusieurs reprises de la dangerosité de ce chargement, en vain, explique le directeur des Douanes. En 2014, Mikhail Voytenko, un expert russe du trafic maritime, alertait: le Rhosus était une «bombe flottante». Le directeur des douanes de l'époque, Shafik Merhi, demande cette même année de l'aide pour sécuriser le stockage de la cargaison dans une lettre soulignant une situation «d'urgence». Selon Al-Jazeera, il aurait ensuite envoyé cinq nouvelles missives les années suivantes. Trois options sont proposées :

exporter la marchandise, la confier à l'armée ou la vendre à une société privée libanaise. Ces lettres adressées à des juges sont restées lettre morte, et aucune des options proposées pour gérer la marchandise n'a été mise en œuvre. Le nitrate d'ammonium est resté dans l'entrepôt du port de Beyrouth, jusqu'à cette double explosion le 4 août.

Des plaintes répétées sur des odeurs qui émanaient du hangar auraient poussé la sûreté de l'Etat, un des plus hauts organismes de sécurité au Liban, à lancer une enquête sur la cargaison en juin 2019. L'enquête signale « des matières dangereuses qu'il est nécessaire de déplacer » mais aussi des fissures dans l'entrepôt à colmater. Des ouvriers étaient justement en train d'effectuer des travaux de soudure dans un hangar, quelques heures avant le drame. Ces travaux, selon des sources de sécurité et plusieurs médias, pourraient avoir été à l'origine du drame

Le port de Beyrouth, surnommé «la Caverne d'Ali Baba et des quarante voleurs» en raison des soupçons de corruption qui pesaient sur sa gestion, est géré par les autorités publiques. Le nouveau premier ministre libanais, face à une population qui a immédiatement exprimé sa colère et sa défiance envers les autorités, a promis que «tous les responsables de cette catastrophe en paieront le prix».

Détention de 16 fonctionnaires

Seize personnes ont été placées en garde à vue dans le cadre de l’enquête sur l’explosion qui a endeuillé Beyrouth mardi, a rapporté jeudi l’agence de presse libanaise ANI.

Le juge Fadi Akiki a déclaré que les autorités avaient jusqu’ici interrogé plus de 18 individus et responsables du port et des douanes impliqués dans des travaux de maintenance dans l’entrepôt où la déflagration s’est produite.

Il s’agit de « responsables du conseil d’administration du port de Beyrouth et de l’administration des douanes, et des responsables des travaux d’entretien et des (ouvriers) ayant effectué des travaux dans le hangar numéro 12 », où étaient stockées les tonnes de nitrate d’ammonium, a précisé le procureur militaire Fadi Akiki dans un communiqué.




Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld


EXPLOSION IN BEIRUT

Terrible explosion Beirut provisional toll at least 73 dead and 3700 injured !

A double explosion rocked the city this Tuesday, August 4, 2020 at around 6:10 p.m. local time, in the port area of ​​the Lebanese capital of Beirut, devastating buildings and leaving at least 73 dead and 3,700 injured.

Bodies lying on the ground, carcasses of cars and flattened warehouses, Beirut scenes of devastation, sowing panic in the Lebanese capital is bruised.

In the streets, soldiers evacuated stunned residents, some covered in blood, their T-shirts around their heads to heal their wounds. Volunteers helped others find assistance.

The buildings shook and the windows were smashed for miles around. The breath was felt as far as the island of Cyprus about 210 km away.

It's a human catastrophe inside.

There are corpses on the ground and ambulances taking the bodies away.

The two explosions caused significant damage to the Presidential Palace of Baabda, located about fifteen km from the center of Beirut, glass shattered and windows and doors blown out.

The port sector has been cordoned off by the security forces, which only allow civil defense, ambulances with screaming sirens and firefighters to pass.

This drama intervenes and adds to the distress of the Lebanese.

Indeed, this country is experiencing its worst economic crisis in decades, marked by unprecedented monetary depreciation, hyperinflation, massive layoffs and drastic banking restrictions, which have fueled social unrest for several months.

For the moment of undetermined nature, its explosions open all the hypotheses for the moment.




Pamela Newton for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA BASILIQUE SAINTE-SOPHIE A NOUVEAU TRANSFORMEE EN MOSQUEE

Le Conseil d’Etat turc vient de valider la proposition du Président Erdogan de changer une nouvelle fois le statut de Sainte-Sophie, l’un des plus beaux monuments d’Istanbul datant du Vie siècle. La Cour a expliqué que dans les actes de propriété au nom de la Fondation Mehmet Fatih, du nom du sultan ottoman qui a conquis Constantinople au 15ème siècle, Sainte-Sophie était inscrite comme une mosquée et que cette qualification ne pouvait être modifiée.


D'abord convertie en mosquée après la prise de Constantinople

Œuvre architecturale majeure construite au VIe siècle par les Byzantins qui y couronnaient leurs empereurs, Sainte-Sophie est un site classé au patrimoine mondial par l'Unesco, et l'une des principales attractions touristiques d'Istanbul.

Après la prise de Constantinople par les Ottomans en 1453, la basilique Hagia Sophia avait été convertie en mosquée, flanquée de quatre minarets et avait connu quelques transformations intérieures au fur et à mesure des conquêtes de l’empire ottoman.

Le XXe siècle naissant, la jeune république turque, résolument laïque de Kemal Ata Turk l’avait transformée en musée, soucieux de «l'offrir à l'humanité», et permettant d’y contempler à la fois un Christ Pantocrator et le sceau du Prophète Mahomet et de nombreux califes ottomans.

Réactions offusquées

Plusieurs pays, notamment la Russie et la Grèce, qui suivent de près le sort du patrimoine byzantin en Turquie, ainsi que les Etats-Unis et la France, ont notamment mis en garde Ankara contre la transformation de Sainte-Sophie en lieu de culte musulman.Mais le président islamo-conservateur Recep Tayyip Erdogan n'en a cure.

L'Eglise orthodoxe russe a regretté vendredi que l'«inquiétude» de «millions de Chrétiens» n'ait pas été entendue par la Turquie. «La paix et la concorde entre les religions sont des questions extrêmement fragiles et complexes et qui ne peuvent supporter des décisions irréfléchies et purement politiques», a ajouté le porte-parole de l'Eglise russe, cité par l'agence Ria Novosti.

De son côté, Athènes a qualifié cette décision de «provocation envers le monde civilisé».

«Le nationalisme dont fait preuve le président (turc Recep Tayyip) Erdogan ramène son pays six siècles en arrière», a estimé dans un communiqué la ministre grecque de la Culture Lina Mendoni. «Sainte-Sophie est un monument appartenant à toute l'humanité, indépendamment de toute croyance religieuse», a rappelé la ministre grecque de la Culture.

Mais le président turc a choisi de passer un nouveau cap dans la réislamisation de la Turquie.




Jaimie Potts pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

PEKIN INAUGURE SON BUREAU POUR LA SECURITE NATIONALE A HONG KONG

Une semaine après l'entrée en vigueur de la loi sur la sécurité nationale, imposée par Pékin, la Chine a inauguré son bureau de défense de la sécurité nationale à Hong Kong, mercredi 8 juillet 2020.

Celui-ci permettra, pour la première fois, à ses agents du renseignement d'opérer ouvertement sur le territoire.

L'ouverture en grande pompe du quartier général de ce bureau symbolise ainsi le contrôle croissant que Pékin entend exercer sur ce centre financier mondial.

L'emplacement de ce bureau, installé dans un hôtel, est tout aussi significatif :

il domine le parc Victoria, lieu de rassemblement depuis des années des manifestants prodémocratie. Chaque année au mois de juin, ces derniers s'y retrouvent à l'occasion de la veillée en souvenir des victimes de la sanglante répression de Tiananmen.

Ce quartier général abritera des agents du renseignement chinois chargés d'enquêter et de poursuivre les personnes accusées d'avoir porté atteinte à la sécurité nationale à Hong Kong. Ces agents ne sont pas soumis aux lois de la ville dans l'exercice de leurs fonctions.

Tout l'exécutif hongkongais, Carrie Lam en tête, ont célébré son ouverture :« Avoir une loi à suivre est le point de départ de la sauvegarde de la sécurité nationale. Nous devons nous assurer que la loi sera appliquée strictement et que quiconque enfreindra la loi sera tenu responsable ». L'appareil de renseignement chinois sera un « partenaire important » pour aider à préserver la sécurité nationale, a souligné la chef de l 'exécutif lors du discours d'inauguration de ce bureau. Mardi, Hong Kong a annoncé un élargissement considérable des pouvoirs de la police hongkongaise en matière de surveillance.

Une chape de plomb sur l'ancienne colonie britanique

La loi adoptée la semaine dernière par le régime communiste de Pékin vise à réprimer la « subversion », la « sécession », le « terrorisme » et la « collusion avec les forces étrangères ». La Chine l'a imposée en réponse au mouvement de contestation lancé l'an dernier contre le pouvoir central dans l'ancienne colonie britannique. Elle constitue le changement le plus radical pour Hong Kong depuis sa rétrocession par le Royaume-Uni à la Chine en 1997.

Les militants prodémocratie redoutent qu'elle n'ouvre la voie à une érosion sans précédent des libertés et de l'autonomie dont jouissaient jusqu'alors les habitants du territoire. Les militants pro-démocratie manifestent, malgré la peur, contre cette loi. Plusieurs ont déjà été arrêtés.

La nouvelle loi sur la sécurité nationale, en vigueur depuis le 30 juin 2020, à Hong Kong pèse désormais comme une chape de plomb sur l’ancienne colonie britannique.

« La Chine fait désormais la loi dans le territoire, au grand dam des militants pro-démocratie, contraints pour certains de s’exiler. », explique le sinologue Jean-Philippe Béja, directeur de recherche au CNRS.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

CORONAVIRUS ACCELERATION DE LA PANDEMIE

DANS LE MONDE AVEC PRES DE 532 000 MORTS

Même si elle s’est stabilisée en Europe, l’épidémie, qui a fait près de 532 000 morts, est toujours en pleine expansion dans une grande partie de la planète.

Les États-Unis sont le pays le plus touché avec 129.891 décès. Suivent le Brésil (64.867), le Royaume-Uni (44.220), l'Italie (34.861) et le Mexique (30.366), dont le bilan dépasse désormais celui de la France (29.893).

Flambée aux Etats-Unis et en Amérique latine

Aux Etats-Unis notamment, le nombre de nouveaux cas a connu une flambée spectaculaire ces derniers jours. Le pays a recensé près de 40.000 cas et 234 nouveaux décès au cours des 24 dernières heures, selon un dernier bilan publié dimanche par l'université Johns Hopkins . Certains Etats ont dû réintroduire des restrictions d’urgence. Quatre Etats américains – Californie, Arizona, Texas et Floride – représentent aujourd’hui la moitié des nouveaux cas. Par ailleurs, Nick Cordero, célèbre acteur de Broadway âgé de 41 ans, est décédé dimanche après avoir combattu la maladie pendant 95 jours, a annoncé sa femme.

La situation sanitaire est également préoccupante en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes, actuel épicentre de l’épidémie, où le nombre de cas d’infection (2,7 millions), dont la moitié au Brésil, dépasse désormais celui de l’Europe. L’Organisation panaméricaine de la santé (OPS) a prévenu que le bilan dans la région, dont la partie australe vient d’entrer en hiver, pourrait dépasser 400 000 morts d’ici octobre, en l’absence de mesures sanitaires renforcées.

Reconfinement en Australie

En Australie également,le nombre de cas de contamination à Melbourne, capitale de l’état de Victoria, a bondi ces derniers jours, forçant les autorités à instaurer des règles strictes de distanciation sociale et à confiner 300 000 habitants de la banlieue nord. Pour tenter d’endiguer la progression de la maladie, les autorités ont décidé de fermer la frontière entre les deux États les plus peuplés de l’île-continent. La décision entre en vigueur partir de mardi, et pour une période indéterminée. Une première en 100 ans, la frontière ayant été fermée pour la dernière fois en 1919, lors de l’épidémie de grippe espagnole.

Explosion des cas en Inde

L'Inde a annoncé ce lundi avoir recensé un total de près de 700.000 cas de Covid-19 depuis le début de l'épidémie, devenant le troisième pays du monde le plus touché en nombre de contaminations, devant la Russie.Selon le ministère indien de la Santé, un total de 697.358 cas d'infection au nouveau coronavirus ont été recensés depuis le début de la pandémie, dont quelque 24.000 au cours des dernières 24 heures, pour 19.963 décès

Des milliers de visons contaminés abattus aux Pays-Bas

Des cas de Covid-19 ont été signalés chez des visons dans 20 élevages aux Pays-Bas depuis le début de l'épidémie. Le ministère de l'Agriculture a indiqué ce lundi, qu'il procédait depuis début juin à l' abattage de ces petits mammifères dans les élevages contaminés.

Les autorités ont établi en mai que deux employés d'élevages avaient «très probablement» contracté le Covid-19 via des visons. Ces deux cas sont susceptibles d'avoir été les «premiers cas connus de transmission» du nouveau coronavirus de l'animal à l'homme, selon l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS).

« Sans unité nationale et solidarité mondiale (…), le pire est à venir, avait déclaré le directeur général de l’OMS le 29 juin. Nous avions averti que ce virus allait surprendre même les pays développés, et ça a été le cas. »




Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA CHINE PROCEDE A DES ARRESTATIONS

 A HONG KONG

Moins de 24 heures après l’entrée en vigueur de la loi sur la sécurité nationale imposée à Hong Kong, la police a procédé, en vertu de ce texte,. aux premières arrestations de Hongkongais rassemblés pour marquer le 23e anniversaire de la rétrocession de l’ex-colonie britannique à la Chine. Parmi les quelque 370 personnes arrêtées mercredi par les forces de l’ordre, dix l’ont été pour violation présumée de la loi sur la sécurité nationale.

Cette loi, promulguée mardi par le président chinois Xi Jinping, permet de réprimer quatre types de crimes contre la sécurité de l’Etat : subversion, séparatisme, terrorisme et collusion avec des forces extérieures. Dans certains cas, la loi prévoit que la justice chinoise soit compétente et inflige des peines allant de 10 ans d’emprisonnement jusqu’à la prison à vie pour les auteurs des crimes les plus graves. Les agences de sécurité chinoises pourront étendre considérablement leur surveillance, et superviseront la police locale.

Cette législation fait craindre à l’opposition hongkongaise un recul des libertés inédit depuis la rétrocession à la Chine par le Royaume-Uni de ce territoire en 1997.

Pour beaucoup de Hongkongais qui se sont mobilisés depuis des années pour obtenir un peu plus de démocratie, la nouvelle loi de sécurité nationale imposée par l’Assemblée nationale populaire à Pékin marque la fin de Hongkong en tant que cité libre. La région administrative spéciale avait jusqu’à présent le privilège d’être la seule ville de Chine où les libertés individuelles étaient protégées.« Pour les membres de la petite minorité qui menace la sécurité nationale, cette loi sera un glaive suspendu au-dessus de leur tête », a averti le gouvernement chinois.

Or la Chine, en 1984, la Chine avait signé une déclaration avec les Britanniques où elle s'engageait notamment jusqu'en 2047, à maintenir ce fameux haut degré d'autonomie qui est remis en question aujourd’hui.




Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS

A PANDEMIC THAT IS ACCELERATING

While several countries have entered phase decontainment, WHO urges caution One million cases of coronavirus was detected in only eight days in the world. The Covid-19 pandemic "continues to accelerate," warned on Monday the Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

“We know that the pandemic is much more than a health crisis, it is an economic, social and, in many countries, political crisis. Its effects will be felt over decades, "he added, during a virtual conference organized by the emirate of Dubai. The warning of the head of the WHO comes as many countries have entered a phase of deconfinement to revive their economies.

Last week, the head of WHO had described this new phase of "dangerous", saying that, despite the need to get out of containment, the virus continued "to spread quickly" and remained "deadly". "It took more than three months for the first million cases to be reported, the last million cases being reported in just eight days," he said on Monday.

The WHO chief also called on governments and societies to prepare for possible future pandemics that could occur "in any country at any time and kill millions of people because we are not not prepared "

"We do not know where or when the next pandemic will occur, but we do know that it will have a terrible impact on life and the world economy," warned Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

The Covid-19 pandemic has killed at least 465,300 people worldwide since China officially reported the disease's onset in December, according to reports by AFP from official sources on Sunday. The United States is the most affected country, with at least 119,959 deaths, followed by Brazil (50,617), the United Kingdom (42,632), Italy (34,634) and France (29,633).

The new coronavirus has infected more than a million people in Brazil, South America being the current epicenter of the pandemic with more than 20,000 deaths in Mexico, more than 8,000 in Peru and more than 1,000 in Argentina.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

AUSTRALIA VICTIM OF A CYBER ATTACK

OF A STATE ACTOR

The Australian is the target of an extensive cyber attack a "state actor" that targets government computer systems, administrations and companies, said Friday his prime minister.

Scott Morrison organized an emergency press conference in Canberra to warn his fellow citizens of the "specific risks" to which they found themselves exposed. "Australian organizations are currently being targeted by a sophisticated state actor," he said.

According to him, "this activity targets Australian organizations in a wide range of sectors, at all levels of government, the economy, political organizations, health services and other operators of strategic infrastructure".

According to Australian media, the list of suspects is very small, among the states with expertise in this area (apart from Western countries, China, North Korea, Iran, Israel or Russia) . They were looking at China, which imposed punitive tariffs on some Australian exports in May.

Scott Morrison's government had angered Beijing by calling for an independent international investigation into the origins of the coronavirus pandemic, and by denouncing aggressive and dishonest Chinese diplomacy. China responded by discouraging its nationals from Australia as a destination for tourism and study, threatening further reprisals, and sentencing an Australian to death for drug trafficking.

According to the Australian intelligence and electronic security agency, the attack was designed so that it could not be determined. For this purpose, the authors used cyber attack software already existing on the dark web and freely accessible, according to the same source.

These include "exploit codes" that target vulnerabilities in older versions of Microsoft, Telerik, SharePoint, and Citrix products, as well as Webshell software, which, after being downloaded, remains on corrupted servers. These attacks also used "phishing" techniques, which consisted of sending emails containing files and Web or Office 365 links.

The Prime Minister urged institutions and businesses to "protect themselves". “We encourage organizations, particularly those in health, strategic infrastructure and essential services, to use experts and put in place technical defense systems. "

Australia is part of the powerful intelligence alliance known as the “Five Eyes” with the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and New Zealan.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS TOWARDS A SECOND WAVE IN CHINA


Nearly 200 new cases of Covid-19 have been reported in Beijing since the disease re-emerged in the Chinese city, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced on Monday June 15, 2020.

A new cluster has appeared last week around the wholesale Xinfadi meat and vegetable market in the Fengtai district, southwest of the Chinese capital.

This makes the Chinese authorities fear the possibility of a second wave, when the country had not spotted a significant outbreak for more than 50 days.

"Even countries that have demonstrated the ability to suppress Covid-19 transmission must remain alert to the possibility of a resurgence" of the virus, warned WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus during 'a virtual press conference.

This rebound in Covid-19 disease in Beijing has led to new confinements of residential areas and additional screenings. Sports and cultural sites have also been closed.

While China has been accused by Donald Trump of having lacked transparency on the Wuhan pandemic that appeared at the end of 2019, Beijing this time shows its desire not to minimize the gravity of the situation.

Beijing is "at war" against the Covid-19. We are taking action "as in wartime," Fengtai officials announced on Saturday June 13.



Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

RESURGENCE OF THE COVID-19 EPIDEMIC IN CHINA ? ELEVEN DISTRICTS IN CONTAINMENT IN BEIJING

Should we fear a resurgence of the Covid-19 epidemic in the country where it started ?

Eleven residential neighborhoods in southern Beijing are subject to containment due to the appearance of a new outbreak of coronavirus in a nearby market, authorities announced on Saturday (June 13th).

Several dozen residents of Beijing have indeed tested positive for the coronavirus, confirming the emergence of a new outbreak of contamination in the Chinese capital, where emergency containment has been ordered in eleven neighborhoods. Seven cases of Covid-19 contamination have been identified in the vicinity of the Xinfadi market, including six on Saturday, according to health authorities.

Residents of eleven neighborhoods in Fengtai District have been ordered to stay at their homes when most of the cases are believed to be linked to a local meat market, local officials told a media briefing.

Fear of a new epidemic

A first case of Covid-19 in Beijing in two months was announced Thursday, a person who went to Xinfadi market last week and had not left the city recently. These new cases raise fears of a resurgence of the epidemic in China, where the disease Covid-19 was ier, that the authorities had managed to control by strict quarantine measures.

These measures were lifted as the number of contamination cases declined and the majority of cases recorded in recent months were residents living abroad and tested positive on their return to China.

The market closed by the authorities

Among the six new cases announced on Saturday are three workers at Xinfadi Market , the region's largest wholesale market. According to its website, more than 1,500 tonnes of seafood, 18,000 tonnes of vegetables and 20,000 tonnes of fruit are traded daily

The market was closed by the authorities, as was a seafood market visited by one of the infected people, so that disinfection and sample collection operations could be carried out.

Xinfadi meat market president told Beijing News that the virus had been detected on boards used to cut up imported salmon, but health officials ordered a city-wide inspection of the fresh and frozen meat, poultry and fish, in supermarkets, storage warehouses and catering services. Large supermarket chains, including Wumart and Carrefour, removed the salmon from their stalls on the night of Friday to Saturday in Beijing, while ensuring that the other foodstuffs were not affected, reports the daily Beijing Daily.

A "mechanism of war"

Fengtai district officials announced on Saturday that they would set up a "war mechanism" to deal with this new wave of contamination.

The quarantine of the sector was accompanied by a wider strengthening of sanitary measures: nine schools and kindergartens were closed in the vicinity of the Xinfadi market. The return of students to primary schools in Beijing was also postponed from Friday, June 12.

Sports events are suspended in the capital and other Chinese regions, and inter-regional travel is again prohibited.

The Beijing National Theater and the Yonghe Temple immediately announced their closur.




Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

ECOLOGICAL DISASTER IN THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC

Russia puts all its efforts for several days to clean the huge quantity of oil being spilled in Arctic river.

One of the diesel tanks of a thermal power plant belonging to a subsidiary of the mining giant Norilsk Nickel collapsed last week, causing a leak of 20,000 tonnes of oil.

The Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations in the Krasnoiarsk region said on Friday that "the progression of hydrocarbons has been stopped. They're not going anywhere. ”

Emergency state

This pollution is considered by ecological organizations as the worst ecological accident due to hydrocarbons in the region.

Russian President Vladimir Putin also stepped up to the plate on Wednesday, declaring a state of emergency and publicly beating local officials, including the president of the Norilsk Nickel subsidiary, who has been slow to react. The company denied any failure.

Viatcheslav Starostine, an employee of the thermal power station which belongs to NTEK, a subsidiary of the metal giant Norilsk Nickel, was placed in provisional detention for one month, a court of the city of Norilsk told the agency TASS.

Intervention on "difficult terrain"

Rescuers are hard at work to try to limit the damage, in a context made complicated by the difficulties of access to the site and the shallow depth of the river, which prevents operations by boat.

According to the Russian Marine Emergency Service, specializing in these accidents, the reinforcements deployed in this very isolated and marshy area of ​​the Far North are facing a complex challenge. “There has never been such a leak in the Arctic before. You have to work very quickly because the fuel is dissolving in water, ”said service spokesman Andrei Malov.

According to him, six containment ramps were placed on the river to block the flow of pollution to the lake, while fuel is pumped to the surface. "It is difficult terrain and everything that must be transported can only be transported by all-terrain vehicles", he stressed, the fuel collected must be stored on site until winter in special containers. The Minister of Emergency Situations, who visited the site to monitor the progress of the rescue operations, assured that "200 tonnes of fuel and lubricants have been collected" so far.


Climate change at stake

According to Norilsk Nickel, the tank was damaged when the pillars embedded in the permafrost that had been supporting it "for 30 years" started to sink, an accident that could be attributed to the melting of the pemafrost due to climate change.

Russia on Friday ordered a review of all risky infrastructure built on the cast iron permafrost. "In order not to repeat such situations involving risky infrastructure located in permafrost areas prone to melting, the Prosecutor General of Russia Igor Krasnov ordered (...) in-depth checks of the infrastructure concerned", a indicated the Prosecutor's Office in a press release.

"Decades" to restore the ecosystem

One of the plant's diesel tanks collapsed last week, causing more than 20,000 tonnes of oil to leak. The ecological organization Greenpeace Russia claims that the accident "is the first on this scale in the Arctic" and compared it to the sinking of the Exxon Valdez off Alaska in 1989. The Ambarnaïa river, affected by this leak joined the Piassino lake, itself the source of a river of the same name which is capital for the Taimyr peninsula, a strategic region where Russia extracts precious metals, coal and hydrocarbons.

Russian Fisheries Agency spokesman Dmitri Klokov told TASS news agency that it would take "decades" to restore the ecosystem. "The scale of this disaster is underestimated," he said, adding that most of the fuel had flowed to the bottom of the river and already reached the lake.

Norilsk Nickel, one of the world's leading producers of nickel and palladium, is not in its first ecological accident: in 2016, one of its factories accidentally spilled chemicals in a river in the far North, already tinging it with red.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

THE POPE CALLED TO A COMPANY

FAIR AND FAIR

The  Pope Francis called in a video message to a "more just and equitable society." "Everything will be different" after the global pandemic of novel coronavirus, which humanity will emerge "better or worse," warned Pope Francis , in a message on Saturday evening. He called for a "fairer and more equitable society".

“When we get out of this pandemic, we will not be able to continue doing what we were doing, and as we were doing.

No, everything will be different, "said the Sovereign Pontiff, in a video message in Spanish on the occasion of the feast of Pentecost." From the great trials of humanity, among which this pandemic, we will emerge better or worse. It's not the same thing. I ask you: how do you get out of it? Better or worse? " he launched.

“We need the Holy Spirit to give us new eyes, to open our minds and our hearts to face the present moment and the future with the lesson learned: we are one humanity. Nobody runs away alone. No one, ”assured Pope Francis.

Put an end to poverty

“We know it, but this pandemic that we are living has made us experience it in a much more dramatic way. We have before us the duty to build a new reality ", while" today, the world suffers, the world is hurt, (…) especially among the poorest who are rejected "." Great trials of humanity, among which this pandemic, we will emerge better or worse. It's not the same thing. I ask you: how do you get out of it? Better or worse? " he launched.

In mid-March, the Pope created an interdisciplinary reflection group to work for a year on a more virtuous post-Covid 19 world, in all areas. He also announced "a special year Laudato Si", five years after the publication of this very social encyclical on ecology, denouncing in scathing terms the exploitation of men and nature.

On Saturday afternoon, the Pope attended a prayer in the Vatican gardens in the presence, for the first time in almost three months, of nearly a hundred faithful, all broadcast worldwide.



Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS A NEW COLD WAR CHINA-UNITED STATES

Since the resumption of diplomatic relations in the 1970s, the United States and China have carefully avoided direct confrontation. But since Donald Trump's arrival at the White House, the clashes between the United States and China have multiplied and the initial trade showdown has turned into a multifaceted conflict. Beijing is no longer just seen by Washington as a rival, but as an adversary. Donald Trump made this clash an electoral argument in the service of his re-election next November.

The commercial showdown

In the spring of 2018, the United States engages in a merciless trade war with China. Washington wants to put an end to the Chinese's violation of intellectual property rules and unfair competition which their companies provide in many sectors where they benefit from state aid and loans.

This war is materialized by reciprocal punitive customs duties on hundreds of billions of dollars of goods. Unprecedented in size and duration, it curbs investor appetite and slows growth, including in China and the United States.

On January 15, Donald Trump and Chinese Deputy Prime Minister Liu He concluded a truce. The Chinese promise to increase by 200 billion dollars over two years their purchases of American products in order to reduce the trade deficit of the United States, great demand of the White House. For its part, the Trump administration is committed to halting any further increase in customs duties. The agreement also contains provisions relating to the protection of intellectual property and the conditions for technology transfer. This truce still lasts.

However, the serenity of trade exchanges contrasts with the violence of the showdown that is played out between the two powers over the management of the pandemic.

The "Chinese virus"

Indeed Donald Trump has found another workhorse: the coronavirus

While on January 25, a month after the detection of the first cases of coronavirus in China, Donald Trump hailed Beijing's "good job" in managing the epidemic, four months later, President Trump castigated the management of the pandemic by China going as far as to tax the latter of "biological Chernobyl", qualifying the virus of "Chinese virus" and the Chinese of. "Lying clowns".

For several weeks, the tenant of the White House has repeated that the heavy toll of the Covid-19 - more than 362,000 dead worldwide, including 102,201 in the United States - could have been avoided if China had acted responsibly from the appearance of the virus in Wuhan city.

Donald Trump accuses Beijing of having concealed the appearance of the "Chinese virus" as well as the scale of the epidemic. He goes so far as to assert that China is responsible for a “world mass slaughter”, after having hidden an alleged accident in a virology laboratory in Wuhan, which is believed to have been the cause of the pandemic. Meanwhile, the FBI and the US Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency have accused Beijing of spying on American researchers who are working on finding a coronavirus vaccine, treatments and new tests.

A campaign of “slanders” retorts China, which accuses Washington of looking for a scapegoat and suggests that the virus may have been imported into its territory by American soldiers, during the October 2019 World Military Games in Wuhan.

In Washington, Republican senators are introducing a bill in mid-May that empowers President Trump to impose sanctions on China if Beijing does not provide a "full account" of the Covid-19 pandemic. On May 21, China warns that it will take "retaliatory measures" if the United States implements this threat and that it will respond "at each insult."

WHO a "puppet of China"

A collateral victim of these unprecedented tensions between the two countries, the World Health Organization (WHO) could only measure the extent of the damage on Friday. Donald Trump has carried out his threats to cut ties with the UN agency because of relations deemed too close to Beijing. Appearing in the rose garden of the White House, Donald Trump announced just yesterday, the May 29, that the WHO had not carried out the reforms it had requested at the beginning of the month and that, moreover, the proceeding had been the subject of pressure on behalf of the Chinese authorities so that it induces the world over when the virus was discovered by Chinese authorities.

"China has total control over the World Health Organization, even though it only pays $ 40 million a year compared to what the United States paid, which is about $ 450 million a year . We have detailed the reforms it needs to make and have engaged directly with them, but they have refused to act, ”said Donald Trump. Accusing the WHO of being a “puppet of China”, where the epidemic began at the end of 2019, the President of the United States, Donald Trump, had given him, on May 19, a month to obtain significant results. The American president criticizes the World Health Organization for having ignored reports on the emergence of the virus and for being too lenient with the Chinese authorities in their management of the pandemic. May 29,he "put an end" to relations between the United States and the WHO and cut him off when his country was by far the main contributor to the international organization.

The weapon of Hong Kong

The Cold War, Donald Trump also acted on Friday, May 29, with another gesture of mistrust vis-à-vis Beijing. The President of the United States will thus launch the process of revoking the exemptions granted to Hong Kong, due to the questioning of his special status by the Chinese authorities. "This decision will have an impact on all the agreements that we have with Hong Kong, "said Donald Trump, who described the attacks against autonomy conceded in 1997 by the Chinese authorities as" a tragedy for the people of Hong Kong, for China, and for the whole world ". territory to China by the British Crown.

This autonomy was to extend for half a century. Beijing "did not keep its word",assured the president after the green light given to a national security law by the Chinese Parliament. "China has replaced its promised formula" one country, two systems "with" one country, one system "," he added. Since the start of the pro-democracy protests a year ago, the former British colony has been an issue in the geopolitical battle between China and the United States.

But the pro-Beijing government of Hong Kong warned on Thursday May 28 that "all sanctions are a double-edged sword that will harm not only the interests of Hong Kong but also significantly those of the United States."



Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES

ON THE EDGE OF THE COLD WAR

The Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs denounced, without naming him, the multiple spikes launched by Donald Trump on the management of the health crisis by China. Between the two countries, the tension is only exacerbating.

China and the United States are "on the brink of a new Cold War," Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi warned on Sunday of renewed tensions with Washington over the Covid-19 epidemic. which tarnished the holiday celebrating the end of Ramadan in the Muslim world.

The first patients with the new coronavirus were reported at the end of last year in the Chinese city of Wuhan. It has since spread across the planet contaminating at least 5,300,000 people and killing at least 340,000.

Donald Trump has regularly accused the Chinese authorities in recent weeks of having delayed communicating crucial data on the severity of the virus which he believes could have been halted and of not wanting to shed light on the origin of the virus.

The White House tenant went so far as to raise the possibility of asking Beijing to pay billions of dollars in reparations for the damage caused by the epidemic. Washington is also pressing for the opening of an international investigation.

In response, China said it was "ready" on Sunday for international cooperation. But such cooperation must refrain from "political interference," warned Wang Yi.

"In addition to the devastation caused by the new coronavirus, a political virus is spreading in the United States", regretted in front of the press the chief of Chinese diplomacy, without naming the American president.

"This political virus takes every opportunity to attack and defame China," he lambasted."




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

CHINA HONG KONG PUT ON

WITH ITS NATIONAL SECURITY LAW

The Chinese parliament, in annual session in Beijing since Friday, May 22, 2020, is seized of a "national security" bill for Hong Kong, which will allow Beijing to directly manage pro-democratic disputes.

According to the newspaper South China Morning Post, the text would prohibit secession, foreign interference, terrorism and all seditious activities intended to overthrow central power in the former British colony.

This text comes after a year of violent protest that Beijing wants to stifle by all means in the former British colony.

"This is the end of Hong Kong and the end of the" One country, two systems "principle," said Dennis Kwok. There would be only one country, China, and one system, the one imposed by Beijing.

Hong Kong executive chief Carrie Lam said she was ready to "cooperate fully" with Beijing to enforce this national security law that justifies the intervention of the Chinese parliament in Hong Kong's constitutional affairs ( in violation of the local Constitution) by the violence that occurred last year.

It is not the first time that central authorities have attempted to impose such legislation in Hong Kong. Article 23 of the “Basic Law”, which has served as a Constitution for the semi-autonomous territory for two decades, provides that the region adopts a law prohibiting “treason, secession, sedition (and) subversion” .

However, the clause was never applied. A large part of the Hong Kong population sees it as a threat to their freedoms. The last attempt to implement article 23 in 2003 had failed in the face of monster protests in the streets of Hong Kong.

Pro-democracy political circles in Hong Kong, on the other hand, expressed their indignation and anger at the announcement of this security law.




Joanne Courbet for Daynewsworld

CORONAVIRUS SHADOW AREAS

From Washington to London via Paris. China received a round of harsh criticism on Thursday, questioning its management of the epidemic. Westerners are concerned about Beijing's gray areas on the origin of the coronavirus. Speculation about the possible unnatural origins of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, has been revived.

The Washington Post revealed on Tuesday April 14 that US diplomatic telegrams had alerted in January 2018 about security breaches at the National High-Level Biosafety Laboratory in Wuhan.

This new research center was opened in 2017 to conduct research at the so-called P4 level, i.e. on the most dangerous pathogens. However, American officials from the embassy's environment, science and health sections, who then met the scientists from the Chinese research center, note that the latter "seriously lacks properly trained technicians and investigators to operate safely." this high security laboratory ”.

They called on the United States to provide more assistance to the laboratory, on the grounds, writes the Washington Post, "that research on bat coronavirus is important, but dangerous." Asked Wednesday April 15, 2008 about a Fox News report, reporting growing suspicions within the US administration of an accidental leak in this laboratory, Donald Trump replied:

"We are investigating this horrible thing that happened very thoroughly. »In an interview with the site Pourquoi doctor? , April 16, Professor Luc Montagnier, Nobel Prize winner in Medicine in 2008, explains that he does not believe that the Covid-19 comes from contamination in a wildlife market in Wuhan.

"He is a beautiful legend, it is not possible. The virus is coming out of a Wuhan laboratory, ”he says. "The Wuhan city laboratory has specialized in these coronaviruses since the early 2000s. They have expertise in this area," he says. The professor explains having analyzed "in the smallest details" the sequence with his mathematician colleague Jean-Claude Perrez.

"We were not the first, since a group of Indian researchers tried to publish a study which shows that the complete genome of this coronavirus [has] sequences of another virus, which is HIV, the AIDS virus "He explains.

The researcher says that the Indian research group had to retract after its publication. He asserts that "scientific truth always ends up emerging". According to him, the HIV sequence was inserted into the genome of the coronavirus in an attempt to make an HIV vaccine.

The Washington Post and Fox News cite anonymous sources. The latter express their concern about a potential accidental leak of the virus.

According to the television channel, the "zero patient" at the origin of the epidemic could be an employee of the institute, contaminated, who would then have unintentionally disseminated the pathogen elsewhere in Wuhan.



Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

WHY WASHINGTON CUT FOOD AT WHO ?

The war against the coronavirus made its first collateral victim. As the number of people affected by the Covid-19 epidemic explodes, the World Health Organization (WHO) and its director general, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, are under fire from critics. Accused of being acquired in Beijing, the organization would have aligned itself with Chinese theories and would have delayed sounding the alarm about the dangerousness of the virus.

On social networks, the diverted images of a Doctor Tedros blindfolded by a Chinese flag or kept on a leash by President Xi Jinping have been widely shared.

Additional blow of the club, in a Tweet published on April 7, the American president, Donald Trump, accuses the organization of having been "completely planted". By reluctant to admit cases of human-to-human contamination, the WHO is said to have contributed to making Covid-19 a global pandemic, approaching 2 million confirmed cases and causing more than 110,000 deaths, including more than 22,000 in the United States.

Donald Trump, a great contemptor of multilateral organizations, did not need more to end the financial participation of the United States in the organization. The American President indeed announced, Tuesday April 14, 2020, in reprisal, in the rose garden of the White House, the freezing of American financing. "Today, I am ordering the suspension of funding for the World Health Organization while a study is conducted to examine its role in mismanaging and concealing the spread of coronavirus," said Donald Trump since the White House gardens.

Washington first WHO donor

The blow is heavy because the Americans are the biggest contributors to the WHO budget, both in terms of their quota and additional payments for specific projects. This contribution represented 17% of the budget of the World Health Organization in 2017, i.e. 400 to 500 million per year.

The freeze, assured Donald Trump, will remain in effect until the conclusion of "a study to examine the role of WHO in the mismanagement and concealment of the spread of the coronavirus". The "very thorough" study commissioned by Donald Trump could thus last between 60 and 90 days.

WHO accused of being complacent with China.

It is a trial in incompetence that "Potus" is doing at the WHO. "The world has received lots of false information about transmission and mortality" from the Covid-19, he launched in a long and violent indictment. Donald Trump criticized the WHO for aligning itself with China's positions, which the White House accuses of having initially concealed the gravity of the virus when it first appeared there in December. Which, the Republican president argued, prevented the epidemic from being contained "at its source with very few deaths".

The UN agency and its Ethiopian boss, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, elected in 2017 with the support of Beijing, are also accused by the Americans of having complacently validated official Chinese figures relativizing the scale of the epidemic. Figures and balance sheets that have since been openly questioned.

The President also pointed out that the United States contributes 400 to 500 million dollars a year to the organization, against about 40 million dollars "and even less" for China. He felt that his country had the "duty" to demand accountability.

Donald Trump was particularly annoyed by WHO critics of his decision in late January to ban travelers from China from entering the United States, a measure including the White House tenant is still proud, assuring that it has slowed the arrival of the virus. "If WHO had done its work and sent medical experts to China to objectively study the situation on the ground, the epidemic could have been contained at its source with very few deaths," said the president, implicating complacency of the organisation's management vis-à-vis the Chinese authorities.

The wrath of Donald Trump against the WHO is not unfounded according to several experts, including François Godement, adviser for Asia at the Montaigne Institute, or the sinologist Marie Holzman. "We can ask questions about the functioning of the WHO within which China exercises a very strong power since the passage at its head of Margaret Chan", she underlines in the daily Liberation, with reference to the Chinese doctor who chaired the agency between 2006 and 2017.

"Haro on the Director of WHO"

The fire was already smoldering in the words of several republican hawks. Some, like senators Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz, even claim the head of the director general of the Geneva-based organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, whose Trump Trumpet circles emphasize that he was a member of the Ethiopian Communist Party. Which makes them, in their eyes, an indisputable ally of Beijing.

The tenant of the White House however refused to demand the resignation of the director general of the WHO, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, demanded in the United States by certain elected republican.

Trump administration under fire

But the American president also faces violent criticism in his country, which has become the epicenter of the pandemic, concerning the belated recognition of the danger posed by the Covid-19. He is accused of not having taken into account the notes of the intelligence agencies, as well as the recommendations of his Minister of Health in the month of January.

More than 26,000 deaths in the United States

The United States indeed recorded a dark record Tuesday with more than 2,200 additional deaths from the virus in twenty-four hours, the heaviest daily toll recorded by a country, according to the count of Johns-Hopkins University. This brings the American death toll to 25,757 dead in total over more than 600,000 contaminations.

In the midst of the American presidential campaign and by sanctioning the WHO, Donald Trump plays on traditional criticisms of the Republican Party.

For their part, "the Democrats accuse Trump of having failed on the Covid crisis. Trump, on the other hand, is trying to blame Dr. Tedros, "according to analysis by Richard Gowan of the International Crisis Group.

"WHO must be supported"

The UN secretary general immediately condemned, saying that this was "not the time to cut funding for WHO operations," which "must be supported because it is absolutely essential to the efforts of the world." to win the war against the Covid-19 ". There will always be time to study afterwards" how did all those who were involved in the crisis, "said Antonio Guterres in a statement.

The secretary general of the United Nations also indicated that "the moment must now be united for the international community, in order to work together in solidarity to stop this virus and its devastating consequences".

Furthermore, paradoxically, “The United States shoots itself in the foot because other countries will fill the void. In a global health crisis and a pandemic, the United States will lose its voice, ”predicted Lawrence Gostin, director of the WHO Center for Public Health and Human Rights.




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS A UNIQUE EASTER SUNDAY

Since its appearance in China, the Covid-19 epidemic has killed at least 107,064 people worldwide, including more than 20,000 in the United States. At the start of this Easter weekend, hundreds of millions of Christians, confined to their homes like half of humanity, began unprecedented celebrations, without worshipers, in particular on the immense Saint Peter's Square in Rome, usually black with people.

For the most important feast of the Christian tradition, the commemoration of the resurrection of Christ, according to the Christian religion, it is on screen that the faithful will follow the Easter masses of a confined Pope Francis.

In Jerusalem, for the first time in more than a century, the Holy Sepulcher where Christ was buried, according to Christian tradition, is closed to the public throughout the weekend.

"Lord, do not leave us in the darkness and in the shadow of death, protect us from the shield of your power", murmured the pope, during the traditional rite of the "Way of the Cross" broadcast in Mondovision from a place Saint-Pierre empty Friday evening.

Sign of hope in this sacred week, the bishop of Cremona in Italy, cured of the coronavirus, spent Good Friday with those who treated him, outside this hospital.

The country most affected: the United States

Since its appearance in China in December, the Covid-19 epidemic has killed at least 107,064 people worldwide. If the epidemic is now globally contained in China, the country announced on Sunday 97 new "imported cases" of contamination the new coronavirus, that is to say due to people arriving from abroad, a level never reached since the beginning of March and the publication of this count. Faced with this phenomenon, China closed its borders at the end of March to almost all foreigners.

The new imported cases are therefore mainly the result of Chinese returning home. The health authorities of Shanghai reported Sunday the arrival by the same flight from Russia of 51 infected people, all Chinese.

Besides the United States, the results of the pandemic have worsened in France (more than 13,000 dead) and in the United Kingdom, where a thousand people died in one day. The number of deaths caused by the covid-19 pandemic also tripled in eight days in Belgium with 3,019 deaths recorded. Brazil surpassed 1,000 deaths on Friday. The timid downward trend in hospital pressure in several countries, however, shows that confinement is starting to pay off. And Spain (nearly 16,000 dead in total) announced Friday its lowest number of daily deaths since March 24, with 605 deaths.

" Deadly resurgence "

No question of lowering the guard. The British government has urged respect for containment despite a sunny weekend.

Containment has been extended in Ireland and Italy until early May. And Turkey, which also deplores a thousand dead, confined 31 cities throughout the weekend.

As some European countries prepare for the end of containment, in the wake of China, the World Health Organization (WHO) has stressed that too rapid lifting of restrictions "could lead to a deadly resurgence" of the pandemic .

Experts also warn. "The worst scenario would be a kind of victory party with everyone on the street kissing and congratulating themselves," warns David Lalloo, director of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.

To minimize the risks of post-containment, the German government is preparing to launch a mobile application, inspired by Singapore, to facilitate the individual monitoring of cases and the identification of contamination chains, while the exploitation of data from smartphones arouses a lively debate.

While humans are confined, animals continue to enjoy them. After dolphins in the canals of Venice or ducks in the streets of Paris, whales have reappeared off Marseille, along the French coasts of the Mediterranean.

For American astronaut Jessica Meir, who will find an earth upset next week after seven months aboard the International Space Station (ISS), "it's pretty surreal to see what is happening on the planet below us".

"I'm afraid of feeling more isolated on Earth than here".......




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

BACKTRACKING VIA THE SMARTPHONE OR THE ABANDONMENT OF PRIVACY ?

The use of a citizen tracking application using smartphones is being studied closely by the government. However, this technology raises questions related to the protection of personal data.

For the Minister of the Interior, there is no doubt:

if an application helps to fight against the Covid-19 pandemic in France by signaling to smartphone owners that they have been near a patient, it must be used.

Christophe Castaner said that "all available intelligence is necessary and will be used".

"Tracking is part of the solutions that have been adopted by a number of countries so we have chosen to work in conjunction with them to look at these solutions," he added.

I am convinced that if they make it possible to fight against the virus and if, obviously, they respect our individual freedoms, it is a tool that will be retained and supported by all French people. ", Sunday April 5, 2020.

Telephone operators have the ability to track each user. And in order to fight against the spread of the coronavirus, such a tracking application would allow citizens to be informed if they have been, during their travels, near a patient of Covid-19, in order to be test in stride.

Several countries, such as China, Taiwan and South Korea, collect GPS information from their citizens' phones to locate infected people and enforce containment measures.

This effective practice is problematic, however: such data collection is prohibited within the European Union due to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a text that governs the processing of personal data.

The use of a citizen tracking application using smartphones is being studied closely by the government. However, this technology raises questions related to the protection of personal data.

For the Minister of the Interior, there is no doubt:

if an application helps to fight against the Covid-19 pandemic in France by signaling to smartphone owners that they have been near a patient, it must be used.

Christophe Castaner said that "all available intelligence is necessary and will be used".

Tracking or tracing

"Tracking is part of the solutions that have been adopted by a number of countries so we have chosen to work in conjunction with them to look at these solutions," he added.

I am convinced that if they make it possible to fight against the virus and if, obviously, they respect our individual freedoms, it is a tool that will be retained and supported by all French people. ", Sunday April 5, 2020.

Telephone operators have the ability to track each user. And in order to fight against the spread of the coronavirus, such a tracking application would allow citizens to be informed if they have been, during their travels, near a patient of Covid-19, in order to be test in stride.

Several countries, such as China, Taiwan and South Korea, collect GPS information from their citizens' phones to locate infected people and enforce containment measures.

This effective practice is problematic, however: such data collection is prohibited within the European Union due to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a text that governs the processing of personal data.

The Singapore city-state model

France favors another technology. Besides geolocation via 4G terminals or via GPS, Bluetooth, which is used to connect your phone to headphones for example, countries more concerned with individual freedoms can use another technology that does not reveal your location.

This is the process used by the Singapore government for its TraceTogether application from March 20, 2020.

Phones equipped with the application connect to each other within a radius of a few meters, allowing the application to identify possible patients nearby, then send an alert if necessary. Each telephone also keeps in memory the list of crossed telephones for twenty-one days. Thus, when a user becomes ill and enters their health status in the application, an alert is then sent to all of the registered users to encourage them to be tested. This application has been offered in open source and made available to States wishing to share it with their fellow citizens.

Singapore is now being emulated. France and several other European countries seem convinced that this tool could allow them to stop the pandemic. A European project, called Pan-European Privacy Preserving Proximity Tracing (PEPP-PT) has been set up.

However, if this can feed the reflection, far from technology, the city state which had only few cases until then, and was until now a "dissident" of containment, has finally announced ... a containment on Friday April 3.

And what about public freedoms ?

You should also know that in France the epidemiologists are already at work: a contact tracing mission would have been entrusted to the doctors of Public Health France to contain the epidemic of Covid-19 coronavirus! To date, a dozen epidemiologists are said to be investigating at the headquarters of the Agence Santé Publique France in Saint-Maurice (Val-de-Marne) and each case positive for Covid-19 coronavirus in France would trigger an investigation launched to find who has contaminated this patient. !

You should also know that "the eternal" In all transparency "did not prevent the executive from claiming at first the absolute uselessness of wearing a mask rather than recognizing a blatant lack of equipment requiring the strictest rationing , before arriving at "In all transparency" a discourse to say the least distant from the initial peremptory assertions " !, as the researcher Yannick Chatelain rightly recalls in Contrepoint.

"In terms of public freedoms, what is put in place temporarily can sometimes have a temporality with the appearance of" Temporality-Perennial ". I want to prove this by solutions for mass technological surveillance - which is highly offensive to public freedoms and private life - deployed under the intelligence law. "reminds us of Yannick Chatelain.

Vigilance therefore remains rigorous and topical with regard to the tracking methodology, in the service of health risk management, any collection of data that could pose a problem as regards respect for individual freedoms.



Sandra Stac for DayNewsWorld

A HORRIBLE PERIOD FOR THE UNITED STATES

The United States is preparing for a horrible time.

US President Donald Trump warned on Saturday evening that the United States would be entering "a horrible period" with "many deaths."

Americans hit hard by coronavirus pandemic that killed more than 63,000 people worldwide, preparing for the worst, Donald Trump said on Saturday April 4 that the country was entering "a period that will be truly horrible ", With" very bad numbers ".

"This will probably be the hardest week," said the American president during a briefing in the White House, when the number of confirmed cases of contamination on the American territory already exceeds 300,000 and there are already have had more than 8,000 deaths.

"There are going to be a lot of deaths," he added, announcing the dispatch of thousands of additional soldiers to the most affected states, including a thousand in New York.

According to American specialist Anthony Fauci, adviser to Donald Trump and member of the White House crisis cell, there is little doubt that the new coronavirus is transmitted by air when "people are just talking, rather than talking only when they sneeze or cough ”.

White House scientific experts expect the disease to kill between 100,000 and 240,000 Americans, even if containment orders are followed.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

FOR THE MANDATORY PORT MASK FOR ALL

I need not generalize the wearing of the mask to the whole population?

This assertion of the French government has just been denied by the Academy of Medicine. This Friday the Academy of Medicine indeed recommends the compulsory wearing of the mask for all, including for models less perfected than that of the caregivers. The mask should even be made compulsory for outings during the confinement period and when it is lifted, she says.

“It has been established that people in the incubation period or in a state of asymptomatic carriage excrete the virus and maintain the transmission of the infection. In France, in this context, the general wearing of a mask by the population would constitute a logical addition to the barrier measures currently in force, ”estimates the Academy. According to the director general of the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, George Gao.

"Many affected individuals are asymptomatic, or do not yet show symptoms: with a mask, you can prevent droplets carrying the virus from escaping and infecting others," he argues in an article in the Science magazine cited by Le Monde

However, in a situation of “mask shortage” as currently in France, the priority of allocation of surgical masks or FFP2, more protective, must go to professionals and health structures, underlines the Academy. Who "recommends that the wearing of a general public mask, also known as an alternative mask, be made compulsory for the necessary outings during the confinement period".

But failing to have masks available to the population "the National Academy of Medicine recommends that the practical indications for the manufacture of such a mask be widely brought to the attention of the population", she continues, referring to online tutorials, such as that of the French Society of Sterilization Sciences. The Academy also considers that during the future lifting of the containment of the population, "the compulsory wearing of a mask [...] should be maintained", in the context of "maintaining the barrier measures currently recommended until the control of the circulation of the virus evidenced by the absence of new cases declared during a period of 14 days.

Roll on the masks  !!!




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

THE RESPONSIBILITY OF GOVERNORS

IN THE HEALTH CRISIS

At a time when the epidemic is affecting the whole world, discontent is mounting against states accused of mismanaging the crisis. Complaints are starting to be made.

Many researchers knew of the inevitable epidemic, as evidenced by the creation last year of the Lancet Infectious Diseases Commission on Preparedness for Emerging Epidemic Threats.

Confinement too late, lack of tests, minimization of the seriousness of the pandemic: the discontent rises against governments accused of not having sufficiently protected their populations, at a time when the coronavirus now affects almost the whole world.

"People who could be saved are dying because they cannot be admitted to intensive care," says Sara Chinchilla, a doctor in a Madrid hospital. "There is not enough money, not enough tests, not enough protective equipment (...) everyone in the hospital is enormously exposed" denounces Andrew, a psychiatric intern in New- York.

On both sides of the Atlantic, the influx of sick people in hospitals with insufficient space and the shortage of protective equipment are at the heart of criticism in countries where the deaths from the coronavirus number in the thousands.

Pinned upstream management

The management of the authorities upstream of the epidemic is pinned: in Spain for having authorized very late large gatherings, in France for its shortage of masks, in the United Kingdom for the very late awareness of Prime Minister Boris Johnson, recently tested positive who "shook everyone's hand" in hospitals in early March.

As of March 6, the International Journal of Medicine (JIM) wondered in a forum about "suspicions of unpreparedness" which "are increasing" in France. At that time when only two deaths were recorded in the country, the article already pointed to "worrying" situations of shortage of FFP2 masks evoking the "denial" of the authorities. Four weeks later, an airlift has just been put in place to import a billion masks, mainly from China. "The time will come for responsibility, this time will come, it is legitimate and democratic", had to recognize French President Emmanuel Macron, calling on everyone to show "humility".

Prosecutions

At the end of this crisis, the threat of a sanction of the governors in the ballot boxes could thus become reality. Starting with the United States, which is due to elect its president at the end of the year. "It is too early to draw conclusions, but this crisis could cause more harm than good for Trump. Its management was slow and clumsy, "said Charles Kupchan, who teaches international affairs at Georgetown University in Washington. Difficulties that could also be experienced by his Brazilian ally Jair Bolsonaro, who speaks of "psychosis" and outrightly rejects the doctrine of containment. A risky strategy in terms of health that worries a part of Brazil where the word "dismissal" is spoken by parliamentarians from the opposition or from the center.

But beyond the political fate of the rulers, the question of legal proceedings is also beginning to emerge. In France complaints have been made against members of the government for manslaughter. "The multiplication of appeals is a sign that citizens remain vigilant," points out constitutionalist Dominique Rousseau, even if the chances of succeeding in these procedures remain slim, according to several magistrates.

Democracy

One question fuels the debate: was it possible to take drastic measures of containment earlier ?

A delicate mission in a democracy without the support of a large part of the population.

"If opinion is not convinced by gravity, if the scientific corpus is relatively divided, it is difficult for you as a political decision maker to create a consensus", underlines Carine Milcent, researcher and specialist in health systems. "The figures that were announced by China at the start were not scary and many people wondered at the time why we were doing so," she recalls.

Voices are also raised in China to denounce the total lack of transparency of the authorities on the actual assessment of this epidemic, raising fears of a figure much higher than the 3300 deaths announced.

"The lack of information at the beginning of the spread of the virus by China had even more impact than the underestimation of the balance sheet," says Charles Kupchan.

“Governments on both sides of the Atlantic have taken a long time to relax. But if China had sounded the alarm earlier, these countries could have had a better response and been better prepared, "he said.

And even in the countries cited as an example, such as South Korea which was able to curb the epidemic at the cost of liberticidal measures such as the digital tracing of the contaminated, the method is not easily transposable.

“Western democracies did not want to take these measures because they are extremely invasive. It is a level of state surveillance with which they are not comfortable, ”concludes Jeremy Shapiro, expert at the European Council on Foreign Relation.




Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE WORLD IS LIVING ITS WORST CRISIS SINCE 1945

According to a report this Wednesday, the Covid-19 killed 30,000 people in Europe and the United States risks becoming the new epicenter of the pandemic. The new coronavirus has killed more than 42,000 people around the world, three-quarters of them in Europe, and the pandemic, described by the UN as the worst crisis humanity has faced since 1945, is now threatening to overwhelm the United States.

Second country in the world most grieving by the pandemic, Spain announced Wednesday to have recorded a new daily record of 864 dead in 24 hours, passing the mark of 9000 dead.

Two months after the detection of a first case of contamination in the country, Spain still fears that the intensive care units which are already working at the limit of their capacities will be submerged.

Since the pandemic began in December in China, more than 830,000 cases have been officially declared worldwide, more than half of them in Europe, 186,000 in the United States and more than 108,000 in Asia. To curb the spread of the pandemic, more than 3.75 billion people, or 48% of the world's population, are called or forced by their authorities to stay at home.

Containment gradually lifted

In China, while confinement is gradually being lifted in Wuhan, the cradle of the pandemic, the first steps in the open air of the inhabitants are devoted to depositing on the stone tombs the urns containing the ashes of their loved ones.

"Silent massacre"

Elsewhere, we are feverishly watching for the peak in the mortality rate, heralding a decline and a reduction in congestion in the intensive care unit. In Italy, the country with the highest number of deaths (more than 12,400 in just over a month), confinement begins to produce "encouraging" results after three weeks.

But the peninsula still counted 837 new deaths in 24 hours, and Italian doctors are now worried about convalescents, who leave the hospital as soon as their life is no longer threatened, even if they are still contagious.

Some are sent to centers, which take in elderly people. In spite of the strict protective measures decreed, doctors speak of “a silent massacre” in these structures.

"In a war like this, we cannot allow ourselves to be exposed to the appearance of new centers of contagion which risk transforming these convalescent centers into viral bombs which spread the virus", warns Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi , president of the Italian Geriatrics Society.

240,000 deaths expected in the United States

Nearly 500 patients have also died of coronavirus in French hospitals in the past 24 hours, a new record increase since the start of the epidemic, which brings the total toll to 3,523 deaths. Iran surpassed him on Wednesday the 3000 death mark. But it is the United States, where nearly three-quarters of Americans now live confined, who risk becoming the new epicenter of the pandemic. President Donald Trump has asked his fellow citizens to prepare, like Europe, for "very, very painful" weeks.

A total of 4076 deaths were recorded Wednesday, a figure doubled in three days, announced the American University Johns Hopkins, whose assessments are authoritative. Over 40% of these deaths have been recorded in New York State.

The White House presented its projections: according to it, the disease should make between 100,000 and 240,000 deaths in the United States with current restrictions, against 1.5 to 2.2 million without any measure.

Severity of the situation

One proof among others of the seriousness of the situation: the commander of an American nuclear-weapon carrier infested by the coronavirus met with refusal from the Pentagon when he asked for authorization to evacuate his crew, trapped on the island of Guam, in the Pacific.

"Unprecedented recession"

Russia announced on Wednesday that it had sent a plane loaded with humanitarian aid to the United States.

For the head of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, to note that the Earth was experiencing its "worst global crisis since the UN was founded" 75 years ago. It is, he said, "the combination of a disease threatening to everyone and an economic impact leading to an unprecedented recession in the recent past."

There is now a risk of a "food shortage" on the world market due to the disruptions linked to Covid-19 in international trade and food supply chains, warned agencies dependent on the UN and the WTO.




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

THE COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD

 IN CONTAINMENT MODE

A quarantine of countries are concerned by measures of containment even if sometimes the word was not spoken by cowardice.

The Kingdom has evoked a "voluntary confinement" but the army patrols the streets to call to order the citizens who are still walking. A situation that reminds of that of France, where President Emmanuel Macron asked his fellow citizens to stay at home, while never making sure to never say the word "confinement".

Like France and Morocco, around thirty countries have asked their inhabitants not to leave their homes: Italy, Spain, China ...

In South America (Venezuela, Peru) and also in the Middle East (Lebanon, Israel), States are also implementing more or less similar measures.

Some have "only" restricted the movement of their fellow citizens, for example by closing schools like in Niger for example, shops like in Switzerland or places of worship, in Algeria for example.

Some of these countries, like Portugal or Germany, could also announce more stringent measures in the hours or days to come.

In some states, initiatives have been taken at the local level without being followed up in the rest of the country.

This is for example the case in New York, in the United States, which experiences confinement with closed schools, public places and shops.

Currently, at least 227,000 people have been infected with the coronavirus worldwide, according to a report by the American Johns Hopkins University.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

SOME NOTES OF HOPE

ON CORONAVIRUS BACKGROUND

The February 10, US President Donald Trump said that "by April, or during the month of April, heat in general kills this kind of virus [Covid-19]".

Monday March 16, force was for the American president to declare that the epidemic would last until "July, August, or something like that". Despite this mess of communication, the President of the United States preferred, it seems, to favor optimism. Isn't influenza, for example, a seasonal phenomenon, the arrival of spring leading to a significant drop in the number of cases?

Doesn't Covid-19 seem to be spreading more slowly in countries of the southern hemisphere, like in Africa?

A 48% drop in Covid-19 contagion by summer?

But, can we compare the flu and the coronavirus Covid-19?

The mode of transmission (by microdroplets) is in any case identical. However, when it is hot, these droplets tend to evaporate more quickly, which limits transmission. A study by the Chinese university of Beihang published on March 3, 2020 on the scientific site SSRN modeled the contacts between the patients of the big Chinese cities crossed with meteorological data.

She concluded that "high temperature and high relative humidity significantly reduce the transmission of COVID-19". Researchers estimate that the reproduction rate should drop by 48% between March and July. The heat would only slow the progression of the virus.

China would have "practically contained" the coronavirus

Chinese President Xi Jinping said on March 10 that the country had "practically contained" the virus.

As proof: on March 10, only one case of local Covid-19 was reported in Wuhan, the focus of the epidemic. 20 new cases were also identified, but all were imported by people who entered China.

The Covid-19 pandemic, caused by the Sars-Cov-2 virus, started in Wuhan (Hubei province of China) in December. The number of people affected in this country - 81,130 officially registered cases - is beginning to stabilize, suggesting a ebb of the epidemic in this region of the world. The containment measures implemented in the country have proved effective.

Rapidly identified virus, search for a vaccine ...

The first patients affected by the coronavirus were identified in late December 2019 in China. On January 7, 2020, the virus was identified, and three days later, its genome was sequenced, which made it possible to quickly begin research to find a treatment. As of January 13, 2020, a test to detect the virus was also made available.

The international scientific community is looking for a vaccine or a drug against Covid-19 and several clinical trials are underway around the world.




Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS AND STATE OF EMERGENCY

IN THE UNITED STATES

A casual accused of Donald Trump on Friday, March 13, 2020, showed great firmness. As travel restrictions from Europe to the United States took effect on Saturday March 14, Donald Trump declared a state of emergency.

"To unleash the full power of the federal government's resources, I officially declare a national emergency," he said at a press conference from the White House rose garden.

This announcement in fact unleashes "the full power of the federal government's resources to fight the coronavirus crisis", as he explained himself at a press conference.

State of emergency: $ 50 billion available

This device will allow the federal state to release up to $ 50 billion to fight against the coronavirus, which has infected nearly 2,000 people and caused 43 deaths in the United States.

These funds should be used to finance screening tests, medical equipment and temporary care facilities.

The president called on the American states to "immediately set up emergency centers", and on the hospitals to activate their emergency preparedness plans "to meet the needs of the Americans".

The "Stafford Act": "Up to $ 50 billion" in aid to states and local communities

Donald Trump also activated Friday a 1988 law, the "Stafford Act", which allows the US Agency for Emergency Management (FEMA) to help states and local communities in the event of a "disaster". Fema had more than $ 42 billion in federal funds at the end of February, but the President has spoken of funds of up to $ 50 billion. In a letter, Democrats elected to Congress asked him on Wednesday to activate this device to finance up to 75% of screening tests, medical equipment, temporary care structures ... for states to pay the 25% remaining

In terms of public health, Donald Trump urged every state and every hospital to immediately create emergency operations centers to help the entire population. By also using another law passed in 1976, the “National Emergencies Act” , Donald Trump extended the powers of the Minister of Health so that he relaxed the regulatory framework to give “maximum flexibility” to hospitals (on the number of beds, length of stay, etc.) and improve patient coverage. A battery of measures which is added to the travel restrictions, which affect the 26 European countries.

150 million people infected ?

Authorities expect an explosion in the number of cases as soon as the tests become widely available: projections transmitted to the Senate speak of 70 to 150 million Americans who could be infected, in a country of nearly 330 million inhabitants .At Trump's side, a group of business leaders, giant retailers Walmart or Target to Walgreens or CVS pharmacy chains, have succeeded each other at the desk to remind them of their "commitment" to help the country cope with crisis.

The CEO of Walmart, for example, has announced that it will make “portions” of its parking lots available to set up screening centers. "An extraordinary public-private partnership," said Vice President Mike Pence. Celebrating their "genius", the American president even shook the hands of half a dozen of these leaders ... against all odds. And after at least two people who were with him on Saturday at his home in Maralago have tested positive, the president announces that he would probably be tested "soon".

Social measures

The American House of Representatives also approved a package of measures aimed at mitigating the impact of the coronavirus on the country's economy on Saturday, by a large majority.

The lack of universal health coverage weakens the United States against the virus. With knives drawn in the middle of the presidential campaign, Republicans and Democrats finally managed to come to an agreement, as President Donald Trump had encouraged them to do. Adopted by 363 votes to 40 by the House of Representatives, controlled by the Democrats, the text must now be examined by the Senate, with a Republican majority, then be signed by Donald Trump to enter into force.

According to Ms. Pelosi, the text provides "free screening for anyone who needs to be tested, including those who do not have insurance", as well as an "emergency" sick leave, with "two weeks leave and up to three months of family or medical leave ”.

The bill also provides easier access to unemployment insurance and food stamps, especially for children deprived of school to prevent the spread, and frees federal funds to finance the "Medicaid" program, covering the health of the lowest income Americans.

The support plan was announced on Monday by Donald Trump, who made the economy one of his main campaign arguments.

Economic support and strategic oil reserves

Friday, the American secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin had assured that the administration intended to help in priority to the small and medium-sized enterprises which are most vulnerable because of the very strong slowdown of the activity.

He also promised federal aid for student loans, which were a heavy burden for American workers in their early career years. In addition, the strategic oil reserves of the United States will be increased to their maximum. The president said he had "asked the energy secretary to buy large quantities of crude oil for storage in the United States at very low prices".

Steven Mnuchin nevertheless wanted to reassure, saying that the coronavirus posed a “short-term” economic problem and that the situation is this time very different from “the financial crisis (of 2008, note) which we did not know when it would end” .

"But we will overcome that and the economy will then be stronger than ever", he had anticipated, "the economy and the markets will be stronger, later in the year".




Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS ALSO ATTACKS YOUNG PEOPLE

IN SERIOUS FORMS

According to some doctors, the epidemic is more serious than expected so that concern has grown in the hospital world. Some doctors say today that the coronavirus epidemic which France and a good part of the world are facing is "more serious than expected". A more contagious and deadly virus than expected.

Contrary to the initial assumption, which consisted in saying that the elderly were the most vulnerable to Covid-19, healthy thirties and forties are also affected.

Is coronavirus more dangerous than we thought ?

Doctors warn of the danger of Covid-19, including in young populations

Up until now, fears have focused mainly on the elderly or those already suffering from chronic diseases and respiratory disorders, to whom Emmanuel Macron asked Thursday evening "to stay as much as possible in their home".

Young people affected !

But in reality, even thirties and forties without pathology before are likely to experience severe symptoms if infected. Patients without high comorbidity present with severe forms of infection (reactive, inflammatory forms). The rapid spread of the virus logically leads to an increase in the number of people to be placed in intensive care.

"We must prepare for a second wave that will affect, a little later, younger people, a priori less exposed to the disease, but that will also need to be treated," said the head of state Thursday, March 12 2020 in his televised address. On February 10, the Director General of Health, Jérôme Salomon pointed out that the Covid-19 is not "a gripette". "It can give serious forms on people not that old," he explained during a press point.

According to a study by the Chinese Center for Disease Prevention, the death rate from the virus among people over 80 is 14.8% and 0.2% among patients 30 to 39 years old.

The circle of patients has greatly expanded to the point that doctors consider the need to quarantine the whole of France inevitable.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

MARCH 8 WOMEN'S DAY WORLDWIDE

In the background of coronaviruses, many women around the world have beaten the pavement to have their rights respected. From Pakistan to Belgium via Central Asia, thousands of women and men demonstrated on Sunday on International Women's Rights Day. However, many rallies have been canceled due to the coronavirus epidemic.

In Turkey, however, for the second year in a row, the government had banned all rallies for International Women's Rights Day. Several hundred of them who wanted to demonstrate were dispersed by the police with tear gas.

"Long live the feminist struggle" could be read on the sign of a demonstrator. In Italy, a country paralyzed by the coronavirus epidemic, President Sergio Mattarella in a video message "paid tribute to the women, and there are many of them, who work in hospitals .. in the" red zones "(in quarantine) to fight the spread of the virus. "

In Pakistan, a thousand women defied Pakistan's ultra-patriarchal society in Islamabad in several cities, shouting "Give me what is mine" and "We want freedom".

In a society dominated by men and where women are still shot, stabbed, strangled, stoned or burned for “spoiling the honor” of their family, the rare demonstrations in favor of women's rights are generally not welcomed. .

Conservatives in Islamabad threw sticks and stones at demonstrators, injuring some and forcing others to take shelter until police intervened. "Considered the property of men."

Demonstrations demanding more rights for women have also taken place in other cities in Pakistan. There were also a thousand in Karachi, and several hundred in Lahore, demanding "Give me what is mine" and "We want freedom".

On Twitter, the day was dominated by both the hashtags "Happy Women's Day 2020" and "MyStarMyChoice".

In neighboring Afghanistan, only a handful of women took to the streets to demonstrate.

In Sudan, women had been at the forefront of the protests that led to the fall of Omar el-Bashir. Eleven months later, dozens of Sudanese activists expressed their disappointment before the Ministry of Justice in Khartoum.

In Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz police arrested dozens of female demonstrators - officially to protect them - after masked men attacked them. The assailants tore down their signs and threw eggs at them before fleeing.

In France, in Paris, feminist activists displayed a banner at the foot of the Pantheon, proclaiming "To women, the grateful matrie". Other demonstrators had disguised themselves (work blue and red scarf) as "Rosie the riveter", "icon of all the invisible workers".

At 3:40 p.m. - the theoretical time when women stop being paid given the gender pay gap - they threw off their household gloves, a way of protesting against inequalities in wages and the distribution of household tasks. Forty activists from the feminist feminist movement led a flash action Sunday, March 8, 2020, place de la Concorde in Paris. , and placards and smoke bombs in hand, they denounced the “patriarchal pandemic” in force according to them in the world.

In Spain, a purple tide in Madrid, but less massive than in 2019 due to fears linked to the coronavirus: around 350,000 women took to the streets of the capital to defend their rights. Tens of thousands have also mobilized in major cities across the country.

And rather than being afraid of the new coronavirus, many demonstrators have recovered and diverted the global epidemic with other slogans such as "We are tired of satisfying the machismovirus".

"Patriarcavirus", could also be read on the health mask of a demonstrator, while the hashtag #patriarcavirus "went viral on Twitter after its dissemination by a feminist collective in Madrid this week.

In Chile “A rapist on your way”, the performance of the Chilean collective LasTesis, which has become a world anthem against violence against women, was the big star of the parade in Santiago, which gathered between 125,000 and 500,000 demonstrators, according to the figures police and organizers.

The procession over 4 km stopped several times so that the demonstrators could resume the sung choreography which denounces the failings of the institutions in the fight against male chauvinist violence.




Kate White for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS EMERGENCY MEASURES AROUND

 THE WORLDAND QUARANTINE IN ITALY 

Over 15 million people in quarantine

The country most affected by the coronavirus in Europe has taken drastic measures, similar to those taken in China, against the virus.

Unprecedented measure in Europe, more than fifteen million inhabitants of northern Italy were placed in quarantine on Sunday to stem the epidemic of coronavirus which spreads there. It affects more than 100,000 people worldwide.

The entries and exits of a vast area in the north of Italy, going from Milan, economic capital of the country, to Venice, mecca of world tourism, are now strictly limited, according to a decree published on the government website.

This draconian measure, taken in the European country hardest hit by the epidemic, is similar to that implemented in the Chinese province of Hubei where the epidemic started in December (56 million inhabitants in quarantine).

In the Lombardy region and in fourteen Italian provinces, all cultural, sporting or religious events are prohibited, and discos, cinemas, cinemas, theaters, pubs, dance schools and other similar places must also close until April 3, according to the decree

Another symbolic measure: Pope Francis will do his Sunday prayer on video, not in public, the Vatican said.

First dead in Latin America

The accelerated spread of the virus is considered "very worrying" by the World Health Organization (WHO): in total, 94 countries are now affected by Covid-19, which has killed more than 3,500 people worldwide.

Latin America deplores his first death, a 64-year-old man who died in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The island of Malta and Paraguay have announced the first contamination. The Maldives archipelago has detected its first two cases among the staff of a luxury hotel on an island 150 km from the capital Male, and Bulgaria has also identified two first cases.

In Italy, more than 1247 cases have been recorded in the last 24 hours as well as 36 new deaths, bringing the death toll to 233. The Italian government has decided to send 20,000 people as reinforcements to its hospitals, which will allow increase the number of intensive care beds from 5,000 to 7,500.

Emergency state

Fifth most affected country, France has sixteen dead and 949 cases. China announced 27 new deaths on Sunday, bringing the total death toll to 3,097 in the country.

With more than 7000 cases, South Korea is the most affected country outside of China. This is followed by Iran, where 21 new deaths and 1,076 infections have been recorded in the past 24 hours, bringing the total to 145 deaths and 5,823 cases of contamination.

In the United States, the virus was detected on 21 people aboard the Grand Princess, a cruise ship maintained off the coast of California after the discovery of symptoms in several of its 3,533 passengers and crew members, according to the vice- US President Mike Pence.

Two people also died of coronavirus in Florida, the first American victims outside the West Coast. On the East Coast, New York State has declared a state of emergency to speed up the fight against the disease.

In China, the collapse of a hotel requisitioned as a quarantine site against the coronavirus in the east of the country has killed at least four people, according to the authorities.

Concerns about the economic impact of the epidemic in China, where activity remains largely paralyzed, were heightened on Saturday by the announcement of a 17.2% collapse over one year in the country's exports in January and in February. What fuels concerns about global growth, of which the Asian giant is a crucial engine.

Canceled events

Reflection of the authorities' concern, sporting events and rallies continue to be canceled or postponed: the Barcelona marathon scheduled for March 15 will finally be held October 25. Hungary has canceled the celebration of the national holiday on March 15 in Budapest. In Canada, the Women's World Ice Hockey Championships, scheduled to take place from March 31 to April 10, have been canceled.

In Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, Ryad decided to reopen the esplanade surrounding the Kaaba, the holiest place in Islam, located in the heart of the Great Mosque in Mecca. In addition, thirteen countries have closed their schools: 300 million students worldwide are out of school for several weeks.

Many countries are taking inadmissibility or quarantine measures for travelers from affected countries.




Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

THREE SAUDIAN PRINCES ARRESTED FOR TRACTION

A new twist in the soap opera of the ascension to supreme power of Mohammed Ben Salman, the crown prince of Saudi Arabia.

According to several media outlets, including the New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, three prominent members of the royal dynasty were arrested. Prince Ahmed ben Abdelaziz al-Saoud, brother of King Salman, as well as the monarch's nephew, Prince Mohammed ben Nayef, were arrested at their homes after being accused of treason, reports the Wall Street Journal citing anonymous sources. The New York Times also reported on the arrests, adding that Prince Nayef's younger brother was also arrested.

Sources say they have been incarcerated in a camp in a desert area since Friday. They are accused of having "established contacts with foreign powers, notably the United States, in order to carry out a coup," according to one of the sources. The Saudi authorities did not immediately react to this information.

The three members of the royal family - prominent figures for two of them, likely to overshadow the Saudi number two - would thus be accused of treason, a charge punishable by death or at least long years of imprisonment.

This decision illustrates a clear strengthening of the grip on power by the very powerful crown prince Mohammed Ben Salman, known as "MBS".

Who are these princes accused of conspiracy ?

Mohammed Ben Nayef, known as "MBN", is the most famous of the three neutralized royal dignitaries. Former Saudi counterterrorism chief and former interior minister, praised for his iron fist in the face of the Al-Qaida attacks in the 2000s, he passed for the natural successor of Salman, his uncle, when he he became king in January 2015. MBN "more or less lived under house arrest, with the travel ban. In June 2017, when Prince Mohammed bin Salman was appointed crown prince, Prince Nayef was Minister of the Interior. At the time, Saudi television channels showed Prince Mohammed kissing the hand and kneeling in respect to Prince Nayef.

Ahmed Ben Abdelaziz Al Saoud, the other high-ranking prince, is the king's last living brother. Coming like him from the famous line of Soudaïri, he was an ephemeral Minister of the Interior in 2012. In his seventies, Prince Ahmed had returned to the kingdom from London after the outbreak of the Khashoggi scandal. Shortly before his return in October 2018, Prince Ahmed had launched, according to a video widely disseminated on the internet, demonstrators protesting against the involvement of Saudi Arabia in the conflict in Yemen: "What is the family has to do with that ?

Certain individuals are responsible, (…) the king and the crown prince ”.

International critics

These are the most recent measures of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who regularly asserts his power a little more by the imprisonment of religious and militant leaders, as well as princes and important businessmen. In the fall of 2017, under cover of corruption charges, he had sealed off in the suites of the Ritz-Carlton in Riyadh nearly 200 businessmen, ex-ministers and members of the royal family. These dignitaries had been released after several weeks, in exchange for a large part of their assets and their renouncement to play the least important role on the economic and political scene.

This method has earned King Salman's son many criticisms. Internationally, the most vivid were after the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the premises of the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul in October 2018.




Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld

RUSSIAN-TURKISH FIRE AGREEMENT

After several days of intense fighting that caused a humanitarian catastrophe, the Russian and Syrian air strikes stopped, this Friday, in the province of Idleb.

Agreed the day before in the Kremlin between the two heads of state, the agreement entered into force on Friday in the last pocket of the rebellion in north-western Syria.

Moscow and Ankara have planned to set up a “safety corridor” six kilometers deep on either side of this highway, a buffer zone of 12 kilometers wide in total along the strategic M4 road which connects The attacker in northern Syria.

This strip of land, supposed to be rid of the rebels who largely control it, will be furrowed by joint Russian-Turkish patrols from March 15.

It is also stipulated that the return of refugees should be facilitated as much as possible as well as access to humanitarian aid. The two sides also reaffirm their attachment to the territorial integrity of Syria.

Agreement must end weeks of heavy fighting around Idleb, the last bastion of rebels and jihadists in northwestern Syria where Turkey intervened against Bashar al-Qatari forces Assad, supported by Russia.

"Our goal is to prevent the humanitarian crisis from getting worse"

The violence has caused a humanitarian catastrophe, with nearly 500 civilians killed and around one million people displaced towards the Turkish border. "Our objective is to prevent the humanitarian crisis from worsening," said Recep Tayipp Erdogan in Moscow, warning, however, that his country "reserves the right to retaliate with all its strength and everywhere against any attack by the regime" in Damascus .

Vladimir Putin hoped that this text would serve as "a solid basis for ending the fighting in the de-escalation zone of Idleb" and for "stopping the suffering of the civilian population".

The intensification of the fighting in Idleb had led to diplomatic tensions between Russia, an ally of the Syrian regime, and Turkey, which supported the rebels, posing a risk of direct confrontation between these two countries which imposed themselves as as main international actors in the Syrian conflict.

But this agreement appears as minimalist as precarious.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

HISTORICAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN

THE UNITED STATES AND THE TALIBANS

Eighteen years after the entry into war of the United States following the attacks of September 11, 2001, an agreement was signed this Saturday in Doha (Qatar), providing for a total withdrawal of foreign troops within 14 months. For Washington, it is a question of distancing itself from a conflict that is getting bogged down, and for Donald Trump, in the middle of an electoral campaign, to respect the 2016 promise to bring the troops "home".

But who won the war in Afghanistan?

In the eighteen years of conflict, the conditions for signing an agreement have gradually diminished on the American side. "We urge the Afghans to seize the chance for peace," Donald Trump said on Friday. "If the Taliban and the Afghan government manage to honor their commitments, we will have a clear path to end the war in Afghanistan and bring our soldiers home," he promised.

The text provides for the gradual withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan and the opening of peace negotiations with the Afghan government. The United States and the Taliban signed a historic agreement on Saturday February 29 in Doha, Qatar. It was signed after a week of "reduction of violence" in Afghanistan, prior to the signing of the agreement.

The "reduction of violence" for a week, requested in good faith and as a test to the Taliban leaders, was the last suspensive condition. Mostly respected, it enabled the formal signing of a text under the watchful eye of thirty countries, which had sent their representatives. The Afghan government, for its part, sent only a small delegation to "make contact" with the Taliban.

Total withdrawal in 14 months

The agreement provides "a timetable for a withdrawal of troops that is both conditional and gradual," said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in recent days. While the American troops stationed in Afghanistan are around 13,000, their number will be reduced within 135 days to 8,600, the level reached at the start of Donald Trump's mandate. They were up to 100,000 at the peak of 2010.

The total withdrawal of all foreign forces from Afghanistan is expected "within 14 months of the signing of the agreement".

In return, "the Taliban will not allow any of its members, or other individuals or groups, including Al Qaeda, to use Afghan soil to threaten the security of the United States and its allies," said the agreement. , which also plans to release prisoners and lift sanctions, outlines the agreement. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on the Taliban in Doha to "keep the promise of a break with Al Qaeda." The United States "will not hesitate to cancel the agreement" if the Taliban violate it, he said.

Towards an Afghan government

This agreement also marks the launch on March 10 of an inter-Afghan peace negotiation guaranteeing the permanent cessation of fighting. The agreement thus provides for peace negotiations between the Islamist insurgents and the government in Kabul, starting March 10. An Afghan government must take over. Washington thus puts an end to the longest conflict in its history.

Counterparties demanded from the Taliban too weak

But, according to some analysts, the counterparties requested from the Taliban are not strong enough. Some observers believe that the Trump administration concedes too much for too little. However, this assures that the anti-terrorist guarantees provided by the insurgents respond to the primary reason for the American intervention, the terrorist attacks of 11-

Trump's realpolitik

The agreement was however sealed between two “tired” parties, according to the expression, Tuesday, of the American secretary of state Mike Pompeo but also of Sirajuddin Haqqani, number two of the talibans, as he wrote in a tribune published by the "New York Times" ten days ago.

The United States spent more than 750 billion dollars (680 billion euros) on this war from which nearly 2,000 GIs never returned. It is from this "endless war" that Donald Trump wants to emerge, in order to "bring the guys home," and fulfill one of his campaign promises. According to the United Nations (UN), between 32,000 and 60,000 Afghan civilians have been killed in the conflict.

In addition, in December, analysis of documents of the American administration by the "Washington Post" showed the gap between the reality on the ground and the public display of progress "hiding evidence that the war was impossible to win". In this light, the peace agreement could be interpreted as proof of the realism of Trump's policy.

A risky bet

If the invasion of Afghanistan, decided by Georges W. Bush following the attacks of September 11, 2001, had driven the Taliban from central power, it never succeeded in unifying the country.

However, since Washington's relationship with the Afghan government has become distorted, the agreement effectively deems the Taliban and Kabul to be responsible for discussing their conditions of cohabitation.

A difficult bet, recognize themselves Mark Esper and the American Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who spoke in recent days "the hard work of reconciliation".

If Washington thus puts an end to the longest conflict in its history with not a State but a simple insurgent movement, the bet remains risky, however.




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS UPDATE ON THE EPIDEMIC AND PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES

Today there are more than 82,000 confirmed cases worldwide and more than 2,800 deaths. Fifty countries, from five continents, are affected.

If China was until recently the only global center for coronaviruses, the risk of spread has considerably increased with the emergence of new source countries such as South Korea, Italy and Iran.

More than 78,000 people have so far been infected in China, 2,744 of them deadly, but the number of new infections is declining there, while it is increasing in dozens of other countries (more than 40 dead in nearly of 2,900 confirmed contaminations), according to a report given Wednesday evening by the World Health Organization (WHO).

With 82,164 people infected and 2,801 dead worldwide, the new Covid-19 coronavirus now concerns fifty nations. In Europe, more than fifteen countries are affected today (Denmark, Spain, France, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Greece, Croatia, Romania, North Macedonia, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia). Algeria, Brazil and Pakistan have also recently announced that they have identified cases of contamination.

But, apart from mainland China, where the epidemic started in December in the province of Hubeï, it is especially in three new countries - South Korea, Italy, Iran - that the concern is strongest.

China: 78,497 cases, 2,744 deaths

78,497 cases of contamination are now counted. Health officials said they identified 433 new infections on Wednesday, a figure now lower than daily infections elsewhere in the world. Furthermore, in mainland China, since the appearance of viral pneumonia in December, 2,744 people have died, including 29 in the last 24 hours, the lowest figure since January 28

South Korea: 1,766 cases, 13 deaths

505 new infections were confirmed on Thursday, bringing the total number of people infected since the start of the epidemic to 1,766. South Korea is the second center of contagion behind mainland China. The death toll currently stands at 13. Most of the cases of Covid-19 in South Korea are linked to the Shincheonji Church sect of Jesus, a faithful sixty-year-old man who attended four religious services before being diagnosed.

Authorities have started checking the health of more than 210,000 members of the Shincheonji Church of Jesus, and the number of cases is expected to increase further. This religious movement is now at the heart of the spread of the virus in the peninsula and is linked to more than half of the cases recorded.

While Seoul has raised the alert on the virus to its highest level, the United States and South Korea announced Thursday a postponement of joint military exercises because of the epidemic.

Italy: 374 cases, 12 deaths most concerned in European countries

Italy announced on Wednesday February 26 its 12th death due to the coronavirus. The latest victim is a 69-year-old man who died in Emilia-Romagna. All the people who died in Italy from this coronavirus were elderly and most of them already suffered from health problems. The country now has 374 infected people.

While Italy is increasingly seen as a platform for disseminating Covid-19, several governments are encouraging their nationals to postpone their trips and not to go to the affected Italian regions. Italy's neighbors, however, decided to keep their borders open, despite the spread to Tuscany, Sicily and Liguria.

Iran: 245 cases, 26 deaths

The latest assessment of the epidemic outbreak linked to the new coronavirus in Iran amounts to 245 cases of contamination and 26 deaths. Apart from mainland China, where the virus emerged last December, Iran is the country in which the number of deaths attributed to this virus is the highest.

Restrictions on free movement in the country have been imposed since Wednesday for people infected or suspected of being. Many schools, universities and cultural or sports centers have been closed and many events postponed.

Most neighbors of the Islamic Republic have implemented travel restriction and containment measures. In Iraq, authorities announced that schools, universities, cinemas and cafes will be closed on Thursday until March 7, when the first case of coronavirus was reported in Baghdad, after five other cases counted on Iraqi soil.

The coronavirus epidemic is definitely no longer a Chinese problem. The cases of contamination are declared everywhere in the world and in particular in Europe.

France: 18 cases, 2 deaths

An 18th case of infection with the new coronavirus was registered on Wednesday 26 February in France. It is the wife of a patient hospitalized in Annecy, whose contamination had been reported Tuesday evening, announced the Minister of Health Olivier Véran. "His health is not a cause for concern," said the minister, adding that no other positive diagnosis of Covid-19 was reported on Wednesday.

Of the 18 known cases in France of Covid-19 infection since the end of January, a French and a Chinese died in Paris, 11 other patients are cured and 5 are hospitalized.

The French patient who died on the night of Tuesday to Wednesday was a teacher at a college in Crépy-en-Valois in Oise, according to the Minister of National Education. The 60-year-old may not have traveled to an area affected by the coronavirus, the ministry said, "He had Covid-19 but died of a massive pulmonary embolism." He had been "tested in emergency" Tuesday, February 25, "in a very serious state," said Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon, adding that an investigation had been launched in "emergency" to find out more. The first in emergency "Tuesday, February 25" in a very serious state, "said Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon, adding that an investigation had been launched in" emergency "to find out more. The first death recorded in France, an 80-year-old Chinese tourist, was the very first death recorded in Europe.

The 50-year-old daughter of this deceased Chinese tourist, contaminated by her father and hospitalized in Bichat, was declared cured. The other 10 people who were also healed on French territory mainly returned from trips to Asia: 6 British people who stayed in Singapore and then in Haute-Savoie were hospitalized in Grenoble, 1 Chinese tourist was taken care of in Bordeaux, 1 doctor Parisian had been infected by a Chinese patient, and a Chinese couple, now healed, were traveling to France.

Still 28 returnees in quarantine

Since the start of the epidemic, nearly 500 people have been quarantined in France after being repatriated from Wuhan. Their return came in four waves. Three planes chartered by France arrived on January 31, February 2 and February 21 with French and foreign nationals on board. A flight operated by the British with French on board arrived on February 9 after a stopover in London. Arrived on January 31, February 2 and February 21 with French and foreign nationals on board. A British-operated flight with Frenchmen arrived on February 9 after a stopover in London.

Some foreign passengers returned directly to their country, others were placed with the French in quarantine. They were confined for 14 days, the maximum incubation time for the virus. Only the fourth wave of 28 Frenchmen left in quarantine, arriving on February 21 in Calvados. According to ARS Normandie, none of them had any symptoms and “almost all” of them had negative test results.

The first six cases, identified at the end of January, were Chinese or Franco-Chinese nationals, having contracted the disease in their country or through contact with a person returned from China. One of them did not survive. The following six cases of contamination were a group of Britons, all infected by a person returning from Singapore, during a stay in a chalet in Contamines-Montjoie, in Haute-Savoie. A second wave of patients was declared this week, with six new confirmed cases, including one death. One infected in China, three cases infected following stays in Lombardy - the area most affected by the epidemic in Italy - and two cases in the Oise, the origin of the contraction of the virus is still unknown.

E. Macron puts himself on the front line: "We have before us an epidemic". "We have before us an epidemic" that we will have to "face at best", said Thursday French President Emmanuel Macron, the day after the announcement of the first French death, a 60-year-old teacher from 'Oise, who had not traveled to a risk zone.

Forty countries in the world, fifteen in Europe

In Europe, Denmark, Spain, France, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Greece, Croatia Croatia, North Macedonia, Finland , Sweden, Norway and Estonia are now affected, that is to say more than fifteen countries. Several countries have advised their citizens not to go to the affected regions of Italy, including Spain, Britain, Austria, Hungary, Ukraine, Luxembourg, the Czech Republic and Romania .

Around the world, fifty countries are now affected, according to the count of John Hopkins researchers. This is particularly the case in Pakistan, a country bordering on both China and Iran, where deaths are the most numerous. Islamabad announced its first two cases on Wednesday. With one case, Brazil is the first country in South America to be affected. The patient, a sexagenarian from Sao Paulo, had stayed in Italy, the most affected European country.

Coronavirus Advances in America and Africa

The coronavirus arrived in Latin America. A first case of contamination was confirmed Wednesday in Brazil for a patient from Sao Paulo (South-East), 61 years old, having stayed in Italy from February 9 to 20. The country currently has 20 suspected cases of Covid-19 contamination, twelve of which are people who have traveled to Italy.

Africa is not spared. An Italian who arrived on February 17 in Algeria has become the second infected person on the continent, after a first case in Egypt.

With the epidemic spreading, drastic measures are increasing worldwide

Relatively spared so far, the United States is ready to respond to the epidemic on "a much larger scale", assured Donald Trump on Wednesday. The President has raised the possibility of imposing restrictions on travelers from Italy and South Korea. The United States is already imposing an entry ban on foreign nationals who have visited China in the past two weeks.

Saudi Arabia suspends pilgrims' entry

In order to prevent the arrival of the Covid-19 epidemic, Saudi Arabia for its part suspended "temporarily" the entry into its territory of pilgrims going to Mecca. The measure concerns the Oumra, a pilgrimage that attracts tens of thousands of Muslims every month.

Japanese government temporarily closes schools

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe called on Thursday to temporarily close all primary, middle and high schools in the Archipelago, from March 2 until the spring break (which usually starts in late March), to avoid the spread of the new coronavirus.

Beijing imposes quarantine on certain travelers

Even China, which confines more than 50 million people in Hubei province, epicenter of the epidemic, is now worried about cases "imported" from other countries. Beijing announced on Wednesday that people arriving from states "severely affected" by the coronavirus should now be placed in quarantine for 14 days. The Covid-19 appears to have already peaked in China, where the number of new daily deaths continues to drop.


This data is based both on data provided by news agencies and on that collected by a research team from the American John Hopkins University.




Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

RISK OF PANDEMIC WITH CORONAVIRUS

The multiplication of new cases of coronavirus outside of China reinforces the alarm call of the WHO on the risk of propagation of the epidemic, estimate Sunday experts, by calling to reinforce vigilance. The world must prepare for a "possible pandemic", according to the director general of the WHO Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus who considered "very worrying (...) the sudden increase" of new cases in Italy, South Korea and in Iran. South Korea, the second most affected country with 763 cases of contamination, raised the level of alert to the epidemic "at the highest".

Towards a pandemic

The Covid-19 coronavirus today affected four new countries in the Middle East, Kuwait, Bahrain, Iraq and Oman, announcing the first cases of people infected with the virus and specifying that they were returning from neighboring Iran having registered 12 deaths.

Italy is now the most affected country in Europe since the start of the viral pneumonia epidemic.

The President of Veneto Luca Zaia said he was "concerned" that the zero patient had not been found, which proves for him that "the virus is much more ubiquitous than we thought".

The WHO also recognizes that "the rapid increase in cases registered in Italy over the past two days is worrying," according to a spokesperson.

"What also worries us is that we have not been able to identify in all cases clear epidemiological links such as trips to China or contacts with a confirmed case".

The country now has 219 cases of infected people, according to a latest report from the Italian public health services, Monday, February 24 at midday. A fifth person died from the disease.

Northern Italy is therefore preparing to live in days of anxiety and restrictions, after a sudden and spectacular outbreak of cases of contamination with the new coronavirus in three days. The Italian government has indeed adopted a very strict decree-law placing eleven cities in isolation, including ten in the perimeter of Codogno.

Some 52,000 people are in containment zones. On Sunday, the Veneto also decreed the interruption of the festivities of the famous Venice carnival, which was to end on Tuesday, and the postponement of sporting events (in particular matches of the Italian championship) as well as the closing of schools and museums. In Lombardy, in the Milan region, schools, universities, but also museums, cinemas and theaters will be closed.

But the zero patient is still nowhere to be found, the zero patient being the first person in an epidemic to have been contaminated by a pathogen - here the new coronavirus - and then to have transmitted the disease. Italy is currently looking for the patient who introduced Covid-19 to its soil, in order to trace the course of the epidemic, and to understand the spread of the disease in order to better contain it.

The transition to community transmission "

"This is called the transition to community transmission", explains Professor Arnaud Fontanet, head of the "epidemiology of emerging diseases" unit at the Pasteur Institute (France).

"It makes control much more difficult and it suggests a risk of introduction from places other than China. "

This is how cases reported in Lebanon and Canada are believed to have originated in Iran. As for the indigenous infectious focus in Italy, scientists are struggling to identify the contamination process of "patient 1" at the origin of the spread.

"What is happening in Italy and South Korea could happen anywhere in the world," warns Professor Sridhar.

Doctor Nathalie MacDermott, of King's College London, also evokes "very worrying" developments, in particular the difficulty of identifying an individual at the origin of the last epidemic foci.

Transmission by an asymptomatic individual,

"This suggests a transmission by an asymptomatic individual, or with few symptoms," said the specialist, who considers "imperative that other countries take these situations into account and strengthen their surveillance of people from affected regions they present or not symptoms ”and focus on containing the outbreaks of indigenous infection.

This specialist also points to the appearance in the new countries affected of “chains of transmission from undetected cases”, even if he nuances, while awaiting precise data on the subject, the role of epidemic “drivers” asymptomatic cases.

But for him too the consequences to be drawn are clear: "There must be increasing vigilance, the authorities must strengthen surveillance", whether on indigenous cases or possible imports from epidemic outbreaks. But this virus is certainly contagious, but much less than that of measles, and with a mortality rate of 2.5, much lower than that of influenza.

Cured blood to treat the sick

While the prospect of a vaccine is still far away, the Chinese authorities asked the recovered people to donate their blood in order to extract the plasma to treat the sick. The plasma of former patients infected with Covid-19 disease indeed contains antibodies that could reduce the viral load in severely affected people, according to an official of the National Health Commission.

This virus is certainly contagious, but much less than that of measles, and with a mortality rate of 2.5, much lower than that of influenza. A reassuring message from the doctors.




 Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS: 1900 DEAD AND ECONOMIC BRAKE

The balance sheet of the new coronavirus reached 1,886 dead Tuesday in mainland China and several large global companies, including the American Apple and the Australian mining giant BHP, said they feared a brutal impact on their activities and their results.

In mainland China, 98 new deaths were recorded on Tuesday, including 93 in Hubei province, the epicenter of the epidemic where 1,807 new cases of contagion were also recorded.

Outside Hubei, only 79 new infected people were counted Tuesday, against 890 on February 4. Chinese authorities, who have cordoned off Hubei to try to contain the epidemic, see this sharp decrease in the number of new patients as a sign that the spread of the virus is being controlled.

"All the scenarios are still possible"

WHO was reassuring: outside of Hubei province, Covid-19 disease "affects a very small proportion of the population" and its mortality rate is currently only around 2% .

"The measures must be proportionate to the situation, taken on the basis of evidence and elements of public health," said its director, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, to the press, stressing that "zero risk does not exist".

Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, however, warned on Monday against over-optimism.

“Trends can change when new populations are affected. It is too early to say that this decline will continue. All scenarios remain possible, "he told reporters.

Cured blood to treat the sick

While the prospect of a vaccine is still distant, the Chinese authorities asked on Monday those healed to donate their blood in order to extract the plasma to treat the sick.

The plasma of former patients infected with Covid-19 disease indeed contains antibodies that could reduce the viral load in severely affected people, according to an official of the National Health Commission. Eleven patients hospitalized in Wuhan, the epicenter of the epidemic, received transfusions last week.

To better counter the epidemic, the Chinese government also announced Tuesday an exemption from punitive customs duties which it imposed within the framework of its trade war with the United States on certain American medical equipment. Equipment used to transfuse patients or measure blood pressure will therefore be exempt from March 2.

The number of infections amounts to at least 72,300 cases in mainland China and around 900 have been reported in around 30 other countries or territories.

Chinese dissident arrested

Xu Zhiyong, an anti-corruption activist who has already served four years in prison between 2013 and 2017, was arrested on Saturday, Amnesty International said. He had been on the run since December after participating in a meeting of opponents in the southeastern city of Xiamen. On February 4, he called for President Xi's resignation, criticizing his handling of the trade war with the USA, protests in Hong Kong and the Coronavirus epidemic. "Medical supplies are lacking, hospitals are overwhelmed and many infected people are not detected," he denounced, referring to a "mess".

The infernal closed-door of the liner Diamond Princess in quarantine

The main source of contamination outside of China remains the liner Diamond Princess, which was quarantined in early February in Yokohama Bay near Tokyo, after a positive test on a cruise ship landed in Hong Kong. Its more than 3,700 passengers had been ordered to stay in their cabin for two weeks, but that did not prevent the spread of the virus: at least 454 people were infected, including 99 cases revealed Monday. This brings to 542 the total number of cases noted on this ship immobilized near Yokohama (suburb of Tokyo), on 3,700 passengers and crew members initially on board. Other test results are expected later.

As critics mount the management of the liner, several countries have begun to evacuate their nationals stranded on the ship, more than 300 Americans have been repatriated by air to two military bases, in California and Texas, where they have started a new quarantine on Monday for 14 days, the maximum supposed duration of incubation.

Among those evacuated, 14 learned during the operation that they were contaminated, announced the State Department. They were isolated from other passengers on the planes. When they arrived, part of them were transferred to a university hospital in Omaha, Nebraska and placed in solitary confinement. Meanwhile, at least 40 infected Americans aboard the liner are hospitalized in Japan, according to Washington. A handful of Americans refused to leave the ship.

Other countries, including Australia, Italy, Canada or Great Britain, as well as the territory of Hong Kong, have announced that they want to evacuate their citizens from the Diamond Princess.

Stalked passengers

Elsewhere, concern is mounting over the 1,200 passengers on another liner, the Westerdam, who disembarked in Cambodia on Friday after having undergone - for some - a rapid medical examination and are now being tracked by the company that is trying to find them.

If the WHO had already pronounced against the brutal restriction of travel, the United States, Australia and New Zealand in particular have prohibited the entry on their territory to foreigners who have recently visited China - including obviously many Chinese. Trade conferences, sports competitions and cultural events have been canceled or postponed, while a large number of airlines have suspended flights to mainland China. Thus the Beijing motor show, scheduled for April, postponed sine die, just like a Chanel parade scheduled for May in the Chinese capital.

The World Health Organization (WHO), however, has again stressed its opposition to any "general measure".

Economic repercussions envisaged

The Chinese Parliament is considering postponing its plenary session, the annual high mass of the communist regime, announced the news agency China. This session was scheduled to open on March 5.

The Chinese Central Bank further reduced the cost of funding commercial banks on Monday to support the economy crippled by the epidemic.

Large global companies also fear falling demand. Apple announced on Monday that its second-quarter revenue forecast is unlikely to be met due to the epidemic in China, a crucial country for the U.S. company.

And Australian mining giant BHP has predicted a sharp drop in global demand for oil, copper and steel in case the epidemic is not brought under control by March.




Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE INVASION OF THE DESERT LOCUST IN THE HORN OF AFRICA OR A COMING HUMANITARIAN CRISIS

Apocalyptic vision: Swarms of billions of locusts fly and destroy everything in their path. Since early January, they have already ravaged Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. The swarm is now rampant in Uganda. After Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya, Uganda was in turn invaded, Sunday, February 9, by swarms of locusts that attack the crops. In recent weeks, thick clouds of hungry insects have melted over the Horn of Africa, where the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has estimated that only one of these swarms covered an area of ​​2,400 km2 - the area of ​​Luxembourg.

Inestimable damage to the national emergency

Harmless when solitary, the locust moults, when a swarm forms, in voracious animal, which attacks any green vegetation. According to the FAO, the swarm of 2,400 km2 is made up of 200 billion people, who therefore consume 400,000 tonnes of food per day.

Capable of traveling 150 km per day, these insect clouds follow the prevailing winds and concentrated in late January in central Kenya and the southern half of Ethiopia. On February 10, the first insects were reported in Uganda and Tanzania. Many swarms are also found on the border between India and Pakistan. Two countries, Somalia and Pakistan, have declared a national emergency to deal with the situation.

In the Horn of Africa, farmers had already harvested their fields before the arrival of swarms. But pastoralists, who had already suffered three years of drought, were hit hard by an invasion that destroyed the livelihoods of their animals. If the threat of locusts has not been brought under control by the start of the next planting season around March, farmers could see their fields wiped out.

According to FAO, Ethiopia and Somalia had not seen swarms of locusts of such magnitude in 25 years, and Kenya had not faced a locust threat of such strength for 70 years. years.

How to explain this invasion ?

The Desert Locust, called “desert locust” in English, is native to the Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Oman and Yemen. An area whose coasts were hit by two cyclones

in 2018. This significant precipitation favored the growth of vegetation and created the ideal conditions for the reproduction of insects.

The United Nations urged the international community on Monday to take immediate action to prevent the locust invasion from turning into a humanitarian disaster in the Horn of Africa, where countries in the region are engaged in a race against the shows to control the infestation.

A "really serious" threat to the UN

Locusts are a "really serious" threat in the Horn of Africa, Mark Lowcock, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator, told reporters at the UN headquarters.

“There are 30 million people in the affected countries - Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia - who are already in serious food insecurity. At present, 10 million of them are also in areas affected by locusts, "he said.

"If we don't get this over the next two, three or four weeks, we're going to have a really, really serious problem," he said.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recently appealed for US $ 76 million to control the spread of locusts. To date, barely $ 20 million has been received, said Lowcock.

“We simply cannot afford another major shock in a region where there is already so much suffering, vulnerability and fragility. That is why we must act quickly, "he said.




Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS: THE PANGOLIN POTENTIAL MISSING CHAIN ​​IN THE EPIDEMIC

Researchers at the University of Agriculture in southern China have identified pangolin as "a possible intermediate host" that facilitated the transmission of the virus, the university said in a statement, without giving further details. An animal that harbors a virus without being sick and can transmit it to other species is called a "reservoir". In the case of the new coronavirus, it is certainly a bat: according to a recent study, the genomes of this virus and of those which circulate in this animal are identical to 96%.

An intermediate host

But as the bat virus is not equipped to attach itself to human receptors, it undoubtedly passed through another species to adapt to humans, called "intermediate host".

The pangolin is a small mammal from 30 cm to 80 cm living in the tropical and equatorial regions of Africa and Southeast Asia, belonging to the toothless insectivore family and whose elongated body is largely covered with scales, which also earned him the name "scaly anteater".

Flesh prized by Chinese and Vietnamese gourmets

In Chinese and Vietnamese gastronomy, pangolin meat is very popular and restaurateurs are ready to spend sometimes tens of thousands of euros to get it.

Aphrodisiac virtues ...

It is also and especially for its scales that this anteater is hunted, harboring many curative virtues (cancer, acne) and aphrodisiacs. Certain parts of their bodies are also used to make ornaments - their leather, used to make belts or wallets - and even to make bullet-proof vests.

As a result, the pangolin is the most poached mammal in the world, even more than the elephant or the rhino. Almost 100,000 pangolins are victims each year in Asia and Africa of illegal trafficking.

Questioned

Other scientists believe, however, that the pangolin is implicated without absolute certainty. These elements are "not enough" to conclude, tempered a British scientist, Professor James Wood. "The evidence for the involvement of pangolin has not been published in a scientific journal", an essential criterion for accrediting this hypothesis, he commented. "We would have to look at all the genetic data to know the degree of proximity between the pangolin viruses and humans," added another British scientist, Professor Jonathan Ball.

In his dictionary "Superfluous for the use of the elites and the wealthy", the humorist Pierre Desproges had described the pangolin as the animal which "resembles an upside down artichoke with legs, extended from tail to tail sight of which one begins to think that in fact, ridicule no longer kills ».




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

CORONAVIRUS LI WENLIANG GIVEN THE ALERT AT THE PRICE OF HIS LIFE

Wenliang was killed Thursday by the WHO and the Communist Party newspaper before state media announced he was in "critical condition". The hospital welcoming him finally declared his death in the evening.

The hospital that supported the 34-year-old ophthalmologist, who had been one of the first in China to alert to the new coronavirus before being infected with 2019-nCoV, announced his death after several hours of confusion. The man died at 2:58 a.m. in Wuhan Central Hospital, according to a message from the establishment on the Chinese social network Weibo.

“In the fight against the epidemic of pneumonia due to the new coronavirus, our ophthalmologist Li Wenliang was unfortunately infected. He died despite all our efforts to bring him back alive. We are in mourning, ”confirmed the establishment, ending several hours of macabre uncertainty.

After the announcement of his death Friday, on the Chinese social network Weibo, the tribute messages pour in "He gave the alert at the cost of his life", "You were the ray of light at night".

This Thursday, WHO said on Twitter "deeply saddened" by the death of this man, continuing: "We must all celebrate the work he has done".

Alert launcher

As rumor of a mysterious virus spread in Wuhan last December, Li Wenliang shared his suspicions in a private conversation with colleagues who graduated from medical school via Chinese WeChat messaging on December 30. 2019. The doctor said in particular that seven people appeared to have contracted a disease similar to SARS - the respiratory disease that has spread in China and in a dozen countries, and caused hundreds of deaths in the early 2000s. patient was quarantined "in the hospital where he worked in Wuhan," he wrote, according to the Washington Post, urging colleagues to "be careful."

Arrested for "spreading rumors"

Badly took it from him. Li Wenliang and seven other doctors in the private group where they were chatting were summoned by the Chinese authorities and investigated for "spreading rumors" and "severely disrupting social order" on January 1. Questioned for several hours, he was forced to sign a report acknowledging that he "disrupts social order", details Le Monde.

From the start of the epidemic, the Chinese authorities therefore try to control information about the virus. Wuhan police on the Weibo social network say they have taken "legal action" against people who "published and shared rumors online", "causing a negative impact on society". The following day, the information is taken up by the channel CCTV, the state television, which does not specify that the eight people accused of "spreading false rumors" are doctors, explains Le Monde.

He was one of the first to sound the alarm about this new coronavirus which has, today, killed more than 560 and infected more than 28,000 people.

Chinese doctor Li Wenliang is now a national hero, facing local officials accused of hiding the beginnings of the epidemic

Chinese authorities in the sights

At the end of January, the Chinese Supreme Court published an unusually critical article towards the police, whose zeal to track down "rumors" would have delayed awareness of the new disease. Wuhan police were pinned there for arresting eight people - including Dr. Li - accused of talking about an outbreak of SARS the day after Beijing reported the first cases of the new coronavirus to WHO. Rarely, the Supreme Court rehabilitated whistleblowers on January 28. She concedes that "the information provided by the eight people [including Li Wenliang] was not fabricated," reports Le Monde. The Court considered it useful to alert in good faith about the appearance of a new disease

The Chinese government felt compelled to react only late in January. President Xi Jinping indeed stresses the need to quickly share information with the rest of the world, on January 20 only. On the same day, the results of the Wuhan authorities were increased to 198 cases and the transmission between humans was confirmed.

Director of Human Rights Watch (HRW), Kenneth Rotha, denounced the "elimination" of reports on the virus in China during the first days of the epidemic, as well as Beijing's efforts to silence the criticism of him on social media. “The time is now for total transparency, even if it is embarrassing, because public health must come before the preservation of a particular political power. Unfortunately, this is not Beijing's approach, ”he said.

Emotion and anger after his death

On the group of private messages WeChat, the reactions of meditation and anger mix. "Let all these officials who fatten themselves with public money perish in the snow," carried away a surfer, in a comment promptly deleted by the censors. Another republished images from central China television announcing the doctors' arrest in December.

If the authorities have allowed criticism of local officials to pass in recent weeks, comments published since the doctor's death have attacked the authoritarian nature of the regime.

On Weibo, the hashtag "We want freedom of expression" was widely shared defying the taboos of censorship, before being blocked.

Many Internet users circulate the song of Les Misérables Do you hear the people sing?, Hymn of the pro-democracy demonstrators in Hong Kong.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

WHO REQUESTS TO GET ALERT

AGAINST CORONAVIRUS

The World Health Organization (WHO) has asked countries around the world to be alert and take action to combat the current epidemic of coronavirus. WHO will decide today whether or not governments around the world should consider the current 2019-nCoV epidemic "a public health emergency of international concern." "

This name has only been used for certain epidemics: in particular, those of the so-called H1N1 flu

"Swine" in 2009, that of the Zika virus in 2016 and the Ebola virus between 2014 and 2018. Meanwhile, its director of emergency programs, Michael Ryan, yesterday called on the whole world to "be on the alert" and "To act" to protect populations from this disease.

170 dead and 8000 cases

The current death toll stands at 170 dead in China and nearly 8,000 cases of people with proven infections around the world. A fifth person was hospitalized in France. If the number of contaminations recorded outside of Chinese territory remains low at present, it would be likely to increase and widen the epidemic.

WHO experts have indeed recalled the confirmation of "human-to-human transmission" in three countries other than China. In Germany, Japan and more recently in Vietnam, sick people from one way or another from Wuhan have infected local people without prior contact with China.

Repatriations and activity sessions

Among the countries which organized repatriation flights for their nationals present in Wuhan or in his province of Hubei, only three Japanese citizens recently returned to their country showed symptoms of the infection. After the Americans and the Japanese it's time for the French to leave Wuhan, cut off from the world for a week. France has planned to repatriate around 350 Europeans, including 250 French on two consecutive flights, the first of which should arrive in Paris at the end week. Social life takes a hit

Beyond Wuhan, in the rest of China, where the Lunar New Year holidays have been extended until February 2, most of the residents, frightened, desert shopping centers, cinemas and restaurants.

The American coffee chain Starbucks and the Swedish furniture giant Ikea have announced that they will close half of their businesses.




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

AN AMERICAN PEACE PLAN FOR THE NEAR EAST ?

The President Donald Trump unveiled his peace plan for the Middle East on Tuesday 28 January. Donald Trump presented his peace plan to the White House on Tuesday, tracing a "path" towards a two-state solution supported by the United Nations: the creation of a Palestine alongside Israel.

"My vision presents (...) a realistic two-state solution," said the White House tenant, referring to a "win-win" project for Israelis and Palestinians.

Jerusalem will remain "the indivisible capital of Israel," he said, proposing to create a capital of the Palestinian state confined to the outskirts of East Jerusalem. In addition, the White House plan would grant Israel sovereignty over the Jordan Valley, a large strategic area of ​​the occupied West Bank where the Israeli army has just strengthened its presence.

Displaying his optimism about th