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NOBEL NADIA MURAD AND DENIS MUKWEGE AWARDS

OR THEIR FIGHT AGAINST

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

The Congolese gynecologist and her co-recipient Yazidie Nadia Murad officially receive their Nobel Peace Prize on Monday, December 10, at a ceremony at the Oslo City Hall (Norway).

A joint award this year to reward their fight against violence against women in general and their fight against rape as a "weapon of war" more precisely. This Nobel Prize 2018 rewards two strong personalities who refuse to keep quiet.

The 63-year-old Gynecologist Mukwege Mukengere, recognized as one of the world's leading fistula specialists, received an honorary doctorate from the University of Umeå (Sweden) in October 2010. In the same year, he had received the Wallenberg Medal from the University of Michigan (USA).

He is "the savior who has dedicated his life to the defense of these victims," ​​said Nobel Committee President Berit Reiss-Andersen at the announcement on October 5.

This imposing man has been treating victims of sexual violence for two decades in the Panzi hospital he founded in Bukavu, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a region in constant conflict. armed. His hospital has treated more than 50,000 victims of sexual violence, women, children and even babies, a figure that represents only "the tip of the iceberg," he assured in a press conference with his recipient on Sunday.

Aware that only a long work on mentalities will help stop violence against women, Denis Mukwege calls for "changing masculinity" to make it a vehicle for the promotion of gender equality. in armed conflict is an extension of the violence that we see in peaceful societies, "he argues. In-depth and long-term work even in the developed countries on parity. In France, he recalls, a woman dies every three days under the blows of her companion

Nadia Murad herself was a victim of ISIS. This young woman, 25 years old, a member of the Yezidi community, a minority in the Kurdish minority in Iraq, was kidnapped in 2014. Sold as a sex slave, she was later married several times to Islamist soldiers. His ordeal lasts three months before he can escape. If 4,300 Yazidies would have escaped or would have been bought from the IS, 2,500 would still be "disappeared", according to the International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH).

Having managed to escape, the young woman - whose mother and six brothers were killed - is fighting today for the persecutions of his family to be recognized as genocide. "I personally think that for the deaths and persecutions to stop and for justice to pass, the Islamic State group must be dragged before the courts.

But so far no member of this organization has been tried, so we still do not feel justice has been done to us.

As long as the members of the Islamic State will not be judged, in a few years, they will reappear under another name perhaps, ready to do the same thing again "underlined the young woman.

For the two winners, this prize is only the result of a fight but especially not an end in itself. Each based on examples in their country, Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad denounced Sunday at their joint press conference the indifference of the international community and impunity that continues.

"No member of the Islamic State has been brought to justice. They are no longer in Iraq but we see that the rapes continue as a weapon of war, "said Nadia Murad. "It really has to be done at one time or another".

What Nadia Murad has seen in Iraq since 2014, Dr. Mukwege denounces for almost twenty years in the Congo.

Both hope that this prize will help lift impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence.

The prize consists of a gold medal, a diploma and a check of 9 million Swedish crowns (approximately 1 million dollars or 872,000 euros).

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

ANTICIPATED LEGISLATIVES IN ARMENIA

PROVOKE BY THE PRIME MINISTER

LEAVING NIKOL PACHINIAN

Armenians vote Sunday in early legislative elections prompted by the reformist prime minister hoping for a majority to strengthen his power.

Polling stations, open from 08:00 local (04:00 GMT), will close at 20:00 (16:00 GMT).

Nikol Pachinian, a 43-year-old former journalist, arrived at the helm of this small country in the Caucasus after several weeks of peaceful protests against the government, which had been in power for more than a decade.

But Mr. Pachinian, does not control Parliament, still largely acquired from the Republican Party of the former President Serge Sarkissian. Appointed Prime Minister in May Nikol Pachinian resigned on 16 October to bring about the dissolution of Parliament and the holding of this advance poll. The vote was set for December 9, while the next parliamentary elections were only scheduled for 2022.

The former editor-in-chief of an opposition newspaper has promised the best elections in the former corrupt Soviet republic of the Caucasus. The polls credit the Pachinian led bloc of a comfortable majority in seats. In October, 41-year-old Hayk Marutian, a popular television actor who was also involved in massive spring protests, won over Yerevan City Hall, the capital, handily with more than 80 percent of the votes in favor of the contract party. of Mr. Pachinian.

"An unfinished revolutionary process and political uncertainty are hampering Armenia's economic development," said Nikol Pachinian, who is acting prime minister, at a rally of his supporters last week.

Since his arrival power, breaking with the old political class, he has made the fight against military or customs corruption up to schools a priority and advocates an "economic revolution" in a country where some 30% of inhabitants live below the poverty line

On the foreign policy side, the leader of the Armenian "velvet revolution" wants to strengthen the strategic alliance with Russia while intensifying its cooperation with the United States and the European Union.

Nine parties and two alliances are running in these elections. According to Armenian legislation, a party needs to collect at least 5% of voters' votes to be able to sit in parliament, while an electoral bloc must pass the 7% mark. The first results are expected Monday morning .

"Pachinian, it's a little bit all at once, journalist, Che Guevara, Prime Minister and Ghandi, but its legitimacy is very strong," said Alexandre Iskandarian, Caucasus Institute


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

ALGERIA BEATIFICATION OF TIBHIRINE MONKS

On Saturday, seven monks from Tibhirine are beatified in the Santa Cruz chapel in Oran, along with twelve other Catholic monks, including Bishop Pierre Claverie, who were also victims of Islamist terrorist violence in Algeria in the 1990s.

These religious refused to leave the country after decolonization and then during the decade of blood that hit the country. In 1993 Algeria plunged into the terror of a civil war that makes 150,000 to 200,000 dead.

The Islamist GIA is sowing terror and, on Christmas Eve, an emir asks the monks to leave the country. Their lives are in danger, but the religious decide to stay. Two years later, in 1966, seven of the nine Trappist monks of the Tibhirine community are kidnapped and murdered by the GIA.

This idea of ​​their official recognition by the Church sprang up about twenty years ago and in January of this year, the Pope signed the decree by which they were officially recognized as martyrs. As is the tradition of the Catholic Church, his blessed are celebrated where they lived.

It is a historic event for Algeria, for Christians living there as for the universal Church. "It is very rare that a beatification takes place so soon after the death of the people concerned and just as new that it affects a memory that is still so sensitive twenty years later," admitted Bishop Jean-Paul Vesco, when a recent conference organized at the Center Pierre Claverie, in Oran, in front of an Algerian public. In the name of "civil harmony" and national unity, this "black decade" of civil war is still taboo.

The decision of the Algerian authorities and in particular the Minister of Religious Affairs, Mohamed Aissa, to welcome the celebration is fraught with meaning. It testifies to a form of recognition for Algerians converted to Protestantism, a recognition of the Amazigh (Berber) identity of Algeria and pleads for a plural Algeria.

Through this exceptional beatification, a first in the land of Islam is also shown that men and women of the church were killed alongside Muslims who rejected radicalization and violence .

This exceptional beatification marks a step forward in interreligious dialogue.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE WORLD COVENANT

SAFE MIGRATION ORDERS

AND REGULAR IS IT RIGHT TO IMMIGRATION

On 10 and 11 December, UN member states are invited to sign a "global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration", adopted in July by all states, with the notable exception of the United States.

This text is the culmination of a process initiated by the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants of 19 December 2016, unanimously adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.

Several countries have already announced that they are freezing or postponing their decision. So some Eastern countries like Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, via Switzerland, Australia, Israel.

In Belgium the crisis in the Belgian government around the UN pact on migration worsened on Tuesday, the Prime Minister deciding to appeal to Parliament to circumvent the "blockage" of the Flemish nationalists of the N-VA.

The Flemish nationalists believe that Belgian judges could rely on the UN text to question the government's migration policy and their will to "ban illegal immigration". In Germany several organizations of the German far-right, including Pegida, marched Saturday in the streets of Berlin, yellow vests on the back, to denounce the "Pact of Marrakech".

In France, the Republicans and The National Gathering also oppose the signing of this text they accuse of wanting to encourage illegal immigration. For Republican Eric Ciotti sign the Global Compact on Migration is to open "a Pandora's box that will create a global call for air and a form of right to immigration."

Monday Marine Le Pen delivered a violent indictment against this pact, in which she sees the preparation of a "new stage in the organized submersion of our country". MEP Nord-Pas-de-Calais will join a meeting in Brussels on Saturday, organized by the leader of the far-right Flemish party Vlaams Belang, Tom Van Grieken. To the sovereignist Dupont-Aignant to demand a referendum on the subject.

Many "yellow vests" also denounce the UN text on social networks fearing "the big replacement" with "migrants arriving by the thousands". For Marine Le Pen the subject "was not so far from the popular revolt" of the "yellow vests".

Can the Marrakech Pact lead to more immigration?

This pact is intended to carry a series of values, also already formulated in the French Constitution or the Declaration of Human Rights. It posits the observation of a migratory phenomenon that has become unavoidable and enumerates a series of principles capable of making it a positive phenomenon, that is to say "to create favorable conditions that allow all migrants to enrich our societies through their human, economic and social capacities. The text has no legal value, no binding value.

Moreover, the sovereignty of each state in the matter of immigration is well reaffirmed: "The global pact reaffirms the sovereign right of states to define their national migration policies and their right to manage migration within their jurisdiction, in accordance with international law. . ". The right of States "to distinguish between regular and irregular migration" is also recalled.

The UN pact, the first of its kind on this topic, is limited to identifying principles and some 20 proposals to help countries cope with migration.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

REQUEST FOR THE EXTRADITION OF SUSPECTED SAUDIANS IN JAMAL KHAGGOSHI'S MURDER BY PRESIDENT ERDOGAN

Mohammed ben Salman, suspected of committing the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, was one of the most anticipated protagonists of the G20 meeting in Buenos Aires of the heads of state or government of the world's top twenty powers for a clarification. on the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

According to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Mohammed bin Salman reportedly gave "a hard-to-believe explanation" to the G20 leaders about Riyadh's role in the assassination Jamal Khashoggi.

While several countries, including Canada, the United States, France and Germany, have imposed financial sanctions against Saudis

"Suspected of being responsible or accomplices" in this case, only the Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau would have addressed the subject during the meeting of the leaders.

Turkish President Erdogan on Saturday (1 December 2018) called for the extradition of Saudi suspects in the murder of Ryad Jamal Khashoggi's critical journalist in Istanbul. .

So far, the Saudi prosecutor-general has indicted 11 people - out of a total of 21 suspects - and has been sentenced to death for five of them.

For Recep Tayyip Erdogan it is out of the question to trust the Saudi justice, he who argues that the order to kill the journalist and opponent emanated

"Higher levels" of the kingdom, while dismissing the responsibility of King Salman.

Saudi Arabia would obstruct the investigation by refusing to cooperate with Turkish investigators in their quest for information about this murder.

A secret report from the CIA intelligence agency quoted by the Wall Street Journal reportedly intercepted 11 messages sent by Mohammad ben Salman to his closest adviser, Saud al-Qathani, before and after Jamal Khashoggi's death.

Saud al-Qathani, who was supervising the 15 men sent to Turkey to kill the journalist, was later fired.

For the moment the content has not been disclosed but another communication was intercepted in August 2017 in which the Crown Prince would have told his advisers that if the efforts to convince Jamal Khashoggi to return to the kingdom remained in vain , "They could lure him out of Saudi Arabia and get along with him".

According to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, there is no direct evidence in this report implicating the Crown Prince.

Qatar's ally in the conflict with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan plans to regain control of regional power struggles.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

THE G20 OR A FACADE AGREEMENT

The G20 has finally succeeded in giving birth to the forceps of a 30-page final communique which, according to a European official, translates "no spectacular progress [but] no worrying decline either," a "statement of the leaders of the G20" on a "consensus for equitable and sustainable development", adopted Saturday in Buenos Aires.

If the diplomats have managed to build a consensus text, the communiqué however maintains the positions of each.

Thus all leaders agreed on "the necessary reform of the World Trade Organization (WTO)" while recognizing the "contribution of the international trading system" to growth and job creation as demanded by the world. 'European Union. The EU, the US and China have also recognized the need for the WTO to guarantee a "rules-based international order" to adapt to the 21st century economy. But in exchange Europeans have abandoned the term "protectionism" in the press release at the request of Donald Trump. For European diplomats, it was first and foremost about reaffirming the need for international rules in trade relations in the face of Donald Trump's protectionism.

As far as the climate is concerned, the status quo has been preserved. The United States remains out of play reiterating its decision to withdraw from the Paris agreement while the signatories of the Paris agreement remain committed to the fight against global warming and will meet again at the new UN conference on Climate Change (COP24), which begins this week in Katowice, Poland.

US President Donald Trump, on the sidelines of the G-20 High Mass, met at a working dinner with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping. This bilateral meeting enabled them to reach an agreement not to apply new customs duties after 1 January. Indeed, Washington, in its trade war against Beijing, planned to increase from 10% to 25% customs duties on 200 billion dollars of Chinese imports - half of the total - from 1 January. At the end of the meeting, the United States announced that they renounced this new tax component. In return, China pledged to further open its domestic market to US products, particularly agricultural and energy, to reduce the huge trade imbalance between the two countries.

It also agrees to discuss the respect of intellectual property protection or the forced transfer of technology for foreign companies based in China. Donald Trump hailed an "incredible and productive meeting opening unlimited possibilities for China and the United States," while Wang Yi, the Commerce Minister, spoke of a "win-win" outcome of this meeting.

But the White House has warned: the two countries must, within 90 days, agree on "structural changes" in their trade relations, otherwise "the tariffs of 10% will be increased to 25%", has warned in a statement the US presidency.

If Beijing and Washington managed to dialogue, it was not the same with Moscow. Donald Trump had canceled the bilateral talks scheduled for Saturday with Vladimir Putin highlighting the new tensions between Moscow and Kiev in the Straits of Kerch. The Russian president has certainly regretted that the US president has canceled their scheduled appointment on the sidelines of the G20 deeming "really necessary" to have a "real meeting with Donald Trump".

"The issues we need to discuss are very important. These are primarily the issues of strategic stability and then the issues [related to the problem] of the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, "he added.

On the other hand, the master of the Kremlin was threatening with an ultimatum at his closing press conference on Saturday. "The war will continue" in eastern Ukraine controlled by pro-Russian separatists as long as the authorities current Ukrainians "will stay in power", he warned. "The current Ukrainian authorities have no interest in settling the conflict, especially through peaceful means. As long as they stay in power, the war will continue. It is always easier to justify economic failures by war, "said the Russian president. What about the Minsk agreements? The Europeans, however, had asked him to ease tensions arising from the boarding of Ukrainian ships on Sunday by the Russian navy.

Certainly Donald Trump's unilateralism led to the adoption of a minimal consensus reflecting exacerbated power struggles.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

A G20 OF ALL HAZARDS

The G20 opened Friday (November 30th) in Buenos Aires, Argentina in a climate of multiple tensions. Like every year, it brings together the heads of state and government of the twenty first powers, the 19 states and the European Union, which account for 85% of the world's gross domestic product.

Trade disputes, the fight against global warming and the Russian-Ukrainian crisis should be debated in an increasingly fractured world where each country tends to fall back on itself. We are far from the sacred union displayed in November 2008 when the final communiqué extolled multilateralism to bring prosperity to the world shaken by the financial crisis.

Multilateralism undermined by Donald Trump

Indeed, ten years later, multilateralism is indeed undermined by Donald Trump and his policy "America First", the United States having withdrawn from the agreement on the Iranian nuclear program and the Paris agreement on the climate signed after the COP 21 conference on January 29, 2016. The United States, in an exacerbated protectionism, also denounce the World Trade Organization (WTO), favoring bilateral alliances. As a result of separate bilateral negotiations, Mexico and Canada have just concluded a free trade agreement with the United States to succeed the Alena.

On the front of the trade war between Beijing and Washington, which threatens the global economy, Donald Trump reiterated his threat to tax all Chinese goods imported into the United States. On 19 November, in Port-Moresby, Papua New Guinea, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) summit failed with the absence of a final communiqué after heated exchanges between US and Chinese officials .

Sino-US trade war

Saturday Donald Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping meet at a dinner party to try to stop a potentially catastrophic trade conflict for the global economy. "The risk is that of a tete-a-tete between China and the United States and a destructive trade war for all," warned the French head of state, Emmanuel Macron. The French president also warns about the risk of "disintegration of the WTO (World Trade Organization)".

Missed opportunity with Kremlin strongman

Taking everyone short, the tenant of the White House on Thursday canceled a bilateral meeting with Vladimir Putin. It was to be held on the sidelines of the G20 meeting and address the issue of the Ukrainian crisis, which has recently experienced renewed tension in the Azov Sea. Donald Trump refers to the escalation of tensions between Kiev and Moscow since November 25, when Russian coast guards boarded three Ukrainian warships in the Black Sea near the Crimean peninsula.

"Starting from the fact that the ships and sailors were not returned by Russia to Ukraine, I decided that it would be better for all concerned to cancel my previously scheduled meeting in Argentina with the President Vladimir Putin. I look forward to [participating] in a new constructive summit as soon as this situation is resolved! "Tweeted the US President. Cancellation of the bilateral meeting with the strong man of the Kremlin officially linked to the Ukrainian crisis but also motivated by domestic politics, namely the ever more threatening investigation into Russian interference during the Trumpian presidential campaign.

A fragile Europe

European leaders are facing this summit disunited and for some weakened in their own country. French President Emmanuel Macron faces a strong social protest over fuel taxes and the issue of purchasing power while German Chancellor Angela Merkel has suffered serious electoral defeats in the legislative elections. inside its own party, the CDU-CSU, it announced at the end of October that it would not stand for the presidency of its party. Italy, represented for the first time in the G20 by Guiseppe Conte, has seen not only its budget rejected by the European Commission but also its anti-migration policy criticized. Finally, let us note the political fragility of British Prime Minister Theresa May, whose future lies in whether or not the House of Commons adopts the Brexit agreement she has negotiated with the European Union.

The confrontation between Ukraine and Russia, reactivated by the boarding of three Ukrainian military ships off the Crimea on Sunday, threatens to have repercussions on the cohesion of Europe. The President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, said he was "sure" that EU sanctions against Russia would be renewed in December. "A vicious practice of the use of illegal unilateral sanctions and protectionist measures is spreading," said the Russian president. The crisis in Ukraine will be a test of the solidarity of Europeans likely to be relegated to the supporting roles at this summit.

The proposals to advance the fight against global warming, which France intends to defend in Buenos Aires, before the opening on December 2 the COP24 climate conference in Poland, also risk not succeed.

What attitude to Mohammed Ben Salmane ?

Since the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, and while the war is still raging in Yemen, what attitude to adopt towards Mohammed Ben Salman?

Although innocent by the justice of the Kingdom, which sentenced five executors to death, support for the Arab leader is not unanimous.

The US president seems to favor realpolitik arguing for low oil prices on world markets.

The latter is counting on the action of Saudi Arabia which, on the contrary, at the end of 2016 negotiated with Russia a reduction in its production for the price of crude back.

Emmanuel Macron has announced that he will meet the crown prince on the sidelines of the G20. For their part, the Argentine authorities fear violence in a country undermined by a long economic crisis so that the government has deployed more than 20,000 members of the police force

This summit promises to be tense. It is unlikely that the leaders will reach a joint declaration at the end of the meeting.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

IMPORTANT ELECTIONS

FOR THE FUTURE OF TAIWAN

Taiwanese voters are going to the polls this Saturday for local elections with test value for President Tsai Ing-wen, who is in trouble today. But citizens also vote by referendum on sensitive issues that plague Beijing. The official name of the island at the Olympic Games is in question in particular. This referendum raises the ire of the Chinese regime against the small rebel island that tries to save its identity and its democratic system led for two years by the separatists.

Tsai Ing-wen, elected in an overwhelming majority in 2016, is Beijing's hated president for her rejection of the "one China" principle. Separated since the end of the civil war in 1949, between communists established in Beijing and Kuomintang nationalists (KMT) refugees in Taipei, the two states have always refused to recognize their reciprocal legitimacy.

But the Chinese regime considers the island de facto independent as part of its territory may be annexed.

However, Tsai Ing-wen faces many difficulties due to unpopular reforms, such as lower pensions and stagnant wages. The polls predict a decline in its formation, the Progressive Democratic Party (DPP),

The battle for the mayor of Kaohsiung, a large port city in the south, crystallizes the stakes in this regard. Han Kuo-yu, candidate of the pro-Chinese party, is about to win the municipality, against a background of popular discontent.

A return of the Kuomintang (KMT), after 20 years of absence, would be a blow for the Taiwanese executive.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH OF AN AMERICAN KILLED BY THE TRIBE

SENTINEL

John Chau wanted to see the Sentinel tribe, the most isolated on the planet. As soon as he set foot on their island, he received a volley of arrows.

On November 16, John Chau, a 27-year-old globe-trotter from Alabama, was surrounded and killed when he arrived. He had paid fishermen to transport him to this place, located about 50 kilometers west of the town of Port Blair, but he had finished the trip alone by canoe.

The Sentinel Tribe

The Sentinels are self-sufficient hunter-gatherers, cut off from the outside world, on North Sentinel Island, in the Andaman Islands, an archipelago in the Indian Ocean attached to India. It would be the most isolated tribe on the planet with about 40 people. It would descend from the first human populations to have left Africa and lived in the Andaman for sixty thousand years. This people is also known to attack anyone who sets foot on his small island in the Andaman Sea. In 2006, two Indian fishermen whose boat had drifted off to the shores of North Sentinel had been killed.

The Indian state has now banned since 2010 to approach within five kilometers.

At once adventurer and missionary

The photos of John Chau's Facebook and Instagram accounts make him a young man, keen on travel. Some Indian media even say he was a missionary. "People thought he was a missionary because he talked about his faith. (...) But it was not one in the strict sense. He was an adventurer, "said Dependra Pathak, police chief of the Andaman Islands.

In a statement posted on the Instagram account of this adventurer the family says his sadness and details: "He loved God, life, help the needy, and had nothing but love for the Sentinels. ". "He was our son, brother, uncle and beloved friend. For others, he was a Christian missionary. In the press are reproduced excerpts from the diary of the deceased in the days before his death. The writings of the young man reveal that he had prepared this long and secret project, "in the name of God".

"My name is John, I love you and Jesus loves you"

On the eve of his death, he approached the Sentinels twice. He managed to give gifts to one of them, whose face was covered with "a yellowish powder". He would have even sang songs of praise to them. "I shouted to them My name is John, I love you and Jesus loves you," reads his diary. But a child shot him an arrow that got stuck in his Biblesi although the young man fled.

"You may think I'm crazy about doing all that but I think it's worth bringing Jesus to these people," he wrote to his family in a final letter written on the morning of his death. "It is not in vain - the eternal lives of this tribe are at hand and I can not wait to see them worship God in their own language. "

"I will return"

" I DO NOT WANT TO DIE ! He noted in capital letters, visibly shocked. "I could go back to the United States because staying here seems to mean certain death. "I'm going back (on the island). I'm going to pray that everything goes well, "say his last lines, dated from 6:20 am, November 16.

In his statement the family also calls on the authorities not to attack the Sentinels: "We forgive those responsible for his death (...) He ventured (on the island) on his own. "

Police opened an investigation. But how to repatriate the body of the American without causing a clash of civilization indeed breaking the voluntary isolation of the Sentinels?

Living cut off from the rest of humanity, this people would not have an immune system adapted to infectious agents brought by intruders.

In a statement, Survival International, an indigenous tribal protection NGO, denounced "a tragedy that should never have happened" while worrying about the health risks on this tribe. "It is not impossible that the Sentinels have been contaminated by deadly infectious agents [brought by the US traveler] against whom they have no immunity, with the potential to eradicate the entire tribe", s is alarmed the organization.

The Indian authorities are now ensuring the health of the Sentinels by observing the shore from a boat, anchored at a distance from the island.


Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

KASHOGGI CASE OR SAUDIAN HERRING PRINCE MBS OUT OF CAUSE

The Saudi prosecutor's office on Thursday demanded the death sentence against five kingdom officials accused in the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. According to the prosecutor's spokesperson, the journalist was killed on 2 October after being drugged at his country's consulate in Istanbul, where he was dismembered by five Saudi officials. The remains of the editorialist - 59 years old at the time of the facts - were then given to an agent outside the consulate, he added.

On Thursday, the Saudi public prosecutor also completely outlawed Mohamed bin Salman in the assassination of the journalist.

The powerful prince, dubbed "MBS," had no knowledge of the case, said the Attorney General's spokesman, in response to a question from a reporter. The deputy head of the Saudi service, General Ahmed al-Assiri, ordered Khashoggi to be brought back by force or by force. But the leader of the team of "negotiators" dispatched to the scene gave the order to kill him, he added.

Ryad also asks Ankara to sign a "special" cooperation agreement on the investigation, it is specified.

On the Turkish side, the tone was previously mounted, with statements by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan claiming to have communicated to the Americans records supposedly made at the consulate on the day of Jamal Khashoggi's death.

"They listened to the conversations that took place here. They know, "assured the Turkish president at a televised press conference. Mr. Erdogan had argued in a forum that the order to assassinate the Saudi journalist a tribune, that the order to assassinate the Saudi journalist emanated from "the highest levels of government".

If the Turkish president had dismissed the responsibility of King Salman, he had not absolved, however, his son, Prince Mohammed, regularly blamed by officials and Turkish media. Head of Turkish diplomacy Mevlüt Cavusoglu added that he was "not satisfied" by some explanations put forward Thursday by the Saudi court while calling to "reveal the real sponsors" of the operation.

This case has certainly tarnished the image of the Saudi conservative monarchy hitherto engaged - at the initiative of the Crown Prince - in a strategy of modernization and openness, through the announcement of economic and societal liberalization measures.

It has certainly weakened Saudi diplomacy, Ryad being on the defensive, especially in Yemen.

But "this case must not be closed in this way," Cavusoglu said.


Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

 

WAR AND FAMINE IN YEMEN NEAR 150 DEATHS

Washington et Londres ont demandé instamment que viennent le temps de la négociation au Yémen, alors que l'offensive à Hodeida a fait près de 150 morts ce dimanche. Ce bilan a été donné alors que les rebelles Houthis, soutenus par l'Iran , opposent une farouche résistance à la progression des forces progouvernementales appuyées par l'Arabie saoudite, a admis une source militaire loyaliste.

La ville portuaire de Hodeida sous des combats meurtriers

Des combats particulièrement meurtriers continuent ce lundi dans la ville portuaire de Hodeida, dans l'ouest du Yémen, au moment où Washington et Londres accentuent la pression sur l'Arabie saoudite pour que la coalition qu'elle commande dans ce pays cesse rapidement les hostilités. L'Arabie saoudite sunnite a pris en effet la tête d'une coalition militaire pour affronter la rébellion houthi qui avait a pris le contrôle d'une partie du Yémen. Cette une guerre qui divise la région a fait plus de 8750 morts, depuis mars 2015. L'Iran chiite ,de son côté, soutient militairement le soulèvement houthi. Soumis à un blocus imposé par Ryad, qui héberge le chef de l'État Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi en exil, le Yémen est confronté à la « pire crise humanitaire du monde », selon l'ONU. Pendant ce temps, la menace djihadiste s'est étendue, entre la concurrence d'Al-Qaïda dans la péninsule arabique (Aqpa) et de Daech.

Près de 600 morts depuis le mois de juin.

L'offensive lancée en juin s'est nettement intensifiée depuis le 1er novembre avec un bilan d'au moins 592 morts jusqu'ici (460 rebelles, 125 loyalistes et 7 civils), selon des sources militaires et des médecins.

Au moins 110 rebelles, 32 loyalistes et sept civils ont été tués ces dernières 24 heures dans les affrontements, dont certains se déroulent dans des quartiers résidentiels, ont indiqué lundi des sources militaires et hospitalières.

Hodeida, qui se situe sur la mer Rouge, revêt une importance stratégique  constituant le point d'entrée de plus des trois-quarts des importations et de l'aide humanitaire internationale dans le pays en guerre.

Le temps de la négociation a donc sonné

L'Arabie saoudite avait déjà essuyé de vives critiques pour les dommages collatéraux causés par les frappes aériennes faisant des centaines de victimes civiles. De plus le royaume sunnite est sorti considérablement ternie par l'affaire Jamal Khashoggi , du nom de ce journaliste assassiné le 2 octobre au consulat saoudien à Istanbul.

Le chef de la diplomatie américaine Mike Pompeo et son homologue britannique Jeremy Hunt ont estimé que le temps de la négociation était venu pour le Yémen.

, également ministre de la Défense, Mike Pompeo a explicitement appelé à « la fin des hostilités » au Yémen lors d'un entretien dimanche avec le prince héritier saoudien Mohammed ben Salmane. Il a exigeant que que « toutes les parties viennent à la table pour négocier une solution pacifique au conflit »

Sous la pression du Congrès, l'administration américaine de Donald Trump a confirmé que la coalition sous commandement saoudien au Yémen allait désormais effectuer elle-même le ravitaillement en vol de ses avions, assuré jusqu'ici par les Etats-Unis.

Pour le ministre britannique Jeremy Hunt, reçu lundi en Arabie saoudite, le conflit yéménite a connu un coût humain « incalculable » et sa résolution passe par une solution « politique ».

Le Yémen est le théâtre de la pire crise humanitaire au monde, rappelle régulièrement l'ONU, la famine guettant 14 millions de civils.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

MALAGASY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

THE RETURN OF REVENENTS

A few days after the presidential election in Madagascar, the former president of the Transition, Andry Rajoelina is ahead of his rival, Marc Ravalomanana, according to the still partial results published by the independent national electoral commission (CENI).

With 7,597 polling stations processed, of the 24,852 polling stations in the country, 30.57%, Andry Rajoelina still leads with 40.87% of the vote, followed by Marc Ravalomanana, 35.99%.

The outgoing President Henry Rajaonarimampianina meanwhile, collects 07.01% of the vote.

Marc Ravalomanana, 68, and Andry Rajoelina, 44, are wealthy businessmen, two former heads of state engaged in an endless battle.

The first was overthrown in 2009 after demonstrations organized by the second.

In the capital, Antananarivo, the protests turned to riot and were repressed in the blood.

Rajoelina, supported by the army, then took the lead of a "High Authority of Transition" which led the country for four years "a coup" denounced as a coup by the international community.

In 2013, for the sake of appeasement, the two rivals were banned from running in the presidential election.

This is the first time they have clashed at the polls.

If no one exceeds the 50% mark, a second round is planned to decide between the two leading candidates on December 19th.

Voting irregularities were reported that were denied by the Electoral Commission. Observers from the European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU) insisted Friday that claims will be "only" by the way legal.

This large island in the Indian Ocean, regularly destabilized by political and post-electoral crises since its independence from France in 1960, could perhaps experience stability after this presidential election.


Alyson  Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

ATTACK AT MELBOURNE BY THE ISLAMIC STATE AUSTRALIA

The Islamic State (IS) group claimed responsibility for the knife attack today in Melbourne, Australia, which killed one and wounded two, according to the jihadist organization's Amaq propaganda agency.

"The author of the operation (...) in Melbourne (...) was a fighter of the Islamic State and led the operation in response to calls to target nationals of the member countries of the international coalition US-led anti-jihadists, "said Amaq.

The police announced that they were treating the case as a terrorist attack.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

INTERPOL UNDER CHINESE PRESSURE

AFTER THE DISAPPEARANCE OF MENG HONGWEI

Jürgen Stock , Secretary General of Interpol, spoke to the press on Thursday, November 8 about the disappearance of his former president, the Chinese Meng Hongwei, during a trip to China in late September.

Accused of corruption by China, he sent a short letter notifying his resignation. The organization ended up "accepting" this resignation, as Jürgen Stock admitted: "If this country tells us: 'We have opened investigations, they are in progress, and the president resigns' (...) then we must accept it.

Finally, we have an idea of ​​how the organization manages this thorny case.

Back on the facts.

The international organization based in Lyon had finally announced the resignation of its president.

Beijing said the now-64-year-old ex-president, suspected of "breaking the law," was being investigated in China. Mr. Meng "has accepted bribes and is suspected of breaking the law," the Ministry of Public Security said in a statement, without providing any details on the charges.

This statement was presented as a report of a meeting held in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cell of the Ministry of Public Security (police).

The text did not specify whether the charges against Mr. Meng fell within his ministerial functions or those he exercised at Interpol.

It is Grace Meng, the wife of the president of Interpol since November 2016, who reported the "disturbing" disappearance of her husband to the French police, after several days without news. All the more disturbing because she had received the last message from her husband on September 25, when she arrived in China. And the content of this message: a simple emoticon representing a knife. No doubt for the wife Grace Meng that this was proof that her husband was "in danger"

The disturbing disappearance of Mr. Meng.

An anti-corruption campaign is raging in China whose multiple investigations have already sentenced more than 100,000 officials. These last ones were the weapon of the consolidation of the power of the president Xi Jinping. Xi Jinping's fight against corruption seems to know no limit. After star Fan Bingbing, the former president of Interpol's turn to pay the price ...

Faced with this situation, Interpol had asked China for explanations. "Interpol has asked the Chinese authorities for a clarification about President Meng Hongwei and is waiting for an official response regarding his condition," the secretary-general of the international organization said.

The management of the case or the silence of Interpol?

By way of clarification of Interpol's internal documents, of which Le Monde is aware, come to shed light on how the international organization has been managing the "disappearance" of its president, Meng Hongwei, for a month.

In October, Interpol took note of the letter of resignation from its president, sent by the Chinese authorities through its office in Beijing. Called "Letter of Resignation" and dated October 5, typed mail is only two lines long. "Suspected of breaking the law, I voluntarily resign from my position as President of Interpol," reads the document. But only the name of the typed Meng Hongwei appears on the said document, without a handwritten signature. Strange?

But the organization did not find it good either to ask the Chinese authorities for explanations or to suspect anything. The international police organization has received from Beijing only limited information on the fate of Meng Hongwei ...

Under heavy pressure from China, it appears that the police cooperation organization has refused to take positions that could upset the Chinese authorities. Beijing was indeed concerned about the communication of the world police organization on this issue. "Interpol is kindly requested to continue to coordinate with the Chinese authorities on communication on this subject and to provide the Chinese side with any information or commentary that may be made public by the organization or any of them. its representatives, " the Chinese Ministry of Public Security wrote, as the country forwarded the resignation mail attributed to Mr. Meng.

Interpol Secretary General Jürgen Stock spoke for the first time on Thursday, November 8: he said it was an "internal affair with China" . He felt that he had "no reason" to suspect that Meng Hongwei's letter of resignation could be "false or written under duress". He also recalled that Interpol is "not an investigative body" and that its mission "is not to govern the member states" .

A China economic and political behemoth inevitable

Meng Hongwei was the first citizen of Mainland China to lead a large international organization.

Mr. Meng, also vice-minister of the interior of a country known for the imprisonment without a fair trial of his dissidents and members of minorities considered "problematic" , or his corrupt officials or victims of factional struggles, would he be the victim of a political purge that seems to have accelerated since Xi Jinping came to power in 2012?

A warning sign of his difficulties: Meng Hongwei was dismissed in April from his Party committee to oversee the Ministry of Public Security, after the appointment in autumn 2017 of a new minister, Zhao Kezhi, ultraloyal to Mr. Xi Jinping.

Less than two years earlier, in November 2016, the election of a Chinese official to head the police cooperation organization of 192 states was greeted with skepticism by rights organizations. such as Amnesty International.

The disappearance of the 64-year-old cacique, who in turn fell into the net of Xi's fierce anti-corruption campaign, obeys a biting irony: while Meng was named to hunt down international criminals, he finds himself hunted down. ...

Beijing no longer deprives itself of asserting its imperious sovereignty, playing on its borders. "This case is about justice. This case concerns the international community. This case concerns the people of my country, "said the wife of former Interpol boss Grace Meng

But unfortunately! This case brings to light a relentless reality of international organizations hosting a growing number of Chinese officials. The latter remain primarily members of the party, to whom Xi asks again accounts.

The international community is facing a China that does not care much about Western criticism and asserts itself as a must-attend economic and political juggernaut.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN MADAGASCAR

The Malagasy elect this Wednesday their president for the first round of the presidential election. Three former heads of state are among the favorites in this country of turbulent political history.

Polling stations opened shortly after 06:00 (0300 GMT) in the capital.

The Malagasy Ministry of the Interior said this Wednesday, shortly before noon, that the participation rate is close to 40%.

If thirty-six candidates are in the running, including four former presidents, former prime ministers, a very popular singer or two pastors.

The campaign was dominated by the last three heads of state:

Marc Ravalomanana (2002-2009), Andry Rajoelina (2009-2014) and Hery Rajaonarimampianina (2014-2018) .

The latter also resigned in September to be able to run again, in accordance with the Malagasy Constitution requiring a president who presents himself to his own estate to resign 60 days before the first round.

The new interim head of state is Rivo Rakotovao to ensure neutrality of the state during the election period.

High-profile meetings were held by these three candidates during the campaign in a country plagued by poverty and corruption. The polls close at 17:00 (14:00 GMT).

If no candidate wins in the first round, the first two will meet for a second round on December 19, 2018.

An election that serves as a test in this customary Indian Ocean island of post-election and political crises.


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

THE MARTYRE OF CHRISTIAN ASIA BIBI

IN PAKISTAN

The case of Asia Bibi has an international impact by becoming a symbol of the defense of minority rights

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has acquitted Christian Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death for blasphemy in 2010, according to a verdict on Wednesday (October 31st). "She was acquitted of all the charges," Judge Mian Saqib Nisar said at the verdict.

Sentenced to death for a glass of water

Punjabi woman, Asia Bibi, farm worker, June 14, 2009 in the village of Ittan Wali, she drank water in a well supposedly reserved for Muslims. Muslim women accusing her of dirtying the water, this mother answered them and earned her the accusation of "blasphemy", an act punishable by the death penalty in Pakistan.

As soon as she was jailed, Asia Bibi was tried in November 2010 and sentenced to death by hanging. She appealed this decision.

Pakistani Supreme Court dismisses death sentence

When considering his appeal in early October, the Supreme Court justices seemed to question the merits of the prosecution. "I do not see any derogatory remarks about the Qur'an in the investigation report," Judge Saqib Nisar observed, while a second judge, Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, noted several points of non-compliance with the Qur'an. procedures.

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has acquitted Christian Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death for blasphemy in 2010, according to a verdict on Wednesday (October 31st). "She was acquitted of all the charges," Judge Mian Saqib Nisar said at the verdict, adding that she would be released "immediately". A Judges cited the Qur'an that "tolerance is the basic principle of Islam" , recalling that religion condemns injustice and oppression.

Despite her acquittal, this mother accused of blasphemy against the Prophet Muhammad remains in prison.

The ire of Muslim fundamentalists

Indeed in Pakistan, the story of this Christian strongly divides the opinion and demonstrations of Islamic fundamentalists began Wednesday after the announcement of the acquittal of Asia Bibi.

Blasphemy is an extremely sensitive subject in this very conservative country where Islam is a state religion. The law provides for the death penalty for those found guilty of insulting Islam.

This decision provoked the ire of fundamentalist religious circles who raged after this decision paralyzed the country for three days threatening the judges who ruled " The Pakistani Muslims will take the appropriate measures against the judges ... and lead them to a horrible end, " officials at Tehreek-e-Labaik Yah Rasool Allah Pakistan (TLY), an extremist religious group turned political party, have already said that blasphemy punishment is the reason for its existence.Clashes erupted between protesters and local police. Security had to be strengthened in Christian places of worship have seen their security strengthened. A true national psychodrama, so much so that Asia Bibi was forced to remain imprisoned, despite her acquittal.

Government yields to Islamists

After three days of sometimes violent protests in the country, the government has yielded to Islamist demands: it has banned Asia Bibi from leaving the country and agreed not to block a petition to review the acquittal judgment initiated by a religious. The petition was filed on November 1 with the relevant authorities in Lahore. Asia Bibi's lawyer was forced to flee Pakistan, fearing for her life.

On 4 November, the Pakistan Human Rights Commission said it was "dismayed" by the "government's inability to protect the state and the sanctity of the law," calling the agreement signed with the Islamists "Masquerade" after the "historic" judgment of the Supreme Court.

The family of Asia Bibi, threatened with death, seeks asylum in England, the United States or Canada to escape the violence of these extremists. The husband of Asia Bibi in a video message wishes that the whole family of the Christian can leave the country. "If Asia Bibi leaves the country, every member of her family, every person associated with her will be killed," said the president of the Pakistani Christian Association of Britain, who has been helping Asia Bibi and her family for years. .

Six days after his acquittal by the Pakistani Supreme Court, the fate of Asia Bibi remains uncertain. The Christian, symbol of the defense of the rights of religious minorities, is still in prison despite his acquittal.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

OUT-STANDARD PROCESS

BARON DRUG MEXICAN EL CHAPO

It is an unusual trial that opens on Monday in New York: that of Joachim Guzman. Extradited to the United States on January 19, 2017, the 61-year-old Mexican man led for 25 years one of the most powerful cartels in the world.

A kind of judicial epilogue for this great specialist of the escape which fueled his legend and earned him an international notoriety.

In 2016 is the last arrest of this sexagenarian ego excess in a villa in Los Mochis, on the Pacific coast, in his stronghold of Sinaloa. Extradited to the United States on 19 January 2017 in a Manhattan prison, "El Chapo" is no more than the shadow of himself: isolated in his cell 23 hours a day, after two escapes in Mexico, only his lawyers and his seven-year-old twins can visit him. Even his wife Emma Coronel, a 32-year-old beauty queen, is forbidden to visit.

This is the most powerful drug baron in the world who, at pre-trial hearings, could only speak to his lawyers. In his rare public statements, he only complained. "I suffer from headaches every day. I vomit almost daily. Two molars that were not treated me very much daily. Two molars that were not treated me suffer a lot , " he wrote in February in a letter to the judge responsible for his case, Brian Cogan. "I live a nightmare 24 hours a day."

The one also called "Le Courtaud" , a nickname due to its small size, about 1.67 m, is judged to have led for 25 years the most powerful drug cartel in the world. Prosecutors also claim to be able to demonstrate that he has sponsored at least 37 murders. They also claim to have a mountain of evidence of guilt at the eleven indictments, some 300,000 pages of documents, 117,000 audio recordings and a quantity of photos and videos. Many documents remain confidential as is the list of former associates, employees or rivals of Joaquin Guzman called to testify. Some enjoy the protection of the US government under new identities. Others are held in special prisons to prevent any retaliation.

The Sinaloa cartel headed by Joaquin Guzman has shipped more than 154 tons of cocaine and huge quantities of heroin, methamphetamines and marijuana to the United States, worth an estimated $ 14 billion. According to American prosecutors, "El Chapo" is the most powerful narco-trafficker since Colombian Pablo Escobar, who died in 1993. If he is sentenced, he faces life imprisonment.

The downfall is tough for the one who led 25 years in one of the most powerful cartels on the planet, former hero of the culture narco and "narcocorridos", these Mexican ballads that tell the leaders of cartels.

Born April 4, 1957 to a poor family in a mountain village in Sinaloa, northwestern Mexico, Joaquin Guzman worked from childhood selling oranges, sweets and drinks.

As he tells the actor Sean Penn during an interview in October 2015 supposed to remain secret but which will contribute to his arrest, he starts, teenager, to cultivate marijuana and poppy, for lack of alternatives. "The only way to get money, to buy food, to survive, was to grow the opium poppy, marijuana, so at that age, I started to grow and sell it. " , He confided to the American actor.

The chief of the cartel of Guadalajara Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo, nicknamed "the godfather" of the modern Mexican cartels recruits him. After the arrest of Gallardo in 1989, Guzman founded with three associates the cartel of Sinaloa, in a few years becoming an empire with European and Asian ramifications. "I supply more heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and marijuana than anyone in the world. I have fleets of submarines, planes, trucks and boats, " he boasted in the interview with Sean Penn, published in Rolling Stone magazine.

His fortune put him on Forbes magazine's list of the richest men in the world, before escaping in 2013 because of the expenses needed to protect him.

At least two of his sons are accused by US authorities of playing an "important" role in his cartel. Another son, Edgar, was shot in 2008.

Robin Hood helping the poor and ridiculing the powerful, El Chapo has also waged an ultra-violent fight against rivals, a war between cartels that still ravage Mexico today.

The selection of the jury must start this Monday, in camera, a measure reserved for the most dangerous criminals.




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

READER'S CORNER

AN OPEN LETTER TO ALL JOURNALISTS

Terrorism has taken a disturbing turn with the horrific murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi. Apparently the intent of this murder was to send a message to all journalists dedicated to thoughtful criticism of government. Therefore, what would be the most appropriate journalistic response to such blatant censorship? Is it to continue to report in good conscience, and risk brutal death? Or is it to step away from any controversial reporting and deny the truth to those who need to hear it?

There is yet a third response, one which carries no risk to those reporting it. That response would be to publicize a little known means of ending all war and terrorism once and for all: Invincible Defense Technology (IDT).

Throughout time, militaries have sought to achieve invincibility by applying ever-advancing technologies. History shows they have so far been unsuccessful. Adversaries inevitably devise methods to counter any system of offense or defense. However, there is a scientific, military field-tested solution which has arisen from the latest discoveries in the Unified Field theories of physics, neuroscience, and the social sciences--not from approaches utilizing weaponry, and not from the field of politics.

Invincible Defense Technology: A Non-Religious, Humane and Beneficial Approach

The practical components of IDT are the non-religious Transcendental Meditation (TM) and the more advanced TM-Sidhi programs. When large groups of experts practice these programs together, a powerful field effect of coherence and peace is generated that spills over into the surrounding population. This effect has been shown in extensive scientific research that has repeatedly confirmed measurable decreases in war deaths, terrorism, and crime.

Studies have also shown, for example, reductions in verbal hostilities and hostile acts, increased number of cooperative events, and other improvements in quality of life such as reduced accidents, hospital admissions, and infant mortality. These are all tangible signs of reduction of societal stress. Due to this research the non-profit organization Global Union of Scientists for Peace (GUSP) advocates this simple and cost-effective approach for reducing social stress (see: https://www.gusp.org/global-peace-summit).

In highly stressed areas of the globe, establishment of large groups of experts practicing IDT has led to increased prosperity and economic growth, including a decrease in the "misery index," an indicator of socioeconomic stress, and a significant increase in competitive growth. These positive changes in social trends have occurred concomitant with implementation of IDT approaches. This coherence-creating effect was documented on a global scale in a study published in the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. When large assemblies of civilian IDT experts gathered during the years 1983-1985, terrorism-related casualties decreased 72%, international conflict decreased 32%, and overall violence was reduced in nations without intrusion by other governments (summaries of this research are available at: https://davidleffler.com/2011/sapratableii). Due to these positive changes, militaries in South America and Africa are now actively field-testing this approach. They have already established IDT Prevention Wings of the Military to reduce crime, quell violence, create prosperity, prevent the rise of enemies, and create the conditions for lasting peace.

Invincible Defense Technology is Cost-Effective

For about the cost of a few modern fighter jets, any military could establish a group of 15,000 warriors trained in this advanced IDT approach.

This Prevention Wing of the Military would practice IDT programs twice a day in large groups, which would defuse social tensions not only in their country but also globally. Studies indicate that, once such a program becomes operational, societal conditions in their country and other countries worldwide will immediately improve.

The collective consciousness of all populations will rise through the influence of greater harmony and peace. Better solutions will occur to the people and their leaders for improving their own living conditions. Those who have engaged in violence will no longer do so. Studies have shown repeatedly that this method works--and will continue to work as long as the peace-creating group is maintained.

Implementation

The quickest and most effective way to implement this alternative would be for heads of states to issue an order to their militaries to deploy this new method. Once successfully implemented, a social phase transition would immediately begin in which the high societal stress which globally fuels crime, poverty, terrorism, and war would be alleviated. By greatly dissipating these formerly intractable problems nationally and globally, these heads of states would thereby be celebrated as great humanitarians and examples of global leadership.

Nothing Else has Worked.

Given the many approaches previously tried by world leaders that have not worked, including many inhumane actions, it is certainly worth giving this benevolent approach a try. It is simple, inexpensive, and has a track record of high success. Any country large or small could become the global leader of this cutting-edge brain-based technology. With IDT, their country would become invincible, they would be creating lasting peace worldwide, and their military would be globally respected and admired.

It’s Time for Journalists to Advocate Something New and Proven

Journalists have a responsibility to bring truth to the people; in their unique position they also have the capability to enlist the media in creating a better world for all. Here is an opportunity to ensure that Jamal Khashoggi and all others who have stood up for the truth have not died in vain.

About the Authors:

Arlene J. Schar is the Executive Assistant at the Center for Advanced Military Science (CAMS). Her husband Dr. David Leffler served as an Associate of the Proteus Management Group at the Center for Strategic Leadership, US Army War College. Currently, he serves as the Executive Director at CAMS (http://www.StrongMilitary.org).

By Arlene J. Schar et Dr. David R. Leffler  Mail Reader for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH PENALTY AND BLASPHEM IN PAKISTAN

OR THE ACQUITTLEMENT OF ASIA BIBI

The case of Asia Bibi had an international impact.

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has acquitted Christian Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death for blasphemy in 2010, according to a verdict on Wednesday (October 31st).

"She was acquitted of all the charges," Judge Mian Saqib Nisar said at the verdict, adding that she would be released "immediately". In practice, the release of Asia Bibi could take several days due to bureaucratic procedures, said the lawyer.

For a glass of water the death penalty !!

Punjabi woman, Asia Bibi, farm worker, June 14, 2009 in the village of Ittan Wali, she drank water in a well supposedly reserved for Muslims. Muslim women accusing her of dirtying the water, this mother answered them and earned her the accusation of "blasphemy", an act punishable by the death penalty in Pakistan.

As soon as she was jailed, Asia Bibi was tried in November 2010 and sentenced to death by hanging. She appealed this decision.

When considering his appeal in early October, the Supreme Court justices seemed to question the merits of the prosecution. "I do not see any derogatory remarks about the Qur'an in the investigation report," Judge Saqib Nisar observed, while a second judge, Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, noted several points of non-compliance with the Qur'an. procedures.

In Pakistan, the story of this Christian divides strongly opinion and demonstrations began Wednesday, after the announcement of the acquittal of Asia Bibi.

The anger of Muslim fundamentalists

Blasphemy is an extremely sensitive subject in this very conservative country where Islam is a state religion. The law provides for the death penalty for those found guilty of insulting Islam.

This decision angered fundamentalist religious circles who called for protests and threatened judges who ruled "Pakistani Muslims will take adequate measures against judges ... and lead them to a horrible end , " had already made known officials of Tehreek-e-Labaik Yah Rasool Allah Pakistan (TLY), an extremist religious group turned political party, who makes the punishment of blasphemy its raison d'être.

"The worshipers of the Prophet will not shrink from any sacrifice," they said.

A former Punjab governor, Salman Taseer, who defended Asia Bibi, was shot dead in the heart of Islamabad in 2011 by his own bodyguard.

Forced exile

In case of liberation, "Asia can not stay (in Pakistan) with the law" on blasphemy, had estimated in early October her husband Ashiq Masih, hosted in London by the Catholic NGO Aid to the Church in distress (AED) . The family of this Christian woman could no longer lead a normal life. "For us, life in Pakistan is very difficult, we do not leave home, we are very careful," said his daughter Esham.

Moreover, according to human rights defenders, the blasphemy law in Pakistan would often be diverted and exploited to settle personal conflicts: Asia Bibi was a symbol.

Despite Pakistan's willingness to fight violence related to accusations of blasphemy, this phenomenon is firmly rooted in Pakistani society.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

EXTREME RIGHT WIN ELECTIONS IN BRAZIL

T he "turning left" of Latin America has indeed lived. After the election of Sebastian Pinera in Chile, Mauricio Macri in Argentina or Ivan Duque in Colombia, it was Jair Bolsonaro's turn to win a landslide victory in the election in Brazil with a very large majority (55 , 1% of the vote) in front of the left-wing candidate Fernando Haddad (45%). Jair Bolsonaro will take office on 1 January 2019 in an extremely polarized Brazil after a tense campaign.

In a country plagued by record violence, economic sluggishness, rampant corruption and acute crisis of confidence in the political class, Jair Bolsonaro has managed to win. With its radical orientation of ultra-conservative morals and neoliberal on the economic front, Bolsonaro is the product of the economic crisis.

At 63, Jair Bolsonaro is by far the most extreme right-wing elected head of state in Latin America's recent history. He will succeed, for four years, the conservative Michel Temer, who withdraws on a rate of historical unpopularity after conducting a policy of austerity "I just congratulate the President-elect Jair Bolsonaro, I could perceive his enthusiasm, not only when he spoke to me, but also when he made his statements in favor of the unity of the country, the pacification of the country, the harmony of the country, " Temer said from his official residence in Brasilia.

"We are going to change the destiny of Brazil together," President-elect Jair Bolsonaro said in his first speech on Facebook on Sunday after the announcement of his victory. "We can not continue to flirt with socialism, communism, left-wing populism , "he added.

He also promised the Brazilians that his government "will defend the Constitution, democracy, freedom" , in his televised speech while in campaigning his Brazil should be according to him, cleaned and purified "delinquents" and "reds" . The former captain wished Sunday after his victory a Brazil which is "a great Nation, for all of us" , while in electoral campaign he said he wanted to govern "for the majority, not for the minority." Exit the Blacks, women, members of the LGBT community, but also leftist activists, Indians, members of the landless peasant movement (MST) and NGOs ...

Jair Bolsonaro has promised to bring back order, taking advantage of the collapse of traditional parties, undermined by the corruption and exasperation of Brazilians.

But his ability to govern will now depend on how he will build a strong majority around Parliament. In case of minority, he will preside by decree ...

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

A WOMAN PRESIDENT IN ETHIOPIA

For the first time, a woman is president in Ethiopia.

Ethiopian parliamentarians on Thursday (October 25th) unanimously announced, for the first time, a woman, Sahle-Work Zewde, the country's president, after the resignation of the man who until now held this essentially honorary post.

The career diplomat becomes the fourth head of state in Ethiopia. The adoption of the 1995 Constitution provides that a President may be elected for a maximum of two six-year terms.

This diplomat has a long career behind her: ambassador to France, to Djibouti, Senegal, then permanent representative of Ethiopia to the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), to obtain the post of special representative of the secretary General of the United Nations (UN), Antonio Guterres, to the African Union (AU).

She has been President of Ethiopia since October 25, an honorary function, but one that gives women a platform.

"In a patriarchal society like ours, the appointment of a woman as head of state is not only a sign for the future but trivializes the role of women as leaders in public life," he said. elsewhere claimed on Twitter Fitsum Arega, the chief of staff of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.

both Houses of Parliament first endorsed the resignation of President Mulatu Teshome, who had held this position since 2013 and resigned one year before the end of his term without providing any explanation.

For the observers this resignation would result from ongoing negotiations between the four parties forming the ruling coalition, the Revolutionary Democratic Front of the Ethiopian People (EPRDF).

If the President of Ethiopia is officially the Head of State, his responsibilities are essentially symbolic and honorary. Indeed, the prime minister, who represents the country in particular at major international summits, holds most of the power. In April, the EPRDF chose Abiy Ahmed as the new prime minister, for the first time from the largest ethnic group in the country, the Oromo.

A vast program of reforms is at work with the release of dissidents, the opening of democratic space and peace with neighboring Eritrea. He recently appointed a new government, in which half of the positions are held by women.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed nicknamed the "messiah" has continued to show his willingness to reform the country of 104 million inhabitants, on the edge of the precipice at the beginning of the year.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

AMERICAN SANCTIONS FOR THE KHAHOGGI CASE

"Khashoggi was the victim of a barbaric assassination. This barbarism can not be forgotten. Said President Erdogan on Tuesday, October 23 before Parliament.

"These sanctions will not be the last word of the United States on this issue," warned Mike Pompeo.

The United States on Tuesday (October 23rd) initiated the revocation of visas for Saudis involved in the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Kingdom's consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.

The cancellation of these residence permits is the first concrete decision announced by Washington against its long-standing ally. It targets 21 people, who are revoked or become ineligible for future visas, said Heather Nauert, the State Department spokeswoman. "These sanctions will not be the last word of the United States on this issue," warned Mike Pompeo.

The murder and its concealment are "a total fiasco ," he added.

The White House has been careful to point out how Riyadh has been an "excellent ally" of Washington for decades, and recalled that the Sunni kingdom was "one of the major investors in the United States."

The murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in his country's consulate in Istanbul was "savagely planned," a senior Turkish official said on Monday (October 22nd), adding that "substantial efforts" had been made to conceal it.

"We are facing a situation that has been savagely planned and consistent efforts have been made to conceal" this murder, Omar Celik, the spokesman for the ruling party in Turkey, told a news conference in Ankara ( AKP). This is an extremely complex crime , " added the spokesman.

"I hope that all the elements will be brought to light and that the perpetrators will be punished, so that these things will never cross anyone's mind again ," he continued.

For example, Turkish investigators are searching for Khashoggi's body and have searched the Belgrade forest, not far from Sultangazi.

Moreover, the Turkish press suspects the involvement of the Saudi Crown Prince: according to the daily Yeni Safak, close to power, a member of the commando who killed Khashoggi had repeatedly called the director of the office of Crown Prince, Bader Al-Asaker after the murder of the journalist.

"At least one of these calls was made from the Consul General's office , " the paper added. The US channel CNN has broadcast footage of CCTV showing, according to a Turkish official, one of the Saudi agents who left the consulate by a back door dressed clothes that was dressed Khashoggi on arrival, and a fake beard.

According to the Turkish official, this would be an "attempt to conceal" the idea that Khashoggi had indeed left the building as Ryad claimed after the death of the Washington Post columnist.

Finally, Turkish investigators have also discovered this Monday, October 22, a vehicle carrying a Saudi diplomatic license plate abandoned in a parking lot north of Istanbul: A black sedan carrying the diplomatic license plate "34 CC 1736".

These new statements come on the eve of revelations promised by the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan about this affair which undeniably tarnishes the image of Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed ben Salmane.

Turkey assured Monday that "nothing will remain secret" in the investigation.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

THE WORLD'S LONGEST BRIDGE BETWEEN

HONG KONG AND CONTINENTAL CHINA

DO NOT UNANIMOUS

X i Jinping, President of China, inaugurated Tuesday the longest sea bridge in the world. It connects Hong Kong, Macao and mainland China.

"I officially declare the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge open" Chinese President Xi Jinping inaugurated on Tuesday a gigantic 55-kilometer long infrastructure to link the Hong Kong island of Lantau, the former Portuguese trading post of Macao and the Zhuhai city. It consists of a motorway bridge over the waters of the Pearl River Delta and an underwater tunnel. A 55-kilometer long sea-side 2-lane highway, billed as "the longest sea bridge in the world," will connect Mainland China with Macau and Hong Kong.

China hopes to boost its trade with this new link. This bridge is expected to boost trade and reduce travel time between one of the largest financial centers on the planet and Las Vegas Asian. Journey Macao - Hong Kong in half an hour only.

But this bridge is not unanimous.

Indeed, some Hong Kong voices denounce the will of Beijing to establish its hegemony over the former British autonomous colony on the basis of the principle "One country, two systems" which had accompanied its retrocession in 1997. This bridge is seen as a bridge "Imperialist", the train station where security agents from mainland China are raging, having been denounced by Hong Kong. And for good reason, it is the first time since 1997 that Beijing applies its laws on a piece of semi-autonomous territory.

"The bridge connects Hong Kong with China a bit like an umbilical cord , " CNN member Claudia Mo, a member of the Hong Kong Legislative Council and pro-democracy activist, told CNN in May.

In addition, the construction of this large-scale building, begun in 2009, has been peppered with prosecutions for corruption, an explosion of costs and deaths: 10 workers reportedly lost their lives, according to the China Defense Association. rights of injured workers. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macaoa bridge has also been heavily criticized by environmental groups. The white dolphins of China have almost completely disappeared in Hong Kong waters, only 47 dolphins were spotted between April 2017 and March 2018 according to a government report.

An umpteenth maneuver from Beijing to increase its influence on Hong Kong?

In the meantime, another bridge project linking the two banks of the Pearl River further north was set up between Shenzhen and Zhongshan.

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

 

THE KHAHOGGI CASE OR A CALL OF MBS TO THE JOURNALIST JUST BEFORE HIS EXECUTION ?

Saudi Arabia finally acknowledged Saturday that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was killed inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, which Ryad denied until now. Saudi Arabia had hitherto declared that the journalist had returned from the Saudi consulate in Istanbul soon after entering it. But the new version of Ryad, which evokes "a fight" , does not convince the international community.

End of Saudi denial.

Saudi Attorney General Sheikh al-Mojeb issued a statement on the unfolding events: "The talks that took place between him and the people who received him at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul resulted in a fight and a brawl in punched with the citizen Jamal Khashoggi, which led to his death, that his soul rests in peace. "

The director of a pro-Saudi think tank, considered close to the kingdom, gave another version of the cause of death. "Khashoggi died from strangulation during a physical altercation, not a fist fight , " said the expert, Ali Shihabi, saying he relies on a high-ranking Saudi source.

Eighteen Saudi nationals were arrested for the time being and the investigation continues indicates a statement issued by the Saudi official press. According to a Saudi representative on Saturday, no order for kidnapping or assassination was given by the Kingdom, stating that Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman did not know that a specific operation would be conducted at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.

New revelations this Monday.

But according to the Turkish daily Yeni Safak , which reveals this new information on Monday, October 22, MBS would have had a telephone conversation with Jamal Khahoggi at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, where the journalist was kidnapped by fifteen men As soon as he arrived, these jailers allegedly passed Mohammed Ben Salman over the phone, and he tried to convince him to return to Riyadh. But Jamal Khashoggi, based in the United States, reportedly refused, fearing arrest and execution upon his return to Saudi Arabia. That's when his executioners killed him.

The Saudi monarchy itself does not deny the phone call, the latest official version of the authorities being that the commando was responsible for kidnapping the journalist to convince him to return to the country, but that he should release it in case of refusal.

Could this explanation still convince in view of the torture equipment available to the said commando?

Requests for clarification from Westerners and sanctions.

The UN Secretary-General said he was "deeply disturbed by the confirmation of Jamal Khashoggi's death , " according to a UN statement, and "stresses the need for a prompt, thorough and transparent investigation into the circumstances of the country. deaths " .

Even if the foreign minister of the kingdom, Adel Al-Jubeir, so qualified on Sunday, October 21, the death of the journalist of "monumental error" and does everything to minimize the facts, for his part, the American president wants to have any the light on this assassination after so many lies.

Donald Trump now evokes "lies" of Ryad. "There has obviously been deception and lies," he said in an interview Saturday at the Washington Post, a journal in which the exiled journalist has been working in the United States since 2017 after falling out of favor with Saudi power. "Their stories go off in every direction," said the White House tenant.

France stressed Sunday, with Germany and the United Kingdom, the "urgent need for clarification" on the facts. Berlin raises the tone: German Chancellor Angela Merkel calls for the interruption of arms deliveries to Ryad.

Finally, through the voice of his Prime Minister, Canada does not rule out the possibility of canceling a major arms contract with Saudi Arabia. Justin Trudeau, who appeared in a program broadcast Sunday night, but recorded Thursday, said his country intended "to always defend human rights, including with Saudi Arabia." Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland said on Saturday that Saudi explanations about the circumstances of the journalist's death were "not credible" and called for a thorough investigation.

Let's not forget that relations between Canada and the Saudi kingdom are more tense. Ryad had in fact announced in August the expulsion of the Canadian ambassador, recalled his and froze any new trade or investment with Canada, after the denunciation by Ottawa of the arrest of Saudi human rights activists.

After the probable murder of the Saudi journalist in Turkey, Westerners can no longer turn a blind eye to the nature of the Wahhabi regime and its Crown Prince MBS.

Sanctions? With what risk when we know that the Saudis now finance half of the G5 Sahel budget, supposed to strengthen the fight against the jihadist in this key region for Europe ?


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

WASHINGTON ANNOUNCED FOR ITS WITHDRAWAL

NUCLEAR AGREEMENT WITH MOSCOW

Donald Trump's United States is shaking up international relations and global stability. The Treaty for Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (the so-called "INF Treaty") was signed in 1987 by US and Soviet leaders of the day, Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev. In detail, this text, which became multilateral after the break-up of the Soviet Union (USSR), "obliges the two states to destroy all their ballistic and cruise missiles, launched from the ground with a range of between 500 and 1. 000 kilometers and those whose range is between 1,000 and 5,500 kilometers, " as summarized today by the United Nations (UN).

"Russia has not respected the treaty. So we will end the agreement and develop these weapons, " said the president of the United States " We will not let them violate the nuclear agreement and manufacture weapons when we are not allowed " , he said hammered. The Trump administration complains about Moscow's deployment of the 9M729 missile system, which Washington says has a range of over 500 kilometers, a violation of the FNI treaty.

According to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Russia has developed a missile, the Novator 9M729, comparable to Russian short-range sea-to-surface missiles capable of striking a target at a distance of 500 to 5,500 km. forbids the INF Treaty. This treaty, by abolishing the use of a whole series of missiles ranging in scope from 500 to 5,500 km, had put an end to the crisis triggered in the 1980s by the deployment of the Soviet SS-20 with nuclear warheads targeting Western capitals.

Moscow accuses, in turn, Washington of having undermined the INF Treaty.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said the withdrawal, if confirmed, would be a very dangerous move by Washington. For Sergei Riabkov, the US administration uses the INF treaty to blackmail Moscow and endangers international security. "This would be a very dangerous step, which I am sure will not be understood by the community. and even win serious condemnations, " Sergei Ryabkov told the Russian state agency TASS.

This withdrawal is motivated by the Americans' "dream" of dominating the world alone, a source at the Russian Foreign Ministry quickly responded, accusing Washington of "deliberately" undermining the deal over the years. The White House "has been approaching this step for several years deliberately destroying and step by step the basis of this agreement," said the source, quoted by the three major Russian news agencies.

"This decision is part of the American policy of withdrawal of international legal agreements that give it as much responsibility as its partners and therefore undermines the idea of ​​its own exception. "

The US withdrawal "is the second biggest blow against the entire global stability system," said a Russian senator, Alexey Pushkov, the first being the withdrawal in 2001 of the ABM treaty on anti-ballistic missiles . "And again, it is the United States who take the initiative to dissolve the agreement," he continued on Twitter.

"This is a way of presenting Russia with an ultimatum," said the deputy foreign minister. "We reject these methods, which are becoming more and more frequent in American policy towards Russia. We will obviously not accept such ultimatums or such blackmail ".

John Bolton the uncompromising

Donald Trump made the announcement even as his national security adviser, John Bolton, was preparing to travel to Moscow on Saturday to "continue" the controversial dialogue begun in July between the US President and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin. The adviser, known for his firm positions, had planned to meet from Monday the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sergei Lavrov, and the Secretary of the Security Council, Nikolai Patrushev.

According to the Guardian, it is the gunman John Bolton himself who is pressuring the US president for a withdrawal from the INF treaty. It is also he who blocks any negotiations for an extension of the New Start treaty on strategic missiles, which expires in 2021 and that Moscow seeks to extend.

While the President of the United States promised, before his election to renew relations with Russia, they are increasingly tense between Washington and Moscow, amid accusations of Russian interference in the elections. -Atlantic. On Friday, a Russian was charged by US justice for interfering in the November 6 US parliamentary elections. Suspicions of collusion with the Kremlin have also weighed on his campaign team since 2016. The Kremlin, for its part, has accused the White House of having "fabricated" these accusations to impose new sanctions on Russia.

In July, Donald Trump was extremely conciliatory about Vladimir Putin at a joint press conference in Helsinki after their first bilateral summit in Finland.

On 11 November, the two Presidents will meet in Paris for the commemoration of the end of the First World War.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

CONSEQUENCES OF ASSASSINATION

DE KAMAL KHAHOGGI

Sordid details of Jamal Khashoggi's disappearance.

Two weeks after the death of Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi journalist critic of power, the light begins to be made on the unfolding of the macabre events.

Disappearing since October 2 after visiting the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, the journalist was allegedly tortured and murdered, according to a Turkish daily.

Turkish officials accused Ryad of having the journalist murdered by a specially dispatched team. Some media, including the Washington Post , for which Jamal Khashoggi wrote, had previously reported the existence of audio and video recordings proving that the journalist was "interrogated, tortured and then killed" inside the consulate, before his body not dismembered.

A medical examiner, identified as Salah al-Tubaigy and one of the 15 or so Saadis rushed by Ryad to Istanbul that day according to several media outlets, then began to cut out Jamal Khashoggi's still-living body, according to the source. of Middle East Eye.

How was Jamal Khahoggi disturbing for MBS?

Jamal Khashoggi was disturbing: more than a journalist Jamal Khashoggi was above all a very close adviser to one of the princes eliminated by MBS in his run to power: Tourki al-Faisal, who was for 22 years boss of the intelligence services Saudis. He was also close to Al-Walid bin Talal, the wealthy prince who was imprisoned at the Ritz Carlton (when dozens of Saudi princes and businessmen were arrested for corruption in 2017). This journalist knew the wheels of power.

In addition exiled because he had fallen out of favor at the court, he took the counterpoint of MBS, especially his idyllic vision of Saudi Arabian before the 1970s. He criticized more and more openly the methods of MBS. If he applauded the reforms announced by the Crown Prince, he judged his unworthy methods. For him, this was not how Saudi Arabia could evolve. In his writings, he denounced the massive imprisonment and brutality of the prince.

The ambiguous reaction of the United States.

Yet on the footage of his meeting with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Tuesday, October 16, in a palace in Riyadh, Mohammed Ben Salman appears smiling and relaxed as the Saudi Crown Prince plays his political future in the media hurricane raised by the disappearance of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Indeed the operation could only have the latter as the ordering party.

It was only under international pressure demanding "a credible and transparent investigation" that the kingdom agreed to conduct full investigations.

Saudi leaders "have pledged to hold everyone accountable for their investigation , " said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, sent to Ryad to defuse the case.

According to CNN, Saudi Arabia is even considering recognizing that Jamal Khashoggi died during an interrogation that went wrong at the consulate in Istanbul. And for the Wall Street Journal , this would allow the royal family to "get rid of direct involvement" in the eventual death of Jamal Khashoggi.

US President Donald Trump said Tuesday he spoke to Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman who promised him a "full" investigation into the disappearance of the Saudi journalist

Donald Trump, a great ally of Saudi Arabia, on Monday for the first time estimated the possible involvement of Ryad in the disappearance of Jamal Khashoggi. He warned that there will be "severe punishment" if Ryad is responsible. What triggered the ire of the kingdom. " We totally reject any threat or attempt to weaken (the kingdom), whether through threats to impose economic sanctions or the use of political pressure , " said a senior unidentified Saudi official, quoted by the Saudi press agency SPA.

Answer by Donald Trump who wants to spare the prince: "The king (of Saudi Arabia) has firmly denied knowing anything (...) I do not want to speculate in his place but it seemed to me that, maybe to be, that could be the fact of uncontrollable elements. Who knows ? He insinuated.

Could the kingdom, however, count on the support of the American president?

Donald Trump said on Wednesday that the United States needs Saudi Arabia in the fight against terrorism, insisting on the importance for the US economy of arms contracts with Ryad. Does he wish to distance himself from the Sunni kingdom, a longtime ally of the United States? "No, I do not want it and, frankly, we have a huge (armament) contract worth $ 110 billion," he said. "Senators come to me and say that we should not take this contract. But who are we going to hurt? That's 500,000 jobs, " he said.

Even in the ranks of the US Republican Party is rebelled against the methods of Crown Prince nicknamed "MBS". "This guy is a demolition machine," said Senator Lindsey Graham in an interview with Fox News . Nothing happens in Saudi Arabia without him being informed. It is a toxic individual. He can not become a leader on the world stage. "

A UN inquiry requested .

Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders and the Committee to Protect Journalists called on Turkey to call for a UN investigation into the Khashoggi case. "The involvement of the United Nations is the best guarantee against a desire to launder Saudi Arabia or against attempts by other governments to ignore the problem in order to preserve lucrative trading relations with Riyadh," said Robert Mahoney, Deputy Executive Director of the Committee to Protect Journalists, in a statement.

What consequences can this case have for Saudi Arabia?

This disappearance with global repercussions could have a significant impact on the program of reforms, especially economic, put forward by the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. Sunday, the Ryad Stock Exchange has unscrewed more than 7%, its most serious decline in three years, before ending the session at -3.5%.

The cascading defections recorded by the "Saudi Davos", an economic summit scheduled for 23-25 ​​October in Riyadh, constitutes an additional disavowal of MBS. The CEO of BlackRock, the largest portfolio manager in the world, President Christine Lagarde of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), or the French Minister of the Economy, Bruno Le Maire, Bill Ford, the Ford Executive Chairman, Richard Branson , billionaire British founder of the Virgin group, Ariana Huffington, boss of "Thrive Global", or several media groups (CNN, Bloomberg, The Economist, The New York Times, CNBC or the Financial Times ...) canceled their visit to the big economic conference organized in Ryad the "Future Investment Initiative" serving as a showcase for the economic reforms launched by the Crown Prince.

Steven Mnuchin, secretary of the Treasury, announced Thursday that he would not attend the economic conference held in Riyadh, to mark the tense attitude of Washington against Ryad.

And the economic consequences of this scandal could be heavy for the kingdom ... but also for "MBS".

The Crown Prince weakened in his own country?

Crown Prince Mohamed Ben Salmane, a strong man in the Riyadh regime, may also be weakened in his own country. According to Le Figaro , a committee of the sages of the royal family has been meeting for several days in Riyadh, in the utmost discretion. This body would be responsible for settling the succession problems within the Saud family. But "MBS" being targeted by the vehement protests chancelleries caused by the scandal, the royal family would consider appointing a vice-crown prince to assist Mohammed Ben Salman.

A form of royal disavowal with regard to this young prince?

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

KHAHOGGI CASE OR

HOW TO MINIMIZE THE FACTS

US media reported Monday night that Saudi Arabia was considering recognizing the death of the 59-year-old journalist during an interrogation at the consulate.

According to CNN, which quotes two anonymous sources, Ryad is reportedly preparing a report attempting to minimize his involvement in the disappearance. According to one source, the report concludes that the operation was conducted "without authorization or transparency" and that "the persons involved will be held responsible".

According to the Turkish daily Yeni Safak, a sound recording proves that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was tortured and "beheaded" at his country's consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, the newspaper said on Wednesday.

The Turkish daily, which announced that it had access to sound recordings, gives details of the hell that Jamal Khashoggi would have gone through; tortured during an interrogation his fingers were cut by Saudi agents. He was later "beheaded ", according to the pro-government newspaper, which does not specify how he had access to these recordings.

Other media, such as the Washington Post for which the Saudi-based journalist wrote, had also reported the existence of audio and video recordings proving that the columnist was "interrogated, tortured and then killed" inside the consulate, before being dismembered.

Still according to the Turkish daily, Yeni Safak, we hear the voice of the Saudi consul, Mohammad Al-Otaibi "Do this out, you will draw me problems," said the consul. To which an unidentified individual answers him: "if you want to live when you come back to Saudi Arabia, shut up" . Mohammad al-Otaibi left Istanbul on Tuesday.

Added to this information are those of the Washington Post , which estimates for its part that eleven of the fifteen suspects have links with the Saudi security services.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who was dispatched to Riyadh on Tuesday by Donald Trump to learn more about the affair, spoke with several Saudi leaders. According to him, they "have promised to hold accountable each of the people whose investigation has shown that it must be held accountable," said Mike Pompeo to journalists .. To the question of whether this commitment was valid even for a no one, a member of the Saudi royal family, the head of the American diplomacy replied: "They made no exception regarding those to whom they would demand accountability" . insisted Pompeo.

"They understand the importance of this problem, they are determined to go all the way," insisted Pompeo.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

WILL MACEDONIA CHANGE NAME ?

The Macedonian parliamentarians started on Monday the examination of the ratification or not of the agreement with Greece. To rename the country

Macedonia could be called "Republic of Macedonia of the North".

But the battle is going to be tough for Social Democrat Prime Minister Zoran Zaev, who signed the agreement in June with his Greek counterpart Alexis Tsipras: backed by the Albanian minority parties (20-25% of the 2.1 million residents), its coalition does not have the two-thirds majority required to amend the Constitution. He must convince a dozen deputies of the opposition right (VMRO-DPMNE).

Since the independence of its small neighbor in 1991, Greece believes that the name "Macedonia" can only apply to its northern province around Thessaloniki. It vetoes the integration of the small Balkan country into NATO and blocks the accession negotiations to the European Union.

The referendum of September 30, which the Macedonian government wanted to consult, did not offer Zoran Zaev a strong political legitimacy to attract opposition MPs whom he would like to convince not to put up opposition he would like to convince. not to jeopardize the stowage in the west of this poor and landlocked country of the Balkans.

The "yes" has won more than 90% among voters , but the participation rate was only about 37%, far from the 50% required by the Macedonian Constitution for the result of a referendum to be valid.

The abstention was fed by obsolete lists, a strong diaspora but also the boycott observed by a large part of the opposition.

In Parliament, "there will not be a two-thirds majority, do not expect it!" Warned a VMRO-DPMNE official, Trajko Veljanovski. Another party executive, Ilija Dimovski, is more cautious: "We'll see what happens, but the VMRO-DPMNE deputies, or most of them, will not support the agreement."

The amendments to the Constitution provide for the change of name, but also the affirmation of respect for the territorial integrity of the neighbors, and the clarification that support for Macedonians abroad is "cultural, economic and social" and not political .

In case of failure, Zoran Zaev announced the immediate convening of early parliamentary elections.

Time is running out: everything should be theoretically completed by the end of 2018. The prospect of elections in Greece in 2019 is an additional mortgage, as they are delicate for Alexis Tsipras, craftsman of the agreement with Zoran Zaev.

In case of failure, Macedonia would be pushed to isolation. As early as July, Alexis Tsipras had warned that, in the absence of a constitutional revision, "the invitation of NATO is canceled and the negotiations with the EU do not move" . This "chance will not be repeated," warned Zoran Zaev, calling on the opposition to "take responsibility."

"There is no plan B", NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg repeated on 8 October in Serbia: "The only way to become a member of NATO for the country is to agree with Greece on the question of the name ".


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

AFTER THE KHAHOGGI CASE

MOHAMMED BEN SALMANE THE DICTATOR ?

The disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, significantly tarnished the image of Mohammed bin Salman (MBS), the Saudi Crown Prince.

And for good reason.

He who wanted to pass for the modernizer of a long-sclerotic society would not have hesitated to make disappear Jamal Khahoggi, Saudi journalist fallen in disgrace to the court and exiled in the United States.

This sordid affair of which we may never know the whole truth, is only the result of a long list of drift of MBS.

It is true that MBS has implemented certain reforms, such as the driving license granted to women, the creation of a business for these women without the authorization of a tutor, the opening of cinemas, the presentation of a television newscast by a woman. Symbolic reforms that have been hailed by the West.

Why engage in such symbolic reforms?

This was to prepare his Vision 2030 plan which tends to diversify the economy of a country with a budget deficit.

Faced with the prospect of the end of all oil, Saudi Arabia has indeed embarked on a major reorientation of its economy, in a broad diversification to no longer depend on black gold. This country does not hesitate to want to seize the most innovative technologies to invest billions of dollars in Pharaonic projects. The megacity Neom: everything will be modern and innovative according to the project presented on the site Discoverneom.com.

The Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman al-Saud plans to have the Red Sea in the north-west of the country built in an area that is deserted.

"Only dreamers are welcome," proclaimed the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia by unveiling his pharaonic project. A project of not less than 500 billion dollars ..

But now the Khahoggi affair could reveal the extent of MBS's deception.

"The dreamers" are forced to go down to earth.

A year ago, on October 26, 2017, at the "Davos of the Desert", MBS presented himself as the man through whom change was to be made to modernize and open his country and international investors who had believed ready to participate in the Vision 2030 plan and also to finance this Neom pharaonic project. MBS had convinced them all.

A year later, with the case of Jamal Khashoggi, investors are cautious, rather cautious. MBS, considered a despot, ambitious, impetuous, today presents a face that is not at all appreciated by investors. British billionaire Richard Branson has not frozen several projects in the kingdom. Partners such as the Financial Times, the New York Times and The Economist have withdrawn their support for the second edition of the Future Investment Initiative summit to be held from 23 to 25 October in Riyadh. The disappointment seems hard for Westerners.

And yet the experts denounce the many excesses of the Crown Prince.

For a year and a half, since he was knighted by his father Crown Prince, in place of Mohammed ben Nayef, he has indeed made many mistakes.

In September 2017, there are intellectuals, moderate religious and also human rights activists who are thrown into prison. That's when Jamal Khashoggi decides to go into exile in the United States.

Then there is the case of the Lebanese President Hariri forcibly withheld in Saudi Arabia which constitutes a serious obstacle to the sovereignty of Lebanon.

Then, on May 18, there were the arrest of thirteen human rights activists, including women activists with the right to drive and the abolition of tutoring.

It is this wave of arrests that brought a stop to the reform policy initiated by MBS. His true face appeared, that of some call him "dictator".

And then there is the war in Yemen provoked by the young prince in March 2015. Three and a half years and 10 000 deaths the worst humanitarian disaster in the world at the beginning of the 21st century.

According to Clarence Rodriguez, investors become "cautious" to support the country's development.

Pending the investigation of the death of journalist Khahoggi advance and that everyone takes responsibility, Saudi Arabia Mohamed Ben Salmane, who plays the card of modernity internationally, has clearly not arranged his image with this case. The execution of Jamal Khashoggi has cooled more than one.

The one who wanted to be a reformer, a modernizer of a society long ossified by centuries-old traditional religious and cultural principles has deconstructed himself his image prefabricated by communication and lobbying societies.

MBS has revealed its true face to Westerners who are sometimes deliberately naive ...

Donald Trump has promised "severe punishment" in case of proof of Saudi Arabia's responsibility.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

KHAHOGGI CASE: TOWARDS A DIPLOMATIC ADVANCE TO MAKE UP THE FACTS?

According to CNN and the New York Times, citing unidentified sources, Ryad is about to admit that the Saudi journalist and opponent was killed during an interrogation that went wrong.

Sources in the US news channel say the statement is still in writing.

One source said the ad is still being written and can still be edited, adds CNN. The second source explains that the operation was carried out without the necessary authorizations and that the persons involved will be held responsible.

Ankara and Washington

Although he says he is waiting for the result of the investigation before taking a decision, the Turkish president wants to see the emergence of a "reasonable point of view" quickly . He does not hesitate to put pressure on Riyadh. "This incident took place in our country. We can not remain silent, " Recep Tayiip Erdogan said after asking the Saudis to " prove " that Jamal Khashoggi had left the consulate.

A sound recording shows that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was killed at his country's consulate in Istanbul. The Turkish police have also searched the building of the Saudi representation and plans to search the residence of the consul. Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that the investigation was moving towards toxic substances.

The two countries have had strained relations since June 2017, when Turkey sided with Qatar in the latter's conflict with its Gulf neighbors.

For his part, Donald Trump promised a "severe punishment" if the Saudi responsibility was confirmed without specifying what sanction could be imposed. The US president has also said he will not question the military relations between his country and Saudi Arabia, their largest client in arms sales. "I do not want to speculate in the place of the king (of Saudi Arabia, Ed) but it seemed to me that, perhaps, it could be the fact of uncontrollable elements. Who knows? " Said the President of the United States on Monday.

US PM Mike Pompeo met for 20 minutes with King Salman on Tuesday in Riyadh. He also met the young Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, considered the strongman of the kingdom.

He said Ryad and Washington were "strong and old allies " before adding, "We face challenges together, whether in the past, today or tomorrow."

Ryad

The Wahhabi kingdom belies the thesis of assassination. Riyadh agreed to participate in the investigation. Sending a Saudi delegation Friday in Turkey and opening Monday an internal investigation "on the basis of information collected by the joint team , " said a member of his administration.

Saudi Arabia, however, warned that it would respond in the event of economic sanctions related to the Khahoggi case.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

TAYLOR SWIFT A POLITICAL BOMB

Kanye West, Michael Moore ..., celebrity public statements are multiplying to support candidates in mid-term elections and encourage Americans to vote.

Singer Taylor Swift came out of his silence but amazed more than one American! She formalized on her Instagram account her support for Democratic candidate Phil Bredesen in his state, Tennessee.

And Taylor Swift calls his fans to vote on November 6: "Go out and go vote" .

The artist's hitherto unobtrusive stance on his political views has been like a bombshell in the state of Tennessee, where more than 13,000 people signed up in 72 hours, against barely 3,000 last month as in the whole country.

"I have been reluctant so far to express my political views (...) but I think differently now," said Taylor Swift, with 112 million subscribers on Instagram, in a long post.

The young woman defends the fight against discrimination related to gender and sexual orientation.

She denounces a "systemic" racism.

Two days later, the interpreter of the hits Bad Blood and I Knew You Were Trouble adds, this time on the set of the America Music Awards, in Los Angeles (California).

Receiving the artist award of the year in her hands, Taylor Swift addresses her award "to the people, who voted for all these awards". "And you know what else to vote for?

For the mid-term elections, November 6! " Says the 28-year-old artist " Go out and go vote - I love you "

But the Republicans, they do not jubilant and are taken aback so that the Senate committee Republican has eagerly spread a press release particularly critical about it.

"In case you do not know, multimillionaire pop star Taylor Swift has come down from her ivory tower to tell hard-working Tennessee residents to vote for Phil Bredesen," the committee says , while openly criticizing the Democratic candidate.

Even Donald Trump has stepped up to the plate. "I'm sure Taylor Swift knows nothing about her [Marsha Blackburn]. Let's say, now, I like Taylor's music less , " the US president tapped on Tuesday after being questioned on the subject.

And most disappointed those who claim to be as white nationalists because she passed for the darling child of "alt-right" with his country music adulated because it is white and from a conservative environment in the south of the country.

A way to turn one's back on the supremacists and to assert one's own political opinions.

With her commitment to the #MeToo movement and her stance on enhanced gun control, supporting the "March For Our Lives" campaign - after Parkland- Taylor Swift has gained a presence on the political scene.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

HAS THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF FRANCOPHONIE LOST HIS SOUL

The summits of the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF) have their obligatory passages, including the celebration of the large family which, on the five continents, has "this language in common" , according to the formula. Some 40 heads of state and government and representatives of the 84 members of the OIF came to the Armenian capital for the 17th summit of La Francophonie.

Everyone went there to defend the French language as a tool for reconciliation between peoples. "This is a family with dimensions of the planet," said the head of the French State This language that "unites us, he says , everyone speaks it with its particular accents and turns."

Over the past 50 years or so, La Francophonie has strengthened or expanded its missions affirming as a political and diplomatic Francophonie. "It is under your leadership that we have equipped ourselves with normative texts and demanding references on the practice of democracy, rights and freedoms in the French-speaking world, as well as on conflict prevention and human security". insisted Michaëlle Jean.

"The battle of the ladies"

But the real subject in every head, it is indeed the duel for the general secretariat of the organization, the " battle of the ladies" which pays this year the chronicle, and which should lead to a victory of Mrs Mushikiwabo. In effect, the probable appointment of Rwandan Louise Mushikiwabo to the General Secretariat of the International Organization of La Francophonie, replacing the Canadian Michaëlle Jean, who will not be reappointed, released at the last minute by Ottawa and Quebec, for "To join the consensus," confirmed the spokesman of the Minister of La Francophonie Melanie Joly.

For some, the candidacy of Louise Mushikiwabo is not justified in the context of a unifying Francophonie.

Indeed, this candidacy, raised by France and then taken up by Rwanda before being supported by the African Union, is thoughtful considering the historical liabilities between the two countries. Moreover, since the beginning of the 2010 academic year, Kigali has made English the only language of public education, replacing French for the following year, while remaining a member of the OIF, joining the Commonwealth, thus becoming all First French-speaking nation to join the states of the former British colonial empire. Finally, observers worry that President Paul Kagame has been re-elected to the head of his country with 98% of the vote in 2017, after a revision of the Constitution that allows him to potentially remain in power until 2034. state of affairs is worrying, with more and more African presidents trying to follow this example (in Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi, Burkina Faso, Congo, Brazzaville, Cameroon and Chad, among others)

For which missions?

In fact, there is the question of the mission of the OIF. Does the Francophonie still have French in common? And what is the purpose of his institution, the International Organization of La Francophonie?

If "the Francophonie must be the place of contemporary recapturing" , Emmanuel Macron wants a revision of the Charter of the Francophonie, in particular to study the terms of membership of the OIF. "Is it enough to make a few commitments regarding respect for human rights [to join the OIF]? He wondered, referring to the candidacy, withdrawn at the last moment, from Saudi Arabia.

However, remarks that seem to contradict directly the candidacy, supported by Paris, the head of the Rwandan diplomacy at the head of the institution, Rwanda ranked 159th (out of 180 countries) of the 2017 ranking of the International Federation of human rights (FIDH)

If the French language must be "the language of creation" for a Francophonie whose priority must be the reconquest of youth (especially African according to Macron) should not refocus the Francophonie on the real issues of the French language? With a function of the secretariat of the OIF less political, more technical, focused on the challenges of teaching French?

"But that does not matter, the mass is said: at the end of the closed session of Friday, the Rwandan will be very sacred new queen of the Francophonie, no offense to Ms. Jean and rights NGOs. "

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

THE DISRUPTION OF THE JOURNALIST

JAMAL KHASHOGGI

"The records show that a Saudi security team detained Jamal Khashoggi in the consulate, before killing him and dismembering his body," writes The Washington Post.

Saudi dissident journalist Khashoggi disappeared on October 2 at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. On the same day, 15 members of the Saudi security apparatus made a round trip to the city ... Turkey accuses the Saudi authorities of having kidnapped or murdered her in her diplomatic representation. Riyad demented.

More than a week after the death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi the thesis of his abduction, or even his assassination on the orders of Riyadh, continues to gain credibility.

New evidence crediting the thesis of enforced disappearance or murder

New evidence supporting the thesis of the forced disappearance or assassination of the Saudi journalist in Istanbul by agents of his country was revealed by the Turkish media on Wednesday, while his fiancee asks for help from Donald Trump.

CCTV images showing the entry of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi and the team suspected of being responsible for his disappearance to the Saudi consulate in Istanbul were broadcast on Turkish TV channels. On the pictures, Jamal Khashoggi appears entering the consulate at 1:14 pm. A black van is visible, parked nearby. Other images show a van entering the consulate and then come out and go to 15:08, according to the 24 TV channel, at the residence of the nearby consul.

The New York Times even provides information that the Saudi team reportedly brought a saw to Turkey to dismember Jamal Khashoggi. "It was like Pulp Fiction," a Turkish official told the US daily.

According to the editor of the Turkish daily Aksam , Murat Kelkitlioglu, speaking on 24 TV during the presentation of the images, it is "certain" that Jamal Khashoggi is transported in this van, dead or alive. The Saudi was exiled in 2017 to the United States, after falling out of favor at the court of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. The Washington Post , quoted an informed source, as saying that US intelligence had intercepted communications between Saudi officials before Jamal Khashoggi's disappearance, citing his kidnapping.

Intervention of the White House

Donald Trump has asked for all the light on this case. "We are very disappointed to see what happens. We do not like it " and " we want to know what's going on there " The President of the United States said to have spoken " at the highest level " with the Saudis, and this " more than once, " about Jamal Khashoggi. he assured. The White House said two of the president's closest aides, his son-in-law Jared Kushner and national security council official John Bolton, had spoken to Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman on Tuesday, before a new appeal by the US chief of diplomacy Mike Pompeo to "reiterate"Washington's demands: "details" about the disappearance and "transparency of the Saudi government regarding the investigation" .

In parallel, US senators, Republicans and Democrats, have activated a law that compels Donald Trump to make findings on these facts to the US Congress within 120 days.

If Washington determines that a foreign national is guilty of summary executions, torture or other violations of Jamal Khashoggi's rights, then Washington may impose sanctions against that person or persons.

"The team of the assassination"

The Turkish police investigation, which was echoed by the local and Anglo-Saxon press, identified the 15 members of the team who, according to Ankara, landed from Riyadh to wait for a lookout. to Mr. Khashoggi.

New elements were revealed concerning the 15 men coming from Saudi Arabia: they left the hotel in the morning to go to the consulate and then left in the evening. The pro-government Turkish daily Sabah had already revealed on Tuesday that two private planes had arrived from Saudi Arabia in Istanbul that day and that the people on board had reserved rooms in hotels near the consulate but that they had not not spent the night.

On Wednesday, the same newspaper published the names, age and photographs of fifteen men portrayed as the "assassination team" dispatched by Riyadh. Among them were Saudi Special Forces and Air Force officers, alleged members of Mohammed Ben Salman's close security. The name of one of these people, Salah Muhammed Al-Tubaigy, corresponds to that of a medical examiner, head of department within the Saudi Ministry of the Interior.

The journalist's fiancée asked Tuesday in the Washington Post for help from US President Donald Trump to "shed light" on the case. "I urge President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump to help shed light on Jamal's disappearance," said Hatice Cengiz.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged Riyadh on Thursday (October 11th) to reveal surveillance footage from inside the Saudi consulate proving that Jamal Khashoggi was out of the country, warning that Turkey "can not remain silent".

"If a mosquito comes out (of the consulate), their camera systems will intercept it" (Recep Tayyip Erdogan)

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

MYSTERE AUTOUR DE LA DISPARITION

DE MENG HONGWEI

ACCUSE DE CORRUPTION EN CHINE

Porté disparu depuis plus de dix jours, Interpol a annoncé ce dimanche soir la démission « avec effet immédiat » de son président depuis novembre 2016, Meng Hongwei, tandis que Pékin a annoncé l'ouverture d'une enquête à son sujet en Chine, après des soupçons de corruption.

M. Meng « a accepté des pots-de-vin et est soupçonné d'avoir violé la loi », a rapporté dans un communiqué le ministère de la Sécurité publique, sans fournir de précisions sur ces accusations.

Ce communiqué est présenté comme un compte-rendu d'une réunion organisée lundi dans la cellule du Parti communiste chinois (PCC) du ministère de la Sécurité publique (police).

Le texte ne précise pas si les accusations imputées à M. Meng relèvent de ses fonctions ministérielles ou bien de celles qu'il exerçait à Interpol. Il n'est pas non plus précisé s'il a ou non été placé en détention.

Le mystère autour de la disparition depuis une dizaine de jours du président d'Interpol, dont l'organisation internationale basée à Lyon a finalement annoncé la démission ce dimanche soir.

Plus tôt dans la journée, Pékin avait indiqué que le désormais ex-président de 64 ans, soupçonné d'avoir « violé la loi », faisait l'objet d'une enquête en Chine.

C'est Grace Meng, l'épouse du président d'Interpol depuis novembre 2016, qui avait signalé la disparition « inquiétante » de son mari à la police française jeudi dernier, après plusieurs jours sans nouvelles. D'autant plus inquiétante qu'elle avait reçu le dernier message de son époux le 25 septembre,lors de son arrivée en Chine. Et le contenu de ce message : un simple émoticône représentant un couteau.

Elle a été placée depuis sous protection policière. Nul doute pour l'épouse Grace Meng qu'il s'agissait de la preuve que son mari était « en danger ». Meng Hongwei serait-il alors victime de la purge politique en Chine ?

Selon un quotidien de Hong Kong, Meng Hongwei serait détenu par les autorités chinoises, qui l'auraient arrêté dès son atterrissage en Chine, fin septembre.

Face à cette situation, Interpol a demandé des explications à la Chine. « Interpol a demandé aux autorités chinoises une clarification à propos du président Meng Hongwei et attend une réponse officielle concernant son état », a ainsi fait savoir le secrétariat général de l'organisation internationale. Mais il a reçu pour seule réponse que le désormais ex-président faisait l'objet d'une enquête.

Moins de deux ans plus tôt, en novembre 2016, l’élection d’un officiel chinois à la tête de l’organisation chargée de la coopération des polices de 192 Etats avait été accueillie avec le plus grand scepticisme par les organisations de défense des droits fondamentaux, telles qu’Amnesty International.

Meng Hongwei, était le premier citoyen de Chine continentale à prendre la tête d’une grande organisation internationale.

M. Meng, par ailleurs vice-ministre de l’intérieur d’un pays connu pour l’emprisonnement sans procès équitable de ses dissidents et des membres de minorités jugées « problématiques », ou de ses officiels corrompus ou victimes des luttes de factions, serait-il à son tour victime d'une purge politique qui semble s'être accélérée depuis l'arrivée de Xi Jinping au pouvoir, en 2012.

Un signe avant-coureur de ses difficultés: Meng Hongwei avait été démis en avril de ses fonctions au sein du comité du Parti chargé de superviser le ministère de la sécurité publique, après la nomination, à l’automne 2017, d’un nouveau ministre, Zhao Kezhi, ultraloyal à M. Xi Jinping.

Une disparition d'un membre de la diaspora chinoise à élucider. « Cette affaire relève de la justice. Elle concerne la communauté internationale. Elle concerne le peuple de mon pays », a déclaré Grace Meng.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

L'EXTREME DROITE DE BOLSONARO EN TETE

AU PREMIER TOUR DES PRESIDENTIELLES

OU UNE CRISE DE LA DEMOCRATIE AU BRESIL

C'est le candidat Jair Bolsonaro de l’extrême droite qui se trouve largement en tête au premier tour de la présidentielle avec 46,06 % des voix. Jair Bolsonaro a affirmé, dans la foulée des résultats, être « certain » qu’il aurait été élu s'il n'y avait pas eu des « problèmes avec les urnes électroniques ».

« Je suis certain que si ça n’avait pas eu lieu, nous aurions eu dès ce soir le nom du président de la République », a-t-il déclaré dans une vidéo publiée sur les réseaux sociaux.

Mais la bataille reste incertaine. Mais le candidat d'extrême-droite, malgré son triomphe, devra affronter lors du second tour le 28 octobre Fernando Haddad (29,24 %) du Parti des Travailleurs(PT), n'ayant pas réussi le coup de force d’une élection dès le premier tour.

Jair Bolsonaro a capitalisé dans les urnes sur la colère des Brésiliens contre la corruption de la classe politique et l’insécurité.

Il a notamment promis d’assouplir la législation sur le contrôle des armes à feu afin que ses concitoyens puissent s’armer contre les criminels. Il a lui-même été victime d'une blessure à l’arme blanche en septembre. A l'inverse le PT est, lui, impliqué dans un vaste scandale de corruption qui a conduit Lula en prison et amené à la destitution Dilma Rousseff pour avoir maquillé les comptes publics.

La droite brésilienne, le PSDB de Geraldo Alckmin ou le candidat du président sortant, Henrique Mereilles, connaissent une vraie désaffection.

Ancien officier âgé de 63 ans Bolsonaro a donc réussi à convaincre de nombreux Brésiliens de voter pour lui grâce à ses positions très dures contre l’insécurité à sa carrière dans l'armée exempte de toute accusation de corruption.

Il incarne également une vision conservatrice de la famille, du droit des minorités et de religion ainsi qu’un libéralisme économique qui a séduit bon nombre de Brésiliens.

Sur son compte Facebook, il a annoncé, dans la soirée qu’il allait « unir le peuple », qu’« unis, les Brésiliens deviendront une grande nation » et que « personne n’avait le potentiel qu’ils avaient ».

Pourtant une grande partie de l’électorat refuse de lui accorder son vote en raison de propos homophobes ou misogynes qui ont conduit des femmes à descendre dans la rue. Nombre de Brésiliens s’inquiètent aussi de l’impact sur la démocratie d'une telle élection.

Tout n'est pas gagné pour le candidat d'extrême-droite face à Fernando Haddad, ancien ministre de l’éducation , qui n’a cependant pas réussi à créer le front républicain contre Bolsonaro à ce premier tour. Les électeurs du centre seront l’objet de toutes les convoitises.

Le candidat de centre gauche, Ciro Gomes et l'écologiste Marina Silva se sont déjà rangés du côté du PT. Le centre droit, convoité par les deux camps, n'a pas encore pris position...

Quoiqu’il en soit le Brésil a rarement été aussi divisé lors d'une élection, durant laquelle les 147 millions d’électeurs devaient aussi désigner les députés de la chambre basse du Congrès et renouveler les deux tiers des 81 sièges du Sénat.

Mais tous les Brésiliens ont exprimé l'espoir que ce scrutin apporte le « changement » dans un pays rongé par une crise économique et politique aiguë, une violence endémique et d'innombrables scandales de corruption.

Le duel du 28 octobre s’annonce particulièrement imprévisible et témoigne «d'une crise démocratique très profonde » selon Christophe Ventura, chercheur à l'IRIS. .

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

INQUIETANTE DISPARITION DU PRESIDENT CHINOIS D'INTERPOL POUR CORRUPTION

Une enquête pour disparition inquiétante a été ouverte concernant Hongwei Meng, le président chinois d'Interpol, dont le siège se trouve à Lyon. Ce dernier n'a plus donné signe de vie depuis qu'il a quitté la France pour la Chine, fin septembre.

La famille de Meng Hongwei n'a plus de nouvelles de lui depuis son départ vers la Chine le 29 septembre.

Son épouse inquiète, installée à Lyon avec leurs enfants, a signalé sa disparition aux autorités françaises et a été entendue par la police judiciaire. Selon une source proche du dossier, Hongwei Meng « n'a pas disparu en France »

Après avoir exercé en Chine comme vice-ministre de la Sécurité publique, Hongwei Meng, poids lourd du Parti communiste chinois, a été élu en novembre 2016 à la tête d’Interpol pour un mandat de 4 ans.

Interpol (ou l'Organisation internationale de police criminelle, OIPC) est une organisation internationale créée le 7 septembre 1923 dans le but de promouvoir la coopération policière internationale.

Cette première nomination d'un Chinois à ce poste avait été critiquée par des organisations de défense des droits de l'Homme, la Chine menant alors une intense campagne de rapatriement d'escrocs et de fraudeurs présumés, parfois accusée de servir ses intérêts politiques. La Chine a longtemps utilisé Interpol « pour arrêter des dissidents et des réfugiés à l'étranger », s'était inquiété notamment Amnesty International.

Or actuellement c'est Hongwei Meng qui il se trouverait « sous enquête » dans son pays, soupçonné par la justice d’avoir favorisé une entreprise dans le cadre de l’obtention d’un marché de cybersécurité. Depuis six ans environ, le gouvernement chinois est engagé dans une vaste campagne « anticorruption » qui a servi de prétexte à la mise à l’écart de dignitaires politiques ou administratifs, de magnats de l’immobilier et même d’une star de cinéma. Quelle que soit la réalité des charges contre le patron d’Interpol, sa " disparition" , tourne au bras de fer diplomatique. Depuis son siège à Lyon (Rhône), l’organisation a exigé ce samedi une « clarification » sur le sort de ce haut dignitaire. Dans un communiqué posté sur Twitter, le secrétaire général d’Interpol, dit attendre « une réponse officielle des autorités chinoises » pour répondre « aux inquiétudes ».

Dans sa conduite des affaires, Meng Hongwei semblait incarner avec zèle la ligne du parti communiste...

Les policiers mènent un travail de téléphonie et d’audition dans l’entourage professionnel du patron d’Interpol. Deux choses sont avérées: Meng Hongwei a bien quitté la France le 20 septembre dernier et le haut-dignitaire chinois a bien atterri dans son pays en provenance de Stockholm.

L'organisation s' était défendue de pouvoir servir des intérêts politiques en rappelant que le président d'Interpol n'intervenait pas dans le quotidien opérationnel, tâche dévolue à son secrétaire général - poste occupé actuellement par l'Allemand Jürgen Stock - et en soulignant que l'article 3 de ses statuts lui interdisait toute ingérence en matière politique..

Et l'élection de ce haut-dignitaire chinois à la tête d’Interpol en 2016 participait du rayonnement de la Chine à l’étranger.

La Chine traverse la plus longue campagne anticorruption depuis Mao déguisant une campagne d’élimination des adversaires politiques.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

 

A NATIONALIST GOVERNMENT AND 

FIRMNESS OF IMMIGRATION IN QUEBEC

François Legault becomes Prime Minister Designate of the Province of Quebec. This is a major political turning point for the "Belle Province", after 15 years of almost uninterrupted Liberal government.

For the first time, a non-independence nationalist party came to power on Monday: the Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ). The CAQ, formed in 2011 by François Legault, will have an absolute majority in the Quebec National Assembly, with 74 out of 125 MPs according to preliminary results.

"Today, we have marked history; today, there are many Quebeckers who have put aside a debate that has divided us for 50 years, " said François Legault, the province's designated prime minister, triumphantly about the question of belonging. or not from Quebec to Canada.

A multimillionaire, an accountant by training, the prime minister-designate made his fortune after having created the Air Transat airline in 1986, which sometimes earned him a comparison with Donald Trump.

He promised "a spirit of assembly, to govern for all Quebecers" ,

and said he wanted to " work for a strong Quebec in Canada".

To do this, he advocates "change" , particularly the firmness of immigration, which he wants to reduce the thresholds by 2019 by more than 20% to better integrate newcomers, and better management of public finances.

The independence issue was, however, excluded from the debate. Former independence minister François Legault assures today that he no longer wants to separate from Ottawa.

Between economic prosperity and near-full employment, the electoral campaign certainly did not fascinate the 8.4 million inhabitants of the Belle Province, with a participation of 67%, against 71% in 2014 and 74% in 2012.

But its outcome is yet another blow for the Liberals, the political family of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who in June had already lost Ontario, the richest and most populous province, to another conservative formation.

Canada is holding legislative elections in one year. The poll promises to be uncertain for Justin Trudeau, in a context of rising nationalism.


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

NOBEL MEDICINE PRIZE

JAMES ALLISON AND TASUKU HONJO

Nobel Laureates 2018, James Allison and Tasuku Honjo, revolutionized the approach to treating tumors by finding ways to activate and stimulate the immune system's response.

The Nobel Prize in Medicine 2018 is awarded to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjoe Nobel Prize in "Physiology or Medicine".

It was presented Monday, October 1, 2018 to James P. Allison, 70, professor of immunology at the University of Texas Cancer Center, and the Japanese Tasuku Honjo, 76, a professor at Kyoto University for their work on immunotherapy.

The two men found a way to activate the body's immune system to help it eliminate tumors.

T cells are the cells responsible for the body's immune response. But in the case of most tumors, T cells fail to perceive cancer cells as a threat, and therefore do not try to destroy them.

James Allison discovered that a receptor on T cells, called CTLA4, was acting as a brake on their function. With a specific antibody targeting this receptor, an anti-CTLA4, Allison has proven that it can cure melanomas, and then for many other types of tumors afterwards.

For its part, Tasuku Honjo discovered a protein, PD1 can also act as a brake to prevent T cells from acting. The Japanese researcher has also found a way to inhibit PD1, allowing cells in the immune system to effectively tackle melanomas and many other tumors.

This technique uses activated T cells or antibodies (anti-PD1, for example) that trigger the awakening of the patient's immune system.

This technique offers patients new hope.

On their side, the two scientists worked hard to "release the brakes" and "press on the good acceleration pedals" of the immune system to allow it to "neutralize foreign microorganisms" , said the jury Nobel. The efficacy of immunotherapy has been demonstrated in multiple cancers as of 2015. P. Allison, like Tasuku Honjo, had already received in 2014 the Tang Award, presented as the Asian version of the Nobel. At surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy to fight cancer joins immunotherapy.

"Allison and Honjo have shown how different strategies for inhibiting the immune system's brakes can be used in the treatment of cancer," said the Academy.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

IRAN BOMBARD OF DAECH POSITIONS IN SYRIA

The Iranian Revolutionary Guards announced on Monday morning that they fired ballistic missiles at a "headquarters" of "terrorists" in Syria in retaliation for the Ahvaz bombing on September 22, when a group of terrorists shot dead 24 people.

According to the Iranian news agency Fars, close to the conservatives, two types of missiles were used: Zolfaghar (range: 750 km) and Qiam (800 km).

"The headquarters of the Ahvaz terrorist crime leaders were attacked a few minutes ago east of the Euphrates by several ballistic missiles fired by the aerospace branch of the Revolutionary Guards , " write on their website the Pasdarans, elite army of the Islamic Republic.

"According to preliminary reports, many takfiris terrorists and the leaders responsible for Ahvaz's terrorist crime have been killed or wounded in this attack," they add. The term "takfiri", derived from the Arabic word "takfir" (anathema), is used by the Iranian authorities to refer to Sunni jihadists.

On 22 September, 24 people were shot dead by a commando of five people who fired automatic weapons at a military parade in Ahvaz, a city in southwestern Iran. According to the IS, the five members of the commando were Iranians, including four from Ahvaz.

The attack was claimed by the Islamic State (IS) organization, against which Iran is engaged in Syria alongside the authorities of Damascus.

On the day of the attack, Iranian President Hassan Rohani promised a "terrible" response to the attack while the Revolutionary Guards announced an "unforgettable revenge".

It was Ayatollah Ali Khamenei who, on September 24, denounced the perpetrators of the Ahvaz attack as jihadist groups operating "in Syria and Iraq" . The Iranian supreme leader then accused them of being "financed by the Saudis and the United Arab Emirates" . Charges denied by Ryad and Abu Dhabi.

The Revolutionary Guards intervene in Syria as "military advisers" to forces loyal to the Syrian president

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

CHAOS IN INDONESIA AFTER TSUNAMI

MORE THAN 840 DEATHS AND 48,700 DISPLACED

Indonesian President Joko Widodo traveled to Palu Sunday late in the afternoon urging rescuers to "work day and night" to find survivors.

On the field, the research teams are racing against the clock to get survivors out of the rubble.

Rescuers were trying Monday to find survivors in the remains of Roa Roa Hotel, where nearly 60 people may have been buried. For now, two people have been saved on this site, according to an official source.

The army is being deployed to help search for survivors.

Planes loaded with equipment and food were able to land at Palu airport, but many tracks are unusable and NGOs are experiencing difficulties in routing.

Faced with the scale of the disaster the Indonesian government officially comes Monday to appeal for international aid.

The European Union has announced the allocation of one million and a half euros.

The toll of the victims may also increase, because no one had yet been able to reach the coastal city of Donggala, located at the mouth of the Palu River, in the late morning. Donggala is the capital of Donggala. a municipality of nearly 300,000 inhabitants.

While the toll of victims is only getting heavier, voices are starting to rise to denounce dysfunctions the strength of the wave having surprised many residents and observers. The controversy is in full swing.

At issue, the Indonesian Meteorological and Geophysical Institute, the BMKG, reportedly issued a tsunami warning to wake up 34 minutes later.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

ANGELA MERKEL'S WARNING

A DONALD TRUMP ON THE UN

Angela Merkel warns Donald Trump against the temptation to "destroy" the UN.

"The current US president says that multilateralism is not the answer to the problems, and believes that there are only situations with one winner, unlike me," said the German Chancellor ...

This Sunday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned US President Donald Trump against the temptation to "destroy" multilateralism, including the United Nations recalling the historical context in which they were born:

"The United Nations was founded on the rubble of the Second World War, and of course, it's far from perfect," Merkel said at a campaign rally for the regional legislative elections in Bavaria.

The United Nations (UN), which officially entered into force on October 24, 1945, is indeed an international organization of 193 states.

The primary objectives of the organization are the maintenance of international peace and security.

To fulfill them, it promotes the protection of human rights, the provision of humanitarian aid, sustainable development and the guarantee of international law.

"To destroy something without having developed something new is extremely dangerous and can destroy the current order that guarantees peace, faster than we think," warned the Chancellor, hammering out that multilateralism was the way to go.

But, she said, "the current US president says that multilateralism is not the answer to the problems, and believes that there are only situations with one winner, unlike me." "This puts into question the multilateral systems (...), the capacity of the United Nations to function," she said.

Before the UN General Assembly, Donald Trump on Tuesday praised "sovereignty" by denouncing "the ideology of globalism."

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

WOMEN UNITED AGAINST BOLSONARO

CANDIDATE OF EXREME-RIGHT IN BRAZIL

"In the recent history of the South American country, there is no trace of such an important mobilization of women," said Ligia Fabris Campos, Professor of Law at the Getulio Vargas Foundation.

On Saturday in the streets of Brazil thousands of women came to protest against the far-right presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro. At the cry of "No, not him!", The Brazilian women took to the streets of major Brazilian cities on Saturday to express their opposition to Jair Bolsonaro, far right MP.

The biggest events took place in the metropolises of Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Brasilia. A total of 62 cities were affected by this move to eight days of the first round.

The presidential candidate of October 7 has continued throughout his campaign to multiply the misogynist invectives.

It is with the shout of "No, not him! That tens of thousands of Brazilian women intended to mark their fierce opposition to the far-right presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro, a favorite in the polls.

Jair Bolsonaro, a 63-year-old deputy, is heading ahead of the voting intentions of the first round of presidential elections on 7 October. He was released Saturday morning from the hospital where he was admitted in early September, after being stabbed during a walkabout, announced the establishment.

The former captain of the army is considered misogynist, homophobic and racist. He bluntly told a member that she "did not deserve" to rape her, and lamented the length of maternity leave. General Hamilton Mourao, vice-president on his list, said that single-parent families without a father figure were "factories with non-integrated individuals who tend to swell the ranks of drug traffickers".

Just out Jair Bolsonaro launched a new controversy by threatening not to recognize the outcome of elections if he was not elected. "From what I see in the street, I will not accept an election result that is different from my election," he told Bandeirantes on Friday.

"A candidate who makes a statement like this makes it clear to the country that he intends to wage a coup against our democracy," said left-wing candidate Ciro Gomes, third in the polls of the 1st tower.

Bolsonaro "shows again that he is not ready for democracy, he wants to keep the country divided," said center-right candidate Geraldo Alckmin, fourth in the polls.

Women represent 52% of the Brazilian electorate and about 50% of them say that they would never vote for him. They launched the offensive in early September with a group on Facebook called "Women United against Bolsonaro" which generated a massive mobilization on social networks in Brazil and abroad.

The American singer Madonna lent her support on Instagram to #EleNao (Not him), the keyword of this movement in Portuguese.

Demonstrations were also organized by women's collectives on Saturday in several countries: United States, Canada, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands or Argentina.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

IDYLLE BETWEEN DONALD TRUMP AND KIM JONG UN

OR TOWARDS DENUCLEARIZATION ?

At a rally, US President Donald Trump assured Kim Jong Un and he had "fallen in love" , praising the "beautiful letters" written to him by his North Korean counterpart.

"We fell in love - not concretely, OK?" " Speaking Saturday to his supporters at a meeting in Wheeling, West Virginia, Donald Trump wanted to mark the new warming with the North Korean president, who he wants to bring about the abandonment of nuclear weapons.

"And then we fell in love - well not concretely, OK?

He wrote me beautiful letters, they are beautiful letters.

We fell in love, " said the US president to his supporters.

A singular way to soften the Korean leader.

"President Kim has really been very open and, honestly, he has been great . "

Last Monday, on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York, the White House tenant was raving about his Korean counterpart.

"President Kim has really been very open and, honestly, he has been great," he said when he threatened a year earlier to "totally destroy the country. "

The two leaders met for the first time in June in Singapore and a second summit is now envisaged.

Donald Trump also posted his optimism on the outcome of the ongoing negotiations.

Yet many analysts point to the lack of concrete progress on the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

CELEBAN ISLAND IN FRENCH INDONESIA

BY A TSUNAMI AFTER TWO SEISMS

832 DEATHS AND HUNDREDS OF INJURED


On Friday, two earthquakes, one of which measured 7.5 on the Richter scale, hit Indonesia's island of Celebes on Friday, the USGS says.

A tsunami then swept over the archipelago shortly after the two tremors.

"It's a real tsunami that hit Palu", a city about 80 km from the epicenter of the earthquake, said the head of the center for earthquakes and tsunamis at the Indonesian Geophysical Agency Rahmat Triyono on the Kompas television channel.

The balance of the violent earthquake and tsunami that hit the Celebes archipelago Friday is now 832 dead.

But it is still likely to get heavier in the next few hours.

This Sunday, rescue attempts to find potential survivors in the ruins of the city of Palu (350,000 inhabitants), the most affected by the disaster.

The affected area is "larger than expected".

This is what the authorities announced Sunday after reviewing the balance sheet sharply higher. The city of Palu is indeed not the only disaster area. The authorities and NGOs are particularly concerned about the situation in the Donggala region further north, which remains very uncertain. In total, the area affected by the cataclysm is populated with 600,000 inhabitants.

Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla has expressed concern that the balance sheet will reach "one or more thousands", building on previous disasters.

On the spot, the helpers are always at work to try to come to the aid of the inhabitants prisoners of the rubble.

Rodolphe Avener, commander of the Civil Security, recalls that the priority during such a tragedy is obviously to "find the victims in the debris and clusters". Even after 48 hours, the probability of finding survivors is very real, he says

The new earthquake, with a depth of 10 kilometers, is of greater magnitude than the series of violent earthquakes that left more than 500 dead and about 1,500 wounded this summer on Lombok, a neighboring island. Bali.

Indonesia is an archipelago of 17,000 islands and islets that was formed by the convergence of three large tectonic plates (Indo-Pacific, Australian, Eurasian).

The archipelago is on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of ​​strong seismic activity.


Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

TOWARDS TWO STATES ISRAEL AND PALESTINE

US President Donald Trump said Wednesday for the first time his preference for a two-state solution to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Donald Trump promises to present his "balanced" peace plan within four months. For the first time, too, he gave a precise timetable. "In two, three or four months," assured Donald Trump, who dreams of achieving the "ultimate agreement" between Israelis and Palestinians where all his predecessors failed.

"I think the two states will see the light of day," he even added a little later to the press. Even though it's "a little harder" , "it works better because everyone rules," he said.

This is a turning point in the official policy of the Trump administration that has not yet made a clear decision on this thorny subject. "If Israelis and Palestinians want a state, it's OK for me. If they want two states, it's OK for me, " he said. "I am a facilitator"

Donald Trump, however, has not said whether this two-state solution will be proposed in the peace plan concocted for many months in the greatest secrecy by a small team led by his son-in-law and adviser Jared Kushner.

For Donald Trump there is no doubt also that the Palestinians, who have frozen contact with the US administration since it recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by the end of 2017, would return to the negotiating table.

Yet a myriad of dramatic measures had been taken by Donald Trump against the Palestinians since they had removed his role as mediator in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process such as the transfer of the American embassy in Jerusalem and the recognition of the city as the capital of Israel, the removal of funds allocated to Palestinian refugees, UNRWA, of which the United States was the first contributor, the closure of the offices of the Palestinian mission in Washington ...

After this turn in the US official line on Wednesday, Hossam Zomlot, head of the Palestinian diplomatic mission in Washington, has nonetheless rejected the words of the president: "Their words (Americans, ed) go against their actions, and their actions, clearly destroy any possibility of a two-state solution, "he said.

"We will not give up security control west of the Jordan," including in the West Bank, Benjamin Netanyahu told reporters.

The US president, ignoring the tense environment, has been stubbornly confident. "I think we will come to an agreement," he said.

He added that Israel should do something positive for the Palestinians. "I think a lot of progress has been made. I think Israel wants to do something and also that the Palestinians really want to do something. -

. "I really think something is going to happen. It is my dream to achieve this before the end of my first term, " he said in a meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

EMMANUEL MACRON CHAMPION OF THE EARTH

INTERNATIONALLY

"Champion  Earthquake" and Great UN Ambassador to prepare for the September 2019 Climate Summit. "The highest UN honorary title in the field of the environment" , it comes, in the words of the organization, "to reward outstanding figures from the public, private and civil society sectors, whose actions have positive impact on the environment ".

These two titles alone testify to the high esteem in which the French President is held, internationally, on environmental issues.

Legitimacy gained through, among others, the One Planet Summit. year after organizing the first edition of the "One Planet Summit", Emmanuel Macron was awarded the title of "champion of the Earth" on Wednesday 26 September.

With the title of "great ambassador" Emmanuel Macron will have two missions in particular: continue the dynamics of "One planet summits" and make a restitution on green finance. In other words all the investments that promote the energy transition and the fight against global warming.

Did not Emmanuel Macron show his fists when Donald Trump left the Climate Agreement and pronounced the "Make our planet great again"?

France played an important role in the creation of the International Solar Alliance last May. It aims to make better use of solar energy and reduce the use of fossil fuels in the 121 sunniest member countries in the world. The same is true for the African Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI), which aims to build a large scale renewable energy capacity on the African continent by 2020.

Certainly the French president organized, a year ago, the first climate summit to gather heads of state and large companies that have committed to less pollute.

But are the results up to the ambitions in France?

France does not give any example. For example, the goal of reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 has not been met.

After steady declines since 2005, emissions have risen again between 2016 and 2017 and France has exceeded its carbon budget by 6.7% last year, according to the observatory Climate-Energy, published mid-September by the RAC and Cler-Réseau for the energy transition.

Many French people take a critical look at their environmental policy. The unexpected successes of the climate marches, organized on September 8 in response to Nicolas Hulot's resignation, have reminded him.

In Paris, 18,500 people took to the streets to demand that the government "finally take serious action against climate change" and put an end to the contradictions between ambitions and actions.

"Through his active diplomacy on climate issues and his ability to make the link between countries, Emmanuel Macron has gained some legitimacy on the international scene , " recognizes Pierre Cannet, Head of Climate, Energy and Sustainable Cities Programs at WWF France.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

UN UNDER THE SIGN OF CHALLENGE

The UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, wanted to see in the influx of heads of state this year "the eloquent proof of the confidence of the international community in the United Nations", and recalled that "by these time of fragmentation and polarization, the world needs this assembly to show the value of international cooperation . "

But many diplomats openly question the future of effective and collective diplomatic action.

Indeed, the multilateral system set up after the Second World War, of which the United Nations is the heart, was not so much in crisis marked by the rise of nationalisms and populisms in Europe and the blockages on the Syrian and Yemenite.

In addition to two heavyweights on the international scene, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping have also decided to boycott this international diplomatic meeting, as well as Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The United States, for its part, has constantly shown its distrust of multilateralism. In just a few months, Washington has announced that it has withdrawn from the Paris climate agreement, the Iran nuclear deal, and the global pact on migration.

It is rather the Trump method that has gained ground. "Undeniably, diplomacy is in crisis and this observation is more evident in the past year," Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian admitted in a long interview in Le Monde.

If Donald Trump last year did not rule out the possibility of "totally destroying" North Korea if it continued to threaten world peace, this year it has changed. Kim Jon One has become a frequentable and even open man. The meeting in June between the two presidents was a first. It allowed to install a new relaxation, a second meeting is also in preparation.

But on Iran, US President Donald Trump has been intractable. He called in New York Tuesday all countries on the planet to isolate the Iranian regime, denouncing the "corrupt dictatorship" in power according to him in Tehran.

Trump has made Tehran the number one enemy of his administration, and exercises, month after month, maximum pressure. The US administration wants a treaty with Iran encompassing nuclear and ballistic missiles.

The Iranian question alone sums up many of the crises of multilateralism. Iran is the nuclear issue. It is also a regional issue, with a presence in Syria that poses a problem and a regional confrontation with Saudi Arabia and its affiliates. It is finally a question of repositioning for the Russian power, represented this week in New York by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and not by Putin.

Would the UN seem more than ever an obsolete instrument with regard to the new balance of power?




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

ISRAEL CONCERN OVER RUSSIA ABOUT SYRIA

Moscow expresses his irritation against the Jewish state, a week after one of his reconnaissance planes was shot down in the Latakia region by the Syrian army.

On 17 September, a Russian IL-20-type electronic reconnaissance device disappeared from the radar when four Israeli F-16 fighter jets raided the Latakia region.

The Russian defense ministry had questioned the attitude of the Israeli planes, who would have hidden under the Ilyushin. The Israeli army, for its part, stressed the decisive role of the multitude of surface-to-air missiles fired by Damascus, while fighter jets were no longer in the area. In short, the amateurism of the Syrian army would have led to the tragedy.

According to the Kremlin report, Russia now considers that "the main reason for the tragedy" , during which 15 passengers perished, is the behavior of the Israeli air force.

According to Russian Defense spokesman Igor Konachenkov, the Israeli F-16s, who are about to make an attack on the Syrian province of Latakia, hid behind the Russian reconnaissance aircraft in order to avoid a missile. Syrian anti-aircraft defense.

Supported data, the Russian official said the Syrian missile, which was originally aimed at an Israeli F-16, had suddenly changed course before touching the Il-20. The Russian plane, which had 15 soldiers on board, was shot down by an unfortunate shooting of the Syrian anti-aircraft defense, Igor Konachenkov said on September 23 that "the responsibility for the tragedy [...] entirely to the Israeli Air Force . " The Hebrew State rejects this version.

On the phone with Netanyahu, Putin rejects the Israeli version

For the Russians indeed, there is no question of incriminating the ally and host Syrian.

Russia has therefore announced its intention to strengthen the Syrian Army's anti-aircraft defense with its S-300 batteries as well as to scramble certain communications on the Mediterranean.

" We are convinced that the implementation of these measures will cool down the heads and prevent the thoughtless acts that pose a threat to our soldiers," Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said in a statement broadcast on television.

S-300 anti-aircraft defense systems will be delivered within two weeks to the Syrian army. Their supply was frozen in 2013 at the request of the Jewish state. It was already in April to unblock this file. It's done.

The minister added that command posts in the Syrian army would now be equipped with control systems to identify any Russian aircraft on the spot.

Russian President Vladimir Putin informed Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu on a phone call on Sunday.

The Russian leader also stressed that Moscow's decision to strengthen the antiaircraft defense of its Syrian ally was "adequate in view of the situation and [aimed] above all to avoid any potential threat to the lives of Russian servicemen".

For his part, Benjamin Netanyahu argued that the responsibility for the incident was, according to him, primarily to the Syrian army that had shot down the aircraft. The Israeli prime minister also worried about the transfer of sophisticated weapons to Syria.

Jerusalem and Washington warned Russia on Monday against its stated intention to provide sophisticated Syrian missiles with sophisticated missiles, saying the decision would further destabilize the region and increase tensions.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

ERITREA ETHIOPIA FINALLY

PEACE AFTER DECADES OF CONFLICT

"The state of war that existed between the two countries has come to an end. A new era of peace and friendship is opening up" . This is proclaimed by the President of Eritrea Issaias Afeworki and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, signed on 9 July 2018 in Asmara.

The conflict between the two countries was born from the annexation in 1962, of Eritrea (former Italian colony, then English) until then "autonomous entity" federated to Ethiopia, by the Emperor Haile Selassie.

Eritrea was only able to regain its independence in May 1993, after thirty years of war, an open war by the Independents of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (FPLE).

Despite a seemingly peaceful separation, the two neighbors remained at odds over monetary, trade and border issues, each claiming several border regions including Baden, Tsorona, Zalambessa and En Bure.

Until 1998, however, the two countries remained close allies, while closely monitoring their new common border, the route of which had not immediately given full satisfaction to the two belligerents.

And it is for a problem of border that Eritrea, engaged in May 1998 a new conflict ... For some square kilometers of deserts?

The two countries have since engaged in a fratricidal war.

A first peace agreement was signed in June 2000. This first peace agreement provided for the creation of a 25-km-wide security zone within Eritrea under United Nations control (UNMEE). ); but Eritrea continued to occupy the locality of Baden, which will be at the heart of the new conflict.

The independence of Eritrea had simultaneously lost Ethiopia's unique Red Sea front, Eritrea having reclaimed the ports of Massawa and Assab. For 20 years Ethiopia has been landlocked, forcing the country, which overnight had had to move its boats from Assad to Djibouti, to pass through almost all of its imports and exports through the corridor leading to the French colony, which is one of the most expensive corridors in the world. According to Serge Tiran, Ethiopia's representative of Massida Logistics Company, the 100 million inhabitants of a country 30% larger than France have been forced to stock up on a "departmental" road. France, barely drivable. The return trip between the two capitals still takes, currently, 8 days in the best of cases.

Since 1998, the two countries have been in periodic clashes, until the Ethiopian government decides in June 2018, to implement the Algiers agreement of 12 December 2000. It is to the new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed that this policy is due to the outstretched hand (Abiy Ahmed is the first Orano in office since 1991, he succeeded Haïlemariam Desalegn, resigned since February 2018).

Thanks to the gesture of Abiy Ahmed, a wind of appeasement has just blown on this region of the Horn of Africa .

Eritrea for its part was the most under-appreciated country in Africa. Recently, Europeans know a little more about the country, with Eritrea being one of the most represented countries among migrants trying to reach Europe.

Eritrea is led by dictator Isaias Afwerki, a trained engineer who was elected in 1995 after a referendum, presenting himself "very evangelically" as "the shepherd of the people". Isaias Afwerki has become over the years a fierce dictator, despite his discretion and his African style "new style" , modern and open. Under his leadership, Eritrea has become an open-air concentration camp of 5 million people where all are hungry and enslaved.

But Bill Clinton's White House pinched it for him then, imagining that because he had eaten in the UN bowl, he was going to set up a reformist, social-democratic "Swedish-style" regime?

Clinton's teams had simply forgotten that it had been formed by the Beijing Mao, supporters of a single regime and surveillance by everyone, with a muzzled press and deprived of its freedoms.

For many years, the regime practiced torture and set up a conscription regime for men aged 16 to 40 who were forced to give their lives to the state. Eritrea, the world's most closed country, is still on the list of rogue states!

These are the main reasons why nearly 400 000 Eritreans have fled their country to Europe.

Now, the time is now business in Eritrea as in Ethiopia.

For a few years now, under the pressure of globalization, Ethiopia, where wages are very low, has been transformed into a weaving and clothing workshop (Decathlon has settled there). Ethiopia, which is experiencing double-digit growth, desperately needed access to the Red Sea.

The Horn of Africa has become in recent years a cornucopia ... The real-political has done the rest ...

On September 16, 2018, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed an agreement consolidating their reconciliation. This agreement was signed in Jeddah, in the presence of King Salman of Arabia and his son Crown Prince Mohamed Ben Salman and the Secretary General of the United Nations.

The details of this agreement between the two countries are not yet known; but it has already resulted in the reopening of embassies, the re-establishment of airlines, new commercial relations, telephone lines and border posts.

"A wind of hope has just blown on the Horn of Africa" has just welcomed the new Secretary General of the UN (since January 2017) Antonio Guterres.

This geopolitical evolution fully satisfies, moreover, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The Saudi Foreign Minister has just declared that "this latest peace agreement will contribute to strengthening the security and stability of the region" which is in dire need of it!

It is known that Saudi Arabia and the Arab Emirates have in the strategic port of Assad for their operations in Yemen, which is why they have greatly contributed to this historic rapprochement.

Their short and medium-term interests are indeed obvious: dozens of ships transit through Bâb el Mandeb, the strategic strait that separates the Arabian Peninsula from the Horn of Africa.

Will this be enough to completely pacify the Region and especially the Greater Middle East knowing that the war continues in Yemen, that Daesh seems to be reborn from the ashes, that the conflict in Syria is not completely over and that Iran threatens to close the Strait of Ormuz ...

To be continued….

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

ISLAMIC GROUP CLAIMS ATTACK AGAINST MILITARY PARADE IN IRAN

On Saturday morning around 9 am, an attack on a military parade was held in the southwestern city of Ahvaz. The latest report shows twenty-nine dead and sixty wounded. Women and children are among the victims. "Three of the four terrorists were killed on the spot; the fourth, wounded, died in the hospital, " said General Abolfazl Shekarchi, spokesman of the Iranian armed forces.

This military parade marks the National Day of the Armed Forces and commemorates the beginning of the war against Iraq (1980-1988) in Ahvaz, capital of Khuzestan province, as well as the resistance of the Iranian "sacred defense" during this war. "Imposed warfare" , according to official phraseology. Iraq had invaded Iran.

Khuzestan, with a predominantly Arab population, was one of the Iranian regions most affected by the fighting during the Iran-Iraq war. Saddam Hussein thought that his soldiers would be welcomed as liberators by the Arab population, but it was generally loyal to Iran.

Two organizations claimed responsibility for the attack.

The jihadist group Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for Saturday's attack late in the morning via its propaganda organ Amaq. "ISIS fighters have attacked a rally of Iranian forces in the city of Ahvaz," Amaq said. Iran is a recurring target of IS, a Shiite power that supports militias fought in Iraq by the Sunni organization.

The attack was also claimed from Reuters by an Arab group, the Ahvaz National Resistance, presented by a spokesman as an alliance of Arab movements hostile to the Iranian government.

Tehran immediately pointed to his Saudi neighbor and the United States.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif had directly blamed not IS, but the United States, writing on Twitter:

"Terrorists recruited, trained and paid by a foreign regime have attacked Ahvaz ... Iran believes that regional sponsors of terrorism and their American masters are responsible for such attacks. " "Iran will react quickly and firmly to defend Iranian lives," he added. .

Ramezan Sharif, spokesman for the Revolutionary Guards, had been more specific about the perpetrators of the attack, accusing an Arab separatist group in remarks reported by ISNA:

" Those who opened fire on people and armed forces are linked to the Al-Ahvazieh movement. They are fed by Saudi Arabia, and they tried to overshadow the power of the armed forces. "

This separatist movement is all the stronger because the inhabitants of Khuzestan province, mainly Arabs in a Persian country, sometimes call themselves "abandoned" by the central government. In recent years, dust storms and air pollution, including the activities of oil refineries in the region, have resulted in civil protest movements.

Iran's Foreign Minister Mohamad Javad Zarif also said the attack was carried out by "terrorists recruited, trained, armed and paid by a foreign regime".

This is not the first attack on Iran, theater in recent years of several attacks, including the Guardians of the Revolution.

On 20 July 2018, at least 10 members of the Revolutionary Guards were killed in an insurgent attack on one of their bases in the village of Dari, in the Marivan district, in the north-west of Iranian Kurdistan.

On June 7, 2017, gunmen and suicide bombers attacked Imam Khomeini's parliament and mausoleum in Tehran, leaving 17 dead and dozens wounded, the first attacks claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group in Iran. The Revolutionary Guards then denounced the "involvement" of Saudi Arabia and the United States in the attacks.

Iran is regularly accused by Saudi Arabia and its American ally of wanting to destabilize the region. And Washington regularly threatens to attack Tehran.

"We will never reduce our defensive capabilities [...] we will increase them day by day," Iranian President Rohani said while presiding over a military parade in Tehran. "The fact that you are angry about our missiles shows that these are our most effective weapons, " he added.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH OF THE VIETNAMESE

PRESIDENT TRAN DAI QUANG

Vietnamese President Tran Dai Quang, a conservative figure in the communist regime, died Friday at the age of 61.

The 61-year-old leader died in the middle of the morning.

He has been at the helm of Vietnam since 2016. "President Tran Dai died at the military hospital" in the morning, according to a newsletter from the official VNA news agency, Vietnam News Agency. He suffered from a serious illness, but continued to perform his official duties despite his visible fatigue and weight loss.

His honorary role led him to assume the role of host of US President Donald Trump and Chinese Xi Jinping including at the APEC summit hosted by Vietnam last November.

He was part of the conservative duo placed at the head of the regime in 2016, along with Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc.

Beyond this function he was one of the key men of the regime, within the powerful Political Bureau of the Communist Party of Vietnam (PCV), true center of power, which appoints the president. The real number one of the regime is still the secretary general of the Communist Party, Nguyen Phu Trong.

The death of the president does not destabilize the communist regime, in power for decades, who had time to prepare for his death.

This former Minister of Public Security, the key portfolio of this authoritarian regime, will have nevertheless marked his mandate by the repression he has led against any discordant voice in the country where dozens of political prisoners, bloggers or journalists, are detained. He was particularly illustrated between 2012 and 2015 by the arrest of 2,700 people for breach of public safety.

His election had confirmed the political dominance of conservatives, after a congress of the PC in January 2016 marked by strong struggles between conservatives and reformers.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

COLOMBIA LEADER PRODUCTION OF COCAINE

Colombia remains the world's largest cocaine producer. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), illicit coca plantations have even increased in Colombia by 17% in 2017.

Colombia records a record increase in coca leaf cultivation and manufacturing potential for this drug. The United States is the first consumer of the planet. The country is ahead of Peru (43,900 ha) and Bolivia (24,500) with 171,000 hectares in 2017.

As for cocaine production capacity, it increased by 31% to 1,379 tons, an estimated market value of $ 2.7 billion, figures unpublished since 2001.

The plants have also become more productive. In 2016, the total area of ​​coca, the leaf of which is the raw material for cocaine, reached 146,000 ha with a drug production capacity of 1,053 tons compared to 866 tons previously. Not only the increase of crops, but also their productivity thanks to varieties more resistant to diseases.

In the face of this resurgence, UNODC has expressed its "deep concern about capital from the drug economy , " which affects Colombia's efforts to build peace after more than half a century of war while threatening stability of the state. Indeed drug trafficking has long been the main source of funding for the FARC guerrillas (the oldest guerrilla in Latin America), after the fall of the Soviet Union that had cut the funding of "sister countries".

President Juan Manuel Santos, the predecessor of Ivan Duque, had chosen, in the framework of the peace agreements with the FARC, the voluntary eradication as well as the aid to the substitution. On the other hand, it had banned glyphosate sprays by helicopter, causing serious damage to the farmers' health.

This strategy has been called into question by Colombian President Ivan Duque, who has been in power since 7 August. He pledged to abolish at least 140,000 ha of narco-plantations during his four years in office.

As President Donald Trump prepares a visit to Colombia in December, the government of Ivan Duque plans to resume aerial spraying glyphosate by drones.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

MADAGASCAR LE PRESIDENT PAR INTERIM

RIVO RAKOTOVAO

In Madagascar, they are 36 candidates to take part in the November 7 presidential election. The handover between former President Hery Rajaonarimampianina and the new interim head of state Rivo Rakotovao took place on Monday.

The former head of state has indeed resigned Friday to comply with the Constitution of Madagascar requiring a president who presents himself to his own estate resigns 60 days before the first round.

A first round fixed on November 7th.

On Tuesday the interim president responded to criticism of his proximity to the former head of state, which would prevent him from ensuring state neutrality during the election period.

Rivo Rakotovao was a member of the HVM party of the former head of state but said he was no longer a member of Hery Rajaonarimampianina's party for ten days. If his resignation as head of the HVM, a month and a half ago, had been publicized, this time his final departure from the party was done in all discretion. "Of course, there are suspicions, because everyone knows my choice as a citizen, but it is there that we must make the difference. Now, I am at a level of responsibility where I must fulfill my mission while respecting the Republic, " said the acting president to RFI. His neutrality: his "acts will justify it," he says.

Still, since June it's a consensus government that has been put in place. The national unity government includes ministers from the two major opposition parties MAPAR and TIM.

. "There is a government of consensus so even in the Council of Ministers there will be people who will not have the same political tendencies as me," said this close to the former head of state.

The resignation is seen as a positive signal for peaceful elections, yet some are contesting the date of the election.

Eight candidates in fact, out of the thirty-six in the running for the presidential election, demand a postponement of the election. The best known of them is the former head of state, Didier Ratsiraka. Former Prime Minister Olivier Mahafaly and the Speaker of the National Assembly, Jean Max Rakotomamonjy are also on the list.

A resolution was signed at the home of Admiral Didier Ratsiraka, requesting the cancellation of the poll and the establishment of a Transition. The reasons for this disagreement on the date of the election are of a political nature:

1 ° The current political climate does not lend itself to it

2 ° The illegality of the decision of the High Constitutional Court of 25th May to demand the establishment of a consensus government is denounced.

3 ° The organization of a national conference with a view to reaching a political agreement is also advanced.

One of them has also filed with the Council of State a request for annulment of the decree of convocation of the voters. The institution must decide on this request on Tuesday.

While these eight candidates require a postponement, the twenty-eight others are not of this opinion. The two big competitors of Hery Rajaonarimampianina in particular, Andry Rajoelina and Marc Ravalomanana are in favor of this election of November 7th.

Of the 36 candidates running for the presidential election on 7 November, four of them are already attracting attention: the outgoing president, Hery Rajaonarimampianina, candidate for his own succession, and his three predecessors: Andry Rajoelina ( 2009-2013), Marc Ravalomanana (2002-2009) and Didier Ratsiraka (1975-1993 then 1997-2002).

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

85 SAFE CHILDREN IN SUDAN

" The diversity of nationalities among the people rescued (Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Niger, Ed) shows how much trafficking in human beings and trafficking in human beings is a truly transnational problem, which requires a coordinated international response , " said Tim Morris, Interpol's executive director of police services.

Twenty-five children were saved from human trafficking Interpol said Monday that a human smuggling ring was dismantled in late August in Sudan.

A human smuggling ring was dismantled at the end of August in Khartoum, Sudan, saving 94 people, including 85 children, some of whom were working in illegal gold mines, Interpol said on Monday.

Thanks to "Operation Sawiyan", which took place from 26 to 30 August, 12 women and two men were arrested during a widespread crackdown by the local police, with the support of Interpol. "Several hotspots" of the city such as the international airport, and open pit gold mines in the east, were targeted, said in its statement the International Criminal Police Organization, headquartered in Lyon. .

Police arrested fourteen people involved in illegal immigration, child labor and forced begging.

" The diversity of nationalities among the people rescued (Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Niger, Ed) shows how much trafficking in human beings and trafficking in human beings is a truly transnational problem, which requires a coordinated international response , " said Tim Morris, Interpol's executive director of police services, quoted in the text.

Many of the minor victims of the network were working in illegally mined gold mines, "in extreme conditions", "children, some aged" as young as 10 years "" handling dangerous chemicals such as mercury or cyanide.

200 police officers were mobilized for the operation of various services, including those of the fight against human trafficking, child protection and the local branch of Interpol

Twenty thousand dollars (17,325 euros) were also seized during the operation, some of which could correspond to "the payment of a ransom" after the abduction of a migrant, who is part of the victims of the dismantled network, according to the same source.


A transnational criminal group has been dismantled as there are others trafficking human beings including children. It is a "real transnational problem".
Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

NORTH KOREA WITHOUT BALLISTIC MISSILE

BUT WITH GERARD DEPARDIEU

North Korea celebrates its 70th anniversary with a giant military parade the day the country commemorates the founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948. September 9 is indeed the day the country commemorates the founding in 1948 of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), its official name.

This communist state was born from the partition of the peninsula by Washington and Moscow, three years earlier, during the last days of the Second World War.

North Korea held a military parade on Sunday to celebrate its 70th anniversary while refraining from showing intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

Armored personnel carriers, multiple rocket launchers and tanks followed, flown over by biplanes forming the number "70".

Hunters expelling red, white and blue smoke - the colors of the North Korean flag - passed over the Juche Tower, a monument to the glory of North Korean political philosophy.

Only short-range missiles and tanks were exposed.

The Kumsong-3, anti-ship cruise missile and the Pongae-5, a ground-air craft were part of the parade. No Hwasong-14 and 15, missiles capable of reaching the continental United States.

During these festivities, under the watchful eye of Kim Jong, the North Koreans have not shown the latest military inventions for the purpose according to experts to "minimize the military nature" of the event, "It does not" There was no ICBM, IRBM (intermediate-range missiles) whose presence would not have been very happy in this atmosphere that North Korea is committed to the ultimate denuclearization. I think it will be well received, " said Chad O'Carroll, director of the Korea Risk Group. Immediately after the military parade, thousands of civilians marched, accompanied by floats depicting economic themes and calls for the reunification of the peninsula.

Beijing, North Korea's protector and trading partner, is represented by a senior official, a sign of Pyongyang's desire to relax after years of cold weather due to North Korea's missile and nuclear weapons tests. Kim Jong Un has also met Chinese President Xi Jinping three times in China since January. So the North Korean leader testified to his friendship with China, raising the hand of President Xi Jinping's envoy as they greeted the crowd after the parade.

It is also a way of sparing diplomatic efforts underway, following the June meeting in Singapore between US President Donald Trump and Kim Kong Un, who will hold his third summit with South Korean President Moon Jae-in in Pyongyang in mid-September.

These festivities also took place under the eyes of French actor Gerard Depardieu, present in the stands of local and foreign dignitaries.

Sign of relaxation on the peninsula, it seems.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATHS IN BASSORAH ON BACKGROUND

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CRISIS IN IRAQ

Iraq is shaken by a social anti-corruption movement in Basra province, the southern oil region.

At night in Basra, towering clouds of thick black smoke and high flames rose from the governorate headquarters, the provincial governor's residence, and seats in political parties and armed groups. Protesters set fire to the Iranian consulate in Basra. Four rockets fell on Saturday morning at the local airport, according to the agency Kurdistan24. Later in the day, protesters had invaded an oil field north of Basra, operated by the Russian group Lukoil.

Thousands of protesters were back in the street. "One person was killed and 35 wounded, so 24 civilians and 11

order, " according to a lapidary statement from the Ministry of Health ... In addition three shells fell early Friday, September 6 on the Green Zone where the authorities in Baghdad sit, while a curfew was imposed in Basra, capital of the southern oil province.

The mortar attack on the ultra-secure area of ​​Baghdad, a rare incident whose perpetrators have not been identified, caused "no casualties or damage," according to the command of operations in the Iraqi capital.

These social unrest, which began in Basra province, the country's richest in hydrocarbons, began in July 8 due to the negligence and corruption of the political class. Indeed, in this hydrocarbon-rich region, the lack of infrastructure, water, electricity and jobs is crying. Protesters had already attacked armed parties and groups. This movement, which had spread across the south of the country and into Baghdad, then ran out of steam, with the government announcing the release of a multi-billion dollar emergency plan.

But the dispute has resumed last Friday, before escalating in recent days into deadly violence while human rights defenders question the police. A major oil city with a population of 2.7 million, Basra has been plagued since Tuesday (September 4th) at demonstrations against a background of unprecedented social and health crisis. This movement was revived by a health crisis that led more than 30,000 people to hospital for poisoned water poisoning in Basra.

According to the latest assessment, a dozen people have died in these popular disputes. And twenty-three deaths since July.

Moreover this popular protest that led to the burning of the consulate of Iran is made against a background of tensions between communities. Tehran has been trying since the legislative elections in May to influence the formation of the future Iraqi government. The pro-Iran bloc in Parliament, led by a list of anti-jihadist veterans, claims the majority of MPs needed to form the cabinet.

The attack on the diplomatic representation of the great Iranian neighbor, Shiite operative power in Iraq marks a turning point in the uprising in the region since July.

The outgoing Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, allied to the Shiite populist Moqtada Sadr, wants to be the herald of the political independence of Baghdad against Washington and Tehran, too.

On September 8, at the call of Moqtada Sadr, Haider al-Abadi will present with several of his ministers in front of the Parliament to discuss the social movement in Basra.

Torn by years of violence since the US invasion of 2003, Iraq is recovering from a war against Daesh.

Despite significant oil revenues - $ 7.7 billion in August - the country is experiencing high unemployment and water and electricity shortages.


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

THE LATEST TERRORIST TERRORIST IDLEB IN SYRIA

OR THE CRUCIAL SUMMIT IN TEHRAN

Presidents of Iran, Russia and Turkey meet in Tehran summit Friday to decide the fate of Idlib province, the ultimate rebel stronghold and jihadist in Syria where the international community fears an impending humanitarian disaster .

Idleb is the last stronghold where tens of thousands of rebels and civilians evacuated from other opposition strongholds taken over by loyalist forces across the country were sent.

Russia on Thursday assented to "killing and killing terrorists," whether in Idlib, the last stronghold outside government forces, or elsewhere in Syria. "We killed, we kill and we kill the terrorists (...) And it does not matter whether they are in Aleppo, Idlib or other parts of Syria," said Maria Zakharova, quoted by the agencies Russian. "It's about our security," she added.

"Terrorist organization targets" have already been bombarded like Jabhat al-Nusra in the rebel Syrian Idlib province, Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konachenkov said yesterday. A summit is to gather tomorrow in Tehran the Iranian, Russian and Turkish heads of state, whose countries sponsor the belligerents in Syria. "The situation in Idleb will be one of the main topics of discussion" of the Tehran summit, said the Kremlin spokesman, "we know that the Syrian forces are preparing to solve this problem."

Washington, for its part, claims to have evidence that the Assad regime is preparing chemical weapons before attacking Idlib claiming Thursday night that it has "ample evidence" that the Syrian government was preparing chemical weapons for an attack against the rebel province of Idlib.

That's why a new warning was made by Jim Jeffrey, special advisor on Syria's US Secretary of State (Foreign Minister) Mike Pompeo. "Any offensive would be considered an irresponsible escalation ," he warned.

The international community is worried about a new bloody offensive by the Syrian authorities.

The United States has repeatedly warned Syrian authorities against the use of chemical weapons in recent months, threatening retaliatory air strikes, as it did last April after an alleged chemical attack on the United States. rebel locality of Douma.

The meeting between Rohani, Putin and Erdogan could determine the scale and timing of the offensive against the northwestern province of Syria.

It should take place in the afternoon just hours before another meeting on the situation in Idleb, convened by the United States to the UN Security Council.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

ATTACK OF THE CANDIDATE TO THE PRESIDENTIAL

JAIR BOLSONARO DURING A MEETING IN BRAZIL


On 6 September, at around 15:00 (18:00 GMT), Jair Bolsonaro, the right-wing candidate for the Brazilian presidential election, was stabbed in the middle of the abdomen.

He was then campaigning for the presidential election, carried by the crowd in the town of Juiz de Fora, a town of 70,000 inhabitants in the state of Minais Gerais (southeast), a three-hour drive from Rio de Janeiro.

He was taken to hospital where he underwent surgery. The far-right MP has been emergency surgery for an "abdominal injury", but his days are not in danger. According to doctors, he should remain hospitalized for at least a week.

Television footage showed the candidate, perched on the shoulders of sympathizers, receiving a violent blow under the thorax and collapsing back with a grimace of pain, before being evacuated.

The profile of the aggressor

His attacker, a 40-year-old man, is said to be a former militant of the left-wing PSOL party. A large crowd yelled "You are going to die" in the direction of the assailant and caught him and brutalized him before he was taken to a police station. The perpetrator of the attack, was immediately arrested, he was carrying a knife wrapped in a cloth.

The suspect later claimed to have acted "for personal reasons" and "on the orders of God," according to a preliminary report by the military police.

In statements to TV Globo, the lawyer of the aggressor, Pedro Augusto Lima Possa, said that he assured him that he acted "for religious reasons, of a political nature and also because of the prejudices shown by Bolsonaro every time he talks about race, religion, and women. "

Bolsonaro is currently leading the race for the presidency with 22% of the vote in part thanks to the ban on the candidacy of Lula, the former president imprisoned for corruption.

Who is the candidate Jair Bolsonaro? "The tropical Trump"

A member of the Liberal Social Party for twenty-seven years, Jair Bolsonaro is a controversial figure who publicly praised the military junta in Brazil.

A figure of the Brazilian extreme right, the deputy is also known for his sexist and homophobic protests.

At the end of August, he accused the government of promoting homosexuality in schools because a kit was distributed in a school, of which Zep's cartoonist The Guide to Sexual Zizi would have been a part.

He has also repeatedly stated that the police should be allowed to open fire without limit on drug traffickers and other criminals.

If he is not loyal to any political party, his values ​​have remained unchanged. The member has always claimed his deep dislike for the left. Although his entire family is in politics, the ex-captain of the army is mainly "a candidate outside the Brazilian political system" appealing a number of Brazilians, disappointed by the successive corruption scandals that have plagued the Workers Party (PT) of Inacio Lula da Silva.

The aggression of which Jair Bolsonaro was the victim aroused strong condemnations from the rest of the political class.

For several months, the Brazilian presidential campaign has hardened in a tense climate and intolerance.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

DEPENALIZATION OF HOMOSEXUALITY IN INDIA

Homosexuality is still criminalized in 71 countries around the world, according to a count of the International Association of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People.

The judges of the Supreme Court of Delhi have ruled illegal an old article of the criminal code on "sex against nature" . At the center of a multi-disciplinary court battle that began almost twenty years ago, article 377 of the Penal Code prohibited any "carnal relationship against the order of nature".

The highest judicial body in this South Asian country of 1.25 billion people has ruled illegal an old article of the Criminal Code condemning same-sex sexual activity. "The law has become a weapon of harassment against the LGBT community," said Supreme Court President Dipak Misra.

Authorized in 2009 alone, then banned again in 2013, homosexuality was decriminalized in India on Thursday, September 6, a landmark decision for the second most populous nation on the planet. The judges of the Delhi Supreme Court ruled section 377 of the British Columbia Penal Code, which condemned same-sex sex as "sex against nature", to be illegal. A panel of five Supreme Court justices heard in July the arguments of homosexual plaintiffs, including several celebrities, who claimed the article was against the Indian Constitution.

In the country, governed since May 2014 by the Hindu nationalists, very conservative as to the subjects of society, the subject remains extremely sensitive. The government of Narendra Modi had preferred not to take a stand on the issue and let the decriminalization of homosexuality to the appreciation of justice.

Admittedly, there is a discrete homosexual scene in the big cities of India, like Delhi or Bombay, but sex between men and women is still very badly seen in this deeply conservative society. Many Indians, especially in rural areas, where 70% of the population lives, consider homosexuality as a mental illness. Some even put it on an equal footing with zoophilia.

According to the Indian Penal Code dating from the British colonial era, Article 377, now obsolete, homosexuality was on paper punishable by life imprisonment. In fact, however, prosecution for same-sex sexual intercourse has become extremely rare. In the past four years, gay-rights groups have not reported any cases of article 377 imprisonment, but have consistently denounced the pressure on homosexuals, particularly police.

The decriminalization ordered Thursday by the same Supreme Court was widely expected by observers.

The jurisprudence established in recent years was in fact in his favor, including the recognition of a third gender for transgender people and the sanctuary of the right to privacy.

Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld

 

EIGHTEEN DEAD, TWENTY-SIX DISAPPEARED

AND A QUARANTIN OF INJURED

IN A STRONG EARTHQUAKE IN HOKKAIDO, JAPAN

The earthquake occurred in the middle of the night on the northernmost island of the archipelago, just two days after a devastating typhoon hit the Osaka region.

It was a magnitude 6.7 earthquake that struck the Japanese island of Hokkaido, already devastated by hurricane Jebi earlier, on Wednesday night.

According to firefighters quoted by the Kyodo agency, seven houses collapsed on the island and operations are underway to rescue any victims trapped under the rubble.

The earthquake occurred 62 km southeast of the regional capital, Sapporo.

This landslide in the commune of Atsumi is visible in aerial images of the public channel NHK.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told reporters that his government has set up a command center to coordinate relief and rescue.

The north of Japan is swept by the violent typhoon Jebi, which has already left 11 dead and more than 340 wounded and many material damage leaving behind destroyed houses, poles on the ground, trees torn off, vehicles damaged ...

Kix airport, located at sea on an artificial island off Osaka, is flooded and closed, with 3,000 passengers and several hundred employees stranded inside. Indeed the bridge connecting the facilities to the mainland was hit by a tanker .

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

ELEPHANT KILLER FOR THEIR IVORY AU BOTSWANA

"This is the worst poaching episode in Africa I have ever been informed of," said the representative of the NGO Elephants Without Borders.

At least 90 elephants have been found dead, their ivory tusks methodically torn in recent weeks in Botswana, victims of one of the most deadly poaching waves recently recorded on the African continent.

Most were killed by "heavy bullets," according to Chase, near watering holes in the famed Okavango Delta Reserve in northern Botswana.

Stuck between Zambia and South Africa, Botswana is home to Africa's largest elephant population, estimated at 135,000 animals in 2015.

Has the country been the scene of a massive killing of pachyderms?

This is denounced by the NGO Elephants Without Borders with its macabre counting during an aerial census of the country's pachyderm population conducted with the Botswana Ministry of Wildlife and National Parks.

The killings came a few weeks after the controversial decision by the Gaborone authorities to disarm their "rangers" specialized in anti-poaching. Until May, his "rangers" were heavily armed and allowed to shoot poachers.

But last May, the government of the new president Mokgweetsi Masisi, in place since the previous month, ordered the disarmament of these units.

Tourism Minister Tshekedi Khama confirmed the extent of the massacre and said he was "very concerned, very worried".

"We have been spared by poachers for a long time, we now realize how sophisticated they are. (...) Unfortunately, we sometimes learn our lessons in the worst way. "

The wealth of wildlife in this small country has made it a sanctuary popular safari lovers and one of the poles of development of its economy protected by an anti-poaching arsenal hitherto considered exemplary. Until May, his rangers were heavily armed and allowed to shoot poachers. Should we rearm them?

And also consider putting GPS collars on pachyderms as in Gabon?

According to Mike Chase, the authors of this wave of poaching come from neighboring countries like Angola and Zambia where elephants have virtually disappeared because of poaching.

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates that the lucrative ivory trade has reduced the number of elephants from 415,000 to 111,000 over the last decade in Africa.

His studies reveal that about 30 000 pachyderms are poached every year.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

POPE FRANCOIS FOR SUNDAY

BUT AGAINST THE ENTERTAINMENT SOCIETY

During his Sunday catechesis on Sunday, September 5, Pope Francis emphasized the meaning of this day as "a moment of contemplation and praise." "Man has never rested so much as today, but (he) has never known as much emptiness as today! Exclaimed Pope Francis in front of the 13,000 pilgrims gathered in St. Peter's Square.

Pope Francis defended the Sunday rest while criticizing the society of "entertainment".

Sunday is "peace with life," said Pope Francis in front of thousands of faithful gathered in St. Peter's Square in the Vatican.

"And true peace is not about changing one's own story but about welcoming and valuing it," said Bergoglio.

Find the "real rest"

For the pope, it is certainly important to rest, but it is also necessary to distinguish "true rest" from "false rest" in a society that advocates entertainment or escape.

But our society would turn into a "big amusement park", meaningless.

The pope also castigated the leisure society. "The leisure industry is very thriving and the advertising draws the ideal world as a big amusement park," said the pontiff.

Moreover, "the concept of life that dominates today no longer rests on activity but on escape (...) and this mentality leads to the dissatisfaction of a life anesthetized by entertainment, which does not is not the rest, " he warned again.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

11 DEATH OF HUNDREDS OF WOUNDED

IN JAPAN THE MOST VIOLENT TYPHON

FOR 25 YEARS STRIKE JAPAN

The disaster left at least 11 dead and more than 600 wounded.

The most violent typhoon in twenty-five years, Jebi, struck the Japanese archipelago on Tuesday 4 September at midday, with winds of up to 220 km / h.

Hurricane Jebi, the 21st of the season in Asia, hit Tokushima Prefecture on Shikoku Island, in the south-west of the archipelago, the National Meteorological Agency said. This depression (950 hectopascals) is accompanied by very strong winds, gusting up to 220 km / hour in places, in a very wide area.

.Jebi continues its course rather quickly in the direction north-northeast at 45 km / hour. He is expected in the western part of the main island, Honshu.

The authorities also fear torrential rains and mudslides. People living in flood-prone areas or likely to be victims of mudslides must therefore follow any evacuation instructions, warned them. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe canceled a trip to the west and convened a crisis meeting in which he called on people to "take steps to protect themselves".

Some 300,000 people were asked to join shelters. At least 50,000 households are without electricity. The airlines have, as a precaution, canceled more than 650 flights. Many rail links have been suspended.

Economic activity is also disrupted. The department stores in the Osaka region closed exceptionally on Tuesday as companies in the affected areas asked their employees to stay at home. Schools have also closed.

The archipelago, in summer, is the regular target of typhoons but Jebi could cause significant damage in western Japan, already devastated in early July by floods and landslides that have killed 220 people.


Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

QUE RESTE-T-IL DES SIGNES D'OUVERTURE

DU PRINCE SAOUDIEN MOHAMMED BEN SALMAME

« En dix mois, Ben Salmane est passé du statut de prince héritier réformateur à celui d’autocrate, Sur place, les gens ont peur et ne savent plus où il veut emmener le royaume. » pointe Clarence Rodriguez. «Les gens ont peur et ne savent plus où il veut emmener le royaume»,continue-t-elle.

Que reste-t-il des signes d’ouverture affichés par Mohammed Ben Salmane il y a quelques mois?

Dans ce royaume ultra-conservateur, les décapitations s’accélèrent et des militants des droits de l’homme sont jetés en prison.

Sale temps pour les Droits de l’homme - et de la femme - en Arabie Saoudite. Le royaume wahhabite n’a certes jamais eu la réputation d’être la terre bénie de la démocratie.

Mais depuis le début de l’année le régime dirigé d’une main de fer par Mohammed Ben Salmane - désigné prince héritier en juin 2017 - a imprimé un tournant de plus en plus autoritaire sur sa population. Selon les ONG internationales, 48 décapitations auraient été exécutées de janvier à avril 2018 et 58 personnes se trouveraient a actuellement dans le couloir de la mort.

Arrêtées dans la même vague, des féministes saoudiennes sont également détenues depuis plus de cent jours.

Mais depuis ces derniers mois, le prince Ben Salmane a envoyé des signes pour le moins contradictoires.

Après avoir prêché un islam éclairé et la modernisation du royaume (en accordant notamment le droit de conduire aux femmes et en ouvrant des salles de cinéma), après avoir aussi fait les yeux doux aux investisseurs du monde entier, le jeune prince a aussi montré un visage assez effrayant.

Brutal, il n’a pas hésité à emprisonner récemment un de ses plus proches conseillers économiques jugé responsable du coup d’arrêt de la cotation en bourse du géant Saudi Aramco victime de l’effondrement des cours du pétrole depuis 2014.

Mohammed Ben Salmane est aussi resté sourd aux appels à la clémence venus du monde entier vis-à-vis du jeune blogueur Raif Badawi, emprisonné depuis 2015 et régulièrement fouetté.

« En dix mois, Ben Salmane est passé du statut de prince héritier réformateur à celui d’autocrate, Sur place, les gens ont peur et ne savent plus où il veut emmener le royaume. » pointe Clarence Rodriguez.

Après avoir mené une purge contre une partie de la famille royale et quantité d’hommes d’affaires, l’homme fort de Riyad, embourbé dans une guerre de plus en plus meurtrière au Yemen, apparaît lancé dans une inquiétante fuite en avant.

A la mort du roi, son père le roi Salman a propulsé le vice-prince héritier Mohammed Ben Salmane, , alors illustre inconnu, en plus de ministre de la Défense, ministre de l’Economie et des Finances. MBS est également un des patrons d’Aramco.

Ce dernier concentre donc tous les pouvoir en ses mains...En juin, il est devenu le prince héritier en titre en destituant son cousin, qui était le monsieur sécurité. Dans le même temps, il a œuvré pour renforcer son emprise politique sur le pouvoir, procédant notamment à une vague d’arrestations de dissidents, dont des religieux influents et des intellectuels.

Il se présente comme le nouvel homme fort du royaume qui va régner, peut-être pour une cinquantaine d’années, sur la destinée de ce pays

Sur décision de la commission anticorruption dirigée par le prince Mohammed Ben Salmane, 32ans, onze princes et des dizaines de ministres, anciens et actuels, ont été arrêtés, le 4 novembre 2018, en Arabie saoudite .Parmi les personnes arrêtées figurerait le prince et milliardaire Al-Walid Ben Talal, .Ces arrestations étaient une manière de tuer dans l’œuf les contestations internes.

Parallèlement, les puissants chefs de la garde nationale saoudienne et de la marine ont également été limogés. Miteb Bin Abdullah, fils de l’ancien roi, a notamment été écarté de la garde nationale, un important rouage sécuritaire du royaume chargé de la protection des sites stratégiques du pays, dont les champs pétroliers.

L’agence de presse officielle saoudienne SPA a indiqué que le but de la commission était de « préserver l’argent public, punir les personnes corrompues et ceux qui profitent de leur position ». Le conseil des religieux a rapidement réagi sur son compte Twitter en affirmant que la lutte contre la corruption était « aussi importante que le combat contre le terrorisme »

Contrôlant les principaux leviers du gouvernement, de la défense à l’économie, le prince héritier semble donc chercher à étouffer les contestations internes avant tout transfert formel du pouvoir par son père, le roi Salman, âgé de 81 ans.

Le prince héritier, MBS, veut préparer de plus son pays à une mutation économique..

Depuis trois ans en effet, l’Arabie Saoudite traverse en effet une crise économique sans précédent à cause de la chute du baril de pétrole.Le chômage atteint 35 à 40% dans le pays.La société ne peut plus être sous perfusion de l’Etat : tout le monde doit travailler. Le roi Salmane a dû prendre des mesures drastiques comme couper les subventions pour l’eau et pour l’électricité

En avril 2016, MBS a mis en place le plan «Vision 2030» pour que l’Arabie ne soit plus dépendante du tout-pétrole.

En août, les autorités saoudiennes avaient déjà annoncé le lancement d'un projet touristique d'envergure consistant à transformer une cinquantaine d'îles de la mer Rouge en stations balnéaires de luxe.

Auteur d'un vaste plan de transformation de l'économie saoudienne destiné à réduire la dépendance du royaume au pétrole, le prince Mohammed est venu au forum de Ryad présenter un méga-projet.Il porte sur la création d'une gigantesque zone de développement économique, appelée NEOM et d'une superficie de 26 500 km2, avec des investissements projetés à plus de 500 milliards de dollars (425 milliards d'euros) .Cette nouvelle zone économique, à peine plus petite que la Belgique, sera établie au nord-ouest de l'Arabie saoudite, sur les bords de la mer Rouge. Appuyé également par des investisseurs étrangers, NEOM concernera des secteurs aussi divers que l'énergie, l'eau, la biotechnologie, l'alimentation, le numérique, les médias et les divertissements, selon le communiqué.

Une Arabie modérée

Si « toutes les conditions sont réunies pour assurer le succès de ce projet et, en premier lieu, la volonté du peuple saoudien », selon le prince héritier, ce dernier avait promis une Arabie « modérée », en rupture avec l’image d’un pays longtemps considéré comme l’exportateur du wahhabisme, une version rigoriste de l’islam qui a nourri nombre de djihadistes à travers le monde.

« Nous ne ferons que retourner à un islam modéré, tolérant et ouvert sur le monde et toutes les autres religions », avait-t-il déclaré lors d'une conférence économique internationale. « Nous n'allons pas passer 30 ans de plus de notre vie à nous accommoder d'idées extrémistes et nous allons les détruire maintenant », avait assuré le jeune prince, suscitant les applaudissements nourris des participants à ce forum qui a attiré 2.500 décideurs du monde entier

Et en plus de l’économie, cette mutation de l'Arabie saoudite doit passer par des réformes sociétales.

D’où l’autorisation de conduire des femmes à partir de 2018, l’accès aux stades, la nomination d’une femme à la tête de la fédération nationale de sports.

MBS a pris pas mal de décisions qui remuent la classe conservatrice. Le droit des femmes semble évoluer lentement : reste l’abolition du tutorat. Les femmes ne sont pas autonomes, elles sont obligées de dépendre d’un tuteur –un mari, un père, un frère, un fils…En permettant aux femmes d’avoir plus de droits, il veut les avoir de son côté, c’est la même chose pour les jeunes, avec la création des salles de cinéma, l'ouverture des lieux de divertissement.

Mais parallèlement une dérive inquiétante saisit le royaume dirigé par MBS qui voulait montrer un profil modéré devant les Occidentaux. On s'interroge !

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

 

PEDOPHILIA AND PSYCHIATRY FOR THE POPE

These words are not really surprising. The general public has a slightly biased vision of Pope Francis since his election in 2013. We oppose Benedict XVI, who would be the pope of the restoration, to Francis, who would be the pope of modernity. But everything is not so simple Indeed two levels of reading for the popes:

1 ° the doctrinal, which corresponds to their vision of the Church and its precepts;

2 ° the pastoral, which relates to the place of the Church in society and its capacity to transmit the gospel; But for lack of understanding the difference between these two levels of expression, particularly in France, it was poorly perceived Pope Francis.

Why do we tend to see Francis as a modern, even progressive Pope?

Popes have two ways to express their vision of society. John Paul II and Benedict XVI often adopted an injunctive tone and strongly recalled Christian morality. François has a more progressive strategy, he speaks to everyone according to his moral level. In concrete terms, it is his discourse to welcome everyone within the Church, including those who have shortcomings in Catholic morality. On the subject of homosexuality, this resulted in his sentence pronounced in 2013: "If a person is gay and seeks the Lord with good will, who am I to judge it?

Francis considers that the Church is meant to bring back, with flexibility, people who are not in the "right way". It is a pastoral of listening, each one must be considered according to its moral level. In this sense, homosexuality is not necessarily a sin, it can also, according to the pope, a lack of information or a 'harmful' environment. The same goes for abortion: if a woman has an abortion, it must be considered that she could not, in some cases, raise the child with dignity.

Pope Francis is ultimately not as progressive as one might think?

Pope Francis is in fact in the continuity of his predecessors. It condemns relativism and subjectivism, two theories that emphasize the role of the individual in his own destiny. For him, everyone is subordinated to an imposed order, which surpasses us all, and must submit to external moral precepts, in this case his own destiny. For him, everyone is subordinated to an imposed order, which is beyond us all, and must submit to external moral precepts, in this case those dictated by the Church. As such, François believes that homosexuality is an objective disorder, a trend that runs counter to the moral order. Hence its reference to the use of psychiatry: medicine would correct this disorder.

How to explain this double discourse?

It is not really one. These little words, regularly released by the pope (the fioretti, which Francis borrowed from his model, Saint Francis of Assisi), are a communication tool. They translate with simple words moral principles formulated in texts in a more formal way. Sometimes it goes against the traditionalists (the 'Who am I to judge them?' For example), sometimes it goes in their direction, as is the case with his last outing on the plane. But the two are not contradictory, they are simply two facets of Francis' vision of society. In fine, we can not understand this pontificate without distinguishing the pastoral and the doctrinal.

The Vatican corrects the pope's declaration. The Vatican Homosexuality and psychiatry: "The words of Pope Francis are not astonishing"

How to explain this double discourse?

. These little words, regularly released by the pope (the fioretti, which Francis borrowed from his model, Saint Francis of Assisi), are a communication tool. They translate with words

These little words, regularly released by the pope (the fioretti, which Francis borrowed from his model, Saint Francis of Assisi), are a communication tool. They translate with simple words moral principles formulated in texts in a more formal way.

In fine, we can not understand this pontificate without distinguishing the pastoral and the doctrinal. the Vatican on Monday withdrew the reference to "psychiatry" in the statement made the day before by Pope Francis, asked about homosexuality. The word "psychiatry" was removed from the verbatim by the Vatican press service, "so as not to alter the pope's thinking , " said a spokeswoman for the Vatican . "When the pope refers to 'psychiatry', it is clear that he is doing it as an example that goes into the different things that can be done," the source said. speeches.

Whereas until then he was rather modern in his speeches on homosexuality, Pope Francis took a brutal turn. In the night of Sunday to Monday, questioned by a journalist in his plane, the sovereign pontiff considered that "when [homosexuality] is manifested from childhood, there are many things to do by psychiatry". A sentence that shocked LGBT rights organizations and chipped off Francis's "modern" pope image.

However, these remarks are not a surprise for Philippe Portier, director of the Group of Societies, Religions, and Secularities at CNRS. According to this specialist, Pope Francis is simply repeating, with simple words, the vision of the society he covers in the official texts.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH PENALTY FOR FIVE MILITANTS

HUMAN RIGHTS IN SAUDI ARABIA

"All execution is appalling, but asking for the death penalty for activists like Israa al Ghomgham, who are not even accused of violent behavior, is monstrous," said Sarah Leah Whitson, HRW director in the Middle East.

What is happening in Saudi Arabia?

Five human rights activists detained in Saudi Arabia face the death penalty.

Absolute monarchy conducts an uncompromising repression against dissidents.

The death penalty was imposed against five human rights activists in Saudi Arabia, Human Rights Watch (HRW) and several defense groups said. Among the detainees Israa al Ghomgham, a prominent Shia Muslim activist, she collected information about mass protests in Orientale province from 2011. She was arrested at home in December 2015 with her husband. .

Would she be the first woman to be sentenced to death for her human rights work. What is she accused of? She is accused not only of incitement to protest but also of moral support to rioters. ALQST, a Saudi human rights group based in London, reported the decision on Israa al Ghomgham earlier this week.

The key word against dissidents: repression

And yet Saudi Arabia has wanted to show a more liberal face in recent months with Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman (MBS). It has adopted far-reaching social and economic reforms, apparently

But this absolute Sunni monarchy still prohibits public demonstrations and political parties. Its reforms are accompanied by an uncompromising crackdown on dissidents.

Dozens of religious, intellectuals and activists have been arrested this year. Even women who had campaigned for the right to drive. Recently, women have been granted the right to pass their driving license!

"All execution is appalling, but asking for the death penalty for activists like Israa al Ghomgham, who are not even accused of violent behavior, is monstrous," said Sarah Leah Whitson, HRW director in the Middle East.

Saudi Arabia remains an ultra-conservative Muslim country despite its few opening attempts to tackle its future economic reconversion.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

MORE THAN A MILLION DISPLACES IN INDIA

BY THE MOUSSON

Massive operations took place in Kerala, located at the extreme southwestern corner of the sub-continent, to help thousands of people trapped by the floods that left more than 400 people dead in that southern state. 'India. Dozens of helicopters and hundreds of boats were mobilized.

The head of the local government, Pinarayi Vijayan, said on Twitter that Kerala was facing the "worst floods in a century." The record amounts to at least 400 deaths in ten days

In the face of what he described as an "extremely serious" crisis, operations were launched with the assistance of hundreds of military personnel, more than 30 army helicopters and 320 boats to assist the 6,000 people still at risk. trap by the rising waters, while thousands of others have already been rescued.

According to the authorities, 310,000 homeless people in total have taken refuge in 2,000 camps set up to receive them.

"We are deploying more boats as well as the army to step up relief operations," said a Kerala government official,

Helicopters have been hired to dump stocks of drinking water and food in remote areas, and trains loaded with clean water have also been sent to Kerala.

Kerala is famous for its palm-fringed beaches and tea plantations, and more than a million tourists visited it last year, according to official statistics. Popular with tourists, this state nevertheless undergoes each year abundant rains at the time of the monsoon but more abundant this year.

The breakdown of local communications networks complicates the ability to reach people in the most affected areas, who potentially require emergency assistance.

More than 10,000 kilometers of roads have been damaged or destroyed, the local government announced, ordering the floodgates to open in 34 dams and reservoirs where the water reached a level considered dangerous.

Kochi International Airport, the main city of Kerala, is closed until August 26 at least.

Floods have also occurred in other states, including Karnataka just north of Kerala and Madhya Pradesh in central India.

According to the Indian Ministry of the Interior, 868 people have died in seven Indian states including Kerala since the beginning of the monsoon.

Solidarity is organized to help the people affected.

In the state of Kerala, the worst monsoon in a century has caused massive floods and pushed more than a million people to flee the affected areas.

Tuesday, August 21, nearly 3000 refugee reception centers were open but thousands of people still remain prisoners in their homes. The damage will, no doubt, in such large proportions. If the gradual recession of the waters is made possible by the weakening of the monsoon rain, the destruction in this lush region gradually appears.

More than 50,000 homes are reported to have been destroyed, tens of thousands of farm animals dead, 40,000 hectares of crops destroyed, 100,000 kilometers of road damaged. Figures that remain very provisional.

Faced with this situation, Kerala is asking for help.

The local government, led by communists for 50 years, is currently assessing the bill at 2.6 billion euros. The Indian Prime Minister, Narenda Modi, has released 62 million euros this weekend in addition to 12 million already planned, where the government claimed 250 million emergency.

While India has often refused international aid, it has proudly accepted that of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), home to one of the largest diasporas of South Indians (2 million, or 27% of population) rising to € 87 million on Tuesday. A gesture justified by the vice-president of the country by the fact that the Keralais had played a major role in the development of the UAE

Solidarity also comes from within the country: some MPs have decided to give a month's salary. The Church (which has a certain weight in this state composed of 20% Christians) has opened the doors of its structures. Bollywood celebrities relayed many calls on social networks, like Amitabh Bachchan, superstar in India. Given the scale of the natural disaster, the authorities did not hesitate to call for help.

Especially as another danger looms: as the water level drops, diseases may find a favorable ground for hitting the Kerala population in a second time.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

VENEZUELA IN CRISIS OR MULTIPLICATION

PAR 34 MINIMUM WAGE

Seven out of ten Venezuelans want President Maduro's departure, according to polls, a deep economic and social crisis fueling popular anger in a country with severe food and drug shortages and out-of-control crime.

The country depends solely on its oil wealth

In 2001, the oil bonanza made Venezuela the richest nation in Latin America but this oil country ruined by the fall in crude oil prices .Car if Hugo Chavez elected in 1999, was able to launch major social projects, the construction of dispensaries, access to health care for all, maternity aid programs and illiteracy, he has not built any major industrial projects .

The country is dependent on its oil exports to 95% for its foreign exchange resources; the price falls, and he is on the brink of bankruptcy. More question of imports. So in this state that produces nothing, we soon miss everything.

The country is therefore at a currency rate. In front of cash machines, queues are measured in tens of meters. Yet withdrawals can not exceed 10,000 bolivars: say nothing in a country where a single coffee costs 3,500 and a liter of milk 1,500, seven times the amount of a tank of gas

A report from the Venezuelan Observatory estimates that the country has become the second most violent state in the world after El Salvador. Caracas, the capital, even takes the title of the most dangerous city! Last year, 28,479 people were murdered, for 30 million people!

Health is the sector that suffers the most. Report of May 11: in 2016, infant mortality increased by 30%, that of pregnant women or died during their delivery by more than 65%. Lack of prevention, respiratory problems, malnutrition.

In public clinics, faced with rising demands, "sterilization days" have been launched. To be able to get tubal ligatures, you have to justify low incomes and have at least two children.

The diseases are resurging in an endemic state. Malaria, which had been eradicated, reappears and is growing at a rate of 76% this year: 240 613 people infected in 13 of the 24 states.

And the reappearance of disappeared diseases like tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus. In public hospitals, the equipment no longer works. There is a lack of antibiotics, insulin, chemotherapy, antiretrovirals.

Diabetics, cancer patients, AIDS patients, all are doomed.

In four years, doctors' salaries have been reduced by three quarters. Many of his colleagues go abroad. Last year, 13,000 left Venezuela for Colombia, Ecuador or Chile.

That's why Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, who is trying hard to stay in office, announced on Friday (August 17th) the 34-fold increase in the minimum wage, without specifying the date of entry into force of the increase. This announcement is part of its economic recovery program knowing that the minimum income, which is not enough to buy a kilo of meat, collapsed due to a galloping hyperinflation that could reach 1,000,000% this year, according to the International Monetary Fund.

The minimum income should rise from 5.2 to 180 million bolivars, or around 24 euros.

The head of the socialist state said the salary would be "indexed" to the value of petro. Thus, with the Venezuelan cryptocurrency, the government intends to circumvent the lack of liquidity and the financial sanctions of the United States.

"I set the minimum wage, pensions and the base of wages on the basis of the medium petro, 1800 bolivars, said Nicolas Maduro in a radio-televised speech" the new currency, called the "sovereign bolivar", which comes into effect Monday with five zeros less than the current one.

Each petro, according to the president, equals about $ 60, based on the price of a barrel of Venezuelan oil.

During the current bolivar, the minimum income will increase from 5.2 million to 180 million (about 28 dollars, or 24 euros). This adjustment of 3.464% is only the fifth of the year.

Nicolas Maduro also pledged that his government should apply a strict program of "fiscal discipline". He announced that the state would assume for 90 days the "differential" of raising the minimum wage for all "small and medium industries", without specifying the terms.

Nearly twenty years after the election of Chavez, his successor Nicolas Maduro has led the rich oil state to ruin and wants to end democracy.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld


THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

KOFI ANNAN IS DEAD

Kofi Annan, former secretary-general of the UN, has died of illness.

In 2001, he received the Nobel Peace Prize. Kofi Annan, former secretary general of the UN, has died, announced this Saturday, August 18 on Twitter the United Nations Office of Migration.

In a statement, his foundation said the former UN representative died at the age of 80 following a "short illness" , surrounded by his wife and three children.

"Today we mourn the loss of a great man, a leader and a visionary," the UN office wrote, saying in December 2001, Kofi Annan and the UN received the Nobel Peace Prize "for their efforts for a better organized and more peaceful world "

Born in Ghana on April 8, 1938, Kofi Annan first worked in the World Health Organization in 1962 and later worked for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Then he was appointed to the UN headquarters in New York, where he was appointed undersecretary and then secretary general in January 1997.

He held this position until 2006, before giving way to South Korean Ban Ki-Moon. .

"He has continued to work tirelessly for world peace, within the Kofi Annan Foundation, and as a representative of the group" The Elders ", the group founded by Nelson Mandela" to promote peace in the world, "the statement said.

Antonio Guterres, the current secretary-general of the UN, praised his predecessor as "a force that guided the good"..

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

POSSIBLE CANDIDACY FOR PRISONER LULA PRESIDENTIAL IN BRAZIL

At one and a half months of the elections (first round on October 7), former President Lula da Silva condemned him for "passive bribery" and "money laundering" in a case related to the "Lava-Jato" scandal (Express wash) that splashed all the political parties. Nearly 3.5 billion euros were diverted. All Brazilian parties are involved, but in the first place those in power during the last two decades, the PT (party of Lula da Silva and his dauphine former president Dilma

and its allies, including the largest Brazilian party PMDB (current MDB), the current president Michel Temer, also subject to prosecution in a scandal related to the case).

This is the dismantling of the largest network of bribes in the history of South America.

The former president and founder of the left-wing PT party is serving his sentence in Curitiba (over 12 years in prison) and wants to run for president as he recalls in his column in the New York Times, published Tuesday, August 14th. Former deposed President Lula da Silva, who has been in prison since April, wants to run in the next elections in October. "It's the democracy that we kill" . This is essentially the defense of former President Lula da Silva, 72, who wants to seek a third term in the next elections

Head of the Workers' Party, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who was twice Head of State (2003-2010), remains the immense favorite of polls (30% of voting intentions). His party submitted his candidacy Wednesday.

An expert committee believes that the former president's candidacy can only be canceled once all his appeals have been examined. An opinion that, technically, should prevail in Brazil. The UN Human Rights Committee, ruling on an urgent request filed by Lula's lawyers on July 27, ruled on Friday, Aug. 17: it must, according to experts, be allowed to participate in the presidential election in October, as long as all his court appeals have not been examined.

In a short statement, the committee "asks Brazil to take all necessary measures to allow Lula (...) to exercise its political rights since his prison, as a candidate for the presidential election" in October. Lula is also allowed to campaign from prison and use the media.

This committee, a monitoring body of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, is responsible for ensuring compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the associated Optional Protocol. As Brazil has ratified both texts, it is technically obliged to respect the decisions of the committee.

The UN Human Rights Committee is asking Brazil to allow former President Lula to participate in the presidential election.

But it is very likely that his candidacy filed Wednesday will be invalidated, because a law in Brazil stipulates the ineligibility of any person having been condemned on appeal ...

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

DRAMA IN INDIA MORE THAN 320 DEATHS

IN FLOOD AU KERALA

Massive operations are underway in Kerala to help thousands of people trapped by the floods that left more than 320 people dead in the southern state of India. Dozens of helicopters and hundreds of boats are mobilized.

The authorities of Kerala warned Friday the population of the expected arrival of new torrential rain Saturday and Sunday.

The head of the local government, Pinarayi Vijayan, said on Twitter that Kerala was facing the "worst floods in a century." The record amounts to at least 324 deaths in ten days

In the face of what he described as an "extremely serious" crisis, operations were launched with the assistance of hundreds of military personnel, more than 30 army helicopters and 320 boats to assist the 6,000 people still at risk. trap by the rising waters, while thousands of others have already been rescued.

According to the authorities, 310,000 homeless people in total have taken refuge in 2,000 camps set up to receive them.

"We are deploying more boats and the army to step up relief operations , " said a Kurala government official, PH Kurian, who is committed to strengthening the relief package.

Helicopters have been hired to dump stocks of drinking water and food in remote areas, and trains loaded with clean water have also been sent to Kerala.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived Friday night in Kerala to fly over Saturday among the most affected areas.

Kerala is famous for its palm-fringed beaches and tea plantations, and more than a million tourists visited it last year, according to official statistics. Popular with tourists, this state nevertheless undergoes each year abundant rains at the time of the monsoon but more abundant this year.

Friday a new warning was made for the 33 million inhabitants of the state: "All districts except that of Kasargod are on red alert. Torrential rains could affect these 13 districts. Everyone must be very careful, " the local government chief disclosed.

At the same time, many residents have made calls for help on social networks.

The breakdown of local communications networks complicates the ability to reach people in the most affected areas, who potentially require emergency assistance.

More than 10,000 kilometers of roads have been damaged or destroyed, the local government announced, ordering the floodgates to open in 34 dams and reservoirs where the water reached a level considered dangerous.

Kochi International Airport, the main city of Kerala, is closed until August 26 at least.

Floods have also occurred in other states, including Karnataka just north of Kerala and Madhya Pradesh in central India.

According to the Indian Ministry of the Interior, 868 people have died in seven Indian states including Kerala since the beginning of the monsoon.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

NEW MODERNIST BATTLE OR EQUALITY IN THE HERITAGE IN TUNISIA

GE

Béji Caïd Essebsi, President of Tunisia, asked Parliament to take a bill reforming inheritance law: the conflict between modernists and Islamists will reign even if Tunisia appears from Bouguiba as a reformist country.

And it is to fight once again against "obscurantism" that Monday, August 13 in the late afternoon parade protesters chanting slogans "Stop the war on women" to ask for "equality" in the heritage.

Indeed, a few hours earlier, Head of State Béji Caïd Essebsi had formalized his personal position on the subject: Tunisia must enter the age of equality between men and women in inheritance. In a solemn address on the occasion of Women's Day in Tunisia, he pleaded for this reform. The latter has been defended until then only by Tunisian feminists ... "This is a great first in the Arab world , " said Cherif Khadidja, a feminist figure in Tunisia.

At the Assembly of People's Representatives (ARP, the Tunisian Parliament) to act to register this equality in the facts through a bill.

The current inheritance law coming from the Koranic precepts does indeed allow the woman to inherit only half of the share of the man with the same degree of kinship whereas the Commission of the individual liberties and equality (Colibe) , set up at the end of 2017 by the Head of State, had advocated the establishment of equality of principle between men and women with regard to the family patrimony. However, subject to a reservation: that the testator, in case of disagreement with this new rule, can apply the current succession law through a statement made in his lifetime before a notary. A good compromise formula for President Essebsi between modernists and Islamists.

In 2013, the conflict had already been extremely acute before the almost unanimous adoption of the 2014 Constitution and, a year later, the formation of a coalition government between Nidaa Tounès, the party of the president, and the Islamist movement Ennahda.

And currently Ennahda, encouraged by his victory in the spring municipal elections, becomes less conciliatory towards the head of state and his party.

"There is a tradition that must be respected," says Naoufel Jammali, a member of Ennahda's political bureau. To turn it up brutally is not wise. "

In the 2014 Constitution, obtained in the snatch, the basic law states that "Islam is the religion" of Tunisia but in a "civil status based on citizenship"

The crystallized controversy over equality in the inheritance is such an advance, fraught with consequences as much societal as economic, that the head of the State will have very stinging to leave to impose against the camp islamo-conservative.

But Béji Caïd Essebsi, 91, would not like to go down in history as a reformer, in the wake of the "father of the nation" Habib Bourguiba - including women's rights, written in the code of the personal status of 1956

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

STOP AT THE DEBACLE OF THE TURKISH BOOK

Turkey's central bank on Monday announced a series of measures to try to support its currency, which is collapsing amid tensions with the United States and mistrust of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

"Our institutions will take the necessary steps from Monday to relieve the markets," said Berat Albayrak, the son-in-law of President Erdogan at the head of a super-finance ministry, in an interview with the major daily Hurriyet. "We have prepared an action plan for our banks and small and medium-sized businesses, the sectors most affected by current currency fluctuations"

Announcements that come after the Turkish lira, which lost more than 40% of its value against the dollar and the euro this year, collapsed on Friday, falling by 16%. A panic has blown in markets around the world. The Tokyo Stock Exchange ended strongly down Monday (-1.98%).

Ten billion pounds

In the early hours on Monday, in Asia, the Turkish lira experienced a new historic fall crossing for the first time the bar of 7 pounds against a greenback trading at 6.65 for a dollar at 0630 GMT. The Turkish central bank has revised reserve requirements for banks to avoid any liquidity problems, and said it is providing the financial system some 10 billion pounds, $ 6 billion and the equivalent of 3 billion gold liquidity. The Turkish central bank has revised reserve requirements for banks, in order to avoid any liquidity problems.

But for the Turkish despot, this unprecedented collapse of the pound comes only from the United States who are plotting against his country.

Strong dissension between the United States and Turkey

1 ° President Donald Trump's decision, announced in a tweet on Friday, to double tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum also fuels tension between the two countries. Erdogan denounces US "political conspiracy" and says that Ankara would seek "new markets and allies".

"We are once again facing a political conspiracy behind the scenes. With the help of God, we will overcome that, " said the Turkish head of state on Sunday.

2. The United States calls for the immediate release of Pastor Brunson who faces up to thirty-five years in prison for "espionage" and "terrorism". Turkey pleads, for its part, for the extradition of Fethullah Gülen, a Turkish preacher established for almost twenty years on American soil and suspected by Ankara of being the architect of the failed coup of July 2016.

3. Ankara also reproaches Washington for supporting the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) in Syria. For Erdogan this militia is like an offshoot of the PKK (Workers' Party of Kurdistan), classified "terrorist" by Turkey but also by the United States.

Retaliation by Turkey

If Washington is ready to sacrifice its relations with Ankara, Turkey will react "by moving to new markets, new partnerships and new allies, at the expense of the one who launched an economic war against the whole world, including our country" he threatened. "Some are closing the doors and others are opening new ones," added the leader, who has in recent years strengthened his ties with countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia and is also turning to Russia. .

He further hinted that it was the entire alliance between Turkey - which became a NATO member in 1952 with the support of Washington - and the United States which was at stake. an important base in Incirlik, in the south of the country, currently used as the center of operations against the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group. "We can only say 'good bye' to anyone who decides to sacrifice his strategic partnership and a half-century alliance with a country of 81 million people to safeguard his relations with terrorist groups , " said Recep Erdogan. .

"You dare to sacrifice Turkey and its 81 million inhabitants for a pastor linked to terrorist groups? Erdogan said about the tensions caused by Pastor Brunson's trial.

Still, the Turkish despot Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who concentrates all powers in his hands except one officially, is facing its worst economic crisis since coming to power.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

EARTHQUAKE TRAGEDY EARTHQUAKE IN INDONESIA MAKING A HUNDRED OF DEATHS AND WOUNDS ON THE ISLAND OF LOMBOK


An earthquake erupted 10 km deep, the US Geophysical Institute (USGS) announced.

A major earthquake rocked the highly touristy island of Lombok in southern Indonesia on Sunday (August 5th), the US Geophysical Institute (USGS) announced.

At least 91 people were killed and hundreds wounded in the magnitude 6.9 earthquake, according to local authorities.

Most of the dead were in the mountainous area in northern Lombok, far from the main tourist sites in the south and west of the island.

The shock, which damaged thousands of buildings, according to a spokesman for the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency, was also felt on the neighboring island of Bali.

A tsunami warning, quickly lifted, caused panic among residents who rushed to find a safe place.

Indonesia experiences many earthquakes.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

OPEN CRISIS BETWEEN CANADA AND SAUDI ARABIA OR THE REACTION OF JUSTIN TRUDEAU

The Canadian Prime Minister reacted for the first time this Wednesday, August 8, to the announcement earlier this week of the deportation for "interference" by the Canadian ambassador in Ryad.

"Canadians expect our government to speak firmly, clearly and politely about the need to respect human rights at home and around the world, and we will continue to do so," said Justin Trudeau. this Wednesday at a press point. He has no intention of apologizing to Ryad adding more nuanced that his country does not want to "have bad relations with Saudi Arabia," he added immediately. It is a country that still has a certain importance in the world and is making progress on human rights but we will continue to highlight the difficulties when they exist and around the world.

Saudi power, meanwhile, stands on its positions.

Canada made "a big mistake".

Justin Trudeau reacted for the first time to the announcement on Monday of the deportation for "interference" by the Canadian ambassador in Ryad. The Saudi kingdom has also recalled its ambassador while freezing any new trade or investment with the country after the Canadian Embassy denounces the arrest of Saudi human rights activists.

On Wednesday, the Prime Minister added that "talks with Saudi Arabia are continuing . " The head of Canadian diplomacy Chrystia Freeland has held talks with his Saudi counterpart Adel al-Jubeir on Tuesday, according to him.

But earlier in the day, al-Jubeir rejected any mediation possibility that Canada had made "a big mistake" . "An error should be corrected. Canada knows what to do, " he added. The head of Saudi diplomacy said his country is considering "additional measures" against Canada.

The diplomatic crisis between the two countries is likely to fester.

It is not good to recall some truth to the Kingdom of the Saudis



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

MANIFESTATION CONTRE LES CAMERAS VOYEURISTES EN COREE DU SUD

« Les toilettes pour femmes dans ce pays sont infestées de caméras espions ! », ont scandé en chœur les manifestantes rassemblées samedi sur la place Gwanghwamun.

Une manifestation de masse a eu lieu comme chaque mois sur la place Gwanghwamun, les, théâtre habituel des manifestation à Séoul pour dénoncer les caméras-espions qui filment les femmes dans les lieux publics et sont ensuite diffusées sur Internet.

Ce ne sont pas moins de 70000 femmes masquées par crainte de subir des représailles ou d'être harcelées sur internet qui ont défilé. Soit 10 000 de plus que la précédente édition.

Le rassemblement du 4 août a rassemblé dix mille personnes de plus qu’en juillet :

une nouvelle manifestation pour exiger du gouvernement sud-coréen la répression de la « pornographie par caméra-espion », sous une canicule exceptionnelle dépassant les 37 degrés.

Ces rassemblements organisés depuis mai n’ont cessé de gagner en ampleur, devenant les plus importantes manifestations de femmes en Corée du Sud, où la déferlante du mouvement #MeToo a libéré la colère autant que la parole.

Le nombre de signalements à la police impliquant des caméras espions est passé de 1 100 en 2010 à 6 500 l’an passé.

Les manifestantes dénoncent un phénomène grandissant baptisé « molka » :

des vidéos de femmes tournées à leur insu dans les toilettes, à l’école, dans les trains, les vestiaires… omniprésentes.

Certes chaque jour ou presque, on apprend par la presse l’arrestation d’hommes pris en train de filmer secrètement des femmes dans leur intimité.

Professeurs, médecins, pasteurs, responsables gouvernementaux, policiers et même juges se transforment en voyeurs.

Mais ils n' écopent généralement que d’amendes ou de peines de prison avec sursis. Les manifestantes , elles, réclament des peines plus sévères et surtout la fermeture des sites diffusant les vidéos.

Elles ont appelé le gouvernement à « réprimer ces crimes » agitant pour certaines des banderoles proclamant « nous ne pouvons plus vivre comme ça » ou « Corée du Sud, pays des caméras-espions ».

Le mois dernier, un homme de 43 ans a été arrêté :

il avait filmé secrètement pendant quatre ans des clients de motels de Séoul. Il prenait une chambre et la truffait de minicaméras, jusque dans les enceintes des téléviseurs.

La police a récupéré en perquisition plus de 20 000 caméras.

Un défilé de chapeaux, lunettes de soleil et masques chirurgicaux, par crainte de subir des représailles ou d’être harcelées sur internet s'est insurgé à propos de ces pratiques voyeuristes qui atteignent la vie intime des femmes.

« La police réagit rarement quand des femmes victimes lui demandent l’arrestation d’auteurs d’infractions », dénonce Seo Seung-hui, de l’ONG Korea Cyber Sexual Violence .

A la police de réagir en sortant de sa léthargie.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

 

CALIFORNIA RAVED BY THE CARR FIRE

The gigantic Carr fire has, in a few days, already killed six people and destroyed tens of thousands of hectares of vegetation in northern California. It will result in the evacuation of 40,000 more people.

"Carr" is one of the 17 fires currently ravaging California, where more than 80,000 hectares of forest are already in smoke in recent days, said the National Parks Service during a press conference. No less than 1.7 million hectares have already burned since the beginning of the year, more than the average of the past decade (1.5 million).

The fires that continue to spread in southeastern California since last Monday have already killed six people and forced the evacuation of thousands of people. Nine people are still missing but seven others have still not given any sign of life. Shasta County sheriff Tom Bosenko, who called on local residents to immediately comply with evacuation orders, said at a press conference in Redding, the city most threatened by the fire, that the sixth victim was found in a house destroyed by fire, had not listened to evacuation instructions.17 fires are ravaging California.

With a drought and a temperature approaching 40 ° C and fanned by the strong wind, the fire remains uncontrollable, warned California firefighters, who received reinforcements from all over the country.

"We do not have a moment of respite," said one of their leaders, Chris Anthony, describing a fire with "unpredictable" behavior that has already killed two firefighters.

At the Sunday afternoon press conference in Redding, the emergency services, however, reported progress in the fight against fire.

The origin of the fires is still unknown.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

IRAN AND UNITED STATES

THE MANIFESTATIONS OF THE IRANIANS

AGAINST THE CORRUPTION OF THEIR GOVERNMENT .

Several hundred people gathered in different cities of the country, such as Tehran, Isfahan or Karaj, for a fifth consecutive evening to protest the inflation caused by the fall of the rial. The Fars news agency reports peaceful protests in "five to six cities" since Tuesday against water cuts, rising prices and unemployment. And US sanctions that need to be reinstated on Tuesday (August 7th) will worsen the situation. inflation. Indeed, the Iranians, worn out by an endemic economic crisis that fuels anger against the political system, fear a worsening of the situation marked by the fall of the Iranian currency, the rial, which has already lost about two thirds of its value in six month.

After long threatening to withdraw the United States from the agreement reached in July 2015 on the nuclear program of the Islamic Republic, Donald Trump has indeed confirmed its decision in May.

Between Donald Trump and Iran, the oil weapon

This agreement provided for a reduction of sanctions in exchange for a control of the Iranian atomic policy. The United States justified their reversal, saying that Iran poses a threat to security in the Middle East, and asked other countries to stop importing Iranian oil on pain of financial sanctions. Exports of Iranian crude could fall by two-thirds by the end of the year because of US sanctions that will put the oil markets under strong pressure. The reinstatement of US sanctions will involve the purchase of dollars by Iran, its trade in gold and precious metals, as well as trade in metals, coal and computer software related to the industry. It is a whole section of the economy that is threatened.

Effective but justified economic sanctions?

The economic sanctions would be effective on this country of 80 million inhabitants: the rial, the Iranian currency, has depreciated by half this year. The shortage of foreign currency led, according to the Financial Times, the Iranians to rush on gold, cars and real estate to protect their savings, while Mr. Rohani dismissed late July the governor of the central bank for his mismanagement of the crisis. European companies, despite their protests, find themselves forced to choose between trading with Tehran or the United States: the choice is quickly made.

The Iranian economy is being doc destabilized by the return of US sanctions.

President Rohani increasingly criticized for his economic management so that dozens of protesters chanted "death to the dictator" , in reference to the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. A massive police presence and blocked roads were reportedly observed in Karaj, west of Tehran.

Demonstrations against government corruption

Demonstrations often start with slogans against the cost of living and alleged financial corruption before turning into anti-government rallies.

The conservative news site Qom News has posted a video of a protest in Machhad after Friday's prayer, in which a cleric accuses politicians of "not caring about the people's problems."

In Eshtehard, about 100 kilometers west of Tehran, "about 500 protesters attacked a religious school, trying to break open doors and burn objects," said Hojateslam Hindiani, the school's director on Friday night. , reported Saturday by the agency Fars, close to the conservatives .. They "arrived with stones and broke all the windows of the prayer hall, chanting slogans against the regime" , before being dispersed by riot police he added, noting arrests.

An attack that conservatives, opposed to the policy of conciliation of President Rohani, stressed.

The images of the protests suggest, however, that the protests do not have the scale of the December and January unrest, when at least 25 people were killed in protests that agitated dozens of cities.

This strategy of "maximum pressure" , to use an expression of Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, has it been carried far enough to reach out? The Iranian rebuff is doubtful.

Iran is not North Korea

Rohani, promoter of the nuclear agreement Vienna, is under the pressure of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, the army and guards of the revolution, much harder than him. He does not have the political strength to engage in a dramatic rapprochement with Washington. Mike Pompeo had presented twelve major demands to the Iranian power (end of any nuclear enrichment, withdrawal of its militia from Syria, end of support for Hamas and Hezbollah ...) for a new agreement. "We are lucid about the nature of this regime, but our eyes are open to what is possible," said the Secretary of State. If anyone, especially the Iranian leadership, doubts the sincerity or the vision of the president, let him look at our diplomacy with North Korea. Mike Pompeo acknowledged it, believing that finding a moderate in the system was as difficult as catching a unicorn ...

It remains to be seen whether the Russian leader Vladimir Putin can have an influence, the tenant of the White House claiming to have spoken about the subject with the strong man of the Kremlin ...


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

PRESIDENTIAL CHALLENGE AWARDED BY EMMERSON MNANGAGWA IN ZIMBABWE

Emmerson Mnangagwa outgoing leader and former right arm of Robert Mugabe, won the presidential election with 50.8% of the vote, announced Friday,
August 3, the electoral commission.

The victory was announced in a climate of high tension;

Victory of Emmerson Mnangagwa .

Elected in the first round of the presidential election, Mnangagwa was ahead of opposition leader Nelson Chamisa, who won 44.3 percent of the vote, commission chair Priscilla Chigumba told a news conference. in Harare. organized in a tense atmosphere as the army patrols the capital.

"As a result, Emmerson Mnangagwa Dambudzo of the ZANU-PF party is declared President-Elect of the Republic of Zimbabwe, effective August 3," said Election Commission Chair Priscilla Chigumba, with some cheers. Indeed because of tense climate the army patrols the streets in Harare.

Emmerson Mnangagwa, 75, to salute "a fresh start" while from calling to unity. "Let us unite in peace, unity and love and together we build a new Zimbabwe for all," he said on his Twitter account.

Challenging results and violence

But the opposition immediately rejected his victory, announcing that she was going to go to court.

Figures that challenge the opposition. Six people were killed in Zimbabwe, where on Wednesday the army cracked down on an opposition demonstration denouncing fraud in the general elections, according to a new police report released on Thursday.

"The results are wrong, (...) we reject them, we will denounce the whole process in court," said Morgan Komichi, spokesman for Nelson Chamisa's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

An opposition demonstration on Wednesday was repressed by the army with live ammunition. The demonstrators denounced frauds in the electoral process. Six demonstrators died. These historic general elections, which were to mark a turning point in the history of the country, where the elections were regularly tainted by fraud and violence turned to drama.

President Mnangagwa had promised free, peaceful and transparent elections in the hope of attracting new Western investors to his country on the brink of bankruptcy, and Zimbabweans had gone to the polls peacefully.

At the announcement of the results in the night from Thursday to Friday, the streets of the capital Harare and the stronghold of Bulawayo opposition (south) were deserted. Only soldiers and police were visible.

The United Kingdom, the former colonial power of Zimbabwe, has asked Harare to withdraw the army from the streets of the capital. The Commonwealth has "categorically denounced the excessive use of force against unarmed civilians".

Attempt to appease

President Mnangagwa called Thursday morning for appeasement, saying he wants to resolve "peaceful differences" with the opposition. He also said he had been in talks with Nelson Chamisa to try to "defuse" the crisis.

Emmerson Mnangagwa, who succeeded Robert Mugabe following a military coup, forced him to resign. Robert Mugabe had led the country with an iron fist for thirty-seven years. Emmerson Mnangagwa, nicknamed "the crocodile", has just entrusted several military key positions in his government ...

"We have all been naive, including the international community , " said Ibbo Mandaza, an analyst with the Harare-based Southern African Political and Economic Series (SAPES).

"We refused to call a coup and the international community was naive to think that the elections would be free and fair under a military government," he added.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

MOHAHMED VI AND HIS SPEECH OF THE TRONE PARTY OR THE WARNING

WELCOME TO HIS PEOPLE

"Nothing is gained without the unity, solidarity and stability of the country, without faith in the community of destiny that unites us in joy as in sorrow, without sincere patriotism and responsible civility" stresses the king from Morocco

In his speech of the throne of the throne delivered by Al Hoceima, King Mohahmed VI of Morocco delivered his speech by asking a diagnosis and proposing solutions to the evils he presented in Morocco as a whole.

A speech in the form of a message. On Sunday evening, during his traditional televised speech on the occasion of the Feast of the Throne, Mohammed VI chose the theme of this speech to mark the 19th year of his enthronement, namely "the social question". Indeed, the speech delivered in Al Hoceima, in the heart of the Rif, is reminiscent of the Hirak social protest movement which has rocked the region in 2016 and 2017 and which continues to hold the country in suspense.

The current context is also particularly complicated the conviction of several activists of the movement in June, to the general stupor - national as international - having reached sentences of up to twenty years in prison.

The sovereign wanted to convey an essential message, that of appeasement but also of firmness.

The first Hirak protests took place in September 2016, when several Rifains rallied to demonstrate against the state of the roads, especially in Beni Hadifa with Nasser Zefzafi as figurehead. On February 6, 2017, thousands of young demonstrators in Al Hoceima in memory of the death of the nationalist Abdelkrim al-Khattabi Rifain gathered again: during violent clashes, about thirty riot police officers were wounded according to the official version, the number of victims on the demonstrating side is not revealed.

Considered the main opposition leader, Nasser Zefzafi is being prosecuted by the authorities on charges of interrupting the preaching of an imam on Friday 26 May. The demonstrations, where the Berber flag next to that of the Rif Republic, intensify during the following night. During the weekend, about twenty arrests are made against demonstrators accused by the Moroccan state of having injured the security forces, degraded the public road and reached the Moroccan sovereignty over the Rif region, feeding back the protests against the repression Nasser Zefzafi is arrested on Monday, May 29 and has a heavy sentence.

For him, "Nothing is achieved without the unity, solidarity and stability of the country, without faith in the community of destiny that unites us in joy as in pain, without sincere patriotism and responsible civility" . Without ever naming the Hirak militants as "negativists, illusionists and nihilists" for failing to promote them, Mohammed VI condemns their actions on several occasions by exhorting the importance of "patriotism" and "unity." Of the country.

But the king of Morocco has also shown that he listens to his people.

Despite the "achievements accomplished by Morocco and the gains made in favor of Moroccans", which constitute "a real reason for satisfaction and pride," the sovereign admitted that he "feels that something continues to fail us in social matters, " he lamented, who said that health and education will now be " totally [his] attention ".

The ruler calls on his government to take "emergency measures" in this area.

Morocco ranks 69th (out of 190 countries) in the Doing Business 2018 ranking, published by the World Bank. It is marked by glaring social and territorial inequalities, against a backdrop of high unemployment among young people. In 2017, the country was ranked 123rd out of 188 under the Human Development Index (HDI).

Health and Education

This is why the royal discourse has thus addressed the social question, pillar of the demands of the protesters of the Rif.

Existing social protection programs launched by different political parties "overlap with each other, fail by lack of coherence and fail to target effectively eligible categories". A system that generates, according to him, "glaring inequalities". "It is foolish that more than one hundred programs of support and social protection of different formats and being allocated tens of billions of dirhams are scattered between several ministerial departments and multiple public stakeholders," he lamented. He therefore calls for the rationalization of aid. He has therefore called - always in order to facilitate investment - to set "at one month the maximum time allowed for certain administrations to respond to the requests addressed to them in the field of investment" .

The sovereign has also been critical of the organization of medical aid "It is foolish that more than one hundred programs of support and social protection [...] are scattered among several ministerial departments and multiple public stakeholders. [...] These programs encroach on each other ... "

In particular, the monarch called for "redressing the anomalies that vitiate the execution of the medical coverage program Ramed" . On 19 July, the National Observatory for Human Development reported on this medical assistance scheme, six years after its generalization. Several weaknesses are noted. Piece chosen: "The targeting of the Ramed unfortunately does not assimilate the poorest. "

Another challenge is that of education for the development of "support programs for schooling" and the "fight against school dropout".

The solution advocated by the king: a comprehensive and deep restructuring of existing programs, coupled with the acceleration of the establishment of a "national system of registration of families who can benefit from social support programs" called the Single Social Register (RSU), a "national system for registering families to benefit from social support programs". "The households entitled to benefit from this scheme will be determined according to strict objective criteria and thanks to new technologies. "

By developing Tayssir, a financial assistance program for pre-school education, transportation, canteens and boarding schools will be able to "lighten the burden borne by families and support them so that their children can continue their studies and complete their studies. their training ".

A social and inclusive economy

Beyond these axes set by the Shereefian sovereign, these projects can be completed only through the dynamism of an economy that is a guarantee of local development, he said; Hence announcements for investment and job creation "The ultimate form of social protection is through the creation of productive and dignified jobs ," he said. On this aspect, and always in response to the tense regional context, Mohammed VI made three proposals: the adoption, before the end of October, of the administrative deconcentration charter as well as the establishment of the charter of investment, two projects aimed at decentralizing the economy.

So many points that Moroccans will have listened attentively while waiting in a still tense context a response to the height of the complexity of the existence of the Hirak movement.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

AFTER MUGABE ELECTIONS IN ZIMBABWE

In a country where the unemployment rate is around 90%, the inhabitants voted for the first time freely. With the hope of turning the page on Mugabe decades.

They elect the first Zimbabwean president in the country's history who is not named Robert Mugabe. The 94-year-old has led the country since independence before being overthrown by an army coup in November 2017,

In fact, the general elections held on Sunday are the first since the fall of Robert Mugabe, who led the country for thirty-seven years.

His departure last November gave rise to hope for change among the population. More than 5.5 million voters registered to vote. At 94, the former strongman has still not digested his forced resignation with the help of the army.

No support from Mugabe to the candidate of his party:

Opposition leader in Zimbabwe Nelson Chamisa did not wait until the results were announced to announce his victory.

The opposition leader in Zimbabwe claims, Tuesday, July 31, " a brilliant victory" in the general elections held the day before in the country.

"We have done remarkably well (...) and we are ready to form the next government," he wrote in English on Twitter, in support of * a vote count of 10,000 polling stations.

Before the election, Robert Mugabe implied that he would vote for Nelson Chamisa, a long-time opponent, rather than Emmerson Mnangagwa, the current head of state and his party's candidate, Zanu-PF.

Two favorites out of 23 contenders

Emmerson Mnangagwa, Mugabe's close friend who fell out of favor, took power with the support of the military. He promised to reform the country from top to bottom just like his main rival, the opponent Nelson Chamisa.

For the first time, an election campaign in Zimbabwe took place in relative calm. . The main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), has indeed been able to organize meetings, more and more important.

23 candidates ran in the presidential election, and more than one hundred political parties take part in the legislative elections.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

HIGH RISK PRESIDENTIALS IN MALI

E read in 2013 after the French intervention to chase Islamists, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (IBK) is a candidate for his own succession and even favorite, while the country is still plagued by terrorist acts and community tensions. A great instability raises fears overflows on this day of the first round of elections, the army was deployed to avoid clashes, the government has been funding television advertising spots for several days to call the population to calm. This is to say the state of tension in which is plunged Mali.

Safety issues first and foremost:

To allow for the holding of the vote in most of the country, more than 30,000 members of the security forces, national and foreign, are mobilized, according to the Ministry of Homeland Security. In terms of security, "today it can be said that the minimum conditions are likely to be met," said Mahamat Saleh Annadif, head of the UN mission in the country (Minusma), on UN radio in Mali, Mikado FM, while calling to remain "vigilant".

Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, 73, elected in 2013 and head of the "Rally for Mali", puts his mandate at stake despite a disputed record. Indeed insecurity has increased in the country and the economic situation is far from satisfactory.

But it is above all the security issue that is at the heart of tensions and hurts. In addition to the suspicions of fraud on the part of the presidential camp, the jihadist threat in the north of the country - which was taken by radical Islamists by France in 2013 - is growing. On the last day of campaign on Friday, the jihadists were invited to the debate by the leader of the main jihadist alliance of the Sahel, linked to al-Qaeda, the Malian Touareg Iyad Ag Ghaly, leader of one of the Islamist groups that had seized the entire north of the country in 2012 . "These elections are nothing but the pursuit of a mirage and our people will only harvest illusions, as they have become accustomed to," said in a video the head of the support group for and Muslims

Community tensions have been exacerbated in recent years in this vast landlocked country of West Africa, counting about twenty ethnic groups. Insecurity has also undermined the center of the country. And IBK is widely criticized for not being offensive enough on the subject of insecurity. That is why the main opposition leader, Soumaïla Cissé, promised to bring "peace" back to the center of the country and hopes to capitalize on security issues.

"Barkhane will not be eternal":

Moreover, Mali lives on a drip of foreign military aid to maintain fragile stability. The French operation Barkhane is more than 4,500 soldiers tricolor distributed in the Sahel to fight against the jihadist threat, mainly in Mali. If IBK prevails, the international community fears that it will do more than under its first mandate. Jean-Yves Le Drian, prime contractor of the French intervention in 2013 when he led the Defense, signified his impatience.

France and its partners do not want a status quo that would mean an extension of their presence. "Barkhane will be there as long as it takes but will not be eternal," says one to the Ministry of Armies, which by forming local armies, ultimately wants to "create the conditions" of his departure. The creation of the G5 Sahel in 2014, a coordination framework for five countries in the region to fight against terrorism, must also enable African countries to take charge of the situation.

Two favorites out of 24 candidates:

In any case, Malians are waiting for the president-elect (or re-elected) on security. More than eight million inhabitants of this vast landlocked country of West Africa, counting about twenty ethnic groups, are called to the polls to renew the president Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta or to elect one of its 23 competitors, whose head of the opposition, Soumaïla Cissé, and only one woman, Djeneba N'Diaye.

They vote Sunday, July 29 for a presidential election that will weigh on the fate of the peace agreement of 2015 and, beyond, on the entire Sahel, still facing the jihadist threat despite five years of international military interventions.

The official results will be known by Friday at the latest, before a possible second round on August 12.

No less than 24 candidates !! Has the time for revenge for Soumaïla Cissé sounded? Largely beaten (nearly 78% of the vote) by Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta in 2013, the opposition leader, 68 years, this time hopes that the climate of insecurity will encourage Malians to get rid of a socialist president considered too passive . But 24 candidates - of which only one woman - will separate the votes. Among them, many former ministers of the head of state, which says a lot about the ferocity of the campaign even if the outgoing president, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, and the leader of the opposition, Soumaïla Cissé, are given favorites

Since the advent of democracy in 1992, less than one out of every two Malians has moved in five presidential polls. The last election, in 2013, was however particularly followed, in a post-coup context that had shaken the Republic, a few weeks after the outbreak of the war in the north of the country.

The participation rate is traditionally low, significantly lower than 50%, in the first round of the presidential election in this country known also for its cultural influence.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

23 DEATH AND 107 INJURED

IN AN ATTACK IN KABUL

A strong explosion occurred this Sunday, July 22, in Kabul, Afghanistan, when General Abdul Rashid Dostum, the feared warlord of northern Afghanistan and first vice-president, returned to his country after a year of fighting. exile, and was welcomed as a hero. The attack left 23 dead and 107 wounded.

General Abdul Rashid Dostum was greeted by a suicide bombing from the airport. The suicide bomber was exposed in the midst of a dense crowd waiting for Jowzjan's strongman returning from a year in exile in Turkey, just outside Kabul International Airport. General Dostum's convoy of cars had just passed and left without any damage.

The explosion is due to a suicide bomber and caused the death of at least 23 people and injured 107 very according to a still provisional balance sheet of the Ministry of the Interior. "This balance sheet could still evolve," said

Nine members of the security forces were also mowed by the explosion of strong power, said Monday the spokesman of the ministry Najib Danish.

Accused of raping a rival late 2016, Dostum had left the country in May 2017 trying to escape the justice of his country. He had his rival Ahmad Ishchi, a former sixty-year-old governor, captured and had him tortured and sodomized with an AK-47 assault rifle. An investigation was launched in January 2017 by Afghan justice under pressure from Westerners on these facts. Other abuses to his credit had been denounced as the death of 2,000 Taliban locked up in containers.

General Dostum must resume his duties as vice-president despite the investigation against him. A delegation of Afghan officials and dozens of supporters, mostly members of the Uzbek community, welcomed him as a hero when he got off the plane specially chartered by the Afghan government to bring him back from Ankara.

In city dress, white shirt and red tie, surrounded by his personal guard, the general, vice-president, ethnic Uzbek, in his sixties, immediately gained his offices.

President Ashraf Ghani, who had had to resolve the inquiry after the indignation of officials from the United States, the European Union and Canada, is embarrassed by the return. Dostum is the second Afghan warlord to return to the capital with honors.

In May 2017, it was Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, nicknamed by the press "the butcher of Kabul" for having massacred him by merciless bombing in the 90s, who had returned after 20 years of exile at the end of an agreement with the government guaranteeing impunity.

Ashraf Ghani Dostum is the president of a power with delicate balances. Indeed, the Afghan government is weakened in the north with the push of the Islamic State (IS) in the province of Jawzjan, the stronghold of Dostum, and that of the Taliban in the province of Faryab. In addition, civil unrest has recently broken out, causing several deaths, following the arrest in early July of a relative of Dostum.

From Turkey, General Dostum had denounced the arrest of his ally and warned that the northern defense "could collapse" against the Taliban and the Islamic State group.

In the run-up to the October and presidential elections scheduled in 2019, Ashraf Ghani needs to bring a minimum of stability to his country. However, his offers of peace to the Taliban have remained so far unsuccessful.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

A JOINT HUMANITARIAN CONVOY OF FRANCE AND RUSSIA ASK QUESTION

France and Russia jointly sent a humanitarian convoy to Syria on the night of Friday to Saturday.

This is a great first that took place in the night from Friday to Saturday. France and Russia have indeed carried out a joint humanitarian operation to Syria, to a rebel enclave taken over by the regime in April. Many civilians were injured during bombings by the Bashar al-Assad regime.

France and Russia carried out a joint humanitarian operation to Syria on Friday night, targeting a rebel enclave taken over by the regime in April, a first in the conflict that has devastated the country since 2011.

. A first since the beginning of the conflict

An Antonov 124 heavy-lift of the Russian army, loaded with 50 tons of medical equipment and basic necessities provided by France, joined the Russian base at Hmeinim in western Syria from Châteauroux (center of France), according to the Russian Ministry of Defense

This joint humanitarian operation is a first in Syria between Russia. It changed the situation by flying militarily to the aid of President Bashar al-Assad in 2015, and a Western country.

On Saturday, the two presidents emphasized the "humanitarian aspects in the settlement of the Syrian conflict, including the implementation of the Franco-Russian initiative , " in a telephone conversation, according to a report from Kremlin. Aid for Eastern Ghouta, near Damascus, to be distributed by the Syrian Red Crescent under the supervision of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) at the Wharf Orsay.

"In the context of UN Security Council Resolution 2401, this project aims to provide better access to aid for civilian populations," the French presidency said in a joint French-Russian statement.

Obtaining "guarantees" from Russia by France

France has obtained "guarantees" from Russia that the regime would not obstruct the movement, as it does regularly with UN convoys, and that any "political recovery" and "diversion" of the material would be avoided, according to Paris.

"The Russians intervened in a very decisive way so that the authorizations are delivered" and that the aid is conveyed "in deadlines decent" , one noted to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In just a few hours, medical equipment, tents, kitchen kits and blankets - some pallets marked "Crisis Center" of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs - have indeed been loaded into the cargo hold.

The aid, provided by France, amounted to 400,000 euros, Russia having provided transport, said the Quai d'Orsay. These are medical equipment (anti-biotics, resuscitation equipment, infusions, compresses ...) for 500 heavy wounded and 15,000 wounded light Eastern Ghouta. This region was pounded by regime in March-April before capitulating after five years of siege.

After Aleppo, Homs and Ghouta, Bashar al-Assad continued his reconquest on the ground against rebels and jihadists with the help of Russia, but also forces of Iran and Lebanese Hezbollah.

Controversial humanitarian aid

François Heisbourg, president of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London, believes that France "takes note with this operation of the fact that Bashar and Russia have won militarily" , which France rejects on the grounds that 'There are ' no good and bad Syrians'.

Paris defends itself to validate in any way a "pax russa" in Syria. "It's not a political coup, it's a humanitarian operation," insists the Quai d'Orsay.

"In humanitarian matters, we never decided who were the good Syrians, who were the bad Syrians," added the Quai.

The emergency program of 50 million euros announced by Emmanuel Macron in April is aimed at all Syria, it is known.

"Our demands on Russia and our vision of the political solution do not change , " but "if we want a political solution, we need confidence-building measures , " we add.

The provision of French aid in areas under the control of the regime raises questions because it must be provided "everywhere in Syrian territory without exception, where international humanitarian law must be fully respected," replies a joint statement.

"We can not be against humanitarian assistance but France, working with Russia and the Syrian Red Crescent, takes considerable risks , " said Michel Duclos, former French ambassador to Syria. "What mechanisms guarantee that this aid will not be diverted or exploited politically by Assad? Asked the diplomat, a special adviser to the Institut Montaigne in Paris.

If President Macron has been trying for months to involve Westerners in the search for a political solution under the auspices of the UN, the fact remains that the process is skating.

Bashar al-Assad is indeed all the less inclined to negotiate that he advances militarily on the ground.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

ISRAEL "THE STATE-NATION OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE"

Parliament passed a law defining the country as the "nation-state of the Jewish people". The most controversial measure of the bill passed Thursday by the Israeli Parliament, create new localities exclusively reserved for Jews, however, was amended after a wave of criticism.

The "nation-state" law passed in the Knesset

"This is a decisive moment in the history of the State of Israel, which inscribes in marble our language, our anthem and our flag" .

Following the adoption by Parliament of a bill defining Israel as the "nation-state of the Jewish people," Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu publicly welcomed the result of this vote. "It's a moment decisive in the annals of Zionism and the history of the State of Israel, " welcomed Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu.

This text, adopted by 62 votes to 55, with two abstentions, establishes that Hebrew becomes the only official language of Israel, with both Hebrew and Arabic being considered as quasi-official languages. in all state documents. The law, symbolically promulgated just after the 70th anniversary of the birth of the State of Israel, gives Arabic henceforth a "special status" which allows the continuation of its use in the administration.

No new localities reserved for Jews

In its previous version, the bill spoke of the possibility of creating Jewish-only localities, which excluded Israeli Arab citizens who make up nearly 20% of the total Israeli population. This had not failed to provoke a wave of criticism, notably from President Reuven Rivlin, Attorney General Avishai Mandelblit and the EU Delegation to Israel because of its discriminatory nature.

The text as amended and voted on Thursday states that "the State considers that the development of Jewish settlements is in the national interest and that the State will take measures to encourage, advance and serve this interest" . This new, more vague formula was however denounced by the opposition, notably by the Arab MP Ayman Odeh, who brandished during the debate a black flag on the platform to mark "the death of our democracy".

"We will continue to guarantee respect for civil rights in the Israeli democracy, but the majority also has rights and the majority decides. An absolute majority wants to guarantee the Jewish character of our state for the generations to come ", had recently justified the prime minister.

It should be known that the text falls under the category of fundamental laws that serve as a constitution in Israel.

Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

 

FAST REVIEW OF THE HELSINSKI SUMMIT

While Emmanuel Macron was celebrating at the Elysee Palace with the footballers, while we feasted and dined in the Palais de France while the beggars waited for the crumbs in the street, the Helsinki Summit ended of 2018, a summit organizing a new meeting between Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin. The meeting took place at the Presidential Palace in Helsinki, an imposing house built in the early 19th century, to serve as the official residence of the Russian tsars. The symbol is strong!

Barely completed, the meeting sparked an uprising in the United States, coming not only from the Democrats but also Republicans "eager for truth" about the alleged Russian interference in the 2016 elections.

It was John Brennan who first appeared in a tweet. Director of the CIA under Obama, John Brennan tweeted that the words of Donald Trump taking stock of his dealings with Vladimir Putin and dismissing any responsibility for Russian interference, were treason. Nothing less !

Beyond his tweet, John Brennan has called for the resignation of Donald Trump Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, his security advisor John Bolton and his chief of staff, John Kelly.

Brennan's intervention was not short of salt, for the more informed, who recalled that in 1976, the young Brennan, who was only 21 years old had voted (and supported) Gus Hall, the stainless candidate of the Communist Party, a subsidiary of the Soviet PC.

But part of the right has also joined the anti-trumpism environment, denouncing in turn "the Russian tropism" and therefore antinational, according to her, the President.

Indeed, even Mc Cain, in the face of the Republican globalist tendency, who had previously praised Donald Trump, described the Helsinki conference as "one of the worst performances of human memory for a long time." American president, no president having in the past laid so abjectly in front of a tyrant " . Since Mc Cain Trump overwhelms all sorts of depreciative qualifiers such as "naive", "egotistical", "fanciful" or "attracted by autocrats".

Even Fox News criticized the President, who she said "would have gone too far".

According to all these chapels, Democratic or Republican, Donald Trump would have unanimously against him after his meeting with Putin.

However, other comments, against foot, have also been made days, to defend Donald Trump. These rarer but interesting voices, too, believe that US-Russian relations have now been put on a favorable track after the Helsinki summit. And for them Donald Trump should not have surprised so much! He had warned during his election campaign.

Donald Trump went to Helsinki to make peace with Putin, most likely at a good time and to demonstrate, after his stop at NATO / Brussels that all the cold war resurgences based on nothing were useless now. And from this point of view, it is possible that the coup of brilliance of Donald Trump in Helsinki, can powerfully help the average American, who voted Donald Trump, to see more clearly to explore again the slogan "América First "

At the request of the President, the Pentagon is analyzing the cost and the impact of a large-scale withdrawal or transfer of US troops stationed in Germany (35,000 active soldiers), useless in the absence threats of frontal attacks from Russia or Eastern Europe .Donald Trump would have even stated that: "There are no conventional military threats, except to continue a rise in unnecessary provocations, Germany and Europe remain in all cases protected by the nuclear shield of the Atlantic Alliance.

According to Donald Trump , "Germany and Europe can therefore, in these conditions, very well ensure their own defense in the future by devoting a larger part of their budgets to the financing of this one, thus relieving the American military budget ipso facto. "

It is obvious that this project whose ultimate goal is to bring the US National Defense back to national concerns, can not satisfy neither NATO nor Europe, standing up against the Donald Trump project. Nor does it satisfy the military-industrial complex.

NATO and its 4000 bureaucrats, anxious to preserve their comfortable sinecure, are based on the idea that they need to continue living and deploying to ensure "American Pax Romana", even outside the conflict zone.

Europe, which, in the absence of a common defense policy, has never spent the necessary budgets for its own defense.

So there was a lot in the balance of Helsinki for the insiders of the establishment and the war party (represented by Hillary Clinton in the last presidential election, which has not yet digested his defeat) terrified by the threat that weighs on their future and their survival.

It is at this crossroads that "American First" partisans, tired of financing armed conflicts that open up here and there and do not directly concern the United States, tired of the cost of the useless deaths which for several Decades of history hit an increasing number of American families, tired of the tax burden imposed on them for the US to be the world's policeman, even as every American citizen struggles every day to cope with the crisis and ensure its security. way of life.

Of course, to say that Donald Trump would be a genius of geopolitics ... there is a step!

Especially in the face of the attacks that resurfaced after the return of Donald Trump in Washington, the latter has not found better than to retract his statements about the Russian interference, an embarrassing attitude for his support. But, he says it; he would have been poorly expressed and entangled in the negations. ??

It is also disconcerting when one begins to know that the investigations conducted by the General Inspectorate of Justice and Huber Procuratorate have already led to the drafting of more than 40,000 indictments in federal courts. ; that is, 40,000 alleged charges and 40,000 seals that have already forced many of the officials involved in the Russo-gate case to resign from their position of influence.

But, the spectacle of Donald Trump, fond of militaristic fantasies, wasting his time in tweets and selfishly boasting, could have stopped this favorable direction, so much the critics who raised themselves on a possible submission to Putin, are have become more and more rowdy, unfortunately hiding the fact that Donald Trump has pinpointed key issues.

We regret!


Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

DONALD TRUMP HAS SUGGESTED THERESA MAY

ABOUT BREXIT TO ATTACK

THE EUROPEAN UNION IN JUSTICE


British Prime Minister Theresa May revealed on Sunday that the US president was suggesting that she sue the European Union to carry out her Brexit in the best conditions for the United Kingdom.

However Theresa May told Donald Trump that she prefers bargaining to confrontation.

The visit of Donald Trump was hectic, but it ended this weekend in the calm and the good atmosphere

Theresa May reiterated her willingness to find "the best deal possible" with the EU by the scheduled exit on March 29, 2019.

The British government on Thursday released its "White Paper" detailing its proposals on the future relationship between the EU and the UK after Brexit, and its desire to maintain close relations with the bloc of 27, much to the chagrin of supporters of a Brexit without concession.

The Brexit should however make the European Union reflect on its operation knowing that many rumors of the corridor echo an ever possible exit other members of this Union poorly built and dysfunctional so often

Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

 

SARA NETANYAHOU INCULPETED FOR FRAUD

The case has been smoldering for a year.

Since the end of spring 2017, the Israeli police have been letting the threat of indictment hang over what, from the outset, and despite the protests of the Netanyahu couple, had already been described as "a serious case of alleged corruption".

Renowned for her antics and fads, Sara Netanyahu, the wife of the Israeli Prime Minister, was recently charged with embezzling public funds.

Initially, the case concerned only 24,000 shekels (about 5,000 €). The so-called "Bottelgate" was the recycling of bottles bought and consumed by the prime minister's office and which Sara Netanyahu would have personally reimbursed for the deposit received in exchange for the empty bottles, whereas the money should have landed in State coffers.

"Bibi" (Benjamin) Netanyahu had naturally, via his facebook account, immediately shouted at the plot, while inviting the press to leave his family alone.

Wasted effort ! Because over the years, the wife of "Bibi" became the most hated woman of Israel, in which the citizens see an authoritarian replica of Hillary Clinton. And it's not much saying !

Sara Netanyahu, 57 years old this year has indeed illustrated, since the rise of her husband, by his taste for positions of power and his unspeakable conduct caused by the large amounts of alcohol she swallows daily for a long time.

Very embarrassed, the Attorney General at the time, Yehude Weinstein, had hesitated to launch a judicial investigation that he finally had decided to open under the background of a political battle, which is raging between the Likud and the Labor Party.

The investigation has been for a year, advanced.

To calm things down, the Attorney General had been informed that the Prime Minister's wife would reimburse the state if an investigation into the misuse of state funds was abandoned.

But the case of fraud has grown ... and the investigation has advanced.

There is no longer a question of bottle orders, but hundreds of meals for private restaurants, ordered by the Prime Minister's Residence, while the latter had an official cook.

Sara Netanyahu's defense, which at the time ensured that she had not deliberately bypassed the difficulties associated with the absence of a leader, collapsed. The fraud was aggravated by a breach of trust and Sara Netanyahu was indicted on 21 June 2018 and indicted.

It was the Israeli justice director who gave the official information in a statement.

Of course, Sara Netanyahu denies these accusations.

But in recent weeks Benjamin Netanyahu is also targeted directly by this case and two other investigations for corruption. He is believed to have received for one million shekels (240,000 €) of luxury gifts from wealthy personalities in exchange for favor.

For now he refuses to resign, citing "a witch hunt"

But this is not the first time that he and his family are facing legal trouble. In the absence of evidence at the time, (1996/1999 and 2000) justice had finally given up the accused.

Will Justice be right Benjamin Netanyahu, whose image has become considerably tarnished following these latest revelations?

The fall of the Prime Minister seems, according to some observers, inevitable ... even if the Justice works slowly and if the people claim their innocence while the evidence is overwhelming.

Benjamin Netanyahu now only has a handful of supporters.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

SOUAD ABDERRAHIM FIRST WOMAN

ISLAMIST MAYOR OF TUNIS

"I offer this victory to all the women of my country, all the youth and Tunisia," Souad Abderrahim said on July 3 after his victory.

This is the first time a woman has been to Tunis for five years. First democratically elected mayor Souad Abderrahim, head of the Islamist-conservative party Ennahda, is elected with 26 votes to 22 for his main opponent, Kamel Idir, former local leader under the regime of Ben Ali. Souad Abderrahim, 53, becomes thus the first woman to win the function of "Sheikh El Medina", traditional male title given to the mayor of Tunis.

Like Souad Abderrahim, many women have recently gained access to local power through a very strict parity law.

According to the Independent Electoral Commission (Isie), 47% of elected officials are women, 573 of whom are heads of lists (29.5% of the total).

Not veiled, it looks nothing like the classic members of the party.

With a "Western" look today, she is 53 years old, married and a mother of two, and a manager of a pharmaceutical company that she will have to leave under the law.

Nevertheless she remains a controversial political figure.

Indeed after the 2011 Revolution the pharmacist decides to return to political activist then for the Islamo-conservative party Ennahdha. Ideologically close to the Muslim Brotherhood since its creation in the 1980s, Ennahdha was transformed in mid-2016 into a "civil party with Islamic referent" , abandoning a political Islam for a "democratic" Islam .

In October, figurehead of the party, she is elected for a term as a member of the first Constituent Assembly of Tunis (equivalent of Parliament), it continues until 2014.

But then candidate, it arouses the indignation of human rights defenders.

Indeed, during an interview on radio Monte Carlo Doualiya, she says that individual freedoms must be "framed by customs, traditions and respect for morality" and do not hesitate to blame to single mothers, "an infamy, a plague for Tunisian society", which "should not aspire to a legal framework that protects their rights," according to the future MP.

What worry the opposition even if Souad Abderrahim claims liberal ideas ...

Opponents of Souad Abderrahim see it as a showcase for the Islamist party that seeks to dedicate itself. Ennahda may hammer that he dissociates the religious of politics, for his opponents all this is pure strategy.

But his election remains a strong symbol in Tunisia .

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

VICTORY WITHOUT SURPRISE FROM THE LEFT CANDIDATE "AMLO" TO THE PREDIDENTIAL MEXICAN

The two opponents of Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador have acknowledged their defeat. The former mayor of Mexico City Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) obtained, according to an official estimate, between 53% and 53.8% of the votes after two unfortunate candidacies to the previous presidential ones. He leads and conservative Ricardo Anaya Cortes, credited with between 22.1% and 22.8% of the vote, and José Antonio Meade, of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), in power, credited with between 15.7% and 16.3% of the votes. This is a historic victory for the left after a campaign marked by violence. No wonder, polls gave him more than a 20-point lead over traditional party candidates. Leftist candidate Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador won the presidential election in Mexico on Sunday (July 1st), the first official estimate promising "profound changes" and "no dictatorship".

At 64, he intends to capitalize on the general exasperation of a society plagued by drugs and corruption. Presenting himself as the antisystem candidate, he intends to chase "the mafia of power" after the mandate of the unpopular Enrique Pena Nieto.

AMLO pledged " austere government, without luxury or privilege" , up to 50% reduction in the salaries of senior officials, including his own, and the transformation into cultural center of the Los Pinos presidential residence., "Haunted According to him by the turpitudes of the previous presidents.

"There is a lot to do for the good of both the United States and Mexico!" Trump tweeted as relations between the two countries tightened as a result of the US administration's trade and migration policies. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also congratulated Mexico's new president, close friend " . "We are united by common goals. (...) We have a mutually profitable business relationship that is the envy of the rest of the world. Our joint efforts to update the North American Free Trade Agreement for the 21st century are proof of that, " Trudeau tweeted.

In addition to the presidential mandate, the 89 million Mexican voters renewed more than 18,000 mandates, including 500 seats and 128 senators.

64-year-old left-wing veteran achieves historic success at national, but also regional and local level, winning at least six out of nine governorships at stake, with his party, the National Regeneration Movement (Morena ). Morena would win in Veracruz, Morelos, Puebla, Chiapas, Tabasco and Mexico City. In three other states, the results were tighter and could not announce a winner, according to the pollsters. .For the first time, a woman, Claudia Sheinbaum, a 56-year-old scientist and faithful of "AMLO", was elected head of the Mexican mega-city of more than 20 million inhabitants getting between 47.5% and 55, 5% of the vote, far ahead of the candidates of the traditional parties, and thus putting an end to twenty years of domination of the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD, left) in Mexico Gonzalez, Workers' Party (PT, opposition), was slaughtered near his home, in the state

But this day of voting was also marked by the death of two militants, shot dead. Flora Resendiz Gonzalez, Workers Party (PT, Opposition), was shot dead near her home, in the state

of Michoacan (West) while Fernando Herrera Silva, of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PR of Michoacan (West) while Fernando Herrera Silva, of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), the party in power, was killed in Acolihuia, in the State of Puebla (Center): "We demand that the state guarantee the security of the electoral process , " the PRI said in a statement, so AMLO is at the head of the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world and the second-largest economy in Latin America. This is the first time that Mexico will be led by a party claiming from the left.Morena's program to lead the country was not detailed during the campaign but the priorities are imposed by them. the fight against corruption, violence and social inequality, and his supporters reminded him of his reasonable management when he was mayor of Mexico City, but concerns remain about his unnatural alliance with a party. vangéliste, Encuentro Social, which will have a weight in Congress and the Senate incommensurate with its real representation.

One of AMLO's major challenges is the tense relationship with its northern neighbor: the United States. US President Donald Trump congratulated the new Mexican president and said he was "ready to work" with him.
Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

GENERAL ELECTIONS IN MEXICO IN

A CLIMATE OF VIOLENCE

Leftist candidate Andres Manuel López is credited with at least 51% voting intentions, which is 20% more than his nearest rival. Ricardo Anaya, promoted by a center-right coalition formed by the National Action (PAN), the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and Movimiento Ciudadano. Given the single-round Mexican electoral system, if the polls are proven, this score ensures him to be elected.

The Mexican presidential election entered yesterday in its last phase with the closure of the campaign of the main candidates. Andrés Manuel López Obrador, 64, left the supporters with the promise to promote a "transformation" of the country, but said however that it would happen in peace.

These crucial elections take place in a climate of unheard-of violence

The war launched in 2006 by Felipe Calderon's government against cartels has fragmented these criminal groups into smaller and often very violent criminal cells, so that they do not hesitate to get rid of politicians they can not manage. to control.

. One hundred and thirty-three politicians have been killed since the start of the electoral process in September, of which 28 were pre-candidates and 20 as candidates according to the consulting firm Etellekt.

Sunday's elections are the largest in Mexico's history as more than 18,000 seats will be renewed, including the bicameral Congress seats.

"We are on the verge of a bloodless transformation, the main problem in Mexico is corruption, the main cause of economic inequality, because of the corruption that triggered insecurity, " he said. declared the leader of the National Regeneration Movement (Morena), to the applause of the 80,000 spectators of the stadium.

"Finish the mafia in power! " Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, a favorite of the July 1 presidential election in Mexico. The left-wing candidate has made the fight against corruption his hobbyhorse. His supporters see him as a providential man in a country undermined by inequality and crime.

In a festive atmosphere, with the sound of cumbia and vallenato, the veteran on the left had only a leitmotiv to his mouth: "change" . AMLO, as the Mexicans call it, with a coalition of the Left Workers Party (PT) and the right-wing evangelist, seduced his electorate with his personality: that of a man once considered radical and authoritarian, who is softened with experience

The man of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), José Antonio Meade, appears third at a great distance. He has the oil machinery of a party that is almost 90 years old and 77 years old. But the bad image of Enrique Peña Nieto's government is a burden that reduces his votes.

So far, what defines the debate is, without a doubt, corruption. López Obrador opposes what he calls the unholy alliance of corrupt businessmen and politicians who blew Mexico and promises to destroy that relationship in a national historic transformation, just as President Benito Juárez defeated the control of the national economy by the Catholic Church.

An AMLO victory promises to completely change the Mexican political scene, which has been articulated since 1988 around three formations: the PRI, the PAN, as the main opposition of the center-right, and the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD). ).

It is not by chance that López Obrador gets the support of the majority at that time. Market-oriented economic policy has achieved economic growth of only 1.3% per year.

The advantage of Lopez Obrador in the polls is so wide that the question is whether his party MORENA can win the majority in Congress which would then leave his hands free.


Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

 

HYPERPRESIDENTIALIZATION OF ERDOGAN OR THE END OF DEMOCRACY IN TURKEY

"Turkey, with a participation rate of nearly 90%, gave a lesson of democracy to the world," said Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Sunday, June 24, the night of general elections in Turkey .

More than 56 million voters were called to ballot for the presidential election but also for the legislative elections. Mr. Erdogan was seeking a new term after fifteen years of undivided rule.

This double vote marks the transition in Turkey from a parliamentary system to a hyper-presidential regime desired by the "raïs" and validated in a referendum in 2017 after a coup attempt in 2016.

According to the state-run Anatolia news agency, Erdogan won 52.5 percent of the vote, while the AKP-dominated alliance (AKP, Islamo-conservative) led the polls with 53.61 percent. of the poll. Its main competitor, the Social Democrat Muharrem Ince, comes in second position in the presidential election with 30.7% votes. The anti-Erdogan alliance of several opposition parties for the legislative branch of the polls gets 34% of the vote.

The Turkish people said, "Let's continue with President Erdogan," said government spokesman Bekir Bozdag on Twitter.

The leader of the Republican People's Party (CHP), the main component of the Turkish opposition, made no comment regarding the results on Sunday night, convening a press conference for Monday at midday in Ankara.

The opposition, which had sent representatives to most of the 180,000 polling stations, is contesting its figures denouncing attempts at fraud.

The CHP also denounced the stuffing of ballot boxes in an office in Suruç, a locality near the Syrian border, so that Sanliurfa public prosecutor, on whom Suruç depends, announced the opening of an investigation into these accusations. the arrest of four people.


The "Rais" now concentrates the executive power through the constitutional revision removing the post of Prime Minister for the benefit of a hyperpresident. The President can even promulgate decrees in areas falling within the broad sphere of his executive powers.

The chairperson may appoint the ministers himself and designate one or more vice-chairs. In addition, new powers in the judicial field will be granted to him with the possibility of choosing six of the thirteen members of the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK), responsible for appointing and removing the judiciary system. In case of "uprising against the fatherland" or "violent actions that put the nation (...) in danger of dividing" the establishment of the state of emergency will be allowed. Towards the end of democracy ...

These elections mark the transition from the current parliamentary system to a presidential system where the head of state concentrates the entire executive power.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

SULTAN ERDOGAN ON SADDLE SUNDAY

Will Rep Sepyip Erdogan win the presidential election? This is the scenario that the current head of state wanted when he called the elections a year and a half before the scheduled date, hoping not only to take the opposition off guard, but also ahead of the economic crisis looming. .

Presidential and parliamentary elections are being held this Sunday in Turkey, while the strongman of the country Recep Tayyip Erdogan is not certain of being elected President, nor of maintaining the majority of his party, the AKP, in Parliament. Indeed the opposition, although firmly muzzled, has managed to win The undeniable Turkish president had to face in this express campaign an unexpected union of opposition parties and a competitor, Muharrem Ince, able to compete with him. But if the opposition prevailed, it would still have to get along.

Among the five candidates who face him, Muharrem Ince, MP of the Republican People's Party (CHP, social-democratic and secular, the party created by the founder of the Republic Mustafa Kemal Atatürk) would have met Thursday nearly 2.5 million according to the organizers at an election rally in Izmir. He is credited with more than 30% of votes in polls.

During his first enthusiastic speech, he promised to be an "impartial president" , serving the "80 million" Turks: a sniff directly addressed to his main opponent, the Islamic-conservative President Recep Tayyip Erdogan who is accused by critics of having polarized Turkish society in recent years.

Criticizing the authoritarian drift of the president, this charismatic veteran of the CHP committed, if he was to beat the "Reis", to reinstate the parliamentary system as soon as possible and to lift the state of emergency, in place for almost two years now. He reaffirmed that he would get rid of the presidential palace of Pharaonic proportions that Erdogan was built in Ankara

If no candidate wins more than 50% of the votes in the first round of presidential elections, a second round will be held on July 8th.

To win the victory, Muharrem Ince must imperatively get the votes of conservative voters disappointed with the AKP, particularly worried about the economic crisis that threatens the country. This is why this former professor of physics and chemistry does not put forward the defense of secularism. The candidate does not miss an opportunity to recall the memory of his conservative family, his veiled mother.

Moreover, in the event of a duel against Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Muharrem Ince knows he can count on a significant postponement of Kurdish voters including supporters of HDP, the party of the Prokurde left. In fact, in 2016, he had openly criticized Kilicdaroglu's decision to support the lifting of parliamentary immunity, which had paved the way for several trials against pro-Kurdish elected officials accused of links to "terrorism" and refused to vote in May 2016 - contrary to the instructions of his party - the lifting of parliamentary immunity, which led to the arrest of several deputies of the HDP, including Co-President Selahattin Demirtas (now presidential candidate from his cell).

The issue of these elections is considerable because the winner will be given stronger powers after a constitutional revision, adopted by referendum in April 2017. A reform required by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, less than a year after the latter has escaped an attempt military-led putsch in July 2016. Thanks to the result, Recep Tayyip Erdogan has carried out a constitutional revision, including the abolition of the position of Prime Minister for the benefit of a hyperpresident who would concentrate, in his hands, vast prerogatives. executive power can even promulgate decrees in areas falling within the broad sphere of its executive powers.

The chairperson may appoint the ministers himself and designate one or more vice-chairs. In addition, new powers in the judicial field will be granted to him with the possibility of choosing six of the thirteen members of the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK), responsible for appointing and removing the judiciary system. In case of "uprising against the fatherland" or "violent actions that put the nation (...) in danger of dividing" the establishment of the state of emergency will be allowed. After the elections, the Turkish parliamentary system will become an executive presidency.

Hence the importance of these double elections on Sunday.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

WILL THE TURKS GO TO STOP! or GO!

TO PRESIDENT ERDOGAN THIS SUNDAY JUNE 24, 2018


For months, the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had reiterated his commitment to the organization of elections on the dates scheduled. Last May, however, and in the space of 24 hours, there was a 180 ° turnaround.

Under pressure from his ally Devlet Bahceli, leader of the far-right party, the Turkish President has indeed decided to call the voters to the polls for 24 June 201, this to 16 months of the end of his term.

According to President Erdogan himself, the domestic and external political climate, as well as the country's economic situation, would justify these early elections, with, moreover, as a barely hidden ambition, to obtain greater power in case of victory.

To this situation have been added the latest developments in Syria.

The stake is important for the outgoing President who seeks to formalize definitively the presidential reform that would give him full powers, obtained in the aftermath of the referendum of April 2017, but to be confirmed.

The election of this Sunday, June 24, 2018 will be two-fold: the voters will have to designate the future President of the Republic; they will also have to designate, on a proportional basis, their parliamentarians on the same day.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan will therefore face tomorrow a poll that over the months has proved more and more uncertain, because many factors today play against him.

Certainly, according to what predicts the Kondo polling institute (survey published Thursday, June 21, 2018) the Head of State could do more than 50% from the first round! But others predict he could not do it in the first round, imposing a humiliating second round on Reis.

But other darker scenarios are emerging: Erdogan could lose, facing a triumphant opposition led by Muharrem Ince, a lay center-left (heir to Kemalism) little known a few weeks ago but who with his voice crooner ignites the crowds.

Muharrem Ince is a former professor of physics and chemistry, currently a member of Parliament for Yalova (in North West Turkey). Muharrem Ince entered the running in early May, following internal elections in his CHP Republican Party.

Since then he has traveled the country, jumping from one meeting to another. He shakes Erdogan who despite his speeches in favor of a "visionary Turkey led by a powerful leader" does not succeed, month after month, to counter this new leader "which aims, him, Turkey for 80 million Turks that they are Kurdish, Sunni or even Alevis " and which, moreover, makes one dream.

And of the dream, Turkey needs it today!

The economy, which has bounced, has reached a critical point:
households that have long benefited from easy credit are highly indebted.
Several economic indicators are in the red
Inflation has settled
160,000 civil servants are without work
Etc ...

In addition to the economic problems, the purges that followed the failed coup d'etat of 2016 and which directly or indirectly affect many families.

We must complete this gloomy picture with the Syrian problem and Syrian immigration that a growing part of the population no longer supports, calling for massive expulsions.

The same day, it will be recalled, will hold legislative elections whose outcome is just as uncertain.

A parliament hostile to Erdogan could indeed lead this denier, if elected to the presidency, to accept a cohabitation ... almost certainly difficult.

Never seen for 15 years, in a power that year after year slipped to paranoid authoritarianism increasingly deadly.

At D-1, the games are not made. But the scant score of "raises" in the referendum of 2017, does not bode well in a country where the social networks that saved his life in 2016, today rely on a second round that could be dishonorable.



Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

THE GERMAN POLICE DECLINES A RICINE ATTACK

At a time when the debate rages in Europe on the problems of immigration, a new attack has been foiled in Germany on June 20, 2018.

It was on the initial report of the CIA, which had put under surveillance an individual that the German police, who had taken over in May, could organize the arrest of the terrorist.

The latter had indeed been spotted on the Internet where he began, by correspondence, to make purchases considered quickly as suspicious namely 1000 castor seeds and a coffee grinder.

The man identified as Sief Allah H, 29 years old, was then formally suspected, as early as last Thursday, June 14, as having the intention of making a "biological" (or chemical) bomb.

The revelation of the case was made by the Head of the German Judicial Police, Holger Münch, after a search of the home of the terrorist, of Tunisian origin.

As a result of this search, the police were convinced that the man had started to produce ricin for the purpose of making a chemical bomb.

Ricin is a violent poison, 6000 times more powerful than cyanide. It is extracted from castor seeds, a shrub that is widely distributed around the world and easy to grow.

The substance acts if swallowed, inhaled or injected.

To date, there is no antidote produced on a large scale. Inserm, however, has recently developed an aerosol to deposit a few drops of antidote at the bottom of the lungs. But this aerosol which does not allow the use on a large number of victims, remains problematic. At the same time, research is under way to obtain a vaccine.

The place and date of the attack remain unknown for the moment, as is the existence of complicities.

Moreover, the investigators have already discovered evidence to assert that there are links between the 29-year-old Tunisian and the Islamic State.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

WHEN BOKO HARAM IS GIRLS

AS HUMAN BOMBS IN NIGERIA


The jihadist group Boko Haram did not hesitate to turn six girls between seven and ten years into human bombs to commit a double suicide bombing on the night of Saturday, June 16 to Sunday, June 17, in Damboa, Nigeria.

"It was discovered that the suicide attacks were perpetrated by six girls " and their heads were torn off at the scene by rescuers.

They were between 7 and 10 years old , a local government official said on condition of anonymity.

The jihadists then targeted the crowd that had gathered at the site of the attacks with grenades, causing more casualties.

Two suicide bombers had previously activated their explosive charge in the neighborhoods of Shuwari and Abachari in Damboa, killing six residents.

At least 31 people have been killed. The balance is likely to increase, many injured being in serious condition.

"31 people were killed and several others wounded," said local militia member Babakura Kolo.

The attacks targeted people who had just celebrated the Eid el-Fitr festival marking the end of Ramadan.

For nine years, the Islamist insurgency has killed more than 20,000 people in the region. It stretches from northeastern Nigeria to Niger, Chad and Cameroon, creating a serious humanitarian crisis. The conflict has displaced about 2.6 million people in Nigeria.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

IMPORTANT SEIZURE OF 300 000 CAPTAGON TABLETS IN THE DAECH CLAW


A
record of captagon belonging to the Islamic State terrorist organization, was carried out by a militia in southeastern Syria in late May.

It took place at the 55-kilometer "deconflict" line that cuts this region of southeastern Syria into two zones, one under United States-backed forces, the other at the hands of the United States. pro-regime forces.

The Syrian militia Maghawir al-Thawra (coalition ally) made this record seizure on May 31 as part of operations against ISIS. The value of the seizure is estimated at $ 1.4 million.

"The seizure and destruction of drugs ... further reduces Daesh's ability to finance and conduct its operations," the coalition said in a statement.

Captagon is an amphetamine from an old psychotropic drug, made in Lebanon and probably also in Syria and Iraq, bound for Saudi Arabia, according to a report released last July by the French Observatory of Drugs and Drug Addiction .

Fighters of the Islamic State and terrorists would also consume ...

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

IN COLOMBIA VICTORY OF THE RIGHT CONSERVATOR WITH THE NEW PRESIDENT IVAN DUQUE


Ivan Duque, spearhead of the conservative right, won Sunday, June 17, with 54% of the vote in the second round presidential election in Colombia. Let us note however that the candidate of the left Gustavo Petro, former mayor of Bogota and ex-guerilla of the dissolved M-19, with nearly 42% of the vote gets a historic score in this country where the left has always been a minority in the polls .

Ivan Duque, the Democratic Center's (CD) candidate, leading a broad coalition for the second round - from the country's most conservative movements to the evangelicals - will face many challenges.

A crucial presidential election for peace.

Strongly opposed to the agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) signed by his predecessor Juan Manuel Santos, Ivan Duque promised to modify this text, which he considers too lax to the former guerrilla leaders. "This peace that we dreamed of, which requires rectification, will have corrections so that the victims are at the center of the process, to guarantee truth, justice and reparation," he said after the announcement of his victory. "It is necessary that common sense is necessary; what the country is asking for is integral peace, which leads us to the expected reconciliation. (...) To circumvent this objective can not be a program of government , answered the common revolutionary alternative Force (the FARC, the political party resulting from the FARC) in a communique.

The benefits of the peace agreements signed in 2017 are already largely measurable. The agreement with the FARC has allowed the disarmament of 7,000 rebels after 52 years of conflict even though there are still dissidents, the National Liberation Army (ELN), the country's last guerrilla. In 2017, there were 180 kidnappings to compare to the 3000 that the country experienced in 2001. Ivan Duque will he take the risk of breaking the peace signed by his predecessor, Nobel Peace Prize, with the guerrillas Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), today largely demobilized?

Definitively turning the page of a fratricidal war, which has made at least eight million victims between dead, missing and displaced, will be a delicate task for this lawyer by training who will take office on August 7.

Fourth largest economy in Latin America but the world's largest producer of cocaine.

Ivan Duque also makes the fight against corruption one of his priorities. This country of 49 million inhabitants is also the world's largest cocaine producer, which is experiencing an increase in illicit plantations. The areas devoted to psychotropic plants have quadrupled since 2012 according to the US Anti-Narcotics Agency (DEA). Colombia, an ally of the United States, has also attracted the wrath of Donald Trump for the cocaine exported so that Ivan Duque proposes to reactivate aerial spray aerosol. It goes without saying that this initiative will only generate strong tensions with farmers and drug traffickers.

Tensions also with Venezuela

Bogota opened a front with its Venezuelan neighbor. Ivan Duque has always shown distance to Nicolás Maduro the president of Venezuela. The elected president wants to lead the international pressure against the "dictatorship" led by a "genocidal". Although he did not detail his diplomatic program, he threatened to denounce Nicolás Maduro to the International Criminal Court (ICC), along with other countries, and force a "transition" to democracy with the help of the Organization of American States (OAS).

The number of Venezuelans fleeing their country precisely to Colombia, which shares a border of 2,200 kilometers, is in itself a real problem, especially since the Colombian economy is at half-mast with only 1,8%.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

THREE DEATHS AND MORE THREE HUNDREDS WOUNDED IN A POWERFUL EARTHQUAKE IN JAPAN

West Japan, Monday morning, suffered a powerful earthquake killing three people including a nine-year-old girl and more than 300 injured in the areas of Osaka, Hyogo, Kyoto, at a busy hour. This strong earthquake has deprived more than 170,000 homes of electricity and temporarily shut down several train lines including Shinkansen high-speed trains.

But he did not provoke panic. The television stations showed passengers descending calmly on the tracks, using ladders affixed by railway network personnel. While the Nuclear Regulatory Authority said it had detected nothing abnormal in the region's power plants, several groups including automakers Honda and Daihatsu have suspended their production to conduct audits.

The earthquake, magnitude 5.3, according to the USGS Institute, occurred at a depth of 15.4 kilometers. The Japanese Meteorological Agency has assessed the depth at 13 km and the magnitude at 6.1, reviewing its previous assessments. The intensity was measured at "six minus" on the Japanese seismic scale, used to evaluate the surface effects of an earthquake. The latter extends from degree one (barely perceptible tremor) to seven degrees (the furniture is flying in the room and houses are collapsing). At the degree "six minus", it is difficult to stand up.

This episode has revived for some the trauma of the Kobe earthquake with nearly 6,500 deaths in January 1995, for others that of March 11, 2011 in the north-east of the country, followed by a terrible tsunami making 18,000 dead and missing and causing the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant.

Japan is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, a vast area that concentrates most earthquakes and volcanic eruptions on the planet.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

ACQUARIUS THE INSUPPORTABLE LESSON OF MORALE OF EMMANUEL MACRON

The Aquarius is a large size rescue boat that since February 2016 patrols off Libyan waters to recover the boats of migrants who could not reach the Italian coast. He has just docked in Valencia, Spain.

The Aquarius' last trip sparked a lot of controversy and a diplomatic crisis between Italy and France.

This deserves to be remembered that it is the Italian military ships, which first intervention, have saved the migrants who are on board at this time and this by decision of the Government of Rome.

But, other times, other manners, since June 5, 2018, Italy has changed of government and it is Matteo Salvini, boss of the majority League of North, become new Prime Minister, who leads the dance on the subject of the since his appointment.

For just like Emmanuel Macron, he too, wants to apply the program he presented during his election campaign; and this program is "Stop Migrants! And he, like Emmanuel Macron, says what he does and does what he says!

And this is how the Aquarius was closed access to Italian ports and in the wake to those of Malta. It should dock Sunday, June 17, 2018, in the port of Valencia (Spain) this even as the weather conditions that prevail for a few hours on the Mediterranean led him to change course and along the shores of Corsica (French) less than 10 km. .

This was followed by the confrontation of the two heads of state, verbal skirmishes and multiple weapons attacks, one reproaching the other, and vice versa, his lack of humanity (or humanism). at the risk of creating a serious crisis of European confidence a few months before the elections.

Emmanuel Macron began, criticizing Matteo Salvini "for his part of cynicism and irresponsibility", Matteo Salvini replying "that he had no lesson" to receive.

So we went very quickly we see, a political case revolving around immigration to the European continent from North Africa, a matter of morality, which did not fail to surprise.

This observation has made that when it comes to morality we have tried to unravel the truth from the false, because we had then entered the difficult field of exemplarity, or mingle "subtly hidden, revealing events and contradictions".

And so we went to the field of "the intelligibility of morals" in this affair of Aquarius knowing that we have already realized that it is customary for Emmanuel Macron "to say the moral to others, to demand moral conduct from others without being itself moral ".

To do this, we explored two points: the rules of maritime law that apply to the situation and the status of Aquarius, and we were not disappointed:

The rules of maritime law : Emmanuel Macron began the dispute on this point. International maritime law requires the countries whose coastline is the closest to accommodate distressed boats and their passengers. It is the urgency that opens in principle this right of welcome, an emergency that must of course be demonstrated.

But rules of international maritime law have gradually shifted in recent years to a European maritime law and on this point, we must take into account a 2008 decision of the High Court of Justice that recalled that this shift from international to the European maritime transport plan, had first to verify that the European Community was indeed well bound, by convention, to the relevant international rules and that there was compatibility between them.

From there, we entered the difficult field of control of the legality of the European directives with the international conventions, control which is all the more difficult to implement that there is behind a very powerful maritime lobby, which would most often like rules adapted on a case-by-case basis.

But everyone knows that Emmanuel Macron's ambition is a high European stature and that consequently his every act is inspired by this desire.

Also, and moreover, it was astonishing that in his address to the Italian Government, he remained very vague, particularly as regards the applicability of European maritime law, being content with general, imprecise and above all .... morals relating to solidarity at sea and to the right of reception of refugees, which, in the case of the figure of Aquarius, remain to be perfectly demonstrated

There are indeed many gray areas on this question that will have to be clarified in the future?

We still lack elements on this point, to do so, as for example in the problem of the territoriality rules of the Libyan waters which would prevent to push the migrants towards the (the) country where they come from?

The President of the French Republic will have to get to work quickly, because the 2019 European elections are tomorrow!

The status of Aquarius : The Aquarius is a boat chartered by SOS Mediterranean, an INGO that transports migrants to the North (?) And has received the support of the former mayor of Lampedusa, totally acquired by the cause of migrants and received the Houphouët Boigny Prize from UNESCO.

SOS Méditerranée is an association funded by 16 left-wing MPs and Jean François RIAL. Jean François RIAL is the CEO of Voyageurs du Monde, a company that claims to be a citizen and committed to responsible tourism employing 650 employees. He is also a member of Human Rights Watch, an organization that advocates for freedom of the press. Jean François RIAL actively supported Emmanuel Macron's presidential campaign.

This package (SOS Mediterranean + World Travel) is managed by the shipping company Jasmund Shipping, all under the responsibility of Francis Vallat, President for France of SOS Mediterranean.

But this same Francis Vallat appears in the organizational chart of Lloyd's Bank, a financial institution in which the Rothschild family holds shares. Since 2015, Lloyd's Bank has also held part of the Spanish Banco Sabadell, which is the 5th largest Spanish banking group.

It is always the same Francis Vallat who appears at Intertanka where is found the world's best shipping and oil companies (and we remember that there is a lot of oil in Libya ...)

We also find the name of Francis Vallat at European Network of Maritim Cluste'rs, a shipowners' association which has an armada of lobbyists in Brussels.

Do you still want some information ??

Francis Vallat has been Vice President of the European Maritime Safety Agency. (A good way to deal with safety standards?)

With such a business card, it is not surprising to find him in the aisles of power to advise, in the sense of the interest of friends or his own.

So you will have understood from the foregoing that this story of Aquarius is a matter of big money, friends of multinationals in charge of flooding Europe poor poor, exhausted and uprooted who come to sow anarchy in we and who are not personae grata in Libya where the disappearance of Gaddafi who left the Libyan state in the crumb allows the sharing of an abundant oil without stock exchange or little untied.

All these banking and financial structures shamelessly do business on human misery.

It is therefore at this crossroads that we find ... the moral of Emmanuel Macron!

A morality that gives a good conscience and throws a veil on the realities of human misery, that of migrants or populations of countries that host.

And the Aquarius affair has thus "revealed the extreme confusion that exists today between notions of morality and politics" according to what has just been entrusted to the Figaro Chantal Delsol (Philosopher) in an excellent article entitled "L ' Aquarius: Emmanuel Macron and Italy: an exemplary case of frantic moralism ".

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

THE WAGS OF THE WORLD CUP


The 2018 FIFA World Cup has opened in Russia.
With the victory against Saudi Arabia 5 goals against zero the country will be able to put a festive air in the hearts of compatriots who host this event.

The players the matches will make us vibrate.
But we will also be able to see the WAGS who will be in the stands prettier than the others!
.
Who are the WAGS?
These are you know the blond brunettes Wifes And Girlfriend of the players who came to support the darling in the stands. There is not one who is fat they are all the style of mannequin.
No one who is a model at Leonidas.

In the stands we will be able to see a beautiful blonde Erika Choperena the wife of Antoine Griezmann, the pretty Pilar Rubio the companion of Sergio Ramos who is an actress and journalist in Spain, obviously the singer Shakira that everyone knows and who shares the life Gérard Piqué, recognize Pamela Anderson as a couple with Adil Rami.
We also find the famous Secret Victoria Angels as Izabel Goulart who is with Kevin Trapp, Bruna Marquezine with Neymar one of the highest paid players in the world. In France it is often the former Miss who are popular with footballers Rachel Legrain-Trapani who is with Benjamin Pavard, Florian Thauvin with Charlotte Pirroni.

All are real dolls: Antonella Roccuzzo who is with Lionel Messi, Marine Lloris the wife Hugo Lloris, Jocelyn Burgardt the friend of Cavani, Georgina Rodriguez darling of Christiano Ronaldo.
Look at even Angel di Mario who is not very beautiful to a goddess by his side Jorgelina Cardoso.

We must believe that a footballer's wife rhymes with a size 34 or even 36 long hair, perfect body ... But what more they have these footballers to attract the most beautiful girls on the planet. A ball between their legs and millions!
It's going to be a real parade of beautiful girls.
Mia Kennedy for DayNewsWorld

 

MOHAMED BEN SALMAN'S PUBLIC REAPPARITION FOR THE OPENING OF THE 2018 WORLD CUP

The kick-off of the World Cup in Russia was an opportunity for Mohammed ben Salman (MBS) to make his first public appearance in nearly two months. Despite the heavy defeat of the Saudi team (5-0), Mohammed ben Salman seems to have kept smiling. It must be said that last night Wednesday, June 14 the launch of the Football World Cup began with the opening match, where the Sbornaya (the Russian national team) faced the Falcons (the Saudi team).

Beyond a sporting event, there are political issues.

Indeed the presence of Mohammed bin Salman alongside the Russian president confirms not only a geopolitical inflection but also allows to transmit several messages.

Geostrategic opponents in the Middle East for decades, Riyadh has reviewed its historical antagonism with Moscow. Weakened economically and politically, then faced with its fiascos in the region and especially, the role of more and more essential of Russia (especially in Syria), the Saudis were forced to go to Canossa. King Salman, the father of Mohammed bin Salman went to Russia in the autumn of 2017. Moscow and Riyadh also agreed on oil prices to raise them and finally, in Syria, the Saudis help hence the Russians to find a political solution.

The presence of MBS, which had evaporated after an attack on the presidential palace in April, shows first of all that he is still alive and in good health. To his internal and external opponents, by appearing with Putin, he means that he is not exclusively the "toy" of Washington and that if necessary, he could count on Russian support and power.

The attack on MBS demonstrates the extreme fragility of power in Saudi Arabia, a country with a failing state, divided by tribal and religious logics, power struggles between branches of the royal family (Sudairis / Saoud) and torn between a modernist opposition, religious fanatics and radical Islamist opponents.

In this climate of pre-civil war following a succession, Mohamed Ben Salmane, the modernist, has been hiding since April 22 and continues to play hide and seek.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

HISTORICAL VOTE IN FAVOR OF ABORTION

IN ARGENTINA

It is a historic vote in this country very marked by the Catholic Church, where Pope Francis is from. The bishops mobilized to try to convince the parliamentarians not to vote the law, even threatening them with excommunication. But in vain.

Argentine deputies voted Thursday, at first reading, for the legalization and decriminalization of abortion after more than 22 hours of passionate debates The bill legalizing abortion was approved by a narrow majority of 129 votes against 125 and one abstention. "It's the time of women's rights," said Republican MP (PRO, member of the government coalition Cambiemos) Silvia Lospennato.

The bill authorizes abortion at the request of the woman during the first fourteen weeks of pregnancy. Beyond this term, abortion remains possible only in the event of rape, danger to the health of the pregnant woman or malformation of the fetus making extrauterine life impossible. The 1921 Penal Code (although women did not yet have the right to vote) already established exceptions in these three situations, but these were rarely enforced for fear of judicial retribution or ideological conviction, so that women aborted clandestinely. A study commissioned in 2005 by the Ministry of Health pointed to the fact that nearly 500,000 women abort every year at the risk of losing their lives. The use of abortion had been punishable by four years in prison for more than a century.

In recent months a strong mobilization had risen what some have called "a green tide" , especially on the youth side. With green scarves on their necks, wrists and backpacks, tens of thousands of teenagers stormed not only the streets, but also the social networks, under the hashtag #LasPibasYaEligieron ("the girls have already chosen "). Last month, the legalization of abortion in Ireland - another country with a strong Catholic tradition - gave even more hope to Argentine activists.

This bill drafted by the "National Campaign for the Right to Legal, Safe and Free Abortion" had already been submitted to Parliament six times since 2007, but to no avail.

Despite Cristina Kirchner, a strong feminist, who ruled the country from 2007 to 2015, the project never reached the hemicycle. Many other progressive laws such as Comprehensive Sex Education (2006), Marriage for All (2010), Gender Identity (2012) and the PMA for all (2013) had been approved.

The bill must still be approved by the Senate, deemed more conservative, for abortion to be legalized. Debates in the Senate are expected in September. President Mauricio Macri has promised that if the law is finally passed he will not veto.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

JAPAN TO SOLICIT MEETING

WITH KIM-JONG ONE FOR ITS OWN CHALLENGES

On Tuesday, June 12, following the historic summit between Washington and Pyongyang, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told the Japanese press: "I welcome the conclusion of the agreement between Washington and Pyongyang, which could be a step towards solving the problem posed by North Koreans [to the international community]. "

However, Japan is the only ally not to really rejoice in the peace process between Pyongyang and Trump.

Why ?

The Japanese have two major demands vis-à-vis North Korea: denuclearization on the one hand and the record of Japanese kidnapped by North Korean secret agents between the 1970s and 1980s on the other hand.

The announcement of the end of joint military maneuvers with South Korea by Donald Trump at the Singapore conference worries Tokyo. Indeed, the problem posed by North Korea and its blackmail strategy directly concerns South Korea, but especially Japan. To prove their nuclear capability the North Korean military launched several missiles in the Pacific crossing over Japan. But Japan remains in perpetual rivalry with China, so that the Middle Kingdom, Pyongyang's unwavering ally, can still shake the North Korean threat. Moreover, because of the Constitution imposed by the United States Japan does not officially hold an army but has a self-defense force. The island of Levant has always relied on the US umbrella with 53,000 US military parking on four US bases in its territory. This is why the withdrawal of the American presence thus envisaged worries at the highest point the Korean and especially Japanese governments, who said they were surprised by this apparently uncoordinated announcement. Shinzo Abe's spokesman has already said he is waiting for his American ally to " clarify" his comments.

Japan is also very worried about the fate of the dozens of Japanese kidnappers still in Korea, even though Prime Minister Abe thanked his ally for addressing the issue during the interview. But Tokyo saw the event as a possible way to resolve the case of Japanese kidnappings by North Korean agents between the 1970s and 1980s. Victims and their families said they had mixed feelings. "The meeting has not borne any fruit for the moment. It's really disappointing. I hope that the Prime Minister will make efforts for a summit between Tokyo and Pyongyang, " said Hitomi Soga, who was abducted in 1978 and returned to Japan in 2002, according to the Sankei Shimbun. However, it is not. The problem of abductees in Japan in the 1970s and 1980s to train spies in Japanese culture and language in North Korea undermines relations between the two countries.

Japan now has to go directly to Pyongyang.

In front of the press, Prime Minister Abe has expressed his willingness to open direct negotiations with the North Korean leader to have an answer on the Japanese kidnapped.

"If a Japan-North Korea summit takes place, it is extremely important that it lead to a resolution of nuclear program issues, missiles and above all, kidnapping," said the spokesman of the government. Japanese, Yoshihide Suga.

Steve Harrison for DayNewsWorld

 

THE MEETING BETWEEN DONALD TRUMP AND KIM-JON ONE OR A GAME OF DUPES

There were handshakes and good agreement displayed between the two leaders. In Singapore, on Tuesday, June 12, Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un signed a joint document for the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula in front of the cameras of the world.

But what do we really need to remember from this staging?

Note that no schedule has yet been specified.

And for good reason. What diplomats call the "DIVC", that is, the irreversible, complete and verified disarmament of the communist regime will take years, and Donald Trump is slowly advancing like a businessman.

North Korea should therefore give up nuclear weapons that can now reach the United States. It is now Mike Pompeo who returns the work of negotiation supposed to begin next week.

In exchange, the White House tenant announced that he would end joint military exercises with South Korea. This concession of size vis-à-vis Pyongyang has also taken short Seoul. For all that, Donald Trump has not lifted the economic sanctions that suffocates the country. It's give and take. But what can we learn from this meeting?

1. The dictator gets a tremendous symbolic victory where his grandfather, Kim Il-sung, then his father had failed. He consolidated his authority and obtained a legitimation of his dynasty by negotiating with the greatest power on the planet.

(2) The United States President, for his part, shows the Americans that he has concluded a negotiation where his predecessors had failed.

Behind this staging hid for each of the protagonists of the stakes of domestic policy.

But it is far from certain that North Korea is committed to a total denuclearization and the latter could only be part of a process of fifteen years. Moreover thanks to its scientists Pyongyang keeps its know-how.

The biggest loser of this meeting is surely South Korea with the abandonment of the joint military exercises while the latter relies on the American protection in the military field just like Japan besides.

No wonder that, in an unstable geopolitical context, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, re-elected, aims to reconstitute the Japanese Self-Defense Forces ...


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

STILL TWO-DAY QUERIES OF THE SUMMIT BETWEEN DONALD TRUMP AND KIM-JONG UN

The two leaders arrive in Singapore this Sunday, two days before the D-Day. Singaporean Foreign Minister Vivian Balakrishnan tweeted a photo of the North Korean leader, whose appearances outside his reclusive country are rare, his descent airline. Tuesday, June 12 from 9 am will take place in Singapore the highly anticipated meeting between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. At this summit, the first ever in the history of the United States and North Korea, the two men will discuss denuclearization and the official end of the Korean War.

But it is the North Korean nuclear arsenal, which has earned Pyongyang an impressive series of UN sanctions over the years, which will be at the heart of all discussions. Washington calls for a "complete, verifiable and irreversible" denuclearization of North Korea. Pyongyang has supported the denuclearization of the peninsula, but this formula remains very vague.

And it seems difficult to imagine that Kim-Jon One gives up at once the nuclear weapon ensuring for him the security of his country, even with the promise of strong economic counterparts.

Still, the relaxation that began in January has fascinated North Koreans.

The growing middle class in North Korea dreams of openness and demands more investment from abroad. Kim Jong-un can not remain deaf to this request.

US President Donald Trump has also dazzled the investment regime and economic growth.

Possible concrete and immediate result evoked by Washington: an agreement in principle to put an end to the Korean war. The war of 1950-1953 had indeed been concluded with an armistice and not by a peace treaty: North and South are therefore technically still at war. Mike Pompeo, head of US diplomacy, who has met twice with the North Korean leader in Pyongyang, expressed his hope. " On board Air Force One, en route to the Singapore summit. A better future is possible for North Korea , "he tweeted.

But after Donald Trump's dramatic turnaround in the G7 in Canada, many analysts question his diplomatic strategy and his ability to conduct international high-flying negotiations, let alone with a long-time enemy.


Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

$ 50 BILLION LENDING

GRANTED BY THE IMF TO ARGENTINA

To consolidate its fragile economy, Argentina and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) reached an agreement on Thursday for a three-year funding program to avoid a new financial crisis. The IMF granted it a $ 50 billion loan, in exchange for which it committed to far-reaching reforms to limit state spending.

"We appealed to the IMF as a preventive measure to avoid a crisis," Argentine Economy Minister Nicolas Dujovne told a press conference in Buenos Aires on Thursday. "We are engaged in building a normal country. It is a support to our program, with the objective of increasing the economy, reducing inflation and reducing poverty , " he added.

The agreement concludes that Argentina will reduce its deficit to 1.3% of GDP in 2019, against 2.2% previously, announced the office of the presidency in a statement.

The stated objective is the bailout of the state coffers, the attraction of investors again, and the fall in inflation. Today, restoring market confidence is the priority.

Nicolas Dujovne, Argentine Treasury Minister : "This aid is eleven times the amount of our quota in the IMF, and this shows the support enjoyed by Argentina to the international community. This is very good news, this integration of our country with support of this magnitude.

The situation of Argentina, Latin America's third-largest economy, is not catastrophic, but the South American country needs to strengthen its reserves, stabilize the foreign exchange market and create a better economic climate to attract investment. Annual inflation has exceeded 20% for 10 years. The Argentine minister said that Argentina has set a target of 17% inflation for 2019, 13% for 2020 and 9% for 2021.

After the April / May peso crisis, during which Argentina's currency depreciated by almost 20%, Mauricio Macri set as a priority the fall in the budget deficit. The budget deficit rose from 6 to 3.9% of GDP in two years of management of Mr. Macri, who came to power at the end of 2015. This policy of rigor, it is a bad moment to pass for the population, warns the economist Daniel Marx, former finance secretary, but the country "will reap the benefits next".

The agreement with the IMF comes amidst tensions between the government and the unions. Inflation has picked up again in 2018, more than 10% since the beginning of the year, and the government is slowing wage increases.

Earlier, the Economy Minister met with unions at the presidential palace threatening to convene a general strike, complaining that wage increases are not offsetting inflation.

Steve Harrison for DayNewsWorld

 

WHO WILL PAY THE NOTE FROM KIM JONG-UN

FOR THE SUMMIT?

T he historic summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-a is fast approaching but a question remains unresolved to this day.

We know the taste of luxury of the North Korean leader who with his delegation will stay in a luxury hotel.

To the note of the accommodation is added that of the displacement. How will Kim Jong-un and his entourage rally to Singapore?

If Donald Trump can count on Air Force, the North Korean regime's Ilyushin-62, an aging Soviet-made aircraft, will not have the ability to fly to Singapore.

And if he wants to be on par with Air Force One, a Boeing 747 will suit him well But the price of the rental amounted to 17 501 dollars an hour at Fly.com

But who is willing to pay bill? .

Unaccustomed to paying the painful, North Korea should this time let Seoul or Singapore settle the probably huge addition of his participation, Tuesday, at the top with Donald Trump.

North Korea, targeted by many sanctions trains, will likely have nothing to pay.

The city-state cuts itself in four to welcome the historic face-to-face meeting between North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and the American president in a luxury hotel on Sentosa Island.

Last weekend, Singapore Defense Minister Ng Eng Hen volunteered to take over some of North Korea's expense accounts, to take part in this "historic meeting" .

With the exception of the Singaporean minister's offer, foreign governments have shown no eagerness to pay for Kim's mission expenses.

Neither the United States nor South Korea intends to endorse the bill.Nobel Peace Prize 2017, the organization International Campaign for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), proposed Monday to get hold of the portfolio, drawing on in the sum received with the prestigious distinction.

The travel website HotelPlanner.com offers to pay the lodgings and the cover of the North Korean leader.

But after the colossal sums engulfed in the nuclear weapon, it is still a shame that North Korean leader does not pay his nights.


Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

 

FROM MONSANTO TO BAYER

THE EUROPEAN UNION LAUNCHES AN INVESTIGATION

THE SUITES OF THE BUYBACK


The purchase of the American Monsanto is the most expensive acquisition paid by the German Group.

Indeed, in September 2016, Bayer and Monsanto announced their agreement to merge . The amounts announced had frightened the global chemical cartel: the agreement was to be worth $ 66 billion (59 billion euros), all in cash, and in exchange for shares.

This agreement followed a long and difficult negotiation, Monsanto, however pinned by several courts on the dangerousness of Roundup, having judged for several months the offer made by Bayer insufficient.

This agreement has nevertheless created, from the very beginning, a "strong doubt" on the part of some of the (most cautious) actors concerned, worried about a possible reaction by the antitrust and antitrust control authorities , unfavorable to this rapprochement

Moreover, and in order to prevent any such hindrance to this day, Bayer undertook at the signing of the final agreement, to pay Monsanto $ 2 billion, in compensation, for the case where the agreement would turn around.

This safeguard clause could indeed be implemented if the investigation just opened by the European executive to study the consequences for the European market of this marriage confirmed the suspicions of the monopoly position of the group.

Brussels had not hidden its fears in this direction since the announcement of the merger, declaring in mid-September 2016, "that it would seek to ensure that farmers and consumers should not be hostages to a system where they would no longer have the choice between different kinds of seeds, stuck between a single pesticide producer and a single seed producer, because of a combined and indissoluble manufacturing process. "

Fears .. !!!. to the intention !!! ... then to the acts! The step has been taken in recent days with the announcement by the European executive of the launch of an investigation.

The question that arises today is to know that they will be the leads of the investigation and what will be the results of it?

However, we can already express some doubts about the real intentions of the European Commission and the economic philosophy that it intends to implement. Indeed a wave of concentrations has already occurred in Europe in the field of agrochemistry, concentrations that have been authorized by Brussels.

End of March 2016 Brussels had authorized the merger of US giants DOW and DUPONT which gave birth to DowDupont, a mastodon weighing 130 billion euros on the stock market.

In April, Europe validated the takeover of Swiss Syngenta by the Chinese giant ChemChina, the biggest acquisition ever launched by a Chinese group abroad.

This wave of concentration in agrochemicals would be caused by the decline in margins due to too low agricultural prices ???

But this wave of concentration also raises many concerns from environmentalists, who called in late July 2017, the European Commissioner for Competition, Margareth Vestager to block the purchase of Monsanto by Bayer.

Through the actions of NGOs committed to the protection of the environment and diversity, the problem of protecting the health of consumers and farmers is posed simultaneously. : "A monster company that controls our food is a bad idea, for farmers and for citizens, everywhere in the world" ...

All over the world, in recent years, there have been demonstrations and marches against agrochemical multinationals, organized by citizens worried about the dangers caused by intensive and industrial agriculture.

Opponents do not lack imagination to assert their point of view, they did not indeed organized in July 2016 a "virtual trial on the spot to condemn Monsanto, for " ecocide ". . !!

All this devastating publicity does not make it easy for CEO Werner BAUMAIN of the German group who made the alliance with the US seed company his personal project (Werner Baumam was the first German leader to visit Donald TRUMP in January 2017, after the election of the latter).

The image of the German group is nowadays seriously damaged by the Monsanto scandals (serial lawsuit) and the Monsanto Papers, a series of internal documents (recently made public) revealing that since 1999, the mutagenic and carcinogenic potential of the phytosanitary molecule of glyphosate, the active ingredient of Round Up, was already known.

This latest information on the launch of an EU survey on the merger Monsanto-Bayer, puts everyone under high tension, even if shareholders ...

are still confident and optimistic ... Coué method? Yes or no ?? !!

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

RESIGNATION OF THE JORDANIAN FIRST MINISTER

UNDER A SOCIAL CHALLENGE

"Jordan is today at the crossroads: either it manages to emerge from the crisis and to offer a dignified life to its citizens, or, God forbid, it goes to the unknown," said the king Abdullah II.

Numerous protests against a tax reform project and price rises have defeated Jordanian Prime Minister Hani Mulqi, who was forced to resign on Monday (February 4th) after failed negotiations with the unions.

Summoned by King Abdullah II of Jordan, Hani Mulqi, head of the government since May 2016, has submitted his resignation that the King has accepted. The latter has appointed in the wake of the Minister of Education, Omar al-Razzaz to form a new government.

Not sure that the Jordanians, who demanded the resignation of the Prime Minister cries "The Jordanian people will not kneel" do not let this change count as the day of national strike on Wednesday is maintained.

For several days, this kingdom of 10 million people is experiencing a popular protest movement since 2011 against a bill providing for the widening of income tax, and rising prices.

Indeed since January, Jordanians have seen the prices of several essential goods soar, especially that of bread. The fuel rate has also risen five times since the beginning of the year, and electricity bills have increased by 55% since February. According to official figures, 18.5% of the Jordanian population is unemployed while 20% are at the limit of the poverty line. In addition, the country's economic problems are amplified by welcoming hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees.

But under pressure from the IMF (International Monetary Fund), the Jordanian government has introduced a bill providing for an increase of at least 5% of taxes for individuals and now imposes people with an annual salary of 8,000 dinars (9700 euros). about). Corporate taxes must increase by 20 to 40%.

If in 2016 the IMF approved a loan of 723 million dollars (617 million euros) over three years to Jordan, highly indebted, he in return forced the kingdom to implement structural reforms to gradually reduce its debt to 77% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 2021, up from 94% in 2015.

The state must "keep its independence and not comply with the requirements of the IMF," said the president of the main trade union federation, Ali al-Abbous.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

THE CHARISMATIC MUHARREM INCE BECOMES A THREAT FOR ERDOGAN IN TURKEY

En announcing the holding of presidential and legislative elections a year and a half before the date initially set, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, had taken his opponents by surprise. But despite a lack of time and resources - all in a state of emergency, not conducive to the exercise of democracy - the combative leader of the CHP made an unexpected breakthrough, credited with 30% voice in the polls.

Three weeks before the double presidential and legislative elections, Muharrem Ince stopped this weekend in Istanbul, a milestone in his electoral marathon.

And for this first Sunday in June, the candidate of the Republican People's Party (CHP, center left), the first opposition force to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, planned no less than five rallies in neighborhoods held by the AKP, the Islamic-conservative party of the Turkish president.

The crowd showed an unexpected enthusiasm for this 54-year-old candidate, who for sixteen years was the deputy of the small province of Yalova (region of the Sea of ​​Marmara).

During his first enthusiastic speech, he promised to be an "impartial president" , serving the "80 million" Turks: a sniff addressed directly to his main opponent, the Islamic-conservative President Recep Tayyip Erdogan who is accused by critics of having polarized Turkish society in recent years.

This charismatic veteran of the CHP committed, if he was to beat the "Reis" , to reinstate the parliamentary regime as soon as possible and to lift the state of emergency, in place for almost two years. He reaffirmed that he would get rid of the presidential palace of Pharaonic proportions that Erdogan was built in Ankara, the Turkish capital by launching in Eyüp, this Sunday, some tackled well felt towards the head of State . "I will not live in Erdogan's palace with its 1,000 pieces," he said.

To win the victory, Muharrem Ince must imperatively get the votes of conservative voters disappointed with the AKP, particularly worried about the economic crisis that threatens the country. This is why this former professor of physics and chemistry does not put forward the defense of secularism. The candidate does not miss an opportunity to recall the memory of his conservative family, his veiled mother.

Moreover, in the event of a duel against Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Muharrem Ince knows he can count on a significant postponement of Kurdish voters including supporters of HDP, the party of the Prokurde left. In fact, in 2016, he had openly criticized Kilicdaroglu's decision to support the lifting of parliamentary immunity, which had paved the way for several trials against pro-Kurdish elected officials accused of links to "terrorism" and refused to vote in May 2016 - contrary to the instructions of his party - the lifting of parliamentary immunity, which led to the arrest of several deputies of the HDP, including Co-President Selahattin Demirtas (now presidential candidate from his cell).

A strategy and proximity that seem to pay, according to recent polls with voting intentions around 30%. The route of the second round is open to him.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

 

TRIAL OF MELINA BOUGHEDIR IN IRAQ

ON BOTTOM BACKGROUND

In autumn 2015, Mélina Boughedir leaves France with her husband and three children. Passing through Turkey and then Syria, the family arrives in Iraq, in Mosul, the self-proclaimed capital of Daesh in Iraq. Condemned in France for belonging to the Islamist group Forsane Alizza, her husband joined the ranks of Daesh.

Captured on July 8, 2017 in Mosul during a battle against the Islamic State organization by Iraqi forces, with her four minor children, Melina Boughedir was sentenced to seven months in prison for illegal entry into Iraq by the Baghdad Criminal Court. February 19th.

No charges for terrorism had been retained by the investigating judge. Having served her sentence in pre-trial detention, Ms. Boughedir was to be deported to France.

But during the examination of the call, automatic in Iraq, at the end of March, the Supreme Council of judges requalified the charges weighing on the French by adding the accusation of belonging to the Islamic State.

This Sunday, June 3 begins, in front of the criminal court of Baghdad, the appeal trial of the French Melina Boughedir. She faces the death penalty for terrorism.

Mélina Boughedir, 27, denies everything in block and assures to have followed her husband under his pressure and to have been a housewife. She will only have a few minutes to talk .. For her French lawyers we are far from a fair trial. Nobody, so far, has managed to meet her in detention, not even her Iraqi lawyer.

"The rules are really strict for terrorist prisoners, especially foreigners, " says Nasserdine Madloud Abed. The only time I saw Melina was in court, a few minutes. We feel that the pressure is immense on his record. Between the French government following this at a distance and the French lawyers next to me, I feel the pressure on my shoulders, " adds the lawyer.

At a first hearing, Melina Boughedir swore that she had only followed her husband and that she was just a housewife in Mosul.

But his case does not plead in his favor. On a photo we see the French, all smiles, make the "V" of victory in an armored vehicle, while it has just been stopped in the middle of the battle of Mosul. Soldiers say she chanted messages of support for Daesh.

Officially, France does not have to meddle with these lawsuits. But less than 48 hours before the start of the trial, Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian called Melina Boughedir a terrorist fighter. "Mrs. Boughedir is a fighter. When we go to Mosul in 2016, it is to fight and so she is judged on the scene of her abuses. This is normal logic. She fought against Iraqi units, she is tried in Iraq, " said Thursday, Le Drian on the news channel LCI. "We do not want to interfere with judgments", but "we totally condemn the death penalty" and "we hope that it will not be applied in Iraq", he added, recalling the French line habitual when a French national is involved in court cases abroad.

Alerted by the echo given to the words of the French Minister in the Iraqi press on Saturday, Mes Bourdon, Pradel and Brengarth believe in their letter that the position of Mr. Le Drian "can only be interpreted (...) as an unacceptable pressure on the Iraqi justice and as the illustration if need was of [his] will at any price, and the sacrifice of the fundamental principles, that [their] client does not return to France " . In their view, the statements of the Minister even violate the fundamental principles of the presumption of innocence, the separation of powers, the rights of the defense and the principle of non-interference in the affairs of a foreign State.

But the French authorities have repeatedly said that French jihadists captured in Syria and Iraq must be judged by local authorities and serve their sentences there.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

THREAT OF SUNDIAN MILITARY ACTION

ON THE QATAR IF IT IS S-400

The tension between Qatar, on the one hand, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, on the other, is not ready to fall more than a year after the breakdown of their diplomatic and economic relations causing mutual hostility and mistrust.

According to information from the World , Riyadh asks Paris to put pressure on Qatar to prevent it from acquiring the Russian air defense system S-400 going as far as declared in a letter sent to the French Presidency that Riyadh is saying ready to take "military action" against Qatar if it acquires it.

If such an agreement were to be concluded, "the Kingdom would be ready to take all necessary measures to eliminate this defense system, including military action," warns the letter addressed to the President. The Saudi sovereign is worried about the consequences that an installation of the S-400 on Qatari territory would have on the security of Saudi airspace, saying more generally that such acquisition by Qatar would jeopardize the "security of its neighbors in the Persian Gulf. Riyadh is however also in the running to get these ground-to-air batteries ...

In January, Qatar's ambassador to Moscow, Fahad Bin Mohamed al-Attiyah, said the two countries had already made good progress in the negotiations on the purchase of the sophisticated S-400 defense system, which is considered one of the more powerful in the world. Fahad bin Mohammed al-Attiyah even pointed out that a military cooperation agreement, signed in October 2017 during the visit of Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in Doha, paved the way for cooperation between Russia and Qatar " in the field of defense, including the supply of equipment, the training of soldiers and officers, the maintenance of arms and the cooperation of special services ".

This rapprochement came after the decision a few months earlier by Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to sever diplomatic relations with Qatar, accused of supporting and funding radical Islamist groups and their lack of distance from Iran. These countries then imposed a trade boycott in Qatar, which rejects all these accusations and claims that these countries are seeking a regime change in Doha.

In order to break its isolation, Qatar has increased diplomatic contacts and commercial, military or technological agreements internationally.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

UKRAINE: A DANGEROUS FAKENEWS

The announced death of Russian reporter Arkady Babchenko on Tuesday 29 has been widely reported in the international press. But a theatrical event, Wednesday, May 30: the Russian journalist Arkadi Babchenko, who was believed dead after an assassination attempt, reappeared in front of the cameras, thus revealing having participated in the staging of his assassination. The official reason?

The explanation given by the head of the Ukrainian secret services and the prosecutor was to foil a sponsored attack against the journalist. For Ukrainian officials it was simulating the assassination to set a trap for the sponsor. Thanks to this operation the intermediary, a Ukrainian acting on behalf of the Russian services could be apprehended ... Should we believe today this version? Is the credibility of the Ukrainian police and judicial authorities not now seriously compromised?

According to a number of media a red line has been crossed while the international press wonders about the use of a "fake news" to shed light on the truth.

First of all this staging would seem to give grist to the fanatics of conspiracy theories. Moreover, the classic press has been trapped by false information as it puts all its energy and know-how to shed light on the truth.

The Russian investigative journalist Andrei Soldatov, quoted by the BBC, has serious doubts about the method used, even going so far as to believe that a "line has been crossed" : "Babchenko is a journalist, not a police officer and our job is based on trust, whatever Trump and Putin say "fake news". "

The Belgian daily Le Soir wonders about the soundness of this staging: "By imprudently using the fake news weapon against Russia, the Ukrainian strategy could prove counterproductive. Because the crimes ordered from Russia are indeed real. "

Recall the shooting death in the center of the Ukrainian capital in March 2017 of Denis Voronenkov, former Russian deputy refugee in Kiev. Let us not forget that of the director of the Oukraïnska Pravda news site, Pavel Sheremet, in the explosion of his car.

Does not this incident also comfort the Kremlin in its strategy of lying? Moscow countered by multiplying the false versions in the various episodes that opposed it to democracies in recent years such as the sending of Russian forces into the Donbass, the MH17 flight shot over the Ukraine (298 dead), or the Skripal case ...

In the Moscow Times to refer to the "dark power" of Moscow. "Is the Putin regime assassinating its enemies by political choice, is it simply to create a pessimistic atmosphere of violence, or is it now a practical scapegoat? " , Asks Mark Galeotti, a researcher at the Institute of International Relations in Prague. "The answer, of course, is the three. "He slices.

The New York Times, like the Committee to Protect Journalists, urge the Ukrainian authorities to explain why they considered it necessary to compromise "journalistic integrity" .


Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

 

MEETING BETWEEN NORTH KOREA

AND THE UNITED STATES


Kim Jong-un's right hand man, General Kim Yong-chol, is North Korea's top official in 18 years. He arrived in New York on Wednesday, May 30, to meet US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

This is to set up the famous summit of June 12, between the North Korean leader and the President of the United States, Donald Trump, June 12 in Singapore.

"Have a good dinner with Kim Yong-chol in New York tonight. Steak, corn and cheese on the menu, " tweeted the head of the American diplomacy.

The two officials will try to determine in a series of talks this Thursday whether the two enemy countries are well able to set a shared agenda for the summit scheduled for June 12 in Singapore.

Let's not forget that only a week ago Donald Trump wrote a letter to Kim Jong-un, in which he canceled their unpublished head-to-head criticizing Pyongyang's "hostility" ! At this dramatic turnaround renewal of optimism just as spectacular these days.

But "the denuclearization" of North Korea "must be on the table and at the heart of the meeting," warned the spokeswoman for the US presidency Sarah Sanders.

Mike Pompeo and Kim Yong-chol, a tough negotiator, will have to try to reconcile seemingly irreconcilable expectations. Indeed, Washington calls for a "complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization" , and does not intend to let go of international sanctions until the process is completed or at least very advanced. Pyongyang, for its part, has agreed to talk about denuclearization but refuses it to be unilateral ... the North Koreans have so far presented their atomic arsenal as a guarantee for the survival of the regime.

"We must convince them that on the contrary their nuclear program reinforces their insecurity," said a senior US official Wednesday evening, confirming that Washington is ready to provide "guarantees" for their safety.

Another sign marks the intensification of diplomatic activities: the North Korean media announced on Thursday the arrival of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Pyongyang. This is Mr. Lavrov's first visit to North Korea since 2009.

Let's bet that the two negotiators can definitely put back on track the historic summit between the North Korean leader and Donald Trump.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

COLOMBIA IN THE MIDDLE OF GUET

A small earthquake has shaken the political landscape in Colombia this Sunday , a country where the right has always reigned.

In June, the second round of the presidential election will see Ivan Duque, right-wing champion, face Gustavo Petro, former mayor of Bogota and former militant of the dissolved rebellion of the M-19.

No candidate in the Colombian presidential election has managed to gather more than 50% of the votes in the first round organized this Sunday, May 27.

The champion of the hard right, opposed to the peace agreement with the former guerrilla Farc, has certainly arrived at the top but he will face in the second round the candidate of a left anti-system.

Ivan Duque obtained 39.14% of the votes in the first round of the presidential election. Gustavo Petro (25.08%) and Sergio Fajardo (23.73%) achieve historical scores for the left in Colombia. He is followed by Gustavo Petro (25.08%), German Vargas Lleras (7.28%), Humberto de la Calle (2.06%) and Jorge Antonio Trujillo (0.39%).

A second round will take place on June 17th.

Ivan Duque's score is certainly a victory for opponents of peace agreements with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and their leader. Ivan Duque rejects the idea that former guerrilla leaders can stand for election: "Criminals against humanity can not be elected until they pay for the damage to the victims, they have not told the whole truth and they have not completed their sentences. " while saying that " Special justice is a source of impunity. It's an unacceptable insult to the victims. "

But Colombians did not hesitate to vote for progressive parties.

One of the most significant political advances in the peace agreements with the FARC is the arrival of the left - no longer marked by the stigma of the armed struggle - in the second round. "The left could not get massive votes," says Cesar Rodriguez of the NGO Dejusticia . Once this stigma is removed, the political field opens and this gives the possibility that the legal and peaceful left has a chance to run for president. "

Gustavo Petro, a former member of the M-19 guerrilla warfare disbanded in 1990, is both an outspoken advocate of peace agreements and a supporter of broad tax reform, broad land redistribution and a change in economic model. . "I do not want to impoverish the rich, I want to enrich the poor" he said during his campaign. With 4,850,000 votes, he is the left-wing candidate to get the most votes in a presidential election, the previous record of Carlos Gaviria in 2006 being limited to 2.6 million votes. Sergio Fajardo, also on the left, won 4.4 million votes.

This vote is crucial for the consolidation of peace in a country bruised by nearly half a century of fratricidal wars, concluded by a historic peace agreement signed in 2016 with the former guerrilla Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).

The continuation of this agreement is one of the main issues of this election, the favorite, Ivan Duque, being opposed to it while Gustavo Petro defends tooth and nail this agreement, which he considers indispensable for the construction of peace in Colombia.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

SURPRISE MEETING

OF THE TWO KOREA DIRECTORS

On Saturday, South Korean President Moon Jae-in met Kim Jong-un, the North Korean leader, to discuss a possible summit between him and Donald Trump. A two-hour surprise meeting at Panmunjom village, where the two leaders had already discussed during their meeting on April 27.

After canceling the planned summit with Kim Jong-un, Donald Trump reported "productive talks" and announced that the meeting could finally still take place on June 12. The leaders of two Koreas have seen each other this Saturday to discuss.

In the wake of their meeting, Moon Jae-in said he hoped the planned summit between North Korean leader and Donald Trump would take place in June as planned, the South Korean news agency Yonhap reported.

Kim Jong-un is also said to have expressed "his intention to end an era of confrontation thanks to the success of the summit between North Korea and the United States, a confrontation thanks to the success of the summit between North Korea and the United States. as well as to cooperate for peace and prosperity ".

"We are doing very well on the summit with North Korea , " the US president announced on Saturday. "It's progressing perfectly. So we are looking at June 12 in Singapore. It has not changed, so we'll see what happens. "

The statement came days after Donald Trump decided to cancel the June 12 summit, blaming the North Korean leader for his "hostility." On Friday, he had already begun to backtrack, claiming to have "very productive talks" with North Korea.

White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders told reporters on Saturday that Donald Trump did not want a meeting that was "just a political coup" with North Korea. "He wants something that is a real and lasting solution, and if he's ready to do it, we're certainly ready for those conversations."

Donald Trump had canceled Thursday the Singapore summit on June 12 with Kim Jong-un. But less than 24 hours later, he had again posted his optimism, citing the possible continuation of the summit after "very productive discussions with North Korea for the summit to take place"

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

CHAOS THREATENS BRAZIL

With a truck strike that has paralyzed the country since the beginning of the week, the Brazilian government raised its voice on Friday by mobilizing the army to raise the hundreds of roadblocks in the country.

" We accepted the twelve priority demands of the truckers, who pledged to stop the dams immediately. But unfortunately a radical minority continued to block the roads, " regretted Michel Temer.

Brazilian truckers have been on strike since the beginning of the week. The Sao Paulo City Council has declared a state of emergency. Brazilian President Michel Temer on Friday (May 25th) ordered the mobilization of the federal security forces to lift the roadblocks that have paralyzed Brazil since the beginning of the week.

The Sao Paulo City Council, the economic capital, as well as the capital Brasília, have declared a state of emergency, an extreme measure that makes it possible to requisition fuel.

"We will not allow the population to have access to basic necessities (...), that hospitals do not have the necessary medicines to save lives" , explained in a speech solemn.

The Brazilian defense minister issued a warning soon after. The army "will act quickly, co-ordinated and energetic (...) to free traffic in critical areas ," he said.

Economy at a standstill, canceled flights

Despite power concessions, this strike, launched in protest against rising diesel prices, has been maintained and is testing President Michel Temer's center-right government.

For the Brazilian Association of Truckers (Abcam), a union representing 700,000 truck drivers, "the idea is to maintain the strike, the roadblocks".

Roadblocks block the country's economy and take the country hostage.

The major supply problems have affected the entire economy, in this huge country that has almost no rail network and where 60% of the transport of goods is by road.

At the airport of the capital Brasilia, more than 30 flights were canceled, including two international flights, the kerosene reserves being exhausted.

Assembly lines at a standstill

According to the management company Infraero, ten other airports in the country are also dry, including that of Recife (north-east).

The country's exports are in the process of being heavily affected, and the auto industry, which employs 132,000 people, is already completely shut down. Exports from this major producer of meat and agricultural products were threatened.

Prices of vegetables and fruits have increased due to supply problems, sometimes up to 400% in a few days.

If the movement lasts, the economic consequences may be catastrophic for a country that is struggling to recover after the historic recession of 2015 / 2016.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

THE REASONS OF THE CANCELLATION OF THE SUMMIT

WITH KIM JONG-ONE FROM

THE AMERICAN POINT OF VIEW

The US president unilaterally canceled Thursday's summit in Singapore on June 12, 2018, with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, denouncing the "anger" and "hostility" of the Pyongyang regime. Could not the meeting be just delayed to allow Donald Trump to heal his popularity?

In a letter to Kim Jong-Un, Donald Trump informed the world of his decision which did not fail to surprise.

Since April, warning signs have been gathering

On the American side the sudden intervention of China in this matter was not understood. Why did Chinese President Xi meet Kim Jong-un twice in a month, when he had always refused to do so in the previous three years?

On the Korean (North) side, Kim Jong-un vented anger when joint military maneuvers were held with South Korea and said denuclearization did not mean the total abandonment of nuclear weapons.

But more concretely the stake is of another magnitude.

Moon Jae-in took the first step, and his meeting with Kim Jong-un already belongs to History, as is the name of the village of Panmunjom in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two Koreas, which hosted late April the inter-Korean summit.

No doubt the tone is different from what we have known in the past.

But nothing has been ceded by Donald Trump: the demand for denuclearization has been steadfastly maintained, joint military maneuvers have not been suspended, nor has there been any question of repatriating the 28,500 American soldiers who station in the peninsula: the presence of US Forces in Korea (USFK) is a subject that is exclusively the alliance between South Korea and the United States.

Kim Jong-un has never accepted the total denuclearization of nuclear weapons.

And let's not forget the weight of the evangelists who are very active among American Protestants. However, the latter weigh heavily in the current political debate, thanks to the support that their group has given to Donald Trump in 2016. Donald Trump demands, as did all his predecessors, that there be a discussion on human rights. the man in Korea

And for Kim Jong-a this question is not on the agenda? It does not matter! It will eventually become so.

Donald Trump has plenty of time for presidential teams to refine their records on such an important issue as the pacification of the Asian peninsula. With his "art of negotiation" he had promised the protection to Kim Jong-un but with this hindsight now requires him to react, while reminding him that the discussion was only suspended ...

And if the summit could have just been delayed by five months, in order to finally stand a few days from the mid-term election, in November 2018?


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

TORONTO BOMBING

Two men they blew up a bomb Thursday at a restaurant in the city of Mississauga, near Toronto, Canada, injuring 15 people before fleeing, authorities said. Three are in serious condition.

The explosion took place around 22:30 (local time) in an Indian restaurant, Bombay Bhel. Fifteen people were hospitalized, three were seriously injured. They were transported to Sunnybrook Hospital in Toronto. The attack, for the moment, has not been claimed.

Police call for witnesses.

She posted a photo on Twitter showing the two suspects, wearing dark hooded sweatshirts, entering the restaurant, one of the people seems to be carrying an object in her hand.

The first is a man of normal build, about 25 years old. He wears dark blue jeans and a hoodie, with a baseball cap. His face is covered with a black cloth. The second suspect is a thin man, wearing jeans "tired", a hooded jacket folded over his head, too. A gray T-shirt and skate shoes. He too has a face camouflaged by a dark cloth.

Police have not yet established the causes of the explosion, which occurred around 22:30 local time in an Indian restaurant in the city, Bombay Bhel.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

DONALD TRUMP DECIDES THE CANCELLATION OF THE SUMMIT

FROM SINGAPORE WITH KIM JONG-ONE

Donald Trump by a mail is part of the cancellation of the summit.

A letter he sent directly to North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.

"Dear Mr. President," said Donald Trump , "we appreciate your time, your patience, all the efforts you have made in our recent negotiations. I was looking forward to meeting you.

Unfortunately, because of the overwhelming anger and hostility shown in your most recent statement, I find this long-planned meeting inappropriate at this time.

Therefore, I thank you for considering that by this letter, for the good of both parties and to the detriment of the world, the Singapore summit will not take place. "

Donald Trump uses a ceremonious tone, full of deference but full of firmness.

However Donald Trump does not fail to leave the door open for a later meeting.

This option, he had mentioned in recent days by considering a summit may be postponed.

Donald Trump concludes:

"I felt that we were building a wonderful dialogue, and ultimately only this dialogue matters. If you change your mind about this most important summit, do not hesitate to call me or write to me. The world, and North Korea in particular, has lost a great opportunity for world peace and prosperity. This missed opportunity is really a sad moment in history. "

The summit of June 12 announced that it was like a historic meeting in Singapore will not take place!

The letter sent to Kim Jong-un in Pyongyang by the White House was read by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee.

Let's bet that this is a simple postponement, peace and balance deserve all the efforts of each party!


Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

 

DELETION OF THE NORTH KOREAN

NUCLEAR TESTING SITE

North Korea has dismantled its nuclear test site, media reported on Thursday to attend the cleverly orchestrated operation, presented by the regime as a gesture of goodwill ahead of a potential summit with the United States.

Pyongyang had announced plans to dismantle "completely" its Punggye-ri site in the north-east, and some foreign journalists had been invited to observe the operation.

A series of explosions occurred throughout the day, including three in the entrance tunnels leading to the underground structure. Neighbor barracks and other structures were razed in the blasts.

The site, surrounded by steep peaks, is dug deep beneath a 2,000-meter high granite mountain in the northern Hamqyong, a northeastern province bordering China. Pyongyang, the latest of which was held in September. This test, the most powerful to date, would have concerned a hydrogen bomb.

Specialists are divided on whether the site will really be rendered unusable.

Some say the place is no longer useful after North Korea's six tests, and experts say the site can be rebuilt quickly when needed.

Others point out that the North has agreed to destroy it without preconditions or to ask for anything in return from Washington, which in their opinion shows that the regime is serious in its desire for change.

US President Donald Trump is scheduled to meet North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in Singapore on June 12 for talks to move toward a resolution of the thorny North Korean nuclear issue.

But the euphoria born of the remarkable relaxation that has appeared on the peninsula since the beginning of the year and the prospect of this historic handshake has given way to doubt in recent days, Washington and Pyongyang renewing the threatening rhetoric and evoking the possibility that the meeting will not take place.

The last banderilla was planted Thursday by North Korean Deputy Foreign Minister Cheo Son Hui, who lashed out at Monday's comment by Mike Pence, who said "it would be a big mistake for Kim Jong-a think he could play Donald Trump.

The US vice president also said that North Korea could end up as Libya's Muammar Gaddafi, killed during the uprising of his country after giving up the atomic weapon, "if Kim Jong-un does not reach an agreement" with Washington on denuclearization.

US envoys traveled to Singapore this week and are expected to meet with North Korean officials to discuss the ins and outs of the meeting.

But as the date approaches, the gap between the expectations of both sides becomes increasingly apparent as they both conduct a public relations campaign to make their point.

Washington demands a "complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization" by the North.

Pyongyang said he will never give up his nuclear arsenal until he feels safe against what he sees as American aggression.

Some journalists from China, the United States, Great Britain, Russia and South Korea had been invited to witness the dismantling of the test site.


Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

CRISIS IN NICARAGUA

The dialogue is totally suspended while the government has repressed demonstrations in Nicaragua. In the absence of consensus, the Episcopal Conference suspended its mediation between the ruling party and the opposition. 10 wounded in clashes are to be deplored ..

The Nicaraguan Episcopal Conference (CEN) has suspended negotiations to end the political crisis after the government and the opposition failed to reach agreements to move the discussion forward. It was to advance the elections for a way out of the political and social crisis.

"Rebuilding democracy"

Triggered by students contesting a pension reform that increased contributions and reduced the amount of pensions, the wave of anger quickly spread to the entire population.

In the background, a general dissatisfaction with the harsh living conditions and the confiscation of power by Daniel Ortega, who already headed the country from 1979 to 1990 and returned in 2007. President Ortega and his wife and vice-president Rosario Murillo were elected in November 2016 for a five-year term ending in January 2022.

After several days of mobilization, clashes with the police, looting and burning, the streets seemed to have regained their composure. But some residents still fear a renewed tension.

Since the protests against the government began on April 18, 76 people have been killed, 868 injured and 438 arrested, according to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).

Minister of Foreign Affairs Denis Moncada argued on Thursday that the issues on the agenda are "to change the government of Nicaragua outside the Constitution, the legal system and the violation of the Constitution and laws ". He further stated that the agenda should be to resolve the blockade of routes that affect the population and the economy.

"Since today there is no consensus between the parties, we regret to be forced to suspend the plenary session of the national dialogue , " said the Church hierarchy in a statement after eight hours. unsuccessful meetings in Managua. The draft agenda of the bishops in the fourth session of the dialogue envisaged to discuss a partial reform of the Constitution and the electoral law "in order to advance the presidential, municipal, legislative and regional elections as soon as possible".

The bishops said in the agenda that the call for free and fair elections should include international observation by the OAS, the European Union and the Carter Center, among other things, the document said.

Religious, who act as mediators in the talks, proposed the creation of a mixed commission of six people, three for each party to resume dialogue, while recalling that "peace and life depend on many Nicaraguans" .


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

TRUMP ACCUSES CIA OF INFILTRATION

OF HIS COUNTRY TEAM

D onald Trump against attack against:

"The witch hunt!"

For months, the Republican camp is trying to weaken Robert Mueller by denouncing a politicization of investigators.

He also asks for a speedy end to the investigations. In the line of fire, the mid-term elections,

The US president on Monday revived his attacks on the Russian investigation by the special prosecutor Robert Mueller in accusing the CIA of the Obama era of wanting to commit a "political assassination" by infiltrating his campaign team.

"It was a political assassination, not an intelligence investigation," tweeted Donald Trump on Monday, resuming accusations from Fox News commentator Dan Bongino.

The latter directly accused John Brennan, boss of the CIA under the Obama administration and fervent opponent of Donald Trump, to be at the origin of the Russian investigation opened in the summer of 2016 by the counter-espionage services of the United States. Federal Police (FBI).

Donald Trump simply accuses the FBI of infiltrating his campaign team for political purposes during the 2016 presidential election. The US Department of Justice has agreed to investigate, at the request of the president. It is true that last week, the American press revealed that a CIA informant, based in the United Kingdom, had met members of the team of the candidate Trump. The latter was working on this Russian survey.

"If someone has infiltrated or watched election campaigners for bad goals, we need to know and respond in the right way," Deputy Minister of Justice Rod Rosenstein said in a statement.

This counter-investigation, which will be conducted by the Inspector General of the Ministry, will include "determine whether there were any irregularities or political motivation in the investigation [intelligence services] of the FBI on suspects of s 'be involved with Russian agents who interfered in the election ,' said Sarah Isgur Flores, spokesman for the ministry, in a separate statement.

Vice President Mike Pence added his voice, saying Monday night on Fox News: "It's time for the special prosecutor to finish and I think it's probably a widely shared opinion across the US."

If prosecutor Mueller wishes to conclude his investigation by 1 September so as not to interfere with the mid-term polls, the special prosecutor must question the president in mid-July. Trump said he was ready to answer questions from the investigators.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

NEW PRESIDENT OF PROPOSED ITALIAN COUNCIL APPOINTED GUISEPPE CONTE


Mr Salvini and Luigi Di Maio, the leaders of the Northern League and the 5-star Movement, have finally chosen the new President of the Council.

After writing a resolute anti-European joint program, the two men present to Italian President Sergio Mattarella on Monday the name of the person chosen to become President of the Council (Prime Minister).

Giuseppe Conte (54), a lawyer who teaches private law in Florence and Rome, was proposed.

This near unknown has studied in several prestigious foreign universities (Yale, Cambridge, La Sorbonne).

Specialist of the administrative justice it had been presented before the elections of March 4 by the M5S as possible minister responsible for "débureaucratiser" the public service.

"We named Giuseppe Conte's name to the President of the Republic. A name that can advance the government contract.

And I am particularly proud of this choice, "Di Maio wrote on the M5S blog.

"We hope that no one will veto a choice that represents the will of the majority of Italians" Matteo Salvini


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

THE TWELVE COMMANDMENTS OF

THE UNITED STATES

FOR A NEW IRANIAN NUCLEAR AGREEMENT


The United States has threatened Iran with "unprecedented" sanctions if Tehran does not submit to its draconian terms for a "new deal" after the US withdrawal of the 2015 Iran nuclear text.

"Iran will never again have carte blanche to dominate the Middle East," US Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo said in presenting the "new strategy" of the United States.

The American "no" to the agreement concluded three years ago by the great powers (United States, Russia, China, France, United Kingdom and Germany) with the regime of Tehran to prevent it from obtaining the atomic bomb has aroused the anger of Europeans especially since this decision induces the full restoration of US sanctions, with a collateral effect on European companies present in Iran.

The US Secretary of State has called for the "support" of US allies in his strategy, and while acknowledging the difficulties of European companies.

The former CIA director, known for his hard line, assured that the United States would exert "unprecedented financial pressure on the Iranian regime , " with "the strongest sanctions in history . " Tehran is Washington's pet peeve for its alliances with the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria, the Islamist Hezbollah movement in Lebanon and the support of Houthi rebels in the Yemen conflict.

What are the twelve drastic conditions of Mike Pompeo?

Iran must, according to the list of Mike Pompeo:

1 ° On the nuclear side, US demands go well beyond the 2015 agreement, which Washington does not intend to "renegotiate".

2 ° Cease all enrichment of uranium

3 ° Close his hot water reactor

4 ° Give international inspectors unconditional access to all sites in the country.

5 ° End the proliferation of ballistic missiles

6 ° Stop shooting

7. End the development of nuclear-capable missiles.

8 ° To withdraw from Syria;

9 ° to stop interfering in the conflicts of the region (Yemen),

10 ° Stop supporting "terrorist" groups (Hezbollah, Islamic Jihad, Afghan Taliban and Al Qaeda),

11 ° Stop interfering in the affairs of his neighbors, as in Iraq or Lebanon.

12 ° Stop threatening others, such as Israel or Saudi Arabia.

"In exchange for major changes in Iran, the United States is ready" to lift, eventually, their sanctions. But also to "restore all diplomatic and trade relations with Iran" and "support" the Iranian economy. This will only happen after "concrete, proven and lasting changes".

Mike Pompeo nevertheless conceded that these twelve conditions "may seem unrealistic" , while arguing that these were "basic" demands ...

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

REPETITION OF PRESIDENT NICOLAS MADURO IN VENEZUELA CONTESTED BY THE OPPOSITION

N icolas Maduro, successor in 2013 of the "Supreme Commander of the Bolivarian Revolution" Hugo Chavez, wins a presidential contest by the opposition.

Nicolas Maduro, from his palace in Miraflores, said "On twenty-four elections, this is our twenty-second victory in nineteen years, since the arrival of Chavez to power, says the president.

"It's the movement of a revolutionary people. It's a big victory. And I want to thank the Armed Forces and all the volunteers at the polls and red dots. Do not criticize the humble people who accompany our movement. It was an impeccable election. "

The outgoing Socialist President won 67.7% of the vote against 21.2% of his main opponent Henri Falcon, who rejected the electoral process, announced the President of the National Electoral Council (CNE) Tibisay Lucena, reporting a " irreversible tendency " . He was re-elected for seven years. The participation rate, at around 46%, is however the lowest in the country's history.

"We do not recognize this electoral process, for us there was no election. A new election must be held in Venezuela, " said 56-year-old dissenting chabadist Henri Falcon at a news conference. He called for "new elections in December," the traditional date of the Venezuelan presidential election when power this year convened an early election. A third candidate, evangelical pastor Javier Bertucci, joined this request.

He accused the government of putting pressure on voters.

"Red dots" , these tents were installed PSUV, the party in power. After voting, the voters came hoping to receive the reward promised by the president. "Everywhere we gave a voucher worth 10 million bolivars [about 8 euros on the black market] to every voter. It's an electoral felony!

It is playing with the hunger and misery of the poor. In addition, it is managed from a government platform. It's a double felony! "

In addition to the Venezuelan opposition, the United States, the European Union and the Lima group, an alliance of 14 American countries and the Caribbean, reject this election.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

IN VENEZUELA A PRESIDENTIAL

THAT BOYCOTTE THE OPPOSITION

The current Venezuelan president, Nicolas Maduro, is the favorite for Sunday 's presidential election, initially scheduled for December 2017 and postponed twice.

The government has curbed several waves of demonstrations in the blood and the army and justice, in the hands of the Chavistas, close the ranks.

A little more than 20 million Venezuelans are expected to elect, Sunday, May 20, their president among three candidates. The opposition to Nicolas Maduro boycotting the outcome of the elections leaves little doubt about the results of the election.

Faced with the outgoing socialist president of the PSUV, Nicolas Maduro, Hugo Chavez's successor since his death in 2013, presents Henri Falcon, from the Avanzada Progresista party (Advanced Progressive). It occupies the second place in the voting intentions. He counts on a strong participation of the opponents to the outgoing president to win. This lawyer, governor of the state of Lara from 2008 to 2017 broke with the chavism advocated by Nicolas Maduro. He presents himself in spite of the boycott of the opposition because according to him "the electoral boycotts do not solve anything. Opposition forces that abandon electoral competitions simply allow [...] the ruling leaders to consolidate their power, " he writes in a New York Times column.

Third candidate: Javier Bertucci, businessman and evangelical pastor, unlikely to win

But the main opposition force the coalition of the Table of Democratic Unity (MUD) boycotts the poll.

For her, the government did not give her sufficient guarantees as to the organization of the poll.

Indeed to neutralize the Table of the democratic union (Mud), broad coalition of the victorious opposition to the legislative of 2015, Maduro proceeded as follows:

1 ° He established a parallel Constituent Assembly and advanced the elections scheduled for December.

2 ° He disqualified his main rivals Henrique Capriles, the opponent of the outgoing president in previous elections deprived of any political mandate because of "administrative irregularities" and Leopoldo Lopes, sentenced to 14 years in prison and then placed under house arrest. 2017and deprived of his civil rights.

3 ° He also denied MUD the presence of "independent" international observers, the designation of a "balanced" national electoral council, equal access to the media.

The Venezuelan presidential election is therefore held in a context of strong international pressure, particularly from Washington.

International pressure against Nicolas Maduro suddenly increased in August, after a wave of demonstrations marked by violence, because of the serious economic crisis in the country.

Under Maduro, GDP per capita has halved, the monthly minimum wage equals two kilos of meat, according to Ricardo Hausman, former Minister of Planning and Professor of Economics at Harvard. "Few countries have experienced a collapse of this magnitude," he says.

The United States, the European Union, Canada, Japan and some Latin American countries have already announced that they do not recognize the election. In a statement issued on May 14, representatives of ten Latin American countries, members of the Lima group, along with Spain and the United States, called again for the suspension of the May 20 elections.

The United States has announced new sanctions against the number two Venezuelan power, Diosdado Cabello. The United States accuses this senior official of corruption and drug trafficking, while emphasizing in a statement his determination to "put a stop to those who betray the trust of the Venezuelan people." Sanctions, according to them, to "support the efforts of the Venezuelan people to restore their democracy".

In early 2018, the European Union passed sanctions against Caracas, which targeted relatives of the Venezuelan president, including Diosdado Cabello.

"If the world wants to impose sanctions on us, we are going to hold elections ... Imperial and ungoverned powers have triggered a systematic campaign of hatred against Venezuela," noted Diosdado Cabello.

It is in this context that Nicolas Maduro announced at the end of January the holding of early elections, which could, according to him, legitimize his power in the eyes of the world.








Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


COSMETIC REFORMS IN SAUDI ARABIA OR THE ARREST OF SEVEN MILITANTS IN WOMEN'S RIGHTS

The kingdom arrested seven women's rights activists on Tuesday (May 15th). Human Rights Watch (HRW) reveals and denounces it on Saturday. According to the NGO, the reason for the arrests is unclear. These arrests come as Saudi Arabia is preparing for a spectacular reform since at the end of June, women will be allowed to drive on the roads of the country!

Among the arrested activists: three known women, Loujain al-Hathloul, Aziza al-Yousef and Eman al-Nafjan, for the lifting of the ban, as well as the end of the tutelage exercised by men on women. A semi-retired lawyer, who has represented some human rights activists in recent years, is also among those arrested.

Activists told HRW that in September 2017, " the royal court contacted important activists ... and warned them not to speak in the media . " "These calls were made the same day the authorities announced the lifting of the driving ban for women," said HRW.

In any case, women remain under male guardianship.

By law, Saudi women must get permission from a man in their family for many important decisions.

Reforms announced that will only be cosmetic as the Saudi women will not be totally emancipated from the male tutelage. Tutoring has recently been relaxed but remains in force, for example when a Saudi woman travels abroad: she must obtain permission from her male guardian.

"The" reform campaign "launched by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is a cause for real Saudi reformers who dare to publicly defend human rights and women's emancipation," said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director of the United Nations. NGO

With these arrests, the message of the Saudi authorities seems clear: "The reforms come exclusively from the royal power . " If MBS, strong man of the kingdom, shows to transform his country, it is without leaving the least space to a form of mobilization or claim of the civil society!

In this ultra-conservative country governed by a Sunni Islam rigorous, this plan of reforms, "Vision 2030" , is only intended to diversify the Saudi economy, too dependent on oil.

For many Saudi activists, however, these reforms will only be cosmetic as the Saudi women will not be fully emancipated from male guardianship ...


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SCANDAL OF SEXUAL ABUSE

OR THE RESIGNATION OF CHILEAN BISHOPS

It is from reading Father Bertomeu's 2,300-page findings, including 64 testimonies collected in Chile and the United States, that the Pope admitted in April that he had made "serious mistakes" in the assessment of situation in Chile and spoke of a "lack of truthful and balanced information".

I He had summoned all the bishops of Chile to Rome to examine the conclusions of the report.

The Spanish priest Jordi Bertomeu (co-author Msgr. Charles Scicluna) of an investigation commissioned by the pope on sexual abuse perpetrated by the Chilean clergy had noted Thursday morning that the convocation of the entire Chilean Bishops' Conference in Rome was exceptional.

Pope Francis has indeed received the 32 bishops to evoke the calamitous management of scandals of sexual abuse.

At a press conference on Friday, May 18 in Rome, the 32 Chileans have all handed over their work to the pope.

In a letter sent on Monday to the 32 Chilean bishops in office, the pope had deplored that this "wound" was "treated so far with a drug that, far from healing, seems to have dug more in its thickness and pain" .

"We need a change," he continued . Not only do we owe it to our communities and so many who have suffered and are suffering in their flesh, but we also owe it to the conversion spirit of mission and the identity of the Church. "

The pope acknowledges "serious errors" of appreciation in this hot issue. "We have deepened [the] gravity of abuses of power and conscience over minors, as well as their tragic consequences," he said while asking pardon for these victims.

In his letter he invites the Chilean bishops to build "a prophetic Church, listening to the hungry, the prisoner, the migrant and the abused".

A statement by the Secretary General of the Episcopal Conference of Chile, Bishop Fernando Ramos, is expected this Friday at midday in front of the press










Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

NEW PROVOCATIONS

BETWEEN KIM-JONG-UN AND DONALD TRUMP?

Due to US-South Korean military exercises, Pyongyang decided to cancel negotiations with Seoul scheduled for May 16, according to Yonhap News Agency. "North Korea announced on Wednesday that it was canceling the high-level meeting that was to take place today with South Korea because of ongoing military exercises between South Korean and US air forces , " writes the agency. This meeting between the two Koreas on May 16 in the village of Panmunjom was to be held to consider the implementation measures of the Panmunjom declaration, adopted at the end of the inter-Korean summit of April 27. So cancellation at the last moment.

Kim Jong-a threatens to do the same with the historic summit with US President Donald Trump, scheduled for June 12

Pyongyang vehemently denounces joint military exercises between the United States and South Korea.

The Max Thunder aerial maneuvers, which began on May 11, are expected to last two weeks and involve a hundred planes from both countries, including fearsome American F-22 "Raptor" fighter jets dreaded by the regime. These exercises would also include B-52 bombers, capable of carrying nuclear warheads. The regime sees a "deliberate military provocation" in the current context of détente, especially since he has just agreed to release three American prisoners and to dismantle its nuclear test site.

Despite recent goodwill by Kim Jong-un, the denuclearization of North Korea could be more complicated than expected.

If the White House "puts us on the wall and unilaterally demands that we give up nuclear weapons, we will have no more interest in discussions and we should reconsider whether to accept the summit. to come between North Korea and the United States, " said Deputy Foreign Minister Kim Kye Gwan, quoted by the official KCNA agency.

In addition, the North Korean Deputy Minister also expressed his "anger" at the cynicism of Donald Trump's National Security Advisor, John Bolton, who spoke of the "Libyan model" for the denuclearization of North Korea. This is a "very sinister attempt to subject North Korea to the fate of Libya and Iraq," he insurgent.

Let us remember that after giving up his nuclear program, the Libyan leader Gaddafi was killed in an uprising supported by NATO forces.

However, this is not the end of the dialogue process between Kim-Jong-un and Donald Trump.

For its part, Washington says indeed not to have been "notified" of a change while ensuring to continue to prepare the summit between Kim Jong-un and Donald Trump. The White House has defended joint military maneuvers, described as "legal exercises, planned well in advance" and which "are not at all provocative" .

For political analysts in Seoul, these threats are simply part of the ongoing negotiations process. The Kim-Jong-a regime is advancing its pawns using these military exercises to put pressure on the United States. In the regime also to strengthen its positions near the summit with Donald Trump.

North Korea simply reminds us that we must not proclaim victory too quickly, that it also requires significant concessions. These are the negotiations that are just beginning!


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

MURDER OF VOLUNTARY MASS

WITH MH370 FLIGHT ACCORDING TO EXPERTS

 

The plane, a Boeing from Malaysia Airlines, was connecting Kuala Lumpur to Beijing with 239 people on board on March 8, 2014, when it suddenly disappeared from radar screens shortly after taking off.

The research was officially abandoned by the Malaysian, Chinese and Australian authorities in January 2017. Only three debris from the flight were recovered on the western shores of the Indian Ocean.

Four years after the fact, the mystery could have been solved.

The findings of a group of experts in civil aviation believe that the pilot of the plane has voluntarily crashed his aircraft carrying 239 people in the South Indian Ocean.

More than four years after the disappearance of flight MH370 with 239 people on board, shortly after taking off from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing, no explanation for this tragedy was found.

These aviation specialists spent several months on the flight path of the aircraft based on military radar data.

A premeditated gesture?

The act of Zaharie was premeditated, according to these experts. As proof, Zaharie put on an oxygen mask before depressurizing the plane, which had the effect of suffocating passengers and crew members, they say.

Hence the silence of the aircraft that deviated from its trajectory: no "mayday" from the radio of the aircraft, no final goodbye message, no attempt at an emergency call.

Another quirk on the last flight path of the plane could then be explained, namely an unexpected turn on the left.

The pilot would have wanted to see one last time his hometown, Penang, Malaysia, said one of the specialists, Simon Hardy, in the Australian show, "60 minutes"

Moreover the pilot would have carefully avoided the military radars.

Then Zaharie only had to turn off the transponder, which helps locate the aircraft and bring the aircraft where it wanted. "It seems that he took care to fly at the border between Thailand and Malaysia, entering and exiting regularly the airspace of these two countries to escape the military radars" , detailed Simon Hardy in "60 minutes" .

All these hypotheses, however, remain not completely new theories. In fact, only the wreckage could determine with certainty what caused the crash of the aircraft.

Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

BLOOD BATH IN GAZA OR

THE IMPLICATION OF HAMAS ?

In the aftermath of bloody clashes between Palestinian and Israeli protesters, the international community unanimously condemns the massacre, in which 55 Palestinians were killed and 2,400 wounded. Among them "eight children under 16 , " said a Palestinian ambassador to the UN.

These deaths make this day the deadliest of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since the 2014 war in the enclave. Mahmoud Abbas denounces an Israeli "massacre" and refuses any American peace mediation.

"The United States is no longer a mediator in the Middle East," he also told Ramallah, in front of the Palestinian leadership while describing the US embassy as a "new post of advanced colonization."

He announced three days of mourning in the Palestinian Territories and a general strike on Tuesday, the day on which Palestinians mark the "Nakba" , the disaster that represents for them the creation in 1948 of the State of Israel.

For their part, Israel and the United States reject responsibility for this record on Hamas, agitator voluntary according to the two allies. Israel had warned that it would use "all means" to prevent any incursions into Israel of Palestinians likely to attack the neighboring civilian populations.

Initially it was a movement initiated by the Gazans to recall that Gaza exist but, over the weeks Hamas wanted to recover these gatherings which was meant to be peaceful. On Monday, one of his leaders was haranguing the crowd away from the buffer zone. Outside this buffer zone the Israelis reserve the right to shoot.

Hamas has been in business for eleven years as Gaza has become a disaster-stricken territory where young people only dream of leaving. Through these demonstrations that have become deadly, Hamas is playing its last card: It wants Israel to obtain a relief from the blockade.

A new mobilization is expected Tuesday in Gaza, near the border. This is the day when Palestinians commemorate the "Nakba" , the disaster created for them by the creation of Israel in 1948.

This new planned mobilization near the border on Tuesday, the day Palestinians commemorate the "Nakba" , could provoke bloody clashes again.

These events have given rise to serious international concern in a context of already strong regional tensions and uncertainties.

For the international community, East Jerusalem remains an occupied territory and embassies must not settle in the city until the status has been settled through negotiation.

Kuwait called for an emergency meeting on Tuesday of the UN Security Council while UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said he was "particularly concerned".

The recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by Donald Trump, concretized by the transfer of the Tel Aviv embassy to Jerusalem, is indeed a break with decades of American diplomacy and international consensus.








Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

VIOLENT HEURTS 37 PALESTINIANS KILLED BEFORE

THE TRANSFER OF THE AMERICAN EMBASSY

A JERUSALEM

The United States opens its embassy in Jerusalem, a high-risk inauguration.

Realizing a promise from President Trump, the United States opens their embassy in Jerusalem on Monday, angering Palestinians who consider the transfer a provocation.

Palestinians could protest strongly in the Territories, especially in Gaza.

Palestinians perceive as a "provocation" the date chosen, preceded by 24 hours the commemorations of the "Nakba", the "catastrophe" that constituted the creation of Israel for hundreds of thousands of them hunted or having fled from home in 1948.

The Israeli army has almost doubled its combat forces around the enclave and in the West Bank, Israel's occupied Palestinian territory.

A thousand Israeli police officers are mobilized in Jerusalem to secure the embassy and its surroundings in the green peripheral district of Arnona.

This transfer is indeed very controversial. Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner, daughter and son-in-law and advisers to the US president, will be taking part with hundreds of dignitaries from both countries at the ceremony scheduled from 4 pm. This transfer is widely perceived as challenging the disapproval of the international community.

Jerusalem remains a very sensitive issue. The status of Jerusalem is one of the most difficult issues of the insoluble Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Israel seized East Jerusalem in 1967 and annexed it while Palestinians want to make East Jerusalem the capital of the state they aspire to.

For the international community, East Jerusalem remains occupied territory and embassies must not settle in the city until the status has been settled by negotiation between the two parties.

For the moment, however, President Donald Trump's December 6 transfer, much to the chagrin of the international community and Palestinians, remains far from provoking Israel's ripple effect, with few exceptions.

Only two countries, Guatemala and Paraguay, are firmly committed to moving their mission.

Twenty-eight Palestinian protesters, including a 14-year-old boy, were killed Monday by Israeli forces on the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel, Palestinian relief services report. There are 900 injured, including 450 live ammunition.

These 28 deaths, announced by the Minister of Health in the enclave, bring to 82 the number of Palestinians killed in the Gaza Strip since the beginning of a massive protest movement on March 30.

They also make this the deadliest day of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since the war of 2014 in the enclave under blockade.

Alyson Braxon for DayNewsWorld

NEW SUICIDE ATTENTAT IN INDONESIA

AGAINST AN OFFICE

 

The attack took place early Monday, May 14 in Surabaya, the second largest city in the country.

The attackers were on a motorcycle.

The day before, several attacks had just touched churches in this metropolis.

"Four attackers on two motorcycles are dead and their identities are being checked.

An eight-year-old girl who was with them survived, " said Frans Barung Mangera, police spokesman for East Java Province.

The Surabaya police station targeted a suicide attack on Monday morning.

The explosion caused by the four suicide bombers left at least 10 injured according to the provisional assessment, given by Frans Barung Mangera.

Yesterday three suicide bombings were committed against churches by six family members, including two very young girls, and claimed by the jihadist Islamic State (IS) group.

These attacks left 14 dead and dozens wounded, according to a final report.

The family was linked to the radical movement Jamaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD), which supports the Islamic State group.

The archipelago of Southeast Asia, the most populous Muslim country in the world, has been on alert since a series of attacks in recent years.

The local Jamaah Ansharut Daulah movement is linked to numerous attacks and suicide attacks.

In recent years, Daesh has managed to mobilize again the extremist Indonesian fringe. The coordination of the three attacks of May 13th and 14th suggests that more sophisticated planning has been put in place. "There is probably an increase in technical skills, " said South East Asia security expert Zachary Abuze, " because perpetrating three attacks almost simultaneously is a hallmark of a well-organized and planning group. "

"These are acts of cowards, unworthy and barbaric," said the head of state who promised to tighten the legislation against terrorism.

Jakarta's Christian governor, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, was heavily sentenced on Tuesday (May 9th) to two years in prison for "insulting Islam."

The question of religious freedoms arises in this predominantly Muslim country.




Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

INDONESIA AT LEAST EIGHT IN TERRORIST ATTACKS

AGAINST CHRISTIAN CHURCHES

At least eleven dead in attacks on Christian churches and dozens wounded on Sunday in bomb attacks, including at least one suicide attack, against churches in Surabaya Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim country.

Sunday's attacks in Surabaya, Indonesia's second largest city in eastern Java, have been claimed by ISIS.

Police spokesman for East Java Province Frans Barung Mangera said 11 people were killed and 41 wounded in apparently coordinated attacks on three churches around 07:30 (00:30 GMT).

The archipelago of Southeast Asia has been on alert since a series of attacks in recent years - some by the jihadist group Islamic State (IS) - and its religious minorities face an intolerance of more in larger.

The police did not provide any details about the suspects and it is not clear what would have happened to the two children.

Other images showed a burning vehicle from which rose a column of black smoke and a body lying in front of a door of the Santa Maria Catholic Church in Surabaya.

De-miners also defused two bombs at the Gereja Pantekosta Pusat Surabaya (Pentecostal Church in the center of Surabaya), where one of the attacks took place.

The attacks came just days after five policemen and one detainee were killed in fierce clashes in a high-security jail in suburban Jakarta. IS had claimed the incident, but the Indonesian police had dismissed the latter's involvement.

The authorities have been on alert since the suicide bombings and armed attacks in Jakarta in January 2016, which claimed the lives of four civilians. The four attackers had been killed in these attacks claimed by the IS.

Indonesia was precipitated in its own "war on terror" in 2002 by the attacks in Bali, the most touristic island of the country where these attacks had made 202 dead, including many foreigners.

The authorities then launched a major offensive against Islamic extremists and weakened the most dangerous networks, according to experts. But the Islamic State (IS) jihadist organization has managed to mobilize the Indonesian extremist group again.

Religious intolerance has increased in recent years in Indonesia, a country of 260 million inhabitants, nearly 90% of whom are of Muslim faith, but who also include minorities such as Christians, Hindus and Buddhists. Other attacks on churches have occurred in recent years across the archipelago of Southeast Asia.


Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

CRUCIAL ISSUE OF ELECTIONS

LEGISLATIVES IN IRAQ

 

Iraqis are called to vote since this morning for their Parliament, 87 lists are in competition.

Nearly 24.5 million are being called to ballot for a high voltage election, between threats from the Islamic State and tensions between communities.

This new Parliament will have the main task of supervising the reconstruction of a country in tatters.

This is the first election since the victory against Daesh.

The vote is held in a climate of acute regional tension.

Indeed Iraq is the meeting point of two enemies: Iran with a strong influence through the Shiite parties and the United States, who played a crucial military role in the victory over the Islamic State (IS) , proclaimed in December.

This is why the capital is deserted as the traffic has been banned throughout the country on this day of voting especially since the IS has threatened voters and voting centers. The police block the streets leading to the polls. 900,000 police and soldiers are on alert in the country throughout the country.

The poll must decide 87 lists in the 18 governorates of the country. The 329 seats of deputies will be allocated proportionally to the number of votes and the candidates elected according to their position on the lists.

An unprecedented configuration because, for the first time, the Shiite parties do not show up on a common list.

The first results are expected for this Tuesday at the earliest.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

FEDERAL ELECTION OF MEXICO

CLIMATE MORE AND MORE DAMAGE

Mexicans will be called to ballot on July 1, 2018 to elect their new President of the Republic and members of both Houses of the "Mexican Congress".

These elections are held in accordance with the country's constitution, which states that the president is elected for a non-renewable term.

Which act! These elections therefore fully respect the institutional organization of the country and it was therefore necessary to organize the next elections for the renewal of the presidency of the Republic and Congress (bicameral).

Except that these do not announce under the best auspices as well on the political level as social. The interests of a certain part of the political class as well as the interests of the country itself are subject to turbulence that threatens public security itself.

Remember that the outgoing President is completing his mandate under the sign of an unpopularity qualified as the most disastrous in the history of the country.

The popularity rating of the outgoing President was at its lowest in September 2016 (23%). It had deteriorated considerably in the 15 days following Donald Trump's highly controversial visit, causing the regime to go through a serious crisis of legitimacy highlighted by a petition circulating on the internet calling for resignation. from the President: "Pena Resignation! Versus Viva Mexico ... these were the terms of his vigorous appeal.

The sensational visit on September 7, 2016 of Donald Trump (who was then only the candidate of the Republicans to the Presidency of the United States) had indeed caused a shock wave that led to the resignation Luis Videgaray, Minister of Finance and former strong man of the government, and .. Director of the 2012 campaign of Enrique Pena Neto.

Even though the President was closing the ranks immediately, the damage was done because the worm had been in the fruit for a long time!

And yet, the 2012 election of the outgoing President of the PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party) had raised a lot of hope, especially because of his decision to modernize Mexico, a vast program that the PRI was backed at the time. by the PAN (Social Christian Inspiration Party) and the PRD (Democratic Revolution Party).

But less than three years after the 2012 election, Mexican public opinion was disillusioned with the ineffectiveness of the fight against drug traffickers, more violent than ever, in the face of repeated property and tax scandals, in the face of scandals. illicit enrichments, in the face of the lack of growth and more serious in the face of the disappearance of the 43 students of Ayotzinapa (disappearance still unexplained), all under the indifferent gaze of the power in place.

A few months before the next elections, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) reports that poverty has never ceased to increase; It concerns 63 million Mexicans (out of 126 million inhabitants.) The inequalities have been reinforced with a 3.5% decrease in income at the bottom of the pyramid, while growth (3.1% annual average GDP) is remained focused on the income of the upper part of the pyramid OXFAM International has just drawn attention to the fact that the first 4 billionaires in the country alone account for 9.5% of GDP.

Pena Neto has subsequently stalled the country in disastrous social conflicts that the war against narcotrafics has fueled. As a result, the civilian population is paying a heavy price for this disastrous policy, leading some Mexicans to emigrate ... to the neighboring United States. The violence has caused more than 100,000 deaths since the beginning of Enrique Pena Neto's mandate. Mexico is plunged into an unprecedented crisis, the worst country in Latin America, a crisis of barbarism and violation of human rights.

Among the victims are human rights activists who, although strongly supported by NGOs in action on the spot are subject to threats and assaults of any kind.

Even the Mexican press is concerned by this climate of cruelty and fear: the NGO / Article 19 has identified 35 murders of journalists during the last 5 years. The country is considered by Reporters Without Borders as the 3 rd most dangerous in the world to practice the profession of journalists.

In this general context, there are fears for the electoral process which began in September 2017. Since then, 9 candidate party leaders or local elected representatives have been assassinated. These killings are mostly committed by armed groups.

During the weekend of May 5, two local officials were murdered in the state of Chihuahua, on the border between Mexico and the United States. The first was leader of the conservative party "Rencontre Sociale" ; he was found handcuffed and riddled with bullets in the trunk of a car. As for the second victim, a left-wing candidate for mayor of her city, her corpse was discovered in a river. These two killings bring to 5 the number of political leaders and candidates in municipal elections killed in a week?

Cartels and corruption haunt the election campaign.

The growing violence is all the more worrying as it could seriously affect the electoral process, especially at the local level, local elected officials being more easily "controlled" or even complicit in drug cartels.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

THIRD VIOLENT AND VIOLATED ADOLESCENT IN INDIA IN ONE WEEK

 

The law against sexual assault in India has been hardened since a gang rape in New Delhi in 2012 that shocked the planet.

The Indian government even last month introduced the death penalty for rapists of children under 12 years. The decision came after the rape in a meeting and the murder of an eight-year-old Muslim girl in Kathua, Jammu and Kashmir state, in the north.

And yet violent sexual assault continues in India: three particularly horrible cases occurred in one week. While two other teenage girls in Jharkhand State (northeast) were raped and then sprinkled with gasoline and burned by rapists, a third teenager was raped and burned alive within a week in India. Aged 16, the girl died of burns from a 26-year-old man.

These crimes bring to the fore the scourge of sexual violence in this patriarchal society.

"We arrested both accused. One of them is the cousin of the girl who informed the main suspect that she was alone in the house, " said Sagar District Police Chief Satyendra Kumar Shukla. "The main accused is married and has one child," he added.

In a patriarchal society that is silent about these crimes, as many as 40,000 rapes were reported in India in 2016.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

CONCERN OF THE EUPOPENNE COMMUNITY

FACING MILITARY CLIMB

BETWEEN ISRAEL AND IRAN


 

The international community is worried about the military escalation between Israel and Iran. The Syrian theater is experiencing a brutal bout of tension.

Indeed the unprecedented military escalation between Israel and Iran on the Syrian theater has alarmed the international community in the face of the danger of an open war.

Admittedly the two enemy countries say they do not want to ignite in the region But on Thursday very early Israel conducted deadly air raids against targets presented as Iranian in neighboring Syria.

For Israel, the government has only responded to Iranian rocket fire against the part of the Golan Heights under its control.

If their paternity was confirmed, these rocket attacks attributed to Iran would be a first against Israeli positions in the framework of the decades-long confrontation between the two enemies.

The Israeli response has been exceptionally strong on Syrian soil since the beginning of the civil war in 2011.

Is this the beginning of a new escalation in the Middle East?

For Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Iran has crossed a "red line" . " Our reaction has been accordingly. (The army) carried out a large-scale attack against Iranian targets in Syria, " he said on Twitter.

Iranian President Hassan Rohani said his country does not want "new tensions" in the Middle East, stressing that " Iran has always sought to bring down tensions."

Experts said a step had been taken in the Israeli-Iranian hostility in Syria where Tehran militarily assists the regime of Bashar al-Assad. However, according to them, Russia, ally of Mr. Assad but also interlocutor of Iran and Israel, has a determining role to play.

In a context of uncertainties and regional tensions fueled by the decision of President Donald Trump to withdraw the United States from the Iranian nuclear deal, UN boss Antonio Guterres called for "an immediate halt to all hostile acts to prevent a new conflagration "

The European Union has called for restraint in the face of escalation " extremely disturbing". London, Paris and Moscow too. "The escalation of the last hours shows us that there is likely to be war or peace," warned Merkel, whose country denounced the " Iranian attacks" supporting the right of Israel to defend itself.

Even Bahrain, a close ally of Saudi Arabia Sunni and no diplomatic relationship with Israel, said that he had " the right to defend himself"

Israel remains in a "high state of alert" . Civilians in the Golan, however, must continue to work and live normally. The only instructions from the Jewish state are not to organize large rallies and to remain attentive to the instructions of the army.

The Hebrew State remains officially in a state of war with Syria, and affirms to work to stay away from the war in its neighbor while proclaiming that it will not allow Tehran to use Syria as head bridge against him.

Israel sees itself as the designated target of an Iran with atomic weapons.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

41 DEATH AFTER BREAK

A DAM IN KENYA

 

On Wednesday around 9 pm, the Patel private dam in Solai commune, located near the town of Nakuru (about 160 km north of Nairobi) broke down and its waters swept through the modest homes of this rural area.

All night long, rescue services, led by the Kenyan Red Cross, have been hard at work to shelter the survivors and recover the victims.

Houses were washed away after a dam broke 150 km north of Nairobi on May 10, 2018.

At least 41 people, including 20 children, have died as a result of Wednesday's break-up of a dam in central Kenya.

The survivors described the muddy waters carrying their homes "hell on earth".

The country, coming out of an acute drought. Since March and the beginning of the rainy season the country is subject to heavy rainfall leading to floods causing the death of some 170 people.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

HISTORICAL VICTORY

OPPOSITION IN MALAYSIA

In Malaysia, the party that has been in power since 1957 lost the general election on Wednesday, May 9, 2018. Mahathir Mohamad, 92, who has already led the country with an iron fist for 22 years, led the coalition victory. opposition.

He will probably return to the position of Prime Minister, which he left in 2003.

A historic victory and an unlikely return.

Against all odds, the opposition won the legislative elections, ending the six decades of power of the Barisan Nasional coalition. .

It is the end of more than sixty years of power for the party that negotiated independence with British settlers.

A new page embodied by a man: Mahathir Mohamad, 92, will become prime minister again. The former strongman of the country said indeed expect to be invested prime minister this Thursday after the victory of the opposition coalition which he took the lead for these legislative.

After the victory of his coalition, he told the press not to seek "revenge" and want to "restore the rule of law . " The outgoing Prime Minister, Najib Razak, 64, announced "accept the verdict of the people" and acknowledged his devastating defeat on Thursday.

For the first time since 1957 and its independence, Malaysia will no longer be led by the BN coalition. The opposition coalition Pakatan Harapan, the Alliance of Hope, with an allied party in the state of Sabah in Borneo, won 121 seats, the absolute majority needed to form a government.

She had gained ground in recent weeks. It has trimmed the electoral base of the ruling parties, the Malaysian Muslims who form the majority ethnic group of this state.

Embroiled in a hijacking scandal that is being investigated in several countries, including Switzerland, Singapore and the United States, the image of former Prime Minister Najib Razak had deteriorated sharply.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

BRUSQUE CLIMBING MILITARY

BETWEEN IRAN AND ISRAEL IN SYRIA

 

A brisk bout of tension between Israel and Iran was played tonight and Thursday around Syrian theater.

Dozens of rockets were fired last night from Syria into Israel's occupied Golan, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH) reported on Thursday.

"After the first Israeli bombardment of the Ba'ath area, dozens of rockets were fired from Quneitra and the south-west of the Damascus region into the Golan Heights," said the Observatory.

He was not able to say who fired or what the targets were, but Israeli officials had previously reported about 20 shots, which they say were made by Iranian force Al-Quds.

Israeli missiles have hit bases "that belong to the Lebanese Hezbollah southwest of the city of Homs, as well as Maadamiyat al-Cham west of Damascus, where there are Iranian fighters as well as Hezbollah and the 4th brigade [of the Syrian Army] " .

The Israeli army has therefore hit almost all Iranian infrastructure in Syria in retaliation for nightly rocket fire on its positions in the Golan, Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman said Thursday morning.

The Israeli army has hit almost all Iranian infrastructure in Syria in retaliation for nightly rocket fire on its positions in the Golan, Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman said Thursday morning.

"We have hit almost all the Iranian infrastructure in Syria, they must not forget the saying that, if the rain falls on us, the storm will fall on them," he said at a conference on security issues. "I hope this episode is over and they understand."

"We are not seeking escalation," said Lt. Col. Conricus, while warning that any new Iranian attempt to attack Israel would call for a vigorous response.

"They have already paid the price tonight, but the option is where they pay even more, " he said.

The growing influence that Iran and its Lebanese ally, Hezbollah, allies of the regime of Bashar al-Assad, exert in Syria worries to the highest point the Israeli government.

Recent tensions are fueled by uncertainties around the nuclear deal reached in 2015 by the major powers with Iran and denounced Tuesday by US President Donald Trump.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

HEAVY ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES FOR IRAN

AFTER THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE AMERICAN WITHDRAWAL OF THE IRANIAN AGREEMENT

The international community reacted strongly to the announcement by the US president that he would withdraw from the Iranian nuclear deal reached in 2015.

Donald Trump announced Tuesday the withdrawal of the United States from the Iranian nuclear agreement. If he immediately received the support of Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu and the Sunni kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the radical decision adopted by the US president was strongly denounced by Tehran. Iranian President Hassan Rohani has accused his counterpart of practicing "psychological warfare" . While he will discuss quickly with the Europeans, the Chinese and the Russians, other signatories of the agreement, he warned that his country could put an end to the restrictions of its uranium enrichment activities.

The European allies have openly expressed the denunciation of this agreement by Donald Trump. "France, Germany and the United Kingdom regret the US decision , " Emmanuel Macron said on Twitter. French, German and British heads of diplomacy will meet with Iranian representatives on Monday.

In a joint statement, the French President, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and British Prime Minister Theresa May announced that they were "determined to ensure the implementation" of the text by "maintaining the economic benefits".

The return of the "highest level of economic sanctions" announced by Donald Trump is likely to destabilize a country that has not yet emerged from the crisis.

The depreciation of the currency will fuel inflation, already close to 10%. The population is exasperated by the economic slump of the country. The lifting of international sanctions since 2016 has not yet had the time to bear fruit. Almost 30% of young people are unemployed.

Despite two years of economic upturn, Iran has never recovered from the years of crisis. While oil sales did bring in hard currency, they did not create enough jobs. Almost 30% of youth are unemployed, according to the International Monetary Fund.

For two years foreign companies had returned to invest in this country of 80 million inhabitants, promising economically. Timidly though.

Several multinationals in particular. For example, Airbus, General Electric, British Airways and Lufthansa, Boeing, an American company that, for example, said immediately that it would comply with the decision of the White House. In France Total had committed to a $ 5 billion contract in the South Pars gas field, PSA or Renault had also linked partnerships with Iran.

But now European or foreign companies face retaliation, including the closure of the US market if they continue to trade with Iran.

On Tuesday night, the US ambassador to Berlin summoned German companies to stop " immediately" their activities in Iran. Boeing, an American company also announced that it would comply with the decision of the White House.

Yet, from a political point of view, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom have said they want to continue to implement the Iranian nuclear deal.

With the withdrawal of the United States from the nuclear deal, the Iranian economy is preparing for the worst and the risk of public protest could increase.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

ARMENIAN OPPOSER NIKOL PACHNIAN

ELU PRIME MINISTER

"The first thing I should do after my election is to ensure a normal life in the country. There will be no corruption in Armenia. And the country can turn once and for all the page of political persecutions. , Said Pachinian Tuesday during his speech to Parliament before the vote".

At almost three weeks of protest, the Armenian Parliament met for the second time in eight days to elect the head of government.

The opponent Nikol Pachinian was elected Tuesday, May 8 to the post of Prime Minister of Aménie. The only candidate in the running, this opposition MP and former journalist presented himself as the "People's candidate" , was supported by 59 deputies, while he needed 53 votes to be elected; 42 deputies voted against him.

Pachinian had failed on May 1, with his Republican party opponents with 58 out of 105 seats blocking him.

The head of government has expanded powers in Armenia after a constitutional reform, while the president is now limited to essentially honorary functions.

Since April 13, Nikol Pachinian has mobilized tens of thousands of Armenians to demonstrate peacefully against former President Serge Sarkissian (2008-2018), who became for a few days prime minister and forced to resign, and his Republican Party, accused to not have fought effectively against poverty and corruption.

The sling launched in mid-April, which Mr. Pachinian describes as a "velvet revolution" , has experienced no violence, but the advent of the Prime Minister does not put an end to the many evils that plague society.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

VLADIMIR PUTIN A NEW MANDATE AND

PROMISES OF ECONOMIC REFORM

A new mandate for another six years !

In this memo, a look at the former KGB that almost twenty years ago is leading the fate of Moscow.

Vladimir Putin took the presidency of Russia for the fourth time on Monday, pledging to follow an economic program that improves the standard of living throughout the country.

At a ceremony in a blooming Kremlin Hall, Putin said that improving the economy after a recession linked in part to international sanctions will be his main focus over the next six years.

Vladimir Putin is entering his fourth term in Russia with a very weak economy.

Standing in the Andreyevsky room with his hand on a copy of the Constitution, the strong man of Russia has vowed to serve the Russian people, to safeguard his rights and freedoms and to defend the sovereignty of his country.

"I consider it my duty and the meaning of my life to do everything I can for Russia, for its present and its future (...) I will do everything to increase the power, prosperity and glory of Russia. "

The Russian President has once again proposed Dmitry Medvedev as Prime Minister, submitting his candidature to the Duma to obtain his agreement. President of Russia from 2008 to 2012, Medvedev served as prime minister from 2012 to 2018.

"Now we must use all existing possibilities, first to resolve urgent internal development tasks, for economic and technological progress, to increase competitiveness in the fields that determine the future," he said. in his speech to thousands of guests attending the event in the elaborate room Andreevsky of the Great Palace of Kremlinadjacentes.

"A new quality of life, well-being, safety and health are the main things today," he added.

Although Putin has restored Russia's role on the world stage through military action, the leader has been criticized for his insufficient efforts in diversifying the Russian economy to no longer depend on oil and gas exports. The manufacturing sector also needs to be developed. .

Putin has been the de facto leader of Russia since the beginning of the 21st century. He left the presidency in 2008 due to job limitations, but was appointed prime minister and continued to lead the country until he took office four years later.

The politician "the most loved"

Despite criticism from one part of society, he would remain the most beloved politician in Russia.

At 65, Putin is above all a symbol of stability for many of the 140 million people in the country. He became Prime Minister in 1999 when he was appointed by Parliament with the blessing of then President Boris Yeltsin.

After the resignation of the latter, Putin assumed the presidency at 47, winning in 2000 his first presidential elections.

Yeltsin had paved the way for his successor by appointing him director of the internal secret service FSB, the main successor of the Soviet intelligence agency KGB. Putin served for more than a decade, also in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) before the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. The collapse of the Soviet Union was for him "the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the century".

Putin was born on October 7, 1952 in Leningrad, which after the dissolution of the USSR became the second largest city in the country and regained its former name, St. Petersburg.

He studied law and entered politics in the early 1990s as an assistant to the Mayor of St. Petersburg, Anatoly Sobchak, considered his mentor and also Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev.

Putin remained in national politics in the mid-1990s continuing to work in the presidential administration of Yeltsin

He was president for two terms until 2008, exhausting the maximum stipulated then by the Constitution. He then went to the post of prime minister and urged his ally Medvedev to the presidency.

While he was Prime Minister, the Constitution was reformed and the presidential term was extended to six years. Putin was elected president again in 2012 and this Monday it was inaugurated until 2024.

Foreign policy, pride and condemnation

Putin and his allies say their foreign policy has allowed Russia to regain its strength and national pride. For many Russians, the annexation of the Ukrainian Crimean peninsula in 2014 was the most monumental act of his third term.

However, for the West, this annexation was a violation of international law. Moscow's support for the separatists in eastern Ukraine has created tensions with the West and the European Union (EU). Economic sanctions were imposed in 2014. Putin's support to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, also hinders relations with Europe and the United StatesL

Putin and his allies say their foreign policy has allowed Russia to regain its strength and national pride. For many Russians, the annexation of the Ukrainian Crimean peninsula in 2014 was the most monumental act of his third term.

However, for the West, this annexation was a violation of international law. Moscow's support for the separatists in eastern Ukraine has created tensions with the West and the European Union (EU) economic sanctions imposed in 2014. Putin's support to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, also hinders relations with Europe and the United States

As for the internal situation, there are criticisms, especially from young people. Corruption, the lack of reforms and the dilapidated state of the health system regularly bring thousands of people to protest across the country.

Human rights defenders also fear that the government will become increasingly restrictive towards demonstrators and opponents.

The president has two daughters with his ex-wife, Liudmila, and he is already a grandfather. The couple separated in 2013, after 30 years of marriage. Since then, Putin is officially single.



Paul Emison Moscow for DayNewsWorld


LEGISLATIVES IN LEBANON OR

THE VICTORY OF HEZBOLLAH


In Lebanon, the first parliamentary elections were held. Parliament has extended its mandate three times, citing security risks in particular.

According to the first results of this vote marked by a strong abstention, Hezbollah should win the majority of seats in Parliament.

The Lebanese, called to ballot for the first time in nine years did not move in mass: only 49.2% of them have deposited their ballot in the ballot box, against 54% in the last ballot, in 2009. A lack of interest reflects the general disaffection of the Lebanese for their political representatives deemed corrupt and incompetent.

The Lebanese Shiite Hezbollah movement welcomed Monday a "great victory" in these elections. "There is a great moral and political victory for the choice of the resistance," Hassan Nasrallah, the leader of this allied movement in Iran, said in a speech broadcast on television. Hezbollah and its ally, the Shiite Amal party, have filled the votes of their community. The Lebanese electoral law gives Shiites 27 seats in Parliament, the same number as Sunnis.

On the other hand Saad Hariri announced this Monday that his movement had lost one third of its seats in the Parliament. The current of the future will have only 21 deputies in the new hemicycle, he announced at a press conference, against 33 seats in the outgoing Parliament (out of 128 in total). "We bet on a better result and a bigger block ," he said.

For him the new electoral law of 2017 which introduces for the first time a proportional voting system, left the electors in the embarrassment. Voters have sometimes had to choose from electoral lists that combine their favorite candidates with parties they do not support.

Although weakened, outgoing Prime Minister Saad Hariri seems to be able to be reinstated to his position - reserved for a Sunni under the Lebanese sectarian system.

But the great rival of Saad Hariri, the Shiite Hezbollah movement seems to confirm its hold on the Lebanese political scene.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

STRONG ABSTENTION TO MUNICIPALITIES IN TUNISIA

OR THE DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION IN DANGER

Tunisians were called to the polls Sunday for the first municipal elections since the "Jasmine Revolution" in January 2011.

At the end of this election day, the two parties that coexist in a unity government seem to have dominated this poll. According to the first estimates provided by a polling institute, the Islamist party Ennahdha would come first (27, 5%) ahead of the presidential party Nidaa Tounès (22.5%), far ahead of the other formations. The official results of this election should be announced at the beginning of the week.

The low participation rate of 33.7%, however, risks blurring the democratic transition in Tunisia. In 2014, turnout in the general elections was 68.36%.

Ennahda, a party from the Islamist matrix that now calls itself a "Muslim democrat", would therefore top the national stage ahead of Nidaa Tounès, the so-called "modernist " party founded by the President of the Republic, Béji Caïd Essebsi.

In addition, becoming an inevitable political force, Ennahda would be in pool position for the mayor of Tunis as well as those of other large cities such as Sfax, Kairouan, or Gabes.

If these indications were to be confirmed, they would be a stinging setback for Nidaa Tounès, who dominates the government coalition forged in 2015 with Ennahda.

Executive director Hafedh Caïd Essebsi, son of the head of state, issued a statement denouncing irregularities "affecting the credibility and legitimacy of the electoral process . "

Nidaa Tounès, meanwhile, questioned the "dubious" attitude of the ISIE, the electoral commission, which shows the discomfort in which is plunged the party

This election is likely to reshuffle the cards of his relationship with Ennahda; New balances are already emerging for the 2019 double legislative and presidential elections.

The enthusiasm aroused by the Revolution, which led to the flight of President Zine Ben Ali after more than 23 years of power, has given way to disappointment because of the socio-economic difficulties of unemployment, inflation, the erosion of dinar and the indebtedness of the state ..

Tunisia could enter a phase of electoral turbulence in the midst of economic slump .

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

MADACASCAR JUSTICE CANCELS

PART OF THE ELECTORAL LAWS


Malagasy justice has annulled part of the electoral laws challenged by the opposition, which considers that they benefit the regime.

Since April 21, many supporters of the opposition occupy every day the place of 13-May, in the heart of Antananarivo demanding the resignation of the head of state.

The political crisis started on April 21st. An opposition demonstration, banned by the authorities, then degenerated into serious clashes with the police.

The confrontation had left at least two dead and sixteen wounded in the ranks of the protesters, accusing the police of having opened fire with live ammunition. Authorities reported a death toll of five.

The Malagasy High Constitutional Court has finally invalidated Friday a part of the electoral laws contested in the street by the opposition.

However, it decided to continue its mobilization against President Hery Rajaonarimampianina. Magistrates have ruled "non-compliant" to the Constitution several provisions of the texts recently voted by Parliament, on the revision of electoral lists, the duration of campaigns, the use of single ballots or conditions necessary for the candidacy for the presidency.

At seven months of the presidential and legislative polls announced for the end of the year, they accuse him of having changed the rules of the electoral game to his benefit.

For Opposition MP Hanitriniaina Razafimanantsoa "this is a first victory for change" , but no question of suspending the sling, she was eager to add.

"The road continues for change, with the resignation of the government", launched the elected

For its part, the leader of the presidential party HVM has glimpsed in the High Court ruling the imminent end of the movement.

"No review of the article is required, there are just reservations," he said.

The economic slump that marks the record of President Rajaonarimampianina is violently criticized and the social movement is not ready to stop in one of the poorest countries in the world.

Elected in 2013, Hery Rajaonarimampianina has not yet announced whether he will run for a second term.

The two main opposition leaders, former presidents Marc Ravalomanana (2002-2009) and Andry Rajoelina (2009-2014), are already ready to embark on the battle.

Andrew Preston pour DayNewsWorld

AIR POLLUTION KILLS 7 MILLION

OF PERSONS PER YEAR

Air pollution kills 90% of the world's population worldwide and causes 7 million deaths a year.

According to the latest WHO data, nine out of ten people (91% of the world's population) are exposed daily to air containing "high levels of pollutants". The organization recommends the annual limit of 10 μg / m³ PM2.5 fine particles (diameter less than 2.5 micrometers). "

"Like New Delhi, Beijing, Shanghai, Lima and Mexico City, many megacities from around the world exceed this threshold by more than five times," says Maria Neira, the director of the WHO Public Health Department. "This represents a major risk to the health of the people."

Every year, 7 million people die in the world because they breathe in air with too much fine particulate matter. This is the latest appalling report released Wednesday, May 2 by the World Health Organization (WHO). This is more than the cumulative deaths of AIDS, TB, diabetes and road accidents.

"Air pollution is threatening us all, but the most marginalized and the most vulnerable are bearing the brunt of the burden," says managing director Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. More than 90% of deaths still occur in low- and middle-income countries. Asia and Africa are ahead of the eastern Mediterranean, Europe and the Americas. This is "one of the most important challenges for public health," says WHO Director of Public Health Maria Neira, with pollution as a critical risk factor for noncommunicable diseases . In fact, pollution is considered a "major risk factor" for noncommunicable diseases, which cause 70% of global mortality. According to the report, polluted air is responsible for 25% of stroke deaths, 24% for heart attacks, 29% for lung cancer and 43% for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (asthma).

"We are seeing an acceleration of political interest," especially in high-income countries, according to Neira. Several states are taking measures to reduce outdoor pollution and some improvements have been observed. The main factors of air pollution are inefficient use of energy by households, industry, agriculture, transport and coal-fired power plants.

Outdoor pollution alone accounts for 4.2 million deaths, according to data from more than 4,300 cities in 108 countries in 2016. While indoor pollution accounts for 3.8 million.

But more than 3 billion people, or 40% of the population, still use stoves and fuels with potentially deadly fumes in their homes. The institute says children are the most affected by the pollution, saying that pneumonia is the leading cause of under-five mortality. Women in developing countries are also more exposed; especially when cooking with charcoal ovens.

To combat this pollution, one of the plagues of the century, some countries take the bull by the horns. China, the world's largest polluter, has significantly reduced its fine particle levels in recent years through the ban on coal heating. In Mexico on the model of Paris diesel vehicles will completely disappear from the streets of the Mexican capital by 2025.

But human activity is not the only source of air pollution. Sandstorms in the desert, waste management and deforestation add to other sources

Much work remains to be done. In Europe, countries do not respect their pollution commitments, the European Commission has promised to crack down. In India, for example, where nearly a million people die every year because of pollution, the government is demanding masks instead of addressing the sources of the problem, such as the burning of agricultural residues ... while New Delhi has experienced huge pollution peaks over the last year (more than 1,000 μg / m³).

WHO will organize from October 30 to November 1, the first global conference on air pollution and health in Geneva to declare war on this "invisible killer" .

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

THE CURIOUS RETURNS GIVEN

A EMMANUEL MACRON DURING HIS CAMPAIGN

According to Mediapart, candidate Macron's campaign accounts reveal significant discounts on equipment rental and meeting rooms. From 30% to 100%!

Emmanuel Macron would have benefited during his presidential campaign of significant reductions from the company of Olivier Ginon, the "king of the event" . The company of this Lyon boss, GL Events, regularly in the campaign accounts of the candidate Macron so that this company was pinned by the National Commission of Campaign Accounts and Political Financing (CNCCFP). Emmanuel Macron would have incurred the costs of an "abnormally high percentage" of exceptional promotions 30% to 100% discount.

Evidence Médiapart does not fail to bring, bill in support. Rebates and even free admission for rooms that GL Events holds by concessions in Paris, Lyon or Clermont-Ferrand itself and offers to the teams to the candidate and meeting material. An invoice in particular, reveals Mediapart, has attracted the attention of the CNCCFP: a discount on the rental of equipment for the meeting of December 10, 2016 at the Porte de Versailles, where he will pronounce his famous "our project! ". An invoice initially amounted to 39,490 euros which, after reduction, will cost only 29,663 euros to the candidate. A reduction of 22%.

Mediapart takes as an example the Mutualité meeting of July 12, 2016, where the room was to be rented for € 14,000 on the day of the preparations. GL Events grants an unexpected promotion: - 100%, simply. The next day, the day of the meeting, a promotion of nearly 15,000 euros will be granted to the candidate.

Great rebates!

Olivier Ginon and his company GL Events have rented during the presidential campaign several rooms which they hold concessions in Paris, Lyon or Clermont-Ferrand. The service provider has also made meeting materials available to the candidate's teams. An invoice in particular, reveals Mediapart, has attracted the attention of the CNCCFP: a discount on the rental of equipment for the meeting of December 10, 2016 at the Porte de Versailles, where he will pronounce his famous "our project! ". An invoice initially amounted to 39,490 euros which, after reduction, will cost only 29,663 euros to the candidate. A reduction of 22%.

These exceptional discounts have benefited the future President of the Republic even more than at the time Emmanuel Macron's party had not yet carried out the important fundraising that followed. "Usual" discounts which did not yet benefit François Fillon ...

The event center of En Marche! After a long silence: "During the presidential campaign, the movement managed to keep the costs of the various events through an aggressive approach to trade negotiations," he notes . Extraordinary aggressiveness to obtain free services, so ..

"Never shared any private moment"

Relations between the latter, Olivier Ginon and Emmanuel Macron "close to Gerard Collomb and today very in court at the Elysee" according to the site of investigation. much ink that local Republicans have asked the regional chamber of accounts to try to shed light on the public resources that would have been used for the benefit of the candidate Macron. What really happened during the organizing a reception of Emmanuel Macron at the City Hall in June 2016, while he was still Minister of the Economy. An operation supported by the city and whose equipment was rented to GL Events ... Far from normal practice ...

What is the exact nature of the links between the entrepreneur, quoted in the Panama Papers, to the President of the Republic? Emmanuel Macron, who said he had "no friends ..." Jean-Jacques Bourdin, ensures through his press service has "never shared any private moment" with Olivier Ginon. The Duck chained reveal however early April that GL Events had hosted, on November 18, the congress of the Republic in motion, at the Eurexo de Lyon which it holds the concession. The business leader then defended himself to the satirical weekly in these terms: "given the size of our group, it is normal for political leaders to receive me".

"We recall that any 'commercial gesture' of a company to a candidate is totally illegal and results in the ineligibility of the candidate.It's just the law," thundered on Twitter the treasurer of the Socialist Party Jean-François

And Mediapart to drive the point, this relationship between the CEO and Emmanuel Macron does not date from the presidential campaign. On April 24, 2015, the Minister of the Economy, who was not yet campaigning, launched a "strategic strategy committee" .

His animation was then entrusted to ... Olivier Ginon !!! And private funds in the next round.


Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

WASHINGTON IMPOSE BILATERALISM ITS ALLIES AFTER THE BOMBING RAID OF SYRIA ?

If in recent weeks the United States and Russia have threatened each other with world war, it is clear that neither nation wants to get there.

After the massacre of Afghanistan in Libya, the tripartite attack in Eastern Ghouta (Syria) seemed unreliable. It was held on April 14 by Washington, Paris and London.

US President Donald Trump tweeted to Russia that he would fire new-generation missiles on his troops in Syria. Russian Ambassador Alexander Zasypkin responded that the ammunition would be intercepted.

That the United States and Russia do not want a direct confrontation in order to prevent nuclear war, that the allied middle powers of Russia are well protected against Westerners we know now ...

This show of force brings NATO back to reality.

Russia has lost none of its military power in the balance of the world!

The USS Aircraft Carrier Group Harry S. Truman left the Norfolk base to position itself against Syria as the preparation of this unit and its 6,500 soldiers began well before the Ghouta affair that took place. seemed to serve as a pretext for his deployment.

And two Russian ships left the port of Tartous ...

Moreover, note that the military record of the bombing of April 14 is surprising with 103 missiles fired by the Allies and 71 destroyed in flight by the Army. Which sites have been privileged except for a disused military laboratory and buildings of two airfields. ..

The Allies claimed that Syria was stockpiling chemical weapons stocks despite its adherence to the Convention banning them. They ensured that they only target targets related to these weapons. For example, they fired four missiles at Damascus International Airport: an exclusively civilian target!

Nevertheless, Westerners, released by a large part of the European countries, no longer have the capacity to impose their will on medium-sized powers that enjoy the protection of Russia.

By embarking France and the United Kingdom in this adventure, President Trump forced them to accept the reality.

The world would have returned to a bipolar Cold War situation ...

These bombings were not intended to overthrow the "Bashar regime " but to sanction the use of chemical weapons.

However no evidence of the use of these weapons by Syria has been published. We are still waiting.

The three allies have each issued assessments based on the original video of the White Helmets ... video itself, it seems, contradicted later by many of the people who appear there and by the hospital staff in which she was turned ...




Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

DID EUROPOL TEAR DOWN SUSTAINABLY GROUP PROPAGANDA NETWORK ISLAMIST STATE ?

An international operation was carried out Wednesday and Thursday against the Islamic State's online propaganda network in several countries, including Belgium, France and the United Kingdom, the European police agency Europol announced on Friday.

An " unprecedented " international police operation has paralyzed the main online propaganda organs of the Islamic State (IS) group, welcomed the European police agency Europol on Friday (April 27th).

"We have dealt a great blow to IS's ability to spread its propaganda online and to radicalize young people in Europe," said Rob Wainwright, head of the European Crime Prevention Agency, in a statement. communicated.

Thanks to the collaboration of American and European police.

"By this dismantling action, targeting the major IS bodies in the media field, such as Amaq, but also al-Bayan radio, Halumu and Nashir news sites, IS's ability to propagate and promoting his terrorist material is compromised, " the statement added.

Belgian, Bulgarian, Canadian, French, Dutch, Romanian, British and American police collaborated in this "coordinated effort to prevent the IS from publishing its terrorist propaganda for an indefinite time".

But nowadays the journalist of France 24 Wassim Nasr said:

"Less than two hours after the announcement of Europol, IS communication broadcast Amaq and standard releases on the fighting against the Syrian army south of Damascus, then a video of an attack against the Egyptian army at Sinai, he notes.

So even if the group's communication has been disrupted and important data has been collected by the services of different countries, the ability to broadcast jihadist content and productions has not been altered for the time being. "

The goal would not have been achieved for a long time. It must be said that jihadist groups spread their spider web on the whole world. When will this cat and mouse game finally stop?

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

VICTORY OF TWO CORES

DENUCLEARIZATION

The leaders of the two Koreas pledged on Friday to work for denuclearization by promising that there would be no more war on the peninsula at a historic summit in the demilitarized zone.After a very handshake South Korean leader Moon Jae-in's symbolic approach to the border, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said that Korea was "on the threshold of a new history".

"The two leaders solemnly declare before the 80 million Koreans and the whole world that there will be no more war on the Korean peninsula and that as a result, a new era of peace has begun," says the "Declaration of Panmunjom " published after the meeting.

"South Korea and North Korea confirm the common goal of achieving, through total denuclearization, a Korean non-nuclear peninsula ," she added.

Messrs. Kim and Moon also symbolically "planted" a tree near the Military Demarcation Line. Gloved in white, they threw a few shovelfuls of earth under this 65-year-old pine, like the armistice.

Then, still symbols, Mr. Moon poured water from the North Korean Taedong River when Mr. Kim did the same, but with water from the South Korean Han River.

"During this year marking the 65th anniversary of the Armistice, South Korea and North Korea agree to actively seek trilateral meetings involving the two Koreas and the United States, or quadripartite involving the two Koreas, the United States and the United States. United States and China, to declare the end of the war and establish a permanent and solid peace regime.

Jong-un promised to make every effort to make the agreement effective, unlike previous commitments.

The two Koreas will closely consult each other to ensure that they do not "repeat the unhappy past that has been overtaken by previous inter-Korean agreements ," he said after the meeting.

"There may be some backlash, difficulties and frustrations on the way," he said.

"But you can not win without pain." Panmunjon "symbolizes a heartbreaking division," according to the North Korean leader.

But if it becomes "a symbol of peace, the North and the South, with the same blood, language, history and culture, would become one again, and all generations would benefit from prosperity".

Torn for more than sixty years, the two Koreas have reached out. On April 27, 2018, Northern Heads of State Kim Jong Un and South Moon Jae-in met for a special meeting in Panmunjom on the border. A meeting that marks a new beginning. The two heads of state display a nice complicity that contrasts with the cold relations hitherto maintained between the two fractured countries since the 1950s..

Donald Trump pragmatically praised this "historic" summit believing that Americans could be "proud".

"After a furious year of missile fire and nuclear testing, a historic meeting between North Korea and South Korea is taking place. Good things happen but only time will tell, "the US president tweeted.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

NO MONEY FOR TERROR OR

NO FUNDING FOR TERRORISM

Less than 500 experts and 80 ministers from 72 countries work for two days on Wednesday and Thursday in Paris on the financing of international terrorism behind closed doors.

"No money for terror" is the title of the "conference against the financing of Daesh and al-Qaeda" held Wednesday, April 25 and Thursday, April 26 in Paris.

"'The military victory against the' caliphate 'is an important success, commented the Elysee Tuesday , April 24 , but it does not protect us against the resurgence of Daesh, or against the activity of groups and individuals who have pledged allegiance to this organization - still recently in France - or al-Qaeda.

"For three years, from 2014 to 2016, Daech has accumulated a huge war chest, of the order of one billion dollars a year. It has since circulated, at least in part, it is likely somewhere, "according to the same source.

Thursday Peter Neumann, director of the International Center for the Study of Radicalization at King's College London, author of a study in August titled " Do not follow the money ", said " the war in Terrorist financing since 2001 has often been costly and unproductive.

In January 2015, a Norwegian researcher, Emilie Oftedal, studied for the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment (FFI) 40 terrorist cells between 1994 and 2013: the latter tried to organize attacks in Europe. If in three-quarters of the cases, the amount of money involved in the organization of the attacks did not exceed $ 10,000, other attacks cost a lot more!

Certainly "terrorists collect, transfer and spend money remarkably ordinary. The most common source of funding is salaries and savings for members, followed by petty crime "according to Emilie Oftedal . "We estimated the money needed to prepare the attacks of January 2015 to 25 000 euros, that of 13 November 2015 to 80 00 euros. According to the Paris prosecutor. But we must understand that " terrorist groups (...) behave like organizations, which have operating costs, structure. We must recruit, train, equip. (...) we must also deal with the financing of these organizations ".

For François Molins, the financing of terrorism notably involves digital fundraising platforms. "416 donors" based in France and "320 collectors mainly based in Turkey and Lebanon" have been spotted in the last two years.

Terrorist financing goes through digital fundraising platforms "which connect project leaders and individuals who would like to invest, but who can be hijacked by people who want to launder money or finance terrorism ", explained Francois Molins. " It is through these modes of financing, prepaid cards, donations to humanitarian associations, donations to collectors, the use of some virtual modes of payment, all that means that at the end of the day organizations can receive this type money and prepare a number of actions in France or abroad ".

Financial sources are very diverse, even rarely consenting companies are racketeering. Extortion of funds, remote and intermediary management of contraband real estate parks and trafficking controlled by family groups through the racketeering of companies (file opened by the French justice in October 2016 against the cement group of French origin Lafarge).

Money is the nerve of jihad. It is now decentralized: each "subsidiary" defines its needs.

It is time to stop playing the big naive in the face of such issues that are killing innocent people. The laxity that seems to have been shown policies against terrorism and its hidden funding but also in broad daylight (traffic other) must imperatively stop in the face of the urgency of the situation. The politically correct seems to have lived ...


Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

TORONTO ATTACK

THE INCELS WOULD BE A MOBILE

What are the "Incels", the group to which the Toronto driver of the truck who killed on Monday ten pedestrians in Toronto refers?

Shortly before taking action, Alek Minassian, the driver of the van that killed ten pedestrians "Incels" obviously adhered to him who posted a few hours before his act the Facebook status: "The rebellion Incels has already begun. We will overthrow all 'Chads' and 'Stacys' " . The Incels also praised the act of Alek Minassian, reports the Journal de Montreal in an article published on Tuesday assuring that the killing is a way to advance the "cause" . The "Chads" and "Stacys" refer to "InCel" jargon as attractive boys or girls, those who are not interested in these unfortunate singles.

Comparing " physical " discrimination against racism, the Incels define themselves in opposition to the "Chads" (a popular name in the United States), men they consider unfairly popular and good about themselves, and hate the "Stacys" , women in a relationship with the "Chads" . Two categories explicitly targeted by Alek Minassian in his message.

"INvolountary CELibate" : literally "unintentional singles" . A very lively concept across the Atlantic, where these "Incels" have their site ("Incels.me").

The term "incel" refers to a community built on the Internet, mainly on the Incels.me website. Purpose of this site: to help people who are frustrated in their emotional and sexual lives. A support group for singles, both women and gays, but who quickly refocused on a community of men, heterosexual, aged 18 to 35 years.

40,000 people would be part of this community of heterosexual men who would show some contempt of women.

These are called birds of the most romantic names: "sluts" , "waste that only serve men" , going to "femoids" contraction of woman and humanoid.

But some "unintentional singles" go even further. From women's hatred to violence, there is only one step that some people say they are ready to take, whether through rape or outright murder. On one of the forums Incels.me site, they encourage harassment, or even rape, the Guardian.

In May 2014, in Isla Vista, California, Elliot Rodger stabbed three roommates to death, then shot and killed three women from his car before committing suicide. Before his acting out, he had posted a video in which he recounted his bitterness at being a 22-year-old virgin and his hatred of women: "I'll slaughter until the last rotten, spoiled and pretentious blonde I'll see he would say. All the girls I so longed for, they all rejected me and looked down on me as if I were a subhuman. " Explanation: On a video titled " Punishment, " he said he wanted to take revenge on women, who had "always rejected" him.

December 1989, Marc Lépine kills 14 women women during a shooting at the Polytechnic School of Montreal .. On the site forum incels.me, Marc Lépine is called "god" or "hero" by his admirers.

Alek Minassian's post also received positive comments, referring to "his sacrifice for the cause"

At a press conference on Tuesday, investigator Graham Gibson said he had no formal proof that the killer was targeting women. But he acknowledged that this hypothesis "would be part of the investigation", revealing that the victims of the attack were "mostly women", whose ages range from "mid-twenties to about 80 years".



Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

TRUMP AND MACRON AGREEMENT ON IRAN REJECTED WITH MEPRIS BY IRAN AND RUSSIA

H assan Rohani believes that Donald Trump has "no experience in international treaties . " The "new agreement" on Iran's nuclear power raised by Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron is already in the lead.

Just hours after declarations by the US and French presidents, Iranian President Hassan Rohani challenged the legitimacy of a possible new agreement.

"Together with a leader of a European country, they say: 'We want to decide for an agreement concluded at seven.' To do what ? By what right ? Asked Hassan Rohani on Wednesday (April 25th) in a speech in Tabriz (northwestern Iran).

The Iranian president has continued against Donald Trump, who threatens to denounce the agreement signed in July 2015 between Iran, the United States, Russia, China, France, the United Kingdom, Germany and the United States. European Union. "You have no experience in politics. You have no experience in law. You have no experience in international treaties. How can a trader, a merchant, a building builder, a tower builder make judgments about international affairs? " , Hammered the Iranian president.

Donald Trump, who has not chewed his words since his election on the Vienna agreement. He gave the European signatories until May 12 to "fix the dreadful mistakes" of this text, otherwise it would not prolong the relaxation of US sanctions against the Islamic Republic.

Moreover for Moscow the current agreement on the Iranian nuclear is "without alternative" , said Wednesday the Kremlin spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, the day after the announcement by the United States and France that they wish to work to a new agreement.

"We are for the agreement to be preserved in its current state. We believe that for now, it is without alternative, " Peskov told reporters. "The agreement in its current state is the result of the diplomatic efforts of many states," said the Kremlin spokesman. The agreement was reached in 2015 after years of bitter negotiations between Iran and Iran. Group 5 + 1 (Germany, China, United States, France, United Kingdom and Russia).

This text, which required years of effort, seems more fragile than ever

Monday, the Europeans indeed were divided on the opportunity to impose new sanctions on Iran for its missile program. No decision was taken Monday at the meeting of EU Foreign Ministers in Luxembourg.

The current agreement on Iran's nuclear power is working and "must be preserved," the head of EU diplomacy Federica Mogherini said on Wednesday. "As for what can happen in the future, we'll see. But there is an agreement that exists, it works, it must be preserved, " Mogherini pleaded.

"Together with a leader of a European country, they say:" we want to decide for an agreement concluded at seven ". To do what ? By what right ? Rohani asked in a speech in Tabriz (northern Iran), in an implicit reference to Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

CHEMICAL WEAPONS IN SYRIA ?

AND IF THE HYPOCRISY OF THE RED LINE

WAS COMING SOON

Encryption!

For years Paris has been threatening to intervene in Syria if the red line of the use of chemical weapons against civilians was proven. Very good ! So what ?

According to Emmanuel Macron, France would hold the day after the attack of 7 April 2018 of the Syrian army on the Duma, the proof of their use!

It is in any case what Christophe Castaner, Secretary of State in charge of the relations with the Parliament repeated on several chains of information in continuous, April 13, 2018, adding that it was necessary to punish the Syrian regime, following the bombing of the Ghouta, and more specifically on the city of Douma, barrels loaded with chemicals: chlorine (chlorine)? sarin gas?

The following is known: the Western bombing coordinated between the USA, Great Britain and France that took place, in response, April 14.

France has honored its threat by deciding to intervene by an act of war, at the risk of causing a dangerous military escalation.

But by examining the options adopted instantly by the Western allies - American, English, but especially French - one wonders: did they have in mind the two precedents that were both counter-models, both at the regional level (Middle East) and at the level of relations between Westerners and Russia.

We remember the mistakes of Cameron, Obama and Holland, who in 2013 were hit by blistering declarations and public and vigorous parliamentary debates, decided on "Shakespearean proposals" to what should in fact and in the end have to be an intermediation police operation.

It will therefore be necessary to examine the aftermath of the events of April 7 and 14, 2018.

Meanwhile, Nikki Haley, who claims a free speech in his functions as permanent ambassador of the United States to the United Nations and did not hesitate, once again, to "denounce the monster, Bashar al-Assad who dropped his bombs on the people of Syria " again listed the conditions for the US departure from Syrian soil.

Speaking on Fox News Sunday, the US representative to the UN recalled that "the Americans would not leave the Syrian soil before their objectives are finally achieved namely: that of ensuring the non-use of weapons so that it does not pose any more problems for the interests of the United States, the defeat of Daesh and the surveillance of the acts of Iran.

The position of the United States is clear!

Also in this context, can we easily imagine that the experts of the OPCW will have an interest in bringing back convincing and undeniable information on the use of chemical weapons by Bashar al-Assad on April 7th.

The OPCW is remembered as the "Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons" , charged with enforcing all the provisions of the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (CWC).

The OPCW mission arrived in Damascus on April 13 and its first samples were taken on April 21 only.

So, why this delay? Who blocked the OPCW investigation? And why ?

The answer that must be clearly provided will be important because the reputation of 3 of the most important states in the world is at stake, such as the credibility of their 3 leaders, TRUMP, MAY and especially MACRON, the interests of France in Syria being not quite the same. What Head of State could it indeed survive politically to such an error of judgment, even to such lies publicly uttered with so much confidence on what could turn out to be one of the biggest state scandals?

As far as France is concerned, one can only ask the question of the advisability of participating in the military intervention of 14 April, even though Iran has just given up the Dollar as the official currency of exchange, preferring to use the euro now for future international exchanges? In the middle of the European debate, the position is light!

Who blocked the OPCW investigation?

To be specific, the OPCW (Fact-Finding Mission) was retained upon arrival by the United Nations Department of Security (UNDSS) led by Peter Thomas Drennan, a distinguished Australian police commander, close from Great Britain, because shots were fired at the FFM team.

The incident was astonishing because the journalists are walking freely in Duma, like the civilian population, a large part of which has returned to the liberated zone, which is under Russian military control.

Information on the facts comes from the Director General of the OPCW, a certain Ahmet Üzüncü, a career diplomat of Turkish origin. Curiously his remarks have not been confirmed by any other organization present in Douma.

As a result, this situation raises many questions?

Why would shots have been fired at OPCW inspectors alone when many teams of journalists from around the world were visiting the area as the field hospital where the uploaded videos were made?

Why did the former British ambassador to Damascus, Peter Ford and most recently Major General Jonathan Shaw, both seriously question the Damascus government's responsibility for these chemical attacks? This general officer even said on Sky News that everything seemed wrong in this case, a daring that led the presenter Sam Washington interviewing him to put an abrupt end to the interview.

Why has the New York Times, a staunch defender of the Syrian opposition, "questioned" this story without daring to bother to answer the question?

Why an opposition media, the London-based Syrian Observatory, itself denied the existence of a chemical attack, the newspaper reporting only suffocations due to the collapse of a bombed-out shelter, which bombing caused the death of 21 civilians, including 9 children and 2 women?

Why, and this is what creates the greatest doubt, was the mission of the OPCW launched so late, the organization's bylaws providing 24 to 48 hours effectiveness of expertise? It is off the mark !

At this time the UN mission has already sent its first samples to Rijwijk (in the suburbs of The Hague, where the OPCW has its headquarters). The results of the analyzes of the samples had to be published fairly quickly, just like the results of the field investigation which will have to say if "smoking guns" were discovered?

For the leaders of the Western coalition, as for the defenders of the red line, there is therefore interest in these analyzes confirm their noisy statements, if not?


Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

20 DEATH DURING A HOUTHI MARRIAGE

OR THE HUMANITARIAN DISASTER IN YEMEN


As a reminder of the evidence of war and famine in Yemen: An air raid killed at least 20 people at a wedding, according to the rescuers. The Houthi rebels, who control the region, attributed the strikes to the Saudi-led coalition operating in Yemen. The injured were admitted to a hospital in the provincial capital, said in a tweet Doctors Without Borders that supports this institution.

The conflict, entering its fourth year, provoked "the most serious humanitarian crisis in the world" NGOs in the field mainly accuse Riyadh of the ongoing massacre. Why this deafening silence of the international community?

MBS of war of Saudi Arabia.

"More than twenty-two million Yemenis now need some form of humanitarian aid, of which sixteen million do not have access to safe drinking water, while 8.4 million are in danger of starvation." Three figures intolerable United Nations.

Since March 2015, the country has been in a merciless war between the Houthi rebels, backed by Tehran and the central authority, backed by a military coalition led by Riyadh in Operation Saudi Arabia's "Storm of Firmness".

In early April, ten human rights and humanitarian organizations, including Human Rights Watch, Action Against Hunger and Amnesty International, sounded the alarm: they called in a letter to French President Emmanuel Macron for him. ask to put pressure on the prince inherit Saudi Mohammed ben Salmane visiting Paris from 8 to 10 April.

"Put an end to the illegal attacks against civilians in Yemen and lift the blockade that hinders the delivery of humanitarian aid" is a request that can not be more humanitarian.

"Often portrayed as a reformer, King Salman's son plays a major role as Defense Minister in the war in Yemen," the NGOs said;

According to the NGO consortium, citing the Yemen Data Project, "Yemen has suffered more than 16,000 air strikes since March 2015 - the equivalent of a bombing every ninety minutes - while more than a third these attacks targeted non-military positions. "

"For three years, 6,100 civilians have been killed and 9,683 wounded"

Humanitarian disaster and famine

Diphtheria is back and the country suffered in 2017 the worst cholera epidemic in modern history. The humanitarian catastrophe is even worse since the blockade of ports and airports imposed by Saudi Arabia

A report by the NGO International Rescue Committee (IRC), "They die of Boms, We die of need: impact of collapsing public health systems in Yemen", points out that "more Yemenis have died from deprivation of health products and services. basis only because of the fighting. The de facto blockade imposed since last November by Riyadh has further stifled a country of which 85% of health needs are imported.

Nearly one million cases of cholera according to the organization.

According to the IRC, a Yemeni child under the age of five dies "every ten minutes because of the lack of preventive treatment," while "520,000 pregnant women do not have access to health services and 462,000 children suffer from acute malnutrition, a figure that has increased by 200% since the beginning of the war, "says the report.

NGOs work in extremely precarious conditions, with drug and food supplies facing administrative and logistical problems despite the two billion aid pledged by the UN this year ...

A International Rescue Committee in its report to directly accuse the United States and the United Kingdom of supporting Saudi Arabia in its "devastating war" against the country


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

36 DEATH OR DAMAGE ROAD DRAMA

IN NORTH KOREA

Two people from China and four North Koreans were killed.

Beijing authorities say 32 Chinese tourists and four North Koreans have been killed in a road accident near the border on the Pyongyang Road.

What happened on Sunday, April 22, after dark, on a road in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea?

The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced on Monday that a "serious road accident " in the night from Sunday to Monday in southern North Korea "has caused a heavy toll among Chinese tourists . "

According to the Chinese authorities, the accident occurred in North Hwanghae Province, bordering South Korea. The Chinese tourist group was traveling by bus from Kaesong to Pyongyang when the accident occurred, according to the North Korea NK News website.

On Twitter, Chinese state television CGTN said a tourist bus had fallen off a bridge in North Korea, and that "more than 30 people" had been killed in the accident. Then the tweet was deleted.

According to the Chinese authorities, the accident occurred in North Hwanghae Province, located south of the North Korean capital and border with South Korea.

The area is popular with Chinese tourists, including the city of Kaesong, known for its ancient neighborhoods, and home to a large inter-Korean industrial area, where South Korean factories employed North Korean workers. Seoul closed the area in 2016 in response to a new nuclear test in Pyongyang.

And the best route of the country has been taken by the tourist bus.

The North Korean road network remains mostly in a rudimentary state, roads often with potholes, more often dirt tracks rather than paved roads. The bridges are sometimes closed to traffic due to the deterioration of their structure. But the road between Pyongyang and Kaesong, which the tourist bus borrowed according to NK News, is considered to be one of the best in the country. It connects Sinuiju, on the Chinese border, to the demilitarized zone with South Korea.

The road is surrounded by concrete columns that can be imploded to block the passage to a possible military invasion.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

AT LEAST 60 DEATHS

IN AN ATTACK IN KABUL

At least 60 civilians were killed and 54 wounded on Sunday in a suicide bombing claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group against a registration center for parliamentary elections.

A suicide bomber blew himself up among the crowd at the entrance to the center where voters retrieve their identity documents before registering on the electoral rolls.

This report, which includes women and children according to the police, has been confirmed by the Ministries of Health and the Interior.

The Taliban told their spokesman, Zabihullah Mujahid, that "our Mujahideen have nothing to do with today's attack , " implicitly blaming the Islamic State (IS) organization that has claimed the attack via his propaganda organ, Amaq.

According to Interior spokesman Najib Danish, "The suicide bomber arrived on foot and unleashed his charge in the middle of the crowd" causing extensive damage.

This is the first attack in Kabul against a center preparing lists of electors for the legislative elections of October 20, since the start of registration on April 14.

But two other registrations have been targeted in the province during the past week

Violence and attacks are the main obstacles to the smooth running of elections, admits the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) which opened enrollment centers in schools and mosques mainly. All guarded by police officers who search voters at the entrance.

These elections are the first since 2010 and this election, the first since the presidential election of 2014.

Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

THE TRUMP FIRE FIGHTS AGAINST

THE IRANIAN NUCLEAR

To the United States, which wants to withdraw from the treaty on May 12, Iran promises to " vigorously" resume uranium enrichment.

"America should never have feared that Iran will produce a nuclear bomb, but we will vigorously pursue our enrichment of uranium," warned Saturday (April 21st), the Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Javad Zarif.

A response that wants to be muscular from Tehran facing a threat of US withdrawal from the nuclear agreement: The resumption of production of uranium enrichment in the manufacture of nuclear weapons.

Here is a new episode in the escalation of rhetoric on this issue.

Donald Trump wants to "remedy the terrible shortcomings," according to him, the text of the agreement signed by Obama. The American president judges the text too lax. Indeed for Donald Trump there are not enough inspections and lack the long term with the time limitation imposed on Tehran on its nuclear activity, expiring in 2025 and 2030.

So not burdened with diplomacy he set the date of May 12 as an ultimatum.

From now on he will make his decision based on the reactions of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (United States, Russia, China, France, United Kingdom), in addition to Germany.

The Iranian Foreign Minister believes that European leaders must pressure Donald Trump to maintain the agreement if the United States "intends to maintain its credibility in the international community" and respect the treaty "rather than 'demand more' conditions.

"Trying to appease the president, I think, would be a futile exercise ," he said.

European parliamentarians to their American counterparts have passed a text: "Support together the agreement with Iran"

The three European signatories will use their power of persuasion with the tenant of the White House to preserve this text, which they consider crucial.

Emmanuel Macron (on a state visit to Washington from Monday), German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and British Prime Minister Theresa May, will plead the case successively in Washington before the end of the month.

If the United States bury the deal, it is "highly unlikely" that Iran will continue to respect it with the other signatories. "For Iran, it is important to receive the benefits of the agreement and in any case Iran will agree to apply it unilaterally" , according to the Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs assuring, without further details, that his country would adopt "drastic measures".


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

OF DEATHERS IN MADAGASCAR

Opposition to the Malagasy government called for demonstrations against the new electoral law on 21 April. In Madagascar, the opposition MPs tried to defy a ban on demonstrations this Saturday, April 21, 2018 in Antananarivo against the new electoral laws.

The police chief of the capital and the head of the region considered that it was an illegal act.

The rally quickly swung into violent clashes with the police. The protest was banned by local authorities on Tuesday, and police fired tear gas at protesters who responded by throwing stones. Nearly a thousand men had been deployed to contain several thousand demonstrators. There was a lot of stone throwing in response to tear gas and sound grenades but also to rubber bullets.

It was not until around noon that the security forces used their weapons to fire in the air with live ammunition. Exceeded by the situation about forty soldiers found refuge between the walls of the town hall before being exfiltrés.

The police are armed for some of them with firearms. They move through the streets of the Malagasy capital in pick-ups and motorbikes to keep the crowd angry. This morning, the clashes between the police lasted more than three hours.

According to a provisional assessment given by the head of the HJRA hospital in Antananarivo, the clashes have so far killed four demonstrators, including two children, and about 20 wounded evacuated on one side as well as on the other. 'other.

The opposition, for its part, considers that it has the authorization issued by the Urban Commune of Antananarivo, led by the wife of the former president Ravalomanana.

"We will not stop there," warned the party MP TIM Hanitra Razasmanantsoa, ​​considered in recent days as the spokesman for the opposition.

The MP has also arrested the President of the Republic, currently outside the country. Hanitra Razasmanantsoa asked Hery Rajaonarimampianina to stay where he is and not to return for the good of the country and its people.

Opposition protests against "scandalous adoption of three election laws" in early April by Parliament.

New electoral laws in question

It is a fight against the electoral laws passed last April 4 which is at the origin of these movements of anger. One of them provides for the ineligibility of candidates already sentenced. The parties of the two former presidents, the TIM of Ravalomanana and the Mapar of Rajoelina and their 73 deputies contest this vote which would exclude their leader.

Corrupt acts to buy the votes of parliamentarians were reported by the opposition. The High Court must validate in the coming weeks these new provisions.






Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

STOPPING NORTH CORE NUCLEAR TESTS

China, North Korea's main ally, has - just like the United States and South Korea - welcomed this Saturday morning the decision of North Korea to stop its ballistic missile fire and its nuclear tests, affirming that this gesture would help advance towards the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

"The North nuclear test site has fulfilled its mission"

"North Korea will stop its nuclear tests and intercontinental ballistic missile launches," said dictator Kim Jong-un, quoted by the official KCNA news agency. The regime also announced the closure of its nuclear test site, which "fulfilled its mission," according to the North Korean leader.

"The North will close a nuclear test site in the north of the country to prove its commitment to suspend nuclear testing," KCNA said, citing the North Korean leader, who did not mention the dismantling of his arsenal, referred to as "sword sweetheart" protecting the country.

"The work to install nuclear warheads on ballistic missiles is complete," he said.

North Korea will therefore suspend, this Saturday, its nuclear and ballistic missile tests and dismantle a site from which it carries out its tests of atomic weapons. This is announced a few hours ago the official news agency of Pyongyang, KCNA.

This announcement may surprise, as tensions with the international community have been further exacerbated at the end of 2017, yet it seems logical. Indeed, Pyongyang claimed to have fulfilled its goal of becoming a "nuclear force" . He has nothing to prove to the world or to his people. Now that diplomatic relations, especially with Washington and Seoul, are warming up so why not move up a gear for its people?

This announcement is part of the very logic of Kim Jong Un for whom one of the latest intercontinental missile could potentially reach the American soil. In making this decision, Kim Jong-un can boast of being able to protect the North Korean people militarily with his nuclear arsenal, called "darling sword" by the regime. And this gel is presented as a victory of the country. The cessation of nuclear tests is "first of all a political announcement" which is part of a context of détente between the regime of Kim Jong-un, its neighbor to the South and the United States.

"Great progress! Look forward to participating in our summit »

The United States immediately saluted. US President Donald Trump said he was looking forward to meeting the North Korean leader. "Great progress! Look forward to participating in our summit," he added in a tweet.

South Korea, for its part, spoke of a "significant" decision to denuclearize the peninsula and announced that it would help create the conditions for the smooth running of meetings between Kim Jong-un and Donald Trump.

And China, Pyongyang's main ally, praised the North Korean decision, which will help ease tensions in the Korean peninsula and promote denuclearization.

"China believes that the decision to stop nuclear testing and focus on economic development and improving living conditions will help calm the situation on the Korean peninsula and advance the denuclearization process as well as efforts for a political solution, " said Lu Kang, the spokesman for the Foreign Ministry in a statement.

The South Korean presidency welcomed "the very positive environment for the upcoming summits (...)", which the decision of Pyongyang "will create".

"We can not be satisfied"

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe praised the North Korean announcement, "but the important point is whether this decision will lead to the complete abandonment of nuclear and missile development, in a verifiable and irreversible way," he said. "We will monitor this closely."

"New line"

For years, the North Korean leader told the Workers' Party Central Committee, North Korea practiced a policy of "simultaneous development", or "byungjin", of the army and the economy. "This is the new strategic political line of the Party," said the young leader, quoted by KCNA. The Workers' Party was meeting in plenary on Friday to discuss a "new stage" in an "important historical period of the Korean revolution in development".

But now a powerful state, "the entire Party and the entire nation must now focus on the development of the socialist economy , " said Kim Jong Un.No doubt, the young North Korean leader Kim Jong- "The whole nation will be able to focus on the development of the socialist economy ," says Kim Jong-un, the North Korean leader.

In the run-up to the summit, the South Korean president on Thursday called for a peace treaty to officially end the Korean War.

"A promising path is open for North Korea if it achieves a complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization," said Donald Trump.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

MIGUEL DIAZ -CANEL SUCCESSOR TO RAUL CASTRO WITHOUT THE CHOICE OF CUBAN

"On behalf of the National Nominating Committee, I have the responsibility and the honor to propose to you as comrade Miguel Mario Diaz-Canel Bermudez as President of the Council of State and the Ministers of the Republic of Cuba", said in front of the Assembly Gisela Duarte, President of this Commission.

This is a historic event: for the first time, a Castro will no longer be at the head of the regime resulting from the revolution of 1959. Fidel died at the end of 2016 and it is the turn of Raul, 86, to give in his place, this time to a representative of the new generation.

The number two Cuban executive Miguel Diaz-Canel was designated Wednesday as the sole candidate to succeed President Raul Castro, ending six decades of exclusive power of the Castro brothers.

"On behalf of the National Nominating Committee, I have the responsibility and the honor to propose to you as comrade Miguel Mario Diaz-Canel Bermudez as President of the Council of State and the Ministers of the Republic of Cuba", said in front of the Assembly Gisela Duarte, President of this Commission.

His official appointment to the highest office is confirmed Thursday morning after the vote of the deputies, who never questioned the decisions made by the Nominations Committee.

Raul Castro, 86, gave his chair on Thursday, April 19 to his runner-up, Miguel Diaz-Canel, 57.

Ten-year reign of Raul, who remains at the head of the Cuban Communist Party.

For half a century, it was the Castro who held the country with an iron fist.

.Raul, 86, General, Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR) to succeed his elder brother Fidel (1926-2016) and made two five-year terms as President of the Council of State and Council of Ministers (2008- 2018). He himself has set a limit of two consecutive five-year terms for the presidency.

Once in power, Raul Castro initiated a series of reforms once unthinkable as the opening of the economy to private small entrepreneurship and especially the rapprochement with the United States, the enemy of the Cold War. In 2015, the two countries renewed their diplomatic relations, and the following year, US President Barack Obama paid a historic visit to the island. But since the arrival at the White House of Republican Donald Trump ...

But Raul Castro does not, however, leave power, since he should continue to occupy the key position of first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (CPC, single party) until the next congress scheduled for 2021.

Castroism finally begins a generational succession. The guerrilla commanders and the leaders of the "historical generation" let rise the cadres born after the seizure of power by the Castro. Thus Miguel Diaz-Canel, 57, the designated successor, made his political career in the provinces; Then he was co-opted by the CCP leadership. Miguel Diaz-Canel is a man of the system.

Lawyer of the opening of the island as the development of the internet, he showed an image of modernity of his country finally released a fifty Castro power

This engineer in electronics born after the revolution will have to continue the "actualization" initiated of the Cuban economic model sketched by the younger Castro.

The future president will be especially expected on the economic ground that requires reforms to recover a stagnant economy (1.6% in 2017) more heavily dependent on imports and assistance from his weakened Venezuelan ally.

"This transition is not improvised, it is very well studied and based on the experience deemed successful (of the transition) between Fidel and Raul," said Cuban expert Arturo Lopez-Levy, a professor at the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley.

"In this case they benefit from the fact that Raul is alive, although it is difficult to guarantee that he will stay healthy over the next four years (...) It is a stabilizer, an attenuator of potential friction between the leading figures, " continues the professor.

But will this authoritarian succession lead to a democratic opening?


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SOUTH KOREA PRESIDENT WISHES A TREATY FOR PEACE BETWEEN THE TWO CORES

South Korean President Moon Jae-in on Thursday called for a peace treaty with North Korea. The armistice between the two countries has lasted 65 years.

South Korean President Moon Jae-in said on Thursday that it was necessary to seek a peace treaty to officially end the Korean War, ahead of a summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong A.

"The armistice that has dragged on for 65 years must end," the president told reporters, adding: "we must seek the signature of a peace treaty after the declaration of the end of South Korean President Moon Jae-in warned on Thursday that a peace treaty should be sought to officially end the Korean War, as a summit North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

An armistice but no peace treaty

The war (1950-53) ended in an armistice rather than a treaty, so that both parties are still technically in conflict. The demilitarized zone, which divides the peninsula and where the inter-Korean summit will take place on April 27, is bristling with mines and fortifications

But Moon Jae-in said the conclusion of a peace treaty would be subject to the abandonment by the North of its nuclear and ballistic programs.

"If the inter-Korean summit and the summit between North Korea and the United States lead to denuclearization, I believe that it will not be too difficult to find practical agreements in a broad sense on a peace regime, the normalization of relations between the North and the United States, or international aid to improve the North Korean economy, "he said.

Washington wants total denuclearization of North Korea

US President Donald Trump has warned about his planned summit with Kim, that it would be canceled if he announced himself unsuccessful.

"If I think that this meeting will not be fruitful, we will not go in. If the meeting, when I will be there, is not fruitful, I will leave it respectfully," said the US president.

Is Pyongyang willing to give up its atomic programs, which it calls "sword sweetheart"? . According to South Korean and Chinese officials, Kim said he was ready to denuclearize the Korean peninsula.

The withdrawal of US troops and the end of the US nuclear umbrella on the South Korean ally would then begin. But Washington asserts that it needs the total, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization of North Korea.

A peace treaty that promises to be difficult

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

SECRET MEETING

BETWEEN KIM JONG ONE AND THE HEAD OF THE CIA

 

Mike Pompeo, actuel directeur de la CIA que le président américain a nommé au poste de secrétaire d'Etat, a rencontré le dirigeant nord-coréen Kim Jong-un la semaine dernière, confirme mercredi

. « La rencontre s'est bien déroulée et une bonne relation s'est établie », a assuré le président Rencontre secrète.

Le président américain Donald Trump a confirmé mercredi 18 avril sur Twitter que le chef de la CIA avait rencontré le leader nord-coréen Kim Jong-un lors d'une visite secrète à Pyongyang la semaine dernière, avant le sommet prévu entre les deux dirigeants "début juin".

«Les détails du sommet sont à l'étude », a déclaré Donald Trump. « La dénucléarisation sera un grand événement pour le monde, mais aussi pour la Corée du Nord », a-t-il ajouté.

La veille, le président américain avait annoncé que cinq lieux étaient à l'étude pour cette rencontre historique prévue entre le président américain et son homologue nord-coréen. Ce sommet est très attendu, mais « il est possible que tout ne se passe pas bien et que ces discussions ne se tiennent pas », avait-il toutefois prévenu.

Le chef de la CIA est le premier officiel américain à avoir rencontré Kim Jong-un. Cette visite confirme la volonté de Donald Trump d'être le premier président en exercice à rencontrer un dirigeant nord-coréen.

Selon un responsable américain, la visite de Mike Pompeo en Corée du Nord,était destinée à évaluer le degré de préparation de Kim Jong-un dans la perspective d'un sommet avec Donald Trump,. Cette rencontre a été arrangée par les chefs des services de renseignements coréens, Suh Hoon au Sud et Kim Yong-chol au Nord. On sait que Mike Pompeo s'est envolé pour la Corée du Nord de la base américaine d'Osan, au sud de Séoul.

Donald Trump avait déclaré plus tôt que des contacts de très haut niveau avaient eu lieu "Nous avons commencé à discuter directement avec les Nord-Coréens", a dit mardi le président américain lors d'une séance de photos en compagnie du Premier ministre japonais, Shinzo Abe, qui l'a rejoint en Floride, à sa résidence de Mar-a-Lago.

Avant la rencontre Trump-Kim, un sommet intercoréen aura le 27 avril. Par ailleurs, selon CNN, le dirigeant chinois, Xi Jinping, a également prévu de se rendre à Pyongyang.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE JAPANESE REMOVAL IN THE 1970 / 1980

 

The Japanese police identified a North Korean agent - a woman - who appeared to be running the operation aboard the boat: Kim Myong-suk.

An international arrest warrant has been issued by Interpol. Now 80 years old, the spy is believed to be in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).

During the visit to Pyongyang by Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, in 2002, the North Korean regime recognized 13 cases of kidnappings that had been placed by "supreme leader" Kim Jong-il on the agents ' account. zealous " . Pyongyang gave no explanation for these kidnappings but according to the kidnapped who returned, they were used to train spies

Subsequently, other cases were added. Tokyo 'has added a 17th to the official list: a young woman from the Tottori department (Sea of ​​Japan), Kyoko Matsumoto, 29, missing in October 1977. A month later, in Niigata, a 13-year-old girl, Megumi Yokota was abducted in turn.

It is possible that the victims were abducted to teach Japanese language and culture to North Korean spies.

The oldest victims may also have been abducted for North Korea to take over their identities, those people who were reportedly killed immediately.

It is also assumed that Japanese women were abducted to serve as wives for a group of Japanese terrorists based in North Korea following the hijacking of Flight 351.

Some were kidnapped because they witnessed the activities of North Korean agents in Japan, which would explain the kidnapping of Megumi Yokota when she was just a little girl!

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

NUMEROUS GIRLS OF CHIBOCK MORTES

IN CAPTIVITY

 

Four years after their abduction by Boko Haram, the fate of a hundred high school girls from Chibok remains uncertain in Nigeria where, according to some sources, dozens of them have died in captivity

The parents of Chibok high school girls, taken hostage by Boko Haram, and thousands of people gathered Saturday in a small community in northeastern Nigeria on the fourth anniversary of their kidnapping.

"only 15 of living"

The controversy started shortly after the prayers for their release, when a Nigerian journalist who had been involved in negotiations with the jihadist group claimed

" A handful" of the 112 girls still held by Boko Haram was still alive.

In a long message posted on Twitter, Ahmad Salkida wrote that "only 15" had survived:

"A lot of girls have been caught between crossfire and shelling by the security forces, who no doubt were trying to rescue them."

107 girls were found

The Nigerian authorities have not denied or denied since then, stating only that they do not have this information.

"The facts known to our officials and the international contacts that support this process are that the remaining Chibok girls are still there," spokesman Garba Shehu told reporters.

"We are not giving up on getting their release."

276 girls were abducted on 14 April 2014 in their Chibok boarding school, 57 of whom managed to escape immediately afterwards. Since then, 107 girls have been found, released or escaped following government negotiations with Boko Haram.

In August 2016, Boko Haram broadcast a video showing about fifty prisoners.

An armed and masked man then declared that "many of them died as a result of an aerial bombardment" .


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

THE FUNERALS OF WINNIE MANDELA

REMPARING AGAINST APARTHEID UNTIL ITS DEATH

The coffin of "Mama Winnie" , covered with the South African flag, left his home in Soweto on Saturday morning.

Thousands paid tribute on Saturday in the South African township of Soweto to Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, the popular heroine in the struggle against apartheid.

After ten days of national mourning in memory of "Mama Winnie", "the Mother of the Nation" , passed away on April 2 at age 81, held the ceremony held in the Orlando stadium.

"It's my mother who kept alive the memory of my father" Nelson Mandela during his 27 years of detention before he became president in 1994, recalled his eldest daughter, Zenani Mandela-Dlamini.

She's the one who "kept her name on people's lips, who kept her memory in people's hearts ," she added as many wrestling songs were sung in the black-and-white stage.

Her daughter did not fail to "violently" attack those who wanted to "demonize" her mother's image as she fought and "triumphed" over " one of the most powerful and cruel regimes of the century. latest".

"Why not do the same for her male counterparts and remind the world of the many crimes they committed before being called saints," she rightly denounced. The path of Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela, known as "Winnie" , is inseparable from the first black president of South Africa.

While Winnie Mandela has been implicated in the abuses by her "Mandela United Football Club" , and sentenced to two years in prison suspended and fined for kidnapping four young men in 1988, she It remains a "bulwark" against apartheid and has "shown the way in the most difficult times," recalled South African President Cyril Ramaphosa.

She remained "revolutionary" until her death, "she was never bought," said in turn Julius Malema, leader of the party of the radical left of the Fighters for Economic Freedom (EFF).

"Rock" unshakable, "a heroine".

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

AIR STRIKES IN SYRIA

It was Donald Trump who first announced these strikes, during a speech at the White House around 22h. " A combined operation is underway with France and the United Kingdom, we thank them both," said the President of the United States, denouncing the chemical attacks carried out by the Damascus regime. On the ground, the allies have, according to the Pentagon, taken care to avoid touching the Russian forces very present in the country. Russia also confirmed that none of the strikes had affected Russian air and naval bases in Syria. At least three sites have been targeted by Westerners.

From London, British Prime Minister Theresa May has stated that there is " no alternative to the use of force". As a result, it authorized the British armed forces to conduct "targeted and coordinated strikes" against the military chemical capabilities of the Bashar al-Assad regime to "prevent" their use.

Shortly before 3:30, the Elysee issued a statement by Emmanuel Macron stating that he "ordered the French armed forces to intervene [...] in the context of an international operation [...] against the 'Clandestine chemical arsenal of the Syrian regime'. "The red line set by France in May 2017 [on the use of chemical weapons by the Assad regime, Ed] has been crossed," he said.

The Elysee has broadcast a video of French fighter planes that participated in this operation. The " main research center" of the " clandestine chemical program" of the Syrian regime in Damascus and "two production centers" located in the Homs region were targeted. " It is the ability to develop, develop and produce chemical weapons that is reached," said Saturday the French Minister of Armies, Florence Parly. London hit a military complex, former missile base, to 24 kilometers west of Homs, "where the regime is supposed to conserve chemical weapons" .

According to General Joe Dunford, US Chief of Staff, Western forces targeted three targets related to the Syrian chemical weapons program, one near Damascus and the other two in the area of ​​Homs, in the center of Syria. Precision strikes were carried out for one hour against the chemical weapons program of Syria by the United States, France and the United Kingdom.

However, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH) has stated that other targets have been targeted as "several military bases" and especially Republican Guard premises in Damascus and its environs.

According to Russia, the three Western countries fired " more than 100 cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles [...] from the sea and air on Syrian military and civilian targets".

The Russian Defense Ministry, assured that none of the fired cruise missiles had reached the area of ​​responsibility of the Russian air defenses that protect facilities in Tartous and Hmeimim

The forces engaged are numerous.

Three multi-mission frigates and several Rafales accompanied by Awacs and tanker aircraft participated in the operation. London used four Royal Air Force Tornado GR4 fighter jets equipped with Storm Shadow missiles.

The United States fired "various types of ammunition," including Tomahawk cruise missiles. According to Fox News, B-1 long-range bombers have also been hired. US Defense Minister Jim Mattis said he used twice as much ammunition as the US strike in April 2017 at the Al-Chaayrate military base near Homs.

The Syrian regime denounced a "barbaric and brutal aggression" of the Westerners, according to the Foreign Ministry quoted by the official Sana agency as describing this "tripartite aggression against Syria" as "a flagrant violation of international law". will not discourage our armed forces and their allies from continuing to crush what remains of armed terrorist groups throughout the territory, " said the Syrian Army High Command.

A "significant number" of the shots were intercepted by the Syrian anti-aircraft defense according to Moscow and Damascus. Russian defense systems in Syrian territory, on the other hand, have "not been used" , according to Russia.

Russia, an unwavering supporter of Damascus, has reacted strongly. Syria, after years of resisting "terrorist aggression , " was struck by the Western military operation when it had " a chance to have a peaceful future , " the Russian Foreign Ministry said on Saturday.

Russia has announced it has convened an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council while its ambassador to the United States, Anatoly Antonov, has hammered that these strikes were an "insult" to President Vladimir Putin.

"We warned that such actions would have consequences," Anatoly Antonov wrote in a statement. "Our warnings have been ignored," he lamented.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

THE SYRIAN ARMY TAKES CONTROL OF EASTERN GHUTA

Near Aleppo or Homs, Eastern Ghouta joins the list of rebel strongholds recaptured by the Syrian regime and its allies.

The fall of Eastern Ghouta is a new step in the reconquest of Syrian territory by the regime of Bashar al-Assad, supported by its Russian and Iranian allies.

It is Russia, allied with the regime of Bashar al-Assad, who announced it: the region of eastern Ghouta has been fully recovered in recent hours. For five years, this rebel area near Damascus has been besieged by the Syrian regime and its allies. Thursday, April 12 the Russian military police deployed in Duma, the capital and the ultimate pocket of resistance of this rebel region, sign of its final capitulation.

"An important event for the history of the Arab Republic of Syria took place today (Thursday): the flag of the Syrian government was hoisted on a building in the city of Douma, which marks the takeover of this locality and therefore Eastern Ghouta in its entirety, " said Russian General Yuri Yevtushenko, quoted by Russian agencies.

After five years of siege the offensive on this region near Damascus began last February marked by an incessant shelling, which caused the death of more than 1600 civilians and concluded on an alleged chemical attack, following which Americans, French and British are thinking about a military response.

In the face of threats of Western military intervention following the April 7 chemical bombing, Moscow wanted to speed up the maneuver and make its victory irremediable.

The rebel group said they had no choice but to accept the evacuation of the region after an alleged chemical attack on the Syrian regime. "It was the chemical attack that prompted us to accept," said Yasser Delwane, head of Jaïch al-Islam's political bureau.

In previous days, under an agreement with Moscow, the fighters of Jaïch Al-Islam, the Salafist-inspired armed group at the helm of the city since 2013, had begun to be transferred by bus to the region of Djarabulus, a rebel zone in northern Syria under Turkish protection

Evacuations continue, it's a slow process. The fighters surrender their heavy weapons and leave with their families.

Tens of thousands of people, fighters and civilians mixed, were evacuated from Ghouta following agreements dictated by Moscow. Nearly 100,000 civilians were also displaced by the fighting, out of a total population estimated by the UN, before the onset of the assault on February 19, to 400,000.

For the pro-regime camp, the total recovery of eastern Ghouta allows, among other things, to protect the capital. The resumption of Ghouta crowns the process of recovery of the Assad regime. This is an important victory, completed after a violent offensive, and civilians have paid a heavy price. For the rebels, this is one more step towards a planned disappearance. The latter control only a few small suburbs in the suburbs of Damascus, whose recovery should not require much effort from the authorities.

Currently, threats of Western strikes are feeding tensions in the region.

Threats closely followed by countries bordering Syria such as Lebanon, where the risk of a regional explosion is taken seriously.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

MYSTERIOUS ATTACK OF AN AIR BASE

THE SYRIAN REGIME

On Monday, between 03:25 and 03:53 in Syria strikes targeted the T-4 military airport located in the center of the country.

A strike that would have killed at least 14 people, including several Iranians, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH), in Lon ders.

"Russian, Iranian and Lebanese Hezbollah forces," allied with the Bashar al-Assad regime, are stationed at T-4, located between the cities of Homs and Palmyra, according to the London-ba