INJUNCTION OF DONALD TRUMP WITH EUROPEAN ALLIES TO REPATERATE THEIR DJIHADISTS

OR THE AMERICAN DISENGAGEMENT

IN THE MIDDLE-EAST

As the end of the caliphate approaches, Donald Trump on Saturday urged his European allies to "take back" hundreds of Islamic State (IS) fighters captured in Syria and bring them to justice.

"The United States calls on the United Kingdom, France, Germany and other European allies to take back more than 800 ISIS fighters captured in Syria and bring them to justice," he said. he wrote on Twitter.

The US president, who is pressuring Europe, is even threatening to free the approximately 800 US-held prisoners in Syria.

"The caliphate is about to fall. The alternative is not good, because we will have to release them [...] ", he continues.

For the US president the fighters of the Islamic State must return to their respective countries to be judged and no longer pose a threat on Syrian soil, while the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Arab-Kurdish alliance in fight against 'EI, are close to victory against the jihadists entrenched in their Baghouz.

Self-proclaimed in 2014 over an area, vast like Great Britain, straddling Iraq and Syria, the ISIS caliphate is today only a fragment of a territory of one kilometer square in the east of Syria.

Iraq and Syria need to sanctuarise their territory without burdening themselves with these dangerous people.

But the fate of these jihadists and their families is a real problem for European governments, reluctant to repatriate individuals who have pledged allegiance to a group that has vowed to destroy their country of origin.

But the policy of military disengagement in the Middle East is clearly assumed by Donald Trump as shown by the announcement in January of the withdrawal of US troops from Syria. A decision also poorly received by its allies, since it was announced unilaterally, without consultation.

But the end of the caliphate allows Donald Trump to justify the withdrawal of American troops.

A US withdrawal could put the Kurds in a delicate situation vis-à-vis Turkey and imprisoned jihadists could find themselves released into the wild, without control...

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

CHAOS AND CONFRONTMENT IN HAITI

THE PRESIDENT ADDRESSES THE POPULATION

At nearly a week of violence, Haitian President Jovenel Moise spoke in a speech broadcast Thursday on state television. Washington announced Thursday night the recall of its non-essential diplomats and their families based in Haiti

Haitian President Jovenel Moïse left Thursday night of his silence, after a week of violent protests demanding his resignation.

At least seven people have been killed since the beginning of the movement on February 7 to protest against the lack of improvement in the living conditions for which President Jovenel Moïse was responsible.

"I will not leave the country in the hands of armed gangs and drug traffickers," said the head of state, speaking in Creole in the aftermath of violent clashes between police and protesters in the center city ​​of Port-au-Prince.

Popular anger crystallized around the person of Jovenel Moses in power for two years.

Indeed, the publication in late January of a report of the Superior Court of Accounts on the management of two billion dollars Petrocaribe fund, a program of assistance offered to Haiti by Venezuela since 2008, highlighted the disastrous management and possible misappropriation of funds which would have benefited a company directed at the time by Jovenel Moïse.

The president called on his opponents of the dialogue to find a way out of the crisis.

"I asked the Prime Minister to come and explain them and apply them quickly to relieve our misery," he said.

Washington announced Thursday night the recall of its non-essential diplomats and their families based in Haiti and urged Americans not to visit Haiti.


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

DUEL OF TWO SEPTUAGENARIES FOR THE PRESIDENTIAL IN NIGERIA

COLOSSE AT THE FOOT OF CLAY

Return of the elections to February 23rd.

The Nigerian presidential election scheduled for Saturday, February 16 was postponed to February 23 by the Independent National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (INEC). The INEC has decided to postpone for a week the general elections (presidential and legislative) scheduled for Saturday, February 16, arguing of logistical problems after an emergency meeting in the night from Friday to Saturday. the holding of free, fair and credible elections, organizing the ballot as agreed was no longer possible, "told the press Mahmood Yakubu, president of the INEC.

The most populous country in Africa, the continent's largest oil producer, the main African economy in the neck and neck with South Africa, Nigeria remains a colossus with clay feet.

The challenges facing the winner of the presidential election on Saturday, February 23 will be gigantic. The election is expected to split the incumbent president, Muhammadu Buhari, and the wealthy businessman Atiku Abubakar, leader of the opposition and former vice president (1999-2007) .72 other candidates are vying for the presidential election.

The duel of two septuagenarian Buhari (76 years), outgoing president, and the businessman Atiku Abubakar.

During the campaign, former General Buhari (76), who had led the country in the 1980s, did not deny the shortcomings of his mandate.

"It has not been a long, quiet river," he said, asking his compatriots to consider "the important progress" made by his government and to give him the opportunity to complete the projects, particularly in terms of anti-corruption, security and economic. Outgoing President Muhammadu Buhari has promised to take his country to a higher level and do better if he is re-elected.

"We are determined to deepen the work that we started during this first term so that the assets and resources of the nation continue to be organized and used in a way that serves the Nigerian citizen," said the outgoing president at the meeting. his campaign. But at 76, his health raised many questions while he was hospitalized several times in London.

The main competitor of President Buhari, who comes from the former ruling party, the PDP, disputes the record. The businessman Atiku Abubakar, who will thus seek for the fourth time the supreme magistracy in his last "Address to the Nation", has violently taken the current president, treating his presidency as "disaster". For him, President Buhari has failed in his policy of securing the country and its economic results are disappointing as its anti-corruption policy called "witch hunt against opponents."

It promises the recovery of the country's economy and an effective fight against corruption by favoring the return of funds diverted into public funds through an "amnesty".

Whoever wins this election, the challenges the winner will face are immense.

An economically poor country despite its hydrocarbon resources.

Indeed the economy of the most populous country in Africa is very badly in point. The crisis caused by the vertiginous drop in hydrocarbon prices in 2015, on which the Nigerian economy depends, has had a lasting impact on the country. Growth was only 1.9% in 2018, remaining at a lower rate than population growth in a country where unemployment affects a quarter of the labor force, and even more than half of 15-35 year olds .

In this country of some 190 million inhabitants - whose population is expected to double by 2050 - this sluggish growth, against a backdrop of high inflation, can not stop the spiral of extreme poverty. According to the World Bank, Nigeria is surpassing India to become the country with the largest number of people living on less than $ 1.90 a day. The recovery of the economy will inevitably go through a diversification of activities to stop this spiral of poverty ...

Security challenges with the threat of Boko Haram and land conflicts.

In addition to the economic challenge, security was a major theme of the February 23 presidential campaign. Determining Muhammadu Buhari's victory in 2015 as a former general who led a military regime with a military hand in the 1980s, security will still dominate the agenda of the next mandate, particularly with the rise of communal clashes. in addition to the ever-present terrorist threat of Boko Haram.

Muhammadu Buhari had indeed promised to stop the jihadist insurgency Boko Haram that has killed more than 20,000 and 2.6 million displaced since 2009.

But in the north-east of the country Boko Haram group remains a real threat to the security of the population, even if in four years, Boko Haram has given a little ground against the government of Buhari. The terrorist group has increased in 2018 attacks and suicide bombings in several cities in the north-east. In particular, the kidnapping, at the end of February, of more than a hundred girls in a boarding school in Dapchi (Yobe State) and the double bombing of May 1 that killed nearly a hundred victims in Mubi. In March2018, the Nigerian administration acquired US armament for 414 million euros, including surveillance planes and attack, to suppress the jihadists ...

In addition to Boko Haram, there are other conflicts in Nigeria that need to be addressed, such as pro-Biafra separatist tensions challenging the Abuja authority that still persist in the Southeast, and the old land dispute between nomadic herders and sedentary farmers.

There are many deadly clashes between farmers and pastoralists, particularly in the states of Benue, Taraba, Nasarawa, Plateau and Kogi. Farmers are accused by farmers of ransacking their farms. But to this grievance is added a dimension of identity between the predominantly Muslim breeders and the mostly Christian farmers.

By 2018, Muslim herders reportedly massacred two priests and sixteen Catholic faithful in a church in the central Benue state. The following day, in retaliation, eleven Muslims were lynched in the capital of the state of Benue. The bishops of the states of Benue and Nassarawa had denounced, in a statement, "a clear program of Islamization of the Nigerian central belt" whose goal is "to hit Christians".

In the first economy of Africa the challenges to be met by the new head of state will be immense like the presidential election postponed because of security and logistical problems.

All eyes are now on President APC's Buhari and his main opponent, Atiku Abubakar, of the PDP, the ballot between the two northern men, Muslims, looking very tight.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

39 DEATH IN A SUICIDE ATTACK

INDIAN CASHMERE

At least 39 members of Indian forces in Indian Kashmir were killed on Thursday in an attack on a convoy near Srinagar, the deadliest since 2002, police said.

The suicide bombing, claimed by an Islamist group, targeted a convoy of 78 vehicles carrying some 2,500 members of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), a paramilitary force. A van full of explosives exploded near the bus convoy.

The deadliest terrorist attack in Kashmir in 20 years.

A deadly separatist insurgency has been disrupting Indian Kashmir since 1989. India accuses Pakistan of underhand support for infiltration and armed rebellion, which Islamabad has always denied.

Kashmir has been claimed by both India and Pakistan since the end of British colonization in 1947. Indian forces in the controlled part of New Delhi are estimated at about 500,000 men.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi denounced an "odious attack". "The sacrifice of our brave members of the security forces will not be in vain," he added on Twitter.

The Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has questioned Pakistan in a statement: "This despicable and hateful act was committed by and supported by Jaish-e-Mohammed, a Pakistan-based terrorist organization," the attack was claimed by the Islamist group Jaish-e-Mohammed, based in Pakistan.

"India has the firm intention to take all necessary measures to preserve its national security," he warned. "We demand that Pakistan stop supporting terrorists and terrorist groups operating from its territory."

And the Indian government has taken action against its neighbor and enemy.

The first sanction against Pakistan is economic. New Delhi has just withdrawn from Islamabad its "most favored nation" status, which for 23 years had provided Pakistan with tariff relief.

On a diplomatic level, New Delhi is trying to isolate Islamabad. But China, Pakistan's biggest ally, has just declined to vote to include Jaish-e-Mohammed leader on the UN list of terrorists. If this Pakistani Islamist organization, which has claimed the carnage is already on this blacklist, its leader, Masood Azhar, however, lives freely in Pakistan.

With three months of legislative elections, New Delhi could therefore consider a military response. Two years ago, in a similar attack, the prime minister ordered a surprise commando offensive to destroy terrorist camps on the other side of the border.

An answer that does not involve the two enemy brothers in a nuclear war.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

THREE SYRIAN TORTIONARIES PRESUMES

ARRESTED

This is an unprecedented event since the beginning of the war in Syria in 2011.

Three former officers of the security services of Bashar al-Assad, are suspected of having participated in the torture practiced in Syrian prisons.

They are believed to have committed "torture and crimes against humanity" between 2011 and 2012.

Two former members of Syrian Intelligence were arrested in Germany, said the Karlsruhe Federal Prosecutor's Office.


A third man was also arrested in France, in the Paris region. All three had refugee status since 2013.

These arrests are the culmination of a preliminary investigation opened jointly in early 2018 by the German and French courts.

Investigators from both countries have created a joint team on Al-Assad regime crimes documented in the Caesar report.

The latter is the pseudonym of a former photographer of the Syrian military police, exfiltrated in 2013 with the terrible clichés of tens of thousands of bodies tortured to death in the prisons of the Syrian regime between 2011 and 2013.

To arrive at these arrests, the investigators relied on testimonies from refugee victims in Europe.

According to the Syrian Observatory of Human Rights, at least 60,000 people have died since the beginning of the war in 2011, under torture or because of the terrible conditions of detention in the regime's prisons.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

SECURITY CONFERENCE ON SECURITY

IN THE MIDDLE-EAST

On Wednesday, 13 February, a conference on security in the Middle East opens in Warsaw, Poland, at the initiative of the United States. Officially to promote peace and security in the Middle East.

The summit, named after the official title "Ministerial Conference for the Promotion of Peace and Security in the Middle East", will discuss cybersecurity, "terrorism and extremism, missile development and proliferation, maritime security and trade and the threats posed by surrogate groups in the region, "reads the White House press release.

While the agenda of the talks appears to be largely about security in the Middle East, some countries and observers, however, see it as an anti-Iran meeting.

Iran will indeed be at the heart of the exchanges Wednesday and Thursday to ensure that the country "has no destabilizing influence," in the words of the head of the American diplomacy, Mike Pompeo, January 11. According to a senior US administration official, the conference will be an opportunity to discuss "Iran's influence in the Middle East, ways to help put Iran on a better track." and to collectively repel some of its destabilizing activities in the region. "

The relations between Tehran and Washington have been freezing since the US decision to withdraw from the Iranian nuclear deal (PAGC, for a global action plan) and to reinstate economic sanctions against oil companies. Shia power.

The tension has taken a new turn in recent days, with the celebration of the forty years of the Islamic revolution in Iran and the organization by the United States of the conference on the Middle East in Poland on February 13 and 14. The two events gave rise between the two "enemy" countries, which no longer have diplomatic relations since 1980, to violent gunfights and more or less veiled threats.

The Gulf countries and its allies as well as Israel, supporters of a hard line against Tehran, were present at the conference.

Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Israel, Yemen, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman and the United Arab Emirates confirmed that their delegations would be led by ministers while Egypt and Tunisia send deputy ministers . Benyamin Netanyahu, meanwhile, puts the fight against Iran "at the top of the agenda," he said during a meeting with his cabinet Sunday.

"How to continue to prevent it from setting up in Syria, how to foil its aggression in the region and, above all, how to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons," said the Israeli prime minister.

On the other hand, a majority of European countries reject the hard line of Washington against Tehran and participate at least.

Thus the head of the European Union's diplomacy Federica Mogherini will not participate in the conference organized in Warsaw announcing to have other commitments. Germany has chosen to send a senior official instead of Heiko Maas, Germany's foreign minister.

France should imitate him. Only European power to send his foreign minister: the United Kingdom. Jeremy Hunt nevertheless pointed out that the purpose of his participation was to address the humanitarian crisis triggered by Saudi Arabia's offensive in Yemen.

Russia and the Palestinian Authority have also declined the invitation. The first considers the meeting too focused on "one country", while Palestine believes that the United States can no longer serve as the main intermediary in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, especially since the decision of Donald Trump to transfer the country. American Embassy of Israel in Jerusalem.

The United States therefore intends on this occasion to intensify the pressure on Iran and to contain the influence of Tehran in the Middle East despite the concerns of several countries of the European Union

Last May, Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the 2015 international agreement that oversaw Tehran's nuclear activities and reinstated sanctions against Iran even as the other signatories of the Vienna - Russia, China agreement , France, Great Britain and Germany - remain stakeholders. Since then, Donald Trump's decision to withdraw US troops from Syria has caused renewed concern among US European allies.

For his part, Iranian President Hassan Rohani is in Moscow on the same day with Russian and Turkish Presidents Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan for talks on the Syrian situation.

A "dangerous" US strategy ?

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

BOUTEFLIKA TOWARDS A FIFTH MANDATE

IN ALGERIA

End of the false suspense: Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika is officially a presidential candidate on 18 April.

No television appearance, or even radio message but a simple "message to the Nation" to official Sunday, February 10 the presidential candidacy of Abdelaziz Bouteflika, in power for two decades in Algeria.

Despite his age and health problems, the outgoing Algerian president will seek a fifth term.

Nailed in a wheelchair by a stroke since 2013, Abdelaziz Bouteflika is ahead of criticism of his state of health:

"Of course, I do not have the same physical strength as before, something that I have never hidden from our people. But the unwavering desire to serve the homeland has never left me and it allows me to transcend the constraints related to the health problems that everyone may face one day. ".

The National Liberation Front (FLN), in power since the country's independence, has designated it as its candidate, as the three other parties of the alliance have already done: the Prime Minister's National Democratic Rally (RND) Ahmed Ouyahia, the Rally of Hope of Algeria (TAJ) and the Algerian People's Movement (MPA).

Behind this weakened president, there would be a whole entourage pushing to keep him in power. First of all, a family clan with its two brothers at the heart of the system, Said Bouteflika being a transmission belt with the army, but also an economic ruling caste ; For pro-Bouteflika, the president guarantees the stability of the country as a bulwark against fundamentalism in view of the situation in Libya, Syria or Egypt.

Abdelaziz Bouteflika was also the architect of the return to peace in Algeria after ten years of bloody civil war. While he took advantage of the rise in oil prices between 2004 and 2014 to launch extensive infrastructure programs and de-leveraging the country, his fourth term was marked by the fall in oil prices that hit the economy hard. ultra-dependent country of oil. One-third of young people under 25 are unemployed.

All the austerity measures taken in recent years to cope with the fall in the price of a barrel of oil have been abandoned. Recruitment in the public service has been revived. Young business creators financially supported by the state who have not repaid their credit will not be prosecuted. The Ministry of the Mujahideen (veterans) has announced up to 100% increase on pensions paid to those who suffer from chronic diseases. The president announced a "national conference" open to the opposition and intended to give birth to institutional, economic and social reforms.

In opposition, some candidates seek to negotiate an alliance for a single bid against Bouteflika. For those who do not let themselves be tempted by the call for an outright boycott of the polls, the negotiations are already well underway to know who will try to embody the wave of "Everything but Bouteflika" that rises in the Algerian youth on the networks social.

Two opponents are already in the running. Abderrazak Makri, head of the largest Islamist Islamist Movement for Peace (MSP), and retired general Ali Ghediri, unknown to the public, have announced their intention to run for office while Ali Benflis, former prime minister of Bouteflika and his main opponent, has not yet said if he would show up.

Systematically reelected in the first round with more than 80% of the vote, the head of state again this time as the favorite of the vote but abstention may be strong .

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

POLAR AGGRESSIVE BEARS IN RUSSIA

Want to bear bad guys. The archipelago of Nouvelle-Zemble, in the north-east of Russia, declared Saturday the state of emergency against the "invasion" of tens of aggressive polar bears.

Dozens of hungry polar bears are increasingly coming to town, attacking people on the street and intruding into apartment buildings.

These animals are affected by global warming and melting ice.

About 50 polar bears regularly visit Belouchia Gouba, the largest village in the archipelago where a Russian military garrison is based.

They are recognized as endangered species and the hunting of polar bears is banned in Russia.

For now, the authorities are trying to hunt polar bears from apartment buildings using patrol vehicles and dogs. But in vain.

The Russian Federal Agency for Environmental Monitoring refuses to authorize the slaughter of the most aggressive animals.

She decided to send a commission to the archipelago to evaluate the situation.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

FLOODS IN AUSTRALIA CROCODILES

IN THE STREETS

In such precipitation, "it's not an event that happens every 20 years, it's an event that happens every 100 years."

The statement by Queensland Prime Minister Annastacia Palaszczuk on Saturday is a testament to the heavy rains that have hit northern Australia in recent days.

The north-east of the huge island-continent is accustomed in this season to the monsoon rains but not to such violence. This part of Australia is under water.

The army was deployed in parts of the state of Queensland on Monday, February 4, to evacuate the population threatened by exceptional floods. Authorities were forced Sunday to open the flood gates to release torrents of water.

The coastal town of Townsville is particularly affected, with many cars underwater and many people without power. And that crocodiles have been sighted in flooded streets

"If the idea of ​​finding yourself face to face with a crocodile is not enough to dissuade you, before going to play in the water, you must always remember that you may be wading in the middle feces from your neighbor, "warned the Queensland police in a statement.

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology warned Sunday against new rains and the risk of tornadoes and high winds in the days to come.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

NAYIB BUKELE PRESIDENT OF EL SALVADOR

Conservative Nayib Bukele will be the sixth president since the end of the civil war in 1992. He inherits, like his predecessors, a country dominated by gangs. Nayib Bukele, 37, the enfant terrible of Salvadoran politics, won Sunday, February 3, from the first round with more than 53% of the vote, the election to the presidency of the smallest, but most densely populated, country of 'Central America.

"We can announce now quite definitely that we have won the presidency of the Republic of El Salvador," said the former mayor of San Salvador in front of his supporters.

The five-year presidential term is non-renewable, and the parliamentary majority is held by the right-wing Arena party, at least until the next parliamentary elections in 2021. A little over 5.2 million voters were called to the polls for a vote that took place in the calm and in the party atmosphere

His two main opponents Carlos Calleja, of the right-wing Republican Alliance National Party (Arena), and Hugo Martinez, of the Front Farabundo Marti National Liberation Party (FMLN, formerly guerrilla) have recognized his victory. Conservative Party candidate Great Alliance for Unity (Gana).

The sixth Salvadoran president since the end in 1992 of the civil war that had bloodied the country for a dozen years, has given itself the mission to break with the double curse of violence of criminal gangs and misery. Nayib Bukele cultivates his closeness to the youngest group of voters.

His first challenge is the violence of the criminal gangs, responsible for almost all of the 3,340 murders that last year blew El Salvador.

With a rate of 51 homicides per 100,000 people, it is one of the most violent countries in the world outside war zones. Some 54,000 members of the two "maras" (gangs) still operating (17,000 are behind bars) are terrorizing El Salvador by racketeering, drug trafficking and assassinations. Right or left, the various governments have failed to deal with criminal gangs.

This endemic violence and misery push every year thousands of Salvadorans to flee their country. More than 3,000 took the "caravan" route to the American dream in October and November 2018, much to the chagrin of President Donald Trump.

The now dollarized economy has stalled and 30.3% of the 6.6 million Salvadorans live below the poverty line.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

POPE FRANCOIS IN UNITED EMIRATES FOR INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE

"We hope that Pope Francis' apostolic visit will be an important step on the road to dialogue between Muslims and Christians and will contribute to reciprocal understanding and peace in the Middle East," said Archbishop Paul Hinder, Apostolic Vicar in the UAE, in Oman and Yemen.

Pope Francis arrived in Abu Dhabi on Sunday, February 3, to stay there until Tuesday, February 5. This is the first time that a pope has visited a Muslim country in the Gulf. .

The Arab Emirates is home to 10% of Catholics who can live their faith. "The pope will speak to a migrant people," said Alessandro Gisotti, director of the Holy See press room.

Although they enjoy relative religious freedom, they are held to a great discretion, Islam being the state religion.

For the Vatican, the pope's visit is under the sign of interreligious dialogue, in a country of Malikite and non-Wahhabi Muslim tradition, where fundamentalists are not tolerated.

In 2014, thirty people belonging to a branch of the Muslim Brotherhood were imprisoned. But Christians, all foreigners and immigrants, employed in the construction industry, the hotel industry or as domestic servants , enjoying no legal status, are mistreated and poorly paid.

The challenge for the Catholic Church, therefore, is to eventually obtain a legal status of "citizen" for Christian inhabitants of Muslim countries while it is for Muslims to show the face of a tolerant Islam.

This trip is in fact part of the year of "Tolerance" decreed in 2019 by the United Arab Emirates

An outdoor mass will be celebrated at Zayed Stadium. The pope will circulate in a papamobile in the stadium, but also outside, an important sign in a country where the external manifestations of Christian worship are little tolerated.

With 130,000 faithful expected, it is announced as the largest gathering ever organized in the country. Then Pope Francis will participate on Monday with 700 other religious leaders of all faiths in a "World Conference on Human Brotherhood" organized by the "Muslim Council of Sages" chaired by his friend, Sheikh Ahmed Al Tayeb, rector and great iman from Cairo (Egypt)

The UAE's participation in the Saudi-led coalition against Yemen could also be addressed. "I am very concerned about the humanitarian crisis in Yemen. The population is exhausted by the long conflict and many children are suffering from hunger.

The cry of these children and their parents goes up before God, "he said. An hour before flying to Abu Dhabi, the pope urged parties involved in the conflict in Yemen, poor country of the Arabian Peninsula, to "urgently promote compliance with the agreements" for a truce in Hodeida (west) essential for the delivery of international aid.

The Argentine pope also posted a message on Twitter, saying he went to the UAE "as a brother to write together a page of dialogue and travel together on the paths of peace. Pray for me! ".

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

UNCERTAIN POLITICAL CRISIS IN VENEZUELA

More than a week after the self-proclaimed Speaker of the Parliament, Juan Guaido, as "acting president", the crisis persists in Venezuela compounding the risk of civil unrest.

While the elected president, Nicolas Maduro, has proposed early parliamentary elections to get out of the crisis, Juan Guido, he calls for a new presidential election, estimating the previous irregular.

On Wednesday, thousands of Venezuelans demonstrated at the call of Juan Guido to convince the army to join the opposition while the Chavist leader who oversaw military maneuvers in Caracas, urged the army to face the calls to the rebellion of the United States and the self-proclaimed president.

"You want to govern a puppet of 'gringos' in Venezuela?" Maduro said afterwards in a meeting with young Venezuelans.

Faced with the duel between the two presidents, the international community is divided.

The divided international community

The opponent Juan Guido is indeed supported by the United States, the first to have recognized him as interim president. The two men, who spoke by phone before the mobilization on Wednesday, "agreed to stay in regular contact to support the return to stability of Venezuela." "The fight for freedom has begun! "Tweeted, in stride, the tenant of the White House. Thirteen other countries, led by the United States, also officially recognize Guaido.

Following suit, notably, in the United States, members of the European Parliament voted Thursday, January 31, a resolution recognizing Venezuelan opponent Juan Guaido "legitimate acting president" of his country and calling on all EU countries to do likewise.

MEPs also provided their "full support for the [program]" of the Speaker of the National Assembly and self-proclaimed interim President, Juan Guaido.

Nicolas Maduro, supported by the army, is supported and recognized by an overwhelming majority of the 193 UN member states, including Russia and China, permanent members of the Security Council, who denounce US interference .

The asphyxiation of the Venezuelan economy

While Venezuela, once the richest in Latin America, has sunk economically and its people suffer from serious shortages of food and medicine, the United States is increasing their economic pressure by punishing the oil group PDVSA % of revenues of the Venezuelan State (freezing of assets abroad and prohibition of any trade with entities) . At the same time, the United States gave Juan Guaido control of Venezuelan bank accounts on US soil.

In addition, the Bank of England, in possession of part of the Venezuelan reserves in gold, refused to return € 1.05 billion of ingots to Caracas while, according to rumors, a Russian plane, arrived empty in Caracas , should leave the country, probably to Russia, with 20 tons of gold, or 730 million euros and 20% of gold funds held by Venezuela ...

While the nine days of mobilizations have already resulted in about forty deaths and more than 850 arrests, according to the figures of the United Nations, that foreign journalists have been arrested, new demonstrations of both political camps are planned Saturday.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE CONFIDENCE OF THE FRENCH

IN THE PRESS IS IN RETREAT

After several assaults by journalists and an "escalation of hatred" during some episodes of the Yellow Vests protests, all denounced by the NGO-Reporters Without Borders, the newspaper La Croix has conducted a survey followed by a study assessing the confidence of the French in the press.

The results are alarming! The credibility granted by the French to various media and the perception they have of the independence of journalists are at their lowest.

To the question: "Journalists are they independent" the answer was no, on the grounds that the pressure felt by parties and political power is for 69% of French very strong.

The Press and the journalists would be too often in the direction of the wind so that we do not know "if it is the wind vane that turns or if it is the wind that makes it turn" (Edgard Faure)

The French also answered no to 62% for the pressures coming from the world of money.

To the question: "In general, about the news ... from your point of view, you say: things happened as the TV tells," they are 62% to answer no, a dramatic rise 10 points in one year.

The 8/24 year olds have even less confidence in TV; 64% say they do not trust her.

Among the media, the radio seems to get a little better: 50% of people still trust him but the barometer plunged 6 points in a year.

The print media again lost 8 points on the 6% of people who read paper newspapers; 44% do not trust him. The written press, which is nevertheless still considered as the noble part of the profession, is moribund.

Internet and social networks are the only media that remains stable, with only 25% of people trusting them.

Regarding the coverage of the Yellow Vests movement, only 32% of the French believe that the movement has been treated, being also specified that 54% believe that the way the press talks about it does not understand it.

This study, produced by Kantar's 32nd Confidence of the French in the Media Barometer, confirms that journalists are less and less credible and that, as a result, the freedom to inform and hence the right to "the good" information is increasingly illusory.

The reader's audience, however, very much wants to see the emergence of a neutral, non-partisan press, which in addition "is not left-wing". According to this audience, the more the journalists lie, the more they misinform, the more people are irritated and the more they go on the Internet to get information with "raw" material, not analyzed, says Patrick Grunberg, Journalist at Dreuz.info.

Sad observation that nevertheless requires some "re salutary information" if only to rehabilitate the media that still, against all odds, their work well; but also they are, unfortunately and very frequently point finger for the only reason that they would not have kneeled enough in front of all the powers but especially in front of the formidable efficiency of the social networks and in particular Facebook.

On this last point, the observation is the same as well in the United States, as in Europe or in France.

With the GAFA, the media landscape is changing at a considerable speed, also creating, because of their nature, a toxic threat to democracy "manipulated by the soft power, the money and the ecosystem of the 'between each other' of these Internet giants.

The consequences estimated over time are worrying, the media dependence on shareholders-industrial-billionaires contributing every day a little more to the establishment of standardized information (globally) on a format that has created the submission to the digital total , at the imposed pace (daily / weekly / monthly) and finally to the organization of news organizations victims of their enslavement to the financial dictation set up by their "real employers".

Small media are the most affected. Even worse, they risk being swept away from the media landscape.

The return of crank was quick. Dose after dose the paper press but also the Audiovisual Press began to pay (this is confirmed by the study of Kantar) the pernicious effects of the strategy of these giants who for some years has put to the test agility and the competence of small and medium-sized newsrooms.

It all started in October 2016, when Facebook whistled the end of the game by letting it be known that, for the future, newswires would no longer be free. However, to give the media the desire to continue to "feed themselves through them", but above all to convince those who then enjoyed a solid reputation, want to contribute to the Facebook format, Mark Zukerberg, supported by tantalizing algorithms has proposed a deal to the major media he wanted to enlist.

For this, he made a check for $ 50 million, divided into 140 contracts (a drop of water compared to Facebook's quarterly earnings / about $ 15 billion in 2018). Millions of dollars and euros have been distributed to the media and some French media. Even the mythical "The World" has not given itself the means to resist. Various sources indicate that the newspaper would receive between 200 and 300 000 € per month, over periods of 6 months as compensation for its partnership

In spite of this, a large number of media, which have embarked on the spiral of the system have admitted (for good or bad) for some time that they have every interest in maintaining "good relations with their patron" aggravating by way of immediate consequence their financial dependence.

On the side of Facebook we assume these financial contributions, which they call cleverly "compensations". But, the "media partnership team", aware of its ethical weaknesses and the financial dependence of its protégés has not hesitated, to reduce even more their mistrust and the relics of the will of independence, to incite them to reason in terms of opportunities (?), to completely forget the fundamental moral rules of journalism.

Although some journalists like the example of Michel Szadkowski (Redaction Le Monde) continue to explain that they have made no concession editorial, it is clear that this was not enough to reassure readers, more and more critics.

Consumers who have become increasingly insightful have understood how the system has been working for several years. The results of the 32nd and last Barometer of the Kantar Press are proof of this. Saturated by orchestrated content and full of "technical" errors, they have begun to turn away from information in general, even if they are still addicted to the news.

Faced with this system the opinion of readers has evolved quite naturally as evolved the consent to the tax, symmetrically. Too much taxes, kill taxes! Too much information manipulated, kills information! Anger and indignation went up a notch with the Yellow Vests and it became the "cata" in terms of image for the press and the media.

The conflicts and their violent manifestations became inevitable: Insults, confiscations of material, rapes, blows of batons, beatings, multiple aggressions, threats of death ... the mobilization of the Yellow Vests highlighted, on the ground of the information, the The strong disenchantment that exists today between journalists and citizens, in the name of freedom of expression and thought. It's amazing in a country like France!

Yet the freedom of the press and universal suffrage (democratic) are inseparable and attacking one is an attack on the other and undermine the independence of information. But we have now touched the Gordian knot in these areas!

For our part, we want to use the slogan of Reporters Without Borders "citizens have the right to demonstrate, journalists to inform". Full respect for the functioning of this democratic couple is for us an absolute daily search.

Daynewsworld is independent. It will continue on this line the dissemination of its information, without prohibiting analyzes that may sometimes not be fully consistent with general thinking. Unique thought is not a shackle for us !

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

THE CHRISTIAN ASIA BIBI FINALLY FREE

TO LEAVE PAKISTAN

Finally, the Christian Asia Bibi will be able to leave Pakistan after a long judicial saga. Asia Bibi, a Christian farm worker, was sentenced to death in 2010 for blasphemy following an argument with Muslim women villagers over a glass of water. Which sparked a wave of indignation in the world.

The Supreme Court had finally pronounced on October 31, 2018 the acquittal of Asia Bibi.

But after the acquittal of Asia Bibi, thousands of Islamists had blocked three days during the main axes of the country to demand its hanging. These rallies prompted Prime Minister Imran Khan's government to sign a controversial deal with them, much to the chagrin of the Pakistanis.

The executive had pledged to initiate a procedure to ban Asia Bibi from leaving the country and not to block the petition for review of the acquittal judgment by the Supreme Court.

"This appeal is rejected," said Judge Asif Saeed Khosa after the hearing before the highest court of Pakistan.

The Supreme Court therefore opposed Tuesday the opening of appeal proceedings against the acquittal of Asia Bibi. This decision paves the way for the departure of the Christian woman from a very conservative Muslim country.

Human rights defenders see Asia Bibi as a symbol of abuses of Pakistan's blasphemy law, which is often used by critics to settle personal conflicts

Forty people convicted of blasphemy are currently on death row in Pakistan, according to an estimate by the International Commission on Religious Freedom in the United States in 2018.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

A STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP OF FRANCE

WITH EGYPT

DESPITE THE AUTHORIZED DRIFT OF ALISIS ?

Emmanuel Macron flew to Egypt on Sunday and will stay there until Tuesday. Accompanied by a delegation of personalities and several ministers, including Jean-Yves Le Drian, the president makes a trip "to strengthen the strategic partnership between the two countries," says the Elysee. With his counterpart Marshal Al-Sissi, he should talk about contracts and security, but also human rights.

Culture and Archeology


On the first day, President Macron began his visit Sunday with a stopover at Abu Simbel Temple, one of the country's iconic archaeological sites. Beyond a French tradition of Egyptology that goes back to Champollion, France hopes today to be entrusted with new missions of excavations or enhancement of ancient sites, such as that of Saqqara, south of Cairo. It also seeks to participate in the future Grand Egyptian Museum of Guizeh and the renovation of the famous archaeological museum located in the center of Cairo since the nineteenth century.

On the second day of his visit to Egypt on Monday, Emmanuel Macron is greeted in Cairo at the presidential palace by his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fatah al-Sisi for a one-to-one interview.

Economic contracts

The program: the signing of thirty agreements and commercial contracts, for "a few hundred million euros", according to the French Presidency. About fifty French patrons are part of the trip. Contracts cover sectors as varied as transport, renewable energies, health or agrifood

Strategic partnership.

The two presidents will also talk about defense and security with the fight against terrorism. Among the emblematic contracts is that of Rafale fighter planes of which 2 4 copies were delivered to Egypt. has become the third largest arms sales customer for France. Negotiations are underway for the acquisition of 12 others, but no contract should be announced during this trip, they say behind the scenes.

Paris supports Egypt as a strategic partner, seeing the most populous country in the Arab world as a center of stability in the Middle East, despite strong criticism from NGOs about the Egyptian authorities' failure to respect human rights. Emmanuel Macron, despite the authoritarian drift of the Egyptian president, does not want to break any form of cooperation that would lead Egypt to Russia or other powers, on the contrary.

Human rights

Several NGOs, including Amnesty and Human Rights Watch (HRW), have therefore stepped up to "suspend the suspension of any French sale of weapons that could be used to commit or facilitate serious violations of international law".

They called on Monday Emmanuel Macron to "deliver a strong speech on the catastrophic situation of human rights" in Egypt, "demanding the release of all prisoners unjustly detained". In October 2017 Emmanuel Macron had received the Egyptian president in Paris, despite the criticism of NGOs. At that time the French president had refused to "give lessons" to his counterpart on the issue of human rights. However, Sunday evening in an interview with the French press in Cairo, President Macron said he would speak "more openly" of this sensitive issue during his visit. According to the French president, "things have gotten worse since October 2017"

As a result, he promised to express himself "in a more determined manner, including openly (...) because I think it is the interest of President Sissi and Egyptian stability".

A visit that aims to diversify the French commercial offer, which remains "too low" according to Emmanuel Macron, France being only the 11th partner of Egypt, third market in Africa and to "tighten the links" between two countries.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

FELIX TSHISEKEDI PRESIDENT OF CONGO ALTERNANCE OR CONTINUITY OF POWER

A new era is opening up in the DRC. The opponent Felix Tshisekedi officially became, Thursday, January 24, the fifth president of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). He succeeds Joseph Kabila, who leaves power after eighteen years at the helm of the country.

This political alternation is the first in Congolese history to be done without violence in a country marked by two coups (1965 and 1997), two assassinations of leaders (Patrice Lumumba, in 1961, and Laurent-Désiré Kabila, in 2001), and two wars.

But this election is contested by Martin Fayulu, another opponent of Kabila, who denounced an "electoral coup" orchestrated by Mr. Kabila with the complicity of Mr. Tshisekedi.

If the African heads of state of South Africa, Kenya, Burundi and Tanzania have welcomed, on Sunday, the election of Mr. Tshisekedi, others have delayed including two of the nine neighbors of the DRC, Angola and Congo.

The African Union (AU) and the European Union (EU), in a joint statement, "took note" of the outcome of this contested election. As for the United States, they said they were ready to work with the new president.

A "political coalition agreement"

For a peaceful alternation, Mr. Kabila, a 47-year-old senator, encouraged "political leaders" to favor a

"Coalition" rather than "cohabitation". Thus the pro-Tshisekedi and pro-Kabila have signed a "political coalition agreement" and "power sharing" which provides that the regal ministries (diplomacy, defense, domestic) return to the elected president's political family.

The National Assembly is acquired by President Kabila with 337 seats out of 500, so that Mr. Tshisekedi will have to choose a prime minister in this majority. Nehemiah Mwilanya Wilondja, the President Kabila's chief of staff, or Albert Yuma, a Congolese boss, is being approached for the post. The army is also largely shaped by outgoing power.
Formal deadlines, however, should help to establish the government.

Towards "a reconciled Congo"

Felix Thisekedi is committed to reforming justice, fighting corruption, poverty, tax evasion and improving respect for human rights. In his inaugural speech, the new president promised to release all "political prisoners".

He also assured that he would improve respect for human rights in the country.

"Under our mandate, we will ensure that every citizen respects the exercise of their fundamental rights. We are committed to banning all forms of discrimination, "he said.

The new government will take over a mineral-rich country, but 70% of the 80 million people live below the poverty line, according to the IMF.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

THE NEW GOVERNMENT OF

THE PRESIDENT OF MADAGASCAR ANDRY RAJOELINA

With error or omission we are fortunate to announce that the new government of President Andry Rajoelina has just been formed in Madagascar.

Recall that after a transfer of power that was made between two elected presidents, Hery Rajaonarimampianina and Andry Rajoelina, which represents the obvious illustration of a democratic transfer of power, in respect of republican values.

In his address to the nation in front of thousands of Malagasy people attending the ceremony, Andry Rajoelina promised to fill in five years the economic backlog accumulated by the country since its independence in 1960

"From now on, the Malagasy will always be victorious but not conquered every time in the economy, in the social sector, in the cultural sector, in all sectors. This is my priority, " said Andry Rajoelina just after being sworn in as president of Madagascar.

President Andry Rajoelina also announced the creation of industries in the six provinces of the country to equalize development across Madagascar.

Since the energy sector is an obstacle preventing entrepreneurs from investing in the provinces, he promised to double electricity production during his tenure and sell it at a low price to the public.

"We are going to create a solar panel manufacturing company to bring light to every family," he said. "We will double the cultivated land in five years so that Madagascar imports more rice, but exports it in five years" .

"We will create a new city to ease congestion in the capital Antananarivo. Work will begin this year 2019. This city will be the pride of the Malagasy, because it will be the most modern city of the Indian Ocean. All the ministerial offices will be transferred there . "

President Andry Rajoelina chose as prime minister is Christian Ntsay.

To foreign affairs is appointed Foreign Minister Naina Andriantsitohaina post all the more important as it must weave links with the whole world.

Another important seat Minister of Economy Richard Randriamandrato and Minister of Spatial Planning and Public Works Hajo Andrianainarivelo and Minister of Industry, Heritage and Crafts Landisoa Rakotomalala to sit the future of Madagascar.

Then and are named:

Minister of National Defense Gal de Div Leo Jean Richard Rakotonirina
Minister of Justice Jacques Randrianasolo
Ministry of the Interior Tiana Harivelo Razafimahefa
Public Security Comptroller General Rafanomezantsoa Rafanomezantsoa
Secretary of State for the Gendarmerie Ravalomanana Richard

Minister of Energy, Water, and Hydrocarbons: Vonjy Andrianjaka
Minister of Transport, Tourism and Meteorology: Joël Randriamandranto
Minister of Higher Education Madeleine Felicite Fienena

Minister of the Environment and Sustainable Development: Alexandre Georget
Minister of Communication and Culture Lalatiana Andriatongarivo Rakotondrazafy
Minister of Youth and Sports: Tinoka Roberto.
Minister of Post, Telecommunications, and Digital Development MPTDN Christian Ramarolahy
Ministry of Population Irma Lucien Naharimamy


If the task that awaits this new government team to lead the great project of President Andry Rajoelina is important, the judicious choice of a team of people of value should help to advance in the right track Madagascar, which as we recall , at such an important potential

Luc T. for DayNewsWorld

TWO PRESIDENTS AT THE HEAD OF VENEZUELA

Opposition President Juan Guaido proclaimed himself "Acting President" of the Latin American country on Wednesday. The United States and its allies have recognized it, but President Nicolas Maduro, as well as other countries, denounce a coup organized by Washington.

A succession of political events

Events have rushed in this country undermined by hyperinflation, food shortages, dependent on its oil rent and subject to heavy penalties.

Nicolas Maduro, heavyweight of the Chavista regime, was re-elected in May 2018 with 68%.

The elected President was sworn in on January 10, 2019 for this new term. But the opposition challenged the polls, denouncing irregularities and pressure on voters so that the National Assembly, headed by Juan Guaido, declared illegitimate this new mandate from January 5.

And Wednesday, January 23, President of the Venezuelan Parliament Juan Guaido has proclaimed himself "president" ad interim.

"I swear to formally assume the powers of the national executive as president-in-office of Venezuela to achieve (...) a transitional government and obtain free elections," Juan Guaido said Wednesday in front of tens of thousands of supporters gathered in Caracas.

This is the most acute political crisis in Venezula's recent history. This unprecedented political situation provokes violent clashes between opponents and supporters of Nicolas Maduro's regime,

Juan Guaido, self-proclaimed president, supported by the United States and its allies in the region.

After the self-proclamation of the president of the Venezuelan parliament many countries have recognized him as interim president of Venezuela. Donald Trump immediately announced in a statement that he officially recognized Juan Guaido as "interim president of Venezuela".

"Today, I officially recognize the president of the Venezuelan National Assembly, Juan Guaido, as interim president of Venezuela," he said. Believing that the National Assembly was "the only legitimate branch of the government," Trump recalls that the latter declared President Nicolas Maduro "illegitimate".

"The people of Venezuela bravely spoke against Maduro and his regime and demanded freedom and the rule of law. I will continue to use all the economic and diplomatic power of the United States to push for the restoration of Venezuelan democracy. "Said the tenant of the White House.

Canada, Colombia and Brazil, Washington's allies in the region, have followed suit, as well as Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Luis Almagro.

Nicolas Maduros, president-elect, supported by China and Russia

For its part, the Chavist power denounced "an attempted fascist coup" fomented from the United States.

Inside, President Maduro can count on the support of the Venezuelan army.

"We, soldiers of the homeland, do not accept a president imposed in the shadow of obscure interests or self-proclaimed in the margins of the law.

The army defends our Constitution and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, "the defense minister wrote on Twitter.

Outside China and Russia, both permanent members of the UN Security Council, supported him.

"Destructive foreign interference, especially in the current extremely tense situation, is unacceptable (...)

This is a direct path to arbitrariness and bloodshed, "said the Russian Foreign Ministry.

Cuba, led by President Miguel Díaz-Canel, Mexico's leftist President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador Bolivia's Socialist Evo Morales also supported the Chavista president.

On this historic date, which commemorates the 61st anniversary of the fall of the Marcos Perez Jimenez dictatorship, on 23 January 1958, opponents and supporters of the Socialist president wish to count their strength. Violent clashes erupted causing seven deaths.

Donald Trump assured that "all options" were on the table if Nicolas Maduro resorted to force against opposition protests.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

NEAR 100 DEATHS IN MURATRIAN ATTACK IN AFGHANISTAN

A car bomb exploded at a military base in the Afghan province of Maidan Wardak, 50 kilometers south of the capital, on Monday (January 21st). The record is very heavy and remains tentative, with more than 100 members of Afghan security forces killed according to a senior official of the Ministry of the Interior. The attack was claimed by the Taliban.

An Afghan army transport vehicle, a stolen and "explosive filled" Humvee, first detonated at the entrance to the intelligence training center in Maidan Shar, the provincial capital. from Wardak,

"Then three men in a vehicle following the Humvee entered the camp," said Abdul Wahid Akbarzai, a member of the Provincial Council.

"A second vehicle, full of explosives, was also discovered, and it was neutralized," he added. The three attackers, who wore intelligence uniforms, were quickly killed. But "a building partially collapsed after the strong explosion" the majority of deaths occurred, which caused the majority of deaths, said the head of the Provincial Council.

Taliban attacks have proliferated in recent months in an attempt to oust the pro-Western government in power in Kabul. They come as the US special envoy for peace, Zalmay Khalilzad, has just completed a regional tour that brought him to China, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

The Taliban also announced on Monday that it has met with US officials in Qatar, where they have a political bureau. Discussions were to continue on Tuesday, they added.

No confirmation of this interview from the United States. The last confirmed meeting between the two parties dates back to the end of 2018 in Abu Dhabi.

While the United States wants the Taliban to engage in talks with the Afghan government, they have always refused, saying it is "a puppet" of Washington.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

FORUM OF DAVOS 2019

The President of the French, Emmanuel Macron, has chosen today's date, Monday 21 January 2019, to unite the best of finance and world industry in Versailles.

Versailles ! January the 21st ! Emmanuel Macron did he see that these two words had shaken France a little more than 200 years ago ?

January 21 is the anniversary of the decapitation of Louis XVI, the last king who lived in Versailles ?

Officially this reception aims to present the attractiveness of France. The services of the Presidency have spoken of the need to "do pedagogy on the economic reforms carried out for 18 months and those that remain to be done"!

The communique is staggering with naivety or cynical openness. The Yellow Vests will certainly appreciate (?) This frankness and affirm once again that the "Great Debate" is only the powder in the eyes and "smokers" because the executive obviously wants to continue the course of a determined way.

Among these bosses who should come to drag their steps on the floors of Versailles, are expected: the leaders of Microsoft, Mittal, General Electric (which thanks to Emmanuel Macron, then Minister of Finance has "stole" Alsthom from France) , Snapchat, Procter § Gamble but also Aliko Dangote, the first African fortune at the head of the Nigerian-named conglomerate.

Unofficially, these big bosses are on their way to Davos, the famous village of Graubünden where the 38th World Forum will be held. In fact, they were "intercepted" by Emmanuel Macron, because it can not go, prevented, it is by the wrath of the Yellow Vests and the start of the Great National Debate.

Still, he would have liked to go to the Davos Forum in 2019, to make the beautiful as usual in more elegant places than obscure provincial gymnasiums.

It would have been interesting to hear Emmanuel Macron speak about the theme that has been chosen: "the moralization of globalization".

Waaouhhh! What a great question! How should it be analyzed knowing that globalization has apparently not adopted very moral ways in the social sense of the term, to flourish so far.

A "re-moralization" would have been welcome earlier, in France as elsewhere in the world so that there is less unemployment, less immigration and less poverty. The explosion of the Yellow Vests demonstrates it if it was needed.

But Davos has always been a gigantic cocktail, a winter university for very rich VIPs, a meeting and brainstorming in between where morality has rarely had its place.

But it does not matter, sure of himself, Klaus Schwab, the founder of Davos who made this year the observation that the world "was entering a period of profound instability caused by technological disruptions and realignments of geoeconomic and geopolitical forces" considered that henceforth "the fourth industrial revolution underway should be centered on the human being, in an inclusive and sustainable way".

Also, having been the center of good business, the Davos Forum could become an event where you can bustle with strong philosophical and economic ideas.

For this year, these ideas will not be shared by:

Carlos Ghosn: in jail

Emmanuel Macron: sauced by the Yellow Vests

Theresa May: entangled in Brexit

Donald Trump: at war with Congress and in full shutdown

Michel Temer: accused of corruption and money laundering, replaced by Jair Bolsonaro who will be starring this year.

And yet, according to many economists, the global economy is on the threshold of a new crisis, threatened by the specter of rising interest rates, a surge in oil prices and commodities, some of which are becoming more and more rare.

Vestifinance has detailed the indicators underlying these predictions in a study that shows that the (too rapid) decline in the money supply could lead to a severe downward impulse in global economic growth.

Also, in the context of the financialisation of the economy and the transformation of relations between the State and the Economy, Davos could nevertheless result in proposals for the resumption of political power over the economy. even as the discourse against free trade is gaining ground through the rise of populism.

Could Davos 2019 introduce proposals inclining towards another economic paradigm, more favorable to large numbers and less for some ?

Independent central bankers could bear the brunt of this reversal of the trend and be forced to give ground, "challenged" solidly that they will be in the future by the media led by public opinion, and, constrained by the new rules that their will be imposed.

Naturally, we must not cry victory too fast! While it will take time to begin these shifts, the findings of Davos 2019 will need to be closely followed to determine who will be the winners and losers in the future.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

CASE CARLOS GHOSN

HIS SECRET STORY

Carlos Ghosn has been intriguing for years, as the contrasts between his public life exhibited extensively and his profound personality are incredibly different.

Carlos Ghosn is the master of the discretion, but also of the expression of all the extravagances public or likely to be known of the public.

The oscillations of the character, between shadow and light are certainly the cause of his meteoric rise but also serious problems he is currently experiencing in Japan, where he is incarcerated in a prison with rudimentary and Spartan comfort, the opposite of the opulent and valuable environment he had previously experienced.

The projections of the character are not, from our point of view, the only reasons for the attacks of his opponents. Nor do they justify the terrible conditions of incarceration inflicted on him.

These sordid conditions of incarceration have led his wife (his second wife) to seize an NGO, Human Rights Watch to denounce, on a 9-page mail his inhuman treatment. Carlos Ghosn's cell is lit day and night; the prisoner who does not have access to his daily medical treatment encounters enormous difficulties in obtaining the visit of his lawyers; every day investigators interrogate him to obtain a confession, a confession "the text of which would have been previously written".

In his Japanese cell, Carlos Ghosn has time to think about the nickname he has been given: "Cost Killer"! After having killed extensively during the many corporate restructurings he began from the 1990s, expeditious and implacable restructuring, he is now "killed".

Why did we get there? What explanations to give to the incredible descent into hell of the CEO of Renault Nissan Mitsubishi?

Carlos Ghosn Bichara (his full name) was born in Brazil, but grew up in Lebanon in a Christian Maronite family. Brilliant but brilliant health, his mother enrolled him at the Jesuit Fathers College Notre Dame Jamhour, in the suburbs of Beirut. At the age of 16, he moved to Paris to pursue his higher education and went through Polytechnique and Mines, where he graduated with an engineering degree.

When he left, he was hired by the big European tire manufacturer, Michelin, where he stayed for 18 years. During this period he tests and develops the management methods that will make his success later recovering the situation, difficult at the time, Michelin in South America and from 1989 by organizing the absorption of Uniroyal Goodrich in North America.

Carlos Ghosn joined Renault in 1996 as Deputy Chief Executive Officer where he reorganized the merger with Volvo. Under the terms of the negotiated agreements, Volvo acquires Renault Truck and Renault shares in Volvo's capital at a rate of 20%.

Starting in 1999, Carlos Ghosn began managing Renault's participation with Nissan, following which he took the position of CEO.

At this time, Nissan is in great financial difficulty, symbolizing alone the financial crisis of the Japanese economy. The recovery plan succeeded, allowing him to take the post of Chairman of the Board of Renault-Nissan after the departure of Louis Schweitzer.

Carlos Ghosn continues to monitor the development of Nissan, which will significantly increase sales volumes to reach a level never seen before. Renault's internal management is being taken over by the Japanese, who are gradually muzzling the French car group, thus allowing Nissan (in 2016), helped by Carlos Ghosn to take back Mitsubishi, without the approval of Renault, to his nose and his beard. From October 2016, Nissan effectively controls the Mitsubishi Group by acquiring 34% of the shares of Mitsubishi Motors.

It is also from this date that we start the difficulties of Carlos Ghosn, who after 12 years of hard management, is at the head of a group that weighs 120,000 employees, 38 manufacturing units and product 14 million cars every year, this in a context where the car industry is changing. To cope with this change Carlos Ghosn also launched in January 2018, a venture capital fund to invest $ 1 billion in start-ups to develop the electric car. The entity is called Alliance; Renault holds 40% of the shares, Nissan 40% and Mitsubishi 20%.

Why did we get there?

1 . For reasons visible and known to all:

- The intractable methods he used during his career

- His relationship with money and power: Carlos Ghosn has a lifestyle of head of state and behaves like a head of state, even if he seeks discretion by not communicating on the subject

- In terms of financial arrangements

2. For more obscure reasons for which he may be held responsible, for some, but for the victim, for others.

The meteoric rise of Carlos Ghosn exposed him. Yet the big boss is of a suspicious and fearful temperament. Carlos Ghosn is scared to be assassinated like former Renault boss Georges Besse, who was shot by Action Directe in 1986.

This reaction may be justified, because when arriving in Japan to straighten Nissan, Carlos Ghosn receives death threats. Japan is a very calm country in appearance but the Japanese mafia that controls the assemblies of large corporations does not hesitate to handle the knife (see the assassination of the mayor of Nagasaki in public) as needed. Also, the security of Carlos Ghosn takes from his arrival at Renault and gradually the appearance of a novel noir; The group developed a well-established intelligence culture thanks to the intervention of a former DGSE (Rémi Pagnie) and a former intelligence-led soldier (Dominique Gevey).

It is at this crossroads that the interests of the multiple actors in Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi's presence intersect, including the representatives of the APE (the State Investment Agency). At the head of the EPA is a certain Alexis Kholer, whose appointment had been dismissed by Arnault Montebourg, then Minister of Economy and Finance, replaced after his resignation "furious" by a certain Emmanuel Macron. Alexis Kholer is an enarque (like Emmanuel Macron), of Rococan tendency (like Emmanuel Macron) who rubbed Edouard Philippe at the Club "Opinion".

Alexis Köhler is a man of the current President of the Republic, who after being deputy director of "Emmanuel" when he was still Minister of Finance, became from May 14, 2017, Secretary General of the Elysium. Alexis Köhler is an austere, silent man who has all the confidence of Emmanuel Macron (he participated actively in the presidential campaign of En Marche) but on whom too, suspicions of conflicts of interest in the MSC affair ( Alexis Kohler's mother is the first cousin of Rafaela Aponte, co-founder with her husband of the world's second largest shipping and cruise group.

Therefore, we understand better after this demonstration, why Emmanuel Macron has not moved a finger to defend Carlos Ghosn since November 20, 2018, when he was incarcerated; worse, the French state has just recently released the President of Renault Nissan Mitsubishi.

On January 16, 2019, several representatives of the French government were in Tokyo. Among them, Martin Vial, the director of the Agency of Participations of the State and Emmanuel Maulin, Director of Cabinet of Bruno Le Maire. Second knives, in fact! To do what and decide what?

But we understand even better the case of Carlos Ghosn if we resume, as we have just done, the history of the alliance of the Renault Nissan group since 2012. At this date François Hollande became President of the Republic and Emmanuel Macron, in the wake became Deputy Secretary General of the Elysee. It is François Hollande, most likely advised by Emmanuel Macron who ordered Carlos Ghosn to take maximum control of Nissan and even to organize the merger of the two groups. Nissan is opposed to any merger manages to neutralize the French ambitions, but is forced, after the raid, to note that Renault has become a holder of 44% of its capital.

Japan's mistrust has risen to match and is growing, and the standoff with the French state is beginning! He will not stop! And it's Carlos Ghosn who will pay the price!

Because in our opinion, accusations of tax fraud and abuse of corporate property are just a pretext. Moreover, information on undeclared income from a Nissan subsidiary in the Netherlands has still not been confirmed. These accusations only made it clear that Carlos Ghosn had been domiciled in the Netherlands for tax purposes, whereas he had sought, on the advice of Louis Schweitzer, and obtained in 1996 the French nationality.

Asian sources say that the "Carlos Ghosn affair" is directed against the current Japanese Finance Minister, Taro Aso, whose daughter is married to Alexandre de Rothschild. Aso is accused of having sold water management rights to Veolia, which is majority owned by the French Rothschild clan.

Other sources, especially from the Pentagon, indicate that the arrest of Carlos Ghosn has military origins to be sought on the side of Mitsubishi Motors, which before the alliance with Renault-Nissan was part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, the largest military manufacturer in the world. Japan. As such Mitsubishi holds military secrets hitherto jealously guarded by the Japanese government but also by the Commanders of the 7 th US fleet. The arrest of Carlos Ghosn and his forfeiture were organized by them to prevent France from accessing military technologies through Mitsubishi.

Carlos Ghosn is also paying for Emmanuel Macron's 2015 coup, when Renault's share capital in the Renault Nissan alliance rose to 44%.

Carlos Ghosn is still paying and scapegoating the battle raging in the Western world following the election of Donald Trump who seeks to oust the international financial oligarchic mafia that until now had held the military complex -industrial formerly protected by Clinton / Obama clan.

In the light of these explanations have seen that it is not Carlos Ghosn who is directly targeted. It is in fact Emmanuel Macron, former manager of Rotshchild, craftsman since 2012 mergers Renault Nissan Mitsubishi, which is aimed.

And France and the French, more and more yellow jackets, do not weigh much in this geopolitical cyclone?

And meanwhile, according to the Associeted Press Agency, a cargo ship carrying 3,500 Nissan cars is burning between Japan and Honolulu. The 21 crew members left the ship; but there was a death. Either it's chance or it's something else ??

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

66 DEATH AND 71 INJURED IN FIRE

OF A FLOOD IN MEXICO

At least 66 people were killed and 71 injured by burns in the fire of a pipeline that leaked where residents came to steal fuel in eastern Mexico, officials said Friday in the middle of an offensive the Mexican government against fuel theft.

The fire occurred in the town of Tlahuelilpan in the state of Hidalgo, about 100 km north of Mexico City. A few hours before the leak of the pipeline had attracted dozens of residents of this town came to recover fuel with buckets and jerrycans.

"I deeply regret the serious situation suffered by Tlahuelilpan because of the explosion of a pipeline," responded on Twitter the Mexican President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador. "I call on the entire government to help the people there," he added.

Firefighting units and ambulances of the state oil company Pemex have been dispatched to the scene to rescue the victims, said the governor of the state of Hidalgo where Tlahuelilpan, Omar Fayad is.

Illegal collection and loss of earnings of $ 3 billion.

"We know that it was a clandestine levy and that the competent authorities were already taking care of it," said the governor of Hidalgo. More than 10,000 siphoning was registered that year on the pipelines of the oil company Pemex, according to official figures. A crime that caused a loss of some $ 3 billion (2.64 billion euros) in 2017 and 2018 to the Mexican state, according to official figures.

That's why the government of new President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador is implementing a national strategy against fuel theft.

Indeed, some criminal gangs or single families practice these illegal levies to sell them then to the black market, especially in the state of Puebla (center), epicenter of the phenomenon known as "Huachicol". Around this illegal practice has even developed a local culture with popular songs and religious figures carrying a can and a plastic pipe. Official service stations even distribute stolen fuel.

The government, taking the bull by the horns, closed several pipelines carrying fuel to stop these flights. This strategy has caused a shortage of fuel in a dozen states of the country, including the capital.

President André Manuel Lopez Obrador, who took office on 1 December, urged Mexicans to be patient with this chaotic situation.

According to the authorities, the gangs have complicity in the national company, so the former chief of company security is currently being investigated for fuel theft.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

ICC LAYING LAURENT GBAGBO SUSPENDED

The release of the former Ivorian President, acquitted by the International Criminal Court, was suspended after the prosecution appealed.

Former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo, acquitted on Tuesday, January 15 of charges of crimes against humanity, will remain in detention until a new hearing on February 1, announced Friday the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Court (ICC ).

"The detention of Mr. Laurent Gbagbo and Mr. Charles Blé Goudé will be held pending consideration of the appeal," decided the judges by majority.

The two men were tried since 2016 in The Hague for crimes against humanity and war crimes, including killings, rape and persecution, during the post-election violence in Côte d'Ivoire, while Laurent Gbagbo refused to accept his defeat facing his rival Alassane Ouattara, the current Ivorian president.

Facts that cover the post-election crisis period in Côte d'Ivoire between November 2010 and April 2011.

Violence that has killed more than 3,000 people in five months.

Laurent Gbagbo is the first former head of state to be handed over to the ICC.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

MURDER ATTACK IN COLOMBIA
AT LEAST 21 DEATH AND 68 INJURED

21 dead and 68 wounded. This is the record of a car bomb attack perpetrated in southern Bogota (Colombia), Thursday, January 17. The National Police School was targeted after a ceremony to promote young officers.

This attack is the deadliest since 2003 in the capital of this country that is struggling to break out of more than half a century fratricidal internal war.

Head of State Ivan Duque decreed a three-day national mourning while qualifying the act as "miserable terrorist act".

The author of the attack was identified as José Aldemar Rojas Rodriguez.

He entered the compound of the General Francisco de Paula Santander School at 9.30 am local time, driving a gray van loaded with 80 kilos of pentolite, a powerful explosive, according to the Colombian Attorney General. Aldemar Rojas Rodriguez would be part of the National Liberation Army (ELN), one of the last armed groups in Colombia living from narco - trafficking, since the peace signed with the former FARC rebellion in 2016.

Several attacks in Colombia

Recently Bogota was the scene of two deadly attacks: one in June 2017 in a shopping center, with three dead attributed a left-wing group, the People's Revolutionary Movement (MRP), the other in January 2018 against the police, claimed by the National Liberation Army (ELN).

Arrived Colombian President Ivan Duque has toughened the fight against drug trafficking as well as his policy towards the ELN.

"This insane terrorist act will not go unpunished," assured right-wing President Ivan Duque who came to power in August, which has tightened the fight against drug trafficking and the guerrillas of the National Liberation Army (ELN). denouncing

"An attack against the whole society" he called "Colombians to unite against the violent".

The attack was unanimously condemned, in particular by the UN office in Colombia, the United States, neighboring Venezuela and the Farc who expressed their solidarity with the victims.

The ELN with some 1800 members would be the last guerrillas in the country since the disarmament and transformation into a political party of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) following the agreement signed in 2016 with the previous government.

Duque demands that the ELN release the detained hostages, whose number is estimated at 17, as well as the end of its criminal activities before a resumption of negotiations, started in 2017 but suspended since August. For the rebels the conditions are "unilateral and unacceptable".

Although the intensity of the conflict has diminished since the agreement with the FARC, Colombia remains affected by a fratricidal war that has claimed more than eight million victims between dead, missing and displaced.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

AT LEAST 14 DEATHS IN ISLAMIST ATTACK

A NAIROBI IN KENYA

Kenyan security forces on Wednesday morning ended an attack by Somali Islamists Shebab against a Nairobi hotel complex after a siege of nearly twenty hours. The provisional balance is 14 deaths.

"I can confirm that the security operation at (complex) Dusit was completed about an hour ago and that all the terrorists have been eliminated," Kenyatta said at a press conference. also stating that "at this moment, we have confirmation that fourteen innocent lives have been lost (...), others have been wounded".

For its part, a source at the morgue has that fifteen remains were recorded including 11 Kenyans, an American, a British. Police sources also reported at least 15 deaths. However, the authorities do not specify the total number of jihadists who participated in the operation. CCTV footage from the Kenyan media shows four men armed with automatic weapons and grenades moving slowly through the complex. At least one jihadist blew himself up at the beginning of the attack.

A police source said that two attackers were killed on Wednesday morning after an extended shootout. "They both wore red scarves on their foreheads and cartridges were tied around their chest (...) they each had an AK-47".

"Coordinated Attack" and claimed by the Shebabs

As early as Tuesday, Somali Islamist Shebabs claimed responsibility for the attack. Its modus operandi is reminiscent of other operations of the movement in Mogadishu in recent months: a bomb explodes and in the process, a commando enters the institution. This "coordinated attack" of the DusitD2 complex began with a loud explosion heard more than five kilometers away, followed by heavy fire.

Tuesday's attack in Nairobi took place three years to the day after that of the Kenyan military base in El Adde, southern Somalia.

Kenya has already been the target of large-scale jihadist attacks. On August 7, 1998, an al-Qaeda-claimed attack on the US Embassy in Nairobi left 213 dead and 5,000 injured. Since the October 2011 engagement of the Kenyan army in Somalia to fight al-Qaeda-affiliated Shebab, the country has been hit hard. After the Westgate attack on September 21, 2013, which killed nearly 70 people, a commando shot 148 people in Garissa University (east), most of them students, on April 2, 2015.

While the Shebab, who were expelled from Mogadishu in 2011, have lost most of their strongholds, they still control large areas of the country from which they carry out guerrilla operations and suicide bombings.

They vowed the loss of the Somali government, backed by the international community and by the 20,000-strong force of the African Union's Somalia force (Amisom), to which Kenya is contributing.

In addition, Kenya, a country with a long porous border with Somalia, is exposed to shebabs that form cells there.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

IN SUDAN THE STREET DEFIED THE PRESIDENT BECHIR

For more than three weeks, Sudan has been shaken by demonstrations coupled with violent repression by the authorities. The marches began to protest the rise in the price of bread before turning into an anti-government wave. President El-Bashir, who has been in power since 1989 after a coup, is particularly contested.

Twenty-two people have died since the beginning of the movement, according to an official report. International NGOs speak of at least 40 dead. Britain, Norway, the United States and Canada on Tuesday urged Sudan to investigate the death of protesters, saying they were "shocked by the use of live ammunition against protesters".

The Sudanese president, however, is contested in his country but continues to benefit from the support of allied countries concerned with the stability of a region already torn apart by conflict.

East African country of 1,886,068 km², Sudan is bordering Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan, Central Africa and Chad to the west, Libya and Libya. Egypt to the north. All these frontier countries would not be happy to see the country turn into an instability that could be contagious.

"All parties in the region (Middle East) are at loggerheads but agree in some way on Bashir," said Abdelwahab al-Affendi, a university professor at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies, advocating continuity in this Arab country. from North Africa, "they think that any alternative might not be favorable to them".

Thus President Bashir enjoys the support of his regional allies such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

"Egypt fully supports Sudan's security and stability, which are fundamental to its national security," President al-Sissi told a Sudanese President's close adviser last week in Cairo.

Sudan is looking for other partners. Omar Bashir went to Damascus to meet his Syrian counterpart Bashar al-Assad in Damascus, the idea being to get closer to Russia, an unwavering ally of the Syrian regime and a must-see in the Middle East. Other powers such as China have invested billions of dollars in Sudan in recent decades

The United States and the European Union, which do not support the Bashir regime, sought by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes and genocide charges in Darfur (West), also have an interest in the country is not sinking into instability at the risk of seeing a new wave of migration to Europe, according to this source.

Sudan's strategic situation in the Horn of Africa is a boon to Bashir, said Amal-Taweel, an analyst at the Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies in Cairo.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

LAKE TITICACA DOES NOT HAVE MORE

HIS SPLENDOR OF ANTAN

Lake Titicaca is exposed to a serious problem because it is the receptacle of all the pollutants that are produced around it, especially on the Altiplano side.

It is with this cry of alarm that Juan Jose Ocola, responsible for the binational authority (Bolivia / Peru) that manages the environment has just alerted the international community, because some 1.6 million people live in this region where are the cities of Puno and Juliaca side Peru and El Alto, Bolivia side.

Lake Titicaca stretches over 8300 km2 (the area of ​​Corsica approximately) straddling Peru and Bolivia. Located at almost 4000 m altitude, it is considered the largest freshwater reserve in South America. It's one of the wonders of the world. But this wonder has been completely contaminated in a few years.

The reasons for this galloping pollution are many. It is caused first by the waste left by the 750,000 tourists who visit this region of South America annually.

Lake Titicaca attracts, because it is dreaming with its azure blue waters and the romance inspired by the pre-Columbian civilizations on which we learn every day more details thanks to the many recent archaeological discoveries.

But tourists are not the only ones responsible. Added to the uncivilized actions of tourists, there are toxic discharges produced by the surrounding cities. All wastewater from residential neighborhoods and industries ends up in the lake untreated.

Pollutants favor the development of a green alga that is harmful to biodiversity, including animals, especially fish, which are indispensable for economically dependent fishermen.

Domestic animals are also concerned, including cows and sheep (but livestock in general) who die of diarrhea after eating the "tortora" grass from the lake.

The consequences for men's health are dramatic. The lake has significant infant mortality and health problems in high proportion.

Peru and Bolivia have planned to invest $ 500 million to build several sewage treatment plants; $ 400 million by Peru while Bolivia simultaneously decided to allocate $ 77 million.

In the meantime, are the inhabitants or rather the inhabitants who, with bare hands or almost naked (they are still equipped with latex gloves, but they do not wear a mask?) Periodically collect plastics, papers, disposable bottles, layers of babies, drugs and all kinds of rubbish.

The most active belong to the Aymaras ethnic group. In local dress, under the scorching sun they pick up the garbage they pile up in biodegradable sky blue trash bags. Their multicolored skirts and black bowler hats stand out against the landscape of a sumptuous site where the Aymara people have lived for centuries.

Some of these natives have even been trained to measure the lake's pH!

Day after day, the lake suffocates under pollution. In the plant labyrinth of the tortora that invaded it (the tortora resembles a reed, it is the emblematic plant of the lake) it has become almost impossible for a motor boat to navigate, the level of water having Moreover, it has dropped nearly 70 cm in recent decades.

The odor which reigns and which comes from the hydrogen sulphide, released by the decomposition of the sediments carried by the waters is unbreathable.

It also destroys the ecosystem because it is responsible for neurotoxic and deprives the fauna and flora of oxygen.

There is urgency to act; the first, long and difficult act must go through the identification of infrastructure constructions to be realized.

The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) has already lent $ 77 million. The European Union has just granted 8 million grants. France, in very poor financial condition has committed to lend 115 million dollars.

It will have to be done quickly because the North of Altiplano, very populated, is the only liveable sector of the region, the South being covered by the desert Lipez.

The risks of migration and ecological migration are threatening.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

THE OPPONENT FELIX TSHISEKEDI

FIFTH PRESIDENT IN THE DRC ?

It was the opposition candidate, Felix Tshisekedi, who was declared the winner of the historic presidential election in the Democratic Republic of Congo by the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI).

"Having obtained 7,051,013 valid votes, or 38.57 per cent, is proclaimed provisionally elected President of the Democratic Republic of Congo Mr. Tshisekedi Tshilombo Felix," said its president, Corneille Nangaa.

At 55, Felix Tshisekedi, "provisionally elected", is preparing to become the fifth president of the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa.

An opponent at the head of the giant of Central Africa, border of nine countries, rich in natural resources, leading producer and exporter of cobalt.

For the first time in its history, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is experiencing a political alternation at the ballot box with the victory of an opponent after the two elections of Joseph Kabila in 2006 and 2011.

Félix Tshisekedi therefore leads the presidential election on December 30 ahead of Martin Fayulu (34.8%), candidate of the opposition coalition Lamuka and the candidate of the ruling coalition FCC Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary (23.8%). A total of 21 candidates were in the running.

But doubts were expressed as to the conformity of the results. Thus his opponent Martin Fayulu, who came in second position, for his part assured that "these results have nothing to do with the truth of the ballot box" seeing "a real electoral coup".

For the Church the provisional results of the election "do not correspond" either data collected by observers of the Catholic Church in the Democratic Republic of Congo, said Thursday the Episcopal Conference.

The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has, for its part, judged the results "non-compliant".

The ruling coalition supporting candidate Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary did not dispute the results, however: "We are disappointed by the poor score we are awarded, but we take note of the proclamation. "

But the announced result can still be appealed to the Constitutional Court.

The final results must be published by the Constitutional Court by January 15, according to the current electoral calendar which took three days late. The swearing in of the new president elected for a five-year term is scheduled for January 18 .

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

MADAGASCAR ANDRY RAJOELINA
OFFICIALLY ELECTED HEAD OF STATE

As we had predicted, it is the best candidate who has been elected.

Our call for support to candidate Andry Rajoelina who presented a clear and quality project and was the only one able to move Madagascar forward to a promising future, seems to have been heard.

Daynewsworld that day was read by nearly 1,792,924 Malagasy readers on 9,625,532 readers in other countries of the world the day of the release of our article on the choices for Madagascar.

Our article concerning the best possible choice for the Malagasy people, the electoral program in support, concluded unequivocally that the right choice was the candidate Andry Rajoelina.

We would also like to thank Bernard Belair Council to the National Assembly of Madagascar, fervent support of Andry Rajoelina from the very beginning, who helped us in the logical choice for the interest of the Malagasy people.

It is therefore with hope for Madagascar that we announce that Andry Rajoelina has become the new president of the Malagasy Republic.  The High Constitutional Court validated the victory announced by the electoral commission on December 27th. The Malagasy High Constitutional Court (HCC) validated, on January 8, 2019, the victory of the former head of state Andry Rajoelina in the presidential election last month, rejecting all requests for annulment for fraud of his rival Marc Ravalomanana.

The 305 applications that had been filed with the HCC - including 214 by Marc Ravalomanana's camp, notably for "massive fraud" - were all rejected.

"Is declared elected President of the Republic Andry Rajoelina," said the president of the HCC, Jean-Eric Rakotoarisoa.

On 27 December, the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) of Madagascar announced the clear victory of Andry Rajoelina, 44, with 55.66% of the votes in the second round played on December 19, against 44.34% in his predecessor at the helm of the country.

But his rival Marc Ravalomanana, 69, had immediately seized the HCC arguing that "massive fraud" while foreign observers, those of the European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU) in particular, have to the opposite claimed to have observed no significant irregularities in the ballot.

It is a very heavy task that awaits the winner of the presidential election who promised to lift Madagascar out of poverty.

More than two-thirds of the population lives on less than $ 2 a day.

Yet Madagascar has tremendous potential that could enable it to become a rich country with a very comfortable income population.

The entire international community joins us in wishing the new President Andry Rajoelina the success of his project by offering Madagascar a better and prosperous life.....

Luc T. for DayNewsWorld

ATTEMPT TO GO TO GABON

When Gabonese President Ali Bongo is hospitalized in Morocco, soldiers took control of the state media Monday morning and announced the establishment of a "National Council of Restoration". They were arrested, according to the government.

These soldiers read on state radio a message that a "National Council of restoration" had been set up in Gabon in the absence of President Ali Bongo recovering in Morocco after suffering a stroke. cerebral end of October

They were three soldiers on Monday morning on national radio. A Lieutenant of the Republican Guard, Lieutenant Ondo Obiang Kelly, read the statement proclaiming himself beforehand "President of the Patriotic Movement of Youth of the Gabonese Defense and Security Forces (MPJFDS)".

These greenest social berets said they were disappointed by the message delivered to the nation on December 31 by President Ali Bongo.

"The message of the head of the nation to close the debate on his health has rather raised doubts about his ability to assume the office of President of the Republic. "

To Lieutenant Ondo Obiang Kelly to emphasize that "the long-awaited day has arrived when the army has decided to stand alongside its people in order to save Gabon from chaos". The movement "asks all young people of the defense and security forces and all Gabonese youth to join us," said the military announcing the establishment of this "National Council of Restoration." "We can not leave the homeland," he said, judging the institutions "illegitimate and illegal".

Since then, the security forces have been deployed in the capital and they will remain in the next days to maintain order, reassured Guy-Bertrand Mapangou.

"The calm has returned, the situation is under control," said government spokesman Guy-Bertrand Mapangou. "An assault was given by the police on the building RTG and most leaders were arrested. ". On the commando of five soldiers who had taken control of the national radio and television and called for an uprising. "Four have been arrested, one is on the run," the spokesman added.

This first coup attempt in the history of this republic in the oil-laden basement comes as President Ali Bongo has been absent from the country for more than two months. On October 24, 2018, the president, in power since 1967, had suffered a stroke in Saudi Arabia where he was treated for more than a month before being transferred to Rabat. He is still recovering. For two months, the official communication has been very rare about the health of the head of state which has fueled the wildest rumors.

Ali Bongo had reappeared on national television for the December 31 holiday and put an end to rumors about his death, but did not fully reassure his state of health

.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

WHEN THE VENEZUELAN PARLIAMENT CONTESTS

THE LEGITIMACY OF THE NEW MANDATE

The Venezuelan parliament, which was won by the opposition, illegitimately declared Saturday the new term of President Nicolas Maduro, scheduled to begin on January 10, while pledging to encourage a "transitional government" and "free elections".

"We reaffirm the illegitimacy of Nicolas Maduro (...). From January 10 he will usurp the Presidency and this National Assembly is therefore the only legitimate representation of the people, "said the President of the Assembly, Juan Guaido, just elected. The main opposition parties had boycotted the ballot marked by high abstention.

"One does not become president in monopolizing the presidency of the Republic, denounced the deputy Luis Florido. The May 20 election was neither fair nor free nor representative. Parties could not participate. The international community could not oversee the process. "

The 56-year-old chaplain Nicolas Maduro was re-elected on May 20 for another six-year term - with the support of the army - following a disputed election. He is accused by his detractors of leading an erratic economic management and being a "dictator" monopolizing all powers.

Venezuela, which has the largest oil reserves in the world, is plunged into a deep economic crisis and is under financial sanctions from the United States. The economic difficulties have pushed into exile some 2.3 million people since 2015 (7.5% of a population of 30.6 million).

A symbolic reach

The vote of the deputies, however, has only a symbolic significance. Since 2016 the Parliament has been emptied of its powers. The Supreme Court, deemed close to the executive, declared null all the decisions adopted by the Parliament. The Venezuelan parliamentary assembly failed in January 2017 to obtain the early departure of the head of the socialist state for "failure to fulfill the duties" of his office.

The opposition, however, planned other actions - it did not detail - to force Nicolas Maduro to leave power. Venezuelan MPs also rely on international pressure to make a transition.

Same decision of the Lima group except Mexico

Friday, January 4, at the end of a meeting, 12 Latin American countries and Canada, members of the Lima group, signed a declaration to coordinate measures against the power of Caracas, stating that they would not recognize the second term of the Venezuelan president.

Only Mexico, led by leftist President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador, has not signed. In addition, US State Department spokesman Robert Palladino on Saturday expressed his "support" to the parliament, calling it the last and "sole legitimate and democratically elected institution" in Venezuela.

For the Chávist authorities and Nicolas Maduro, statements like that of the Lima Group aim to provoke a coup encouraged by the United States.

Nothing seems to reach the president. The number two chauvinist, Diosdado Cabell said Saturday that Maduro would be sworn in the Supreme Court and the parliament "lack of legitimacy."


Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS AN INELUABLE REUNIFICATION BETWEEN TAIWAN AND CHINA, EVEN FORCE ?

Chinese President Xi Jinping said in his speech Wednesday (January 2nd) that he wants to do everything possible for a "peaceful reunification" of mainland China to Taiwan, which he considers his province, before adding : "We will not exclude the use of force and will keep all the necessary options" to carry out this "ineluctable" reunification.

To recover Taiwan, Xi Jinping does not exclude the "use of force" in case of formal proclamation of independence in Taipei or external intervention - especially from the United States, the main military support of the island ....

And to add: "China must be reunified and it will be. Taiwan's independence is a history twist and will only lead to a stalemate [...] and a profound disaster, "said Xi Jinping.

For its part, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wena said the island would not accept a political agreement based on "one country, two systems" with China according to the Hong Kong model. She did not hesitate to challenge Communist China in response to Xi Jinping's threat. "As President of the Republic of China [Taiwan's official name], I call on China to take courageous steps towards democracy in order to understand the people of Taiwan," she tweeted.

Taiwan, an island of 23 million people located between Shanghai and the Philippine archipelago, has been de facto independent since 1949, when the nationalist government of the Republic of China settled there after its defeat by the communists, who founded the People's Republic of China (PRC).

Since then, there are actually two chines.

The Chinese island, become over the years, a country in its own right, is nevertheless still considered by Beijing as a rebel province. And the Chinese power claims all the more the sovereignty over Taiwan that its president Tsaï Ing-wen, elected in 2016, refuses to recognize the "principle of unique China" and that some members of the independentist formation, the Democratic Progressive Party ( PDP), incarnated by President Tsai Ing-wen, plead for the formal independence of the island ...

The government in Taipei certainly sees the number of its allies on the international scene diminish under the pressure of Beijing, which has a policy of suffocation, but it can count on the strengthening of its ties with powers such as Japan and especially United States.

"As long as the Chinese government does not treat its people kindly, can not guarantee human rights and does not let its people vote, then Taiwanese will be suspicious of China's intentions," warned. Taiwanese Minister of Foreign Affairs .

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

TSUNAMI INDONESIAN A HEAVY BALANCE SHEET

DE 429 DEAD AND NEARLY 1500 INJURED

The wave, caused by the eruption of the Anak Krakatoa volcano, swept through several hundred buildings on the southern shores of Sumatra, and the western end of Java.

The assessment of the tsunami that struck suddenly Saturday evening the shores of the Sunda Strait, continues to grow, rising this Wednesday to 429 dead, 1,485 wounded and 154 missing.

Thousands of people have also been displaced by the disaster.

Embarrassed by torrential rains, Indonesian relief workers are struggling to recover inhabitants trapped on lost islands and reach the most remote villages. Hundreds of Indonesians are rescued by helicopter or boat and taken to emergency centers.

"The heavy rains have caused the flood of a river and there are floods in several places," said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman for the National Disaster Management Agency, on Twitter. "It hurts efforts to evacuate people and help survivors."

Authorities have asked residents to stay away from the coast because the Anak Krakatoa volcano, "the child" of the legendary Krakatoa, continues to thunder in the Sunda Strait

According to experts, the moderate eruption of Anak Krakatoa caused an underwater collapse of part of the volcano, and the displacement of vast quantities of water.

The Anak was formed around 1928 in the bowl left behind by the Krakatoa, whose catastrophic eruption killed 36,000 people in 1883.

Sanitary crisis -

Rescuers who are trying to help the tsunami-devastated regions have warned that there is a lack of clean water and medicines, and thus the risk of a health crisis. "There are fewer drugs than usual. The authorities have dispatched helicopters to deliver food to isolated villages on the ravaged coast of West Java and South Sumatra.

This is the third major natural disaster in Indonesia in the past six months, following a series of violent earthquakes on Lombok Island in July and August, followed by a tsunami in Palu on Celebes Island, making 2,200 dead and thousands of missing in September.

In 2004, just after Christmas, a tsunami killed 220,000 people in the countries bordering the Indian Ocean, including 168,000 Indonesians, one of the deadliest disasters in history.

Indonesia, which has 127 active volcanoes, is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of ​​high seismic activity and volcanic eruptions.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

MORTAR TSUNAMI IN INDONESIA

A tsunami swept through the Indonesian island of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia Saturday, December 22, following a volcanic eruption. According to a final report always provisional, 222 dead more than 800 wounded and many missing are to deplore.The spokesman for the National Agency for Disaster Management stresses that "this number is expected to increase".

The wave took place after the eruption of the Anak Krakatoa volcano which means "the child" of Krakatoa in Indonesian. The Anak Krakatoa, the fruit of Krakatoa's activity, emerged from the waters around 1928. Since its birth, this volcano has been in a "semi-perpetual state of eruptive activity", and is growing with eruptions that occur every two or three years, says volcanologist Ray Cas from Monash University in Australia.

Saturday night, Anak Krakatoa was erupting. According to the Center for Volcanology and Geological Risk Management in Indonesia, Anak Krakatoa showed signs of increased activity over the past week. An eruption that occurred just before 4 pm Saturday lasted about 13 minutes, sending hundreds of meters into the sky a thick plume of ashes. This activity would be at the origin of the drama. The Indonesian authorities believe that the tsunami was triggered by an unusually high tide due to the full moon combined with an underwater landslide caused by the Anak eruption.

A wall of water has submerged the shoreline, carrying hundreds of buildings and dwellings in its wake. The International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent has estimated that these "powerful waves" have reached between 30 and 90 centimeters high.

At first, the Indonesian authorities said the wave was not a tsunami, but a rising tide then calling the population not to panic. "It was a mistake, we are sorry," Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, of the Indonesian National Disaster Management Council, wrote on Twitter.

Tsunamis triggered by volcanic eruptions, which cause a displacement of water, are relatively rare. Unlike waves following earthquakes, the proximity of the volcano to the coast gave the authorities little time to react, according to Professor David Rothery of the Open University (United Kingdom).

Indonesia, an archipelago of 17,000 islands and islets that was formed by the convergence of three large tectonic plates (Indo-Pacific, Australian, Eurasian), is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of ​​high seismic activity. and volcanic eruptions.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH ATTACK IN SOMALIA

A double car bomb attack on Saturday (December 22nd) killed at least 16 people and injured at least 10 people in Mogadishu, the Somali capital. Committed near the presidential palace, this attack was claimed by Somali Islamists Shabab who said in a statement to have targeted "a security checkpoint that protected the presidential palace," it was learned from police sources.

London-based Somalia-based TV Universal TV said three of its staff members died in the bombing, including Somali and British journalist Awil Dahir.

The first explosion took place at a checkpoint next to the National Theater, located some 500 meters from the presidential palace while the second, more powerful blast hit a nearby junction a few minutes later. A senior government official in the Banadir region including Mogadishu was reportedly injured.

This double attack was claimed by al-Qaeda-affiliated Shebab Islamists who swore the loss of the Somali government backed by the international community and the 20,000-strong Amisom. .

Shebab were expelled from Mogadishu in 2011 before losing most of their strongholds. But they still control large rural areas from which they carry out guerrilla operations and suicide bombings, including in the capital, against government, security or civilian objectives.

The deadliest attack in Somalia's history occurred on October 14, 2017, killing 512 people in Hodan district, a busy shopping district in Mogadishu.

If this attack has not been claimed, there is no doubt for the authorities that the shebab are behind this attack.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

COP 24 AGREEMENT IN HALF TINT

COP24 ended on Saturday in Katowice, Poland, after 13 days of tense discussions between representatives of 196 countries.

While the summit succeeded in making the 2015 Paris agreement operational, it has not made any commitment to act more quickly against global warming despite the urgency described in the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change (IPCC) submitted in October.

The latter called on countries to halve their emissions by 2030.

The agreement of the 24th UN Climate Conference, called COP24, was therefore limited to adopting a notice - the rulebook - which defines the rules of application of the Paris Agreement approved in 2015 and aims to to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to keep global warming under 2 ° C, or even 1.5 ° C, compared to the end of the 19th century.

The rules of application specify in particular how to count the emissions, and that from 2024, and what to count, following the instructions of Giec. A global assessment of efforts is planned every five years from 2023.

Monitoring of greenhouse gas reduction commitments has also been put in place. While more than 160 countries have pledged commitments since 2015, others are required to do so by 2020, by which date these national commitments will need to be updated every five years.

Progress has been made in financing climate policies for developing countries. Northern countries have pledged to increase their climate aid by up to $ 100 billion a year by 2020, while Germany and the World Bank have announced new contributions to the Green Fund, and aid to countries poor of the South.

"But it is clear that we will have to go further and make more concrete announcements to convince developing countries that they will be supported in their efforts to transition to low carbon," says David Levaï, of the Institute. international relations. (Iddri).

On the other hand, the rules of the carbon emission trading mechanisms which were to prevent reductions being counted twice, have been postponed, Brazil at the head of the challenge. "This conference was delayed by Brazil when it should have been by the small islands! It's tragic ".

But as the fatalist, Frank Bainimarama, the Fijian Prime Minister and president of COP23, underlined, his island of less than a million inhabitants can not "threaten or force anyone to do what we want ". The small islands are threatened with submersion with the melting of the poles and the rise of the sea level ...

The United States, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, for their part, refused that the Giec's conclusions - intended to sound the alarm on global warming - should be listed as "welcomed" in the agreement.

The international community has therefore given birth to a disappointing minimum agreement. The states "have made progress, but what we have seen in Poland is a fundamental lack of understanding of the current crisis," said Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, WWF.

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

NOBEL NADIA MURAD AND DENIS MUKWEGE AWARDS

OR THEIR FIGHT AGAINST

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

The Congolese gynecologist and her co-recipient Yazidie Nadia Murad officially receive their Nobel Peace Prize on Monday, December 10, at a ceremony at the Oslo City Hall (Norway).

A joint award this year to reward their fight against violence against women in general and their fight against rape as a "weapon of war" more precisely. This Nobel Prize 2018 rewards two strong personalities who refuse to keep quiet.

The 63-year-old Gynecologist Mukwege Mukengere, recognized as one of the world's leading fistula specialists, received an honorary doctorate from the University of Umeå (Sweden) in October 2010. In the same year, he had received the Wallenberg Medal from the University of Michigan (USA).

He is "the savior who has dedicated his life to the defense of these victims," ​​said Nobel Committee President Berit Reiss-Andersen at the announcement on October 5.

This imposing man has been treating victims of sexual violence for two decades in the Panzi hospital he founded in Bukavu, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a region in constant conflict. armed. His hospital has treated more than 50,000 victims of sexual violence, women, children and even babies, a figure that represents only "the tip of the iceberg," he assured in a press conference with his recipient on Sunday.

Aware that only a long work on mentalities will help stop violence against women, Denis Mukwege calls for "changing masculinity" to make it a vehicle for the promotion of gender equality. in armed conflict is an extension of the violence that we see in peaceful societies, "he argues. In-depth and long-term work even in the developed countries on parity. In France, he recalls, a woman dies every three days under the blows of her companion

Nadia Murad herself was a victim of ISIS. This young woman, 25 years old, a member of the Yezidi community, a minority in the Kurdish minority in Iraq, was kidnapped in 2014. Sold as a sex slave, she was later married several times to Islamist soldiers. His ordeal lasts three months before he can escape. If 4,300 Yazidies would have escaped or would have been bought from the IS, 2,500 would still be "disappeared", according to the International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH).

Having managed to escape, the young woman - whose mother and six brothers were killed - is fighting today for the persecutions of his family to be recognized as genocide. "I personally think that for the deaths and persecutions to stop and for justice to pass, the Islamic State group must be dragged before the courts.

But so far no member of this organization has been tried, so we still do not feel justice has been done to us.

As long as the members of the Islamic State will not be judged, in a few years, they will reappear under another name perhaps, ready to do the same thing again "underlined the young woman.

For the two winners, this prize is only the result of a fight but especially not an end in itself. Each based on examples in their country, Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad denounced Sunday at their joint press conference the indifference of the international community and impunity that continues.

"No member of the Islamic State has been brought to justice. They are no longer in Iraq but we see that the rapes continue as a weapon of war, "said Nadia Murad. "It really has to be done at one time or another".

What Nadia Murad has seen in Iraq since 2014, Dr. Mukwege denounces for almost twenty years in the Congo.

Both hope that this prize will help lift impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence.

The prize consists of a gold medal, a diploma and a check of 9 million Swedish crowns (approximately 1 million dollars or 872,000 euros).

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

ANTICIPATED LEGISLATIVES IN ARMENIA

PROVOKE BY THE PRIME MINISTER

LEAVING NIKOL PACHINIAN

Armenians vote Sunday in early legislative elections prompted by the reformist prime minister hoping for a majority to strengthen his power.

Polling stations, open from 08:00 local (04:00 GMT), will close at 20:00 (16:00 GMT).

Nikol Pachinian, a 43-year-old former journalist, arrived at the helm of this small country in the Caucasus after several weeks of peaceful protests against the government, which had been in power for more than a decade.

But Mr. Pachinian, does not control Parliament, still largely acquired from the Republican Party of the former President Serge Sarkissian. Appointed Prime Minister in May Nikol Pachinian resigned on 16 October to bring about the dissolution of Parliament and the holding of this advance poll. The vote was set for December 9, while the next parliamentary elections were only scheduled for 2022.

The former editor-in-chief of an opposition newspaper has promised the best elections in the former corrupt Soviet republic of the Caucasus. The polls credit the Pachinian led bloc of a comfortable majority in seats. In October, 41-year-old Hayk Marutian, a popular television actor who was also involved in massive spring protests, won over Yerevan City Hall, the capital, handily with more than 80 percent of the votes in favor of the contract party. of Mr. Pachinian.

"An unfinished revolutionary process and political uncertainty are hampering Armenia's economic development," said Nikol Pachinian, who is acting prime minister, at a rally of his supporters last week.

Since his arrival power, breaking with the old political class, he has made the fight against military or customs corruption up to schools a priority and advocates an "economic revolution" in a country where some 30% of inhabitants live below the poverty line

On the foreign policy side, the leader of the Armenian "velvet revolution" wants to strengthen the strategic alliance with Russia while intensifying its cooperation with the United States and the European Union.

Nine parties and two alliances are running in these elections. According to Armenian legislation, a party needs to collect at least 5% of voters' votes to be able to sit in parliament, while an electoral bloc must pass the 7% mark. The first results are expected Monday morning .

"Pachinian, it's a little bit all at once, journalist, Che Guevara, Prime Minister and Ghandi, but its legitimacy is very strong," said Alexandre Iskandarian, Caucasus Institute


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

ALGERIA BEATIFICATION OF TIBHIRINE MONKS

On Saturday, seven monks from Tibhirine are beatified in the Santa Cruz chapel in Oran, along with twelve other Catholic monks, including Bishop Pierre Claverie, who were also victims of Islamist terrorist violence in Algeria in the 1990s.

These religious refused to leave the country after decolonization and then during the decade of blood that hit the country. In 1993 Algeria plunged into the terror of a civil war that makes 150,000 to 200,000 dead.

The Islamist GIA is sowing terror and, on Christmas Eve, an emir asks the monks to leave the country. Their lives are in danger, but the religious decide to stay. Two years later, in 1966, seven of the nine Trappist monks of the Tibhirine community are kidnapped and murdered by the GIA.

This idea of ​​their official recognition by the Church sprang up about twenty years ago and in January of this year, the Pope signed the decree by which they were officially recognized as martyrs. As is the tradition of the Catholic Church, his blessed are celebrated where they lived.

It is a historic event for Algeria, for Christians living there as for the universal Church. "It is very rare that a beatification takes place so soon after the death of the people concerned and just as new that it affects a memory that is still so sensitive twenty years later," admitted Bishop Jean-Paul Vesco, when a recent conference organized at the Center Pierre Claverie, in Oran, in front of an Algerian public. In the name of "civil harmony" and national unity, this "black decade" of civil war is still taboo.

The decision of the Algerian authorities and in particular the Minister of Religious Affairs, Mohamed Aissa, to welcome the celebration is fraught with meaning. It testifies to a form of recognition for Algerians converted to Protestantism, a recognition of the Amazigh (Berber) identity of Algeria and pleads for a plural Algeria.

Through this exceptional beatification, a first in the land of Islam is also shown that men and women of the church were killed alongside Muslims who rejected radicalization and violence .

This exceptional beatification marks a step forward in interreligious dialogue.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE WORLD COVENANT

SAFE MIGRATION ORDERS

AND REGULAR IS IT RIGHT TO IMMIGRATION

On 10 and 11 December, UN member states are invited to sign a "global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration", adopted in July by all states, with the notable exception of the United States.

This text is the culmination of a process initiated by the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants of 19 December 2016, unanimously adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.

Several countries have already announced that they are freezing or postponing their decision. So some Eastern countries like Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, via Switzerland, Australia, Israel.

In Belgium the crisis in the Belgian government around the UN pact on migration worsened on Tuesday, the Prime Minister deciding to appeal to Parliament to circumvent the "blockage" of the Flemish nationalists of the N-VA.

The Flemish nationalists believe that Belgian judges could rely on the UN text to question the government's migration policy and their will to "ban illegal immigration". In Germany several organizations of the German far-right, including Pegida, marched Saturday in the streets of Berlin, yellow vests on the back, to denounce the "Pact of Marrakech".

In France, the Republicans and The National Gathering also oppose the signing of this text they accuse of wanting to encourage illegal immigration. For Republican Eric Ciotti sign the Global Compact on Migration is to open "a Pandora's box that will create a global call for air and a form of right to immigration."

Monday Marine Le Pen delivered a violent indictment against this pact, in which she sees the preparation of a "new stage in the organized submersion of our country". MEP Nord-Pas-de-Calais will join a meeting in Brussels on Saturday, organized by the leader of the far-right Flemish party Vlaams Belang, Tom Van Grieken. To the sovereignist Dupont-Aignant to demand a referendum on the subject.

Many "yellow vests" also denounce the UN text on social networks fearing "the big replacement" with "migrants arriving by the thousands". For Marine Le Pen the subject "was not so far from the popular revolt" of the "yellow vests".

Can the Marrakech Pact lead to more immigration?

This pact is intended to carry a series of values, also already formulated in the French Constitution or the Declaration of Human Rights. It posits the observation of a migratory phenomenon that has become unavoidable and enumerates a series of principles capable of making it a positive phenomenon, that is to say "to create favorable conditions that allow all migrants to enrich our societies through their human, economic and social capacities. The text has no legal value, no binding value.

Moreover, the sovereignty of each state in the matter of immigration is well reaffirmed: "The global pact reaffirms the sovereign right of states to define their national migration policies and their right to manage migration within their jurisdiction, in accordance with international law. . ". The right of States "to distinguish between regular and irregular migration" is also recalled.

The UN pact, the first of its kind on this topic, is limited to identifying principles and some 20 proposals to help countries cope with migration.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

REQUEST FOR THE EXTRADITION OF SUSPECTED SAUDIANS IN JAMAL KHAGGOSHI'S MURDER BY PRESIDENT ERDOGAN

Mohammed ben Salman, suspected of committing the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, was one of the most anticipated protagonists of the G20 meeting in Buenos Aires of the heads of state or government of the world's top twenty powers for a clarification. on the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

According to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Mohammed bin Salman reportedly gave "a hard-to-believe explanation" to the G20 leaders about Riyadh's role in the assassination Jamal Khashoggi.

While several countries, including Canada, the United States, France and Germany, have imposed financial sanctions against Saudis

"Suspected of being responsible or accomplices" in this case, only the Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau would have addressed the subject during the meeting of the leaders.

Turkish President Erdogan on Saturday (1 December 2018) called for the extradition of Saudi suspects in the murder of Ryad Jamal Khashoggi's critical journalist in Istanbul. .

So far, the Saudi prosecutor-general has indicted 11 people - out of a total of 21 suspects - and has been sentenced to death for five of them.

For Recep Tayyip Erdogan it is out of the question to trust the Saudi justice, he who argues that the order to kill the journalist and opponent emanated

"Higher levels" of the kingdom, while dismissing the responsibility of King Salman.

Saudi Arabia would obstruct the investigation by refusing to cooperate with Turkish investigators in their quest for information about this murder.

A secret report from the CIA intelligence agency quoted by the Wall Street Journal reportedly intercepted 11 messages sent by Mohammad ben Salman to his closest adviser, Saud al-Qathani, before and after Jamal Khashoggi's death.

Saud al-Qathani, who was supervising the 15 men sent to Turkey to kill the journalist, was later fired.

For the moment the content has not been disclosed but another communication was intercepted in August 2017 in which the Crown Prince would have told his advisers that if the efforts to convince Jamal Khashoggi to return to the kingdom remained in vain , "They could lure him out of Saudi Arabia and get along with him".

According to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, there is no direct evidence in this report implicating the Crown Prince.

Qatar's ally in the conflict with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan plans to regain control of regional power struggles.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

THE G20 OR A FACADE AGREEMENT

The G20 has finally succeeded in giving birth to the forceps of a 30-page final communique which, according to a European official, translates "no spectacular progress [but] no worrying decline either," a "statement of the leaders of the G20" on a "consensus for equitable and sustainable development", adopted Saturday in Buenos Aires.

If the diplomats have managed to build a consensus text, the communiqué however maintains the positions of each.

Thus all leaders agreed on "the necessary reform of the World Trade Organization (WTO)" while recognizing the "contribution of the international trading system" to growth and job creation as demanded by the world. 'European Union. The EU, the US and China have also recognized the need for the WTO to guarantee a "rules-based international order" to adapt to the 21st century economy. But in exchange Europeans have abandoned the term "protectionism" in the press release at the request of Donald Trump. For European diplomats, it was first and foremost about reaffirming the need for international rules in trade relations in the face of Donald Trump's protectionism.

As far as the climate is concerned, the status quo has been preserved. The United States remains out of play reiterating its decision to withdraw from the Paris agreement while the signatories of the Paris agreement remain committed to the fight against global warming and will meet again at the new UN conference on Climate Change (COP24), which begins this week in Katowice, Poland.

US President Donald Trump, on the sidelines of the G-20 High Mass, met at a working dinner with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping. This bilateral meeting enabled them to reach an agreement not to apply new customs duties after 1 January. Indeed, Washington, in its trade war against Beijing, planned to increase from 10% to 25% customs duties on 200 billion dollars of Chinese imports - half of the total - from 1 January. At the end of the meeting, the United States announced that they renounced this new tax component. In return, China pledged to further open its domestic market to US products, particularly agricultural and energy, to reduce the huge trade imbalance between the two countries.

It also agrees to discuss the respect of intellectual property protection or the forced transfer of technology for foreign companies based in China. Donald Trump hailed an "incredible and productive meeting opening unlimited possibilities for China and the United States," while Wang Yi, the Commerce Minister, spoke of a "win-win" outcome of this meeting.

But the White House has warned: the two countries must, within 90 days, agree on "structural changes" in their trade relations, otherwise "the tariffs of 10% will be increased to 25%", has warned in a statement the US presidency.

If Beijing and Washington managed to dialogue, it was not the same with Moscow. Donald Trump had canceled the bilateral talks scheduled for Saturday with Vladimir Putin highlighting the new tensions between Moscow and Kiev in the Straits of Kerch. The Russian president has certainly regretted that the US president has canceled their scheduled appointment on the sidelines of the G20 deeming "really necessary" to have a "real meeting with Donald Trump".

"The issues we need to discuss are very important. These are primarily the issues of strategic stability and then the issues [related to the problem] of the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, "he added.

On the other hand, the master of the Kremlin was threatening with an ultimatum at his closing press conference on Saturday. "The war will continue" in eastern Ukraine controlled by pro-Russian separatists as long as the authorities current Ukrainians "will stay in power", he warned. "The current Ukrainian authorities have no interest in settling the conflict, especially through peaceful means. As long as they stay in power, the war will continue. It is always easier to justify economic failures by war, "said the Russian president. What about the Minsk agreements? The Europeans, however, had asked him to ease tensions arising from the boarding of Ukrainian ships on Sunday by the Russian navy.

Certainly Donald Trump's unilateralism led to the adoption of a minimal consensus reflecting exacerbated power struggles.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

A G20 OF ALL HAZARDS

The G20 opened Friday (November 30th) in Buenos Aires, Argentina in a climate of multiple tensions. Like every year, it brings together the heads of state and government of the twenty first powers, the 19 states and the European Union, which account for 85% of the world's gross domestic product.

Trade disputes, the fight against global warming and the Russian-Ukrainian crisis should be debated in an increasingly fractured world where each country tends to fall back on itself. We are far from the sacred union displayed in November 2008 when the final communiqué extolled multilateralism to bring prosperity to the world shaken by the financial crisis.

Multilateralism undermined by Donald Trump

Indeed, ten years later, multilateralism is indeed undermined by Donald Trump and his policy "America First", the United States having withdrawn from the agreement on the Iranian nuclear program and the Paris agreement on the climate signed after the COP 21 conference on January 29, 2016. The United States, in an exacerbated protectionism, also denounce the World Trade Organization (WTO), favoring bilateral alliances. As a result of separate bilateral negotiations, Mexico and Canada have just concluded a free trade agreement with the United States to succeed the Alena.

On the front of the trade war between Beijing and Washington, which threatens the global economy, Donald Trump reiterated his threat to tax all Chinese goods imported into the United States. On 19 November, in Port-Moresby, Papua New Guinea, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) summit failed with the absence of a final communiqué after heated exchanges between US and Chinese officials .

Sino-US trade war

Saturday Donald Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping meet at a dinner party to try to stop a potentially catastrophic trade conflict for the global economy. "The risk is that of a tete-a-tete between China and the United States and a destructive trade war for all," warned the French head of state, Emmanuel Macron. The French president also warns about the risk of "disintegration of the WTO (World Trade Organization)".

Missed opportunity with Kremlin strongman

Taking everyone short, the tenant of the White House on Thursday canceled a bilateral meeting with Vladimir Putin. It was to be held on the sidelines of the G20 meeting and address the issue of the Ukrainian crisis, which has recently experienced renewed tension in the Azov Sea. Donald Trump refers to the escalation of tensions between Kiev and Moscow since November 25, when Russian coast guards boarded three Ukrainian warships in the Black Sea near the Crimean peninsula.

"Starting from the fact that the ships and sailors were not returned by Russia to Ukraine, I decided that it would be better for all concerned to cancel my previously scheduled meeting in Argentina with the President Vladimir Putin. I look forward to [participating] in a new constructive summit as soon as this situation is resolved! "Tweeted the US President. Cancellation of the bilateral meeting with the strong man of the Kremlin officially linked to the Ukrainian crisis but also motivated by domestic politics, namely the ever more threatening investigation into Russian interference during the Trumpian presidential campaign.

A fragile Europe

European leaders are facing this summit disunited and for some weakened in their own country. French President Emmanuel Macron faces a strong social protest over fuel taxes and the issue of purchasing power while German Chancellor Angela Merkel has suffered serious electoral defeats in the legislative elections. inside its own party, the CDU-CSU, it announced at the end of October that it would not stand for the presidency of its party. Italy, represented for the first time in the G20 by Guiseppe Conte, has seen not only its budget rejected by the European Commission but also its anti-migration policy criticized. Finally, let us note the political fragility of British Prime Minister Theresa May, whose future lies in whether or not the House of Commons adopts the Brexit agreement she has negotiated with the European Union.

The confrontation between Ukraine and Russia, reactivated by the boarding of three Ukrainian military ships off the Crimea on Sunday, threatens to have repercussions on the cohesion of Europe. The President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, said he was "sure" that EU sanctions against Russia would be renewed in December. "A vicious practice of the use of illegal unilateral sanctions and protectionist measures is spreading," said the Russian president. The crisis in Ukraine will be a test of the solidarity of Europeans likely to be relegated to the supporting roles at this summit.

The proposals to advance the fight against global warming, which France intends to defend in Buenos Aires, before the opening on December 2 the COP24 climate conference in Poland, also risk not succeed.

What attitude to Mohammed Ben Salmane ?

Since the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, and while the war is still raging in Yemen, what attitude to adopt towards Mohammed Ben Salman?

Although innocent by the justice of the Kingdom, which sentenced five executors to death, support for the Arab leader is not unanimous.

The US president seems to favor realpolitik arguing for low oil prices on world markets.

The latter is counting on the action of Saudi Arabia which, on the contrary, at the end of 2016 negotiated with Russia a reduction in its production for the price of crude back.

Emmanuel Macron has announced that he will meet the crown prince on the sidelines of the G20. For their part, the Argentine authorities fear violence in a country undermined by a long economic crisis so that the government has deployed more than 20,000 members of the police force

This summit promises to be tense. It is unlikely that the leaders will reach a joint declaration at the end of the meeting.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

IMPORTANT ELECTIONS

FOR THE FUTURE OF TAIWAN

Taiwanese voters are going to the polls this Saturday for local elections with test value for President Tsai Ing-wen, who is in trouble today. But citizens also vote by referendum on sensitive issues that plague Beijing. The official name of the island at the Olympic Games is in question in particular. This referendum raises the ire of the Chinese regime against the small rebel island that tries to save its identity and its democratic system led for two years by the separatists.

Tsai Ing-wen, elected in an overwhelming majority in 2016, is Beijing's hated president for her rejection of the "one China" principle. Separated since the end of the civil war in 1949, between communists established in Beijing and Kuomintang nationalists (KMT) refugees in Taipei, the two states have always refused to recognize their reciprocal legitimacy.

But the Chinese regime considers the island de facto independent as part of its territory may be annexed.

However, Tsai Ing-wen faces many difficulties due to unpopular reforms, such as lower pensions and stagnant wages. The polls predict a decline in its formation, the Progressive Democratic Party (DPP),

The battle for the mayor of Kaohsiung, a large port city in the south, crystallizes the stakes in this regard. Han Kuo-yu, candidate of the pro-Chinese party, is about to win the municipality, against a background of popular discontent.

A return of the Kuomintang (KMT), after 20 years of absence, would be a blow for the Taiwanese executive.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH OF AN AMERICAN KILLED BY THE TRIBE

SENTINEL

John Chau wanted to see the Sentinel tribe, the most isolated on the planet. As soon as he set foot on their island, he received a volley of arrows.

On November 16, John Chau, a 27-year-old globe-trotter from Alabama, was surrounded and killed when he arrived. He had paid fishermen to transport him to this place, located about 50 kilometers west of the town of Port Blair, but he had finished the trip alone by canoe.

The Sentinel Tribe

The Sentinels are self-sufficient hunter-gatherers, cut off from the outside world, on North Sentinel Island, in the Andaman Islands, an archipelago in the Indian Ocean attached to India. It would be the most isolated tribe on the planet with about 40 people. It would descend from the first human populations to have left Africa and lived in the Andaman for sixty thousand years. This people is also known to attack anyone who sets foot on his small island in the Andaman Sea. In 2006, two Indian fishermen whose boat had drifted off to the shores of North Sentinel had been killed.

The Indian state has now banned since 2010 to approach within five kilometers.

At once adventurer and missionary

The photos of John Chau's Facebook and Instagram accounts make him a young man, keen on travel. Some Indian media even say he was a missionary. "People thought he was a missionary because he talked about his faith. (...) But it was not one in the strict sense. He was an adventurer, "said Dependra Pathak, police chief of the Andaman Islands.

In a statement posted on the Instagram account of this adventurer the family says his sadness and details: "He loved God, life, help the needy, and had nothing but love for the Sentinels. ". "He was our son, brother, uncle and beloved friend. For others, he was a Christian missionary. In the press are reproduced excerpts from the diary of the deceased in the days before his death. The writings of the young man reveal that he had prepared this long and secret project, "in the name of God".

"My name is John, I love you and Jesus loves you"

On the eve of his death, he approached the Sentinels twice. He managed to give gifts to one of them, whose face was covered with "a yellowish powder". He would have even sang songs of praise to them. "I shouted to them My name is John, I love you and Jesus loves you," reads his diary. But a child shot him an arrow that got stuck in his Biblesi although the young man fled.

"You may think I'm crazy about doing all that but I think it's worth bringing Jesus to these people," he wrote to his family in a final letter written on the morning of his death. "It is not in vain - the eternal lives of this tribe are at hand and I can not wait to see them worship God in their own language. "

"I will return"

" I DO NOT WANT TO DIE ! He noted in capital letters, visibly shocked. "I could go back to the United States because staying here seems to mean certain death. "I'm going back (on the island). I'm going to pray that everything goes well, "say his last lines, dated from 6:20 am, November 16.

In his statement the family also calls on the authorities not to attack the Sentinels: "We forgive those responsible for his death (...) He ventured (on the island) on his own. "

Police opened an investigation. But how to repatriate the body of the American without causing a clash of civilization indeed breaking the voluntary isolation of the Sentinels?

Living cut off from the rest of humanity, this people would not have an immune system adapted to infectious agents brought by intruders.

In a statement, Survival International, an indigenous tribal protection NGO, denounced "a tragedy that should never have happened" while worrying about the health risks on this tribe. "It is not impossible that the Sentinels have been contaminated by deadly infectious agents [brought by the US traveler] against whom they have no immunity, with the potential to eradicate the entire tribe", s is alarmed the organization.

The Indian authorities are now ensuring the health of the Sentinels by observing the shore from a boat, anchored at a distance from the island.


Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

KASHOGGI CASE OR SAUDIAN HERRING PRINCE MBS OUT OF CAUSE

The Saudi prosecutor's office on Thursday demanded the death sentence against five kingdom officials accused in the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. According to the prosecutor's spokesperson, the journalist was killed on 2 October after being drugged at his country's consulate in Istanbul, where he was dismembered by five Saudi officials. The remains of the editorialist - 59 years old at the time of the facts - were then given to an agent outside the consulate, he added.

On Thursday, the Saudi public prosecutor also completely outlawed Mohamed bin Salman in the assassination of the journalist.

The powerful prince, dubbed "MBS," had no knowledge of the case, said the Attorney General's spokesman, in response to a question from a reporter. The deputy head of the Saudi service, General Ahmed al-Assiri, ordered Khashoggi to be brought back by force or by force. But the leader of the team of "negotiators" dispatched to the scene gave the order to kill him, he added.

Ryad also asks Ankara to sign a "special" cooperation agreement on the investigation, it is specified.

On the Turkish side, the tone was previously mounted, with statements by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan claiming to have communicated to the Americans records supposedly made at the consulate on the day of Jamal Khashoggi's death.

"They listened to the conversations that took place here. They know, "assured the Turkish president at a televised press conference. Mr. Erdogan had argued in a forum that the order to assassinate the Saudi journalist a tribune, that the order to assassinate the Saudi journalist emanated from "the highest levels of government".

If the Turkish president had dismissed the responsibility of King Salman, he had not absolved, however, his son, Prince Mohammed, regularly blamed by officials and Turkish media. Head of Turkish diplomacy Mevlüt Cavusoglu added that he was "not satisfied" by some explanations put forward Thursday by the Saudi court while calling to "reveal the real sponsors" of the operation.

This case has certainly tarnished the image of the Saudi conservative monarchy hitherto engaged - at the initiative of the Crown Prince - in a strategy of modernization and openness, through the announcement of economic and societal liberalization measures.

It has certainly weakened Saudi diplomacy, Ryad being on the defensive, especially in Yemen.

But "this case must not be closed in this way," Cavusoglu said.


Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

 

WAR AND FAMINE IN YEMEN NEAR 150 DEATHS

Washington et Londres ont demandé instamment que viennent le temps de la négociation au Yémen, alors que l'offensive à Hodeida a fait près de 150 morts ce dimanche. Ce bilan a été donné alors que les rebelles Houthis, soutenus par l'Iran , opposent une farouche résistance à la progression des forces progouvernementales appuyées par l'Arabie saoudite, a admis une source militaire loyaliste.

La ville portuaire de Hodeida sous des combats meurtriers

Des combats particulièrement meurtriers continuent ce lundi dans la ville portuaire de Hodeida, dans l'ouest du Yémen, au moment où Washington et Londres accentuent la pression sur l'Arabie saoudite pour que la coalition qu'elle commande dans ce pays cesse rapidement les hostilités. L'Arabie saoudite sunnite a pris en effet la tête d'une coalition militaire pour affronter la rébellion houthi qui avait a pris le contrôle d'une partie du Yémen. Cette une guerre qui divise la région a fait plus de 8750 morts, depuis mars 2015. L'Iran chiite ,de son côté, soutient militairement le soulèvement houthi. Soumis à un blocus imposé par Ryad, qui héberge le chef de l'État Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi en exil, le Yémen est confronté à la « pire crise humanitaire du monde », selon l'ONU. Pendant ce temps, la menace djihadiste s'est étendue, entre la concurrence d'Al-Qaïda dans la péninsule arabique (Aqpa) et de Daech.

Près de 600 morts depuis le mois de juin.

L'offensive lancée en juin s'est nettement intensifiée depuis le 1er novembre avec un bilan d'au moins 592 morts jusqu'ici (460 rebelles, 125 loyalistes et 7 civils), selon des sources militaires et des médecins.

Au moins 110 rebelles, 32 loyalistes et sept civils ont été tués ces dernières 24 heures dans les affrontements, dont certains se déroulent dans des quartiers résidentiels, ont indiqué lundi des sources militaires et hospitalières.

Hodeida, qui se situe sur la mer Rouge, revêt une importance stratégique  constituant le point d'entrée de plus des trois-quarts des importations et de l'aide humanitaire internationale dans le pays en guerre.

Le temps de la négociation a donc sonné

L'Arabie saoudite avait déjà essuyé de vives critiques pour les dommages collatéraux causés par les frappes aériennes faisant des centaines de victimes civiles. De plus le royaume sunnite est sorti considérablement ternie par l'affaire Jamal Khashoggi , du nom de ce journaliste assassiné le 2 octobre au consulat saoudien à Istanbul.

Le chef de la diplomatie américaine Mike Pompeo et son homologue britannique Jeremy Hunt ont estimé que le temps de la négociation était venu pour le Yémen.

, également ministre de la Défense, Mike Pompeo a explicitement appelé à « la fin des hostilités » au Yémen lors d'un entretien dimanche avec le prince héritier saoudien Mohammed ben Salmane. Il a exigeant que que « toutes les parties viennent à la table pour négocier une solution pacifique au conflit »

Sous la pression du Congrès, l'administration américaine de Donald Trump a confirmé que la coalition sous commandement saoudien au Yémen allait désormais effectuer elle-même le ravitaillement en vol de ses avions, assuré jusqu'ici par les Etats-Unis.

Pour le ministre britannique Jeremy Hunt, reçu lundi en Arabie saoudite, le conflit yéménite a connu un coût humain « incalculable » et sa résolution passe par une solution « politique ».

Le Yémen est le théâtre de la pire crise humanitaire au monde, rappelle régulièrement l'ONU, la famine guettant 14 millions de civils.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

MALAGASY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

THE RETURN OF REVENENTS

A few days after the presidential election in Madagascar, the former president of the Transition, Andry Rajoelina is ahead of his rival, Marc Ravalomanana, according to the still partial results published by the independent national electoral commission (CENI).

With 7,597 polling stations processed, of the 24,852 polling stations in the country, 30.57%, Andry Rajoelina still leads with 40.87% of the vote, followed by Marc Ravalomanana, 35.99%.

The outgoing President Henry Rajaonarimampianina meanwhile, collects 07.01% of the vote.

Marc Ravalomanana, 68, and Andry Rajoelina, 44, are wealthy businessmen, two former heads of state engaged in an endless battle.

The first was overthrown in 2009 after demonstrations organized by the second.

In the capital, Antananarivo, the protests turned to riot and were repressed in the blood.

Rajoelina, supported by the army, then took the lead of a "High Authority of Transition" which led the country for four years "a coup" denounced as a coup by the international community.

In 2013, for the sake of appeasement, the two rivals were banned from running in the presidential election.

This is the first time they have clashed at the polls.

If no one exceeds the 50% mark, a second round is planned to decide between the two leading candidates on December 19th.

Voting irregularities were reported that were denied by the Electoral Commission. Observers from the European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU) insisted Friday that claims will be "only" by the way legal.

This large island in the Indian Ocean, regularly destabilized by political and post-electoral crises since its independence from France in 1960, could perhaps experience stability after this presidential election.


Alyson  Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

ATTACK AT MELBOURNE BY THE ISLAMIC STATE AUSTRALIA

The Islamic State (IS) group claimed responsibility for the knife attack today in Melbourne, Australia, which killed one and wounded two, according to the jihadist organization's Amaq propaganda agency.

"The author of the operation (...) in Melbourne (...) was a fighter of the Islamic State and led the operation in response to calls to target nationals of the member countries of the international coalition US-led anti-jihadists, "said Amaq.

The police announced that they were treating the case as a terrorist attack.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

INTERPOL UNDER CHINESE PRESSURE

AFTER THE DISAPPEARANCE OF MENG HONGWEI

Jürgen Stock , Secretary General of Interpol, spoke to the press on Thursday, November 8 about the disappearance of his former president, the Chinese Meng Hongwei, during a trip to China in late September.

Accused of corruption by China, he sent a short letter notifying his resignation. The organization ended up "accepting" this resignation, as Jürgen Stock admitted: "If this country tells us: 'We have opened investigations, they are in progress, and the president resigns' (...) then we must accept it.

Finally, we have an idea of ​​how the organization manages this thorny case.

Back on the facts.

The international organization based in Lyon had finally announced the resignation of its president.

Beijing said the now-64-year-old ex-president, suspected of "breaking the law," was being investigated in China. Mr. Meng "has accepted bribes and is suspected of breaking the law," the Ministry of Public Security said in a statement, without providing any details on the charges.

This statement was presented as a report of a meeting held in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cell of the Ministry of Public Security (police).

The text did not specify whether the charges against Mr. Meng fell within his ministerial functions or those he exercised at Interpol.

It is Grace Meng, the wife of the president of Interpol since November 2016, who reported the "disturbing" disappearance of her husband to the French police, after several days without news. All the more disturbing because she had received the last message from her husband on September 25, when she arrived in China. And the content of this message: a simple emoticon representing a knife. No doubt for the wife Grace Meng that this was proof that her husband was "in danger"

The disturbing disappearance of Mr. Meng.

An anti-corruption campaign is raging in China whose multiple investigations have already sentenced more than 100,000 officials. These last ones were the weapon of the consolidation of the power of the president Xi Jinping. Xi Jinping's fight against corruption seems to know no limit. After star Fan Bingbing, the former president of Interpol's turn to pay the price ...

Faced with this situation, Interpol had asked China for explanations. "Interpol has asked the Chinese authorities for a clarification about President Meng Hongwei and is waiting for an official response regarding his condition," the secretary-general of the international organization said.

The management of the case or the silence of Interpol?

By way of clarification of Interpol's internal documents, of which Le Monde is aware, come to shed light on how the international organization has been managing the "disappearance" of its president, Meng Hongwei, for a month.

In October, Interpol took note of the letter of resignation from its president, sent by the Chinese authorities through its office in Beijing. Called "Letter of Resignation" and dated October 5, typed mail is only two lines long. "Suspected of breaking the law, I voluntarily resign from my position as President of Interpol," reads the document. But only the name of the typed Meng Hongwei appears on the said document, without a handwritten signature. Strange?

But the organization did not find it good either to ask the Chinese authorities for explanations or to suspect anything. The international police organization has received from Beijing only limited information on the fate of Meng Hongwei ...

Under heavy pressure from China, it appears that the police cooperation organization has refused to take positions that could upset the Chinese authorities. Beijing was indeed concerned about the communication of the world police organization on this issue. "Interpol is kindly requested to continue to coordinate with the Chinese authorities on communication on this subject and to provide the Chinese side with any information or commentary that may be made public by the organization or any of them. its representatives, " the Chinese Ministry of Public Security wrote, as the country forwarded the resignation mail attributed to Mr. Meng.

Interpol Secretary General Jürgen Stock spoke for the first time on Thursday, November 8: he said it was an "internal affair with China" . He felt that he had "no reason" to suspect that Meng Hongwei's letter of resignation could be "false or written under duress". He also recalled that Interpol is "not an investigative body" and that its mission "is not to govern the member states" .

A China economic and political behemoth inevitable

Meng Hongwei was the first citizen of Mainland China to lead a large international organization.

Mr. Meng, also vice-minister of the interior of a country known for the imprisonment without a fair trial of his dissidents and members of minorities considered "problematic" , or his corrupt officials or victims of factional struggles, would he be the victim of a political purge that seems to have accelerated since Xi Jinping came to power in 2012?

A warning sign of his difficulties: Meng Hongwei was dismissed in April from his Party committee to oversee the Ministry of Public Security, after the appointment in autumn 2017 of a new minister, Zhao Kezhi, ultraloyal to Mr. Xi Jinping.

Less than two years earlier, in November 2016, the election of a Chinese official to head the police cooperation organization of 192 states was greeted with skepticism by rights organizations. such as Amnesty International.

The disappearance of the 64-year-old cacique, who in turn fell into the net of Xi's fierce anti-corruption campaign, obeys a biting irony: while Meng was named to hunt down international criminals, he finds himself hunted down. ...

Beijing no longer deprives itself of asserting its imperious sovereignty, playing on its borders. "This case is about justice. This case concerns the international community. This case concerns the people of my country, "said the wife of former Interpol boss Grace Meng

But unfortunately! This case brings to light a relentless reality of international organizations hosting a growing number of Chinese officials. The latter remain primarily members of the party, to whom Xi asks again accounts.

The international community is facing a China that does not care much about Western criticism and asserts itself as a must-attend economic and political juggernaut.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN MADAGASCAR

The Malagasy elect this Wednesday their president for the first round of the presidential election. Three former heads of state are among the favorites in this country of turbulent political history.

Polling stations opened shortly after 06:00 (0300 GMT) in the capital.

The Malagasy Ministry of the Interior said this Wednesday, shortly before noon, that the participation rate is close to 40%.

If thirty-six candidates are in the running, including four former presidents, former prime ministers, a very popular singer or two pastors.

The campaign was dominated by the last three heads of state:

Marc Ravalomanana (2002-2009), Andry Rajoelina (2009-2014) and Hery Rajaonarimampianina (2014-2018) .

The latter also resigned in September to be able to run again, in accordance with the Malagasy Constitution requiring a president who presents himself to his own estate to resign 60 days before the first round.

The new interim head of state is Rivo Rakotovao to ensure neutrality of the state during the election period.

High-profile meetings were held by these three candidates during the campaign in a country plagued by poverty and corruption. The polls close at 17:00 (14:00 GMT).

If no candidate wins in the first round, the first two will meet for a second round on December 19, 2018.

An election that serves as a test in this customary Indian Ocean island of post-election and political crises.


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

THE MARTYRE OF CHRISTIAN ASIA BIBI

IN PAKISTAN

The case of Asia Bibi has an international impact by becoming a symbol of the defense of minority rights

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has acquitted Christian Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death for blasphemy in 2010, according to a verdict on Wednesday (October 31st). "She was acquitted of all the charges," Judge Mian Saqib Nisar said at the verdict.

Sentenced to death for a glass of water

Punjabi woman, Asia Bibi, farm worker, June 14, 2009 in the village of Ittan Wali, she drank water in a well supposedly reserved for Muslims. Muslim women accusing her of dirtying the water, this mother answered them and earned her the accusation of "blasphemy", an act punishable by the death penalty in Pakistan.

As soon as she was jailed, Asia Bibi was tried in November 2010 and sentenced to death by hanging. She appealed this decision.

Pakistani Supreme Court dismisses death sentence

When considering his appeal in early October, the Supreme Court justices seemed to question the merits of the prosecution. "I do not see any derogatory remarks about the Qur'an in the investigation report," Judge Saqib Nisar observed, while a second judge, Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, noted several points of non-compliance with the Qur'an. procedures.

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has acquitted Christian Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death for blasphemy in 2010, according to a verdict on Wednesday (October 31st). "She was acquitted of all the charges," Judge Mian Saqib Nisar said at the verdict, adding that she would be released "immediately". A Judges cited the Qur'an that "tolerance is the basic principle of Islam" , recalling that religion condemns injustice and oppression.

Despite her acquittal, this mother accused of blasphemy against the Prophet Muhammad remains in prison.

The ire of Muslim fundamentalists

Indeed in Pakistan, the story of this Christian strongly divides the opinion and demonstrations of Islamic fundamentalists began Wednesday after the announcement of the acquittal of Asia Bibi.

Blasphemy is an extremely sensitive subject in this very conservative country where Islam is a state religion. The law provides for the death penalty for those found guilty of insulting Islam.

This decision provoked the ire of fundamentalist religious circles who raged after this decision paralyzed the country for three days threatening the judges who ruled " The Pakistani Muslims will take the appropriate measures against the judges ... and lead them to a horrible end, " officials at Tehreek-e-Labaik Yah Rasool Allah Pakistan (TLY), an extremist religious group turned political party, have already said that blasphemy punishment is the reason for its existence.Clashes erupted between protesters and local police. Security had to be strengthened in Christian places of worship have seen their security strengthened. A true national psychodrama, so much so that Asia Bibi was forced to remain imprisoned, despite her acquittal.

Government yields to Islamists

After three days of sometimes violent protests in the country, the government has yielded to Islamist demands: it has banned Asia Bibi from leaving the country and agreed not to block a petition to review the acquittal judgment initiated by a religious. The petition was filed on November 1 with the relevant authorities in Lahore. Asia Bibi's lawyer was forced to flee Pakistan, fearing for her life.

On 4 November, the Pakistan Human Rights Commission said it was "dismayed" by the "government's inability to protect the state and the sanctity of the law," calling the agreement signed with the Islamists "Masquerade" after the "historic" judgment of the Supreme Court.

The family of Asia Bibi, threatened with death, seeks asylum in England, the United States or Canada to escape the violence of these extremists. The husband of Asia Bibi in a video message wishes that the whole family of the Christian can leave the country. "If Asia Bibi leaves the country, every member of her family, every person associated with her will be killed," said the president of the Pakistani Christian Association of Britain, who has been helping Asia Bibi and her family for years. .

Six days after his acquittal by the Pakistani Supreme Court, the fate of Asia Bibi remains uncertain. The Christian, symbol of the defense of the rights of religious minorities, is still in prison despite his acquittal.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

OUT-STANDARD PROCESS

BARON DRUG MEXICAN EL CHAPO

It is an unusual trial that opens on Monday in New York: that of Joachim Guzman. Extradited to the United States on January 19, 2017, the 61-year-old Mexican man led for 25 years one of the most powerful cartels in the world.

A kind of judicial epilogue for this great specialist of the escape which fueled his legend and earned him an international notoriety.

In 2016 is the last arrest of this sexagenarian ego excess in a villa in Los Mochis, on the Pacific coast, in his stronghold of Sinaloa. Extradited to the United States on 19 January 2017 in a Manhattan prison, "El Chapo" is no more than the shadow of himself: isolated in his cell 23 hours a day, after two escapes in Mexico, only his lawyers and his seven-year-old twins can visit him. Even his wife Emma Coronel, a 32-year-old beauty queen, is forbidden to visit.

This is the most powerful drug baron in the world who, at pre-trial hearings, could only speak to his lawyers. In his rare public statements, he only complained. "I suffer from headaches every day. I vomit almost daily. Two molars that were not treated me very much daily. Two molars that were not treated me suffer a lot , " he wrote in February in a letter to the judge responsible for his case, Brian Cogan. "I live a nightmare 24 hours a day."

The one also called "Le Courtaud" , a nickname due to its small size, about 1.67 m, is judged to have led for 25 years the most powerful drug cartel in the world. Prosecutors also claim to be able to demonstrate that he has sponsored at least 37 murders. They also claim to have a mountain of evidence of guilt at the eleven indictments, some 300,000 pages of documents, 117,000 audio recordings and a quantity of photos and videos. Many documents remain confidential as is the list of former associates, employees or rivals of Joaquin Guzman called to testify. Some enjoy the protection of the US government under new identities. Others are held in special prisons to prevent any retaliation.

The Sinaloa cartel headed by Joaquin Guzman has shipped more than 154 tons of cocaine and huge quantities of heroin, methamphetamines and marijuana to the United States, worth an estimated $ 14 billion. According to American prosecutors, "El Chapo" is the most powerful narco-trafficker since Colombian Pablo Escobar, who died in 1993. If he is sentenced, he faces life imprisonment.

The downfall is tough for the one who led 25 years in one of the most powerful cartels on the planet, former hero of the culture narco and "narcocorridos", these Mexican ballads that tell the leaders of cartels.

Born April 4, 1957 to a poor family in a mountain village in Sinaloa, northwestern Mexico, Joaquin Guzman worked from childhood selling oranges, sweets and drinks.

As he tells the actor Sean Penn during an interview in October 2015 supposed to remain secret but which will contribute to his arrest, he starts, teenager, to cultivate marijuana and poppy, for lack of alternatives. "The only way to get money, to buy food, to survive, was to grow the opium poppy, marijuana, so at that age, I started to grow and sell it. " , He confided to the American actor.

The chief of the cartel of Guadalajara Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo, nicknamed "the godfather" of the modern Mexican cartels recruits him. After the arrest of Gallardo in 1989, Guzman founded with three associates the cartel of Sinaloa, in a few years becoming an empire with European and Asian ramifications. "I supply more heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and marijuana than anyone in the world. I have fleets of submarines, planes, trucks and boats, " he boasted in the interview with Sean Penn, published in Rolling Stone magazine.

His fortune put him on Forbes magazine's list of the richest men in the world, before escaping in 2013 because of the expenses needed to protect him.

At least two of his sons are accused by US authorities of playing an "important" role in his cartel. Another son, Edgar, was shot in 2008.

Robin Hood helping the poor and ridiculing the powerful, El Chapo has also waged an ultra-violent fight against rivals, a war between cartels that still ravage Mexico today.

The selection of the jury must start this Monday, in camera, a measure reserved for the most dangerous criminals.




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

READER'S CORNER

AN OPEN LETTER TO ALL JOURNALISTS

Terrorism has taken a disturbing turn with the horrific murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi. Apparently the intent of this murder was to send a message to all journalists dedicated to thoughtful criticism of government. Therefore, what would be the most appropriate journalistic response to such blatant censorship? Is it to continue to report in good conscience, and risk brutal death? Or is it to step away from any controversial reporting and deny the truth to those who need to hear it?

There is yet a third response, one which carries no risk to those reporting it. That response would be to publicize a little known means of ending all war and terrorism once and for all: Invincible Defense Technology (IDT).

Throughout time, militaries have sought to achieve invincibility by applying ever-advancing technologies. History shows they have so far been unsuccessful. Adversaries inevitably devise methods to counter any system of offense or defense. However, there is a scientific, military field-tested solution which has arisen from the latest discoveries in the Unified Field theories of physics, neuroscience, and the social sciences--not from approaches utilizing weaponry, and not from the field of politics.

Invincible Defense Technology: A Non-Religious, Humane and Beneficial Approach

The practical components of IDT are the non-religious Transcendental Meditation (TM) and the more advanced TM-Sidhi programs. When large groups of experts practice these programs together, a powerful field effect of coherence and peace is generated that spills over into the surrounding population. This effect has been shown in extensive scientific research that has repeatedly confirmed measurable decreases in war deaths, terrorism, and crime.

Studies have also shown, for example, reductions in verbal hostilities and hostile acts, increased number of cooperative events, and other improvements in quality of life such as reduced accidents, hospital admissions, and infant mortality. These are all tangible signs of reduction of societal stress. Due to this research the non-profit organization Global Union of Scientists for Peace (GUSP) advocates this simple and cost-effective approach for reducing social stress (see: https://www.gusp.org/global-peace-summit).

In highly stressed areas of the globe, establishment of large groups of experts practicing IDT has led to increased prosperity and economic growth, including a decrease in the "misery index," an indicator of socioeconomic stress, and a significant increase in competitive growth. These positive changes in social trends have occurred concomitant with implementation of IDT approaches. This coherence-creating effect was documented on a global scale in a study published in the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. When large assemblies of civilian IDT experts gathered during the years 1983-1985, terrorism-related casualties decreased 72%, international conflict decreased 32%, and overall violence was reduced in nations without intrusion by other governments (summaries of this research are available at: https://davidleffler.com/2011/sapratableii). Due to these positive changes, militaries in South America and Africa are now actively field-testing this approach. They have already established IDT Prevention Wings of the Military to reduce crime, quell violence, create prosperity, prevent the rise of enemies, and create the conditions for lasting peace.

Invincible Defense Technology is Cost-Effective

For about the cost of a few modern fighter jets, any military could establish a group of 15,000 warriors trained in this advanced IDT approach.

This Prevention Wing of the Military would practice IDT programs twice a day in large groups, which would defuse social tensions not only in their country but also globally. Studies indicate that, once such a program becomes operational, societal conditions in their country and other countries worldwide will immediately improve.

The collective consciousness of all populations will rise through the influence of greater harmony and peace. Better solutions will occur to the people and their leaders for improving their own living conditions. Those who have engaged in violence will no longer do so. Studies have shown repeatedly that this method works--and will continue to work as long as the peace-creating group is maintained.

Implementation

The quickest and most effective way to implement this alternative would be for heads of states to issue an order to their militaries to deploy this new method. Once successfully implemented, a social phase transition would immediately begin in which the high societal stress which globally fuels crime, poverty, terrorism, and war would be alleviated. By greatly dissipating these formerly intractable problems nationally and globally, these heads of states would thereby be celebrated as great humanitarians and examples of global leadership.

Nothing Else has Worked.

Given the many approaches previously tried by world leaders that have not worked, including many inhumane actions, it is certainly worth giving this benevolent approach a try. It is simple, inexpensive, and has a track record of high success. Any country large or small could become the global leader of this cutting-edge brain-based technology. With IDT, their country would become invincible, they would be creating lasting peace worldwide, and their military would be globally respected and admired.

It’s Time for Journalists to Advocate Something New and Proven

Journalists have a responsibility to bring truth to the people; in their unique position they also have the capability to enlist the media in creating a better world for all. Here is an opportunity to ensure that Jamal Khashoggi and all others who have stood up for the truth have not died in vain.

About the Authors:

Arlene J. Schar is the Executive Assistant at the Center for Advanced Military Science (CAMS). Her husband Dr. David Leffler served as an Associate of the Proteus Management Group at the Center for Strategic Leadership, US Army War College. Currently, he serves as the Executive Director at CAMS (http://www.StrongMilitary.org).

By Arlene J. Schar et Dr. David R. Leffler  Mail Reader for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH PENALTY AND BLASPHEM IN PAKISTAN

OR THE ACQUITTLEMENT OF ASIA BIBI

The case of Asia Bibi had an international impact.

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has acquitted Christian Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death for blasphemy in 2010, according to a verdict on Wednesday (October 31st).

"She was acquitted of all the charges," Judge Mian Saqib Nisar said at the verdict, adding that she would be released "immediately". In practice, the release of Asia Bibi could take several days due to bureaucratic procedures, said the lawyer.

For a glass of water the death penalty !!

Punjabi woman, Asia Bibi, farm worker, June 14, 2009 in the village of Ittan Wali, she drank water in a well supposedly reserved for Muslims. Muslim women accusing her of dirtying the water, this mother answered them and earned her the accusation of "blasphemy", an act punishable by the death penalty in Pakistan.

As soon as she was jailed, Asia Bibi was tried in November 2010 and sentenced to death by hanging. She appealed this decision.

When considering his appeal in early October, the Supreme Court justices seemed to question the merits of the prosecution. "I do not see any derogatory remarks about the Qur'an in the investigation report," Judge Saqib Nisar observed, while a second judge, Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, noted several points of non-compliance with the Qur'an. procedures.

In Pakistan, the story of this Christian divides strongly opinion and demonstrations began Wednesday, after the announcement of the acquittal of Asia Bibi.

The anger of Muslim fundamentalists

Blasphemy is an extremely sensitive subject in this very conservative country where Islam is a state religion. The law provides for the death penalty for those found guilty of insulting Islam.

This decision angered fundamentalist religious circles who called for protests and threatened judges who ruled "Pakistani Muslims will take adequate measures against judges ... and lead them to a horrible end , " had already made known officials of Tehreek-e-Labaik Yah Rasool Allah Pakistan (TLY), an extremist religious group turned political party, who makes the punishment of blasphemy its raison d'être.

"The worshipers of the Prophet will not shrink from any sacrifice," they said.

A former Punjab governor, Salman Taseer, who defended Asia Bibi, was shot dead in the heart of Islamabad in 2011 by his own bodyguard.

Forced exile

In case of liberation, "Asia can not stay (in Pakistan) with the law" on blasphemy, had estimated in early October her husband Ashiq Masih, hosted in London by the Catholic NGO Aid to the Church in distress (AED) . The family of this Christian woman could no longer lead a normal life. "For us, life in Pakistan is very difficult, we do not leave home, we are very careful," said his daughter Esham.

Moreover, according to human rights defenders, the blasphemy law in Pakistan would often be diverted and exploited to settle personal conflicts: Asia Bibi was a symbol.

Despite Pakistan's willingness to fight violence related to accusations of blasphemy, this phenomenon is firmly rooted in Pakistani society.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

EXTREME RIGHT WIN ELECTIONS IN BRAZIL

T he "turning left" of Latin America has indeed lived. After the election of Sebastian Pinera in Chile, Mauricio Macri in Argentina or Ivan Duque in Colombia, it was Jair Bolsonaro's turn to win a landslide victory in the election in Brazil with a very large majority (55 , 1% of the vote) in front of the left-wing candidate Fernando Haddad (45%). Jair Bolsonaro will take office on 1 January 2019 in an extremely polarized Brazil after a tense campaign.

In a country plagued by record violence, economic sluggishness, rampant corruption and acute crisis of confidence in the political class, Jair Bolsonaro has managed to win. With its radical orientation of ultra-conservative morals and neoliberal on the economic front, Bolsonaro is the product of the economic crisis.

At 63, Jair Bolsonaro is by far the most extreme right-wing elected head of state in Latin America's recent history. He will succeed, for four years, the conservative Michel Temer, who withdraws on a rate of historical unpopularity after conducting a policy of austerity "I just congratulate the President-elect Jair Bolsonaro, I could perceive his enthusiasm, not only when he spoke to me, but also when he made his statements in favor of the unity of the country, the pacification of the country, the harmony of the country, " Temer said from his official residence in Brasilia.

"We are going to change the destiny of Brazil together," President-elect Jair Bolsonaro said in his first speech on Facebook on Sunday after the announcement of his victory. "We can not continue to flirt with socialism, communism, left-wing populism , "he added.

He also promised the Brazilians that his government "will defend the Constitution, democracy, freedom" , in his televised speech while in campaigning his Brazil should be according to him, cleaned and purified "delinquents" and "reds" . The former captain wished Sunday after his victory a Brazil which is "a great Nation, for all of us" , while in electoral campaign he said he wanted to govern "for the majority, not for the minority." Exit the Blacks, women, members of the LGBT community, but also leftist activists, Indians, members of the landless peasant movement (MST) and NGOs ...

Jair Bolsonaro has promised to bring back order, taking advantage of the collapse of traditional parties, undermined by the corruption and exasperation of Brazilians.

But his ability to govern will now depend on how he will build a strong majority around Parliament. In case of minority, he will preside by decree ...

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

A WOMAN PRESIDENT IN ETHIOPIA

For the first time, a woman is president in Ethiopia.

Ethiopian parliamentarians on Thursday (October 25th) unanimously announced, for the first time, a woman, Sahle-Work Zewde, the country's president, after the resignation of the man who until now held this essentially honorary post.

The career diplomat becomes the fourth head of state in Ethiopia. The adoption of the 1995 Constitution provides that a President may be elected for a maximum of two six-year terms.

This diplomat has a long career behind her: ambassador to France, to Djibouti, Senegal, then permanent representative of Ethiopia to the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD), to obtain the post of special representative of the secretary General of the United Nations (UN), Antonio Guterres, to the African Union (AU).

She has been President of Ethiopia since October 25, an honorary function, but one that gives women a platform.

"In a patriarchal society like ours, the appointment of a woman as head of state is not only a sign for the future but trivializes the role of women as leaders in public life," he said. elsewhere claimed on Twitter Fitsum Arega, the chief of staff of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.

both Houses of Parliament first endorsed the resignation of President Mulatu Teshome, who had held this position since 2013 and resigned one year before the end of his term without providing any explanation.

For the observers this resignation would result from ongoing negotiations between the four parties forming the ruling coalition, the Revolutionary Democratic Front of the Ethiopian People (EPRDF).

If the President of Ethiopia is officially the Head of State, his responsibilities are essentially symbolic and honorary. Indeed, the prime minister, who represents the country in particular at major international summits, holds most of the power. In April, the EPRDF chose Abiy Ahmed as the new prime minister, for the first time from the largest ethnic group in the country, the Oromo.

A vast program of reforms is at work with the release of dissidents, the opening of democratic space and peace with neighboring Eritrea. He recently appointed a new government, in which half of the positions are held by women.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed nicknamed the "messiah" has continued to show his willingness to reform the country of 104 million inhabitants, on the edge of the precipice at the beginning of the year.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

AMERICAN SANCTIONS FOR THE KHAHOGGI CASE

"Khashoggi was the victim of a barbaric assassination. This barbarism can not be forgotten. Said President Erdogan on Tuesday, October 23 before Parliament.

"These sanctions will not be the last word of the United States on this issue," warned Mike Pompeo.

The United States on Tuesday (October 23rd) initiated the revocation of visas for Saudis involved in the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Kingdom's consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.

The cancellation of these residence permits is the first concrete decision announced by Washington against its long-standing ally. It targets 21 people, who are revoked or become ineligible for future visas, said Heather Nauert, the State Department spokeswoman. "These sanctions will not be the last word of the United States on this issue," warned Mike Pompeo.

The murder and its concealment are "a total fiasco ," he added.

The White House has been careful to point out how Riyadh has been an "excellent ally" of Washington for decades, and recalled that the Sunni kingdom was "one of the major investors in the United States."

The murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in his country's consulate in Istanbul was "savagely planned," a senior Turkish official said on Monday (October 22nd), adding that "substantial efforts" had been made to conceal it.

"We are facing a situation that has been savagely planned and consistent efforts have been made to conceal" this murder, Omar Celik, the spokesman for the ruling party in Turkey, told a news conference in Ankara ( AKP). This is an extremely complex crime , " added the spokesman.

"I hope that all the elements will be brought to light and that the perpetrators will be punished, so that these things will never cross anyone's mind again ," he continued.

For example, Turkish investigators are searching for Khashoggi's body and have searched the Belgrade forest, not far from Sultangazi.

Moreover, the Turkish press suspects the involvement of the Saudi Crown Prince: according to the daily Yeni Safak, close to power, a member of the commando who killed Khashoggi had repeatedly called the director of the office of Crown Prince, Bader Al-Asaker after the murder of the journalist.

"At least one of these calls was made from the Consul General's office , " the paper added. The US channel CNN has broadcast footage of CCTV showing, according to a Turkish official, one of the Saudi agents who left the consulate by a back door dressed clothes that was dressed Khashoggi on arrival, and a fake beard.

According to the Turkish official, this would be an "attempt to conceal" the idea that Khashoggi had indeed left the building as Ryad claimed after the death of the Washington Post columnist.

Finally, Turkish investigators have also discovered this Monday, October 22, a vehicle carrying a Saudi diplomatic license plate abandoned in a parking lot north of Istanbul: A black sedan carrying the diplomatic license plate "34 CC 1736".

These new statements come on the eve of revelations promised by the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan about this affair which undeniably tarnishes the image of Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed ben Salmane.

Turkey assured Monday that "nothing will remain secret" in the investigation.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

THE WORLD'S LONGEST BRIDGE BETWEEN

HONG KONG AND CONTINENTAL CHINA

DO NOT UNANIMOUS

X i Jinping, President of China, inaugurated Tuesday the longest sea bridge in the world. It connects Hong Kong, Macao and mainland China.

"I officially declare the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge open" Chinese President Xi Jinping inaugurated on Tuesday a gigantic 55-kilometer long infrastructure to link the Hong Kong island of Lantau, the former Portuguese trading post of Macao and the Zhuhai city. It consists of a motorway bridge over the waters of the Pearl River Delta and an underwater tunnel. A 55-kilometer long sea-side 2-lane highway, billed as "the longest sea bridge in the world," will connect Mainland China with Macau and Hong Kong.

China hopes to boost its trade with this new link. This bridge is expected to boost trade and reduce travel time between one of the largest financial centers on the planet and Las Vegas Asian. Journey Macao - Hong Kong in half an hour only.

But this bridge is not unanimous.

Indeed, some Hong Kong voices denounce the will of Beijing to establish its hegemony over the former British autonomous colony on the basis of the principle "One country, two systems" which had accompanied its retrocession in 1997. This bridge is seen as a bridge "Imperialist", the train station where security agents from mainland China are raging, having been denounced by Hong Kong. And for good reason, it is the first time since 1997 that Beijing applies its laws on a piece of semi-autonomous territory.

"The bridge connects Hong Kong with China a bit like an umbilical cord , " CNN member Claudia Mo, a member of the Hong Kong Legislative Council and pro-democracy activist, told CNN in May.

In addition, the construction of this large-scale building, begun in 2009, has been peppered with prosecutions for corruption, an explosion of costs and deaths: 10 workers reportedly lost their lives, according to the China Defense Association. rights of injured workers. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macaoa bridge has also been heavily criticized by environmental groups. The white dolphins of China have almost completely disappeared in Hong Kong waters, only 47 dolphins were spotted between April 2017 and March 2018 according to a government report.

An umpteenth maneuver from Beijing to increase its influence on Hong Kong?

In the meantime, another bridge project linking the two banks of the Pearl River further north was set up between Shenzhen and Zhongshan.

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

 

THE KHAHOGGI CASE OR A CALL OF MBS TO THE JOURNALIST JUST BEFORE HIS EXECUTION ?

Saudi Arabia finally acknowledged Saturday that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was killed inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, which Ryad denied until now. Saudi Arabia had hitherto declared that the journalist had returned from the Saudi consulate in Istanbul soon after entering it. But the new version of Ryad, which evokes "a fight" , does not convince the international community.

End of Saudi denial.

Saudi Attorney General Sheikh al-Mojeb issued a statement on the unfolding events: "The talks that took place between him and the people who received him at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul resulted in a fight and a brawl in punched with the citizen Jamal Khashoggi, which led to his death, that his soul rests in peace. "

The director of a pro-Saudi think tank, considered close to the kingdom, gave another version of the cause of death. "Khashoggi died from strangulation during a physical altercation, not a fist fight , " said the expert, Ali Shihabi, saying he relies on a high-ranking Saudi source.

Eighteen Saudi nationals were arrested for the time being and the investigation continues indicates a statement issued by the Saudi official press. According to a Saudi representative on Saturday, no order for kidnapping or assassination was given by the Kingdom, stating that Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman did not know that a specific operation would be conducted at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.

New revelations this Monday.

But according to the Turkish daily Yeni Safak , which reveals this new information on Monday, October 22, MBS would have had a telephone conversation with Jamal Khahoggi at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, where the journalist was kidnapped by fifteen men As soon as he arrived, these jailers allegedly passed Mohammed Ben Salman over the phone, and he tried to convince him to return to Riyadh. But Jamal Khashoggi, based in the United States, reportedly refused, fearing arrest and execution upon his return to Saudi Arabia. That's when his executioners killed him.

The Saudi monarchy itself does not deny the phone call, the latest official version of the authorities being that the commando was responsible for kidnapping the journalist to convince him to return to the country, but that he should release it in case of refusal.

Could this explanation still convince in view of the torture equipment available to the said commando?

Requests for clarification from Westerners and sanctions.

The UN Secretary-General said he was "deeply disturbed by the confirmation of Jamal Khashoggi's death , " according to a UN statement, and "stresses the need for a prompt, thorough and transparent investigation into the circumstances of the country. deaths " .

Even if the foreign minister of the kingdom, Adel Al-Jubeir, so qualified on Sunday, October 21, the death of the journalist of "monumental error" and does everything to minimize the facts, for his part, the American president wants to have any the light on this assassination after so many lies.

Donald Trump now evokes "lies" of Ryad. "There has obviously been deception and lies," he said in an interview Saturday at the Washington Post, a journal in which the exiled journalist has been working in the United States since 2017 after falling out of favor with Saudi power. "Their stories go off in every direction," said the White House tenant.

France stressed Sunday, with Germany and the United Kingdom, the "urgent need for clarification" on the facts. Berlin raises the tone: German Chancellor Angela Merkel calls for the interruption of arms deliveries to Ryad.

Finally, through the voice of his Prime Minister, Canada does not rule out the possibility of canceling a major arms contract with Saudi Arabia. Justin Trudeau, who appeared in a program broadcast Sunday night, but recorded Thursday, said his country intended "to always defend human rights, including with Saudi Arabia." Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland said on Saturday that Saudi explanations about the circumstances of the journalist's death were "not credible" and called for a thorough investigation.

Let's not forget that relations between Canada and the Saudi kingdom are more tense. Ryad had in fact announced in August the expulsion of the Canadian ambassador, recalled his and froze any new trade or investment with Canada, after the denunciation by Ottawa of the arrest of Saudi human rights activists.

After the probable murder of the Saudi journalist in Turkey, Westerners can no longer turn a blind eye to the nature of the Wahhabi regime and its Crown Prince MBS.

Sanctions? With what risk when we know that the Saudis now finance half of the G5 Sahel budget, supposed to strengthen the fight against the jihadist in this key region for Europe ?


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

WASHINGTON ANNOUNCED FOR ITS WITHDRAWAL

NUCLEAR AGREEMENT WITH MOSCOW

Donald Trump's United States is shaking up international relations and global stability. The Treaty for Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (the so-called "INF Treaty") was signed in 1987 by US and Soviet leaders of the day, Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev. In detail, this text, which became multilateral after the break-up of the Soviet Union (USSR), "obliges the two states to destroy all their ballistic and cruise missiles, launched from the ground with a range of between 500 and 1. 000 kilometers and those whose range is between 1,000 and 5,500 kilometers, " as summarized today by the United Nations (UN).

"Russia has not respected the treaty. So we will end the agreement and develop these weapons, " said the president of the United States " We will not let them violate the nuclear agreement and manufacture weapons when we are not allowed " , he said hammered. The Trump administration complains about Moscow's deployment of the 9M729 missile system, which Washington says has a range of over 500 kilometers, a violation of the FNI treaty.

According to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Russia has developed a missile, the Novator 9M729, comparable to Russian short-range sea-to-surface missiles capable of striking a target at a distance of 500 to 5,500 km. forbids the INF Treaty. This treaty, by abolishing the use of a whole series of missiles ranging in scope from 500 to 5,500 km, had put an end to the crisis triggered in the 1980s by the deployment of the Soviet SS-20 with nuclear warheads targeting Western capitals.

Moscow accuses, in turn, Washington of having undermined the INF Treaty.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said the withdrawal, if confirmed, would be a very dangerous move by Washington. For Sergei Riabkov, the US administration uses the INF treaty to blackmail Moscow and endangers international security. "This would be a very dangerous step, which I am sure will not be understood by the community. and even win serious condemnations, " Sergei Ryabkov told the Russian state agency TASS.

This withdrawal is motivated by the Americans' "dream" of dominating the world alone, a source at the Russian Foreign Ministry quickly responded, accusing Washington of "deliberately" undermining the deal over the years. The White House "has been approaching this step for several years deliberately destroying and step by step the basis of this agreement," said the source, quoted by the three major Russian news agencies.

"This decision is part of the American policy of withdrawal of international legal agreements that give it as much responsibility as its partners and therefore undermines the idea of ​​its own exception. "

The US withdrawal "is the second biggest blow against the entire global stability system," said a Russian senator, Alexey Pushkov, the first being the withdrawal in 2001 of the ABM treaty on anti-ballistic missiles . "And again, it is the United States who take the initiative to dissolve the agreement," he continued on Twitter.

"This is a way of presenting Russia with an ultimatum," said the deputy foreign minister. "We reject these methods, which are becoming more and more frequent in American policy towards Russia. We will obviously not accept such ultimatums or such blackmail ".

John Bolton the uncompromising

Donald Trump made the announcement even as his national security adviser, John Bolton, was preparing to travel to Moscow on Saturday to "continue" the controversial dialogue begun in July between the US President and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin. The adviser, known for his firm positions, had planned to meet from Monday the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sergei Lavrov, and the Secretary of the Security Council, Nikolai Patrushev.

According to the Guardian, it is the gunman John Bolton himself who is pressuring the US president for a withdrawal from the INF treaty. It is also he who blocks any negotiations for an extension of the New Start treaty on strategic missiles, which expires in 2021 and that Moscow seeks to extend.

While the President of the United States promised, before his election to renew relations with Russia, they are increasingly tense between Washington and Moscow, amid accusations of Russian interference in the elections. -Atlantic. On Friday, a Russian was charged by US justice for interfering in the November 6 US parliamentary elections. Suspicions of collusion with the Kremlin have also weighed on his campaign team since 2016. The Kremlin, for its part, has accused the White House of having "fabricated" these accusations to impose new sanctions on Russia.

In July, Donald Trump was extremely conciliatory about Vladimir Putin at a joint press conference in Helsinki after their first bilateral summit in Finland.

On 11 November, the two Presidents will meet in Paris for the commemoration of the end of the First World War.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

CONSEQUENCES OF ASSASSINATION

DE KAMAL KHAHOGGI

Sordid details of Jamal Khashoggi's disappearance.

Two weeks after the death of Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi journalist critic of power, the light begins to be made on the unfolding of the macabre events.

Disappearing since October 2 after visiting the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, the journalist was allegedly tortured and murdered, according to a Turkish daily.

Turkish officials accused Ryad of having the journalist murdered by a specially dispatched team. Some media, including the Washington Post , for which Jamal Khashoggi wrote, had previously reported the existence of audio and video recordings proving that the journalist was "interrogated, tortured and then killed" inside the consulate, before his body not dismembered.

A medical examiner, identified as Salah al-Tubaigy and one of the 15 or so Saadis rushed by Ryad to Istanbul that day according to several media outlets, then began to cut out Jamal Khashoggi's still-living body, according to the source. of Middle East Eye.

How was Jamal Khahoggi disturbing for MBS?

Jamal Khashoggi was disturbing: more than a journalist Jamal Khashoggi was above all a very close adviser to one of the princes eliminated by MBS in his run to power: Tourki al-Faisal, who was for 22 years boss of the intelligence services Saudis. He was also close to Al-Walid bin Talal, the wealthy prince who was imprisoned at the Ritz Carlton (when dozens of Saudi princes and businessmen were arrested for corruption in 2017). This journalist knew the wheels of power.

In addition exiled because he had fallen out of favor at the court, he took the counterpoint of MBS, especially his idyllic vision of Saudi Arabian before the 1970s. He criticized more and more openly the methods of MBS. If he applauded the reforms announced by the Crown Prince, he judged his unworthy methods. For him, this was not how Saudi Arabia could evolve. In his writings, he denounced the massive imprisonment and brutality of the prince.

The ambiguous reaction of the United States.

Yet on the footage of his meeting with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Tuesday, October 16, in a palace in Riyadh, Mohammed Ben Salman appears smiling and relaxed as the Saudi Crown Prince plays his political future in the media hurricane raised by the disappearance of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Indeed the operation could only have the latter as the ordering party.

It was only under international pressure demanding "a credible and transparent investigation" that the kingdom agreed to conduct full investigations.

Saudi leaders "have pledged to hold everyone accountable for their investigation , " said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, sent to Ryad to defuse the case.

According to CNN, Saudi Arabia is even considering recognizing that Jamal Khashoggi died during an interrogation that went wrong at the consulate in Istanbul. And for the Wall Street Journal , this would allow the royal family to "get rid of direct involvement" in the eventual death of Jamal Khashoggi.

US President Donald Trump said Tuesday he spoke to Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman who promised him a "full" investigation into the disappearance of the Saudi journalist

Donald Trump, a great ally of Saudi Arabia, on Monday for the first time estimated the possible involvement of Ryad in the disappearance of Jamal Khashoggi. He warned that there will be "severe punishment" if Ryad is responsible. What triggered the ire of the kingdom. " We totally reject any threat or attempt to weaken (the kingdom), whether through threats to impose economic sanctions or the use of political pressure , " said a senior unidentified Saudi official, quoted by the Saudi press agency SPA.

Answer by Donald Trump who wants to spare the prince: "The king (of Saudi Arabia) has firmly denied knowing anything (...) I do not want to speculate in his place but it seemed to me that, maybe to be, that could be the fact of uncontrollable elements. Who knows ? He insinuated.

Could the kingdom, however, count on the support of the American president?

Donald Trump said on Wednesday that the United States needs Saudi Arabia in the fight against terrorism, insisting on the importance for the US economy of arms contracts with Ryad. Does he wish to distance himself from the Sunni kingdom, a longtime ally of the United States? "No, I do not want it and, frankly, we have a huge (armament) contract worth $ 110 billion," he said. "Senators come to me and say that we should not take this contract. But who are we going to hurt? That's 500,000 jobs, " he said.

Even in the ranks of the US Republican Party is rebelled against the methods of Crown Prince nicknamed "MBS". "This guy is a demolition machine," said Senator Lindsey Graham in an interview with Fox News . Nothing happens in Saudi Arabia without him being informed. It is a toxic individual. He can not become a leader on the world stage. "

A UN inquiry requested .

Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders and the Committee to Protect Journalists called on Turkey to call for a UN investigation into the Khashoggi case. "The involvement of the United Nations is the best guarantee against a desire to launder Saudi Arabia or against attempts by other governments to ignore the problem in order to preserve lucrative trading relations with Riyadh," said Robert Mahoney, Deputy Executive Director of the Committee to Protect Journalists, in a statement.

What consequences can this case have for Saudi Arabia?

This disappearance with global repercussions could have a significant impact on the program of reforms, especially economic, put forward by the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. Sunday, the Ryad Stock Exchange has unscrewed more than 7%, its most serious decline in three years, before ending the session at -3.5%.

The cascading defections recorded by the "Saudi Davos", an economic summit scheduled for 23-25 ​​October in Riyadh, constitutes an additional disavowal of MBS. The CEO of BlackRock, the largest portfolio manager in the world, President Christine Lagarde of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), or the French Minister of the Economy, Bruno Le Maire, Bill Ford, the Ford Executive Chairman, Richard Branson , billionaire British founder of the Virgin group, Ariana Huffington, boss of "Thrive Global", or several media groups (CNN, Bloomberg, The Economist, The New York Times, CNBC or the Financial Times ...) canceled their visit to the big economic conference organized in Ryad the "Future Investment Initiative" serving as a showcase for the economic reforms launched by the Crown Prince.

Steven Mnuchin, secretary of the Treasury, announced Thursday that he would not attend the economic conference held in Riyadh, to mark the tense attitude of Washington against Ryad.

And the economic consequences of this scandal could be heavy for the kingdom ... but also for "MBS".

The Crown Prince weakened in his own country?

Crown Prince Mohamed Ben Salmane, a strong man in the Riyadh regime, may also be weakened in his own country. According to Le Figaro , a committee of the sages of the royal family has been meeting for several days in Riyadh, in the utmost discretion. This body would be responsible for settling the succession problems within the Saud family. But "MBS" being targeted by the vehement protests chancelleries caused by the scandal, the royal family would consider appointing a vice-crown prince to assist Mohammed Ben Salman.

A form of royal disavowal with regard to this young prince?

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

KHAHOGGI CASE OR

HOW TO MINIMIZE THE FACTS

US media reported Monday night that Saudi Arabia was considering recognizing the death of the 59-year-old journalist during an interrogation at the consulate.

According to CNN, which quotes two anonymous sources, Ryad is reportedly preparing a report attempting to minimize his involvement in the disappearance. According to one source, the report concludes that the operation was conducted "without authorization or transparency" and that "the persons involved will be held responsible".

According to the Turkish daily Yeni Safak, a sound recording proves that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was tortured and "beheaded" at his country's consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, the newspaper said on Wednesday.

The Turkish daily, which announced that it had access to sound recordings, gives details of the hell that Jamal Khashoggi would have gone through; tortured during an interrogation his fingers were cut by Saudi agents. He was later "beheaded ", according to the pro-government newspaper, which does not specify how he had access to these recordings.

Other media, such as the Washington Post for which the Saudi-based journalist wrote, had also reported the existence of audio and video recordings proving that the columnist was "interrogated, tortured and then killed" inside the consulate, before being dismembered.

Still according to the Turkish daily, Yeni Safak, we hear the voice of the Saudi consul, Mohammad Al-Otaibi "Do this out, you will draw me problems," said the consul. To which an unidentified individual answers him: "if you want to live when you come back to Saudi Arabia, shut up" . Mohammad al-Otaibi left Istanbul on Tuesday.

Added to this information are those of the Washington Post , which estimates for its part that eleven of the fifteen suspects have links with the Saudi security services.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who was dispatched to Riyadh on Tuesday by Donald Trump to learn more about the affair, spoke with several Saudi leaders. According to him, they "have promised to hold accountable each of the people whose investigation has shown that it must be held accountable," said Mike Pompeo to journalists .. To the question of whether this commitment was valid even for a no one, a member of the Saudi royal family, the head of the American diplomacy replied: "They made no exception regarding those to whom they would demand accountability" . insisted Pompeo.

"They understand the importance of this problem, they are determined to go all the way," insisted Pompeo.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

WILL MACEDONIA CHANGE NAME ?

The Macedonian parliamentarians started on Monday the examination of the ratification or not of the agreement with Greece. To rename the country

Macedonia could be called "Republic of Macedonia of the North".

But the battle is going to be tough for Social Democrat Prime Minister Zoran Zaev, who signed the agreement in June with his Greek counterpart Alexis Tsipras: backed by the Albanian minority parties (20-25% of the 2.1 million residents), its coalition does not have the two-thirds majority required to amend the Constitution. He must convince a dozen deputies of the opposition right (VMRO-DPMNE).

Since the independence of its small neighbor in 1991, Greece believes that the name "Macedonia" can only apply to its northern province around Thessaloniki. It vetoes the integration of the small Balkan country into NATO and blocks the accession negotiations to the European Union.

The referendum of September 30, which the Macedonian government wanted to consult, did not offer Zoran Zaev a strong political legitimacy to attract opposition MPs whom he would like to convince not to put up opposition he would like to convince. not to jeopardize the stowage in the west of this poor and landlocked country of the Balkans.

The "yes" has won more than 90% among voters , but the participation rate was only about 37%, far from the 50% required by the Macedonian Constitution for the result of a referendum to be valid.

The abstention was fed by obsolete lists, a strong diaspora but also the boycott observed by a large part of the opposition.

In Parliament, "there will not be a two-thirds majority, do not expect it!" Warned a VMRO-DPMNE official, Trajko Veljanovski. Another party executive, Ilija Dimovski, is more cautious: "We'll see what happens, but the VMRO-DPMNE deputies, or most of them, will not support the agreement."

The amendments to the Constitution provide for the change of name, but also the affirmation of respect for the territorial integrity of the neighbors, and the clarification that support for Macedonians abroad is "cultural, economic and social" and not political .

In case of failure, Zoran Zaev announced the immediate convening of early parliamentary elections.

Time is running out: everything should be theoretically completed by the end of 2018. The prospect of elections in Greece in 2019 is an additional mortgage, as they are delicate for Alexis Tsipras, craftsman of the agreement with Zoran Zaev.

In case of failure, Macedonia would be pushed to isolation. As early as July, Alexis Tsipras had warned that, in the absence of a constitutional revision, "the invitation of NATO is canceled and the negotiations with the EU do not move" . This "chance will not be repeated," warned Zoran Zaev, calling on the opposition to "take responsibility."

"There is no plan B", NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg repeated on 8 October in Serbia: "The only way to become a member of NATO for the country is to agree with Greece on the question of the name ".


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

AFTER THE KHAHOGGI CASE

MOHAMMED BEN SALMANE THE DICTATOR ?

The disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, significantly tarnished the image of Mohammed bin Salman (MBS), the Saudi Crown Prince.

And for good reason.

He who wanted to pass for the modernizer of a long-sclerotic society would not have hesitated to make disappear Jamal Khahoggi, Saudi journalist fallen in disgrace to the court and exiled in the United States.

This sordid affair of which we may never know the whole truth, is only the result of a long list of drift of MBS.

It is true that MBS has implemented certain reforms, such as the driving license granted to women, the creation of a business for these women without the authorization of a tutor, the opening of cinemas, the presentation of a television newscast by a woman. Symbolic reforms that have been hailed by the West.

Why engage in such symbolic reforms?

This was to prepare his Vision 2030 plan which tends to diversify the economy of a country with a budget deficit.

Faced with the prospect of the end of all oil, Saudi Arabia has indeed embarked on a major reorientation of its economy, in a broad diversification to no longer depend on black gold. This country does not hesitate to want to seize the most innovative technologies to invest billions of dollars in Pharaonic projects. The megacity Neom: everything will be modern and innovative according to the project presented on the site Discoverneom.com.

The Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman al-Saud plans to have the Red Sea in the north-west of the country built in an area that is deserted.

"Only dreamers are welcome," proclaimed the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia by unveiling his pharaonic project. A project of not less than 500 billion dollars ..

But now the Khahoggi affair could reveal the extent of MBS's deception.

"The dreamers" are forced to go down to earth.

A year ago, on October 26, 2017, at the "Davos of the Desert", MBS presented himself as the man through whom change was to be made to modernize and open his country and international investors who had believed ready to participate in the Vision 2030 plan and also to finance this Neom pharaonic project. MBS had convinced them all.

A year later, with the case of Jamal Khashoggi, investors are cautious, rather cautious. MBS, considered a despot, ambitious, impetuous, today presents a face that is not at all appreciated by investors. British billionaire Richard Branson has not frozen several projects in the kingdom. Partners such as the Financial Times, the New York Times and The Economist have withdrawn their support for the second edition of the Future Investment Initiative summit to be held from 23 to 25 October in Riyadh. The disappointment seems hard for Westerners.

And yet the experts denounce the many excesses of the Crown Prince.

For a year and a half, since he was knighted by his father Crown Prince, in place of Mohammed ben Nayef, he has indeed made many mistakes.

In September 2017, there are intellectuals, moderate religious and also human rights activists who are thrown into prison. That's when Jamal Khashoggi decides to go into exile in the United States.

Then there is the case of the Lebanese President Hariri forcibly withheld in Saudi Arabia which constitutes a serious obstacle to the sovereignty of Lebanon.

Then, on May 18, there were the arrest of thirteen human rights activists, including women activists with the right to drive and the abolition of tutoring.

It is this wave of arrests that brought a stop to the reform policy initiated by MBS. His true face appeared, that of some call him "dictator".

And then there is the war in Yemen provoked by the young prince in March 2015. Three and a half years and 10 000 deaths the worst humanitarian disaster in the world at the beginning of the 21st century.

According to Clarence Rodriguez, investors become "cautious" to support the country's development.

Pending the investigation of the death of journalist Khahoggi advance and that everyone takes responsibility, Saudi Arabia Mohamed Ben Salmane, who plays the card of modernity internationally, has clearly not arranged his image with this case. The execution of Jamal Khashoggi has cooled more than one.

The one who wanted to be a reformer, a modernizer of a society long ossified by centuries-old traditional religious and cultural principles has deconstructed himself his image prefabricated by communication and lobbying societies.

MBS has revealed its true face to Westerners who are sometimes deliberately naive ...

Donald Trump has promised "severe punishment" in case of proof of Saudi Arabia's responsibility.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

KHAHOGGI CASE: TOWARDS A DIPLOMATIC ADVANCE TO MAKE UP THE FACTS?

According to CNN and the New York Times, citing unidentified sources, Ryad is about to admit that the Saudi journalist and opponent was killed during an interrogation that went wrong.

Sources in the US news channel say the statement is still in writing.

One source said the ad is still being written and can still be edited, adds CNN. The second source explains that the operation was carried out without the necessary authorizations and that the persons involved will be held responsible.

Ankara and Washington

Although he says he is waiting for the result of the investigation before taking a decision, the Turkish president wants to see the emergence of a "reasonable point of view" quickly . He does not hesitate to put pressure on Riyadh. "This incident took place in our country. We can not remain silent, " Recep Tayiip Erdogan said after asking the Saudis to " prove " that Jamal Khashoggi had left the consulate.

A sound recording shows that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was killed at his country's consulate in Istanbul. The Turkish police have also searched the building of the Saudi representation and plans to search the residence of the consul. Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that the investigation was moving towards toxic substances.

The two countries have had strained relations since June 2017, when Turkey sided with Qatar in the latter's conflict with its Gulf neighbors.

For his part, Donald Trump promised a "severe punishment" if the Saudi responsibility was confirmed without specifying what sanction could be imposed. The US president has also said he will not question the military relations between his country and Saudi Arabia, their largest client in arms sales. "I do not want to speculate in the place of the king (of Saudi Arabia, Ed) but it seemed to me that, perhaps, it could be the fact of uncontrollable elements. Who knows? " Said the President of the United States on Monday.

US PM Mike Pompeo met for 20 minutes with King Salman on Tuesday in Riyadh. He also met the young Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, considered the strongman of the kingdom.

He said Ryad and Washington were "strong and old allies " before adding, "We face challenges together, whether in the past, today or tomorrow."

Ryad

The Wahhabi kingdom belies the thesis of assassination. Riyadh agreed to participate in the investigation. Sending a Saudi delegation Friday in Turkey and opening Monday an internal investigation "on the basis of information collected by the joint team , " said a member of his administration.

Saudi Arabia, however, warned that it would respond in the event of economic sanctions related to the Khahoggi case.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

TAYLOR SWIFT A POLITICAL BOMB

Kanye West, Michael Moore ..., celebrity public statements are multiplying to support candidates in mid-term elections and encourage Americans to vote.

Singer Taylor Swift came out of his silence but amazed more than one American! She formalized on her Instagram account her support for Democratic candidate Phil Bredesen in his state, Tennessee.

And Taylor Swift calls his fans to vote on November 6: "Go out and go vote" .

The artist's hitherto unobtrusive stance on his political views has been like a bombshell in the state of Tennessee, where more than 13,000 people signed up in 72 hours, against barely 3,000 last month as in the whole country.

"I have been reluctant so far to express my political views (...) but I think differently now," said Taylor Swift, with 112 million subscribers on Instagram, in a long post.

The young woman defends the fight against discrimination related to gender and sexual orientation.

She denounces a "systemic" racism.

Two days later, the interpreter of the hits Bad Blood and I Knew You Were Trouble adds, this time on the set of the America Music Awards, in Los Angeles (California).

Receiving the artist award of the year in her hands, Taylor Swift addresses her award "to the people, who voted for all these awards". "And you know what else to vote for?

For the mid-term elections, November 6! " Says the 28-year-old artist " Go out and go vote - I love you "

But the Republicans, they do not jubilant and are taken aback so that the Senate committee Republican has eagerly spread a press release particularly critical about it.

"In case you do not know, multimillionaire pop star Taylor Swift has come down from her ivory tower to tell hard-working Tennessee residents to vote for Phil Bredesen," the committee says , while openly criticizing the Democratic candidate.

Even Donald Trump has stepped up to the plate. "I'm sure Taylor Swift knows nothing about her [Marsha Blackburn]. Let's say, now, I like Taylor's music less , " the US president tapped on Tuesday after being questioned on the subject.

And most disappointed those who claim to be as white nationalists because she passed for the darling child of "alt-right" with his country music adulated because it is white and from a conservative environment in the south of the country.

A way to turn one's back on the supremacists and to assert one's own political opinions.

With her commitment to the #MeToo movement and her stance on enhanced gun control, supporting the "March For Our Lives" campaign - after Parkland- Taylor Swift has gained a presence on the political scene.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

HAS THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF FRANCOPHONIE LOST HIS SOUL

The summits of the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF) have their obligatory passages, including the celebration of the large family which, on the five continents, has "this language in common" , according to the formula. Some 40 heads of state and government and representatives of the 84 members of the OIF came to the Armenian capital for the 17th summit of La Francophonie.

Everyone went there to defend the French language as a tool for reconciliation between peoples. "This is a family with dimensions of the planet," said the head of the French State This language that "unites us, he says , everyone speaks it with its particular accents and turns."

Over the past 50 years or so, La Francophonie has strengthened or expanded its missions affirming as a political and diplomatic Francophonie. "It is under your leadership that we have equipped ourselves with normative texts and demanding references on the practice of democracy, rights and freedoms in the French-speaking world, as well as on conflict prevention and human security". insisted Michaëlle Jean.

"The battle of the ladies"

But the real subject in every head, it is indeed the duel for the general secretariat of the organization, the " battle of the ladies" which pays this year the chronicle, and which should lead to a victory of Mrs Mushikiwabo. In effect, the probable appointment of Rwandan Louise Mushikiwabo to the General Secretariat of the International Organization of La Francophonie, replacing the Canadian Michaëlle Jean, who will not be reappointed, released at the last minute by Ottawa and Quebec, for "To join the consensus," confirmed the spokesman of the Minister of La Francophonie Melanie Joly.

For some, the candidacy of Louise Mushikiwabo is not justified in the context of a unifying Francophonie.

Indeed, this candidacy, raised by France and then taken up by Rwanda before being supported by the African Union, is thoughtful considering the historical liabilities between the two countries. Moreover, since the beginning of the 2010 academic year, Kigali has made English the only language of public education, replacing French for the following year, while remaining a member of the OIF, joining the Commonwealth, thus becoming all First French-speaking nation to join the states of the former British colonial empire. Finally, observers worry that President Paul Kagame has been re-elected to the head of his country with 98% of the vote in 2017, after a revision of the Constitution that allows him to potentially remain in power until 2034. state of affairs is worrying, with more and more African presidents trying to follow this example (in Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi, Burkina Faso, Congo, Brazzaville, Cameroon and Chad, among others)

For which missions?

In fact, there is the question of the mission of the OIF. Does the Francophonie still have French in common? And what is the purpose of his institution, the International Organization of La Francophonie?

If "the Francophonie must be the place of contemporary recapturing" , Emmanuel Macron wants a revision of the Charter of the Francophonie, in particular to study the terms of membership of the OIF. "Is it enough to make a few commitments regarding respect for human rights [to join the OIF]? He wondered, referring to the candidacy, withdrawn at the last moment, from Saudi Arabia.

However, remarks that seem to contradict directly the candidacy, supported by Paris, the head of the Rwandan diplomacy at the head of the institution, Rwanda ranked 159th (out of 180 countries) of the 2017 ranking of the International Federation of human rights (FIDH)

If the French language must be "the language of creation" for a Francophonie whose priority must be the reconquest of youth (especially African according to Macron) should not refocus the Francophonie on the real issues of the French language? With a function of the secretariat of the OIF less political, more technical, focused on the challenges of teaching French?

"But that does not matter, the mass is said: at the end of the closed session of Friday, the Rwandan will be very sacred new queen of the Francophonie, no offense to Ms. Jean and rights NGOs. "

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

THE DISRUPTION OF THE JOURNALIST

JAMAL KHASHOGGI

"The records show that a Saudi security team detained Jamal Khashoggi in the consulate, before killing him and dismembering his body," writes The Washington Post.

Saudi dissident journalist Khashoggi disappeared on October 2 at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. On the same day, 15 members of the Saudi security apparatus made a round trip to the city ... Turkey accuses the Saudi authorities of having kidnapped or murdered her in her diplomatic representation. Riyad demented.

More than a week after the death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi the thesis of his abduction, or even his assassination on the orders of Riyadh, continues to gain credibility.

New evidence crediting the thesis of enforced disappearance or murder

New evidence supporting the thesis of the forced disappearance or assassination of the Saudi journalist in Istanbul by agents of his country was revealed by the Turkish media on Wednesday, while his fiancee asks for help from Donald Trump.

CCTV images showing the entry of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi and the team suspected of being responsible for his disappearance to the Saudi consulate in Istanbul were broadcast on Turkish TV channels. On the pictures, Jamal Khashoggi appears entering the consulate at 1:14 pm. A black van is visible, parked nearby. Other images show a van entering the consulate and then come out and go to 15:08, according to the 24 TV channel, at the residence of the nearby consul.

The New York Times even provides information that the Saudi team reportedly brought a saw to Turkey to dismember Jamal Khashoggi. "It was like Pulp Fiction," a Turkish official told the US daily.

According to the editor of the Turkish daily Aksam , Murat Kelkitlioglu, speaking on 24 TV during the presentation of the images, it is "certain" that Jamal Khashoggi is transported in this van, dead or alive. The Saudi was exiled in 2017 to the United States, after falling out of favor at the court of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. The Washington Post , quoted an informed source, as saying that US intelligence had intercepted communications between Saudi officials before Jamal Khashoggi's disappearance, citing his kidnapping.

Intervention of the White House

Donald Trump has asked for all the light on this case. "We are very disappointed to see what happens. We do not like it " and " we want to know what's going on there " The President of the United States said to have spoken " at the highest level " with the Saudis, and this " more than once, " about Jamal Khashoggi. he assured. The White House said two of the president's closest aides, his son-in-law Jared Kushner and national security council official John Bolton, had spoken to Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman on Tuesday, before a new appeal by the US chief of diplomacy Mike Pompeo to "reiterate"Washington's demands: "details" about the disappearance and "transparency of the Saudi government regarding the investigation" .

In parallel, US senators, Republicans and Democrats, have activated a law that compels Donald Trump to make findings on these facts to the US Congress within 120 days.

If Washington determines that a foreign national is guilty of summary executions, torture or other violations of Jamal Khashoggi's rights, then Washington may impose sanctions against that person or persons.

"The team of the assassination"

The Turkish police investigation, which was echoed by the local and Anglo-Saxon press, identified the 15 members of the team who, according to Ankara, landed from Riyadh to wait for a lookout. to Mr. Khashoggi.

New elements were revealed concerning the 15 men coming from Saudi Arabia: they left the hotel in the morning to go to the consulate and then left in the evening. The pro-government Turkish daily Sabah had already revealed on Tuesday that two private planes had arrived from Saudi Arabia in Istanbul that day and that the people on board had reserved rooms in hotels near the consulate but that they had not not spent the night.

On Wednesday, the same newspaper published the names, age and photographs of fifteen men portrayed as the "assassination team" dispatched by Riyadh. Among them were Saudi Special Forces and Air Force officers, alleged members of Mohammed Ben Salman's close security. The name of one of these people, Salah Muhammed Al-Tubaigy, corresponds to that of a medical examiner, head of department within the Saudi Ministry of the Interior.

The journalist's fiancée asked Tuesday in the Washington Post for help from US President Donald Trump to "shed light" on the case. "I urge President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump to help shed light on Jamal's disappearance," said Hatice Cengiz.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged Riyadh on Thursday (October 11th) to reveal surveillance footage from inside the Saudi consulate proving that Jamal Khashoggi was out of the country, warning that Turkey "can not remain silent".

"If a mosquito comes out (of the consulate), their camera systems will intercept it" (Recep Tayyip Erdogan)

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

MYSTERE AUTOUR DE LA DISPARITION

DE MENG HONGWEI

ACCUSE DE CORRUPTION EN CHINE

Porté disparu depuis plus de dix jours, Interpol a annoncé ce dimanche soir la démission « avec effet immédiat » de son président depuis novembre 2016, Meng Hongwei, tandis que Pékin a annoncé l'ouverture d'une enquête à son sujet en Chine, après des soupçons de corruption.

M. Meng « a accepté des pots-de-vin et est soupçonné d'avoir violé la loi », a rapporté dans un communiqué le ministère de la Sécurité publique, sans fournir de précisions sur ces accusations.

Ce communiqué est présenté comme un compte-rendu d'une réunion organisée lundi dans la cellule du Parti communiste chinois (PCC) du ministère de la Sécurité publique (police).

Le texte ne précise pas si les accusations imputées à M. Meng relèvent de ses fonctions ministérielles ou bien de celles qu'il exerçait à Interpol. Il n'est pas non plus précisé s'il a ou non été placé en détention.

Le mystère autour de la disparition depuis une dizaine de jours du président d'Interpol, dont l'organisation internationale basée à Lyon a finalement annoncé la démission ce dimanche soir.

Plus tôt dans la journée, Pékin avait indiqué que le désormais ex-président de 64 ans, soupçonné d'avoir « violé la loi », faisait l'objet d'une enquête en Chine.

C'est Grace Meng, l'épouse du président d'Interpol depuis novembre 2016, qui avait signalé la disparition « inquiétante » de son mari à la police française jeudi dernier, après plusieurs jours sans nouvelles. D'autant plus inquiétante qu'elle avait reçu le dernier message de son époux le 25 septembre,lors de son arrivée en Chine. Et le contenu de ce message : un simple émoticône représentant un couteau.

Elle a été placée depuis sous protection policière. Nul doute pour l'épouse Grace Meng qu'il s'agissait de la preuve que son mari était « en danger ». Meng Hongwei serait-il alors victime de la purge politique en Chine ?

Selon un quotidien de Hong Kong, Meng Hongwei serait détenu par les autorités chinoises, qui l'auraient arrêté dès son atterrissage en Chine, fin septembre.

Face à cette situation, Interpol a demandé des explications à la Chine. « Interpol a demandé aux autorités chinoises une clarification à propos du président Meng Hongwei et attend une réponse officielle concernant son état », a ainsi fait savoir le secrétariat général de l'organisation internationale. Mais il a reçu pour seule réponse que le désormais ex-président faisait l'objet d'une enquête.

Moins de deux ans plus tôt, en novembre 2016, l’élection d’un officiel chinois à la tête de l’organisation chargée de la coopération des polices de 192 Etats avait été accueillie avec le plus grand scepticisme par les organisations de défense des droits fondamentaux, telles qu’Amnesty International.

Meng Hongwei, était le premier citoyen de Chine continentale à prendre la tête d’une grande organisation internationale.

M. Meng, par ailleurs vice-ministre de l’intérieur d’un pays connu pour l’emprisonnement sans procès équitable de ses dissidents et des membres de minorités jugées « problématiques », ou de ses officiels corrompus ou victimes des luttes de factions, serait-il à son tour victime d'une purge politique qui semble s'être accélérée depuis l'arrivée de Xi Jinping au pouvoir, en 2012.

Un signe avant-coureur de ses difficultés: Meng Hongwei avait été démis en avril de ses fonctions au sein du comité du Parti chargé de superviser le ministère de la sécurité publique, après la nomination, à l’automne 2017, d’un nouveau ministre, Zhao Kezhi, ultraloyal à M. Xi Jinping.

Une disparition d'un membre de la diaspora chinoise à élucider. « Cette affaire relève de la justice. Elle concerne la communauté internationale. Elle concerne le peuple de mon pays », a déclaré Grace Meng.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

L'EXTREME DROITE DE BOLSONARO EN TETE

AU PREMIER TOUR DES PRESIDENTIELLES

OU UNE CRISE DE LA DEMOCRATIE AU BRESIL

C'est le candidat Jair Bolsonaro de l’extrême droite qui se trouve largement en tête au premier tour de la présidentielle avec 46,06 % des voix. Jair Bolsonaro a affirmé, dans la foulée des résultats, être « certain » qu’il aurait été élu s'il n'y avait pas eu des « problèmes avec les urnes électroniques ».

« Je suis certain que si ça n’avait pas eu lieu, nous aurions eu dès ce soir le nom du président de la République », a-t-il déclaré dans une vidéo publiée sur les réseaux sociaux.

Mais la bataille reste incertaine. Mais le candidat d'extrême-droite, malgré son triomphe, devra affronter lors du second tour le 28 octobre Fernando Haddad (29,24 %) du Parti des Travailleurs(PT), n'ayant pas réussi le coup de force d’une élection dès le premier tour.

Jair Bolsonaro a capitalisé dans les urnes sur la colère des Brésiliens contre la corruption de la classe politique et l’insécurité.

Il a notamment promis d’assouplir la législation sur le contrôle des armes à feu afin que ses concitoyens puissent s’armer contre les criminels. Il a lui-même été victime d'une blessure à l’arme blanche en septembre. A l'inverse le PT est, lui, impliqué dans un vaste scandale de corruption qui a conduit Lula en prison et amené à la destitution Dilma Rousseff pour avoir maquillé les comptes publics.

La droite brésilienne, le PSDB de Geraldo Alckmin ou le candidat du président sortant, Henrique Mereilles, connaissent une vraie désaffection.

Ancien officier âgé de 63 ans Bolsonaro a donc réussi à convaincre de nombreux Brésiliens de voter pour lui grâce à ses positions très dures contre l’insécurité à sa carrière dans l'armée exempte de toute accusation de corruption.

Il incarne également une vision conservatrice de la famille, du droit des minorités et de religion ainsi qu’un libéralisme économique qui a séduit bon nombre de Brésiliens.

Sur son compte Facebook, il a annoncé, dans la soirée qu’il allait « unir le peuple », qu’« unis, les Brésiliens deviendront une grande nation » et que « personne n’avait le potentiel qu’ils avaient ».

Pourtant une grande partie de l’électorat refuse de lui accorder son vote en raison de propos homophobes ou misogynes qui ont conduit des femmes à descendre dans la rue. Nombre de Brésiliens s’inquiètent aussi de l’impact sur la démocratie d'une telle élection.

Tout n'est pas gagné pour le candidat d'extrême-droite face à Fernando Haddad, ancien ministre de l’éducation , qui n’a cependant pas réussi à créer le front républicain contre Bolsonaro à ce premier tour. Les électeurs du centre seront l’objet de toutes les convoitises.

Le candidat de centre gauche, Ciro Gomes et l'écologiste Marina Silva se sont déjà rangés du côté du PT. Le centre droit, convoité par les deux camps, n'a pas encore pris position...

Quoiqu’il en soit le Brésil a rarement été aussi divisé lors d'une élection, durant laquelle les 147 millions d’électeurs devaient aussi désigner les députés de la chambre basse du Congrès et renouveler les deux tiers des 81 sièges du Sénat.

Mais tous les Brésiliens ont exprimé l'espoir que ce scrutin apporte le « changement » dans un pays rongé par une crise économique et politique aiguë, une violence endémique et d'innombrables scandales de corruption.

Le duel du 28 octobre s’annonce particulièrement imprévisible et témoigne «d'une crise démocratique très profonde » selon Christophe Ventura, chercheur à l'IRIS. .

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

INQUIETANTE DISPARITION DU PRESIDENT CHINOIS D'INTERPOL POUR CORRUPTION

Une enquête pour disparition inquiétante a été ouverte concernant Hongwei Meng, le président chinois d'Interpol, dont le siège se trouve à Lyon. Ce dernier n'a plus donné signe de vie depuis qu'il a quitté la France pour la Chine, fin septembre.

La famille de Meng Hongwei n'a plus de nouvelles de lui depuis son départ vers la Chine le 29 septembre.

Son épouse inquiète, installée à Lyon avec leurs enfants, a signalé sa disparition aux autorités françaises et a été entendue par la police judiciaire. Selon une source proche du dossier, Hongwei Meng « n'a pas disparu en France »

Après avoir exercé en Chine comme vice-ministre de la Sécurité publique, Hongwei Meng, poids lourd du Parti communiste chinois, a été élu en novembre 2016 à la tête d’Interpol pour un mandat de 4 ans.

Interpol (ou l'Organisation internationale de police criminelle, OIPC) est une organisation internationale créée le 7 septembre 1923 dans le but de promouvoir la coopération policière internationale.

Cette première nomination d'un Chinois à ce poste avait été critiquée par des organisations de défense des droits de l'Homme, la Chine menant alors une intense campagne de rapatriement d'escrocs et de fraudeurs présumés, parfois accusée de servir ses intérêts politiques. La Chine a longtemps utilisé Interpol « pour arrêter des dissidents et des réfugiés à l'étranger », s'était inquiété notamment Amnesty International.

Or actuellement c'est Hongwei Meng qui il se trouverait « sous enquête » dans son pays, soupçonné par la justice d’avoir favorisé une entreprise dans le cadre de l’obtention d’un marché de cybersécurité. Depuis six ans environ, le gouvernement chinois est engagé dans une vaste campagne « anticorruption » qui a servi de prétexte à la mise à l’écart de dignitaires politiques ou administratifs, de magnats de l’immobilier et même d’une star de cinéma. Quelle que soit la réalité des charges contre le patron d’Interpol, sa " disparition" , tourne au bras de fer diplomatique. Depuis son siège à Lyon (Rhône), l’organisation a exigé ce samedi une « clarification » sur le sort de ce haut dignitaire. Dans un communiqué posté sur Twitter, le secrétaire général d’Interpol, dit attendre « une réponse officielle des autorités chinoises » pour répondre « aux inquiétudes ».

Dans sa conduite des affaires, Meng Hongwei semblait incarner avec zèle la ligne du parti communiste...

Les policiers mènent un travail de téléphonie et d’audition dans l’entourage professionnel du patron d’Interpol. Deux choses sont avérées: Meng Hongwei a bien quitté la France le 20 septembre dernier et le haut-dignitaire chinois a bien atterri dans son pays en provenance de Stockholm.

L'organisation s' était défendue de pouvoir servir des intérêts politiques en rappelant que le président d'Interpol n'intervenait pas dans le quotidien opérationnel, tâche dévolue à son secrétaire général - poste occupé actuellement par l'Allemand Jürgen Stock - et en soulignant que l'article 3 de ses statuts lui interdisait toute ingérence en matière politique..

Et l'élection de ce haut-dignitaire chinois à la tête d’Interpol en 2016 participait du rayonnement de la Chine à l’étranger.

La Chine traverse la plus longue campagne anticorruption depuis Mao déguisant une campagne d’élimination des adversaires politiques.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

 

A NATIONALIST GOVERNMENT AND 

FIRMNESS OF IMMIGRATION IN QUEBEC

François Legault becomes Prime Minister Designate of the Province of Quebec. This is a major political turning point for the "Belle Province", after 15 years of almost uninterrupted Liberal government.

For the first time, a non-independence nationalist party came to power on Monday: the Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ). The CAQ, formed in 2011 by François Legault, will have an absolute majority in the Quebec National Assembly, with 74 out of 125 MPs according to preliminary results.

"Today, we have marked history; today, there are many Quebeckers who have put aside a debate that has divided us for 50 years, " said François Legault, the province's designated prime minister, triumphantly about the question of belonging. or not from Quebec to Canada.

A multimillionaire, an accountant by training, the prime minister-designate made his fortune after having created the Air Transat airline in 1986, which sometimes earned him a comparison with Donald Trump.

He promised "a spirit of assembly, to govern for all Quebecers" ,

and said he wanted to " work for a strong Quebec in Canada".

To do this, he advocates "change" , particularly the firmness of immigration, which he wants to reduce the thresholds by 2019 by more than 20% to better integrate newcomers, and better management of public finances.

The independence issue was, however, excluded from the debate. Former independence minister François Legault assures today that he no longer wants to separate from Ottawa.

Between economic prosperity and near-full employment, the electoral campaign certainly did not fascinate the 8.4 million inhabitants of the Belle Province, with a participation of 67%, against 71% in 2014 and 74% in 2012.

But its outcome is yet another blow for the Liberals, the political family of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who in June had already lost Ontario, the richest and most populous province, to another conservative formation.

Canada is holding legislative elections in one year. The poll promises to be uncertain for Justin Trudeau, in a context of rising nationalism.


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

NOBEL MEDICINE PRIZE

JAMES ALLISON AND TASUKU HONJO

Nobel Laureates 2018, James Allison and Tasuku Honjo, revolutionized the approach to treating tumors by finding ways to activate and stimulate the immune system's response.

The Nobel Prize in Medicine 2018 is awarded to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjoe Nobel Prize in "Physiology or Medicine".

It was presented Monday, October 1, 2018 to James P. Allison, 70, professor of immunology at the University of Texas Cancer Center, and the Japanese Tasuku Honjo, 76, a professor at Kyoto University for their work on immunotherapy.

The two men found a way to activate the body's immune system to help it eliminate tumors.

T cells are the cells responsible for the body's immune response. But in the case of most tumors, T cells fail to perceive cancer cells as a threat, and therefore do not try to destroy them.

James Allison discovered that a receptor on T cells, called CTLA4, was acting as a brake on their function. With a specific antibody targeting this receptor, an anti-CTLA4, Allison has proven that it can cure melanomas, and then for many other types of tumors afterwards.

For its part, Tasuku Honjo discovered a protein, PD1 can also act as a brake to prevent T cells from acting. The Japanese researcher has also found a way to inhibit PD1, allowing cells in the immune system to effectively tackle melanomas and many other tumors.

This technique uses activated T cells or antibodies (anti-PD1, for example) that trigger the awakening of the patient's immune system.

This technique offers patients new hope.

On their side, the two scientists worked hard to "release the brakes" and "press on the good acceleration pedals" of the immune system to allow it to "neutralize foreign microorganisms" , said the jury Nobel. The efficacy of immunotherapy has been demonstrated in multiple cancers as of 2015. P. Allison, like Tasuku Honjo, had already received in 2014 the Tang Award, presented as the Asian version of the Nobel. At surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy to fight cancer joins immunotherapy.

"Allison and Honjo have shown how different strategies for inhibiting the immune system's brakes can be used in the treatment of cancer," said the Academy.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

IRAN BOMBARD OF DAECH POSITIONS IN SYRIA

The Iranian Revolutionary Guards announced on Monday morning that they fired ballistic missiles at a "headquarters" of "terrorists" in Syria in retaliation for the Ahvaz bombing on September 22, when a group of terrorists shot dead 24 people.

According to the Iranian news agency Fars, close to the conservatives, two types of missiles were used: Zolfaghar (range: 750 km) and Qiam (800 km).

"The headquarters of the Ahvaz terrorist crime leaders were attacked a few minutes ago east of the Euphrates by several ballistic missiles fired by the aerospace branch of the Revolutionary Guards , " write on their website the Pasdarans, elite army of the Islamic Republic.

"According to preliminary reports, many takfiris terrorists and the leaders responsible for Ahvaz's terrorist crime have been killed or wounded in this attack," they add. The term "takfiri", derived from the Arabic word "takfir" (anathema), is used by the Iranian authorities to refer to Sunni jihadists.

On 22 September, 24 people were shot dead by a commando of five people who fired automatic weapons at a military parade in Ahvaz, a city in southwestern Iran. According to the IS, the five members of the commando were Iranians, including four from Ahvaz.

The attack was claimed by the Islamic State (IS) organization, against which Iran is engaged in Syria alongside the authorities of Damascus.

On the day of the attack, Iranian President Hassan Rohani promised a "terrible" response to the attack while the Revolutionary Guards announced an "unforgettable revenge".

It was Ayatollah Ali Khamenei who, on September 24, denounced the perpetrators of the Ahvaz attack as jihadist groups operating "in Syria and Iraq" . The Iranian supreme leader then accused them of being "financed by the Saudis and the United Arab Emirates" . Charges denied by Ryad and Abu Dhabi.

The Revolutionary Guards intervene in Syria as "military advisers" to forces loyal to the Syrian president

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

CHAOS IN INDONESIA AFTER TSUNAMI

MORE THAN 840 DEATHS AND 48,700 DISPLACED

Indonesian President Joko Widodo traveled to Palu Sunday late in the afternoon urging rescuers to "work day and night" to find survivors.

On the field, the research teams are racing against the clock to get survivors out of the rubble.

Rescuers were trying Monday to find survivors in the remains of Roa Roa Hotel, where nearly 60 people may have been buried. For now, two people have been saved on this site, according to an official source.

The army is being deployed to help search for survivors.

Planes loaded with equipment and food were able to land at Palu airport, but many tracks are unusable and NGOs are experiencing difficulties in routing.

Faced with the scale of the disaster the Indonesian government officially comes Monday to appeal for international aid.

The European Union has announced the allocation of one million and a half euros.

The toll of the victims may also increase, because no one had yet been able to reach the coastal city of Donggala, located at the mouth of the Palu River, in the late morning. Donggala is the capital of Donggala. a municipality of nearly 300,000 inhabitants.

While the toll of victims is only getting heavier, voices are starting to rise to denounce dysfunctions the strength of the wave having surprised many residents and observers. The controversy is in full swing.

At issue, the Indonesian Meteorological and Geophysical Institute, the BMKG, reportedly issued a tsunami warning to wake up 34 minutes later.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

ANGELA MERKEL'S WARNING

A DONALD TRUMP ON THE UN

Angela Merkel warns Donald Trump against the temptation to "destroy" the UN.

"The current US president says that multilateralism is not the answer to the problems, and believes that there are only situations with one winner, unlike me," said the German Chancellor ...

This Sunday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned US President Donald Trump against the temptation to "destroy" multilateralism, including the United Nations recalling the historical context in which they were born:

"The United Nations was founded on the rubble of the Second World War, and of course, it's far from perfect," Merkel said at a campaign rally for the regional legislative elections in Bavaria.

The United Nations (UN), which officially entered into force on October 24, 1945, is indeed an international organization of 193 states.

The primary objectives of the organization are the maintenance of international peace and security.

To fulfill them, it promotes the protection of human rights, the provision of humanitarian aid, sustainable development and the guarantee of international law.

"To destroy something without having developed something new is extremely dangerous and can destroy the current order that guarantees peace, faster than we think," warned the Chancellor, hammering out that multilateralism was the way to go.

But, she said, "the current US president says that multilateralism is not the answer to the problems, and believes that there are only situations with one winner, unlike me." "This puts into question the multilateral systems (...), the capacity of the United Nations to function," she said.

Before the UN General Assembly, Donald Trump on Tuesday praised "sovereignty" by denouncing "the ideology of globalism."

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

WOMEN UNITED AGAINST BOLSONARO

CANDIDATE OF EXREME-RIGHT IN BRAZIL

"In the recent history of the South American country, there is no trace of such an important mobilization of women," said Ligia Fabris Campos, Professor of Law at the Getulio Vargas Foundation.

On Saturday in the streets of Brazil thousands of women came to protest against the far-right presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro. At the cry of "No, not him!", The Brazilian women took to the streets of major Brazilian cities on Saturday to express their opposition to Jair Bolsonaro, far right MP.

The biggest events took place in the metropolises of Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Brasilia. A total of 62 cities were affected by this move to eight days of the first round.

The presidential candidate of October 7 has continued throughout his campaign to multiply the misogynist invectives.

It is with the shout of "No, not him! That tens of thousands of Brazilian women intended to mark their fierce opposition to the far-right presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro, a favorite in the polls.

Jair Bolsonaro, a 63-year-old deputy, is heading ahead of the voting intentions of the first round of presidential elections on 7 October. He was released Saturday morning from the hospital where he was admitted in early September, after being stabbed during a walkabout, announced the establishment.

The former captain of the army is considered misogynist, homophobic and racist. He bluntly told a member that she "did not deserve" to rape her, and lamented the length of maternity leave. General Hamilton Mourao, vice-president on his list, said that single-parent families without a father figure were "factories with non-integrated individuals who tend to swell the ranks of drug traffickers".

Just out Jair Bolsonaro launched a new controversy by threatening not to recognize the outcome of elections if he was not elected. "From what I see in the street, I will not accept an election result that is different from my election," he told Bandeirantes on Friday.

"A candidate who makes a statement like this makes it clear to the country that he intends to wage a coup against our democracy," said left-wing candidate Ciro Gomes, third in the polls of the 1st tower.

Bolsonaro "shows again that he is not ready for democracy, he wants to keep the country divided," said center-right candidate Geraldo Alckmin, fourth in the polls.

Women represent 52% of the Brazilian electorate and about 50% of them say that they would never vote for him. They launched the offensive in early September with a group on Facebook called "Women United against Bolsonaro" which generated a massive mobilization on social networks in Brazil and abroad.

The American singer Madonna lent her support on Instagram to #EleNao (Not him), the keyword of this movement in Portuguese.

Demonstrations were also organized by women's collectives on Saturday in several countries: United States, Canada, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands or Argentina.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

IDYLLE BETWEEN DONALD TRUMP AND KIM JONG UN

OR TOWARDS DENUCLEARIZATION ?

At a rally, US President Donald Trump assured Kim Jong Un and he had "fallen in love" , praising the "beautiful letters" written to him by his North Korean counterpart.

"We fell in love - not concretely, OK?" " Speaking Saturday to his supporters at a meeting in Wheeling, West Virginia, Donald Trump wanted to mark the new warming with the North Korean president, who he wants to bring about the abandonment of nuclear weapons.

"And then we fell in love - well not concretely, OK?

He wrote me beautiful letters, they are beautiful letters.

We fell in love, " said the US president to his supporters.

A singular way to soften the Korean leader.

"President Kim has really been very open and, honestly, he has been great . "

Last Monday, on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York, the White House tenant was raving about his Korean counterpart.

"President Kim has really been very open and, honestly, he has been great," he said when he threatened a year earlier to "totally destroy the country. "

The two leaders met for the first time in June in Singapore and a second summit is now envisaged.

Donald Trump also posted his optimism on the outcome of the ongoing negotiations.

Yet many analysts point to the lack of concrete progress on the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

CELEBAN ISLAND IN FRENCH INDONESIA

BY A TSUNAMI AFTER TWO SEISMS

832 DEATHS AND HUNDREDS OF INJURED


On Friday, two earthquakes, one of which measured 7.5 on the Richter scale, hit Indonesia's island of Celebes on Friday, the USGS says.

A tsunami then swept over the archipelago shortly after the two tremors.

"It's a real tsunami that hit Palu", a city about 80 km from the epicenter of the earthquake, said the head of the center for earthquakes and tsunamis at the Indonesian Geophysical Agency Rahmat Triyono on the Kompas television channel.

The balance of the violent earthquake and tsunami that hit the Celebes archipelago Friday is now 832 dead.

But it is still likely to get heavier in the next few hours.

This Sunday, rescue attempts to find potential survivors in the ruins of the city of Palu (350,000 inhabitants), the most affected by the disaster.

The affected area is "larger than expected".

This is what the authorities announced Sunday after reviewing the balance sheet sharply higher. The city of Palu is indeed not the only disaster area. The authorities and NGOs are particularly concerned about the situation in the Donggala region further north, which remains very uncertain. In total, the area affected by the cataclysm is populated with 600,000 inhabitants.

Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla has expressed concern that the balance sheet will reach "one or more thousands", building on previous disasters.

On the spot, the helpers are always at work to try to come to the aid of the inhabitants prisoners of the rubble.

Rodolphe Avener, commander of the Civil Security, recalls that the priority during such a tragedy is obviously to "find the victims in the debris and clusters". Even after 48 hours, the probability of finding survivors is very real, he says

The new earthquake, with a depth of 10 kilometers, is of greater magnitude than the series of violent earthquakes that left more than 500 dead and about 1,500 wounded this summer on Lombok, a neighboring island. Bali.

Indonesia is an archipelago of 17,000 islands and islets that was formed by the convergence of three large tectonic plates (Indo-Pacific, Australian, Eurasian).

The archipelago is on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of ​​strong seismic activity.


Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

TOWARDS TWO STATES ISRAEL AND PALESTINE

US President Donald Trump said Wednesday for the first time his preference for a two-state solution to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Donald Trump promises to present his "balanced" peace plan within four months. For the first time, too, he gave a precise timetable. "In two, three or four months," assured Donald Trump, who dreams of achieving the "ultimate agreement" between Israelis and Palestinians where all his predecessors failed.

"I think the two states will see the light of day," he even added a little later to the press. Even though it's "a little harder" , "it works better because everyone rules," he said.

This is a turning point in the official policy of the Trump administration that has not yet made a clear decision on this thorny subject. "If Israelis and Palestinians want a state, it's OK for me. If they want two states, it's OK for me, " he said. "I am a facilitator"

Donald Trump, however, has not said whether this two-state solution will be proposed in the peace plan concocted for many months in the greatest secrecy by a small team led by his son-in-law and adviser Jared Kushner.

For Donald Trump there is no doubt also that the Palestinians, who have frozen contact with the US administration since it recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by the end of 2017, would return to the negotiating table.

Yet a myriad of dramatic measures had been taken by Donald Trump against the Palestinians since they had removed his role as mediator in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process such as the transfer of the American embassy in Jerusalem and the recognition of the city as the capital of Israel, the removal of funds allocated to Palestinian refugees, UNRWA, of which the United States was the first contributor, the closure of the offices of the Palestinian mission in Washington ...

After this turn in the US official line on Wednesday, Hossam Zomlot, head of the Palestinian diplomatic mission in Washington, has nonetheless rejected the words of the president: "Their words (Americans, ed) go against their actions, and their actions, clearly destroy any possibility of a two-state solution, "he said.

"We will not give up security control west of the Jordan," including in the West Bank, Benjamin Netanyahu told reporters.

The US president, ignoring the tense environment, has been stubbornly confident. "I think we will come to an agreement," he said.

He added that Israel should do something positive for the Palestinians. "I think a lot of progress has been made. I think Israel wants to do something and also that the Palestinians really want to do something. -

. "I really think something is going to happen. It is my dream to achieve this before the end of my first term, " he said in a meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

EMMANUEL MACRON CHAMPION OF THE EARTH

INTERNATIONALLY

"Champion  Earthquake" and Great UN Ambassador to prepare for the September 2019 Climate Summit. "The highest UN honorary title in the field of the environment" , it comes, in the words of the organization, "to reward outstanding figures from the public, private and civil society sectors, whose actions have positive impact on the environment ".

These two titles alone testify to the high esteem in which the French President is held, internationally, on environmental issues.

Legitimacy gained through, among others, the One Planet Summit. year after organizing the first edition of the "One Planet Summit", Emmanuel Macron was awarded the title of "champion of the Earth" on Wednesday 26 September.

With the title of "great ambassador" Emmanuel Macron will have two missions in particular: continue the dynamics of "One planet summits" and make a restitution on green finance. In other words all the investments that promote the energy transition and the fight against global warming.

Did not Emmanuel Macron show his fists when Donald Trump left the Climate Agreement and pronounced the "Make our planet great again"?

France played an important role in the creation of the International Solar Alliance last May. It aims to make better use of solar energy and reduce the use of fossil fuels in the 121 sunniest member countries in the world. The same is true for the African Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI), which aims to build a large scale renewable energy capacity on the African continent by 2020.

Certainly the French president organized, a year ago, the first climate summit to gather heads of state and large companies that have committed to less pollute.

But are the results up to the ambitions in France?

France does not give any example. For example, the goal of reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 has not been met.

After steady declines since 2005, emissions have risen again between 2016 and 2017 and France has exceeded its carbon budget by 6.7% last year, according to the observatory Climate-Energy, published mid-September by the RAC and Cler-Réseau for the energy transition.

Many French people take a critical look at their environmental policy. The unexpected successes of the climate marches, organized on September 8 in response to Nicolas Hulot's resignation, have reminded him.

In Paris, 18,500 people took to the streets to demand that the government "finally take serious action against climate change" and put an end to the contradictions between ambitions and actions.

"Through his active diplomacy on climate issues and his ability to make the link between countries, Emmanuel Macron has gained some legitimacy on the international scene , " recognizes Pierre Cannet, Head of Climate, Energy and Sustainable Cities Programs at WWF France.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

UN UNDER THE SIGN OF CHALLENGE

The UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, wanted to see in the influx of heads of state this year "the eloquent proof of the confidence of the international community in the United Nations", and recalled that "by these time of fragmentation and polarization, the world needs this assembly to show the value of international cooperation . "

But many diplomats openly question the future of effective and collective diplomatic action.

Indeed, the multilateral system set up after the Second World War, of which the United Nations is the heart, was not so much in crisis marked by the rise of nationalisms and populisms in Europe and the blockages on the Syrian and Yemenite.

In addition to two heavyweights on the international scene, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping have also decided to boycott this international diplomatic meeting, as well as Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The United States, for its part, has constantly shown its distrust of multilateralism. In just a few months, Washington has announced that it has withdrawn from the Paris climate agreement, the Iran nuclear deal, and the global pact on migration.

It is rather the Trump method that has gained ground. "Undeniably, diplomacy is in crisis and this observation is more evident in the past year," Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian admitted in a long interview in Le Monde.

If Donald Trump last year did not rule out the possibility of "totally destroying" North Korea if it continued to threaten world peace, this year it has changed. Kim Jon One has become a frequentable and even open man. The meeting in June between the two presidents was a first. It allowed to install a new relaxation, a second meeting is also in preparation.

But on Iran, US President Donald Trump has been intractable. He called in New York Tuesday all countries on the planet to isolate the Iranian regime, denouncing the "corrupt dictatorship" in power according to him in Tehran.

Trump has made Tehran the number one enemy of his administration, and exercises, month after month, maximum pressure. The US administration wants a treaty with Iran encompassing nuclear and ballistic missiles.

The Iranian question alone sums up many of the crises of multilateralism. Iran is the nuclear issue. It is also a regional issue, with a presence in Syria that poses a problem and a regional confrontation with Saudi Arabia and its affiliates. It is finally a question of repositioning for the Russian power, represented this week in New York by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and not by Putin.

Would the UN seem more than ever an obsolete instrument with regard to the new balance of power?




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

ISRAEL CONCERN OVER RUSSIA ABOUT SYRIA

Moscow expresses his irritation against the Jewish state, a week after one of his reconnaissance planes was shot down in the Latakia region by the Syrian army.

On 17 September, a Russian IL-20-type electronic reconnaissance device disappeared from the radar when four Israeli F-16 fighter jets raided the Latakia region.

The Russian defense ministry had questioned the attitude of the Israeli planes, who would have hidden under the Ilyushin. The Israeli army, for its part, stressed the decisive role of the multitude of surface-to-air missiles fired by Damascus, while fighter jets were no longer in the area. In short, the amateurism of the Syrian army would have led to the tragedy.

According to the Kremlin report, Russia now considers that "the main reason for the tragedy" , during which 15 passengers perished, is the behavior of the Israeli air force.

According to Russian Defense spokesman Igor Konachenkov, the Israeli F-16s, who are about to make an attack on the Syrian province of Latakia, hid behind the Russian reconnaissance aircraft in order to avoid a missile. Syrian anti-aircraft defense.

Supported data, the Russian official said the Syrian missile, which was originally aimed at an Israeli F-16, had suddenly changed course before touching the Il-20. The Russian plane, which had 15 soldiers on board, was shot down by an unfortunate shooting of the Syrian anti-aircraft defense, Igor Konachenkov said on September 23 that "the responsibility for the tragedy [...] entirely to the Israeli Air Force . " The Hebrew State rejects this version.

On the phone with Netanyahu, Putin rejects the Israeli version

For the Russians indeed, there is no question of incriminating the ally and host Syrian.

Russia has therefore announced its intention to strengthen the Syrian Army's anti-aircraft defense with its S-300 batteries as well as to scramble certain communications on the Mediterranean.

" We are convinced that the implementation of these measures will cool down the heads and prevent the thoughtless acts that pose a threat to our soldiers," Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said in a statement broadcast on television.

S-300 anti-aircraft defense systems will be delivered within two weeks to the Syrian army. Their supply was frozen in 2013 at the request of the Jewish state. It was already in April to unblock this file. It's done.

The minister added that command posts in the Syrian army would now be equipped with control systems to identify any Russian aircraft on the spot.

Russian President Vladimir Putin informed Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu on a phone call on Sunday.

The Russian leader also stressed that Moscow's decision to strengthen the antiaircraft defense of its Syrian ally was "adequate in view of the situation and [aimed] above all to avoid any potential threat to the lives of Russian servicemen".

For his part, Benjamin Netanyahu argued that the responsibility for the incident was, according to him, primarily to the Syrian army that had shot down the aircraft. The Israeli prime minister also worried about the transfer of sophisticated weapons to Syria.

Jerusalem and Washington warned Russia on Monday against its stated intention to provide sophisticated Syrian missiles with sophisticated missiles, saying the decision would further destabilize the region and increase tensions.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

ERITREA ETHIOPIA FINALLY

PEACE AFTER DECADES OF CONFLICT

"The state of war that existed between the two countries has come to an end. A new era of peace and friendship is opening up" . This is proclaimed by the President of Eritrea Issaias Afeworki and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, signed on 9 July 2018 in Asmara.

The conflict between the two countries was born from the annexation in 1962, of Eritrea (former Italian colony, then English) until then "autonomous entity" federated to Ethiopia, by the Emperor Haile Selassie.

Eritrea was only able to regain its independence in May 1993, after thirty years of war, an open war by the Independents of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (FPLE).

Despite a seemingly peaceful separation, the two neighbors remained at odds over monetary, trade and border issues, each claiming several border regions including Baden, Tsorona, Zalambessa and En Bure.

Until 1998, however, the two countries remained close allies, while closely monitoring their new common border, the route of which had not immediately given full satisfaction to the two belligerents.

And it is for a problem of border that Eritrea, engaged in May 1998 a new conflict ... For some square kilometers of deserts?

The two countries have since engaged in a fratricidal war.

A first peace agreement was signed in June 2000. This first peace agreement provided for the creation of a 25-km-wide security zone within Eritrea under United Nations control (UNMEE). ); but Eritrea continued to occupy the locality of Baden, which will be at the heart of the new conflict.

The independence of Eritrea had simultaneously lost Ethiopia's unique Red Sea front, Eritrea having reclaimed the ports of Massawa and Assab. For 20 years Ethiopia has been landlocked, forcing the country, which overnight had had to move its boats from Assad to Djibouti, to pass through almost all of its imports and exports through the corridor leading to the French colony, which is one of the most expensive corridors in the world. According to Serge Tiran, Ethiopia's representative of Massida Logistics Company, the 100 million inhabitants of a country 30% larger than France have been forced to stock up on a "departmental" road. France, barely drivable. The return trip between the two capitals still takes, currently, 8 days in the best of cases.

Since 1998, the two countries have been in periodic clashes, until the Ethiopian government decides in June 2018, to implement the Algiers agreement of 12 December 2000. It is to the new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed that this policy is due to the outstretched hand (Abiy Ahmed is the first Orano in office since 1991, he succeeded Haïlemariam Desalegn, resigned since February 2018).

Thanks to the gesture of Abiy Ahmed, a wind of appeasement has just blown on this region of the Horn of Africa .

Eritrea for its part was the most under-appreciated country in Africa. Recently, Europeans know a little more about the country, with Eritrea being one of the most represented countries among migrants trying to reach Europe.

Eritrea is led by dictator Isaias Afwerki, a trained engineer who was elected in 1995 after a referendum, presenting himself "very evangelically" as "the shepherd of the people". Isaias Afwerki has become over the years a fierce dictator, despite his discretion and his African style "new style" , modern and open. Under his leadership, Eritrea has become an open-air concentration camp of 5 million people where all are hungry and enslaved.

But Bill Clinton's White House pinched it for him then, imagining that because he had eaten in the UN bowl, he was going to set up a reformist, social-democratic "Swedish-style" regime?

Clinton's teams had simply forgotten that it had been formed by the Beijing Mao, supporters of a single regime and surveillance by everyone, with a muzzled press and deprived of its freedoms.

For many years, the regime practiced torture and set up a conscription regime for men aged 16 to 40 who were forced to give their lives to the state. Eritrea, the world's most closed country, is still on the list of rogue states!

These are the main reasons why nearly 400 000 Eritreans have fled their country to Europe.

Now, the time is now business in Eritrea as in Ethiopia.

For a few years now, under the pressure of globalization, Ethiopia, where wages are very low, has been transformed into a weaving and clothing workshop (Decathlon has settled there). Ethiopia, which is experiencing double-digit growth, desperately needed access to the Red Sea.

The Horn of Africa has become in recent years a cornucopia ... The real-political has done the rest ...

On September 16, 2018, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed an agreement consolidating their reconciliation. This agreement was signed in Jeddah, in the presence of King Salman of Arabia and his son Crown Prince Mohamed Ben Salman and the Secretary General of the United Nations.

The details of this agreement between the two countries are not yet known; but it has already resulted in the reopening of embassies, the re-establishment of airlines, new commercial relations, telephone lines and border posts.

"A wind of hope has just blown on the Horn of Africa" has just welcomed the new Secretary General of the UN (since January 2017) Antonio Guterres.

This geopolitical evolution fully satisfies, moreover, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The Saudi Foreign Minister has just declared that "this latest peace agreement will contribute to strengthening the security and stability of the region" which is in dire need of it!

It is known that Saudi Arabia and the Arab Emirates have in the strategic port of Assad for their operations in Yemen, which is why they have greatly contributed to this historic rapprochement.

Their short and medium-term interests are indeed obvious: dozens of ships transit through Bâb el Mandeb, the strategic strait that separates the Arabian Peninsula from the Horn of Africa.

Will this be enough to completely pacify the Region and especially the Greater Middle East knowing that the war continues in Yemen, that Daesh seems to be reborn from the ashes, that the conflict in Syria is not completely over and that Iran threatens to close the Strait of Ormuz ...

To be continued….

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

ISLAMIC GROUP CLAIMS ATTACK AGAINST MILITARY PARADE IN IRAN

On Saturday morning around 9 am, an attack on a military parade was held in the southwestern city of Ahvaz. The latest report shows twenty-nine dead and sixty wounded. Women and children are among the victims. "Three of the four terrorists were killed on the spot; the fourth, wounded, died in the hospital, " said General Abolfazl Shekarchi, spokesman of the Iranian armed forces.

This military parade marks the National Day of the Armed Forces and commemorates the beginning of the war against Iraq (1980-1988) in Ahvaz, capital of Khuzestan province, as well as the resistance of the Iranian "sacred defense" during this war. "Imposed warfare" , according to official phraseology. Iraq had invaded Iran.

Khuzestan, with a predominantly Arab population, was one of the Iranian regions most affected by the fighting during the Iran-Iraq war. Saddam Hussein thought that his soldiers would be welcomed as liberators by the Arab population, but it was generally loyal to Iran.

Two organizations claimed responsibility for the attack.

The jihadist group Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for Saturday's attack late in the morning via its propaganda organ Amaq. "ISIS fighters have attacked a rally of Iranian forces in the city of Ahvaz," Amaq said. Iran is a recurring target of IS, a Shiite power that supports militias fought in Iraq by the Sunni organization.

The attack was also claimed from Reuters by an Arab group, the Ahvaz National Resistance, presented by a spokesman as an alliance of Arab movements hostile to the Iranian government.

Tehran immediately pointed to his Saudi neighbor and the United States.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif had directly blamed not IS, but the United States, writing on Twitter:

"Terrorists recruited, trained and paid by a foreign regime have attacked Ahvaz ... Iran believes that regional sponsors of terrorism and their American masters are responsible for such attacks. " "Iran will react quickly and firmly to defend Iranian lives," he added. .

Ramezan Sharif, spokesman for the Revolutionary Guards, had been more specific about the perpetrators of the attack, accusing an Arab separatist group in remarks reported by ISNA:

" Those who opened fire on people and armed forces are linked to the Al-Ahvazieh movement. They are fed by Saudi Arabia, and they tried to overshadow the power of the armed forces. "

This separatist movement is all the stronger because the inhabitants of Khuzestan province, mainly Arabs in a Persian country, sometimes call themselves "abandoned" by the central government. In recent years, dust storms and air pollution, including the activities of oil refineries in the region, have resulted in civil protest movements.

Iran's Foreign Minister Mohamad Javad Zarif also said the attack was carried out by "terrorists recruited, trained, armed and paid by a foreign regime".

This is not the first attack on Iran, theater in recent years of several attacks, including the Guardians of the Revolution.

On 20 July 2018, at least 10 members of the Revolutionary Guards were killed in an insurgent attack on one of their bases in the village of Dari, in the Marivan district, in the north-west of Iranian Kurdistan.

On June 7, 2017, gunmen and suicide bombers attacked Imam Khomeini's parliament and mausoleum in Tehran, leaving 17 dead and dozens wounded, the first attacks claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group in Iran. The Revolutionary Guards then denounced the "involvement" of Saudi Arabia and the United States in the attacks.

Iran is regularly accused by Saudi Arabia and its American ally of wanting to destabilize the region. And Washington regularly threatens to attack Tehran.

"We will never reduce our defensive capabilities [...] we will increase them day by day," Iranian President Rohani said while presiding over a military parade in Tehran. "The fact that you are angry about our missiles shows that these are our most effective weapons, " he added.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH OF THE VIETNAMESE

PRESIDENT TRAN DAI QUANG

Vietnamese President Tran Dai Quang, a conservative figure in the communist regime, died Friday at the age of 61.

The 61-year-old leader died in the middle of the morning.

He has been at the helm of Vietnam since 2016. "President Tran Dai died at the military hospital" in the morning, according to a newsletter from the official VNA news agency, Vietnam News Agency. He suffered from a serious illness, but continued to perform his official duties despite his visible fatigue and weight loss.

His honorary role led him to assume the role of host of US President Donald Trump and Chinese Xi Jinping including at the APEC summit hosted by Vietnam last November.

He was part of the conservative duo placed at the head of the regime in 2016, along with Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc.

Beyond this function he was one of the key men of the regime, within the powerful Political Bureau of the Communist Party of Vietnam (PCV), true center of power, which appoints the president. The real number one of the regime is still the secretary general of the Communist Party, Nguyen Phu Trong.

The death of the president does not destabilize the communist regime, in power for decades, who had time to prepare for his death.

This former Minister of Public Security, the key portfolio of this authoritarian regime, will have nevertheless marked his mandate by the repression he has led against any discordant voice in the country where dozens of political prisoners, bloggers or journalists, are detained. He was particularly illustrated between 2012 and 2015 by the arrest of 2,700 people for breach of public safety.

His election had confirmed the political dominance of conservatives, after a congress of the PC in January 2016 marked by strong struggles between conservatives and reformers.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

COLOMBIA LEADER PRODUCTION OF COCAINE

Colombia remains the world's largest cocaine producer. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), illicit coca plantations have even increased in Colombia by 17% in 2017.

Colombia records a record increase in coca leaf cultivation and manufacturing potential for this drug. The United States is the first consumer of the planet. The country is ahead of Peru (43,900 ha) and Bolivia (24,500) with 171,000 hectares in 2017.

As for cocaine production capacity, it increased by 31% to 1,379 tons, an estimated market value of $ 2.7 billion, figures unpublished since 2001.

The plants have also become more productive. In 2016, the total area of ​​coca, the leaf of which is the raw material for cocaine, reached 146,000 ha with a drug production capacity of 1,053 tons compared to 866 tons previously. Not only the increase of crops, but also their productivity thanks to varieties more resistant to diseases.

In the face of this resurgence, UNODC has expressed its "deep concern about capital from the drug economy , " which affects Colombia's efforts to build peace after more than half a century of war while threatening stability of the state. Indeed drug trafficking has long been the main source of funding for the FARC guerrillas (the oldest guerrilla in Latin America), after the fall of the Soviet Union that had cut the funding of "sister countries".

President Juan Manuel Santos, the predecessor of Ivan Duque, had chosen, in the framework of the peace agreements with the FARC, the voluntary eradication as well as the aid to the substitution. On the other hand, it had banned glyphosate sprays by helicopter, causing serious damage to the farmers' health.

This strategy has been called into question by Colombian President Ivan Duque, who has been in power since 7 August. He pledged to abolish at least 140,000 ha of narco-plantations during his four years in office.

As President Donald Trump prepares a visit to Colombia in December, the government of Ivan Duque plans to resume aerial spraying glyphosate by drones.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

MADAGASCAR LE PRESIDENT PAR INTERIM

RIVO RAKOTOVAO

In Madagascar, they are 36 candidates to take part in the November 7 presidential election. The handover between former President Hery Rajaonarimampianina and the new interim head of state Rivo Rakotovao took place on Monday.

The former head of state has indeed resigned Friday to comply with the Constitution of Madagascar requiring a president who presents himself to his own estate resigns 60 days before the first round.

A first round fixed on November 7th.

On Tuesday the interim president responded to criticism of his proximity to the former head of state, which would prevent him from ensuring state neutrality during the election period.

Rivo Rakotovao was a member of the HVM party of the former head of state but said he was no longer a member of Hery Rajaonarimampianina's party for ten days. If his resignation as head of the HVM, a month and a half ago, had been publicized, this time his final departure from the party was done in all discretion. "Of course, there are suspicions, because everyone knows my choice as a citizen, but it is there that we must make the difference. Now, I am at a level of responsibility where I must fulfill my mission while respecting the Republic, " said the acting president to RFI. His neutrality: his "acts will justify it," he says.

Still, since June it's a consensus government that has been put in place. The national unity government includes ministers from the two major opposition parties MAPAR and TIM.

. "There is a government of consensus so even in the Council of Ministers there will be people who will not have the same political tendencies as me," said this close to the former head of state.

The resignation is seen as a positive signal for peaceful elections, yet some are contesting the date of the election.

Eight candidates in fact, out of the thirty-six in the running for the presidential election, demand a postponement of the election. The best known of them is the former head of state, Didier Ratsiraka. Former Prime Minister Olivier Mahafaly and the Speaker of the National Assembly, Jean Max Rakotomamonjy are also on the list.

A resolution was signed at the home of Admiral Didier Ratsiraka, requesting the cancellation of the poll and the establishment of a Transition. The reasons for this disagreement on the date of the election are of a political nature:

1 ° The current political climate does not lend itself to it

2 ° The illegality of the decision of the High Constitutional Court of 25th May to demand the establishment of a consensus government is denounced.

3 ° The organization of a national conference with a view to reaching a political agreement is also advanced.

One of them has also filed with the Council of State a request for annulment of the decree of convocation of the voters. The institution must decide on this request on Tuesday.

While these eight candidates require a postponement, the twenty-eight others are not of this opinion. The two big competitors of Hery Rajaonarimampianina in particular, Andry Rajoelina and Marc Ravalomanana are in favor of this election of November 7th.

Of the 36 candidates running for the presidential election on 7 November, four of them are already attracting attention: the outgoing president, Hery Rajaonarimampianina, candidate for his own succession, and his three predecessors: Andry Rajoelina ( 2009-2013), Marc Ravalomanana (2002-2009) and Didier Ratsiraka (1975-1993 then 1997-2002).

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

85 SAFE CHILDREN IN SUDAN

" The diversity of nationalities among the people rescued (Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Niger, Ed) shows how much trafficking in human beings and trafficking in human beings is a truly transnational problem, which requires a coordinated international response , " said Tim Morris, Interpol's executive director of police services.

Twenty-five children were saved from human trafficking Interpol said Monday that a human smuggling ring was dismantled in late August in Sudan.

A human smuggling ring was dismantled at the end of August in Khartoum, Sudan, saving 94 people, including 85 children, some of whom were working in illegal gold mines, Interpol said on Monday.

Thanks to "Operation Sawiyan", which took place from 26 to 30 August, 12 women and two men were arrested during a widespread crackdown by the local police, with the support of Interpol. "Several hotspots" of the city such as the international airport, and open pit gold mines in the east, were targeted, said in its statement the International Criminal Police Organization, headquartered in Lyon. .

Police arrested fourteen people involved in illegal immigration, child labor and forced begging.

" The diversity of nationalities among the people rescued (Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Niger, Ed) shows how much trafficking in human beings and trafficking in human beings is a truly transnational problem, which requires a coordinated international response , " said Tim Morris, Interpol's executive director of police services, quoted in the text.

Many of the minor victims of the network were working in illegally mined gold mines, "in extreme conditions", "children, some aged" as young as 10 years "" handling dangerous chemicals such as mercury or cyanide.

200 police officers were mobilized for the operation of various services, including those of the fight against human trafficking, child protection and the local branch of Interpol

Twenty thousand dollars (17,325 euros) were also seized during the operation, some of which could correspond to "the payment of a ransom" after the abduction of a migrant, who is part of the victims of the dismantled network, according to the same source.


A transnational criminal group has been dismantled as there are others trafficking human beings including children. It is a "real transnational problem".
Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

NORTH KOREA WITHOUT BALLISTIC MISSILE

BUT WITH GERARD DEPARDIEU

North Korea celebrates its 70th anniversary with a giant military parade the day the country commemorates the founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948. September 9 is indeed the day the country commemorates the founding in 1948 of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), its official name.

This communist state was born from the partition of the peninsula by Washington and Moscow, three years earlier, during the last days of the Second World War.

North Korea held a military parade on Sunday to celebrate its 70th anniversary while refraining from showing intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

Armored personnel carriers, multiple rocket launchers and tanks followed, flown over by biplanes forming the number "70".

Hunters expelling red, white and blue smoke - the colors of the North Korean flag - passed over the Juche Tower, a monument to the glory of North Korean political philosophy.

Only short-range missiles and tanks were exposed.

The Kumsong-3, anti-ship cruise missile and the Pongae-5, a ground-air craft were part of the parade. No Hwasong-14 and 15, missiles capable of reaching the continental United States.

During these festivities, under the watchful eye of Kim Jong, the North Koreans have not shown the latest military inventions for the purpose according to experts to "minimize the military nature" of the event, "It does not" There was no ICBM, IRBM (intermediate-range missiles) whose presence would not have been very happy in this atmosphere that North Korea is committed to the ultimate denuclearization. I think it will be well received, " said Chad O'Carroll, director of the Korea Risk Group. Immediately after the military parade, thousands of civilians marched, accompanied by floats depicting economic themes and calls for the reunification of the peninsula.

Beijing, North Korea's protector and trading partner, is represented by a senior official, a sign of Pyongyang's desire to relax after years of cold weather due to North Korea's missile and nuclear weapons tests. Kim Jong Un has also met Chinese President Xi Jinping three times in China since January. So the North Korean leader testified to his friendship with China, raising the hand of President Xi Jinping's envoy as they greeted the crowd after the parade.

It is also a way of sparing diplomatic efforts underway, following the June meeting in Singapore between US President Donald Trump and Kim Kong Un, who will hold his third summit with South Korean President Moon Jae-in in Pyongyang in mid-September.

These festivities also took place under the eyes of French actor Gerard Depardieu, present in the stands of local and foreign dignitaries.

Sign of relaxation on the peninsula, it seems.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATHS IN BASSORAH ON BACKGROUND

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CRISIS IN IRAQ

Iraq is shaken by a social anti-corruption movement in Basra province, the southern oil region.

At night in Basra, towering clouds of thick black smoke and high flames rose from the governorate headquarters, the provincial governor's residence, and seats in political parties and armed groups. Protesters set fire to the Iranian consulate in Basra. Four rockets fell on Saturday morning at the local airport, according to the agency Kurdistan24. Later in the day, protesters had invaded an oil field north of Basra, operated by the Russian group Lukoil.

Thousands of protesters were back in the street. "One person was killed and 35 wounded, so 24 civilians and 11

order, " according to a lapidary statement from the Ministry of Health ... In addition three shells fell early Friday, September 6 on the Green Zone where the authorities in Baghdad sit, while a curfew was imposed in Basra, capital of the southern oil province.

The mortar attack on the ultra-secure area of ​​Baghdad, a rare incident whose perpetrators have not been identified, caused "no casualties or damage," according to the command of operations in the Iraqi capital.

These social unrest, which began in Basra province, the country's richest in hydrocarbons, began in July 8 due to the negligence and corruption of the political class. Indeed, in this hydrocarbon-rich region, the lack of infrastructure, water, electricity and jobs is crying. Protesters had already attacked armed parties and groups. This movement, which had spread across the south of the country and into Baghdad, then ran out of steam, with the government announcing the release of a multi-billion dollar emergency plan.

But the dispute has resumed last Friday, before escalating in recent days into deadly violence while human rights defenders question the police. A major oil city with a population of 2.7 million, Basra has been plagued since Tuesday (September 4th) at demonstrations against a background of unprecedented social and health crisis. This movement was revived by a health crisis that led more than 30,000 people to hospital for poisoned water poisoning in Basra.

According to the latest assessment, a dozen people have died in these popular disputes. And twenty-three deaths since July.

Moreover this popular protest that led to the burning of the consulate of Iran is made against a background of tensions between communities. Tehran has been trying since the legislative elections in May to influence the formation of the future Iraqi government. The pro-Iran bloc in Parliament, led by a list of anti-jihadist veterans, claims the majority of MPs needed to form the cabinet.

The attack on the diplomatic representation of the great Iranian neighbor, Shiite operative power in Iraq marks a turning point in the uprising in the region since July.

The outgoing Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, allied to the Shiite populist Moqtada Sadr, wants to be the herald of the political independence of Baghdad against Washington and Tehran, too.

On September 8, at the call of Moqtada Sadr, Haider al-Abadi will present with several of his ministers in front of the Parliament to discuss the social movement in Basra.

Torn by years of violence since the US invasion of 2003, Iraq is recovering from a war against Daesh.

Despite significant oil revenues - $ 7.7 billion in August - the country is experiencing high unemployment and water and electricity shortages.


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

THE LATEST TERRORIST TERRORIST IDLEB IN SYRIA

OR THE CRUCIAL SUMMIT IN TEHRAN

Presidents of Iran, Russia and Turkey meet in Tehran summit Friday to decide the fate of Idlib province, the ultimate rebel stronghold and jihadist in Syria where the international community fears an impending humanitarian disaster .

Idleb is the last stronghold where tens of thousands of rebels and civilians evacuated from other opposition strongholds taken over by loyalist forces across the country were sent.

Russia on Thursday assented to "killing and killing terrorists," whether in Idlib, the last stronghold outside government forces, or elsewhere in Syria. "We killed, we kill and we kill the terrorists (...) And it does not matter whether they are in Aleppo, Idlib or other parts of Syria," said Maria Zakharova, quoted by the agencies Russian. "It's about our security," she added.

"Terrorist organization targets" have already been bombarded like Jabhat al-Nusra in the rebel Syrian Idlib province, Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konachenkov said yesterday. A summit is to gather tomorrow in Tehran the Iranian, Russian and Turkish heads of state, whose countries sponsor the belligerents in Syria. "The situation in Idleb will be one of the main topics of discussion" of the Tehran summit, said the Kremlin spokesman, "we know that the Syrian forces are preparing to solve this problem."

Washington, for its part, claims to have evidence that the Assad regime is preparing chemical weapons before attacking Idlib claiming Thursday night that it has "ample evidence" that the Syrian government was preparing chemical weapons for an attack against the rebel province of Idlib.

That's why a new warning was made by Jim Jeffrey, special advisor on Syria's US Secretary of State (Foreign Minister) Mike Pompeo. "Any offensive would be considered an irresponsible escalation ," he warned.

The international community is worried about a new bloody offensive by the Syrian authorities.

The United States has repeatedly warned Syrian authorities against the use of chemical weapons in recent months, threatening retaliatory air strikes, as it did last April after an alleged chemical attack on the United States. rebel locality of Douma.

The meeting between Rohani, Putin and Erdogan could determine the scale and timing of the offensive against the northwestern province of Syria.

It should take place in the afternoon just hours before another meeting on the situation in Idleb, convened by the United States to the UN Security Council.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

ATTACK OF THE CANDIDATE TO THE PRESIDENTIAL

JAIR BOLSONARO DURING A MEETING IN BRAZIL


On 6 September, at around 15:00 (18:00 GMT), Jair Bolsonaro, the right-wing candidate for the Brazilian presidential election, was stabbed in the middle of the abdomen.

He was then campaigning for the presidential election, carried by the crowd in the town of Juiz de Fora, a town of 70,000 inhabitants in the state of Minais Gerais (southeast), a three-hour drive from Rio de Janeiro.

He was taken to hospital where he underwent surgery. The far-right MP has been emergency surgery for an "abdominal injury", but his days are not in danger. According to doctors, he should remain hospitalized for at least a week.

Television footage showed the candidate, perched on the shoulders of sympathizers, receiving a violent blow under the thorax and collapsing back with a grimace of pain, before being evacuated.

The profile of the aggressor

His attacker, a 40-year-old man, is said to be a former militant of the left-wing PSOL party. A large crowd yelled "You are going to die" in the direction of the assailant and caught him and brutalized him before he was taken to a police station. The perpetrator of the attack, was immediately arrested, he was carrying a knife wrapped in a cloth.

The suspect later claimed to have acted "for personal reasons" and "on the orders of God," according to a preliminary report by the military police.

In statements to TV Globo, the lawyer of the aggressor, Pedro Augusto Lima Possa, said that he assured him that he acted "for religious reasons, of a political nature and also because of the prejudices shown by Bolsonaro every time he talks about race, religion, and women. "

Bolsonaro is currently leading the race for the presidency with 22% of the vote in part thanks to the ban on the candidacy of Lula, the former president imprisoned for corruption.

Who is the candidate Jair Bolsonaro? "The tropical Trump"

A member of the Liberal Social Party for twenty-seven years, Jair Bolsonaro is a controversial figure who publicly praised the military junta in Brazil.

A figure of the Brazilian extreme right, the deputy is also known for his sexist and homophobic protests.

At the end of August, he accused the government of promoting homosexuality in schools because a kit was distributed in a school, of which Zep's cartoonist The Guide to Sexual Zizi would have been a part.

He has also repeatedly stated that the police should be allowed to open fire without limit on drug traffickers and other criminals.

If he is not loyal to any political party, his values ​​have remained unchanged. The member has always claimed his deep dislike for the left. Although his entire family is in politics, the ex-captain of the army is mainly "a candidate outside the Brazilian political system" appealing a number of Brazilians, disappointed by the successive corruption scandals that have plagued the Workers Party (PT) of Inacio Lula da Silva.

The aggression of which Jair Bolsonaro was the victim aroused strong condemnations from the rest of the political class.

For several months, the Brazilian presidential campaign has hardened in a tense climate and intolerance.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

DEPENALIZATION OF HOMOSEXUALITY IN INDIA

Homosexuality is still criminalized in 71 countries around the world, according to a count of the International Association of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People.

The judges of the Supreme Court of Delhi have ruled illegal an old article of the criminal code on "sex against nature" . At the center of a multi-disciplinary court battle that began almost twenty years ago, article 377 of the Penal Code prohibited any "carnal relationship against the order of nature".

The highest judicial body in this South Asian country of 1.25 billion people has ruled illegal an old article of the Criminal Code condemning same-sex sexual activity. "The law has become a weapon of harassment against the LGBT community," said Supreme Court President Dipak Misra.

Authorized in 2009 alone, then banned again in 2013, homosexuality was decriminalized in India on Thursday, September 6, a landmark decision for the second most populous nation on the planet. The judges of the Delhi Supreme Court ruled section 377 of the British Columbia Penal Code, which condemned same-sex sex as "sex against nature", to be illegal. A panel of five Supreme Court justices heard in July the arguments of homosexual plaintiffs, including several celebrities, who claimed the article was against the Indian Constitution.

In the country, governed since May 2014 by the Hindu nationalists, very conservative as to the subjects of society, the subject remains extremely sensitive. The government of Narendra Modi had preferred not to take a stand on the issue and let the decriminalization of homosexuality to the appreciation of justice.

Admittedly, there is a discrete homosexual scene in the big cities of India, like Delhi or Bombay, but sex between men and women is still very badly seen in this deeply conservative society. Many Indians, especially in rural areas, where 70% of the population lives, consider homosexuality as a mental illness. Some even put it on an equal footing with zoophilia.

According to the Indian Penal Code dating from the British colonial era, Article 377, now obsolete, homosexuality was on paper punishable by life imprisonment. In fact, however, prosecution for same-sex sexual intercourse has become extremely rare. In the past four years, gay-rights groups have not reported any cases of article 377 imprisonment, but have consistently denounced the pressure on homosexuals, particularly police.

The decriminalization ordered Thursday by the same Supreme Court was widely expected by observers.

The jurisprudence established in recent years was in fact in his favor, including the recognition of a third gender for transgender people and the sanctuary of the right to privacy.

Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld

 

EIGHTEEN DEAD, TWENTY-SIX DISAPPEARED

AND A QUARANTIN OF INJURED

IN A STRONG EARTHQUAKE IN HOKKAIDO, JAPAN

The earthquake occurred in the middle of the night on the northernmost island of the archipelago, just two days after a devastating typhoon hit the Osaka region.

It was a magnitude 6.7 earthquake that struck the Japanese island of Hokkaido, already devastated by hurricane Jebi earlier, on Wednesday night.

According to firefighters quoted by the Kyodo agency, seven houses collapsed on the island and operations are underway to rescue any victims trapped under the rubble.

The earthquake occurred 62 km southeast of the regional capital, Sapporo.

This landslide in the commune of Atsumi is visible in aerial images of the public channel NHK.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told reporters that his government has set up a command center to coordinate relief and rescue.

The north of Japan is swept by the violent typhoon Jebi, which has already left 11 dead and more than 340 wounded and many material damage leaving behind destroyed houses, poles on the ground, trees torn off, vehicles damaged ...

Kix airport, located at sea on an artificial island off Osaka, is flooded and closed, with 3,000 passengers and several hundred employees stranded inside. Indeed the bridge connecting the facilities to the mainland was hit by a tanker .

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

ELEPHANT KILLER FOR THEIR IVORY AU BOTSWANA

"This is the worst poaching episode in Africa I have ever been informed of," said the representative of the NGO Elephants Without Borders.

At least 90 elephants have been found dead, their ivory tusks methodically torn in recent weeks in Botswana, victims of one of the most deadly poaching waves recently recorded on the African continent.

Most were killed by "heavy bullets," according to Chase, near watering holes in the famed Okavango Delta Reserve in northern Botswana.

Stuck between Zambia and South Africa, Botswana is home to Africa's largest elephant population, estimated at 135,000 animals in 2015.

Has the country been the scene of a massive killing of pachyderms?

This is denounced by the NGO Elephants Without Borders with its macabre counting during an aerial census of the country's pachyderm population conducted with the Botswana Ministry of Wildlife and National Parks.

The killings came a few weeks after the controversial decision by the Gaborone authorities to disarm their "rangers" specialized in anti-poaching. Until May, his "rangers" were heavily armed and allowed to shoot poachers.

But last May, the government of the new president Mokgweetsi Masisi, in place since the previous month, ordered the disarmament of these units.

Tourism Minister Tshekedi Khama confirmed the extent of the massacre and said he was "very concerned, very worried".

"We have been spared by poachers for a long time, we now realize how sophisticated they are. (...) Unfortunately, we sometimes learn our lessons in the worst way. "

The wealth of wildlife in this small country has made it a sanctuary popular safari lovers and one of the poles of development of its economy protected by an anti-poaching arsenal hitherto considered exemplary. Until May, his rangers were heavily armed and allowed to shoot poachers. Should we rearm them?

And also consider putting GPS collars on pachyderms as in Gabon?

According to Mike Chase, the authors of this wave of poaching come from neighboring countries like Angola and Zambia where elephants have virtually disappeared because of poaching.

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates that the lucrative ivory trade has reduced the number of elephants from 415,000 to 111,000 over the last decade in Africa.

His studies reveal that about 30 000 pachyderms are poached every year.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

POPE FRANCOIS FOR SUNDAY

BUT AGAINST THE ENTERTAINMENT SOCIETY

During his Sunday catechesis on Sunday, September 5, Pope Francis emphasized the meaning of this day as "a moment of contemplation and praise." "Man has never rested so much as today, but (he) has never known as much emptiness as today! Exclaimed Pope Francis in front of the 13,000 pilgrims gathered in St. Peter's Square.

Pope Francis defended the Sunday rest while criticizing the society of "entertainment".

Sunday is "peace with life," said Pope Francis in front of thousands of faithful gathered in St. Peter's Square in the Vatican.

"And true peace is not about changing one's own story but about welcoming and valuing it," said Bergoglio.

Find the "real rest"

For the pope, it is certainly important to rest, but it is also necessary to distinguish "true rest" from "false rest" in a society that advocates entertainment or escape.

But our society would turn into a "big amusement park", meaningless.

The pope also castigated the leisure society. "The leisure industry is very thriving and the advertising draws the ideal world as a big amusement park," said the pontiff.

Moreover, "the concept of life that dominates today no longer rests on activity but on escape (...) and this mentality leads to the dissatisfaction of a life anesthetized by entertainment, which does not is not the rest, " he warned again.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

11 DEATH OF HUNDREDS OF WOUNDED

IN JAPAN THE MOST VIOLENT TYPHON

FOR 25 YEARS STRIKE JAPAN

The disaster left at least 11 dead and more than 600 wounded.

The most violent typhoon in twenty-five years, Jebi, struck the Japanese archipelago on Tuesday 4 September at midday, with winds of up to 220 km / h.

Hurricane Jebi, the 21st of the season in Asia, hit Tokushima Prefecture on Shikoku Island, in the south-west of the archipelago, the National Meteorological Agency said. This depression (950 hectopascals) is accompanied by very strong winds, gusting up to 220 km / hour in places, in a very wide area.

.Jebi continues its course rather quickly in the direction north-northeast at 45 km / hour. He is expected in the western part of the main island, Honshu.

The authorities also fear torrential rains and mudslides. People living in flood-prone areas or likely to be victims of mudslides must therefore follow any evacuation instructions, warned them. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe canceled a trip to the west and convened a crisis meeting in which he called on people to "take steps to protect themselves".

Some 300,000 people were asked to join shelters. At least 50,000 households are without electricity. The airlines have, as a precaution, canceled more than 650 flights. Many rail links have been suspended.

Economic activity is also disrupted. The department stores in the Osaka region closed exceptionally on Tuesday as companies in the affected areas asked their employees to stay at home. Schools have also closed.

The archipelago, in summer, is the regular target of typhoons but Jebi could cause significant damage in western Japan, already devastated in early July by floods and landslides that have killed 220 people.


Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

QUE RESTE-T-IL DES SIGNES D'OUVERTURE

DU PRINCE SAOUDIEN MOHAMMED BEN SALMAME

« En dix mois, Ben Salmane est passé du statut de prince héritier réformateur à celui d’autocrate, Sur place, les gens ont peur et ne savent plus où il veut emmener le royaume. » pointe Clarence Rodriguez. «Les gens ont peur et ne savent plus où il veut emmener le royaume»,continue-t-elle.

Que reste-t-il des signes d’ouverture affichés par Mohammed Ben Salmane il y a quelques mois?

Dans ce royaume ultra-conservateur, les décapitations s’accélèrent et des militants des droits de l’homme sont jetés en prison.

Sale temps pour les Droits de l’homme - et de la femme - en Arabie Saoudite. Le royaume wahhabite n’a certes jamais eu la réputation d’être la terre bénie de la démocratie.

Mais depuis le début de l’année le régime dirigé d’une main de fer par Mohammed Ben Salmane - désigné prince héritier en juin 2017 - a imprimé un tournant de plus en plus autoritaire sur sa population. Selon les ONG internationales, 48 décapitations auraient été exécutées de janvier à avril 2018 et 58 personnes se trouveraient a actuellement dans le couloir de la mort.

Arrêtées dans la même vague, des féministes saoudiennes sont également détenues depuis plus de cent jours.

Mais depuis ces derniers mois, le prince Ben Salmane a envoyé des signes pour le moins contradictoires.

Après avoir prêché un islam éclairé et la modernisation du royaume (en accordant notamment le droit de conduire aux femmes et en ouvrant des salles de cinéma), après avoir aussi fait les yeux doux aux investisseurs du monde entier, le jeune prince a aussi montré un visage assez effrayant.

Brutal, il n’a pas hésité à emprisonner récemment un de ses plus proches conseillers économiques jugé responsable du coup d’arrêt de la cotation en bourse du géant Saudi Aramco victime de l’effondrement des cours du pétrole depuis 2014.

Mohammed Ben Salmane est aussi resté sourd aux appels à la clémence venus du monde entier vis-à-vis du jeune blogueur Raif Badawi, emprisonné depuis 2015 et régulièrement fouetté.

« En dix mois, Ben Salmane est passé du statut de prince héritier réformateur à celui d’autocrate, Sur place, les gens ont peur et ne savent plus où il veut emmener le royaume. » pointe Clarence Rodriguez.

Après avoir mené une purge contre une partie de la famille royale et quantité d’hommes d’affaires, l’homme fort de Riyad, embourbé dans une guerre de plus en plus meurtrière au Yemen, apparaît lancé dans une inquiétante fuite en avant.

A la mort du roi, son père le roi Salman a propulsé le vice-prince héritier Mohammed Ben Salmane, , alors illustre inconnu, en plus de ministre de la Défense, ministre de l’Economie et des Finances. MBS est également un des patrons d’Aramco.

Ce dernier concentre donc tous les pouvoir en ses mains...En juin, il est devenu le prince héritier en titre en destituant son cousin, qui était le monsieur sécurité. Dans le même temps, il a œuvré pour renforcer son emprise politique sur le pouvoir, procédant notamment à une vague d’arrestations de dissidents, dont des religieux influents et des intellectuels.

Il se présente comme le nouvel homme fort du royaume qui va régner, peut-être pour une cinquantaine d’années, sur la destinée de ce pays

Sur décision de la commission anticorruption dirigée par le prince Mohammed Ben Salmane, 32ans, onze princes et des dizaines de ministres, anciens et actuels, ont été arrêtés, le 4 novembre 2018, en Arabie saoudite .Parmi les personnes arrêtées figurerait le prince et milliardaire Al-Walid Ben Talal, .Ces arrestations étaient une manière de tuer dans l’œuf les contestations internes.

Parallèlement, les puissants chefs de la garde nationale saoudienne et de la marine ont également été limogés. Miteb Bin Abdullah, fils de l’ancien roi, a notamment été écarté de la garde nationale, un important rouage sécuritaire du royaume chargé de la protection des sites stratégiques du pays, dont les champs pétroliers.

L’agence de presse officielle saoudienne SPA a indiqué que le but de la commission était de « préserver l’argent public, punir les personnes corrompues et ceux qui profitent de leur position ». Le conseil des religieux a rapidement réagi sur son compte Twitter en affirmant que la lutte contre la corruption était « aussi importante que le combat contre le terrorisme »

Contrôlant les principaux leviers du gouvernement, de la défense à l’économie, le prince héritier semble donc chercher à étouffer les contestations internes avant tout transfert formel du pouvoir par son père, le roi Salman, âgé de 81 ans.

Le prince héritier, MBS, veut préparer de plus son pays à une mutation économique..

Depuis trois ans en effet, l’Arabie Saoudite traverse en effet une crise économique sans précédent à cause de la chute du baril de pétrole.Le chômage atteint 35 à 40% dans le pays.La société ne peut plus être sous perfusion de l’Etat : tout le monde doit travailler. Le roi Salmane a dû prendre des mesures drastiques comme couper les subventions pour l’eau et pour l’électricité

En avril 2016, MBS a mis en place le plan «Vision 2030» pour que l’Arabie ne soit plus dépendante du tout-pétrole.

En août, les autorités saoudiennes avaient déjà annoncé le lancement d'un projet touristique d'envergure consistant à transformer une cinquantaine d'îles de la mer Rouge en stations balnéaires de luxe.

Auteur d'un vaste plan de transformation de l'économie saoudienne destiné à réduire la dépendance du royaume au pétrole, le prince Mohammed est venu au forum de Ryad présenter un méga-projet.Il porte sur la création d'une gigantesque zone de développement économique, appelée NEOM et d'une superficie de 26 500 km2, avec des investissements projetés à plus de 500 milliards de dollars (425 milliards d'euros) .Cette nouvelle zone économique, à peine plus petite que la Belgique, sera établie au nord-ouest de l'Arabie saoudite, sur les bords de la mer Rouge. Appuyé également par des investisseurs étrangers, NEOM concernera des secteurs aussi divers que l'énergie, l'eau, la biotechnologie, l'alimentation, le numérique, les médias et les divertissements, selon le communiqué.

Une Arabie modérée

Si « toutes les conditions sont réunies pour assurer le succès de ce projet et, en premier lieu, la volonté du peuple saoudien », selon le prince héritier, ce dernier avait promis une Arabie « modérée », en rupture avec l’image d’un pays longtemps considéré comme l’exportateur du wahhabisme, une version rigoriste de l’islam qui a nourri nombre de djihadistes à travers le monde.

« Nous ne ferons que retourner à un islam modéré, tolérant et ouvert sur le monde et toutes les autres religions », avait-t-il déclaré lors d'une conférence économique internationale. « Nous n'allons pas passer 30 ans de plus de notre vie à nous accommoder d'idées extrémistes et nous allons les détruire maintenant », avait assuré le jeune prince, suscitant les applaudissements nourris des participants à ce forum qui a attiré 2.500 décideurs du monde entier

Et en plus de l’économie, cette mutation de l'Arabie saoudite doit passer par des réformes sociétales.

D’où l’autorisation de conduire des femmes à partir de 2018, l’accès aux stades, la nomination d’une femme à la tête de la fédération nationale de sports.

MBS a pris pas mal de décisions qui remuent la classe conservatrice. Le droit des femmes semble évoluer lentement : reste l’abolition du tutorat. Les femmes ne sont pas autonomes, elles sont obligées de dépendre d’un tuteur –un mari, un père, un frère, un fils…En permettant aux femmes d’avoir plus de droits, il veut les avoir de son côté, c’est la même chose pour les jeunes, avec la création des salles de cinéma, l'ouverture des lieux de divertissement.

Mais parallèlement une dérive inquiétante saisit le royaume dirigé par MBS qui voulait montrer un profil modéré devant les Occidentaux. On s'interroge !

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

 

PEDOPHILIA AND PSYCHIATRY FOR THE POPE

These words are not really surprising. The general public has a slightly biased vision of Pope Francis since his election in 2013. We oppose Benedict XVI, who would be the pope of the restoration, to Francis, who would be the pope of modernity. But everything is not so simple Indeed two levels of reading for the popes:

1 ° the doctrinal, which corresponds to their vision of the Church and its precepts;

2 ° the pastoral, which relates to the place of the Church in society and its capacity to transmit the gospel; But for lack of understanding the difference between these two levels of expression, particularly in France, it was poorly perceived Pope Francis.

Why do we tend to see Francis as a modern, even progressive Pope?

Popes have two ways to express their vision of society. John Paul II and Benedict XVI often adopted an injunctive tone and strongly recalled Christian morality. François has a more progressive strategy, he speaks to everyone according to his moral level. In concrete terms, it is his discourse to welcome everyone within the Church, including those who have shortcomings in Catholic morality. On the subject of homosexuality, this resulted in his sentence pronounced in 2013: "If a person is gay and seeks the Lord with good will, who am I to judge it?

Francis considers that the Church is meant to bring back, with flexibility, people who are not in the "right way". It is a pastoral of listening, each one must be considered according to its moral level. In this sense, homosexuality is not necessarily a sin, it can also, according to the pope, a lack of information or a 'harmful' environment. The same goes for abortion: if a woman has an abortion, it must be considered that she could not, in some cases, raise the child with dignity.

Pope Francis is ultimately not as progressive as one might think?

Pope Francis is in fact in the continuity of his predecessors. It condemns relativism and subjectivism, two theories that emphasize the role of the individual in his own destiny. For him, everyone is subordinated to an imposed order, which surpasses us all, and must submit to external moral precepts, in this case his own destiny. For him, everyone is subordinated to an imposed order, which is beyond us all, and must submit to external moral precepts, in this case those dictated by the Church. As such, François believes that homosexuality is an objective disorder, a trend that runs counter to the moral order. Hence its reference to the use of psychiatry: medicine would correct this disorder.

How to explain this double discourse?

It is not really one. These little words, regularly released by the pope (the fioretti, which Francis borrowed from his model, Saint Francis of Assisi), are a communication tool. They translate with simple words moral principles formulated in texts in a more formal way. Sometimes it goes against the traditionalists (the 'Who am I to judge them?' For example), sometimes it goes in their direction, as is the case with his last outing on the plane. But the two are not contradictory, they are simply two facets of Francis' vision of society. In fine, we can not understand this pontificate without distinguishing the pastoral and the doctrinal.

The Vatican corrects the pope's declaration. The Vatican Homosexuality and psychiatry: "The words of Pope Francis are not astonishing"

How to explain this double discourse?

. These little words, regularly released by the pope (the fioretti, which Francis borrowed from his model, Saint Francis of Assisi), are a communication tool. They translate with words

These little words, regularly released by the pope (the fioretti, which Francis borrowed from his model, Saint Francis of Assisi), are a communication tool. They translate with simple words moral principles formulated in texts in a more formal way.

In fine, we can not understand this pontificate without distinguishing the pastoral and the doctrinal. the Vatican on Monday withdrew the reference to "psychiatry" in the statement made the day before by Pope Francis, asked about homosexuality. The word "psychiatry" was removed from the verbatim by the Vatican press service, "so as not to alter the pope's thinking , " said a spokeswoman for the Vatican . "When the pope refers to 'psychiatry', it is clear that he is doing it as an example that goes into the different things that can be done," the source said. speeches.

Whereas until then he was rather modern in his speeches on homosexuality, Pope Francis took a brutal turn. In the night of Sunday to Monday, questioned by a journalist in his plane, the sovereign pontiff considered that "when [homosexuality] is manifested from childhood, there are many things to do by psychiatry". A sentence that shocked LGBT rights organizations and chipped off Francis's "modern" pope image.

However, these remarks are not a surprise for Philippe Portier, director of the Group of Societies, Religions, and Secularities at CNRS. According to this specialist, Pope Francis is simply repeating, with simple words, the vision of the society he covers in the official texts.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH PENALTY FOR FIVE MILITANTS

HUMAN RIGHTS IN SAUDI ARABIA

"All execution is appalling, but asking for the death penalty for activists like Israa al Ghomgham, who are not even accused of violent behavior, is monstrous," said Sarah Leah Whitson, HRW director in the Middle East.

What is happening in Saudi Arabia?

Five human rights activists detained in Saudi Arabia face the death penalty.

Absolute monarchy conducts an uncompromising repression against dissidents.

The death penalty was imposed against five human rights activists in Saudi Arabia, Human Rights Watch (HRW) and several defense groups said. Among the detainees Israa al Ghomgham, a prominent Shia Muslim activist, she collected information about mass protests in Orientale province from 2011. She was arrested at home in December 2015 with her husband. .

Would she be the first woman to be sentenced to death for her human rights work. What is she accused of? She is accused not only of incitement to protest but also of moral support to rioters. ALQST, a Saudi human rights group based in London, reported the decision on Israa al Ghomgham earlier this week.

The key word against dissidents: repression

And yet Saudi Arabia has wanted to show a more liberal face in recent months with Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman (MBS). It has adopted far-reaching social and economic reforms, apparently

But this absolute Sunni monarchy still prohibits public demonstrations and political parties. Its reforms are accompanied by an uncompromising crackdown on dissidents.

Dozens of religious, intellectuals and activists have been arrested this year. Even women who had campaigned for the right to drive. Recently, women have been granted the right to pass their driving license!

"All execution is appalling, but asking for the death penalty for activists like Israa al Ghomgham, who are not even accused of violent behavior, is monstrous," said Sarah Leah Whitson, HRW director in the Middle East.

Saudi Arabia remains an ultra-conservative Muslim country despite its few opening attempts to tackle its future economic reconversion.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

MORE THAN A MILLION DISPLACES IN INDIA

BY THE MOUSSON

Massive operations took place in Kerala, located at the extreme southwestern corner of the sub-continent, to help thousands of people trapped by the floods that left more than 400 people dead in that southern state. 'India. Dozens of helicopters and hundreds of boats were mobilized.

The head of the local government, Pinarayi Vijayan, said on Twitter that Kerala was facing the "worst floods in a century." The record amounts to at least 400 deaths in ten days

In the face of what he described as an "extremely serious" crisis, operations were launched with the assistance of hundreds of military personnel, more than 30 army helicopters and 320 boats to assist the 6,000 people still at risk. trap by the rising waters, while thousands of others have already been rescued.

According to the authorities, 310,000 homeless people in total have taken refuge in 2,000 camps set up to receive them.

"We are deploying more boats as well as the army to step up relief operations," said a Kerala government official,

Helicopters have been hired to dump stocks of drinking water and food in remote areas, and trains loaded with clean water have also been sent to Kerala.

Kerala is famous for its palm-fringed beaches and tea plantations, and more than a million tourists visited it last year, according to official statistics. Popular with tourists, this state nevertheless undergoes each year abundant rains at the time of the monsoon but more abundant this year.

The breakdown of local communications networks complicates the ability to reach people in the most affected areas, who potentially require emergency assistance.

More than 10,000 kilometers of roads have been damaged or destroyed, the local government announced, ordering the floodgates to open in 34 dams and reservoirs where the water reached a level considered dangerous.

Kochi International Airport, the main city of Kerala, is closed until August 26 at least.

Floods have also occurred in other states, including Karnataka just north of Kerala and Madhya Pradesh in central India.

According to the Indian Ministry of the Interior, 868 people have died in seven Indian states including Kerala since the beginning of the monsoon.

Solidarity is organized to help the people affected.

In the state of Kerala, the worst monsoon in a century has caused massive floods and pushed more than a million people to flee the affected areas.

Tuesday, August 21, nearly 3000 refugee reception centers were open but thousands of people still remain prisoners in their homes. The damage will, no doubt, in such large proportions. If the gradual recession of the waters is made possible by the weakening of the monsoon rain, the destruction in this lush region gradually appears.

More than 50,000 homes are reported to have been destroyed, tens of thousands of farm animals dead, 40,000 hectares of crops destroyed, 100,000 kilometers of road damaged. Figures that remain very provisional.

Faced with this situation, Kerala is asking for help.

The local government, led by communists for 50 years, is currently assessing the bill at 2.6 billion euros. The Indian Prime Minister, Narenda Modi, has released 62 million euros this weekend in addition to 12 million already planned, where the government claimed 250 million emergency.

While India has often refused international aid, it has proudly accepted that of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), home to one of the largest diasporas of South Indians (2 million, or 27% of population) rising to € 87 million on Tuesday. A gesture justified by the vice-president of the country by the fact that the Keralais had played a major role in the development of the UAE

Solidarity also comes from within the country: some MPs have decided to give a month's salary. The Church (which has a certain weight in this state composed of 20% Christians) has opened the doors of its structures. Bollywood celebrities relayed many calls on social networks, like Amitabh Bachchan, superstar in India. Given the scale of the natural disaster, the authorities did not hesitate to call for help.

Especially as another danger looms: as the water level drops, diseases may find a favorable ground for hitting the Kerala population in a second time.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

VENEZUELA IN CRISIS OR MULTIPLICATION

PAR 34 MINIMUM WAGE

Seven out of ten Venezuelans want President Maduro's departure, according to polls, a deep economic and social crisis fueling popular anger in a country with severe food and drug shortages and out-of-control crime.

The country depends solely on its oil wealth

In 2001, the oil bonanza made Venezuela the richest nation in Latin America but this oil country ruined by the fall in crude oil prices .Car if Hugo Chavez elected in 1999, was able to launch major social projects, the construction of dispensaries, access to health care for all, maternity aid programs and illiteracy, he has not built any major industrial projects .

The country is dependent on its oil exports to 95% for its foreign exchange resources; the price falls, and he is on the brink of bankruptcy. More question of imports. So in this state that produces nothing, we soon miss everything.

The country is therefore at a currency rate. In front of cash machines, queues are measured in tens of meters. Yet withdrawals can not exceed 10,000 bolivars: say nothing in a country where a single coffee costs 3,500 and a liter of milk 1,500, seven times the amount of a tank of gas

A report from the Venezuelan Observatory estimates that the country has become the second most violent state in the world after El Salvador. Caracas, the capital, even takes the title of the most dangerous city! Last year, 28,479 people were murdered, for 30 million people!

Health is the sector that suffers the most. Report of May 11: in 2016, infant mortality increased by 30%, that of pregnant women or died during their delivery by more than 65%. Lack of prevention, respiratory problems, malnutrition.

In public clinics, faced with rising demands, "sterilization days" have been launched. To be able to get tubal ligatures, you have to justify low incomes and have at least two children.

The diseases are resurging in an endemic state. Malaria, which had been eradicated, reappears and is growing at a rate of 76% this year: 240 613 people infected in 13 of the 24 states.

And the reappearance of disappeared diseases like tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus. In public hospitals, the equipment no longer works. There is a lack of antibiotics, insulin, chemotherapy, antiretrovirals.

Diabetics, cancer patients, AIDS patients, all are doomed.

In four years, doctors' salaries have been reduced by three quarters. Many of his colleagues go abroad. Last year, 13,000 left Venezuela for Colombia, Ecuador or Chile.

That's why Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, who is trying hard to stay in office, announced on Friday (August 17th) the 34-fold increase in the minimum wage, without specifying the date of entry into force of the increase. This announcement is part of its economic recovery program knowing that the minimum income, which is not enough to buy a kilo of meat, collapsed due to a galloping hyperinflation that could reach 1,000,000% this year, according to the International Monetary Fund.

The minimum income should rise from 5.2 to 180 million bolivars, or around 24 euros.

The head of the socialist state said the salary would be "indexed" to the value of petro. Thus, with the Venezuelan cryptocurrency, the government intends to circumvent the lack of liquidity and the financial sanctions of the United States.

"I set the minimum wage, pensions and the base of wages on the basis of the medium petro, 1800 bolivars, said Nicolas Maduro in a radio-televised speech" the new currency, called the "sovereign bolivar", which comes into effect Monday with five zeros less than the current one.

Each petro, according to the president, equals about $ 60, based on the price of a barrel of Venezuelan oil.

During the current bolivar, the minimum income will increase from 5.2 million to 180 million (about 28 dollars, or 24 euros). This adjustment of 3.464% is only the fifth of the year.

Nicolas Maduro also pledged that his government should apply a strict program of "fiscal discipline". He announced that the state would assume for 90 days the "differential" of raising the minimum wage for all "small and medium industries", without specifying the terms.

Nearly twenty years after the election of Chavez, his successor Nicolas Maduro has led the rich oil state to ruin and wants to end democracy.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld


THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

KOFI ANNAN IS DEAD

Kofi Annan, former secretary-general of the UN, has died of illness.

In 2001, he received the Nobel Peace Prize. Kofi Annan, former secretary general of the UN, has died, announced this Saturday, August 18 on Twitter the United Nations Office of Migration.

In a statement, his foundation said the former UN representative died at the age of 80 following a "short illness" , surrounded by his wife and three children.

"Today we mourn the loss of a great man, a leader and a visionary," the UN office wrote, saying in December 2001, Kofi Annan and the UN received the Nobel Peace Prize "for their efforts for a better organized and more peaceful world "

Born in Ghana on April 8, 1938, Kofi Annan first worked in the World Health Organization in 1962 and later worked for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Then he was appointed to the UN headquarters in New York, where he was appointed undersecretary and then secretary general in January 1997.

He held this position until 2006, before giving way to South Korean Ban Ki-Moon. .

"He has continued to work tirelessly for world peace, within the Kofi Annan Foundation, and as a representative of the group" The Elders ", the group founded by Nelson Mandela" to promote peace in the world, "the statement said.

Antonio Guterres, the current secretary-general of the UN, praised his predecessor as "a force that guided the good"..

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

POSSIBLE CANDIDACY FOR PRISONER LULA PRESIDENTIAL IN BRAZIL

At one and a half months of the elections (first round on October 7), former President Lula da Silva condemned him for "passive bribery" and "money laundering" in a case related to the "Lava-Jato" scandal (Express wash) that splashed all the political parties. Nearly 3.5 billion euros were diverted. All Brazilian parties are involved, but in the first place those in power during the last two decades, the PT (party of Lula da Silva and his dauphine former president Dilma

and its allies, including the largest Brazilian party PMDB (current MDB), the current president Michel Temer, also subject to prosecution in a scandal related to the case).

This is the dismantling of the largest network of bribes in the history of South America.

The former president and founder of the left-wing PT party is serving his sentence in Curitiba (over 12 years in prison) and wants to run for president as he recalls in his column in the New York Times, published Tuesday, August 14th. Former deposed President Lula da Silva, who has been in prison since April, wants to run in the next elections in October. "It's the democracy that we kill" . This is essentially the defense of former President Lula da Silva, 72, who wants to seek a third term in the next elections

Head of the Workers' Party, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who was twice Head of State (2003-2010), remains the immense favorite of polls (30% of voting intentions). His party submitted his candidacy Wednesday.

An expert committee believes that the former president's candidacy can only be canceled once all his appeals have been examined. An opinion that, technically, should prevail in Brazil. The UN Human Rights Committee, ruling on an urgent request filed by Lula's lawyers on July 27, ruled on Friday, Aug. 17: it must, according to experts, be allowed to participate in the presidential election in October, as long as all his court appeals have not been examined.

In a short statement, the committee "asks Brazil to take all necessary measures to allow Lula (...) to exercise its political rights since his prison, as a candidate for the presidential election" in October. Lula is also allowed to campaign from prison and use the media.

This committee, a monitoring body of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, is responsible for ensuring compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the associated Optional Protocol. As Brazil has ratified both texts, it is technically obliged to respect the decisions of the committee.

The UN Human Rights Committee is asking Brazil to allow former President Lula to participate in the presidential election.

But it is very likely that his candidacy filed Wednesday will be invalidated, because a law in Brazil stipulates the ineligibility of any person having been condemned on appeal ...

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

DRAMA IN INDIA MORE THAN 320 DEATHS

IN FLOOD AU KERALA

Massive operations are underway in Kerala to help thousands of people trapped by the floods that left more than 320 people dead in the southern state of India. Dozens of helicopters and hundreds of boats are mobilized.

The authorities of Kerala warned Friday the population of the expected arrival of new torrential rain Saturday and Sunday.

The head of the local government, Pinarayi Vijayan, said on Twitter that Kerala was facing the "worst floods in a century." The record amounts to at least 324 deaths in ten days

In the face of what he described as an "extremely serious" crisis, operations were launched with the assistance of hundreds of military personnel, more than 30 army helicopters and 320 boats to assist the 6,000 people still at risk. trap by the rising waters, while thousands of others have already been rescued.

According to the authorities, 310,000 homeless people in total have taken refuge in 2,000 camps set up to receive them.

"We are deploying more boats and the army to step up relief operations , " said a Kurala government official, PH Kurian, who is committed to strengthening the relief package.

Helicopters have been hired to dump stocks of drinking water and food in remote areas, and trains loaded with clean water have also been sent to Kerala.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived Friday night in Kerala to fly over Saturday among the most affected areas.

Kerala is famous for its palm-fringed beaches and tea plantations, and more than a million tourists visited it last year, according to official statistics. Popular with tourists, this state nevertheless undergoes each year abundant rains at the time of the monsoon but more abundant this year.

Friday a new warning was made for the 33 million inhabitants of the state: "All districts except that of Kasargod are on red alert. Torrential rains could affect these 13 districts. Everyone must be very careful, " the local government chief disclosed.

At the same time, many residents have made calls for help on social networks.

The breakdown of local communications networks complicates the ability to reach people in the most affected areas, who potentially require emergency assistance.

More than 10,000 kilometers of roads have been damaged or destroyed, the local government announced, ordering the floodgates to open in 34 dams and reservoirs where the water reached a level considered dangerous.

Kochi International Airport, the main city of Kerala, is closed until August 26 at least.

Floods have also occurred in other states, including Karnataka just north of Kerala and Madhya Pradesh in central India.

According to the Indian Ministry of the Interior, 868 people have died in seven Indian states including Kerala since the beginning of the monsoon.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

NEW MODERNIST BATTLE OR EQUALITY IN THE HERITAGE IN TUNISIA

GE

Béji Caïd Essebsi, President of Tunisia, asked Parliament to take a bill reforming inheritance law: the conflict between modernists and Islamists will reign even if Tunisia appears from Bouguiba as a reformist country.

And it is to fight once again against "obscurantism" that Monday, August 13 in the late afternoon parade protesters chanting slogans "Stop the war on women" to ask for "equality" in the heritage.

Indeed, a few hours earlier, Head of State Béji Caïd Essebsi had formalized his personal position on the subject: Tunisia must enter the age of equality between men and women in inheritance. In a solemn address on the occasion of Women's Day in Tunisia, he pleaded for this reform. The latter has been defended until then only by Tunisian feminists ... "This is a great first in the Arab world , " said Cherif Khadidja, a feminist figure in Tunisia.

At the Assembly of People's Representatives (ARP, the Tunisian Parliament) to act to register this equality in the facts through a bill.

The current inheritance law coming from the Koranic precepts does indeed allow the woman to inherit only half of the share of the man with the same degree of kinship whereas the Commission of the individual liberties and equality (Colibe) , set up at the end of 2017 by the Head of State, had advocated the establishment of equality of principle between men and women with regard to the family patrimony. However, subject to a reservation: that the testator, in case of disagreement with this new rule, can apply the current succession law through a statement made in his lifetime before a notary. A good compromise formula for President Essebsi between modernists and Islamists.

In 2013, the conflict had already been extremely acute before the almost unanimous adoption of the 2014 Constitution and, a year later, the formation of a coalition government between Nidaa Tounès, the party of the president, and the Islamist movement Ennahda.

And currently Ennahda, encouraged by his victory in the spring municipal elections, becomes less conciliatory towards the head of state and his party.

"There is a tradition that must be respected," says Naoufel Jammali, a member of Ennahda's political bureau. To turn it up brutally is not wise. "

In the 2014 Constitution, obtained in the snatch, the basic law states that "Islam is the religion" of Tunisia but in a "civil status based on citizenship"

The crystallized controversy over equality in the inheritance is such an advance, fraught with consequences as much societal as economic, that the head of the State will have very stinging to leave to impose against the camp islamo-conservative.

But Béji Caïd Essebsi, 91, would not like to go down in history as a reformer, in the wake of the "father of the nation" Habib Bourguiba - including women's rights, written in the code of the personal status of 1956

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

STOP AT THE DEBACLE OF THE TURKISH BOOK

Turkey's central bank on Monday announced a series of measures to try to support its currency, which is collapsing amid tensions with the United States and mistrust of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

"Our institutions will take the necessary steps from Monday to relieve the markets," said Berat Albayrak, the son-in-law of President Erdogan at the head of a super-finance ministry, in an interview with the major daily Hurriyet. "We have prepared an action plan for our banks and small and medium-sized businesses, the sectors most affected by current currency fluctuations"

Announcements that come after the Turkish lira, which lost more than 40% of its value against the dollar and the euro this year, collapsed on Friday, falling by 16%. A panic has blown in markets around the world. The Tokyo Stock Exchange ended strongly down Monday (-1.98%).

Ten billion pounds

In the early hours on Monday, in Asia, the Turkish lira experienced a new historic fall crossing for the first time the bar of 7 pounds against a greenback trading at 6.65 for a dollar at 0630 GMT. The Turkish central bank has revised reserve requirements for banks to avoid any liquidity problems, and said it is providing the financial system some 10 billion pounds, $ 6 billion and the equivalent of 3 billion gold liquidity. The Turkish central bank has revised reserve requirements for banks, in order to avoid any liquidity problems.

But for the Turkish despot, this unprecedented collapse of the pound comes only from the United States who are plotting against his country.

Strong dissension between the United States and Turkey

1 ° President Donald Trump's decision, announced in a tweet on Friday, to double tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum also fuels tension between the two countries. Erdogan denounces US "political conspiracy" and says that Ankara would seek "new markets and allies".

"We are once again facing a political conspiracy behind the scenes. With the help of God, we will overcome that, " said the Turkish head of state on Sunday.

2. The United States calls for the immediate release of Pastor Brunson who faces up to thirty-five years in prison for "espionage" and "terrorism". Turkey pleads, for its part, for the extradition of Fethullah Gülen, a Turkish preacher established for almost twenty years on American soil and suspected by Ankara of being the architect of the failed coup of July 2016.

3. Ankara also reproaches Washington for supporting the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) in Syria. For Erdogan this militia is like an offshoot of the PKK (Workers' Party of Kurdistan), classified "terrorist" by Turkey but also by the United States.

Retaliation by Turkey

If Washington is ready to sacrifice its relations with Ankara, Turkey will react "by moving to new markets, new partnerships and new allies, at the expense of the one who launched an economic war against the whole world, including our country" he threatened. "Some are closing the doors and others are opening new ones," added the leader, who has in recent years strengthened his ties with countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia and is also turning to Russia. .

He further hinted that it was the entire alliance between Turkey - which became a NATO member in 1952 with the support of Washington - and the United States which was at stake. an important base in Incirlik, in the south of the country, currently used as the center of operations against the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group. "We can only say 'good bye' to anyone who decides to sacrifice his strategic partnership and a half-century alliance with a country of 81 million people to safeguard his relations with terrorist groups , " said Recep Erdogan. .

"You dare to sacrifice Turkey and its 81 million inhabitants for a pastor linked to terrorist groups? Erdogan said about the tensions caused by Pastor Brunson's trial.

Still, the Turkish despot Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who concentrates all powers in his hands except one officially, is facing its worst economic crisis since coming to power.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

EARTHQUAKE TRAGEDY EARTHQUAKE IN INDONESIA MAKING A HUNDRED OF DEATHS AND WOUNDS ON THE ISLAND OF LOMBOK


An earthquake erupted 10 km deep, the US Geophysical Institute (USGS) announced.

A major earthquake rocked the highly touristy island of Lombok in southern Indonesia on Sunday (August 5th), the US Geophysical Institute (USGS) announced.

At least 91 people were killed and hundreds wounded in the magnitude 6.9 earthquake, according to local authorities.

Most of the dead were in the mountainous area in northern Lombok, far from the main tourist sites in the south and west of the island.

The shock, which damaged thousands of buildings, according to a spokesman for the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency, was also felt on the neighboring island of Bali.

A tsunami warning, quickly lifted, caused panic among residents who rushed to find a safe place.

Indonesia experiences many earthquakes.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

OPEN CRISIS BETWEEN CANADA AND SAUDI ARABIA OR THE REACTION OF JUSTIN TRUDEAU

The Canadian Prime Minister reacted for the first time this Wednesday, August 8, to the announcement earlier this week of the deportation for "interference" by the Canadian ambassador in Ryad.

"Canadians expect our government to speak firmly, clearly and politely about the need to respect human rights at home and around the world, and we will continue to do so," said Justin Trudeau. this Wednesday at a press point. He has no intention of apologizing to Ryad adding more nuanced that his country does not want to "have bad relations with Saudi Arabia," he added immediately. It is a country that still has a certain importance in the world and is making progress on human rights but we will continue to highlight the difficulties when they exist and around the world.

Saudi power, meanwhile, stands on its positions.

Canada made "a big mistake".

Justin Trudeau reacted for the first time to the announcement on Monday of the deportation for "interference" by the Canadian ambassador in Ryad. The Saudi kingdom has also recalled its ambassador while freezing any new trade or investment with the country after the Canadian Embassy denounces the arrest of Saudi human rights activists.

On Wednesday, the Prime Minister added that "talks with Saudi Arabia are continuing . " The head of Canadian diplomacy Chrystia Freeland has held talks with his Saudi counterpart Adel al-Jubeir on Tuesday, according to him.

But earlier in the day, al-Jubeir rejected any mediation possibility that Canada had made "a big mistake" . "An error should be corrected. Canada knows what to do, " he added. The head of Saudi diplomacy said his country is considering "additional measures" against Canada.

The diplomatic crisis between the two countries is likely to fester.

It is not good to recall some truth to the Kingdom of the Saudis



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

MANIFESTATION CONTRE LES CAMERAS VOYEURISTES EN COREE DU SUD

« Les toilettes pour femmes dans ce pays sont infestées de caméras espions ! », ont scandé en chœur les manifestantes rassemblées samedi sur la place Gwanghwamun.

Une manifestation de masse a eu lieu comme chaque mois sur la place Gwanghwamun, les, théâtre habituel des manifestation à Séoul pour dénoncer les caméras-espions qui filment les femmes dans les lieux publics et sont ensuite diffusées sur Internet.

Ce ne sont pas moins de 70000 femmes masquées par crainte de subir des représailles ou d'être harcelées sur internet qui ont défilé. Soit 10 000 de plus que la précédente édition.

Le rassemblement du 4 août a rassemblé dix mille personnes de plus qu’en juillet :

une nouvelle manifestation pour exiger du gouvernement sud-coréen la répression de la « pornographie par caméra-espion », sous une canicule exceptionnelle dépassant les 37 degrés.

Ces rassemblements organisés depuis mai n’ont cessé de gagner en ampleur, devenant les plus importantes manifestations de femmes en Corée du Sud, où la déferlante du mouvement #MeToo a libéré la colère autant que la parole.

Le nombre de signalements à la police impliquant des caméras espions est passé de 1 100 en 2010 à 6 500 l’an passé.

Les manifestantes dénoncent un phénomène grandissant baptisé « molka » :

des vidéos de femmes tournées à leur insu dans les toilettes, à l’école, dans les trains, les vestiaires… omniprésentes.

Certes chaque jour ou presque, on apprend par la presse l’arrestation d’hommes pris en train de filmer secrètement des femmes dans leur intimité.

Professeurs, médecins, pasteurs, responsables gouvernementaux, policiers et même juges se transforment en voyeurs.

Mais ils n' écopent généralement que d’amendes ou de peines de prison avec sursis. Les manifestantes , elles, réclament des peines plus sévères et surtout la fermeture des sites diffusant les vidéos.

Elles ont appelé le gouvernement à « réprimer ces crimes » agitant pour certaines des banderoles proclamant « nous ne pouvons plus vivre comme ça » ou « Corée du Sud, pays des caméras-espions ».

Le mois dernier, un homme de 43 ans a été arrêté :

il avait filmé secrètement pendant quatre ans des clients de motels de Séoul. Il prenait une chambre et la truffait de minicaméras, jusque dans les enceintes des téléviseurs.

La police a récupéré en perquisition plus de 20 000 caméras.

Un défilé de chapeaux, lunettes de soleil et masques chirurgicaux, par crainte de subir des représailles ou d’être harcelées sur internet s'est insurgé à propos de ces pratiques voyeuristes qui atteignent la vie intime des femmes.

« La police réagit rarement quand des femmes victimes lui demandent l’arrestation d’auteurs d’infractions », dénonce Seo Seung-hui, de l’ONG Korea Cyber Sexual Violence .

A la police de réagir en sortant de sa léthargie.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

 

CALIFORNIA RAVED BY THE CARR FIRE

The gigantic Carr fire has, in a few days, already killed six people and destroyed tens of thousands of hectares of vegetation in northern California. It will result in the evacuation of 40,000 more people.

"Carr" is one of the 17 fires currently ravaging California, where more than 80,000 hectares of forest are already in smoke in recent days, said the National Parks Service during a press conference. No less than 1.7 million hectares have already burned since the beginning of the year, more than the average of the past decade (1.5 million).

The fires that continue to spread in southeastern California since last Monday have already killed six people and forced the evacuation of thousands of people. Nine people are still missing but seven others have still not given any sign of life. Shasta County sheriff Tom Bosenko, who called on local residents to immediately comply with evacuation orders, said at a press conference in Redding, the city most threatened by the fire, that the sixth victim was found in a house destroyed by fire, had not listened to evacuation instructions.17 fires are ravaging California.

With a drought and a temperature approaching 40 ° C and fanned by the strong wind, the fire remains uncontrollable, warned California firefighters, who received reinforcements from all over the country.

"We do not have a moment of respite," said one of their leaders, Chris Anthony, describing a fire with "unpredictable" behavior that has already killed two firefighters.

At the Sunday afternoon press conference in Redding, the emergency services, however, reported progress in the fight against fire.

The origin of the fires is still unknown.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

IRAN AND UNITED STATES

THE MANIFESTATIONS OF THE IRANIANS

AGAINST THE CORRUPTION OF THEIR GOVERNMENT .

Several hundred people gathered in different cities of the country, such as Tehran, Isfahan or Karaj, for a fifth consecutive evening to protest the inflation caused by the fall of the rial. The Fars news agency reports peaceful protests in "five to six cities" since Tuesday against water cuts, rising prices and unemployment. And US sanctions that need to be reinstated on Tuesday (August 7th) will worsen the situation. inflation. Indeed, the Iranians, worn out by an endemic economic crisis that fuels anger against the political system, fear a worsening of the situation marked by the fall of the Iranian currency, the rial, which has already lost about two thirds of its value in six month.

After long threatening to withdraw the United States from the agreement reached in July 2015 on the nuclear program of the Islamic Republic, Donald Trump has indeed confirmed its decision in May.

Between Donald Trump and Iran, the oil weapon

This agreement provided for a reduction of sanctions in exchange for a control of the Iranian atomic policy. The United States justified their reversal, saying that Iran poses a threat to security in the Middle East, and asked other countries to stop importing Iranian oil on pain of financial sanctions. Exports of Iranian crude could fall by two-thirds by the end of the year because of US sanctions that will put the oil markets under strong pressure. The reinstatement of US sanctions will involve the purchase of dollars by Iran, its trade in gold and precious metals, as well as trade in metals, coal and computer software related to the industry. It is a whole section of the economy that is threatened.

Effective but justified economic sanctions?

The economic sanctions would be effective on this country of 80 million inhabitants: the rial, the Iranian currency, has depreciated by half this year. The shortage of foreign currency led, according to the Financial Times, the Iranians to rush on gold, cars and real estate to protect their savings, while Mr. Rohani dismissed late July the governor of the central bank for his mismanagement of the crisis. European companies, despite their protests, find themselves forced to choose between trading with Tehran or the United States: the choice is quickly made.

The Iranian economy is being doc destabilized by the return of US sanctions.

President Rohani increasingly criticized for his economic management so that dozens of protesters chanted "death to the dictator" , in reference to the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. A massive police presence and blocked roads were reportedly observed in Karaj, west of Tehran.

Demonstrations against government corruption

Demonstrations often start with slogans against the cost of living and alleged financial corruption before turning into anti-government rallies.

The conservative news site Qom News has posted a video of a protest in Machhad after Friday's prayer, in which a cleric accuses politicians of "not caring about the people's problems."

In Eshtehard, about 100 kilometers west of Tehran, "about 500 protesters attacked a religious school, trying to break open doors and burn objects," said Hojateslam Hindiani, the school's director on Friday night. , reported Saturday by the agency Fars, close to the conservatives .. They "arrived with stones and broke all the windows of the prayer hall, chanting slogans against the regime" , before being dispersed by riot police he added, noting arrests.

An attack that conservatives, opposed to the policy of conciliation of President Rohani, stressed.

The images of the protests suggest, however, that the protests do not have the scale of the December and January unrest, when at least 25 people were killed in protests that agitated dozens of cities.

This strategy of "maximum pressure" , to use an expression of Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, has it been carried far enough to reach out? The Iranian rebuff is doubtful.

Iran is not North Korea

Rohani, promoter of the nuclear agreement Vienna, is under the pressure of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, the army and guards of the revolution, much harder than him. He does not have the political strength to engage in a dramatic rapprochement with Washington. Mike Pompeo had presented twelve major demands to the Iranian power (end of any nuclear enrichment, withdrawal of its militia from Syria, end of support for Hamas and Hezbollah ...) for a new agreement. "We are lucid about the nature of this regime, but our eyes are open to what is possible," said the Secretary of State. If anyone, especially the Iranian leadership, doubts the sincerity or the vision of the president, let him look at our diplomacy with North Korea. Mike Pompeo acknowledged it, believing that finding a moderate in the system was as difficult as catching a unicorn ...

It remains to be seen whether the Russian leader Vladimir Putin can have an influence, the tenant of the White House claiming to have spoken about the subject with the strong man of the Kremlin ...


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

PRESIDENTIAL CHALLENGE AWARDED BY EMMERSON MNANGAGWA IN ZIMBABWE

Emmerson Mnangagwa outgoing leader and former right arm of Robert Mugabe, won the presidential election with 50.8% of the vote, announced Friday,
August 3, the electoral commission.

The victory was announced in a climate of high tension;

Victory of Emmerson Mnangagwa .

Elected in the first round of the presidential election, Mnangagwa was ahead of opposition leader Nelson Chamisa, who won 44.3 percent of the vote, commission chair Priscilla Chigumba told a news conference. in Harare. organized in a tense atmosphere as the army patrols the capital.

"As a result, Emmerson Mnangagwa Dambudzo of the ZANU-PF party is declared President-Elect of the Republic of Zimbabwe, effective August 3," said Election Commission Chair Priscilla Chigumba, with some cheers. Indeed because of tense climate the army patrols the streets in Harare.

Emmerson Mnangagwa, 75, to salute "a fresh start" while from calling to unity. "Let us unite in peace, unity and love and together we build a new Zimbabwe for all," he said on his Twitter account.

Challenging results and violence

But the opposition immediately rejected his victory, announcing that she was going to go to court.

Figures that challenge the opposition. Six people were killed in Zimbabwe, where on Wednesday the army cracked down on an opposition demonstration denouncing fraud in the general elections, according to a new police report released on Thursday.

"The results are wrong, (...) we reject them, we will denounce the whole process in court," said Morgan Komichi, spokesman for Nelson Chamisa's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

An opposition demonstration on Wednesday was repressed by the army with live ammunition. The demonstrators denounced frauds in the electoral process. Six demonstrators died. These historic general elections, which were to mark a turning point in the history of the country, where the elections were regularly tainted by fraud and violence turned to drama.

President Mnangagwa had promised free, peaceful and transparent elections in the hope of attracting new Western investors to his country on the brink of bankruptcy, and Zimbabweans had gone to the polls peacefully.

At the announcement of the results in the night from Thursday to Friday, the streets of the capital Harare and the stronghold of Bulawayo opposition (south) were deserted. Only soldiers and police were visible.

The United Kingdom, the former colonial power of Zimbabwe, has asked Harare to withdraw the army from the streets of the capital. The Commonwealth has "categorically denounced the excessive use of force against unarmed civilians".

Attempt to appease

President Mnangagwa called Thursday morning for appeasement, saying he wants to resolve "peaceful differences" with the opposition. He also said he had been in talks with Nelson Chamisa to try to "defuse" the crisis.

Emmerson Mnangagwa, who succeeded Robert Mugabe following a military coup, forced him to resign. Robert Mugabe had led the country with an iron fist for thirty-seven years. Emmerson Mnangagwa, nicknamed "the crocodile", has just entrusted several military key positions in his government ...

"We have all been naive, including the international community , " said Ibbo Mandaza, an analyst with the Harare-based Southern African Political and Economic Series (SAPES).

"We refused to call a coup and the international community was naive to think that the elections would be free and fair under a military government," he added.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

MOHAHMED VI AND HIS SPEECH OF THE TRONE PARTY OR THE WARNING

WELCOME TO HIS PEOPLE

"Nothing is gained without the unity, solidarity and stability of the country, without faith in the community of destiny that unites us in joy as in sorrow, without sincere patriotism and responsible civility" stresses the king from Morocco

In his speech of the throne of the throne delivered by Al Hoceima, King Mohahmed VI of Morocco delivered his speech by asking a diagnosis and proposing solutions to the evils he presented in Morocco as a whole.

A speech in the form of a message. On Sunday evening, during his traditional televised speech on the occasion of the Feast of the Throne, Mohammed VI chose the theme of this speech to mark the 19th year of his enthronement, namely "the social question". Indeed, the speech delivered in Al Hoceima, in the heart of the Rif, is reminiscent of the Hirak social protest movement which has rocked the region in 2016 and 2017 and which continues to hold the country in suspense.

The current context is also particularly complicated the conviction of several activists of the movement in June, to the general stupor - national as international - having reached sentences of up to twenty years in prison.

The sovereign wanted to convey an essential message, that of appeasement but also of firmness.

The first Hirak protests took place in September 2016, when several Rifains rallied to demonstrate against the state of the roads, especially in Beni Hadifa with Nasser Zefzafi as figurehead. On February 6, 2017, thousands of young demonstrators in Al Hoceima in memory of the death of the nationalist Abdelkrim al-Khattabi Rifain gathered again: during violent clashes, about thirty riot police officers were wounded according to the official version, the number of victims on the demonstrating side is not revealed.

Considered the main opposition leader, Nasser Zefzafi is being prosecuted by the authorities on charges of interrupting the preaching of an imam on Friday 26 May. The demonstrations, where the Berber flag next to that of the Rif Republic, intensify during the following night. During the weekend, about twenty arrests are made against demonstrators accused by the Moroccan state of having injured the security forces, degraded the public road and reached the Moroccan sovereignty over the Rif region, feeding back the protests against the repression Nasser Zefzafi is arrested on Monday, May 29 and has a heavy sentence.

For him, "Nothing is achieved without the unity, solidarity and stability of the country, without faith in the community of destiny that unites us in joy as in pain, without sincere patriotism and responsible civility" . Without ever naming the Hirak militants as "negativists, illusionists and nihilists" for failing to promote them, Mohammed VI condemns their actions on several occasions by exhorting the importance of "patriotism" and "unity." Of the country.

But the king of Morocco has also shown that he listens to his people.

Despite the "achievements accomplished by Morocco and the gains made in favor of Moroccans", which constitute "a real reason for satisfaction and pride," the sovereign admitted that he "feels that something continues to fail us in social matters, " he lamented, who said that health and education will now be " totally [his] attention ".

The ruler calls on his government to take "emergency measures" in this area.

Morocco ranks 69th (out of 190 countries) in the Doing Business 2018 ranking, published by the World Bank. It is marked by glaring social and territorial inequalities, against a backdrop of high unemployment among young people. In 2017, the country was ranked 123rd out of 188 under the Human Development Index (HDI).

Health and Education

This is why the royal discourse has thus addressed the social question, pillar of the demands of the protesters of the Rif.

Existing social protection programs launched by different political parties "overlap with each other, fail by lack of coherence and fail to target effectively eligible categories". A system that generates, according to him, "glaring inequalities". "It is foolish that more than one hundred programs of support and social protection of different formats and being allocated tens of billions of dirhams are scattered between several ministerial departments and multiple public stakeholders," he lamented. He therefore calls for the rationalization of aid. He has therefore called - always in order to facilitate investment - to set "at one month the maximum time allowed for certain administrations to respond to the requests addressed to them in the field of investment" .

The sovereign has also been critical of the organization of medical aid "It is foolish that more than one hundred programs of support and social protection [...] are scattered among several ministerial departments and multiple public stakeholders. [...] These programs encroach on each other ... "

In particular, the monarch called for "redressing the anomalies that vitiate the execution of the medical coverage program Ramed" . On 19 July, the National Observatory for Human Development reported on this medical assistance scheme, six years after its generalization. Several weaknesses are noted. Piece chosen: "The targeting of the Ramed unfortunately does not assimilate the poorest. "

Another challenge is that of education for the development of "support programs for schooling" and the "fight against school dropout".

The solution advocated by the king: a comprehensive and deep restructuring of existing programs, coupled with the acceleration of the establishment of a "national system of registration of families who can benefit from social support programs" called the Single Social Register (RSU), a "national system for registering families to benefit from social support programs". "The households entitled to benefit from this scheme will be determined according to strict objective criteria and thanks to new technologies. "

By developing Tayssir, a financial assistance program for pre-school education, transportation, canteens and boarding schools will be able to "lighten the burden borne by families and support them so that their children can continue their studies and complete their studies. their training ".

A social and inclusive economy

Beyond these axes set by the Shereefian sovereign, these projects can be completed only through the dynamism of an economy that is a guarantee of local development, he said; Hence announcements for investment and job creation "The ultimate form of social protection is through the creation of productive and dignified jobs ," he said. On this aspect, and always in response to the tense regional context, Mohammed VI made three proposals: the adoption, before the end of October, of the administrative deconcentration charter as well as the establishment of the charter of investment, two projects aimed at decentralizing the economy.

So many points that Moroccans will have listened attentively while waiting in a still tense context a response to the height of the complexity of the existence of the Hirak movement.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

AFTER MUGABE ELECTIONS IN ZIMBABWE

In a country where the unemployment rate is around 90%, the inhabitants voted for the first time freely. With the hope of turning the page on Mugabe decades.

They elect the first Zimbabwean president in the country's history who is not named Robert Mugabe. The 94-year-old has led the country since independence before being overthrown by an army coup in November 2017,

In fact, the general elections held on Sunday are the first since the fall of Robert Mugabe, who led the country for thirty-seven years.

His departure last November gave rise to hope for change among the population. More than 5.5 million voters registered to vote. At 94, the former strongman has still not digested his forced resignation with the help of the army.

No support from Mugabe to the candidate of his party:

Opposition leader in Zimbabwe Nelson Chamisa did not wait until the results were announced to announce his victory.

The opposition leader in Zimbabwe claims, Tuesday, July 31, " a brilliant victory" in the general elections held the day before in the country.

"We have done remarkably well (...) and we are ready to form the next government," he wrote in English on Twitter, in support of * a vote count of 10,000 polling stations.

Before the election, Robert Mugabe implied that he would vote for Nelson Chamisa, a long-time opponent, rather than Emmerson Mnangagwa, the current head of state and his party's candidate, Zanu-PF.

Two favorites out of 23 contenders

Emmerson Mnangagwa, Mugabe's close friend who fell out of favor, took power with the support of the military. He promised to reform the country from top to bottom just like his main rival, the opponent Nelson Chamisa.

For the first time, an election campaign in Zimbabwe took place in relative calm. . The main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), has indeed been able to organize meetings, more and more important.

23 candidates ran in the presidential election, and more than one hundred political parties take part in the legislative elections.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

HIGH RISK PRESIDENTIALS IN MALI

E read in 2013 after the French intervention to chase Islamists, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (IBK) is a candidate for his own succession and even favorite, while the country is still plagued by terrorist acts and community tensions. A great instability raises fears overflows on this day of the first round of elections, the army was deployed to avoid clashes, the government has been funding television advertising spots for several days to call the population to calm. This is to say the state of tension in which is plunged Mali.

Safety issues first and foremost:

To allow for the holding of the vote in most of the country, more than 30,000 members of the security forces, national and foreign, are mobilized, according to the Ministry of Homeland Security. In terms of security, "today it can be said that the minimum conditions are likely to be met," said Mahamat Saleh Annadif, head of the UN mission in the country (Minusma), on UN radio in Mali, Mikado FM, while calling to remain "vigilant".

Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, 73, elected in 2013 and head of the "Rally for Mali", puts his mandate at stake despite a disputed record. Indeed insecurity has increased in the country and the economic situation is far from satisfactory.

But it is above all the security issue that is at the heart of tensions and hurts. In addition to the suspicions of fraud on the part of the presidential camp, the jihadist threat in the north of the country - which was taken by radical Islamists by France in 2013 - is growing. On the last day of campaign on Friday, the jihadists were invited to the debate by the leader of the main jihadist alliance of the Sahel, linked to al-Qaeda, the Malian Touareg Iyad Ag Ghaly, leader of one of the Islamist groups that had seized the entire north of the country in 2012 . "These elections are nothing but the pursuit of a mirage and our people will only harvest illusions, as they have become accustomed to," said in a video the head of the support group for and Muslims

Community tensions have been exacerbated in recent years in this vast landlocked country of West Africa, counting about twenty ethnic groups. Insecurity has also undermined the center of the country. And IBK is widely criticized for not being offensive enough on the subject of insecurity. That is why the main opposition leader, Soumaïla Cissé, promised to bring "peace" back to the center of the country and hopes to capitalize on security issues.

"Barkhane will not be eternal":

Moreover, Mali lives on a drip of foreign military aid to maintain fragile stability. The French operation Barkhane is more than 4,500 soldiers tricolor distributed in the Sahel to fight against the jihadist threat, mainly in Mali. If IBK prevails, the international community fears that it will do more than under its first mandate. Jean-Yves Le Drian, prime contractor of the French intervention in 2013 when he led the Defense, signified his impatience.

France and its partners do not want a status quo that would mean an extension of their presence. "Barkhane will be there as long as it takes but will not be eternal," says one to the Ministry of Armies, which by forming local armies, ultimately wants to "create the conditions" of his departure. The creation of the G5 Sahel in 2014, a coordination framework for five countries in the region to fight against terrorism, must also enable African countries to take charge of the situation.

Two favorites out of 24 candidates:

In any case, Malians are waiting for the president-elect (or re-elected) on security. More than eight million inhabitants of this vast landlocked country of West Africa, counting about twenty ethnic groups, are called to the polls to renew the president Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta or to elect one of its 23 competitors, whose head of the opposition, Soumaïla Cissé, and only one woman, Djeneba N'Diaye.

They vote Sunday, July 29 for a presidential election that will weigh on the fate of the peace agreement of 2015 and, beyond, on the entire Sahel, still facing the jihadist threat despite five years of international military interventions.

The official results will be known by Friday at the latest, before a possible second round on August 12.

No less than 24 candidates !! Has the time for revenge for Soumaïla Cissé sounded? Largely beaten (nearly 78% of the vote) by Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta in 2013, the opposition leader, 68 years, this time hopes that the climate of insecurity will encourage Malians to get rid of a socialist president considered too passive . But 24 candidates - of which only one woman - will separate the votes. Among them, many former ministers of the head of state, which says a lot about the ferocity of the campaign even if the outgoing president, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, and the leader of the opposition, Soumaïla Cissé, are given favorites

Since the advent of democracy in 1992, less than one out of every two Malians has moved in five presidential polls. The last election, in 2013, was however particularly followed, in a post-coup context that had shaken the Republic, a few weeks after the outbreak of the war in the north of the country.

The participation rate is traditionally low, significantly lower than 50%, in the first round of the presidential election in this country known also for its cultural influence.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

23 DEATH AND 107 INJURED

IN AN ATTACK IN KABUL

A strong explosion occurred this Sunday, July 22, in Kabul, Afghanistan, when General Abdul Rashid Dostum, the feared warlord of northern Afghanistan and first vice-president, returned to his country after a year of fighting. exile, and was welcomed as a hero. The attack left 23 dead and 107 wounded.

General Abdul Rashid Dostum was greeted by a suicide bombing from the airport. The suicide bomber was exposed in the midst of a dense crowd waiting for Jowzjan's strongman returning from a year in exile in Turkey, just outside Kabul International Airport. General Dostum's convoy of cars had just passed and left without any damage.

The explosion is due to a suicide bomber and caused the death of at least 23 people and injured 107 very according to a still provisional balance sheet of the Ministry of the Interior. "This balance sheet could still evolve," said

Nine members of the security forces were also mowed by the explosion of strong power, said Monday the spokesman of the ministry Najib Danish.

Accused of raping a rival late 2016, Dostum had left the country in May 2017 trying to escape the justice of his country. He had his rival Ahmad Ishchi, a former sixty-year-old governor, captured and had him tortured and sodomized with an AK-47 assault rifle. An investigation was launched in January 2017 by Afghan justice under pressure from Westerners on these facts. Other abuses to his credit had been denounced as the death of 2,000 Taliban locked up in containers.

General Dostum must resume his duties as vice-president despite the investigation against him. A delegation of Afghan officials and dozens of supporters, mostly members of the Uzbek community, welcomed him as a hero when he got off the plane specially chartered by the Afghan government to bring him back from Ankara.

In city dress, white shirt and red tie, surrounded by his personal guard, the general, vice-president, ethnic Uzbek, in his sixties, immediately gained his offices.

President Ashraf Ghani, who had had to resolve the inquiry after the indignation of officials from the United States, the European Union and Canada, is embarrassed by the return. Dostum is the second Afghan warlord to return to the capital with honors.

In May 2017, it was Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, nicknamed by the press "the butcher of Kabul" for having massacred him by merciless bombing in the 90s, who had returned after 20 years of exile at the end of an agreement with the government guaranteeing impunity.

Ashraf Ghani Dostum is the president of a power with delicate balances. Indeed, the Afghan government is weakened in the north with the push of the Islamic State (IS) in the province of Jawzjan, the stronghold of Dostum, and that of the Taliban in the province of Faryab. In addition, civil unrest has recently broken out, causing several deaths, following the arrest in early July of a relative of Dostum.

From Turkey, General Dostum had denounced the arrest of his ally and warned that the northern defense "could collapse" against the Taliban and the Islamic State group.

In the run-up to the October and presidential elections scheduled in 2019, Ashraf Ghani needs to bring a minimum of stability to his country. However, his offers of peace to the Taliban have remained so far unsuccessful.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

A JOINT HUMANITARIAN CONVOY OF FRANCE AND RUSSIA ASK QUESTION

France and Russia jointly sent a humanitarian convoy to Syria on the night of Friday to Saturday.

This is a great first that took place in the night from Friday to Saturday. France and Russia have indeed carried out a joint humanitarian operation to Syria, to a rebel enclave taken over by the regime in April. Many civilians were injured during bombings by the Bashar al-Assad regime.

France and Russia carried out a joint humanitarian operation to Syria on Friday night, targeting a rebel enclave taken over by the regime in April, a first in the conflict that has devastated the country since 2011.

. A first since the beginning of the conflict

An Antonov 124 heavy-lift of the Russian army, loaded with 50 tons of medical equipment and basic necessities provided by France, joined the Russian base at Hmeinim in western Syria from Châteauroux (center of France), according to the Russian Ministry of Defense

This joint humanitarian operation is a first in Syria between Russia. It changed the situation by flying militarily to the aid of President Bashar al-Assad in 2015, and a Western country.

On Saturday, the two presidents emphasized the "humanitarian aspects in the settlement of the Syrian conflict, including the implementation of the Franco-Russian initiative , " in a telephone conversation, according to a report from Kremlin. Aid for Eastern Ghouta, near Damascus, to be distributed by the Syrian Red Crescent under the supervision of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) at the Wharf Orsay.

"In the context of UN Security Council Resolution 2401, this project aims to provide better access to aid for civilian populations," the French presidency said in a joint French-Russian statement.

Obtaining "guarantees" from Russia by France

France has obtained "guarantees" from Russia that the regime would not obstruct the movement, as it does regularly with UN convoys, and that any "political recovery" and "diversion" of the material would be avoided, according to Paris.

"The Russians intervened in a very decisive way so that the authorizations are delivered" and that the aid is conveyed "in deadlines decent" , one noted to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In just a few hours, medical equipment, tents, kitchen kits and blankets - some pallets marked "Crisis Center" of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs - have indeed been loaded into the cargo hold.

The aid, provided by France, amounted to 400,000 euros, Russia having provided transport, said the Quai d'Orsay. These are medical equipment (anti-biotics, resuscitation equipment, infusions, compresses ...) for 500 heavy wounded and 15,000 wounded light Eastern Ghouta. This region was pounded by regime in March-April before capitulating after five years of siege.

After Aleppo, Homs and Ghouta, Bashar al-Assad continued his reconquest on the ground against rebels and jihadists with the help of Russia, but also forces of Iran and Lebanese Hezbollah.

Controversial humanitarian aid

François Heisbourg, president of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London, believes that France "takes note with this operation of the fact that Bashar and Russia have won militarily" , which France rejects on the grounds that 'There are ' no good and bad Syrians'.

Paris defends itself to validate in any way a "pax russa" in Syria. "It's not a political coup, it's a humanitarian operation," insists the Quai d'Orsay.

"In humanitarian matters, we never decided who were the good Syrians, who were the bad Syrians," added the Quai.

The emergency program of 50 million euros announced by Emmanuel Macron in April is aimed at all Syria, it is known.

"Our demands on Russia and our vision of the political solution do not change , " but "if we want a political solution, we need confidence-building measures , " we add.

The provision of French aid in areas under the control of the regime raises questions because it must be provided "everywhere in Syrian territory without exception, where international humanitarian law must be fully respected," replies a joint statement.

"We can not be against humanitarian assistance but France, working with Russia and the Syrian Red Crescent, takes considerable risks , " said Michel Duclos, former French ambassador to Syria. "What mechanisms guarantee that this aid will not be diverted or exploited politically by Assad? Asked the diplomat, a special adviser to the Institut Montaigne in Paris.

If President Macron has been trying for months to involve Westerners in the search for a political solution under the auspices of the UN, the fact remains that the process is skating.

Bashar al-Assad is indeed all the less inclined to negotiate that he advances militarily on the ground.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

ISRAEL "THE STATE-NATION OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE"

Parliament passed a law defining the country as the "nation-state of the Jewish people". The most controversial measure of the bill passed Thursday by the Israeli Parliament, create new localities exclusively reserved for Jews, however, was amended after a wave of criticism.

The "nation-state" law passed in the Knesset

"This is a decisive moment in the history of the State of Israel, which inscribes in marble our language, our anthem and our flag" .

Following the adoption by Parliament of a bill defining Israel as the "nation-state of the Jewish people," Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu publicly welcomed the result of this vote. "It's a moment decisive in the annals of Zionism and the history of the State of Israel, " welcomed Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu.

This text, adopted by 62 votes to 55, with two abstentions, establishes that Hebrew becomes the only official language of Israel, with both Hebrew and Arabic being considered as quasi-official languages. in all state documents. The law, symbolically promulgated just after the 70th anniversary of the birth of the State of Israel, gives Arabic henceforth a "special status" which allows the continuation of its use in the administration.

No new localities reserved for Jews

In its previous version, the bill spoke of the possibility of creating Jewish-only localities, which excluded Israeli Arab citizens who make up nearly 20% of the total Israeli population. This had not failed to provoke a wave of criticism, notably from President Reuven Rivlin, Attorney General Avishai Mandelblit and the EU Delegation to Israel because of its discriminatory nature.

The text as amended and voted on Thursday states that "the State considers that the development of Jewish settlements is in the national interest and that the State will take measures to encourage, advance and serve this interest" . This new, more vague formula was however denounced by the opposition, notably by the Arab MP Ayman Odeh, who brandished during the debate a black flag on the platform to mark "the death of our democracy".

"We will continue to guarantee respect for civil rights in the Israeli democracy, but the majority also has rights and the majority decides. An absolute majority wants to guarantee the Jewish character of our state for the generations to come ", had recently justified the prime minister.

It should be known that the text falls under the category of fundamental laws that serve as a constitution in Israel.

Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

 

FAST REVIEW OF THE HELSINSKI SUMMIT

While Emmanuel Macron was celebrating at the Elysee Palace with the footballers, while we feasted and dined in the Palais de France while the beggars waited for the crumbs in the street, the Helsinki Summit ended of 2018, a summit organizing a new meeting between Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin. The meeting took place at the Presidential Palace in Helsinki, an imposing house built in the early 19th century, to serve as the official residence of the Russian tsars. The symbol is strong!

Barely completed, the meeting sparked an uprising in the United States, coming not only from the Democrats but also Republicans "eager for truth" about the alleged Russian interference in the 2016 elections.

It was John Brennan who first appeared in a tweet. Director of the CIA under Obama, John Brennan tweeted that the words of Donald Trump taking stock of his dealings with Vladimir Putin and dismissing any responsibility for Russian interference, were treason. Nothing less !

Beyond his tweet, John Brennan has called for the resignation of Donald Trump Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, his security advisor John Bolton and his chief of staff, John Kelly.

Brennan's intervention was not short of salt, for the more informed, who recalled that in 1976, the young Brennan, who was only 21 years old had voted (and supported) Gus Hall, the stainless candidate of the Communist Party, a subsidiary of the Soviet PC.

But part of the right has also joined the anti-trumpism environment, denouncing in turn "the Russian tropism" and therefore antinational, according to her, the President.

Indeed, even Mc Cain, in the face of the Republican globalist tendency, who had previously praised Donald Trump, described the Helsinki conference as "one of the worst performances of human memory for a long time." American president, no president having in the past laid so abjectly in front of a tyrant " . Since Mc Cain Trump overwhelms all sorts of depreciative qualifiers such as "naive", "egotistical", "fanciful" or "attracted by autocrats".

Even Fox News criticized the President, who she said "would have gone too far".

According to all these chapels, Democratic or Republican, Donald Trump would have unanimously against him after his meeting with Putin.

However, other comments, against foot, have also been made days, to defend Donald Trump. These rarer but interesting voices, too, believe that US-Russian relations have now been put on a favorable track after the Helsinki summit. And for them Donald Trump should not have surprised so much! He had warned during his election campaign.

Donald Trump went to Helsinki to make peace with Putin, most likely at a good time and to demonstrate, after his stop at NATO / Brussels that all the cold war resurgences based on nothing were useless now. And from this point of view, it is possible that the coup of brilliance of Donald Trump in Helsinki, can powerfully help the average American, who voted Donald Trump, to see more clearly to explore again the slogan "América First "

At the request of the President, the Pentagon is analyzing the cost and the impact of a large-scale withdrawal or transfer of US troops stationed in Germany (35,000 active soldiers), useless in the absence threats of frontal attacks from Russia or Eastern Europe .Donald Trump would have even stated that: "There are no conventional military threats, except to continue a rise in unnecessary provocations, Germany and Europe remain in all cases protected by the nuclear shield of the Atlantic Alliance.

According to Donald Trump , "Germany and Europe can therefore, in these conditions, very well ensure their own defense in the future by devoting a larger part of their budgets to the financing of this one, thus relieving the American military budget ipso facto. "

It is obvious that this project whose ultimate goal is to bring the US National Defense back to national concerns, can not satisfy neither NATO nor Europe, standing up against the Donald Trump project. Nor does it satisfy the military-industrial complex.

NATO and its 4000 bureaucrats, anxious to preserve their comfortable sinecure, are based on the idea that they need to continue living and deploying to ensure "American Pax Romana", even outside the conflict zone.

Europe, which, in the absence of a common defense policy, has never spent the necessary budgets for its own defense.

So there was a lot in the balance of Helsinki for the insiders of the establishment and the war party (represented by Hillary Clinton in the last presidential election, which has not yet digested his defeat) terrified by the threat that weighs on their future and their survival.

It is at this crossroads that "American First" partisans, tired of financing armed conflicts that open up here and there and do not directly concern the United States, tired of the cost of the useless deaths which for several Decades of history hit an increasing number of American families, tired of the tax burden imposed on them for the US to be the world's policeman, even as every American citizen struggles every day to cope with the crisis and ensure its security. way of life.

Of course, to say that Donald Trump would be a genius of geopolitics ... there is a step!

Especially in the face of the attacks that resurfaced after the return of Donald Trump in Washington, the latter has not found better than to retract his statements about the Russian interference, an embarrassing attitude for his support. But, he says it; he would have been poorly expressed and entangled in the negations. ??

It is also disconcerting when one begins to know that the investigations conducted by the General Inspectorate of Justice and Huber Procuratorate have already led to the drafting of more than 40,000 indictments in federal courts. ; that is, 40,000 alleged charges and 40,000 seals that have already forced many of the officials involved in the Russo-gate case to resign from their position of influence.

But, the spectacle of Donald Trump, fond of militaristic fantasies, wasting his time in tweets and selfishly boasting, could have stopped this favorable direction, so much the critics who raised themselves on a possible submission to Putin, are have become more and more rowdy, unfortunately hiding the fact that Donald Trump has pinpointed key issues.

We regret!


Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

DONALD TRUMP HAS SUGGESTED THERESA MAY

ABOUT BREXIT TO ATTACK

THE EUROPEAN UNION IN JUSTICE


British Prime Minister Theresa May revealed on Sunday that the US president was suggesting that she sue the European Union to carry out her Brexit in the best conditions for the United Kingdom.

However Theresa May told Donald Trump that she prefers bargaining to confrontation.

The visit of Donald Trump was hectic, but it ended this weekend in the calm and the good atmosphere

Theresa May reiterated her willingness to find "the best deal possible" with the EU by the scheduled exit on March 29, 2019.

The British government on Thursday released its "White Paper" detailing its proposals on the future relationship between the EU and the UK after Brexit, and its desire to maintain close relations with the bloc of 27, much to the chagrin of supporters of a Brexit without concession.

The Brexit should however make the European Union reflect on its operation knowing that many rumors of the corridor echo an ever possible exit other members of this Union poorly built and dysfunctional so often

Larry Ricky for DayNewsWorld

 

SARA NETANYAHOU INCULPETED FOR FRAUD

The case has been smoldering for a year.

Since the end of spring 2017, the Israeli police have been letting the threat of indictment hang over what, from the outset, and despite the protests of the Netanyahu couple, had already been described as "a serious case of alleged corruption".

Renowned for her antics and fads, Sara Netanyahu, the wife of the Israeli Prime Minister, was recently charged with embezzling public funds.

Initially, the case concerned only 24,000 shekels (about 5,000 €). The so-called "Bottelgate" was the recycling of bottles bought and consumed by the prime minister's office and which Sara Netanyahu would have personally reimbursed for the deposit received in exchange for the empty bottles, whereas the money should have landed in State coffers.

"Bibi" (Benjamin) Netanyahu had naturally, via his facebook account, immediately shouted at the plot, while inviting the press to leave his family alone.

Wasted effort ! Because over the years, the wife of "Bibi" became the most hated woman of Israel, in which the citizens see an authoritarian replica of Hillary Clinton. And it's not much saying !

Sara Netanyahu, 57 years old this year has indeed illustrated, since the rise of her husband, by his taste for positions of power and his unspeakable conduct caused by the large amounts of alcohol she swallows daily for a long time.

Very embarrassed, the Attorney General at the time, Yehude Weinstein, had hesitated to launch a judicial investigation that he finally had decided to open under the background of a political battle, which is raging between the Likud and the Labor Party.

The investigation has been for a year, advanced.

To calm things down, the Attorney General had been informed that the Prime Minister's wife would reimburse the state if an investigation into the misuse of state funds was abandoned.

But the case of fraud has grown ... and the investigation has advanced.

There is no longer a question of bottle orders, but hundreds of meals for private restaurants, ordered by the Prime Minister's Residence, while the latter had an official cook.

Sara Netanyahu's defense, which at the time ensured that she had not deliberately bypassed the difficulties associated with the absence of a leader, collapsed. The fraud was aggravated by a breach of trust and Sara Netanyahu was indicted on 21 June 2018 and indicted.

It was the Israeli justice director who gave the official information in a statement.

Of course, Sara Netanyahu denies these accusations.

But in recent weeks Benjamin Netanyahu is also targeted directly by this case and two other investigations for corruption. He is believed to have received for one million shekels (240,000 €) of luxury gifts from wealthy personalities in exchange for favor.

For now he refuses to resign, citing "a witch hunt"

But this is not the first time that he and his family are facing legal trouble. In the absence of evidence at the time, (1996/1999 and 2000) justice had finally given up the accused.

Will Justice be right Benjamin Netanyahu, whose image has become considerably tarnished following these latest revelations?

The fall of the Prime Minister seems, according to some observers, inevitable ... even if the Justice works slowly and if the people claim their innocence while the evidence is overwhelming.

Benjamin Netanyahu now only has a handful of supporters.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

SOUAD ABDERRAHIM FIRST WOMAN

ISLAMIST MAYOR OF TUNIS

"I offer this victory to all the women of my country, all the youth and Tunisia," Souad Abderrahim said on July 3 after his victory.

This is the first time a woman has been to Tunis for five years. First democratically elected mayor Souad Abderrahim, head of the Islamist-conservative party Ennahda, is elected with 26 votes to 22 for his main opponent, Kamel Idir, former local leader under the regime of Ben Ali. Souad Abderrahim, 53, becomes thus the first woman to win the function of "Sheikh El Medina", traditional male title given to the mayor of Tunis.

Like Souad Abderrahim, many women have recently gained access to local power through a very strict parity law.

According to the Independent Electoral Commission (Isie), 47% of elected officials are women, 573 of whom are heads of lists (29.5% of the total).

Not veiled, it looks nothing like the classic members of the party.

With a "Western" look today, she is 53 years old, married and a mother of two, and a manager of a pharmaceutical company that she will have to leave under the law.

Nevertheless she remains a controversial political figure.

Indeed after the 2011 Revolution the pharmacist decides to return to political activist then for the Islamo-conservative party Ennahdha. Ideologically close to the Muslim Brotherhood since its creation in the 1980s, Ennahdha was transformed in mid-2016 into a "civil party with Islamic referent" , abandoning a political Islam for a "democratic" Islam .

In October, figurehead of the party, she is elected for a term as a member of the first Constituent Assembly of Tunis (equivalent of Parliament), it continues until 2014.

But then candidate, it arouses the indignation of human rights defenders.

Indeed, during an interview on radio Monte Carlo Doualiya, she says that individual freedoms must be "framed by customs, traditions and respect for morality" and do not hesitate to blame to single mothers, "an infamy, a plague for Tunisian society", which "should not aspire to a legal framework that protects their rights," according to the future MP.

What worry the opposition even if Souad Abderrahim claims liberal ideas ...

Opponents of Souad Abderrahim see it as a showcase for the Islamist party that seeks to dedicate itself. Ennahda may hammer that he dissociates the religious of politics, for his opponents all this is pure strategy.

But his election remains a strong symbol in Tunisia .

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

VICTORY WITHOUT SURPRISE FROM THE LEFT CANDIDATE "AMLO" TO THE PREDIDENTIAL MEXICAN

The two opponents of Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador have acknowledged their defeat. The former mayor of Mexico City Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO) obtained, according to an official estimate, between 53% and 53.8% of the votes after two unfortunate candidacies to the previous presidential ones. He leads and conservative Ricardo Anaya Cortes, credited with between 22.1% and 22.8% of the vote, and José Antonio Meade, of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), in power, credited with between 15.7% and 16.3% of the votes. This is a historic victory for the left after a campaign marked by violence. No wonder, polls gave him more than a 20-point lead over traditional party candidates. Leftist candidate Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador won the presidential election in Mexico on Sunday (July 1st), the first official estimate promising "profound changes" and "no dictatorship".

At 64, he intends to capitalize on the general exasperation of a society plagued by drugs and corruption. Presenting himself as the antisystem candidate, he intends to chase "the mafia of power" after the mandate of the unpopular Enrique Pena Nieto.

AMLO pledged " austere government, without luxury or privilege" , up to 50% reduction in the salaries of senior officials, including his own, and the transformation into cultural center of the Los Pinos presidential residence., "Haunted According to him by the turpitudes of the previous presidents.

"There is a lot to do for the good of both the United States and Mexico!" Trump tweeted as relations between the two countries tightened as a result of the US administration's trade and migration policies. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also congratulated Mexico's new president, close friend " . "We are united by common goals. (...) We have a mutually profitable business relationship that is the envy of the rest of the world. Our joint efforts to update the North American Free Trade Agreement for the 21st century are proof of that, " Trudeau tweeted.

In addition to the presidential mandate, the 89 million Mexican voters renewed more than 18,000 mandates, including 500 seats and 128 senators.

64-year-old left-wing veteran achieves historic success at national, but also regional and local level, winning at least six out of nine governorships at stake, with his party, the National Regeneration Movement (Morena ). Morena would win in Veracruz, Morelos, Puebla, Chiapas, Tabasco and Mexico City. In three other states, the results were tighter and could not announce a winner, according to the pollsters. .For the first time, a woman, Claudia Sheinbaum, a 56-year-old scientist and faithful of "AMLO", was elected head of the Mexican mega-city of more than 20 million inhabitants getting between 47.5% and 55, 5% of the vote, far ahead of the candidates of the traditional parties, and thus putting an end to twenty years of domination of the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD, left) in Mexico Gonzalez, Workers' Party (PT, opposition), was slaughtered near his home, in the state

But this day of voting was also marked by the death of two militants, shot dead. Flora Resendiz Gonzalez, Workers Party (PT, Opposition), was shot dead near her home, in the state

of Michoacan (West) while Fernando Herrera Silva, of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PR of Michoacan (West) while Fernando Herrera Silva, of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), the party in power, was killed in Acolihuia, in the State of Puebla (Center): "We demand that the state guarantee the security of the electoral process , " the PRI said in a statement, so AMLO is at the head of the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world and the second-largest economy in Latin America. This is the first time that Mexico will be led by a party claiming from the left.Morena's program to lead the country was not detailed during the campaign but the priorities are imposed by them. the fight against corruption, violence and social inequality, and his supporters reminded him of his reasonable management when he was mayor of Mexico City, but concerns remain about his unnatural alliance with a party. vangéliste, Encuentro Social, which will have a weight in Congress and the Senate incommensurate with its real representation.

One of AMLO's major challenges is the tense relationship with its northern neighbor: the United States. US President Donald Trump congratulated the new Mexican president and said he was "ready to work" with him.
Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

GENERAL ELECTIONS IN MEXICO IN

A CLIMATE OF VIOLENCE

Leftist candidate Andres Manuel López is credited with at least 51% voting intentions, which is 20% more than his nearest rival. Ricardo Anaya, promoted by a center-right coalition formed by the National Action (PAN), the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and Movimiento Ciudadano. Given the single-round Mexican electoral system, if the polls are proven, this score ensures him to be elected.

The Mexican presidential election entered yesterday in its last phase with the closure of the campaign of the main candidates. Andrés Manuel López Obrador, 64, left the supporters with the promise to promote a "transformation" of the country, but said however that it would happen in peace.

These crucial elections take place in a climate of unheard-of violence

The war launched in 2006 by Felipe Calderon's government against cartels has fragmented these criminal groups into smaller and often very violent criminal cells, so that they do not hesitate to get rid of politicians they can not manage. to control.

. One hundred and thirty-three politicians have been killed since the start of the electoral process in September, of which 28 were pre-candidates and 20 as candidates according to the consulting firm Etellekt.

Sunday's elections are the largest in Mexico's history as more than 18,000 seats will be renewed, including the bicameral Congress seats.

"We are on the verge of a bloodless transformation, the main problem in Mexico is corruption, the main cause of economic inequality, because of the corruption that triggered insecurity, " he said. declared the leader of the National Regeneration Movement (Morena), to the applause of the 80,000 spectators of the stadium.

"Finish the mafia in power! " Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, a favorite of the July 1 presidential election in Mexico. The left-wing candidate has made the fight against corruption his hobbyhorse. His supporters see him as a providential man in a country undermined by inequality and crime.

In a festive atmosphere, with the sound of cumbia and vallenato, the veteran on the left had only a leitmotiv to his mouth: "change" . AMLO, as the Mexicans call it, with a coalition of the Left Workers Party (PT) and the right-wing evangelist, seduced his electorate with his personality: that of a man once considered radical and authoritarian, who is softened with experience

The man of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), José Antonio Meade, appears third at a great distance. He has the oil machinery of a party that is almost 90 years old and 77 years old. But the bad image of Enrique Peña Nieto's government is a burden that reduces his votes.

So far, what defines the debate is, without a doubt, corruption. López Obrador opposes what he calls the unholy alliance of corrupt businessmen and politicians who blew Mexico and promises to destroy that relationship in a national historic transformation, just as President Benito Juárez defeated the control of the national economy by the Catholic Church.

An AMLO victory promises to completely change the Mexican political scene, which has been articulated since 1988 around three formations: the PRI, the PAN, as the main opposition of the center-right, and the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD). ).

It is not by chance that López Obrador gets the support of the majority at that time. Market-oriented economic policy has achieved economic growth of only 1.3% per year.

The advantage of Lopez Obrador in the polls is so wide that the question is whether his party MORENA can win the majority in Congress which would then leave his hands free.


Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

 

HYPERPRESIDENTIALIZATION OF ERDOGAN OR THE END OF DEMOCRACY IN TURKEY

"Turkey, with a participation rate of nearly 90%, gave a lesson of democracy to the world," said Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Sunday, June 24, the night of general elections in Turkey .

More than 56 million voters were called to ballot for the presidential election but also for the legislative elections. Mr. Erdogan was seeking a new term after fifteen years of undivided rule.

This double vote marks the transition in Turkey from a parliamentary system to a hyper-presidential regime desired by the "raïs" and validated in a referendum in 2017 after a coup attempt in 2016.

According to the state-run Anatolia news agency, Erdogan won 52.5 percent of the vote, while the AKP-dominated alliance (AKP, Islamo-conservative) led the polls with 53.61 percent. of the poll. Its main competitor, the Social Democrat Muharrem Ince, comes in second position in the presidential election with 30.7% votes. The anti-Erdogan alliance of several opposition parties for the legislative branch of the polls gets 34% of the vote.

The Turkish people said, "Let's continue with President Erdogan," said government spokesman Bekir Bozdag on Twitter.

The leader of the Republican People's Party (CHP), the main component of the Turkish opposition, made no comment regarding the results on Sunday night, convening a press conference for Monday at midday in Ankara.

The opposition, which had sent representatives to most of the 180,000 polling stations, is contesting its figures denouncing attempts at fraud.

The CHP also denounced the stuffing of ballot boxes in an office in Suruç, a locality near the Syrian border, so that Sanliurfa public prosecutor, on whom Suruç depends, announced the opening of an investigation into these accusations. the arrest of four people.


The "Rais" now concentrates the executive power through the constitutional revision removing the post of Prime Minister for the benefit of a hyperpresident. The President can even promulgate decrees in areas falling within the broad sphere of his executive powers.

The chairperson may appoint the ministers himself and designate one or more vice-chairs. In addition, new powers in the judicial field will be granted to him with the possibility of choosing six of the thirteen members of the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK), responsible for appointing and removing the judiciary system. In case of "uprising against the fatherland" or "violent actions that put the nation (...) in danger of dividing" the establishment of the state of emergency will be allowed. Towards the end of democracy ...

These elections mark the transition from the current parliamentary system to a presidential system where the head of state concentrates the entire executive power.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

SULTAN ERDOGAN ON SADDLE SUNDAY

Will Rep Sepyip Erdogan win the presidential election? This is the scenario that the current head of state wanted when he called the elections a year and a half before the scheduled date, hoping not only to take the opposition off guard, but also ahead of the economic crisis looming. .

Presidential and parliamentary elections are being held this Sunday in Turkey, while the strongman of the country Recep Tayyip Erdogan is not certain of being elected President, nor of maintaining the majority of his party, the AKP, in Parliament. Indeed the opposition, although firmly muzzled, has managed to win The undeniable Turkish president had to face in this express campaign an unexpected union of opposition parties and a competitor, Muharrem Ince, able to compete with him. But if the opposition prevailed, it would still have to get along.

Among the five candidates who face him, Muharrem Ince, MP of the Republican People's Party (CHP, social-democratic and secular, the party created by the founder of the Republic Mustafa Kemal Atatürk) would have met Thursday nearly 2.5 million according to the organizers at an election rally in Izmir. He is credited with more than 30% of votes in polls.

During his first enthusiastic speech, he promised to be an "impartial president" , serving the "80 million" Turks: a sniff directly addressed to his main opponent, the Islamic-conservative President Recep Tayyip Erdogan who is accused by critics of having polarized Turkish society in recent years.

Criticizing the authoritarian drift of the president, this charismatic veteran of the CHP committed, if he was to beat the "Reis", to reinstate the parliamentary system as soon as possible and to lift the state of emergency, in place for almost two years now. He reaffirmed that he would get rid of the presidential palace of Pharaonic proportions that Erdogan was built in Ankara

If no candidate wins more than 50% of the votes in the first round of presidential elections, a second round will be held on July 8th.

To win the victory, Muharrem Ince must imperatively get the votes of conservative voters disappointed with the AKP, particularly worried about the economic crisis that threatens the country. This is why this former professor of physics and chemistry does not put forward the defense of secularism. The candidate does not miss an opportunity to recall the memory of his conservative family, his veiled mother.

Moreover, in the event of a duel against Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Muharrem Ince knows he can count on a significant postponement of Kurdish voters including supporters of HDP, the party of the Prokurde left. In fact, in 2016, he had openly criticized Kilicdaroglu's decision to support the lifting of parliamentary immunity, which had paved the way for several trials against pro-Kurdish elected officials accused of links to "terrorism" and refused to vote in May 2016 - contrary to the instructions of his party - the lifting of parliamentary immunity, which led to the arrest of several deputies of the HDP, including Co-President Selahattin Demirtas (now presidential candidate from his cell).

The issue of these elections is considerable because the winner will be given stronger powers after a constitutional revision, adopted by referendum in April 2017. A reform required by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, less than a year after the latter has escaped an attempt military-led putsch in July 2016. Thanks to the result, Recep Tayyip Erdogan has carried out a constitutional revision, including the abolition of the position of Prime Minister for the benefit of a hyperpresident who would concentrate, in his hands, vast prerogatives. executive power can even promulgate decrees in areas falling within the broad sphere of its executive powers.

The chairperson may appoint the ministers himself and designate one or more vice-chairs. In addition, new powers in the judicial field will be granted to him with the possibility of choosing six of the thirteen members of the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK), responsible for appointing and removing the judiciary system. In case of "uprising against the fatherland" or "violent actions that put the nation (...) in danger of dividing" the establishment of the state of emergency will be allowed. After the elections, the Turkish parliamentary system will become an executive presidency.

Hence the importance of these double elections on Sunday.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

WILL THE TURKS GO TO STOP! or GO!

TO PRESIDENT ERDOGAN THIS SUNDAY JUNE 24, 2018


For months, the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had reiterated his commitment to the organization of elections on the dates scheduled. Last May, however, and in the space of 24 hours, there was a 180 ° turnaround.

Under pressure from his ally Devlet Bahceli, leader of the far-right party, the Turkish President has indeed decided to call the voters to the polls for 24 June 201, this to 16 months of the end of his term.

According to President Erdogan himself, the domestic and external political climate, as well as the country's economic situation, would justify these early elections, with, moreover, as a barely hidden ambition, to obtain greater power in case of victory.

To this situation have been added the latest developments in Syria.

The stake is important for the outgoing President who seeks to formalize definitively the presidential reform that would give him full powers, obtained in the aftermath of the referendum of April 2017, but to be confirmed.

The election of this Sunday, June 24, 2018 will be two-fold: the voters will have to designate the future President of the Republic; they will also have to designate, on a proportional basis, their parliamentarians on the same day.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan will therefore face tomorrow a poll that over the months has proved more and more uncertain, because many factors today play against him.

Certainly, according to what predicts the Kondo polling institute (survey published Thursday, June 21, 2018) the Head of State could do more than 50% from the first round! But others predict he could not do it in the first round, imposing a humiliating second round on Reis.

But other darker scenarios are emerging: Erdogan could lose, facing a triumphant opposition led by Muharrem Ince, a lay center-left (heir to Kemalism) little known a few weeks ago but who with his voice crooner ignites the crowds.

Muharrem Ince is a former professor of physics and chemistry, currently a member of Parliament for Yalova (in North West Turkey). Muharrem Ince entered the running in early May, following internal elections in his CHP Republican Party.

Since then he has traveled the country, jumping from one meeting to another. He shakes Erdogan who despite his speeches in favor of a "visionary Turkey led by a powerful leader" does not succeed, month after month, to counter this new leader "which aims, him, Turkey for 80 million Turks that they are Kurdish, Sunni or even Alevis " and which, moreover, makes one dream.

And of the dream, Turkey needs it today!

The economy, which has bounced, has reached a critical point:
households that have long benefited from easy credit are highly indebted.
Several economic indicators are in the red
Inflation has settled
160,000 civil servants are without work
Etc ...

In addition to the economic problems, the purges that followed the failed coup d'etat of 2016 and which directly or indirectly affect many families.

We must complete this gloomy picture with the Syrian problem and Syrian immigration that a growing part of the population no longer supports, calling for massive expulsions.

The same day, it will be recalled, will hold legislative elections whose outcome is just as uncertain.

A parliament hostile to Erdogan could indeed lead this denier, if elected to the presidency, to accept a cohabitation ... almost certainly difficult.

Never seen for 15 years, in a power that year after year slipped to paranoid authoritarianism increasingly deadly.

At D-1, the games are not made. But the scant score of "raises" in the referendum of 2017, does not bode well in a country where the social networks that saved his life in 2016, today rely on a second round that could be dishonorable.



Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

THE GERMAN POLICE DECLINES A RICINE ATTACK

At a time when the debate rages in Europe on the problems of immigration, a new attack has been foiled in Germany on June 20, 2018.

It was on the initial report of the CIA, which had put under surveillance an individual that the German police, who had taken over in May, could organize the arrest of the terrorist.

The latter had indeed been spotted on the Internet where he began, by correspondence, to make purchases considered quickly as suspicious namely 1000 castor seeds and a coffee grinder.

The man identified as Sief Allah H, 29 years old, was then formally suspected, as early as last Thursday, June 14, as having the intention of making a "biological" (or chemical) bomb.

The revelation of the case was made by the Head of the German Judicial Police, Holger Münch, after a search of the home of the terrorist, of Tunisian origin.

As a result of this search, the police were convinced that the man had started to produce ricin for the purpose of making a chemical bomb.

Ricin is a violent poison, 6000 times more powerful than cyanide. It is extracted from castor seeds, a shrub that is widely distributed around the world and easy to grow.

The substance acts if swallowed, inhaled or injected.

To date, there is no antidote produced on a large scale. Inserm, however, has recently developed an aerosol to deposit a few drops of antidote at the bottom of the lungs. But this aerosol which does not allow the use on a large number of victims, remains problematic. At the same time, research is under way to obtain a vaccine.

The place and date of the attack remain unknown for the moment, as is the existence of complicities.

Moreover, the investigators have already discovered evidence to assert that there are links between the 29-year-old Tunisian and the Islamic State.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

WHEN BOKO HARAM IS GIRLS

AS HUMAN BOMBS IN NIGERIA


The jihadist group Boko Haram did not hesitate to turn six girls between seven and ten years into human bombs to commit a double suicide bombing on the night of Saturday, June 16 to Sunday, June 17, in Damboa, Nigeria.

"It was discovered that the suicide attacks were perpetrated by six girls " and their heads were torn off at the scene by rescuers.

They were between 7 and 10 years old , a local government official said on condition of anonymity.

The jihadists then targeted the crowd that had gathered at the site of the attacks with grenades, causing more casualties.

Two suicide bombers had previously activated their explosive charge in the neighborhoods of Shuwari and Abachari in Damboa, killing six residents.

At least 31 people have been killed. The balance is likely to increase, many injured being in serious condition.

"31 people were killed and several others wounded," said local militia member Babakura Kolo.

The attacks targeted people who had just celebrated the Eid el-Fitr festival marking the end of Ramadan.

For nine years, the Islamist insurgency has killed more than 20,000 people in the region. It stretches from northeastern Nigeria to Niger, Chad and Cameroon, creating a serious humanitarian crisis. The conflict has displaced about 2.6 million people in Nigeria.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

IMPORTANT SEIZURE OF 300 000 CAPTAGON TABLETS IN THE DAECH CLAW


A
record of captagon belonging to the Islamic State terrorist organization, was carried out by a militia in southeastern Syria in late May.

It took place at the 55-kilometer "deconflict" line that cuts this region of southeastern Syria into two zones, one under United States-backed forces, the other at the hands of the United States. pro-regime forces.

The Syrian militia Maghawir al-Thawra (coalition ally) made this record seizure on May 31 as part of operations against ISIS. The value of the seizure is estimated at $ 1.4 million.

"The seizure and destruction of drugs ... further reduces Daesh's ability to finance and conduct its operations," the coalition said in a statement.

Captagon is an amphetamine from an old psychotropic drug, made in Lebanon and probably also in Syria and Iraq, bound for Saudi Arabia, according to a report released last July by the French Observatory of Drugs and Drug Addiction .

Fighters of the Islamic State and terrorists would also consume ...

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

IN COLOMBIA VICTORY OF THE RIGHT CONSERVATOR WITH THE NEW PRESIDENT IVAN DUQUE


Ivan Duque, spearhead of the conservative right, won Sunday, June 17, with 54% of the vote in the second round presidential election in Colombia. Let us note however that the candidate of the left Gustavo Petro, former mayor of Bogota and ex-guerilla of the dissolved M-19, with nearly 42% of the vote gets a historic score in this country where the left has always been a minority in the polls .

Ivan Duque, the Democratic Center's (CD) candidate, leading a broad coalition for the second round - from the country's most conservative movements to the evangelicals - will face many challenges.

A crucial presidential election for peace.

Strongly opposed to the agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) signed by his predecessor Juan Manuel Santos, Ivan Duque promised to modify this text, which he considers too lax to the former guerrilla leaders. "This peace that we dreamed of, which requires rectification, will have corrections so that the victims are at the center of the process, to guarantee truth, justice and reparation," he said after the announcement of his victory. "It is necessary that common sense is necessary; what the country is asking for is integral peace, which leads us to the expected reconciliation. (...) To circumvent this objective can not be a program of government , answered the common revolutionary alternative Force (the FARC, the political party resulting from the FARC) in a communique.

The benefits of the peace agreements signed in 2017 are already largely measurable. The agreement with the FARC has allowed the disarmament of 7,000 rebels after 52 years of conflict even though there are still dissidents, the National Liberation Army (ELN), the country's last guerrilla. In 2017, there were 180 kidnappings to compare to the 3000 that the country experienced in 2001. Ivan Duque will he take the risk of breaking the peace signed by his predecessor, Nobel Peace Prize, with the guerrillas Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), today largely demobilized?

Definitively turning the page of a fratricidal war, which has made at least eight million victims between dead, missing and displaced, will be a delicate task for this lawyer by training who will take office on August 7.

Fourth largest economy in Latin America but the world's largest producer of cocaine.

Ivan Duque also makes the fight against corruption one of his priorities. This country of 49 million inhabitants is also the world's largest cocaine producer, which is experiencing an increase in illicit plantations. The areas devoted to psychotropic plants have quadrupled since 2012 according to the US Anti-Narcotics Agency (DEA). Colombia, an ally of the United States, has also attracted the wrath of Donald Trump for the cocaine exported so that Ivan Duque proposes to reactivate aerial spray aerosol. It goes without saying that this initiative will only generate strong tensions with farmers and drug traffickers.

Tensions also with Venezuela

Bogota opened a front with its Venezuelan neighbor. Ivan Duque has always shown distance to Nicolás Maduro the president of Venezuela. The elected president wants to lead the international pressure against the "dictatorship" led by a "genocidal". Although he did not detail his diplomatic program, he threatened to denounce Nicolás Maduro to the International Criminal Court (ICC), along with other countries, and force a "transition" to democracy with the help of the Organization of American States (OAS).

The number of Venezuelans fleeing their country precisely to Colombia, which shares a border of 2,200 kilometers, is in itself a real problem, especially since the Colombian economy is at half-mast with only 1,8%.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

THREE DEATHS AND MORE THREE HUNDREDS WOUNDED IN A POWERFUL EARTHQUAKE IN JAPAN

West Japan, Monday morning, suffered a powerful earthquake killing three people including a nine-year-old girl and more than 300 injured in the areas of Osaka, Hyogo, Kyoto, at a busy hour. This strong earthquake has deprived more than 170,000 homes of electricity and temporarily shut down several train lines including Shinkansen high-speed trains.

But he did not provoke panic. The television stations showed passengers descending calmly on the tracks, using ladders affixed by railway network personnel. While the Nuclear Regulatory Authority said it had detected nothing abnormal in the region's power plants, several groups including automakers Honda and Daihatsu have suspended their production to conduct audits.

The earthquake, magnitude 5.3, according to the USGS Institute, occurred at a depth of 15.4 kilometers. The Japanese Meteorological Agency has assessed the depth at 13 km and the magnitude at 6.1, reviewing its previous assessments. The intensity was measured at "six minus" on the Japanese seismic scale, used to evaluate the surface effects of an earthquake. The latter extends from degree one (barely perceptible tremor) to seven degrees (the furniture is flying in the room and houses are collapsing). At the degree "six minus", it is difficult to stand up.

This episode has revived for some the trauma of the Kobe earthquake with nearly 6,500 deaths in January 1995, for others that of March 11, 2011 in the north-east of the country, followed by a terrible tsunami making 18,000 dead and missing and causing the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant.

Japan is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, a vast area that concentrates most earthquakes and volcanic eruptions on the planet.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

ACQUARIUS THE INSUPPORTABLE LESSON OF MORALE OF EMMANUEL MACRON

The Aquarius is a large size rescue boat that since February 2016 patrols off Libyan waters to recover the boats of migrants who could not reach the Italian coast. He has just docked in Valencia, Spain.

The Aquarius' last trip sparked a lot of controversy and a diplomatic crisis between Italy and France.

This deserves to be remembered that it is the Italian military ships, which first intervention, have saved the migrants who are on board at this time and this by decision of the Government of Rome.

But, other times, other manners, since June 5, 2018, Italy has changed of government and it is Matteo Salvini, boss of the majority League of North, become new Prime Minister, who leads the dance on the subject of the since his appointment.

For just like Emmanuel Macron, he too, wants to apply the program he presented during his election campaign; and this program is "Stop Migrants! And he, like Emmanuel Macron, says what he does and does what he says!

And this is how the Aquarius was closed access to Italian ports and in the wake to those of Malta. It should dock Sunday, June 17, 2018, in the port of Valencia (Spain) this even as the weather conditions that prevail for a few hours on the Mediterranean led him to change course and along the shores of Corsica (French) less than 10 km. .

This was followed by the confrontation of the two heads of state, verbal skirmishes and multiple weapons attacks, one reproaching the other, and vice versa, his lack of humanity (or humanism). at the risk of creating a serious crisis of European confidence a few months before the elections.

Emmanuel Macron began, criticizing Matteo Salvini "for his part of cynicism and irresponsibility", Matteo Salvini replying "that he had no lesson" to receive.

So we went very quickly we see, a political case revolving around immigration to the European continent from North Africa, a matter of morality, which did not fail to surprise.

This observation has made that when it comes to morality we have tried to unravel the truth from the false, because we had then entered the difficult field of exemplarity, or mingle "subtly hidden, revealing events and contradictions".

And so we went to the field of "the intelligibility of morals" in this affair of Aquarius knowing that we have already realized that it is customary for Emmanuel Macron "to say the moral to others, to demand moral conduct from others without being itself moral ".

To do this, we explored two points: the rules of maritime law that apply to the situation and the status of Aquarius, and we were not disappointed:

The rules of maritime law : Emmanuel Macron began the dispute on this point. International maritime law requires the countries whose coastline is the closest to accommodate distressed boats and their passengers. It is the urgency that opens in principle this right of welcome, an emergency that must of course be demonstrated.

But rules of international maritime law have gradually shifted in recent years to a European maritime law and on this point, we must take into account a 2008 decision of the High Court of Justice that recalled that this shift from international to the European maritime transport plan, had first to verify that the European Community was indeed well bound, by convention, to the relevant international rules and that there was compatibility between them.

From there, we entered the difficult field of control of the legality of the European directives with the international conventions, control which is all the more difficult to implement that there is behind a very powerful maritime lobby, which would most often like rules adapted on a case-by-case basis.

But everyone knows that Emmanuel Macron's ambition is a high European stature and that consequently his every act is inspired by this desire.

Also, and moreover, it was astonishing that in his address to the Italian Government, he remained very vague, particularly as regards the applicability of European maritime law, being content with general, imprecise and above all .... morals relating to solidarity at sea and to the right of reception of refugees, which, in the case of the figure of Aquarius, remain to be perfectly demonstrated

There are indeed many gray areas on this question that will have to be clarified in the future?

We still lack elements on this point, to do so, as for example in the problem of the territoriality rules of the Libyan waters which would prevent to push the migrants towards the (the) country where they come from?

The President of the French Republic will have to get to work quickly, because the 2019 European elections are tomorrow!

The status of Aquarius : The Aquarius is a boat chartered by SOS Mediterranean, an INGO that transports migrants to the North (?) And has received the support of the former mayor of Lampedusa, totally acquired by the cause of migrants and received the Houphouët Boigny Prize from UNESCO.

SOS Méditerranée is an association funded by 16 left-wing MPs and Jean François RIAL. Jean François RIAL is the CEO of Voyageurs du Monde, a company that claims to be a citizen and committed to responsible tourism employing 650 employees. He is also a member of Human Rights Watch, an organization that advocates for freedom of the press. Jean François RIAL actively supported Emmanuel Macron's presidential campaign.

This package (SOS Mediterranean + World Travel) is managed by the shipping company Jasmund Shipping, all under the responsibility of Francis Vallat, President for France of SOS Mediterranean.

But this same Francis Vallat appears in the organizational chart of Lloyd's Bank, a financial institution in which the Rothschild family holds shares. Since 2015, Lloyd's Bank has also held part of the Spanish Banco Sabadell, which is the 5th largest Spanish banking group.

It is always the same Francis Vallat who appears at Intertanka where is found the world's best shipping and oil companies (and we remember that there is a lot of oil in Libya ...)

We also find the name of Francis Vallat at European Network of Maritim Cluste'rs, a shipowners' association which has an armada of lobbyists in Brussels.

Do you still want some information ??

Francis Vallat has been Vice President of the European Maritime Safety Agency. (A good way to deal with safety standards?)

With such a business card, it is not surprising to find him in the aisles of power to advise, in the sense of the interest of friends or his own.

So you will have understood from the foregoing that this story of Aquarius is a matter of big money, friends of multinationals in charge of flooding Europe poor poor, exhausted and uprooted who come to sow anarchy in we and who are not personae grata in Libya where the disappearance of Gaddafi who left the Libyan state in the crumb allows the sharing of an abundant oil without stock exchange or little untied.

All these banking and financial structures shamelessly do business on human misery.

It is therefore at this crossroads that we find ... the moral of Emmanuel Macron!

A morality that gives a good conscience and throws a veil on the realities of human misery, that of migrants or populations of countries that host.

And the Aquarius affair has thus "revealed the extreme confusion that exists today between notions of morality and politics" according to what has just been entrusted to the Figaro Chantal Delsol (Philosopher) in an excellent article entitled "L ' Aquarius: Emmanuel Macron and Italy: an exemplary case of frantic moralism ".

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

 

THE WAGS OF THE WORLD CUP


The 2018 FIFA World Cup has opened in Russia.
With the victory against Saudi Arabia 5 goals against zero the country will be able to put a festive air in the hearts of compatriots who host this event.

The players the matches will make us vibrate.
But we will also be able to see the WAGS who will be in the stands prettier than the others!
.
Who are the WAGS?
These are you know the blond brunettes Wifes And Girlfriend of the players who came to support the darling in the stands. There is not one who is fat they are all the style of mannequin.
No one who is a model at Leonidas.

In the stands we will be able to see a beautiful blonde Erika Choperena the wife of Antoine Griezmann, the pretty Pilar Rubio the companion of Sergio Ramos who is an actress and journalist in Spain, obviously the singer Shakira that everyone knows and who shares the life Gérard Piqué, recognize Pamela Anderson as a couple with Adil Rami.
We also find the famous Secret Victoria Angels as Izabel Goulart who is with Kevin Trapp, Bruna Marquezine with Neymar one of the highest paid players in the world. In France it is often the former Miss who are popular with footballers Rachel Legrain-Trapani who is with Benjamin Pavard, Florian Thauvin with Charlotte Pirroni.

All are real dolls: Antonella Roccuzzo who is with Lionel Messi, Marine Lloris the wife Hugo Lloris, Jocelyn Burgardt the friend of Cavani, Georgina Rodriguez darling of Christiano Ronaldo.
Look at even Angel di Mario who is not very beautiful to a goddess by his side Jorgelina Cardoso.

We must believe that a footballer's wife rhymes with a size 34 or even 36 long hair, perfect body ... But what more they have these footballers to attract the most beautiful girls on the planet. A ball between their legs and millions!
It's going to be a real parade of beautiful girls.
Mia Kennedy for DayNewsWorld

 

MOHAMED BEN SALMAN'S PUBLIC REAPPARITION FOR THE OPENING OF THE 2018 WORLD CUP

The kick-off of the World Cup in Russia was an opportunity for Mohammed ben Salman (MBS) to make his first public appearance in nearly two months. Despite the heavy defeat of the Saudi team (5-0), Mohammed ben Salman seems to have kept smiling. It must be said that last night Wednesday, June 14 the launch of the Football World Cup began with the opening match, where the Sbornaya (the Russian national team) faced the Falcons (the Saudi team).

Beyond a sporting event, there are political issues.

Indeed the presence of Mohammed bin Salman alongside the Russian president confirms not only a geopolitical inflection but also allows to transmit several messages.

Geostrategic opponents in the Middle East for decades, Riyadh has reviewed its historical antagonism with Moscow. Weakened economically and politically, then faced with its fiascos in the region and especially, the role of more and more essential of Russia (especially in Syria), the Saudis were forced to go to Canossa. King Salman, the father of Mohammed bin Salman went to Russia in the autumn of 2017. Moscow and Riyadh also agreed on oil prices to raise them and finally, in Syria, the Saudis help hence the Russians to find a political solution.

The presence of MBS, which had evaporated after an attack on the presidential palace in April, shows first of all that he is still alive and in good health. To his internal and external opponents, by appearing with Putin, he means that he is not exclusively the "toy" of Washington and that if necessary, he could count on Russian support and power.

The attack on MBS demonstrates the extreme fragility of power in Saudi Arabia, a country with a failing state, divided by tribal and religious logics, power struggles between branches of the royal family (Sudairis / Saoud) and torn between a modernist opposition, religious fanatics and radical Islamist opponents.

In this climate of pre-civil war following a succession, Mohamed Ben Salmane, the modernist, has been hiding since April 22 and continues to play hide and seek.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

HISTORICAL VOTE IN FAVOR OF ABORTION

IN ARGENTINA

It is a historic vote in this country very marked by the Catholic Church, where Pope Francis is from. The bishops mobilized to try to convince the parliamentarians not to vote the law, even threatening them with excommunication. But in vain.

Argentine deputies voted Thursday, at first reading, for the legalization and decriminalization of abortion after more than 22 hours of passionate debates The bill legalizing abortion was approved by a narrow majority of 129 votes against 125 and one abstention. "It's the time of women's rights," said Republican MP (PRO, member of the government coalition Cambiemos) Silvia Lospennato.

The bill authorizes abortion at the request of the woman during the first fourteen weeks of pregnancy. Beyond this term, abortion remains possible only in the event of rape, danger to the health of the pregnant woman or malformation of the fetus making extrauterine life impossible. The 1921 Penal Code (although women did not yet have the right to vote) already established exceptions in these three situations, but these were rarely enforced for fear of judicial retribution or ideological conviction, so that women aborted clandestinely. A study commissioned in 2005 by the Ministry of Health pointed to the fact that nearly 500,000 women abort every year at the risk of losing their lives. The use of abortion had been punishable by four years in prison for more than a century.

In recent months a strong mobilization had risen what some have called "a green tide" , especially on the youth side. With green scarves on their necks, wrists and backpacks, tens of thousands of teenagers stormed not only the streets, but also the social networks, under the hashtag #LasPibasYaEligieron ("the girls have already chosen "). Last month, the legalization of abortion in Ireland - another country with a strong Catholic tradition - gave even more hope to Argentine activists.

This bill drafted by the "National Campaign for the Right to Legal, Safe and Free Abortion" had already been submitted to Parliament six times since 2007, but to no avail.

Despite Cristina Kirchner, a strong feminist, who ruled the country from 2007 to 2015, the project never reached the hemicycle. Many other progressive laws such as Comprehensive Sex Education (2006), Marriage for All (2010), Gender Identity (2012) and the PMA for all (2013) had been approved.

The bill must still be approved by the Senate, deemed more conservative, for abortion to be legalized. Debates in the Senate are expected in September. President Mauricio Macri has promised that if the law is finally passed he will not veto.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

JAPAN TO SOLICIT MEETING

WITH KIM-JONG ONE FOR ITS OWN CHALLENGES

On Tuesday, June 12, following the historic summit between Washington and Pyongyang, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told the Japanese press: "I welcome the conclusion of the agreement between Washington and Pyongyang, which could be a step towards solving the problem posed by North Koreans [to the international community]. "

However, Japan is the only ally not to really rejoice in the peace process between Pyongyang and Trump.

Why ?

The Japanese have two major demands vis-à-vis North Korea: denuclearization on the one hand and the record of Japanese kidnapped by North Korean secret agents between the 1970s and 1980s on the other hand.

The announcement of the end of joint military maneuvers with South Korea by Donald Trump at the Singapore conference worries Tokyo. Indeed, the problem posed by North Korea and its blackmail strategy directly concerns South Korea, but especially Japan. To prove their nuclear capability the North Korean military launched several missiles in the Pacific crossing over Japan. But Japan remains in perpetual rivalry with China, so that the Middle Kingdom, Pyongyang's unwavering ally, can still shake the North Korean threat. Moreover, because of the Constitution imposed by the United States Japan does not officially hold an army but has a self-defense force. The island of Levant has always relied on the US umbrella with 53,000 US military parking on four US bases in its territory. This is why the withdrawal of the American presence thus envisaged worries at the highest point the Korean and especially Japanese governments, who said they were surprised by this apparently uncoordinated announcement. Shinzo Abe's spokesman has already said he is waiting for his American ally to " clarify" his comments.

Japan is also very worried about the fate of the dozens of Japanese kidnappers still in Korea, even though Prime Minister Abe thanked his ally for addressing the issue during the interview. But Tokyo saw the event as a possible way to resolve the case of Japanese kidnappings by North Korean agents between the 1970s and 1980s. Victims and their families said they had mixed feelings. "The meeting has not borne any fruit for the moment. It's really disappointing. I hope that the Prime Minister will make efforts for a summit between Tokyo and Pyongyang, " said Hitomi Soga, who was abducted in 1978 and returned to Japan in 2002, according to the Sankei Shimbun. However, it is not. The problem of abductees in Japan in the 1970s and 1980s to train spies in Japanese culture and language in North Korea undermines relations between the two countries.

Japan now has to go directly to Pyongyang.

In front of the press, Prime Minister Abe has expressed his willingness to open direct negotiations with the North Korean leader to have an answer on the Japanese kidnapped.

"If a Japan-North Korea summit takes place, it is extremely important that it lead to a resolution of nuclear program issues, missiles and above all, kidnapping," said the spokesman of the government. Japanese, Yoshihide Suga.

Steve Harrison for DayNewsWorld

 

THE MEETING BETWEEN DONALD TRUMP AND KIM-JON ONE OR A GAME OF DUPES

There were handshakes and good agreement displayed between the two leaders. In Singapore, on Tuesday, June 12, Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un signed a joint document for the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula in front of the cameras of the world.

But what do we really need to remember from this staging?

Note that no schedule has yet been specified.

And for good reason. What diplomats call the "DIVC", that is, the irreversible, complete and verified disarmament of the communist regime will take years, and Donald Trump is slowly advancing like a businessman.

North Korea should therefore give up nuclear weapons that can now reach the United States. It is now Mike Pompeo who returns the work of negotiation supposed to begin next week.

In exchange, the White House tenant announced that he would end joint military exercises with South Korea. This concession of size vis-à-vis Pyongyang has also taken short Seoul. For all that, Donald Trump has not lifted the economic sanctions that suffocates the country. It's give and take. But what can we learn from this meeting?

1. The dictator gets a tremendous symbolic victory where his grandfather, Kim Il-sung, then his father had failed. He consolidated his authority and obtained a legitimation of his dynasty by negotiating with the greatest power on the planet.

(2) The United States President, for his part, shows the Americans that he has concluded a negotiation where his predecessors had failed.

Behind this staging hid for each of the protagonists of the stakes of domestic policy.

But it is far from certain that North Korea is committed to a total denuclearization and the latter could only be part of a process of fifteen years. Moreover thanks to its scientists Pyongyang keeps its know-how.

The biggest loser of this meeting is surely South Korea with the abandonment of the joint military exercises while the latter relies on the American protection in the military field just like Japan besides.

No wonder that, in an unstable geopolitical context, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, re-elected, aims to reconstitute the Japanese Self-Defense Forces ...


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

STILL TWO-DAY QUERIES OF THE SUMMIT BETWEEN DONALD TRUMP AND KIM-JONG UN

The two leaders arrive in Singapore this Sunday, two days before the D-Day. Singaporean Foreign Minister Vivian Balakrishnan tweeted a photo of the North Korean leader, whose appearances outside his reclusive country are rare, his descent airline. Tuesday, June 12 from 9 am will take place in Singapore the highly anticipated meeting between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. At this summit, the first ever in the history of the United States and North Korea, the two men will discuss denuclearization and the official end of the Korean War.

But it is the North Korean nuclear arsenal, which has earned Pyongyang an impressive series of UN sanctions over the years, which will be at the heart of all discussions. Washington calls for a "complete, verifiable and irreversible" denuclearization of North Korea. Pyongyang has supported the denuclearization of the peninsula, but this formula remains very vague.

And it seems difficult to imagine that Kim-Jon One gives up at once the nuclear weapon ensuring for him the security of his country, even with the promise of strong economic counterparts.

Still, the relaxation that began in January has fascinated North Koreans.

The growing middle class in North Korea dreams of openness and demands more investment from abroad. Kim Jong-un can not remain deaf to this request.

US President Donald Trump has also dazzled the investment regime and economic growth.

Possible concrete and immediate result evoked by Washington: an agreement in principle to put an end to the Korean war. The war of 1950-1953 had indeed been concluded with an armistice and not by a peace treaty: North and South are therefore technically still at war. Mike Pompeo, head of US diplomacy, who has met twice with the North Korean leader in Pyongyang, expressed his hope. " On board Air Force One, en route to the Singapore summit. A better future is possible for North Korea , "he tweeted.

But after Donald Trump's dramatic turnaround in the G7 in Canada, many analysts question his diplomatic strategy and his ability to conduct international high-flying negotiations, let alone with a long-time enemy.


Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

$ 50 BILLION LENDING

GRANTED BY THE IMF TO ARGENTINA

To consolidate its fragile economy, Argentina and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) reached an agreement on Thursday for a three-year funding program to avoid a new financial crisis. The IMF granted it a $ 50 billion loan, in exchange for which it committed to far-reaching reforms to limit state spending.

"We appealed to the IMF as a preventive measure to avoid a crisis," Argentine Economy Minister Nicolas Dujovne told a press conference in Buenos Aires on Thursday. "We are engaged in building a normal country. It is a support to our program, with the objective of increasing the economy, reducing inflation and reducing poverty , " he added.

The agreement concludes that Argentina will reduce its deficit to 1.3% of GDP in 2019, against 2.2% previously, announced the office of the presidency in a statement.

The stated objective is the bailout of the state coffers, the attraction of investors again, and the fall in inflation. Today, restoring market confidence is the priority.

Nicolas Dujovne, Argentine Treasury Minister : "This aid is eleven times the amount of our quota in the IMF, and this shows the support enjoyed by Argentina to the international community. This is very good news, this integration of our country with support of this magnitude.

The situation of Argentina, Latin America's third-largest economy, is not catastrophic, but the South American country needs to strengthen its reserves, stabilize the foreign exchange market and create a better economic climate to attract investment. Annual inflation has exceeded 20% for 10 years. The Argentine minister said that Argentina has set a target of 17% inflation for 2019, 13% for 2020 and 9% for 2021.

After the April / May peso crisis, during which Argentina's currency depreciated by almost 20%, Mauricio Macri set as a priority the fall in the budget deficit. The budget deficit rose from 6 to 3.9% of GDP in two years of management of Mr. Macri, who came to power at the end of 2015. This policy of rigor, it is a bad moment to pass for the population, warns the economist Daniel Marx, former finance secretary, but the country "will reap the benefits next".

The agreement with the IMF comes amidst tensions between the government and the unions. Inflation has picked up again in 2018, more than 10% since the beginning of the year, and the government is slowing wage increases.

Earlier, the Economy Minister met with unions at the presidential palace threatening to convene a general strike, complaining that wage increases are not offsetting inflation.

Steve Harrison for DayNewsWorld

 

WHO WILL PAY THE NOTE FROM KIM JONG-UN

FOR THE SUMMIT?

T he historic summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-a is fast approaching but a question remains unresolved to this day.

We know the taste of luxury of the North Korean leader who with his delegation will stay in a luxury hotel.

To the note of the accommodation is added that of the displacement. How will Kim Jong-un and his entourage rally to Singapore?

If Donald Trump can count on Air Force, the North Korean regime's Ilyushin-62, an aging Soviet-made aircraft, will not have the ability to fly to Singapore.

And if he wants to be on par with Air Force One, a Boeing 747 will suit him well But the price of the rental amounted to 17 501 dollars an hour at Fly.com

But who is willing to pay bill? .

Unaccustomed to paying the painful, North Korea should this time let Seoul or Singapore settle the probably huge addition of his participation, Tuesday, at the top with Donald Trump.

North Korea, targeted by many sanctions trains, will likely have nothing to pay.

The city-state cuts itself in four to welcome the historic face-to-face meeting between North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and the American president in a luxury hotel on Sentosa Island.

Last weekend, Singapore Defense Minister Ng Eng Hen volunteered to take over some of North Korea's expense accounts, to take part in this "historic meeting" .

With the exception of the Singaporean minister's offer, foreign governments have shown no eagerness to pay for Kim's mission expenses.

Neither the United States nor South Korea intends to endorse the bill.Nobel Peace Prize 2017, the organization International Campaign for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), proposed Monday to get hold of the portfolio, drawing on in the sum received with the prestigious distinction.

The travel website HotelPlanner.com offers to pay the lodgings and the cover of the North Korean leader.

But after the colossal sums engulfed in the nuclear weapon, it is still a shame that North Korean leader does not pay his nights.


Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

 

FROM MONSANTO TO BAYER

THE EUROPEAN UNION LAUNCHES AN INVESTIGATION

THE SUITES OF THE BUYBACK


The purchase of the American Monsanto is the most expensive acquisition paid by the German Group.

Indeed, in September 2016, Bayer and Monsanto announced their agreement to merge . The amounts announced had frightened the global chemical cartel: the agreement was to be worth $ 66 billion (59 billion euros), all in cash, and in exchange for shares.

This agreement followed a long and difficult negotiation, Monsanto, however pinned by several courts on the dangerousness of Roundup, having judged for several months the offer made by Bayer insufficient.

This agreement has nevertheless created, from the very beginning, a "strong doubt" on the part of some of the (most cautious) actors concerned, worried about a possible reaction by the antitrust and antitrust control authorities , unfavorable to this rapprochement

Moreover, and in order to prevent any such hindrance to this day, Bayer undertook at the signing of the final agreement, to pay Monsanto $ 2 billion, in compensation, for the case where the agreement would turn around.

This safeguard clause could indeed be implemented if the investigation just opened by the European executive to study the consequences for the European market of this marriage confirmed the suspicions of the monopoly position of the group.

Brussels had not hidden its fears in this direction since the announcement of the merger, declaring in mid-September 2016, "that it would seek to ensure that farmers and consumers should not be hostages to a system where they would no longer have the choice between different kinds of seeds, stuck between a single pesticide producer and a single seed producer, because of a combined and indissoluble manufacturing process. "

Fears .. !!!. to the intention !!! ... then to the acts! The step has been taken in recent days with the announcement by the European executive of the launch of an investigation.

The question that arises today is to know that they will be the leads of the investigation and what will be the results of it?

However, we can already express some doubts about the real intentions of the European Commission and the economic philosophy that it intends to implement. Indeed a wave of concentrations has already occurred in Europe in the field of agrochemistry, concentrations that have been authorized by Brussels.

End of March 2016 Brussels had authorized the merger of US giants DOW and DUPONT which gave birth to DowDupont, a mastodon weighing 130 billion euros on the stock market.

In April, Europe validated the takeover of Swiss Syngenta by the Chinese giant ChemChina, the biggest acquisition ever launched by a Chinese group abroad.

This wave of concentration in agrochemicals would be caused by the decline in margins due to too low agricultural prices ???

But this wave of concentration also raises many concerns from environmentalists, who called in late July 2017, the European Commissioner for Competition, Margareth Vestager to block the purchase of Monsanto by Bayer.

Through the actions of NGOs committed to the protection of the environment and diversity, the problem of protecting the health of consumers and farmers is posed simultaneously. : "A monster company that controls our food is a bad idea, for farmers and for citizens, everywhere in the world" ...

All over the world, in recent years, there have been demonstrations and marches against agrochemical multinationals, organized by citizens worried about the dangers caused by intensive and industrial agriculture.

Opponents do not lack imagination to assert their point of view, they did not indeed organized in July 2016 a "virtual trial on the spot to condemn Monsanto, for " ecocide ". . !!

All this devastating publicity does not make it easy for CEO Werner BAUMAIN of the German group who made the alliance with the US seed company his personal project (Werner Baumam was the first German leader to visit Donald TRUMP in January 2017, after the election of the latter).

The image of the German group is nowadays seriously damaged by the Monsanto scandals (serial lawsuit) and the Monsanto Papers, a series of internal documents (recently made public) revealing that since 1999, the mutagenic and carcinogenic potential of the phytosanitary molecule of glyphosate, the active ingredient of Round Up, was already known.

This latest information on the launch of an EU survey on the merger Monsanto-Bayer, puts everyone under high tension, even if shareholders ...

are still confident and optimistic ... Coué method? Yes or no ?? !!

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

RESIGNATION OF THE JORDANIAN FIRST MINISTER

UNDER A SOCIAL CHALLENGE

"Jordan is today at the crossroads: either it manages to emerge from the crisis and to offer a dignified life to its citizens, or, God forbid, it goes to the unknown," said the king Abdullah II.

Numerous protests against a tax reform project and price rises have defeated Jordanian Prime Minister Hani Mulqi, who was forced to resign on Monday (February 4th) after failed negotiations with the unions.

Summoned by King Abdullah II of Jordan, Hani Mulqi, head of the government since May 2016, has submitted his resignation that the King has accepted. The latter has appointed in the wake of the Minister of Education, Omar al-Razzaz to form a new government.

Not sure that the Jordanians, who demanded the resignation of the Prime Minister cries "The Jordanian people will not kneel" do not let this change count as the day of national strike on Wednesday is maintained.

For several days, this kingdom of 10 million people is experiencing a popular protest movement since 2011 against a bill providing for the widening of income tax, and rising prices.

Indeed since January, Jordanians have seen the prices of several essential goods soar, especially that of bread. The fuel rate has also risen five times since the beginning of the year, and electricity bills have increased by 55% since February. According to official figures, 18.5% of the Jordanian population is unemployed while 20% are at the limit of the poverty line. In addition, the country's economic problems are amplified by welcoming hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees.

But under pressure from the IMF (International Monetary Fund), the Jordanian government has introduced a bill providing for an increase of at least 5% of taxes for individuals and now imposes people with an annual salary of 8,000 dinars (9700 euros). about). Corporate taxes must increase by 20 to 40%.

If in 2016 the IMF approved a loan of 723 million dollars (617 million euros) over three years to Jordan, highly indebted, he in return forced the kingdom to implement structural reforms to gradually reduce its debt to 77% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 2021, up from 94% in 2015.

The state must "keep its independence and not comply with the requirements of the IMF," said the president of the main trade union federation, Ali al-Abbous.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

THE CHARISMATIC MUHARREM INCE BECOMES A THREAT FOR ERDOGAN IN TURKEY

En announcing the holding of presidential and legislative elections a year and a half before the date initially set, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, had taken his opponents by surprise. But despite a lack of time and resources - all in a state of emergency, not conducive to the exercise of democracy - the combative leader of the CHP made an unexpected breakthrough, credited with 30% voice in the polls.

Three weeks before the double presidential and legislative elections, Muharrem Ince stopped this weekend in Istanbul, a milestone in his electoral marathon.

And for this first Sunday in June, the candidate of the Republican People's Party (CHP, center left), the first opposition force to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, planned no less than five rallies in neighborhoods held by the AKP, the Islamic-conservative party of the Turkish president.

The crowd showed an unexpected enthusiasm for this 54-year-old candidate, who for sixteen years was the deputy of the small province of Yalova (region of the Sea of ​​Marmara).

During his first enthusiastic speech, he promised to be an "impartial president" , serving the "80 million" Turks: a sniff addressed directly to his main opponent, the Islamic-conservative President Recep Tayyip Erdogan who is accused by critics of having polarized Turkish society in recent years.

This charismatic veteran of the CHP committed, if he was to beat the "Reis" , to reinstate the parliamentary regime as soon as possible and to lift the state of emergency, in place for almost two years. He reaffirmed that he would get rid of the presidential palace of Pharaonic proportions that Erdogan was built in Ankara, the Turkish capital by launching in Eyüp, this Sunday, some tackled well felt towards the head of State . "I will not live in Erdogan's palace with its 1,000 pieces," he said.

To win the victory, Muharrem Ince must imperatively get the votes of conservative voters disappointed with the AKP, particularly worried about the economic crisis that threatens the country. This is why this former professor of physics and chemistry does not put forward the defense of secularism. The candidate does not miss an opportunity to recall the memory of his conservative family, his veiled mother.

Moreover, in the event of a duel against Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Muharrem Ince knows he can count on a significant postponement of Kurdish voters including supporters of HDP, the party of the Prokurde left. In fact, in 2016, he had openly criticized Kilicdaroglu's decision to support the lifting of parliamentary immunity, which had paved the way for several trials against pro-Kurdish elected officials accused of links to "terrorism" and refused to vote in May 2016 - contrary to the instructions of his party - the lifting of parliamentary immunity, which led to the arrest of several deputies of the HDP, including Co-President Selahattin Demirtas (now presidential candidate from his cell).

A strategy and proximity that seem to pay, according to recent polls with voting intentions around 30%. The route of the second round is open to him.

Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

 

TRIAL OF MELINA BOUGHEDIR IN IRAQ

ON BOTTOM BACKGROUND

In autumn 2015, Mélina Boughedir leaves France with her husband and three children. Passing through Turkey and then Syria, the family arrives in Iraq, in Mosul, the self-proclaimed capital of Daesh in Iraq. Condemned in France for belonging to the Islamist group Forsane Alizza, her husband joined the ranks of Daesh.

Captured on July 8, 2017 in Mosul during a battle against the Islamic State organization by Iraqi forces, with her four minor children, Melina Boughedir was sentenced to seven months in prison for illegal entry into Iraq by the Baghdad Criminal Court. February 19th.

No charges for terrorism had been retained by the investigating judge. Having served her sentence in pre-trial detention, Ms. Boughedir was to be deported to France.

But during the examination of the call, automatic in Iraq, at the end of March, the Supreme Council of judges requalified the charges weighing on the French by adding the accusation of belonging to the Islamic State.

This Sunday, June 3 begins, in front of the criminal court of Baghdad, the appeal trial of the French Melina Boughedir. She faces the death penalty for terrorism.

Mélina Boughedir, 27, denies everything in block and assures to have followed her husband under his pressure and to have been a housewife. She will only have a few minutes to talk .. For her French lawyers we are far from a fair trial. Nobody, so far, has managed to meet her in detention, not even her Iraqi lawyer.

"The rules are really strict for terrorist prisoners, especially foreigners, " says Nasserdine Madloud Abed. The only time I saw Melina was in court, a few minutes. We feel that the pressure is immense on his record. Between the French government following this at a distance and the French lawyers next to me, I feel the pressure on my shoulders, " adds the lawyer.

At a first hearing, Melina Boughedir swore that she had only followed her husband and that she was just a housewife in Mosul.

But his case does not plead in his favor. On a photo we see the French, all smiles, make the "V" of victory in an armored vehicle, while it has just been stopped in the middle of the battle of Mosul. Soldiers say she chanted messages of support for Daesh.

Officially, France does not have to meddle with these lawsuits. But less than 48 hours before the start of the trial, Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian called Melina Boughedir a terrorist fighter. "Mrs. Boughedir is a fighter. When we go to Mosul in 2016, it is to fight and so she is judged on the scene of her abuses. This is normal logic. She fought against Iraqi units, she is tried in Iraq, " said Thursday, Le Drian on the news channel LCI. "We do not want to interfere with judgments", but "we totally condemn the death penalty" and "we hope that it will not be applied in Iraq", he added, recalling the French line habitual when a French national is involved in court cases abroad.

Alerted by the echo given to the words of the French Minister in the Iraqi press on Saturday, Mes Bourdon, Pradel and Brengarth believe in their letter that the position of Mr. Le Drian "can only be interpreted (...) as an unacceptable pressure on the Iraqi justice and as the illustration if need was of [his] will at any price, and the sacrifice of the fundamental principles, that [their] client does not return to France " . In their view, the statements of the Minister even violate the fundamental principles of the presumption of innocence, the separation of powers, the rights of the defense and the principle of non-interference in the affairs of a foreign State.

But the French authorities have repeatedly said that French jihadists captured in Syria and Iraq must be judged by local authorities and serve their sentences there.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

THREAT OF SUNDIAN MILITARY ACTION

ON THE QATAR IF IT IS S-400

The tension between Qatar, on the one hand, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, on the other, is not ready to fall more than a year after the breakdown of their diplomatic and economic relations causing mutual hostility and mistrust.

According to information from the World , Riyadh asks Paris to put pressure on Qatar to prevent it from acquiring the Russian air defense system S-400 going as far as declared in a letter sent to the French Presidency that Riyadh is saying ready to take "military action" against Qatar if it acquires it.

If such an agreement were to be concluded, "the Kingdom would be ready to take all necessary measures to eliminate this defense system, including military action," warns the letter addressed to the President. The Saudi sovereign is worried about the consequences that an installation of the S-400 on Qatari territory would have on the security of Saudi airspace, saying more generally that such acquisition by Qatar would jeopardize the "security of its neighbors in the Persian Gulf. Riyadh is however also in the running to get these ground-to-air batteries ...

In January, Qatar's ambassador to Moscow, Fahad Bin Mohamed al-Attiyah, said the two countries had already made good progress in the negotiations on the purchase of the sophisticated S-400 defense system, which is considered one of the more powerful in the world. Fahad bin Mohammed al-Attiyah even pointed out that a military cooperation agreement, signed in October 2017 during the visit of Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in Doha, paved the way for cooperation between Russia and Qatar " in the field of defense, including the supply of equipment, the training of soldiers and officers, the maintenance of arms and the cooperation of special services ".

This rapprochement came after the decision a few months earlier by Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to sever diplomatic relations with Qatar, accused of supporting and funding radical Islamist groups and their lack of distance from Iran. These countries then imposed a trade boycott in Qatar, which rejects all these accusations and claims that these countries are seeking a regime change in Doha.

In order to break its isolation, Qatar has increased diplomatic contacts and commercial, military or technological agreements internationally.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

UKRAINE: A DANGEROUS FAKENEWS

The announced death of Russian reporter Arkady Babchenko on Tuesday 29 has been widely reported in the international press. But a theatrical event, Wednesday, May 30: the Russian journalist Arkadi Babchenko, who was believed dead after an assassination attempt, reappeared in front of the cameras, thus revealing having participated in the staging of his assassination. The official reason?

The explanation given by the head of the Ukrainian secret services and the prosecutor was to foil a sponsored attack against the journalist. For Ukrainian officials it was simulating the assassination to set a trap for the sponsor. Thanks to this operation the intermediary, a Ukrainian acting on behalf of the Russian services could be apprehended ... Should we believe today this version? Is the credibility of the Ukrainian police and judicial authorities not now seriously compromised?

According to a number of media a red line has been crossed while the international press wonders about the use of a "fake news" to shed light on the truth.

First of all this staging would seem to give grist to the fanatics of conspiracy theories. Moreover, the classic press has been trapped by false information as it puts all its energy and know-how to shed light on the truth.

The Russian investigative journalist Andrei Soldatov, quoted by the BBC, has serious doubts about the method used, even going so far as to believe that a "line has been crossed" : "Babchenko is a journalist, not a police officer and our job is based on trust, whatever Trump and Putin say "fake news". "

The Belgian daily Le Soir wonders about the soundness of this staging: "By imprudently using the fake news weapon against Russia, the Ukrainian strategy could prove counterproductive. Because the crimes ordered from Russia are indeed real. "

Recall the shooting death in the center of the Ukrainian capital in March 2017 of Denis Voronenkov, former Russian deputy refugee in Kiev. Let us not forget that of the director of the Oukraïnska Pravda news site, Pavel Sheremet, in the explosion of his car.

Does not this incident also comfort the Kremlin in its strategy of lying? Moscow countered by multiplying the false versions in the various episodes that opposed it to democracies in recent years such as the sending of Russian forces into the Donbass, the MH17 flight shot over the Ukraine (298 dead), or the Skripal case ...

In the Moscow Times to refer to the "dark power" of Moscow. "Is the Putin regime assassinating its enemies by political choice, is it simply to create a pessimistic atmosphere of violence, or is it now a practical scapegoat? " , Asks Mark Galeotti, a researcher at the Institute of International Relations in Prague. "The answer, of course, is the three. "He slices.

The New York Times, like the Committee to Protect Journalists, urge the Ukrainian authorities to explain why they considered it necessary to compromise "journalistic integrity" .


Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

 

MEETING BETWEEN NORTH KOREA

AND THE UNITED STATES


Kim Jong-un's right hand man, General Kim Yong-chol, is North Korea's top official in 18 years. He arrived in New York on Wednesday, May 30, to meet US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

This is to set up the famous summit of June 12, between the North Korean leader and the President of the United States, Donald Trump, June 12 in Singapore.

"Have a good dinner with Kim Yong-chol in New York tonight. Steak, corn and cheese on the menu, " tweeted the head of the American diplomacy.

The two officials will try to determine in a series of talks this Thursday whether the two enemy countries are well able to set a shared agenda for the summit scheduled for June 12 in Singapore.

Let's not forget that only a week ago Donald Trump wrote a letter to Kim Jong-un, in which he canceled their unpublished head-to-head criticizing Pyongyang's "hostility" ! At this dramatic turnaround renewal of optimism just as spectacular these days.

But "the denuclearization" of North Korea "must be on the table and at the heart of the meeting," warned the spokeswoman for the US presidency Sarah Sanders.

Mike Pompeo and Kim Yong-chol, a tough negotiator, will have to try to reconcile seemingly irreconcilable expectations. Indeed, Washington calls for a "complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization" , and does not intend to let go of international sanctions until the process is completed or at least very advanced. Pyongyang, for its part, has agreed to talk about denuclearization but refuses it to be unilateral ... the North Koreans have so far presented their atomic arsenal as a guarantee for the survival of the regime.

"We must convince them that on the contrary their nuclear program reinforces their insecurity," said a senior US official Wednesday evening, confirming that Washington is ready to provide "guarantees" for their safety.

Another sign marks the intensification of diplomatic activities: the North Korean media announced on Thursday the arrival of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Pyongyang. This is Mr. Lavrov's first visit to North Korea since 2009.

Let's bet that the two negotiators can definitely put back on track the historic summit between the North Korean leader and Donald Trump.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

COLOMBIA IN THE MIDDLE OF GUET

A small earthquake has shaken the political landscape in Colombia this Sunday , a country where the right has always reigned.

In June, the second round of the presidential election will see Ivan Duque, right-wing champion, face Gustavo Petro, former mayor of Bogota and former militant of the dissolved rebellion of the M-19.

No candidate in the Colombian presidential election has managed to gather more than 50% of the votes in the first round organized this Sunday, May 27.

The champion of the hard right, opposed to the peace agreement with the former guerrilla Farc, has certainly arrived at the top but he will face in the second round the candidate of a left anti-system.

Ivan Duque obtained 39.14% of the votes in the first round of the presidential election. Gustavo Petro (25.08%) and Sergio Fajardo (23.73%) achieve historical scores for the left in Colombia. He is followed by Gustavo Petro (25.08%), German Vargas Lleras (7.28%), Humberto de la Calle (2.06%) and Jorge Antonio Trujillo (0.39%).

A second round will take place on June 17th.

Ivan Duque's score is certainly a victory for opponents of peace agreements with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and their leader. Ivan Duque rejects the idea that former guerrilla leaders can stand for election: "Criminals against humanity can not be elected until they pay for the damage to the victims, they have not told the whole truth and they have not completed their sentences. " while saying that " Special justice is a source of impunity. It's an unacceptable insult to the victims. "

But Colombians did not hesitate to vote for progressive parties.

One of the most significant political advances in the peace agreements with the FARC is the arrival of the left - no longer marked by the stigma of the armed struggle - in the second round. "The left could not get massive votes," says Cesar Rodriguez of the NGO Dejusticia . Once this stigma is removed, the political field opens and this gives the possibility that the legal and peaceful left has a chance to run for president. "

Gustavo Petro, a former member of the M-19 guerrilla warfare disbanded in 1990, is both an outspoken advocate of peace agreements and a supporter of broad tax reform, broad land redistribution and a change in economic model. . "I do not want to impoverish the rich, I want to enrich the poor" he said during his campaign. With 4,850,000 votes, he is the left-wing candidate to get the most votes in a presidential election, the previous record of Carlos Gaviria in 2006 being limited to 2.6 million votes. Sergio Fajardo, also on the left, won 4.4 million votes.

This vote is crucial for the consolidation of peace in a country bruised by nearly half a century of fratricidal wars, concluded by a historic peace agreement signed in 2016 with the former guerrilla Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).

The continuation of this agreement is one of the main issues of this election, the favorite, Ivan Duque, being opposed to it while Gustavo Petro defends tooth and nail this agreement, which he considers indispensable for the construction of peace in Colombia.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

SURPRISE MEETING

OF THE TWO KOREA DIRECTORS

On Saturday, South Korean President Moon Jae-in met Kim Jong-un, the North Korean leader, to discuss a possible summit between him and Donald Trump. A two-hour surprise meeting at Panmunjom village, where the two leaders had already discussed during their meeting on April 27.

After canceling the planned summit with Kim Jong-un, Donald Trump reported "productive talks" and announced that the meeting could finally still take place on June 12. The leaders of two Koreas have seen each other this Saturday to discuss.

In the wake of their meeting, Moon Jae-in said he hoped the planned summit between North Korean leader and Donald Trump would take place in June as planned, the South Korean news agency Yonhap reported.

Kim Jong-un is also said to have expressed "his intention to end an era of confrontation thanks to the success of the summit between North Korea and the United States, a confrontation thanks to the success of the summit between North Korea and the United States. as well as to cooperate for peace and prosperity ".

"We are doing very well on the summit with North Korea , " the US president announced on Saturday. "It's progressing perfectly. So we are looking at June 12 in Singapore. It has not changed, so we'll see what happens. "

The statement came days after Donald Trump decided to cancel the June 12 summit, blaming the North Korean leader for his "hostility." On Friday, he had already begun to backtrack, claiming to have "very productive talks" with North Korea.

White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders told reporters on Saturday that Donald Trump did not want a meeting that was "just a political coup" with North Korea. "He wants something that is a real and lasting solution, and if he's ready to do it, we're certainly ready for those conversations."

Donald Trump had canceled Thursday the Singapore summit on June 12 with Kim Jong-un. But less than 24 hours later, he had again posted his optimism, citing the possible continuation of the summit after "very productive discussions with North Korea for the summit to take place"

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

CHAOS THREATENS BRAZIL

With a truck strike that has paralyzed the country since the beginning of the week, the Brazilian government raised its voice on Friday by mobilizing the army to raise the hundreds of roadblocks in the country.

" We accepted the twelve priority demands of the truckers, who pledged to stop the dams immediately. But unfortunately a radical minority continued to block the roads, " regretted Michel Temer.

Brazilian truckers have been on strike since the beginning of the week. The Sao Paulo City Council has declared a state of emergency. Brazilian President Michel Temer on Friday (May 25th) ordered the mobilization of the federal security forces to lift the roadblocks that have paralyzed Brazil since the beginning of the week.

The Sao Paulo City Council, the economic capital, as well as the capital Brasília, have declared a state of emergency, an extreme measure that makes it possible to requisition fuel.

"We will not allow the population to have access to basic necessities (...), that hospitals do not have the necessary medicines to save lives" , explained in a speech solemn.

The Brazilian defense minister issued a warning soon after. The army "will act quickly, co-ordinated and energetic (...) to free traffic in critical areas ," he said.

Economy at a standstill, canceled flights

Despite power concessions, this strike, launched in protest against rising diesel prices, has been maintained and is testing President Michel Temer's center-right government.

For the Brazilian Association of Truckers (Abcam), a union representing 700,000 truck drivers, "the idea is to maintain the strike, the roadblocks".

Roadblocks block the country's economy and take the country hostage.

The major supply problems have affected the entire economy, in this huge country that has almost no rail network and where 60% of the transport of goods is by road.

At the airport of the capital Brasilia, more than 30 flights were canceled, including two international flights, the kerosene reserves being exhausted.

Assembly lines at a standstill

According to the management company Infraero, ten other airports in the country are also dry, including that of Recife (north-east).

The country's exports are in the process of being heavily affected, and the auto industry, which employs 132,000 people, is already completely shut down. Exports from this major producer of meat and agricultural products were threatened.

Prices of vegetables and fruits have increased due to supply problems, sometimes up to 400% in a few days.

If the movement lasts, the economic consequences may be catastrophic for a country that is struggling to recover after the historic recession of 2015 / 2016.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

THE REASONS OF THE CANCELLATION OF THE SUMMIT

WITH KIM JONG-ONE FROM

THE AMERICAN POINT OF VIEW

The US president unilaterally canceled Thursday's summit in Singapore on June 12, 2018, with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, denouncing the "anger" and "hostility" of the Pyongyang regime. Could not the meeting be just delayed to allow Donald Trump to heal his popularity?

In a letter to Kim Jong-Un, Donald Trump informed the world of his decision which did not fail to surprise.

Since April, warning signs have been gathering

On the American side the sudden intervention of China in this matter was not understood. Why did Chinese President Xi meet Kim Jong-un twice in a month, when he had always refused to do so in the previous three years?

On the Korean (North) side, Kim Jong-un vented anger when joint military maneuvers were held with South Korea and said denuclearization did not mean the total abandonment of nuclear weapons.

But more concretely the stake is of another magnitude.

Moon Jae-in took the first step, and his meeting with Kim Jong-un already belongs to History, as is the name of the village of Panmunjom in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two Koreas, which hosted late April the inter-Korean summit.

No doubt the tone is different from what we have known in the past.

But nothing has been ceded by Donald Trump: the demand for denuclearization has been steadfastly maintained, joint military maneuvers have not been suspended, nor has there been any question of repatriating the 28,500 American soldiers who station in the peninsula: the presence of US Forces in Korea (USFK) is a subject that is exclusively the alliance between South Korea and the United States.

Kim Jong-un has never accepted the total denuclearization of nuclear weapons.

And let's not forget the weight of the evangelists who are very active among American Protestants. However, the latter weigh heavily in the current political debate, thanks to the support that their group has given to Donald Trump in 2016. Donald Trump demands, as did all his predecessors, that there be a discussion on human rights. the man in Korea

And for Kim Jong-a this question is not on the agenda? It does not matter! It will eventually become so.

Donald Trump has plenty of time for presidential teams to refine their records on such an important issue as the pacification of the Asian peninsula. With his "art of negotiation" he had promised the protection to Kim Jong-un but with this hindsight now requires him to react, while reminding him that the discussion was only suspended ...

And if the summit could have just been delayed by five months, in order to finally stand a few days from the mid-term election, in November 2018?


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

TORONTO BOMBING

Two men they blew up a bomb Thursday at a restaurant in the city of Mississauga, near Toronto, Canada, injuring 15 people before fleeing, authorities said. Three are in serious condition.

The explosion took place around 22:30 (local time) in an Indian restaurant, Bombay Bhel. Fifteen people were hospitalized, three were seriously injured. They were transported to Sunnybrook Hospital in Toronto. The attack, for the moment, has not been claimed.

Police call for witnesses.

She posted a photo on Twitter showing the two suspects, wearing dark hooded sweatshirts, entering the restaurant, one of the people seems to be carrying an object in her hand.

The first is a man of normal build, about 25 years old. He wears dark blue jeans and a hoodie, with a baseball cap. His face is covered with a black cloth. The second suspect is a thin man, wearing jeans "tired", a hooded jacket folded over his head, too. A gray T-shirt and skate shoes. He too has a face camouflaged by a dark cloth.

Police have not yet established the causes of the explosion, which occurred around 22:30 local time in an Indian restaurant in the city, Bombay Bhel.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

DONALD TRUMP DECIDES THE CANCELLATION OF THE SUMMIT

FROM SINGAPORE WITH KIM JONG-ONE

Donald Trump by a mail is part of the cancellation of the summit.

A letter he sent directly to North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.

"Dear Mr. President," said Donald Trump , "we appreciate your time, your patience, all the efforts you have made in our recent negotiations. I was looking forward to meeting you.

Unfortunately, because of the overwhelming anger and hostility shown in your most recent statement, I find this long-planned meeting inappropriate at this time.

Therefore, I thank you for considering that by this letter, for the good of both parties and to the detriment of the world, the Singapore summit will not take place. "

Donald Trump uses a ceremonious tone, full of deference but full of firmness.

However Donald Trump does not fail to leave the door open for a later meeting.

This option, he had mentioned in recent days by considering a summit may be postponed.

Donald Trump concludes:

"I felt that we were building a wonderful dialogue, and ultimately only this dialogue matters. If you change your mind about this most important summit, do not hesitate to call me or write to me. The world, and North Korea in particular, has lost a great opportunity for world peace and prosperity. This missed opportunity is really a sad moment in history. "

The summit of June 12 announced that it was like a historic meeting in Singapore will not take place!

The letter sent to Kim Jong-un in Pyongyang by the White House was read by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee.

Let's bet that this is a simple postponement, peace and balance deserve all the efforts of each party!


Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

 

DELETION OF THE NORTH KOREAN

NUCLEAR TESTING SITE

North Korea has dismantled its nuclear test site, media reported on Thursday to attend the cleverly orchestrated operation, presented by the regime as a gesture of goodwill ahead of a potential summit with the United States.

Pyongyang had announced plans to dismantle "completely" its Punggye-ri site in the north-east, and some foreign journalists had been invited to observe the operation.

A series of explosions occurred throughout the day, including three in the entrance tunnels leading to the underground structure. Neighbor barracks and other structures were razed in the blasts.

The site, surrounded by steep peaks, is dug deep beneath a 2,000-meter high granite mountain in the northern Hamqyong, a northeastern province bordering China. Pyongyang, the latest of which was held in September. This test, the most powerful to date, would have concerned a hydrogen bomb.

Specialists are divided on whether the site will really be rendered unusable.

Some say the place is no longer useful after North Korea's six tests, and experts say the site can be rebuilt quickly when needed.

Others point out that the North has agreed to destroy it without preconditions or to ask for anything in return from Washington, which in their opinion shows that the regime is serious in its desire for change.

US President Donald Trump is scheduled to meet North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in Singapore on June 12 for talks to move toward a resolution of the thorny North Korean nuclear issue.

But the euphoria born of the remarkable relaxation that has appeared on the peninsula since the beginning of the year and the prospect of this historic handshake has given way to doubt in recent days, Washington and Pyongyang renewing the threatening rhetoric and evoking the possibility that the meeting will not take place.

The last banderilla was planted Thursday by North Korean Deputy Foreign Minister Cheo Son Hui, who lashed out at Monday's comment by Mike Pence, who said "it would be a big mistake for Kim Jong-a think he could play Donald Trump.

The US vice president also said that North Korea could end up as Libya's Muammar Gaddafi, killed during the uprising of his country after giving up the atomic weapon, "if Kim Jong-un does not reach an agreement" with Washington on denuclearization.

US envoys traveled to Singapore this week and are expected to meet with North Korean officials to discuss the ins and outs of the meeting.

But as the date approaches, the gap between the expectations of both sides becomes increasingly apparent as they both conduct a public relations campaign to make their point.

Washington demands a "complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization" by the North.

Pyongyang said he will never give up his nuclear arsenal until he feels safe against what he sees as American aggression.

Some journalists from China, the United States, Great Britain, Russia and South Korea had been invited to witness the dismantling of the test site.


Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

CRISIS IN NICARAGUA

The dialogue is totally suspended while the government has repressed demonstrations in Nicaragua. In the absence of consensus, the Episcopal Conference suspended its mediation between the ruling party and the opposition. 10 wounded in clashes are to be deplored ..

The Nicaraguan Episcopal Conference (CEN) has suspended negotiations to end the political crisis after the government and the opposition failed to reach agreements to move the discussion forward. It was to advance the elections for a way out of the political and social crisis.

"Rebuilding democracy"

Triggered by students contesting a pension reform that increased contributions and reduced the amount of pensions, the wave of anger quickly spread to the entire population.

In the background, a general dissatisfaction with the harsh living conditions and the confiscation of power by Daniel Ortega, who already headed the country from 1979 to 1990 and returned in 2007. President Ortega and his wife and vice-president Rosario Murillo were elected in November 2016 for a five-year term ending in January 2022.

After several days of mobilization, clashes with the police, looting and burning, the streets seemed to have regained their composure. But some residents still fear a renewed tension.

Since the protests against the government began on April 18, 76 people have been killed, 868 injured and 438 arrested, according to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).

Minister of Foreign Affairs Denis Moncada argued on Thursday that the issues on the agenda are "to change the government of Nicaragua outside the Constitution, the legal system and the violation of the Constitution and laws ". He further stated that the agenda should be to resolve the blockade of routes that affect the population and the economy.

"Since today there is no consensus between the parties, we regret to be forced to suspend the plenary session of the national dialogue , " said the Church hierarchy in a statement after eight hours. unsuccessful meetings in Managua. The draft agenda of the bishops in the fourth session of the dialogue envisaged to discuss a partial reform of the Constitution and the electoral law "in order to advance the presidential, municipal, legislative and regional elections as soon as possible".

The bishops said in the agenda that the call for free and fair elections should include international observation by the OAS, the European Union and the Carter Center, among other things, the document said.

Religious, who act as mediators in the talks, proposed the creation of a mixed commission of six people, three for each party to resume dialogue, while recalling that "peace and life depend on many Nicaraguans" .


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

TRUMP ACCUSES CIA OF INFILTRATION

OF HIS COUNTRY TEAM

D onald Trump against attack against:

"The witch hunt!"

For months, the Republican camp is trying to weaken Robert Mueller by denouncing a politicization of investigators.

He also asks for a speedy end to the investigations. In the line of fire, the mid-term elections,

The US president on Monday revived his attacks on the Russian investigation by the special prosecutor Robert Mueller in accusing the CIA of the Obama era of wanting to commit a "political assassination" by infiltrating his campaign team.

"It was a political assassination, not an intelligence investigation," tweeted Donald Trump on Monday, resuming accusations from Fox News commentator Dan Bongino.

The latter directly accused John Brennan, boss of the CIA under the Obama administration and fervent opponent of Donald Trump, to be at the origin of the Russian investigation opened in the summer of 2016 by the counter-espionage services of the United States. Federal Police (FBI).

Donald Trump simply accuses the FBI of infiltrating his campaign team for political purposes during the 2016 presidential election. The US Department of Justice has agreed to investigate, at the request of the president. It is true that last week, the American press revealed that a CIA informant, based in the United Kingdom, had met members of the team of the candidate Trump. The latter was working on this Russian survey.

"If someone has infiltrated or watched election campaigners for bad goals, we need to know and respond in the right way," Deputy Minister of Justice Rod Rosenstein said in a statement.

This counter-investigation, which will be conducted by the Inspector General of the Ministry, will include "determine whether there were any irregularities or political motivation in the investigation [intelligence services] of the FBI on suspects of s 'be involved with Russian agents who interfered in the election ,' said Sarah Isgur Flores, spokesman for the ministry, in a separate statement.

Vice President Mike Pence added his voice, saying Monday night on Fox News: "It's time for the special prosecutor to finish and I think it's probably a widely shared opinion across the US."

If prosecutor Mueller wishes to conclude his investigation by 1 September so as not to interfere with the mid-term polls, the special prosecutor must question the president in mid-July. Trump said he was ready to answer questions from the investigators.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

NEW PRESIDENT OF PROPOSED ITALIAN COUNCIL APPOINTED GUISEPPE CONTE


Mr Salvini and Luigi Di Maio, the leaders of the Northern League and the 5-star Movement, have finally chosen the new President of the Council.

After writing a resolute anti-European joint program, the two men present to Italian President Sergio Mattarella on Monday the name of the person chosen to become President of the Council (Prime Minister).

Giuseppe Conte (54), a lawyer who teaches private law in Florence and Rome, was proposed.

This near unknown has studied in several prestigious foreign universities (Yale, Cambridge, La Sorbonne).

Specialist of the administrative justice it had been presented before the elections of March 4 by the M5S as possible minister responsible for "débureaucratiser" the public service.

"We named Giuseppe Conte's name to the President of the Republic. A name that can advance the government contract.

And I am particularly proud of this choice, "Di Maio wrote on the M5S blog.

"We hope that no one will veto a choice that represents the will of the majority of Italians" Matteo Salvini


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

THE TWELVE COMMANDMENTS OF

THE UNITED STATES

FOR A NEW IRANIAN NUCLEAR AGREEMENT


The United States has threatened Iran with "unprecedented" sanctions if Tehran does not submit to its draconian terms for a "new deal" after the US withdrawal of the 2015 Iran nuclear text.

"Iran will never again have carte blanche to dominate the Middle East," US Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo said in presenting the "new strategy" of the United States.

The American "no" to the agreement concluded three years ago by the great powers (United States, Russia, China, France, United Kingdom and Germany) with the regime of Tehran to prevent it from obtaining the atomic bomb has aroused the anger of Europeans especially since this decision induces the full restoration of US sanctions, with a collateral effect on European companies present in Iran.

The US Secretary of State has called for the "support" of US allies in his strategy, and while acknowledging the difficulties of European companies.

The former CIA director, known for his hard line, assured that the United States would exert "unprecedented financial pressure on the Iranian regime , " with "the strongest sanctions in history . " Tehran is Washington's pet peeve for its alliances with the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria, the Islamist Hezbollah movement in Lebanon and the support of Houthi rebels in the Yemen conflict.

What are the twelve drastic conditions of Mike Pompeo?

Iran must, according to the list of Mike Pompeo:

1 ° On the nuclear side, US demands go well beyond the 2015 agreement, which Washington does not intend to "renegotiate".

2 ° Cease all enrichment of uranium

3 ° Close his hot water reactor

4 ° Give international inspectors unconditional access to all sites in the country.

5 ° End the proliferation of ballistic missiles

6 ° Stop shooting

7. End the development of nuclear-capable missiles.

8 ° To withdraw from Syria;

9 ° to stop interfering in the conflicts of the region (Yemen),

10 ° Stop supporting "terrorist" groups (Hezbollah, Islamic Jihad, Afghan Taliban and Al Qaeda),

11 ° Stop interfering in the affairs of his neighbors, as in Iraq or Lebanon.

12 ° Stop threatening others, such as Israel or Saudi Arabia.

"In exchange for major changes in Iran, the United States is ready" to lift, eventually, their sanctions. But also to "restore all diplomatic and trade relations with Iran" and "support" the Iranian economy. This will only happen after "concrete, proven and lasting changes".

Mike Pompeo nevertheless conceded that these twelve conditions "may seem unrealistic" , while arguing that these were "basic" demands ...

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

REPETITION OF PRESIDENT NICOLAS MADURO IN VENEZUELA CONTESTED BY THE OPPOSITION

N icolas Maduro, successor in 2013 of the "Supreme Commander of the Bolivarian Revolution" Hugo Chavez, wins a presidential contest by the opposition.

Nicolas Maduro, from his palace in Miraflores, said "On twenty-four elections, this is our twenty-second victory in nineteen years, since the arrival of Chavez to power, says the president.

"It's the movement of a revolutionary people. It's a big victory. And I want to thank the Armed Forces and all the volunteers at the polls and red dots. Do not criticize the humble people who accompany our movement. It was an impeccable election. "

The outgoing Socialist President won 67.7% of the vote against 21.2% of his main opponent Henri Falcon, who rejected the electoral process, announced the President of the National Electoral Council (CNE) Tibisay Lucena, reporting a " irreversible tendency " . He was re-elected for seven years. The participation rate, at around 46%, is however the lowest in the country's history.

"We do not recognize this electoral process, for us there was no election. A new election must be held in Venezuela, " said 56-year-old dissenting chabadist Henri Falcon at a news conference. He called for "new elections in December," the traditional date of the Venezuelan presidential election when power this year convened an early election. A third candidate, evangelical pastor Javier Bertucci, joined this request.

He accused the government of putting pressure on voters.

"Red dots" , these tents were installed PSUV, the party in power. After voting, the voters came hoping to receive the reward promised by the president. "Everywhere we gave a voucher worth 10 million bolivars [about 8 euros on the black market] to every voter. It's an electoral felony!

It is playing with the hunger and misery of the poor. In addition, it is managed from a government platform. It's a double felony! "

In addition to the Venezuelan opposition, the United States, the European Union and the Lima group, an alliance of 14 American countries and the Caribbean, reject this election.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

IN VENEZUELA A PRESIDENTIAL

THAT BOYCOTTE THE OPPOSITION

The current Venezuelan president, Nicolas Maduro, is the favorite for Sunday 's presidential election, initially scheduled for December 2017 and postponed twice.

The government has curbed several waves of demonstrations in the blood and the army and justice, in the hands of the Chavistas, close the ranks.

A little more than 20 million Venezuelans are expected to elect, Sunday, May 20, their president among three candidates. The opposition to Nicolas Maduro boycotting the outcome of the elections leaves little doubt about the results of the election.

Faced with the outgoing socialist president of the PSUV, Nicolas Maduro, Hugo Chavez's successor since his death in 2013, presents Henri Falcon, from the Avanzada Progresista party (Advanced Progressive). It occupies the second place in the voting intentions. He counts on a strong participation of the opponents to the outgoing president to win. This lawyer, governor of the state of Lara from 2008 to 2017 broke with the chavism advocated by Nicolas Maduro. He presents himself in spite of the boycott of the opposition because according to him "the electoral boycotts do not solve anything. Opposition forces that abandon electoral competitions simply allow [...] the ruling leaders to consolidate their power, " he writes in a New York Times column.

Third candidate: Javier Bertucci, businessman and evangelical pastor, unlikely to win

But the main opposition force the coalition of the Table of Democratic Unity (MUD) boycotts the poll.

For her, the government did not give her sufficient guarantees as to the organization of the poll.

Indeed to neutralize the Table of the democratic union (Mud), broad coalition of the victorious opposition to the legislative of 2015, Maduro proceeded as follows:

1 ° He established a parallel Constituent Assembly and advanced the elections scheduled for December.

2 ° He disqualified his main rivals Henrique Capriles, the opponent of the outgoing president in previous elections deprived of any political mandate because of "administrative irregularities" and Leopoldo Lopes, sentenced to 14 years in prison and then placed under house arrest. 2017and deprived of his civil rights.

3 ° He also denied MUD the presence of "independent" international observers, the designation of a "balanced" national electoral council, equal access to the media.

The Venezuelan presidential election is therefore held in a context of strong international pressure, particularly from Washington.

International pressure against Nicolas Maduro suddenly increased in August, after a wave of demonstrations marked by violence, because of the serious economic crisis in the country.

Under Maduro, GDP per capita has halved, the monthly minimum wage equals two kilos of meat, according to Ricardo Hausman, former Minister of Planning and Professor of Economics at Harvard. "Few countries have experienced a collapse of this magnitude," he says.

The United States, the European Union, Canada, Japan and some Latin American countries have already announced that they do not recognize the election. In a statement issued on May 14, representatives of ten Latin American countries, members of the Lima group, along with Spain and the United States, called again for the suspension of the May 20 elections.

The United States has announced new sanctions against the number two Venezuelan power, Diosdado Cabello. The United States accuses this senior official of corruption and drug trafficking, while emphasizing in a statement his determination to "put a stop to those who betray the trust of the Venezuelan people." Sanctions, according to them, to "support the efforts of the Venezuelan people to restore their democracy".

In early 2018, the European Union passed sanctions against Caracas, which targeted relatives of the Venezuelan president, including Diosdado Cabello.

"If the world wants to impose sanctions on us, we are going to hold elections ... Imperial and ungoverned powers have triggered a systematic campaign of hatred against Venezuela," noted Diosdado Cabello.

It is in this context that Nicolas Maduro announced at the end of January the holding of early elections, which could, according to him, legitimize his power in the eyes of the world.








Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld


COSMETIC REFORMS IN SAUDI ARABIA OR THE ARREST OF SEVEN MILITANTS IN WOMEN'S RIGHTS

The kingdom arrested seven women's rights activists on Tuesday (May 15th). Human Rights Watch (HRW) reveals and denounces it on Saturday. According to the NGO, the reason for the arrests is unclear. These arrests come as Saudi Arabia is preparing for a spectacular reform since at the end of June, women will be allowed to drive on the roads of the country!

Among the arrested activists: three known women, Loujain al-Hathloul, Aziza al-Yousef and Eman al-Nafjan, for the lifting of the ban, as well as the end of the tutelage exercised by men on women. A semi-retired lawyer, who has represented some human rights activists in recent years, is also among those arrested.

Activists told HRW that in September 2017, " the royal court contacted important activists ... and warned them not to speak in the media . " "These calls were made the same day the authorities announced the lifting of the driving ban for women," said HRW.

In any case, women remain under male guardianship.

By law, Saudi women must get permission from a man in their family for many important decisions.

Reforms announced that will only be cosmetic as the Saudi women will not be totally emancipated from the male tutelage. Tutoring has recently been relaxed but remains in force, for example when a Saudi woman travels abroad: she must obtain permission from her male guardian.

"The" reform campaign "launched by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is a cause for real Saudi reformers who dare to publicly defend human rights and women's emancipation," said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director of the United Nations. NGO

With these arrests, the message of the Saudi authorities seems clear: "The reforms come exclusively from the royal power . " If MBS, strong man of the kingdom, shows to transform his country, it is without leaving the least space to a form of mobilization or claim of the civil society!

In this ultra-conservative country governed by a Sunni Islam rigorous, this plan of reforms, "Vision 2030" , is only intended to diversify the Saudi economy, too dependent on oil.

For many Saudi activists, however, these reforms will only be cosmetic as the Saudi women will not be fully emancipated from male guardianship ...


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

SCANDAL OF SEXUAL ABUSE

OR THE RESIGNATION OF CHILEAN BISHOPS

It is from reading Father Bertomeu's 2,300-page findings, including 64 testimonies collected in Chile and the United States, that the Pope admitted in April that he had made "serious mistakes" in the assessment of situation in Chile and spoke of a "lack of truthful and balanced information".

I He had summoned all the bishops of Chile to Rome to examine the conclusions of the report.

The Spanish priest Jordi Bertomeu (co-author Msgr. Charles Scicluna) of an investigation commissioned by the pope on sexual abuse perpetrated by the Chilean clergy had noted Thursday morning that the convocation of the entire Chilean Bishops' Conference in Rome was exceptional.

Pope Francis has indeed received the 32 bishops to evoke the calamitous management of scandals of sexual abuse.

At a press conference on Friday, May 18 in Rome, the 32 Chileans have all handed over their work to the pope.

In a letter sent on Monday to the 32 Chilean bishops in office, the pope had deplored that this "wound" was "treated so far with a drug that, far from healing, seems to have dug more in its thickness and pain" .

"We need a change," he continued . Not only do we owe it to our communities and so many who have suffered and are suffering in their flesh, but we also owe it to the conversion spirit of mission and the identity of the Church. "

The pope acknowledges "serious errors" of appreciation in this hot issue. "We have deepened [the] gravity of abuses of power and conscience over minors, as well as their tragic consequences," he said while asking pardon for these victims.

In his letter he invites the Chilean bishops to build "a prophetic Church, listening to the hungry, the prisoner, the migrant and the abused".

A statement by the Secretary General of the Episcopal Conference of Chile, Bishop Fernando Ramos, is expected this Friday at midday in front of the press










Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

NEW PROVOCATIONS

BETWEEN KIM-JONG-UN AND DONALD TRUMP?

Due to US-South Korean military exercises, Pyongyang decided to cancel negotiations with Seoul scheduled for May 16, according to Yonhap News Agency. "North Korea announced on Wednesday that it was canceling the high-level meeting that was to take place today with South Korea because of ongoing military exercises between South Korean and US air forces , " writes the agency. This meeting between the two Koreas on May 16 in the village of Panmunjom was to be held to consider the implementation measures of the Panmunjom declaration, adopted at the end of the inter-Korean summit of April 27. So cancellation at the last moment.

Kim Jong-a threatens to do the same with the historic summit with US President Donald Trump, scheduled for June 12

Pyongyang vehemently denounces joint military exercises between the United States and South Korea.

The Max Thunder aerial maneuvers, which began on May 11, are expected to last two weeks and involve a hundred planes from both countries, including fearsome American F-22 "Raptor" fighter jets dreaded by the regime. These exercises would also include B-52 bombers, capable of carrying nuclear warheads. The regime sees a "deliberate military provocation" in the current context of détente, especially since he has just agreed to release three American prisoners and to dismantle its nuclear test site.

Despite recent goodwill by Kim Jong-un, the denuclearization of North Korea could be more complicated than expected.

If the White House "puts us on the wall and unilaterally demands that we give up nuclear weapons, we will have no more interest in discussions and we should reconsider whether to accept the summit. to come between North Korea and the United States, " said Deputy Foreign Minister Kim Kye Gwan, quoted by the official KCNA agency.

In addition, the North Korean Deputy Minister also expressed his "anger" at the cynicism of Donald Trump's National Security Advisor, John Bolton, who spoke of the "Libyan model" for the denuclearization of North Korea. This is a "very sinister attempt to subject North Korea to the fate of Libya and Iraq," he insurgent.

Let us remember that after giving up his nuclear program, the Libyan leader Gaddafi was killed in an uprising supported by NATO forces.

However, this is not the end of the dialogue process between Kim-Jong-un and Donald Trump.

For its part, Washington says indeed not to have been "notified" of a change while ensuring to continue to prepare the summit between Kim Jong-un and Donald Trump. The White House has defended joint military maneuvers, described as "legal exercises, planned well in advance" and which "are not at all provocative" .

For political analysts in Seoul, these threats are simply part of the ongoing negotiations process. The Kim-Jong-a regime is advancing its pawns using these military exercises to put pressure on the United States. In the regime also to strengthen its positions near the summit with Donald Trump.

North Korea simply reminds us that we must not proclaim victory too quickly, that it also requires significant concessions. These are the negotiations that are just beginning!


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

MURDER OF VOLUNTARY MASS

WITH MH370 FLIGHT ACCORDING TO EXPERTS

 

The plane, a Boeing from Malaysia Airlines, was connecting Kuala Lumpur to Beijing with 239 people on board on March 8, 2014, when it suddenly disappeared from radar screens shortly after taking off.

The research was officially abandoned by the Malaysian, Chinese and Australian authorities in January 2017. Only three debris from the flight were recovered on the western shores of the Indian Ocean.

Four years after the fact, the mystery could have been solved.

The findings of a group of experts in civil aviation believe that the pilot of the plane has voluntarily crashed his aircraft carrying 239 people in the South Indian Ocean.

More than four years after the disappearance of flight MH370 with 239 people on board, shortly after taking off from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing, no explanation for this tragedy was found.

These aviation specialists spent several months on the flight path of the aircraft based on military radar data.

A premeditated gesture?

The act of Zaharie was premeditated, according to these experts. As proof, Zaharie put on an oxygen mask before depressurizing the plane, which had the effect of suffocating passengers and crew members, they say.

Hence the silence of the aircraft that deviated from its trajectory: no "mayday" from the radio of the aircraft, no final goodbye message, no attempt at an emergency call.

Another quirk on the last flight path of the plane could then be explained, namely an unexpected turn on the left.

The pilot would have wanted to see one last time his hometown, Penang, Malaysia, said one of the specialists, Simon Hardy, in the Australian show, "60 minutes"

Moreover the pilot would have carefully avoided the military radars.

Then Zaharie only had to turn off the transponder, which helps locate the aircraft and bring the aircraft where it wanted. "It seems that he took care to fly at the border between Thailand and Malaysia, entering and exiting regularly the airspace of these two countries to escape the military radars" , detailed Simon Hardy in "60 minutes" .

All these hypotheses, however, remain not completely new theories. In fact, only the wreckage could determine with certainty what caused the crash of the aircraft.

Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

BLOOD BATH IN GAZA OR

THE IMPLICATION OF HAMAS ?

In the aftermath of bloody clashes between Palestinian and Israeli protesters, the international community unanimously condemns the massacre, in which 55 Palestinians were killed and 2,400 wounded. Among them "eight children under 16 , " said a Palestinian ambassador to the UN.

These deaths make this day the deadliest of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since the 2014 war in the enclave. Mahmoud Abbas denounces an Israeli "massacre" and refuses any American peace mediation.

"The United States is no longer a mediator in the Middle East," he also told Ramallah, in front of the Palestinian leadership while describing the US embassy as a "new post of advanced colonization."

He announced three days of mourning in the Palestinian Territories and a general strike on Tuesday, the day on which Palestinians mark the "Nakba" , the disaster that represents for them the creation in 1948 of the State of Israel.

For their part, Israel and the United States reject responsibility for this record on Hamas, agitator voluntary according to the two allies. Israel had warned that it would use "all means" to prevent any incursions into Israel of Palestinians likely to attack the neighboring civilian populations.

Initially it was a movement initiated by the Gazans to recall that Gaza exist but, over the weeks Hamas wanted to recover these gatherings which was meant to be peaceful. On Monday, one of his leaders was haranguing the crowd away from the buffer zone. Outside this buffer zone the Israelis reserve the right to shoot.

Hamas has been in business for eleven years as Gaza has become a disaster-stricken territory where young people only dream of leaving. Through these demonstrations that have become deadly, Hamas is playing its last card: It wants Israel to obtain a relief from the blockade.

A new mobilization is expected Tuesday in Gaza, near the border. This is the day when Palestinians commemorate the "Nakba" , the disaster created for them by the creation of Israel in 1948.

This new planned mobilization near the border on Tuesday, the day Palestinians commemorate the "Nakba" , could provoke bloody clashes again.

These events have given rise to serious international concern in a context of already strong regional tensions and uncertainties.

For the international community, East Jerusalem remains an occupied territory and embassies must not settle in the city until the status has been settled through negotiation.

Kuwait called for an emergency meeting on Tuesday of the UN Security Council while UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said he was "particularly concerned".

The recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by Donald Trump, concretized by the transfer of the Tel Aviv embassy to Jerusalem, is indeed a break with decades of American diplomacy and international conse