ACQUISITION OF S-400 RUSSIA BY TURKEY

A REDISTRIBUTION OF MAPS ON THE GEOPOLITIC PLAN

Until recently, American diplomacy did not seem convinced that the Turkish leaders would complete their plan to acquire the S-400, which had been a controversial topic for two years. In late June, the new US Secretary of Defense, Mark Esper, met with his Turkish counterpart, Hulusi Akar, on the sidelines of a ministerial meeting in Brussels. It was a last attempt at conciliation, recalling "several decades of collaboration between strategic partners".

However, it was accompanied by a new warning from the Pentagon, which recalled the "incompatibility" between the program of the US stealth aircraft F-35 and the S-400, indicating that Ankara would not be way "not allowed" to dispose of both equipment.

Turkey's Erdogan has overruled this warning on Friday, July 11, 2019. The first elements of the Russian S-400 missiles arrived Friday in Ankara on board a cargo plane.

This delivery of Russian arms corresponds to an agreement between the Turkish and Russian authorities. More deliveries are planned in the coming days and weeks.

The S-400, the flagship of the Russian air defense, is an air defense system entered into service in the Russian army in 2007, designed to intercept and shoot down any threat from the sky, plane or missile. The S-400, for a lower cost, competes with the American Patriot.

US threats and NATO concern

Pillar of the south-east flank of the Atlantic Alliance since 1952 and second army of NATO by the number of soldiers, Turkey has certainly never been an easy partner, especially since the coming to power in 2002 Islamists of the AKP (Justice and Development Party). But this time, the warming of relations between Moscow and Ankara has reached a new milestone with the delivery of the Russian missile system S-400. Erdogan thus launches an unprecedented challenge to NATO and the United States.

The United States is very up, just like NATO, of which Turkey is nevertheless part. But the Alliance's room for maneuver is reduced: indeed, the founding treaty of the organization does not provide for any mechanism of sanctions against a member. It is, therefore, the United States that will come from possible retaliatory measures.

Ankara has for many years been allied with Washington and, turning now to Moscow to acquire a sophisticated system of anti-aircraft defense, becomes a potential enemy.

That's why Washington, changing its strategy of cooperation with Turkey, immediately stopped training Turkish pilots in handling the future F-35 stealth aircraft. And the United States now threatens to exclude Turkey completely from the development program of this hunter. They fear that Russia will use the Turkish S-400s to collect information through its trainers about the American F-35s, the latest-generation fighters that Turkey has ordered in 100 copies. Pentagon officials say that Russia could have information on how to shoot down the F-35 via the S-400 system. The United States and NATO also believe that the S-400 is incompatible with the equipment used by members of the Atlantic Alliance.

But Ankara, by buying such sophisticated weapons from Russia, especially allows Moscow to turn its S-400 into a political weapon. Russia's announcement of a first flight of S-400 missiles and radars to Turkey is bringing the Syrian and Caribbean issues, which are already fueled in the Atlantic Alliance, to a climax. Kurdish, or the failed coup d'état of 2016.

Retaliation but how far?

The Trump administration has given until July 31 to Ankara to abandon this acquisition, under penalty of economic sanctions that could be fatal to an already weakened Turkish economy.

Washington is now required to issue a strong warning to Erdogan, but also to others to prevent future missions being made more complex, to warn other countries that would be tempted to acquire Russian equipment . It remains however that the Turkey plays a crucial role, both in terms of security, for the United States - which has missiles and a NATO base for their planes at Incirlik, in the south of the country - than in the control of immigration, a key topic for Europeans. A role that could lead both to react more moderately.

So the other members of the Alliance seem for the moment to hesitate on the attitude to adopt, beyond the expression of their "concern" , and hope that the recent disappointments of the party of Mr. Erdogan in the municipal elections lead to his defeat in the next presidential election in 2023.

Be that as it may, this broken alliance undoubtedly marks a strategic break and a redistribution of geopolitical maps.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

THE LEAVE OF A PRINCESS OF DUBAI IN LONDON ABORS THE IMAGE OF EMIRAT

Princess Haya of Jordan, daughter of King Hussein and sixth wife of the Emir of Dubai, fled her country and perhaps her husband, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. After a visit to Germany, she hides for the moment in London with her two children. Before her two princesses of the family had tried to rebuild their lives abroad.

This flight hurts the reputation of the ruling family.

Princess Latifa, one of the Emir's daughters, fled to the United States in 2018 to escape her father, whom she accused of torture. She is arrested and forcibly taken back "home". She literally disappears from the public sphere, a young woman who would have made Princess Haya fear that the same thing will happen to her.

Several NGOs had condemned the attitude of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, who allegedly concealed the reality of the case from his wife, making him believe that Latifa had been scammed and had to be rescued. But since then, Princess Haya would have learned the truth about Latifa's treatment and decided to run away.

Princess Haya Bint Al-Hussein reportedly fled to London "for fear of being murdered or forcibly returned to Dubai," according to the British press.

Ten years before the Latifa affair, another daughter of the emir, 17-year-old Princess Shamsa Al-Maktoum, had also tried to flee, Le Monde said. The teenager had taken advantage of the family's stay in England to escape the paternal grip. Caught up, the teenager was forced back to Dubai.

Divorce application

In London with her two children, Princess Haya therefore filed for divorce.

Half British by her mother, Haya Bint Al-Hussein has strong ties with the UK. The princess studied philosophy and economics at Oxford. And she and her husband are known to be close to Queen Elizabeth and Prince Charles and his wife Camilla.

Her escape highlights the mistreatment of women in the Royal Family of the United Arab Emirates, a country that plays an important role in the British influence in the Middle East.

Towards a diplomatic crisis

This personal story could take an international turn. The princess who studied at Oxford University might want to stay in the UK. But if her ex-husband demands his return, this poses a diplomatic puzzle for Britain, which has ties with the United Arab Emirates but does not recognize polygamous marriage. It is also a problem for Jordan since Princess Haya is the half-sister of King Abdullah of Jordan and many Jordanians work in the United Arab Emirates. Moreover, the current tensions in the region are driving expats away and the economy is not in great shape.

"The Dubai ruler writes poetry on his broken heart by the departure of his wife Princess Haya, but given the treatment he gives to his two daughters in prison, he seems to tolerate women only when they remain confined in their gilded prison, "the Human Rights Watch director wrote on Twitter.

The flight of Princess Haya, a new scandal in the Emir's family in Dubai, once again darkens the image of the monarchy.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

THE INTERNATIONAL REACTION AFTER THE CARNAGE OF A CAMP OF MIGRANTS IN LIBYA

Migrants Camp bombarded in Libya: the United States blocks a conviction of the Security Council Washington prevented the UN Security Council from unanimously condemning the strike that hit a detention center for migrants in the suburbs of Tripoli, killing 53 people. The two opposing sides reject responsibility.

Failure of the resolution

After the death of at least 44 migrants in an aerial bombardment against their detention center in Libya, and while the UN - through the voice of Ghassan Salamé, its envoy in the country - condemned the strike, the United States On 4 July, they vetoed the urgent adoption by the Security Council of a unanimous condemnation of this deadly attack. The text aimed to condemn the strike and establish a ceasefire for a return to the political process in Libya. But the resolution initiated by London to condemn the attack was not adopted because the United States opposed it. No explanation could be obtained immediately from the American mission on the reasons for this blockage. This is not the first time the UN fails to speak with one voice about Libya. Already on April 19, Washington and Moscow had blocked a resolution for a ceasefire together.

Libyan two sides blame each other

The strike was carried out in Tajoura, a town in the Tripoli district. It was awarded by the National Unity Government (GNA) to Khalifa Haftar's rival forces engaged for several months in an offensive to seize the country's capital. In response, pro-Haftar forces spokesman Ahmad al-Mesmari denied any involvement in the attack, accusing the GNA of "fomenting a plot" to take responsibility for the carnage. However, pro-Haftar forces admit to targeting the area, but using "precision" strikes only against military sites.

Migrant detention camps in Libya

The detention center was home to about 600 migrants, mostly Eritreans and Sudanese, and two of its five hangars were affected, according to the center's director Noureddine al-Grifi. Some 120 migrants were in Hangar No. 3, which was hit hard. On the spot, blood-stained blankets, debris and twisted pieces of the metal structure of the building surround a crater three meters in diameter. UN envoy Ghassan Salamé condemned "bloody and bloody carnage" in a statement issued by the UN Mission in Libya (Manul).

At least 53 migrants were killed and more than 130 were seriously injured in the bombing of the center, hit for the second time since the start of the pro-Haftar offensive on 4 April.

Libya remains the main point of departure for migrants from Africa who have been trying to reach Italy by sea for several years. Thousands of people are held in centers in the country, under inhuman conditions, according to the defense groups. human rights and the United Nations. About 660,000 migrants are currently in Libya, but the strategic repositioning of criminal groups, the rise of the Libyan coastguard and the tightening of the EU's migration policy are preventing any improvement in the situation.

Urgency to find solutions for migrants

This tragedy highlights the urgent need to provide safe shelter for all refugees and migrants until their asylum claims are met or they are repatriated safely.

"The UN provided the exact location of the detention center to the warring parties to prevent it from being targeted," said Antonio Guterres' spokesman.

The head of the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Filippo Grandi, brought him "three key messages: migrants and refugees must NOT be detained, civilians must NOT be targets, Libya is NOT a safe place for a return of migrants.

Libya theater of chaos since the fall of Gaddafi

Since 2011, the fall of dictator Muammar Gaddafi's regime has plunged the country into chaos. Libya is the scene of internal struggles and insecurity with multiple militias that have been the law since the fall of the regime of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. Since 2015, two rival authorities are fighting over power. On the one hand, the government of national unity in the west of the country, where is the capital, Tripoli, led by Fayez al-Sarraj, the head of government. On the other, an authority in the East, controlled by the Libyan National Army, led by Marshal Khalifa Haftar. Marshal Haftar, a strong man from eastern Libya, is supported by the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, while the only executive recognized by the international community is supported by Turkey and Qatar.

The coming to power of Fayez al-Sarraj has revived the hopes of a way out of the crisi.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

CRISIS IN HONG KONG CONDEMNED BY CHINA
WHO TAKES ZERO TOLERANCE

When Hong Kong commemorates the 22nd anniversary of its return to China, protesters forced their way into the Hong Kong local parliament on Monday (July 1st).

The calm returned Tuesday morning in Hong Kong after the intervention of the police in the night of Monday to Tuesday to evacuate demonstrators who had introduced by force in the parliament of the former British colony.

The reaction of the Chinese press

The Chinese official press was quick to condemn the protesters taking advantage of these first violent incidents to call on Tuesday a "zero tolerance". For the Chinese newspaper Global Times, "the protesters displayed a deep contempt for law and order."

"Chinese society is fully aware that a policy of zero tolerance is the only remedy for such destructive behavior", at the risk of "opening the Pandora's box", adds the paper led by "People's Daily" , the organ of the Chinese Communist Party.

Since June 9, Hong Kong is the scene of a historic challenge against the government accused of being pro-Beijing . They protest against the government's bill to allow extradition to mainland China.

The bill, which concerns the seven million inhabitants but also foreign and Chinese nationals living or passing through, has caused a wide outcry in the special administrative region. This project is indeed experienced as an attack on the high degree of autonomy enjoyed by Hong Kong. Opponents of the bill argue that it is likely to call into question the principle that led to the handover to China of the former British colony, because the law would allow Beijing to increase its influence in managing the affairs of the city and would effectively reduce the high degree of autonomy enjoyed by Hong Kong. The text would allow the arbitrary extradition of individuals to mainland China where, according to the opponents, they would not benefit from a fair justice

The text, suspended today, has thrown huge crowds on the streets, up to two million on June 16 out of a total population of 7 million. They are now asking for its cancellation outright. The protesters also demand the resignation of the head of the government Carrie Lam and the end of the prosecution of protesters arrested in recent weeks.

What future for Hong Kong

The reaction of Jeremy Hunt, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs of the United Kingdom since 2018 was not long in coming.

Jeremy Hunt reacted on his Twitter account.

He reminds that liberties are steadfast in Hong Kong.Away from campaigning to stress UK support for Hong Kong and its freedoms is UNWAVERING on this anniversary day. No violence is acceptable but HK people have the right to peaceful protest.

4:17 PM - Jul 1, 2019

"One country, two systems" until when?

At the end of the 1984 agreement between London and Beijing which presided over its retrocession in 1997, Hong Kong enjoyed a semi-autonomy and freedoms that did not exist in mainland China and, in theory, until 2047 .

But in recent years, the Chinese power systematically interprets the texts governing the autonomy of Hong Kong in a restrictive way. A draft law provides for the authorization of extraditions to China. Controversial, he has already provoked unprecedented protests in Hong Kong. But this bill presents serious risks in terms of human rights. Does not Hong Kong benefit from an autonomous judicial system ("One country, two systems," launched Deng Xiaoping), since 1997, when the former British colony was handed over to China?

The former British colony, however, has been the scene of intense political unrest over the last decade due to the concern over Beijing's growing interference in its internal affairs, and the feeling that retrocession and the famous principle "One country, two systems" are no longer respected.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

EXPLOSION D'UN MISSILE A CHYPRE

PROBABLEMENT DEPUIS LA SYRIE

Une lumière dans le ciel, suivie par trois violentes explosions… Ce lundi 1er juillet, au petit matin, un objet non identifié s’est écrasé près d’une zone montagneuse située au nord-est de la capitale chypriote Nicosie, dans la partie turque de l’île.

L’explosion a retenti vers 01 h du matin et a déclenché un incendie dans la région de Tashkent, également appelée Vouno, dans la partie turque de l’île.

Un missile sol-air S-200 ?

Les autorités de Chypre-Nord ont indiqué lundi qu'une explosion dans la nuit était vraisemblablement due à un missile de fabrication russe tiré depuis la Syrie, qui se serait abattu à une dizaine de km de la capitale Nicosie après avoir manqué sa cible.

Après avoir envisagé plusieurs hypothèses, dont la chute d'un drone, les autorités de l'autoproclamée République turque de Chypre-Nord (RTCN), non reconnue par la communauté internationale, privilégient désormais la piste d'un missile russe, a indiqué son chef de la diplomatie, Kudret Ozersay.

« D'après nos premières évaluations, il s'agirait d'un missile de fabrication russe tiré par un système de défense anti-aérienne lors d'une attaque aérienne contre la Syrie hier (dimanche) soir et qui, après avoir manqué sa cible, aurait fini sa course dans notre pays », a-t-il déclaré dans un communiqué.

Kudret Ozersay a indiqué que les enquêteurs avaient relevé des inscriptions « identiques à celles trouvées sur un missile de type S-200 tombé en Turquie en juillet 2018 ».

Le S-200 est un système de défense anti-aérienne de fabrication russe. L'explosion de cet engin, qui n'a pas fait de victime, a provoqué un important incendie, selon les médias locaux.

Défenses anti-aériennes syriennes

Mustafa Akinci, le dirigeant de la République turque de Chypre du nord, a estimé que l’objet était en lien avec des opérations militaires au Moyen-Orient - l’île se trouve à proximité de la Syrie où, notamment, les raids de l’aviation israélienne sont fréquents.

La chute de cet objet coïncide avec un raid mené dans la nuit de dimanche à lundi par l'aviation israélienne près de Damas, une attaque qui a été rapportée par l'agence de presse officielle syrienne Sana et l'Observatoire syrien des droits de l'Homme (OSDH), une ONG.

Le site de l'explosion à Chypre se trouve à une dizaine de kilomètres à vol d'oiseau de la capitale divisée Nicosie, qui compte plusieurs centaines de milliers d'habitants.

Si cette hypothèse se confirmait, ce serait la première fois que Chypre est directement affectée par le conflit syrien.

L'île de Chypre est scindée en deux depuis l'invasion du tiers nord de l'île par l'armée turque en 1974 en réaction à un coup d'Etat visant à rattacher l'île à la Grèce. L'ensemble de Chypre, situé à plus d'une centaine de km des côtes syriennes, est considéré comme un territoire européen.

Mais la République de Chypre, membre de l'UE, n'exerce son autorité que sur les deux tiers sud. Au nord se trouve la RTCN autoproclamée et reconnue par Ankara.

Alize Marion pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

LA TASSE BLANCHE DE VLADIMIR POUTINE AU G20

Les images de télévision montrent notamment Vladimir Poutine trinquer à distance avec son homologue américain Donald Trump, chacun étant assis de part et d’autre de l’hôte du G20, le Premier ministre japonais Shinzo Abe.

« Si vous aviez vu ce que j’ai vu, vous apporteriez votre propre tasse aussi », a commenté sur Twitter le compte parodique anglophone@DarthPutinKGB, référence aux accusations d’empoisonnement d’ex-agents secrets ou d’opposants dont a été plusieurs fois accusée la Russie ces dernières années.

Mais le président russe semble avoir cette même manie en Russie :

la semaine dernière lors de son émission annuelle « Ligne directe », il avait la même tasse blanche et frappée des armoiries de la Russie.

Le Kremlin a de son côté rapidement réagi.

« C’est parce qu’il boit du thé en permanence avec ce thermos », a expliqué son porte-parole, Dmitri Peskov.

Boby Dean pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AU G20 ACCORD SUR LE CLIMAT A 19 SEULEMENT

Le président français Macron annonce un texte à 19 pour la mise en œuvre de l'accord de Paris

Dix-neuf des vingt membres du G20 sans les Etats-Unis ont réaffirmé samedi au Japon leur engagement pour «la mise en œuvre complète» de l'accord signé en 2015 à Paris sur la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique.

« Nous avons réussi à obtenir des éléments qui permettent de maintenir le niveau d'ambition tel qu'il avait été affirmé à Hambourg et Buenos Aires », lieux des deux derniers G20, a annoncé le président français.

Par ailleurs, le président brésilien Jair Bolsonaro « m'a confirmé son engagement contrairement aux inquiétudes qu'on pouvait avoir sur l'accord de Paris et sur le combat en faveur de la biodiversité », a-t-il ajouté.

Emmanuel Macron l'a reconnu en conférence de presse lors du G20 à Osaka :

les négociations ont été très difficiles et très tendues entre les pays. Mais une déclaration commune a été publiée à l'issue de ce G20, même si elle a été obtenue au forceps.

Une autre particularité :

les États-Unis se sont retirés en raison du paragraphe sur le climat. C'est sur ce point qu'il y a eu beaucoup de discussions entre les négociateurs toute la nuit.

Les Etats-Unis se sont en effet retirés de l’accord de Paris en 2017.

Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld

G20 OR WHO WILL WIN LEADERSHIP ?

It is with a solemn call from Japan to "harmony", in keeping with the new era in which the archipelago entered that began the G20 on Friday.

Even before the opening of the G20 on Friday and tomorrow in Osaka, Japan, the US president has attacked his opponents as well as his allies ...

And this meeting of the leaders of the twenty first powers of the world is already announced - perhaps - the most crucial

"Welcome to Osaka," said the Japanese Prime Minister at the opening of the debates in the big Japanese coastal city. "Together, I hope we will achieve a beautiful harmony in Osaka," he said, referring to the meaning of "" Reiwa ", the name of this new era.

Yet it is a potentially stormy G20 that opened Friday in Osaka, an international meeting where the world's most disunited as ever, about trade, climate or even Iran, will have to contend. Deep disagreements that will not necessarily reach international consensus:

The climate emergency

If the current heat wave comes to the summit of Osaka, "the climatic ambition", which E.Macron defends tooth and nail, is not shared by everyone. Among the G20 countries, how many are still wanting to make efforts to save the planet?

The United States has already announced its withdrawal from the Paris agreement, but other leaders could join Donald Trump as the Brazilian Jair Bolsonaro who rejects any Western criticism on its environmental policy.

Turkey would also be asking questions, especially for financial reasons. Emmanuel Macron, who says "to have the faith of the recent convert," estimated Thursday, June 27, that "the fight that will lead to the G20 is decisive warning that France will not sign the summit declaration if it does not defend "Climate ambition".

In fact, if the fight against climate change resulted in the Paris agreement in 2015, the Hamburg G20 summit two years ago could only see the divergence between the United States and the 19 others. country, after Donald Trump's decision to get out of this deal.

European countries will coordinate in the morning on this issue. Others, like Canada, should join them. "It is clear that it will be difficult to get a breakthrough" on this theme, said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

Iran and the nuclear issue

On Iran, one of the major issues of tension at the moment, if Donald Trump also wanted soothing when he arrived at the G20 "We have time" to resolve tensions, he said, he still spoke, however, there is little "war" against the Iranians.

Russia has sought until now, like China and the Europeans, to calm the game like Emmanuel Macron who has promised on the sidelines of the G20 that it would "the maximum" to "avoid a military escalation ". The United States and Russia, which have no interest in the Middle East region getting burned, will have to break the stalemate.

The trade war between the United States and China

Far from any multilateral format, Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping, now fighting openly for the world's economic and technological domination, will also have in their hands, during their scheduled meeting Saturday, the fate of the world economy.

Washington threatens to tax all Chinese imports, which would certainly be a point of no return in the commercial and technological conflict of the two giants. Heads of State and Government will have to agree on the follow-up. They will also have to evoke the fate of a leader of Huiwei .

In this white-hot climate, Japan, the host country, is trying to gather all signatures under the final communiqué of an already tormented summit.

The call of the president Abe to "find common ground rather than highlight the clashes" will it be well received by leaders at the G20 summit strong symbolic?

The numerous bilateral meetings between leaders could incite them..........

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

A SHORT WAR UNITED STATES AGAINST IRAN

Would the United States have "permanently closed the path of diplomacy," as certified by Iran? Donald Trump has indeed raised the possibility of a war against Tehran "that would not last very long", thus taking the opposite of his counterpart Iranian, which seemed to play appeasement.

The US president assured Wednesday not to hope for such a conflict, but these statements sound like a new warning to Iran. "We are in a very strong position, and it would not last very long, I can tell you. (...) And I do not talk about ground troops, "Donald Trump told Fox Business Network.

A little later, he said Iranian leaders would be "stupid" and "selfish" not to seek an agreement to relieve US sanctions. The US president assured Wednesday not to hope for such a conflict, but these statements sound like a new warning to Iran.

"Iran can do what it wants, I do not care, I have plenty of time. But their country is in economic distress [...] Their leaders should take care of the population, "he said.

"The inaction of Europeans"

Iranian President Hassan Rohani assured his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron by telephone that his country was seeking "war with no country", not even the United States, according to the official Irna news agency, while criticizing Europeans for not act to preserve the economic interests of his country.

"I tell the Americans: you have chosen the wrong way. I tell the Europeans: you are wrong with your inaction, "he said," and I tell them (everyone) to return to their oath and their commitments. "

European members of the UN Security Council issued a joint statement Wednesday criticizing the behavior of the United States and Iran over the 2015 agreement.

According to Irna, Rohani also warned Emmanuel Macron that his country could be even more free from the commitments made in Vienna if the Europeans did not fulfill their "promises [...] to guarantee the economic interests of Iran".

"Nothing to wait for"

In a note issued on Tuesday, Admiral Ali Shamkhani, secretary general of the Supreme National Security Council, writes that Tehran will "resolutely" implement the second phase of its "reduction plan" of its nuclear commitments by 7 July.

In other words, Iran would begin to enrich uranium to a degree prohibited by the Vienna Agreement (the limit is set at 3.67%) and restart its project to build a heavy water reactor. in Arak (center), put to sleep.

Tehran has already indicated that its reserves of (slightly) enriched uranium should exceed the limit of 300 kg Thursday.

This may lead the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to note, for the first time since the entry into force of the agreement, Iran's breach of its commitments.

Paris ruled on Tuesday that such an "Iranian violation" would be "a serious mistake".

Khamenei said on Wednesday that the Iranian "beautiful" nation's resolve would defeat the sanctions and "insults" of the "most vicious regime in the world.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

WHO WINS ISTANBUL WINS TURKEY

SNUB SCATHING FOR ERDOGAN

The opposition inflicted Sunday a stinging snub on the Turkish president by winning again, but with a larger margin, the Istanbul city hall.

Ekrem Imamoglu, candidate of the Republican People's Party (CHP, secular), won with 54.21% of the vote, reports the official Anatolia news agency. He obtained a much larger advance than in the previous victory, on March 31, which was canceled at the request of the AKP party (in power) for alleged irregularities.

This time, the opponent's victory is overwhelming. In the first vote, on March 31, Mr. Imamoglu had only 13,000 votes ahead of his competitor, Binali Yildirim. According to results confirmed Monday morning, he has 806 000 votes ahead of his rival. The votes were favorable in 28 districts of Istanbul out of 39, against 15 in the first election.

Sunday's CHP victory is a stinging blow for Erdogan, as he was himself mayor of Istanbul in the 1990s and has often repeated the antiphon: "Who wins Istanbul wins Turkey" .

The snub is all the more serious as Imamoglu, the incarnation of Atatürk's legacy and secularism, achieved good scores in traditionally religious neighborhoods of the city, which until now had been regarded as bastions of the city. AKP. in particular in Beyoglu, on the European side, the district where Recep Tayyip Erdogan was born, as well as in Usküdar.

A scathing snub for Erdogan

Controversial on the international level as well as on the inside, the new "sultan" Erdogan loses with Istanbul the superb he had found during his re-election as president last year. The tailor-made Constitution and the absolute power he had wrought by decimating the opposition had finally made him forget that he was not above the people.

Theater of Erdogan's first political victories, the Istanbul megalopolis and its 15 million inhabitants came to inflict on him their most ceaseless electoral setback in a second election which brought the opposition together in a democratic start against the roll. authoritarian compressor of the regime at work since the failed military coup of 2016.

The municipal elections last March were also favorable to the opposition in the largest cities of the country, including the capital Ankara.

In the victory of the Social Democrat candidate in Istanbul, a rejection of the blind repression that has affected all sectors of Turkish society for three years crystallizes.

Former Prime Minister Binali Yildirim, the candidate of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), Erdogan's conservative Islamist movement, who had held the city for 25 years, quickly recognized his opponent's victory. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, via his Twitter account, and the unfortunate candidate Binali Yildirim have sent their congratulations to the new councilor.

Towards democracy and justice

This is the first time in seventeen years that Ekrem Imamoglu has reached out to him. "Mr. Chairman, I am ready to work in harmony with you," he said from his headquarters.

Then addressing his constituents: "From today, a new page opens in Istanbul where the values ​​of justice, equality, respect and love will prevail over all others. "

Tens of thousands of Imamoglu supporters celebrated the victory of Imamoglu, a former businessman, Sunday night on the streets of Istanbul.

"Sixteen million Istanbulians have restored today our confidence in democracy and justice," said Ekrem Imamoglu.

"Thank you Istanbul! ", Launched the CHP candidate to his supporters. "We will build democracy in our city, we will build justice. In this beautiful city, I promise, we will build the future! ", he added.

Istanbul, the birthplace of the Reïs, the ideological and economic showcase of its power, has come into resistance. She opens a new page.

Towards a cabinet reshuffle ?

Many observers expect a cabinet reshuffle in Ankara as well as diplomatic adjustments.

Turkey, which is a member of NATO, has moved closer to Russia, to which it has placed an order for a missile defense system, which has led to threats of sanctions from the United States.

The Turkish lira had fallen after the cancellation of the March 31 poll, and has fallen by 8% since the beginning of the year, partly due to electoral turmoil. After Imamoglu's victory on Sunday night, the Turkish currency strengthened.

Ekrem Imamoglu's victory in the municipal election celebrates the emergence of a new generation of politicians in Turkey. It jeopardizes the electoral base of the AKP, whose "machine to win" the elections has abruptly seized.

By winning the mayor of Turkey's richest and most populous city, Ekrem Imamoglu is already positioning himself as the future opposition candidate in the upcoming presidential election scheduled for 2023.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

AMERICAN CYBERATTACKS AGAINST IRAN ?

"Neither Iran nor any other hostile actor should confuse caution and restraint on the part of the United States with weakness," warned John Bolton.

Fighting, the response has been on the ground of cyber war, report several US media. The United States this week launched cyberattacks against missile launching systems and an Iranian espionage network, after the Tehran's destruction of an American drone, reported Saturday, June 22 several American media.

US President Donald Trump has canceled at the last minute scheduled strikes against Iran after the destruction of the surveillance drone on June 20. On the other hand, he secretly allowed retaliation in the form of a cyberattack against Iran's defense systems, the Washington Post said.

According to the "WaPo", one of the cyber attacks targeted computers used to control missile and rocket launches. According to Yahoo! News, the other computer attack hit a spy network to monitor the passage of ships in the Strait of Hormuz.

Scheduled for several weeks

According to the Washington Post, these cyberattacks, planned for several weeks, were originally proposed by the US military as a response to attacks in mid-June tankers in the Strait of Hormuz. Washington accuses Iran of these attacks, while Tehran denies any involvement

The nuclear issue

In 2010, Tehran had already accused the United States and Israel of having, in the midst of the Iranian nuclear crisis, created the powerful computer virus Stuxnet, which had infected several thousand of its computers and blocked the centrifuges used for enrichment. Uranium: "We are putting in place major additional sanctions against Iran on Monday," Donal Trump said on Saturday, adding, "Iran can not have nuclear weapons! ". According to the 2015 international nuclear agreement, which Washington withdrew in 2018, Iran pledged not to acquire nuclear weapons.

New "major" sanctions

Donald Trump announced Saturday new "major" sanctions on Monday against Iran. John Bolton will meet this Sunday, June 23, 2019 his Israeli counterparts, Meir Ben-Shabbat, and Russian Nikolai Patrushev, said that "the new sanctions, in preparation for a few weeks, evoked by President Donald Trump" should be "announced publicly on Monday. "

The US president's national security adviser also warned Iran on Sunday not to confuse "caution" and "weakness" two days after Donald Trump's last-minute cancellation of reprisal strikes against Iran "Neither Iran nor any other hostile actor should confuse caution and restraint on the part of the United States with weakness," said John Bolton. "Iran can never have a nuclear weapon either against the United States or against the rest of the world," said John Bolton.

It is "not yet clear whether the attacks were actually carried out or not," the Fars news agency, which is close to the conservatives, said that this US media information could be a "bluff aimed at reaching the public opinion. public and to restore the reputation of the White House "after the destruction of the drone.

Donald Trump, who alternates martial declarations and calls for dialogue for several weeks, had previously assured that if the Iranians gave up their nuclear program, he would become their "best friend".

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

BETWEEN RUSSIA AND GEORGIA SUSPENSION

FLIGHT FOLLOWING MANIFESTATIONS

ANTI-RUSSES IN GEORGIA

On the next day of a decree by President Vladimir Putin banning Russian aircraft flights to Georgia from July 8, the Russian Ministry of Transport announced on Saturday that the flights of Georgian companies to Russia would also be suspended from this date

For security reasons?

These measures come after two days of protests against the power deemed pro-Russian in Tbilisi, the capital of the former Soviet republic. The protests, which brought together thousands of people, were triggered Thursday by the controversial speech of a Russian deputy in the Georgian Parliament.

According to the Kremlin, the ban aims to "protect Russian nationals from criminal and illegal acts". The authorities have recommended that tour operators stop offering to Georgia.

The Ministry of Transport justified the suspension with "The Ministry of Transport justified the suspension with" the need to ensure a sufficient level of aviation safety "and the non-payment by Georgian aircraft manufacturers of nearly 800,000 dollars ( 780,000 francs) "in arrears" in respect of the Russian airline regulator.

Popular destination

While the high season is in full swing, these bans are expected to hit the tourism industries in both countries hard. According to the Russian Tourism Union, in 2018, Russians ranked third among Georgia's largest visitors, with 1.7 million people. "Tourism to Georgia is booming and this decision has shocked the entire industry," said Aleksan Mkrtchian, director of a chain of travel agencies.

Tbilisi and Moscow still have strong tensions, which clashed in a short but bloody war in 2008. The Russian army then intervened on Georgian territory to support the small, pro-Russian separatist South Ossetia, where Tbilisi had launched a military operation. Since then, South Ossetia and another pro-Russian republic, Abkhazia, have Russian troops on their territory.

Thanks to its natural landscapes, its culinary traditions but also its proximity and the possibility of going there without a visa, Georgia remains nevertheless a preferred destination of the Russians. For Irina Tiourina, spokeswoman for the Russian Tourism Union, the security of the Russians remains guaranteed in Georgia: "By tradition, Georgians treat the Russians well," she said.

In a statement, the Russian Foreign Ministry, however, on Saturday asked Georgia to ensure the safety of Russian journalists after an "attempted attack", according to the ministry, against a team of Russian public television "Rossia 24" in Tbilisi.

"Punishing Georgia"

Moscow had already suspended Russian flights to Georgia in October 2006 and in August 2008 after the war in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. "Putin has decided to punish Georgia because there are demonstrations there," said on Twitter the opponent of the Kremlin Alexei Navalny

"Why is he punishing Russians for protests in Georgia?" He added .

Paul Emison for DayNewsWorld

SUMMIT BETWEEN XI JINPING AND KIM JONG

IN NORTH KOREA

"Many hundreds of thousands of people" welcomed Xi Jinping this Thursday, June 20, 2019 in the streets of Pyongyang, according to Chinese TV CCTV. The Chinese president was given 21 guns, before reviewing the troops in the company of his host dressed in a dark Mao costume.

Xi Jinping had a warm welcome in North Korea on Thursday for the first visit of a Chinese president to the country for 14 years, when the two communist neighbors face, for different reasons, the pressure of Donald Trump.

On the menu: the North Korean nuclear program, which is worth to the North Korean regime to be banned from the nations, Beijing also applying international sanctions while remaining the only important ally of Pyongyang.

Xi Jinping assured his host that he welcomed North Korea's "efforts" to "maintain peace and stability in the Korean Peninsula and promote its denuclearization".

Tension between the country and the rest of the world was sharply reduced last year after peaking in previous years as a result of nuclear tests and missiles fired by the Pyongyang regime.

The relaxation was mainly symbolized in 2018 by the historic Singapore summit between Kim and US President Donald Trump. But a second Trump-Kim summit last February in Hanoi did not help, as Americans and North Koreans remained stuck on the issue of Korean denuclearization. Washington demands that it intervene before the lifting of international sanctions, which Pyongyang refuses.

Chinese President Xi Jinping's trip to Pyongyang is a way for him to show his agreement with the Kim Dynasty when he must meet Donald Trump again next week in Japan to discuss the trade war between the two giants Pacific. He intends to recall the essential role of his country, which absorbs 90% of the trade of Pyongyang, while the US president promises a fabulous economic development to North Korea if it agrees to give up its nuclear program.

Moreover, President Xi intends to show that he can influence Kim and that no comprehensive and lasting agreement with North Korea can be reached without the help and approval of China.

The Chinese president could even encourage Kim Jong to denuclearize, which would make him an indispensable interlocutor between North Korea and the United States. A way to negotiate better with Donald Trump.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

AMERICAN DRONE SLAUGHTERED BY IRAN

AND CONSEQUENCES

"A US use of force against Iran would be a disaster, at least for the region," Russian President Vladimir Putin said Thursday.

Iran announced Thursday that it has shot down an American "spy drone". A new stage in the very lively tension between the country and the United States. .Washington accuses Iran of causing explosions that damaged two oil tankers - Norwegian and Japanese - on June 13, near the strategic Strait of Ormuz. Prosecution firmly denied by Tehran. Since May 2018 and the withdrawal of the United States from the international agreement on Iran's nuclear power, the tension continues to grow throughout the region.

The case is likely to aggravate an already explosive situation. On Thursday morning, Iran announced that it had shot down an "American spy drone" that had violated its airspace. An incident in a context of increasing tensions in the Gulf, raising fears of the outbreak of open conflict between Washington and Tehran.

The Global Hawk was shot down "in the early hours of the day" over the coastal province of Hormozgan in southern Iran, according to a statement by the Revolutionary Guards. He was shot down by a "missile" of the Islamic aerospace force, off the coast facing Mount Mobarak, "after violating Iran's airspace," the text adds. According to Iranian state television, this area is in the county of Jask Harbor (on the Arabian Sea).

No image of the destroyed aircraft had been published by the Iranian media in the middle of the morning.

The Strait of Hormuz under tension

"This is a clear, clear and precise message: the defenders of the borders are fighting back against all foreign aggression and our reaction is, and will be, categorical and absolute," said Major General Hossein Salami, commander-in-chief of the Guardians, quoted by the Iranian news agency Tasnim.

"Borders are our red line," he said.

For their part, US officials confirmed that a drone had been shot down.

And said the incident occurred in international airspace over the Strait of Hormuz, a strategic crossing point for global oil supplies.

Extra soldiers

On Wednesday, the US military intensified its accusations against Iran, which it holds responsible for the attack on the two tankers on June 13. Tehran denied any involvement, suggesting instead that it could be a US coup to justify the use of force against the Islamic Republic.

This new incident gives rise to fears of a dangerous escalation, as the United States announced on Tuesday the dispatch of 1,000 additional troops to the region.

Despite repeated claims by US and Iranian officials that their respective countries are not seeking war, the recent escalation of tensions in the Gulf is raising fears that a spark will ignite the powder.

To a conflagration of the region?

In Europe, it's worry. French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian stressed that there was still

"little time " to reverse the course of events in the Gulf and the head of German diplomacy evokes him a "risk of war."

US President Donald Trump said Iran had made "a huge mistake" shortly after the Pentagon confirmed that Iranian forces had shot down a US Navy surveillance drone.

"Iran has made a huge mistake! ", Simply dropped the US President in a laconic tweet.

"A US use of force against Iran would be a disaster, at least for the region," said Russian President Vladimir Putin on Thursday during his annual question-and-answer session with the public live at television.

"The United States says that it does not exclude the use of force (...). This would be a disaster for the region, at a minimum. This would provoke an outbreak of violence and a huge refugee flow, "added the Kremlin leader.

"It will be very dangerous for whoever makes such attempts. We do not know what could happen next. In the Islamic world, Iranians are recognized as a people who know how to ensure their safety. I do not want the situation to get out of hand, "said Putin.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

EGYPT DEATH OF MOHAMED MORSI AT THE TIME OF APPEARANCE AT THE CAIRO TRIBUNAL

Former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi was buried on Tuesday (June 18th) in Medinat Nasr, a neighborhood in eastern Cairo, according to his lawyer. He died on Monday at the age of 67, after a court hearing in Cairo, "because of a heart attack," according to state television.

"The court granted him the right to speak for five minutes (...) He fell to the ground in the cage of the accused (...) and was immediately transported to the hospital

"Where he died, has said the Egyptian public prosecutor in a statement. "He arrived at the hospital at exactly 4:50 pm and there were no new injuries visible on the body," he said.

In a message posted on Facebook, Ahmed Morsi, the son of Mohamed Morsi, confirmed the death of the former President Mohammed Morsi is dead.

The former Egyptian president died on Monday after a court hearing in Cairo, according to security and judicial sources. It was in full appearance before the judges that Mohammed Morsi, 67, would have been uncomfortable.

He was taken to the hospital and died a little later. "He spoke in front of the judge for 20 minutes, then he was animated and fainted. He was quickly taken to the hospital where he died later, "said a judicial source.

Former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi died after suffering a malaise during a court appearance in Cairo, state television reported on Monday. The site of the state newspaper Al-Ahram has confirmed his death.

In 2012, this former engineer became the first freely elected president in Egyptian history, one year after the "Nile revolution" and the fall of his predecessor Hosni Mubarak.

But a year later, after huge demonstrations, he is overthrown by the army. In July 2013, the anti-Muslim Brotherhood crackdown begins, and General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi will be elected President.

Mohamed Morsi had been imprisoned since his dismissal by the army in the summer of 2013. He had been tried in several cases later. He has been accused of fomenting acts of terrorism. The former president was serving several prison sentences, including one for 20 years for ordering the killing of protesters in 2012, and one in perpetuity for spying for Qatar.

He was appearing Monday, June 17, 2019 in another case of espionage because of contacts deemed suspect with Palestinian Hamas.

The organization is an emanation of the Muslim Brotherhood and Qatar hosts the spiritual guide of the brotherhood.

A large part of the population ends up accusing it of being a "puppet" in the hands of the Muslim Brotherhood by helping them to grab all the power, while being unable to restore security and revive the economy.

The Turkish head of state Recep Tayyip Erdogan, of which he was one of the main supporters, was the first to pay tribute to him on Monday night. "May God grant our martyr, our brother Morsi, his mercy," he said.

In March 2018, an independent British commission had condemned his continued solitary confinement for 23 hours a day, under conditions of detention that could "amount to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment".

"The refusal of basic medical treatment to which he is entitled could lead to his premature death," said MP Crispin Blunt, chairman of the commission, before the British parliament.

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has also responded. Its director for the Middle East and North Africa, Sarah Leah Whitson, denounced on Twitter "the failure of the government to provide adequate medical care, let alone family visits."

In a statement, the NGO Amnesty International called on the authorities to "immediately investigate" the death of Mohamed Morsi, described as "deeply shocking".

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS A WAR BETWEEN IRAN

AND THE UNITED STATES OR THE TORPILLAGE

OF TWO PETROLERS IN THE GULF


Oil tankers were allegedly attacked this Thursday near the Strait of Hormuz, a passage of a third of oil exports in the world.

An area where tensions between Iran and the United States have crystallized for two years. The vessels in question are the Altai Front and the Kokuka Courageous, respectively under the flag of the Marshall Islands and Panama. The Front Altair and Kokuka Courageous vessels were reportedly "attacked" in this strategic area amid a crisis between the United States, the Gulf States and Iran. The sailors would have been collected by Iran while the Fifth Fleet American would be on the spot. The hypothesis of "torpedoing" is mentioned.

Who attacks the tankers in the Strait of Hormuz?

Even if the situation is still confused, these incidents take place in a maritime zone strategic for the world trade but also hot spot of geopolitical tensions against a background of persistent crisis between the United States and Saudi Arabia on the one hand and the Iran and its Shiite allies on the other.

Regarding the origin of these serious incidents, the hypothesis of a torpedoing of these ships is mentioned by Tradewinds newspaper, citing industrial sources. This assumption would apply for the Altair Front which carried 75,000 tons of naphtha. "He may have been hit by a torpedo" around 4:00 am GMT, said Taiwan's CPC oil company CEO Wu I-Fang, the recipient of the cargo.

The second vessel, Kokuka Courageous, a 27,000-ton tanker, was fired but the entire crew was rescued after the vessel was abandoned, and its cargo of methanol is intact, said its Japanese operator Kokuka Sangyo. "It appears that other ships have also been fired," company president Yutaka Katada told reporters in Tokyo, confirming information from his Singapore parent company about a "security incident."

Mediation in Iran between the Japanese Prime Minister and Ayatollah Khamenei

In May, a series of similar sabotage was attributed by the United States and Saudi Arabia to Iran, in a context of extreme tension between Washington and Tehran on nuclear power.

Iran has expressed "concerns" after "suspicious incidents". At first, Tehran spoke of an "accident" and reported that it had rescued "two foreign tankers" in the Arabian Sea.

This new attack took place even as the Japanese Prime Minister met Ayatollah Khamenei in Iran to try to defuse the crisis.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has been in Tehran since Wednesday, June 12, for a two-day visit to open a rare public channel for discussion between the United States and Iran. These diplomatic efforts took place as Tehran signaled its willingness to stop meeting its nuclear commitments one year after the US withdrew from the agreement in May 2018, and while US sanctions against Iran are considered as acts of war.

Tehran has given until July 7 to the other signatories of the agreement (China, Russia, France, United Kingdom and Germany) to moderate the weight of these sanctions that threaten to reduce its GDP by 6% in the year, according to the International Monetary Fund.

To the Iranian Foreign Minister to judge then extremely suspicious the coincidence between these "attacks" and the visit to Tehran of the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. "The suspicious word is not enough to describe what transpires apparently" of these "attacks" against "Japanese-bound tankers that occurred while the prime minister (Japanese) met" the Iranian Supreme Leader in Tehran, writes Mohammad Javad Zarif on Twitter .

Why such a renewal of tension?

Considered an international transit area, this narrow passage at the mouth of the Persian Gulf is used by Iran as a lever against US sanctions, which aim to drain the oil revenues of the Islamic Republic. Earlier this week, the Iranian navy threatened to close the straits in response to a US decision to end exemptions allowing different countries to import oil from Iran. One fifth of the world's oil demand passes through the Strait of Hormuz.

The incidents on Thursday are therefore in a very tense geopolitical context between the United States and its Sunni allies in the Gulf (starting with Saudi Arabia) on one side and Shiite Iran on the other, which supports including the Houthi rebels in Yemen, opposed to the Arab coalition led by Riyadh.

On May 8, 2018, Donald Trump announced the exit of the United States from the nuclear agreement signed in 2015 by his predecessor, Barack Obama, and announced the relaunch of economic sanctions against Tehran. On May 8, 2019, a year later, Iran announced that it was suspending "some" of its "commitments". Since then, the standoff between Washington and Tehran has been between threats and attempts at appeasement. On May 13, the Saudis denounced the sabotage of four commercial vessels, including three oil tankers (two Saudi, one Emirati and one Norwegian) stationed in the United Arab Emirates. John Bolton, White House security advisor, ruled on May 29 that the incidents were "most likely due" to Iranian mines. On Wednesday, June 12, Tehran-backed Houthi rebels claimed responsibility for firing a missile at the Saudi airport in Abha, Riyadh threatening to retaliate ...

The clan of the "hard" could impose in Tehran, sweeping the camp of the moderates, represented by the president Hassan Rohani, who had everything bet on the agreement on the nuclear power.

And there are also some diehards in Washington, like Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and National Security Adviser John Bolton, who are ready to go a long way to bring down the Tehran regime.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

HONG KONG REPORT ON BILL

CONTROVERSIAL ON EXTRADITION

Hong Kong's executive leader announced on Saturday (June 15th) the suspension of the bill to authorize extradition to China, which has led to mass protests. "The government has decided to suspend the legislative amendment procedure," Carrie Lam told the press after a week of unprecedented protests in the former British colony. She hopes to put an end to the dispute.

But this is a new setback for the head of the executive who said Wednesday exclude withdraw the text despite what she described as "organized riots."

Monster manifestations and unprecedented violence

Hong Kong was shaken Wednesday by the worst political violence since its handover to China. The police were fired rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse the protesters.

"In terms of political violence, this is the worst day since the surrender" of the territory in Beijing in 1997, commented political analyst Dixon Sing.

An amateur video shot during protests in Hong Kong on Wednesday, June 12, became viral in the former British colony. A photographer is seen verbally against the police firing tear gas at journalists. A gesture deemed "brave" by many Hong Kong people, who made the photographer a local hero.

The scene took place on Harcourt Road and was filmed by Twitter user @HongKongHermit. It shows the police dispersing one of the demonstrations protesters opposing a bill to allow extradition to China. While the police launch tear gas, we hear a man exclaim: "Press! You shoot the press! ". The camera gets closer to him and shows a man facing police officers down a bridge. He accuses them of shooting journalists. A policeman then makes a point of pointing his rifle at him and the photographer defies him then: "Do it! ". The policemen finally retreat, and the journalist provokes them: "It is always Hong Kong here. Not China, not yet! ".

A disputed bill

Monster rallies have been denouncing since June 9 a dangerous law for human rights that could challenge the legal sovereignty of Hong Kong vis-à-vis the Chinese neighbor. According to critics, it will put the population at the mercy of the judicial system of mainland China, opaque and under the influence of the Communist Party.

At the end of the retrocession agreement, Hong Kong enjoys a semi-autonomy and freedom does not exist in mainland China and, in theory, until 2047. But the growing interference of Beijing makes fear the worst to the Hong Kong people.

"The people of Hong Kong increasingly believe that the government is made up of puppets serving Beijing's interests. They see it as their last battle, "commented Dixon Sing.

The United States has signaled that it may cease granting economic preferences to Hong Kong if the law passes. The United Kingdom has expressed concern about the "potential effects" of it.

Hong Kongers know that they will be very vulnerable to China once this legislation is passed and that the future of their city is at stake.

The main organizers of the Hong Kong demonstrations have called for a new rally on Sunday, June 16, and the general strike Monday, June 17.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

HOMOPHOBIA FINALLY PENALIZABLE IN BRAZIL

The Brazilian Supreme Court ruled on Thursday to criminalize homophobia: an important measure for sexual minorities in one of the countries with the most LGBT killings. According to the NGO Grupo Gay da Bahia (GGB), which has been collecting national statistics for four decades, there were in fact in 2017 in Brazil 387 murders and 58 suicides due to homophobia and transphobia.

The Supreme Court ruled that homophobia was tantamount to the crime of racism. Acts of racism are punishable in Brazil from one to three years in prison or fines. As a result of the Supreme Court decision, these sentences will now be applicable to acts of homophobia.

For Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, the Supreme Court would have exceeded its prerogatives by criminalizing homophobia. As part of the job, an employer will "think twice" before hiring a homosexual for fear of being accused of homophobia, said Jair Bolsonaro at a breakfast in Brasilia with reporters.

"You need a balance (at the court). It's not about mixing politics and religion, "he added. The Supreme Court was "completely wrong" because it "went to the legislative field," added the president, elected thanks to the support of ultra-conservative Pentecostal churches.

The decision of the Supreme Court was acquired by eight votes against three. But, according to Jair Bolsonaro, if there had been an evangelical judge, he would have "asked for a delay" to analyze the question, leaving the vote in abeyance.

The former military had already mentioned the end of May the possibility of appointing an evangelical judge in the Supreme Court where two positions will be vacant before the end of his term in 2022.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

RELEASE OF RUSSIAN JOURNALIST IVAN GOLOUNOV

"The decision to stop the prosecution against Ivan Golunov was taken because of insufficient charges against him," said Russian Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev.

The Russian Minister of the Interior has announced that the case against journalist Ivan Golunov has been lifted due to insufficient charges against him. An internal investigation was initiated to assess the actions of the police officers who arrested him. The minister will seek the dismissal of two senior police officers in this case.

On Monday, three Russian dailies (Kommersant, Vedomosti and RBK) showed their support for investigative journalist Ivan Golunov by publishing a "one" commune and a platform in his favor :

"I am, we are Ivan Golounov". This movement had spread to the point of pushing habitual supporters of the Kremlin, or ordinary silent figures on political issues, to take a stand for the imprisoned journalist.

"Today, we are trying to lock up a disturbing journalist," Konstantin Khabenski, an actor, said Monday from the scene of a film festival in Sochi.

If that succeeds, nothing says that we will not be tomorrow, considered disturbing. "

This event is the latest episode in a case that provoked a wave of indignation in Russia.

The investigative journalist of the independent online media Meduza, Ivan Golunov had already published several investigations on corruption in Moscow, including the town hall of the city. Ivan Golounov was arrested on Thursday, June 6, and placed under house arrest on Saturday night by a judge. According to the police, he tried to sell "a significant amount" of cocaine and mephedrone, a synthetic drug.

The journalist rejects these accusations, believing that they are related to his investigations.

On Saturday, a Moscow judge finally released him under judicial supervision and sentenced him to a residence "for a period of two months".

Ivan Golounov has always rejected police accusations from the beginning. In a joint statement, three Russian newspapers say that "the evidence of guilt of Ivan Golunov, provided by the investigators, is not convincing and that the circumstances of his arrest make it very doubtful that it took place with a violation of law". "Not excluding" that the arrest of the journalist is "related to his professional activities", the media "require a detailed audit of the actions of the police involved in the arrest of Ivan Golounov [...] and maximum transparency during the course of the investigation ". They also warn that they will follow "the investigation carefully" on this file.

Moreover, Meduza, who believes that his journalist is "persecuted because of his investigative work," also opened free access to the works of Ivan Golunov, which can therefore be read in English and shared by all without asking permission to the site

Prosecutions against Russian investigative journalist Ivan Golunov, accused of drug trafficking, have been dropped. He will be released from house arrest later today, Tuesday, June 11,

The minister added that an internal investigation was underway. The police who had arrested the journalist were suspended during the investigation to assess their actions. Vladimir Kolokoltsev also announced that he would ask Vladimir Putin to dismiss two senior police officers in the framework of this case.

Justice will now have to assess "the legality of the actions of the police officers who arrested" the journalist in Moscow.

In addition, two senior police officers will be fired. They are General of Police Andrei Puchkov, Head of Law Enforcement in the West District of the Russian Capital, and General Yuri Deviatkin, who heads the Moscow branch of the Anti-Trafficking Department. drug, according to the same source.

Is the sacrifice of senior officials a sign of the fragility of power?

Commenting on this news on her Facebook account, the spokesperson of the Russian diplomacy Maria Zakharova wrote "The best day. [Touched] to tears. Happiness".

Since the arrest of Ivan Golunov, many confreres, including the official media, but also artists and politicians, have supported him. The reporter's arrest provoked a series of protests across several Russian cities. More than 66,000 people signed a petition to demand the release of the journalist on the Change.org website. In addition, nearly 6,000 journalists signed the open letter requesting his release which was published by the union of media employees.

"This is an unprecedented victory for civil society, given almost dead, confronted with an ever more repressive legislative arsenal, and managed to win in just a few days".

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

ARM WRESTLING BETWEEN HONG KONG AND CHINA

WITH THE EXTRADITION ACT

In recent years, the Chinese authorities have systematically interpreted the texts governing Hong Kong's autonomy in a restrictive manner. A draft law provides for the authorization of extraditions to China. Controversial, he has already caused an unprecedented event in Hong Kong last weekend.

The former British colony was on Sunday the scene of its largest protest since its handover to China in 1997. According to the organizers, over a million people took to the streets to ask the Hong Kong executive to give up his bill. The text has sparked criticism from Western countries as well as the outcry of some Hong Kongers who fear an opaque and politicized Chinese justice, and believe that this reform will undermine the international image and attractiveness of the semi-autonomous city.

The Chinese audio-visual media do not evoke the subject and the social networks that do it are censored.

Moreover, the magnitude of the demonstration did not deter the head of the local executive, Carrie Lam, who reaffirmed Monday that the Legislative Council (LegCo) - the Hong Kong Parliament dominated by the forces loyal to Beijing - would consider scheduled for Wednesday, June 12, 2019 this text at second reading.

Opponents of the text have announced a demonstration Wednesday near the LegCo and called on the population to participate or strike. Others also called for a rally on Tuesday night to spend the night near parliament. Traders have already mobilized on social networks, under a hashtag that can be translated as "# strike1206", to announce that their shops would close their doors to allow their employees to demonstrate.

At the end of the 1984 agreement between London and Beijing which presided over its retrocession in 1997, Hong Kong enjoyed a semi-autonomy and freedoms that did not exist in mainland China and, in theory, until 2047 The former British colony, however, has been the scene of intense political unrest over the past decade due to the concern over Beijing's growing interference in its internal affairs, and the perception that retrocession and the famous principle "One country, two systems" are no longer respected.

The controversial draft law must allow extraditions to all jurisdictions with which no bilateral agreement exists, including mainland China. The authorities say the law will fill a legal vacuum and make the city no longer a safe haven for some criminals. They ensure that safeguards exist to ensure that it respects international human rights standards and that it will not target political opponents of China.

But this bill presents serious risks in terms of human rights. Does not Hong Kong benefit from an autonomous judicial system ("One country, two systems," launched Deng Xiaoping), since 1997, when the former British colony was handed over to China?

The Sino-British agreement provides for the maintenance of this judicial system for fifty years. Beijing has signed the joint declaration with the United Kingdom, giving rise to a basic law that serves as a constitution in Hong Kong and guarantees certain rights to Hong Kongers. In no case was included the possibility of extraditing persons, in China or elsewhere.

Such a law on extradition would allow the authorities to ship any resident of the territory to mainland China, including people whose political activities would displease the Chinese Communist Party.

The demonstrations of Hong Kong and its 7.5 million inhabitants of Sunday, Monday and today are not mistaken who make their voices heard, like the "movement of the umbrellas" of 2014.

Among them, especially indigenous people, but also mainland Chinese and expatriates, Asian or not, whose presence is a guarantee to maintain Hong Kong as an international platform.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

STRUGGLE OF RUSSIAN JOURNALIST

FOR DRUG TRAFFICKING

Saturday, investigative journalist Ivan Golunov was charged with possession and sale of drugs. He denies the facts.

After being arrested on Friday, June 7 for drug possession, a Russian investigative journalist was charged with trying to smuggle a "significant amount of drugs," his lawyer said.

Reporter for the independent media online Meduza, Ivan Golounov, 36, has written articles on scams carried out by microcredit companies, the Moscow waste crisis, the mafia sharing of the business of cemeteries and other cases of corruption and embezzlement. "Ivan Golounov's professional reputation is flawless. He is a meticulous, honest and impartial journalist, "his management in Meduza, a media outlet based in Riga, Latvia, said to escape the control of the Russian authorities.

"Ivan Golunov has been charged with attempted drug trafficking," said lawyer Pavel Tchikov on Telegram messaging. There he published a police document accusing independent media reporter Meduza of trying to sell "a significant amount" of cocaine and mephedrone.

Hospitalized

Russian police said on Saturday that the Russian investigative journalist charged with drug smuggling Ivan Golunov had been admitted to a Moscow hospital after "feeling bad" during his detention.

The reporter, who works for the independent news website Meduza and whose supporters say he is the victim of a "trumped-up" case by the authorities, "complained of feeling bad", the Moscow police said in a statement

Police say they arrested the 36-year-old journalist in Moscow on Thursday, who had nearly four grams of mephedrone, a synthetic drug, found in his backpack, and then discovered other drug-containing packets during a week. search at his home.

According to his lawyer, the police refused to carry out tests on his hands to check whether he was in contact with the offending substance. More troubling: the investigators quickly broadcast photos after the search of his apartment. The images show an alignment of plastic bags filled with powder. But Golounov's friends assure that the photos, except for one, were not taken at his home.

Ivan Golunov is suspected of "drug trafficking" and faces up to 15 years in prison. He rejects the charges against him and claims that these drug packets do not belong to him. "We have reason to believe that Golunov is persecuted for his journalistic work," media officials headquartered in Latvia, Riga, said in an attempt to escape Russian control.

"We are convinced that Ivan Golunov is innocent," Meduza's management said in a statement, adding that the journalist had "received threats in recent months" because of an investigation he was working on. This is also the certainty of his colleagues working for independent media in Russia, who cite recurring threats.

"Placed without his knowledge"

"There are many indications that the drugs have been placed without his knowledge," said Djoulai, citing numerous violations in the police work in this case.

On Friday, dozens of journalists demonstrated outside the headquarters of the Moscow Ministry of Interior and some of them were briefly arrested.

The Russian presidential council for human rights, which advises Vladimir Putin, issued a statement Friday evening after one of its members, Eva Merkatcheva, visited Ivan Golunov in detention. "He said he had not slept for 24 hours and he was feeling bad. He did not eat either, "said Merkacheva, adding that he claimed to have received two punches and that police officers had stood on his chest.

Reporters Without Borders warned that the case, if found to be fabricated, could mark "a significant escalation in the persecution" of independent journalists in Russia.

Russia ranks 149th in RSF's press freedom rankings in 2019 out of a total of 180 countries.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE WASHINGTON PLAN

IN COMMERCIAL WAR AS BEIJING

The United States unveiled Tuesday a strategy based on six action plans to ensure the country's supply of strategic minerals including rare earth, essential to all electronic equipment

A strengthening of Sino-American tensions

The White House has decided to act to guard against a dependence, considered too important and harmful, on foreign imports of "critical" minerals. In the commercial war against Washington, Beijing has recently raised the threat of opening a new front: that of rare earths, 80% from China and are a vital need for many high-tech firms . . Its stake, according to Wilbur Ross, the US Secretary of Commerce, quoted in a statement: "ensure that the United States will not be cut off from these vital materials."

By the end of December 2017, Donald Trump had issued a presidential decree aimed at "guaranteeing safe and reliable supplies of critical minerals" for US security, such as uranium or rare earths. He regretted that the country was "heavily dependent on imports of certain products essential to security and economic prosperity".

So he asked for a report that has just been made to identify new sources of "critical materials" and to define a "strategy to reduce the dependency of the nation" on these types of products.

It is true that the issue is important. "The United States is heavily dependent on imports of crucial minerals," says the report of about fifty pages.

In fact, the report mentions 35 strategic elements (including uranium, titanium and rare earths) for which the United States is particularly dependent on foreign countries. And recalls that for 14 of them, "the United States has no domestic production and is completely dependent on imports".

"If China or Russia stops exports to the United States and its allies for an extended period - similar to China's rare earths embargo in 2010 - a prolonged disruption of supply could cause shocks in the United States, "the report warns.

A disaster scenario that would be as damaging to US green technologies (wind turbines, solar panels, electric cars) as to the defense industry. Military equipment such as Abrams tanks, long-range missiles, F-35 combat aircraft have recourse to it.

A strategy with 24 objectives

To avoid any catastrophic scenario, the US administration released on Tuesday a "federal strategy to ensure safe and reliable supplies" in materials deemed critical to national security. The report proposes a strategy based on six action plans, defines 24 objectives and puts forward about sixty recommendations.

Among the action plans, the authors recommend firstly to accelerate the R & D and the deployment of methods of recycling and reuse of these strategic minerals. It is also necessary to find alternatives, to diversify the supply and to improve the processes of extraction, separation and purification. Washington must also strengthen cooperation and improve international trade in these minerals with its allies.

The strategic plan also provides for a precise census of the natural resources available in the country in order to exploit them. But also to develop less traditional supply chains, using for example the extraction of these rare earths from seawater or coal waste.

And, as it has done for other industries, the administration wants to deregulate in order to speed up the issuance of new mining licenses. And finally, the US government wants to ensure that it has the skilled manpower to carry out its project and build a strong national industrial base.

Overall, the plan aims to act on the entire supply chain, both upstream and downstream, to make the United States less dependent on other nations to obtain and process critical minerals.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

POLITICAL AND COMMERCIAL AGREEMENT

BETWEEN PUTIN AND XI JINPING

"The positions of Russia and China are very close or fully coincide on most international issues" such as the North Korean nuclear program, the conflict in Syria, the crisis in Venezuela or the Iran nuclear deal, which were to be discussed during this visit, said Mr Ushakov.

Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jiping meet in Moscow to give "a new impetus" to their rapprochement. The two powers are showing their agreement as they are going through a difficult period in their relations with the Americans.

Trade agreements

The trade war between Washington and Beijing has indeed crossed a new level last weekend, darkening its economic prospects. Russian-US relations, already in the grip of numerous crises, have been poisoned by accusations of electoral interference since Donald Trump's arrival at the White House.

Talks between the two leaders could result in the signing of thirty agreements.

"I am convinced that this visit will lead to further impressive successes" in the bilateral relations "which will only get better and better," said Xi, at the beginning of his meeting with Mr. Putin in the Great Hall of the Kremlin.

"In recent years, relations between Russia and China have reached an unprecedented level, including through your direct participation," said Vladimir Putin. The Russian President expressed the certainty that "this visit will provide a powerful additional boost to the development of bilateral ties".

After his Moscow program, Xi Jinping visited the former capital of the tsars on Thursday, where he is the guest of honor at the St. Petersburg Economic Forum, the main business meeting in Russia in which 17,000 people take part. .

Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin must sign a joint declaration after their talks in Moscow on "strengthening relations, global partnership and strategic cooperation, which are entering a new era", according to the Kremlin advisor, Yuri Ushakov.

"Very close" positions

In a context of strong tensions between Russia and the West, trade between Moscow and Beijing increased by 25% in 2018 to reach a record level of 108 billion, according to the Kremlin.

Russia, whose economy has been hard hit by European and US sanctions since 2014 due to the Ukrainian crisis and the annexation of Crimea, "is really turning from the European market to the Chinese market", says Russian analyst Alexander Gabuyev of the Carnegie Center in Moscow.

China has also become "a very important investor" in the Russian economy and maintains its public and private funding in Russia at a time when the country is seeing other foreign players leave because of sanctions.

On the political side, the agreement between these two permanent members of the UN Security Council, who often vote in unison, also looks good.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

COMMERCIAL WAR WITH THE UNITED STATES

PEKIN'S ARMY RARE EARTHS

China has a formidable political and economic leverage against the United States, namely rare earths. These are the metals that are essential to the industry and that China controls almost all of the world's supply. From light bulbs to guided missiles, plasma screens and smartphones, it's hard to get rid of rare earths. By controlling more than 90 percent of the world's supply of these indispensable metals to many industries, Beijing holds a formidable weapon in its trade war against Washington.

Rare earth?

It is a set of 17 metals essential to advanced technologies, found in smartphones, plasma screens, electric vehicles and weapons.

In detail, the rare metals include scandium, yttrium and the fifteen elements of the group of lanthanides. These mineral materials have optical and magnetic properties used in the manufacture of high performance permanent magnets, which themselves are used for wind, electronics, robotics and arming.

Contrary to what their name suggests, rare earths are relatively abundant but their electromagnetic properties - particularly sought after - make them "strategic metals". These seventeen essential metals for the manufacture of technological products are said to be "rare" because they are difficult to detect, to exploit and to isolate chemically.

China is not only the world's largest producer of rare earths, it is also the world's largest refiner and Washington is 80% dependent on the Asian giant for supplies.

The virtual monopoly of China

The Middle Kingdom produces 80% of the rare earths and serves almost two-thirds of the world's demand - even though the country has less than half of the world's reserves.

This quasi-monopoly is to be found especially in terms of the ease of extraction - and low costs - of these elements in clay sand in the south of the country.

But also on the side of environmental regulations less demanding than in other countries, such as the United States for example. China has agreed to "pay" the ecological cost of extracting and refining rare earths, which explains its dominance of the sector.

Rare earths give China an enormous political and economic leverage against the United States. The trade war between the two giants has intensified since the Trump administration banned US companies from selling technology to Huawei. This decision could jeopardize the world number two of smartphones, soon deprived of a crucial supply of electronic chips.

If Beijing had hitherto been limited to innuendo, the tone has suddenly become more threatening at the end of the week. "If anyone wants to use products made from our rare earth exports to curb the development of China, then I think (...) the Chinese people will be dissatisfied," warned a senior official. powerful economic planning agency (NDRC).

What about the threat ?

Beijing intends to limit its exports of rare earth "to countries that turn against China," to quote the Chinese Minister of Commerce.

In the trade war against Washington, Beijing threatens to reduce its exports of rare metals, essential to many industries in the United States, including weapons.

The threat comes as new surtaxes come into effect Saturday in China on US products, in retaliation for the tariff increases announced by Donald Trump in early May on Chinese products.

If China put its threat into effect, the technology industry - American in particular - could end up in an uncomfortable situation.

But despite its near-monopoly on supply, China is not the only country with significant resources. Brazil and Vietnam each have estimated deposits of 22 million tonnes out of a global total of 120 million, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS). China's reserves are estimated at 44 million tons. And any restriction on rare earth exports could trigger a hunt for alternative sources.

Despite all the impact on US manufacturers could be disastrous causing the closure of almost all assembly lines of cars, computers, smartphones and aircraft if China decided to impose an embargo on these materials.

In 2010, had China not already used this means of pressure against Japan in a dispute over the Senkaku Islands ?

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

END OF CALIFAT TERRITORIAL OF DAECH

BUT POWER OF CYBERCALIFAT

The attack perpetrated in Lyon Friday May 25 reminds us that the ideology of Daesh, despite the fall of the Daesh territorial caliphate with the capture of Raqua, is not dead. On the contrary. The Islamic State (IS) group has indeed increased its presence on the internet in recent weeks.

Islamic State is trying to compensate for the disappearance of its self-proclaimed "caliphate" in Syria and Iraq by reinforcing their presence on the Web, experts say.

The jihadist organization has not disappeared and motivates volunteers to take action on their own initiative.

If it still relies on its official propaganda organs, it also and above all on more or less anonymous cyber-partisans spread throughout the world.

"It started in April with the campaign they called" the revenge of the blessed province of Cham ", which was pretty much shared online." Says Laurence Bindner, co-founder of the Jos Project, an organization study of jihadist activity online.

Thus the broadcast on April 30, for the first time in five years, an eighteen-minute video of its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has had a global impact, broadcast in various forms by many platforms.

But also translated, subtitled in twenty languages. "Then they made twenty of what I call derivatives, tucked into darker platforms, or there are fewer reports and where they manage to stay online for several days, "she adds.

"The caliphate of the spirit"

"What is striking is that on a video of 18 minutes, Baghdadi from the third minute praised what he calls the knights of the media, among which he cites including the French brothers Clain. This shows the importance he attaches to it. This praise comes before the soldiers and field fighters, "she continues.

If the territorial caliphate has completely disappeared, the message of the IS, however, still resonates with its supporters around the world. "The group will continue to promote its story through the constant flow of effective propaganda."

A dozen official videos of the organization have been put online since the beginning of the year, a figure barely lower than what the media cells of the IS produced in the best days of the "caliphate".

According to the Soufan Group, the group will "use the nostalgia" of the lost caliphate "as a multi-dimensional tool that will be declined at the global level, at the level of the provinces via the media units of these affiliated movements and even at the individual level, thanks to its underground networks ".

The leaders of the jihadist group evoke "what they call the caliphate of the spirit, or the virtual caliphate," says the British Edmund Fitton-Brown, head of the monitoring team of the Islamic State and Al Qaeda at the United Nations.....

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

WORLD STRIKE OF YOUTH FOR CLIMATE

Young people are once again called to the streets for a "global climate strike" on Friday in the middle of the European elections. On the site youthforclimate.fr, calls to strike were listed Thursday in more than 2,260 cities in 90 countries, including a hundred cities in France.

This new day of mobilization for the climate, Friday, takes place while the ballot for the European elections has already started in some countries and will be held Sunday, May 26 in France. "Your planet, do you want it blue or cooked? "Melt my heart, not my ice floe."

On March 15, during a first day of mobilization, young people from all over the world had shown humor to convey a message:

we must save the planet. Two months later, they stand out the signs. A new global climate strike is launched on Friday 24 May. Here's what you need to know.

Putting ecology at the center of European elections

This second day of global mobilization falls in the middle of the European elections (May 23 to 26), a windfall for youth, who wants to mark the coup. "Ecology is the focus of these elections," Kristof Almasy of Youth for climate France said at a press conference in Paris. The group, born after the call for a school strike launched by the young Swede Greta Thunberg, calls for rallies before institutions such as the European Central Bank (ECB) in Frankfurt and the European Parliament in Strasbourg and Brussels.

The young activists are supported by the NGO Greenpeace, as well as Altternatiba and ANV COP21. "There is a weakness of political action to fight against global warming," denounced Jean-François Julliard of Greenpeace. "The fact that this subject is unavoidable is a first step", but it is not enough, he noted, while political parties have integrated the ecology in their programs for the European elections.

More than 130 scientists support this climate youth strike who say they are "available to bring their expertise and knowledge to this mobilization." "For nearly 30 years, the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on climate change) and many scientific studies warn about the rapidity of climate change (...), but nothing changes, "they note. "In our country where the Paris agreement was signed, which is highly symbolic, the commitments made are not respected," they continue.

On Saturday, more walks or bike rides are planned in 80 cities, mainly in France.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

TRUE PLEBISCITY FOR NARENDRA MODI

AND THE HINDUS NATIONALISTS

" India wins again! Exclaimed Narendra Modi on Twitter, who is seeking a second term as head of the country's 1.3 billion people. "This great victory is the victory of the faith of the people in five years of progressive and strong leadership of Prime Minister Modi," said the same social network Amit Shah, powerful boss of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and right hand strongman of India.

If trends are confirmed, the coalition led by the Indian People's Party (Bharatiya Janata Party) would comfortably exceed the absolute majority of 272 parliamentarians (542 seats in all in the lower house, the Lok Sabha).

Congress Party, the main opposition party, led the race in only 50 constituencies of the Lok Sabha.

During six weeks of voting 67% of the 900 million Indian voters have voted for the seventeenth legislative since the independence of the giant of South Asia. Indian financial markets, which see the head of government as pro-business, have jumped to unprecedented levels. The Sensex index briefly crossed the bar, which has never reached 40,000 points. The rupee was also strengthening against the dollar.

A quasi-referendum

Practicing an ultra-personification of power, Narendra Modi had made these legislative a quasi-referendum on his person. This adept of governance by shocks (bombing in Pakistan, surprise demonetization of notes ...) focused his campaign on an anxiety-provoking security speech, setting himself up as a defender of the nation.

The Hindu nationalist leader was five years ago one of the first representatives of the current global populist wave to gain power.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

MARRIAGE FOR ALL LEGALIZED IN TAIWAN
A FIRST IN ASIA

"We have a chance to write the story and show the world that progressive values ​​can take root in an East Asian society," Tsai Ing-wen wrote on Twitter.

A good news for the World Day Against Homophobia: Taiwan becomes the first Asian sovereign state to legalize same-sex marriage, two years after a landmark decision by the highest court on the island .

This Friday, May 17, 2019, the deputies of the Republic of China have voted by a large majority a law allowing homosexual couples to form "exclusive permanent unions". They can also request their registration in the marriage register. This vote confirms Taiwan's place in the Asian vanguard with regard to the rights of homosexuals.

"May 17, 2019, in Taiwan, love won. We have taken a big step towards real equality, and made Taiwan a better place, " Tsai Ing-wen wrote on Twitter after Parliament passed a law allowing marriage for all.

The fact that these unions can be registered in the marriage registry of the town halls will allow them to be registered as marriages, and not simply as civil unions or partnerships. For LGBT rights groups, it's a win.

The timetable was imposed on President Tsai Ing-wen by a decision of the Supreme Court after the appeal of a gay rights activist, Chi Chia-wei, supported by associations: May 24, 2017, the The highest jurisdiction of the island had required, in the name of the constitutional right to equality, to adopt within two years legislation allowing same-sex marriage. Failing marriage for all would become a reality if nothing was done.

The issue has sparked heated debate in Taiwanese society. The rejection at the "November 2018 referendum" of the Civil Code amendment to recognize homosexual marriages was seen as a failure by the LGBT community, but also by Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, who campaigned in favor of gay marriage. Taiwan citizens had voted to ensure that the legislative framework that protects the rights of same-sex couples is separate from the one in place for heterosexual couples. And indeed, "involving fewer rights. "

Other sections of the law remain in debate after the vote, including the right to adoption. Same-sex couples will not achieve equality with heterosexuals, with the most progressive version of legislation providing only for the possibility of adopting the biological child of one's partner.

But Jennifer Lu of the Marriage Equality Coalition Taiwan told the BBC: "It's not yet all the rights related to marriage. We still have to fight to get the right to coadoption. . "

The island, which hosts an annual LGBT Pride March every year, has become a beacon of tolerance in a conservative region, especially on the family and against China claiming sovereignty over the island.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

EMMANUEL MACRON AN ECOLOGIST PROGRAM OF ELECTORALIST OPPORTUNITY

To try to understand Emmanuel Macron's "sensitivity" to ecology, we must go back to the electoral campaign that preceded the 2017 presidential election, not forgetting that during his visit to Bercy, he was had not ceased to joke about climate issues, refused the diesel hunt and mocked the policy of Anne Hidalgo in Paris.

The environment was not in his DNA of former Rothschild banker.

The "disruption" manifested itself for the first time after the presidential election and especially after the appointment, on May 17, 2017, of Nicolas Hulot Minister of the Ecological and Solidarity Transition.

By its very presence, the star advocate of ecology has tried to give credit to the conversion, studious and sudden to the new President of the Republic and the first Government Philippe. The rest of the government clique had to follow the development of the new paradigm, willingly or by force !

It was from this moment that we could see the Head of State play the environmental catastrophism, especially at the COP 21 and then use it as a rhetorical weapon for diplomatic use.

The operation paid off: under the slogan "Make our Planet again" Emmanuel Macron was not awarded the prize awarded by the UN ?

Despite all his efforts and patience, Nicolas Hulot was soon obliged to draw the consequences of the attitude of Emmanuel Macron, who continued to evolve permanently and in all ambiguity between a lyrical official speech in favor of the ecology and actions, far removed from the goals originally set and promised.

"I'm all alone in the maneuver," complained Nicolas Hulot, who quickly admitted the limits between Emmanuel Macron's ecological discourse and his actions as President of the Republic. (Statement made on France Inter).

It was finally the excessive proximity of Emmanuel Macron with the hunters that convinced Nicolas Hulot to resign, the former minister saying he had nothing to do with an executive who had just granted the lobbyist Thierry Coste, 50% discount on the price of the hunting license. It was impossible for Nicolas Hulot to swallow this last snake!

On 28 August 2018, Nicolas Hulot resigned, thus depriving the President of the Republic and his Prime Minister Edouard Philippe of his ecological guarantee.

Since the institutional ecology is down !

She tried to resurface very clumsily on August 26, 2019 on the occasion of the speech after the Grand Debate of the Head of State and after the increase in the Carbon Tax ignited the powder and triggered the movement of the vests Yellow.

That evening, everyone noticed that the Head of State had only addressed the subject of the ecological transition after 40 minutes of peroration, limiting his remarks to the only climate emergency, more urgent and more urgent. (?) according to him but simultaneously neglecting the problems of biodiversity.

According to the former Minister of the Environment, Delphine Batho, Emmanuel Macron would have remained once again on a scheme, obsolete, economic growth !

We will be opposed that this same Manuel Macron, ardent defender of the economy, who wished to green his program, announced the creation of a Council of Ecological Defense which will be only the duplicate of the National Council of the Ecological Transition (created in 2009 ) or the High Council for Climate created in November 2018.

To make a good (biased) response to these criticisms, Emmanuel Macron decided to entrust 150 randomly selected citizens with the responsibility of putting forward concrete facts related to "the real life and reality of the French".

In the light of these reminders, it is clear that after 2 years of presidency, ecology has become a minor mode for Emmanuel Macron, whereas it should be a major issue, the one that had been promised

Let's parody the famous story, Dr. Jekill and Mister Hyde, as we are dealing with a remake of Dr. Emmanuel and Mister Macron style.

To reinforce our demonstration, we will take a particular example in which Emmanuel Macron snuck, an example that was told to us by a whistleblower.

The example concerns the Bretonne Olmix Society of Brehan a municipality of Morbihan (3rd district of Pontivy). In a well-documented article dated 16/09/2019 our colleague Challenges ginned with precision and detail Olmix's "sucess story" born in 1995 that made green, red or brown algae (there are 700 species of algae) its business base to develop from an inexhaustible raw material natural products for agriculture, livestock and food (food supplements).

The success in the region of the firm, then on the national level has naturally shifted the company to export in order to stand up to its first competitor Alltech (USA).

To reach this level, the creator of the company Hervé Ballusson has had to work hard and face the difficulties inherent in the financial needs of constant cash flow of a growing company, evolving on an innovative niche, in conformity with the new health and food requirements of the time.

Olmix has therefore sought funds.

Olmix benefited at the end of 2018 from financial contributions (30 million euros) from the BPI and the Russian sovereign fund RDIF led by Krill Dmitriev, allied with the services of the CDC Arc International (Krill Dimitriev was given the 19 / 11/2018, for good service, the Legion of Honor). The final negotiation took place in Saint Petersburg, on the sidelines of the International Economic Forum attended by Emmanuel Macron who had brought all this small world in the presidential plane !

Olmix has also joined forces with the Dangote Group, led by Aliko Dangote (a former taximan), the richest African in the world, who has just built an 11 billion euro refinery in Lagos that will manufacture petrochemical fertilizers ?

Olmix has also benefited from the Junker plan for 30 million euros, this "in the name of the involvement of products manufactured by Olmix in antibiotics extracted from algae".

Until mid-December 2017, Hervé Ballusson was assisted by the Financial Engineering Company Euragri of which he was the CEO. The disappearance of Euragri, canceled from the RCS on December 15, 2017 forced the businessman to turn to other companies of expertise and financial engineering.

It was at this juncture that Asset Management and Privity Equity emerged, two branches of the Edmond de Rothschild Group's financial activities, which on October 2, 2017 (a few weeks before the disappearance of Euragri (?)) Signed the project " Olmix of the future "with solid financial engineering!

A little less than a year later we learn that the group Olmix would be (to be verified) about to file for bankruptcy !

All this makes you dizzy! because the string is big !

A number of questions already arise:

Jean Claude Yunker, the President of the European Commission who gave the green light to the financing of the Olmix project via the credits of the EIB (European Investment Bank) will disappear from the European political scene in less than 10 days. Does his successor seek to recover public funds given at a loss?

BPI France lacks funds to finance innovative and sustainable projects? What will become the share of funding granted by the BPI allied Caisse des Depots and Consignations, fueled as everyone knows by the deposits of savers (BBCE or others.) Olmix who may fall into the purse of the Very High Finance international.

What will become of Russian and African projects ? and the credits that have been allocated to them ?

What will become of Brehant's manufacturing unit ?

To return to the political plan and his 10-day photograph of May 26, it is permissible to ask the following questions:

What is the sincerity of Emmanuel Macaron when he pleads late for ecology ?

What is his sincerity when he promises the reindustrialisation of France ?

In view of this information we want to say that the conversion of Emmanuel Macron to the ecology and reindustrialisation of the country are like Canada Dry: they have the color but they do not have the taste!

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

TENDED RELATIONS BETWEEN USA AND IRAN BENEFIT FROM IRANIAN RELIGIOUS

Tended relations between Washington and Tehran have further escalated after Tehran suspends Iran's nuclear deal, US sanctions and "sabotage" of ships in the Arabian Sea .

Determined to counter US sanctions, the Islamic Republic has issued a 60-day ultimatum to Germany, France and the United Kingdom to get it out of its economic isolation in the oil and banking sectors. The Europeans did not want to give in while expressing their "deep concern" at the suspension of Tehran from some of its commitments made in the 2015 agreement.

In response to this suspension, the United States has tightened sanctions in the areas of steel, iron, aluminum and copper, and announced the accelerated deployment in the Persian Gulf of USS Abraham Lincoln aircraft carrier and of a bomber force on May 5th. Washington, which is strengthening its military presence in the Middle East, is now even planning to send 120,000 US troops in the event of an Iranian attack or revival of its nuclear program, according to the New York Times.

Could a potential "naval guerilla" in the Strait of Hormuz, essential passage of the oil trade, take place?

Despite rising tensions between the two countries over Iran's nuclear capabilities and its missile program, the Islamic Republic of Iran's supreme leader said on Tuesday that "there will be no war" with the United States judging that the showdown between Tehran and Washington was first and foremost a way to test everyone's determination than a military confrontation. The Ayatollah, whose remarks were broadcast on national television, also reaffirmed that Iran would not negotiate with the United States a new agreement on its nuclear program.

"The Iranian nation is determined to resist America," he said, adding that "in this showdown, America would be forced to retreat (...) because our determination is more strong, "warned on his site.

The growing US pressure on Iran has actually weakened President Hassan Rohani, who signed the Vienna Agreement in 2015. On the other hand, they have strengthened the hardships of the Iranian regime on the domestic and external stage from the beginning to any concession on nuclear power.

Hassan Rohani's brother, who played a key role in the negotiations, has just been jailed for vague accusations of corruption, an ultra-conservative has been placed at the head of the judiciary and the government is under the fire of the critics for its answer considered too timorée with the reinstatement of the American sanctions.

"If Mr. Rohani's government had responded from the beginning by reciprocity to the betrayal of the promises of America and Europe, (the Westerners) would never have reached this degree of aggressiveness and arrogance," wrote last week the conservative newspaper Kayhan.

For the hardliners of the regime, every opportunity is good to point the finger at the presumed want of government. The elected civilian government of Hassan Rohani is confronted with the religious legitimacy of the regime incarnated by the Supreme Leader of the Revolution, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Recently placed by the United States on the list of terrorist organizations, the Guardians of the Revolution intend to use US sanctions to strengthen their grip on the country's economy, having already in recent years monopolized a large part of its revenues to finance their arms programs and conflicts in Syria or Yemen.

"Our goal is to fill the void left vacant by foreign companies," said one of their leaders, Said Mohammad, quoted by the agency Isna after the withdrawal of the French group Total from the project of South Pars, the largest deposit of natural gas in the world.

Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh, a close associate of Hassan Rohani, is particularly targeted by religious ultra-conservatives who accuse him of having wanted to "sell the country" to attract foreign investment.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

TENSION CLIMB IN THE GULF AFTER SABOTAGE ACTS

AGAINST SHIPS AND PETROLEUM

Sunday, four merchant ships of different nationalities were targeted by "sabotage operations" near the territorial waters of the United Arab Emirates. On Monday, two oilmen from Saudi Arabia reported acts of "sabotage" in the United Arab Emirates' exclusive economic zone off the coast of the Emirate of Fujairah. These two countries are allies of the United States who have strengthened their military presence in the Gulf in the context of tensions with Iran.

The announcement of these incidents by two close allies of Washington has indeed occurred in a context of renewed tension between the United States and Iran after the strengthening of US sanctions against Tehran, which for its part suspended some of its commitments nuclear.

Moreover, on Friday, the Pentagon announced the dispatch of a warship carrying amphibious vehicles and a battery of Patriot missiles to the region, in addition to the deployment of an aircraft carrier and bombers. B-52.

This Monday, May 13, the head of the American diplomacy, Mike.Pompeo, modified a travel plan to go to discuss Iran with European officials.

"We are very worried about the risk of a conflict happening by accident because of escalating tensions," said British Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt.

For its part, Iran deems "worrying" the "acts of sabotage" against ships off the Emirates called for an investigation.

"These incidents in the Arabian Sea are worrying and regrettable," Foreign Ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi told Tehran, calling for an investigation and warning against "adventurism". ) "foreigners" to disrupt the navigation.

"Negative impact on peace and regional and international security"

Abu Dhabi, like Riyadh, has not appointed any official, the Saudi Foreign Ministry has "condemned" this "criminal act" which constitutes a "serious threat" to shipping and has "a negative impact on peace and security". regional and international "while the United Arab Emirates called on the international community to" take responsibility to prevent such actions from being committed by parties seeking to undermine the safety of navigation ".

The small emirate has an oil terminal and a pipeline that supplies oil from Abu Dhabi, where most of the oil reserves of the United Arab Emirates are located. This 406-kilometer pipeline allows 600,000 barrels of crude oil to be shipped per day and, above all, to avoid the Strait of Hormuz. The port of Fujairah has a large storage capacity (70 million barrels).

The port of Fujairah is the only terminal in the United Arab Emirates located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, skirting the Strait of Hormuz, through which most oil exports from the Gulf pass.

Iran has repeatedly threatened to close this strategic strait, crucial for global navigation and oil supplies in the event of a military confrontation with the United States.

Tension rose sharply in the middle of the day in the Gulf on Sunday when pro-Iranian and pro-Russian news websites reported a series of explosions in the port of Fujairah, saying at least seven tankers were on fire. The United Arab Emirates had denied but, in the early evening, they announced "sabotage" against four commercial vessels.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

ENLARGEMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

THE QUESTION OF THE ACCESSION OF TURKEY

It is through a report submitted to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the European Parliament on 4 February 2019 that the issue of EU enlargement to the Balkan countries in general (Serbia, Montenegro, Albania , Republic of Northern Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo) and Turkey in particular has resurfaced just weeks before the European elections.

The subject had been cleverly put under the bushel until that date, the ground being considered slippery.

As it was likely, however, the question has resurfaced !

It is Nicolas Dupont Aignan, head of the list of Debout France, who, taking advantage of the pre-election period has unpinned the first by questioning the number 3 on the list The Republicans brilliantly led by François Xavier-Bellamy, Arnaud Danjean, outgoing EU Member, suspected of having voted € 14.5 billion in funding for the pre-accession process of the above-mentioned Balkan countries knocking at the door of Europe and Turkey simultaneously. But a similar criticism came a few days later from the RN by the voice of his head of the list, Jordan Bardella (27 years).

Arnaud Danjean naturally protested in a tweet ...... emberlificoté and unconvincing.

Verification made, the report at the origin of this controversy was voted by 44 votes for, 2 votes against and 2 abstentions ? Arnaud Danjean, in his protest claimed that he had abstained ? To have ?

Arnaud Danjean is in the European Parliament, member of the EPP (European People's Party) group to which LR adheres. The EPP is the dominant group (216 deputies) in the European Parliament.

The presence of the EPP being equal in committees, it is difficult to admit the thesis of Arnaud Danjean who claims to have abstained in the vote ?

The campaign of the European elections, which was dull until now, may well be back in the air, with the subject of Turkey's accession as a matter of course, a matter still rejected by European public opinion.

This controversy thus makes it possible to ask the question of where is the file of the adhesion of Turkey to Europe?

In the aftermath of the Second World War, Turkey, which had previously maintained friendly relations with Germany of the Third Reich, is isolated.

To reward, however, its strategy of containment of the USSR (in the midst of the Cold War), it will benefit from the funds of the Marshall Plan and be authorized in 1952 to join NATO.

It is in this context besides that the United States proceeds to the implantation of the base of Incirlik.

But Turkey's position is changing with the arrival of the Islamic conservatives of the AKP party led by current President Recep Erdogan. It should be noted, moreover, that Turkey's position had already slightly changed in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union (1991) and the attacks of 11 September 2001.

For new Turkish leaders, the automation of Turkish-American relations is no longer essential! And, since slowly Turkey has changed its axis which has tipped towards the East, and this even if at the same time the European tropism of the AKP has led the country to seek its adhesion to Europe.

At the same time, Turkey's political line drew closer to neighboring Iran (from the war in Iraq).

Since then, Turkey's policy has become increasingly contradictory, so much so that Donald Trump's America makes it a visible adversary, to be weakened by all means, knowing that it is essentially Erdogan's policy that arouses this hostility. The process had begun at the end of Obama's second term.

After 2 years of preparation, the CIA launched in 2016 its operation "Coup d'Etat" on Turkey, in order to get Erdogan out of power and replace him with a "mystic" opponent, Mohamed Fetulla Guillem; the coup d'etat will result in 250 deaths and 2600 wounded throughout the country.

But the Turks did not follow the "Gullist" and the coup that lasted only 2 days has fizzled.

Humiliated by this phenomenal rattling, the CIA then sets in motion an economic war whose purpose is to destroy the Turkish currency (La Lire) relying on US banks led by the JP Morgan. The Turkish lira reaches the cost of 7.2 LT for 1 U $ D.

The operation is at the risk of creating a gigantic banking crisis in Europe: German, Italian, Spanish and French banks ... who find themselves on the front line.

In retaliation, Erdogan is getting closer to Russia's Putin by deciding to buy S-400 planes instead of the famous American F35 manufactured by Lookeed.

Despite this situation Erdogan wins the recent municipal elections with 51%; However, it loses the big cities of Ankara and Istanbul whose elections are disputed.

At the same time, the monetary war has plummeted the accounts of Turkey, which has strengthened its links with Iran in response to and during the embargo period.

On the economic front, Turkey continues to resist: "together we will win this war to block those who try to trap Turkey in the traps of inflation, interest rate and exchange rate" has just declared May 2 last Erdogan who relies on the development of more and more impressive tourism in Turkey, a tourism provider of foreign exchange.

But it is less the power of Donald Trump that Erdogan has just questioned that the "Deep State" American (via Lookeed) still maneuvering and still pro-Clinton.

However, the threats to Turkey since 2016 are not without consequences on EU policies both with regard to EU enlargement and with regard to the enlargement of the EU. NATO to the Balkan countries: Serbia, Kosovo and North Macedonia have not yet joined NATO.

Turkey's case will therefore have to be closely followed in the coming days…........



Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

AGREEMENT ON IRANIAN NUCLEAR OR IRAN SUSPENDS CERTAIN COMMITMENTS

Iran has decided to stop applying "some" of its "commitments" made in the framework of the international agreement on its 2015 nuclear program, said Wednesday the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in a statement.

The decision was officially notified at the beginning of the morning, in Tehran, to the ambassadors of the countries still parties to this agreement (Germany, China, France, Great Britain and Russia) after the unilateral withdrawal of the United States of this pact there is exactly one year, says the ministry.

"The measures taken by the United States, especially since one year but also before [their] withdrawal [from the agreement] were clearly intended to cause an interruption of the application" of this agreement, said for its Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, who is visiting Moscow, said that "Iran will not withdraw" from this agreement.

Iran therefore decides one year to the day after the withdrawal of the United States from the Iranian nuclear treaty to stop limiting its reserves of heavy water and enriched uranium as it had committed under the international agreement signed in Vienna in 2015.

In the wake of the suspension announcement, President Hassan Rohani also gave the other signatories 60 days to try to save the deal and implement their promises to protect the banking and oil sectors from Washington's sanctions.

He added that in the absence of results after 60 days, Tehran would return to other commitments and increase its level of enriched uranium, capped at 3.67% by the Vienna agreement.

The Iran nuclear deal has allowed Tehran to lift part of the international sanctions against the country. In exchange, Iran agreed to drastically limit its nuclear program and pledged never to seek atomic weapons.

But judging that the agreement did not offer sufficient guarantees, US President Donald Trump withdrew the United States on May 8, 2018 and reinstated the American sanctions that had been lifted.

These severely affect the Iranian economy and make it virtually impossible for any trade relationship between Iran and other countries.

The Iranian announcement of suspension of some of its commitments comes amid a climate of heightened tensions with the United States.

The Pentagon announced on Sunday (May 5th) the deployment of the carrier and carrier group Abraham Lincoln in the Middle East, as well as the B-52 bombers in response to what Americans call a "credible threat" from the United States. Iranian forces.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Tuesday (May 7th) made a surprise visit to Baghdad, saying he had information indicating "an escalation of Iran's activities."

The latter accused Tehran of preparing "imminent attacks" against US forces in the region.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

LOST MILITARY RISE IN VENEZUELA

Is the change in Venezuela "very close" as Juan Guaido, the leader of the Venezuelan opposition, says on Monday, May 6, 2019?

"Some people have not kept their word. (...) This does not mean that they will not do it soon, "explained Juan Guaido, about the appeal launched on April 30 near a military base in Caracas.

The call of the opponent to the uprising on Tuesday has fizzled, some 25 military seeking asylum at the Embassy of Brazil and the opponent Leopoldo Lopez at the Spanish Embassy.

Juan Guaido appeared last Tuesday in a video shot around the base of La Carlota, alongside the opponent Leopoldo Lopez.

While claiming the support of a group of soldiers who had rebelled against Nicolas Maduro, he called on the armed forces, the mainstay of Venezuela's political and economic system, to join him. The army did not follow this call to the uprising.

Since Juan Guaido proclaimed himself acting president on January 23, and has been recognized as such by some fifty countries, the staff has always remained faithful to Nicolas Maduro.

This time again, he did not betray the heir of Hugo Chavez so that Nicolas Maduro could affirm that this "putschist skirmish" had been foiled and promise to punish the "traitors".

But the military not only holds the oil sector, the economic heart of the country, but also several ministries: they play a crucial political role in the country.

For Juan Guido, despite the recent failed coup "It is obvious that today, discontent is widespread and the armed forces are no exception to the rule," said the leader of the opposition, recognized interim president by some fifty countries, including the United States.

"Conversations take place (...) with civilian and military officials who are ready to stand on the side of our Constitution", assured the President of the Parliament without specifying however which personalities it is. .

And to add that the head of state, "does not even trust his close guard" and his "weakness" should "soon" lead to a change of government.

"Today, we say that it is up to the armed forces and some employees (public sector, ed) to overcome their fear," added Juan Guaido

"I am very optimistic that we are very close to the change in Venezuela," said the opponent.

And to ensure to want to set up a "democratic transition, free elections".

If Juan Guaido also mentioned the possibility of "foreign cooperation to overcome the unprecedented crisis that Venezuela is going through", it seems highly unlikely that it is a military intervention of the United States.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

BENIN DISAPPEARANCE TWO TOURISTS

It was yesterday, Friday, May 3, 2019 that the disappearance of two French tourists visiting Pendjari Park and their guide was announced.

It is our colleague RTL who first reported the event, communicated by the local authorities of Benin, which since Wednesday evening, had found that these holidaymakers had not returned to their hotel.

These two Frenchmen, who had decided to visit the Park of Pendjari were then in the North West of Benin, on a sector disadvised by the Quai d'Orsay but appreciated by the amateurs of expatriation, safaris and wild animals.

Beninese police have cooperated widely since the beginning of the event with the Crisis Staff of the French Embassy.

Do both services still hesitate to speak of an act of terrorism or kidnapping?

It should be remembered that this region is regularly targeted by terrorist groups, indigenous or from Mali located further north.

However, this situation does not exclude acts from groups of poachers.

In any case, the disappearance of the two French tourists and their guide was immediately considered disturbing. It prompted the establishment of a high-level research plan.

Pendjari Park (named after the river that runs through it) is a National Park that stretches from northern Benin to southern Niger and eastern Burkina Faso, with the park straddling the borders of these three African countries and over an area of ​​275 000 ha.

There is a hunting tourism, "vision" exclusively, based on the development of tourism that is increasingly important resources for the CENAGREF (National Center for Management of Wildlife Reserves) Park. The cheetah is the emblem of the Park.

At the time of writing, we have no further news on the disturbing disappearance of these French holidaymakers and their guide, or even on the evolution of research.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

NARUHITO NEW EMPEROR OF JAPAN

Naruhito, eldest son of Akihito ruler, became the 126th emperor of Japan. The new era dubbed Reiwa (beautiful harmony) opens with his enthronement on the throne while his father abdicated Tuesday after 30 years of reign thus yielding during his lifetime the throne of Chrysanthemum Wednesday at 00:00 local, a first in Japan for more two centuries.

An exceptional ten-day leave was decreed for this historic moment which was held discreetly behind the closed doors of the palace.

Couples got married on this special night where the television cameras look into the cradles of the latest Heisei babies and the first ones from Reiwa.

After a previous imperial era that was marked by many natural disasters, from the 1995 Kobe earthquake to the northeastern tsunami in March 2011, and the bursting of the financial and real estate bubble, many hope that Reiwa be "safer, more calm". Reiwa:

"It means the birth of a civilization where there is harmony between people," Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said in a press conference. "Spring comes after the severe winter, this name is the beginning of a time that is full of hope," he added.

Akihito has worked to give substance to the constitutional role of "symbol of the unity of the people," and Naruhito promises to be part of this continuity.

He has already signaled that he will continue to ensure that Japan's abuses during the war are not ignored for future generations.

He will also be keen to continue supporting the victims of natural disasters.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

THE ISLAMIC STATE HAS STILL HIT

IN SRI LANKA

Eight The explosions hit Sri Lanka on Sunday (April 21st), targeting Catholic churches during Easter Mass and hotels in Colombo, the main city of the country, as well as in Negombo and Batticaloa.

The provisional record amounts to 321 deaths including at least 45 children and adolescents and 500 wounded including 38 foreigners.

Danish fashion mogul Anders Holch Povlsen lost three of his children on holiday on the island.

Catholics, seen as a unifying force, are in shock in this country of 21 million inhabitants mostly Buddhist

The jihadist group Islamic State (IS) has claimed the attacks via its propaganda agency Amaaq, report authorities Tuesday, April 23. But without giving proof.

In the past the group has already claimed several opportunistic terrorist acts - in Las Vegas, Paris or Nice - without the investigators being able to establish responsibility for the latter.

The government rather suspects the local movement National Thowheeth Jama'ath (NTJ), of whom 40 people were arrested.

On Tuesday in Parliament, Deputy Defense Minister Ruwan Wijewardene said that

"Preliminary investigations revealed that what happened in Sri Lanka was in retaliation for the attack on two mosques against the Muslims of Christchurch" in New Zealand, which killed 50 people on March 15, 2019 .

Authorities have declared an immediate curfew and temporary blocking of social networks "to prevent the spread of incorrect and false images". The state of emergency was declared Tuesday in Sri Lanka.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

207 DEATH AND 450 INJURED IN ATTACKS

IN SRI LANKA

Eight explosions occurred in this popular island of foreign tourists, six, very close together, in the morning, and two hours later. In the city of Colombo, three luxury hotels and a church were hit. In Negombo, north of Colombo, the church of San Sebastián was attacked. Another church in Batticaloa has also been targeted.

In the early afternoon, two explosions occurred in the suburbs of Dehiwala (killing at least two people) and Orugodawatta. This latest explosion took place while police were conducting searches in which seven suspects were arrested.

According to the authorities, at least 207 people were killed in the explosions and 450 injured. A balance sheet that could be heavier. At least 35 foreigners are among the dead.

At least two explosions reportedly occurred by suicide bombers, witnesses said, but police spokesman Ruwan Gunasekera said he was unable to confirm whether the wave of attacks was a suicide attack.

According to CNN India, one of the terrorists at the base of the attacks that hit four hotels and three churches and made 185 dead was identified. His name: Zahran Hashim. He would be one of the suicide bombers who also reportedly attempted another terrorist attack earlier in the month.

The head of the national police, Pujuth Jayasundara, had alerted his services ten days ago by saying that an Islamist movement called NTJ (National Thowheeth Jama'ath) was planning "suicide bombings against important churches and the Indian High Commission" NTJ became known last year in connection with acts of vandalism against Buddhist statues

Sri Lanka is an island in the Indian Ocean, ethno-religious mosaic bruised by more than thirty years of conflict led by Tamil separatists.

Last October, Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena promoted number two of the army, a UN-accused general of war crimes against Tamil separatists, provoking outrage from human rights organizations. man, and provoking a serious political crisis that took a long time to subside.

"I call on all Sri Lankans to remain united and strong in these tragic times," said Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, adding that the government will take "immediate measures to contain the situation".

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres recalled "the sanctity of all places of worship. He hopes that the perpetrators of these acts will be promptly brought to justice ".

The island of Sri Lanka is a Buddhist-majority country, and Catholics are estimated at 1.2 million out of a total population of 21 million.

Catholics are seen as a unifying force because they are found in Tamils ​​as in Sinhalese majority.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

THE OUTGOING PRESIDENT JOKO WIDODO

WON ELECTIONS IN INDONESIA

The third-largest democracy in the world on Wednesday (April 17th) called 192 million voters to determine who, from Joko Widodo or Prabowo Subianto, will lead the archipelago for the next five years.

President Joko Widodo, who embodies Indonesia's tolerance and diversity in an archipelago threatened by the rise of Islamism, has likely won the presidential election with nearly 55% of the vote.

His rival Prabowo Subianto, a former soldier backed by Islamic conservatives, disputes the results. The participation rate would be 80%.

Joko Widodo owes its success first of all its success to a large part of the liberal Muslims and the ethnic and religious minorities, in particular Christian, Buddhist and Hindu, in a country with 87% Moslem.

On the other hand, its social protection and poverty programs have enabled it to maintain the support of the most disadvantaged classes in a country where half of the 260 million inhabitants live on less than two dollars a day.

Even if some voters, especially in liberal circles of big cities, reproach him for being the man of the permanent compromise, by choosing for example as running mate vice-president a conservative ouléma, it remains nonetheless that Joko Widodo embodies modernist Indonesia.

Indonesia could become the world's fourth largest economy in a quarter of a century.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

MARSHAL HAFTAR  RAID TRIPOLI IN LIBYA

In Libya, Marshal Haftar is marching on Tripoli where the national unity government of Prime Minister Fayez Al-Sarraj, recognized by the international community, sits. His air force also led their 1st raid on the outskirts of the capital Tripoli.

On Sunday, fierce fighting between the paramilitary forces of Marshal Haftar and the troops of the "National Unity" (GNA) government near Tripoli continued, and the Libyan National Army (ANL) claimed to have conducted its first raid. in the suburbs of the capital. In the opposing camp, the GNA, through its spokesman, Colonel Mohamad Gnounou, announced the beginning of a widespread "counter-offensive" - ​​called "Volcano of Wrath" - to "purge all Libyan cities "illegitimate forces", referring to the Haftar camp.

At least 32 people have been killed and 50 others wounded since Thursday, according to a new report stopped Sunday night by the Department of Health of the GNA. On Saturday evening, Marshal Haftar's ANL reported 14 dead among its fighters.

In launching his men to conquer Tripoli, Marshal Khalifa Haftar took his rivals and the international community by surprise. Tripoli was quick to react and announced a general "counter-offensive" against the pro-Haftar, while the bases of a rapprochement had been laid

After seizing the oil fields of Al-Charara in the south-west of the country and Al-Fil in the south this winter, Marshal Haftar already controls more than a third of Libya's terminals of the eastern part, the famous "oil crescent", the main platform for exporting black gold abroad.

The West of Libya and Tripoli remain, where the Prime Minister Fayez Al-Sarraj's government of national unity (GNA) is recognized by the international community.

Protected by the militias of Tripoli, he called for help this week the other revolutionary militia of Misrata and Zintan to restore a semblance of balance.

Libya has indeed split since 2014 after the fall of Gaddafi into several entities, the two main are, originally, the region of Tripolitania to the west and that of Cyrenaica to the east.

Why this division of the country after the fall of Gaddafi?

This division arose in the political chaos born of the fall of colonel Gaddafi in 2011. The first elected assembly was in 2012 the National General Congress (CGN).

In 2014, the CGN, composed mainly of Islamists rather moderate, plans to form a new assembly and organizes new elections.

But some members of the CGN, not re-elected, decide to maintain their authority in Tripoli, forcing the new "House of Representatives" to settle in Tobruk. Thus was born Tobruk's parliament, then recognized by the international community.

This rivalry between Tripolitania and Cyrenaica marks the beginning of the "second Libyan civil war". The Skhirat agreements (Morocco) were signed in December 2015 by representatives of the two rival authorities who agree on the principle of forming a national unity government.

But when this government is formed in January 2016, headed by tripolitan Fayez al-Sarraj, Tobruk's parliament refuses to give him his trust. The government of national unity is therefore very bad name, since his authority is not recognized in Cyrenaica. On the other hand, it is supported by the United Nations and the major Western states.

Since then, Tobruk has taken precedence over Tripoli! March on Tripoli by Marshal Haftar.

Gold of the East of Libya, of which he is the strong man, Marshal Khalifa Haftar ordered Thursday, April 4 to his troops to advance in direction of the capital, Tripoli, seat of its rivals of the government of "national union" (GNA). Statements that pose the risk of a violent conflagration in this country already split.The strong man of Eastern Libya can also count on the support of Cairo, but also the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Russia.

Will Libya again find itself embroiled in a dangerous military escalation?

Diplomatic efforts without success

All week long, the great nations concerned tried in vain to dissuade Haftar from marching on Tripoli. On Thursday, France, the United Kingdom, the United States, the United Arab Emirates and Italy called for renouncing "militaristic attitudes [and] threats of unilateral actions [that] can only plunge the Libya in chaos.

Friday, it was the turn of the G7 Foreign Ministers under French presidency in Saint-Malo to add pressure from Germany, Japan, Canada and the European Union. On Friday night, the UN Security Council, which includes Russia and China, called "ANL forces to stop all military movements" to Tripoli.

UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, then present in Libya called for calm and restraint. There is no "military solution". "There is no military solution in Libya. The solution must be political, "he said.

"Only interliby dialogue can solve Libyan problems. He warned Antonio Guterres.

The operation announced by the Libyan National Army Khalifa Haftar comes just days before the holding of a national conference under the auspices of the UN, scheduled for mid-April in Ghadames (south-west) and intended to establish a Roadmap with particular focus on holding new elections.

Will a mediation between the two powers be able to be organized mid-April in Ghadames? In this context, Sarraj and Haftar met again last month in Abu Dhabi for talks...

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

VENEZUELA

TOWARDS A NEW WORLD WAR ?

The standoff between Nicolas MADURO, the Venezuelan President, secured the support of China and Turkey, and Juan GUAIDO, the main self-proclaimed opponent, with Western support, led by the US, has now lasted nearly three months.

In early March 2019, a giant blackout plunged the country into chaos, even as Venezuela is the largest oil reserve on the planet (297 billion barrels) , one of the reasons for too much desire.

But Venezuela also has significant gold reserves. In December 2018, Caracas gave the green light to Russia to start extracting gold from the country.

Coincidence?
Authorized sources indicate that it would be this decision of the Maduro government that would have led the United States, Canada, Brazil and others, like France to recognize in a hurry, Guaido as the official President of Venezuela, at the risk of provoking a civil war in the country.

Too busy in the last decade, by the affairs of the Middle East, Syria, Iran, Libya, the United States had lowered the guard on the American continent, thus implicitly renouncing the application of the Doctrine James Monroe dictated in 1823.

The Monroe Doctrine has characterized US foreign geopolitics throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Described as a doctrine, but in fact a set of principles defined by US President James Monroe on the occasion of his message to the Congress of December 1923, the Monroe Doctrine prohibits any intervention in American affairs over the entire world. American continent, from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego.

The doctrine of Monroe was completed in 1904 by "the corollary of Roosevelt" which has since justified US interventionism on the American continent.

It is this doctrine of Monroe that justified all US responses to the "endangered, considered as its backyard".

The case of the Bay of Pigs / Cuba (1961), brilliantly managed by President John Fitzgerald Kennedy, was one of those responses.

As everyone knows, history stutters!

Because what is going on in Venezuela is starting to look like the events of the Cold War in CUBA's Bay of Pigs.

On March 24, 2019, about a hundred soldiers and 35 tons of equipment were landed in Venezuela by the Russians. A Cossack leader even claimed that he had 400 paramilitaries for this operation. Putin had warned however before getting there!

Admittedly, the Venezuelan opposition immediately downplayed the case, claiming that it was only an attempt at intimidation.

It does not seem so, considering the turn that has taken this incident since.

Initially denied by the Kremlin spokesman, military escalation has not stopped since.

Because Russia would have a lot to lose in the event of a change of regime in Caracas.

The second largest foreign investor, Russia has long wanted to strengthen its military ties with Venezuela, with the intention of eventually having a military base on the Orchila Island, located 2400 km from the coast of Florida in the Caribbean Sea: an unprecedented strategic threat for the United States ....

In December 2018, the American newspaper " The Drive " published satellite images of the Venezuelan island that reveal that changes have already taken place on the island. For example, the appearance of an airstrip for operations with Russian bombers TU-160, capable of carrying nuclear-headed cruise missiles.

Moreover, joint exercises between Russia and Venezuela have already taken place, in accordance with international law, following the instructions for the use of airspace: Russian aircraft were accompanied by Norwegian fighters F-16 ?? Guarantee ??

Not sure ! when it is known that Norway, which has just hosted the important NATO exercise Trident Junctuer, is increasingly concerned about the unpredictability of its neighbor (200 km of common border), which strengthens after day its military capabilities in the Arctic.

The military base of the island of Orcha should eventually allow Russian TU-160 bombers not to return systematically to Russia, supplies can therefore be done in flight.

The American response has gone up a notch.

The US Air Force is already carrying out "its integration of the theater of flight training" from the station of the RAF of London, this with the aim "to use this base as the advanced place of operation for B-52 bombers ".

At the same time, the US Air Force launched its bombers in the Pacific from Andersen base in Guam Island, which led to the preparation of two Sukoï SU-27 combat aircraft for interception of B-52 bombers.

Revisiting the principles of Monroe's theory very appropriately, John Bolton, Security Advisor to the White House has just recalled that any act of provocation in Venezuela would now be considered "as a threat" to peace and international security.

For his part, Donald Trump said bluntly that Russia should leave Venezuela, quickly ... on pain of paying the price ...

As we can see, the drums of war are beating more and more strongly, especially since the United States, like Russia, have begun to withdraw their participation in the INF Treaty, signed in 1987 by Gorbachev and Reagan, following the Euromissile crisis, with the aim of combating the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

China has just called for calm; but we know in what part of the struggle Chinese President Xi Jinping is engaged with Donald Trump and we also know that she will not let the United States attack Iran.

And Europe in all this?

In the current state of the European debate, the Europe that protects is only a mild dream, France, which is the only European State to dispose of nuclear weapons (with the exception of Great Britain, which will certainly switch to Brexit) being mired in an endless debate, unrealistic provoked by the successive serious mistakes of Emmanuel Macron since his accession to the Elysée.

In November 2017, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called, at a meeting with NATO ministers, European countries to plan their civilian infrastructure for the needs of the army. By slamming heels, the EU has solemnly pledged to rehabilitate its transport networks, including railways, to support rapid transport of armored vehicles and heavy equipment, delegating key roles to national governments and the private sector. highway ?).

Given the state of maintenance of the French road network and the public finances of France ... the appointment does not seem assured !

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

CASE CARLOS GHOSN HIS SECRET STORY

Carlos Ghosn has been intriguing for years, as the contrasts between his public life exhibited extensively and his profound personality are incredibly different.

Alone against all ?

"A small team of intriguers" against a fighting man who calls himself "innocent", a French citizen who has doubts about Japanese justice. Lawyers want a fair trial.

A relentless ... An infernal gear that undergoes the captain of industry that is above all Carlos Ghosn that proud to have been at the head of the Alliance.

Carlos Ghosn is the master of the discretion, but also of the expression of all the extravagances public or likely to be known of the public.

The oscillations of the character, between shadow and light are certainly the cause of his meteoric rise but also serious problems he is currently experiencing in Japan, where he is incarcerated in a prison with rudimentary and Spartan comfort, the opposite of the opulent and valuable environment he had previously experienced.

The projections of the character are not, from our point of view, the only reasons for the attacks of his opponents. Nor do they justify the terrible conditions of incarceration inflicted on him.

These sordid conditions of incarceration have led his wife (his second wife) to seize an NGO, Human Rights Watch to denounce, on a 9-page mail his inhuman treatment.

Carlos Ghosn's cell is lit day and night; the prisoner who does not have access to his daily medical treatment encounters enormous difficulties in obtaining the visit of his lawyers; every day investigators interrogate him to obtain a confession, a confession "the text of which would have been previously written".

In his Japanese cell, Carlos Ghosn has time to think about the nickname he has been given: "Cost Killer"! After having killed extensively during the many corporate restructurings he began from the 1990s, expeditious and implacable restructuring, he is now "killed".

Why did we get there? What explanations to give to the incredible descent into hell of the CEO of Renault Nissan Mitsubishi?

Carlos Ghosn Bichara (his full name) was born in Brazil, but grew up in Lebanon in a Christian Maronite family. Brilliant but brilliant health, his mother enrolled him at the Jesuit Fathers College Notre Dame Jamhour, in the suburbs of Beirut. At the age of 16, he moved to Paris to pursue his higher education and went through Polytechnique and Mines, where he graduated with an engineering degree.

When he left, he was hired by the big European tire manufacturer, Michelin, where he stayed for 18 years. During this period he tests and develops the management methods that will make his success later recovering the situation, difficult at the time, of Michelin in South America and from 1989 by organizing the absorption of Uniroyal Goodrich in North America.

Carlos Ghosn joined Renault in 1996 as Deputy Chief Executive Officer where he reorganized the merger with Volvo. Under the terms of the negotiated agreements, Volvo acquires Renault Truck and Renault shares in Volvo's capital at a rate of 20%.

Starting in 1999, Carlos Ghosn began managing Renault's participation with Nissan, following which he took the position of CEO.

At this time, Nissan is in great financial difficulty, symbolizing alone the financial crisis of the Japanese economy. The recovery plan succeeded, allowing him to take the post of Chairman of the Board of Renault-Nissan after the departure of Louis Schweitzer.

Carlos Ghosn continues to monitor the development of Nissan, which will significantly increase sales volumes to reach a level never seen before. Renault's internal management is being taken over by the Japanese, who are gradually muzzling the French car group, thus allowing Nissan (in 2016), helped by Carlos Ghosn to take back Mitsubishi, without the approval of Renault, to his nose and his beard. From October 2016, Nissan effectively controls the Mitsubishi Group by acquiring 34% of the shares of Mitsubishi Motors.

It is also from this date that we start the difficulties of Carlos Ghosn, who after 12 years of hard management, is at the head of a group that weighs 120,000 employees, 38 manufacturing units and product 14 million cars every year, this in a context where the car industry is changing. To cope with this change Carlos Ghosn also launched in January 2018, a venture capital fund to invest $ 1 billion in start-ups to develop the electric car. The entity is called Alliance; Renault holds 40% of the shares, Nissan 40% and Mitsubishi 20%.

Why did we get there ?

1 . For reasons visible and known to all:

- The intractable methods he used during his career

- His relationship with money and power: Carlos Ghosn has a lifestyle of head of state and behaves like a head of state, even if he seeks discretion by not communicating on the subject

- In terms of financial arrangements

2. For more obscure reasons for which he may be held responsible, for some, but for the victim, for others.

The meteoric rise of Carlos Ghosn exposed him. Yet the big boss is of a suspicious and fearful temperament. Carlos Ghosn is scared to be assassinated like former Renault boss Georges Besse, who was shot by Action Directe in 1986.

This reaction may be justified, because when arriving in Japan to straighten Nissan, Carlos Ghosn receives death threats. Japan is a very calm country in appearance but the Japanese mafia that controls the assemblies of large corporations does not hesitate to handle the knife (see the assassination of the mayor of Nagasaki in public) as needed. Also, the security of Carlos Ghosn takes from his arrival at Renault and gradually the appearance of a novel noir; The group developed a well-established intelligence culture thanks to the intervention of a former DGSE (Rémi Pagnie) and a former intelligence-led soldier (Dominique Gevey).

It is at this crossroads that the interests of the multiple actors in Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi's presence intersect, including the representatives of the APE (the State Investment Agency). At the head of the EPA is a certain Alexis Kholer, whose appointment had been dismissed by Arnault Montebourg, then Minister of Economy and Finance, replaced after his resignation "furious" by a certain Emmanuel Macron. Alexis Kholer is an enarque (like Emmanuel Macron), of Rococan tendency (like Emmanuel Macron) who rubbed Edouard Philippe at the Club "Opinion".

Alexis Köhler is a man of the current President of the Republic, who after being deputy director of "Emmanuel" when he was still Minister of Finance, became from May 14, 2017, Secretary General of the Elysium. Alexis Köhler is an austere, silent man who has all the confidence of Emmanuel Macron (he participated actively in the presidential campaign of En Marche) but on whom too, suspicions of conflicts of interest in the MSC affair ( Alexis Kohler's mother is the first cousin of Rafaela Aponte, co-founder with her husband of the world's second largest shipping and cruise group.

Therefore, we understand better after this demonstration, why Emmanuel Macron has not moved a finger to defend Carlos Ghosn since November 20, 2018, when he was incarcerated; worse, the French state has just recently released the President of Renault Nissan Mitsubishi.

On January 16, 2019, several representatives of the French government were in Tokyo. Among them, Martin Vial, the director of the Agency of Participations of the State and Emmanuel Maulin, Director of Cabinet of Bruno Le Maire. Second knives, in fact! To do what and decide what?

But we understand even better the case of Carlos Ghosn if we resume, as we have just done, the history of the alliance of the Renault Nissan group since 2012. At this date François Hollande became President of the Republic and Emmanuel Macron, in the wake became Deputy Secretary General of the Elysee. It is François Hollande, most likely advised by Emmanuel Macron who ordered Carlos Ghosn to take maximum control of Nissan and even to organize the merger of the two groups. Nissan is opposed to any merger manages to neutralize the French ambitions, but is forced, after the raid, to note that Renault has become a holder of 44% of its capital.

Japan's mistrust has risen to match and is growing, and the standoff with the French state is beginning! He will not stop! And it's Carlos Ghosn who will pay the price!

Because in our opinion, accusations of tax fraud and abuse of corporate property are just a pretext. Moreover, information on undeclared income from a Nissan subsidiary in the Netherlands has still not been confirmed. These accusations only made it clear that Carlos Ghosn had been domiciled in the Netherlands for tax purposes, whereas he had sought, on the advice of Louis Schweitzer, and obtained in 1996 the French nationality.

Asian sources say that the "Carlos Ghosn affair" is directed against the current Japanese Finance Minister, Taro Aso, whose daughter is married to Alexandre de Rothschild. Aso is accused of having sold water management rights to Veolia, which is majority owned by the French Rothschild clan.

Other sources, especially from the Pentagon, indicate that the arrest of Carlos Ghosn has military origins to be sought on the side of Mitsubishi Motors, which before the alliance with Renault-Nissan was part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, the largest military manufacturer in the world. Japan. As such Mitsubishi holds military secrets hitherto jealously guarded by the Japanese government but also by the Commanders of the 7 th US fleet. The arrest of Carlos Ghosn and his forfeiture were organized by them to prevent France from accessing military technologies through Mitsubishi.

Carlos Ghosn is also paying for Emmanuel Macron's 2015 coup, when Renault's share capital in the Renault Nissan alliance rose to 44%.

Carlos Ghosn is still paying and scapegoating the battle raging in the Western world following the election of Donald Trump who seeks to oust the international financial oligarchic mafia that until now had held the military complex -industrial formerly protected by Clinton / Obama clan.

In the light of these explanations we see that it is not Carlos Ghosn who is directly targeted. It is in fact Emmanuel Macron, former manager of Rotshchild, craftsman since 2012 mergers Renault Nissan Mitsubishi, which is aimed.

And France and the French, more and more yellow jackets, do not weigh much in this geopolitical cyclone?

And meanwhile, according to the Associeted Press Agency, a cargo ship carrying 3,500 Nissan cars is burning between Japan and Honolulu. The 21 crew members left the ship; but there was a death. Either it's chance or it's something else ??

Clara Mitchell pour DayNewsWorld

THE MURDER OF JAMAL KHAGGOSHI

OR THE PRICE OF BLOOD

Jamal Khashoggi, an intellectual critic of the Saudi regime, who resided in the United States, was killed and dismembered on 2 October 2019 by a commando of fifteen Saudi agents from Ryad in his country's consulate in Istanbul. His body has never been found.

An assassination that provoked a shock wave that greatly destabilized Saudi power.

Saudi Arabia has long denied being a sponsor of the murder before conceding that an operation was carried out by "out of control" elements that would have degenerated.

If the trial of eleven suspects opened at the beginning of the year before the Saudi court, the Attorney General has already requested the death penalty against five of them.

If the US Senate considers the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman ("MBS") as "responsible" for the crime, the latter has been cleared by his country ...

In addition to the trial against the commando's barbouzes, King Salmane, father of MBS authorized at the end of 2018, as part of the recognition that a "great injustice was committed" and the attempt to "repair a wrong", payments to children of the late Jamal Kagghoshi, according to the Washington Post.

A practice that is part of Saudi traditions and culture ..

Negotiations were allegedly conducted by Khalid ben Salman, brother of MBS and ambassador of Saudi Arabia to the United States.

The four children of the Saudi journalist murdered in Istanbul on October 2, 2018 have all received valuable homes and are receiving large sums of money each month from the Saudi authorities, according to the Washington Post.

The trials of the suspects of the murder, on which still shadows still areas of the implication of the powerful "MBS", will finish in a few months.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

PASSIBLE HOMOSEXUALITY OF THE DEATH PENALTY IN THE SULTANATE OF BRUNEI AND THE APPEAL TO BOYCOTT BY GEORGE CLOONEY

Brunei will soon bring into force a new Penal Code making homosexuality punishable by death.

Brunei will soon be the only country in Southeast Asia to sanction homosexuality and extra-marital sex with the death penalty.

The small sultanate of 420,000 inhabitants on the island of Borneo already banned homosexuality but the new Shari'a-inspired criminal code will make it a crime.

The new legislation of this wealthy small oil state of Southeast Asia also provides amputation of a hand or a foot for a flight.

The new penal code would apply to all Muslims in the country, about 70% of the population.

Brunei announced in 2014 the gradual introduction of sharia, despite opposition from human rights defenders.

Thus Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah has already banned the sale of alcohol.

Missing Friday prayers and having children out of wedlock are also prohibited.

A document from the Attorney General's Office dated 29 December 2018 provides for the entry into force of the new provisions on 3 April.

In a column published on the Deadline website, George Clooney calls for boycotting nine palaces around the world, including the Plaza Athénée and the Meurice in Paris, the Beverly Hills in Rome, via London or Milan.

The actor refers to the owners of these palaces, an investment fund held by the Sultanate of Brunei.

Many NGOs have also denounced this violation of human rights, including Amnesty International, which calls on the international community to "urgently condemn Brunei's decision to put these cruel sanctions into practice».

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

JUAN GUIDO REVOKES FROM HIS POST OF PRESIDENT OF PARLIAMENT AND DECLARES UNREALIDIBLE

Juan Guaido declared himself acting president of the country on 23 January and has been recognized as such by some 50 countries, including the United States.

Two months later, Venezuela still faces the worst crisis in its history with a slow economy, a devalued currency and shortages.

Speaker of the Venezuelan Parliament Juan Guaido, also leader of the opposition, was dismissed Thursday from his post and will not be able to hold elective office for 15 years for alleged corruption, Venezuelan authorities said.

The Comptroller General of the Republic Elvis Amoroso, responsible for ensuring the transparency of the administration in Venezuela, has decided "to prohibit the exercise of any elective office to the citizen (Juan Guaido) for the maximum period provided for by law" he told state television at a press conference held Thursday in Caracas.

According to Elvis Amoroso, Juan Guaido does not justify, in his declarations of patrimony, certain expenses realized in Venezuela and abroad with funds coming from other countries. "He made more than 91 trips out of the territory for a cost higher than the 310 million bolivars (about 94,000 dollars at the current rate), without justifying the origin of these funds," explained the Controller.

Former presidential candidate Henrique Capriles of 2013 was sanctioned in the same way and declared ineligible. Consequence: he could not come later in 2018.

The rivalry between the two "presidents" sharpen: Maduro and his government accused Juan Guaido and his right-hand man, MP Roberto Marrero, arrested on March 21 by the intelligence services, to foment terrorist operations with the money of the state blocked by US sanctions.

Alyson Braxton for Daynewsworld

OLD AGENT OF THE DGSE

KILLED BY BALL IN FRANCE

Daniel Forestier, a former DGSE agent, was found dead in a car park in the town of Ballaison, not far from Lake Geneva on 21 March 2019.

At the end of the day, Daniel Forestier, 58, was shot dead and had five bullet holes, one in the heart and one in the head.

The procedure attests to the intervention of professional killers.

The prosecutor's office of Thonon-les-Bains also believes that it is a settling of accounts done by professionals.

An investigation was thus opened for "organized assassination" and "criminal conspiracy".

Daniel Forestier was indicted last September for "participation in a criminal conspiracy" and "possession of explosives" and placed under judicial control.

This former DGSE was suspected of having planned the assassination of the Congolese opponent Ferdinand Mbaou, who lives in Val-d'Oise.

For Daniel Forestier's lawyer, Cédric Huissoud, the challenge to his client in the case concerning the Congolese opponent was unjustified.

"My client has always challenged these incredible accusations, which rely only on anonymous testimony,"

For the moment, even if no link has been established between his death and this project of assassination, the case seems heard in advance!

In September, Cédric Huissoud lodged an appeal before the investigating chamber of the Lyon Court of Appeal, the innocence of his client being obvious to him.

Moreover, his request to cancel the indictment of his client, which was under judicial control was all right in a defense of an innocent.

"This case is strange and weird since the start. The facts for which the two former agents were indicted are fiercely disputed, "reacted on his side Marie-Alix Canu-Bernard, the lawyer Bruno Susini, also indicted in this case.

For Marie-Alix Canu-Bernard lawyer, the two former agents were "very worried about their safety" and had filed complaints for "violation of the secrecy of education".

Photos of Forestier's house had been broadcast on social networks after being indicted.

Daniel Forestier, married with two children, was based in Lucinges (Haute-Savoie) after 14 years with the DGSE.

He was a man who was above all a father and a husband appreciated by all.

He had a healthy and peaceful life, and was not known to justice beyond the September indictment.

He was also a municipal councilor until last September and had published several novels with evocative titles such as

"Barbouze of the Republic" or "Requiem for a Savoyard".

For its part, the floor of Lyon does not go beyond the confirmation of the opening of an investigation by the Jirs.

The modus operandi and the many gray areas surrounding the assassination of Daniel Forestier fuel a lot of speculation,

Settling scores ?

Elimination of an embarrassing witness ??

Burial first class of truth ???

"It is hard to believe that this murder is unrelated to his involvement in the case Mbaou"!

The life expectancy of the DGSE field agents seems much lower than the average of the French population !!

A case to follow .......!!!

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

POUR UN MULTILATERALISME EUROPEEN RENOVE FACE A XI JIPING

« Dans le contexte actuel, l’attachement au multilatéralisme est la meilleure façon de promouvoir la coopération internationale face à la multiplication des risques et des défis communs, et de préserver la paix et la prospérité dans le monde », peut-on lire dans la déclaration franco-chinoise.

Un mini sommet à quatre s'est déroulé ce mardi 26 mars dans le grand salon de l’Elysée. Xi Jinping, le président chinois, était entouré de Jean-Claude Juncker, le président de la Commission européenne, et du président français aux côtés de la chancelière Angela Merkel. Il s'agissait pour les trois Européens de réaffirmer face à Xi Jinping leur attachement viscéral au multilatéralisme, se démarquant ainsi de Donald Trump, chantre de la guerre commerciale.

« Ce que nous voulons bâtir ensemble, c’est un cadre multilatéral rénové, plus juste, plus équilibré », a plaidé le président français dans son allocution, affirmant que « la coopération rapporte plus que la confrontation, et nous avons plus à gagner à l’ouverture qu’à la fermeture ».

Face à la politique économique conquérante de la Chine les pays européens sont divisés. Ainsi certains pays européens tels que l'Italie et certains pays des Balkans ont accepté les investissements chinois , dans le cadre du programme d’infrastructures des « nouvelles routes de la soie ». Mais de nombreux autres s’inquiètent d'un manque de réciprocité des échanges et investissements.

Cette rencontre inédite visait donc à afficher un front commun des Européens face à une Chine de plus en plus conquérante.

« Nous respectons la Chine (…) et nous attendons naturellement de nos grands partenaires qu’ils respectent eux aussi l’unité de l’Union européenne », a rappelé Emmanuel Macron.

Les « nouvelles routes de la soie » sont « un projet très important » et « nous, Européens, nous voulons jouer un rôle mais cela doit conduire à de la réciprocité et nous avons un peu de mal à la trouver », a renchéri la chancelière allemande Angela Merkel. A Jean-Claude Juncker, président de la Commission européenne, de rajouter : « Je voudrais (…) que les entreprises européennes trouvent le même degré d’ouverture que les entreprises chinoises en Europe. Totale », a-t-il insisté.

Le président chinois s'est dit favorable au « multilatéralisme rénové » et à « la compétition positive ».

« Certes il y a des points de désaccord, de la compétition mais c’est de la compétition positive (…). Nous sommes en train d’avancer ensemble. Il ne faut pas que la méfiance fasse qu’on ne cesse de regarder constamment en arrière », a jugé, de son côté, Xi Jinping.

Les dirigeants ont également pointé la nécessité de « moderniser » » l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC), arbitre des échanges internationaux à l’utilité contestée par la Maison Blanche ainsi que d'agir contre le réchauffement climatique. « Serons-nous capables de le faire évoluer et de le réformer, ou ce système construit dans l’après-guerre va-t-il se calcifier, devenir toujours plus rigide et finir aux poubelles de l’histoire ? », a averti la chancelière allemande.

Garett Skyport pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

L'ERREUR DE LA DICTATURE A ETE DE TORTURER SANS TUER

SELON LE PRESIDENT BOLSONARO AU BRESIL

Le président du Brésil Jair Bolsonaro a ordonné, lundi 25 mars, que soit commémoré le 55e anniversaire du coup d'Etat du 31 mars 1964. Coup d'Etat qui avait installé une dictature militaire de 21 ans.

« Notre président a ordonné au ministère de la Défense d'organiser les commémorations qui se doivent liées au 31 mars 1964 », a déclaré à la presse Otávio Régo Barros au palais présidentiel de Planalto.

Jair Bolsonaro, ex-capitaine chez les parachutistes et au gouvernement composé pour moitié de militaires, n'a jamais caché sa nostalgie de l'époque de la dictature. Interrogé sur ce que recouvraient ces célébrations, le porte-parole a répondu :

«Ce que les commandants choisiront dans leurs garnisons, et dans le contexte dans lequel elles doivent être réalisées.»

« Le président ne considère pas le 31 mars 1964 comme un coup d'Etat militaire », a précisé le porte-parole. « Il considère que la société rassemblée, sentant le danger que le pays était en train de vivre », a réussi ce jour-là en unissant « des civils et des militaires, à récupérer le pays et le remettre en marche ».

Sans cela, « aujourd'hui nous aurions ici un type de gouvernement qui ne serait bon pour personne », a-t-il ajouté.

Le militariste Bolsonaro a acquis une partie de sa popularité grâce à son goût immodéré pour l'autorité, multipliant les déclarations polémiques. En juin 2016, il avait affirmé à la radio Jovem Pan :

« l'erreur de la dictature a été de torturer sans tuer ».

Lors de la séance de la Chambre des députés où a été votée en avril 2016 la destitution de la présidente Dilma Rousseff (ex-guérillera torturée par les militaires), Bolsonaro avait dédié son vote au colonel qui était le chef du renseignement sous la dictature, accusé d'au moins six assassinats sous la torture.

« A la mémoire du colonel Carlos Alberto Brilhante Ustra, la terreur de Rousseff (...), je vote oui! ». En 2011, Dilma Rousseff avait interdit à l'armée quelque commémoration que ce soit de la dictature.

Selon la Commission nationale de la vérité, il y eut durant la dictature brésilienne pas moins de 434 assassinats et des centaines de détentions arbitraires et de tortures d'opposants.

A la suite de l'éviction du président Joao Goulart en 1964, cinq généraux se sont succédé jusqu'en 1985 à la tête de la junte avec un parti officiel (Arena) et une opposition muselé (MDB).

Le régime a connu un durcissement en 1968 avec l'interdiction des manifestations, la censure et le jugement des prisonniers politiques par des tribunaux militaires.

Jenny Chase pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

DEMISSION DU CARDINAL CHILIEN EZZATI

Le pape a accepté la démission du cardinal Ezzati, accusé d’avoir dissimulé des actes de pédophilie.

Tout comme pour le cardinal Barbarin, des poursuites ont aussi été engagées contre le cardinal Ezzati, pour son silence sur des actes commis depuis les années 1980.

Si la démission du cardinal français a été refusée - au nom de la présomption d’innocence en début de semaine par le pape, celle du cardinal chilien a été validée au cours du week-end.

Le pape François a en effet accepté la démission du cardinal chilien Riccardo Ezzati, a annoncé samedi 23 mars le Vatican, cinq jours après avoir dit non à la demande du cardinal Barbarin.

L’archevêque de Santiago avait, de son côté, présenté cette démission en mai 2018, comme l’ensemble des évêques chiliens, à la suite d’une série de scandales d’agressions sexuelles à l’encontre de mineurs.

Mgr Ezzati, le plus haut dignitaire de l’Eglise catholique dans le pays, avait gardé le silence et était notamment soupçonné d’avoir couvert deux prêtres accusé d’avoir abusé de mineurs.

Il avait également couvert M. Karadima, ancien formateur charismatique de prêtres, qui avait été reconnu coupable en 2011 par un tribunal du Vatican d’avoir commis des actes pédophiles dans les années 1980 et 1990. Il a été contraint de se retirer pour une vie de pénitence.

Le Chili est l’un des pays les plus gravement touchés par le scandale des agressions sexuelles commises par des membres du clergé et de leur gestion par les autorités ecclésiastiques.

En mai 2018 le pape avait convoqué tous les évêques chiliens au Vatican pour trois journées d’introspection, à l’issue desquelles tous les évêques avaient remis leur démission. Depuis, le pape argentin avait accepté sept de ces démissions.

En octobre, François avait accepté, avec réticence, la démission du cardinal américain Donald Wuerl, archevêque de Washington, soupçonné par un jury populaire d’avoir étouffé un vaste scandale d’agressions sexuelles en Pennsylvanie...

Le jugement du pape François ne peut pas résister à la lame de fond soulevée par les scandales de pédophilie au sein de l’Eglise.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

47 MORTS ET 90 BLESSES DANS UNE VIOLENTE EXPLOSION D' UNE USINE CHIMIQUE EN CHINE

Une violente explosion s'est produite jeudi 21 mars dans une usine chimique à Yancheng, dans la province chinoise du Jiangsu. Au moins 47 morts et 90 personnes grièvement blessées

La déflagration s'est produite vers 14H50 heure locale (06H50 GMT) dans l'entreprise Tianjiayi Chemical, située dans la ville de Yancheng, dans la province du Jiangsu, a affirmé la municipalité sur le réseau social Weibo.

« Après l'explosion, les services de sécurité publique, de lutte anti-incendie et du personnel médical ont été dépêchés sur place pour les opérations de secours », a déclaré la municipalité.

« Les habitants du secteur se sont par ailleurs spontanément organisés afin de conduire les blessés à l'hôpital », a-t-elle précisé.

Des vidéos ont été publiées sur internet par plusieurs médias chinois: elles montrent une énorme boule de feu de plusieurs dizaines de mètres de haut, ainsi qu'une épaisse colonne de fumée grise s'échappant d'un site industriel. La télévision d'Etat CCTV a diffusé des images montrant les vitres d'habitations environnantes pulvérisées par le souffle de la déflagration.

L’explosion a soufflé de nombreux bâtiments autour du site, à 300 kilomètres au nord de Shanghai. Une partie des victimes étaient des ouvriers ; ils ont été tués par l’effondrement de leur usine.

La puissance de l’explosion est telle qu’elle a provoqué un petit tremblement de terre, de magnitude 2,2 sur l’échelle de Richter, d’après l’administration de sismologie nationale chinoise. De nombreuses images ont été partagées en ligne

Des manquements à la sécurité

L’usine de Tianjiayi Chemical produisait des composés chimiques de base, dont l’anisole, hautement inflammable.

Plusieurs personnes ont été arrêtées dans le cadre de l’enquête de police en cours, ont indiqué les autorités.

L’entreprise avait été rappelée à l’ordre en février 2018 pour treize manquements aux règles de sécurité par l’administration d’Etat pour la supervision de la sécurité. Les manquements concernaient l’insuffisance de qualification à la sécurité des cadres de l’usine, l’absence de patrouilles d’inspections, et plusieurs problèmes techniques inquiétants, comme l’absence de certaines valves de sécurité et des fuites nombreuses. Le rapport décrit aussi d’importants problèmes structurels : « Il n’y a pas de dispositif d’urgence d’évacuation des fuites sur le site de chargement et de déchargement du benzène et du méthanol. »

L’explosion de cuves de produits inflammables est la plus meurtrière survenue au cours de ces dernières années, mais les accidents industriels sont toujours nombreux en Chine.

En effet la sécurité des sites industriels en Chine reste largement insuffisante, comme le rappellent les accidents tragiques qui s’y produisent régulièrement, généralement dans le secteur industriel.

En novembre, une fuite de gaz dans une usine chimique avait provoqué une explosion qui a fait 23 morts, à Zhangjiakou (nord), une ville-hôte des JO d'hiver 2022 située à environ 200 kilomètres au nord-ouest de Pékin.

En juillet, une autre explosion dans une usine chimique a fait 19 morts et 12 blessés dans la province du Sichuan (sud-ouest). L'entreprise avait illégalement engagé des travaux sans passer de tests de sécurité, selon les autorités.

En 2016, une déflagration dans la canalisation d'une centrale électrique avait tué au moins 21 personnes dans le centre du pays.

Mais un des plus graves accidents industriels est celui survenu en 2015 à Tianjin (nord): une gigantesque explosion dans un entrepôt de produits chimiques avait fait au moins 165 morts dans cette grande ville portuaire, à quelque 120 kilomètres de Pékin.Le site industriel stockait quelque 700 tonnes de cyanure de sodium hautement toxique, parmi des milliers de tonnes d'autres composants chimiques dangereux.

A Yangcheng, à cause de la pollution de l'air, les riverains ont fui leur maison par crainte d’être exposés à des produits chimiques.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld
There are no translations available.

AU MOINS 49 MORTS DANS UNE ATTAQUE TERRORISTE CONTRE DEUX MOSQUEES EN NOUVELLE ZELANDE

Au moins 49 personnes ont été tuées et une vingtaine blessées à Christchurch, dans un acte terroriste par un homme présenté comme un « extrémiste de droite » qui a filmé son attaque. Il a été arrêté.

Au moins quarante-neuf personnes ont été tuées et vingt autres blessées, vendredi 15 mars, lors d’une attaque terroriste contre deux mosquées de la ville néo-zélandaise de Christchurch, selon un bilan officiel.

« Il est clair qu’on ne peut décrire cela que comme une attaque terroriste, a déclaré la première ministre, Jacinda Ardern. Pour ce que nous en savons, [l’attaque] semble avoir été bien planifiée. »

La reine Elizabeth II a assuré être « profondément attristée par l'attaque effroyable » perpétrée dans ce royaume du Commonwealth.

L’attaque, méthodiquement menée contre les deux mosquées, s'est déroulée à l’heure de la prière du vendredi. Au moment de la fusillade, la mosquée Al-Noor, sur Deans Avenue, dans le centre de la ville, était remplie de fidèles. Quarante et une personnes y ont été tuées, tandis que sept autres ont succombé dans une deuxième attaque perpétrée à la mosquée de Linwood, à cinq kilomètres de là, dans la banlieue de Christchurch.

Un suspect d’une vingtaine d’années a été arrêté, inculpé pour meurtres. Il doit comparaître devant un tribunal dès samedi matin, a annoncé le commissaire Mike Bush, lors d’une conférence de presse Il n'a cependant pas donné l'identité du terroriste.

Le suspect s’est lui-même présenté comme un Australien de 28 ans dans un « manifeste » publié sur Twitter. Le document de 73 pages est intitulé « Le Grand Remplacement », titre emprunté à une une théorie d’extrême droite, selon laquelle les « peuples européens » seraient « remplacés » par des populations non européennes immigrées.

On ne connaît pas le nombre exact de terroristes , mais le commissaire Bush a déclaré que trois autres personnes avaient été arrêtées en possession d’armes. Il s'agit de deux hommes et une femme, inscrits sur aucun fichier de surveillance, selon la police.Si plus aucun suspect identifié n’est recherché,« il serait faux cependant de partir du principe que personne d’autre n’est impliqué », a prévenu le commissaire Bush.

La Nouvelle-Zélande relève son niveau d'alerte à la sécurité. En ce jour de prière, la police demande aux musulmans d'éviter les mosquées partout en Nouvelle-Zélande. La municipalité de Christchurch, une ville de 340 000 habitants, a ouvert une ligne téléphonique d’urgence pour les parents inquiets du sort de leurs enfants qui participaient à une marche contre le changement climatique non loin de là.

La Nouvelle-Zélande connaît l'une de ses journées « les plus sombres » après ces attentats « sans précédent », a estimé la Première ministre.

L’attentat contre deux mosquées vendredi en Nouvelle-Zélande est de très loin la pire attaque contre des Musulmans dans un pays occidental. Il rappelle, si la piste d’extrême-droite est confirmée, le massacre commis par le néo-nazi Anders Breivik en Norvège en 2011.

« De nombreux réfugiés et migrants se trouvent parmi les morts et les blessés », selon un porte-parole de l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM) à Genève.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS AN OUTCOME OF A PACIFIC CRISIS

LESS AND LESS PROBABLE IN VENEZUELA

In Venezuela, the standoff continues between the incumbent president Nicolas Maduro and his opponent, self-proclaimed interim president Juan Guaido. The situation has become increasingly critical since the country is hit by a huge blackout. The country is sinking into a deep crisis.

Since Thursday, March 7, the country is plunged into the dark, economic activity is stopped and health facilities are paralyzed so that in less than 48 hours, fifteen people with kidney disease died because of lack of dialysis. The people who are lacking everything are exhausted.

The government, increasingly isolated on the international scene, denounces the "cyber attacks" of the United States to destabilize the country while the opposition attributed this failure to government mismanagement, in a country accustomed to power outages although never of this magnitude.

What will be the outcome of this crisis? Who of President Nicolas Maduro or his rival Juan Guaido will win the fight for power?

Juan Guaido and the peaceful transition?

Nicolas Maduro has only 14% positive opinions, according to the Datanalisis survey institute. The current conditions are such that a large part of the population sees Juan Guaido as a peaceful and democratic solution. But will it succeed?

Admittedly the opponent has gained such renown that the authorities could not afford to stop him on his return when he had violated last week a ban on leaving the territory.

Juan Guaido then tried to bring into the country tons of humanitarian aid offered mainly by the United States and blocked by the armed forces on the Colombian border. But Mr. Maduro and his army held out - the head of state saw it as a disguised attempt at outside military intervention.

Following this failure, the parliamentarian immediately promised to intensify the popular mobilization and diplomatic isolation of the Maduro government.

"I am announcing a popular tour and the diplomatic isolation of the Maduro government. "I am announcing a tour, my tour and that of all the deputies (across the country) to make you come to Caracas in a definitive way", he launched on March 9 in front of thousands of partisans descended in the streets of the capital.

"After the end of this tour (...) we will announce the date when all together we will walk on Caracas", he added. He promised a march on the capital. He has even said he is ready to support the strike of the public sector unions.

In the army returns the role of referee ...

This increased pressure has the sole purpose of bringing the high command of the army to let go Maduro and, ultimately, to bring down the regime, paving the way for a peaceful transition and elections. According to Datanalisis, Nicolas Maduro has only 14% positive opinions, but he can always count on the loyalty of the army.

While 700 military and police have already joined Juan Guaido in recent weeks and defected across the border with Brazil and Colombia, no senior officer has gone on his side. Venezuela has about 365,000 military and police officers. To convince, it would require a negotiation granting "specific guarantees" to officers involved in corruption and human rights violations.

Under these conditions, the transition would take longer but it would increase the probability that it would be non-violent, according to the expert Michael Shifter.

On the other hand "The scenario of a military intervention led by the United States seems every day less probable but can not be dismissed according to the evolution of the situation", warns this analyst.

US sanctions - including the oil embargo - further aggravate the difficulties in the daily life of the population. Before possibly causing the fall of the government, they risk, "sooner or later, to damage the image of Guaido," warns Luis Vicente Leon, Venezuelan analyst and director of the institute Datanalisis. Maduro bets in a sense on the "disenchantment" of Mr. Guaido that could occur in the long run, according to political scientist Luis Salamanca.

The more time passes and the more democratic and peaceful transition to exit the country from the crisis seems to move away.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

RECONSTRUCTION OF A LAUNCH SITE
SPAKES IN NORTH KOREA ?

South Korean intelligence services and two US research centers have seen renewed activity at the Sohae site, which has been dormant since 2018. Some fear that this may signal further tests of intercontinental ballistic missiles.

Kim Jong-un, after the failure of the Hanoi summit, would he reactivated one of the rocket launch sites in the country?

This is suggested by the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), which states that more activity has been reported at the Sohae site in Tongchang-ri just two days after the end. from the Hanoi summit.

"This facility was dormant since August 2018, indicating that current activities are purposeful and have a purpose," says CSIS. This activity could "illustrate a determination in the face of US rejection" of North Korea's demand for easing sanctions on the regime, says CSIS. Without giving any explanation, he recalls that the site has, in the past, been used for satellite launches that use "ICBM technology, prohibited by Security Council resolutions".

But why are North Koreans bustling again in Sohae? The opinions of the experts diverge.

Named by the NBC channel, Victor Cha, one of the CSIS experts, believes that the observed activity is "consistent with the preparation of a test, even if the images do not show that a missile was positioned on the launching ramp ". However, he believes that Pyongyang prepares it for another shot.

It's going a little fast, explains, for its part, Joel Wit, director of 38 North, also based in Washington. The 38 North site also reports ongoing work on the Sohae site, based on satellite imagery. The images show that mobile track structures have been put in place that once served to transfer rockets to the firing point, he says. Joel Wit believes that the observed indices do not necessarily mean "the preparation of an ICBM test" (intercontinental ballistic missile). There would even be a timing problem.

But most importantly, he recalls, Pyongyang "never tested an ICBM from the Sohae site."

South Korean President Moon Jae-in announced in September after a summit in Pyongyang with Kim that North Korea had agreed to "permanently close" its missile engine test site. Sohae as well as a firing point.

Officially Sohae, on the northwestern coast of North Korea, is used to place satellites in orbit but the reactors can easily be adapted to ballistic missiles. The international community accuses the North Korean space program of being the front end of its arms programs.

North Korea made its first nuclear test in 2006. In 2017, she said she could mount a nuclear charge on an intercontinental missile capable of reaching the East Coast of the United States.

Is Pyongyang determined to abandon its ballistic and nuclear programs ?

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

CASE CARLOS GHOSN  BAIL

On Tuesday, March 5, the Tokyo court announced that he was accepting Carlos Ghosn's request for bail. The former CEO of the alliance between car manufacturers Renault and Nissan, charged with tax fraud and breach of trust, has been incarcerated in Japan for three months. This is a surprise that could allow Carlos Ghosn out of prison on Tuesday.

The first two bail applications had been rejected. This decision came a day after a press conference by Carlos Ghosn's new lawyer, the well-known Junichiro Hironaka, nicknamed "the innocent".

The amount of the deposit was set at one billion yen, or about 8 million euros. If he is released, Carlos Ghosn will be required to reside in Japan and will be prohibited from leaving the country for a brief stay.

Surveillance cameras will have to be installed at the entrance of his residence, says Kyodo News News Agency (in English)

The court ruled that the risk of leakage or tampering with evidence is low, the NHK public broadcaster said.

The Tokyo prosecutor's office, however, appealed the decision to release Carlos Ghosn on bail. He could also stop Carlos Ghosn again, as he did on December 10th. That day, the prosecutors had apprehended him for new charges.

Carlos Ghosn was arrested on November 19 when he arrived in Tokyo and placed in Kosuge Detention Center in Tokyo. Since December 10, Mr. Ghosn is indicted for having reduced his tax returns in the statements to the stock market authorities between 2010 and 2015. It was, again, January 11 for similar events between 2015 and 2018 , and for aggravated breach of trust. According to prosecutors, the former boss allegedly attributed to Nissan in 2008 losses on his personal investments

No confession

The fact remains that the court's decision is exceptional in the Japanese judicial context. In fact, judges almost systematically refuse bail applications for indicted persons who have not confessed. They fear destruction of evidence and the escape of the suspect. But Mr. Ghosn never confessed and rejected the charges against him.

To "reassure" them, Hironaka chose to file a release request with "proposals for measures to ensure that [Ghosn's] activities are closely monitored once released".

"We have proposed a device that makes it impossible to evade or delete information," his council Hironaka insisted on on Tuesday also nicknamed "the Razor".

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

RISK BACK FOR JUAN GUAIDO

INTERIM PRESIDENT IN VENEZUELA

Opponent Juan Guaido has announced his return to Caracas for Monday after touring South America.

He also called on his supporters to protest and warned Nicolas Maduro's regime against the temptation to "kidnap" him on his arrival.

Juan Guaido, who announced his return to Caracas on Monday, after touring Colombia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and Ecuador, warned Nicolas Maduro's regime against the temptation to "kidnap" him on his arrival .

"Trying to kidnap me would be one of the last mistakes he would make."

Having defied the ban on exit, the leader of the opposition, recognized interim president by fifty countries, announced his return Monday, March 4 in Caracas.

He told his wife Fabiana, in front of a Venezuelan flag that he was returning to Venezuela.

"I announce my return to the country. I call on the Venezuelan people to gather all over the country tomorrow at 11 am, "writes Juan Guaido.

He asks his supporters to follow "carefully verified accounts" on social networks to learn about the gathering places.

"Tomorrow we have a historic challenge" to note:

"We are going back to the country, to our functions. And of course there is a risk, "he said.

"The armed forces must assume their historic responsibilities," he continued, referring to the hundreds - "700" according to him - members of the police who have defected since 23 February to "side with the the Constitution ".

Juan Guaido had left Venezuela illegally about ten days ago to reach Colombia to attend a mega concert at the border and try to bring humanitarian aid shipments into the country - without success.

For this he had defied a ban on leaving the country.

President Maduro, for his part, said that as head of Parliament, his rival must "respect the law" and that if he returned to the country, he should "be accountable to justice".

Indeed Mr. Guaido is the subject of an investigation for "usurpation" of power being prohibited from leaving the territory.

President Nicolas Maduro, faced with the return of Juan Guido, faces a challenge :

Should he stop him or let him in safely ?

The US government has warned that if anything happens to Mr. Guaido, "there will be consequences".

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

FAILURE TO HANOI

BETWEEN DONALD TRUMP AND KIM JON-UN

The Hanoi Summit in Vietnam between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-Un was cut short this Thursday, February 28th, Washington and Pyongyang having found "no agreement" on the thorny issue of the denuclearization of North Korea . So a press conference where the US president explained the reasons for this semi-failure took place.

He explained this by assuring that his interlocutor had stumbled upon the demand for the lifting of the unprecedented sanctions adopted as a result of the proliferation of North Korean tests, and of which he had made a priority.

"It was about sanctions," said the US president. "Basically, they wanted the sanctions lifted, and we could not do it. They were willing to designate [for dismantling] a lot of the [nuclear sites] we wanted, but we could not give up all the penalties for that. "We had some options, but at that point we decided not to play any of those options," Trump said. He added, "Sometimes you have to leave [the negotiations], and that was one of those times. "

On the other hand, he assured that Pyongyang will not resume its nuclear tests. The North Korean leader "promised him last night (Wednesday) that he was not going to test new rockets and nuclear weapons. "I would have liked to go further," said Donald Trump, explaining that he did not "commit" to another summit.

The US president also gave Kim Jon-Un a spectacular economic development if North Korea finally agreed to give up its nuclear arsenal for no consideration. Indeed North Korea because of its geographical location between Russia, China and South Korea has "enormous potential" economic.

Donald Trump, however, assured that the blockage on Thursday did not threaten his excellent relations with Kim Jong-un, he left by staying on good terms.

President Spokesperson Sarah Sanders assured that the contacts were not broken, that the summit had given the opportunity to meetings "very good and constructive" and that the two teams had planned to meet "in the future "Kim Jong-Un. "We'll see if that happens."

Not wanting to lose the full benefit of the diplomatic momentum launched, Donald Trump however caressed the North Korean leader in the direction of the hair. Passed in a few months of personal insults and apocalyptic threats to declarations of "love", the tenant of the White House once again hailed his good agreement with the one he calls the term "friend".

"We just love each other. There's a warmth between us and I hope it stays, I think it's going to be fine, "he said.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

CONFRONTATION BETWEEN INDIA AND PAKISTAN

IN CASHMERE

Several military operations have been held at the Indo-Pakistan border in the Kashmir region since Tuesday, 26 February. Kashmir, the region disputed by India and Pakistan since 1947, is again the scene of violent tensions between the two neighboring powers.

On Tuesday, the Indian army led a raid against a training camp of the Islamist group Jaish-e-Mohammed, saying he killed "a very large number" of fighters. Islamabad had denounced a "untimely aggression" and promised to answer "at the time and place of his choice."

Islamabad reacts, Wednesday, February 27, announcing to have shot down two Indian military planes flying over its airspace.

"The air force has shot down two Indian planes in Pakistan's airspace," an army spokesman on Twitter said. One of the planes fell in Indian Kashmir and the other in Pakistani Kashmir, according to General Asif Ghafoor. "An Indian pilot was stopped on the ground by the military," he added.

India, for its part, claimed to have shot down a Pakistani plane. "A fighter plane from the Pakistan Air Force was shot down by an Indian Air Force Mig-21 Bison," said the spokesman for the Indian Foreign Ministry. "In this clash, we unfortunately lost a Mig-21. The pilot is missing in action. Pakistan claims that it holds it, "he added.

Pakistan will close its airspace "until further notice," said Wednesday the Civil Aviation Authority.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on both countries to avoid escalation at all costs.

In their official statements, India and Pakistan each said they did not want to escalate.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

IRAN COULD CONFRONT TO THE WESTERN

The resignation of the head of Iran's diplomacy, Mohammad Javad Zarif, has stunned the Iranians and would be a great loss for Hassan Rohani's moderate government. The Foreign Minister announced his decision late Monday night on his Instagram page, the same day that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad made a surprise visit to the country.

"I apologize for not being able to continue in my job and for all my shortcomings in the performance of my duties," he wrote.

According to several news websites close to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he had not been informed of President Assad's visit while General Ghassem Sulaimani, leader of the Quds Force (the elite unit of the Revolutionary Guards) in charge of external operations, particularly in Syria), was very much present.

"Divergences" in recent months between Mr. Zarif and some members of the government as well as with President Rohani himself have been mentioned.

Helping to maintain the mystery, Hassan Rohani was content Tuesday morning to thank Mr. Zarif for his "resistance to US pressure" in a televised speech, without saying whether he accepted the resignation of his minister.

Target of ultraconservatives

Mohammad Javad Zarif had for several months been the target of attacks by ultra-conservatives who criticized him for the way he had negotiated the nuclear deal and the lack of economic spinoffs, especially after the return of US sanctions. Since then, almost all foreign companies have left the country and financial and banking relations with the rest of the world are virtually blocked

The attitude of European countries has also been blasted in Iran. Mohammad Javad Zarif himself criticized Europe for its unwillingness to "resist" the United States. Tehran was disappointed by a European financial mechanism set up in January to maintain a semblance of trade relations with the country.

Anti-money laundering

In addition, the group Gafi (financial action group), supported by Europeans, requires Iran to join two international agreements on the fight against money laundering (CFT) and the fight against organized crime ( Palermo Convention). However, Mr. Zarif failed to convince members of the regime's Discernment Council, a conservative-dominated political arbitration body, to accept.

Organization created in 1989 to clean up the international financial system, the FATF gave Friday to Iran until June to adhere to these agreements. In case of non-accession, the group could put the country on its blacklist, which will greatly complicate the country's banking and financial relations with the rest of the world, warned Mr. Zarif.

But some senior Iranian officials reject this membership, saying that Iran's governing bodies, including the Revolutionary Guards, the regime's elite army, the Ministry of Defense and state television are on the list. European and American sanctions and that, in case of accession, the country's banks will no longer be able to work with these bodies. Not to mention groups like the Lebanese Hezbollah or the Palestinian Islamist movements helped by Iran who consider them as "resistance" movements when they are called "terrorists" by some Western countries.

Iran is now looking to the East, to Russia and China, without seeking balance with the West, a guiding principle enshrined in the 1979 Constitution. The priority now is to counter American pressure.

Zarif's departure could mark a change in Iran's policy towards the nuclear deal.

Zarif should give way to a "hard", while the risk increases of a military escalation in the common areas of influence of Tehran and the United States, Iraq and Afghanistan.

A change of course that could lead the country again to a period of confrontation with Westerners.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

THE INACTION OF POPE FRANCOIS

AGAINST PEDOPHILIA ?

At the end of four days of work to fight pedophile in the Church , the Vatican has disappointed.

The pope, who closed the world summit, contented himself with an agreed speech.

"We are [...] faced with a universal and cross-cutting problem that unfortunately exists almost everywhere," he said, seeming to downplay the Church's own responsibility.

In fact, François has devoted a very long development to available statistics on sexual abuse perpetrated around the world in all spheres of society, including families, schools and sports circles. And resuming the theme he uses very often the fight of good and evil in the world, Pope Francis considered that pedophilia was the work of Satan.

If for him, it is time to listen to "the echo of the silent cry of the little ones" who found themselves before "executioners" to "hearts anesthetized by hypocrisy and power," the pontiff was however limited to ask for a reinforcement of the instructions that the world episcopal conferences are called to put in place.

Already undermined by many cases of hidden abuse, the credibility of the Catholic Church has taken an additional blow, it seems. For many "survivors" (a term that is used in the Anglo-Saxon world) indeed, the Catholic institution does not know how to live up to the stakes. The head of the Church would not himself have sent the signal of zero tolerance.

It is to the Australian archbishop Mark Benedict Coleridge that come back the very strong words so much awaited. "We have sometimes considered the victims and the survivors as enemies," he said in his homily during the closing mass of the summit. "We will do everything we can to bring justice and healing to survivors of abuse. [...] We will hold accountable to those who concealed the abuses, "he also pleaded before the assembly.

"Listening to the survivors, we heard Christ crying in the darkness," said Bishop Mark Coleridge calling his church to a "Copernican Revolution».

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

HOMECOMING IN HANOI SUMMIT

TRUMP-KIM JONG-ONE AT THE HEART OF THE ISSUES


Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un kicked off their second summit on Wednesday in Vietnam, preaching "success".

At their first meeting in Singapore on June 12, 2018, they had already set four goals, namely:

1 ° The warming of inter-Korean relations

2 ° A lasting peace

3 ° "Complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula"

4 ° The return of the remains of American soldiers fallen during the Korean War (1950-1953) present on the North Korean territory.

The two leaders pledged to work "fully and quickly". This seems to be done even if we do not count on denuclearization of North Korea for many years.

At the end of Trump's tenure in January 2021, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the end of North Korea's denuclearization, but at best the process will extend to decade according to the experts of this case. Even if the Pyongyang regime is willing to allow inspections of sites related to its nuclear program according to Mike Pompeo, the latter have not yet been organized.

But at this second summit Kim Jong-un must prove to his people that he will keep his promise of "improved daily well-being", which depends on the lifting of economic sanctions. North Korea will perhaps accept the US request for inspection of its nuclear and ballistic facilities, which it has so far not really wanted to list. At the same time, sanctions could be partially lifted, possibly temporarily. "One step closer to" a declaration of peace. "Far from the previous invectives and mutual threats of total destruction.

If the Singapore summit has not yet triggered a dynamic to meet expectations, it is clear that the North Korean regime has not since June any nuclear and ballistic test that would immediately challenge the objectives established. .

Donald Trump, calling himself "friend" Kim Jong-Un, is betting on peer trust.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

VATICAN CONFERENCE ON PEDOPHILI

Pope Francis had the courage to face one of the greatest scandals of the Church: pedophilia. The pope seems determined to make things happen. The proof is that, for the first time in the long history of the Catholic Church, a cardinal was returned to secular life for reasons of sexual abuse. A Vatican statement released on Feb. 16 said he made the historic decision to defrock Washington's ex-cardinal Theodore McCarrick, accused of touching a teenager.

The Pope wanted to make it clear that these three and a half days of reflection were to lead to "concrete and effective measures".

"The weight of pastoral and ecclesial responsibility weighs on our meeting, forcing us to discuss together, synodically, sincerely and thoroughly on how to deal with this evil that afflicts the Church and humanity," insisted Thursday morning Francis.

"The Holy People of God is watching us".

"The weight of responsibility hangs over our meeting," insisted Bishop Charles Scicluna, who patiently detailed the obligations of bishops in the face of sexual abuse. Bishop Charles Scicluna particularly insisted on the reception of victims, conceding that "in our system, the role of the victim (...) is quite limited" and advocating, to fill this "gap", to keep the victim informed of the progress of the procedure.

Poignant and disturbing testimonies.

Poignant testimonies were heard this Thursday, February 21 by the bishops gathered for the meeting on the protection of minors.

An African girl, who remained anonymous for her safety, delivered her dramatic testimony describing the ordeal she experienced.

"Since the age of 15, I had sex with a priest. It lasted thirteen years in a row. I was pregnant three times, he had me abort three times. Simply because he did not want a condom or a contraceptive method. At first, I had so much confidence in him, I did not know he could abuse me. I was afraid of him. And every time I refused to have relations with him, he hit me. He beat me. ".

The fire of Borgo de Raphael or the urgency to act.

The 190 participants became aware of the urgency of the decisions to be made. Besides, the prayer booklet distributed to each person had on the front page The Fire of Borgo de Raphael.

Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle, Archbishop of Manila (Philippines), recalled how the victims should be the first concern of the pastors gathered in the hall. "How can we affirm our faith in Christ as we close our eyes to the wounds of abused people? He asked himself. The bishops were upset by the abuses, but also by the functioning of the Church.

"The wounds of Christ bear the memory of the suffering of the innocent, but they also bear the memory of our weakness and our sin," said Filipino cardinal Tagle on the verge of tears.

"To confront the suffering of the victims".

"We must give up all hesitation, and get closer to the wounds of the victims without fear of being hurt ourselves," said Cardinal Tagle, clearly meaning to the bishops that their own suffering will be inevitable. It is a question of the very survival of the Church, he argued, echoing the words of the Cuban theologian Roberto Goizueta: "The negation of wounds and death leads to the death of others and to our own death. "

Bishops should not "underestimate the need to confront the suffering of the victims" because "it is also where we meet Jesus on the cross," said Archbishop Charles Scicluna and deputy secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

The concern for transparency.

The organizers chose, for the sake of transparency, to distribute all the interventions. Only debates between bishops will remain in camera . He also emphasized the greater transparency that the Church needed. "The community needs to know that it has the right and the duty to denounce inappropriate sexual behavior," he said, arguing that a "culture of revelation should not only be promoted by words but encouraged by acts ".

May this meeting lead to "concrete and effective measures" to "heal the serious injuries that the scandal of pedophilia has caused to both children and believers". Why did you wait so long ?

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

BATTLE AROUND HUMANITARIAN AID

IN VENEZUELA

At a time when a large part of the Venezuelans lack everything, the standoff between the Venezuelan army, faithful to President Maduro, and self-proclaimed President Juan Guaido continues.

The military is determined to prevent the entry of thousands of opponents led by Juan Guaido to bring humanitarian aid to the country. They claim to defend "territorial integrity" of Venezuela.

Indeed, at the call of Juan Guaido, recognized as interim president by fifty or so countries, some 700,000 volunteers, according to the opposition, intend to board buses on 23 February at border crossings. Purpose: to take delivery of humanitarian aid sent by the United States and Brazil.

On Saturday, Brazil will also make humanitarian aid available in Boa Vista and Pacaraima (North) "in cooperation with the United States". Dozens of tons of food and medicine sent by the United States are stored in Cucuta where Colombian Presidents Ivan Duque and Chilean Sebastian Piñera plan to go on Friday to show their support for the operation. Food and medicine will be available to be collected "by Juan Guaido's (self-proclaimed) government, by Venezuelan trucks driven by Venezuelans," said Brazilian presidential spokesman Otavio Rego Barros.

Military blockade.

"Yankees' presidents, like those in Colombia and Chile, who are encouraging provocation and violence against Venezuela, are calling for an assault on the Venezuelan border next Saturday," responded Nicolas Maduro. .

But the borders will remain closed, warned the Minister of Defense. "The army will remain deployed and alert along the borders to prevent any violation of the integrity of the territory," warned Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino at the head of an army that reaffirmed on Tuesday its "loyalty flawless "towards Nicolas Maduro. And this despite the tweet sent by Juan Guaido on Tuesday to each of the military leaders of the border regions:

"On February 23, you must choose between serving Maduro and serve the homeland," he wrote them. Despite the US president's call on the Venezuelan army to join Juan Guaido and let humanitarian aid in. "You will not find a safe harbor, no escape route and no way out. You will lose everything, "he told the Venezuelan and Cuban community of Miami on February 18 .

"The eyes of the whole world are on you today," warned Donald Trump.

For his part, Nicolas Maduro announced the shipment Wednesday of 300 tons of medicines purchased from Russia, ally Caracas, in addition to 933 tons recently purchased from China, Russia and Cuba.

On Friday, a concert with international artists will be held in Cucuta, organized by British billionaire Richard Branson to collect donations. The Chavista power responded by announcing the organization at the same time, on the Venezuelan side, of another concert "to denounce the brutal aggression to which the Venezuelan people are being subjected". Calling Juan Guaido "a clown who claims to be acting president," Nicolas Maduro challenged him to "call elections" to "reverse the situation with the vote of the people."

Preferring "a peaceful transition", Donald Trump nevertheless reiterated that "all options" were on the table to drive Maduro off and put an end to the humanitarian crisis that drove more than 2.3 million people into exile, according to UN.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

INJUNCTION OF DONALD TRUMP WITH EUROPEAN ALLIES TO REPATERATE THEIR DJIHADISTS

OR THE AMERICAN DISENGAGEMENT

IN THE MIDDLE-EAST

As the end of the caliphate approaches, Donald Trump on Saturday urged his European allies to "take back" hundreds of Islamic State (IS) fighters captured in Syria and bring them to justice.

"The United States calls on the United Kingdom, France, Germany and other European allies to take back more than 800 ISIS fighters captured in Syria and bring them to justice," he said. he wrote on Twitter.

The US president, who is pressuring Europe, is even threatening to free the approximately 800 US-held prisoners in Syria.

"The caliphate is about to fall. The alternative is not good, because we will have to release them [...] ", he continues.

For the US president the fighters of the Islamic State must return to their respective countries to be judged and no longer pose a threat on Syrian soil, while the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Arab-Kurdish alliance in fight against 'EI, are close to victory against the jihadists entrenched in their Baghouz.

Self-proclaimed in 2014 over an area, vast like Great Britain, straddling Iraq and Syria, the ISIS caliphate is today only a fragment of a territory of one kilometer square in the east of Syria.

Iraq and Syria need to sanctuarise their territory without burdening themselves with these dangerous people.

But the fate of these jihadists and their families is a real problem for European governments, reluctant to repatriate individuals who have pledged allegiance to a group that has vowed to destroy their country of origin.

But the policy of military disengagement in the Middle East is clearly assumed by Donald Trump as shown by the announcement in January of the withdrawal of US troops from Syria. A decision also poorly received by its allies, since it was announced unilaterally, without consultation.

But the end of the caliphate allows Donald Trump to justify the withdrawal of American troops.

A US withdrawal could put the Kurds in a delicate situation vis-à-vis Turkey and imprisoned jihadists could find themselves released into the wild, without control...

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

CHAOS AND CONFRONTMENT IN HAITI

THE PRESIDENT ADDRESSES THE POPULATION

At nearly a week of violence, Haitian President Jovenel Moise spoke in a speech broadcast Thursday on state television. Washington announced Thursday night the recall of its non-essential diplomats and their families based in Haiti

Haitian President Jovenel Moïse left Thursday night of his silence, after a week of violent protests demanding his resignation.

At least seven people have been killed since the beginning of the movement on February 7 to protest against the lack of improvement in the living conditions for which President Jovenel Moïse was responsible.

"I will not leave the country in the hands of armed gangs and drug traffickers," said the head of state, speaking in Creole in the aftermath of violent clashes between police and protesters in the center city ​​of Port-au-Prince.

Popular anger crystallized around the person of Jovenel Moses in power for two years.

Indeed, the publication in late January of a report of the Superior Court of Accounts on the management of two billion dollars Petrocaribe fund, a program of assistance offered to Haiti by Venezuela since 2008, highlighted the disastrous management and possible misappropriation of funds which would have benefited a company directed at the time by Jovenel Moïse.

The president called on his opponents of the dialogue to find a way out of the crisis.

"I asked the Prime Minister to come and explain them and apply them quickly to relieve our misery," he said.

Washington announced Thursday night the recall of its non-essential diplomats and their families based in Haiti and urged Americans not to visit Haiti.


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

39 DEATH IN A SUICIDE ATTACK

INDIAN CASHMERE

At least 39 members of Indian forces in Indian Kashmir were killed on Thursday in an attack on a convoy near Srinagar, the deadliest since 2002, police said.

The suicide bombing, claimed by an Islamist group, targeted a convoy of 78 vehicles carrying some 2,500 members of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), a paramilitary force. A van full of explosives exploded near the bus convoy.

The deadliest terrorist attack in Kashmir in 20 years.

A deadly separatist insurgency has been disrupting Indian Kashmir since 1989. India accuses Pakistan of underhand support for infiltration and armed rebellion, which Islamabad has always denied.

Kashmir has been claimed by both India and Pakistan since the end of British colonization in 1947. Indian forces in the controlled part of New Delhi are estimated at about 500,000 men.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi denounced an "odious attack". "The sacrifice of our brave members of the security forces will not be in vain," he added on Twitter.

The Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has questioned Pakistan in a statement: "This despicable and hateful act was committed by and supported by Jaish-e-Mohammed, a Pakistan-based terrorist organization," the attack was claimed by the Islamist group Jaish-e-Mohammed, based in Pakistan.

"India has the firm intention to take all necessary measures to preserve its national security," he warned. "We demand that Pakistan stop supporting terrorists and terrorist groups operating from its territory."

And the Indian government has taken action against its neighbor and enemy.

The first sanction against Pakistan is economic. New Delhi has just withdrawn from Islamabad its "most favored nation" status, which for 23 years had provided Pakistan with tariff relief.

On a diplomatic level, New Delhi is trying to isolate Islamabad. But China, Pakistan's biggest ally, has just declined to vote to include Jaish-e-Mohammed leader on the UN list of terrorists. If this Pakistani Islamist organization, which has claimed the carnage is already on this blacklist, its leader, Masood Azhar, however, lives freely in Pakistan.

With three months of legislative elections, New Delhi could therefore consider a military response. Two years ago, in a similar attack, the prime minister ordered a surprise commando offensive to destroy terrorist camps on the other side of the border.

An answer that does not involve the two enemy brothers in a nuclear war.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

THREE SYRIAN TORTIONARIES PRESUMES

ARRESTED

This is an unprecedented event since the beginning of the war in Syria in 2011.

Three former officers of the security services of Bashar al-Assad, are suspected of having participated in the torture practiced in Syrian prisons.

They are believed to have committed "torture and crimes against humanity" between 2011 and 2012.

Two former members of Syrian Intelligence were arrested in Germany, said the Karlsruhe Federal Prosecutor's Office.


A third man was also arrested in France, in the Paris region. All three had refugee status since 2013.

These arrests are the culmination of a preliminary investigation opened jointly in early 2018 by the German and French courts.

Investigators from both countries have created a joint team on Al-Assad regime crimes documented in the Caesar report.

The latter is the pseudonym of a former photographer of the Syrian military police, exfiltrated in 2013 with the terrible clichés of tens of thousands of bodies tortured to death in the prisons of the Syrian regime between 2011 and 2013.

To arrive at these arrests, the investigators relied on testimonies from refugee victims in Europe.

According to the Syrian Observatory of Human Rights, at least 60,000 people have died since the beginning of the war in 2011, under torture or because of the terrible conditions of detention in the regime's prisons.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

SECURITY CONFERENCE ON SECURITY

IN THE MIDDLE-EAST

On Wednesday, 13 February, a conference on security in the Middle East opens in Warsaw, Poland, at the initiative of the United States. Officially to promote peace and security in the Middle East.

The summit, named after the official title "Ministerial Conference for the Promotion of Peace and Security in the Middle East", will discuss cybersecurity, "terrorism and extremism, missile development and proliferation, maritime security and trade and the threats posed by surrogate groups in the region, "reads the White House press release.

While the agenda of the talks appears to be largely about security in the Middle East, some countries and observers, however, see it as an anti-Iran meeting.

Iran will indeed be at the heart of the exchanges Wednesday and Thursday to ensure that the country "has no destabilizing influence," in the words of the head of the American diplomacy, Mike Pompeo, January 11. According to a senior US administration official, the conference will be an opportunity to discuss "Iran's influence in the Middle East, ways to help put Iran on a better track." and to collectively repel some of its destabilizing activities in the region. "

The relations between Tehran and Washington have been freezing since the US decision to withdraw from the Iranian nuclear deal (PAGC, for a global action plan) and to reinstate economic sanctions against oil companies. Shia power.

The tension has taken a new turn in recent days, with the celebration of the forty years of the Islamic revolution in Iran and the organization by the United States of the conference on the Middle East in Poland on February 13 and 14. The two events gave rise between the two "enemy" countries, which no longer have diplomatic relations since 1980, to violent gunfights and more or less veiled threats.

The Gulf countries and its allies as well as Israel, supporters of a hard line against Tehran, were present at the conference.

Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Israel, Yemen, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman and the United Arab Emirates confirmed that their delegations would be led by ministers while Egypt and Tunisia send deputy ministers . Benyamin Netanyahu, meanwhile, puts the fight against Iran "at the top of the agenda," he said during a meeting with his cabinet Sunday.

"How to continue to prevent it from setting up in Syria, how to foil its aggression in the region and, above all, how to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons," said the Israeli prime minister.

On the other hand, a majority of European countries reject the hard line of Washington against Tehran and participate at least.

Thus the head of the European Union's diplomacy Federica Mogherini will not participate in the conference organized in Warsaw announcing to have other commitments. Germany has chosen to send a senior official instead of Heiko Maas, Germany's foreign minister.

France should imitate him. Only European power to send his foreign minister: the United Kingdom. Jeremy Hunt nevertheless pointed out that the purpose of his participation was to address the humanitarian crisis triggered by Saudi Arabia's offensive in Yemen.

Russia and the Palestinian Authority have also declined the invitation. The first considers the meeting too focused on "one country", while Palestine believes that the United States can no longer serve as the main intermediary in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, especially since the decision of Donald Trump to transfer the country. American Embassy of Israel in Jerusalem.

The United States therefore intends on this occasion to intensify the pressure on Iran and to contain the influence of Tehran in the Middle East despite the concerns of several countries of the European Union

Last May, Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the 2015 international agreement that oversaw Tehran's nuclear activities and reinstated sanctions against Iran even as the other signatories of the Vienna - Russia, China agreement , France, Great Britain and Germany - remain stakeholders. Since then, Donald Trump's decision to withdraw US troops from Syria has caused renewed concern among US European allies.

For his part, Iranian President Hassan Rohani is in Moscow on the same day with Russian and Turkish Presidents Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan for talks on the Syrian situation.

A "dangerous" US strategy ?

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

POLAR AGGRESSIVE BEARS IN RUSSIA

Want to bear bad guys. The archipelago of Nouvelle-Zemble, in the north-east of Russia, declared Saturday the state of emergency against the "invasion" of tens of aggressive polar bears.

Dozens of hungry polar bears are increasingly coming to town, attacking people on the street and intruding into apartment buildings.

These animals are affected by global warming and melting ice.

About 50 polar bears regularly visit Belouchia Gouba, the largest village in the archipelago where a Russian military garrison is based.

They are recognized as endangered species and the hunting of polar bears is banned in Russia.

For now, the authorities are trying to hunt polar bears from apartment buildings using patrol vehicles and dogs. But in vain.

The Russian Federal Agency for Environmental Monitoring refuses to authorize the slaughter of the most aggressive animals.

She decided to send a commission to the archipelago to evaluate the situation.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

FLOODS IN AUSTRALIA CROCODILES

IN THE STREETS

In such precipitation, "it's not an event that happens every 20 years, it's an event that happens every 100 years."

The statement by Queensland Prime Minister Annastacia Palaszczuk on Saturday is a testament to the heavy rains that have hit northern Australia in recent days.

The north-east of the huge island-continent is accustomed in this season to the monsoon rains but not to such violence. This part of Australia is under water.

The army was deployed in parts of the state of Queensland on Monday, February 4, to evacuate the population threatened by exceptional floods. Authorities were forced Sunday to open the flood gates to release torrents of water.

The coastal town of Townsville is particularly affected, with many cars underwater and many people without power. And that crocodiles have been sighted in flooded streets

"If the idea of ​​finding yourself face to face with a crocodile is not enough to dissuade you, before going to play in the water, you must always remember that you may be wading in the middle feces from your neighbor, "warned the Queensland police in a statement.

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology warned Sunday against new rains and the risk of tornadoes and high winds in the days to come.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

NAYIB BUKELE PRESIDENT OF EL SALVADOR

Conservative Nayib Bukele will be the sixth president since the end of the civil war in 1992. He inherits, like his predecessors, a country dominated by gangs. Nayib Bukele, 37, the enfant terrible of Salvadoran politics, won Sunday, February 3, from the first round with more than 53% of the vote, the election to the presidency of the smallest, but most densely populated, country of 'Central America.

"We can announce now quite definitely that we have won the presidency of the Republic of El Salvador," said the former mayor of San Salvador in front of his supporters.

The five-year presidential term is non-renewable, and the parliamentary majority is held by the right-wing Arena party, at least until the next parliamentary elections in 2021. A little over 5.2 million voters were called to the polls for a vote that took place in the calm and in the party atmosphere

His two main opponents Carlos Calleja, of the right-wing Republican Alliance National Party (Arena), and Hugo Martinez, of the Front Farabundo Marti National Liberation Party (FMLN, formerly guerrilla) have recognized his victory. Conservative Party candidate Great Alliance for Unity (Gana).

The sixth Salvadoran president since the end in 1992 of the civil war that had bloodied the country for a dozen years, has given itself the mission to break with the double curse of violence of criminal gangs and misery. Nayib Bukele cultivates his closeness to the youngest group of voters.

His first challenge is the violence of the criminal gangs, responsible for almost all of the 3,340 murders that last year blew El Salvador.

With a rate of 51 homicides per 100,000 people, it is one of the most violent countries in the world outside war zones. Some 54,000 members of the two "maras" (gangs) still operating (17,000 are behind bars) are terrorizing El Salvador by racketeering, drug trafficking and assassinations. Right or left, the various governments have failed to deal with criminal gangs.

This endemic violence and misery push every year thousands of Salvadorans to flee their country. More than 3,000 took the "caravan" route to the American dream in October and November 2018, much to the chagrin of President Donald Trump.

The now dollarized economy has stalled and 30.3% of the 6.6 million Salvadorans live below the poverty line.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

POPE FRANCOIS IN UNITED EMIRATES FOR INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE

"We hope that Pope Francis' apostolic visit will be an important step on the road to dialogue between Muslims and Christians and will contribute to reciprocal understanding and peace in the Middle East," said Archbishop Paul Hinder, Apostolic Vicar in the UAE, in Oman and Yemen.

Pope Francis arrived in Abu Dhabi on Sunday, February 3, to stay there until Tuesday, February 5. This is the first time that a pope has visited a Muslim country in the Gulf. .

The Arab Emirates is home to 10% of Catholics who can live their faith. "The pope will speak to a migrant people," said Alessandro Gisotti, director of the Holy See press room.

Although they enjoy relative religious freedom, they are held to a great discretion, Islam being the state religion.

For the Vatican, the pope's visit is under the sign of interreligious dialogue, in a country of Malikite and non-Wahhabi Muslim tradition, where fundamentalists are not tolerated.

In 2014, thirty people belonging to a branch of the Muslim Brotherhood were imprisoned. But Christians, all foreigners and immigrants, employed in the construction industry, the hotel industry or as domestic servants , enjoying no legal status, are mistreated and poorly paid.

The challenge for the Catholic Church, therefore, is to eventually obtain a legal status of "citizen" for Christian inhabitants of Muslim countries while it is for Muslims to show the face of a tolerant Islam.

This trip is in fact part of the year of "Tolerance" decreed in 2019 by the United Arab Emirates

An outdoor mass will be celebrated at Zayed Stadium. The pope will circulate in a papamobile in the stadium, but also outside, an important sign in a country where the external manifestations of Christian worship are little tolerated.

With 130,000 faithful expected, it is announced as the largest gathering ever organized in the country. Then Pope Francis will participate on Monday with 700 other religious leaders of all faiths in a "World Conference on Human Brotherhood" organized by the "Muslim Council of Sages" chaired by his friend, Sheikh Ahmed Al Tayeb, rector and great iman from Cairo (Egypt)

The UAE's participation in the Saudi-led coalition against Yemen could also be addressed. "I am very concerned about the humanitarian crisis in Yemen. The population is exhausted by the long conflict and many children are suffering from hunger.

The cry of these children and their parents goes up before God, "he said. An hour before flying to Abu Dhabi, the pope urged parties involved in the conflict in Yemen, poor country of the Arabian Peninsula, to "urgently promote compliance with the agreements" for a truce in Hodeida (west) essential for the delivery of international aid.

The Argentine pope also posted a message on Twitter, saying he went to the UAE "as a brother to write together a page of dialogue and travel together on the paths of peace. Pray for me! ".

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

UNCERTAIN POLITICAL CRISIS IN VENEZUELA

More than a week after the self-proclaimed Speaker of the Parliament, Juan Guaido, as "acting president", the crisis persists in Venezuela compounding the risk of civil unrest.

While the elected president, Nicolas Maduro, has proposed early parliamentary elections to get out of the crisis, Juan Guido, he calls for a new presidential election, estimating the previous irregular.

On Wednesday, thousands of Venezuelans demonstrated at the call of Juan Guido to convince the army to join the opposition while the Chavist leader who oversaw military maneuvers in Caracas, urged the army to face the calls to the rebellion of the United States and the self-proclaimed president.

"You want to govern a puppet of 'gringos' in Venezuela?" Maduro said afterwards in a meeting with young Venezuelans.

Faced with the duel between the two presidents, the international community is divided.

The divided international community

The opponent Juan Guido is indeed supported by the United States, the first to have recognized him as interim president. The two men, who spoke by phone before the mobilization on Wednesday, "agreed to stay in regular contact to support the return to stability of Venezuela." "The fight for freedom has begun! "Tweeted, in stride, the tenant of the White House. Thirteen other countries, led by the United States, also officially recognize Guaido.

Following suit, notably, in the United States, members of the European Parliament voted Thursday, January 31, a resolution recognizing Venezuelan opponent Juan Guaido "legitimate acting president" of his country and calling on all EU countries to do likewise.

MEPs also provided their "full support for the [program]" of the Speaker of the National Assembly and self-proclaimed interim President, Juan Guaido.

Nicolas Maduro, supported by the army, is supported and recognized by an overwhelming majority of the 193 UN member states, including Russia and China, permanent members of the Security Council, who denounce US interference .

The asphyxiation of the Venezuelan economy

While Venezuela, once the richest in Latin America, has sunk economically and its people suffer from serious shortages of food and medicine, the United States is increasing their economic pressure by punishing the oil group PDVSA % of revenues of the Venezuelan State (freezing of assets abroad and prohibition of any trade with entities) . At the same time, the United States gave Juan Guaido control of Venezuelan bank accounts on US soil.

In addition, the Bank of England, in possession of part of the Venezuelan reserves in gold, refused to return € 1.05 billion of ingots to Caracas while, according to rumors, a Russian plane, arrived empty in Caracas , should leave the country, probably to Russia, with 20 tons of gold, or 730 million euros and 20% of gold funds held by Venezuela ...

While the nine days of mobilizations have already resulted in about forty deaths and more than 850 arrests, according to the figures of the United Nations, that foreign journalists have been arrested, new demonstrations of both political camps are planned Saturday.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

THE CONFIDENCE OF THE FRENCH

IN THE PRESS IS IN RETREAT

After several assaults by journalists and an "escalation of hatred" during some episodes of the Yellow Vests protests, all denounced by the NGO-Reporters Without Borders, the newspaper La Croix has conducted a survey followed by a study assessing the confidence of the French in the press.

The results are alarming! The credibility granted by the French to various media and the perception they have of the independence of journalists are at their lowest.

To the question: "Journalists are they independent" the answer was no, on the grounds that the pressure felt by parties and political power is for 69% of French very strong.

The Press and the journalists would be too often in the direction of the wind so that we do not know "if it is the wind vane that turns or if it is the wind that makes it turn" (Edgard Faure)

The French also answered no to 62% for the pressures coming from the world of money.

To the question: "In general, about the news ... from your point of view, you say: things happened as the TV tells," they are 62% to answer no, a dramatic rise 10 points in one year.

The 8/24 year olds have even less confidence in TV; 64% say they do not trust her.

Among the media, the radio seems to get a little better: 50% of people still trust him but the barometer plunged 6 points in a year.

The print media again lost 8 points on the 6% of people who read paper newspapers; 44% do not trust him. The written press, which is nevertheless still considered as the noble part of the profession, is moribund.

Internet and social networks are the only media that remains stable, with only 25% of people trusting them.

Regarding the coverage of the Yellow Vests movement, only 32% of the French believe that the movement has been treated, being also specified that 54% believe that the way the press talks about it does not understand it.

This study, produced by Kantar's 32nd Confidence of the French in the Media Barometer, confirms that journalists are less and less credible and that, as a result, the freedom to inform and hence the right to "the good" information is increasingly illusory.

The reader's audience, however, very much wants to see the emergence of a neutral, non-partisan press, which in addition "is not left-wing". According to this audience, the more the journalists lie, the more they misinform, the more people are irritated and the more they go on the Internet to get information with "raw" material, not analyzed, says Patrick Grunberg, Journalist at Dreuz.info.

Sad observation that nevertheless requires some "re salutary information" if only to rehabilitate the media that still, against all odds, their work well; but also they are, unfortunately and very frequently point finger for the only reason that they would not have kneeled enough in front of all the powers but especially in front of the formidable efficiency of the social networks and in particular Facebook.

On this last point, the observation is the same as well in the United States, as in Europe or in France.

With the GAFA, the media landscape is changing at a considerable speed, also creating, because of their nature, a toxic threat to democracy "manipulated by the soft power, the money and the ecosystem of the 'between each other' of these Internet giants.

The consequences estimated over time are worrying, the media dependence on shareholders-industrial-billionaires contributing every day a little more to the establishment of standardized information (globally) on a format that has created the submission to the digital total , at the imposed pace (daily / weekly / monthly) and finally to the organization of news organizations victims of their enslavement to the financial dictation set up by their "real employers".

Small media are the most affected. Even worse, they risk being swept away from the media landscape.

The return of crank was quick. Dose after dose the paper press but also the Audiovisual Press began to pay (this is confirmed by the study of Kantar) the pernicious effects of the strategy of these giants who for some years has put to the test agility and the competence of small and medium-sized newsrooms.

It all started in October 2016, when Facebook whistled the end of the game by letting it be known that, for the future, newswires would no longer be free. However, to give the media the desire to continue to "feed themselves through them", but above all to convince those who then enjoyed a solid reputation, want to contribute to the Facebook format, Mark Zukerberg, supported by tantalizing algorithms has proposed a deal to the major media he wanted to enlist.

For this, he made a check for $ 50 million, divided into 140 contracts (a drop of water compared to Facebook's quarterly earnings / about $ 15 billion in 2018). Millions of dollars and euros have been distributed to the media and some French media. Even the mythical "The World" has not given itself the means to resist. Various sources indicate that the newspaper would receive between 200 and 300 000 € per month, over periods of 6 months as compensation for its partnership

In spite of this, a large number of media, which have embarked on the spiral of the system have admitted (for good or bad) for some time that they have every interest in maintaining "good relations with their patron" aggravating by way of immediate consequence their financial dependence.

On the side of Facebook we assume these financial contributions, which they call cleverly "compensations". But, the "media partnership team", aware of its ethical weaknesses and the financial dependence of its protégés has not hesitated, to reduce even more their mistrust and the relics of the will of independence, to incite them to reason in terms of opportunities (?), to completely forget the fundamental moral rules of journalism.

Although some journalists like the example of Michel Szadkowski (Redaction Le Monde) continue to explain that they have made no concession editorial, it is clear that this was not enough to reassure readers, more and more critics.

Consumers who have become increasingly insightful have understood how the system has been working for several years. The results of the 32nd and last Barometer of the Kantar Press are proof of this. Saturated by orchestrated content and full of "technical" errors, they have begun to turn away from information in general, even if they are still addicted to the news.

Faced with this system the opinion of readers has evolved quite naturally as evolved the consent to the tax, symmetrically. Too much taxes, kill taxes! Too much information manipulated, kills information! Anger and indignation went up a notch with the Yellow Vests and it became the "cata" in terms of image for the press and the media.

The conflicts and their violent manifestations became inevitable: Insults, confiscations of material, rapes, blows of batons, beatings, multiple aggressions, threats of death ... the mobilization of the Yellow Vests highlighted, on the ground of the information, the The strong disenchantment that exists today between journalists and citizens, in the name of freedom of expression and thought. It's amazing in a country like France!

Yet the freedom of the press and universal suffrage (democratic) are inseparable and attacking one is an attack on the other and undermine the independence of information. But we have now touched the Gordian knot in these areas!

For our part, we want to use the slogan of Reporters Without Borders "citizens have the right to demonstrate, journalists to inform". Full respect for the functioning of this democratic couple is for us an absolute daily search.

Daynewsworld is independent. It will continue on this line the dissemination of its information, without prohibiting analyzes that may sometimes not be fully consistent with general thinking. Unique thought is not a shackle for us !

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

THE CHRISTIAN ASIA BIBI FINALLY FREE

TO LEAVE PAKISTAN

Finally, the Christian Asia Bibi will be able to leave Pakistan after a long judicial saga. Asia Bibi, a Christian farm worker, was sentenced to death in 2010 for blasphemy following an argument with Muslim women villagers over a glass of water. Which sparked a wave of indignation in the world.

The Supreme Court had finally pronounced on October 31, 2018 the acquittal of Asia Bibi.

But after the acquittal of Asia Bibi, thousands of Islamists had blocked three days during the main axes of the country to demand its hanging. These rallies prompted Prime Minister Imran Khan's government to sign a controversial deal with them, much to the chagrin of the Pakistanis.

The executive had pledged to initiate a procedure to ban Asia Bibi from leaving the country and not to block the petition for review of the acquittal judgment by the Supreme Court.

"This appeal is rejected," said Judge Asif Saeed Khosa after the hearing before the highest court of Pakistan.

The Supreme Court therefore opposed Tuesday the opening of appeal proceedings against the acquittal of Asia Bibi. This decision paves the way for the departure of the Christian woman from a very conservative Muslim country.

Human rights defenders see Asia Bibi as a symbol of abuses of Pakistan's blasphemy law, which is often used by critics to settle personal conflicts

Forty people convicted of blasphemy are currently on death row in Pakistan, according to an estimate by the International Commission on Religious Freedom in the United States in 2018.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

TWO PRESIDENTS AT THE HEAD OF VENEZUELA

Opposition President Juan Guaido proclaimed himself "Acting President" of the Latin American country on Wednesday. The United States and its allies have recognized it, but President Nicolas Maduro, as well as other countries, denounce a coup organized by Washington.

A succession of political events

Events have rushed in this country undermined by hyperinflation, food shortages, dependent on its oil rent and subject to heavy penalties.

Nicolas Maduro, heavyweight of the Chavista regime, was re-elected in May 2018 with 68%.

The elected President was sworn in on January 10, 2019 for this new term. But the opposition challenged the polls, denouncing irregularities and pressure on voters so that the National Assembly, headed by Juan Guaido, declared illegitimate this new mandate from January 5.

And Wednesday, January 23, President of the Venezuelan Parliament Juan Guaido has proclaimed himself "president" ad interim.

"I swear to formally assume the powers of the national executive as president-in-office of Venezuela to achieve (...) a transitional government and obtain free elections," Juan Guaido said Wednesday in front of tens of thousands of supporters gathered in Caracas.

This is the most acute political crisis in Venezula's recent history. This unprecedented political situation provokes violent clashes between opponents and supporters of Nicolas Maduro's regime,

Juan Guaido, self-proclaimed president, supported by the United States and its allies in the region.

After the self-proclamation of the president of the Venezuelan parliament many countries have recognized him as interim president of Venezuela. Donald Trump immediately announced in a statement that he officially recognized Juan Guaido as "interim president of Venezuela".

"Today, I officially recognize the president of the Venezuelan National Assembly, Juan Guaido, as interim president of Venezuela," he said. Believing that the National Assembly was "the only legitimate branch of the government," Trump recalls that the latter declared President Nicolas Maduro "illegitimate".

"The people of Venezuela bravely spoke against Maduro and his regime and demanded freedom and the rule of law. I will continue to use all the economic and diplomatic power of the United States to push for the restoration of Venezuelan democracy. "Said the tenant of the White House.

Canada, Colombia and Brazil, Washington's allies in the region, have followed suit, as well as Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Luis Almagro.

Nicolas Maduros, president-elect, supported by China and Russia

For its part, the Chavist power denounced "an attempted fascist coup" fomented from the United States.

Inside, President Maduro can count on the support of the Venezuelan army.

"We, soldiers of the homeland, do not accept a president imposed in the shadow of obscure interests or self-proclaimed in the margins of the law.

The army defends our Constitution and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, "the defense minister wrote on Twitter.

Outside China and Russia, both permanent members of the UN Security Council, supported him.

"Destructive foreign interference, especially in the current extremely tense situation, is unacceptable (...)

This is a direct path to arbitrariness and bloodshed, "said the Russian Foreign Ministry.

Cuba, led by President Miguel Díaz-Canel, Mexico's leftist President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador Bolivia's Socialist Evo Morales also supported the Chavista president.

On this historic date, which commemorates the 61st anniversary of the fall of the Marcos Perez Jimenez dictatorship, on 23 January 1958, opponents and supporters of the Socialist president wish to count their strength. Violent clashes erupted causing seven deaths.

Donald Trump assured that "all options" were on the table if Nicolas Maduro resorted to force against opposition protests.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

FORUM OF DAVOS 2019

The President of the French, Emmanuel Macron, has chosen today's date, Monday 21 January 2019, to unite the best of finance and world industry in Versailles.

Versailles ! January the 21st ! Emmanuel Macron did he see that these two words had shaken France a little more than 200 years ago ?

January 21 is the anniversary of the decapitation of Louis XVI, the last king who lived in Versailles ?

Officially this reception aims to present the attractiveness of France. The services of the Presidency have spoken of the need to "do pedagogy on the economic reforms carried out for 18 months and those that remain to be done"!

The communique is staggering with naivety or cynical openness. The Yellow Vests will certainly appreciate (?) This frankness and affirm once again that the "Great Debate" is only the powder in the eyes and "smokers" because the executive obviously wants to continue the course of a determined way.

Among these bosses who should come to drag their steps on the floors of Versailles, are expected: the leaders of Microsoft, Mittal, General Electric (which thanks to Emmanuel Macron, then Minister of Finance has "stole" Alsthom from France) , Snapchat, Procter § Gamble but also Aliko Dangote, the first African fortune at the head of the Nigerian-named conglomerate.

Unofficially, these big bosses are on their way to Davos, the famous village of Graubünden where the 38th World Forum will be held. In fact, they were "intercepted" by Emmanuel Macron, because it can not go, prevented, it is by the wrath of the Yellow Vests and the start of the Great National Debate.

Still, he would have liked to go to the Davos Forum in 2019, to make the beautiful as usual in more elegant places than obscure provincial gymnasiums.

It would have been interesting to hear Emmanuel Macron speak about the theme that has been chosen: "the moralization of globalization".

Waaouhhh! What a great question! How should it be analyzed knowing that globalization has apparently not adopted very moral ways in the social sense of the term, to flourish so far.

A "re-moralization" would have been welcome earlier, in France as elsewhere in the world so that there is less unemployment, less immigration and less poverty. The explosion of the Yellow Vests demonstrates it if it was needed.

But Davos has always been a gigantic cocktail, a winter university for very rich VIPs, a meeting and brainstorming in between where morality has rarely had its place.

But it does not matter, sure of himself, Klaus Schwab, the founder of Davos who made this year the observation that the world "was entering a period of profound instability caused by technological disruptions and realignments of geoeconomic and geopolitical forces" considered that henceforth "the fourth industrial revolution underway should be centered on the human being, in an inclusive and sustainable way".

Also, having been the center of good business, the Davos Forum could become an event where you can bustle with strong philosophical and economic ideas.

For this year, these ideas will not be shared by:

Carlos Ghosn: in jail

Emmanuel Macron: sauced by the Yellow Vests

Theresa May: entangled in Brexit

Donald Trump: at war with Congress and in full shutdown

Michel Temer: accused of corruption and money laundering, replaced by Jair Bolsonaro who will be starring this year.

And yet, according to many economists, the global economy is on the threshold of a new crisis, threatened by the specter of rising interest rates, a surge in oil prices and commodities, some of which are becoming more and more rare.

Vestifinance has detailed the indicators underlying these predictions in a study that shows that the (too rapid) decline in the money supply could lead to a severe downward impulse in global economic growth.

Also, in the context of the financialisation of the economy and the transformation of relations between the State and the Economy, Davos could nevertheless result in proposals for the resumption of political power over the economy. even as the discourse against free trade is gaining ground through the rise of populism.

Could Davos 2019 introduce proposals inclining towards another economic paradigm, more favorable to large numbers and less for some ?

Independent central bankers could bear the brunt of this reversal of the trend and be forced to give ground, "challenged" solidly that they will be in the future by the media led by public opinion, and, constrained by the new rules that their will be imposed.

Naturally, we must not cry victory too fast! While it will take time to begin these shifts, the findings of Davos 2019 will need to be closely followed to determine who will be the winners and losers in the future.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

66 DEATH AND 71 INJURED IN FIRE

OF A FLOOD IN MEXICO

At least 66 people were killed and 71 injured by burns in the fire of a pipeline that leaked where residents came to steal fuel in eastern Mexico, officials said Friday in the middle of an offensive the Mexican government against fuel theft.

The fire occurred in the town of Tlahuelilpan in the state of Hidalgo, about 100 km north of Mexico City. A few hours before the leak of the pipeline had attracted dozens of residents of this town came to recover fuel with buckets and jerrycans.

"I deeply regret the serious situation suffered by Tlahuelilpan because of the explosion of a pipeline," responded on Twitter the Mexican President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador. "I call on the entire government to help the people there," he added.

Firefighting units and ambulances of the state oil company Pemex have been dispatched to the scene to rescue the victims, said the governor of the state of Hidalgo where Tlahuelilpan, Omar Fayad is.

Illegal collection and loss of earnings of $ 3 billion.

"We know that it was a clandestine levy and that the competent authorities were already taking care of it," said the governor of Hidalgo. More than 10,000 siphoning was registered that year on the pipelines of the oil company Pemex, according to official figures. A crime that caused a loss of some $ 3 billion (2.64 billion euros) in 2017 and 2018 to the Mexican state, according to official figures.

That's why the government of new President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador is implementing a national strategy against fuel theft.

Indeed, some criminal gangs or single families practice these illegal levies to sell them then to the black market, especially in the state of Puebla (center), epicenter of the phenomenon known as "Huachicol". Around this illegal practice has even developed a local culture with popular songs and religious figures carrying a can and a plastic pipe. Official service stations even distribute stolen fuel.

The government, taking the bull by the horns, closed several pipelines carrying fuel to stop these flights. This strategy has caused a shortage of fuel in a dozen states of the country, including the capital.

President André Manuel Lopez Obrador, who took office on 1 December, urged Mexicans to be patient with this chaotic situation.

According to the authorities, the gangs have complicity in the national company, so the former chief of company security is currently being investigated for fuel theft.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

MURDER ATTACK IN COLOMBIA
AT LEAST 21 DEATH AND 68 INJURED

21 dead and 68 wounded. This is the record of a car bomb attack perpetrated in southern Bogota (Colombia), Thursday, January 17. The National Police School was targeted after a ceremony to promote young officers.

This attack is the deadliest since 2003 in the capital of this country that is struggling to break out of more than half a century fratricidal internal war.

Head of State Ivan Duque decreed a three-day national mourning while qualifying the act as "miserable terrorist act".

The author of the attack was identified as José Aldemar Rojas Rodriguez.

He entered the compound of the General Francisco de Paula Santander School at 9.30 am local time, driving a gray van loaded with 80 kilos of pentolite, a powerful explosive, according to the Colombian Attorney General. Aldemar Rojas Rodriguez would be part of the National Liberation Army (ELN), one of the last armed groups in Colombia living from narco - trafficking, since the peace signed with the former FARC rebellion in 2016.

Several attacks in Colombia

Recently Bogota was the scene of two deadly attacks: one in June 2017 in a shopping center, with three dead attributed a left-wing group, the People's Revolutionary Movement (MRP), the other in January 2018 against the police, claimed by the National Liberation Army (ELN).

Arrived Colombian President Ivan Duque has toughened the fight against drug trafficking as well as his policy towards the ELN.

"This insane terrorist act will not go unpunished," assured right-wing President Ivan Duque who came to power in August, which has tightened the fight against drug trafficking and the guerrillas of the National Liberation Army (ELN). denouncing

"An attack against the whole society" he called "Colombians to unite against the violent".

The attack was unanimously condemned, in particular by the UN office in Colombia, the United States, neighboring Venezuela and the Farc who expressed their solidarity with the victims.

The ELN with some 1800 members would be the last guerrillas in the country since the disarmament and transformation into a political party of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) following the agreement signed in 2016 with the previous government.

Duque demands that the ELN release the detained hostages, whose number is estimated at 17, as well as the end of its criminal activities before a resumption of negotiations, started in 2017 but suspended since August. For the rebels the conditions are "unilateral and unacceptable".

Although the intensity of the conflict has diminished since the agreement with the FARC, Colombia remains affected by a fratricidal war that has claimed more than eight million victims between dead, missing and displaced.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

IN SUDAN THE STREET DEFIED THE PRESIDENT BECHIR

For more than three weeks, Sudan has been shaken by demonstrations coupled with violent repression by the authorities. The marches began to protest the rise in the price of bread before turning into an anti-government wave. President El-Bashir, who has been in power since 1989 after a coup, is particularly contested.

Twenty-two people have died since the beginning of the movement, according to an official report. International NGOs speak of at least 40 dead. Britain, Norway, the United States and Canada on Tuesday urged Sudan to investigate the death of protesters, saying they were "shocked by the use of live ammunition against protesters".

The Sudanese president, however, is contested in his country but continues to benefit from the support of allied countries concerned with the stability of a region already torn apart by conflict.

East African country of 1,886,068 km², Sudan is bordering Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan, Central Africa and Chad to the west, Libya and Libya. Egypt to the north. All these frontier countries would not be happy to see the country turn into an instability that could be contagious.

"All parties in the region (Middle East) are at loggerheads but agree in some way on Bashir," said Abdelwahab al-Affendi, a university professor at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies, advocating continuity in this Arab country. from North Africa, "they think that any alternative might not be favorable to them".

Thus President Bashir enjoys the support of his regional allies such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

"Egypt fully supports Sudan's security and stability, which are fundamental to its national security," President al-Sissi told a Sudanese President's close adviser last week in Cairo.

Sudan is looking for other partners. Omar Bashir went to Damascus to meet his Syrian counterpart Bashar al-Assad in Damascus, the idea being to get closer to Russia, an unwavering ally of the Syrian regime and a must-see in the Middle East. Other powers such as China have invested billions of dollars in Sudan in recent decades

The United States and the European Union, which do not support the Bashir regime, sought by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes and genocide charges in Darfur (West), also have an interest in the country is not sinking into instability at the risk of seeing a new wave of migration to Europe, according to this source.

Sudan's strategic situation in the Horn of Africa is a boon to Bashir, said Amal-Taweel, an analyst at the Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies in Cairo.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

LAKE TITICACA DOES NOT HAVE MORE

HIS SPLENDOR OF ANTAN

Lake Titicaca is exposed to a serious problem because it is the receptacle of all the pollutants that are produced around it, especially on the Altiplano side.

It is with this cry of alarm that Juan Jose Ocola, responsible for the binational authority (Bolivia / Peru) that manages the environment has just alerted the international community, because some 1.6 million people live in this region where are the cities of Puno and Juliaca side Peru and El Alto, Bolivia side.

Lake Titicaca stretches over 8300 km2 (the area of ​​Corsica approximately) straddling Peru and Bolivia. Located at almost 4000 m altitude, it is considered the largest freshwater reserve in South America. It's one of the wonders of the world. But this wonder has been completely contaminated in a few years.

The reasons for this galloping pollution are many. It is caused first by the waste left by the 750,000 tourists who visit this region of South America annually.

Lake Titicaca attracts, because it is dreaming with its azure blue waters and the romance inspired by the pre-Columbian civilizations on which we learn every day more details thanks to the many recent archaeological discoveries.

But tourists are not the only ones responsible. Added to the uncivilized actions of tourists, there are toxic discharges produced by the surrounding cities. All wastewater from residential neighborhoods and industries ends up in the lake untreated.

Pollutants favor the development of a green alga that is harmful to biodiversity, including animals, especially fish, which are indispensable for economically dependent fishermen.

Domestic animals are also concerned, including cows and sheep (but livestock in general) who die of diarrhea after eating the "tortora" grass from the lake.

The consequences for men's health are dramatic. The lake has significant infant mortality and health problems in high proportion.

Peru and Bolivia have planned to invest $ 500 million to build several sewage treatment plants; $ 400 million by Peru while Bolivia simultaneously decided to allocate $ 77 million.

In the meantime, are the inhabitants or rather the inhabitants who, with bare hands or almost naked (they are still equipped with latex gloves, but they do not wear a mask?) Periodically collect plastics, papers, disposable bottles, layers of babies, drugs and all kinds of rubbish.

The most active belong to the Aymaras ethnic group. In local dress, under the scorching sun they pick up the garbage they pile up in biodegradable sky blue trash bags. Their multicolored skirts and black bowler hats stand out against the landscape of a sumptuous site where the Aymara people have lived for centuries.

Some of these natives have even been trained to measure the lake's pH!

Day after day, the lake suffocates under pollution. In the plant labyrinth of the tortora that invaded it (the tortora resembles a reed, it is the emblematic plant of the lake) it has become almost impossible for a motor boat to navigate, the level of water having Moreover, it has dropped nearly 70 cm in recent decades.

The odor which reigns and which comes from the hydrogen sulphide, released by the decomposition of the sediments carried by the waters is unbreathable.

It also destroys the ecosystem because it is responsible for neurotoxic and deprives the fauna and flora of oxygen.

There is urgency to act; the first, long and difficult act must go through the identification of infrastructure constructions to be realized.

The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) has already lent $ 77 million. The European Union has just granted 8 million grants. France, in very poor financial condition has committed to lend 115 million dollars.

It will have to be done quickly because the North of Altiplano, very populated, is the only liveable sector of the region, the South being covered by the desert Lipez.

The risks of migration and ecological migration are threatening.

Clara Mitchell for DayNewsWorld

THE OPPONENT FELIX TSHISEKEDI

FIFTH PRESIDENT IN THE DRC ?

It was the opposition candidate, Felix Tshisekedi, who was declared the winner of the historic presidential election in the Democratic Republic of Congo by the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI).

"Having obtained 7,051,013 valid votes, or 38.57 per cent, is proclaimed provisionally elected President of the Democratic Republic of Congo Mr. Tshisekedi Tshilombo Felix," said its president, Corneille Nangaa.

At 55, Felix Tshisekedi, "provisionally elected", is preparing to become the fifth president of the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa.

An opponent at the head of the giant of Central Africa, border of nine countries, rich in natural resources, leading producer and exporter of cobalt.

For the first time in its history, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is experiencing a political alternation at the ballot box with the victory of an opponent after the two elections of Joseph Kabila in 2006 and 2011.

Félix Tshisekedi therefore leads the presidential election on December 30 ahead of Martin Fayulu (34.8%), candidate of the opposition coalition Lamuka and the candidate of the ruling coalition FCC Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary (23.8%). A total of 21 candidates were in the running.

But doubts were expressed as to the conformity of the results. Thus his opponent Martin Fayulu, who came in second position, for his part assured that "these results have nothing to do with the truth of the ballot box" seeing "a real electoral coup".

For the Church the provisional results of the election "do not correspond" either data collected by observers of the Catholic Church in the Democratic Republic of Congo, said Thursday the Episcopal Conference.

The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has, for its part, judged the results "non-compliant".

The ruling coalition supporting candidate Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary did not dispute the results, however: "We are disappointed by the poor score we are awarded, but we take note of the proclamation. "

But the announced result can still be appealed to the Constitutional Court.

The final results must be published by the Constitutional Court by January 15, according to the current electoral calendar which took three days late. The swearing in of the new president elected for a five-year term is scheduled for January 18 .

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

WHEN THE VENEZUELAN PARLIAMENT CONTESTS

THE LEGITIMACY OF THE NEW MANDATE

The Venezuelan parliament, which was won by the opposition, illegitimately declared Saturday the new term of President Nicolas Maduro, scheduled to begin on January 10, while pledging to encourage a "transitional government" and "free elections".

"We reaffirm the illegitimacy of Nicolas Maduro (...). From January 10 he will usurp the Presidency and this National Assembly is therefore the only legitimate representation of the people, "said the President of the Assembly, Juan Guaido, just elected. The main opposition parties had boycotted the ballot marked by high abstention.

"One does not become president in monopolizing the presidency of the Republic, denounced the deputy Luis Florido. The May 20 election was neither fair nor free nor representative. Parties could not participate. The international community could not oversee the process. "

The 56-year-old chaplain Nicolas Maduro was re-elected on May 20 for another six-year term - with the support of the army - following a disputed election. He is accused by his detractors of leading an erratic economic management and being a "dictator" monopolizing all powers.

Venezuela, which has the largest oil reserves in the world, is plunged into a deep economic crisis and is under financial sanctions from the United States. The economic difficulties have pushed into exile some 2.3 million people since 2015 (7.5% of a population of 30.6 million).

A symbolic reach

The vote of the deputies, however, has only a symbolic significance. Since 2016 the Parliament has been emptied of its powers. The Supreme Court, deemed close to the executive, declared null all the decisions adopted by the Parliament. The Venezuelan parliamentary assembly failed in January 2017 to obtain the early departure of the head of the socialist state for "failure to fulfill the duties" of his office.

The opposition, however, planned other actions - it did not detail - to force Nicolas Maduro to leave power. Venezuelan MPs also rely on international pressure to make a transition.

Same decision of the Lima group except Mexico

Friday, January 4, at the end of a meeting, 12 Latin American countries and Canada, members of the Lima group, signed a declaration to coordinate measures against the power of Caracas, stating that they would not recognize the second term of the Venezuelan president.

Only Mexico, led by leftist President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador, has not signed. In addition, US State Department spokesman Robert Palladino on Saturday expressed his "support" to the parliament, calling it the last and "sole legitimate and democratically elected institution" in Venezuela.

For the Chávist authorities and Nicolas Maduro, statements like that of the Lima Group aim to provoke a coup encouraged by the United States.

Nothing seems to reach the president. The number two chauvinist, Diosdado Cabell said Saturday that Maduro would be sworn in the Supreme Court and the parliament "lack of legitimacy."


Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

TOWARDS AN INELUABLE REUNIFICATION BETWEEN TAIWAN AND CHINA, EVEN FORCE ?

Chinese President Xi Jinping said in his speech Wednesday (January 2nd) that he wants to do everything possible for a "peaceful reunification" of mainland China to Taiwan, which he considers his province, before adding : "We will not exclude the use of force and will keep all the necessary options" to carry out this "ineluctable" reunification.

To recover Taiwan, Xi Jinping does not exclude the "use of force" in case of formal proclamation of independence in Taipei or external intervention - especially from the United States, the main military support of the island ....

And to add: "China must be reunified and it will be. Taiwan's independence is a history twist and will only lead to a stalemate [...] and a profound disaster, "said Xi Jinping.

For its part, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wena said the island would not accept a political agreement based on "one country, two systems" with China according to the Hong Kong model. She did not hesitate to challenge Communist China in response to Xi Jinping's threat. "As President of the Republic of China [Taiwan's official name], I call on China to take courageous steps towards democracy in order to understand the people of Taiwan," she tweeted.

Taiwan, an island of 23 million people located between Shanghai and the Philippine archipelago, has been de facto independent since 1949, when the nationalist government of the Republic of China settled there after its defeat by the communists, who founded the People's Republic of China (PRC).

Since then, there are actually two chines.

The Chinese island, become over the years, a country in its own right, is nevertheless still considered by Beijing as a rebel province. And the Chinese power claims all the more the sovereignty over Taiwan that its president Tsaï Ing-wen, elected in 2016, refuses to recognize the "principle of unique China" and that some members of the independentist formation, the Democratic Progressive Party ( PDP), incarnated by President Tsai Ing-wen, plead for the formal independence of the island ...

The government in Taipei certainly sees the number of its allies on the international scene diminish under the pressure of Beijing, which has a policy of suffocation, but it can count on the strengthening of its ties with powers such as Japan and especially United States.

"As long as the Chinese government does not treat its people kindly, can not guarantee human rights and does not let its people vote, then Taiwanese will be suspicious of China's intentions," warned. Taiwanese Minister of Foreign Affairs .

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

TSUNAMI INDONESIAN A HEAVY BALANCE SHEET

DE 429 DEAD AND NEARLY 1500 INJURED

The wave, caused by the eruption of the Anak Krakatoa volcano, swept through several hundred buildings on the southern shores of Sumatra, and the western end of Java.

The assessment of the tsunami that struck suddenly Saturday evening the shores of the Sunda Strait, continues to grow, rising this Wednesday to 429 dead, 1,485 wounded and 154 missing.

Thousands of people have also been displaced by the disaster.

Embarrassed by torrential rains, Indonesian relief workers are struggling to recover inhabitants trapped on lost islands and reach the most remote villages. Hundreds of Indonesians are rescued by helicopter or boat and taken to emergency centers.

"The heavy rains have caused the flood of a river and there are floods in several places," said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman for the National Disaster Management Agency, on Twitter. "It hurts efforts to evacuate people and help survivors."

Authorities have asked residents to stay away from the coast because the Anak Krakatoa volcano, "the child" of the legendary Krakatoa, continues to thunder in the Sunda Strait

According to experts, the moderate eruption of Anak Krakatoa caused an underwater collapse of part of the volcano, and the displacement of vast quantities of water.

The Anak was formed around 1928 in the bowl left behind by the Krakatoa, whose catastrophic eruption killed 36,000 people in 1883.

Sanitary crisis -

Rescuers who are trying to help the tsunami-devastated regions have warned that there is a lack of clean water and medicines, and thus the risk of a health crisis. "There are fewer drugs than usual. The authorities have dispatched helicopters to deliver food to isolated villages on the ravaged coast of West Java and South Sumatra.

This is the third major natural disaster in Indonesia in the past six months, following a series of violent earthquakes on Lombok Island in July and August, followed by a tsunami in Palu on Celebes Island, making 2,200 dead and thousands of missing in September.

In 2004, just after Christmas, a tsunami killed 220,000 people in the countries bordering the Indian Ocean, including 168,000 Indonesians, one of the deadliest disasters in history.

Indonesia, which has 127 active volcanoes, is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of ​​high seismic activity and volcanic eruptions.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

MORTAR TSUNAMI IN INDONESIA

A tsunami swept through the Indonesian island of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia Saturday, December 22, following a volcanic eruption. According to a final report always provisional, 222 dead more than 800 wounded and many missing are to deplore.The spokesman for the National Agency for Disaster Management stresses that "this number is expected to increase".

The wave took place after the eruption of the Anak Krakatoa volcano which means "the child" of Krakatoa in Indonesian. The Anak Krakatoa, the fruit of Krakatoa's activity, emerged from the waters around 1928. Since its birth, this volcano has been in a "semi-perpetual state of eruptive activity", and is growing with eruptions that occur every two or three years, says volcanologist Ray Cas from Monash University in Australia.

Saturday night, Anak Krakatoa was erupting. According to the Center for Volcanology and Geological Risk Management in Indonesia, Anak Krakatoa showed signs of increased activity over the past week. An eruption that occurred just before 4 pm Saturday lasted about 13 minutes, sending hundreds of meters into the sky a thick plume of ashes. This activity would be at the origin of the drama. The Indonesian authorities believe that the tsunami was triggered by an unusually high tide due to the full moon combined with an underwater landslide caused by the Anak eruption.

A wall of water has submerged the shoreline, carrying hundreds of buildings and dwellings in its wake. The International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent has estimated that these "powerful waves" have reached between 30 and 90 centimeters high.

At first, the Indonesian authorities said the wave was not a tsunami, but a rising tide then calling the population not to panic. "It was a mistake, we are sorry," Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, of the Indonesian National Disaster Management Council, wrote on Twitter.

Tsunamis triggered by volcanic eruptions, which cause a displacement of water, are relatively rare. Unlike waves following earthquakes, the proximity of the volcano to the coast gave the authorities little time to react, according to Professor David Rothery of the Open University (United Kingdom).

Indonesia, an archipelago of 17,000 islands and islets that was formed by the convergence of three large tectonic plates (Indo-Pacific, Australian, Eurasian), is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of ​​high seismic activity. and volcanic eruptions.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

COP 24 AGREEMENT IN HALF TINT

COP24 ended on Saturday in Katowice, Poland, after 13 days of tense discussions between representatives of 196 countries.

While the summit succeeded in making the 2015 Paris agreement operational, it has not made any commitment to act more quickly against global warming despite the urgency described in the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change (IPCC) submitted in October.

The latter called on countries to halve their emissions by 2030.

The agreement of the 24th UN Climate Conference, called COP24, was therefore limited to adopting a notice - the rulebook - which defines the rules of application of the Paris Agreement approved in 2015 and aims to to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to keep global warming under 2 ° C, or even 1.5 ° C, compared to the end of the 19th century.

The rules of application specify in particular how to count the emissions, and that from 2024, and what to count, following the instructions of Giec. A global assessment of efforts is planned every five years from 2023.

Monitoring of greenhouse gas reduction commitments has also been put in place. While more than 160 countries have pledged commitments since 2015, others are required to do so by 2020, by which date these national commitments will need to be updated every five years.

Progress has been made in financing climate policies for developing countries. Northern countries have pledged to increase their climate aid by up to $ 100 billion a year by 2020, while Germany and the World Bank have announced new contributions to the Green Fund, and aid to countries poor of the South.

"But it is clear that we will have to go further and make more concrete announcements to convince developing countries that they will be supported in their efforts to transition to low carbon," says David Levaï, of the Institute. international relations. (Iddri).

On the other hand, the rules of the carbon emission trading mechanisms which were to prevent reductions being counted twice, have been postponed, Brazil at the head of the challenge. "This conference was delayed by Brazil when it should have been by the small islands! It's tragic ".

But as the fatalist, Frank Bainimarama, the Fijian Prime Minister and president of COP23, underlined, his island of less than a million inhabitants can not "threaten or force anyone to do what we want ". The small islands are threatened with submersion with the melting of the poles and the rise of the sea level ...

The United States, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, for their part, refused that the Giec's conclusions - intended to sound the alarm on global warming - should be listed as "welcomed" in the agreement.

The international community has therefore given birth to a disappointing minimum agreement. The states "have made progress, but what we have seen in Poland is a fundamental lack of understanding of the current crisis," said Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, WWF.

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

NOBEL NADIA MURAD AND DENIS MUKWEGE AWARDS

OR THEIR FIGHT AGAINST

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

The Congolese gynecologist and her co-recipient Yazidie Nadia Murad officially receive their Nobel Peace Prize on Monday, December 10, at a ceremony at the Oslo City Hall (Norway).

A joint award this year to reward their fight against violence against women in general and their fight against rape as a "weapon of war" more precisely. This Nobel Prize 2018 rewards two strong personalities who refuse to keep quiet.

The 63-year-old Gynecologist Mukwege Mukengere, recognized as one of the world's leading fistula specialists, received an honorary doctorate from the University of Umeå (Sweden) in October 2010. In the same year, he had received the Wallenberg Medal from the University of Michigan (USA).

He is "the savior who has dedicated his life to the defense of these victims," ​​said Nobel Committee President Berit Reiss-Andersen at the announcement on October 5.

This imposing man has been treating victims of sexual violence for two decades in the Panzi hospital he founded in Bukavu, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a region in constant conflict. armed. His hospital has treated more than 50,000 victims of sexual violence, women, children and even babies, a figure that represents only "the tip of the iceberg," he assured in a press conference with his recipient on Sunday.

Aware that only a long work on mentalities will help stop violence against women, Denis Mukwege calls for "changing masculinity" to make it a vehicle for the promotion of gender equality. in armed conflict is an extension of the violence that we see in peaceful societies, "he argues. In-depth and long-term work even in the developed countries on parity. In France, he recalls, a woman dies every three days under the blows of her companion

Nadia Murad herself was a victim of ISIS. This young woman, 25 years old, a member of the Yezidi community, a minority in the Kurdish minority in Iraq, was kidnapped in 2014. Sold as a sex slave, she was later married several times to Islamist soldiers. His ordeal lasts three months before he can escape. If 4,300 Yazidies would have escaped or would have been bought from the IS, 2,500 would still be "disappeared", according to the International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH).

Having managed to escape, the young woman - whose mother and six brothers were killed - is fighting today for the persecutions of his family to be recognized as genocide. "I personally think that for the deaths and persecutions to stop and for justice to pass, the Islamic State group must be dragged before the courts.

But so far no member of this organization has been tried, so we still do not feel justice has been done to us.

As long as the members of the Islamic State will not be judged, in a few years, they will reappear under another name perhaps, ready to do the same thing again "underlined the young woman.

For the two winners, this prize is only the result of a fight but especially not an end in itself. Each based on examples in their country, Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad denounced Sunday at their joint press conference the indifference of the international community and impunity that continues.

"No member of the Islamic State has been brought to justice. They are no longer in Iraq but we see that the rapes continue as a weapon of war, "said Nadia Murad. "It really has to be done at one time or another".

What Nadia Murad has seen in Iraq since 2014, Dr. Mukwege denounces for almost twenty years in the Congo.

Both hope that this prize will help lift impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence.

The prize consists of a gold medal, a diploma and a check of 9 million Swedish crowns (approximately 1 million dollars or 872,000 euros).

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

ANTICIPATED LEGISLATIVES IN ARMENIA

PROVOKE BY THE PRIME MINISTER

LEAVING NIKOL PACHINIAN

Armenians vote Sunday in early legislative elections prompted by the reformist prime minister hoping for a majority to strengthen his power.

Polling stations, open from 08:00 local (04:00 GMT), will close at 20:00 (16:00 GMT).

Nikol Pachinian, a 43-year-old former journalist, arrived at the helm of this small country in the Caucasus after several weeks of peaceful protests against the government, which had been in power for more than a decade.

But Mr. Pachinian, does not control Parliament, still largely acquired from the Republican Party of the former President Serge Sarkissian. Appointed Prime Minister in May Nikol Pachinian resigned on 16 October to bring about the dissolution of Parliament and the holding of this advance poll. The vote was set for December 9, while the next parliamentary elections were only scheduled for 2022.

The former editor-in-chief of an opposition newspaper has promised the best elections in the former corrupt Soviet republic of the Caucasus. The polls credit the Pachinian led bloc of a comfortable majority in seats. In October, 41-year-old Hayk Marutian, a popular television actor who was also involved in massive spring protests, won over Yerevan City Hall, the capital, handily with more than 80 percent of the votes in favor of the contract party. of Mr. Pachinian.

"An unfinished revolutionary process and political uncertainty are hampering Armenia's economic development," said Nikol Pachinian, who is acting prime minister, at a rally of his supporters last week.

Since his arrival power, breaking with the old political class, he has made the fight against military or customs corruption up to schools a priority and advocates an "economic revolution" in a country where some 30% of inhabitants live below the poverty line

On the foreign policy side, the leader of the Armenian "velvet revolution" wants to strengthen the strategic alliance with Russia while intensifying its cooperation with the United States and the European Union.

Nine parties and two alliances are running in these elections. According to Armenian legislation, a party needs to collect at least 5% of voters' votes to be able to sit in parliament, while an electoral bloc must pass the 7% mark. The first results are expected Monday morning .

"Pachinian, it's a little bit all at once, journalist, Che Guevara, Prime Minister and Ghandi, but its legitimacy is very strong," said Alexandre Iskandarian, Caucasus Institute


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

THE WORLD COVENANT

SAFE MIGRATION ORDERS

AND REGULAR IS IT RIGHT TO IMMIGRATION

On 10 and 11 December, UN member states are invited to sign a "global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration", adopted in July by all states, with the notable exception of the United States.

This text is the culmination of a process initiated by the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants of 19 December 2016, unanimously adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.

Several countries have already announced that they are freezing or postponing their decision. So some Eastern countries like Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, via Switzerland, Australia, Israel.

In Belgium the crisis in the Belgian government around the UN pact on migration worsened on Tuesday, the Prime Minister deciding to appeal to Parliament to circumvent the "blockage" of the Flemish nationalists of the N-VA.

The Flemish nationalists believe that Belgian judges could rely on the UN text to question the government's migration policy and their will to "ban illegal immigration". In Germany several organizations of the German far-right, including Pegida, marched Saturday in the streets of Berlin, yellow vests on the back, to denounce the "Pact of Marrakech".

In France, the Republicans and The National Gathering also oppose the signing of this text they accuse of wanting to encourage illegal immigration. For Republican Eric Ciotti sign the Global Compact on Migration is to open "a Pandora's box that will create a global call for air and a form of right to immigration."

Monday Marine Le Pen delivered a violent indictment against this pact, in which she sees the preparation of a "new stage in the organized submersion of our country". MEP Nord-Pas-de-Calais will join a meeting in Brussels on Saturday, organized by the leader of the far-right Flemish party Vlaams Belang, Tom Van Grieken. To the sovereignist Dupont-Aignant to demand a referendum on the subject.

Many "yellow vests" also denounce the UN text on social networks fearing "the big replacement" with "migrants arriving by the thousands". For Marine Le Pen the subject "was not so far from the popular revolt" of the "yellow vests".

Can the Marrakech Pact lead to more immigration?

This pact is intended to carry a series of values, also already formulated in the French Constitution or the Declaration of Human Rights. It posits the observation of a migratory phenomenon that has become unavoidable and enumerates a series of principles capable of making it a positive phenomenon, that is to say "to create favorable conditions that allow all migrants to enrich our societies through their human, economic and social capacities. The text has no legal value, no binding value.

Moreover, the sovereignty of each state in the matter of immigration is well reaffirmed: "The global pact reaffirms the sovereign right of states to define their national migration policies and their right to manage migration within their jurisdiction, in accordance with international law. . ". The right of States "to distinguish between regular and irregular migration" is also recalled.

The UN pact, the first of its kind on this topic, is limited to identifying principles and some 20 proposals to help countries cope with migration.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

REQUEST FOR THE EXTRADITION OF SUSPECTED SAUDIANS IN JAMAL KHAGGOSHI'S MURDER BY PRESIDENT ERDOGAN

Mohammed ben Salman, suspected of committing the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, was one of the most anticipated protagonists of the G20 meeting in Buenos Aires of the heads of state or government of the world's top twenty powers for a clarification. on the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

According to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Mohammed bin Salman reportedly gave "a hard-to-believe explanation" to the G20 leaders about Riyadh's role in the assassination Jamal Khashoggi.

While several countries, including Canada, the United States, France and Germany, have imposed financial sanctions against Saudis

"Suspected of being responsible or accomplices" in this case, only the Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau would have addressed the subject during the meeting of the leaders.

Turkish President Erdogan on Saturday (1 December 2018) called for the extradition of Saudi suspects in the murder of Ryad Jamal Khashoggi's critical journalist in Istanbul. .

So far, the Saudi prosecutor-general has indicted 11 people - out of a total of 21 suspects - and has been sentenced to death for five of them.

For Recep Tayyip Erdogan it is out of the question to trust the Saudi justice, he who argues that the order to kill the journalist and opponent emanated

"Higher levels" of the kingdom, while dismissing the responsibility of King Salman.

Saudi Arabia would obstruct the investigation by refusing to cooperate with Turkish investigators in their quest for information about this murder.

A secret report from the CIA intelligence agency quoted by the Wall Street Journal reportedly intercepted 11 messages sent by Mohammad ben Salman to his closest adviser, Saud al-Qathani, before and after Jamal Khashoggi's death.

Saud al-Qathani, who was supervising the 15 men sent to Turkey to kill the journalist, was later fired.

For the moment the content has not been disclosed but another communication was intercepted in August 2017 in which the Crown Prince would have told his advisers that if the efforts to convince Jamal Khashoggi to return to the kingdom remained in vain , "They could lure him out of Saudi Arabia and get along with him".

According to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, there is no direct evidence in this report implicating the Crown Prince.

Qatar's ally in the conflict with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan plans to regain control of regional power struggles.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

THE G20 OR A FACADE AGREEMENT

The G20 has finally succeeded in giving birth to the forceps of a 30-page final communique which, according to a European official, translates "no spectacular progress [but] no worrying decline either," a "statement of the leaders of the G20" on a "consensus for equitable and sustainable development", adopted Saturday in Buenos Aires.

If the diplomats have managed to build a consensus text, the communiqué however maintains the positions of each.

Thus all leaders agreed on "the necessary reform of the World Trade Organization (WTO)" while recognizing the "contribution of the international trading system" to growth and job creation as demanded by the world. 'European Union. The EU, the US and China have also recognized the need for the WTO to guarantee a "rules-based international order" to adapt to the 21st century economy. But in exchange Europeans have abandoned the term "protectionism" in the press release at the request of Donald Trump. For European diplomats, it was first and foremost about reaffirming the need for international rules in trade relations in the face of Donald Trump's protectionism.

As far as the climate is concerned, the status quo has been preserved. The United States remains out of play reiterating its decision to withdraw from the Paris agreement while the signatories of the Paris agreement remain committed to the fight against global warming and will meet again at the new UN conference on Climate Change (COP24), which begins this week in Katowice, Poland.

US President Donald Trump, on the sidelines of the G-20 High Mass, met at a working dinner with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping. This bilateral meeting enabled them to reach an agreement not to apply new customs duties after 1 January. Indeed, Washington, in its trade war against Beijing, planned to increase from 10% to 25% customs duties on 200 billion dollars of Chinese imports - half of the total - from 1 January. At the end of the meeting, the United States announced that they renounced this new tax component. In return, China pledged to further open its domestic market to US products, particularly agricultural and energy, to reduce the huge trade imbalance between the two countries.

It also agrees to discuss the respect of intellectual property protection or the forced transfer of technology for foreign companies based in China. Donald Trump hailed an "incredible and productive meeting opening unlimited possibilities for China and the United States," while Wang Yi, the Commerce Minister, spoke of a "win-win" outcome of this meeting.

But the White House has warned: the two countries must, within 90 days, agree on "structural changes" in their trade relations, otherwise "the tariffs of 10% will be increased to 25%", has warned in a statement the US presidency.

If Beijing and Washington managed to dialogue, it was not the same with Moscow. Donald Trump had canceled the bilateral talks scheduled for Saturday with Vladimir Putin highlighting the new tensions between Moscow and Kiev in the Straits of Kerch. The Russian president has certainly regretted that the US president has canceled their scheduled appointment on the sidelines of the G20 deeming "really necessary" to have a "real meeting with Donald Trump".

"The issues we need to discuss are very important. These are primarily the issues of strategic stability and then the issues [related to the problem] of the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, "he added.

On the other hand, the master of the Kremlin was threatening with an ultimatum at his closing press conference on Saturday. "The war will continue" in eastern Ukraine controlled by pro-Russian separatists as long as the authorities current Ukrainians "will stay in power", he warned. "The current Ukrainian authorities have no interest in settling the conflict, especially through peaceful means. As long as they stay in power, the war will continue. It is always easier to justify economic failures by war, "said the Russian president. What about the Minsk agreements? The Europeans, however, had asked him to ease tensions arising from the boarding of Ukrainian ships on Sunday by the Russian navy.

Certainly Donald Trump's unilateralism led to the adoption of a minimal consensus reflecting exacerbated power struggles.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

A G20 OF ALL HAZARDS

The G20 opened Friday (November 30th) in Buenos Aires, Argentina in a climate of multiple tensions. Like every year, it brings together the heads of state and government of the twenty first powers, the 19 states and the European Union, which account for 85% of the world's gross domestic product.

Trade disputes, the fight against global warming and the Russian-Ukrainian crisis should be debated in an increasingly fractured world where each country tends to fall back on itself. We are far from the sacred union displayed in November 2008 when the final communiqué extolled multilateralism to bring prosperity to the world shaken by the financial crisis.

Multilateralism undermined by Donald Trump

Indeed, ten years later, multilateralism is indeed undermined by Donald Trump and his policy "America First", the United States having withdrawn from the agreement on the Iranian nuclear program and the Paris agreement on the climate signed after the COP 21 conference on January 29, 2016. The United States, in an exacerbated protectionism, also denounce the World Trade Organization (WTO), favoring bilateral alliances. As a result of separate bilateral negotiations, Mexico and Canada have just concluded a free trade agreement with the United States to succeed the Alena.

On the front of the trade war between Beijing and Washington, which threatens the global economy, Donald Trump reiterated his threat to tax all Chinese goods imported into the United States. On 19 November, in Port-Moresby, Papua New Guinea, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) summit failed with the absence of a final communiqué after heated exchanges between US and Chinese officials .

Sino-US trade war

Saturday Donald Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping meet at a dinner party to try to stop a potentially catastrophic trade conflict for the global economy. "The risk is that of a tete-a-tete between China and the United States and a destructive trade war for all," warned the French head of state, Emmanuel Macron. The French president also warns about the risk of "disintegration of the WTO (World Trade Organization)".

Missed opportunity with Kremlin strongman

Taking everyone short, the tenant of the White House on Thursday canceled a bilateral meeting with Vladimir Putin. It was to be held on the sidelines of the G20 meeting and address the issue of the Ukrainian crisis, which has recently experienced renewed tension in the Azov Sea. Donald Trump refers to the escalation of tensions between Kiev and Moscow since November 25, when Russian coast guards boarded three Ukrainian warships in the Black Sea near the Crimean peninsula.

"Starting from the fact that the ships and sailors were not returned by Russia to Ukraine, I decided that it would be better for all concerned to cancel my previously scheduled meeting in Argentina with the President Vladimir Putin. I look forward to [participating] in a new constructive summit as soon as this situation is resolved! "Tweeted the US President. Cancellation of the bilateral meeting with the strong man of the Kremlin officially linked to the Ukrainian crisis but also motivated by domestic politics, namely the ever more threatening investigation into Russian interference during the Trumpian presidential campaign.

A fragile Europe

European leaders are facing this summit disunited and for some weakened in their own country. French President Emmanuel Macron faces a strong social protest over fuel taxes and the issue of purchasing power while German Chancellor Angela Merkel has suffered serious electoral defeats in the legislative elections. inside its own party, the CDU-CSU, it announced at the end of October that it would not stand for the presidency of its party. Italy, represented for the first time in the G20 by Guiseppe Conte, has seen not only its budget rejected by the European Commission but also its anti-migration policy criticized. Finally, let us note the political fragility of British Prime Minister Theresa May, whose future lies in whether or not the House of Commons adopts the Brexit agreement she has negotiated with the European Union.

The confrontation between Ukraine and Russia, reactivated by the boarding of three Ukrainian military ships off the Crimea on Sunday, threatens to have repercussions on the cohesion of Europe. The President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, said he was "sure" that EU sanctions against Russia would be renewed in December. "A vicious practice of the use of illegal unilateral sanctions and protectionist measures is spreading," said the Russian president. The crisis in Ukraine will be a test of the solidarity of Europeans likely to be relegated to the supporting roles at this summit.

The proposals to advance the fight against global warming, which France intends to defend in Buenos Aires, before the opening on December 2 the COP24 climate conference in Poland, also risk not succeed.

What attitude to Mohammed Ben Salmane ?

Since the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, and while the war is still raging in Yemen, what attitude to adopt towards Mohammed Ben Salman?

Although innocent by the justice of the Kingdom, which sentenced five executors to death, support for the Arab leader is not unanimous.

The US president seems to favor realpolitik arguing for low oil prices on world markets.

The latter is counting on the action of Saudi Arabia which, on the contrary, at the end of 2016 negotiated with Russia a reduction in its production for the price of crude back.

Emmanuel Macron has announced that he will meet the crown prince on the sidelines of the G20. For their part, the Argentine authorities fear violence in a country undermined by a long economic crisis so that the government has deployed more than 20,000 members of the police force

This summit promises to be tense. It is unlikely that the leaders will reach a joint declaration at the end of the meeting.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

IMPORTANT ELECTIONS

FOR THE FUTURE OF TAIWAN

Taiwanese voters are going to the polls this Saturday for local elections with test value for President Tsai Ing-wen, who is in trouble today. But citizens also vote by referendum on sensitive issues that plague Beijing. The official name of the island at the Olympic Games is in question in particular. This referendum raises the ire of the Chinese regime against the small rebel island that tries to save its identity and its democratic system led for two years by the separatists.

Tsai Ing-wen, elected in an overwhelming majority in 2016, is Beijing's hated president for her rejection of the "one China" principle. Separated since the end of the civil war in 1949, between communists established in Beijing and Kuomintang nationalists (KMT) refugees in Taipei, the two states have always refused to recognize their reciprocal legitimacy.

But the Chinese regime considers the island de facto independent as part of its territory may be annexed.

However, Tsai Ing-wen faces many difficulties due to unpopular reforms, such as lower pensions and stagnant wages. The polls predict a decline in its formation, the Progressive Democratic Party (DPP),

The battle for the mayor of Kaohsiung, a large port city in the south, crystallizes the stakes in this regard. Han Kuo-yu, candidate of the pro-Chinese party, is about to win the municipality, against a background of popular discontent.

A return of the Kuomintang (KMT), after 20 years of absence, would be a blow for the Taiwanese executive.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH OF AN AMERICAN KILLED BY THE TRIBE

SENTINEL

John Chau wanted to see the Sentinel tribe, the most isolated on the planet. As soon as he set foot on their island, he received a volley of arrows.

On November 16, John Chau, a 27-year-old globe-trotter from Alabama, was surrounded and killed when he arrived. He had paid fishermen to transport him to this place, located about 50 kilometers west of the town of Port Blair, but he had finished the trip alone by canoe.

The Sentinel Tribe

The Sentinels are self-sufficient hunter-gatherers, cut off from the outside world, on North Sentinel Island, in the Andaman Islands, an archipelago in the Indian Ocean attached to India. It would be the most isolated tribe on the planet with about 40 people. It would descend from the first human populations to have left Africa and lived in the Andaman for sixty thousand years. This people is also known to attack anyone who sets foot on his small island in the Andaman Sea. In 2006, two Indian fishermen whose boat had drifted off to the shores of North Sentinel had been killed.

The Indian state has now banned since 2010 to approach within five kilometers.

At once adventurer and missionary

The photos of John Chau's Facebook and Instagram accounts make him a young man, keen on travel. Some Indian media even say he was a missionary. "People thought he was a missionary because he talked about his faith. (...) But it was not one in the strict sense. He was an adventurer, "said Dependra Pathak, police chief of the Andaman Islands.

In a statement posted on the Instagram account of this adventurer the family says his sadness and details: "He loved God, life, help the needy, and had nothing but love for the Sentinels. ". "He was our son, brother, uncle and beloved friend. For others, he was a Christian missionary. In the press are reproduced excerpts from the diary of the deceased in the days before his death. The writings of the young man reveal that he had prepared this long and secret project, "in the name of God".

"My name is John, I love you and Jesus loves you"

On the eve of his death, he approached the Sentinels twice. He managed to give gifts to one of them, whose face was covered with "a yellowish powder". He would have even sang songs of praise to them. "I shouted to them My name is John, I love you and Jesus loves you," reads his diary. But a child shot him an arrow that got stuck in his Biblesi although the young man fled.

"You may think I'm crazy about doing all that but I think it's worth bringing Jesus to these people," he wrote to his family in a final letter written on the morning of his death. "It is not in vain - the eternal lives of this tribe are at hand and I can not wait to see them worship God in their own language. "

"I will return"

" I DO NOT WANT TO DIE ! He noted in capital letters, visibly shocked. "I could go back to the United States because staying here seems to mean certain death. "I'm going back (on the island). I'm going to pray that everything goes well, "say his last lines, dated from 6:20 am, November 16.

In his statement the family also calls on the authorities not to attack the Sentinels: "We forgive those responsible for his death (...) He ventured (on the island) on his own. "

Police opened an investigation. But how to repatriate the body of the American without causing a clash of civilization indeed breaking the voluntary isolation of the Sentinels?

Living cut off from the rest of humanity, this people would not have an immune system adapted to infectious agents brought by intruders.

In a statement, Survival International, an indigenous tribal protection NGO, denounced "a tragedy that should never have happened" while worrying about the health risks on this tribe. "It is not impossible that the Sentinels have been contaminated by deadly infectious agents [brought by the US traveler] against whom they have no immunity, with the potential to eradicate the entire tribe", s is alarmed the organization.

The Indian authorities are now ensuring the health of the Sentinels by observing the shore from a boat, anchored at a distance from the island.


Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

KASHOGGI CASE OR SAUDIAN HERRING PRINCE MBS OUT OF CAUSE

The Saudi prosecutor's office on Thursday demanded the death sentence against five kingdom officials accused in the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. According to the prosecutor's spokesperson, the journalist was killed on 2 October after being drugged at his country's consulate in Istanbul, where he was dismembered by five Saudi officials. The remains of the editorialist - 59 years old at the time of the facts - were then given to an agent outside the consulate, he added.

On Thursday, the Saudi public prosecutor also completely outlawed Mohamed bin Salman in the assassination of the journalist.

The powerful prince, dubbed "MBS," had no knowledge of the case, said the Attorney General's spokesman, in response to a question from a reporter. The deputy head of the Saudi service, General Ahmed al-Assiri, ordered Khashoggi to be brought back by force or by force. But the leader of the team of "negotiators" dispatched to the scene gave the order to kill him, he added.

Ryad also asks Ankara to sign a "special" cooperation agreement on the investigation, it is specified.

On the Turkish side, the tone was previously mounted, with statements by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan claiming to have communicated to the Americans records supposedly made at the consulate on the day of Jamal Khashoggi's death.

"They listened to the conversations that took place here. They know, "assured the Turkish president at a televised press conference. Mr. Erdogan had argued in a forum that the order to assassinate the Saudi journalist a tribune, that the order to assassinate the Saudi journalist emanated from "the highest levels of government".

If the Turkish president had dismissed the responsibility of King Salman, he had not absolved, however, his son, Prince Mohammed, regularly blamed by officials and Turkish media. Head of Turkish diplomacy Mevlüt Cavusoglu added that he was "not satisfied" by some explanations put forward Thursday by the Saudi court while calling to "reveal the real sponsors" of the operation.

This case has certainly tarnished the image of the Saudi conservative monarchy hitherto engaged - at the initiative of the Crown Prince - in a strategy of modernization and openness, through the announcement of economic and societal liberalization measures.

It has certainly weakened Saudi diplomacy, Ryad being on the defensive, especially in Yemen.

But "this case must not be closed in this way," Cavusoglu said.


Kelly Donaldson for DayNewsWorld

 

ATTACK AT MELBOURNE BY THE ISLAMIC STATE AUSTRALIA

The Islamic State (IS) group claimed responsibility for the knife attack today in Melbourne, Australia, which killed one and wounded two, according to the jihadist organization's Amaq propaganda agency.

"The author of the operation (...) in Melbourne (...) was a fighter of the Islamic State and led the operation in response to calls to target nationals of the member countries of the international coalition US-led anti-jihadists, "said Amaq.

The police announced that they were treating the case as a terrorist attack.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

INTERPOL UNDER CHINESE PRESSURE

AFTER THE DISAPPEARANCE OF MENG HONGWEI

Jürgen Stock , Secretary General of Interpol, spoke to the press on Thursday, November 8 about the disappearance of his former president, the Chinese Meng Hongwei, during a trip to China in late September.

Accused of corruption by China, he sent a short letter notifying his resignation. The organization ended up "accepting" this resignation, as Jürgen Stock admitted: "If this country tells us: 'We have opened investigations, they are in progress, and the president resigns' (...) then we must accept it.

Finally, we have an idea of ​​how the organization manages this thorny case.

Back on the facts.

The international organization based in Lyon had finally announced the resignation of its president.

Beijing said the now-64-year-old ex-president, suspected of "breaking the law," was being investigated in China. Mr. Meng "has accepted bribes and is suspected of breaking the law," the Ministry of Public Security said in a statement, without providing any details on the charges.

This statement was presented as a report of a meeting held in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cell of the Ministry of Public Security (police).

The text did not specify whether the charges against Mr. Meng fell within his ministerial functions or those he exercised at Interpol.

It is Grace Meng, the wife of the president of Interpol since November 2016, who reported the "disturbing" disappearance of her husband to the French police, after several days without news. All the more disturbing because she had received the last message from her husband on September 25, when she arrived in China. And the content of this message: a simple emoticon representing a knife. No doubt for the wife Grace Meng that this was proof that her husband was "in danger"

The disturbing disappearance of Mr. Meng.

An anti-corruption campaign is raging in China whose multiple investigations have already sentenced more than 100,000 officials. These last ones were the weapon of the consolidation of the power of the president Xi Jinping. Xi Jinping's fight against corruption seems to know no limit. After star Fan Bingbing, the former president of Interpol's turn to pay the price ...

Faced with this situation, Interpol had asked China for explanations. "Interpol has asked the Chinese authorities for a clarification about President Meng Hongwei and is waiting for an official response regarding his condition," the secretary-general of the international organization said.

The management of the case or the silence of Interpol?

By way of clarification of Interpol's internal documents, of which Le Monde is aware, come to shed light on how the international organization has been managing the "disappearance" of its president, Meng Hongwei, for a month.

In October, Interpol took note of the letter of resignation from its president, sent by the Chinese authorities through its office in Beijing. Called "Letter of Resignation" and dated October 5, typed mail is only two lines long. "Suspected of breaking the law, I voluntarily resign from my position as President of Interpol," reads the document. But only the name of the typed Meng Hongwei appears on the said document, without a handwritten signature. Strange?

But the organization did not find it good either to ask the Chinese authorities for explanations or to suspect anything. The international police organization has received from Beijing only limited information on the fate of Meng Hongwei ...

Under heavy pressure from China, it appears that the police cooperation organization has refused to take positions that could upset the Chinese authorities. Beijing was indeed concerned about the communication of the world police organization on this issue. "Interpol is kindly requested to continue to coordinate with the Chinese authorities on communication on this subject and to provide the Chinese side with any information or commentary that may be made public by the organization or any of them. its representatives, " the Chinese Ministry of Public Security wrote, as the country forwarded the resignation mail attributed to Mr. Meng.

Interpol Secretary General Jürgen Stock spoke for the first time on Thursday, November 8: he said it was an "internal affair with China" . He felt that he had "no reason" to suspect that Meng Hongwei's letter of resignation could be "false or written under duress". He also recalled that Interpol is "not an investigative body" and that its mission "is not to govern the member states" .

A China economic and political behemoth inevitable

Meng Hongwei was the first citizen of Mainland China to lead a large international organization.

Mr. Meng, also vice-minister of the interior of a country known for the imprisonment without a fair trial of his dissidents and members of minorities considered "problematic" , or his corrupt officials or victims of factional struggles, would he be the victim of a political purge that seems to have accelerated since Xi Jinping came to power in 2012?

A warning sign of his difficulties: Meng Hongwei was dismissed in April from his Party committee to oversee the Ministry of Public Security, after the appointment in autumn 2017 of a new minister, Zhao Kezhi, ultraloyal to Mr. Xi Jinping.

Less than two years earlier, in November 2016, the election of a Chinese official to head the police cooperation organization of 192 states was greeted with skepticism by rights organizations. such as Amnesty International.

The disappearance of the 64-year-old cacique, who in turn fell into the net of Xi's fierce anti-corruption campaign, obeys a biting irony: while Meng was named to hunt down international criminals, he finds himself hunted down. ...

Beijing no longer deprives itself of asserting its imperious sovereignty, playing on its borders. "This case is about justice. This case concerns the international community. This case concerns the people of my country, "said the wife of former Interpol boss Grace Meng

But unfortunately! This case brings to light a relentless reality of international organizations hosting a growing number of Chinese officials. The latter remain primarily members of the party, to whom Xi asks again accounts.

The international community is facing a China that does not care much about Western criticism and asserts itself as a must-attend economic and political juggernaut.

Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

THE MARTYRE OF CHRISTIAN ASIA BIBI

IN PAKISTAN

The case of Asia Bibi has an international impact by becoming a symbol of the defense of minority rights

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has acquitted Christian Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death for blasphemy in 2010, according to a verdict on Wednesday (October 31st). "She was acquitted of all the charges," Judge Mian Saqib Nisar said at the verdict.

Sentenced to death for a glass of water

Punjabi woman, Asia Bibi, farm worker, June 14, 2009 in the village of Ittan Wali, she drank water in a well supposedly reserved for Muslims. Muslim women accusing her of dirtying the water, this mother answered them and earned her the accusation of "blasphemy", an act punishable by the death penalty in Pakistan.

As soon as she was jailed, Asia Bibi was tried in November 2010 and sentenced to death by hanging. She appealed this decision.

Pakistani Supreme Court dismisses death sentence

When considering his appeal in early October, the Supreme Court justices seemed to question the merits of the prosecution. "I do not see any derogatory remarks about the Qur'an in the investigation report," Judge Saqib Nisar observed, while a second judge, Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, noted several points of non-compliance with the Qur'an. procedures.

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has acquitted Christian Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death for blasphemy in 2010, according to a verdict on Wednesday (October 31st). "She was acquitted of all the charges," Judge Mian Saqib Nisar said at the verdict, adding that she would be released "immediately". A Judges cited the Qur'an that "tolerance is the basic principle of Islam" , recalling that religion condemns injustice and oppression.

Despite her acquittal, this mother accused of blasphemy against the Prophet Muhammad remains in prison.

The ire of Muslim fundamentalists

Indeed in Pakistan, the story of this Christian strongly divides the opinion and demonstrations of Islamic fundamentalists began Wednesday after the announcement of the acquittal of Asia Bibi.

Blasphemy is an extremely sensitive subject in this very conservative country where Islam is a state religion. The law provides for the death penalty for those found guilty of insulting Islam.

This decision provoked the ire of fundamentalist religious circles who raged after this decision paralyzed the country for three days threatening the judges who ruled " The Pakistani Muslims will take the appropriate measures against the judges ... and lead them to a horrible end, " officials at Tehreek-e-Labaik Yah Rasool Allah Pakistan (TLY), an extremist religious group turned political party, have already said that blasphemy punishment is the reason for its existence.Clashes erupted between protesters and local police. Security had to be strengthened in Christian places of worship have seen their security strengthened. A true national psychodrama, so much so that Asia Bibi was forced to remain imprisoned, despite her acquittal.

Government yields to Islamists

After three days of sometimes violent protests in the country, the government has yielded to Islamist demands: it has banned Asia Bibi from leaving the country and agreed not to block a petition to review the acquittal judgment initiated by a religious. The petition was filed on November 1 with the relevant authorities in Lahore. Asia Bibi's lawyer was forced to flee Pakistan, fearing for her life.

On 4 November, the Pakistan Human Rights Commission said it was "dismayed" by the "government's inability to protect the state and the sanctity of the law," calling the agreement signed with the Islamists "Masquerade" after the "historic" judgment of the Supreme Court.

The family of Asia Bibi, threatened with death, seeks asylum in England, the United States or Canada to escape the violence of these extremists. The husband of Asia Bibi in a video message wishes that the whole family of the Christian can leave the country. "If Asia Bibi leaves the country, every member of her family, every person associated with her will be killed," said the president of the Pakistani Christian Association of Britain, who has been helping Asia Bibi and her family for years. .

Six days after his acquittal by the Pakistani Supreme Court, the fate of Asia Bibi remains uncertain. The Christian, symbol of the defense of the rights of religious minorities, is still in prison despite his acquittal.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

OUT-STANDARD PROCESS

BARON DRUG MEXICAN EL CHAPO

It is an unusual trial that opens on Monday in New York: that of Joachim Guzman. Extradited to the United States on January 19, 2017, the 61-year-old Mexican man led for 25 years one of the most powerful cartels in the world.

A kind of judicial epilogue for this great specialist of the escape which fueled his legend and earned him an international notoriety.

In 2016 is the last arrest of this sexagenarian ego excess in a villa in Los Mochis, on the Pacific coast, in his stronghold of Sinaloa. Extradited to the United States on 19 January 2017 in a Manhattan prison, "El Chapo" is no more than the shadow of himself: isolated in his cell 23 hours a day, after two escapes in Mexico, only his lawyers and his seven-year-old twins can visit him. Even his wife Emma Coronel, a 32-year-old beauty queen, is forbidden to visit.

This is the most powerful drug baron in the world who, at pre-trial hearings, could only speak to his lawyers. In his rare public statements, he only complained. "I suffer from headaches every day. I vomit almost daily. Two molars that were not treated me very much daily. Two molars that were not treated me suffer a lot , " he wrote in February in a letter to the judge responsible for his case, Brian Cogan. "I live a nightmare 24 hours a day."

The one also called "Le Courtaud" , a nickname due to its small size, about 1.67 m, is judged to have led for 25 years the most powerful drug cartel in the world. Prosecutors also claim to be able to demonstrate that he has sponsored at least 37 murders. They also claim to have a mountain of evidence of guilt at the eleven indictments, some 300,000 pages of documents, 117,000 audio recordings and a quantity of photos and videos. Many documents remain confidential as is the list of former associates, employees or rivals of Joaquin Guzman called to testify. Some enjoy the protection of the US government under new identities. Others are held in special prisons to prevent any retaliation.

The Sinaloa cartel headed by Joaquin Guzman has shipped more than 154 tons of cocaine and huge quantities of heroin, methamphetamines and marijuana to the United States, worth an estimated $ 14 billion. According to American prosecutors, "El Chapo" is the most powerful narco-trafficker since Colombian Pablo Escobar, who died in 1993. If he is sentenced, he faces life imprisonment.

The downfall is tough for the one who led 25 years in one of the most powerful cartels on the planet, former hero of the culture narco and "narcocorridos", these Mexican ballads that tell the leaders of cartels.

Born April 4, 1957 to a poor family in a mountain village in Sinaloa, northwestern Mexico, Joaquin Guzman worked from childhood selling oranges, sweets and drinks.

As he tells the actor Sean Penn during an interview in October 2015 supposed to remain secret but which will contribute to his arrest, he starts, teenager, to cultivate marijuana and poppy, for lack of alternatives. "The only way to get money, to buy food, to survive, was to grow the opium poppy, marijuana, so at that age, I started to grow and sell it. " , He confided to the American actor.

The chief of the cartel of Guadalajara Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo, nicknamed "the godfather" of the modern Mexican cartels recruits him. After the arrest of Gallardo in 1989, Guzman founded with three associates the cartel of Sinaloa, in a few years becoming an empire with European and Asian ramifications. "I supply more heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and marijuana than anyone in the world. I have fleets of submarines, planes, trucks and boats, " he boasted in the interview with Sean Penn, published in Rolling Stone magazine.

His fortune put him on Forbes magazine's list of the richest men in the world, before escaping in 2013 because of the expenses needed to protect him.

At least two of his sons are accused by US authorities of playing an "important" role in his cartel. Another son, Edgar, was shot in 2008.

Robin Hood helping the poor and ridiculing the powerful, El Chapo has also waged an ultra-violent fight against rivals, a war between cartels that still ravage Mexico today.

The selection of the jury must start this Monday, in camera, a measure reserved for the most dangerous criminals.




Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

READER'S CORNER

AN OPEN LETTER TO ALL JOURNALISTS

Terrorism has taken a disturbing turn with the horrific murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi. Apparently the intent of this murder was to send a message to all journalists dedicated to thoughtful criticism of government. Therefore, what would be the most appropriate journalistic response to such blatant censorship? Is it to continue to report in good conscience, and risk brutal death? Or is it to step away from any controversial reporting and deny the truth to those who need to hear it?

There is yet a third response, one which carries no risk to those reporting it. That response would be to publicize a little known means of ending all war and terrorism once and for all: Invincible Defense Technology (IDT).

Throughout time, militaries have sought to achieve invincibility by applying ever-advancing technologies. History shows they have so far been unsuccessful. Adversaries inevitably devise methods to counter any system of offense or defense. However, there is a scientific, military field-tested solution which has arisen from the latest discoveries in the Unified Field theories of physics, neuroscience, and the social sciences--not from approaches utilizing weaponry, and not from the field of politics.

Invincible Defense Technology: A Non-Religious, Humane and Beneficial Approach

The practical components of IDT are the non-religious Transcendental Meditation (TM) and the more advanced TM-Sidhi programs. When large groups of experts practice these programs together, a powerful field effect of coherence and peace is generated that spills over into the surrounding population. This effect has been shown in extensive scientific research that has repeatedly confirmed measurable decreases in war deaths, terrorism, and crime.

Studies have also shown, for example, reductions in verbal hostilities and hostile acts, increased number of cooperative events, and other improvements in quality of life such as reduced accidents, hospital admissions, and infant mortality. These are all tangible signs of reduction of societal stress. Due to this research the non-profit organization Global Union of Scientists for Peace (GUSP) advocates this simple and cost-effective approach for reducing social stress (see: https://www.gusp.org/global-peace-summit).

In highly stressed areas of the globe, establishment of large groups of experts practicing IDT has led to increased prosperity and economic growth, including a decrease in the "misery index," an indicator of socioeconomic stress, and a significant increase in competitive growth. These positive changes in social trends have occurred concomitant with implementation of IDT approaches. This coherence-creating effect was documented on a global scale in a study published in the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. When large assemblies of civilian IDT experts gathered during the years 1983-1985, terrorism-related casualties decreased 72%, international conflict decreased 32%, and overall violence was reduced in nations without intrusion by other governments (summaries of this research are available at: https://davidleffler.com/2011/sapratableii). Due to these positive changes, militaries in South America and Africa are now actively field-testing this approach. They have already established IDT Prevention Wings of the Military to reduce crime, quell violence, create prosperity, prevent the rise of enemies, and create the conditions for lasting peace.

Invincible Defense Technology is Cost-Effective

For about the cost of a few modern fighter jets, any military could establish a group of 15,000 warriors trained in this advanced IDT approach.

This Prevention Wing of the Military would practice IDT programs twice a day in large groups, which would defuse social tensions not only in their country but also globally. Studies indicate that, once such a program becomes operational, societal conditions in their country and other countries worldwide will immediately improve.

The collective consciousness of all populations will rise through the influence of greater harmony and peace. Better solutions will occur to the people and their leaders for improving their own living conditions. Those who have engaged in violence will no longer do so. Studies have shown repeatedly that this method works--and will continue to work as long as the peace-creating group is maintained.

Implementation

The quickest and most effective way to implement this alternative would be for heads of states to issue an order to their militaries to deploy this new method. Once successfully implemented, a social phase transition would immediately begin in which the high societal stress which globally fuels crime, poverty, terrorism, and war would be alleviated. By greatly dissipating these formerly intractable problems nationally and globally, these heads of states would thereby be celebrated as great humanitarians and examples of global leadership.

Nothing Else has Worked.

Given the many approaches previously tried by world leaders that have not worked, including many inhumane actions, it is certainly worth giving this benevolent approach a try. It is simple, inexpensive, and has a track record of high success. Any country large or small could become the global leader of this cutting-edge brain-based technology. With IDT, their country would become invincible, they would be creating lasting peace worldwide, and their military would be globally respected and admired.

It’s Time for Journalists to Advocate Something New and Proven

Journalists have a responsibility to bring truth to the people; in their unique position they also have the capability to enlist the media in creating a better world for all. Here is an opportunity to ensure that Jamal Khashoggi and all others who have stood up for the truth have not died in vain.

About the Authors:

Arlene J. Schar is the Executive Assistant at the Center for Advanced Military Science (CAMS). Her husband Dr. David Leffler served as an Associate of the Proteus Management Group at the Center for Strategic Leadership, US Army War College. Currently, he serves as the Executive Director at CAMS (http://www.StrongMilitary.org).

By Arlene J. Schar et Dr. David R. Leffler  Mail Reader for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH PENALTY AND BLASPHEM IN PAKISTAN

OR THE ACQUITTLEMENT OF ASIA BIBI

The case of Asia Bibi had an international impact.

The Supreme Court of Pakistan has acquitted Christian Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death for blasphemy in 2010, according to a verdict on Wednesday (October 31st).

"She was acquitted of all the charges," Judge Mian Saqib Nisar said at the verdict, adding that she would be released "immediately". In practice, the release of Asia Bibi could take several days due to bureaucratic procedures, said the lawyer.

For a glass of water the death penalty !!

Punjabi woman, Asia Bibi, farm worker, June 14, 2009 in the village of Ittan Wali, she drank water in a well supposedly reserved for Muslims. Muslim women accusing her of dirtying the water, this mother answered them and earned her the accusation of "blasphemy", an act punishable by the death penalty in Pakistan.

As soon as she was jailed, Asia Bibi was tried in November 2010 and sentenced to death by hanging. She appealed this decision.

When considering his appeal in early October, the Supreme Court justices seemed to question the merits of the prosecution. "I do not see any derogatory remarks about the Qur'an in the investigation report," Judge Saqib Nisar observed, while a second judge, Asif Saeed Khan Khosa, noted several points of non-compliance with the Qur'an. procedures.

In Pakistan, the story of this Christian divides strongly opinion and demonstrations began Wednesday, after the announcement of the acquittal of Asia Bibi.

The anger of Muslim fundamentalists

Blasphemy is an extremely sensitive subject in this very conservative country where Islam is a state religion. The law provides for the death penalty for those found guilty of insulting Islam.

This decision angered fundamentalist religious circles who called for protests and threatened judges who ruled "Pakistani Muslims will take adequate measures against judges ... and lead them to a horrible end , " had already made known officials of Tehreek-e-Labaik Yah Rasool Allah Pakistan (TLY), an extremist religious group turned political party, who makes the punishment of blasphemy its raison d'être.

"The worshipers of the Prophet will not shrink from any sacrifice," they said.

A former Punjab governor, Salman Taseer, who defended Asia Bibi, was shot dead in the heart of Islamabad in 2011 by his own bodyguard.

Forced exile

In case of liberation, "Asia can not stay (in Pakistan) with the law" on blasphemy, had estimated in early October her husband Ashiq Masih, hosted in London by the Catholic NGO Aid to the Church in distress (AED) . The family of this Christian woman could no longer lead a normal life. "For us, life in Pakistan is very difficult, we do not leave home, we are very careful," said his daughter Esham.

Moreover, according to human rights defenders, the blasphemy law in Pakistan would often be diverted and exploited to settle personal conflicts: Asia Bibi was a symbol.

Despite Pakistan's willingness to fight violence related to accusations of blasphemy, this phenomenon is firmly rooted in Pakistani society.

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

EXTREME RIGHT WIN ELECTIONS IN BRAZIL

T he "turning left" of Latin America has indeed lived. After the election of Sebastian Pinera in Chile, Mauricio Macri in Argentina or Ivan Duque in Colombia, it was Jair Bolsonaro's turn to win a landslide victory in the election in Brazil with a very large majority (55 , 1% of the vote) in front of the left-wing candidate Fernando Haddad (45%). Jair Bolsonaro will take office on 1 January 2019 in an extremely polarized Brazil after a tense campaign.

In a country plagued by record violence, economic sluggishness, rampant corruption and acute crisis of confidence in the political class, Jair Bolsonaro has managed to win. With its radical orientation of ultra-conservative morals and neoliberal on the economic front, Bolsonaro is the product of the economic crisis.

At 63, Jair Bolsonaro is by far the most extreme right-wing elected head of state in Latin America's recent history. He will succeed, for four years, the conservative Michel Temer, who withdraws on a rate of historical unpopularity after conducting a policy of austerity "I just congratulate the President-elect Jair Bolsonaro, I could perceive his enthusiasm, not only when he spoke to me, but also when he made his statements in favor of the unity of the country, the pacification of the country, the harmony of the country, " Temer said from his official residence in Brasilia.

"We are going to change the destiny of Brazil together," President-elect Jair Bolsonaro said in his first speech on Facebook on Sunday after the announcement of his victory. "We can not continue to flirt with socialism, communism, left-wing populism , "he added.

He also promised the Brazilians that his government "will defend the Constitution, democracy, freedom" , in his televised speech while in campaigning his Brazil should be according to him, cleaned and purified "delinquents" and "reds" . The former captain wished Sunday after his victory a Brazil which is "a great Nation, for all of us" , while in electoral campaign he said he wanted to govern "for the majority, not for the minority." Exit the Blacks, women, members of the LGBT community, but also leftist activists, Indians, members of the landless peasant movement (MST) and NGOs ...

Jair Bolsonaro has promised to bring back order, taking advantage of the collapse of traditional parties, undermined by the corruption and exasperation of Brazilians.

But his ability to govern will now depend on how he will build a strong majority around Parliament. In case of minority, he will preside by decree ...

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

AMERICAN SANCTIONS FOR THE KHAHOGGI CASE

"Khashoggi was the victim of a barbaric assassination. This barbarism can not be forgotten. Said President Erdogan on Tuesday, October 23 before Parliament.

"These sanctions will not be the last word of the United States on this issue," warned Mike Pompeo.

The United States on Tuesday (October 23rd) initiated the revocation of visas for Saudis involved in the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Kingdom's consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.

The cancellation of these residence permits is the first concrete decision announced by Washington against its long-standing ally. It targets 21 people, who are revoked or become ineligible for future visas, said Heather Nauert, the State Department spokeswoman. "These sanctions will not be the last word of the United States on this issue," warned Mike Pompeo.

The murder and its concealment are "a total fiasco ," he added.

The White House has been careful to point out how Riyadh has been an "excellent ally" of Washington for decades, and recalled that the Sunni kingdom was "one of the major investors in the United States."

The murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in his country's consulate in Istanbul was "savagely planned," a senior Turkish official said on Monday (October 22nd), adding that "substantial efforts" had been made to conceal it.

"We are facing a situation that has been savagely planned and consistent efforts have been made to conceal" this murder, Omar Celik, the spokesman for the ruling party in Turkey, told a news conference in Ankara ( AKP). This is an extremely complex crime , " added the spokesman.

"I hope that all the elements will be brought to light and that the perpetrators will be punished, so that these things will never cross anyone's mind again ," he continued.

For example, Turkish investigators are searching for Khashoggi's body and have searched the Belgrade forest, not far from Sultangazi.

Moreover, the Turkish press suspects the involvement of the Saudi Crown Prince: according to the daily Yeni Safak, close to power, a member of the commando who killed Khashoggi had repeatedly called the director of the office of Crown Prince, Bader Al-Asaker after the murder of the journalist.

"At least one of these calls was made from the Consul General's office , " the paper added. The US channel CNN has broadcast footage of CCTV showing, according to a Turkish official, one of the Saudi agents who left the consulate by a back door dressed clothes that was dressed Khashoggi on arrival, and a fake beard.

According to the Turkish official, this would be an "attempt to conceal" the idea that Khashoggi had indeed left the building as Ryad claimed after the death of the Washington Post columnist.

Finally, Turkish investigators have also discovered this Monday, October 22, a vehicle carrying a Saudi diplomatic license plate abandoned in a parking lot north of Istanbul: A black sedan carrying the diplomatic license plate "34 CC 1736".

These new statements come on the eve of revelations promised by the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan about this affair which undeniably tarnishes the image of Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed ben Salmane.

Turkey assured Monday that "nothing will remain secret" in the investigation.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

THE WORLD'S LONGEST BRIDGE BETWEEN

HONG KONG AND CONTINENTAL CHINA

DO NOT UNANIMOUS

X i Jinping, President of China, inaugurated Tuesday the longest sea bridge in the world. It connects Hong Kong, Macao and mainland China.

"I officially declare the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge open" Chinese President Xi Jinping inaugurated on Tuesday a gigantic 55-kilometer long infrastructure to link the Hong Kong island of Lantau, the former Portuguese trading post of Macao and the Zhuhai city. It consists of a motorway bridge over the waters of the Pearl River Delta and an underwater tunnel. A 55-kilometer long sea-side 2-lane highway, billed as "the longest sea bridge in the world," will connect Mainland China with Macau and Hong Kong.

China hopes to boost its trade with this new link. This bridge is expected to boost trade and reduce travel time between one of the largest financial centers on the planet and Las Vegas Asian. Journey Macao - Hong Kong in half an hour only.

But this bridge is not unanimous.

Indeed, some Hong Kong voices denounce the will of Beijing to establish its hegemony over the former British autonomous colony on the basis of the principle "One country, two systems" which had accompanied its retrocession in 1997. This bridge is seen as a bridge "Imperialist", the train station where security agents from mainland China are raging, having been denounced by Hong Kong. And for good reason, it is the first time since 1997 that Beijing applies its laws on a piece of semi-autonomous territory.

"The bridge connects Hong Kong with China a bit like an umbilical cord , " CNN member Claudia Mo, a member of the Hong Kong Legislative Council and pro-democracy activist, told CNN in May.

In addition, the construction of this large-scale building, begun in 2009, has been peppered with prosecutions for corruption, an explosion of costs and deaths: 10 workers reportedly lost their lives, according to the China Defense Association. rights of injured workers. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macaoa bridge has also been heavily criticized by environmental groups. The white dolphins of China have almost completely disappeared in Hong Kong waters, only 47 dolphins were spotted between April 2017 and March 2018 according to a government report.

An umpteenth maneuver from Beijing to increase its influence on Hong Kong?

In the meantime, another bridge project linking the two banks of the Pearl River further north was set up between Shenzhen and Zhongshan.

Abby Shelcore for DayNewsWorld

 

THE KHAHOGGI CASE OR A CALL OF MBS TO THE JOURNALIST JUST BEFORE HIS EXECUTION ?

Saudi Arabia finally acknowledged Saturday that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was killed inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, which Ryad denied until now. Saudi Arabia had hitherto declared that the journalist had returned from the Saudi consulate in Istanbul soon after entering it. But the new version of Ryad, which evokes "a fight" , does not convince the international community.

End of Saudi denial.

Saudi Attorney General Sheikh al-Mojeb issued a statement on the unfolding events: "The talks that took place between him and the people who received him at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul resulted in a fight and a brawl in punched with the citizen Jamal Khashoggi, which led to his death, that his soul rests in peace. "

The director of a pro-Saudi think tank, considered close to the kingdom, gave another version of the cause of death. "Khashoggi died from strangulation during a physical altercation, not a fist fight , " said the expert, Ali Shihabi, saying he relies on a high-ranking Saudi source.

Eighteen Saudi nationals were arrested for the time being and the investigation continues indicates a statement issued by the Saudi official press. According to a Saudi representative on Saturday, no order for kidnapping or assassination was given by the Kingdom, stating that Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman did not know that a specific operation would be conducted at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.

New revelations this Monday.

But according to the Turkish daily Yeni Safak , which reveals this new information on Monday, October 22, MBS would have had a telephone conversation with Jamal Khahoggi at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, where the journalist was kidnapped by fifteen men As soon as he arrived, these jailers allegedly passed Mohammed Ben Salman over the phone, and he tried to convince him to return to Riyadh. But Jamal Khashoggi, based in the United States, reportedly refused, fearing arrest and execution upon his return to Saudi Arabia. That's when his executioners killed him.

The Saudi monarchy itself does not deny the phone call, the latest official version of the authorities being that the commando was responsible for kidnapping the journalist to convince him to return to the country, but that he should release it in case of refusal.

Could this explanation still convince in view of the torture equipment available to the said commando?

Requests for clarification from Westerners and sanctions.

The UN Secretary-General said he was "deeply disturbed by the confirmation of Jamal Khashoggi's death , " according to a UN statement, and "stresses the need for a prompt, thorough and transparent investigation into the circumstances of the country. deaths " .

Even if the foreign minister of the kingdom, Adel Al-Jubeir, so qualified on Sunday, October 21, the death of the journalist of "monumental error" and does everything to minimize the facts, for his part, the American president wants to have any the light on this assassination after so many lies.

Donald Trump now evokes "lies" of Ryad. "There has obviously been deception and lies," he said in an interview Saturday at the Washington Post, a journal in which the exiled journalist has been working in the United States since 2017 after falling out of favor with Saudi power. "Their stories go off in every direction," said the White House tenant.

France stressed Sunday, with Germany and the United Kingdom, the "urgent need for clarification" on the facts. Berlin raises the tone: German Chancellor Angela Merkel calls for the interruption of arms deliveries to Ryad.

Finally, through the voice of his Prime Minister, Canada does not rule out the possibility of canceling a major arms contract with Saudi Arabia. Justin Trudeau, who appeared in a program broadcast Sunday night, but recorded Thursday, said his country intended "to always defend human rights, including with Saudi Arabia." Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland said on Saturday that Saudi explanations about the circumstances of the journalist's death were "not credible" and called for a thorough investigation.

Let's not forget that relations between Canada and the Saudi kingdom are more tense. Ryad had in fact announced in August the expulsion of the Canadian ambassador, recalled his and froze any new trade or investment with Canada, after the denunciation by Ottawa of the arrest of Saudi human rights activists.

After the probable murder of the Saudi journalist in Turkey, Westerners can no longer turn a blind eye to the nature of the Wahhabi regime and its Crown Prince MBS.

Sanctions? With what risk when we know that the Saudis now finance half of the G5 Sahel budget, supposed to strengthen the fight against the jihadist in this key region for Europe ?


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

WASHINGTON ANNOUNCED FOR ITS WITHDRAWAL

NUCLEAR AGREEMENT WITH MOSCOW

Donald Trump's United States is shaking up international relations and global stability. The Treaty for Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (the so-called "INF Treaty") was signed in 1987 by US and Soviet leaders of the day, Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev. In detail, this text, which became multilateral after the break-up of the Soviet Union (USSR), "obliges the two states to destroy all their ballistic and cruise missiles, launched from the ground with a range of between 500 and 1. 000 kilometers and those whose range is between 1,000 and 5,500 kilometers, " as summarized today by the United Nations (UN).

"Russia has not respected the treaty. So we will end the agreement and develop these weapons, " said the president of the United States " We will not let them violate the nuclear agreement and manufacture weapons when we are not allowed " , he said hammered. The Trump administration complains about Moscow's deployment of the 9M729 missile system, which Washington says has a range of over 500 kilometers, a violation of the FNI treaty.

According to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Russia has developed a missile, the Novator 9M729, comparable to Russian short-range sea-to-surface missiles capable of striking a target at a distance of 500 to 5,500 km. forbids the INF Treaty. This treaty, by abolishing the use of a whole series of missiles ranging in scope from 500 to 5,500 km, had put an end to the crisis triggered in the 1980s by the deployment of the Soviet SS-20 with nuclear warheads targeting Western capitals.

Moscow accuses, in turn, Washington of having undermined the INF Treaty.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said the withdrawal, if confirmed, would be a very dangerous move by Washington. For Sergei Riabkov, the US administration uses the INF treaty to blackmail Moscow and endangers international security. "This would be a very dangerous step, which I am sure will not be understood by the community. and even win serious condemnations, " Sergei Ryabkov told the Russian state agency TASS.

This withdrawal is motivated by the Americans' "dream" of dominating the world alone, a source at the Russian Foreign Ministry quickly responded, accusing Washington of "deliberately" undermining the deal over the years. The White House "has been approaching this step for several years deliberately destroying and step by step the basis of this agreement," said the source, quoted by the three major Russian news agencies.

"This decision is part of the American policy of withdrawal of international legal agreements that give it as much responsibility as its partners and therefore undermines the idea of ​​its own exception. "

The US withdrawal "is the second biggest blow against the entire global stability system," said a Russian senator, Alexey Pushkov, the first being the withdrawal in 2001 of the ABM treaty on anti-ballistic missiles . "And again, it is the United States who take the initiative to dissolve the agreement," he continued on Twitter.

"This is a way of presenting Russia with an ultimatum," said the deputy foreign minister. "We reject these methods, which are becoming more and more frequent in American policy towards Russia. We will obviously not accept such ultimatums or such blackmail ".

John Bolton the uncompromising

Donald Trump made the announcement even as his national security adviser, John Bolton, was preparing to travel to Moscow on Saturday to "continue" the controversial dialogue begun in July between the US President and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin. The adviser, known for his firm positions, had planned to meet from Monday the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sergei Lavrov, and the Secretary of the Security Council, Nikolai Patrushev.

According to the Guardian, it is the gunman John Bolton himself who is pressuring the US president for a withdrawal from the INF treaty. It is also he who blocks any negotiations for an extension of the New Start treaty on strategic missiles, which expires in 2021 and that Moscow seeks to extend.

While the President of the United States promised, before his election to renew relations with Russia, they are increasingly tense between Washington and Moscow, amid accusations of Russian interference in the elections. -Atlantic. On Friday, a Russian was charged by US justice for interfering in the November 6 US parliamentary elections. Suspicions of collusion with the Kremlin have also weighed on his campaign team since 2016. The Kremlin, for its part, has accused the White House of having "fabricated" these accusations to impose new sanctions on Russia.

In July, Donald Trump was extremely conciliatory about Vladimir Putin at a joint press conference in Helsinki after their first bilateral summit in Finland.

On 11 November, the two Presidents will meet in Paris for the commemoration of the end of the First World War.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

CONSEQUENCES OF ASSASSINATION

DE KAMAL KHAHOGGI

Sordid details of Jamal Khashoggi's disappearance.

Two weeks after the death of Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi journalist critic of power, the light begins to be made on the unfolding of the macabre events.

Disappearing since October 2 after visiting the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, the journalist was allegedly tortured and murdered, according to a Turkish daily.

Turkish officials accused Ryad of having the journalist murdered by a specially dispatched team. Some media, including the Washington Post , for which Jamal Khashoggi wrote, had previously reported the existence of audio and video recordings proving that the journalist was "interrogated, tortured and then killed" inside the consulate, before his body not dismembered.

A medical examiner, identified as Salah al-Tubaigy and one of the 15 or so Saadis rushed by Ryad to Istanbul that day according to several media outlets, then began to cut out Jamal Khashoggi's still-living body, according to the source. of Middle East Eye.

How was Jamal Khahoggi disturbing for MBS?

Jamal Khashoggi was disturbing: more than a journalist Jamal Khashoggi was above all a very close adviser to one of the princes eliminated by MBS in his run to power: Tourki al-Faisal, who was for 22 years boss of the intelligence services Saudis. He was also close to Al-Walid bin Talal, the wealthy prince who was imprisoned at the Ritz Carlton (when dozens of Saudi princes and businessmen were arrested for corruption in 2017). This journalist knew the wheels of power.

In addition exiled because he had fallen out of favor at the court, he took the counterpoint of MBS, especially his idyllic vision of Saudi Arabian before the 1970s. He criticized more and more openly the methods of MBS. If he applauded the reforms announced by the Crown Prince, he judged his unworthy methods. For him, this was not how Saudi Arabia could evolve. In his writings, he denounced the massive imprisonment and brutality of the prince.

The ambiguous reaction of the United States.

Yet on the footage of his meeting with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Tuesday, October 16, in a palace in Riyadh, Mohammed Ben Salman appears smiling and relaxed as the Saudi Crown Prince plays his political future in the media hurricane raised by the disappearance of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Indeed the operation could only have the latter as the ordering party.

It was only under international pressure demanding "a credible and transparent investigation" that the kingdom agreed to conduct full investigations.

Saudi leaders "have pledged to hold everyone accountable for their investigation , " said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, sent to Ryad to defuse the case.

According to CNN, Saudi Arabia is even considering recognizing that Jamal Khashoggi died during an interrogation that went wrong at the consulate in Istanbul. And for the Wall Street Journal , this would allow the royal family to "get rid of direct involvement" in the eventual death of Jamal Khashoggi.

US President Donald Trump said Tuesday he spoke to Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman who promised him a "full" investigation into the disappearance of the Saudi journalist

Donald Trump, a great ally of Saudi Arabia, on Monday for the first time estimated the possible involvement of Ryad in the disappearance of Jamal Khashoggi. He warned that there will be "severe punishment" if Ryad is responsible. What triggered the ire of the kingdom. " We totally reject any threat or attempt to weaken (the kingdom), whether through threats to impose economic sanctions or the use of political pressure , " said a senior unidentified Saudi official, quoted by the Saudi press agency SPA.

Answer by Donald Trump who wants to spare the prince: "The king (of Saudi Arabia) has firmly denied knowing anything (...) I do not want to speculate in his place but it seemed to me that, maybe to be, that could be the fact of uncontrollable elements. Who knows ? He insinuated.

Could the kingdom, however, count on the support of the American president?

Donald Trump said on Wednesday that the United States needs Saudi Arabia in the fight against terrorism, insisting on the importance for the US economy of arms contracts with Ryad. Does he wish to distance himself from the Sunni kingdom, a longtime ally of the United States? "No, I do not want it and, frankly, we have a huge (armament) contract worth $ 110 billion," he said. "Senators come to me and say that we should not take this contract. But who are we going to hurt? That's 500,000 jobs, " he said.

Even in the ranks of the US Republican Party is rebelled against the methods of Crown Prince nicknamed "MBS". "This guy is a demolition machine," said Senator Lindsey Graham in an interview with Fox News . Nothing happens in Saudi Arabia without him being informed. It is a toxic individual. He can not become a leader on the world stage. "

A UN inquiry requested .

Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders and the Committee to Protect Journalists called on Turkey to call for a UN investigation into the Khashoggi case. "The involvement of the United Nations is the best guarantee against a desire to launder Saudi Arabia or against attempts by other governments to ignore the problem in order to preserve lucrative trading relations with Riyadh," said Robert Mahoney, Deputy Executive Director of the Committee to Protect Journalists, in a statement.

What consequences can this case have for Saudi Arabia?

This disappearance with global repercussions could have a significant impact on the program of reforms, especially economic, put forward by the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. Sunday, the Ryad Stock Exchange has unscrewed more than 7%, its most serious decline in three years, before ending the session at -3.5%.

The cascading defections recorded by the "Saudi Davos", an economic summit scheduled for 23-25 ​​October in Riyadh, constitutes an additional disavowal of MBS. The CEO of BlackRock, the largest portfolio manager in the world, President Christine Lagarde of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), or the French Minister of the Economy, Bruno Le Maire, Bill Ford, the Ford Executive Chairman, Richard Branson , billionaire British founder of the Virgin group, Ariana Huffington, boss of "Thrive Global", or several media groups (CNN, Bloomberg, The Economist, The New York Times, CNBC or the Financial Times ...) canceled their visit to the big economic conference organized in Ryad the "Future Investment Initiative" serving as a showcase for the economic reforms launched by the Crown Prince.

Steven Mnuchin, secretary of the Treasury, announced Thursday that he would not attend the economic conference held in Riyadh, to mark the tense attitude of Washington against Ryad.

And the economic consequences of this scandal could be heavy for the kingdom ... but also for "MBS".

The Crown Prince weakened in his own country?

Crown Prince Mohamed Ben Salmane, a strong man in the Riyadh regime, may also be weakened in his own country. According to Le Figaro , a committee of the sages of the royal family has been meeting for several days in Riyadh, in the utmost discretion. This body would be responsible for settling the succession problems within the Saud family. But "MBS" being targeted by the vehement protests chancelleries caused by the scandal, the royal family would consider appointing a vice-crown prince to assist Mohammed Ben Salman.

A form of royal disavowal with regard to this young prince?

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

KHAHOGGI CASE OR

HOW TO MINIMIZE THE FACTS

US media reported Monday night that Saudi Arabia was considering recognizing the death of the 59-year-old journalist during an interrogation at the consulate.

According to CNN, which quotes two anonymous sources, Ryad is reportedly preparing a report attempting to minimize his involvement in the disappearance. According to one source, the report concludes that the operation was conducted "without authorization or transparency" and that "the persons involved will be held responsible".

According to the Turkish daily Yeni Safak, a sound recording proves that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was tortured and "beheaded" at his country's consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, the newspaper said on Wednesday.

The Turkish daily, which announced that it had access to sound recordings, gives details of the hell that Jamal Khashoggi would have gone through; tortured during an interrogation his fingers were cut by Saudi agents. He was later "beheaded ", according to the pro-government newspaper, which does not specify how he had access to these recordings.

Other media, such as the Washington Post for which the Saudi-based journalist wrote, had also reported the existence of audio and video recordings proving that the columnist was "interrogated, tortured and then killed" inside the consulate, before being dismembered.

Still according to the Turkish daily, Yeni Safak, we hear the voice of the Saudi consul, Mohammad Al-Otaibi "Do this out, you will draw me problems," said the consul. To which an unidentified individual answers him: "if you want to live when you come back to Saudi Arabia, shut up" . Mohammad al-Otaibi left Istanbul on Tuesday.

Added to this information are those of the Washington Post , which estimates for its part that eleven of the fifteen suspects have links with the Saudi security services.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who was dispatched to Riyadh on Tuesday by Donald Trump to learn more about the affair, spoke with several Saudi leaders. According to him, they "have promised to hold accountable each of the people whose investigation has shown that it must be held accountable," said Mike Pompeo to journalists .. To the question of whether this commitment was valid even for a no one, a member of the Saudi royal family, the head of the American diplomacy replied: "They made no exception regarding those to whom they would demand accountability" . insisted Pompeo.

"They understand the importance of this problem, they are determined to go all the way," insisted Pompeo.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

WILL MACEDONIA CHANGE NAME ?

The Macedonian parliamentarians started on Monday the examination of the ratification or not of the agreement with Greece. To rename the country

Macedonia could be called "Republic of Macedonia of the North".

But the battle is going to be tough for Social Democrat Prime Minister Zoran Zaev, who signed the agreement in June with his Greek counterpart Alexis Tsipras: backed by the Albanian minority parties (20-25% of the 2.1 million residents), its coalition does not have the two-thirds majority required to amend the Constitution. He must convince a dozen deputies of the opposition right (VMRO-DPMNE).

Since the independence of its small neighbor in 1991, Greece believes that the name "Macedonia" can only apply to its northern province around Thessaloniki. It vetoes the integration of the small Balkan country into NATO and blocks the accession negotiations to the European Union.

The referendum of September 30, which the Macedonian government wanted to consult, did not offer Zoran Zaev a strong political legitimacy to attract opposition MPs whom he would like to convince not to put up opposition he would like to convince. not to jeopardize the stowage in the west of this poor and landlocked country of the Balkans.

The "yes" has won more than 90% among voters , but the participation rate was only about 37%, far from the 50% required by the Macedonian Constitution for the result of a referendum to be valid.

The abstention was fed by obsolete lists, a strong diaspora but also the boycott observed by a large part of the opposition.

In Parliament, "there will not be a two-thirds majority, do not expect it!" Warned a VMRO-DPMNE official, Trajko Veljanovski. Another party executive, Ilija Dimovski, is more cautious: "We'll see what happens, but the VMRO-DPMNE deputies, or most of them, will not support the agreement."

The amendments to the Constitution provide for the change of name, but also the affirmation of respect for the territorial integrity of the neighbors, and the clarification that support for Macedonians abroad is "cultural, economic and social" and not political .

In case of failure, Zoran Zaev announced the immediate convening of early parliamentary elections.

Time is running out: everything should be theoretically completed by the end of 2018. The prospect of elections in Greece in 2019 is an additional mortgage, as they are delicate for Alexis Tsipras, craftsman of the agreement with Zoran Zaev.

In case of failure, Macedonia would be pushed to isolation. As early as July, Alexis Tsipras had warned that, in the absence of a constitutional revision, "the invitation of NATO is canceled and the negotiations with the EU do not move" . This "chance will not be repeated," warned Zoran Zaev, calling on the opposition to "take responsibility."

"There is no plan B", NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg repeated on 8 October in Serbia: "The only way to become a member of NATO for the country is to agree with Greece on the question of the name ".


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

AFTER THE KHAHOGGI CASE

MOHAMMED BEN SALMANE THE DICTATOR ?

The disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, significantly tarnished the image of Mohammed bin Salman (MBS), the Saudi Crown Prince.

And for good reason.

He who wanted to pass for the modernizer of a long-sclerotic society would not have hesitated to make disappear Jamal Khahoggi, Saudi journalist fallen in disgrace to the court and exiled in the United States.

This sordid affair of which we may never know the whole truth, is only the result of a long list of drift of MBS.

It is true that MBS has implemented certain reforms, such as the driving license granted to women, the creation of a business for these women without the authorization of a tutor, the opening of cinemas, the presentation of a television newscast by a woman. Symbolic reforms that have been hailed by the West.

Why engage in such symbolic reforms?

This was to prepare his Vision 2030 plan which tends to diversify the economy of a country with a budget deficit.

Faced with the prospect of the end of all oil, Saudi Arabia has indeed embarked on a major reorientation of its economy, in a broad diversification to no longer depend on black gold. This country does not hesitate to want to seize the most innovative technologies to invest billions of dollars in Pharaonic projects. The megacity Neom: everything will be modern and innovative according to the project presented on the site Discoverneom.com.

The Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman al-Saud plans to have the Red Sea in the north-west of the country built in an area that is deserted.

"Only dreamers are welcome," proclaimed the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia by unveiling his pharaonic project. A project of not less than 500 billion dollars ..

But now the Khahoggi affair could reveal the extent of MBS's deception.

"The dreamers" are forced to go down to earth.

A year ago, on October 26, 2017, at the "Davos of the Desert", MBS presented himself as the man through whom change was to be made to modernize and open his country and international investors who had believed ready to participate in the Vision 2030 plan and also to finance this Neom pharaonic project. MBS had convinced them all.

A year later, with the case of Jamal Khashoggi, investors are cautious, rather cautious. MBS, considered a despot, ambitious, impetuous, today presents a face that is not at all appreciated by investors. British billionaire Richard Branson has not frozen several projects in the kingdom. Partners such as the Financial Times, the New York Times and The Economist have withdrawn their support for the second edition of the Future Investment Initiative summit to be held from 23 to 25 October in Riyadh. The disappointment seems hard for Westerners.

And yet the experts denounce the many excesses of the Crown Prince.

For a year and a half, since he was knighted by his father Crown Prince, in place of Mohammed ben Nayef, he has indeed made many mistakes.

In September 2017, there are intellectuals, moderate religious and also human rights activists who are thrown into prison. That's when Jamal Khashoggi decides to go into exile in the United States.

Then there is the case of the Lebanese President Hariri forcibly withheld in Saudi Arabia which constitutes a serious obstacle to the sovereignty of Lebanon.

Then, on May 18, there were the arrest of thirteen human rights activists, including women activists with the right to drive and the abolition of tutoring.

It is this wave of arrests that brought a stop to the reform policy initiated by MBS. His true face appeared, that of some call him "dictator".

And then there is the war in Yemen provoked by the young prince in March 2015. Three and a half years and 10 000 deaths the worst humanitarian disaster in the world at the beginning of the 21st century.

According to Clarence Rodriguez, investors become "cautious" to support the country's development.

Pending the investigation of the death of journalist Khahoggi advance and that everyone takes responsibility, Saudi Arabia Mohamed Ben Salmane, who plays the card of modernity internationally, has clearly not arranged his image with this case. The execution of Jamal Khashoggi has cooled more than one.

The one who wanted to be a reformer, a modernizer of a society long ossified by centuries-old traditional religious and cultural principles has deconstructed himself his image prefabricated by communication and lobbying societies.

MBS has revealed its true face to Westerners who are sometimes deliberately naive ...

Donald Trump has promised "severe punishment" in case of proof of Saudi Arabia's responsibility.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

KHAHOGGI CASE: TOWARDS A DIPLOMATIC ADVANCE TO MAKE UP THE FACTS?

According to CNN and the New York Times, citing unidentified sources, Ryad is about to admit that the Saudi journalist and opponent was killed during an interrogation that went wrong.

Sources in the US news channel say the statement is still in writing.

One source said the ad is still being written and can still be edited, adds CNN. The second source explains that the operation was carried out without the necessary authorizations and that the persons involved will be held responsible.

Ankara and Washington

Although he says he is waiting for the result of the investigation before taking a decision, the Turkish president wants to see the emergence of a "reasonable point of view" quickly . He does not hesitate to put pressure on Riyadh. "This incident took place in our country. We can not remain silent, " Recep Tayiip Erdogan said after asking the Saudis to " prove " that Jamal Khashoggi had left the consulate.

A sound recording shows that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was killed at his country's consulate in Istanbul. The Turkish police have also searched the building of the Saudi representation and plans to search the residence of the consul. Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that the investigation was moving towards toxic substances.

The two countries have had strained relations since June 2017, when Turkey sided with Qatar in the latter's conflict with its Gulf neighbors.

For his part, Donald Trump promised a "severe punishment" if the Saudi responsibility was confirmed without specifying what sanction could be imposed. The US president has also said he will not question the military relations between his country and Saudi Arabia, their largest client in arms sales. "I do not want to speculate in the place of the king (of Saudi Arabia, Ed) but it seemed to me that, perhaps, it could be the fact of uncontrollable elements. Who knows? " Said the President of the United States on Monday.

US PM Mike Pompeo met for 20 minutes with King Salman on Tuesday in Riyadh. He also met the young Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, considered the strongman of the kingdom.

He said Ryad and Washington were "strong and old allies " before adding, "We face challenges together, whether in the past, today or tomorrow."

Ryad

The Wahhabi kingdom belies the thesis of assassination. Riyadh agreed to participate in the investigation. Sending a Saudi delegation Friday in Turkey and opening Monday an internal investigation "on the basis of information collected by the joint team , " said a member of his administration.

Saudi Arabia, however, warned that it would respond in the event of economic sanctions related to the Khahoggi case.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

TAYLOR SWIFT A POLITICAL BOMB

Kanye West, Michael Moore ..., celebrity public statements are multiplying to support candidates in mid-term elections and encourage Americans to vote.

Singer Taylor Swift came out of his silence but amazed more than one American! She formalized on her Instagram account her support for Democratic candidate Phil Bredesen in his state, Tennessee.

And Taylor Swift calls his fans to vote on November 6: "Go out and go vote" .

The artist's hitherto unobtrusive stance on his political views has been like a bombshell in the state of Tennessee, where more than 13,000 people signed up in 72 hours, against barely 3,000 last month as in the whole country.

"I have been reluctant so far to express my political views (...) but I think differently now," said Taylor Swift, with 112 million subscribers on Instagram, in a long post.

The young woman defends the fight against discrimination related to gender and sexual orientation.

She denounces a "systemic" racism.

Two days later, the interpreter of the hits Bad Blood and I Knew You Were Trouble adds, this time on the set of the America Music Awards, in Los Angeles (California).

Receiving the artist award of the year in her hands, Taylor Swift addresses her award "to the people, who voted for all these awards". "And you know what else to vote for?

For the mid-term elections, November 6! " Says the 28-year-old artist " Go out and go vote - I love you "

But the Republicans, they do not jubilant and are taken aback so that the Senate committee Republican has eagerly spread a press release particularly critical about it.

"In case you do not know, multimillionaire pop star Taylor Swift has come down from her ivory tower to tell hard-working Tennessee residents to vote for Phil Bredesen," the committee says , while openly criticizing the Democratic candidate.

Even Donald Trump has stepped up to the plate. "I'm sure Taylor Swift knows nothing about her [Marsha Blackburn]. Let's say, now, I like Taylor's music less , " the US president tapped on Tuesday after being questioned on the subject.

And most disappointed those who claim to be as white nationalists because she passed for the darling child of "alt-right" with his country music adulated because it is white and from a conservative environment in the south of the country.

A way to turn one's back on the supremacists and to assert one's own political opinions.

With her commitment to the #MeToo movement and her stance on enhanced gun control, supporting the "March For Our Lives" campaign - after Parkland- Taylor Swift has gained a presence on the political scene.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

HAS THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF FRANCOPHONIE LOST HIS SOUL

The summits of the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF) have their obligatory passages, including the celebration of the large family which, on the five continents, has "this language in common" , according to the formula. Some 40 heads of state and government and representatives of the 84 members of the OIF came to the Armenian capital for the 17th summit of La Francophonie.

Everyone went there to defend the French language as a tool for reconciliation between peoples. "This is a family with dimensions of the planet," said the head of the French State This language that "unites us, he says , everyone speaks it with its particular accents and turns."

Over the past 50 years or so, La Francophonie has strengthened or expanded its missions affirming as a political and diplomatic Francophonie. "It is under your leadership that we have equipped ourselves with normative texts and demanding references on the practice of democracy, rights and freedoms in the French-speaking world, as well as on conflict prevention and human security". insisted Michaëlle Jean.

"The battle of the ladies"

But the real subject in every head, it is indeed the duel for the general secretariat of the organization, the " battle of the ladies" which pays this year the chronicle, and which should lead to a victory of Mrs Mushikiwabo. In effect, the probable appointment of Rwandan Louise Mushikiwabo to the General Secretariat of the International Organization of La Francophonie, replacing the Canadian Michaëlle Jean, who will not be reappointed, released at the last minute by Ottawa and Quebec, for "To join the consensus," confirmed the spokesman of the Minister of La Francophonie Melanie Joly.

For some, the candidacy of Louise Mushikiwabo is not justified in the context of a unifying Francophonie.

Indeed, this candidacy, raised by France and then taken up by Rwanda before being supported by the African Union, is thoughtful considering the historical liabilities between the two countries. Moreover, since the beginning of the 2010 academic year, Kigali has made English the only language of public education, replacing French for the following year, while remaining a member of the OIF, joining the Commonwealth, thus becoming all First French-speaking nation to join the states of the former British colonial empire. Finally, observers worry that President Paul Kagame has been re-elected to the head of his country with 98% of the vote in 2017, after a revision of the Constitution that allows him to potentially remain in power until 2034. state of affairs is worrying, with more and more African presidents trying to follow this example (in Côte d'Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi, Burkina Faso, Congo, Brazzaville, Cameroon and Chad, among others)

For which missions?

In fact, there is the question of the mission of the OIF. Does the Francophonie still have French in common? And what is the purpose of his institution, the International Organization of La Francophonie?

If "the Francophonie must be the place of contemporary recapturing" , Emmanuel Macron wants a revision of the Charter of the Francophonie, in particular to study the terms of membership of the OIF. "Is it enough to make a few commitments regarding respect for human rights [to join the OIF]? He wondered, referring to the candidacy, withdrawn at the last moment, from Saudi Arabia.

However, remarks that seem to contradict directly the candidacy, supported by Paris, the head of the Rwandan diplomacy at the head of the institution, Rwanda ranked 159th (out of 180 countries) of the 2017 ranking of the International Federation of human rights (FIDH)

If the French language must be "the language of creation" for a Francophonie whose priority must be the reconquest of youth (especially African according to Macron) should not refocus the Francophonie on the real issues of the French language? With a function of the secretariat of the OIF less political, more technical, focused on the challenges of teaching French?

"But that does not matter, the mass is said: at the end of the closed session of Friday, the Rwandan will be very sacred new queen of the Francophonie, no offense to Ms. Jean and rights NGOs. "

Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

THE DISRUPTION OF THE JOURNALIST

JAMAL KHASHOGGI

"The records show that a Saudi security team detained Jamal Khashoggi in the consulate, before killing him and dismembering his body," writes The Washington Post.

Saudi dissident journalist Khashoggi disappeared on October 2 at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. On the same day, 15 members of the Saudi security apparatus made a round trip to the city ... Turkey accuses the Saudi authorities of having kidnapped or murdered her in her diplomatic representation. Riyad demented.

More than a week after the death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi the thesis of his abduction, or even his assassination on the orders of Riyadh, continues to gain credibility.

New evidence crediting the thesis of enforced disappearance or murder

New evidence supporting the thesis of the forced disappearance or assassination of the Saudi journalist in Istanbul by agents of his country was revealed by the Turkish media on Wednesday, while his fiancee asks for help from Donald Trump.

CCTV images showing the entry of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi and the team suspected of being responsible for his disappearance to the Saudi consulate in Istanbul were broadcast on Turkish TV channels. On the pictures, Jamal Khashoggi appears entering the consulate at 1:14 pm. A black van is visible, parked nearby. Other images show a van entering the consulate and then come out and go to 15:08, according to the 24 TV channel, at the residence of the nearby consul.

The New York Times even provides information that the Saudi team reportedly brought a saw to Turkey to dismember Jamal Khashoggi. "It was like Pulp Fiction," a Turkish official told the US daily.

According to the editor of the Turkish daily Aksam , Murat Kelkitlioglu, speaking on 24 TV during the presentation of the images, it is "certain" that Jamal Khashoggi is transported in this van, dead or alive. The Saudi was exiled in 2017 to the United States, after falling out of favor at the court of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. The Washington Post , quoted an informed source, as saying that US intelligence had intercepted communications between Saudi officials before Jamal Khashoggi's disappearance, citing his kidnapping.

Intervention of the White House

Donald Trump has asked for all the light on this case. "We are very disappointed to see what happens. We do not like it " and " we want to know what's going on there " The President of the United States said to have spoken " at the highest level " with the Saudis, and this " more than once, " about Jamal Khashoggi. he assured. The White House said two of the president's closest aides, his son-in-law Jared Kushner and national security council official John Bolton, had spoken to Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman on Tuesday, before a new appeal by the US chief of diplomacy Mike Pompeo to "reiterate"Washington's demands: "details" about the disappearance and "transparency of the Saudi government regarding the investigation" .

In parallel, US senators, Republicans and Democrats, have activated a law that compels Donald Trump to make findings on these facts to the US Congress within 120 days.

If Washington determines that a foreign national is guilty of summary executions, torture or other violations of Jamal Khashoggi's rights, then Washington may impose sanctions against that person or persons.

"The team of the assassination"

The Turkish police investigation, which was echoed by the local and Anglo-Saxon press, identified the 15 members of the team who, according to Ankara, landed from Riyadh to wait for a lookout. to Mr. Khashoggi.

New elements were revealed concerning the 15 men coming from Saudi Arabia: they left the hotel in the morning to go to the consulate and then left in the evening. The pro-government Turkish daily Sabah had already revealed on Tuesday that two private planes had arrived from Saudi Arabia in Istanbul that day and that the people on board had reserved rooms in hotels near the consulate but that they had not not spent the night.

On Wednesday, the same newspaper published the names, age and photographs of fifteen men portrayed as the "assassination team" dispatched by Riyadh. Among them were Saudi Special Forces and Air Force officers, alleged members of Mohammed Ben Salman's close security. The name of one of these people, Salah Muhammed Al-Tubaigy, corresponds to that of a medical examiner, head of department within the Saudi Ministry of the Interior.

The journalist's fiancée asked Tuesday in the Washington Post for help from US President Donald Trump to "shed light" on the case. "I urge President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump to help shed light on Jamal's disappearance," said Hatice Cengiz.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged Riyadh on Thursday (October 11th) to reveal surveillance footage from inside the Saudi consulate proving that Jamal Khashoggi was out of the country, warning that Turkey "can not remain silent".

"If a mosquito comes out (of the consulate), their camera systems will intercept it" (Recep Tayyip Erdogan)

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

MYSTERE AUTOUR DE LA DISPARITION

DE MENG HONGWEI

ACCUSE DE CORRUPTION EN CHINE

Porté disparu depuis plus de dix jours, Interpol a annoncé ce dimanche soir la démission « avec effet immédiat » de son président depuis novembre 2016, Meng Hongwei, tandis que Pékin a annoncé l'ouverture d'une enquête à son sujet en Chine, après des soupçons de corruption.

M. Meng « a accepté des pots-de-vin et est soupçonné d'avoir violé la loi », a rapporté dans un communiqué le ministère de la Sécurité publique, sans fournir de précisions sur ces accusations.

Ce communiqué est présenté comme un compte-rendu d'une réunion organisée lundi dans la cellule du Parti communiste chinois (PCC) du ministère de la Sécurité publique (police).

Le texte ne précise pas si les accusations imputées à M. Meng relèvent de ses fonctions ministérielles ou bien de celles qu'il exerçait à Interpol. Il n'est pas non plus précisé s'il a ou non été placé en détention.

Le mystère autour de la disparition depuis une dizaine de jours du président d'Interpol, dont l'organisation internationale basée à Lyon a finalement annoncé la démission ce dimanche soir.

Plus tôt dans la journée, Pékin avait indiqué que le désormais ex-président de 64 ans, soupçonné d'avoir « violé la loi », faisait l'objet d'une enquête en Chine.

C'est Grace Meng, l'épouse du président d'Interpol depuis novembre 2016, qui avait signalé la disparition « inquiétante » de son mari à la police française jeudi dernier, après plusieurs jours sans nouvelles. D'autant plus inquiétante qu'elle avait reçu le dernier message de son époux le 25 septembre,lors de son arrivée en Chine. Et le contenu de ce message : un simple émoticône représentant un couteau.

Elle a été placée depuis sous protection policière. Nul doute pour l'épouse Grace Meng qu'il s'agissait de la preuve que son mari était « en danger ». Meng Hongwei serait-il alors victime de la purge politique en Chine ?

Selon un quotidien de Hong Kong, Meng Hongwei serait détenu par les autorités chinoises, qui l'auraient arrêté dès son atterrissage en Chine, fin septembre.

Face à cette situation, Interpol a demandé des explications à la Chine. « Interpol a demandé aux autorités chinoises une clarification à propos du président Meng Hongwei et attend une réponse officielle concernant son état », a ainsi fait savoir le secrétariat général de l'organisation internationale. Mais il a reçu pour seule réponse que le désormais ex-président faisait l'objet d'une enquête.

Moins de deux ans plus tôt, en novembre 2016, l’élection d’un officiel chinois à la tête de l’organisation chargée de la coopération des polices de 192 Etats avait été accueillie avec le plus grand scepticisme par les organisations de défense des droits fondamentaux, telles qu’Amnesty International.

Meng Hongwei, était le premier citoyen de Chine continentale à prendre la tête d’une grande organisation internationale.

M. Meng, par ailleurs vice-ministre de l’intérieur d’un pays connu pour l’emprisonnement sans procès équitable de ses dissidents et des membres de minorités jugées « problématiques », ou de ses officiels corrompus ou victimes des luttes de factions, serait-il à son tour victime d'une purge politique qui semble s'être accélérée depuis l'arrivée de Xi Jinping au pouvoir, en 2012.

Un signe avant-coureur de ses difficultés: Meng Hongwei avait été démis en avril de ses fonctions au sein du comité du Parti chargé de superviser le ministère de la sécurité publique, après la nomination, à l’automne 2017, d’un nouveau ministre, Zhao Kezhi, ultraloyal à M. Xi Jinping.

Une disparition d'un membre de la diaspora chinoise à élucider. « Cette affaire relève de la justice. Elle concerne la communauté internationale. Elle concerne le peuple de mon pays », a déclaré Grace Meng.

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

L'EXTREME DROITE DE BOLSONARO EN TETE

AU PREMIER TOUR DES PRESIDENTIELLES

OU UNE CRISE DE LA DEMOCRATIE AU BRESIL

C'est le candidat Jair Bolsonaro de l’extrême droite qui se trouve largement en tête au premier tour de la présidentielle avec 46,06 % des voix. Jair Bolsonaro a affirmé, dans la foulée des résultats, être « certain » qu’il aurait été élu s'il n'y avait pas eu des « problèmes avec les urnes électroniques ».

« Je suis certain que si ça n’avait pas eu lieu, nous aurions eu dès ce soir le nom du président de la République », a-t-il déclaré dans une vidéo publiée sur les réseaux sociaux.

Mais la bataille reste incertaine. Mais le candidat d'extrême-droite, malgré son triomphe, devra affronter lors du second tour le 28 octobre Fernando Haddad (29,24 %) du Parti des Travailleurs(PT), n'ayant pas réussi le coup de force d’une élection dès le premier tour.

Jair Bolsonaro a capitalisé dans les urnes sur la colère des Brésiliens contre la corruption de la classe politique et l’insécurité.

Il a notamment promis d’assouplir la législation sur le contrôle des armes à feu afin que ses concitoyens puissent s’armer contre les criminels. Il a lui-même été victime d'une blessure à l’arme blanche en septembre. A l'inverse le PT est, lui, impliqué dans un vaste scandale de corruption qui a conduit Lula en prison et amené à la destitution Dilma Rousseff pour avoir maquillé les comptes publics.

La droite brésilienne, le PSDB de Geraldo Alckmin ou le candidat du président sortant, Henrique Mereilles, connaissent une vraie désaffection.

Ancien officier âgé de 63 ans Bolsonaro a donc réussi à convaincre de nombreux Brésiliens de voter pour lui grâce à ses positions très dures contre l’insécurité à sa carrière dans l'armée exempte de toute accusation de corruption.

Il incarne également une vision conservatrice de la famille, du droit des minorités et de religion ainsi qu’un libéralisme économique qui a séduit bon nombre de Brésiliens.

Sur son compte Facebook, il a annoncé, dans la soirée qu’il allait « unir le peuple », qu’« unis, les Brésiliens deviendront une grande nation » et que « personne n’avait le potentiel qu’ils avaient ».

Pourtant une grande partie de l’électorat refuse de lui accorder son vote en raison de propos homophobes ou misogynes qui ont conduit des femmes à descendre dans la rue. Nombre de Brésiliens s’inquiètent aussi de l’impact sur la démocratie d'une telle élection.

Tout n'est pas gagné pour le candidat d'extrême-droite face à Fernando Haddad, ancien ministre de l’éducation , qui n’a cependant pas réussi à créer le front républicain contre Bolsonaro à ce premier tour. Les électeurs du centre seront l’objet de toutes les convoitises.

Le candidat de centre gauche, Ciro Gomes et l'écologiste Marina Silva se sont déjà rangés du côté du PT. Le centre droit, convoité par les deux camps, n'a pas encore pris position...

Quoiqu’il en soit le Brésil a rarement été aussi divisé lors d'une élection, durant laquelle les 147 millions d’électeurs devaient aussi désigner les députés de la chambre basse du Congrès et renouveler les deux tiers des 81 sièges du Sénat.

Mais tous les Brésiliens ont exprimé l'espoir que ce scrutin apporte le « changement » dans un pays rongé par une crise économique et politique aiguë, une violence endémique et d'innombrables scandales de corruption.

Le duel du 28 octobre s’annonce particulièrement imprévisible et témoigne «d'une crise démocratique très profonde » selon Christophe Ventura, chercheur à l'IRIS. .

Joanne Courbet pour DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

INQUIETANTE DISPARITION DU PRESIDENT CHINOIS D'INTERPOL POUR CORRUPTION

Une enquête pour disparition inquiétante a été ouverte concernant Hongwei Meng, le président chinois d'Interpol, dont le siège se trouve à Lyon. Ce dernier n'a plus donné signe de vie depuis qu'il a quitté la France pour la Chine, fin septembre.

La famille de Meng Hongwei n'a plus de nouvelles de lui depuis son départ vers la Chine le 29 septembre.

Son épouse inquiète, installée à Lyon avec leurs enfants, a signalé sa disparition aux autorités françaises et a été entendue par la police judiciaire. Selon une source proche du dossier, Hongwei Meng « n'a pas disparu en France »

Après avoir exercé en Chine comme vice-ministre de la Sécurité publique, Hongwei Meng, poids lourd du Parti communiste chinois, a été élu en novembre 2016 à la tête d’Interpol pour un mandat de 4 ans.

Interpol (ou l'Organisation internationale de police criminelle, OIPC) est une organisation internationale créée le 7 septembre 1923 dans le but de promouvoir la coopération policière internationale.

Cette première nomination d'un Chinois à ce poste avait été critiquée par des organisations de défense des droits de l'Homme, la Chine menant alors une intense campagne de rapatriement d'escrocs et de fraudeurs présumés, parfois accusée de servir ses intérêts politiques. La Chine a longtemps utilisé Interpol « pour arrêter des dissidents et des réfugiés à l'étranger », s'était inquiété notamment Amnesty International.

Or actuellement c'est Hongwei Meng qui il se trouverait « sous enquête » dans son pays, soupçonné par la justice d’avoir favorisé une entreprise dans le cadre de l’obtention d’un marché de cybersécurité. Depuis six ans environ, le gouvernement chinois est engagé dans une vaste campagne « anticorruption » qui a servi de prétexte à la mise à l’écart de dignitaires politiques ou administratifs, de magnats de l’immobilier et même d’une star de cinéma. Quelle que soit la réalité des charges contre le patron d’Interpol, sa " disparition" , tourne au bras de fer diplomatique. Depuis son siège à Lyon (Rhône), l’organisation a exigé ce samedi une « clarification » sur le sort de ce haut dignitaire. Dans un communiqué posté sur Twitter, le secrétaire général d’Interpol, dit attendre « une réponse officielle des autorités chinoises » pour répondre « aux inquiétudes ».

Dans sa conduite des affaires, Meng Hongwei semblait incarner avec zèle la ligne du parti communiste...

Les policiers mènent un travail de téléphonie et d’audition dans l’entourage professionnel du patron d’Interpol. Deux choses sont avérées: Meng Hongwei a bien quitté la France le 20 septembre dernier et le haut-dignitaire chinois a bien atterri dans son pays en provenance de Stockholm.

L'organisation s' était défendue de pouvoir servir des intérêts politiques en rappelant que le président d'Interpol n'intervenait pas dans le quotidien opérationnel, tâche dévolue à son secrétaire général - poste occupé actuellement par l'Allemand Jürgen Stock - et en soulignant que l'article 3 de ses statuts lui interdisait toute ingérence en matière politique..

Et l'élection de ce haut-dignitaire chinois à la tête d’Interpol en 2016 participait du rayonnement de la Chine à l’étranger.

La Chine traverse la plus longue campagne anticorruption depuis Mao déguisant une campagne d’élimination des adversaires politiques.

Carl Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

 

A NATIONALIST GOVERNMENT AND 

FIRMNESS OF IMMIGRATION IN QUEBEC

François Legault becomes Prime Minister Designate of the Province of Quebec. This is a major political turning point for the "Belle Province", after 15 years of almost uninterrupted Liberal government.

For the first time, a non-independence nationalist party came to power on Monday: the Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ). The CAQ, formed in 2011 by François Legault, will have an absolute majority in the Quebec National Assembly, with 74 out of 125 MPs according to preliminary results.

"Today, we have marked history; today, there are many Quebeckers who have put aside a debate that has divided us for 50 years, " said François Legault, the province's designated prime minister, triumphantly about the question of belonging. or not from Quebec to Canada.

A multimillionaire, an accountant by training, the prime minister-designate made his fortune after having created the Air Transat airline in 1986, which sometimes earned him a comparison with Donald Trump.

He promised "a spirit of assembly, to govern for all Quebecers" ,

and said he wanted to " work for a strong Quebec in Canada".

To do this, he advocates "change" , particularly the firmness of immigration, which he wants to reduce the thresholds by 2019 by more than 20% to better integrate newcomers, and better management of public finances.

The independence issue was, however, excluded from the debate. Former independence minister François Legault assures today that he no longer wants to separate from Ottawa.

Between economic prosperity and near-full employment, the electoral campaign certainly did not fascinate the 8.4 million inhabitants of the Belle Province, with a participation of 67%, against 71% in 2014 and 74% in 2012.

But its outcome is yet another blow for the Liberals, the political family of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who in June had already lost Ontario, the richest and most populous province, to another conservative formation.

Canada is holding legislative elections in one year. The poll promises to be uncertain for Justin Trudeau, in a context of rising nationalism.


Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

NOBEL MEDICINE PRIZE

JAMES ALLISON AND TASUKU HONJO

Nobel Laureates 2018, James Allison and Tasuku Honjo, revolutionized the approach to treating tumors by finding ways to activate and stimulate the immune system's response.

The Nobel Prize in Medicine 2018 is awarded to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjoe Nobel Prize in "Physiology or Medicine".

It was presented Monday, October 1, 2018 to James P. Allison, 70, professor of immunology at the University of Texas Cancer Center, and the Japanese Tasuku Honjo, 76, a professor at Kyoto University for their work on immunotherapy.

The two men found a way to activate the body's immune system to help it eliminate tumors.

T cells are the cells responsible for the body's immune response. But in the case of most tumors, T cells fail to perceive cancer cells as a threat, and therefore do not try to destroy them.

James Allison discovered that a receptor on T cells, called CTLA4, was acting as a brake on their function. With a specific antibody targeting this receptor, an anti-CTLA4, Allison has proven that it can cure melanomas, and then for many other types of tumors afterwards.

For its part, Tasuku Honjo discovered a protein, PD1 can also act as a brake to prevent T cells from acting. The Japanese researcher has also found a way to inhibit PD1, allowing cells in the immune system to effectively tackle melanomas and many other tumors.

This technique uses activated T cells or antibodies (anti-PD1, for example) that trigger the awakening of the patient's immune system.

This technique offers patients new hope.

On their side, the two scientists worked hard to "release the brakes" and "press on the good acceleration pedals" of the immune system to allow it to "neutralize foreign microorganisms" , said the jury Nobel. The efficacy of immunotherapy has been demonstrated in multiple cancers as of 2015. P. Allison, like Tasuku Honjo, had already received in 2014 the Tang Award, presented as the Asian version of the Nobel. At surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy to fight cancer joins immunotherapy.

"Allison and Honjo have shown how different strategies for inhibiting the immune system's brakes can be used in the treatment of cancer," said the Academy.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

IRAN BOMBARD OF DAECH POSITIONS IN SYRIA

The Iranian Revolutionary Guards announced on Monday morning that they fired ballistic missiles at a "headquarters" of "terrorists" in Syria in retaliation for the Ahvaz bombing on September 22, when a group of terrorists shot dead 24 people.

According to the Iranian news agency Fars, close to the conservatives, two types of missiles were used: Zolfaghar (range: 750 km) and Qiam (800 km).

"The headquarters of the Ahvaz terrorist crime leaders were attacked a few minutes ago east of the Euphrates by several ballistic missiles fired by the aerospace branch of the Revolutionary Guards , " write on their website the Pasdarans, elite army of the Islamic Republic.

"According to preliminary reports, many takfiris terrorists and the leaders responsible for Ahvaz's terrorist crime have been killed or wounded in this attack," they add. The term "takfiri", derived from the Arabic word "takfir" (anathema), is used by the Iranian authorities to refer to Sunni jihadists.

On 22 September, 24 people were shot dead by a commando of five people who fired automatic weapons at a military parade in Ahvaz, a city in southwestern Iran. According to the IS, the five members of the commando were Iranians, including four from Ahvaz.

The attack was claimed by the Islamic State (IS) organization, against which Iran is engaged in Syria alongside the authorities of Damascus.

On the day of the attack, Iranian President Hassan Rohani promised a "terrible" response to the attack while the Revolutionary Guards announced an "unforgettable revenge".

It was Ayatollah Ali Khamenei who, on September 24, denounced the perpetrators of the Ahvaz attack as jihadist groups operating "in Syria and Iraq" . The Iranian supreme leader then accused them of being "financed by the Saudis and the United Arab Emirates" . Charges denied by Ryad and Abu Dhabi.

The Revolutionary Guards intervene in Syria as "military advisers" to forces loyal to the Syrian president

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

CHAOS IN INDONESIA AFTER TSUNAMI

MORE THAN 840 DEATHS AND 48,700 DISPLACED

Indonesian President Joko Widodo traveled to Palu Sunday late in the afternoon urging rescuers to "work day and night" to find survivors.

On the field, the research teams are racing against the clock to get survivors out of the rubble.

Rescuers were trying Monday to find survivors in the remains of Roa Roa Hotel, where nearly 60 people may have been buried. For now, two people have been saved on this site, according to an official source.

The army is being deployed to help search for survivors.

Planes loaded with equipment and food were able to land at Palu airport, but many tracks are unusable and NGOs are experiencing difficulties in routing.

Faced with the scale of the disaster the Indonesian government officially comes Monday to appeal for international aid.

The European Union has announced the allocation of one million and a half euros.

The toll of the victims may also increase, because no one had yet been able to reach the coastal city of Donggala, located at the mouth of the Palu River, in the late morning. Donggala is the capital of Donggala. a municipality of nearly 300,000 inhabitants.

While the toll of victims is only getting heavier, voices are starting to rise to denounce dysfunctions the strength of the wave having surprised many residents and observers. The controversy is in full swing.

At issue, the Indonesian Meteorological and Geophysical Institute, the BMKG, reportedly issued a tsunami warning to wake up 34 minutes later.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

ANGELA MERKEL'S WARNING

A DONALD TRUMP ON THE UN

Angela Merkel warns Donald Trump against the temptation to "destroy" the UN.

"The current US president says that multilateralism is not the answer to the problems, and believes that there are only situations with one winner, unlike me," said the German Chancellor ...

This Sunday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned US President Donald Trump against the temptation to "destroy" multilateralism, including the United Nations recalling the historical context in which they were born:

"The United Nations was founded on the rubble of the Second World War, and of course, it's far from perfect," Merkel said at a campaign rally for the regional legislative elections in Bavaria.

The United Nations (UN), which officially entered into force on October 24, 1945, is indeed an international organization of 193 states.

The primary objectives of the organization are the maintenance of international peace and security.

To fulfill them, it promotes the protection of human rights, the provision of humanitarian aid, sustainable development and the guarantee of international law.

"To destroy something without having developed something new is extremely dangerous and can destroy the current order that guarantees peace, faster than we think," warned the Chancellor, hammering out that multilateralism was the way to go.

But, she said, "the current US president says that multilateralism is not the answer to the problems, and believes that there are only situations with one winner, unlike me." "This puts into question the multilateral systems (...), the capacity of the United Nations to function," she said.

Before the UN General Assembly, Donald Trump on Tuesday praised "sovereignty" by denouncing "the ideology of globalism."

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

WOMEN UNITED AGAINST BOLSONARO

CANDIDATE OF EXREME-RIGHT IN BRAZIL

"In the recent history of the South American country, there is no trace of such an important mobilization of women," said Ligia Fabris Campos, Professor of Law at the Getulio Vargas Foundation.

On Saturday in the streets of Brazil thousands of women came to protest against the far-right presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro. At the cry of "No, not him!", The Brazilian women took to the streets of major Brazilian cities on Saturday to express their opposition to Jair Bolsonaro, far right MP.

The biggest events took place in the metropolises of Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Brasilia. A total of 62 cities were affected by this move to eight days of the first round.

The presidential candidate of October 7 has continued throughout his campaign to multiply the misogynist invectives.

It is with the shout of "No, not him! That tens of thousands of Brazilian women intended to mark their fierce opposition to the far-right presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro, a favorite in the polls.

Jair Bolsonaro, a 63-year-old deputy, is heading ahead of the voting intentions of the first round of presidential elections on 7 October. He was released Saturday morning from the hospital where he was admitted in early September, after being stabbed during a walkabout, announced the establishment.

The former captain of the army is considered misogynist, homophobic and racist. He bluntly told a member that she "did not deserve" to rape her, and lamented the length of maternity leave. General Hamilton Mourao, vice-president on his list, said that single-parent families without a father figure were "factories with non-integrated individuals who tend to swell the ranks of drug traffickers".

Just out Jair Bolsonaro launched a new controversy by threatening not to recognize the outcome of elections if he was not elected. "From what I see in the street, I will not accept an election result that is different from my election," he told Bandeirantes on Friday.

"A candidate who makes a statement like this makes it clear to the country that he intends to wage a coup against our democracy," said left-wing candidate Ciro Gomes, third in the polls of the 1st tower.

Bolsonaro "shows again that he is not ready for democracy, he wants to keep the country divided," said center-right candidate Geraldo Alckmin, fourth in the polls.

Women represent 52% of the Brazilian electorate and about 50% of them say that they would never vote for him. They launched the offensive in early September with a group on Facebook called "Women United against Bolsonaro" which generated a massive mobilization on social networks in Brazil and abroad.

The American singer Madonna lent her support on Instagram to #EleNao (Not him), the keyword of this movement in Portuguese.

Demonstrations were also organized by women's collectives on Saturday in several countries: United States, Canada, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands or Argentina.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

IDYLLE BETWEEN DONALD TRUMP AND KIM JONG UN

OR TOWARDS DENUCLEARIZATION ?

At a rally, US President Donald Trump assured Kim Jong Un and he had "fallen in love" , praising the "beautiful letters" written to him by his North Korean counterpart.

"We fell in love - not concretely, OK?" " Speaking Saturday to his supporters at a meeting in Wheeling, West Virginia, Donald Trump wanted to mark the new warming with the North Korean president, who he wants to bring about the abandonment of nuclear weapons.

"And then we fell in love - well not concretely, OK?

He wrote me beautiful letters, they are beautiful letters.

We fell in love, " said the US president to his supporters.

A singular way to soften the Korean leader.

"President Kim has really been very open and, honestly, he has been great . "

Last Monday, on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York, the White House tenant was raving about his Korean counterpart.

"President Kim has really been very open and, honestly, he has been great," he said when he threatened a year earlier to "totally destroy the country. "

The two leaders met for the first time in June in Singapore and a second summit is now envisaged.

Donald Trump also posted his optimism on the outcome of the ongoing negotiations.

Yet many analysts point to the lack of concrete progress on the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

CELEBAN ISLAND IN FRENCH INDONESIA

BY A TSUNAMI AFTER TWO SEISMS

832 DEATHS AND HUNDREDS OF INJURED


On Friday, two earthquakes, one of which measured 7.5 on the Richter scale, hit Indonesia's island of Celebes on Friday, the USGS says.

A tsunami then swept over the archipelago shortly after the two tremors.

"It's a real tsunami that hit Palu", a city about 80 km from the epicenter of the earthquake, said the head of the center for earthquakes and tsunamis at the Indonesian Geophysical Agency Rahmat Triyono on the Kompas television channel.

The balance of the violent earthquake and tsunami that hit the Celebes archipelago Friday is now 832 dead.

But it is still likely to get heavier in the next few hours.

This Sunday, rescue attempts to find potential survivors in the ruins of the city of Palu (350,000 inhabitants), the most affected by the disaster.

The affected area is "larger than expected".

This is what the authorities announced Sunday after reviewing the balance sheet sharply higher. The city of Palu is indeed not the only disaster area. The authorities and NGOs are particularly concerned about the situation in the Donggala region further north, which remains very uncertain. In total, the area affected by the cataclysm is populated with 600,000 inhabitants.

Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla has expressed concern that the balance sheet will reach "one or more thousands", building on previous disasters.

On the spot, the helpers are always at work to try to come to the aid of the inhabitants prisoners of the rubble.

Rodolphe Avener, commander of the Civil Security, recalls that the priority during such a tragedy is obviously to "find the victims in the debris and clusters". Even after 48 hours, the probability of finding survivors is very real, he says

The new earthquake, with a depth of 10 kilometers, is of greater magnitude than the series of violent earthquakes that left more than 500 dead and about 1,500 wounded this summer on Lombok, a neighboring island. Bali.

Indonesia is an archipelago of 17,000 islands and islets that was formed by the convergence of three large tectonic plates (Indo-Pacific, Australian, Eurasian).

The archipelago is on the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of ​​strong seismic activity.


Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

TOWARDS TWO STATES ISRAEL AND PALESTINE

US President Donald Trump said Wednesday for the first time his preference for a two-state solution to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Donald Trump promises to present his "balanced" peace plan within four months. For the first time, too, he gave a precise timetable. "In two, three or four months," assured Donald Trump, who dreams of achieving the "ultimate agreement" between Israelis and Palestinians where all his predecessors failed.

"I think the two states will see the light of day," he even added a little later to the press. Even though it's "a little harder" , "it works better because everyone rules," he said.

This is a turning point in the official policy of the Trump administration that has not yet made a clear decision on this thorny subject. "If Israelis and Palestinians want a state, it's OK for me. If they want two states, it's OK for me, " he said. "I am a facilitator"

Donald Trump, however, has not said whether this two-state solution will be proposed in the peace plan concocted for many months in the greatest secrecy by a small team led by his son-in-law and adviser Jared Kushner.

For Donald Trump there is no doubt also that the Palestinians, who have frozen contact with the US administration since it recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel by the end of 2017, would return to the negotiating table.

Yet a myriad of dramatic measures had been taken by Donald Trump against the Palestinians since they had removed his role as mediator in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process such as the transfer of the American embassy in Jerusalem and the recognition of the city as the capital of Israel, the removal of funds allocated to Palestinian refugees, UNRWA, of which the United States was the first contributor, the closure of the offices of the Palestinian mission in Washington ...

After this turn in the US official line on Wednesday, Hossam Zomlot, head of the Palestinian diplomatic mission in Washington, has nonetheless rejected the words of the president: "Their words (Americans, ed) go against their actions, and their actions, clearly destroy any possibility of a two-state solution, "he said.

"We will not give up security control west of the Jordan," including in the West Bank, Benjamin Netanyahu told reporters.

The US president, ignoring the tense environment, has been stubbornly confident. "I think we will come to an agreement," he said.

He added that Israel should do something positive for the Palestinians. "I think a lot of progress has been made. I think Israel wants to do something and also that the Palestinians really want to do something. -

. "I really think something is going to happen. It is my dream to achieve this before the end of my first term, " he said in a meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

EMMANUEL MACRON CHAMPION OF THE EARTH

INTERNATIONALLY

"Champion  Earthquake" and Great UN Ambassador to prepare for the September 2019 Climate Summit. "The highest UN honorary title in the field of the environment" , it comes, in the words of the organization, "to reward outstanding figures from the public, private and civil society sectors, whose actions have positive impact on the environment ".

These two titles alone testify to the high esteem in which the French President is held, internationally, on environmental issues.

Legitimacy gained through, among others, the One Planet Summit. year after organizing the first edition of the "One Planet Summit", Emmanuel Macron was awarded the title of "champion of the Earth" on Wednesday 26 September.

With the title of "great ambassador" Emmanuel Macron will have two missions in particular: continue the dynamics of "One planet summits" and make a restitution on green finance. In other words all the investments that promote the energy transition and the fight against global warming.

Did not Emmanuel Macron show his fists when Donald Trump left the Climate Agreement and pronounced the "Make our planet great again"?

France played an important role in the creation of the International Solar Alliance last May. It aims to make better use of solar energy and reduce the use of fossil fuels in the 121 sunniest member countries in the world. The same is true for the African Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI), which aims to build a large scale renewable energy capacity on the African continent by 2020.

Certainly the French president organized, a year ago, the first climate summit to gather heads of state and large companies that have committed to less pollute.

But are the results up to the ambitions in France?

France does not give any example. For example, the goal of reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 has not been met.

After steady declines since 2005, emissions have risen again between 2016 and 2017 and France has exceeded its carbon budget by 6.7% last year, according to the observatory Climate-Energy, published mid-September by the RAC and Cler-Réseau for the energy transition.

Many French people take a critical look at their environmental policy. The unexpected successes of the climate marches, organized on September 8 in response to Nicolas Hulot's resignation, have reminded him.

In Paris, 18,500 people took to the streets to demand that the government "finally take serious action against climate change" and put an end to the contradictions between ambitions and actions.

"Through his active diplomacy on climate issues and his ability to make the link between countries, Emmanuel Macron has gained some legitimacy on the international scene , " recognizes Pierre Cannet, Head of Climate, Energy and Sustainable Cities Programs at WWF France.

Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

UN UNDER THE SIGN OF CHALLENGE

The UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, wanted to see in the influx of heads of state this year "the eloquent proof of the confidence of the international community in the United Nations", and recalled that "by these time of fragmentation and polarization, the world needs this assembly to show the value of international cooperation . "

But many diplomats openly question the future of effective and collective diplomatic action.

Indeed, the multilateral system set up after the Second World War, of which the United Nations is the heart, was not so much in crisis marked by the rise of nationalisms and populisms in Europe and the blockages on the Syrian and Yemenite.

In addition to two heavyweights on the international scene, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping have also decided to boycott this international diplomatic meeting, as well as Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The United States, for its part, has constantly shown its distrust of multilateralism. In just a few months, Washington has announced that it has withdrawn from the Paris climate agreement, the Iran nuclear deal, and the global pact on migration.

It is rather the Trump method that has gained ground. "Undeniably, diplomacy is in crisis and this observation is more evident in the past year," Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian admitted in a long interview in Le Monde.

If Donald Trump last year did not rule out the possibility of "totally destroying" North Korea if it continued to threaten world peace, this year it has changed. Kim Jon One has become a frequentable and even open man. The meeting in June between the two presidents was a first. It allowed to install a new relaxation, a second meeting is also in preparation.

But on Iran, US President Donald Trump has been intractable. He called in New York Tuesday all countries on the planet to isolate the Iranian regime, denouncing the "corrupt dictatorship" in power according to him in Tehran.

Trump has made Tehran the number one enemy of his administration, and exercises, month after month, maximum pressure. The US administration wants a treaty with Iran encompassing nuclear and ballistic missiles.

The Iranian question alone sums up many of the crises of multilateralism. Iran is the nuclear issue. It is also a regional issue, with a presence in Syria that poses a problem and a regional confrontation with Saudi Arabia and its affiliates. It is finally a question of repositioning for the Russian power, represented this week in New York by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and not by Putin.

Would the UN seem more than ever an obsolete instrument with regard to the new balance of power?




Jaimie Potts for DayNewsWorld

 

ISRAEL CONCERN OVER RUSSIA ABOUT SYRIA

Moscow expresses his irritation against the Jewish state, a week after one of his reconnaissance planes was shot down in the Latakia region by the Syrian army.

On 17 September, a Russian IL-20-type electronic reconnaissance device disappeared from the radar when four Israeli F-16 fighter jets raided the Latakia region.

The Russian defense ministry had questioned the attitude of the Israeli planes, who would have hidden under the Ilyushin. The Israeli army, for its part, stressed the decisive role of the multitude of surface-to-air missiles fired by Damascus, while fighter jets were no longer in the area. In short, the amateurism of the Syrian army would have led to the tragedy.

According to the Kremlin report, Russia now considers that "the main reason for the tragedy" , during which 15 passengers perished, is the behavior of the Israeli air force.

According to Russian Defense spokesman Igor Konachenkov, the Israeli F-16s, who are about to make an attack on the Syrian province of Latakia, hid behind the Russian reconnaissance aircraft in order to avoid a missile. Syrian anti-aircraft defense.

Supported data, the Russian official said the Syrian missile, which was originally aimed at an Israeli F-16, had suddenly changed course before touching the Il-20. The Russian plane, which had 15 soldiers on board, was shot down by an unfortunate shooting of the Syrian anti-aircraft defense, Igor Konachenkov said on September 23 that "the responsibility for the tragedy [...] entirely to the Israeli Air Force . " The Hebrew State rejects this version.

On the phone with Netanyahu, Putin rejects the Israeli version

For the Russians indeed, there is no question of incriminating the ally and host Syrian.

Russia has therefore announced its intention to strengthen the Syrian Army's anti-aircraft defense with its S-300 batteries as well as to scramble certain communications on the Mediterranean.

" We are convinced that the implementation of these measures will cool down the heads and prevent the thoughtless acts that pose a threat to our soldiers," Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said in a statement broadcast on television.

S-300 anti-aircraft defense systems will be delivered within two weeks to the Syrian army. Their supply was frozen in 2013 at the request of the Jewish state. It was already in April to unblock this file. It's done.

The minister added that command posts in the Syrian army would now be equipped with control systems to identify any Russian aircraft on the spot.

Russian President Vladimir Putin informed Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu on a phone call on Sunday.

The Russian leader also stressed that Moscow's decision to strengthen the antiaircraft defense of its Syrian ally was "adequate in view of the situation and [aimed] above all to avoid any potential threat to the lives of Russian servicemen".

For his part, Benjamin Netanyahu argued that the responsibility for the incident was, according to him, primarily to the Syrian army that had shot down the aircraft. The Israeli prime minister also worried about the transfer of sophisticated weapons to Syria.

Jerusalem and Washington warned Russia on Monday against its stated intention to provide sophisticated Syrian missiles with sophisticated missiles, saying the decision would further destabilize the region and increase tensions.



Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

ISLAMIC GROUP CLAIMS ATTACK AGAINST MILITARY PARADE IN IRAN

On Saturday morning around 9 am, an attack on a military parade was held in the southwestern city of Ahvaz. The latest report shows twenty-nine dead and sixty wounded. Women and children are among the victims. "Three of the four terrorists were killed on the spot; the fourth, wounded, died in the hospital, " said General Abolfazl Shekarchi, spokesman of the Iranian armed forces.

This military parade marks the National Day of the Armed Forces and commemorates the beginning of the war against Iraq (1980-1988) in Ahvaz, capital of Khuzestan province, as well as the resistance of the Iranian "sacred defense" during this war. "Imposed warfare" , according to official phraseology. Iraq had invaded Iran.

Khuzestan, with a predominantly Arab population, was one of the Iranian regions most affected by the fighting during the Iran-Iraq war. Saddam Hussein thought that his soldiers would be welcomed as liberators by the Arab population, but it was generally loyal to Iran.

Two organizations claimed responsibility for the attack.

The jihadist group Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility for Saturday's attack late in the morning via its propaganda organ Amaq. "ISIS fighters have attacked a rally of Iranian forces in the city of Ahvaz," Amaq said. Iran is a recurring target of IS, a Shiite power that supports militias fought in Iraq by the Sunni organization.

The attack was also claimed from Reuters by an Arab group, the Ahvaz National Resistance, presented by a spokesman as an alliance of Arab movements hostile to the Iranian government.

Tehran immediately pointed to his Saudi neighbor and the United States.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif had directly blamed not IS, but the United States, writing on Twitter:

"Terrorists recruited, trained and paid by a foreign regime have attacked Ahvaz ... Iran believes that regional sponsors of terrorism and their American masters are responsible for such attacks. " "Iran will react quickly and firmly to defend Iranian lives," he added. .

Ramezan Sharif, spokesman for the Revolutionary Guards, had been more specific about the perpetrators of the attack, accusing an Arab separatist group in remarks reported by ISNA:

" Those who opened fire on people and armed forces are linked to the Al-Ahvazieh movement. They are fed by Saudi Arabia, and they tried to overshadow the power of the armed forces. "

This separatist movement is all the stronger because the inhabitants of Khuzestan province, mainly Arabs in a Persian country, sometimes call themselves "abandoned" by the central government. In recent years, dust storms and air pollution, including the activities of oil refineries in the region, have resulted in civil protest movements.

Iran's Foreign Minister Mohamad Javad Zarif also said the attack was carried out by "terrorists recruited, trained, armed and paid by a foreign regime".

This is not the first attack on Iran, theater in recent years of several attacks, including the Guardians of the Revolution.

On 20 July 2018, at least 10 members of the Revolutionary Guards were killed in an insurgent attack on one of their bases in the village of Dari, in the Marivan district, in the north-west of Iranian Kurdistan.

On June 7, 2017, gunmen and suicide bombers attacked Imam Khomeini's parliament and mausoleum in Tehran, leaving 17 dead and dozens wounded, the first attacks claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group in Iran. The Revolutionary Guards then denounced the "involvement" of Saudi Arabia and the United States in the attacks.

Iran is regularly accused by Saudi Arabia and its American ally of wanting to destabilize the region. And Washington regularly threatens to attack Tehran.

"We will never reduce our defensive capabilities [...] we will increase them day by day," Iranian President Rohani said while presiding over a military parade in Tehran. "The fact that you are angry about our missiles shows that these are our most effective weapons, " he added.


Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH OF THE VIETNAMESE

PRESIDENT TRAN DAI QUANG

Vietnamese President Tran Dai Quang, a conservative figure in the communist regime, died Friday at the age of 61.

The 61-year-old leader died in the middle of the morning.

He has been at the helm of Vietnam since 2016. "President Tran Dai died at the military hospital" in the morning, according to a newsletter from the official VNA news agency, Vietnam News Agency. He suffered from a serious illness, but continued to perform his official duties despite his visible fatigue and weight loss.

His honorary role led him to assume the role of host of US President Donald Trump and Chinese Xi Jinping including at the APEC summit hosted by Vietnam last November.

He was part of the conservative duo placed at the head of the regime in 2016, along with Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc.

Beyond this function he was one of the key men of the regime, within the powerful Political Bureau of the Communist Party of Vietnam (PCV), true center of power, which appoints the president. The real number one of the regime is still the secretary general of the Communist Party, Nguyen Phu Trong.

The death of the president does not destabilize the communist regime, in power for decades, who had time to prepare for his death.

This former Minister of Public Security, the key portfolio of this authoritarian regime, will have nevertheless marked his mandate by the repression he has led against any discordant voice in the country where dozens of political prisoners, bloggers or journalists, are detained. He was particularly illustrated between 2012 and 2015 by the arrest of 2,700 people for breach of public safety.

His election had confirmed the political dominance of conservatives, after a congress of the PC in January 2016 marked by strong struggles between conservatives and reformers.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

COLOMBIA LEADER PRODUCTION OF COCAINE

Colombia remains the world's largest cocaine producer. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), illicit coca plantations have even increased in Colombia by 17% in 2017.

Colombia records a record increase in coca leaf cultivation and manufacturing potential for this drug. The United States is the first consumer of the planet. The country is ahead of Peru (43,900 ha) and Bolivia (24,500) with 171,000 hectares in 2017.

As for cocaine production capacity, it increased by 31% to 1,379 tons, an estimated market value of $ 2.7 billion, figures unpublished since 2001.

The plants have also become more productive. In 2016, the total area of ​​coca, the leaf of which is the raw material for cocaine, reached 146,000 ha with a drug production capacity of 1,053 tons compared to 866 tons previously. Not only the increase of crops, but also their productivity thanks to varieties more resistant to diseases.

In the face of this resurgence, UNODC has expressed its "deep concern about capital from the drug economy , " which affects Colombia's efforts to build peace after more than half a century of war while threatening stability of the state. Indeed drug trafficking has long been the main source of funding for the FARC guerrillas (the oldest guerrilla in Latin America), after the fall of the Soviet Union that had cut the funding of "sister countries".

President Juan Manuel Santos, the predecessor of Ivan Duque, had chosen, in the framework of the peace agreements with the FARC, the voluntary eradication as well as the aid to the substitution. On the other hand, it had banned glyphosate sprays by helicopter, causing serious damage to the farmers' health.

This strategy has been called into question by Colombian President Ivan Duque, who has been in power since 7 August. He pledged to abolish at least 140,000 ha of narco-plantations during his four years in office.

As President Donald Trump prepares a visit to Colombia in December, the government of Ivan Duque plans to resume aerial spraying glyphosate by drones.

Alize Marion for DayNewsWorld

 

NORTH KOREA WITHOUT BALLISTIC MISSILE

BUT WITH GERARD DEPARDIEU

North Korea celebrates its 70th anniversary with a giant military parade the day the country commemorates the founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948. September 9 is indeed the day the country commemorates the founding in 1948 of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), its official name.

This communist state was born from the partition of the peninsula by Washington and Moscow, three years earlier, during the last days of the Second World War.

North Korea held a military parade on Sunday to celebrate its 70th anniversary while refraining from showing intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

Armored personnel carriers, multiple rocket launchers and tanks followed, flown over by biplanes forming the number "70".

Hunters expelling red, white and blue smoke - the colors of the North Korean flag - passed over the Juche Tower, a monument to the glory of North Korean political philosophy.

Only short-range missiles and tanks were exposed.

The Kumsong-3, anti-ship cruise missile and the Pongae-5, a ground-air craft were part of the parade. No Hwasong-14 and 15, missiles capable of reaching the continental United States.

During these festivities, under the watchful eye of Kim Jong, the North Koreans have not shown the latest military inventions for the purpose according to experts to "minimize the military nature" of the event, "It does not" There was no ICBM, IRBM (intermediate-range missiles) whose presence would not have been very happy in this atmosphere that North Korea is committed to the ultimate denuclearization. I think it will be well received, " said Chad O'Carroll, director of the Korea Risk Group. Immediately after the military parade, thousands of civilians marched, accompanied by floats depicting economic themes and calls for the reunification of the peninsula.

Beijing, North Korea's protector and trading partner, is represented by a senior official, a sign of Pyongyang's desire to relax after years of cold weather due to North Korea's missile and nuclear weapons tests. Kim Jong Un has also met Chinese President Xi Jinping three times in China since January. So the North Korean leader testified to his friendship with China, raising the hand of President Xi Jinping's envoy as they greeted the crowd after the parade.

It is also a way of sparing diplomatic efforts underway, following the June meeting in Singapore between US President Donald Trump and Kim Kong Un, who will hold his third summit with South Korean President Moon Jae-in in Pyongyang in mid-September.

These festivities also took place under the eyes of French actor Gerard Depardieu, present in the stands of local and foreign dignitaries.

Sign of relaxation on the peninsula, it seems.




Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATHS IN BASSORAH ON BACKGROUND

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CRISIS IN IRAQ

Iraq is shaken by a social anti-corruption movement in Basra province, the southern oil region.

At night in Basra, towering clouds of thick black smoke and high flames rose from the governorate headquarters, the provincial governor's residence, and seats in political parties and armed groups. Protesters set fire to the Iranian consulate in Basra. Four rockets fell on Saturday morning at the local airport, according to the agency Kurdistan24. Later in the day, protesters had invaded an oil field north of Basra, operated by the Russian group Lukoil.

Thousands of protesters were back in the street. "One person was killed and 35 wounded, so 24 civilians and 11

order, " according to a lapidary statement from the Ministry of Health ... In addition three shells fell early Friday, September 6 on the Green Zone where the authorities in Baghdad sit, while a curfew was imposed in Basra, capital of the southern oil province.

The mortar attack on the ultra-secure area of ​​Baghdad, a rare incident whose perpetrators have not been identified, caused "no casualties or damage," according to the command of operations in the Iraqi capital.

These social unrest, which began in Basra province, the country's richest in hydrocarbons, began in July 8 due to the negligence and corruption of the political class. Indeed, in this hydrocarbon-rich region, the lack of infrastructure, water, electricity and jobs is crying. Protesters had already attacked armed parties and groups. This movement, which had spread across the south of the country and into Baghdad, then ran out of steam, with the government announcing the release of a multi-billion dollar emergency plan.

But the dispute has resumed last Friday, before escalating in recent days into deadly violence while human rights defenders question the police. A major oil city with a population of 2.7 million, Basra has been plagued since Tuesday (September 4th) at demonstrations against a background of unprecedented social and health crisis. This movement was revived by a health crisis that led more than 30,000 people to hospital for poisoned water poisoning in Basra.

According to the latest assessment, a dozen people have died in these popular disputes. And twenty-three deaths since July.

Moreover this popular protest that led to the burning of the consulate of Iran is made against a background of tensions between communities. Tehran has been trying since the legislative elections in May to influence the formation of the future Iraqi government. The pro-Iran bloc in Parliament, led by a list of anti-jihadist veterans, claims the majority of MPs needed to form the cabinet.

The attack on the diplomatic representation of the great Iranian neighbor, Shiite operative power in Iraq marks a turning point in the uprising in the region since July.

The outgoing Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, allied to the Shiite populist Moqtada Sadr, wants to be the herald of the political independence of Baghdad against Washington and Tehran, too.

On September 8, at the call of Moqtada Sadr, Haider al-Abadi will present with several of his ministers in front of the Parliament to discuss the social movement in Basra.

Torn by years of violence since the US invasion of 2003, Iraq is recovering from a war against Daesh.

Despite significant oil revenues - $ 7.7 billion in August - the country is experiencing high unemployment and water and electricity shortages.


Garett Skyport for DayNewsWorld

 

THE LATEST TERRORIST TERRORIST IDLEB IN SYRIA

OR THE CRUCIAL SUMMIT IN TEHRAN

Presidents of Iran, Russia and Turkey meet in Tehran summit Friday to decide the fate of Idlib province, the ultimate rebel stronghold and jihadist in Syria where the international community fears an impending humanitarian disaster .

Idleb is the last stronghold where tens of thousands of rebels and civilians evacuated from other opposition strongholds taken over by loyalist forces across the country were sent.

Russia on Thursday assented to "killing and killing terrorists," whether in Idlib, the last stronghold outside government forces, or elsewhere in Syria. "We killed, we kill and we kill the terrorists (...) And it does not matter whether they are in Aleppo, Idlib or other parts of Syria," said Maria Zakharova, quoted by the agencies Russian. "It's about our security," she added.

"Terrorist organization targets" have already been bombarded like Jabhat al-Nusra in the rebel Syrian Idlib province, Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konachenkov said yesterday. A summit is to gather tomorrow in Tehran the Iranian, Russian and Turkish heads of state, whose countries sponsor the belligerents in Syria. "The situation in Idleb will be one of the main topics of discussion" of the Tehran summit, said the Kremlin spokesman, "we know that the Syrian forces are preparing to solve this problem."

Washington, for its part, claims to have evidence that the Assad regime is preparing chemical weapons before attacking Idlib claiming Thursday night that it has "ample evidence" that the Syrian government was preparing chemical weapons for an attack against the rebel province of Idlib.

That's why a new warning was made by Jim Jeffrey, special advisor on Syria's US Secretary of State (Foreign Minister) Mike Pompeo. "Any offensive would be considered an irresponsible escalation ," he warned.

The international community is worried about a new bloody offensive by the Syrian authorities.

The United States has repeatedly warned Syrian authorities against the use of chemical weapons in recent months, threatening retaliatory air strikes, as it did last April after an alleged chemical attack on the United States. rebel locality of Douma.

The meeting between Rohani, Putin and Erdogan could determine the scale and timing of the offensive against the northwestern province of Syria.

It should take place in the afternoon just hours before another meeting on the situation in Idleb, convened by the United States to the UN Security Council.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

ATTACK OF THE CANDIDATE TO THE PRESIDENTIAL

JAIR BOLSONARO DURING A MEETING IN BRAZIL


On 6 September, at around 15:00 (18:00 GMT), Jair Bolsonaro, the right-wing candidate for the Brazilian presidential election, was stabbed in the middle of the abdomen.

He was then campaigning for the presidential election, carried by the crowd in the town of Juiz de Fora, a town of 70,000 inhabitants in the state of Minais Gerais (southeast), a three-hour drive from Rio de Janeiro.

He was taken to hospital where he underwent surgery. The far-right MP has been emergency surgery for an "abdominal injury", but his days are not in danger. According to doctors, he should remain hospitalized for at least a week.

Television footage showed the candidate, perched on the shoulders of sympathizers, receiving a violent blow under the thorax and collapsing back with a grimace of pain, before being evacuated.

The profile of the aggressor

His attacker, a 40-year-old man, is said to be a former militant of the left-wing PSOL party. A large crowd yelled "You are going to die" in the direction of the assailant and caught him and brutalized him before he was taken to a police station. The perpetrator of the attack, was immediately arrested, he was carrying a knife wrapped in a cloth.

The suspect later claimed to have acted "for personal reasons" and "on the orders of God," according to a preliminary report by the military police.

In statements to TV Globo, the lawyer of the aggressor, Pedro Augusto Lima Possa, said that he assured him that he acted "for religious reasons, of a political nature and also because of the prejudices shown by Bolsonaro every time he talks about race, religion, and women. "

Bolsonaro is currently leading the race for the presidency with 22% of the vote in part thanks to the ban on the candidacy of Lula, the former president imprisoned for corruption.

Who is the candidate Jair Bolsonaro? "The tropical Trump"

A member of the Liberal Social Party for twenty-seven years, Jair Bolsonaro is a controversial figure who publicly praised the military junta in Brazil.

A figure of the Brazilian extreme right, the deputy is also known for his sexist and homophobic protests.

At the end of August, he accused the government of promoting homosexuality in schools because a kit was distributed in a school, of which Zep's cartoonist The Guide to Sexual Zizi would have been a part.

He has also repeatedly stated that the police should be allowed to open fire without limit on drug traffickers and other criminals.

If he is not loyal to any political party, his values ​​have remained unchanged. The member has always claimed his deep dislike for the left. Although his entire family is in politics, the ex-captain of the army is mainly "a candidate outside the Brazilian political system" appealing a number of Brazilians, disappointed by the successive corruption scandals that have plagued the Workers Party (PT) of Inacio Lula da Silva.

The aggression of which Jair Bolsonaro was the victim aroused strong condemnations from the rest of the political class.

For several months, the Brazilian presidential campaign has hardened in a tense climate and intolerance.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

DEPENALIZATION OF HOMOSEXUALITY IN INDIA

Homosexuality is still criminalized in 71 countries around the world, according to a count of the International Association of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People.

The judges of the Supreme Court of Delhi have ruled illegal an old article of the criminal code on "sex against nature" . At the center of a multi-disciplinary court battle that began almost twenty years ago, article 377 of the Penal Code prohibited any "carnal relationship against the order of nature".

The highest judicial body in this South Asian country of 1.25 billion people has ruled illegal an old article of the Criminal Code condemning same-sex sexual activity. "The law has become a weapon of harassment against the LGBT community," said Supreme Court President Dipak Misra.

Authorized in 2009 alone, then banned again in 2013, homosexuality was decriminalized in India on Thursday, September 6, a landmark decision for the second most populous nation on the planet. The judges of the Delhi Supreme Court ruled section 377 of the British Columbia Penal Code, which condemned same-sex sex as "sex against nature", to be illegal. A panel of five Supreme Court justices heard in July the arguments of homosexual plaintiffs, including several celebrities, who claimed the article was against the Indian Constitution.

In the country, governed since May 2014 by the Hindu nationalists, very conservative as to the subjects of society, the subject remains extremely sensitive. The government of Narendra Modi had preferred not to take a stand on the issue and let the decriminalization of homosexuality to the appreciation of justice.

Admittedly, there is a discrete homosexual scene in the big cities of India, like Delhi or Bombay, but sex between men and women is still very badly seen in this deeply conservative society. Many Indians, especially in rural areas, where 70% of the population lives, consider homosexuality as a mental illness. Some even put it on an equal footing with zoophilia.

According to the Indian Penal Code dating from the British colonial era, Article 377, now obsolete, homosexuality was on paper punishable by life imprisonment. In fact, however, prosecution for same-sex sexual intercourse has become extremely rare. In the past four years, gay-rights groups have not reported any cases of article 377 imprisonment, but have consistently denounced the pressure on homosexuals, particularly police.

The decriminalization ordered Thursday by the same Supreme Court was widely expected by observers.

The jurisprudence established in recent years was in fact in his favor, including the recognition of a third gender for transgender people and the sanctuary of the right to privacy.

Emily Jackson for DayNewsWorld

 

EIGHTEEN DEAD, TWENTY-SIX DISAPPEARED

AND A QUARANTIN OF INJURED

IN A STRONG EARTHQUAKE IN HOKKAIDO, JAPAN

The earthquake occurred in the middle of the night on the northernmost island of the archipelago, just two days after a devastating typhoon hit the Osaka region.

It was a magnitude 6.7 earthquake that struck the Japanese island of Hokkaido, already devastated by hurricane Jebi earlier, on Wednesday night.

According to firefighters quoted by the Kyodo agency, seven houses collapsed on the island and operations are underway to rescue any victims trapped under the rubble.

The earthquake occurred 62 km southeast of the regional capital, Sapporo.

This landslide in the commune of Atsumi is visible in aerial images of the public channel NHK.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told reporters that his government has set up a command center to coordinate relief and rescue.

The north of Japan is swept by the violent typhoon Jebi, which has already left 11 dead and more than 340 wounded and many material damage leaving behind destroyed houses, poles on the ground, trees torn off, vehicles damaged ...

Kix airport, located at sea on an artificial island off Osaka, is flooded and closed, with 3,000 passengers and several hundred employees stranded inside. Indeed the bridge connecting the facilities to the mainland was hit by a tanker .

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

POPE FRANCOIS FOR SUNDAY

BUT AGAINST THE ENTERTAINMENT SOCIETY

During his Sunday catechesis on Sunday, September 5, Pope Francis emphasized the meaning of this day as "a moment of contemplation and praise." "Man has never rested so much as today, but (he) has never known as much emptiness as today! Exclaimed Pope Francis in front of the 13,000 pilgrims gathered in St. Peter's Square.

Pope Francis defended the Sunday rest while criticizing the society of "entertainment".

Sunday is "peace with life," said Pope Francis in front of thousands of faithful gathered in St. Peter's Square in the Vatican.

"And true peace is not about changing one's own story but about welcoming and valuing it," said Bergoglio.

Find the "real rest"

For the pope, it is certainly important to rest, but it is also necessary to distinguish "true rest" from "false rest" in a society that advocates entertainment or escape.

But our society would turn into a "big amusement park", meaningless.

The pope also castigated the leisure society. "The leisure industry is very thriving and the advertising draws the ideal world as a big amusement park," said the pontiff.

Moreover, "the concept of life that dominates today no longer rests on activity but on escape (...) and this mentality leads to the dissatisfaction of a life anesthetized by entertainment, which does not is not the rest, " he warned again.

Andrew Preston for DayNewsWorld

 

11 DEATH OF HUNDREDS OF WOUNDED

IN JAPAN THE MOST VIOLENT TYPHON

FOR 25 YEARS STRIKE JAPAN

The disaster left at least 11 dead and more than 600 wounded.

The most violent typhoon in twenty-five years, Jebi, struck the Japanese archipelago on Tuesday 4 September at midday, with winds of up to 220 km / h.

Hurricane Jebi, the 21st of the season in Asia, hit Tokushima Prefecture on Shikoku Island, in the south-west of the archipelago, the National Meteorological Agency said. This depression (950 hectopascals) is accompanied by very strong winds, gusting up to 220 km / hour in places, in a very wide area.

.Jebi continues its course rather quickly in the direction north-northeast at 45 km / hour. He is expected in the western part of the main island, Honshu.

The authorities also fear torrential rains and mudslides. People living in flood-prone areas or likely to be victims of mudslides must therefore follow any evacuation instructions, warned them. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe canceled a trip to the west and convened a crisis meeting in which he called on people to "take steps to protect themselves".

Some 300,000 people were asked to join shelters. At least 50,000 households are without electricity. The airlines have, as a precaution, canceled more than 650 flights. Many rail links have been suspended.

Economic activity is also disrupted. The department stores in the Osaka region closed exceptionally on Tuesday as companies in the affected areas asked their employees to stay at home. Schools have also closed.

The archipelago, in summer, is the regular target of typhoons but Jebi could cause significant damage in western Japan, already devastated in early July by floods and landslides that have killed 220 people.


Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

QUE RESTE-T-IL DES SIGNES D'OUVERTURE

DU PRINCE SAOUDIEN MOHAMMED BEN SALMAME

« En dix mois, Ben Salmane est passé du statut de prince héritier réformateur à celui d’autocrate, Sur place, les gens ont peur et ne savent plus où il veut emmener le royaume. » pointe Clarence Rodriguez. «Les gens ont peur et ne savent plus où il veut emmener le royaume»,continue-t-elle.

Que reste-t-il des signes d’ouverture affichés par Mohammed Ben Salmane il y a quelques mois?

Dans ce royaume ultra-conservateur, les décapitations s’accélèrent et des militants des droits de l’homme sont jetés en prison.

Sale temps pour les Droits de l’homme - et de la femme - en Arabie Saoudite. Le royaume wahhabite n’a certes jamais eu la réputation d’être la terre bénie de la démocratie.

Mais depuis le début de l’année le régime dirigé d’une main de fer par Mohammed Ben Salmane - désigné prince héritier en juin 2017 - a imprimé un tournant de plus en plus autoritaire sur sa population. Selon les ONG internationales, 48 décapitations auraient été exécutées de janvier à avril 2018 et 58 personnes se trouveraient a actuellement dans le couloir de la mort.

Arrêtées dans la même vague, des féministes saoudiennes sont également détenues depuis plus de cent jours.

Mais depuis ces derniers mois, le prince Ben Salmane a envoyé des signes pour le moins contradictoires.

Après avoir prêché un islam éclairé et la modernisation du royaume (en accordant notamment le droit de conduire aux femmes et en ouvrant des salles de cinéma), après avoir aussi fait les yeux doux aux investisseurs du monde entier, le jeune prince a aussi montré un visage assez effrayant.

Brutal, il n’a pas hésité à emprisonner récemment un de ses plus proches conseillers économiques jugé responsable du coup d’arrêt de la cotation en bourse du géant Saudi Aramco victime de l’effondrement des cours du pétrole depuis 2014.

Mohammed Ben Salmane est aussi resté sourd aux appels à la clémence venus du monde entier vis-à-vis du jeune blogueur Raif Badawi, emprisonné depuis 2015 et régulièrement fouetté.

« En dix mois, Ben Salmane est passé du statut de prince héritier réformateur à celui d’autocrate, Sur place, les gens ont peur et ne savent plus où il veut emmener le royaume. » pointe Clarence Rodriguez.

Après avoir mené une purge contre une partie de la famille royale et quantité d’hommes d’affaires, l’homme fort de Riyad, embourbé dans une guerre de plus en plus meurtrière au Yemen, apparaît lancé dans une inquiétante fuite en avant.

A la mort du roi, son père le roi Salman a propulsé le vice-prince héritier Mohammed Ben Salmane, , alors illustre inconnu, en plus de ministre de la Défense, ministre de l’Economie et des Finances. MBS est également un des patrons d’Aramco.

Ce dernier concentre donc tous les pouvoir en ses mains...En juin, il est devenu le prince héritier en titre en destituant son cousin, qui était le monsieur sécurité. Dans le même temps, il a œuvré pour renforcer son emprise politique sur le pouvoir, procédant notamment à une vague d’arrestations de dissidents, dont des religieux influents et des intellectuels.

Il se présente comme le nouvel homme fort du royaume qui va régner, peut-être pour une cinquantaine d’années, sur la destinée de ce pays

Sur décision de la commission anticorruption dirigée par le prince Mohammed Ben Salmane, 32ans, onze princes et des dizaines de ministres, anciens et actuels, ont été arrêtés, le 4 novembre 2018, en Arabie saoudite .Parmi les personnes arrêtées figurerait le prince et milliardaire Al-Walid Ben Talal, .Ces arrestations étaient une manière de tuer dans l’œuf les contestations internes.

Parallèlement, les puissants chefs de la garde nationale saoudienne et de la marine ont également été limogés. Miteb Bin Abdullah, fils de l’ancien roi, a notamment été écarté de la garde nationale, un important rouage sécuritaire du royaume chargé de la protection des sites stratégiques du pays, dont les champs pétroliers.

L’agence de presse officielle saoudienne SPA a indiqué que le but de la commission était de « préserver l’argent public, punir les personnes corrompues et ceux qui profitent de leur position ». Le conseil des religieux a rapidement réagi sur son compte Twitter en affirmant que la lutte contre la corruption était « aussi importante que le combat contre le terrorisme »

Contrôlant les principaux leviers du gouvernement, de la défense à l’économie, le prince héritier semble donc chercher à étouffer les contestations internes avant tout transfert formel du pouvoir par son père, le roi Salman, âgé de 81 ans.

Le prince héritier, MBS, veut préparer de plus son pays à une mutation économique..

Depuis trois ans en effet, l’Arabie Saoudite traverse en effet une crise économique sans précédent à cause de la chute du baril de pétrole.Le chômage atteint 35 à 40% dans le pays.La société ne peut plus être sous perfusion de l’Etat : tout le monde doit travailler. Le roi Salmane a dû prendre des mesures drastiques comme couper les subventions pour l’eau et pour l’électricité

En avril 2016, MBS a mis en place le plan «Vision 2030» pour que l’Arabie ne soit plus dépendante du tout-pétrole.

En août, les autorités saoudiennes avaient déjà annoncé le lancement d'un projet touristique d'envergure consistant à transformer une cinquantaine d'îles de la mer Rouge en stations balnéaires de luxe.

Auteur d'un vaste plan de transformation de l'économie saoudienne destiné à réduire la dépendance du royaume au pétrole, le prince Mohammed est venu au forum de Ryad présenter un méga-projet.Il porte sur la création d'une gigantesque zone de développement économique, appelée NEOM et d'une superficie de 26 500 km2, avec des investissements projetés à plus de 500 milliards de dollars (425 milliards d'euros) .Cette nouvelle zone économique, à peine plus petite que la Belgique, sera établie au nord-ouest de l'Arabie saoudite, sur les bords de la mer Rouge. Appuyé également par des investisseurs étrangers, NEOM concernera des secteurs aussi divers que l'énergie, l'eau, la biotechnologie, l'alimentation, le numérique, les médias et les divertissements, selon le communiqué.

Une Arabie modérée

Si « toutes les conditions sont réunies pour assurer le succès de ce projet et, en premier lieu, la volonté du peuple saoudien », selon le prince héritier, ce dernier avait promis une Arabie « modérée », en rupture avec l’image d’un pays longtemps considéré comme l’exportateur du wahhabisme, une version rigoriste de l’islam qui a nourri nombre de djihadistes à travers le monde.

« Nous ne ferons que retourner à un islam modéré, tolérant et ouvert sur le monde et toutes les autres religions », avait-t-il déclaré lors d'une conférence économique internationale. « Nous n'allons pas passer 30 ans de plus de notre vie à nous accommoder d'idées extrémistes et nous allons les détruire maintenant », avait assuré le jeune prince, suscitant les applaudissements nourris des participants à ce forum qui a attiré 2.500 décideurs du monde entier

Et en plus de l’économie, cette mutation de l'Arabie saoudite doit passer par des réformes sociétales.

D’où l’autorisation de conduire des femmes à partir de 2018, l’accès aux stades, la nomination d’une femme à la tête de la fédération nationale de sports.

MBS a pris pas mal de décisions qui remuent la classe conservatrice. Le droit des femmes semble évoluer lentement : reste l’abolition du tutorat. Les femmes ne sont pas autonomes, elles sont obligées de dépendre d’un tuteur –un mari, un père, un frère, un fils…En permettant aux femmes d’avoir plus de droits, il veut les avoir de son côté, c’est la même chose pour les jeunes, avec la création des salles de cinéma, l'ouverture des lieux de divertissement.

Mais parallèlement une dérive inquiétante saisit le royaume dirigé par MBS qui voulait montrer un profil modéré devant les Occidentaux. On s'interroge !

Alyson Braxton pour DayNewsWorld

 

PEDOPHILIA AND PSYCHIATRY FOR THE POPE

These words are not really surprising. The general public has a slightly biased vision of Pope Francis since his election in 2013. We oppose Benedict XVI, who would be the pope of the restoration, to Francis, who would be the pope of modernity. But everything is not so simple Indeed two levels of reading for the popes:

1 ° the doctrinal, which corresponds to their vision of the Church and its precepts;

2 ° the pastoral, which relates to the place of the Church in society and its capacity to transmit the gospel; But for lack of understanding the difference between these two levels of expression, particularly in France, it was poorly perceived Pope Francis.

Why do we tend to see Francis as a modern, even progressive Pope?

Popes have two ways to express their vision of society. John Paul II and Benedict XVI often adopted an injunctive tone and strongly recalled Christian morality. François has a more progressive strategy, he speaks to everyone according to his moral level. In concrete terms, it is his discourse to welcome everyone within the Church, including those who have shortcomings in Catholic morality. On the subject of homosexuality, this resulted in his sentence pronounced in 2013: "If a person is gay and seeks the Lord with good will, who am I to judge it?

Francis considers that the Church is meant to bring back, with flexibility, people who are not in the "right way". It is a pastoral of listening, each one must be considered according to its moral level. In this sense, homosexuality is not necessarily a sin, it can also, according to the pope, a lack of information or a 'harmful' environment. The same goes for abortion: if a woman has an abortion, it must be considered that she could not, in some cases, raise the child with dignity.

Pope Francis is ultimately not as progressive as one might think?

Pope Francis is in fact in the continuity of his predecessors. It condemns relativism and subjectivism, two theories that emphasize the role of the individual in his own destiny. For him, everyone is subordinated to an imposed order, which surpasses us all, and must submit to external moral precepts, in this case his own destiny. For him, everyone is subordinated to an imposed order, which is beyond us all, and must submit to external moral precepts, in this case those dictated by the Church. As such, François believes that homosexuality is an objective disorder, a trend that runs counter to the moral order. Hence its reference to the use of psychiatry: medicine would correct this disorder.

How to explain this double discourse?

It is not really one. These little words, regularly released by the pope (the fioretti, which Francis borrowed from his model, Saint Francis of Assisi), are a communication tool. They translate with simple words moral principles formulated in texts in a more formal way. Sometimes it goes against the traditionalists (the 'Who am I to judge them?' For example), sometimes it goes in their direction, as is the case with his last outing on the plane. But the two are not contradictory, they are simply two facets of Francis' vision of society. In fine, we can not understand this pontificate without distinguishing the pastoral and the doctrinal.

The Vatican corrects the pope's declaration. The Vatican Homosexuality and psychiatry: "The words of Pope Francis are not astonishing"

How to explain this double discourse?

. These little words, regularly released by the pope (the fioretti, which Francis borrowed from his model, Saint Francis of Assisi), are a communication tool. They translate with words

These little words, regularly released by the pope (the fioretti, which Francis borrowed from his model, Saint Francis of Assisi), are a communication tool. They translate with simple words moral principles formulated in texts in a more formal way.

In fine, we can not understand this pontificate without distinguishing the pastoral and the doctrinal. the Vatican on Monday withdrew the reference to "psychiatry" in the statement made the day before by Pope Francis, asked about homosexuality. The word "psychiatry" was removed from the verbatim by the Vatican press service, "so as not to alter the pope's thinking , " said a spokeswoman for the Vatican . "When the pope refers to 'psychiatry', it is clear that he is doing it as an example that goes into the different things that can be done," the source said. speeches.

Whereas until then he was rather modern in his speeches on homosexuality, Pope Francis took a brutal turn. In the night of Sunday to Monday, questioned by a journalist in his plane, the sovereign pontiff considered that "when [homosexuality] is manifested from childhood, there are many things to do by psychiatry". A sentence that shocked LGBT rights organizations and chipped off Francis's "modern" pope image.

However, these remarks are not a surprise for Philippe Portier, director of the Group of Societies, Religions, and Secularities at CNRS. According to this specialist, Pope Francis is simply repeating, with simple words, the vision of the society he covers in the official texts.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

DEATH PENALTY FOR FIVE MILITANTS

HUMAN RIGHTS IN SAUDI ARABIA

"All execution is appalling, but asking for the death penalty for activists like Israa al Ghomgham, who are not even accused of violent behavior, is monstrous," said Sarah Leah Whitson, HRW director in the Middle East.

What is happening in Saudi Arabia?

Five human rights activists detained in Saudi Arabia face the death penalty.

Absolute monarchy conducts an uncompromising repression against dissidents.

The death penalty was imposed against five human rights activists in Saudi Arabia, Human Rights Watch (HRW) and several defense groups said. Among the detainees Israa al Ghomgham, a prominent Shia Muslim activist, she collected information about mass protests in Orientale province from 2011. She was arrested at home in December 2015 with her husband. .

Would she be the first woman to be sentenced to death for her human rights work. What is she accused of? She is accused not only of incitement to protest but also of moral support to rioters. ALQST, a Saudi human rights group based in London, reported the decision on Israa al Ghomgham earlier this week.

The key word against dissidents: repression

And yet Saudi Arabia has wanted to show a more liberal face in recent months with Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman (MBS). It has adopted far-reaching social and economic reforms, apparently

But this absolute Sunni monarchy still prohibits public demonstrations and political parties. Its reforms are accompanied by an uncompromising crackdown on dissidents.

Dozens of religious, intellectuals and activists have been arrested this year. Even women who had campaigned for the right to drive. Recently, women have been granted the right to pass their driving license!

"All execution is appalling, but asking for the death penalty for activists like Israa al Ghomgham, who are not even accused of violent behavior, is monstrous," said Sarah Leah Whitson, HRW director in the Middle East.

Saudi Arabia remains an ultra-conservative Muslim country despite its few opening attempts to tackle its future economic reconversion.

Alyson Braxton for DayNewsWorld

 

MORE THAN A MILLION DISPLACES IN INDIA

BY THE MOUSSON

Massive operations took place in Kerala, located at the extreme southwestern corner of the sub-continent, to help thousands of people trapped by the floods that left more than 400 people dead in that southern state. 'India. Dozens of helicopters and hundreds of boats were mobilized.

The head of the local government, Pinarayi Vijayan, said on Twitter that Kerala was facing the "worst floods in a century." The record amounts to at least 400 deaths in ten days

In the face of what he described as an "extremely serious" crisis, operations were launched with the assistance of hundreds of military personnel, more than 30 army helicopters and 320 boats to assist the 6,000 people still at risk. trap by the rising waters, while thousands of others have already been rescued.

According to the authorities, 310,000 homeless people in total have taken refuge in 2,000 camps set up to receive them.

"We are deploying more boats as well as the army to step up relief operations," said a Kerala government official,

Helicopters have been hired to dump stocks of drinking water and food in remote areas, and trains loaded with clean water have also been sent to Kerala.

Kerala is famous for its palm-fringed beaches and tea plantations, and more than a million tourists visited it last year, according to official statistics. Popular with tourists, this state nevertheless undergoes each year abundant rains at the time of the monsoon but more abundant this year.

The breakdown of local communications networks complicates the ability to reach people in the most affected areas, who potentially require emergency assistance.

More than 10,000 kilometers of roads have been damaged or destroyed, the local government announced, ordering the floodgates to open in 34 dams and reservoirs where the water reached a level considered dangerous.

Kochi International Airport, the main city of Kerala, is closed until August 26 at least.

Floods have also occurred in other states, including Karnataka just north of Kerala and Madhya Pradesh in central India.

According to the Indian Ministry of the Interior, 868 people have died in seven Indian states including Kerala since the beginning of the monsoon.

Solidarity is organized to help the people affected.

In the state of Kerala, the worst monsoon in a century has caused massive floods and pushed more than a million people to flee the affected areas.

Tuesday, August 21, nearly 3000 refugee reception centers were open but thousands of people still remain prisoners in their homes. The damage will, no doubt, in such large proportions. If the gradual recession of the waters is made possible by the weakening of the monsoon rain, the destruction in this lush region gradually appears.

More than 50,000 homes are reported to have been destroyed, tens of thousands of farm animals dead, 40,000 hectares of crops destroyed, 100,000 kilometers of road damaged. Figures that remain very provisional.

Faced with this situation, Kerala is asking for help.

The local government, led by communists for 50 years, is currently assessing the bill at 2.6 billion euros. The Indian Prime Minister, Narenda Modi, has released 62 million euros this weekend in addition to 12 million already planned, where the government claimed 250 million emergency.

While India has often refused international aid, it has proudly accepted that of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), home to one of the largest diasporas of South Indians (2 million, or 27% of population) rising to € 87 million on Tuesday. A gesture justified by the vice-president of the country by the fact that the Keralais had played a major role in the development of the UAE

Solidarity also comes from within the country: some MPs have decided to give a month's salary. The Church (which has a certain weight in this state composed of 20% Christians) has opened the doors of its structures. Bollywood celebrities relayed many calls on social networks, like Amitabh Bachchan, superstar in India. Given the scale of the natural disaster, the authorities did not hesitate to call for help.

Especially as another danger looms: as the water level drops, diseases may find a favorable ground for hitting the Kerala population in a second time.


Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

VENEZUELA IN CRISIS OR MULTIPLICATION

PAR 34 MINIMUM WAGE

Seven out of ten Venezuelans want President Maduro's departure, according to polls, a deep economic and social crisis fueling popular anger in a country with severe food and drug shortages and out-of-control crime.

The country depends solely on its oil wealth

In 2001, the oil bonanza made Venezuela the richest nation in Latin America but this oil country ruined by the fall in crude oil prices .Car if Hugo Chavez elected in 1999, was able to launch major social projects, the construction of dispensaries, access to health care for all, maternity aid programs and illiteracy, he has not built any major industrial projects .

The country is dependent on its oil exports to 95% for its foreign exchange resources; the price falls, and he is on the brink of bankruptcy. More question of imports. So in this state that produces nothing, we soon miss everything.

The country is therefore at a currency rate. In front of cash machines, queues are measured in tens of meters. Yet withdrawals can not exceed 10,000 bolivars: say nothing in a country where a single coffee costs 3,500 and a liter of milk 1,500, seven times the amount of a tank of gas

A report from the Venezuelan Observatory estimates that the country has become the second most violent state in the world after El Salvador. Caracas, the capital, even takes the title of the most dangerous city! Last year, 28,479 people were murdered, for 30 million people!

Health is the sector that suffers the most. Report of May 11: in 2016, infant mortality increased by 30%, that of pregnant women or died during their delivery by more than 65%. Lack of prevention, respiratory problems, malnutrition.

In public clinics, faced with rising demands, "sterilization days" have been launched. To be able to get tubal ligatures, you have to justify low incomes and have at least two children.

The diseases are resurging in an endemic state. Malaria, which had been eradicated, reappears and is growing at a rate of 76% this year: 240 613 people infected in 13 of the 24 states.

And the reappearance of disappeared diseases like tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus. In public hospitals, the equipment no longer works. There is a lack of antibiotics, insulin, chemotherapy, antiretrovirals.

Diabetics, cancer patients, AIDS patients, all are doomed.

In four years, doctors' salaries have been reduced by three quarters. Many of his colleagues go abroad. Last year, 13,000 left Venezuela for Colombia, Ecuador or Chile.

That's why Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, who is trying hard to stay in office, announced on Friday (August 17th) the 34-fold increase in the minimum wage, without specifying the date of entry into force of the increase. This announcement is part of its economic recovery program knowing that the minimum income, which is not enough to buy a kilo of meat, collapsed due to a galloping hyperinflation that could reach 1,000,000% this year, according to the International Monetary Fund.

The minimum income should rise from 5.2 to 180 million bolivars, or around 24 euros.

The head of the socialist state said the salary would be "indexed" to the value of petro. Thus, with the Venezuelan cryptocurrency, the government intends to circumvent the lack of liquidity and the financial sanctions of the United States.

"I set the minimum wage, pensions and the base of wages on the basis of the medium petro, 1800 bolivars, said Nicolas Maduro in a radio-televised speech" the new currency, called the "sovereign bolivar", which comes into effect Monday with five zeros less than the current one.

Each petro, according to the president, equals about $ 60, based on the price of a barrel of Venezuelan oil.

During the current bolivar, the minimum income will increase from 5.2 million to 180 million (about 28 dollars, or 24 euros). This adjustment of 3.464% is only the fifth of the year.

Nicolas Maduro also pledged that his government should apply a strict program of "fiscal discipline". He announced that the state would assume for 90 days the "differential" of raising the minimum wage for all "small and medium industries", without specifying the terms.

Nearly twenty years after the election of Chavez, his successor Nicolas Maduro has led the rich oil state to ruin and wants to end democracy.



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld


THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

KOFI ANNAN IS DEAD

Kofi Annan, former secretary-general of the UN, has died of illness.

In 2001, he received the Nobel Peace Prize. Kofi Annan, former secretary general of the UN, has died, announced this Saturday, August 18 on Twitter the United Nations Office of Migration.

In a statement, his foundation said the former UN representative died at the age of 80 following a "short illness" , surrounded by his wife and three children.

"Today we mourn the loss of a great man, a leader and a visionary," the UN office wrote, saying in December 2001, Kofi Annan and the UN received the Nobel Peace Prize "for their efforts for a better organized and more peaceful world "

Born in Ghana on April 8, 1938, Kofi Annan first worked in the World Health Organization in 1962 and later worked for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Then he was appointed to the UN headquarters in New York, where he was appointed undersecretary and then secretary general in January 1997.

He held this position until 2006, before giving way to South Korean Ban Ki-Moon. .

"He has continued to work tirelessly for world peace, within the Kofi Annan Foundation, and as a representative of the group" The Elders ", the group founded by Nelson Mandela" to promote peace in the world, "the statement said.

Antonio Guterres, the current secretary-general of the UN, praised his predecessor as "a force that guided the good"..

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

POSSIBLE CANDIDACY FOR PRISONER LULA PRESIDENTIAL IN BRAZIL

At one and a half months of the elections (first round on October 7), former President Lula da Silva condemned him for "passive bribery" and "money laundering" in a case related to the "Lava-Jato" scandal (Express wash) that splashed all the political parties. Nearly 3.5 billion euros were diverted. All Brazilian parties are involved, but in the first place those in power during the last two decades, the PT (party of Lula da Silva and his dauphine former president Dilma

and its allies, including the largest Brazilian party PMDB (current MDB), the current president Michel Temer, also subject to prosecution in a scandal related to the case).

This is the dismantling of the largest network of bribes in the history of South America.

The former president and founder of the left-wing PT party is serving his sentence in Curitiba (over 12 years in prison) and wants to run for president as he recalls in his column in the New York Times, published Tuesday, August 14th. Former deposed President Lula da Silva, who has been in prison since April, wants to run in the next elections in October. "It's the democracy that we kill" . This is essentially the defense of former President Lula da Silva, 72, who wants to seek a third term in the next elections

Head of the Workers' Party, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who was twice Head of State (2003-2010), remains the immense favorite of polls (30% of voting intentions). His party submitted his candidacy Wednesday.

An expert committee believes that the former president's candidacy can only be canceled once all his appeals have been examined. An opinion that, technically, should prevail in Brazil. The UN Human Rights Committee, ruling on an urgent request filed by Lula's lawyers on July 27, ruled on Friday, Aug. 17: it must, according to experts, be allowed to participate in the presidential election in October, as long as all his court appeals have not been examined.

In a short statement, the committee "asks Brazil to take all necessary measures to allow Lula (...) to exercise its political rights since his prison, as a candidate for the presidential election" in October. Lula is also allowed to campaign from prison and use the media.

This committee, a monitoring body of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, is responsible for ensuring compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the associated Optional Protocol. As Brazil has ratified both texts, it is technically obliged to respect the decisions of the committee.

The UN Human Rights Committee is asking Brazil to allow former President Lula to participate in the presidential election.

But it is very likely that his candidacy filed Wednesday will be invalidated, because a law in Brazil stipulates the ineligibility of any person having been condemned on appeal ...

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

DRAMA IN INDIA MORE THAN 320 DEATHS

IN FLOOD AU KERALA

Massive operations are underway in Kerala to help thousands of people trapped by the floods that left more than 320 people dead in the southern state of India. Dozens of helicopters and hundreds of boats are mobilized.

The authorities of Kerala warned Friday the population of the expected arrival of new torrential rain Saturday and Sunday.

The head of the local government, Pinarayi Vijayan, said on Twitter that Kerala was facing the "worst floods in a century." The record amounts to at least 324 deaths in ten days

In the face of what he described as an "extremely serious" crisis, operations were launched with the assistance of hundreds of military personnel, more than 30 army helicopters and 320 boats to assist the 6,000 people still at risk. trap by the rising waters, while thousands of others have already been rescued.

According to the authorities, 310,000 homeless people in total have taken refuge in 2,000 camps set up to receive them.

"We are deploying more boats and the army to step up relief operations , " said a Kurala government official, PH Kurian, who is committed to strengthening the relief package.

Helicopters have been hired to dump stocks of drinking water and food in remote areas, and trains loaded with clean water have also been sent to Kerala.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived Friday night in Kerala to fly over Saturday among the most affected areas.

Kerala is famous for its palm-fringed beaches and tea plantations, and more than a million tourists visited it last year, according to official statistics. Popular with tourists, this state nevertheless undergoes each year abundant rains at the time of the monsoon but more abundant this year.

Friday a new warning was made for the 33 million inhabitants of the state: "All districts except that of Kasargod are on red alert. Torrential rains could affect these 13 districts. Everyone must be very careful, " the local government chief disclosed.

At the same time, many residents have made calls for help on social networks.

The breakdown of local communications networks complicates the ability to reach people in the most affected areas, who potentially require emergency assistance.

More than 10,000 kilometers of roads have been damaged or destroyed, the local government announced, ordering the floodgates to open in 34 dams and reservoirs where the water reached a level considered dangerous.

Kochi International Airport, the main city of Kerala, is closed until August 26 at least.

Floods have also occurred in other states, including Karnataka just north of Kerala and Madhya Pradesh in central India.

According to the Indian Ministry of the Interior, 868 people have died in seven Indian states including Kerala since the beginning of the monsoon.

Boby Dean for DayNewsWorld

 

NEW MODERNIST BATTLE OR EQUALITY IN THE HERITAGE IN TUNISIA

GE

Béji Caïd Essebsi, President of Tunisia, asked Parliament to take a bill reforming inheritance law: the conflict between modernists and Islamists will reign even if Tunisia appears from Bouguiba as a reformist country.

And it is to fight once again against "obscurantism" that Monday, August 13 in the late afternoon parade protesters chanting slogans "Stop the war on women" to ask for "equality" in the heritage.

Indeed, a few hours earlier, Head of State Béji Caïd Essebsi had formalized his personal position on the subject: Tunisia must enter the age of equality between men and women in inheritance. In a solemn address on the occasion of Women's Day in Tunisia, he pleaded for this reform. The latter has been defended until then only by Tunisian feminists ... "This is a great first in the Arab world , " said Cherif Khadidja, a feminist figure in Tunisia.

At the Assembly of People's Representatives (ARP, the Tunisian Parliament) to act to register this equality in the facts through a bill.

The current inheritance law coming from the Koranic precepts does indeed allow the woman to inherit only half of the share of the man with the same degree of kinship whereas the Commission of the individual liberties and equality (Colibe) , set up at the end of 2017 by the Head of State, had advocated the establishment of equality of principle between men and women with regard to the family patrimony. However, subject to a reservation: that the testator, in case of disagreement with this new rule, can apply the current succession law through a statement made in his lifetime before a notary. A good compromise formula for President Essebsi between modernists and Islamists.

In 2013, the conflict had already been extremely acute before the almost unanimous adoption of the 2014 Constitution and, a year later, the formation of a coalition government between Nidaa Tounès, the party of the president, and the Islamist movement Ennahda.

And currently Ennahda, encouraged by his victory in the spring municipal elections, becomes less conciliatory towards the head of state and his party.

"There is a tradition that must be respected," says Naoufel Jammali, a member of Ennahda's political bureau. To turn it up brutally is not wise. "

In the 2014 Constitution, obtained in the snatch, the basic law states that "Islam is the religion" of Tunisia but in a "civil status based on citizenship"

The crystallized controversy over equality in the inheritance is such an advance, fraught with consequences as much societal as economic, that the head of the State will have very stinging to leave to impose against the camp islamo-conservative.

But Béji Caïd Essebsi, 91, would not like to go down in history as a reformer, in the wake of the "father of the nation" Habib Bourguiba - including women's rights, written in the code of the personal status of 1956

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

STOP AT THE DEBACLE OF THE TURKISH BOOK

Turkey's central bank on Monday announced a series of measures to try to support its currency, which is collapsing amid tensions with the United States and mistrust of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

"Our institutions will take the necessary steps from Monday to relieve the markets," said Berat Albayrak, the son-in-law of President Erdogan at the head of a super-finance ministry, in an interview with the major daily Hurriyet. "We have prepared an action plan for our banks and small and medium-sized businesses, the sectors most affected by current currency fluctuations"

Announcements that come after the Turkish lira, which lost more than 40% of its value against the dollar and the euro this year, collapsed on Friday, falling by 16%. A panic has blown in markets around the world. The Tokyo Stock Exchange ended strongly down Monday (-1.98%).

Ten billion pounds

In the early hours on Monday, in Asia, the Turkish lira experienced a new historic fall crossing for the first time the bar of 7 pounds against a greenback trading at 6.65 for a dollar at 0630 GMT. The Turkish central bank has revised reserve requirements for banks to avoid any liquidity problems, and said it is providing the financial system some 10 billion pounds, $ 6 billion and the equivalent of 3 billion gold liquidity. The Turkish central bank has revised reserve requirements for banks, in order to avoid any liquidity problems.

But for the Turkish despot, this unprecedented collapse of the pound comes only from the United States who are plotting against his country.

Strong dissension between the United States and Turkey

1 ° President Donald Trump's decision, announced in a tweet on Friday, to double tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum also fuels tension between the two countries. Erdogan denounces US "political conspiracy" and says that Ankara would seek "new markets and allies".

"We are once again facing a political conspiracy behind the scenes. With the help of God, we will overcome that, " said the Turkish head of state on Sunday.

2. The United States calls for the immediate release of Pastor Brunson who faces up to thirty-five years in prison for "espionage" and "terrorism". Turkey pleads, for its part, for the extradition of Fethullah Gülen, a Turkish preacher established for almost twenty years on American soil and suspected by Ankara of being the architect of the failed coup of July 2016.

3. Ankara also reproaches Washington for supporting the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) in Syria. For Erdogan this militia is like an offshoot of the PKK (Workers' Party of Kurdistan), classified "terrorist" by Turkey but also by the United States.

Retaliation by Turkey

If Washington is ready to sacrifice its relations with Ankara, Turkey will react "by moving to new markets, new partnerships and new allies, at the expense of the one who launched an economic war against the whole world, including our country" he threatened. "Some are closing the doors and others are opening new ones," added the leader, who has in recent years strengthened his ties with countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia and is also turning to Russia. .

He further hinted that it was the entire alliance between Turkey - which became a NATO member in 1952 with the support of Washington - and the United States which was at stake. an important base in Incirlik, in the south of the country, currently used as the center of operations against the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group. "We can only say 'good bye' to anyone who decides to sacrifice his strategic partnership and a half-century alliance with a country of 81 million people to safeguard his relations with terrorist groups , " said Recep Erdogan. .

"You dare to sacrifice Turkey and its 81 million inhabitants for a pastor linked to terrorist groups? Erdogan said about the tensions caused by Pastor Brunson's trial.

Still, the Turkish despot Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who concentrates all powers in his hands except one officially, is facing its worst economic crisis since coming to power.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

EARTHQUAKE TRAGEDY EARTHQUAKE IN INDONESIA MAKING A HUNDRED OF DEATHS AND WOUNDS ON THE ISLAND OF LOMBOK


An earthquake erupted 10 km deep, the US Geophysical Institute (USGS) announced.

A major earthquake rocked the highly touristy island of Lombok in southern Indonesia on Sunday (August 5th), the US Geophysical Institute (USGS) announced.

At least 91 people were killed and hundreds wounded in the magnitude 6.9 earthquake, according to local authorities.

Most of the dead were in the mountainous area in northern Lombok, far from the main tourist sites in the south and west of the island.

The shock, which damaged thousands of buildings, according to a spokesman for the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency, was also felt on the neighboring island of Bali.

A tsunami warning, quickly lifted, caused panic among residents who rushed to find a safe place.

Indonesia experiences many earthquakes.

Carl Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

OPEN CRISIS BETWEEN CANADA AND SAUDI ARABIA OR THE REACTION OF JUSTIN TRUDEAU

The Canadian Prime Minister reacted for the first time this Wednesday, August 8, to the announcement earlier this week of the deportation for "interference" by the Canadian ambassador in Ryad.

"Canadians expect our government to speak firmly, clearly and politely about the need to respect human rights at home and around the world, and we will continue to do so," said Justin Trudeau. this Wednesday at a press point. He has no intention of apologizing to Ryad adding more nuanced that his country does not want to "have bad relations with Saudi Arabia," he added immediately. It is a country that still has a certain importance in the world and is making progress on human rights but we will continue to highlight the difficulties when they exist and around the world.

Saudi power, meanwhile, stands on its positions.

Canada made "a big mistake".

Justin Trudeau reacted for the first time to the announcement on Monday of the deportation for "interference" by the Canadian ambassador in Ryad. The Saudi kingdom has also recalled its ambassador while freezing any new trade or investment with the country after the Canadian Embassy denounces the arrest of Saudi human rights activists.

On Wednesday, the Prime Minister added that "talks with Saudi Arabia are continuing . " The head of Canadian diplomacy Chrystia Freeland has held talks with his Saudi counterpart Adel al-Jubeir on Tuesday, according to him.

But earlier in the day, al-Jubeir rejected any mediation possibility that Canada had made "a big mistake" . "An error should be corrected. Canada knows what to do, " he added. The head of Saudi diplomacy said his country is considering "additional measures" against Canada.

The diplomatic crisis between the two countries is likely to fester.

It is not good to recall some truth to the Kingdom of the Saudis



Britney Delsey for DayNewsWorld

 

There are no translations available.

MANIFESTATION CONTRE LES CAMERAS VOYEURISTES EN COREE DU SUD

« Les toilettes pour femmes dans ce pays sont infestées de caméras espions ! », ont scandé en chœur les manifestantes rassemblées samedi sur la place Gwanghwamun.

Une manifestation de masse a eu lieu comme chaque mois sur la place Gwanghwamun, les, théâtre habituel des manifestation à Séoul pour dénoncer les caméras-espions qui filment les femmes dans les lieux publics et sont ensuite diffusées sur Internet.

Ce ne sont pas moins de 70000 femmes masquées par crainte de subir des représailles ou d'être harcelées sur internet qui ont défilé. Soit 10 000 de plus que la précédente édition.

Le rassemblement du 4 août a rassemblé dix mille personnes de plus qu’en juillet :

une nouvelle manifestation pour exiger du gouvernement sud-coréen la répression de la « pornographie par caméra-espion », sous une canicule exceptionnelle dépassant les 37 degrés.

Ces rassemblements organisés depuis mai n’ont cessé de gagner en ampleur, devenant les plus importantes manifestations de femmes en Corée du Sud, où la déferlante du mouvement #MeToo a libéré la colère autant que la parole.

Le nombre de signalements à la police impliquant des caméras espions est passé de 1 100 en 2010 à 6 500 l’an passé.

Les manifestantes dénoncent un phénomène grandissant baptisé « molka » :

des vidéos de femmes tournées à leur insu dans les toilettes, à l’école, dans les trains, les vestiaires… omniprésentes.

Certes chaque jour ou presque, on apprend par la presse l’arrestation d’hommes pris en train de filmer secrètement des femmes dans leur intimité.

Professeurs, médecins, pasteurs, responsables gouvernementaux, policiers et même juges se transforment en voyeurs.

Mais ils n' écopent généralement que d’amendes ou de peines de prison avec sursis. Les manifestantes , elles, réclament des peines plus sévères et surtout la fermeture des sites diffusant les vidéos.

Elles ont appelé le gouvernement à « réprimer ces crimes » agitant pour certaines des banderoles proclamant « nous ne pouvons plus vivre comme ça » ou « Corée du Sud, pays des caméras-espions ».

Le mois dernier, un homme de 43 ans a été arrêté :

il avait filmé secrètement pendant quatre ans des clients de motels de Séoul. Il prenait une chambre et la truffait de minicaméras, jusque dans les enceintes des téléviseurs.

La police a récupéré en perquisition plus de 20 000 caméras.

Un défilé de chapeaux, lunettes de soleil et masques chirurgicaux, par crainte de subir des représailles ou d’être harcelées sur internet s'est insurgé à propos de ces pratiques voyeuristes qui atteignent la vie intime des femmes.

« La police réagit rarement quand des femmes victimes lui demandent l’arrestation d’auteurs d’infractions », dénonce Seo Seung-hui, de l’ONG Korea Cyber Sexual Violence .

A la police de réagir en sortant de sa léthargie.

Britney Delsey pour DayNewsWorld

 

CALIFORNIA RAVED BY THE CARR FIRE

The gigantic Carr fire has, in a few days, already killed six people and destroyed tens of thousands of hectares of vegetation in northern California. It will result in the evacuation of 40,000 more people.

"Carr" is one of the 17 fires currently ravaging California, where more than 80,000 hectares of forest are already in smoke in recent days, said the National Parks Service during a press conference. No less than 1.7 million hectares have already burned since the beginning of the year, more than the average of the past decade (1.5 million).

The fires that continue to spread in southeastern California since last Monday have already killed six people and forced the evacuation of thousands of people. Nine people are still missing but seven others have still not given any sign of life. Shasta County sheriff Tom Bosenko, who called on local residents to immediately comply with evacuation orders, said at a press conference in Redding, the city most threatened by the fire, that the sixth victim was found in a house destroyed by fire, had not listened to evacuation instructions.17 fires are ravaging California.

With a drought and a temperature approaching 40 ° C and fanned by the strong wind, the fire remains uncontrollable, warned California firefighters, who received reinforcements from all over the country.

"We do not have a moment of respite," said one of their leaders, Chris Anthony, describing a fire with "unpredictable" behavior that has already killed two firefighters.

At the Sunday afternoon press conference in Redding, the emergency services, however, reported progress in the fight against fire.

The origin of the fires is still unknown.

Jenny Chase for DayNewsWorld

 

IRAN AND UNITED STATES

THE MANIFESTATIONS OF THE IRANIANS

AGAINST THE CORRUPTION OF THEIR GOVERNMENT .

Several hundred people gathered in different cities of the country, such as Tehran, Isfahan or Karaj, for a fifth consecutive evening to protest the inflation caused by the fall of the rial. The Fars news agency reports peaceful protests in "five to six cities" since Tuesday against water cuts, rising prices and unemployment. And US sanctions that need to be reinstated on Tuesday (August 7th) will worsen the situation. inflation. Indeed, the Iranians, worn out by an endemic economic crisis that fuels anger against the political system, fear a worsening of the situation marked by the fall of the Iranian currency, the rial, which has already lost about two thirds of its value in six month.

After long threatening to withdraw the United States from the agreement reached in July 2015 on the nuclear program of the Islamic Republic, Donald Trump has indeed confirmed its decision in May.

Between Donald Trump and Iran, the oil weapon

This agreement provided for a reduction of sanctions in exchange for a control of the Iranian atomic policy. The United States justified their reversal, saying that Iran poses a threat to security in the Middle East, and asked other countries to stop importing Iranian oil on pain of financial sanctions. Exports of Iranian crude could fall by two-thirds by the end of the year because of US sanctions that will put the oil markets under strong pressure. The reinstatement of US sanctions will involve the purchase of dollars by Iran, its trade in gold and precious metals, as well as trade in metals, coal and computer software related to the industry. It is a whole section of the economy that is threatened.

Effective but justified economic sanctions?

The economic sanctions would be effective on this country of 80 million inhabitants: the rial, the Iranian currency, has depreciated by half this year. The shortage of foreign currency led, according to the Financial Times, the Iranians to rush on gold, cars and real estate to protect their savings, while Mr. Rohani dismissed late July the governor of the central bank for his mismanagement of the crisis. European companies, despite their protests, find themselves forced to choose between trading with Tehran or the United States: the choice is quickly made.

The Iranian economy is being doc destabilized by the return of US sanctions.

President Rohani increasingly criticized for his economic management so that dozens of protesters chanted "death to the dictator" , in reference to the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. A massive police presence and blocked roads were reportedly observed in Karaj, west of Tehran.

Demonstrations against government corruption

Demonstrations often start with slogans against the cost of living and alleged financial corruption before turning into anti-government rallies.

The conservative news site Qom News has posted a video of a protest in Machhad after Friday's prayer, in which a cleric accuses politicians of "not caring about the people's problems."

In Eshtehard, about 100 kilometers west of Tehran, "about 500 protesters attacked a religious school, trying to break open doors and burn objects," said Hojateslam Hindiani, the school's director on Friday night. , reported Saturday by the agency Fars, close to the conservatives .. They "arrived with stones and broke all the windows of the prayer hall, chanting slogans against the regime" , before being dispersed by riot police he added, noting arrests.

An attack that conservatives, opposed to the policy of conciliation of President Rohani, stressed.

The images of the protests suggest, however, that the protests do not have the scale of the December and January unrest, when at least 25 people were killed in protests that agitated dozens of cities.

This strategy of "maximum pressure" , to use an expression of Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, has it been carried far enough to reach out? The Iranian rebuff is doubtful.

Iran is not North Korea

Rohani, promoter of the nuclear agreement Vienna, is under the pressure of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, the army and guards of the revolution, much harder than him. He does not have the political strength to engage in a dramatic rapprochement with Washington. Mike Pompeo had presented twelve major demands to the Iranian power (end of any nuclear enrichment, withdrawal of its militia from Syria, end of support for Hamas and Hezbollah ...) for a new agreement. "We are lucid about the nature of this regime, but our eyes are open to what is possible," said the Secretary of State. If anyone, especially the Iranian leadership, doubts the sincerity or the vision of the president, let him look at our diplomacy with North Korea. Mike Pompeo acknowledged it, believing that finding a moderate in the system was as difficult as catching a unicorn ...

It remains to be seen whether the Russian leader Vladimir Putin can have an influence, the tenant of the White House claiming to have spoken about the subject with the strong man of the Kremlin ...


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

MOHAHMED VI AND HIS SPEECH OF THE TRONE PARTY OR THE WARNING

WELCOME TO HIS PEOPLE

"Nothing is gained without the unity, solidarity and stability of the country, without faith in the community of destiny that unites us in joy as in sorrow, without sincere patriotism and responsible civility" stresses the king from Morocco

In his speech of the throne of the throne delivered by Al Hoceima, King Mohahmed VI of Morocco delivered his speech by asking a diagnosis and proposing solutions to the evils he presented in Morocco as a whole.

A speech in the form of a message. On Sunday evening, during his traditional televised speech on the occasion of the Feast of the Throne, Mohammed VI chose the theme of this speech to mark the 19th year of his enthronement, namely "the social question". Indeed, the speech delivered in Al Hoceima, in the heart of the Rif, is reminiscent of the Hirak social protest movement which has rocked the region in 2016 and 2017 and which continues to hold the country in suspense.

The current context is also particularly complicated the conviction of several activists of the movement in June, to the general stupor - national as international - having reached sentences of up to twenty years in prison.

The sovereign wanted to convey an essential message, that of appeasement but also of firmness.

The first Hirak protests took place in September 2016, when several Rifains rallied to demonstrate against the state of the roads, especially in Beni Hadifa with Nasser Zefzafi as figurehead. On February 6, 2017, thousands of young demonstrators in Al Hoceima in memory of the death of the nationalist Abdelkrim al-Khattabi Rifain gathered again: during violent clashes, about thirty riot police officers were wounded according to the official version, the number of victims on the demonstrating side is not revealed.

Considered the main opposition leader, Nasser Zefzafi is being prosecuted by the authorities on charges of interrupting the preaching of an imam on Friday 26 May. The demonstrations, where the Berber flag next to that of the Rif Republic, intensify during the following night. During the weekend, about twenty arrests are made against demonstrators accused by the Moroccan state of having injured the security forces, degraded the public road and reached the Moroccan sovereignty over the Rif region, feeding back the protests against the repression Nasser Zefzafi is arrested on Monday, May 29 and has a heavy sentence.

For him, "Nothing is achieved without the unity, solidarity and stability of the country, without faith in the community of destiny that unites us in joy as in pain, without sincere patriotism and responsible civility" . Without ever naming the Hirak militants as "negativists, illusionists and nihilists" for failing to promote them, Mohammed VI condemns their actions on several occasions by exhorting the importance of "patriotism" and "unity." Of the country.

But the king of Morocco has also shown that he listens to his people.

Despite the "achievements accomplished by Morocco and the gains made in favor of Moroccans", which constitute "a real reason for satisfaction and pride," the sovereign admitted that he "feels that something continues to fail us in social matters, " he lamented, who said that health and education will now be " totally [his] attention ".

The ruler calls on his government to take "emergency measures" in this area.

Morocco ranks 69th (out of 190 countries) in the Doing Business 2018 ranking, published by the World Bank. It is marked by glaring social and territorial inequalities, against a backdrop of high unemployment among young people. In 2017, the country was ranked 123rd out of 188 under the Human Development Index (HDI).

Health and Education

This is why the royal discourse has thus addressed the social question, pillar of the demands of the protesters of the Rif.

Existing social protection programs launched by different political parties "overlap with each other, fail by lack of coherence and fail to target effectively eligible categories". A system that generates, according to him, "glaring inequalities". "It is foolish that more than one hundred programs of support and social protection of different formats and being allocated tens of billions of dirhams are scattered between several ministerial departments and multiple public stakeholders," he lamented. He therefore calls for the rationalization of aid. He has therefore called - always in order to facilitate investment - to set "at one month the maximum time allowed for certain administrations to respond to the requests addressed to them in the field of investment" .

The sovereign has also been critical of the organization of medical aid "It is foolish that more than one hundred programs of support and social protection [...] are scattered among several ministerial departments and multiple public stakeholders. [...] These programs encroach on each other ... "

In particular, the monarch called for "redressing the anomalies that vitiate the execution of the medical coverage program Ramed" . On 19 July, the National Observatory for Human Development reported on this medical assistance scheme, six years after its generalization. Several weaknesses are noted. Piece chosen: "The targeting of the Ramed unfortunately does not assimilate the poorest. "

Another challenge is that of education for the development of "support programs for schooling" and the "fight against school dropout".

The solution advocated by the king: a comprehensive and deep restructuring of existing programs, coupled with the acceleration of the establishment of a "national system of registration of families who can benefit from social support programs" called the Single Social Register (RSU), a "national system for registering families to benefit from social support programs". "The households entitled to benefit from this scheme will be determined according to strict objective criteria and thanks to new technologies. "

By developing Tayssir, a financial assistance program for pre-school education, transportation, canteens and boarding schools will be able to "lighten the burden borne by families and support them so that their children can continue their studies and complete their studies. their training ".

A social and inclusive economy

Beyond these axes set by the Shereefian sovereign, these projects can be completed only through the dynamism of an economy that is a guarantee of local development, he said; Hence announcements for investment and job creation "The ultimate form of social protection is through the creation of productive and dignified jobs ," he said. On this aspect, and always in response to the tense regional context, Mohammed VI made three proposals: the adoption, before the end of October, of the administrative deconcentration charter as well as the establishment of the charter of investment, two projects aimed at decentralizing the economy.

So many points that Moroccans will have listened attentively while waiting in a still tense context a response to the height of the complexity of the existence of the Hirak movement.


Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld

 

23 DEATH AND 107 INJURED

IN AN ATTACK IN KABUL

A strong explosion occurred this Sunday, July 22, in Kabul, Afghanistan, when General Abdul Rashid Dostum, the feared warlord of northern Afghanistan and first vice-president, returned to his country after a year of fighting. exile, and was welcomed as a hero. The attack left 23 dead and 107 wounded.

General Abdul Rashid Dostum was greeted by a suicide bombing from the airport. The suicide bomber was exposed in the midst of a dense crowd waiting for Jowzjan's strongman returning from a year in exile in Turkey, just outside Kabul International Airport. General Dostum's convoy of cars had just passed and left without any damage.

The explosion is due to a suicide bomber and caused the death of at least 23 people and injured 107 very according to a still provisional balance sheet of the Ministry of the Interior. "This balance sheet could still evolve," said

Nine members of the security forces were also mowed by the explosion of strong power, said Monday the spokesman of the ministry Najib Danish.

Accused of raping a rival late 2016, Dostum had left the country in May 2017 trying to escape the justice of his country. He had his rival Ahmad Ishchi, a former sixty-year-old governor, captured and had him tortured and sodomized with an AK-47 assault rifle. An investigation was launched in January 2017 by Afghan justice under pressure from Westerners on these facts. Other abuses to his credit had been denounced as the death of 2,000 Taliban locked up in containers.

General Dostum must resume his duties as vice-president despite the investigation against him. A delegation of Afghan officials and dozens of supporters, mostly members of the Uzbek community, welcomed him as a hero when he got off the plane specially chartered by the Afghan government to bring him back from Ankara.

In city dress, white shirt and red tie, surrounded by his personal guard, the general, vice-president, ethnic Uzbek, in his sixties, immediately gained his offices.

President Ashraf Ghani, who had had to resolve the inquiry after the indignation of officials from the United States, the European Union and Canada, is embarrassed by the return. Dostum is the second Afghan warlord to return to the capital with honors.

In May 2017, it was Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, nicknamed by the press "the butcher of Kabul" for having massacred him by merciless bombing in the 90s, who had returned after 20 years of exile at the end of an agreement with the government guaranteeing impunity.

Ashraf Ghani Dostum is the president of a power with delicate balances. Indeed, the Afghan government is weakened in the north with the push of the Islamic State (IS) in the province of Jawzjan, the stronghold of Dostum, and that of the Taliban in the province of Faryab. In addition, civil unrest has recently broken out, causing several deaths, following the arrest in early July of a relative of Dostum.

From Turkey, General Dostum had denounced the arrest of his ally and warned that the northern defense "could collapse" against the Taliban and the Islamic State group.