USA President Donald Trump threatened to apply a 5% tariff on all Mexican goods as early as Monday if his neighbor to the South did not commit to adequate measures against illegal immigration.

According to the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP), more than 144,200 migrants were arrested or turned back in May on the southern border of the United States. An increase of 32% compared to the previous month and 178% compared to May 2018, and a record over the last thirteen years. The majority of these migrants are from the Central American "North Triangle" (Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador)

After several days of negotiations and ten hours of intense discussions Friday on the issue of migration with its southern neighbor, the United States finally reached an agreement with Mexico

Mexico will step up control at its borders to limit illegal immigration, primarily to the southern border of the country, with Guatemala. What raise the threat of tariffs on Mexican products brandished by the US President.

The United States and Mexico snatched an immigration deal on Friday night in Washington, after several days of tough negotiations, lifting the threat of tariffs on Mexican products brandished by Donald Trump and potentially damaging to their savings.

"The United States has reached an agreement with Mexico. The tariffs scheduled to be applied Monday by the United States, against Mexico, are therefore suspended indefinitely, "wrote Trump on Twitter.

He added that Mexico will take "strong measures to stem the flow of migration" through his country to the southern border of the United States where police and customs are overwhelmed by the number of arrivals.

"This will greatly reduce, or eliminate, illegal immigration from Mexico to the United States," he said.

National Guard deployed on the southern border

The United States was of the view that Mexico was not doing enough to control its border with Guatemala, south of its territory, allowing networks to migrate to the United States on its soil. These are mainly from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador and are only passing through Mexican soil.

"The deployment of its National Guard across Mexico, primarily to its southern border," is among the measures of the agreement, said the statement.

The figure of 6000 men was announced Thursday by Mexico after extensive discussions at the US State Department between the delegations of both countries.

Waiting for asylum from Mexico

Mexico should also have access to another US request. All migrants coming to seek asylum in the United States will be returned to Mexico until they are processed by US courts.

While leaving the State Department in Washington on Friday night, Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard called the deal "fair balance," noting that the US "had more drastic demands at the outset" . "Thanks to the support of all Mexicans, the imposition of customs duties on Mexican products exported to the United States could be avoided," welcomed Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador on Twitter.

The use of the commercial weapon in this case had worried the business community, as the economic relations are close between the two countries.

According to the Chamber of Commerce, the 5% tax would have cost American consumers more than $ 17 billion a year; 87 billion if the customs bill climbed to 25%.

Joanne Courbet for DayNewsWorld